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Разнообразие в действии

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Diversity in action: Exchange of perspectives and reflections on taxonomies of
individual differences
Article in Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences · April 2018
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2017-0172
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10 authors, including:
Jana Uher
Irina Trofimova
University of Greenwich
McMaster University
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William Sulis
Petra Netter
McMaster University
Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
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Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects:
The role of biologically-based individual differences (sex, age, temperament) in meaning attribution View project
Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm) View project
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Diverse perspectives on diversity: multi-disciplinary
approaches to taxonomies of individual differences
A theme issue compiled and edited by Irina Trofimova, Trevor Robbins, William Sulis and Jana Uher
Published February 2018
About this issue
Since the emergence of the concept of temperament,
scientists have recognised that consistent individual
differences in healthy people arise from interactions
between multiple neurophysiological systems. Strong
imbalances within the very same systems lead to
mental disorders. Findings from areas as diverse as
experimental neurophysiology, psychiatry,
neuroanatomy, evolutionary theory, and clinical and
comparative psychology have brought insights into the
complexity of neurophysiological systems underlying
human individual differences.
This theme issue tackles one of the oldest and most
fundamental problems of psychology still unsolved:
integrated taxonomies of individual differences and their
expression in psychopathology. Various taxonomic
models have been developed, however, systematic
integrations are still missing. This issue presents a
"holographic" composition of findings and viewpoints
from leading scholars across disciplines that could
facilitate analyses of the principles for classifying
individual differences.
Introduction Taxonomies of psychological individual differences:
biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges
I Trofimova, TW Robbins, WH Sulis and J Uher
Opinion on monoaminergic contributions to traits and temperament
TW Robbins
Brain neuroreceptor density and personality traits: towards dimensional
biomarkers for psychiatric disorders
L Farde, P Plavén-Sigray, J Borg and S Cervenka
Benefits and limitations of drug studies in temperament research:
biochemical responses as indicators of temperament P Netter
Inter-individual differences in the impulsive/compulsive dimension:
deciphering related dopaminergic and serotonergic metabolisms at rest
F Dellu-Hagedorn, M Rivalan, A Fitoussi and P De Deurwaerdère
Functionality versus dimensionality in psychological taxonomies, and a
puzzle of emotional valence I Trofimova
Genetics of biologically based psychological differences
H Sallis, G Davey Smith and MR Munafò
What is the natural measurement unit of temperament: single traits or
profiles? CR Cloninger and I Zwir
Perspectives on two temperamental biases J Kagan
Access content online at bit.ly/PTB1744
Neurohormones and temperament interact during infant development
N Aaron Jones and A Sloan
Temperament and brain networks of attention
MI Posner and MK Rothbart
Purchase the print issue at the reduced price of £35
(usual price £59.50) by visiting the above web page and
entering the promotional code TB 1744 or contact:
Turpin Distribution
T +44 1767 604951
E royalsociety@turpin-distribution.com
A network model of behavioural performance in a rule learning task
ME Hasselmo and CE Stern
The neural correlates of temperamental inhibitory control in toddlers
CP Hoyniak, IT Petersen, JE Bates and DL Molfese
Traits of empathy and anger: implications for psychopathy and other
disorders associated with aggression RJR Blair
Assessing the continuum between temperament and affective illness:
psychiatric and mathematical perspectives W Sulis
For more information, contact:
The Royal Society
6 – 9 Carlton House Terrace
London
SW1Y 5AG
T +44 20 7451 2500
E philtransb@royalsociety.org
The functional highly sensitive brain: a review of the brain circuits
underlying sensory processing sensitivity and seemingly related
disorders B Acevedo, E Aron, S Pospos and D Jessen
Functional systems theory and the activity-specific approach in
psychological taxonomies V Rusalov
Culture, morality and individual differences: comparability and
incomparability across species G Saucier
Taxonomic models of individual differences: a guide to transdisciplinary
approaches J Uher
Front image Cover image was adapted from Herluf Bidstrup “Episode
with a hat. Four temperaments”. All rights reserved.
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Diversity in action: exchange of perspectives and reflections on
taxonomies of individual differences J Uher et al.
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