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CIVIL WAR 1861-1865

3 rd
Made by:
year students, group Filol-2018-3
Nykyforets Denis
Shansherova Anastasia
Causes of the American
Civil War
• Political controversy
• Economic disagreements
• Attitude towards slavery
The first stage of the war (1861-1863)
Fighting began on April 12, 1861,
with the Confederate capture of
Fort Sumter in South Carolina. In
the first phase of the war, the
northerners suffered many
The Federation took
advantage of the respite
given to it and developed
the Anaconda plan.
In the spring of 1862, the northerners attempted to strike at
the heart of the Confederacy - to capture Richmond. But the
Confederate capital was surrounded by powerful
engineering fortifications, which General McClellan's army
never managed to occupy.
Military setbacks
negatively affected the
prestige of Abraham
Lincoln. The citizens
condemned him for his
indecision and weakness.
Under pressure from the
public, the President and
Congress decided to move
to drastic measures to
combat the rebels.
Second stage of the war (1863-1865)
In early 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation,
according to which all slaves in the Southern States were
declared free.
From 1 to 3 July 1863, the famous Battle of Gettysburg took
place. The battle was extremely fierce - the Southerners
sought to win the final victory, and the Northerners fought for
the first time on their land.
At the same time, on the western front, Federation troops won
another important victory: they managed to capture the
Vicksburg fortress in Louisiana. The North now controlled the
entire Mississippi Valley, and the Confederation was split in
In 1864, Ulysses Grant, Commander in Chief of the US Army,
devised a plan for the final defeat of the Confederation. The
first blow was to be delivered by General William Sherman:
he entered Georgia, and regardless of losses, destroying
everything in its path, moved to the Atlantic Ocean.
Grant himself with a 118,000strong army attacked in the
east, meeting with enemy
troops in the Wilderness
The main outcome of the war was the famous 13th Amendment to
the US Constitution, which abolished slavery throughout the
country. It was a major step towards equality in American society.
Despite all the dire consequences, the American Civil War brought
a number of positive changes:
• The government managed to preserve the integrity of the
• The abolition of slavery was the first step towards equalizing
the rights of the white and black population.
• The centralization of power and the strengthening of the
domestic market subsequently made the United States one of
the most developed countries in the world.
• The war tempered the American army and promoted the
development of military affairs.