See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323425288 Diversity in action: Exchange of perspectives and reﬂections on taxonomies of individual differences Article in Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences · April 2018 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2017-0172 CITATION READS 1 326 10 authors, including: Jana Uher Irina Trofimova University of Greenwich McMaster University 50 PUBLICATIONS 860 CITATIONS 55 PUBLICATIONS 1,364 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE SEE PROFILE William Sulis Petra Netter McMaster University Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen 62 PUBLICATIONS 540 CITATIONS 100 PUBLICATIONS 586 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE SEE PROFILE Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: The role of biologically-based individual differences (sex, age, temperament) in meaning attribution View project Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm) View project All content following this page was uploaded by Petra Netter on 13 March 2018. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file. Diverse perspectives on diversity: multi-disciplinary approaches to taxonomies of individual differences A theme issue compiled and edited by Irina Trofimova, Trevor Robbins, William Sulis and Jana Uher Published February 2018 About this issue Since the emergence of the concept of temperament, scientists have recognised that consistent individual differences in healthy people arise from interactions between multiple neurophysiological systems. Strong imbalances within the very same systems lead to mental disorders. Findings from areas as diverse as experimental neurophysiology, psychiatry, neuroanatomy, evolutionary theory, and clinical and comparative psychology have brought insights into the complexity of neurophysiological systems underlying human individual differences. This theme issue tackles one of the oldest and most fundamental problems of psychology still unsolved: integrated taxonomies of individual differences and their expression in psychopathology. Various taxonomic models have been developed, however, systematic integrations are still missing. This issue presents a "holographic" composition of findings and viewpoints from leading scholars across disciplines that could facilitate analyses of the principles for classifying individual differences. Introduction Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges I Trofimova, TW Robbins, WH Sulis and J Uher Opinion on monoaminergic contributions to traits and temperament TW Robbins Brain neuroreceptor density and personality traits: towards dimensional biomarkers for psychiatric disorders L Farde, P Plavén-Sigray, J Borg and S Cervenka Benefits and limitations of drug studies in temperament research: biochemical responses as indicators of temperament P Netter Inter-individual differences in the impulsive/compulsive dimension: deciphering related dopaminergic and serotonergic metabolisms at rest F Dellu-Hagedorn, M Rivalan, A Fitoussi and P De Deurwaerdère Functionality versus dimensionality in psychological taxonomies, and a puzzle of emotional valence I Trofimova Genetics of biologically based psychological differences H Sallis, G Davey Smith and MR Munafò What is the natural measurement unit of temperament: single traits or profiles? CR Cloninger and I Zwir Perspectives on two temperamental biases J Kagan Access content online at bit.ly/PTB1744 Neurohormones and temperament interact during infant development N Aaron Jones and A Sloan Temperament and brain networks of attention MI Posner and MK Rothbart Purchase the print issue at the reduced price of £35 (usual price £59.50) by visiting the above web page and entering the promotional code TB 1744 or contact: Turpin Distribution T +44 1767 604951 E email@example.com A network model of behavioural performance in a rule learning task ME Hasselmo and CE Stern The neural correlates of temperamental inhibitory control in toddlers CP Hoyniak, IT Petersen, JE Bates and DL Molfese Traits of empathy and anger: implications for psychopathy and other disorders associated with aggression RJR Blair Assessing the continuum between temperament and affective illness: psychiatric and mathematical perspectives W Sulis For more information, contact: The Royal Society 6 – 9 Carlton House Terrace London SW1Y 5AG T +44 20 7451 2500 E firstname.lastname@example.org The functional highly sensitive brain: a review of the brain circuits underlying sensory processing sensitivity and seemingly related disorders B Acevedo, E Aron, S Pospos and D Jessen Functional systems theory and the activity-specific approach in psychological taxonomies V Rusalov Culture, morality and individual differences: comparability and incomparability across species G Saucier Taxonomic models of individual differences: a guide to transdisciplinary approaches J Uher Front image Cover image was adapted from Herluf Bidstrup “Episode with a hat. Four temperaments”. All rights reserved. View publication stats Diversity in action: exchange of perspectives and reflections on taxonomies of individual differences J Uher et al.