Загрузил Anastasiia Ryvkina

Лексикология лекция

Approaches to the problem of meaning: (ph 1)
1. Referential Approach to Meaning (ph 2)
All the three components of the basic triangle are connected with each other and also connected with
the word meaning.
The sound form of the word is not identical with the meaning. Prove: comparing the sound forms of
different languages conveying one and the same meaning
Concept is the thought of an object that singles out it’s main features. Concepts is a mental category and
a result of generalization. The meaning of a word is different from a concept because meaning is a
linguistic categorie. The linguistic expression of one and the same concept in different languages can be
Дом – home
A referent is beyond the scope of a language – not linguistic category. One and the same object can be
denoted by many words of different meaning.
The meaning is not identical with any of the three components of the basic triangle, but is closely
connected with them.
2. Functional or contextual approach – we need context to understand the word.
Typical feature of structural linguistics.
The position of the word in relation to other words is called distribution of the words. It influences the
word meaning.
3. The operational or informational-oriented definitions of meaning.
Components of lexical meaning – denotational and connotational
Every meaning is a combination of themes.
Denotational component of lexical meaning
Connotational Component of meaning
Антересемия An antiosemi