Phrasal verbs

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Phrasal
verbs
Работу выполнила
Учитель МбОУ «Гимназия125»
СОВЕТСКОГО РАЙОНА ГОРОДА
КАЗАНИ
МАННАПОВА ЛИЛИЯ
КОНСТАНТИНОВНА
Cоntents
• Common idea.
• Phrasal verbs:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
do
set
run
rush
turn
get
look
take
give
• Tests
• Literature
When you look at
language under a
microscope, you can see
it changing almost as
you watch it:
worlds and phrases,
pronunciations and
rhythms change at
astonishing speed.
‘The Story of English’
away
with
To do
up
out
To do
1.To do away with sth – покончить с чем-то
The government has done away with the old law.
2.To do out – вычистить, хорошенько убрать
I’ll do out the living room.
3.To do up – a)застегивать(ся)
Do up your coat, it’s cold. This dress does up at the back.
b)прихорашивать(ся)
Janie did herself up for the party.
4.To do with – хотеть, нуждаться (often used with “can”)
I could do with a sandwich, I’m hungry.
Microtest
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Dan never did …his jacket, even in winter.
-What are you so busy with? – I’m doing…
the house for my birthday party.
-Would you like something to eat? –No,
thanks. I’m not hungry but I could do…a
glass of juice.
We’re eating out tonight and I think you
should do yourself….
It won’t be easy to do… with bad habit.
about
To set
out/off
to/to do
To set
1. To set about (doing)sth – приняться за что-то, начать что-то делать
They set about their work at 9.
He set about writing a letter to his son.
I don’t know to set about it.
2. To set smb to sth / to do sth –заставить кого-либо приняться за дело
Mother set john to work.
Who(m) did you set to do this?
3.To set out / off – a)помещать, выставлять
The milk can was set out.
They set out vegetables for sale.
b)отправляться (в путешествие)
They set out / off on their journey late in the afternoon.
Bob set out early the next morning.
Let’s set out before it gets dark.
Microtest
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Let’s set the table…and have dinner in the
garden.
When do you think we should set…our
business?
It’s not easy to set some
children…homework.
She looked at the pile of dirty plates, thought
for a while and set…washing-up.
My school is far from my home so I have to
set…rather early in the morning.
In summer we usually set our house
plants…on the balcony.
away/off
over
down
To run
out
in
To run
• 1.To run away/off – убегать, удрать
• Don’t run away and leave me alone.When I gave him the news, he run off at
once.
• 2.To run down – a)останавливаться(о механизмах, часах)
• The clock has run down and will stop if not wound.
•
b)говорить с пренебрежением
• He is always running down his sister.
• 3.To run in – заглянуть, забежать, заехать
• Run in and see me this evening.
• 4.To run out – a)выбежать
• The cage was open and the monkey ran out.
•
b) кончаться, иссякать
• The money is running out. My patience has run out.
• 5.To run over – a)переехать, задавить
• Be careful! Don’t run over the dog! A small kitten was run over by the train.
•
b)перелиться через край, убежать
• I forgot to turn off the tap and the water ran over(the sink).
Microtest
1.The old gentlemen was run…by the car.
2.Your time has run….Hand in your papers.
3.The girl’s mother called her from the garden, and
the child ran….
4. Give me a pencil, please.I have run…of them.
5.Mother asks me to go shopping as we have
run…of vegetables.
6. Cross the street carefully. There is always a danger
to be run….
in/into
at
To rush
to
out/off
To rush
1.To rush at – наброситься, накинуться на кого-либо(что-либо)
As soon as he came to the office he rushed at his work: he knew there
was no time to lose.Mel is afraid of bulls because when he was a child
a big bull rushed at him.
To rush at conclusions – торопиться с выводами
2. To rush in/into – торопливо войти, ворваться
Please, don’t rush in without knocking.The firemen rushed into the
burning building to save the child.
3. To rush out/off – торопливо выйти, уйти прочь
Why did he rush out of the room without saying goodbye? The children
rushed off as soon as the bell went.
4. To rush to – броситься, спешно отправить(ся)
We all rushed to the door when the postman arrived.I’m afraid we’ll have
to rush the baby to the doctor, his temperature is too high.
Microtest
1.Don’t rush…conclusions.Everything can change soon.
2.Doctor were rushed…the place of the accident.
3. They rushed John…the hunter’s house.
4. Please, don’t rush…, we still have something to discuss.
5.I rushed…my lunch.
6.He rushed…the concert hall but there was nobody there.
around
on/off
out
down
To turn
over
inside
into
up
To turn
1.To turn around –повернуться, обернуться
Walk along the road and don’t turn around.
2.To turn out – оказаться
It turned out that all the children liked the idea of going on a trip. The
comedy turned out to be very funny.
3. To turn over – перевернуть(ся)
Turn the pancake over, please: I smell it burning.
4. To turn up – появиться, очутиться
Soon after the bell he turned up in the doorway of our classroom.
5. To turn into –превратиться
In the winter, the water turned into ice.
6. To turn inside out –вывернуть наизнанку
He turned his sweater inside out to show me the labels.
7.To turn upside down – перевернуть вверх тормашками
She turned her room upside down looking for her watch.
8.To turn up –сделать громче to turn on – включить
To turn down –сделать тише
to turn off – выключить
Please, turn off the radio or at least turn it down: I’m trying to sleep.
Turn up the television, I can’t hear anything.
Turn off the light.
Microtest
1.Give him his letter if he turn….
2.I turned…and saw Mary’s face in a window.
3.”I’ll turn you turn you…a frog!”said the Witch to the
Prince.
4.He turned the whole house…trying to find some up-to-date
information on computers.
5. He couldn’t sleep but just turned…in his bed till 6 o’clock
in the morning.
6. Charles turned…to be a very good friend; he was really
very helpful when I was in trouble.
on
off
down
To get
out
over
away
up
1.to get on – a)сесть на велосипед, поезд, автобус и т.д
The boy got on his bike and rode away.
b)делать успехи, двигаться вперед.
How is he getting on with his English?
2.to get off – сойти с велосипеда, поезда, автобуса и т.д
We got off the train in London.
Compare: to get on/ off the bus but to get into/
out of the car.
3.to get along – уживаться, ладить с кем-то
My dog and my cat get along with each other.
4.to get out – выйти наружу
Get out of the room now.
To get
5.to get up – подниматься (с постели)
What time do you get up?
6.to get away – удрать, исчезнуть, сбежать
The thieves got away with our money.
7.to get over – справиться с чем-то, преодолеть
He can’t get over his illness yet.
8.to get down to work/business –приняться за работу/ за
дело
“It’s 11 o’clock. It’s time to get down to work.”
Microtest.
1.Jack always gets…early: he is a farmer and has a
lot of work to do.
2.Ladies and gentlemen, I think it’s time to get
down…business.
3.I’m afraid that our secret can get….
4.Does she get… well with her classmates?
5.If you’re going to the Tower you should get…at
the next stop.
6.Hello!How are you getting…?
after
at
through
To look
for
up
To look
1.To look after – заботиться
2. To look at – наблюдать
3. To look up – справляться (по книге)
4. To look for –искать
5. To through – просматривать
up
To make
off
out
To make
1. To make up – выдумывать, гримировать
2. To make out – переделывать, производить
3. To make off - избавляться
back
after
off
To take
away
down
To take
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
To take back – вынимать
To take after – заботиться
To take down – приделывать что-либо
To take away – украсть, спрятать
To take off – снимать
out
back
To give
up
away
To give
1. To give back – доставлять
2. To give out – причинять (боль и т.д)
3. To give up – бросить (привычку)
4. To give away – уступать
Microtest
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
James was carefully…down what the teacher was
saying.
- I’d like a cheese pizza, please. – To eat here, or
to…away?
Who is going to…after your cat when you are away?
The coat I bought is too small for me, do you think I
should… it back to the shop?
I have no time to read the book, but I’d like to…it
through.
I won’t…off my jacket: I’m not staying long.
Final Test
Don’t be in a
hurry!
I
variant
1.Is it a true story or have you…it up?
Don’t let him get…with my bike!
The wind was so strong that it turned our umbrellas….
The old lady got…of the car with difficulty.
Will you turn the television…:I have a problem hearing what
mother is saying.
Nick had to be rushed…hospital when the snake bit him.
Don’t run…I want to talk to you.
There’s no need to run…my plans and ideas all the time.
Before Christmas the children were set…making Christmas
decoration: tinsel, crackers and toys.
-Are you tired? – Oh, yes. I can do…a good night’s sleep.
2.
Take, tell, bring, put, look, grow.
…..up
…..take
…..after
3.Replace the phrases in italics with make
or get
1.If you do something wrong, just cross out
your answer and write it again……………..
2.I’m sorry you’ve been ill.I hope you feel ok
again soon…………………………………..
3.Sam will be punished for bullying the
younger students…………………………..
4.Be certain you let Mrs. Kay know if you’re
going to be late tomorrow………………….
II
variant
Unfortunately she didn’t…after her mother, she is a
lazybones.
That news was a real shock and we still can’t get…it.
Get…the bus near London Bridge and go as far as Trafalgar
Square.
In a few seconds six white mice turned…six beautiful horses.
Elizabeth was turning…the pages of her book without reading
The dog rushed…him.
I opened the door and the cat ran….
The sink is running….
How can I do the job if I don’t know even how to set..it?
I think you should… your room before your party.
2.
Take, tell, bring, put, look, grow.
…..after
…..off
…..up with
3.Replace the phrases in italic with make or
get
1.Please decide which pizza you want.I’m
hungry……………………………………..
2.Could you buy a few things for me in town
this afternoon?……………………………..
3.Lee’s idea for a new café is great, but it
won’t give her much income……………….
4.Some of my friends have got bad colds. I
hope I don’t become ill…………………….
Literature
• English – O.V.Afanasyeva, I.V.Mikheeva.
The authors are sincerely grateful to our British colleague
Carmen E. Boothe, a teacher of Kenton School,
Newcastle upon Tyne for practical support and valuable
comments.
• Грамматика английского языка.
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