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GATEWAY-ANSWER-KEYS

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A2
Workbook answer key
Starter unit
A2
4
Vocabulary p4
5 He isn’t 19. 6 We aren’t in New York.
7 I’m not a Spanish speaker.
8 The answer isn’t on the board.
1 cats’ 2 grandmother’s 3 Owen’s
4 parents’ 5 aunt’s 6 Jake’s
1
4
5
1
1 our 2 her 3 their 4 My 5 Its
6 His 7 Your
2
c
d
o
i
m
c
3
4
p
t
p
e
u
i
5
n o t e b o
e
n
r
a
r
7
c d 8p l a y
e
n
c
11
r u
i
l
5
e x
t b o o k
o k
2
3
4
5
No, they aren’t. They’re in Portugal.
No, it isn’t. It’s in the US.
No, he isn’t. He’s Australian.
No, they aren’t. They’re in Australia.
c
h
9
e r
a
u
i
10
b o a r d
b
l e r
r
1
1 e
2 d 3 b 4 f 5 a
6 c
Vocabulary p7
1
1 Wednesday 2 Tuesday 3 Monday
4 Thursday 5 Friday 6 Saturday
7 Sunday
2
2
1 yellow 2 green 3 black 4 grey
5 brown 6 pink 7 blue 8 purple
9 white 10 orange
1 January 2 April 3 October
4 November 5 May
3
2 first 3 December 4 Tuesday
5 eighth 6 Saturday
2
3
4
5
3
Can you repeat that please?
What does alphabet mean?
How do you say that in English?
How do you spell that?
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1 Ireland 2 Washington DC
3 Canadian 4 Irish 5 Canada
Vocabulary p8
4
1 b 2 c 3 d 4 a
Vocabulary p5
Annalisa
3
1 T 2 F
8 T
3 F
4 T 5 T 6 F
7 T
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
The twenty-fourth of December
The twenty-first of March
The eleventh of June
The third of November
The twenty-second of August
The seventeenth of January
The fourth of July
1
2
green, white, red – a Italy
red, white – b Turkey
white, red – c Japan
red, white, blue – d the UK
blue, white, yellow – e Argentina
red, white – f Switzerland
Grammar in context p6
1
a are b aren’t c isn’t d Am e Is
f are g aren’t h is i isn’t
2
2 I’m from Oxford. 3 Kelly’s an Irish
name. 4 We aren’t all from Australia.
5 He isn’t 17, he’s 18. 6 I’m not your
teacher. 7 We’re in the classroom.
3
2 You aren’t from Germany. 3 He isn’t
Australian. 4 They aren’t all students.
Pete’s parents’ names are Dave and Jenny.
Jenny’s eyes are small and brown.
Dave’s beard is short and grey.
Pete’s sisters’ names are Fran and Gail.
Jenny’s brother’s name is Craig.
Craig’s daughter Wendy is Pete’s parents’
niece.
6
Speaking p7
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 grandmother 2 grandfather
3 mother (example) 4 father 5 aunt
6 uncle 7 sister 8 brother 9 cousin
2
1 grandmother 2 cousin 3 niece
4 uncle 5 wife 6 nephew
3
1 tall 2 long 3 brown 4 short
5 glasses
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
These books are for my friends.
Are those your teachers?
Are these films on DVD?
Are those students Australian?
These cats’ eyes are yellow.
Are those singers German?
7
1 this 2 that 3 these 4 those
Grammar revision p10
1
a my b you c he d it e her f its
g our h you i your j their
2
1 are, ’m 2 Is, is 3 Is, ’s 4 Are, are
5 are, aren’t
3
1 My, isn’t 2 are, their 3 Our, are
4 is, his 5 Your, isn’t 6 My, is
4
2 Have your grandparents got a cat?, No,
they haven’t. 3 Has your teacher got
glasses?, Yes, he/she has. 4 Have your
parents got brothers and sisters?, Yes, they
have. 5 Have you got a nephew or a
niece?, No, I haven’t.
5
1 Paul’s children are all thin.
2 My brothers’ names are Luke and Paul.
3 My grandparents’ birthdays are in May
and June.
4 Our teacher’s desk is by the window.
5 My aunt Mary’s eyes are blue.
6 His father’s beard isn’t very long.
6
1 b 2 d 3 a
1 This 2 That 3 this 4 Those
5 these 6 That
Grammar in context p9
7
1
1 Have Has your brother Henry got long
dark hair?
1 has got 2 have got 3 have got
4 has got 5 have got 6 have got
2 Their parent’s parents’ names are Eleanor
2
3 These This film is my favourite.
4 Her mothers mother’s mother is her
1 Claire hasn’t got a car. 2 Jack hasn’t
got a beard. 3 Mr and Mrs Barker have
got a car. 4 Mr Barker hasn’t got glasses.
5 Mrs Barker and the children have got
dark hair. 6 They haven’t got a cat in this
family.
2 f 3 c
grandmother.
5 I’s I’ve got my dance class in ten minutes.
6 Is those that boy your brother or your
cousin?
7 Her children children’s names are Will
3
1 e
and Wilfred.
4 a 5 b 6 d
and Tom.
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Workbook answer key
8 Have Are you Australian?
9 Their grandparents’ grandparents are 80
years old.
10 My son have has got brown eyes.
11 His cousin’s cousins’ names are Susan
and Emma.
Vocabulary revision p11
6 b
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p12
6
1 dry 2 clean 3 call 4 wake 5 read
6 go
1
5 c
2 I like listening to music. 3 I love taking
photos. 4 I hate doing sport. 5 I love
chatting online. 6 I think playing the
piano is OK.
12 Are these pens your teachers teacher’s?
1 g 2 a 3 f 4 h
8 d
5
7 e
A2
Vocabulary and Listening p15
1
cinema
restaurant
library
museum
park
2
1 restaurant 2 cinema 3 shopping
centre 4 stadium 5 park 6 library
Reading p13
3
2
1
b
1 seventeenth 2 tenth 3 twenty-sixth
4 eighteenth 5 eleventh
6 twenty-second
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 F 2 F 3 T 4 NM 5 F 6 NM
7 T 8 NM
1 A 2 D 3 A 4 D 5 D
4
1 connect 2 hobbies 3 great
4 practise 5 marks
5
1 marks 2 hobbies 3 practise
4 connect 5 great
4
a
d
g
k
4
c
3
ORANGE
PURPLE
BROWN
WHITE
GREEN
YELLOW
Tuesday b Wednesday c Friday
Sunday e February f March
April h June i July j September
October l December
Grammar in context p14
1a
a don’t b doesn’t
5
1b
2 Ellie’s birthday is on March the tenth.
3 Olivia’s birthday is on May the twentyfirst. 4 Jack’s birthday is on July the
eighteenth. 5 Mum’s birthday is on
August the twenty-second. 6 Dad’s
a teaches b study
2
2 takes 3 doesn’t do 4 don’t
watch 5 clean 6 asks 7 don’t have
8 studies 9 talk 10 stand
birthday is on September the third.
7 Rob’s birthday is on October the twentyeighth. 8 My birthday is on December
the twenty-fourth.
6
1 cousin 2 dark 3 aunt 4 tall
5 niece 6 brown
1 in 2 at 3 on 4 in 5 at 6 at
7 on
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p14
5
1 Tania doesn’t does/doesn’t do her
homework in her bedroom. 2 He finishs
3
1 by 2 gets 3 have 4 have
6 do 7 goes
5 go
4
1
3
5
7
9
chat online 2 do sport
go shopping 4 go out with friends
listen to music 6 play the piano
surf the Internet 8 take photos
watch films
6
2 Becky’s family have got a new dog.
3 Kate does her homework at the library.
4 Tom goes to football matches with his
dad. 5 Becky’s school is near her home.
6 Correct 7 Becky asks Tessa to come
and stay.
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p15
7
1 f nightclub d 2 d skate park b 3 b
art gallery e 4 c Internet café a 5 e ice
rink c 6 a beauty salon f
Grammar in context p16
1 never 2 always 3 often 4 usually
5 hardly ever 6 sometimes
4
1 d 2 e 3 a 4 f 5 b 6 c
1 B 2 K 3 T 4 T 5 K 6 B 7 B
1
Vocabulary p12
2
Circle: theatre
5
1 Gina likes going shopping. 2 She
loves drawing. 3 She doesn’t like doing
homework. 4 She hates watching sports
on TV. 5 Luke likes surfing the Internet.
6 He loves playing football. 7 He doesn’t
like playing tennis. 8 He hates playing
the guitar.
1 maths 2 biology 3 French
4 geography 5 chemistry 6 music
7 art 8 English
1 shopping centre 2 fast-food restaurant
3 cinema 4 sports centre 5 swimming
pool 6 stadium 7 museum 8 library
9 park
3
Unit 1
1
shopping centre
sports centre
stadium
swimming pool
theatre
finishes classes and goes to the gym after
school. 3 Our lessons starts start at half
past eight. We has have got biology on
Thursdays. 4 We asks ask the teacher
when we don’t understand. 5 The girls
aren’t go to don’t go home at four o’clock.
6 He doesn’t likes like history or art.
7 I doesn’t don’t go to dance classes at the
weekend. 8 My friends dog have friend’s
dog has got lots of toys.
2
1 I never go to the cinema. 2 We don’t
usually have a break. 3 It is always sunny
here. 4 Tommy hardly ever goes to the
park. 5 John is often late.
3
1 a, d 2 e, g
4
a Does b Do c don’t
5
2 Does he eat lunch at school?
3 Do they have guitar lessons at the
weekend? 4 Does she study French?
5 Do you teach biology?
6
1 d 2 b 3 f 4 e
5 c
6 a
7
1 Why 2 What 3 How 4 Which
5 When 6 Who
8
1 How do you go to school? 2 When do
you do your homework? 3 Why do you
like physics?
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Workbook answer key
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p16
1 Kay: Where to do you go for your ICT
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 CD player 10 games console 11 TV
12 lamp 13 DVD player 14 mirror
15 bed
Revision: Unit 1
9
2
A2
lesson?
Jake: Room 21. Where Do you go there
for ICT?
Kay: No, I don’t. I don’t not do ICT this
year.
Jake: Which does subject do you like
best?
Kay: I do like sports lessons. I love
badminton.
Jake: When time do you play?
Kay: After go school and at weekends.
Do you play?
Jake: Yes, I do. I love it but.
Grammar p19
4
1
1 get 2 plays 3 have 4 read
5 goes
2
1
2
3
4
Harry doesn’t like homework.
They don’t play music in class.
We don’t have lunch at school.
She doesn’t clean her teeth before
breakfast.
5 I don’t go to bed early on Saturdays.
3
1 at 2 at 3 on 4 in 5 on
4
Developing speaking p17
1
a brother b four c doesn’t go
d five e subjects f English g listens
h watches
2
1 Do you go home at 4 pm? 2 Does she
have lunch with you? 3 Do we have an
English lesson today? 4 Do they watch
TV every day? 5 Does he read Spanish
books? 6 Do you have a break at school?
5
Students’ own answers
1
2
3
4
5
3
1 but 2 and 3 and 4 and
5 because 6 but
4
/s/: lots maths parents’ science subjects
/z/: DVDs games music name’s she’s
My sister is always very happy.
They hardly ever go to school by bike.
I never watch TV in the kitchen.
His big brother often makes the dinner.
We sometimes listen to good music in
the car.
1
5
Students’ own answers
1 art 2 history 3 geography 4 maths
5 biology 6 ICT 7 French 8 PE
6
2
1 I think this school is in England.
2 I think it’s break time because the
1 finishes 2 surfs 3 watches 4 does
5 goes 6 plays 7 chats 8 studies
9 eats 10 gets
students aren’t in the classroom.
3 The students wear a uniform.
4 My school is very different. We don’t
wear a uniform. We wear normal clothes.
3
1 d 2 e
8 c
3 a
4 h
5
1 shelf 2 table 3 desk 4 shower
5 armchair 6 sofa
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p20
6
1 wardrobe 2 floor 3 bed
4 cupboard 5 sofa
Reading p21
1
one person
2
armchair, kettle, mirror, pictures
3
1 one 2 Two people 3 doesn’t live
4 bad 5 didn’t plan 6 very close to
4
1 F
2 F 3 O 4 F
5 O
6 F
5
b online
6
1 tiny 2 narrow 3 wide 4 stairs
5 ladder
Vocabulary p19
DESCRIBING PICTURES p17
1 armchair 2 toilet 3 bath 4 chair
5 cupboard 6 desk 7 shelf 8 shower
9 sink 10 sofa 11 table 12 window
5 f 6 b 7 g
7
1 stairs 2 ladder 3 wide 4 tiny
5 narrow
Grammar in context p22
1
a is b are c isn’t d aren’t e there
f Yes g is h are i No j aren’t
2
Students’ own answers
Unit 2
1 There are 2 Is there, there is
3 are there 4 There are 5 There isn’t
6 Are there, there aren’t
Developing writing p18
Vocabulary p20
3
1
1
7
1 Canberra 2 me 3 mum 4 dad
5 Cowbridge 6 sports 7 ICT
8 Please
1 kitchen 2 garden 3 hall
4 bathroom 5 dining room 6 garage
7 bedroom 8 living room
2
2
1 F
2 No, she doesn’t. She sleeps in the
2 F 3 T 4 T 5 T
3
3
Ben
4
1 the names of your brothers, sisters and
parents 2 what you look like 3 subject
likes and dislikes 4 what you do every
day
5
Students’ own answers
4
5
6
bedroom.
No, they don’t. They put the car in the
garage.
No, they don’t. They play football in the
garden.
No, he doesn’t. He has a shower in the
bathroom.
No, I don’t. I watch TV in the living room.
3
1 poster 2 clock 3 computer
4 microwave 5 radiator 6 washing
machine 7 fridge 8 cooker
1 There is 2 There isn’t 3 There are
4 There is 5 There isn’t 6 There aren’t
4
1 on 2 in front of 3 on 4 under
5 near 6 in
5
Suggested answers
2 In a, there are trainers on the bed. In b,
they are under the bed.
3 In a, there are three posters on the wall.
In b, there’s only one.
4 In a, there’s a CD on the floor. In b, there
isn’t.
5 In a, there are two cups. In b, there is
one cup on the table.
6 In a, there aren’t any books on the
shelves. In b, there are books on the
shelves.
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Workbook answer key
7 In b, the clock is on the bedside table. In
Grammar in context p24
Developing writing p26
1
1
a am/’m b aren’t c isn’t d are/’re
e aren’t
1 a cottage 2 a terraced house
3 a bungalow 4 a flat 5 a houseboat
6 a detached house
a, it is under the bedside table.
8 In b, the laptop is on the table. In a, it is
on the floor.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p22
2
6
My friend is has got a small house in France.
It’s really beautiful. It’s near a village and
there aren’t a few shops so you can buy
food. The house is very old and it’s got a
big garden with grass and flowers. There
are is a farm next to the house and cows
come sometimes into their garden! Inside
the house there is are three bedrooms.
There aren’t isn’t a shower in the bathroom,
but that’s OK. In my favourite room there is
a white carpet and there are pictures of the
village in on the walls. On In the living room
there are is a big fire and the cat usually sits
in behind front of it! Is there a dog, too? No,
there aren’t isn’t. The cat is happy!
1
1 rubbish 2 washing 3 dishes 4 lay
5 tidy 6 cook 7 shopping 8 ironing
9 make
2
Sara
Paula
Jim
✓✓
✓✓
✗✗ ✓
do the
washing
do the
ironing
✓
✓✓
✗✗
do the
shopping
●
cook
✓
✓✓
●
✓✓
students listening to the teacher? No, they
aren’t. 6 Are you doing your homework?
Yes, I am. 7 Is he watching TV? No, he
isn’t. 8 Is she practising the piano? Yes,
she is.
4
5
1 always get 2 is cooking 3 Do you go
4 Are you phoning 5 I’m waiting
6 don’t like
✗✗
1 Kim 2 Paula 3 Sara 4 Kim 5 Jim
4
a that b speaking c Hang d leave
e Can f Sure g 07095 234187
h 07095 234181 i 07095 234187
j 07095 234187
2
1 A 2 A 3 A 4 C
8 C
5 A 6 A 7 C
1 /iː/ 2 /ai/ 3 /i/ 4 /i/ 5 /iː/
6 /iː/ 7 /ai/ 8 /i/ 9 /iː/ 10 /ai/
11 /i/ 12 /ai/
DESCRIBING PICTURES p25
5
a ground b big c shower d On the
e also f course g kitchen h next to
1 load/empty 2 feed 3 clean 4 walk
5 dust 6 water
1 beautiful 2 lovely 3 spectacular
4 colourful 5 ideal 6 enormous
4
Location: in a city, in the country, in the
mountains, near a village, near the sea.
Special rooms or features: games room,
modern technology, pretty garden,
swimming pool.
Household objects or furniture: antique
furniture, big TV screens, expensive
paintings, water bed
5
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–2
1
a ’m having b is c are sitting d (are)
drinking e is shining f are staying
g have h look i have j visit
k ’m sending i are standing
room, kitchen, hall, toilet and garage
4 Students’ own answer
5
3
6
1 two 2 two bedrooms, a study and
a bathroom 3 dining room, living
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p23
a an indoor swimming pool with music
b tennis courts c an enormous kitchen
d a garage e a spectacular garden
f a large library with all the books you want
g a private theatre and cinema
Grammar p27
4
Paula usually does the washing.
Jim sometimes takes the rubbish out.
Kim always does the shopping.
Sara sometimes does the ironing.
Kim never makes the bed.
2
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p24
3
3
2
3
4
5
6
1 Is Tom eating his lunch? Yes, he is.
2 Is Simone playing tennis? No, she isn’t.
3 Are Mum and Dad washing the dishes?
Yes, they are. 4 Is your brother cleaning
his room? No, he isn’t. 5 Are those
1
✗✗
lay the
table
cooking
3
Developing speaking p25
●
wash the
dishes
make my
bed
Kim
●
take the
rubbish out
1 are watching 2 is swimming 3 isn’t
listening 4 are learning 5 is sleeping
6 am not sitting 7 is eating 8 are
1 having 2 coming 3 running
4 dancing 5 using 6 writing
7 studying 8 putting
Vocabulary and listening p23
tidy up
A2
6
Students’ own answers
1 There are 2 there aren’t 3 Is there
4 There aren’t 5 Are there
2
1 behind 2 under 3 at 4 on 5 in
6 in 7 on 8 above 9 in 10 on
3
1 are playing 2 is making 3 are
watching 4 are doing 5 Is, having
4
1 have 2 don’t speak 3 I’m doing
4 Is Mum cooking 5 we’re studying
Vocabulary p27
1
a kitchen b fridge c microwave
d washing machine e garage
2
1 g 2 f 3 i 4 b 5 e
8 a 9 c 10 d
6 h
7 j
3
1 beauty salon 2 bathroom
3 cupboard 4 light 5 museum
6 theatre
Gateway to exams: Units 1–2
Reading p28
1
1 F 2 T 3 NM 4 F
8 T 9 NM 10 NM
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5 T 6 F 7 T
4 of 16
Workbook answer key
Listening p28
4
1 adventure 2 crawl 3 set off
4 successful 5 survive 6 crevasse
2
1 f
2 a, d 3 h 4 g
A2
5 e
5
Use of English p29
1 successful 2 set off 3 survive
4 crawls 5 adventure 6 crevasses
3
1 C 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 B 6 A 7 B
8 C 9 B
Grammar in context p32
Writing p29
a can b can’t c can’t
2
4
1 ability 2 possibilities
Students’ own answers
3
COMMON MISTAKES p29
5
1 My parents doesn’t don’t go to work early.
2 My birthday is at on 4th October.
3 We’ve got a new baby sister and she crys
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
cries all the time!
I am coming come from a small village. It
is by near Madrid.
My brother studies is studying on the
computer at the moment. Can I give him a
message?
Please write me write to me soon.
Yes, I am Cathy speaking.
There aren’t isn’t a clock in the kitchen.
We are have having dinner now. Can you
phone again later?
In the picture the man stands is standing
next next to his young son.
4
1 can’t 2 can 3 can’t 4 can 5 can’t
5
2 can ski, but he can’t climb mountains.
3 can swim, but she can’t dive. 4 can
run, but they can’t skate 5 can ride a
horse, but I can’t ride a bike.
6
badly hard slowly
regular adverbs: badly, slowly
7
1 calmly 2 carefully 3 early 4 fast
5 well 6 hard 7 late 8 slowly
1 late 2 early 3 carefully 4 slowly
5 calmly 6 fast 7 hard 8 well
Vocabulary p30
1
1 head 2 back 3 shoulder 4 mouth
5 neck 6 arm 7 wrist 8 hand
9 knee 10 ankle 11 foot 12 toes
2
1 arm 2 back 3 wrist 4 feet
5 fingers 6 knee 7 head 8 ankle
9 neck 10 shoulders 11 mouth
12 toes
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p32
9
2
3
4
5
6
She talks quietly
They don’t do the exercise slowly.
Be quick! You are late.
Her brother works hard.
Answer the question carefully.
Vocabulary and listening p33
3
2 g 3 b 4 h
Our PE teacher can climb mountains
I’m sorry but I can’t hear you.
We can all ski really well.
My brother can’t get up early.
Can you speak Chinese?
8
Unit 3
1 d
8 e
1
2
3
4
5
1
5 f 6 a 7 c
1 golf 2 rugby 3 climbing 4 tennis
5 football 6 basketball 7 ice skating
8 sailing 9 cycling 10 baseball
4
1 run 2 drinking 3 ski 4 skating
5 climbing
(gymnastics)
2
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p30
1 c 2 a
5
3
1 forehead 2 eye 3 eyebrow 4 ear
5 cheek 6 lip 7 teeth 8 chin
Reading p31
1
c
2
3 d 4 b
1 partner 2 the weather 3 fit
4 ground 5 white 6 five 7 dancing
4
A Speaker 4 B Speaker 1
C Speaker 2 D Speaker 3
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p33
1 b 2 c 3 b 4 c
5
3
add ‘player’: basketball player, rugby player,
tennis player, volleyball player
1 b 2 c 3 a 4 d
-er/-or: golfer, sailor, skater,
-ist/-ast: gymnast,
Grammar in context p34
1
1 T 2 F
3 F
2
1 has to get up 2 have to be 3 have
to run 4 has to speak 5 have to study
6 has to work
3
1 Does Sally have to wear a uniform?
2 You have to be fit to play rugby
well. 3 We don’t have to practise a lot
at weekends. 4 Do they have to buy
expensive shoes for the race? 5 He
doesn’t have to practise every day.
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
You mustn’t dive.
You mustn’t ride a bike.
You must be quiet.
You must keep off the grass.
You mustn’t play ball games here.
You must wear trainers.
5
1 don’t have to f 2 mustn’t d
3 mustn’t a 4 don’t have to c
5 mustn’t b 6 don’t have to e
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p34
6
1 I have to take the dog for a walk.
2 I have to tidy my room. 3 I have to buy
eggs and bread. 4 I must phone Mum./
I mustn’t forget to phone Mum.
5 I mustn’t sleep late. 6 I mustn’t stay
online too long. 7 I don’t have to make
dinner. 8 I don’t have to wait for Dad.
9 I don’t have to wash the dishes.
Developing speaking p35
1
Brights Leisure Centre on Saturday mornings
from 10–12, Levels: Beginners – Advanced,
Cost: £5 per week, £100 per year
2
1 I’d like some information about the judo
club, please. 2 Can you tell me when
the club meets? 3 How can I help you?
4 How much does it cost? 5 Sorry, can
you repeat that? 6 Do I have to bring
special clothes? 7 Thanks for your help.
8 Thank you for calling.
3
a How can I help you? b Can you tell me
when the club meets? c Sorry, can you
repeat that? d How much does it cost?
e Thanks for your help. f Thank you for
calling.
4
1 leisure 2 usually 3 television
4 decision
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Workbook answer key
A2
DESCRIBING PICTURES p35
6
3
5
Students’ own answers
a at b at c At d at e on f on
g on h In
6
Vocabulary p37
2 Were you in bed at 8 am on Sunday? No,
I wasn’t. 3 Was Miss Williams at school at
9 am today? Yes, she was. 4 Were your
1 a group of young people – teenagers
2 in a street 3 street dancing. One
1
boy has his feet in the air. Two boys are
watching him. They’re concentrating.
4 feeling happy 5 Yes, because it’s fun.
1 fingers 2 head 3 eyes 4 stomach
5 legs
7
1 tennis 2 skating 3 racket 4 basket
5 individual
Students’ own answers
2
1
Irish dancing workshop
2
1 a We meet every Wednesday at 7.30 pm.
b We meet in the Junior School hall from
10 am to 4 pm on Saturday.
2 a Contact Dave on … b Call Pat
Brown on … 3 Don’t be shy!, Come and
play with us!, Bring your table tennis bat,
Contact Dave, Bring your dancing shoes,
Call Pat
3
Use short questions. Give essential
information. Make sure your sentences are
clear. Tell people what to do.
4
4
1 couldn’t 2 couldn’t 3 buy
4 couldn’t 5 use
5
1 throw 2 correct 3 ride 4 kicks
5 swim
1 could ride a bike 2 She couldn’t ice
skate. 3 She could ride a horse. 4 She
couldn’t speak French. 5 She could ski.
6 She could use a computer.
Unit 4
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p40
Vocabulary p38
6
3
Developing writing p36
friends at the swimming pool last Saturday?
No, they weren’t. 5 Was Kim at your
house yesterday? Yes, she was.
1
1 Argentina 2 Brazil 3 Egypt
4 France 5 Slovakia 6 Italy 7 Japan
8 Russia 9 Spain 10 Switzerland
11 Poland 12 Turkey
2
2 Brazilian 3 Egyptian 4 French
5 Slovak 6 Italian 7 Japanese
8 Russian 9 Spanish 10 Swiss
11 Polish 12 Turkish
3
1 were, wasn’t, couldn’t 2 wasn’t,
couldn’t, wasn’t 3 Could, couldn’t, was
4 were, couldn’t, Were 5 were, was,
could, was, couldn’t
Vocabulary and Listening p41
1
1 underground 2 tram 3 bus
4 moped 5 van 6 helicopter 7 taxi
8 car 9 lorry 10 ship 11 coach
12 motorbike
2
1 When does the cycling club meet?
2 Where does the cycling club go?
3 What does the cycling club do?
1 guidebook 2 luggage 3 sightseeing
4 tickets 5 travel agency 6 souvenir
1 ship 2 taxi 3 tram 4 underground
5 bus 6 van
4 Who do I contact?
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p38
3
5
4
Students’ own answers
1 d 2 a 3 e 4 c
Reading p39
Revision: Units 1–3
1
2
1
2 can’t 3 can’t 4 can 5 can’t
2
when we’re waiting for the teacher.
2 My dad never drives his car dangerously.
3 It is sometimes difficult to work hard
4
1 mustn’t 2 have to 3 has to
4 must 5 don’t have to
5
1 can’t 2 can’t 3 mustn’t
4 don’t have to 5 don’t have to
3 b
5
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p41
3 A 4 F 5 A 6 F
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
3
1 tradition 2 answer 3 volunteers
4 tragically 5 balcony 6 site
7 padlock
1 We usually sit in the classroom quietly
1 bus coach taxi 2 c
3 b 4 b 5 a 6 b
4
3
when I’m tired.
4 My sister hardly ever walks slowly
because she’s always in a hurry.
5 Do you usually type carefully when
you’re working on your computer?
1 b 2 a
1 A 2 F
1 well 2 hard 3 badly 4 fast
5 patiently
4
2 eight o’clock 3 fifteen minutes
4 8.30 5 20 minutes 6 10 7 8.15
b
Grammar p37
1 can
5 f 6 b
1 train 2 car
5
1 answer 2 tradition 3 volunteers
4 balcony 5 site
Grammar in context p40
1
a was b were c wasn’t d weren’t
e Was f Were g wasn’t h were
2
1 was 2 wasn’t 3 were 4 Were,
weren’t 5 Was, was 6 weren’t, were
6
boot
windscreen wipers
windscreen
steering wheel
wheels
bonnet
number plate
7
1
3
5
8
seat belt 2 bonnet
number plate 4 windscreen wipers
boot 6 steering wheel 7 wheels
windscreen
Grammar in context p42
1
a wanted b hated c carried
d travelled
2
1 studied 2 walked 3 stopped
4 arrived 5 tried 6 wanted 7 chatted
8 phoned
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Workbook answer key
3
1 i 2 h 3 b 4 e
8 j 9 f 10 c
5 g 6 d
A2
5 I usually have to tidying tidy my room at
Revision: Units 1–4
7 a
the weekend.
6 We didn’t lived live in Paris when I was a
Grammar p45
4
1 went 2 made 3 spoke 4 bought
5 saw 6 had 7 came
5
child.
1
7 I weren’t wasn’t interested in sport when
a weren’t b were c couldn’t d was
e could f wasn’t
8 Can you say tell me what time the
2
1 went 2 ate 3 watched 4 did
5 wore 6 played
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p42
1 chatted 2 did 3 caught 4 saw
5 arrived 6 taught 7 carried 8 loved
9 made 10 swam
6
3
Hello from Brighton! We got here yesterday.
This morning we couldn’t not have breakfast
because we was were too late! Yesterday,
we gone went to the beach. We buyed
bought Sam an ice cream but he droped
dropped it. We all swimmed swam in the
sea and I sitted sat in the sun with Sam. He
catched caught a fish in his little net and
then he putted put it back in the water. It’s
really great here.
Developing speaking p43
1 spoke, lived 2 went, watched
3 walked, bought 4 hated, came
4
a had b hate c does d was
e went f don’t have to g am sitting
h want i saw j liked
Unit 5
Vocabulary p45
1
1
1 factory 2 restaurant 3 hospital
4 office 5 garage 6 studio
1 Russia 2 Turkey 3 Ireland
4 Greece 5 Argentina
1 London 2 my parents 3 coach
4 five days 5 a long time 6 fantastic
7 with my grandparents/in a big house
(by a park) 8 an art gallery and the
theatre 9 some monuments 10 fish
and chips and ice cream 11 some
souvenirs 12 Last Monday
4
3
Gateway to exams: Units 3–4
1 plane, helicopter 2 boat, ship 3 bus,
coach 4 taxi, car 5 trains, underground,
tram
1 leg 2 hall 3 mirror 4 fingers
5 judo
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p44
1
a How b ’m sitting c ’m drinking
d ’m staying e saw f bought g had
h told i went j were
1 c
2 b 3 a
4
Students’ own answers
5 b
3
teacher
singer
doctor
engineer
nurse
waiter
secretary
shop assistant
farmer
mechanic
4
2 singer – studio 3 doctor – hospital,
clinic 4 engineer – factory, outdoors
5 nurse – hospital, clinic 6 waiter –
restaurant 7 secretary – office 8 shop
assistant – shop 9 farmer – outdoors
10 mechanic – garage
5
6 c
1 b 2 d 3 f 4 a
2 F 3 F
4 T 5 NM
6 T
Use of English p47
6
3
4 b
1 school 2 studio 3 office 4 clinic
5 restaurant 6 factory 7 outdoors
8 (shoe) shop 9 garage 10 hospital
5 c
6 e
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p48
1 NM
7 NM
c skiing d go
g brown
j walk k tired
n interesting
1 Hi
2 Bye for now. See you soon.
3 a
2
5
2
1
Listening p46
Students’ own answers
a winter b France
e wearing f sunny
h climbing i down
l love m exercise
Reading p46
1 c 2 c
4
Vocabulary p48
2
3
DESCRIBING PICTURES p43
when I started.
airport at 5.30.
2
/ae/: chat, fantastic, gallery, van
/or/: caught, morning, passport, saw, walk
/a:/: art, car, France, last, park, past
well.
10 I couldn’t playing play tennis goodly well
12 I was go went to the US two years ago.
1 guidebook 2 luggage 3 passport
4 souvenir 5 sightseeing
1 i 2 j 3 b 4 l 5 g 6 f 7 k
8 c 9 h 10 d 11 a 12 e
lessons begin?
9 Dear my friend Caspar, I hope you are
11 We catched caught the train to the
2
1
I were was young.
6
1 in 2 for 3 as
7 at 8 of 9 in
3
Reading p49
1 A 2 A 3 C 4 B 5 C 6 A 7 C
8 A 9 C 10 A 11 B 12 B
1
Writing p47
2
4
Students’ own answers
COMMON MISTAKES p47
5
1 Do you can Can you speak Italian?
2 I always early get up early.
3 People have to work hardly hard to get a
4 for 5 with 6 in
a
1 NM 2 T 3 F 4 F
8 NM 9 T 10 NM
5 F 6 T 7 F
3
1 c
2 a
4
1 followed 2 script 3 witty 4 charts
5 published 6 comedy 7 hit 8 wellknown
good job today.
4 The students mustn’t don’t have to wear
a uniform at our school.
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Workbook answer key
Grammar in context p50
1
a negative b main verb c infinitive
2
1 Roger McGough didn’t stay in Hull.
2 He didn’t have another number one
song.
3 They didn’t eat in the canteen of the TV
studio.
4 The fans didn’t meet the star outside the
cinema.
A2
dancer, actor, writer, singer, playwright
film: musician, composer, director, dancer,
actor, writer, singer
opera: musician, composer, director,
dancer, actor, writer, singer, playwright
literature: poet, novelist, writer, playwright
poetry: poet
Dana:
3
Dana:
actor, theatre, writer, novelist, poet, film,
musicians, playwright, ballet, classical,
dancer
Andy:
4
5 Henry didn’t drive his mother’s car to
school.
6 She didn’t go to the stadium to see her
favourite band.
7 We didn’t swim in the sea that day.
8 My mother didn’t speak to my French
friend in French.
3
1 drove, didn’t drive 2 saw, didn’t see
3 taught, didn’t teach 4 left, didn’t leave
5 did, didn’t do 6 went, didn’t go
4
1 MW 2 M 3 W 4 M 5 MW
6 W 7 M 8 W
5
2
1 world 2 rock 3 folk 4 jazz
5 country and western 6 rap 7 house
8 reggae
Grammar in context p52
1
5
2
3 f 4 a 5 b 6 d
1 in progress
2 while
6
3
2 Why did he write a sad poem? 3 How
1 was studying English 2 were working
3 was doing homework 4 was surfing the
Net 5 were watching TV 6 was reading
much (money) did the movie Frozen make?
4 When did the Arctic Monkeys win a Brit
award? 5 Which race did Usain Bolt win?
6 What did your grandfather play on his
violin every day?
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p50
7
A: Did you went go to university?
B: No, I didn’t went go to university, I didn’t
study very hard at school, and I didn’t to
get good marks.
A: What job did you get?
B: I worked in an office, but I didn’t like it. I
hadn’t didn’t have interesting jobs to do.
I spent my free time with my friends and
we started a band.
A: When started you did you start the band?
B: When I was 18. I did my office job all day,
but every evening I did sing sang with the
band in clubs and bars. I didn’t not think
we could be famous, but one night a
record producer spotted us. We signed a
contract the next week, and I never didn’t
go went back to the office again.
Vocabulary and listening p51
1
1 actor 2 novelist 3 director
4 singer 5 dancer 6 musician
7 writer 8 composer 9 poet
10 painter 11 playwright
a book
1 was listening, arrived 2 rang,
were talking 3 wasn’t looking, asked
4 wasn’t waiting, arrived
5
1 Were you going to school when I saw
you this morning? Yes, I was.
2 Was Sara doing her homework when we
came into the classroom? No, she wasn’t.
3 Was Bob talking to the new student
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Then what happened?
Really?
That’s amazing!
Oh, no!
That’s incredible!
What a shame!
I see.
Poor you!
DESCRIBING PICTURES p53
when we arrived at school? Yes, he was.
Students’ own answers
5
1
2
3
4
It’s at an outdoor theatre (by the sea).
There’s a play on stage. It’s an old play.
The actors and the audience.
The actors are happy and the audience
is enjoying the play and perhaps feeling
cold.
5 Yes, because I like theatre. It’s interesting
to see plays outdoors. It’s romantic.
4 Were you and Carl walking to the shops
6
when we passed you in the car? No, we
weren’t.
5 Were you watching a film when I phoned
you last night? No, I wasn’t.
Developing writing p54
6
1 While I was waiting at the bus stop for
the bus, a car crashed into a wall.
2 Sarah rang Harry while he was doing his
homework.
3 It started to rain while we were walking
the dog.
4 They were cooking when Tim dropped
the book in the saucepan.
7
Students’ own answers
1
a Last b one c later d First e after
f following g next h then i When
j suddenly k when i In the end
2
b
3
1 When 2 ago 3 First, after 4 the
end
4
Students’ own answers
5
Students’ own answers
Andy:
ballet: musician, composer, director, dancer
theatre: musician, composer, director,
a weekend b incredible c perfect
d Really e Wow f Cool g what
h amazing i no j you
4
4
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p52
2
1
Really? Wow! Cool! That’s amazing! Oh no!
Poor you.
a was b weren’t c Were d wasn’t
e were
2 c
Developing speaking p53
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p51
a Did b Did c did d didn’t
1 e
Andy:
Yes, I was surf surfing the Net and
I didn’t heard hear it. Sorry! What
you wanted did you want to talk
about?
I wanted to ask you about our
maths homework. I couldn’t
understanding it!
I can to help you now. I was did it
on Monday. It was easily easy.
That’s OK. My brother was helped
me so I finished it.
Hi! Was Were you studying at
8 pm last night? You didn’t to
answer your phone.
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Workbook answer key
A2
2
Revision: Units 1–5
1 F 2 T 3 F 4 F
8 T
Grammar p55
1 didn’t go, wasn’t 2 didn’t cook,
weren’t 3 didn’t enjoy, wasn’t 4 didn’t
win, wasn’t 5 didn’t come, didn’t phone
2
1 Did Victor run to the shops? Yes, he did.
2 Did Daisy go on holiday to Italy? No, she
didn’t. 3 Did he play the piano well? Yes,
he did. 4 Did they make sandwiches for
lunch? Yes, they did.
3
1 were watching 2 wasn’t studying
3 were standing 4 was looking 5 was
working 6 was watching
4
1 did the teacher give, wasn’t listening,
was sleeping 2 Did you enjoy, didn’t see,
was helping 3 were you waiting for, saw,
wasn’t waiting, was having 4 didn’t you
Students’ own answers
4
1 bowl 2 whisk 3 baking tray
4 wire rack 5 muffin cases
6 plastic container
a countable b plural c count
d uncountable
2
food
drink
banana
bread
butter
coffee
meat
rice
salad
salt
strawberry
sugar
tea
1 chips 2 pizza 3 chicken 4 rice
5 cheese
3
Across: 2 fish 4 lemonade 6 burger
7 meat 10 sugar 12 salt
Down:
1 cake 3 ice cream 5 tea
6 butter 8 biscuit 9 egg 11 bread
1
1 c
2 b 3 a
u
p
t
t
4
p
a
c
a
k
e
t
g
l
a
s
s
e
c
6
7
c
a
r
l
e
n
s
l
i
c
t
o
n
s
word = contain
2
2 b
3
✓
✓
✓
✓
4
✓
✓
1 bag 2 slice/piece 3 mug/cup
4 bars 5 slices 6 packet/bag
7 bars/pieces 8 slices
✓
They don’t have to buy: 1, 3, 8, 11
They have to buy: 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p59
1 piece 2 plate 3 mug 4 bag
5 bar 6 loaf
5
1
2 T 3 F 4 T
1 b 2 c
5 some
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
c
b o
3
1 c
✓
1 a 2 some 3 any 4 an
6 any
2
1
2
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
4
1 tomatoes 2 apples 3 bananas
4 grapes 5 strawberries
1
Grammar in context p60
1 F
1
Reading p57
✓
✓
✓
3
Vocabulary p56
c 2 e 3 b 4 f 5 d 6 a
pour the cream 2 peel the carrot
roast the lamb 4 stir the sauce
fry the garlic 6 boil the peas
✓
✓
water
Unit 6
Vocabulary and listening p59
uncountable
✓
tomato
1 dentist, teeth 2 builders, centre
3 footballers, stadium 4 singer, opera
5 novelist, library
1
1
3
5
✓
✓
✓
milk
✓
milkshake
orange juice ✓
1
3
countable
✓
Vocabulary p55
1 composer 2 playwright 3 hairdresser
4 cook 5 director
Ben:
Amy:
5
lemonade
2
No, thanks. I don’t like tomatoes.
OK. And would you like a drink?
Can I have some orange juice,
please?
Of course, here you are.
Thank you.
1
wear, took, didn’t like
1 an actor 2 a mechanic, garage
3 a hospital, a clinic 4 a waiter, waitress
5 a journalist
Amy:
Ben:
Amy:
Grammar in context p58
chip
egg
fish
ice cream
4
6 T 7 F
3
1
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p56
5 T
Are there any biscuits in the cupboard?
He hasn’t got any orange juice.
We’ve got some tomatoes in our salad.
There’s an egg in the bowl on the table.
There are some big apples on the tree.
Have you got any mineral water?
Is there any milk in the fridge?
Do you want any coffee?
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p58
6
Ben:
Amy:
Ben:
Amy:
Ben:
Amy:
Ben:
Let’s have lunch.
OK. Have you got any hot food?
I can make you a burger. Do you
like burgers?
I do, yes. Have you got any chips?
No, sorry, we haven’t got any chips
left.
OK then, I’d like a burger.
Sure. I’ve got some tomatoes –
would you like them with it?
3 a
2
1 a lot of 2 both 3 many 4 both
5 much 6 much
3
1 much/a lot of 2 many/a lot of
3 many/a lot of 4 a lot of 5 a lot of
6 much/a lot of
4
True
5
1 drink 2 should 3 should 4 should
5 wear 6 shouldn’t
6
1
2
3
4
You should put rubbish in the bin.
You should eat an apple a day.
You shouldn’t talk in the library.
You shouldn’t use your mobile phone
here.
5 You shouldn’t drink more than one fizzy
drink a day.
6 You should eat breakfast every day.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p60
7
Students’ own answers
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Workbook answer key
Developing speaking p61
4
2 c
3 e
12 Do Would you like to order some chips
1 b 2 d
1
1 f
A2
3 a
with your meal?
4 c
13 There are much a lot of students in my
5
4 b 5 a 6 d
1
3
5
8
2
1 £17.50 2 Pizza, garlic bread and
milkshake
3
1 ready 2 Could 3 Would, with
4 get 5 Regular 6 total 7 change
8 Enjoy
shouldn’t 2 shouldn’t
don’t have to 4 don’t have to
mustn’t 6 have to 7 don’t have to
should
Unit 7
Vocabulary p63
Vocabulary p66
1
1
1 strawberries 2 chocolate 3 orange
4 peas 5 pizza 6 carrots 7 tea
8 tomatoes 9 coffee 10 cream
4
class.
14 I can’t to swim fast like my brother.
1 shark 2 alligator 3 wolf 4 tiger
5 spider 6 bear 7 bee 8 snake
9 jellyfish 10 lizard 11 scorpion
12 eagle
/əʊ/: below, don’t, only, potatoes, roast,
tomato
/ɒ/: bottle, chocolate, coffee, orange
/uː/: juice, food, too, you
2
DESCRIBING PICTURES p61
3
1 tiger 2 jellyfish
5 eagle
1 biscuits 2 sandwich 3 German
4 ship 5 toe 6 toilet 7 garage
8 cream
2 a bear 3 an eagle 4 an alligator
5 a spider
1 glass 2 bottle 3 packet 4 slice
5 cup 6 slice
5
Students’ own answers
6
1 in an expensive restaurant 2 a waiter,
a man and a woman 3 They are sitting
at a table and they are looking at a menu.
4 It’s in the morning because breakfast is
on the menu. 5 English breakfast (bacon,
eggs and sausages and maybe beans) or
continental breakfast (bread and cheese)
6 the small breakfast with a cup of coffee
7
Developing writing p62
1
The tense should be present continuous
and not present simple.
a Hi, everyone! b Can you come
c bring your dancing shoes d Hope you
can come e Let me know f Cheers
3
1 b
2 d 3 c
Reading p64
1
1 B 2 G
3 B 4 G 5 S
Use of English p65
2
2 f 3 d 4 a
5 h
6 b
3
2
5 any
3
1 many/a lot of 2 much 3 a lot of
4 many 5 a lot of 6 much 7 many
8 a lot of
3
1 b 2 c
1 P 2 N
weekend?
Countable: apple, banana, egg
Uncountable: bread, butter, cheese, meat,
rice, salt, sugar
b
4
2 The girl was seeing saw Mark while she
1
Students’ own answers
4
1 What you did did you do on last
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
walked was walking home from the
cinema.
I wasn’t not listening in class this
morning.
Went you Did you go to a restaurant?
Oh no! That’s a shame.
What were you read reading when I
arrived?
Next to, he moved to Norway.
There isn’t many any/much milk in the
fridge.
I’m sorry, I ’ve haven’t got any money.
There are a lot of students in the
classroom.
Let me to know if can’t you you can’t
come to the party.
6 e
1
Writing p65
5
Grammar p63
3 b 4 d 5 a
Reading p67
Starting: Hi, Hello, Dear
Finishing: Best wishes, See you there, Cheers
Revision: Units 1–6
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p66
1 August 2 Five 3 ten 4 Thriller
5 thirteen 6 father 7 changed
8 preparing
COMMON MISTAKES p65
Students’ own answers
1 grass 2 A mountain 3 An island
4 a valley 5 A lake 6 A forest
7 flower 8 a field 9 a river
10 waterfall 11 sky
1 f 2 c
4
5
3
5
Listening p64
Students’ own answers
4 a
1 any 2 some 3 any 4 an
6 an 7 any 8 an
6 S 7 S
3
2
3 bear 4 bee
4
Gateway to exams: Units 5–6
2
Students’ own answers
2
3 c
4 b 5 b
3 N
4 N 5 P 6 P
5
1 miss 2 fear 3 narrator
4 educational 5 whale 6 promise
Grammar p68
1
a going to b aren’t c Am d isn’t
2
b
3
1 to watch 2 are 3 going 4 climb
5 is 6 cycle
4
2 He isn’t going to ride through France.
3 He isn’t going to stay in expensive
hotels.
4 He’s going to camp or he’s going to find
cheap hostels.
5 He isn’t going to cycle when it’s very hot.
6 He’s going to get a plane back from
Morocco.
5
2 Are your parents going to see a film this
weekend? No, they aren’t.
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Workbook answer key
3 Are you going to go out with friends on
Friday? Yes, I am.
4 Is your best friend Emily going to talk to
the teacher after school? No, she isn’t.
5 Are your friends going to have
something to eat soon? Yes, they are.
6
Grace isn’t going to walk with rhinos.
Grace is going to ride in a jeep.
Grace is going to sleep in a hotel.
Grace isn’t going to camp outside.
Grace is going to eat in restaurants.
Grace isn’t going to eat outside.
Grace isn’t going to swim in a pool.
Grace is going to swim in a lake.
1
i
5
c
6
7
w
8
y
h
s t o r
u
t
9
r a i n y
m
n
10
d r y
arranged plans
6
7
1 will rain 2 ’m not going
3 Are you going 4 is driving 5 will be
6 won’t be
Developing speaking p71
1
3, 4, 6
2
2
s n o w y
3
5
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p70
Vocabulary and listening p69
1
1 won’t be 2 won’t do 3 won’t drive
4 won’t eat 5 will come 6 won’t go
1 Are you meeting 2 aren’t playing
3 Where are you having 4 are flying
5 is giving
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p68
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
4
1 Are you doing anything on Saturday?
2 Shall we go to London? 3 Why don’t
we catch the train in the morning? 4 Let’s
visit Jasmine when we’re there. 5 What
i
4
n
f
l o u d y
g
y
g
m y
about taking some sandwiches?
3
Accepting suggestions: OK. Yes, sure. Yes,
that’s fine.
Rejecting suggestions: Sorry, I’m busy.
a
4
1 take 2 get 3 buying 4 to come
5 on, at
2
spring
summer
autumn
winter
rainy
sunny
windy
cold
cloudy
dry
foggy
snowy
stormy
hot
warm
icy
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
c
4
Yesterday: d, b
Today: d, a, g
Tomorrow: h, a, b
Saturday morning
Sports centre
Let’s have a picnic
Cinema
What about lunch?
river boat ride
DESCRIBING PICTURES p71
6
Students’ own answers
5
7
b and d
1
2
3
4
A2
go shopping on Saturdays. I want to buy
some jeans new new jeans. Are you going
to dinner have have dinner with us? We
eat usually usually eat fish and chips on
Saturdays. Let me know what you think!
Later see you! See you later!
Annie
2
Did your mum like the present?, Were the
trains delayed because of the weather?,
Shall we go to the cinema again?
3
4, 3, 2
4
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–7
Grammar p73
1
1 won’t go 2 will be 3 will disappear
4 won’t snow 5 will rain 6 won’t pass
2
1 rain 2 will be 3 ’ll see
4 ’m playing
5 Are you going to be, ’ll phone
3
1 ’m going to invite 2 are meeting
3 have to finish 4 Shall we go
5 While I was walking,
4
1 Did 2 always 3 doesn’t 4 on
5 should 6 was 7 to
Vocabulary p73
1
1 eagle 2 flowers 3 waterfall 4 shark
5 island 6 spider
2
1 alligator, lizard 2 bee, jellyfish
3 wolf, tiger 4 bear, snake
3
1 river, valley 2 field, flowers
3 grass, mountain
1 breeze 2 raindrop 3 thunder
4 shower 5 lightning 6 snowflake
A zoo.
A young boy looking at a monkey.
Yes, it’s exciting to see a real monkey.
Not really. Only a small place to play in,
on its own.
5 No, but I went to one on holiday.
6 Yes, because soon there won’t be many
monkeys in the wild.
Grammar in context p70
Students’ own answers
2 disappointed 3 tired 4 stressed
5 confused 6 relaxed 7 worried
8 frightened
Developing writing p72
2
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p69
6
1 thunder 2 lightning 3 shower
4 breeze 5 raindrop 6 snowflake
7
8
1
T, T, T
1
2
1 d 2 c 3 a 4 f 5 e 6 b
3
2 Will, see 3 Will, come 4 Will, attack
5 Will, snow 6 Will, take
Hi Maisy,
Good to from you hear hear from you. I’m
looking forward to seeing you on Saturday.
I know we’re meeting at 10 am, but where
we are are we meeting? Are going we we
going to go shopping? I go often often
4
1 rainy 2 sunny 3 fog 4 icy 5 wind
Unit 8
Vocabulary p74
1
1 surprised 2 bored 3 happy
4 worried 5 frightened 6 confused
7 excited 8 angry
3
1 intelligent 2 hard-working 3 serious
4 responsible 5 cheerful 6 kind
7 quiet 8 lazy
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Workbook answer key
4
1 e
A2
1 poverty 2 homelessness 3 crime
4 hunger 5 pollution 6 violence
7 unemployment
2 f 3 b 4 a 5 c 6 d
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p74
2
5
1 hunger 2 poverty 3 violence
4 unemployment 5 homelessness
6 crime 7 pollution
1 anger 2 relaxation 3 excitement
4 confusion 5 surprise 6 happiness
3
Reading p75
1
1 pollution 2 unemployment
3 homelessness 4 hunger
A5 B 3 C 4 D 7
4
2
1 C 2 A 3 C
8 B
4 D 5 A 6 B 7 C
1 pollution 2 homelessness
3 unemployment 4 hunger
4 F
1 F
7 F
3
1 O 2 O
3 F
4
1 clapped 2 audience 3 relieved
4 proud 5 independent 6 nervous
7 unconscious
5
1 unconscious 2 relieved 3 nervous
4 proud 5 independent
6 audience, clap
Grammar in context p76
1
sadder
prettier
easier
faster
happier
hotter
friendlier
older
louder
higher
2
slower
kinder
fatter
lazier
bigger
angrier
funnier
quieter
thinner
taller
1 lazier 2 easier 3 bigger 4 faster
5 higher 6 slower
3
1 b 2 a
4
1 more stressful 2 more intelligent
3 more serious 4 more difficult
5 more relaxed 6 more responsible
5
1 further/farther 2 more unusual
3 worse 4 more expensive 5 better
6 more practical
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p76
6
Suggested answers
1 Susie is taller than Natalie.
2 Susie is more cheerful than Natalie.
3 Susie’s hair is longer than Natalie’s.
4 Natalie is shorter than Susie.
5 Natalie’s hair is darker than Susie´s.
6 Natalie is more serious than Susie.
Vocabulary and listening p77
1
Developing speaking p79
1
1
2
3
4
I think perhaps, Maybe, I think
present continuous
in the middle, On the left
We can see, This is a picture of
2
a can see b I think c In the middle
d at the table e on the table
f On the left g on a sofa h In front
i Maybe j looks k next to
3
5
2 NM 3 T 4 NM 5 T 6 F
/θ/ (think): thing, thin, thought, bath, third
/ð/ (than): this, that, they, there, the, another
DESCRIBING PICTURES p79
4
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p77
Students’ own answers
6
1 criminal 2 homeless 3 polluted
4 unemployed 5 violent 6 poor
7 hungry
Grammar in context p78
5
a
d
g
k
having b
restaurant
serving h
wearing l
home c waitress
e young f sitting
chicken i glasses j old
food
6
1
a one syllable b one syllable ending in
Students’ own answers
one vowel and one consonant
c two syllables ending in -y
d two or more syllables e irregular
Developing writing p80
2
1
3
5
7
the biggest 2 the most serious
the tallest 4 the worst
the most difficult 6 the most important
the easiest 8 the saddest
3
1 the most expensive, more expensive
2 longer, the longest 3 the highest,
higher 4 bigger, the biggest 5 the
coldest, colder 6 the hottest, hotter
4
1 £9.75
2 £6.50 3 Many more parents
are unemployed. 4 It isn’t enough.
5 They need to work for their money.
2
Dear Sir/Madam, Yours faithfully, C A D B
3
In formal letters, we don’t usually use
contractions. For example, we write I
am interested not I’m interested in other
people’s opinions.
4
Students’ own answers
1 a, an 2 the 3 0 4 the
5
5
1 The 2 The, a 3 The 4 a
6 0, 0
1
5 the
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p78
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–8
6
Grammar p81
I had the a serious talk with my parents
last night. My exam results were badder
worse than last time. They’re probably
the worstest worst ever! Dad was angryer
angrier than he usually is and Mum was the
same. Dad said having the a teenager in
the house is the stressfullest most stressful
thing he knows. I said, ‘Don’t worry, Dad, I
can work more hard harder! Next year will
to be the importantest most important year
of my life and I’m going to get the most
good best marks in my class. ’I couldn’t
think of anything more intelligent than that
to say. I suppose it was more good better
than saying nothing.
1
1
4
6
8
bigger 2 lazier 3 worse
more serious 5 better
more stressful 7 further/farther
more difficult
2
a
c
f
h
the fastest b the furthest
the tallest d in e than
the youngest g the shortest
the most intelligent
3
1 more intelligent, the most intelligent
2 good, the best 3 healthy, healthier
4 sadder, the saddest 5 boring, the most
boring
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Workbook answer key
A2
4
10 I eat everything. My favourite food is the
pasta with the cheese.
a was b the c some d 0 e will take
f don’t have to g sometimes h the i 0 11 January is the most cold coldest month
j don’t
in my country.
12 Dear Sir Mr Brown, I write am writing to
Vocabulary p81
ask you some questions.
1
1 serious 2 interested
3 relaxed, happy 4 excited 5 worried
2
1 c
2 e 3 g 4 f 5 a 6 d 7 b
6 A
Gateway to exams: Units 7–8
Reading p82
1
1 b 2 c 3 b 4 c 5 a 6 a
8 b
7 b
Listening p82
2
a suit b shirt c
e jumper f jeans
i boots j tights
m socks n shirt
d jacket
g skirt h blouse
k coat l dress
o shorts p trainers
tie
3
1 belt 2 sunglasses 3 jewellery
4 hat 5 cap 6 watch
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p84
2
4 F
5 F
4
6 F
1 ring 2 earrings 3 bracelet
4 brooch 5 chain
Use of English p83
Reading p85
3
1
a some b than c more d the
e going f will g be h the
4
new 2 19 birthday
a designer bag 4 of their names
is silly 6 be different 7 chocolates
a classroom
1 B 2 S
8 B
COMMON MISTAKES p83
5
3
3 V 4 S 5 S
6 V
1 designer 2 pocket 3 shiny 4 trend
5 disagree 6 advertising 7 confident
1 F
1 Bye! I’m going I’ll see you later.
2 I’m not going to watch TV this evening.
3 What will do you and your sister you and
Grammar in context p86
5
6
7
8
9
7 B
4
5
4
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p86
7
Hi Mum,
I’ve went been to the gym and I’ve also
went been for a run with Karen. I’ve ever
never been so tired! The dog has have had
her dinner, but I hasn’t haven’t watered the
plants. William have has taken a snack and
he is has gone to play football. He’ll be home
for dinner but I won’t. Karen’s mum has invite
invited me to eat with them. I’ve ever never
have had dinner with them before! Dad says
he’s have has to work late and he’ll call again
at six. Have you ever seen my new jeans? I
can’t find them. I I’ve also lost my new T-shirt.
See you later,
Milly
th
Wants to know: What are we going to
do there? Mum says the weather will be
good this weekend but is it colder up
the mountain? Should I bring some extra
clothes? What about food? Are we going
to have a picnic? Do I need to bring some
sandwiches?
Students’ own answers
your sister do at the weekend?
We will’nt won’t stay on at a hotel on our
holiday.
What’s What about getting some fish and
chips?
Are you do doing anything on Saturday?
The woman in on the right of the picture
is look looks very happy.
Why you don’t don’t you come to the
party?
Elena speaks more better English than I
do.
Has Tom ever driven a fast car?
Has Sara ever climbed a mountain?
Tom has never baked a cake.
Have Tom and Sara ever met a famous
person?
5 Sara has never broken a window.
6 Tom and Sara have never won a race.
1
2
1
3
5
8
1 ever 2 never
Vocabulary and listening p87
c
Writing p83
5
1
2
3
4
Unit 9
1 tie 2 shirt 3 jacket 4 trousers
5 suit 6 jumper 7 jeans 8 shorts
9 shoes 10 coat 11 blouse 12 skirt
13 dress 14 tights 15 T-shirt
16 socks 17 boots 18 trainers
4
1 has appeared 2 has created
3 haven’t arrived 4 has won 5 Has
the shop sold 6 have looked 7 haven’t
seen 8 Has she made
6
1
1 pollution 2 Unemployment
3 crime and violence 4 piece
5 composer
1 T 2 T 3 NM
7 NM 8 T
history for me.
Vocabulary p84
3
1 C 2 B 3 A 4 A 5 C
13 Maths is boringer more boring that than
4
2 F
3 F 4 O
5 F
6 O
1
a past participle b haven’t/hasn’t
c Have d haven’t
2
1 F
1
j
n e w s a 3g e n t s
w
r
4
c
e
e
l
e
h
l
n
e
5
b
e
g
m
r
r
i
u
6
b o o k s h o p
t
s
a
c
t
c
k
e
s
h
e
r
e
7
s u p e r m a r k e t
r
y
s
2
2 a rugby ball from the sports shop
3 a pair of boots from the shoe shop
4 some luggage from the department
store
2 T 3 F
3
was
broken
bought bought
did done
drew drawn
drank drunk
ate eaten
gave given
2
went gone
had had
made made
saw seen
took taken
wore worn
won won
wrote written
5 some pencils from the stationery shop
6 a radio from the electrical goods shop
3
newsagent’s, bookshop, stationery shop,
chemist’s, jeweller’s, sports shop
4
1 b 2 c
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3 b
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Workbook answer key
A2
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p87
Developing speaking p89
4
5
1
Students’ own answers
1 shop assistant 2 cashier 3 till
4 basket 5 aisles 6 bakery
1 help 2 sell 3 any 4 much 5 take
6 Would 7 else 8 That’s 9 are
10 change
Revision: Units 1–9
a aisles b shop assistant c bakery
d basket e till f cashier
2
Grammar p91
Grammar in context p88
Do you sell bracelets? How much is it? I’ll
take it. Here you are.
6
Customer:
1
1 just 2 already 3 yet 4 just, already
5 yet
2
1 I haven’t been to the new shopping
centre yet.
2 Have you bought Jenny a present yet?
3 I’ve already bought a card for her
4
5
6
7
8
birthday. I got it last week.
Sorry I’m late. I’ve just been to the
newsagent’s to buy a newspaper.
We have just bought tickets for the
fashion show. I’m so happy!
She hasn’t decided yet.
I’ve just remembered her phone number.
The film has just/already finished.
Shop assistant:
Can I help you? Sorry, we haven’t got any
at the moment. Would you like a box for
it? Anything else? That’s £42.50. And here’s
your change.
3
4
thirteen thirty fourteen forty fifteen fifty
sixteen sixty seventeen seventy
eighteen eighty nineteen ninety
5
3
DESCRIBING PICTURES p89
2 She hasn’t played her new guitar yet.
3 Have you visited London yet?
4 He hasn’t climbed any big mountains
Students’ own answers
5
6
7
8
9
10
yet.
They haven’t answered the question yet.
Has she called the doctor yet?
I haven’t painted the door yet.
Have they finished their lesson yet?
The dog hasn’t had its dinner yet.
Has she done her homework yet?
1
2
3
4
Have you been to the bank yet?
Mark hasn’t invited Rita to the party yet.
I’ve just found the information online.
Marie and Jenna have already emailed
me about the homework.
5 Has the programme finished yet?
6 Tom has already written his book.
7 We’ve just seen that new Swedish film.
a town b selling c clothes d other
e too f called g cheap h fruit
i vegetables
8
1
1 gone 2 been 3 gone 4 been
5 gone 6 been 7 gone 8 been
Phone no:
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p88
Email
address:
6
1 I have ever never been to the US. Have
4
5
6
7
you?
I’m sorry. I haven’t done the work already
yet, but I will soon.
Have you ever seen the Godfather films
ever?
correct
They’ve already cleaned already the car
and it looks great.
I yet haven’t spoken to the teacher about
my problems yet.
I just have just finished writing my essay.
5 f 6 c
7 a
2
Surname:
First name(s):
Date of birth:
Gender M/F:
Nationality:
Address:
Have, drunk 2 Has, won
haven’t sent 4 have taken
Has, worn 6 Have, eaten
have seen 8 Have, chosen
1
2
3
4
5
Have you been to the fashion show?
We haven’t seen any famous models.
What have you bought?
You haven’t paid for the tickets.
Where have all the shop assistants gone?
4
1 yet 2 just 3 already 4 ever 5 yet
6 never
1
2
3
4
Have you seen that film yet?
I’ve already phoned Monica.
I’ve never visited Canada.
I’ve just bought some boots in the new
shoe shop.
5 I haven’t been to the new shopping
centre yet.
1 I’ve just seen a fox in our back garden.
2 You should drive slowly on icy roads.
3 I bought an ice cream while I was
Developing writing p90
3 b 4 h
1
3
5
7
6
Students’ own answers
1 d 2 g
8 e
2
5
7
5
3
f 90
6
4
2
e 18
1 started 2 bought 3 written
4 worked 5 read
3
1 cbda 2 bacd 3 cabd
4 badc
a 19 b 80 c 13 d 17
g 40 h 15 i 20 j 70
1
Endo
Yoshi
4/07/1998
M
Japanese
25, St
John’s Road
London
020 89543
276
yendo@
hotmail.com
Roberts
Sara
12/08/1999
F
British
36, Kellaway
Avenue
Bristol
0117 942676
sara99@
gmail.co.uk
3
(Suggested answer)
Education: Queen’s Park Community
School
Current employment: currently working in
language school: Japanese conversation
lessons
Previous employment: paper round,
Saturday morning in newsagent’s
Skills: English and Japanese. Reliable.
Quiet. Have written for school magazine,
hope to become journalist, interested in
world politics.
shopping.
4 I am never late for school.
5 I was working hard when you phoned.
Vocabulary p91
1
1 cap 2 jacket 3 jumper 4 skirt
5 belt
2
bakery, bread
bookshop, novels
butcher’s, meat
chemist’s, medicine
greengrocer’s, fruit
jeweller’s, rings
newasgent’s, newspapers
post office, stamps
sports shop, bats
supermarket, food
3
1 journalist 2 author 3 chef 4 doctor
5 shop assistant 6 farmer 7 secretary
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Workbook answer key
Unit 10
A2
6
3
1 The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo
Vocabulary p92
1
1 laptop 2 smartphone 3 microwave
4 satnav 5 digital 6 tablet
7 MP3 player (printer)
2
3
4
5
2
1 satnav 2 laptop 3 tablet
4 digital camera 5 printer
da Vinci.
Ferrari cars are produced in Italy.
Buckingham Palace was built in London.
Computers were invented by an
Englishman.
Spanish is spoken by people all over the
world.
1 build 2 design 3 discover 4 invent
5 create 6 produce
4
1 building 2 invention 3 designer
4 creator 5 discovery 6 production
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p92
5
1 keyboard 2 screen 3 mouse
4 USB port 5 charger 6 memory stick
7 headphones 8 sim card
6
7
A laptop was left in the cafeteria this
morning. It was found by another student
and it was given to a teacher. The owner
was asked to come to the headteacher’s
office to collect it. A lot of electronic
gadgets were lost by students last month.
Several of these were not returned to their
owners, because the owners weren’t found.
You are reminded to be careful with laptop
computers and smartphones.
Vocabulary and listening p95
1
1 headphones 2 memory stick
3 charger 4 screen 5 keyboard
1
3
5
7
Reading p93
1
description 2 explanation
expression 4 imagination
information 6 investigation
organisation
2
1 B 2 C 3 A
2
1 school project 2 Japan 3 few years
4 1984 5 models, jewellery 6 a tiny
screen 7 other skiers
3
1 an explanation 2 imagination
3 a description 4 organisation
3
1 F
2 T 3 F 4 T 5 F
6 T
4
1, 2, 5
4
1 furry 2 progressing 3 goggles
4 lonely 5 wearable 6 scary 7 stroke
1 investigation 2 information
3 explanation 4 imagination
5 description 6 expression
5
1 visualisation 2 a
Grammar in context p94
4
1 b 2 d 3 f 4 c
5 e
6 a
5
1 don’t finish, ’ll do 2 like, ’ll lend
3 won’t go, don’t like 4 give, ’ll check
5 invent, ’ll buy 6 won’t be, doesn’t work
6
1 If I clean his car, will he drive me to the
airport? 2 If I make Sophia a cake, will
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p94
3
1 specific possible 2 present 3 future
she help me with my homework?
3 Will you pay me if I look after your
brother? 4 If I pass the test, will my
parents buy me a new smartphone?
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p96
7
a turn b makes c go d will shout
e use f gets g are h ’ll understand
i come j ’ll be
Developing speaking p97
1a
1 talk 2 explain 3 example 4 Firstly
5 Secondly 6 more 7 true 8 thing
9 Finally 10 least 11 conclusion
12 sum
1b
Doesn’t use: Finally, in conclusion
2
1
3
5
7
I’m going to talk about 2 Firstly
Secondly 4 For example
It’s true that 6 Another thing is that
Last but not least 8 To sum up
3
oOo
Ooo
description
company
expression
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p95
computer
everything
6
creator
favourite
1 are 2 is 3 were 4 are 5 was
6 were
1 satisfaction 2 competition
3 prediction 4 invitation 5 suggestion
6 reaction 7 addition 8 collection
invention
secondly
oOoo
ooOo
3
7
communicate
competition
1 satisfaction 2 competition
3 prediction 4 invitation 5 suggestion
6 reaction 7 addition 8 collection
conditional
explanation
discovery
information
investigate
introduction
1
1 participle 2 action 3 by
2
1
3
5
7
was found 2 are cleaned
was served 4 are asked
isn’t made, are made 6 Was, written
wasn’t collected
8
1 suggestion 2 prediction 3 invitation
4 competition 5 collection
6 satisfaction 7 reaction 8 addition
4
1 c 2 e 3 f 4 g 5 d 6 a
7 b
5
1 Ten dishwashers were sold last week.
2 We weren’t taught ICT at Primary School.
3 The robots are used by old people in
Japan.
4 The book was translated into Spanish last
year.
5 3D printers aren’t used by many people
at the moment.
6 The top prize was won by three students.
situation
DESCRIBING PICTURES p97
Grammar in context p96
4
1
1 Where is it? 2 What’s happening?
3 Who can you see? 4 What are
they talking about? 5 Why are they
communicating like this? 6 Do you think
1 T 2 F
3 T
2
1 imagine, sleep 2 eat, have
3 don’t like, don’t eat 4 Do, leave,
don’t like 5 rains, play 6 cooks, makes
7 Does, go, has 8 don’t worry, make
it’s a good way to communicate?
5
Students’ own answers
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Workbook answer key
6
3
1 in an office
2 The people are talking and discussing
a
c
f
h
something.
3 Two people in the room are talking to
quite a large group of people.
4 they are probably discussing business, or
about how they do things, selling things
or something like that
5 because they are in different places
6 Yes, because people don’t have to travel
for meetings.
A2
4 If you will go to my town the next year,
I have just learned b went
was looking d heard e went
was given g have never thought
is i go j will borrow
4
6
1 I bought any some potatoes yesterday to
make chips.
2 We have the a new girl in our class.
3 I don’t have to mustn’t give in my
Students’ own answers
homework late.
4 correct
5 She was walking very slow slowly when I
saw her today.
Developing writing p98
Vocabulary p99
1
1
7
2
3
a was born b After c then d At this
e Soon f In 1968 g at the age of
4
1
2
4
5
in Portland, Oregon in the US
a radar technician 3 after the war
He gave a demonstration of his gadget.
a special prize for his important work in
computing 6 more than a billion during
his lifetime 7 in July 2013
5
11
12
1
4
6
9
action 2 description 3 imagination
investigation 5 organisation
discovery 7 creation 8 invention
design 10 product
3
1
2
3
4
scorpion, lizard, alligator
stomach, elbow, finger
lemonade, chicken, strawberry
responsible, cheerful, serious
Reading p100
1
6
1 F 2 F
8 NM
Students’ own answers
3 F
4 T 5 T 6 T 7 F
Listening p100
Revision: Units 1–10
2
Grammar p99
1 a
1
2 b 3 c
4 c
5 c
6 a
Use of English p101
1 They were questioned by the police
5
9
10
Gateway to exams: Units 9–10
1 it was given 2 he started
3 he was working 4 but 5 because
6 and
4
8
I have ever walking never walked across
a desert.
If I cook rice, I am always burning always
burn it.
Thank you for shopping here. Here’s your
money change.
We haven’t been to the museum already
yet. We’re going tomorrow.
Do Would you like a bag?
These houses are were built a hundred
years ago..
I have seen just just seen Rosie in the
park.
To In conclusion, I want to say that I
really enjoyed the holiday.
2
c
3
7
1 printer 2 satnav 3 tablet
4 smartphone 5 laptop
Students’ own answers
2
you will see a beautiful new building.
5 I have climbing climbed a mountain, but
about the crime yesterday.
Students are given course books every
term.
The school trip was organised by my
teacher.
The furniture was not delivered
yesterday.
English TV programmes are often shown
in the US.
3
1 c 2 b
3 a
4 a
5 c
Writing p101
4
Students’ own answers
COMMON MISTAKES p101
5
2
1 I am was born in the US but I am lived
1 is, won’t go 2 add, tastes
3 won’t be, go 4 Will, accept, invites
5 won’t drive, is
2 My favourite book was written from by
live in the UK now.
Jane Austen.
3 Do you have Have you seen Matt
Damon’s new film?
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B1
Workbook answer key
Unit 1
Vocabulary p4
1 senior citizen 2 middle 3 aged
4 adolescence 5 baby 6 old age
7 death 8 birth 9 teenager
2
2
5
1 What’s your name? 2 How often do
you see them? 3 Do you like computer
games? 4 Have you got any brothers or
sisters? 5 Do they go to your school?
6 What do you do in the evenings?
Developing vocabulary and
listening p7
1 birth 2 death 3 Adolescence
4 senior citizen 5 old age
1
3
1 concentration 2 description
3 argument 4 independence
5 discussion 6 improvement
7 retirement 8 movement
9 adolescence 10 information
11 difference 12 confidence
2 wife 3 cousin 4 mother-in-law
5 brother-in-law 6 uncle 7 niece
8 nephew 9 granddaughter
10 husband
4
5 c
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p6
1 writing 2 Does she have 3 Are you
studying 4 correct 5 Does your brother
play 6 correct 7 have 8 are you
doing, I’m listening 9 Do your parents
work 10 I love
1
1 d 2 g 3 e 4 a
B1
6 b 7 f
2
1 information 2 improve 3 difference
4 argument 5 discuss 6 adolescent
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p4
5
3
1 twin 2 orphan 3 graduate
4 pensioner 5 toddler 6 infant
7 tween
1 b, c
2 a, f
3 h, e
4 d, g
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p7
5
c
2
1 a 2 b 3 a
3
4 b
2 singer 3 driver 4 inventor
5 scientist 6 economist 7 teacher
8 player 9 photographer 10 director
11 writer 12 builder
5 c
Good: 4 6 7
Bad: 1 2 3 5
6
4
1 gets me down 2 furious 3 absolute
nightmare 4 borrows 5 repairs
5
1 player 2 director 3 scientist
4 driver 5 singer 6 economist
7 inventor 8 teacher 9 photographer
10 writer 11 artist 12 builder
1 gets me down 2 absolute nightmare
3 furious 4 repair 5 borrow
Grammar in context p8
Grammar in context p6
1 a 2 0
1
2
a C b S
c S
7 d
3
1 wants, knows 2 are, studying 3 read,
write 4 ’s singing 5 don’t speak
6 ’s cooking 7 finishes 8 ’s speaking
4
2 Where does your mother work?
3 Do you have a best friend at the
moment? 4 Does your friend speak
English well? 5 Are you doing your
homework at the moment? 6 What sports
do you do? 7 What is your friend reading
at the moment? 8 Who do you usually sit
next to in English lessons?
b 4
3 a
4 The 5 the
c 1
d 5 e 3
3
2
1 a 2 b 3 b 4 c 5 a 6 d
8 b
1
a 2
d S
4
1 b 2 g 3 e
4 a
5 d 6 f 7 c
PRONUNCIATION p9
5
1
2
3
4
5
What do you do?
Where do you live?
What sports do you like?
Where does your dad work?
How do you travel to school?
DESCRIBING PICTURES p9
Students’ own answers
4
1
1 4 5 2 6 3
6
b
Reading p5
3
7
1 a mum and a dad, two young children
and their grandmother and an uncle
2 at the parents’ home
3 having a meal together, dinner or lunch
4 I think they’re enjoying the meal because
they’re smiling. I imagine they’re happy
because they’re spending time together.
8
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p10
1
Paragraph 2: B
Paragraph 3: A
Paragraph 4: E
Paragraph 5: C
2
1 Best wishes 2
5 Hi
3 Anyway 4 I’m
3
1 The 2 a 3 the 4 an 5 The
6 the 7 a 8 an 9 the 10 a
11 the 12 an 13 a 14 The
4
Students’ own answers
Revision: Unit 1
1 a 2 The, the 3 0 4 the
5 0, 0 6 the, a 7 The 8 0
Grammar p11
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p8
1 watches 2 don’t read 3 makes
4 Does, rain, does 5 studies 6 Do, see
7 don’t think 8 do, visit
5
1 the 2 am 3 are 4 the 5 is 6 is
7 do 8 The 9 not
Developing speaking p9
1
1 ✓ 2 ✗
3 ✓ 4 ✓ 5 ✓ 6 ✗
1
2
a are, putting b is beginning c ’m not
staying d ’s coming e ’s carrying
3
a a
g a
b 0 c an d a
h a i a j the
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1 of 14
Workbook answer key
B1
Vocabulary p11
Grammar in context p14
2
1
1
1 uncle 2 brother-in-law 3 stepmother
4 niece 5 husband 6 grandfather
7 cousin 8 only child
1 appeared 2 didn’t 3 Did 4 was
5 weren’t
1 looked for 2 worked out 3 turn up
4 came across 5 found out 6 look into
2
2
3
1 b 2 e 3 a 4 c
5 d
4
1
3
5
7
Edinburgh
-aught
caught
taught
-ew
drew
threw
-ook
took
1 birth 2 adolescence 3 death
4 childhood 5 old age
discussion 2 difference
improvement 4 argument
information 6 description
concentration 8 confidence
-ang
sang
-oke
broke
spoke
-ought
bought
brought
thought
-ank
drank
sank
-old
sold
told
-ut
cut
put
shut
3
Unit 2
a became b stole c didn’t have
d caught e went f escaped
g changed h left i worked
j recognised k flew l lived m came
n became o allowed p died
Vocabulary p12
1a
burglary fraud mugging piracy robbery
shoplifting theft vandalism
4
1b
2
3
4
5
2 fraud 3 mugging 4 piracy
5 robbery 6 shoplifting 7 theft
8 vandalism
2
1 burglar 2 fraudster 3 mugger
4 pirate 5 robber 6 shoplifter 7 thief
8 vandal
3
5
What crime did he commit?
How much did he steal?
Did the police catch him?
Why did he fly to Brazil?
2 Ronnie Biggs didn’t commit fraud. He
committed a train robbery.
3 Biggs didn’t steal 2.6 million dollars. He
stole 2.6 million pounds.
4 He didn’t run away to Madrid. He ran
away to Paris.
5 A police officer didn’t recognise him in
Australia. A reporter recognised him.
1 burglar/thief 2 vandals 3 mugger
4 shoplifters 5 Pirates 6 thief
7 robberies
4
1 investigating 2 analysing 3 arrested,
questioned 4 charge, prove 5 accusing
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p14
5
When I was very young some of my friends
taked took me to a shop to get the sweets.
They hadn’t didn’t have any money so
one of them putted put some sweets in
his pockets, but he didn’t paid didn’t pay
for them. I liked chocolate bars (and I am
still liking still like them now) so I put an
a bar in my pocket. But the assistant seed
saw me. He callt called the manager of the
shop and he phoned my parents. I did feel
felt terrible. I were was only five years old,
but I am remember it now and feel very
embarrassed.
1 proof, suspect 2 analysis, investigation
3 charge, accusation 4 collection, arrest
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p12
6
2 mug 3 commit fraud 4 pirate
5 rob 6 shoplift 7 steal 8 vandalise
Reading p13
1
Poirot = 1920s, Inspector Morse = 1970s
2
1 c
2 b 3 b
4 a
5 b 6 b
3
2 3 5
3
6
Developing vocabulary and
listening p15
4
1
1 original 2 memorable 3 vain
4 instinct 5 method
1 find 2 look 3 look 4 turn
5 come 6 work
4
1 F 2 T 3 NM 4 F
7 NM 8 T
5 F
6 F
5
1 working out 2 find out 3 looks into
4 comes across, looking for 5 turns up
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p15
6
1 f 2 a 3 e 4 b 5 d 6 c
7
1 round 2 forward 3 ahead 4 after
5 back 6 out
Grammar in context p16
1
past, present
2
1 d 2 c
3 a
4 e 5 b
3
a
c
e
g
were, doing b were visiting
wasn’t feeling d was, doing
was sitting f were having
were talking h was feeling
4
a were playing b were losing
c recognised d was playing e knew
f were looking g stopped h arrested
i started j won k went
5
2
3
4
5
6
What was your family doing at 7 pm?
What did you do after the film?
Were you sleeping at 9 pm?
What were you doing at 11 pm?
When/What time did you go to sleep?
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p16
6
Last night we were watching a film on TV
when suddenly we did heard a sound like
an explosion. At first we thought that it was
came from the TV, but then we realised the
noise came from the kitchen.
My dad he thought it was a burglar and
so went to the kitchen to be see if he was
right. He was opening the door when that
something flew out really fast! Then there
did was another sound. We went back
to the living room. The lamp was on the
floor. In the corner there was a parrot. My
family and I we recognised it – it was my
neighbour’s parrot. The parrot was knocking
things onto the floor while it is was flying
through our house. We did rang the
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Workbook answer key
neighbour and he came to take his parrot
back. So, we didn’t see of what happened
in the film we were watching.
Developing speaking p17
1
1 no 2 so 3 matter 4 worry 5 feel
6 mind 7 last, ask 8 really 9 that
10 Let 11 make 12 only
2
3
a was walking b saw c was singing
d were watching e didn’t recognise
f arrived g was h came
i were talking
Vocabulary p19
1
1 suspect shoplifter 2 Vandals
3 evidence 4 theft 5 steals 6 prove
2
4 6 9 12
1 burglar 2 fraud 3 mugger
4 vandalism 5 piracy 6 robber
3
Making apologies: 1 2 5 8 10 11
Responding to apologies: 3 4 6 7 9 12
3
a looks 2 works 3 looks 4 turns
4
4
bdfegac
1 childhood 2 brother-in-law
3 old age 4 only child 5 senior citizen
PRONUNCIATION p17
5
1
2
3
4
5
B1
Gateway to exams: Units 1–2
I felt awful.
I’m so sorry.
That’s the last time I lend you anything.
Reading p20
Don’t worry about it.
1
Oh no!
1 c 2 b
2
DESCRIBING PICTURES p17
the work is too hard or because their
classmates bully them.
2 Because some schools are so big that it
is difficult to know who is playing truant.
3 It doesn’t stop ringing until someone
answers it.
4 100 times
Students’ own answers
7
a shop b big c see d can
e middle-aged f smart g inside
h book i stealing j bad k don’t
8
Vocabulary p22
1
a Mexico b Mexican c Spanish
d Poland e Polish f Polish g Japan
h Japanese i Japanese j Thailand
k Thai l Thai m Brazil n Brazilian
o Portuguese p Egypt q Egyptian
r Arabic
2
1 F (Russian) 2 F (Romansh, French,
German, Italian) 3 F (Bulgarian) 4 F
(Arabic) 5 T 6 F (Turkish) 7 F
(Portuguese) 8 F (Austria)
3
1 practise 2 Translation 3 make
4 took 5 doing 6 practice 7 revise
8 memorising
4
1 took 2 make 3 doing 4 do
5 write 6 memorise 6 study
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p22
3 b 4 c 5 b
1 Because they are bored, because
6
Unit 3
5
1 in 2 up
7 up
Reading p23
1
c
2
1 T 2 F 3 F 4 F 5 NM 6 NM
7 T 8 T 9 NM 10 F
Students’ own answers
Listening p20
Developing writing p18
3
abe
1
1 c, f 2 e, g 3 b, h 4 d, i 5 a, j
4
b
Use of English p21
1 c
2
a Suddenly, b At first, c Then d But
e Next f Then g In the end,
h The next day
3
Students’ own answers
4
a went b on c the d were e a
f not g was h the i was j did
k for l is
Writing p21
5
Revision: Units 1–2
Grammar p19
1
1 watched 2 wasn’t 3 didn’t enjoy
4 Do you like 5 were you 6 goes
2
1 was studying 2 were walking
3 was telling 4 Is, cooking
5 were watching 6 ‘m doing
Students’ own answers
COMMON MISTAKES p21
6
1 a new job as an engineer 2 Do you
often go 3 Write to me/Write back soon
4 we all said 5 make it up 6 got,
First, next 7 burglar 8 doesn’t give us
homework on Mondays 9 am working
10 It doesn’t matter. 11 doesn’t like
dogs or cats 12 were you doing
3 down 4 of 5 off 6 in
3
2 d
3 e
4 b 5 f
6 a
5
1 congress 2 rare 3 items
4 nowadays 5 former 6 available
Grammar in context p24
1
Plural countable: any, many, a lot (of), a few
Uncountable: any, much, a lot (of), a little
Affirmative: a lot (of), a few, a little
Negative & questions: any, much, many, a
lot (of), a few, a little
Large quantity: a lot (of), much, many
Small quantity: a few, a little
2
1 U 2 C 3 C 4 C 5 C 6 C 7 U
8 U 9 C 10 U
3
1 many 2 much 3 much 4 many
5 much 6 many 7 much
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Workbook answer key
B1
4
3
Developing writing p28
2 some 3 many 4 some 5 much
6 many 7 a little 8 many 9 Any
1 where 2 when 3 0 4 which/that
5 where 6 who 7 when 8 whose
1
5
4
1 many 2 a little 3 a lot 4 much
5 a few
1
2
3
4
5
2
6
2 There are a few biscuits. 3 There are a
few people/cups. 4 There’s a little sugar.
5 There’s a little chocolate.
6 There are a few bananas.
7
I live in a small village called the
Marshwood. There aren’t much many
people in my village. There are only a little
few houses and shops. However, the shops
sell a lots lot of basic things like the bread
and the milk. There isn’t many much public
transport either. There are only a little a
few buses during the week and on Sundays
there aren’t some any. Most of a the people
travel by car to work in the city.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p25
1 irregular 2 unhappy 3 impossible
4 incorrect 5 invisible 6 unusual
7 illegal 8 informal
2
4
c 1
d 3
e 1
1 C
… which I enjoyed reading.
4
… which is difficult to learn.
Students’ own answers
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p26
1 which 2 that/who 3 when 4 that
5 which 6 who/that
6
1 summer 2 vandal 3 adolescence
4 Japan 5 exam 6 stepmother
Developing speaking p27
6
1 irrelevant 2 illegible 3 impatient
4 irresponsible 5 illogical 6 unofficial
7 impractical 8 improbable
2
1 that, 0 2 who 3 whose 4 where
5 where 6 which, that 7 when
8 where 9 whose 10 which
b 5
c 8
d 1 e 7
f 3
g 2
3
4
a the b some c lot d few e some
f the g any
Vocabulary p29
1 Could you repeat that?
2 Did you say on the 30th July?
3 I’m not sure I understood.
1
1 There are some boys, girls, a teacher –
the students are probably teenagers.
2 They’re in a language school classroom.
3 They’re talking to other students not to
the teacher.
4 They’re talking about something in their
book, maybe grammar, or discussing
questions. Because talking together
helps practise spoken English. They
don’t worry about speaking in front of
the whole class.
1
2
2
3
Grammar in context p26
1 who 2 which, that 3 whose
4 when 5 where
1 much 2 any 3 a lot of/some
4 correct 5 a few 6 some 7 correct
1 who 2 where 3 whose 4 0
5 who 6 when 7 where 8 0
6
1 impatient 2 improbable 3 irrelevant
4 illogical 5 irresponsible 6 illegible
7 unofficial 8 impractical
1
1 Pardon, sure 2 price 3 repeat
4 registration 5 Sorry 6 information
7 much 8 last
Students’ own answers
5
Grammar p29
1
5
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p25
3 B 4 E 5 A
1 who 2 where 3 when 4 whose
5 that 6 that/which
DESCRIBING PICTURES p27
f 2
2 D
4 D 5 A
Revision: Units 1–3
1 interested + in + a 2 did + you
3 Could + you 4 Can + I, help + you
5 much + is 6 price + is, pounds + a
2 b 3 a
b 2
… when we have a lot of tests.
4
3
a 3
3
PRONUNCIATION p27
1 invisible 2 unusual 3 impossible
4 incorrect 5 irregular 6 unhappy
7 informal 8 illegal
1 d
1 E 2 B 3 C
… who taught me maths last year.
a 6
h 4
1
2 B 3 A 4 E 5 C
… where you can get vegetarian food.
5
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p24
1 D
7
Students’ own answers
a Poland b Brazilian c Mexico
d Turkey e Japanese f Thailand
g Russian h Austria
2
1 made 2 doing 3 revise
4 independent 5 practise 6 burglar
3
1 impossible 2 irregular 3 illegal
4 incorrect 5 unhappy 6 invisible
4
1
4
7
9
revision 2 analysis 3 translation
retirement 5 collection 6 discussion
vandalism 8 investigation
memorisation 10 improvement
Unit 4
Vocabulary p30
1
1 ankle 2 back 3 cheek 4 chin
5 face 6 heel 7 hip 8 knee
9 shoulder 10 thigh 11 throat
12 thumb
2
1 finger 2 head 3 forehead
4 ear 5 nose 6 mouth 7 neck
8 hand 9 elbow 10 chest 11 wrist
12 stomach 13 toe 14 leg 15 foot
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Workbook answer key
B1
3
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p32
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p34
1 sore 2 headache 3 hurts 4 pain
5 broken
7
5
1
3
5
6
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p30
4
1 swollen 2 bruise 3 burned
4 sneezing 5 rash 6 dizzy
Reading p31
1
for a long time 2 since she was seven
Have you ever met 4 I’ve never been
Have you ever worn
since the operation 7 for ages
2
1 T 2 M 3 M 4 W 5 T 6 M
7 W 8 M 9 W 10 T
Developing speaking p35
1
2 b 3 e
1 F
2 F
3 O
4 F
5 O
4
3
‘First aid’ is different (the stress is equal on
both words; the stress on the other words is
on the first syllable.)
c
4
5
1 is killing me 2 crutches 3 operation
4 patient 5 helmet 6 brake
Grammar in context p32
1
1 F
2 T 3 T 4 F
5 F
DESCRIBING PICTURES p35
6 F
4
5
Students’ own answers
b
5
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p33
a in b well c perhaps d carrying
e red f injured g hurts
6
a have, past
b ever, never
1 b/d 2 f 3 b/c/e 4 a/f 5 b 6 c
7
2
1 armchair 2 footprints 3 hairdresser
4 headband/hairband 5 toothbrush
6 handbag
1 ’ve broken 2 ’ve been 3 has done
4 have lived 5 ’ve bought
6 has painted 7 has had
6 b 7 c
4
2 Have your parents ever visited the North
Pole? No, they’ve never visited the North
Pole.
3 Have you ever spoken to the Queen of
England? No, I’ve never spoken to the
Queen of England.
4 Has he ever won an Oscar? No, he has
never won an Oscar.
5 Have you ever ridden an elephant? No,
I’ve never ridden an elephant.
6 Has your English teacher ever starred in
a film? No, my English teacher has never
starred in a film.
7 Have you ever sung in a concert? No,
I’ve never sung in a concert.
5
a for b since
6
1 never 2 since 3 ever
4 2009 5 has had 6 for 7 ever
8 never
5 yet
2
2
3
4
5
He has just won a prize.
They have just seen a horror film.
We have just done our homework.
I have just finished this exercise.
3
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
My sister has just arrived home.
Holly and Jack have already eaten lunch.
My mum has just got back from work.
Have you seen that film yet?
Have you just met the new teacher?
Has the bus already gone?
We haven’t studied for the exam yet.
4
1 has been 2 have had 3 won
4 appeared 5 Have, eaten
6 have lived 7 bought 8 flew
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p36
1
Yes
1 c
1
2 yet 3 already 4 just/already
6 yet 7 yet 8 just/already
6
2
Grammar in context p34
3
1 b 2 c 3 b 4 c 5 a
PRONUNCIATION p35
3
1 patients 2 brake 3 is killing me
4 crutches 5 helmet 6 operation
4 a 5 c
1 er 2 you know 3 I’m not really sure
4 well 5 The thing
1 waiting room 2 painkillers
3 heart attack 4 food poisoning
5 health centre 6 first aid
6 F
1
2
2
3
has lived 2 Have you ever visited
My parents won 4 We haven’t done
I saw 6 I have had them
for half an hour 8 have never seen
Developing vocabulary and
listening p33
1 first aid 2 waiting room
3 food poisoning 4 health centre
5 heart attack 6 painkillers
a
1
3
5
7
2 a
3 b
4 d
3
1 for example 2 here is some extra
information 3 that is, this is exactly what
I mean 4 as soon as possible 5 please
pay special attention/Nota bene (Pay
attention) 6 and other things of the same
type/etcetera
4
Joe
Great news about your team.
Congratulations!
Sorry to hear about your injured knee. I
came round to see you, but your mum said
you were at the hospital. Call me asap. We
all want to celebrate.
NB I left the signed football that you lent
me in your bedroom. Make sure your
brother hasn’t taken it!
Sam
5
Students’ own answers
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Workbook answer key
Revision: Units 1–4
Grammar p37
1
1 Have you ever visited an art gallery?
2 William has never ridden a horse.
3 Joe and Ellie have just come back from
their holiday.
4 I have already spoken to George.
5 Have you written your email yet?
6 We haven’t bought bread yet.
B1
COMMON MISTAKES p39
3
5
2 is taller than 3 is the tallest
4 is more talkative than 5 is better at
sports 6 is the best at sport.
1 any free time 2 much money/any
money 3 a lot of/lots of 4 who/that
5 Have you already studied
6 I think, has just won 7 repeat that
again, please 8 where 9 have never
learned 10 sounds interesting 11 went
12 Could you send
Unit 5
Vocabulary p40
2
1 for 2 since 3 since 4 for 5 for
1
1 have had 2 visited 3 has lived
4 was 5 have bought 6 forgot
documentary the news film advert drama
game show chat show cartoon
1 film 2 documentary 3 chat show
4 game show 5 the news 6 cartoon
3
4
1
3
5
8
’m writing 2 ’ve been
don’t feel/am not feeling 4 ’m eating
has disappeared 6 brought 7 went
Have, finished 9 did 10 ’ve, emailed
1 channels 2 switch off 3 remote
4 series 5 turn on 6 live
3
1 channels 2 series 3 off 4 turn
5 remote 6 live
Vocabulary p37
1
4
1 neck 2 toe 3 thigh 4 nose
5 elbow
1 scary 2 informative 3 moving
4 funny 5 boring 6 popular 7 awful
8 exciting
2
1 sore 2 waiting room 3 broken
4 first aid 5 cough 6 virus
7 backache
1 d 2 i 3 e
8 b 9 a
4 h
6
5 f 6 c 7 g
5 C
6 B 7 C
6 a
2 F
3 F
5 b
4 O
Grammar in context p42
1
Use of English p39
3
1 A 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 C
8 C 9 B 10 D
1 c 2 b 3 b 4 c
1 contestant 2 interaction 3 tweet
4 in real time 5 issue 6 viewer
French b Russian c nine
mistakes (making mistakes)
Miss Painter f games g grammar
Russian books
6 A 7 C
a
b
c
d
e
2
1
3
5
8
exciting than 2 more popular
the scariest 4 longer than
any good 6 the best 7 I’ve ever
for three
Developing vocabulary and
listening p43
1
a
c
e
g
2
is boring b is frightened
is confusing d is relaxing
is embarrassed f is interested
is surprising h is tired
2 Ben 3 Sarah 4 Lily
1 b 2 a
3 c
4 b
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p43
4
1 c
2 b
3 a
4 e
5 f
6 d
6
1 O
2
5
1 depressed 2 disgusted 3 exhausted
4 worried 5 terrified 6 amazed
2
4
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p42
5
Reading p41
3
Listening p38
Students’ own answers
5 c
b
1
4
4 b
1
Reading p38
Writing p39
3 d
1 first episode 2 breaking news
3 newsreaders 4 sports commentators
Gateway to exams: Units 3–4
1 A 2 A 3 B 4 C
8 A 9 B
2 f
in the 20th century.
5 My brother’s bedroom is smaller than my
bedroom.
6 I think a Ferrari is better than a Peugot
507.
3
5
1 e
2 A motorbike is heavier than a bike.
3 Matthew is the oldest boy in this class.
4 Einstein was the most intelligent person
1 Sue
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p40
3
a
d
e
h
2
4
small, smaller, the smallest
fit, fitter, the fittest
easy, easier, the easiest
boring, more boring, the most boring
good, better, the best
1 cheaper 2 hotter 3 more frequent
4 further/farther 5 worst 6 most
popular 7 most important 8 better
1 disgusting 2 exhausted
3 depressing 4 worried 5 terrifying
6 amazed
Grammar in context p44
1
1 as ... as 2 not as ... as, less ... than
3 not as ... as, less ... than, more ... than
2
1 Italy isn’t as big as Russia./Italy is less big
than Russia.
2 Hamsters are less dangerous than
snakes./Hamsters aren’t as dangerous as
snakes.
3 The River Thames isn’t as long as the
Amazon./The River Thames is less long
than the Amazon.
4 A kilo of gold is as heavy as a kilo of rice.
5 Chocolate isn’t as expensive as caviar./
Chocolate is less expensive than caviar.
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Workbook answer key
B1
3
PRONUNCIATION p45
Vocabulary p47
1 too 2 enough 3 expensive
4 good 5 big
4
1
4
1 He isn’t old enough to vote.
2 I’m too poor to buy that.
3 Megan is too short to close the top
window.
4 Her car isn’t fast enough to win the race.
5 That documentary isn’t interesting
enough to watch twice.
5
2 good enough 3 old enough 4 too
long 5 warm enough 6 too expensive
motorbikes.
There are only a few seats left.
Dolphins are not as dangerous as tigers.
The Thames is not as long as the Nile.
Have you got a lot of information about
the programme?
The actor was too ill to go on stage.
He’s the man who we met yesterday.
1
1 A: It would be nice to go out tonight.
2 B: OK. Where shall we go?
3 A: How about going to the cinema? The
9
10
taking
Maddy
3
made
am
1 cousin, nephew 2 Russian, Turkish
3 childhood, death 4 piracy, burglary
5 thumb, knee
6 virus, cold
‘air’ has a different sound
DESCRIBING PICTURES p45
a looking b sitting c remote control
d look e happening f carefully
g next
7
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p46
new Johnny Depp film is on.
B: I’m not sure – I don’t really like Johnny
Depp.
A: OK. How about going to the Salad
Social for dinner?
B: Good idea, but it’s closed on Sundays,
remember?
A: You’re right. Then why don’t we go
dancing?
B: But what about your ankle – you hurt
it last week.
A: It’s not hurting much now … but I
don’t want to make it worse. Let’s go
shopping then!
B: Great. I need to get a present for Dan!
2
1 funny 2 surprised 3 interesting
4 scary 5 confused 6 relaxing
4
1 waiting 2 aid 3 incorrect
5 painkillers
4 aged
Unit 6
Vocabulary p48
1
1 mountain range 2 valley 3 rainforest
4 river 5 forest 6 beach 7 ice cap
8 desert 9 island
2
1
all except d and j
2
4 c
Students’ own answers
3
8
shall
1 b 2 a 3 d
Make a suggestion: Why don’t we, Shall we
go, How about, Let’s
Respond – no/maybe: I’m not sure, But
what about
Respond – yes: Great!, Good idea!
7
game
4
2
6
at
3
1 don’t 2 idea 3 neither 4 Shall
5 sure 6 mean 7 about 8 what
9 let’s 10 Great
5
haven’t
rain
1 Personally 2 think 3 In my opinion
4 would recommend 5 As far as
Developing speaking p45
4
play
6
1 Children are not old enough to vote.
2 Bicycles are less expensive than
7
8
ankle
Students’ own answers
6
3
4
5
6
/æ/
sale
5
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p44
1 game show 2 cartoon
3 documentary 4 advert
5 cookery programme 6 drama
/eɪ/
Revision: Units 1–5
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
drought – 2
flood – 6
global warming – 7
greenhouse effect – 4
ozone layer – 5
recycle – 1
save water – 3
waste water – 8
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p48
3
Grammar p47
1 away 2 out 3 down 4 out 5 in
6 after 7 up
1
Reading p49
1 hotter 2 thinner 3 best 4 silliest
5 most intelligent 6 worse
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
is less important than love
isn’t as easy as biology
too young to see that film
not hot enough to swim in the sea today
as clever as her sister
isn’t fast enough to win the race
1 for 2 who 3 as 4 much 5 the
6 yet 7 any 8 too 9 never
10 think
4
1 I’m working 2 have you lived
3 a lot of/lots of 4 were you doing
5 that/which, 0
1
c
2
1 was, p4 2 contribute, p2 3 was, p3
4 keep getting bigger, p2 5 will, p4
6 attracted, p1
3
c, e, f
4
1 nature 2 goes down 3 artificial
4 enormously 5 tasty
Grammar in context p50
1
1 I’ll 2 ’m going to 3 will 4 will
5 ’s going to
2
a going to b will c will d going to
e will
1 e 2 d 3 c 4 b 5 a
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Workbook answer key
3
2
1 ’ll 2 are going to 3 will you
4 ’s going to 5 ’ll
3
4 c
5 c
1 Perhaps our team will win the
5
6
6 c
7 b
competition. = 50%
It probably won’t be cold tonight. = 80%
I will definitely finish my homework soon.
= 100%
She definitely won’t go out tomorrow. =
100%
They may do the exam next week. = 50%
My brother will probably call this
afternoon. = 80%
1
3
5
7
5
3
4
5
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p50
6
I’m not feeling very well so I won’t definitely
definitely won’t go swimming this evening.
Mum is has made me an appointment
and I’ll ’m going to see the doctor this
afternoon. He will might tell me to stay
in bed – I’m not sure. I ’ll expect Miss
Jones will give back our homework in class
tomorrow. May Can/Could you collect mine
for me please? I definitely will definitely
be at home this evening and I’ll probable
probably be in bed – so perhaps I’ll
phoning phone you then.
make, won’t be 2 won’t, don’t
doesn’t, will take 4 need, will come
will arrest, find 6 play, will go
doesn’t, will lose
1 If he has a problem, he’ll speak to the
2
6
7
8
9
10
4
Students’ own answers
4
6 b 7 d
5
4
3 d 4 a 5 e
1 possible 2 the present simple
1 c 2 e 3 c
8 a
2
3
DESCRIBING PICTURES p53
1 f 2 g
4
B1
teacher.
I’ll go to the doctor if my hand hurts
tomorrow.
He won’t be happy if he misses the bus.
If my sister goes to music lessons, my
mum will buy her a guitar.
If you see the film tomorrow, you’ll know
how the story ends.
The teacher will give me a bad mark if I
don’t give her my homework.
You won’t see me if you come late.
If you don’t switch off your mobile
phone, people will get angry.
The picnic will be a disaster if the
weather is bad.
If we don’t go to the shops, we won’t
have enough food.
5
a cycling b countryside c background
d past e in f looks g on h fun
i healthy
6
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p54
1
Sequence: Firstly, Next, Finally
Addition: Furthermore, What’s more
Contrast: However, Nevertheless
2
d
3
1 Firstly, Next, Finally
2 However, What’s more
4
Students’ own answers
5
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–6
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p52
Grammar p55
6
1
Developing vocabulary and
listening p51
1 doesn’t come, ’ll go 2 ’ve, seen,
’s going to rain 3 woke, was blowing
4 may/might go, isn’t working, ’ll definitely
go 5 is going to watch, will be
1 may 2 probably won’t
3 is going to snow 4 will definitely
5 might 6 ’ll
1
Developing speaking p53
2 receive 3 arrive at 4 buy 5 buy
6 become 7 arrive 8 become
9 receive 10 obtained 11 bring
1
a up b about c fancy d shall
e How f don’t g OK, h Great
2
2
b
Asking about somebody’s plans
a What are you up to tomorrow?
b Do fancy going to the Planet Earth
exhibition in town?
Arranging to meet
c What time shall we meet?
d How about half past ten?
e Why don’t we meet at the bus stop?
Responding to plans and arrangements
f Fine.
g Good idea.
h OK.
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
got some really interesting homework
getting energy
getting worse
get permission
gets very annoyed
get me some information
don’t get a good signal
he gets to work
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p51
4
1 d
2 a 3 c 4 e
5 b
PRONUNCIATION p53
3
Grammar in context p52
1
1 something that is generally true 2 both
halves
In ‘wh’ questions 1, 2, 4, 5 and 8 the voice
goes down, in yes/no questions 3, 6 and 7
the voice goes up.
2
1 goes 2 tell 3 will get 4 ’ll travel
5 is 6 will do, thinks
3
1 If Anna phones later, we can go
shopping together.
2 I have never been to/visited France
3
4
5
6
before.
We might get our results tomorrow.
My bag was more expensive than Jack’s.
How much was your new laptop?
We moved/started living here two years
ago.
Vocabulary p55
1
1 jungle 2 forest 3 desert
4 mountain range 5 island 6 beach
7 valley 8 ocean
2
1 flood 2 recycle 3 waste
4 ozone layer 5 drought 6 save
3
1 bring 2 buy 3 arrives
4
1 b 2 a
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3 d 4 e
5 c
8 of 14
Workbook answer key
Gateway to exams: Units 5–6
Reading p56
1
2
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p61
1 T, line 7 2 F, line 13 3 F, line 20
4 T, line 18 5 F, line 22 6 F, line 28
7 F, line 30 8 T, line 33 9 T, line 41
4
3
1 b
2 a 3 b 4 b 5 a 6 a
1 F
4
Listening p56
1 d 2 a 3 e
2 O
3 F 4 O
5 F
6 O
1 sculpture 2 enlarge 3 carving
4 chance 5 have a go 6 option
7 calcium 8 career
2
4 c
Use of English p57
Grammar in context p60
3
1
3
5
7
8
B1
if I don’t read 2 We might have a test
earn less than 4 if I come home early
isn’t as easy as 6 isn’t old enough
’m going to talk
are more expensive than
Writing p57
1
1 no obligation 2 obligation
3 recommendation 4 no obligation
5 obligation 6 advice 7 prohibition
Students’ own answers
1 Normally teachers don’t have to wear a
3
4
COMMON MISTAKES p57
5
1 as clever as 2 most difficult
3 I’ll see you 4 Will you help me
5 I stay 6 It wasn’t warm enough 7 Are
you up to anything
8 It will definitely rain 9 very tasty
10 may go 11 fancy coming round
12 What’s more
5
3
uniform.
Normally a firefighter has to wear a
uniform.
I don’t have to go to school on Sunday.
A receptionist has to know how to use a
computer.
Builders have to wear hard hats.
1 You must write 2 People mustn’t make
3 Students mustn’t use
4 Professional musicians must practise
4
1 People shouldn’t use 2 You shouldn’t
take 3 You should help 4 you should
practise 5 People should switch off
Unit 7
1
1 receptionist 2 builder
3 shop assistant 4 mechanic
5 fashion designer 6 journalist
2
4
1 ambition 2 confidence 3 reliability
4 creativity 5 strength 6 fitness
don’t have to 6 have to do
mustn’t 9 shouldn’t
7 mustn’t
1 working 2 going 3 time 4 looking
5 organised 6 handed 7 eyed
8 paid
2
1 strength 2 confidence 3 ambition
4 fitness 5 creativity
3
c
must go 2 don’t have to
you break 4 should do
1
b
1
1 T 2 F
3 F
4 T 5 F
3
1 weren’t 2 wouldn’t 3 were
4 didn’t 5 would 6 would 7 was
8 weren’t 9 could 10 wouldn’t
4
1 had 2 ’d walk 3 wouldn’t be
4 played 5 learned 6 ’d play
7 didn’t like 8 ’d tell 9 found
10 had 11 ’d ask
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p62
5
1
5
Reading p59
2 a 3 c 4 b 5 d
Developing speaking p63
Developing vocabulary and
listening p61
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p58
1 e
6
1 creative 2 fit 3 strong 4 clever
5 caring 6 sociable 7 reliable 8 calm
9 ambitious
7 T
1
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p60
3
5 T 6 F
Grammar in context p62
1 have to 2 mustn’t 3 must/have to
4 have to/must 5 mustn’t 6 mustn’t
1
3
5
8
1 F 2 T 3 T 4 F
8 T
1 well-dressed 2 open-minded
3 self-reliant 4 bad-tempered
5 well-respected 6 old-fashioned
1 You should stay home 2 don’t have
to give 3 We mustn’t eat 4 If I were
rich, I’d go 5 If I were you, I’d go
6 were you, I would buy your mum
a present 7 not hot enough to go
8 are not as healthy as
5
Vocabulary p58
5
self-reliant, e
open-minded, a
well-dressed, f and c
bad-tempered, d
old-fashioned, b
well-respected, c and f
2
2
2
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 D 2 D 3 D
4 A 5 D
1
2
3
4
5
6
2
Can you tell me when the job starts?
Could I ask if you need any experience?
Could you tell me how I can apply?
Can you tell me what we have to do?
Could I ask what the basic wages are?
Can you tell me what your address is?
a 1
b 4 c 2
d 5
e 3
f 6
PRONUNCIATION p63
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
Can you tell me when the job starts?
Could I ask if you need any experience?
Can you tell me how I can apply?
Can you tell me what we have to do?
Could I ask what the basic wages are?
Can you tell me what your address is?
Can is pronounced with /ə/
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Workbook answer key
B1
Unit 8
DESCRIBING PICTURES p63
4
4
5
1a
a in b at c down d because e in
f Perhaps g maybe h probably i so
j if
1 fall out
2 see eye to eye
6
Developing writing p64
1
c
2
a Dear b in c I would d for
e enclose f As g experience h well
i hard j hearing k Yours sincerely
3
2 b 3 a 4 c
5
b 3
3 make it up
4 hang out
get on well
have a lot in common
have an argument
Students’ own answers
5
c
2 boredom 3 excitement 4 fear
5 happiness 6 loneliness
1 used 2 use 3 use
1 confusion 2 disappointment
3 Relaxation 4 worry/stress 5 surprise
Grammar p65
Reading p67
1
1
1 don’t have to 2 mustn’t
3 don’t have to 4 doesn’t have to
5 mustn’t 6 mustn’t
b
2
1 c 2 b
2
3 b 4 a 5 a
3
1 have to, should 2 might, should
3 will, shouldn’t 4 have to
5 has to, don’t have to
1, 5
4
1 icon 2 guilty 3 share 4 over
5 destroyed 6 nasty
3
1 comes, wake up, is 2 ’ll go, get
3 wouldn’t work, paid 4 didn’t have,
’d sit 5 have, will you help
Grammar in context p68
1
Vocabulary p65
1 past 2 before
1
2
1 plumber 2 mechanic 3 builder
4 receptionist 5 shop assistant 6 vet
recently, while
2
1 hard-working (P) 2 easy-going (P)
3 part-time (J) 4 right-handed (P)
5 good-looking (P) 6 well-paid (J/P)
1 ambitious 2 confident 3 creative
4 sensitive 5 fit 6 clever
4
1 caring 2 calm 3 sociable 4 reliable
5 disappointed 6 broken 7 sore
8 moving
6
7
1 used to live 2 used to go 3 didn’t
use to watch 4 Did you use to walk
5 used to take 6 didn’t use to have
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p68
8
Danny is playing plays tennis every Saturday
with his friend Jordan. One Saturday, they
started playing at 12 o’clock and by 5.30,
they played had played five whole games.
After they were finished had finished the
last game, Danny had a shower and went
home. But his back and neck had really
hurt were really hurting. He was a bit
worried. Maybe he injured had injured his
back during the tennis game. When he
was younger his neck wasn’t hurting didn’t
use to hurt after tennis. Perhaps he must
should visit the doctor. Danny decided to
have a long hot bath and then go to bed.
Luckily, when he had got up got up the next
morning, his pain went had gone. It wasn’t
been hadn’t been anything serious after all.
Next Saturday he would play six games!
Developing vocabulary and
listening p69
3
1
1 c, we had had the argument
2 f, I had sent the nasty message
3 g, she had finished the one she was
-ness: illness, weakness, sadness, madness,
happiness, loneliness
-ship: friendship, relationship, leadership
-dom: boredom, kingdom
reading
e, They hadn’t eaten anything all day
a, they had had their dinner
d, he had forgotten to bring his towel
b, They had won the competition
Verbs: past perfect
4
5
6
7
3
moon.
3
5
Revision: Units 1–7
DNA.
1 see eye to eye 2 has had an argument
3 have a lot in common 4 made it up
1 confusion 2 relaxation 3 stress
4 embarrassment 5 disappointment
6 depression 7 worry 8 surprise
6
penicillin.
7 By 1932 they had split the atom.
8 By 1953 they had found the structure of
2
4
Students’ own answers
time.
6 By 1910 they hadn’t discovered
9 By 1960 they hadn’t walked on the
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p66
c 2
3 By 1805 they had made the first battery.
4 By 1895 they had discovered X-rays.
5 By 1900 they hadn’t flown for the first
circle of friends
sadness: negative
4
a 1
books
1b
1
2
3
4
Students’ own answers
1 d
2 By 1400 they hadn’t started to print
Vocabulary p66
Students’ own answers
2
2 relationship 3 freedom 4 happy
5 lonely 6 weak 7 friendship 8 sad
9 leadership 10 boredom 11 kingdom
12 mad
3
b
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Workbook answer key
B1
4
DESCRIBING PICTURES p71
4
1 15 2 illness 3 school
4 loneliness, boredom 5 black
6 freedom 7 biscuits 8 sad
5
1 step 2 sore 3 lifting 4 game
5 range 6 warming
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p69
boys and some girls
2 on a beach
3 probably having a party/barbecue/picnic
4 relaxed and happy, enjoying the
afternoon
Students’ own answers
6
1 some young people/teenagers/some
5
1 b
8 g
2 d 3 e 4 f 5 a 6 c 7 h
1
1 f
2 d
3 a 4 b
5 e 6 g 7 c
2
1 f 2 e
3 d 4 a
5 c
6 b
1
4
7
a
d
f
g
h
doing 2 shopping 3 Doing
doing 5 reading 6 to do
to make 8 doing
Doing b to know c seeing
playing, swimming e looking, buying
to become, painting, drawing
Getting, to do
Cleaning, to do, going
1 c 2 e 3 d
8 h
4 a 5 b 6 f 7 g
Every Saturday my friends going go
into town to watching watch football. I
don’t enjoy to watch watching sports so
I usually go to the library while they’re in
the stadium. Then we meet up afterwards
to having have a pizza. Last Saturday
they persuaded me going to go with
them because it was an important match.
Unfortunately, it started raining to rain and
we haven’t hadn’t brought our umbrellas. It
was terrible. Next week will going I’m going
to go/I’ll go to the library again – no more
football for me.
Developing speaking p71
1
1 was 2 had organised 3 used to work
4 started 5 were 6 knew 7 ate
8 were having
1 down 2 up 3 down 4 up
5 down 6 down
a 3
b 2
c 1
3
1 First, Firstly 2 Then, After that, So
3 Finally
2 b
3 c 4 a 5 a 6 c
Use of English p75
3
1 C 2 A 3 C 4 B 5 C
8 D
4
Writing p75
1, 2, 4
4
5
1
1 After I had got up, I made my breakfast.
2 When he had finished his lunch, he
wasn’t hungry.
3 When she had swum for 20 minutes, she
got out of the swimming pool.
4 After I had written the email, I sent it.
5 After I had played tennis, I had a shower.
6 After I had put on my pyjamas, I went
bed.
7 After we had watched the film at the
2
cinema, we caught the bus home.
1 I didn’t use to enjoy 2 Did, use to live
3 used to be 4 used to be
5 didn’t use to like
1 Doing 2 to do 3 watching
4 to watch 5 swimming 6 to swim
2
4
1 c
2
3
c
PRONUNCIATION p71
2
Grammar p73
5
Students’ own answers
Listening p74
1
Revision: Units 1–8
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p70
3
Developing writing p72
Students’ own answers
4
1
Students’ own answers
c
3
Reading p74
1 T, line 21 2 F, line 12 3 F, line 11
4 T, line 17 5 T, line 20 6 F, line 34
7 T, line 38 8 T, line 52
7
Grammar in context p70
Gateway to exams: Units 7–8
Vocabulary p73
1
1 circle 2 argument, made
3 eye to eye 4 get on well 5 fallen out
2
1 sadness/unhappiness 2 loneliness
3 fear 4 boredom 5 anger
3
1 excitement 2 friendship
3 relationship 4 freedom 5 weakness
6 illness 7 leadership 8 madness
6 C 7 B
Students’ own answers
COMMON MISTAKES p75
5
1 I had finished 2 I didn’t use to
3 Learning another language 4 Do you
enjoy working 5 First of all, should go
6 Are you interested in coming 7 Dear
Mr Brown, I’d like to apply for the job
8 I don’t have to go 9 If I had enough
money, I’d travel … 10 You shouldn’t eat,
It isn’t 11 We used to live 12 someone
had stolen
Unit 9
Vocabulary p76
1
1 play 2 comic 3 horror 4 fantasy
5 romance 6 thriller 7 fairy tale
8 crime novel 9 science fiction
10 graphic novel 11 historical fiction
2
1 fantasy/fairy tale 2 science fiction
3 comic/graphic novel 4 historical fiction
5 fairy tale 6 crime novel/thriller
3
1 c 2 f 3 b 4 g 5 a
8 h
6 e
7 d
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p76
4
1 index 2 articles 3 headline
4 contents 5 chapter 6 acts
7 scene
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Workbook answer key
B1
Reading p77
2
Developing speaking p81
1
1 in 2 out 3 look 4 over 5 flick
6 out 7 on
1
b
3
2
1 c
2 f 3 d
a
4 a 5 e 6 b
✓: all except ‘Another thing is that …’
4
3
1 D 2 A 3 D 4 B
4
1 dramatic 2 reflect 3 interact
4 combination 5 generation
5
1 generation 2 reflect 3 combination
4 interact 5 dramatic
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
5
2
Speaker 2
Speaker 1
Speaker 2
Speaker 3
Speaker 2
Speaker 3
Speaker 1
Grammar in context p78
1 F
1
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p79
1 goes one tense back 2 must, mustn’t
3 change
6
2
1
4
6
8
PRONUNCIATION p81
3
6 T
1 d 2 c 3 b 4 a
Grammar in context p80
1
1 no 2 told us 3 told the students
4 no 5 no 6 told her mum 7 no
8 told James
2
2 T 3 F 4 T 5 T
1 asked the boy if he was sure about that
2
3
1 she loved 2 they were 3 was his
4 her, needed 5 was
5
1 Jamie said he was going to start playing
basketball the following month.
2 Jack said his friend had got a new
computer game.
3 Emily and Evie said that they had
finished school the previous Friday.
4 Charlotte said that she thought that was
the answer.
5 The students said that they didn’t need
help.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p78
6
told Oliver that he had to
was the restaurant where they had had
I shouldn’t work too late at night
the following day she/he would
4
5
6
7
8
9
3
answer
asked the boy why he was crying
asked Nathan if it was his birthday that
day
asked Mia if she knew the time
asked his granddaughter where she had
put his glasses
asked the girl how she had known his
name
asked Tom if he had read that book
asked Sally if she liked crime novels
asked Hannah if she had to wear a
uniform to school
1 whether she liked 2 if I was listening
3 where Daisy lived. 4 why her mobile
phone wasn’t working 5 that day 6 why
he was 7 if/whether they had enjoyed the
meal.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p80
4
Developing vocabulary and
listening p79
1 Are you tired?
2 Yes, I am because I watched a late film
1a
3
1 c/d 2 g 3 f 4 d/c 5 b 6 a
7 e
1b
4
1 read on 2 turn over 3 flick through
4 read out 5 look up 6 cross out
7 fill in
5
6
I’d like to begin by saying that
Last but not least
It’s also true that
Another thing is that
To sum up
DESCRIBING PICTURES p81
4
Students’ own answers
a bookshop b right c student
d casual e older f library g standing
h sit i flicking j decide k serious
l concentrating m good
6
1 F
4
1
2
3
4
5
5
1 note down 2 dipped into
3 read up on 4 sum up 5 note down
3
1
2
3
4
2 T 3 F 4 T 5 F
1 B 2 G 3 B 4 B 5 B 6 G
7
wrote 2 was writing 3 had written
had written 5 had written
would write 7 could write
might write 9 had to write
1 talk 2 by 3 all 4 more 5 true
6 least 7 thing 8 sum
last night. Why did you ask that?
You look pale. Why did you watch until
so late? You shouldn’t watch late films on
school nights.
You’re right, but I needed to watch this
film. I had to write a review of it for my
English teacher.
I understand, but next time you should
record it. Then you can watch it earlier in
the day.
Next time, I will record it.
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p82
1
1 B 2 D 3 C 4 A
2
B: a
c
D: a
c
C: a
A: a
3
six o’clock in the evening b big
wet d smart
quickly b hadn’t noticed
was standing
brightly b completely
Suddenly b placed
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–9
Grammar p83
1
1 her 2 the previous week 3 That day
4 He’d 5 she 6 the following day
2
1 his 2 whether 3 he was
4 had ever had 5 liked 6 had seen
3
1 Nick said he had found the information
on that website.
2 Angela asked Lynn if she was going to
see the new film the following day.
3 The teacher asked Kerry and Liz where
they had been.
4 Sonya asked Ryan if he had gone to
Dave’s party the previous day.
5 Alice told Mike that she hadn’t finished
reading his book yet.
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Workbook answer key
B1
4
3
3
a watching b have seen c started
d whose e much f some
g don’t usually see
1 are 2 drunk 3 spoken 4 write
5 is 6 does 7 is taught 8 is sung
9 are 10 send
1 was created 2 has been renamed
3 was made 4 were drawn 5 is being
followed 6 were produced 7 is being
4
Vocabulary p83
1
1 autobiography 2 fairy tale
3 cookbook 4 science fiction 5 manual
6 play
2
1 cookbook 2 science fiction 3 manual
4 fairy tale 5 autobiography 6 play
3
interviewed.
1 are worn 2 is played 3 are written
4 is made 5 is taught 6 is checked
7 are driven
5
1 The new MINI is made by BMW.
2 Gold is sometimes found in this river.
3 Football matches aren’t stopped if it
rains.
1 on 2 out 3 flick 4 up 5 up
4 A prize is given to the best actor.
5 In this hotel your bags are taken to your
1 d 2 h 3 c
8 f
6 Tea isn’t grown in Scotland.
7 In Japan the classrooms are cleaned by
4
4 b
5 g
6 a
7 e
room.
students.
Unit 10
8 Public transport is used by a lot of
people.
Vocabulary p84
1
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p86
1 keyboard 2 monitor 3 webcam
4 speaker 5 printer 6 flash drive
7 scanner 8 mouse
6
1 by thousands 2 is played 3 are
made 4 are drawn 5 are seen 6 are
eaten 7 if I liked 8 that/which
2
1 f 2 c 3 e
8 h
4 d
5 a
6 b 7 g
Developing vocabulary and
listening p87
3
1
1 chat online 2 surfs the Net
3 (fast) broadband 4 download
5 social networking 6 blog
reply, account, send, check, forward,
address, bounce, delete
2
1 address, send 2 delete 3 reply
4 forward 5 bounce 6 account
7 check
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p84
4
1 b 2 a
8 g
3 d
4 f 5 c 6 e
7 h
3
1 b 2 c 3 a
Reading p85
4
1
1 b 2 b 3 a
b
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p87
2
1 c
2 a 3 a
5
4 b 5 a
3
1 O
4
2 O 3 F
4 O 5 O
6 F
1 antivirus 2 keep(ing) in touch
3 whistling 4 convicted 5 confidential
6 controversy 7 over-reacted
2 digital versatile disc 3 compact disc
– read-only memory 4 short message
system 5 global positioning system
6 frequently asked questions 7 personal
George Orwell in 1945.
2 The race is organised by the school each
year.
3 Dynamite was invented by Alfred Nobel
in the 19th century.
4 Cartoons are being watched by
thousands of children around the world
at the moment.
5 The FIFA World Cup has been won
several times by Brazil since 1958.
6 The planet Uranus was found by William
Herschel in 1781.
7 The men’s 100-metre world record was
broken by Usain Bolt in August 2009.
5
1 T 2 T
6
3 F 4 T
1 had it cut 2 have/get it checked
3 ’m having it fixed
4 had my eyes tested
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p88
7
Hi Lily,
Has your computer fixed been fixed yet? I
need to get my laptop repairing repaired
soon. I am was sent a strange email last
week. I opened it, but it was just a lot of
numbers. Anyway, after that I started to
lose lots of my files. I’ve being been asked
to give a talk at school and all my files are
have been deleted by this virus. When
I bought the laptop I have had antivirus
software installed, but it obviously isn’t
didn’t work. So, can you tell me where I can
get my computer fix fixed and how much
I will be charged? Thanks a lot. By the way
– I’m using my brother’s tablet to send this
email so you won’t get the virus, too!
Love
Kim
identification number
Developing speaking p89
1
Grammar in context p86
1
Grammar in context p88
1 past participle 2 by 3 the action
1
1 are 2 are 3 found 4 by 5 is
6 spoken
1 The novel Animal Farm was written by
6
1 PIN 2 DVD 3 FAQ 4 WWW
5 CD-ROM 6 GPS 7 SMS
2
4
False
2
a both b whereas c However
d Another e contrast f similarity
g common h second
2
1 Both of the photos show
2 Another important similarity between the
photos is
1 was 2 are being 3 have already
been 4 was 5 have been 6 is
3 Another thing they have in common is
4 One big difference between the photos
is
5 In contrast, the other people
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Workbook answer key
PRONUNCIATION p89
Revision: Units 1–10
3
1
2
3
4
5
Another important thing is the location.
This weather is normal for this month.
These are my brother’s clothes.
Thank you for your kind thoughts.
My teeth were checked on the third of
June.
6 I threw away the dirty cloth yesterday.
DESCRIBING PICTURES p89
4
Grammar p91
2
Students’ own answers
1
3
5
7
5
1 Five people, two boys and three girls.
They look like students.
2 Outside, sitting on some grass in the
countryside or a park, or big garden. It
might be a forest.
3 They’re looking at computers and they
are talking – perhaps about what they’ve
found on the computers.
4 Relaxed and happy. They’re smiling.
6
3
are played by grandparents, too
were invented by Arthur Wynne in 1913
is opening a museum tomorrow
saw the concert
was won by Alex Smith
are designed in Japan
will tell, see 2 would help
were, would build 4 had, was playing
might, hasn’t decided 6 Surfing
hadn’t seen
5
1
3
5
7
8
told me that 2 by millions
had a wall built 4 he would phone
was made 6 asked if we wanted
Both (of the) pictures
by saying 9 was arrested 10 told us
what we would do 11 Last but not least
12 In the first, in the second
Vocabulary p91
1
2
1
1 log 2 chat 3 forward 4 click
5 make/print
2 U 3 R 4 2
Students’ own answers
a a b has c that/0 d much
e enough f send/check g watching
h the
Developing writing p90
2
4
1 c 2 f 3 h 4 h 5 g 6 j 7 e
8 a 9 d 10 b
Students’ own answers
1 4
Writing p93
COMMON MISTAKES p93
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
B1
5 C 6 B
3
a address b send c receive d reply
e delete f bounces
1 today 2 tonight 3 tomorrow
4 before 5 late 6 great 7 wait
8 later
4
3
1 your 2 please 3 what 4 because
5 speak 6 weekend 7 thanks
8 excellent 9 message 10 homework
1 off 2 across 3 in 4 out 5 out
6 over 7 through
Gateway to exams: Units 9–10
4
1 Can you please come to see me later?
2 I’ll see you tomorrow before school.
3 I’ll wait for your next message. 4 What
are you doing at the weekend? 5 Will
you be at home later today? 6 Thanks
for the presents. They’re great. 7 I can
see you at six because I haven’t got any
homework.
5
1 Wot R U doing 2nite?
2 Amy and I R going 2 eat out BCZ it’s her
Reading p92
1
1 c 2 a 3 b 4 d
Listening p92
2
1 science fiction, online 2 all the
information, broadband 3 teenage boy,
to borrow 4 prefers, easy to
Use of English p93
3
birthday 2day. Do U want 2 come?
3 OK. THX. Wot time R U meeting?
4 @ 8 BCZ B4 that I have 2 study 4 an
exam 2moro.
5 Wot time is YR exam?
6 @ 10. I have 2 go now. I’ll speak 2 U L8R.
7 GR8!
1 Jenny where she had been
2 had my car checked by 3 told us that
we did 4 bag was found
5 me if I liked my 6 is being interviewed
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Workbook answer key
Unit 1
Vocabulary p4
1
1 serious 2 talkative 3 pretty 4 clever
5 hard-working 6 reliable 7 impatient
8 medium height 9 cheerful 10 untidy
11 overweight
spend our holidays in France. 7 My bossy
friend is always telling me what to do.
3
4
1 am doing 2 sometimes spends
3 is always taking 4 am writing
5 usually enjoy 6 is studying
thinking: know, mean, remember, seem,
think, understand
feeling: feel, like, love, need, prefer, want
of the senses: hear, look, see, smell, sound
possession: have, own
2
2 nervous 3 bald 4 handsome 5 quiet
6 unfriendly 7 nice 8 cheerful
9 selfish 10 attractive
5
1 goes 2 text 3 meet up 4 usually
spends 5 is getting 6 isn’t 7 is
always talking 8 is taking part 9 wants
4
1 have got (state) 2 don’t like (state),
shout (action) 3 ’m talking (action)
4 Does he know (state) 5 speak (state)
6 looks (state) 7 Do you prefer (state)
8 ’m wearing (action)
3
1 well-built 2 thin 3 bald 4 selfish
5 arrogant 6 funny 7 bossy
Developing vocabulary and
listening p7
5
1 d 2 e 3 b 4 f 5 a
1
1 slim 2 handsome 3 cute
4 sociable 5 clever 6 glad
6
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p4
4
unattractive, unreliable, unsafe, unfriendly,
unsociable, uninteresting, unintelligent,
unfashionable, unselfish, unhappy
5
talkative – quiet/silent, outgoing – shy,
glad – unhappy, funny – boring,
handsome – ugly, boring – interesting
Reading p5
1
Laura Decker sailed round the world alone
when she was just 14. Romero climbed
Mount Everest when he was only 13.
2
1 T (lines 9–11) 2 F 3 T (lines 26–28)
4 F 5 T (lines 33–34) 6 F
7 F 8 T (lines 44–47)
3
1 peak 2 mature 3 fulfilled
4 autobiography 5 determined
6 encountered 7 inspirational
8 dedicated
4
1 F 2 O 3 O 4 O 5 F 6 F
Grammar in context p6
1
present simple
2
1 bright 2 short 3 sociable 4 elderly
5 cute 6 untidy
3
a interested
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Speaker 1
Speaker 2
2 c 3 g 4 a 5 e 6 b 7 f
3
1 I don’t usually enjoy cleaning my bedroom.
2 Tom rarely finishes all his homework.
3 Our teachers are always telling us what
to do. 4 We occasionally go to school
by bus. 5 My brother and I often play
computer games together. 6 We sometimes
I’ve got a lovely dog called Mutt. He is
looking looks sweet, but when a stranger
comes to the door, he often barks and is
sounding sounds really unfriendly. After a
long walk in the rain, he doesn’t smell very
nice! His long ears feel soft and his nose is
usually wet. When he is hearing hears my
parents’ car, he runs to the window. He’s
always seeming always seems to know
when they are coming.
7
2 are you thinking A 3 ’m looking A
4 tastes S 5 looks S 6 weighs S
7 think S 8 ’m tasting A
9 ’s weighing A
Speaker 2
Speaker 4
Speaker 2
Speaker 1
Speaker 4
Developing speaking p9
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p7
1
5
table tennis and football
old
elderly
someone you
have known a
long time
funny
it makes
you laugh
strange
smart
clever
well-dressed
hard
difficult
not soft
bright
light/
colourful
intelligent
Grammar in context p8
1
1 don’t believe 2 sounds 3 like
4 belong
state
2
a 4
b 1 c 2 d 3
6 c
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p8
Speaker 3
6
1 loud 2 brightest 3 hard 4 smart
5 old
present continuous
2
1 d
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p6
2
1 F 2T 3 F 4 F
5 F 6 T
3
2 aren’t you 3 do you 4 can’t
you 5 do you
4 and 5
1 down 2 down 3 up 4 up
6
1 f
8 e
5 up
2 d 3 g 4 a 5 h 6 b 7 c
7
Students’ own answers
8
1 A young woman. She’s probably about 18.
2 She looks like she’s in a library and she’s
probably studying. 3 The girl is wearing a
blue cardigan and white T-shirt. She has got
dark straight hair which is tied back in a
ponytail. 4 She looks relaxed and interested
in what she is doing. She also looks serious
and rather quite.
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Workbook answer key
9
3
1 glad 2 hard 3 outgoing 4 bright
5 elderly 6 impatient
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p10
Unit 2
1
She has got new neighbours.
2
a 5 b 3
c 1
d 4
Vocabulary p12
1
1 ferry c 2 van f 3 spaceship b
4 yacht e 5 hot-air balloon d 6 coach a
e 2
3
rather, extremely, very, a bit, quite, really,
completely
4
1 looks like 2 looks 3 look 4 looks
like 5 looks as if/looks like 6 looks like
5
2
1 ticket 2 delay 3 platform 4 single
5 cancel 6 catch 7 departures
8 arrivals 9 return 10 luggage
11 miss
3
1 tent 2 motel, hotel 3 bed and
breakfast 4 caravan 5 hostel
Students’ own answers
Revision: Unit 1
Grammar p11
1
1 ’s raining 2 ’m listening 3 drink
4 ’m learning 5 are moving 6 comes
a
2
1 a
2 b 3 a 4 b
5 a 6 b
generous D
lazy N
adventurous D
fit D
likes danger P
ambitious D
selfish N
arrogant N
boring N
cheerful P
4
1 pedals 2 collapse 3 cope with
4 tandem 5 fancy dress
6 constantly 7 motorised
Grammar in context p14
thin
tall
bald
1
overweight
curly
a completed b in progress
big
medium
height
straight
strong
short
short
2
1 b
beautiful
reliable
pretty
selfish
goodlooking
patient
calm
handsome
2
1 quiet 2 talkative 3 serious
4 arrogant 5 funny 6 untidy
3
Speaker 2: 1 metrocable or cable car
2 bus
2 b 3 a
4 a 5 b 6 c
7 b
5
1 get across 2 get around 3 get …
down 4 get through to 5 get on
with 6 get around to
2 c 3 a 4 d
2
2 He used to eat cakes, but now he eats
Hair
Personality
7 e
2
1 in 2 out of 3 on 4 down 5 off
6 back
1
1 b
Height
Looks
6 c
Grammar in context p16
Build
wavy
4 f 5 b
4
1 b
3
small
1
1 d 2 a 3 h
8 g
Reading p13
3
1 Josh usually wears … 2 Marley is never
late for school. 3 Anna is always forgetting
her … 4 Marcus is having a shower right
now … 5 We don’t often go to …
1
Developing vocabulary and
listening p15
Speaker 1: 1 outdoor escalator
2 (walk up) steps
1a and 1b
Vocabulary p11
6
a was b had c was waiting
d I decided e know f am always
losing g had left h had put i was
paying j ran k had gone l was
walking m saw n had missed
o wasn’t
4
1 matches 2 mini-market 3 timetable
4 passport control 5 bill 6 mat
7 boarding pass 8 guidebook
2
a Do you want b ’m working c need
d know e is your project going
f ’m trying g always leave
4
1 ✓ 2 ✗ She looks 3 ✗ This food tastes
4 ✓ 5 ✗ I think
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p14
fruit.
3 She used to have short hair, but now she
has long hair.
4 He didn’t use to wear glasses, but now
he does.
5 He didn’t use to play rugby, but now he
does.
c before
6 She didn’t use to listen to the radio, but
now she does.
2 a
3 c
3
1 had spent, arrived 2 had happened,
took 3 Had you already learnt,
started 4 stopped, had lost
5 didn’t want, had forgotten 6 had never
travelled, felt 7 were, had rained
4
1 b 2 a 3 d 4 f 5 e
6 c
5
1 was growing, didn’t have, lived
2 was, had learnt 3 started, were flying
4 didn’t take, had lent 5 used, was
3
1
3
6
8
✗ (was very excited) 2 ✓
✗ (used to live) 4 ✓ 5 ✓
✗ (used to be) 7 ✗ (won)
✓
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p14
4
b didn’t use to get c started d would
spend/used to spend/spent e grew
f took/would take/used to take g would
go/used to go h had started i used to
spend/would spend j became k was
growing l had/used to have
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Developing speaking p17
1
1 I’d like to go to Dundee, please. 2 Is
it a direct train? 3 Early in the morning,
if possible. 4 I’m travelling next
Saturday. 5 I’d like a return, please.
3 I do love the food.
4 The shopping centre is such a noisy
place.
5 I did enjoy the visit to the zoo yesterday.
5
At Finsbury Park, you have to change first
to London Victoria, not to Clapham
Coming back there are two changes, not
three
It arrives at 19.00, not 19.30.
Students’ own answers
Could you write it down for me, please?
Is it possible to pay by card?
Could you print out the times for me?
Can you tell me how much it costs?
1
1 was riding, saw 2 stole, was
looking 3 arrived, were waiting
4 was trying, noticed
like camping, but now she prefers staying
in hotels. 4 Gary used to wear school
uniform, but now he wears jeans. 5 The
twins used to have long hair, but now they
like short hair.
4
1 used to live 2 are staying, are
mending 3 think 4 was cycling,
started 5 had left
Which platform does it leave from,
please?
6
Students’ own answers
Vocabulary p19
7
1 On holiday. 2 A beach and a port,
with a cruise ship in water (mountains,
smaller boats and people). 3 They are
on a cruise ship in the Caribbean 4 They
are sunbathing and reading. 5 They are
wearing clothes for swimming and also
shorts and T-shirts.
8
1
1 single 2 cancel 3 miss 4 fare
5 delay
2
1 tent 2 caravan 3 hostel
4 hotel
3
2 down 3 off 4 away 5 out of
4
1 cheerful 2 sociable 3 talkative
4 elderly 5 luggage
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p18
1
a 3 b 5 c 6 d 4 e 2
Grammar p19
3
1 I used to ride a bike, but now I drive
a car. 2 Jess used to hate flying, but
now she is a pilot. 3 Mandy used to
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
Students’ own answers
2
1 She had never flown before. 2 He had
spent it on sweets. 3 My old phone had
broken. 4 I had already read it.
3
1 I’d like a return ticket to
Guildford. 2 Can you tell me the
cost? 3 Can you tell me when the train
leaves? 4 And do I have to change,
please? 5 Sorry, I didn’t catch that.
f 1
Gateway to exams: Units 1–2
2
b to c to d travelled e used
f would g were h because i It j be
4
Revision: Units 1–2
There are three changes, not two.
3
Writing p21
Students’ own answers
2
It leaves at 9.26 not 10.26
Use of English p21
5
1 missed my bus 2 is 3 luggage
4 looks like 5 impatient 6 used
7 fare 8 took off 9 I’d like, return
ticket 10 how much the ticket is
11 were shopping 12 had checked in
Unit 3
Vocabulary p22
1
2 cottage 3 bungalow 4 terraced
house 5 flat 6 semi-detached house
a6 b5 c4 d1
2
i
z
c
o
r
g
m
s
p
s
z
g
n
y
s
q
u
a
r
e
b
b
k
o
y
x
q
p
l
m
d
z
w
r
c
y
b
x
r
f
x
l
t
l
z
x
u
x
s
e
p
u
h
t
f
y
b
q
a
b
b
c
z
o
c
g
e
g
p
r
f
b
u
h
r
s
t
r
i
k
s
t
u
o
n
s
c
a
n
c
u
k
q
i
s
a
t
t
h
f
p
s
n
w
l
l
c
j
n
w
h
c
q
e
a
j
w
y
o
d
d
n
i
m
r
a
r
d
w
s
v
n
n
t
s
i
s
e
o
f
3
1 clean 2 lively 3 crowded/busy
4 historic 5 quiet
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p22
4
a shed b garage c chimney d roof
e porch f front door g drive h path
i gate j front garden
Reading p23
1 and 2
Students’ own answers
3
a, c, e
Reading p20
a 2
3
1
1 b
4
1 because locals did not like the idea
what an incredible place! / we did enjoy
it. / was such an unforgettable experience
/ I loved it / there is a really special
atmosphere. / I can’t wait. / I do love zoos!
4
1 It was such a fantastic experience.
2 People were so friendly and helpful.
2 c 3 b 4 a 5 a 6 c
Listening p20
2
Speaker 1 c Speaker 2 e
Speaker 4 d
Speaker 3 a
b 4
c 5 d 3
e 1 f 6
of a nuclear power station in
the 1970s. 2 central heating or
air conditioning 3 Rieselfeld and Vauban
4 Disch’s home, because it produces five
times (not four times) more energy than the
house needs. 5 because they produce
more energy than they need 6 they can
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Workbook answer key
invest in green energy projects, e.g. the
stadium; they also give energy back to the
central power grid, and get money for it
packed – crowded, heaving
5
tiny – miniscule, minute
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
dreadful – awful, terrible
6
1 residents 2 generated 3 awards
4 rotates 5 impact 6 shares
Grammar in context p26
stunning – breathtaking, spectacular
ancient – prehistoric
1
1 been 2 has 3 living
4 ’ve/have 5 met
Grammar in context p24
1
Present perfect simple: 1, 2, 5
a duration b short c complete
d how many times e finished
Past simple: 3, 4
f incomplete
2
2
1 been doing 2 had 3 met
4 been doing 5 been making
6 had 7 made
a the past b the present c started
d continue e completed f specific
3
1 moved 2 had 3 ’ve been
4 Did he ask 5 hasn’t lived
4
2 Has she ever seen an Italian film? Yes,
she has. She saw Cinema Paradiso last
year. 3 Have they ever spent any time in
Scotland? Yes, they have. They lived on a
Scottish island in 1994.
5
1 just, yet 2 never, ever 3 already
4 since 5 for
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p24
6
a Have you ever heard b has c lies
d has been e hasn’t existed f has only
been g went h (had) finished
i have built j like k are
He’s been cooking for two hours.
They’ve been playing golf since nine o’clock.
They’ve been chatting for four hours.
She’s been travelling for six hours.
He’s been sleeping for nine hours.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p26
4
1 How long have you been living in London?
2 When did you arrive? 3 Have you made
many friends? 4 Have you met any nice
Londoners? 5 How long have you been
playing the guitar? 6 Have you been to a
concert in London yet? 7 When did you
start learning English?
Developing speaking p27
1
Suggested answers
calm, clean, empty, green, historic,
peaceful, pretty, quiet
Developing vocabulary and
listening p25
1
1 absolutely 2 totally 3 absolutely
4 completely 5 really 6 absolutely
2
1 In the UK or somewhere in Europe.
2 a girl, small building for musicians,
2
deckchairs, trees, lovely old buildings, a
road, the top of a bus 3 It looks calm
and peaceful.
Suggested answers
2 tiny 3 freezing 4 enormous
5 packed 6 stunning
4 It’s nice to have a place like this to get
3
a 2
3
1
2
3
4
5
away from the lively city.
b 3 c 1
d 5 e 4
4
1 8 2 (two) friends 3 day trips
4 big Italian 5 age 6 15 7 really hard
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p25
5
enormous – gigantic, huge
freezing – bitter, icy
boiling – roasting, scorching
3
a the foreground b the middle
c the left of the photo d the
background e in the middle f between
4
1 /Ə/ 2 /v/
3 /v/ 4 /n/
5 /Ə/ 6 /v/
5
Students’ own answers
6
1 A city in China. 2 Lots of skyscrapers,
probably offices and luxury flats; blocks of
flats and houses and some green areas; a
very busy road. 3 I don’t like the skyscrapers,
they look very industrial; I like the green
areas and the smaller houses. 4 I think it
would be busy, crowded and tiring to live in.
7
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p28
1
1 Newcastle 2 It was great to hear from
you, Thanks for your letter 3 Write again
soon, All the best 4 By the way
2
1 T
2 NM
3 F
4 NM
5 F
6 T
3
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–3
Grammar p29
1
1 haven’t seen 2 bought 3 Have you
been 4 have known 5 Did you watch
2
1 yet 2 already 3 just 4 never 5 for
3
2 I’ve been cleaning my bike for two hours.
3 I’ve eaten 10 biscuits. 4 I’ve just seen
a ghost. 5 I’ve just won the spelling
competition.
4
1 used to have/had 2 was cleaning, found
3 had picked 4 been saving up 5 has
been reading
Vocabulary p29
1
1 boiling 2 packed/crowded
3 stunning 4 freezing
2
1 square 2 block of flats 3 factory
4 port 5 cottage 6 town hall
3
1 d
2 b 3 a
4
1 d
2 c 3 a 4 e 5 b
4 c
Unit 4
Vocabulary p30
1
1 chicken 2 sweetcorn 3 juice 4 oil
5 turkey 6 strawberry 7 carrot
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Developing speaking p35
2
homework tonight and then I’m probably
going to watch TV after that. When it’s
10.30, I’ll go to bed.
a lunch b starters c main d desserts
e dish
Developing vocabulary and
listening p33
3
1 raw 2 vegetarian 3 tasty 4 spicy
5 stale 6 fresh 7 healthy
1
1 rebuild 2 disapproves 3 refill
4 pre-heat 5 mishears 6 overate
7 undercharged
2
1 a opinion b way c prefer
2 a right b idea c agree
3 a fast food b seafood restaurant c think
8 tuna 9 cream 10 plum 11 pie
12 pancake 13 milk (enjoy your meal)
4
1 vegetarian 2 raw 3 fresh 4 tasty
5 healthy
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p30
5
1 d
2 a
3 c 4 e
5 g
Reading p31
c
2
1
3
5
7
4
4
d 5
e 1
f 5 g 1
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p33
5
2 misbehave, misbehaviour 3 disconnect,
disconnection 4 dishonest, dishonesty
5 misinform, misinformation
6 misprint, misprint
T (line 8) 2 F (lines 16–17)
T (lines 22–23) 4 F (line 36)
T (lines 44–45) 6 F (lines 49–51)
F (lines 54–55) 8 F ( lines 60–62)
3
1 discarding 2 incentive 3 produce
4 eliminating 5 opt for 6 rejected
4
1 a
3
Speakers 1, 3 and 4
a 3 b 2 c 4
h 4 i 2
1
Picture d – gourmet burger
before / you’re
birthday / prefer
don’t / go
enough / somewhere
good / should
nice / why
2
2 co-star 3 rearrange 4 dislike
5 over-emphasise 6 pre-washed
3
6 f 7 b
1
Students’ own answers
5
1 Some people enjoying a barbecue.
2 At the beach, outside. 3 They are
standing around a portable barbecue talking
and cooking, and smiling for the photo.
4 They are all wearing comfortable,
‘weekend’ clothes. 5 I think they are
enjoying being together.
Grammar in context p34
6
1a
Students’ own answers
a future continuous
7
b future perfect
Students’ own answers
Grammar in context p32
1b
Developing writing p36
1a
a continuous b unfinished c perfect
d finished e by
1
1 An end-of-exams party 2 bring a
2
dessert to the party and help clean up
1b
1 present simple 2 present continuous
3 will/won’t 4 going to
a will be swimming b will be running
c will be exploring d will be reading
e will be putting f will be flying
2
2
1 e
3
2 By 9 am they will have swum a kilometre.
3 By 11 am they will have cleaned all the
Less formal language in A, e.g. reckon
2 b 3 both
a are … going to be b go c ’m
cooking d will go
2 b 3 a
4 c
5 d
3
1 will come, ask 2 ’ll get
3 see, ’ll tell 4 boils 5 ’ll burn
4
1 N
2 F
3 E 4 F
5 E 6 F
windows.
4 By midday Tom will have made lunch.
5 By 3 pm Zac will have painted the
7 N
5
a ’s going to get b I’ll ask c won’t mind
d I’ll make e opens f I’ll get
g are we going to light h is going to
serve i we’ll enjoy
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p32
6
I’m meeting my friends to watch a football
match. That finishes at six o’clock. Then
I’m going home and I’m going to have my
dinner. I’m helping my little sister with her
garage door.
6 By 5 pm Tom will have cut the grass.
7 By 9 pm they will have both fallen asleep
in front of the TV.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p34
4
1 (We)’ll be living 2 will work/will be
working 3 will be doing/will do 4 will
have left 5 gets in/is getting in / will
get in 6 used to be/was 7 have
lived 8 would/used to go camping
9 haven’t touched
Email A – he answers all the questions and
uses more informal language
More exclamations in A
Shorter sentences in A
Hi Sean,
Thanks for your email. My exams are
stressful, but I think they’re going well.
The party sounds great. Of course I’ll be
there! Thanks very much for asking me. I
might be a bit late though. I’m going out
that day with my brother to watch a football
match, but I reckon we’ll get back at around
7 pm. I’ll come to yours straight afterwards.
If I remember, I’ll bring some cake. Would
you like me to bring anything else?
Thanks again for the invitation. I’m really
looking forward to it!
All the best,
Finn
3
Students’ own answers
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Writing p39
Revision: Units 1–4
5
Grammar p37
Students’ own answers
1
1 I’ll call you when I get there 2 does …
arrive? 3 I’ll have left 4 I’m starting
2
1 will be 2 ’s going 3 will win
4 ’ll have 5 are you doing
3
1 will have arrived 2 will have started
3 will be writing 4 will have finished
5 will have found out
6
1 I’ll go 2 we will have completed
3 terraced 4 grew 5 We have never
seen 6 for three years 7 has he been
studying 8 filthy 9 dairy 10 comes
11 we’ll be living
Unit 5
4
a be enjoying b Have … had c sent
d been living e coming f ’ll be
g were planning
Vocabulary p37
1
Vegetables – peas, sweetcorn
Meat /Fish – chicken, tuna
4
1 c 2 g 3 e
8 f 9 d
2
1 art – chemistry 2 dislike – love
3 medicine – art 4 geography – history
3
1 can’t 2 should 3 have 4 ought
5 mustn’t 6 had better 7 must
8 can 9 don’t have
exam
5 scholarship – the others are about school
work
6 subject – the others are subjects you
study
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p40
4 h
5 a 6 b 7 i
Gateway to exams: Units 3–4
4
1 maths e 2 art f 3 geography c
4 chemistry a 5 PE d 6 biology b
Reading p41
Reading p38
1
1
Because of rain and flooding, because
there aren’t any roads, because children
can’t get to school.
It’s cheap and has lots to offer for all kinds
of visitors.
2
1 c
2 g
3 a 4 e
5 d
6 b 7 f
Listening p38
3
1 food plants/crops 2 third 3 serious
4 wind 5 China 6 several reasons
7 stressed and weak
1a
1 can’t, ought to 2 mustn’t 3 can’t,
had better 4 don’t have to 5 have to,
can 6 should
2
1 don’t have to 2 mustn’t 3 mustn’t
4 have to 5 must 6 don’t have to
7 can 8 shouldn’t
3 timetable – the others are places
4 resit – because it’s to do with taking an
3
1 re 2 dis 3 co 4 over 5 inter
6 under 7 mis
Grammar in context p42
1
1 music 2 medicine 3 history
4 Media studies 5 maths 6 art
7 English 8 biology 9 engineering
assignment
2
1 spicy 2 vegetarian 3 raw 4 junk
5 healthy
Students’ own answers
1b
1 c
Bakery – pancake, pie
Dairy – cream, semi-skimmed milk
4
Vocabulary p40
3
1 exam – all the others are verbs
2 term – it’s a period of time not a paper or
Fruit – plum, strawberry
3
1 sponsor 2 deck 3 monsoon
4 poverty 5 low-lying 6 permanently
2
1 more than 20
2 Because of the floods during the monsoon.
3 Because once pupils stop attending
temporarily, they often don’t come back.
4 He saved up and he got sponsors to help.
5 They are solar powered, using panels on
the boats’ roofs.
Use of English p39
6 70% of homes do not have electricity.
4
1 A 2 D 3 C 4 C 5 C 6 A 7 D
8 B 9 C 10 B 11 C 12 D
7 libraries, training centres, clinics, farming
4
1 g
2 d 3 f 4 a
5 e
6 b
2 f 3 d 4 a 5 c 6 e 7 b
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p42
5
have to, can, don’t agree, can, can, have to
Developing vocabulary and
listening p43
1
a mechanic b photographer c scientist
d journalist e dentist f instructor
2
1 employer, employee 2 technician
3 professor 4 physicist 5 farmer
6 trainer, trainee
3
1 a
2 c
3 d 4 b
Speaker 1: instructor
Speaker 2: scientist
Speaker 3: journalist
Speaker 4: photographer
4
a energy b responsible c sociable
d working e detail f data g patient
h quickly i annoying j the truth/news
k different/creative l style m relaxed/
comfortable
They can now work and study after dark.
boats
8 To give them a better chance in life, and
because by 2050 one fifth of Bangladesh
could be under water.
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VOCABULARY EXTENSION p43
4 and 5
Vocabulary p47
5
argument environment qualification
security education university career advice
1
1 biology 2 literature 3 engineering
4 medicine 5 geography 6 history
actor
comedian
leader
optician
pianist
sailor
telephonist
violinist
author
editor
librarian
politician
painter
solicitor
translator
referee
chemist
hairdresser
musician
payee
receptionist
teacher
6
Students’ own answers
7
1 teenager 2 foreground 3 camera
4 girl 5 mountains 6 scenery
7 looks
Grammar in context p44
1
a Z b S c F
3
1 will have 2 studies 3 arrive
4 ’ll help 5 goes 6 ’ll learn
journalist
professor
9
trainer, trainee
Students’ own answers
librarian
Developing writing p46
farmer
1
1 I
technician
2 F
3 F
4 I
3
Sports leader on a summer camp.
4
I would be very grateful for the chance; I am
very interested in all team sports; I can’t wait
to hear from you
had an expensive camera, I’d take great
photos. 5 If I had a party, I’d invite my
favourite band. 6 If I were a really good
person, I’d give lots of money to charity.
5
2 get terrible headaches if she didn’t drink
coffee all day 3 didn’t worry about his
pronunciation, he would speak English
comfortably 4 didn’t feel ill, she would
come to the college party 5 train wasn’t
late, he would arrive on time
6
a won b (had) spent c decided
d fell e used to go/would go f didn’t
need g gave h would come
i have been living j will visit
Developing speaking p45
1
for it
Arguments against: d 1, a 2, b 3, c 4
Arguments for: d 1, b 2, c 3, a 4
3
1 I’m going to talk about 2 What’s more
3 First of all 4 Secondly 5 Another thing
6 Finally 7 The point I’m trying to make
instructor
photographer
4
1 coursework 2 resit 3 mark
4 turkey 5 co-operate 6 lively
7 dreadful 8 ancient
Unit 6
Vocabulary p48
5
I’d be really happy to get the chance; I’m
really into; I look forward to hearing from you
Picture numbered from left to right: 9, 10,
4, 8, 7, 1, 3, 6, 5, 2
6
2
a good level of English, special interest in
any of the class topics
laptop, dishwasher; fridge-freezer is
hyphenated
7
3
1 remote control 2 microwave oven
3 dishwasher 4 digital
camera 5 satnav 6 MP3 player
Students’ own answers
Grammar p47
1
1 don’t have to 2 mustn’t 3 can’t
4 have to 5 must 6 can
2
1 talk 2 to work 3 had 4 shouldn’t
5 revise
3
1 wouldn’t be 2 don’t go 3 would learn
4 told 5 ’ll help
2
scientist
1
1 b 2 d 3 g 4 j 5 h 6 a
8 c 9 f 10 e
Revision: Units 1–5
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p44
employer, employee
Students’ own answers
very interested in doing your course.
4
2 If I had a yacht, I’d sail around the
world. 3 If I hired a surfing instructor,
I’d become an expert surfer. 4 If I
3
8
2
1 It would be great if you could give me a
ring soon. 2 Give me some help. 3 I’d
really like some information. 4 I would be
2
1 second 2 zero 3 first
2
1 geography 2 architecture 3 drama
4 psychology 5 chemistry 6 PE
4
1 If I had (some) money, I’d buy a new bike.
2 I used to wear shorts all year in primary
school. 3 If I was older I could stay out
after ten o’clock. 4 I’ve known Johan
since 2008.
7 i
4
1 plug in 2 Select 3 charge
4 connect 5 Tap 6 press
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p48
5
1 the sound 2 the time 3 the button
4 the switch
6
1 switch off 2 insert 3 turn up
4 disconnected
Reading p49
1
Students’ own answers
2
Velcro – one photo shows how Velcro is
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used and the other one shows the plant
which was the inspiration for Velcro.
3
1 D
8 F
2 F 3 A 4 B 5 C 6 E 7 B
4
1 steel 2 adopted 3 reverted
4 trampoline 5 hook 6 transplant
like you’re disappointed. Do you know about
the student counselling service? Don’t be
worried about feeling embarrassed, because
they are very understanding there. If you’ve
realised that you’re tired of your course, just
go and see them. They are responsible for
helping students switch courses. I think it’s
good that you’re aware of the problem so soon.
3
5
c
Students’ own answers
4
1 c
Grammar in context p50
1
1 past simple 2 present perfect
3 present simple 4 present continuous
5 future with will
2
5
1 f 2 e
8 d
3 g
4 c
5 h
6 b 7 a
a subject b object c past participle
d have or get e don’t f does
g formal h preposition
4
2 is … published 3 has … been done
4 will be won 5 was invented 6 are made
2
2 How often do you have/get your teeth
checked at the dentist?
3 When did you last have/get your hair cut?
4 When are you next going to have/get
your car checked at the garage?
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p50
5
2 The criminal was arrested.
3 The news is being read by Anna Williams
5 When will you have/get your eyes tested
at the optician?
6 How often do your grandparents have/
get their blood pressure taken at the
clinic?
tonight.
4 The latest research has been published
by the Japanese team.
7 Are you having/getting a pizza delivered
to your house tonight?
5 The professors will be met at the train
station.
6 The man was sentenced to four years in
prison.
3
1 e 2 f 3 b 4 a 5 d 6 c
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p52
7 A book called Bad Science was written
by a British journalist.
8 A reading system for the blind was
invented by Louis Braille.
9 Four windows were damaged by the wind.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p51
4
a cut b Going c going d to change
e to have f arguing g to think h wasting
i have j to do k Showing l having
Developing speaking p53
1
Students’ own answers
Students’ own answers
3
1 d 2 c 3 f 4 e
2
Nice to hear from you. Your new course
sounds similar to mine. I’m really pleased
with the choice I’ve made, but you sound
one boy and they’re probably friends.
2 They’re probably somewhere in the
school yard or playground, or they could be
in a park. 3 I think they’re either texting
or looking at social media websites on their
mobile phones. 4 I suppose they’re a bit
bored because they’re more interested in
their mobile phones than each other.
Developing writing p54
1
For: fascinating programmes, e.g. nature,
culture; company for lonely people;
educational, e.g. language learning;
relaxing, e.g. makes people laugh
Against: stops people reading, listening to
music, talking; advertising – bad influence;
unsuitable programmes for children
2
A 3 B 1 C 4 D 2
3
c
4
However, What’s more, In addition, In
conclusion, on the other hand, Firstly,
Furthermore, Finally
5
1 In my opinion 2 Personally, I think
6 a and 6b
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–6
Grammar p55
1
1 Millions of illegal DVDs are sold each year.
2 The next Olympics will be held in my
country.
3 My computer has finally been fixed.
4 Latin isn’t often taught in schools these days.
2
2 We always have our TV fixed when it
2
good at/interested in 2 aware of
different to/from 4 good for/at
interested in 6 worried about
bored of/with 8 afraid of
responsible for 10 similar to
6
1 I can see three students, two girls and
Students’ own answers
1
3
1 given 2 seen 3 were taught
4 is dropped 5 are created, is found
6 have been learnt
Students’ own answers
7
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p51
Grammar in context p52
a to be b past participle c action
d agent e by f do not know
g not obvious
1
1
3
5
7
9
2 c 3 b 4 c 5 a
5
breaks down.
5 b 6 a
4a and 4b
1 Both of the photos show young people.
2 You can tell because of the wooden
table and the equipment.
3 I had my bike mended last month.
4 My dad’s had a website designed for his
new company.
5 We are having all the bedrooms painted.
6 I usually have my boots repaired.
7 My parents had portraits painted of me
3 However, there are several differences.
and my sister.
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3
1 speaking 2 to eat 3 thinking
4 watching 5 Learning
10 tennis 11 climbing 12 sailing
13 gymnastics 14 weightlifting
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p60
2
Elephant polo is played
4
1
3
5
7
tennis
court
racket
football
pitch
goal post
skiing
slope
goggles
ice-skating
rink
skates
golf
course
club
Vocabulary p55
athletics
track
trainers
1
a dishwasher b vacuum cleaner
c satnav d remote control
3
1 bounce 2 hit 3 beat 4 scored
5 score 6 game
The size or weight of the elephants which/
that compete …
2
1 for 2 to 3 of 4 of 5 about
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p58
Developing vocabulary and
listening p61
were taken 2 is being repaired
would check 4 was travelling
have been waiting 6 is delayed, ’ll call
don’t pass
4a
1 play 2 do 3 go 4 playing 5 go
6 do
3
1 tap 2 select 3 connect
4 recharge, plugging
4b
1 play 2 do 3 go
4
1 good at 2 ready for 3 tired of
4 bored with/of 5 good at
1
1
When scientists, environmentalists and
inventors use ideas from animals and nature.
2
1 A 2 C 3 A 4 D 5 C 6 B 7 B
8 D
Listening p56
3
1 c
Students’ own answers
2
1 c 2 b 3 a
Reading p56
3
1 T 2 T 3 T 4 F
8 T 9 F
6 T 7 F
4
1 retain 2 unpredictable 3 entirely
4 absorb 5 vary 6 layer
Grammar in context p60
Use of English p57
4
2 was taken 3 had more money 4 are
responsible for 5 having my eyes tested
6 don’t have to
Writing p57
5
Students’ own answers
6
1 I’d 2 about 3 coursework 4 mustn’t
5 should wear 6 I’ll meet, Being
7 switch on, reach 8 are done 9 afraid of
10 are having a pizza delivered
Unit 7
Vocabulary p58
1
1 snowboarding 2 basketball 3 skiing
4 golf 5 ice hockey 6 athletics
7 volleyball 8 diving 9 football
The pitch where they play … when the
elephants are changed.
… health and safety of the animals which/
that take part.
1
1 out 2 in 3 out 4 up 5 for
6 up
3
5 F
5
6 b
Riders use sticks which/that … they always
hit …
experienced team was knocked out in the
first round.
Students’ own answers
2 c 3 b 4 a 5 a
a front rider whose job is to guide the
elephant
2
2 That shy girl never joins in with the others.
3 Professional athletes always warm up
before a race. 4 She’s a confident diver
who’s going for gold! 5 The less
Reading p59
Gateway to exams: Units 5–6
6
1
1 who/that 2 which/that 3 where
4 which/that 5 whose
2
a who and that b which and that
c whose d where e when
f who, which or that g person, thing,
place or time
3
1 where ✓ 2 that 3 that ✓ 4 that ✓
5 who 6 that ✓ 7 that ✓ 8 who
4
1 where 2 when 3 when 4 which
5 whose 6 whose
5
1 e (who) 2 f (whose) 3 b (when)
4 a (where) 5 g (when) 6 d (whose)
7 c (where)
Students’ own answers
4
Anti-gravity yoga is good for your heart and
core muscles and it’s relaxing.
Reverse running is good for balance,
general fitness and stamina.
5
1 F
8 F
2 T 3 F
4 F
5 T 6 F
7 T
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p61
6
1 b
2 c 3 a 4 e 5 f
6 d
7
1 pass out 2 catch up, keep up 3 drop
out 4 send off 5 carry on
Grammar in context p62
1
a people b things c places d times
e can’t f can’t g always
2
1 who 2 where 3 which 4 whose
5 when 6 whose
3
2 The university sports centre, where my
son works out, is brand new. 3 This pool,
where Tom Daley used to practise, is 50
metres. 4 The cricketers, who got very
dirty by the end of the match, were wearing
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white. 5 The French runner, whose family
was sitting next to us, surprised us all by
coming first.
4
1 D
2 D 3 ND
4 D
5 ND
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p62
5
1 a In baseball, which is popular in Japan,
it’s bad luck to touch one of the lines.
2 b In football, which was first played
internationally in 1872, it’s lucky to have
a double number on your shirt. 3 a In
ice hockey, which is the national sport of
Canada, it’s bad luck to put down your
sticks crossed. 4 a In basketball, whose
most successful team is the Boston Celtics,
it’s good luck to wipe the soles of your
trainers. 5 a In tennis, which first became
an Olympic sport in 1896, it’s bad luck to
hold more than two balls when serving.
Developing speaking p63
1
Developing writing p64
Vocabulary p65
1
1
1 ice hockey 2 football 3 sailing
4 athletics 5 snowboarding 6 diving
a Why and how video gaming is important
to you.
b the editor of the magazine c by email
or letter
2
That video gaming is a type of sport.
3
1 Personally 2 convinced 3 believe
4 see 5 far as I’m concerned 6 opinion
4
1 c
3 d
4 e
5 b
5
1 His heart beats quickly.
2 He talks about it with friends.
3 Very popular: stadiums can attract
thousands of spectators.
4 No, only the mental scores.
5 There is less physical exercise.
6 He says the professional gamers he
knows keep physically fit so that they are
mentally fit, too.
Jimmy
2
1 T 2 F
8 T
2 a
6
3 F
4 T 5 T 6 F
7 T
(Sometimes), I agree … ✓ (A)
I (totally) agree (with you) (that …) (A)
(I think) You’re right (about that) ... ✓ (A)
I take your point. ✓ (A)
That’s true. ✓ (A)
I agree to an extent, but … (D)
I see what you mean, but … ✓ (D)
You’ve got a point. However, … (D)
held in Greece, where the ancient games
also took place.
1 In this picture there are five teenagers,
one boy and four girls. 2 I think they are
in someone’s garden. 3 They are eating
pizza. 4 Maybe this photo was taken
7
Students’ own answers
8
Students’ own answers
1a
1 gallery 2 sketch 3 still life
4 abstract 5 exhibition 6 self-portrait
7 sculpture 8 landscape
1b
a still life b sketch c abstract
d self-portrait e landscape f sculpture
2
1 landscape 2 self-portrait 3 still life
4 exhibition 5 sculpture 6 gallery
7 abstract 8 sketch
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p66
3 The first modern Olympic Games™ were
6
Vocabulary p66
2
2 that 3 which 6 that
held in 776 BC, were won by a chef
called Coroebus.
Students’ own answers
Unit 8
4
2 tunes 3 plays/films 4 sculptors
5 pianists
2 The very first Olympics™, which were
5
4
1 e 2 a 3 f 4 d 5 b 6 c
1
1 where 2 that 3 whose 4 when
5 who
became the first woman to climb Everest.
4
1 cricket 2 exercise 3 optimistic
4 argument 5 importance
5 for
Grammar p65
3
1 In 1975 Junko Tabei, who is from Japan,
I’m not sure that’s true. ✓ (D)
3
1 up 2 in 3 out 4 up
3
1 drawing 2 landscape 3 sketch
4 audience 5 sculpture
Revision: Units 1–7
3
after doing some sport or perhaps it is
someone’s birthday.
Students’ own answers
2
1 pitch, boots 2 slope, goggles
3 rink, skates 4 course, club 5 net, court
4 Golf balls, which are now solid, used to
contain liquid.
5 Richard Williams, whose daughters Serena
and Venus are both multi-millionaires, was
extremely poor as a child.
4
1 played 2 gave 3 which 4 got out
5 were leaving 6 reminded
7 ’m going to make
5
1 interval 2 tickets 3 visitors
4 applauded 5 programme
Reading p67
1
Students’ own answers
2
Each character is about one centimetre tall.
3
1 b 2 b 3 a
4 c
5 c
6 a
4
Students’ own answers
5
1 miniature 2 blob 3 empathise
4 touching 5 projected 6 puddle
7 installation
Grammar in context p68
1
was visiting; had visited; had visited; would
visit; could visit; might visit; had to
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2
2 didn’t know 3 might take 4 could get
5 walked past his installations
3
1 He said his dad had made him a train set
when he was younger, but he had never
really been interested in the trains.
2 He said that when he had got down
to street level, he had realised that
everywhere was the same.
3 Slinkachu said, ‘I like to think my stories
continue after I leave them’.
4
1 she had always hated modern
art 2 they were going to the sculpture
park the following week 3 he was
painting a picture just for me 4 they
were hoping to make a new album that
year 5 she couldn’t sketch anymore that
night because it was too dark
5
a asked b been/become c which
d told e had f us g there h were
i going
Developing vocabulary and
listening p69
1
1 amazed 2 interesting 3 surprising
4 uninspired 5 frightening 6 relaxed
7 bored 8 disappointing
2
1 terrifying 2 worried 3 satisfied
4 entertaining
We are excited about the birthday party
tonight.
4 The number of people at the modern
art exhibition was surprising. / I was
surprised by the number of people at the
modern art exhibition.
5
1 c
2 a
3 a 4 c 5 b 6 b
2
1 could 2 this had happened 3 made
4 if it had changed
3
1 if/whether he had seen the portrait of the
Queen 2 why he was putting his chewing
gum under the desk 3 who his/her
favourite singer was 4 if/whether he often
went to the theatre 5 where the paintings
by Lowry were 6 if/whether they would
minutes later 8 after a few minutes
9 Finally 10 In the end 11 Afterwards
4
At the beginning of a description: at first,
first
In the middle of a description: a few minutes
later, after a while, after that, next, then
At the end of a description: finally, in the end
5a
performance
5b
afterwards, at first, in the end
5c
Students’ own answers
6
Students’ own answers
The interviewer asked Will to speak up a bit.
7
1 There’s a female artist, maybe in her 20s
or 30s. 2 She’s in a field in the countryside.
She might be in Spain. 3 She’s painting a
landscape. 4 The photo was taken in the
4b
middle of the day.
a infinitive b necessary c told d asked
8
5
2 ‘Please split into smaller groups.’
3 ‘Don’t use your mobile phones.’
4 ‘Please move a little faster’.
Students’ own answers
6
1 The guide asked them to leave all their
1
1 e
be able to clean the marks off the painting
things at the entrance.
2 The guide told one of the boys not to go
sandwiches in the gallery.
4 The guide asked the teacher to take the
children into the next room.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p70
3 Tonight’s birthday party is exciting. /
2
1
1 same, statements 2 subject, not
3 do 4 whether
3 The guide told two girls not to eat their
/ Tom is very confused by his maths
homework.
4
Grammar in context p70
too close to the paintings.
3
2 Tom’s maths homework is very confusing.
is very disappointing. / The children
are very disappointed by/about the
cancellation of the school concert.
6
1 thrilling 2 moving 3 exhausted
4 pleased 5 annoyed 6 amusing
4a
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p68
5 The cancellation of the school concert
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p66
7
a He told me I could have a major part.
b He told us to be quiet and (to) listen.
c He told us we all had to wear our
costumes that day.
d He said we could all finish early, because
it was the first day.
9
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p72
2 g 3 a 4 b 5 f 6 c
7 d
2
action, drama, science fiction, thriller
3
Type of film: science fiction and thriller
Yes, the writer thinks it’s amazing.
4
1 C 2 D
3 B
4 A
5
1 T
3 F
4 T
2 F
5 T
6 F
6
Any of the following:
science fiction, thriller, main characters,
well-known actors, plot, happy ending,
acting, special effects
e He said he would see us tomorrow.
released in X, She plays an X, The film was
directed by
Developing speaking p71
to sum up, I would definitely recommend
1 and 2
1 i 2 e 3 a 4 c
8 d 9 j 10 b
Positive adjectives:
5 h
6 f 7 g
3
1 At first 2 First 3 Then 4 Later
5 After that 6 next 7 A few
amazing, fantastic, convincing, interesting,
incredible, exciting, memorable, tense
7
Students’ own answers
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Use of English p75
Revision: Units 1–8
3
a to b which c be d which
e which f can/might/could g of h to
i where j up k then l before
Grammar p73
1
1 The boy told the guide he was 14.
2 He said he couldn’t see his parents
Writing p75
anywhere.
3 He also told her (that) he wasn’t worried
(and that) they would be there very soon.
4 His parents arrived and said they’d been
in the gallery shop.
5 They said they were leaving (as/because)
they didn’t want to miss the train.
2
1 He wanted to know if I had visited the
gallery. 2 They asked him where he was
born. 3 The teacher asked us if we had
touched it. 4 She wanted to know how
long we had been there.
3
1 told the boys not to touch the
sculptures 2 asked us not to talk in the
library 3 told me not to mix all the colours
at the same time 4 at the desk told the
visitors to get their tickets from her
4
1 b 2 g 3 h
8 d
4 a
5 c 6 e 7 f
Vocabulary p73
1
1 d 2 e 3 a
4 b
5 c
2
1 musician 2 audience 3 composer
4 songwriter 5 performer
3
1 exhausting 2 surprised 3 depressing
4 embarrassed 5 interested
4
1 characters 2 conductor 3 excited
4 disgusting 5 stage 6 freezing
7 tiring
1
1 F (lines 8–9) 2 F (line 17) 3 T (lines
13–14) 4 NM 5 T (lines 19–22) 6 F
(lines 26–27) 7 T (lines 33–34) 8 F (lines
34–35) 9 NM 10 F (line 38)
2
1 F 2 F
8 F
3 F
Students’ own answers
5
1 who I admire 2 how long the pictures
took to paint 3 beat the Dutch 4 which
has been an Olympic sport since
1992 5 agree with you 6 where
the tennis courts were 7 whose
coach 8 visitors were … to be quiet
9 excited 10 act 11 he would soon
paint a self-portrait 12 in a pretty village,
where I grew up
4 T 5 T 6 F
7 T
6 Because the authorities decided they
7 Richard III, the boys’ uncle
8 He was a bad man – a villain, who killed
his own nephews.
4
1 villain 2 poisoned 3 skeleton
4 legitimate 5 heir 6 throne
7 orders
5
Students’ own answers
Grammar in context p78
1a
1 A
Unit 9
2 B 3 B 4 A
Vocabulary p76
1b
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
a without b have c past participle
d must e 50% f can’t g 100%
prime minister
national anthem
political parties
queen
2
1 can’t 2 must 3 might 4 must
5 must 6 may 7 can’t 8 could
3
1 d
flag
capital
president
election
policies
currency
the number of people who live in one
particular country
2
1 the US 2 Poland 3 Switzerland
4 Spain 5 Japan 6 Wales
4 d
4
1 vote 2 reigned 3 dictates
4 predictions 5 higher 6 kingdom
4
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2 c 3 a 4 b
He might/may have got stuck in traffic.
They must have been very hungry.
It must have blown over in the storm.
It might have been the wind.
She might/may not have marked it yet.
I must have ridden over some broken glass.
I can’t have put it in my bag this morning.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p78
5
a might b sure c been d have
e could f might g where h already
i told j had found k sounds l called
Developing vocabulary and
listening p79
Reading p77
1
1 and 2
Nouns: aristocracy, danger, sense, help,
terror
Students’ own answers
3
1 It was sudden and unexpected. Some
thought he might have been poisoned.
He was only 40.
Listening p74
either King Richard or the later king,
Henry VII killed them.
couldn’t be tested using modern forensic
methods.
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p76
Reading p74
Richard, was then the King of England.
5 We don’t know, but it is thought that
4
3
1 b 2 a 3 c
Gateway to exams: Units 7–8
4 The boys disappeared. Their uncle,
2 His young son, Edward.
3 to keep him safe
Adjectives: official, terrible, natural
2
1 helpless 2 careful 3 useless
4 careless 5 useful 6 helpful
3
1 thirsty 2 mysterious 3 famous
4 dangerous 5 comfortable 6 hungry
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Workbook answer key
4
Developing speaking p81
5
Students’ own answers
1
5
1 Tutankhamun, King of Ancient Egypt
2 3,300 years ago
Students’ own answers
If I had known what was going to happen,
I would never have left the house. My
parents were away for the weekend. A new
girl in my class had asked me to go for a
swim with her. I used to love swimming,
but something made me uncertain. I don’t
know why. I could have said no, but I didn’t
want to be unfriendly so I agreed.
2
1 Some young people on a demonstration,
6
a in 1922 b 10 c hippopotamus
d physically fit e bone disease f 130
g his/a leg h falling/a fall/breaking his leg
i DNA
probably students. In the foreground,
there are two boys waving flags. On the
left there are some police officers and on
the right there’s a red double-decker bus.
2 They are holding up signs and shouting
or protesting.
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p79
3 They could have heard an announcement
7
beautiful
dramatic
heroic
hopeful/hopeless
peaceful
romantic
wonderful
at their colleges or some news online or
on the TV which has upset them.
democratic
fearful/fearless
homeless
meaningful
poetic
thoughtful/
thoughtless
worthless
4 They probably feel angry.
3
a waving flags b on the right c Most of
the d I mean e more young people
f It seems g I imagine h could have
heard i which is bad j really angry
4
1 noun (stress is on the first syllable)
2 verb (stress is on the second syllable)
Grammar in context p80
1
1 If Carter hadn’t made that incredible
5
They all follow the same pattern (stress
first syllable in noun and second in verb):
contrast contrast, increase increase,
permit permit, refund refund, reject reject,
upgrade upgrade
discovery, his life would have been
completely different. 2 If he had been
healthy, these activities would have been
normal for a king.
2
1 b
3
1 f
2 b
2 a
6a
1 N
3 a
2 V 3 V
4 N
5 V 6 V
6b and 6c
1 They rejected my application for a
3 b 4 e 5 c 6 d
4
1 had 2 have 3 hadn’t been 4 ’d
5 would have 6 had
scholarship. It’s very disappointing.
2 After all that research, Tom got a really
high mark.
5
2 I hadn’t dropped the book in the bath.
3 I hadn’t broken my glasses. 4 my little
3 I’ve just had an upgrade on my phone.
4 We have to contrast the two political
brother hadn’t drawn on my book.
5 I hadn’t spilt my drink on it.
7
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p80
8
6
1 If I’d seen Martin’s sister, I would have
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p82
2 If Nathan hadn’t got food poisoning, he
would have taken the exam.
3 If you hadn’t told me to use that shampoo,
my hair wouldn’t have turned green.
4 If Luke’s train had been delayed, he
would have arrived late for school.
5 If Ella hadn’t helped her dad mend the
car as a child, she wouldn’t have become
a mechanic.
6 If I’d had an eye test, I would have realised
1
1 past perfect 2 past simple 3 past
continuous 4 used to 5 modal verbs
2
1 D
2 B 3 A 4 C
3
1 T 2 F
3 T 4 T 5 F
4
Students’ own answers
Later, when we were cycling back, I invited
Marie to come to my house to watch a
DVD. But she smiled and said that she had
to get home. I was feeling tired anyway, so
we said goodbye and left each other at the
end of my road.
When I was walking up to my front door I
started to feel that something was wrong
again. The door was wide open. I might
have forgotten to lock it, but I can’t have
left it open. My heart was beating quickly
as I walked slowly inside. I said ‘hello!’ but
nobody answered. Somebody was in the
house. I called out again, and that’s when …
6
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–9
Grammar p83
1
1 must 2 can’t 3 must 4 may
5 can’t 6 may
2
1 It can’t have been Paul. 2 The wind
might have frightened off your cat. 3 It
Students’ own answers
given her his wallet.
I needed glasses.
systems for our assignment.
Marie had made some sandwiches and had
packed fruit and drinks for us. The sun was
shining, so it was a perfect day to be by
the river. As we cycled to the river, I began
to feel happier, light-hearted. The water
was lovely and we swam for hours. After
that, we had our picnic. Marie was nice.
She didn’t talk much, but I just thought she
might be shy.
6 F
must have taken months to prepare for the
royal visit. 4 It must have been Jamie who
rang the doorbell. 5 They may have won
because their political campaign was quite
successful. 6 They must have changed
the national anthem, it sounds different.
3
1 would have sent 2 would have
3 had 4 wouldn’t have believed
5 hadn’t lost
4
1 got/taken/had, would 2 whose
3 had, 0 4 me/us 5 taken/brought,
known 6 to 7 may/might/could
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Vocabulary p83
no-: nothing, nobody, no one
Grammar in context p88
1
1 capital 2 national anthem 3 flag
4 population 5 currency
every-: everything, everybody, everyone,
everywhere
1
1 c
2
1 Everyone 2 something 3 anything,
anywhere, nobody 4 everywhere,
something 5 somewhere
2
1 king 2 president 3 members of
parliament 4 laws/policies
3
1 something 2 anywhere 3 everywhere
4 anything 5 anybody 6 everybody
7 someone 8 anything, nothing
3
1 careless 2 sensible 3 comfortable
4 natural 5 helpful
4
1 scientific 2 mysterious 3 helpless
4 possible 5 artistic 6 enjoyable
7 unlucky 8 sociable 9 impatient
10 uncomfortable 11 overcrowded
12 quiet 13 unhealthy
4
5
2 such a busy road, so dangerous
3 such a friendly shopkeeper, so helpful
4 are such crowded places, so noisy
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p86
Vocabulary p84
1
1 i 2 j 3 d 4 e
8 c 9 b 10 h
5 g
6 a
7 f
2
1 a bakery 2 a butcher’s 3 a bookshop
4 a bakery 5 a sports shop 6 a shoe
shop 7 a post office
3
1 trolley 2 refund, receipt 3 queue
4 changing room 5 discount, bargain
6 debit 7 debit card, cash
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p84
4
1 fish counter 2 aisles 3 products
4 escalator 5 receipt 6 customer
services 7 shopping
Reading p85
1
2
1 c
6
2 She’s such a fast cashier.
3 Mine’s not such a cool skateboard.
4 He’d lost so much weight that I didn’t
recognise him/Frank.
5 There was such a bad smell (in the café)
that we decided not to stay.
6 I’ve been at this school since 2014.
7 That’s the restaurant where I had my
birthday party.
8 All of my birthday cake was eaten by my
friends.
9 People will have started living on Mars
by/in 2030.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p87
1
1 lend 2 waste 3 win 4 donate
5 earn 6 spend 7 borrow 8 save
2
1 waste 2 won 3 spent 4 save
5 make 6 lends 7 donate 8 borrow
3, 4
2 a
3 d 4 b
3
1 b 2 c 3 b 4 a
3
Speaker 1: d
5 b
4
1 approval 2 came up with 3 hassle
4 assume 5 accessible 6 fussy
5
Students’ own answers
Grammar in context p86
room.
3 He wishes she would ask before
4 He wishes she wouldn’t say rude things
about his hair.
5 He wishes she wouldn’t embarrass him in
front of his friends.
4
1 If only I had bought that jacket in the
sale.
2 I wish I’d bought those Nike trainers on
eBay yesterday.
3 I wish you wouldn’t leave the lights on in
every room.
4 If only my mum hadn’t put my new
jumper in the wash.
5 If only somebody had saved the
department store from closing down.
6 I wish I had curlier hair.
5
1 I’d got up earlier 2 It was such a quiet
morning/so quiet 3 practically nobody
there 4 I could have a coffee break 5 a
sandwich or something 6 when I
returned 7 If only he had stayed with me
8 I asked her politely to wait 9 I wish I
had stayed calmer 10 he told me
Developing speaking p89
1
b sports shop
2
a I’m just looking b I’m looking for
c Have you got anything in d I’ll take
these e can I bring them back
3
1 b 2 b 3 b
Speaker 2: a
Speaker 3: b
Speaker 4: c
4
1 Speaker 3 2 Speaker 4 3 Speaker 4
4 Speaker 3 5 Speaker 2 6 Speaker 1
7 Speaker 1 8 Speaker 3
1
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p87
some-: something, somewhere
5
1 g 2 f 3 a
8 e
any-: anybody, anyone, anywhere
3
2 He wishes she wouldn’t eat biscuits in his
borrowing his stationery.
a adjectives and adverbs b nouns c that
Unit 10
2 b 3 a
2
1 would listen 2 had 3 spoke 4 had
known 5 hadn’t bought 6 was
7 wouldn’t keep
4 h 5 d
6 b 7 c
4 and 5
1 c 2 f
3 a
4 a
5 b
6 a
4 g 5 e 6 d 7 b
6
Students’ own answers
7
1 expensive clothes shop, perhaps a
boutique selling designer clothes and
accessories 2 A woman looking at the
clothes 3 there aren’t many people,
there’s a plant and it has a big window so
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it is very light and comfortable, looks like
someone’s living room 4 people that are
rich probably live there
B1+
4
1 bargain 2 discount 3 performance
4 tap 5 assignment 6 mark 7 stale
8
Gateway to exams: Units 9–10
Students’ own answers
9
Reading p92
Students’ own answers
1
1 b 2 b 3 c 4 a
Developing writing p90
1
Carla bought a memory stick from the shop
but found when she got home that the box
was empty. The shop assistant was rude to
her, suggesting that Carla had taken the
stick; she also did not tell the truth about
the manager being there.
2
1 NM
2 T 3 F
4 F
Listening p92
2
1
4
6
8
4,000 2 fighting 3 rectangular
long triangle/triangular 5 400
US 7 simple/basic design
identical/the same
Use of English p93
5 NM 6 T
3
3
Consequence: therefore
a different b relaxing c international
d operates e developer f successful
g billionaire h anything i electrical
j lucky k exciting l used m sensible
n personal o security
Time and sequence: in the end
Writing p93
Addition: furthermore, in addition
Contrast: although
Reason: because
4
1 a
2 c 3 b 4 c 5 a
4
6 b
Students’ own answers
5
5
1 It can’t have been her at the party last
Students’ own answers
night.
Revision: Units 1–10
2 If you had called me earlier, we would
have been able to go together.
Grammar p91
1
1 anywhere 2 something 3 everyone/
everybody 4 Nothing 5 anybody/anyone
2
1 such 2 so 3 so 4 such 5 such
3 Seb may have left his coat.
4 We wouldn’t have taken that exam, if
we’d known how hard it was.
5 It can’t be him. He isn’t that tall.
6 No one/Nobody knows what the actor’s
real name is.
3
1 hadn’t listened 2 had bought
3 hadn’t agreed 4 had arrived
5 hadn’t wasted
7 Laura, come downstairs. Somebody
4
1 not 2 would 3 have 4 such
5 have 6 had
9 In the foreground of the picture, you
wants to talk to you.
8 The composer was such an interesting
person to talk to.
can see some sheep.
10 I look forward to hearing from you.
11 If only I hadn’t lent Bernie my new
Vocabulary p91
1
1 stationery shop/newsagent’s 2 bakery
3 butcher’s 4 jeweller’s 5 electrical
goods shop 6 chemist’s 7 greengrocer’s
2
1 d
2 f 3 c
4 a
5 b
dictionary. He’s lost it.
12 I wish my neighbour wouldn’t/didn’t
play his music so loudly.
6 e
3
1 win 2 lend 3 saving 4 donates
5 raised 6 afford
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B2
B2
Workbook answer key
Unit 1
Vocabulary p4
1
Studying at university: assignment (n),
coursework (n), degree (n), lecture (n/v),
master’s (n), notes (n), tutorial (n)
People: tutor (n), undergraduate (n)
Exams/Assessment: continuous
assessment (n), mark (n/v), resit (v)
4 c
5 a 6 b 7 c
Developing vocabulary and
listening p7
1
2 d
3 f
4 a
5 e 6 b
the course content and structure ✓
the cost of the fees ✓
opportunities to get work experience ✓
extracurricular activities ✓
2
2 D
9 C
6
a has, started b has been studying
c has decided d have told e has been
following f has been going g has been
7
1 ‘ve been living here for 2 is forever
giving us 3 haven’t finished my research
yet 4 are always talking about 5 ‘ve
already read 6 ‘s been revising since
Reading p5
1
1
2
3
4
4
1 to meet 2 to do 3 cooking 4 to
hand 5 walking 6 to go 7 to turn
8 borrowing
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p6
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p4
4
1 c
4
1 applied 2 finished 3 discovered
4 seen 5 been working
thinking
2
1 independent 2 continuous
3 assignments 4 tutorial 5 activity
6 residence
2 b 3 b
3
2 e
5
a 2 b 4 c 1 d 5 e 3
Living at university: become independent
(v), extracurricular activity (n), hall of
residence (n), student loan (n)
3
1 c
Dr Maria Gurther and Frederick Johnson
run the library.
3 A 4 B 5 D
6 E 7 A 8 E
do
make
an assignment
an appointment
an exam
breakfast
homework
a decision
the housework
an excuse
the shopping
friends
someone a favour
a mistake
sport
a noise
well
a promise
a suggestion
3
1 ✓ 2 ✓ 4 ✓ 5 ✓
4
1 drop out 2 close-knit 3 prestigious
4 placement 5 vocational
2
2 Nathan made a mistake. 3 Juliet did
the housework. 4 Harry did a Spanish
course. 5 Kate did well. 6 Lara made
an excuse. 7 Ben did an assignment.
1
a simple b continuous c simple
d simple e continuous
4
1 a 2 b 3 c 4 c 5 b 6 c
2
1 is, complaining (e) 2 have (a)
3 understand (d) 4 ‘m doing (b)
5 start (c)
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p7
5
1 d
2 f 3 a
4 e 5 c 6 b
3
Grammar in context p8
The library closes at 5.25 pm during
university holidays.
1
1 Sorting out 2 to set up 3 Checking
4 to keep 5 walking 6 to cook
7 sharing 8 to take, forgetting 9 to do
They are constructing a new exhibition area.
They are extending the basement storage
area.
The library opens 24 hours in term-time.
The library opens at 9 am during university
holidays.
4 b 5 a
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p8
5
1 for keep fit to keep fit 2 doing to do
3 buy buying 4 I’ve been forgetting
I’ve forgotten 5 text to text 6 I’ve done
I’ve been doing 7 is finishing finishes
8 to become becoming
Developing speaking p9
1
2 What is your favourite part of the day?
3 Is it easy to study where you live?
4 Do you prefer to be inside or outside
[outside or inside]? 5 What would you
like to do next summer?
2
1 F
2 T 3 F
4 T 5 F
3
1 watch 2 going 3 not stay
4 have 5 not staying 6 going out
7 not to go 8 to go
4
1 going go 2 than to 3 I rather I’d
rather 4 don’t not to 5 to be than [be]
6 I prefer have I’d prefer to have
Developing writing p10
1
2 formal
5 formal
8 formal
3 informal
6 informal
9 informal
4 informal
7 formal
2
What have you and your family been doing
recently?
3
3 ✓ 4 ✓
Grammar in context p6
3 d
2
a 6, 8, 9 b 2 c 4
d 7, 8 e 1, 3, 5
I’m also considering coming to study
in your country. What do you think the
advantages are for me doing that?
Maybe you could come and study here, or
we could both go and study in Australia
together! What would you prefer?
What kind of preparation for leaving school
do you get?
Revision: Unit 1
Grammar p11
1
1 always make 2 are getting on
3 always 4 have 5 ‘m revising
6 always pays
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2
1 ‘ve walked 2 ‘s been waiting
3 Have, finished 4 ‘ve already seen
5 has been looking, still hasn’t found
3
1 T 2 F 3 T 4 NM 5 F 6 T
7 NM 8 T
4
1 ✓ 2 ✓ 3 ✗ 4 ✓ 5 ✗
3
1 sailing 2 to feed 3 talking
4 to study 5 cycling
5
1 buckets 2 told off 3 scorching
4 backbreaking 5 stick with
4
a ‘m writing b replying c ‘ve been
d go e have f ‘ve handed
g ‘m having h made i Living
j to move k ‘ve been looking l had
Grammar in context p14
1
1 e
Vocabulary p11
1
1 assessment 2 tutor 3 undergraduate
4 facilities 5 assignment 6 tutorial
2
1 degree 2 notes 3 coursework
4 grade, mark 5 resit 6 graduate
7 master’s 8 extracurricular
2 c 3 a 4 b 5 d
2
1 were waiting 2 was shining 3 went
4 got 5 was surfing 6 didn’t have
3
a studied b was sitting c happened
d stopped e was doing f applied
g tried h cried i was travelling
4
4 ✓
3
1 make 2 do 3 make 4 make
5 do 6 do 7 make 8 do
5
a 3 b 2, 4
c 2, 4
d 1
Suggested answers
6
1 We used to live in a small town.
2 I used to have a part-time job in a shop.
3 I’d go to work every Saturday. 4 I’d start
at nine in the morning. 5 I didn’t use to
work late. 6 I didn’t use to like my job so
Farmers: 1, 4, 6, 7, 11
I decided to leave.
Unit 2
Vocabulary p12
1
Nurses: 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 12
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p14
PAs: 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 12
7
1 didn’t had didn’t have 2 tryed tried
3 was read was reading 4 like a fisherman
as a fisherman 5 applied at applied for
6 was travelled travelled 7 got up get up
8 works worked 9 didn’t liked didn’t like
10 is work is working 11 didn’t used
didn’t use 12 is better than work is better
Firefighters: 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11
2
1 negative 2 positive 3 negative
4 positive
3
a responsible b deal with c stressful
d get a promotion e experience
f training
than working
Restaurant manager
4
2 e
3 b 4 a
Developing vocabulary and
listening p15
5 d
1
2 b
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p12
3 a
4 e 5 h
6 d 7 f 8 g
2
1 c 2 f 3 a 4 b 5 e
5
1 job-share 2 perks 3 highpowered 4 sick leave 5 deadlines
3
1 D 2 E 3 B 4 F
Reading p13
1
5 A
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p15
4
2 h
3 c
4 a 5 f 6 g 7 e 8 b
5
a set up b Draw up c Send out
d Stick to e drag on f Write down
g carry out h follow up
Grammar in context p16
1
1 C 2 C
3 S 4 both 5 S
2
1 been 2 been helping 3 been
travelling 4 made 5 been 6 been
learning
3
2 I was hungry because I hadn’t eaten.
3 She was exhausted because she’d been
working since 5 am. 4 They were late
because they’d missed the bus. 5 My
teacher was annoyed because I hadn’t
done my homework. 6 Everything was
white because it’d been snowing for days.
7 I didn’t recognise Sam because I hadn’t
seen him for ages.
4
a went b ‘d, finished c ‘d been studying
d ‘d, visited e ‘d gone f ‘d stayed up
g knocked h didn’t wake up i ‘d been
trying j drove k ‘d forgotten l had
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p16
5
1 After he’d left, I did my homework.
2 While I was working in Argentina, I made
some good friends. 3 When I saw the
advert, I immediately decided to apply.
4 After I’d earned some money, we went
travelling. 5 While I was staying in
Romania, I visited lots of interesting places.
6 After we’d waited/’d been waiting for
two hours, the bus eventually arrived.
Developing speaking p17
1
Asking for
opinions
Agreeing
Disagreeing
What about
you?
That’s a good
idea.
What do you
think?
Yes, you’re
right.
I see what
you mean,
but …
I suppose so,
but …
2
2
2 relaxing 3 learning a language
4 volunteering 5 working
Jack: sheep shearing, Positive
3
c
Sheena: skyscraper window cleaner, Positive
volunteering
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4
Listening p21
Reading p23
What do you think about …? ✓ What
about …? ✓ Do you agree? ✓ Yes, I agree. ✓
Yes, you’re right. ✓ That’s a good idea. ✓
I think you’re right. ✓ Maybe, but … ✓
I suppose so, but … ✓ I agree up to a point. ✓
4
1 E 2 C
1
1 the Personal Rapid Transit system
2 private transport 3 No, probably not.
5
a you think b up to a c see what
d do you think e suppose f agree with
Revision: Units 1–2
Grammar p19
1
1 used to 2 had already left 3 were
you doing 4 had forgotten 5 would go
2
1 had been to 2 used to be 3 hadn’t
been feeling 4 didn’t use to do
5 hadn’t revised
3
1 b
2 c
3 c
4 b 5 a 6 c
Vocabulary p19
1
1 outdoors 2 nine to five 3 employee
4 full-time 5 well paid
3
1 fill in 2 turn down 3 get ahead
4 take over 5 keep at
6
1 I’m considering going to university next
year. 2 I’d like to study Marketing, but it
depends on my grades. 3 My parents
didn’t use to learn English at school.
4 Daniel has been studying in France for
six months. 5 I’d like to find a well-paid
job when I finish my degree. 6 Sara has
written three assignments so far this term.
7 My dad used to live at home when he
was a student. 8 I’m interested in finding
work/a job in a bank or in an office. 9 When
I went to London, my friends had already
been living there for a year. 10 It’s difficult
to live in another country if you don’t speak
the language. 11 I often make mistakes
when I do my English homework. 12 My dad
was made redundant after working in the
company for 20 years.
Unit 3
2
1 B 2 C
3
1 ✓
2 tube 3 motorway
5 crew 6 passenger
8 train 9 traffic jam
11 rocket 12 flight
2
get
off
Gateway to exams: Units 1–2
Reading p20
get
into
✓
get
out
of
✓
all the points given, plus: to get a better
job with a higher salary, the course structure
is different, to enjoy the extracurricular
activities, because the facilities are good
3 B 4 A 5 A 6 B 7 A
Use of English p20
3
1 used to do 2 would phone
3 had been living 4 didn’t use to enjoy
5 are always having
4 ✓ 5 ✓
5
1 go ahead 2 cross 3 widespread
4 gave up on
Grammar in context p24
1
2 c
3 a 4 e 5 b
2
2 P
3 I
4 I 5 I
3
1 goes 2 is playing 3 ‘m meeting
4 starts
5
2 What are you going to do/are you doing
next weekend?
3 Our flight leaves at 9.30 tomorrow morning.
4 I’m going to study law at Bristol
University next year.
Bus
Train
Plane
✓
✓
✓
Spacecraft
✓
6
1
2
3
4
‘m/am going to
won’t/will not
leaves
‘m/am playing
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p24
board
1
5 A 6 D
4
1 ✓ 5 ✓ 6 ✓
Vocabulary p22
Car
3 G 4 F
4
1 give up on 2 cross 3 go ahead
4 widespread
Shaded words: future travel
4
1 skilled 2 experience 3 a lecture
4 a mistake 5 note 6 a graduate
7 an assignment
2
1 C 2 C
8 B
4 A 5 B
COMMON MISTAKES p21
1
1 platform
4 luggage
7 astronaut
10 vehicle
2
1 is responsible for 2 self-employed
3 overtime 4 made redundant
5 sacked 6 qualifications 7 for
3 F
✓
✓
✓
take
off
✓
✓
land
✓
✓
3
1 journey
✓
✓
7
1 F I going I’m going 2 M will meet ‘m
meeting 3 F as soon as you will gets
home as soon as you get home 4 S
begining beginning 5 M grows will
grow 6 S wan’t won’t 7 F going be
going to be 8 M is going to leave leaves
2 voyage 3 trip 4 travel
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p22
4
1 drop, off 2 set off 3 pick, up
4 gets in 5 stop off 6 see, off
7 get away 8 get stuck
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Developing vocabulary and
listening p25
1
Prefix
Words
co-
operate, president, star, write
dis-
appeared
inter-
national
mis-
calculate, paid, understood,
write
over-
booked, estimate, paid,
populated, power, write
post-
graduate
re-
appeared, calculate, consider,
paid, populated, title, write
sub-
standard, zero
super-
power, star
under-
estimate, graduate, paid,
populated, write
2
1 at home 2 during 23rd March
3 complete five years as the team coach
Grammar p29
3
1 Photo c a will have started school
b will be studying lots of different school
1
1 am meeting 2 will rain 3 leaves
4 going to love 5 get
subjects
2 Photo d a will still be working in a shop
b will have become a shop manager
3 Photo a a will have qualified as a chef
b will have been managing a restaurant
for about two years
4 Photo e a will have won her first big race
b will be training for the next Olympics
5 Photo b a will have retired b will have
been/will be travelling around the world
for six months
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p26
2
2 That was irresponsible! 3 That’s
unbelievable! 4 That’s unusual! 5 That’s
inconvenient! 6 That’s impossible!
3
1 ✓ 3 ✓ 4 ✓ 6 ✓
4
1 low 2 lunar hotels 3 before 4 be
completely 5 long-distance 6 virtual
7 rooms in houses
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p25
4
1 My brother is one of those people who
will knows … 2 For example, he’s going
to be go to university … 3 In five years’
time, he’ll have been finished his course …
4 In ten years’ time he’ll already be getting
married … 5 As soon as they will have
enough money, … 6 I know that when he
retires, he will have been worked … 7 I will
have no idea … 8 where I’ll be doing in
five years’ time. 9 I hope I’ll have doing
a job …. 10 that I will enjoy …
Developing speaking p27
5
Suggested answers
2 unsure – I’m unsure about what I want to
do in the future. 3 impatient – Don’t be
impatient. Dinner will be ready soon.
4 misbehave – Children often misbehave
because they want attention. 5 incapable
– My four-year-old nephew is incapable of
sitting still for very long. 6 misinformed
– I’m afraid you’ve been misinformed. The
museum is closed today. 7 illegal – It’s
illegal to ride a motorbike without a helmet.
8 disobey – You should never disobey the
law.
1
First part: Compare the photographs
Second part: say what you think about the
ways of travelling on holiday
1
will have done – future perfect simple –
activities/states that will be finished before
a particular point in the future
will be doing – future continuous – activities
in progress at a particular point in the future
will have been doing – future perfect
continuous – how long an activity has been in
progress before a particular point in the future
travelling
3
1 c
2 b 3 a 4 c
4
1 is having a party 2 ‘ve been doing
yoga for 3 Greg had gone 4 will have
started 5 had been working
Vocabulary p29
1
1 unlikely 2 irresponsible
3 unsuccessful 4 incomplete
5 underestimated
2
Across: 2 facilities 6 trip 8 degree
10 overtime 11 promotion
Down: 1 voyage 3 lecture 4 set up
5 fired 7 flexitime 9 board
Unit 4
Vocabulary p30
1
Suggested answers
Must not be
a surgeon
patient
nervous
a teacher
assertive
bossy
a pilot
determined
insecure
a tour guide
polite
quiet,
reserved
a diplomat
tactful
tactless
1: at an airport, 2: in
the countryside
a journalist
assertive
narrowminded
1: they have
big backpacks,
2: she has a small
backpack
a security
guard
determined
insecure
Similarities
Differences
people travelling on
holiday
1: travelling by
plane, 2: travelling
by bicycle
Grammar in context p26
2
1 ‘ll have finished 2 ‘ll have been living
3 ‘ll be sleeping 4 ‘ll have been
Must be
2
they have luggage
with them
Revision: Units 1–3
3
Yes
4
1 Both photographs show 2 In the first
photograph 3 whereas in the second
photograph 4 In both pictures 5 but one
big difference between the photos 6 while
7 Another important difference is that
8 Compared with
2
1 silly 2 brusque 3 modest
4 easygoing 5 tidy
3
2
4
6
1
big-headed 3 good-natured
bad-tempered 5 self-confident
hard-working
b
2 e 3 d 4 a
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6 f
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4
Developing vocabulary and
listening p33
Suggested answers
1
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p30
self-reliant, self-centred, self-made
Adjectives
good-hearted, good-humoured
hard-headed, hard-hearted
Nouns:
things/
Nouns:
people
subjects/
ideas
4
1 too 2 enough 3 so 4 watch
5 that 6 such 7 so
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p34
5
1 too 2 the 3 enough 4 so 5 an
6 0 7 such 8 a
well-meaning, well-behaved, wellmannered, well-adjusted, well-spoken,
well-read
creative
creation
creator
electrical
electricity
electrician
Reading p31
political
politics
politician
1
scientific
science
scientist
c
Verbs
direct
direction
director
geniuses; genius is something you are born
with; parents put pressure on children to be
exceptional
employ
employment
employer,
employee
3
1 a
invent
invention
inventor
compete
competition
competitor
educate
education
educator
profess
profession
professor,
professional
operate
operation
operator
investigate
investigation
investigator
perform
performance
performer
2
1 b
2 c
3 a 4 b 5 a
3
1 F
2 O
3 F
4 O
5 O
4
1 smash 2 sparked 3 glow
4 from scratch 5 stunned
5
1 from scratch 2 smashed 3 glow
4 sparked 5 stunned
Grammar in context p32
1
2 the + adjective + est 3 more + adjective
+ than 4 the most + adjective 5 more
+ adverb + than 6 the most + adverb
7 late, long, soon, near, hard, early
8 irregular adverbs (e.g. good, bad )
2
2
4
6
8
the best 3 the most dramatically
more often 5 more carelessly than
earlier than 7 more widely than
more energetically than 9 calmer, better
3
4 Jane doesn’t go jogging as often in the
winter as in the summer. 5 Jared doesn’t
usually ride his bike as carelessly as he did
when he crashed it. 6 Peter didn’t expect
to finish as early as he did. 8 Jarvis doesn’t
play the piano as energetically as Nina.
4
1 The sooner the better! 2 Better late
than never! 3 Better safe than sorry!
4 This is going from bad to worse!
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p32
5
3 Feliks solved the puzzle more quickly
than Erik. 4 Feliks was the fastest
contestant. 5 Yu solved the puzzle the
most slowly. 6 Erik was slower than Feliks.
2
1 -ness 2 -ist 3 -ment 4 -ence
3
1 b
2 c
4
1 F 2 NM 3 T 4 NM
7 T 8 F
5 NM 6 T
Developing speaking p35
2
1 disagree 2 not all children can be
5
2 relationship = the way in which two or
more people or things are connected to
each other 3 friendship = a relationship
between two people who are friends
4 motherhood = the state of being a
mother 5 neighbourhood = a particular
area of a city or town 6 partnership = the
position of being one of two or more
people who own a company as partners
7 membership = the fact of being a
member of a club, organisation or group
8 brotherhood = a close group of people,
usually used for men
6 b 7 a
Revision: Units 1–4
Grammar p37
1
1 worst 2 as fast 3 most successful
4 more accurately 5 farther/further
2
1 such
3
1 0
2 so 3 enough 4 too
2 a
3 the 4 0, an
4
1 is too expensive (for me) 2 so tired last
night that 3 more and more difficult
4 such a boring film that 5 not tall enough
5
1 b
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p33
2 b 3 a 4 a 5 b
2 b 3 b
4 a 5 b 6 b
Vocabulary p37
1
1 self-confident 2 outgoing
3 broad-minded 4 bad-tempered
5 modest 6 tactful
2
a performer b confidence c scientist
d education e happiness
3
1 appearance 2 employment
3 unexpected 4 politician
5 rewrite
Grammar in context p34
Gateway to exams: Units 3–4
1
2 a/an 3 the 4 0
Reading p38
5 the 6 the
2
a a b the c a d the e the f the
g 0 h 0 i 0 j the k a l the
3
1 e
2 d 3 f 4 b 5 c
1
1 stronger 2 flower 3 twelve 4 11, 5
2
2 a 3 e 4 b 5 d
6 a
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3
1 C 2 G
8 B
Reading p41
3 D 4 H 5 A 6 F
7 E
Use of English p39
4
a
c
e
g
1
1 job 2 environment 3 evaluate
2
1 wanted to 2 didn’t manage
3 positive
researchers b development
scientists d performance
difference f suggestion
encouragement
3
1 She wanted to work in a more stimulating
COMMON MISTAKES p39
and fulfilling way and to preserve the
environment. 2 An energy company
supplied free gas and electricity in return
for research on their green products.
3 She made bartering agreements with a
restaurant, a farm and a shop. 4 The shop
was reluctant to get involved, but finally
agreed; others were inspired and supportive.
5 Her relationships with the people around
her became deeper.
8
1 By this time next year, he’ll have finished
4
1 F
Listening p39
5
1 unicycle 2 two and a half years
3 18,000 4 25 5 Bag
6
1 F
2 NM
3 F
4 T 5 F
/ he’ll be finishing his trip around the world.
2 Most people aren’t brave enough to travel
around the world alone. 3 I’m going to
have a bath as soon as I get home. 4 This
time next month, we’ll be relaxing because
we’ll have finished all our exams. 5 Emily
works harder than anyone else in class.
6 Our flight leaves at nine o’clock tomorrow
morning. 7 The journey by train was too
expensive so we decided to go by bus.
Unit 5
Vocabulary p40
1
Across: 2 change 3 value 5 bargain
8 interest 10 charges 12 debt
13 refund
Down: 1 waste 4 loan 6 receipt
7 account 9 sale 11 fee
2
1 a purse, a wallet, a pocket 2 No, it isn’t.
3 an ATM/cashpoint 4 it’s safer, you could
earn interest 5 the bank 6 the date and
time when a purchase was made, the item
purchased, the price, the name and location
of the shop (also the method of payment)
7 so people buy more things, to move
excess stock 8 £3.15
3
a 3 b 7 d 4 e 6 f 2 g 5
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p40
4
1 on 2 paid for 3 in, by 4 out
5 up for 6 for 7 in 8 on
2 O
3 O
4 O
5
1 sustainable 2 spare 3 buzz
4 carried on 5 fulfilling
Grammar in context p42
1
1 have to 2 should 3 has to
4 isn’t allowed 5 has to
6 mustn’t 7 shouldn’t
2
Modal
verb
Past form
Function of
the past form
have to
had to
need to
needed to
express
obligation
and necessity
in the past
needn’t
needn’t have
not have to
didn’t have to
not need to
didn’t need
to
not have to
didn’t have
to
not need to
didn’t need
to
ought to
ought to have
ought not
to
oughtn’t to
have
should
should have
should not
shouldn’t
have
not be
allowed to
wasn’t/
weren’t
allowed to
can’t
couldn’t
say that
something
happened
but was not
necessary
say something
didn’t happen
because it
wasn’t
necessary
criticise a past
action or say
that it was a
mistake
3
2 shouldn’t have eaten 3 couldn’t go
to the island (for three days) because
it was 4 wasn’t allowed to go in (the
swimming pool) 5 ought to have
closed 6 didn’t need to hand in his /
needn’t have handed in his
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p42
4
She shouldn’t have/oughtn’t to have gone
to get her school bag ready. She should
have/ought to have dried her jumper.
She should have/ought to have put a new
battery in her watch. She shouldn’t/oughtn’t
to have watched the TV programme. She
shouldn’t/oughtn’t to have worn flip flops.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p43
1
1 f
2 h
2
1 b
2 b 3 a
3 c
4 b 5 a
6 d
4 b 5 a 6 b
3
It operated without money, possibly
because the Inca people dedicated their
efforts to agriculture rather than economics.
4
a 1300s b indigenous c Peru d gold
e 12 f large g 40,000 h government
i worked j clothes k climate l states
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p43
5
1 e
2 b 3 c 4 d 5 a
Grammar in context p44
1
Possibility
______________________________________
0%
50%
100%
can’t
could
must
may
might
2
1 can’t 2 could, could 3 can’t
4 must 5 could 6 must
3
1 might not 2 can’t 3 can’t 4 might
not 5 can’t 6 can’t
say something
was prohibited
or not possible
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B2
Workbook answer key
4
Present
modal
5
Past modal
Use this
form when
there is …
quicker ✓ more convenient ✓ Personally ✓
I think ✓ I mean ✓
6
1 on the right 2 seem, imagine 3 may
have spent 4 quicker, more, better
5 reliable as 6 my opinion
7 Personally
must
must have
(been)
1
mustn’t
–
–
could
could have
(been)
2
couldn’t/
can’t
couldn’t/
can’t have
(been)
4
1
may
may have
(been)
2
You have bought an item of clothing. There
is a hole in it. You live too far away to return
it.
may not
may not
have (been)
3
2
1 d 2 b 3 c
might
might have
(been)
2
might not
mightn’t
have (been)
3
Developing writing p46
coat.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p44
6
1 I’m sure he didn’t. 2 You haven’t slept.
3 There’s no other explanation. 4 He often
calls in the evening. 5 We’ve already got
one. 6 There aren’t any lights on.
7 Why didn’t you? 8 I suppose it’s possible.
9 It was too expensive.
Developing speaking p45
1
Similar: People want to withdraw money
at a bank. Different: In picture 1, people
are waiting in a queue inside the bank. In
picture 2, someone is withdrawing money
from an ATM machine outside a bank
2
a show b first c whereas d both
e difference f second
c
4
Fillers
opinions
at the top
more
can’t have
convenient could have
in the
foreground quicker
I imagine
on the left/
might
right
it looks as if
I’m not
sure, but
I think
Personally,
Grammar p47
2 c 3 b 4 c
5 c
2
1 must 2 can’t 3 might 4 can’t
5 may
3
1 had better see a 2 may have left my
bag 3 are not/aren’t allowed to 4 do
not/don’t have to 5 should not/shouldn’t
have bought
4
a
d
g
k
are opening b an c has had
asking e couldn’t f Having
better h opened i were j may
to catch
Vocabulary p47
1
a current account b bank fees
c overdraft d interest e pay
f cashpoint g withdraw
2
1 sales, bargain 2 receipt
3 cut back 4 came to 5 pick up
3
Describing Comparing Speculating Giving
Revision: Units 1–5
1
1 a
Let me
think
Vocabulary p48
1
1 forehead 2 chin 3 throat 4 chest
5 lungs 6 heart 7 hip 8 wrist
9 thigh 10 ankle 11 heel 12 toes
2
Injuries
Other
health
problems
Symptoms
Treatment
dislocate
fracture
sprain
twist
addiction
allergy
heart
disease
feel dizzy
have a
temperature
check-up
injection
medicine
operation
prescription
take
someone’s
blood
pressure
4 a
4
1 Sir or Madam 2 phrasal verbs,
abbreviations, contractions 3 longer,
formal 4 faithfully
5
2 Ann may not have left yet. 3 They
can’t have seen us. 4 It must have been
a mistake. 5 John may have taken your
Unit 6
3
1 refund 2 journey 3 illogical
4 tactful 5 assessment
3
2 a 3 f 4 d 5 g 6 e
7 b
4
Suggested answers
1 take your temperature, take your blood
pressure 2 work out in a gym, have a
balanced diet (avoiding fatty or processed
food with too much salt and sugar)
3 give you an injection, give you a
prescription 4 having a temperature,
feeling dizzy, shivering 5 twist, sprain,
fracture, break, dislocate
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p48
5
1 heal 2 aches 3 sick 4 injuries
5 cure 6 sore
Reading p49
1
1 cF 2 aF 3 bT 4dF
2
1 T
2 T 3 F
3
2 ✓
3 ✓
4 T 5 T 6 F
4
1 crave 2 catch up 3 posture
4 trigger
Grammar in context p50
1
Conditional Used for
Tense
describing used in
part of
sentence
with if
Zero
F
B
First
D
B
Second
A
E
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Tense
used in
other
part of
sentence
B
G
C
7 of 14
B2
Workbook answer key
2
1
4
6
8
Grammar in context p52
F 2 eat, make T 3 doesn’t burn, rub F
put, stops O 5 avoid, eat O
swallow, takes F 7 damage, sit O
sleep, snore F
3
2 have, fall asleep 3 goes, ‘ll feel
4 would sleep, had 5 sleep, do
4
1 as long as/providing/provided that
2 as long as/providing/provided that
3 unless 4 unless 5 in case 6 in case
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p50
5
1 I’ll tell Paul if I’ll see him. 2 If you
would do did more exercise, you’d be
healthier. 3 Your English won’t improve
provided unless you practise speaking.
4 Take your umbrella in case it will rain rains.
5 If Stephen were shorter, he won’t wouldn’t
be such a good basketball player.
6 You’d ‘ll pass your driving test next week
as long as you didn’t don’t panic. 7 If you
won’t don’t water these plants, they’ll die.
8 I won’t apologise to Lisa unless she
doesn’t apologise apologises first.
1
1 past simple, have + past participle
2 imaginary, past
2
1 d 2 b 3 c
4 a
5 f 6 e
3
1 had trained, would have won 2 would
have written, hadn’t been 3 ‘d known,
wouldn’t have ordered 4 ’d asked, would
have lent 5 wouldn’t have bought, hadn’t
given 6 would have gone, hadn’t had
4
2 I wasn’t wearing/I hadn’t put on/I hadn’t
worn a thick jumper 3 hadn’t lent my
maths book to Tom 4 he wouldn’t tell
jokes at parties 5 I’d done some guitar
practice this week 6 he/she wouldn’t
phone me at dinnertime
1
1 the weather (N) 2 in shape (P)
3 out (N) 4 on your feet (P)
5 down with (N) 6 of the world (P)
5
1 had 2 had gone 3 have woken
4 knew 5 would ask 6 have
7 hadn’t eaten 8 knew
Developing speaking p53
basketball
2
2 was feeling under the weather
yesterday 3 on top of the world 4 if I see
it, I black out 5 to stay in shape
3
climbing ✓ surfing ✓ cycling ✓ swimming ✓
football ✓ yoga ✓
swimming
Advantage
Disadvantage
team sport –
good way to
meet people
you need
time for it, to
practise and
play matches
a good way to
keep in shape
it takes time to
go to the pool,
swim, get
changed and
have a shower
you can do it
at any time
running
you can do it
at any time
4
1 E 2 F 3 D 4 A 5 C
you don’t
have to belong
to a gym
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p51
you can do it
with a friend
5
tennis
very ill
not well
getting
better
very well
in a bad
way
off colour
on the
mend
a clean
bill of
health
run down
on the
road to
recovery
up and
about
6
1 b 2 b 3 a 4 a
5 b
you can play it
with a friend
you could
get injured
– sprain your
ankle or pull a
muscle
you usually
have to belong
to a club, and
that’s quite
expensive
skiing
it’s exciting
4
1 b
4 b
5 d 6 h
7 a
8 e
2 a 3 b 4 c 5 a 6 a
Revision: Units 1–6
Grammar p55
1
1 ‘ll have to 2 would look 3 have
4 would have become 5 had been
2
1 wishes he were (was) 2 provided (that)
it’s 3 won’t go skiing unless 4 in case
we have to
3
1 c
2 b 3 b 4 d 5 c 6 d
7 c
Vocabulary p55
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p52
2
Developing vocabulary and
listening p51
3
2 i 3 c
9 g
it’s expensive
as right
as rain
it’s only for
winter
as fit as a
fiddle
you have to
travel to
different
places to do it
1
1 lungs 2 balanced 3 sprain
4 increases 5 infection
2
1 e
2 e
3 f 4 a
5 b 6 c
3
1 residence 2 misunderstood
3 receipt 4 employer 5 overtime
6 improvement
Gateway to exams: Units 5–6
Reading p56
1
1 Uganda 2 Girls Power Micro-Lending
Organisation (GIPOMO) 3 women to
help them set up small businesses 4 four
2
1 T 2 T 3 F
7 F
4 NM
5 T 6 NM
Use of English p57
3
1 shouldn’t have left 2 unless their
parents can 3 ought to go to school
4 wish I hadn’t spent 5 had better save
some money 6 may open other
businesses
Listening p57
5
a exercise b 40 c stomach d heart
e blood f cold g Cousins h funny
i sleep j relationships
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COMMON MISTAKES p57
Grammar in context p60
8
1 You should go to hospital as long as in
case it’s something serious. 2 I wish I
1
1 one tense, stay the same 2 simple,
perfect 3 could, would, should, might
4 true
would be were in shape, but I hate working
out. 3 You didn’t need didn’t need to
buy/needn’t have bought this orange juice.
We’ve already got some. 4 You better had
better go to bed if you’re coming down with
a cold. 5 I had temperature a temperature
yesterday and I not wasn’t allowed go to go
to school. 6 You mustn’t can’t be hungry.
You’ve just eaten a big meal. 7 Could you
take my receipt prescription to the chemist’s
and get me my medicine?
2
1 songwriter 2 File-sharing
3 thought-provoking 4 fast-moving
5 brand-new
3
1 Star Wars 2 autographs
3 objects 4 4th May
2
2 Ollie, interesting 3 Mike, fantastic
4 Liam, amazing 5 Simon, great
3
2 Jimmy wanted to know if Bella had seen
4
1 F 2 T 3 F
6 F 7 T 8 T
4 T 5 NM
1
a stage b lyrics c gig d crowd
e track
Green Day in concert. She told him she’d
seen them two years before and she was
going to see them again the following month.
3 Jimmy wanted to know who the drummer
in Green Day was/is. She told him it was/is
Tré Cool, who’d/’s been playing in the band
since 1990, but it had been/was someone
else before that. She’d forgotten his name.
4 Jimmy asked Bella if Green Day was/is
her favourite band. She told him it wasn’t/
isn’t, she liked/likes lots of different bands.
2
1 b
4
2 Jason Love said that he could have been
verb + infinitive
agree, claim, offer,
promise, refuse
a doctor, but there were/had been too many
good shows on TV. 3 Leo Gallagher said
he wished there was/had been a knob on
the TV so you could turn up the intelligence.
4 Ann Landers said television proved/had
proven that people would look at anything
rather than each other. 5 Paddy Chayevsky
said it was the menace that everyone loved
to hate but couldn’t seem to live without.
verb + gerund
admit, advise, deny,
recommend, regret,
suggest
verb + object +
infinitive
advise, ask,
instruct, invite,
order, recommend,
remind, tell, warn
verb + preposition +
gerund
apologise for,
confess to, insist on,
object to
verb + object +
congratulate … on,
criticise … for, warn
… against
Unit 7
Vocabulary p58
2 d
3 f 4 a
5 c
6 e
3
1 download films 2 stream 3 live
streams 4 peer-to-peer, file-sharing
5 mobile device 6 transfer 7 purchase
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p58
4
an act T, applause T, bestseller B, blurb B,
chapter B, costume T, frame A, index B,
interval T, sculpture A, self-portrait A,
sketch A
Reading p59
1
1 b
2 c
Developing vocabulary and
listening p61
2
1 F
2 T 3 T
P
for more theatre sales to young people.
2 More participation in drama clubs and
acting schools, more students studying
theatre, and changes in the theatre.
3 Performances take place outside or in
different locations, not in a theatre, and the
audience participates in the performance.
4 It has managed to reinvent itself to
appeal to modern audiences.
4
1 F
2 F
2 d 3 a
4 e
5 b
A
G
E
T
U
R
N
E
D
B
O
L
O
X
O
K
F
F
I
C
U
T
C
O M
E
R
M A
R
A
R
K
E
B
T
P
L
E
U
N
S
T
E
S
C
R
5
1 dying out 2 striking 3 commissioned
4 shift 5 engage
1
2 me 3 me/0 4 0
W
F
B
E
A
C
R
N O
U
T
S
O
U
N
D
T
D
K
B
L
R
A
E
C
P
U
C
5 me
2
3
1 recommended me to go
2 congratulated Freddie on performing
3 confessed to being 4 refused to
take 5 suggested putting
R
E
3 O 4 O
Grammar in context p62
preposition +
gerund
1
3
1 A ticket sales company noticed a trend
5
2 folk festival 3 headphones 4 hotspot
5 street performer 6 stand-up comedian
7 tourist trap
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p60
5
1 c
3 a
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p61
4
1 not to spend so much time on his laptop
2 to make another film soon 3 for missing
the penalty 4 to bring some more water
5 doing anything wrong 6 Sam to send
the package 7 on having at least two
hours of rehearsal time
A
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p62
C
5
2 It instructs you to click on the ‘new
A
K
K
Y
1 blockbuster 2 drawback 3 soundtrack
4 page-turner 5 outcome 6 turnout
7 feedback 8 marketplace 9 box office
10 screenplay
review’ button to add your favourite artist
or band. 3 It suggests writing a concert
review because it’s getting more expensive
to go to concerts, so your review can help
others decide which gigs to go to and which
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B2
Workbook answer key
to miss. 4 It claims to give independent
and free advice. 5 It reminds you to
mention the atmosphere, the venue, cost of
merchandise and how well organised it was
as well as whether the band themselves
lived up to your expectations.
Developing speaking p63
1
A book is better
because …
A film is better
because …
the plot is more
detailed
you can use your
imagination
there are special
effects
there is a soundtrack
it’s more sociable
they sometimes
change the ending
2
1 a
2
1 b
3
1
2
3
4
5
2 c
3 b 4 c
4
1 drill 2 overwhelming 3 prone
4 bewildered 5 imminent
5 a
refused to do the washing-up
congratulated me on passing my exams
invited me to go to a concert this weekend
confessed to taking the wallet
insisted on paying for the tickets
4
1 has met 2 mustn’t 3 wasn’t allowed to
4 ‘ll be working 5 ‘d had
Vocabulary p65
1
a download b mobile device c live
d performance e stars f acting
g scenes
2
2 c
3
1 There’s no, in my 2 Take 3 You can’t,
that 4 instance 5 but don’t 6 really
do 7 example of that 8 at, for
example 9 I’m totally
4
Giving emphasis
Giving examples
Don’t forget that …
Just to give you an
idea …
I really do think
that …
You have to
remember that …
Adjective
Noun
brand-new
box office
fast-moving
feedback
thought-provoking
file-sharing
page-turner
soundtrack
3
1 box office 2 feedback 3 page-turner
4 fast-moving 5 soundtrack
… such as …
What about the case
of …?
Developing writing p64
4
1 curricular 2 unskilled 3 violinist
4 promotion 5 disobeys
A 3
B 1 C 4
1
D 2
2
1 introduction – released 2010, Facebook
the most popular social networking website,
millions of users 2 basic plot – early 2000s
at Harvard University, the birthplace of the
website, friendships, jealousy, lawsuits
3 your opinion about the film – loved it,
convincing and believable storyline, not
clichéd but gripping, true to life, Jesse
Eisenberg amazing, has won awards
4 your recommendation – hugely enjoyable,
recommend to everyone
Grammar in context p68
1
a action b know c obvious d past
participle e are f been g is being
h was i will be j can be
2
1 is used 2 ranges 3 flows 4 are
formed 5 were shown 6 be warned
7 were vaccinated 8 have been set up
3
a can be seen b were covered c have
been built d was slightly damaged
e was carried out
Other passives: The dams were built
on the slopes, All four check dams were
constructed.
4
2 I’m still owed some sponsorship money.
3 All students at the school were sent a letter.
4 Customers who return faulty products are
offered refunds. 5 The scientists have been
promised more funding.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p68
5
Unit 8
Vocabulary p66
1
5
1 imminent 2 bewildered 3 prone
4 drill 5 overwhelming
Across: 4 forest fire 6 avalanche
7 earthquake 8 landslide
Down: 1 volcanic eruption
3 drought 5 flood
2 tsunami
2
a damage b erupt c destroyed
d refugees e ash f destruction
g evacuated h survivors i hurricanes
j torrential k sweep across l eruption
Suggested answers: The roof of the
building has been blown away. The whole
street has been affected. The taxi has been
covered with debris. The trees have been
damaged. The taxi has (probably) been
destroyed.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p69
1
agree with/to, apologise for, believe in,
belong to, complain about, depend on,
dream of, listen to, protect from, rely on,
spend on, wait for
Reading p67
Grammar p65
2
1 apologised for, complained about
2 listened to, agreed with 3 dream of,
spend on 4 belong to, waiting for
5 believe in, depend on 6 rely on,
1
protect, from
1
1
2
3
4
5
b
3
a Rob and Paul b Sri Lanka c 17 and 15
d flip flops e for Orphans
Revision: Units 1–7
he would see Sam the next day
he hadn’t seen the film the night before
when I normally finish(ed) work
if I had/have ever been to the museum
she might go for a swim today
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p66
3
1 d
2 e
2
1 d 2 a
3
1 F
2 F
3 c 4 f 5 b 6 a
3 c
3 O
4 O
5 F
4
1 F 2 T 3 T 4 NM
7 T 8 F
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5 F
6 NM
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B2
Workbook answer key
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p69
5
1 e
2 a
3 d
4 b 5 g 6 f 7 c
6
a learn about b heard about c named
after d feel like e covered with
increase 4 a fall rise in the number of
windstorms 5 a sharp steady increase in
the number of floods 6 the number of
droughts stayed the same fell 7 the number
of geophysical disasters rose significantly
fluctuated 8 there was a big little change
in the number of earthquakes
Grammar in context p70
Revision: Units 1–8
1
1 has was 2 say said 3 be been
4 He It 5 like that
Grammar p73
2
2 It was thought that everything was made
of fire, earth, air and water. Now it is known
that there are over a hundred elements.
3 It was thought that the Moon was a
smooth ball. Now it is known that it has
valleys and mountains. 4 It was said that
feelings came from your liver. Now it is said
that they come from your heart. 5 It was
thought that having a bath once a month
was enough. Now it is believed that we
need to have a bath or shower every day.
6 It was believed that kings were gods.
Now it is known that they are only human.
7 It was thought that our bodies constantly
made new blood. Now it is known that the
body circulates blood.
3
2
3
4
5
is (always) said that, is (always) said to be
is known, are known to have lived
is believed that, is believed to need
has been claimed that, has been claimed
to be
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p70
1
1 was 2 being 3 been 4 Are
5 have
2
1 was claimed that 2 was believed
to protect 3 being carried 4 to be
mended 5 were given
3
1 had been blown 2 are being shown
3 if I could find it 4 we would have fun
5 for arriving late and not calling
Vocabulary p73
1
1 avalanche 2 drought 3 refugee
4 landslide 5 flood
2
1 a
2 I admit to spend spending too much
money for on music and clothes.
3 My brother offered lend to lend me £10
to go to the cinema. 4 The latest Bond
film it is thought is is thought to be the best.
5 Dan apologised for be being late and
promised not doing to do it again.
6 Our teacher told said that/told us that he
won’t wouldn’t be at school next week.
7 Sarah accused me not to know of not
knowing anything about music.
8 Fans complained to not be about not
being informed that the concert cancelled
was/had been cancelled.
Unit 9
Vocabulary p76
1
Computer
and phone
hardware
charger
Internet
or phone
connection
coverage
Electrical
household
equipment
dishwasher
device
network
flash drive
wireless
microwave
vacuum
cleaner
headphones
laser printer
touch screen
washing
machine
webcam
2 c 3 c 4 b 5 c
3
1 on 2 dreamed 3 apologise
4 to 5 believe
2
1 plug 2 touch screen 3 flash drive
4 network coverage 5 devices
6 wireless
4
1 brand-new 2 role 3 eruption
4 fire 5 turn 6 live
3
2 D: digital camera 3 B: satnav
4 E: dropdown menu 5 A: remote control
4
4
2 to have escaped 3 to have found
4 to cause 5 to have got
Gateway to exams: Units 7–8
2 recharge your phone 3 freezes, press
the ESC key 4 upgrade it 5 install an
anti-virus program 6 you can adjust it to
make it quieter 7 delete files/documents
that you don’t need 8 disconnect your
Reading p74
Developing speaking p71
1
2 a quarter 3 three-quarters 4 a tenth
5 sixty-six per cent 6 one in three
2
1 number of natural disasters 2 floods
3 volcanic eruptions 4 windstorms
5 droughts
1
b
2
1 b 2 a
3 b 4 a 5 b 6 c
Use of English p74
3
1 It increased. 2 in 1990
3 between 2005 and 2010 4 It fluctuated.
5 between 1984 and 1989
4
3
a an b was c had d in e so
f will g do h does/should i long
Listening p75
4
1 F
2 T 3 T 4 NM
Suggested answers
devices when you aren’t using them
9 tap it gently
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p76
5
1 go 2 order 3 working 4 reboot
5 paste 6 drag 7 highlight
Reading p77
5 F
6 F 7 T
Disasters related to the weather.
COMMON MISTAKES p75
5
1 a gradual dramatic increase in the number
of weather-related disasters 2 the number
doubled tripled 3 The biggest decrease
6
1 The careers of many artists have launched
have been launched for by this website.
1
1, 2, 3, 5
2
1 G 2 C 3 A 4 E 5 B 6 H 7 F
3
1 3 2 2 3 3 4 1
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4
1 avid 2 resources 3 address
4 immersed 5 brainchild
5 that who 6 Rome where he’s been twice
before on Rome, where he’s been twice
before, on 7 that which 8 where when
quite what I mean. 5 Are you with me?
6 If I understand you correctly 7 I’m not sure
what you mean. 8 Are you following me?
5
1 address 2 immersed 3 avid
4 resource 5 brainchild
Developing vocabulary and
listening p79
5
a Are you with me? b I don’t understand
1
1 run on 2 print out 3 back up
4 scroll down 5 set up 6 pick up
7 pop up 8 go off 9 run out
10 zoom in
what you’re getting at./I’m not sure what
you mean. c If I understand you correctly
d Do you see what I mean?
Grammar in context p78
1
Defining
relative
clauses
which, that
who, that
where
when
why
whose
for things
for people
for places
for times
for reasons
for
possessions
use commas? no
can omit
yes
relative
pronoun?
Non-defining
relative
clauses
which
who
where
when
why
whose
yes
no
3
1 c 2 d 3 b 4 a
4
b 3 c 4 d 3 e 1
h 3 i 1 j 2
f 2
g 4
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p79
Grammar p83
5
1 b
1
1 when 2 why 3 whose 4 where
5 who 6 which
2 d 3 e
4 a 5 c
Grammar in context p80
3
1
1 a
Replaced: b, d, f
Omitted: c
4
2 There is a button on the side of the phone
(which) you need to press. 3 That was
the moment (when) I knew I wanted to be
a doctor. 4 The people in my class whose
exam results were good had revised very
hard. 5 It would be good if someone
invented something that would cure the
common cold.
5
Suggested answers
1 Harry, who lives next to Jim, is the boy
who won the prize. 2 Annie is going to
the park, where she loves walking, to meet
her best friend. 3 Paul gave me a box of
chocolates to thank me for my help, which
was kind of him. 4 Katie, who works at
Stacey’s shop, will lend the book to Stacey
and then (she will lend it) to me. 5 We’re
going to take the train to Paris, which I love,
and stay with my aunt for a couple of days.
6 My favourite uncle, who lives in Oxford,
is visiting this weekend. 7 The class at my
old school gave me a lovely necklace, which
I wear all the time, as a leaving present.
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p78
6
1 that where 2 who whose 3 a device,
which a device which 4 when why
1
1 Introduction – the aim of the report
2 Use of computers 3 How useful they are
4 Conclusion
Revision: Units 1–9
6
1 key in 2 free up 3 hack into 4 go
down 5 hook up
2
a who b which c why d which
e which f which g where h whose
Developing writing p82
3
1 sailing 2 to feed 3 meeting
4 to be 5 to call
2 b 3 b 4 a 5 a
2
1 d 2 e
3 a
4 f 5 b 6 c
3
1 remembers washing 2 stop buying
3 remembered to make 4 stop to tie up
5 likes windsurfing 6 forget meeting
4
1 stop using your phone 2 like to switch
off 3 remember leaving 4 forgot to
download 5 stopped doing my homework
6 forgot taking my laptop
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p80
d Y
1
1 remote control 2 vacuum cleaner
3 flash drive 4 keyboard 5 charger
2
a streaming b upgrade c frozen
d pressing e disconnect
2 scroll 3 up 4 on 5 go
2 h 3 f 4 b 5 g 6 e
Vocabulary p84
e Y f N
1
1 B 2 E 3 C 4 F
The woman: Yes The man: Yes
3 W 4 W 5 M
Vocabulary p83
Unit 10
2
3
1 M 2 M
7 W
this form
4
1 d
Developing speaking p81
c N
4
1 after/when I had finished reading
2 you (got) any idea why 3 eats more
slowly than 4 are too full to eat 5 fill in
3
1 up
5
1 falling 2 to buy 3 making
4 talking 5 to get up 6 going
7 to hand in 8 learning
1
b N
2
1 that 2 who 3 where 4 whose
5 which
6 W
4
1 Do you see what I mean? 2 Could you
go over that again? 3 I don’t understand
what you’re getting at. 4 No, that’s not
5 A 6 D
2
1 e 2 i 3 g 4 j 5 a
8 f 9 b 10 d 11 k
6 h 7 c
3
1 cut 2 key 3 plea 4 pledge
5 link 6 PM 7 probe 8 riddle
9 spark 10 wed 11 aid 12 back
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B2
Workbook answer key
4
Suggested answers
1 PM’s wife pledges to attend Fashion Week
2 Library services cut sooner than expected
3 Soap opera star to wed her producer
(next year) 4 Forest blaze brought under
control 5 Althlete’s gold medal boosts
national team
Wildlife officials probe bird deaths
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p84
6
1 daily 2 fortnightly 3 national
4 local 5 monthly
2
A Teenager made to tidy up finds winning
lottery ticket B Teen lottery winner left
with nothing
6 F
4
Bringing out the best in people: His father
wants him to invest the money and use it as
a deposit to buy a house. He also wants to
help his younger brother to buy a car. Ryan
has no plans to quit his job or stop his work
with charity First Response … ‘… I’m planning
on donating some of the winnings to them.’
She bought houses and cars for … her
friends and family. ‘… now I’m stronger.’
Bringing out the worst in people: But far
from making her happy, Callie fell into
depression. She didn’t have a job and she
felt lonely and vulnerable. People would act
like her best friend but she didn’t know who
to trust.
5
1 clear up 2 broke 3 give in
4 put away 5 the high life
6
1 gave in 2 put away 3 the high life
4 clear up 5 broke
Grammar in context p86
1
2 ✓ 3 ✓ 5 ✓ 6 ✓ 7 ✓
2
a were b would c going d about
e was f would
4
2
3
4
5
6
5
1 do 2 was 3 was to 4 could
5 have flown 6 were 7 would be
2 b 3 a
3 NM 4 T 5 F
4
2 If I liked science-fiction films, I would have
seen the film on TV last night. 3 If I weren’t
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p86
Reading p85
3
1 T 2 F
7 T 8 T
3
1 won’t he 2 isn’t it 3 wasn’t it
4 have you 5 do we 6 can you
7 wasn’t it 8 hadn’t he
busy, I would have gone to the party last
weekend. 4 If I had studied at school, it
wouldn’t be difficult to find a job. 5 If I
spoke French, I would have applied for that
job. 6 If I’d been born in the US, I wouldn’t
need a visa to work there.
5
1
1 c
3
1 hadn’t cleared 2 wouldn’t lose
3 had thrown 4 didn’t go 5 would be
able 6 hadn’t met 7 were/was
Developing vocabulary and
listening p87
1
1 Breaking news 2 Holding a press
conference 3 A turn of events
4 Front-page news 5 A newsflash
6 A news update
2
1 b 2 c
3 a
4 a
5 b 6 c
3
1 Customers clash in ice cream shop drama
2 Woman arrested for stealing from blind
man 3 It pays to do the right thing
4
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p88
5
1 does this cost this costs 2 correct
3 isn’t it aren’t they 4 could you you could
5 correct 6 hasn’t he has he 7 would
you do you would do 8 am I aren’t I
Developing speaking p89
2
You can read the news wherever you are.
Some online newspapers are free. It’s better
for the environment.
3
1 There’s no denying 2 However
3 let’s not forget 4 I accept
5 Having said that 6 let’s not forget
Developing writing p90
1
1 c 2 e 3 f 4 a 5 b 6 d
Revision: Units 1–10
Grammar p91
Headline 3
5
1 b 2 c 3 c 4 a 5 c
She was born in New York, wasn’t she?
She isn’t touring at the moment, is she?
She’s made five albums so far, hasn’t she?
She plays the piano very well, doesn’t she?
She doesn’t play the guitar, does she?
6 b
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p87
6
1 editor 2 subeditor 3 correspondent
4 contributor 5 columnist 6 reporter
Grammar in context p88
1
1 how old Joey is 2 if he works there
every day 3 if the customer left quietly
4 how the email became public 5 how
Joey feels about being famous 6 what he
is going to do now
2
Can I ask/Do you know/Have you got any
idea/I’d like to ask/I wonder … 1 where
the fox was found 2 … what the fox has
been nicknamed 3 … how it entered the
building 4 … who saw the fox 5 how you
caught the fox 6 where the fox is now
1
1 was going to 2 was about to
3 going to 4 would be 5 to be
2
1 would be 2 he had gone/went
3 would have kept 4 weren’t (wasn’t)
5 wouldn’t be
3
1 tell me how old you are 2 you could tell
me which way it is to the beach 3 know why
you became an actor 4 ask how much
that laptop costs
4
1 will she 2 didn’t they
3 had he 4 doesn’t she
5
a returning b who c made d had
e left f to find g up h have visited
i did j was
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Workbook answer key
B2
Vocabulary p91
1
1 weather forecast 2 arts and
entertainment 3 business and finance
4 showbiz/gossip 5 health
2
1 e 2 a
3 c
4 b
5 d
3
1 breaking news 2 front-page news
3 turn of events 4 keep, informed
5 hold a press conference
4
1 b
2 d
3 a
4 c
Gateway to exams: Units 9–10
Reading p92
1
A business B technology
2
1 F 2 T 3 T 4 F 5 NM
7 T 8 NM 9 F 10 T
6 F
Use of English p93
3
Suggested answer
c moving
4
1 C 2 D 3 B 4 B 5 D 6 B
Listening p93
5
1 b
2 a
3 c 4 a
COMMON MISTAKES p93
8
1 The students, that who are from London,
stopped to use using their phones.
2 Have you got any idea why did they do
they did it? 3 I was to was going to buy a
new phone, but my parents gave me one
for my birthday. 4 This story made the
headlines, wasn’t didn’t it? 5 Don’t forget
backing to back up your documents every
evening.
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B2+
B2+
Workbook answer key
Unit 1
Reading pp4–5
1a
T
B
H
A
U
C
M
K
B
N
E
Y
E
C
K
E
T
S
E
H
H
G
E
H
O
U
L
D
E
5
2 had already started ​​3 has been
running for ​​4 had been studying (for
hours) ​​5 broke her arm while we were
playing (football) ​​6 were about to go
1 always argues with/is always arguing with
her sister, it’s terrible.
1
D
C
S
5
Developing vocabulary and
listening p7
A
N
L
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p6
R
1b
2 leg ​​3 hand ​​4 thumb ​​5 shoulder
1c
1 C ​​2 A ​​3 B ​​4 C ​​5 B ​​6 A
7 A ​​8 B
Students’ own answers
3
1 T ​​2 T ​​3 F ​​4 F
4 will (usually) go to the cinema on Sunday
evening if they aren’t busy.
5 was always playing tennis.
description, interaction,
invention
-ity
personality, similarity, sincerity
-er
speaker, researcher
6
1 C ​​2 B ​​3 C ​​4 A ​​5 B ​​6 A
-cy
accuracy, frequency
Developing speaking p9
-ness
happiness, loneliness
-ist
scientist, psychologist
1
1 c ​​2 a ​​3 d ​​4 b
-ment
argument, movement
4
1 B ​​2 D ​​3 D ​​4 A ​​5 C ​​6 B
7 A ​​8 C
3
a
c
e
g
5
4
Students’ own answers
Summary 2
6
1
3
5
7
5
1 F ​​2 NM ​​3 T ​​4 NM ​​5 T ​​6 F
reluctant ​​2 comprehensive
glimpses ​​4 unfounded
intriguing ​​6 breaking the ice
backed down
3 would play games all the time last
summer.
-ion
2
1 Accuracy ​​2 Friendship ​​3 Failure
4 freedom ​​5 Safety ​​6 lonely
2
2 used to walk to school every day when I
was a child.
expressions ​​b indication
Psychologists ​​d participants
interaction f​​ researchers
confidence h
​​ happiness i​​ motivation
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p8
2
1 T ​​2 F ​​3 T ​​4 F ​​5 T
3
Playing for time
Hmm ✓
The thing is
Let me think about
that for a second ✓
Adding examples
and ideas
2
1 had forgotten ​​2 have been doing
3 were chatting ​​4 had been running
5 missed
-ant
ignorant, pleasant, resistant,
tolerant, vibrant
-ent
apparent, confident,
dependent, innocent,
insistent, obedient
Grammar in context p8
1
1 c ​​2 e ​​3 a ​​4 b ​​5 f ​​6 d
3
1 B ​​2 B ​​3 C ​​4 B ​​5 A
4
a has finally decided ​​b was going to
choose ​​c has been hesitating ​​
d changed ​​e had gone/went ​​f had
already arranged ​​g had been looking
forward ​​h was going to/was about to
cancel ​​i was thinking/thought ​​j had
sold out ​​k had ​​l was showing ​​m had
carried out/carried out ​​n were fixing ​​
o made
2
1 present habit ​​2 past habit ​​3 present
habit ​​4 present habit ​​5 present habit
6 past habit ​​7 past habit ​​8 past habit
3
1
3
5
7
In fact
I think ✓
Personally ✓
To my mind ✓
As far as I’m
concerned
6
1
a started ​​b was turning ​​c has shown
d have been studying ​​e had talked
f had been living ​​g was about to go
For example
For instance ✓
Expressing
opinions
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p7
Grammar in context p6
Well ✓
4
Possible answers: a Well/Hmm/Let me
think about that for a second ​​b For
example/For instance/In fact ​​c I think/
Personally/To my mind/As far as I’m
concerned d
​​ Well/Hmm/Let me think
about that for a second e For example/
For instance f​​ I think/Personally/To my
mind/As far as I’m concerned g I think/
Personally/To my mind/As far as I’m
concerned h
​​ Well/Hmm/Let me think
about that for a second i​​ For example/
For instance
5 and 6
used to wear ​​2 would never let
are always asking ​​4 used to attend
will knock ​​6 was always getting
will usually get ​​8 often go
4
1 are ​​2 would/’d ​​3 will ​​4 playing
5 would ​​6 will ​​7 doesn’t
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p10
1
1 a feather ​​2 ABC ​​3 an ox ​​4 mud ​​
5 a flash ​​6 a rock ​​7 a cucumber ​​
8 a mouse ​​9 ice ​​10 a daisy
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B2+
Workbook answer key
2
1
3
5
7
yelled/shrieked ​​2 gasped/groaned
shrieked/yelled ​​4 sighed
whispered ​​6 whined/yelled
muttered/whispered ​​8 groaned/whined
3
picture A
Correct order: D, C, B
4
1 as red as a lobster, as fast as lightning ​​
2 yelled ​​3 (example answers) was, was
getting, hadn’t had, would often go, stood,
was going to cook ​​4 in the doorway
stood a short man ​​5 when, as soon as,
then, several days later
3
1 as strong as an ox ​​2 as fresh as a daisy
3 as quiet as a mouse ​​4 as clear as mud
5 as easy as pie
4
1 yelled ​​2 whispered ​​3 gasped
4 groaned ​​5 whined
Reading pp12–13
O
5 and 6
A
B
M
E
T
R
L
O
A
R
F
A
Students’ own answers
S
Revision: Unit 1
P
M
D
T
E
E
D
E
E
R
O
U
T
T
F
E
S
Grammar p11
1
1 have/’ve been sitting ​​2 was texting,
noticed, took ​​3 were going to drive,
changed, took ​​4 saw, had arrested, was
driving ​​5 have/’ve been, went ​​6 had
attracted
2
a woke up b
​​ was streaming ​​c had
forgotten ​​d was definitely going to be
e showered ​​f ate ​​g ran ​​h had had
i was riding ​​j had been ​​k looked
l ran/was running ​​m had left ​​n wasn’t
going ​​o wasn’t going to get ​​p looked ​​
q have been ringing ​​r were ​​s could
see/saw ​​t walked
3
1 When my mum was young they would
drive used to drive on the left in Sweden. ​​
2 My brother is always giving always gives
me lifts in his new car. It’s great! ​​3 Tina
often gets corrected in class because she
will use uses the wrong endings for the verbs. ​​
4 My mum was getting used to get/would
get cross with my sister because whenever
she had money she would spend it on other
people. ​​5 We didn’t used to live didn’t
use to live in the city centre when we first
moved here.
T
I
I
N
G
C
R
1
1 do ​​2 done ​​3 made ​​4 doing
5 take ​​6 make
2
1 e ​​2 c ​​3 b ​​4 f ​​5 a ​​6 d
3
2 took cover ​​3 made a good suggestion ​​
4 took offence ​​5 made several attempts ​​
6 did research online
4
O
L
4
Developing vocabulary and
listening p15
1a
R
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p14
b should have turned ​​c should have
stopped ​​d needn’t have stopped
e shouldn’t have listened ​​f ought to/
should/must study ​​g wasn’t allowed to
finish ​​h should have noticed Unit 2
J
allowed to drive ​​7 shouldn’t hand in
8 had to answer
D
R
I
V
I
N
G
She enjoys the challenges and never gets
bored.
1 motor ​​2 driving ​​3 belt 4 road
5 petrol ​​6 steering ​​7 jam
8 traffic ​​9 about ​​10 speed
5
1 c ​​2 b ​​3 a ​​4 c ​​5 c
1b
1 speed limit ​​2 seat belts ​​3 traffic jam
4 petrol station ​​5 traffic lights
6 road signs
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p15
2
1 three
2 the record for the youngest person to
Grammar in context p16
ride around the world on a motorbike
3
1 e ​​2 g ​​3 b ​​4 h ​​5 f ​​6 c ​​7 a
8 d
4
Students’ own answers
5
1 gear ​​2 highlights ​​3 set off
4 sponsor ​​5 deterred ​​6 persevered
7 cope ​​8 daunting
Grammar in context p14
Vocabulary p11
1
1 b ​​2 a ​​3 c ​​4 b ​​5 d ​​6 g ​​7 h
8 e ​​9 f ​​10 a
1
1 argument ​​2 failure ​​3 Freedom
4 similarity ​​5 accuracy
2
1 C ​​2 A ​​3 A ​​4 C ​​5 A ​​6 B
7 C ​​8 B ​​9 C ​​10 B
2
1 shoulder ​​2 thumb ​​3 back ​​4 leg
5 necks 3
1 needn’t go ​​2 (correct) ​​3 shouldn’t
have put ​​4 should bring ​​5 don’t have/
need to finish ​​6 couldn’t drive/weren’t
6
1 made ​​2 make ​​3 did ​​4 take
5 do ​​6 takes
1
1 must be ​​2 might be ​​3 can’t be
4 must have been ​​5 could well have
been ​​6 can’t have been
2
1 can’t ​​2 must ​​3 can’t ​​4 might/
could ​​5 might/could, might/could
3
1 can’t have gone ​​2 can’t have been ​​
3 might/could have left ​​4 must have
arrived ​​5 can’t have left ​​6 must have
had
4
1 must have lost ​​2 can’t be ​​3 must like ​​
4 must have gone ​​5 might/could be ​​
6 might/could have gone
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p16
5
1 can’t have seen Joe (in the street)
2 has been working for ​​3 might/could be ​​
4 used to go to the beach ​​5 had already
talked to Kiera ​​6 weren’t allowed to
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Developing speaking p17
2
1 must have passed ​​2 can’t be ​​3 must be ​​
4 might be ​​5 can’t have started
1
Photo C
2
1 T ​​2 F ​​3 F ​​4 T
3
a might/could have been taken ​​b might/
could have been taken ​​c might/could be ​​
d might/could know ​​e must be ​​
f might/could be ​​g might/could have
decided ​​h must be enjoying
Photo A
4
Suggested answers
Photo B
1
2
3
4
5
6
in a vehicle/car on safari
happy, excited
they are interested in nature
in a train station/on the platform
getting on a train
happy
it is quick/cheap
already passed my driving test.
8 We could might/may as well switch off
ought to have spoken shouldn’t have/
ought not to have spoken
9 My brother would take will take my
the TV, this is the worst film I’ve ever seen.
clothes without asking, it drives me
crazy. / My brother would take is always
taking my clothes without asking, it
drives me crazy!
5 was already starting had already started
4
a had to run ​​b needn’t have rushed
c can’t leave/couldn’t leave ​​d has to
wait/had to wait ​​e shouldn’t make/
shouldn’t have made ​​f will have to run
g don’t have to be ​​h should sign in
Reading p20
5 and 6
1
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 A ​​6 B
7 C ​​8 B ​​9 A
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p18
1
2 It is widely believed that ​​3 I have long
believed ​​4 It is unacceptable to put
5 There is no evidence ​​6 Although/
While it might be inconvenient for some
people, I still think ​​7 To my mind, there is
no question about it.
2
a a strong case b
​​ Firstly ​​c In addition
d Secondly ​​e surely ​​f In spite of
g In conclusion h
​​ strongly
10 My parents allowed to me to go
allowed me to go to the party
although it was during the week.
11 I was going to go to the party, but I
had to babysit in the end.
12 Jake isn’t here and neither is his bike, he
must go must have gone for a bike ride.
Unit 3
Reading pp22–23
1a
1 wanders ​​2 grasp ​​3 articulate
4 recall ​​5 bewildered ​​6 have a gift for ​​
7 memorise
extra word: perceive
1b
1 wanders ​​2 memorise ​​3 has a gift for
4 grasp ​​5 bewildered ​​6 articulate
7 perceive ​​8 recall
2
Writing p20
b
2
Students’ own answers
3
1 d ​​2 b ​​3 d ​​4 c ​​5 a ​​6 b
Use of English p21
4
3
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 C ​​4 A ​​5 C ​​6 B
7 C ​​8 B ​​9 D ​​10 A
Listening p21
4
1 c ​​2 b ​​3 c ​​4 a ​​5 c ​​6 a
COMMON MISTAKES p21
5
1 When I was younger, my family would
Students’ own answers
5
1 coherent ​​2 interacting ​​3 simulated
4 surpassed ​​5 algorithms
6 unmelodious
Grammar in context p24
1
1 Verb +
-ing form
2 Verb + to
infinitive
Verb + -ing
form or to
infinitive
with little
change or
no change
of meaning
keep on
tend
started/start
used to live in France, but now we live
in Scotland.
Revision: Units 1–2
2 I’ve taken most things out of my case so
Grammar p19
3 I stayed at home yesterday because it
1
1 mustn’t ​​2 ought to have ​​3 ’re
supposed to ​​4 didn’t need to wait
5 shouldn’t have ​​6 aren’t allowed to
7 I’m happy because I already have have
didn’t need needn’t have handed
Gateway to exams: Units 1–2
on a backpacking holiday
Students’ own answers
have been taking have taken
3
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 A ​​4 C ​​5 A ​​6 B ​​7 B
a backpacker/tourist
4 and 5
must see can’t have seen
2
1 did ​​2 make ​​3 make/have made
4 take ​​5 took ​​6 made ​​7 do ​​8 took
to get closer to the animals
For: 2, 3, 7
Against: 1, 4, 5, 6
has been was the characters.
1
1 belts ​​2 steering ​​3 limit ​​4 signs
5 stations
taking photos, looking at the lions
3
has been running for half an hour.
6 The best thing for me about the book
Vocabulary p19
tourists, tour guide
Photo D
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
1
2
3
4
5 Sam’s got a red face because he is running
it’s as light than as a feather now.
was a study day and I needn’t go didn’t
have to go to school.
4 Kate never has seen has never seen
expects
learning
that film, but she’d like to one day.
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B2+
Workbook answer key
2
1 to meet ​​2 going ​​3 to remember
4 seeing ​​5 being ​​6 to make
7 going ​​8 to help
1 Verb +
-ing form
2 Verb + to
infinitive
includes
agreed
recommends
managed
admitted
help
feel like
volunteered
2
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 A ​​4 B ​​5 C ​​6 B
Verb +
-ing form
or to
infinitive
with little
change
or no
change of
meaning
3
2 c – try to concentrate ​​3 c – to make
4 a – can’t stop listening ​​5 c – went on
3
1 to try ​​2 learn ​​3 looking ​​
4 scoring/score ​​5 to listen ​​6 to stay up
4
1 invited, to go ​​2 feel, shining ​​3 lets,
use ​​4 found, walking ​​5 have advised,
not to visit ​​6 chose, to receive
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p26
5
(line 1) have always found (line 4) used to
find (line 5) encouraged me to look
(line 8) I had never understood (line 8)
advised me to do (line 11) to enjoy/
enjoying (line 13) needn’t have worried
(line 14/15) inspired me to become
(line 16) make a difference
Developing speaking p27
playing
1
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p24
2, 4
4
2
a to meet ​​b being ​​c to put ​​d to say ​​
e forgetting ​​f doing ​​g is thinking about ​​
h feels ​​i going ​​j to take ​​k has enjoyed
Concluding/Ending your presentation
Developing vocabulary and
listening p25
1
1 C ​​2 A ​​3 C ​​4 C ​​5 A ​​6 B 2
a look ​​b come c​​ leaps/jumps
d think ​​e talk ​​f catch ​​g pick
h get i​​ give ​​j take
3
2 The students picked it up very quickly. ​​
3 I took it up during the summer holidays. ​​
4 I need to get on with it now so I’ll phone
you back later. ​​5 After a long discussion
we finally hit on it. ​​6 The police are still
trying to piece it together.
3
1 First of all (Beginning your presentation) ​​
2 You can’t argue with the fact that …
(Presenting opposing points of view) ​​
3 I’d like to begin by saying … (Beginning
your presentation) ​​4 That doesn’t alter/
change my opinion that … (Responding to
opposing points of view) ​​5 I would still
say that … (Responding to opposing points
of view) ​​6 Returning to my main point,
(Concluding/Ending your presentation) ​​
7 Whilst it’s true that … (Presenting
opposing points of view)
4
Students’ own answers
5
1 d ​​2 a ​​3 c ​​4 b
6
a like ​​b Firstly c​​ denying
d furthermore ​​e forget ​​f short
4
Students’ own answers
5
1 F ​​2 D ​​3 E ​​4 A ​​5 H
7
1 doesn’t structure ​​2 doesn’t use
3 presents
6
1 C ​​2 E ​​3 G ​​4 D ​​5 A
8
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p25
7
1 b ​​2 d ​​3 c ​​4 a ​​5 f ​​6 e
Grammar in context p26
1
1 c ​​2 b ​​3 b ​​4 a ​​5 a ​​6 c ​​7 b ​​8 a
1 incomprehensible ​​2 overrated ​​
3 remakes ​​4 illegal ​​5 unpredictable ​​
6 co-starred
2
1 risqué ​​2 an adaptation ​​3 gripping
4 far-fetched ​​5 portrayal ​​6 hit
7 reviews
3
a rave ​​b masterpiece ​​c mesmerising
d leading role ​​e performance
f captivated ​​g special effects
h recommend
4 and 5
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–3
Grammar p29
1
1 to buy ​​2 seeing ​​3 to get
4 working ​​5 to be ​​6 to have
2
1 recommend, listen to ​​2 forced, to
practise ​​3 caught, playing ​​4 told, not
to touch ​​5 hear, saying/say
6 persuaded, to meet 3
1 My grandfather stopped to work stopped
working when he was 75! 2 (correct) ​​
3 We didn’t see Jan because she already
left she had already left when we arrived. ​​
4 The teacher reminded us all revising
reminded us to revise for the test on Friday. ​​
5 (correct) ​​6 I didn’t know the meaning
of the word, so I looked up it looked it up
in the dictionary.
Vocabulary p29
1
1 bewildered ​​2 recall ​​3 gift
4 grasp ​​5 wandering ​​6 articulate
2
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 A ​​4 C ​​5 B ​​6 B
3
1 unnatural ​​2 ex-housemate
3 disjointed ​​4 misunderstanding
5 underestimate ​​6 illogical Unit 4
Students’ own answers
Reading pp30–31
Developing writing p28
1a
1
Across: 2 enzyme ​​5 chromosome
9 Genetic ​​10 resistant
co-starred, illegal, incomprehensible,
international, miscast, overrated, remakes,
subconscious, unpredictable
Down: 1 contract ​​3 parasite
4 prevalent ​​6 modified ​​7 species
8 transmit
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B2+
Workbook answer key
6
1 intake ​​2 turnout ​​3 takeover
4 outburst ​​5 income ​​6 outcry
7 downturn
Grammar in context p32
1
1 d ​​2 b ​​3 a ​​4 c
Grammar in context p34
1
1 PRESENT ​​2 PAST
2
1 had been ​​2 did ​​3 would have
concentrated ​​4 wasn’t ​​5 passes
6 travel ​​7 would have made ​​8 get
2
1 past ​​2 present
3
1 I met Steve at a party. If I hadn’t gone to
3
1 d ​​2 a ​​3 f ​​4 b ​​5 e ​​6 c the party, I would have wouldn’t have met
him! ​​2 (correct) ​​3 The researchers hope
that if they are able to show the medicine
works, the authorities would permit will
permit human trials to start. ​​4 They’re
short of money. If they had enough money,
they will build would build a new hospital. ​​
5 When these animals are young, you have
to feed them every hour. If you didn’t feed
don’t feed them, they die. ​​6 (correct)
4
1 wouldn’t have become ​​2 liked
3 would go ​​4 had gone ​​5 had had
6 hadn’t been 4
1 unless ​​2 Supposing ​​3 as long as
4 in case ​​5 provided that
5
1 We won’t be able to get home in case
unless there is a train after 10 pm.
2 If you won’t water don’t water plants,
they die.
3 Sara persuaded us trying to try that
new restaurant and we were glad we
went.
5
1 B ​​2 B ​​3 C ​​4 A ​​5 C ​​6 A
4 Sam’s face was red because he has
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p32
6
1 wish I had scored ​​2 providing/provided
that you promise ​​3 would watch my dad
doing/do ​​4 Unless the researchers find
a solution ​​5 refuses to watch science
programmes ​​6 If only I had
been running had been running for an
hour. / Sam’s face is red because he has
been running for an hour.
5 I’d let you use my mobile if I brought I
6 If I could travel anywhere in the world, I
go I would go to Cambodia.
7 I think he might go might have gone to
8 If we had walked more quickly, we
would catch would have caught it.
f, genetically modified, 2 ​​2 d, setback, 1 ​​
b, lifetime, 1 ​​4 h, worldwide, 1
g, worthwhile, 1 ​​6 c, offspring, 1
a, breakthrough, 1 ​​8 e, high-risk, –
A: 1 neither agreed nor disagree; 2 agree;
3 strongly agree; 4 strongly disagree
B: 1 National media; 2 Scientists;
3 Celebrities; 4 Friends and family
C:
% global warming won’t
affect them
66 65
9 Dominic admitted to take taking the
money, but he denied stealing the
watch.
10 If I hadn’t lost my umbrella, I didn’t
% global warming will
affect them
62
58
60
67
64
58
61
40
35
31 33
38
38
32
34
40
5
a majority ​​b biggest ​​c third ​​d Just
e one ​​f under
6
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p36
1
Introducing and
sequencing
First and foremost
Last but not least
Adding arguments Moreover
What is more
Making contrasts
In contrast
In spite of
had brought it with me.
the park to try out his new bike.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p33
1
1
3
5
7
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p34
4
2015
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p33
people made complaints this year as
(compared to) last year. ​​4 A considerable
number amount of money ​​5 The third
large largest response ​​6 has fallen
dramatic dramatically ​​7 losses have
levelled up off 2013
5
1 as a means of ​​2 from scratch
3 mutations ​​4 sceptical ​​5 synthetic
6 defects
3
1 One of in four ​​2 A quart quarter of
(the) people ​​3 Three times so as many
2011
4
1 F ​​2 F ​​3 O ​​4 F ​​5 O
​​C 2
2009
5
1 out ​​2 in ​​3 over ​​4 down ​​5 out
6 in ​​7 out
​​B 1
2
a around ​​b proportion ​​c in comparison
with ​​d under ​​e over ​​f grew/rose ​​
g levelled off ​​h fluctuated
2007
4
1 a ​​2 c ​​3 c ​​4 b ​​5 b
3
1 C ​​2 E ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 F ​​6 D
1
A 3
2005
3
1 J ​​2 P ​​3 P ​​4 J
2
a
Developing speaking p35
2003
2
1 drawback ​​2 outset ​​3 Cutbacks
4 outcome ​​5 outbreak ​​6 feedback
7 outlook ​​8 breakdown
2001
1b
a parasites ​​b transmit ​​c contracted
d genetically modified ​​e species
f prevalent ​​g genetic engineering
h chromosome
Nevertheless
Expressing
consequences
Consequently
Expressing
opinions
Personally, I
believe that
Concluding
All in all
2
a However ​​b Many people claim that
c My own view ​​d Others argue
e In conclusion ​​f In my opinion
wouldn’t be so wet now!
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Workbook answer key
Introducing and
sequencing
Adding
arguments
Making
contrasts
However
Many people
claim that
Concluding
In conclusion
Reading p38
Reading pp40–41
1
1 E ​​2 A ​​3 D ​​4 F ​​5 C ​​6 B
1a
1 issued ​​2 judged ​​3 fines
4 designated ​​5 lodge ​​6 banned
7 service ​​8 Littering
2
1 If we don’t practise harder ​​2 managed
to finish her project ​​3 providing/provided
that you promise ​​4 has/’s been playing
that game for ​​5 we used to go ​​6 must
have been ​​7 will/’ll ask Ben to book ​​
8 would/’d have been able to
Expressing
consequences
My own view
Unit 5
Use of English p39
Others argue
Expressing
opinions
Gateway to exams: Units 3–4
In my opinion
3
Listening p39
For: 1, 4
3
1 G ​​2 C ​​3 A ​​4 H ​​5 E
Against: 2, 3
4 and 5
4
1 D ​​2 B ​​3 H ​​4 G ​​5 E
Students’ own answers
Revision: Units 1–4
Grammar p37
2 The scientists are positive that if they
3 If I had read about the experiment, I
do more research, they would will find
a solution.
would have been able to answer the
teacher’s questions in class.
4 If I were you, I’d use a memory technique
5 If I could speak two languages, I would
6 If I hadn’t spent too long on the computer
(last night), my eyes wouldn’t be tired now.
3
1 have gone ​​2 would have known
3 would have spoken ​​4 would choose
5 might have been ​​6 talking
Vocabulary p37
1
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 C ​​4 B ​​5 C ​​6 A
2
a cutbacks ​​b outset ​​c input
d drawbacks ​​e crackdown
f outcome ​​g outlook
3
1 jam ​​2 chromosome ​​3 transmitted
4 lending ​​5 resistant ​​6 genetically
7 species ​​8 grasps
4 As long that as Jack goes to the party, I
will go too.
have applied for that job.
2
1 If ​​2 long ​​3 unless ​​4 wish
5 Provided/Providing ​​6 Suppose/
Supposing ​​7 only ​​8 always
3 I hope the teacher doesn’t catch me do
me doing my homework in class.
to memorise the new words.
4
5
1 contravene ​​2 violated
3 infringement notices ​​4 fade
5 coverage ​​6 persisted ​​7 excessive doing I recommend you do yoga.
wouldn’t have missed my bus.
3
1 NM ​​2 F ​​3 T ​​4 NM ​​5 T ​​6 T
7 F ​​8 NM Students’ own answers
6
1 If you want to relax I you recommend
science lecture with you.
2
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 A, B ​​4 C ​​5 A, C
5
COMMON MISTAKES p39
2 If I hadn’t overslept this morning, I
1b
a littering ​​b issued ​​c fine ​​d heavy
e designated ​​f lodged ​​g formal
h court ​​i prosecuted ​​j suspended
k community ​​l criminal
Writing p39
Students’ own answers
1
1 If I’m free this evening I’ll come to the
Missing word: sentence
5 Tom continued talk talking although
the teacher had asked him to stop.
6 There’s no deny denying that the
weather is worse here than in southern
Europe.
7 Why did Jane tell Peter to come? She
shouldn’t do have done that.
8 Sam’s lost his car keys - if he hadn’t lost
them, he doesn’t need wouldn’t need
to phone his wife.
9 In spite the fact In spite of the fact that
we discussed doing more research,
nothing has happened.
10 I was having problems - Sara agreed to
help me, but Tina refused helping to
help me.
11 If you have arrived had arrived earlier,
you would have met Pete, but he’s
already gone.
12 When I’m listening to long explanations,
my mind tends wandering to wander.
Grammar in context p42
1
1 b ​​2 e ​​3 f ​​4 d ​​5 a ​​6 c
2
1 ’ll phone ​​2 is going to ​​3 leaves
4 ‘s going to ​​5 is going to ​​6 are going
3
1 A ​​2 B ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 A ​​6 B ​​7 A
4
1 opens ​​2 is/’s going to snow ​​3 are
you doing/are you going to do ​​4 am/’m
going ​​5 will/’ll like ​​6 will/’ll drive
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p42
5
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 A ​​6 B
7 C ​​8 A ​​9 B ​​10 C
Developing vocabulary and
listening p43
1
1 on, of ​​2 on, of ​​3 in, of ​​4 in, of
5 On, of ​​6 out, with ​​7 by, of ​​8 In, to
2
a
c
e
g
on behalf of ​​b in the process of ​​
on the strength of ​​d In addition to
out of touch with ​​f by means of ​​
in aid of h
​​ on account of
​​
3
1 b ​​2 d ​​3 e ​​4 a ​​5 c
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4
1 heart rate, facial expressions ​​2 their
brainwaves ​​3 100% ​​4 previous crimes ​​
5 19% ​​6 a unique chemical code ​​
7 in court ​​8 to catch foreign criminals ​​
9 five miles per hour
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p43
5
1 in fear of ​​2 at the sight of ​​3 for the
attention of ​​4 in exchange for ​​5 for the
purpose of ​​6 in need of
Grammar in context p44
1
1 future continuous ​​2 going to happen
very soon ​​3 future perfect simple ​​
4 future perfect continuous
3
Asking for
advice
Giving
advice
Responding
to advice/
Asking for
clarification
If you were
me, would
you …?
You might
want to …
That sounds
helpful/
ideal
What do
you think I
should …?
What about
…?
You ought
to/had
better …
Do you
think I
should …?
Have you
thought
about …?
2
1 A ​​2 A ​​3 B ​​4 B ​​5 A
3
1 will have finished ​​2 will have created ​​
3 will have been playing
4 will have bought ​​5 will have been
studying ​​6 will have been driving
4
a will have been travelling ​​b will be
sitting ​​c signing ​​d get ​​e will get
f will have been ​​g will have sent
h will be working ​​i will talk ​​j have
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p44
5
1
3
5
6
will have been working ​​2 will be sitting ​​
If only I could win ​​4 advised her to ask ​​
is on the verge of asking
should have told ​​7 will have finished Developing speaking p45
1
1 F ​​2 T ​​3 F ​​4 T ​​5 F
2
1 what about ​​2 The only problem is
3 why don’t you ​​4 That’s a good, Do you
think I should ​​5 have you thought about ​​
6 Do you mean ​​7 Yes, that sounds
If I were
you, I would
…
But what
about …?
Don’t you
think it
would be
better to
…?
Why don’t
you …?
Are you
saying that
…?
What about
…?
Do you
mean …?
That sounds
sensible.
That’s a
good idea.
The only
problem
is …
6 To make matters worse, ​​7 Might I
suggest …? ​​8 I urge you to … ​​
9 Yours faithfully
4
Contrast
Give
reasons
Conclusion
although
since
In conclusion
not only …
but also
as
5
1 Three reasons – student numbers have
fallen, standards have dropped, school
needs repairs
2 Yes, he does.
6 and 7
Students’ own answers
Revisions: Units 1–5
Grammar p47
1
Suggested answers: 1 am going to bed
2 will get worse ​​3 is going to break
4 does the shop open ​​5 am/‘m visiting
my grandparents ​​6 are going to lose ​​
7 will/‘ll help 4
a
c
e
g
2
1 will have been walking ​​2 giving up
3 will have been ​​4 will be doing
5 will have finished/will be finished
5 and 6
month I will be living I will have been living
here for ten years. ​​2 I want finishing to
finish my book tonight, so I’m not going
out. ​​3 What do you do will you be doing
at this time tomorrow? ​​4 Tom was very
rude – he might not speak shouldn’t have
spoken to the teacher like that. ​​5 What
are your plans for the weekend? Are you
doing/Are you going to do anything
special? ​​6 We will finished will have
finished eating by eight o’clock so I can
meet you then.
Why don’t you ​​b Do you think I should ​​
If I were you ​​d That’s a good idea ​​
What about ​​f You might want to ​​
have you thought about h
​​ That sounds
ideal i​​ The only thing is
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p46
1
1 These cuts are just merely the beginning
– there will be others. ​​2 There have been
some a number of complaints. ​​3 I demand
that you concentrate on offering providing
better services. ​​4 Most The vast majority
of people disagree with the proposed cuts. ​​
5 Many Numerous town councils have
reduced administration costs. ​​6 It is very
highly possible that the council will reduce
police numbers.
2
a the vast majority of b
​​ number of
c merely ​​d highly ​​e numerous
f providing
3
1 I am writing on behalf of ​​2 … to
protest about ​​3 I should like to draw
your attention to … ​​4 My second
complaint concerns … ​​5 The fact is
3
1 I moved here almost ten years ago – next
Vocabulary p47
1
1 heavy fine ​​2 littering ​​3 suspended
sentence ​​4 lodge a complaint
5 prosecute ​​6 designate ​​7 community
service ​​8 ban 2
1 on ​​2 in ​​3 by ​​4 in ​​5 in ​​6 On
3
1 issued ​​2 wanders ​​3 steering wheel ​​
4 non-designated ​​5 cold shoulder ​​
6 genetic engineering
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4 recommended ‘You should try the
Unit 6
restaurant.’
5 asked ‘Have you heard the news?’
Reading pp48–49
L
5
1 agreed not to increase the rent ​​
2 regretted doing it/regretted that he
had done it ​​3 wondered if the flat was
available ​​4 claimed that they would win ​​
5 promised to help me ​​6 warned us
A
against moving/warned us not to move
1a
F
U
L
F
L
T
Y
N
F
U
U
M
S
E
H
E
N
S
V
H
6
1 Mark refused helping to help me to clean
the flat. ​​2 We shouldn’t do have done
that, it was a terrible idea. ​​3 Neil offered
go to go flat-hunting with me. ​​4 By the
H
O
U
S
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p50
D
R
I
T
O
P
E
A
O
I
H
R
S
N
E
I
E
D
T
O
U
P
1 fully furnished ​​2 deposit ​​3 do up
4 move in ​​5 house-hunt ​​6 flat-share
1b
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 A ​​4 C ​​5 B
Developing vocabulary and
listening p51
1
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 A ​​4 B ​​5 C ​​6 B
2
1 B ​​2 D ​​3 A ​​4 C
2
1 Staying with my grandparents is (like) a
home from home. ​​2 Watching those early
3
1 B ​​2 D ​​3 A ​​4 A ​​5 D ​​6 C
7 B ​​8 C ​​9 D ​​10 C
black and white films really brings it home
to you how far we’ve come in cinematography. ​​
3 Footballers can take home up to £300,000
per week. ​​4 My new phone is OK, but it’s
nothing to write home about. ​​5 Trudy told
Tom some home truths.
4
Students’ own answers
5
1 advocates ​​2 welded ​​3 supply
4 sustainable ​​5 drawn to
6 thriving ​​7 self-sufficient
Grammar in context p50
1
1 added, agree, claimed ​​2 told ​​3 ask
6 recommends
2
1 announce, claim, complain ​​2 inform,
remind, warn ​​3 want to know, wonder
4 agree, claim, offer ​​5 forbid, instruct,
invite, remind, warn ​​6 recommend,
regret, suggest ​​7 accuse somebody
of, apologise for, congratulate somebody
on, criticise somebody for ​​8 demand,
recommend, suggest
3
1 to be ​​2 having ​​3 that I should cut
4 to give me ​​5 me of cheating ​​6 not
to wait ​​7 that we had been playing
4
2 advised ‘Do not travel to Kenya.’
3 admitted ‘I stole the money.’
time I finish my project, I’ll be writing have
written 5,000 words. ​​5 The landlady
informed to us us (that) she was increasing
the rent. ​​6 Sue blamed that I made me
for making a noise, but it was her.
3
1 Frank Lloyd Wright ​​2 Edgar Kaufmann ​​
3 Bear Run ​​4 Fallingwater ​​5 $155,000
6 $58,000 ​​7 $11.4 million
4
a 1936 and 1938 ​​b (instantly) became
famous ​​c before you die ​​d nine months​​
e three ​​f frames ​​g concrete and metal ​​
h $2.6 million ​​i swimming pool ​​j youth
programmes VOCABULARY EXTENSION p51
5
1 e ​​2 a ​​3 c ​​4 b ​​5 d
6
1 A ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 C ​​5 A
2
1 a, c, d, g, h ​​2 b, e, f ​​3 a, d
4 b, c, e, f, g, h 3
1 It is said that the pop star has three
swimming pools in his garden.
The pop star is said to have three
swimming pools in his garden.
2 It is believed that the house was built a
hundred years ago.
The house is believed to have been built
a hundred years ago.
3 It has been reported that the
government plans to increase the
housing budget.
The government has been reported to
plan to increase the housing budget.
4 It has been claimed that the building has
fallen down.
The building is claimed to have fallen
down.
5 It is thought that he paid over £3 million
for the house.
He is thought to have paid over
£3 million for the house.
4
1 The flat is reported to have damp
problems. ​​2 The builders are known to
have repaired the ceiling. ​​3 The house
is said to be haunted. ​​4 It has been
suggested that the previous tenant didn’t
look after the property. ​​5 The gardens
are believed to have been designed by
a famous landscape artist. ​​6 It has
been suggested that the kitchen needs
decorating. ​​7 It is said that the flat is
being cleaned by a cleaning company. ​​
8 It has been reported that the house has
great furniture. GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p52
5
1 used to visit my grandparents every
summer when I was a child ​​2 are said to
be being built ​​3 tend to get up early in
summer ​​4 won’t move into the flat unless
the landlord gives me a proper contract ​​
5 The architect is reported to have finished ​​
6 needn’t have phoned the landlord ​​
7 The house is thought to have a ​​8 am
on the verge of finishing preparing for my
exams
Grammar in context p52
Developing speaking p53
1
1 passive reporting verb, verb
2 reporting verb, present infinitive
1
Photo A
2
1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7
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3
a probably ​​b maybe ​​c generally
speaking ​​d definitely ​​e presumably
f carefully ​​g apparently
3 Smoking was said to be good for your
health! / It was said that smoking was
good for your health!
4 The court hearing taking takes place
next Monday at 11 am.
5 At this time tomorrow, I am taking will
4 The house is known to have been built in
1908.
4
1 generally speaking ​​2 maybe, apparently,
definitely, presumably ​​3 carefully
5 It has been suggested that the house
5
3
Suggested answers
a Presumably
b Luckily c​​ definitely ​​d Personally
e To be honest f​​ Clearly
g Unfortunately h
​​ Frankly
(line 1) he said/he told me (line 2) he claims
to have gone (line 3) He accused me of
(line 5) he should have called (line 8) I
overheard her say/saying
6
1
1 deposit ​​2 moving ​​3 furnished
4 do ​​5 hunting
Developing writing p54
7 He was arrested on the strong of
2
1 at home with ​​2 home in on ​​3 to write
home about ​​4 it brought it home to me ​​
5 be home and dry ​​6 take home
1
Students’ own answers
2
City break: photo B
Away from it all: photo A
a historic ​​b sprawling ​​c shabby ​​
d vibrant e
​​ cosmopolitan ​​f renowned ​​
g magnificent ​​h hilly ​​i quaint
3
Suggested answers
1 If you’re young and think it sounds
boring, think again! ​​
2 So, if you’re into history, there’s plenty to
learn … ​​3 Why not stop for a picnic …? ​​
4 Interestingly, … ​​5 Maybe even a horse
poking its nose into your tent in the morning!
4 and 5
Students’ own answers
3
1 C ​​2 B ​​3 A ​​4 A ​​5 C ​​6 B
Grammar p55
1
1 Frank admitted making a mistake. ​​
2 My dad warned Jason not to touch the
door. ​​3 The teacher criticised Julia for
not checking her work. ​​4 Mary regretted
not going on the trip to Paris. ​​5 Carol
suggested starting their own website. ​​
6 Steve congratulated Penny on getting
the job. ​​7 Leo insisted on finishing
the work before they went. ​​8 My mum
advised Rob to check the price online.
2
1 My brother claims to have cleaned his
went round the Earth. / Years ago, the
Sun was thought to go round the Earth.
how many people are homeless when
you see the statistics.
9 Hundreds of years ago, it was thinking
thought that the Earth was flat.
10 The police will keeping will be keeping
an eye on the suspect during the next
month.
11 At the end of this year, I will have been
study will have been studying English
for ten years.
12 When the police questioned her, she
denied to commit denied committing
the crime.
Reading p56
Reading pp58–59
1
1 f ​​2 a ​​3 d ​​4 c ​​5 g ​​6 b
1a
1 marketing campaign ​​2 freebies
3 word-of-mouth publicity ​​4 brand name ​​
5 banners ​​6 billboard Use of English p56
2
a used ​​b with
f that ​​g going
i ought ​​j than
m to ​​n for ​​o
​​c a ​​d despite ​​e it
​​h point/verge
​​k Since ​​l refused
each
3
a losing their job ​​b isolation ​​
c Fourteen/14 ​​d three times ​​
e ninety-one/91 ​​f by name ​​
g Housing First ​​h are given help/are helped
i $8,000 ​​j states/states in America/countries
Writing p57
4
Students’ own answers
COMMON MISTAKES p57
5
1 By the end of next week, I have finished
2 I congratulated Natalie for win on
2 Years ago, it was thought that the Sun
8 It really takes brings it home to you just
Unit 7
will have finished my project.
bedroom, but I don’t believe him!
strength of the evidence and sent to
prison.
Gateway to exams: Units 5–6
Listening p57
Revision: Units 1–6
bank, nobody else could possibly have
done it – it was definitely them.
was badly designed.
Vocabulary p55
Students’ own answers
be taking my driving test. I hope I pass!
6 They could rob must have robbed the
winning the competition and asked
how she felt.
3 The architect is reported to win to have
won a prize for the design of his first
building.
1b
1 make ​​2 launched ​​3 giving
4 endorse ​​5 use
1c
1 cold ​​2 (word-of-mouth)publicity
3 (marketing) campaign ​​4 banner
5 billboard 2
1 F ​​2 T 3
1 c ​​2 d ​​3 b ​​4 b ​​5 a ​​6 c
4
Students’ own answers
5
1 convey ​​2 shape ​​3 subsequently
4 approach ​​5 catering ​​6 pervasive
Grammar in context p60
1
1 g ​​2 c ​​3 b ​​4 a, d, f ​​5 e
2
a are now accepted ​​b are still being
asked ​​c are broadcast ​​d is believed ​​
e be blamed ​​f have been banned ​​
g be more tightly controlled
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3
1 A lot of people have been sent
4
1 b ​​2 c ​​3 d ​​4 c ​​5 b
invitations (by the company) to the
exhibition. / Invitations to the exhibition
have been sent (by the company) to a lot
of people.
2 Their teacher was given a present (by
the students) on her birthday. / A present
was given (by the students) to their
teacher on her birthday.
3 Fake perfume was sold to us at the
market. / We were sold fake perfume at
the market.
4 A reduction was offered (by the shop)
if we paid in cash. / We were offered a
reduction (by the shop) if we paid in cash.
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p61
5
✓ Words that form verbs by adding –en
or –n: bright, cheap, dark, deaf, deep, flat,
hard, high, long, loose, red, sad, sharp,
short, soft, strong, sweet, tight, weak,
wide, worse
Words that don’t form verbs by adding
–en or –n: high, narrow, thin
Change of spelling: flatten, heighten,
lengthen, redden, sadden, strengthen
(Note that heighten, lengthen, and
strengthen are formed from the noun)
4
1 having your hair styled ​​2 have your
garden landscaped ​​3 to have your
car serviced ​​4 Have someone else do ​​
5 have your nails manicured
Verb forms that are the same as the
adjective: narrow, smooth, thin
5
Grammar in context p62
(line 2) will be open be opened on Saturday
(line 5) the mall is being opened is opened
to the public (line 6) preparations are still
been made being made (line 7) workers
will finish will have finished them by
Saturday (line 9) food and drink will
provide be provided (line 10/11) a magic
show with clowns has arranged has been
arranged (line 12) Get done your shopping
your shopping done (line 15) enjoy to be
being pampered (line 16/17) the organisers
have promised giving to give (line 18) you
had will have a great time
Developing vocabulary and
listening p61
1
Prefixes
Suffixes
magnify
collectable
concert
action
dangerous
postpone
global
modernise
multi-storey lucky
pre-concert
2
a
c
e
h
comic
6
1 widen ​​2 loosen ​​3 strengthen
4 deafened ​​5 darkening
1
1 every ​​2 each of ​​3 none of
4 no ​​5 a, number of ​​6 all ​​7 None
2
a A number ​​b every ​​c None ​​d Most
e no ​​f each ​​g All
3
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 A ​​6 B ​​7 B
8 C 1
1 purpose, present ​​2 to ​​3 based
4 previously ​​5 recommendation
6 consideration, All ​​7 in, up
2
1 A fashion show. ​​2 The school
authorities, because they want to decide
whether to organise a similar project
next year. ​​3 No, it criticises not putting
the show on the school website and not
advertising on the radio. ​​4 Inviting a
famous model to attract people from
outside the area.
3
Suggested answers: 1 that was held, should
be organised, was well received, was fairly
well publicised, was not put, were served,
was done, was presented, was … appreciated,
would be donated ​​2 The purpose of this
report is … All in all, My main suggestion ​​
3 However ​​4 all (those involved), no
(long queues), more (money) ​​5 to assess
the success, a costly oversight, the
previously mentioned lack of publicity, this
would ensure
4 and 5
Grammar p65
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p62
banned
lovely
management
skilful
originality
credible
criticism
Developing speaking p63
tallish
darkness
1
1 C ​​2 E ​​3 D ​​4 B; photo A is not
He uses very unusual advertising methods.
Developing writing p64
the None of the people I talked to at the
concert enjoyed it. ​​3 (correct) ​​4 A
number of people has have complained
about that advert. ​​5 Most the Most of
the students in my class speak English. ​​
6 Each programmes Each of the
programmes in the series was excellent.
hopeless
3
Students’ own answers
Students’ own answers
inventive
withdrawal ​​b detrimental
appearance ​​d controversial
artificially ​​f famous ​​g disorders
unfortunately ​​i decision ​​j creativity
5
4
1 I can remember every of detail every
detail of the actor’s biography. ​​2 None
5
a is ​​b few ​​c to ​​d been ​​e for
f When ​​g Most ​​h all ​​i every
j couldn’t ​​k admitted ​​l none neighbourhood
4
A 6 B 2, 5 C 4, 8 D 3, 7 mentioned
2
1 T ​​2 F ​​3 T ​​4 T ​​5 F ​​6 T ​​7 T
3
1 think ​​2 don’t ​​3 suppose ​​4 mean
5 Let’s ​​6 so ​​7 see ​​8 right
Revision: Units 1–7
1
a has just been reported ​​b were altered/
had been altered ​​c had not been stated/
was not stated ​​d is being done
e is being undermined ​​f were received
g will be more tightly controlled ​​h to be
2
1 get Dave to check/have Dave check ​​
2 did you have your hair done/did you get
your hair done ​​3 to have my photo taken/
to get my photo taken, have it done/get it
done ​​4 had the garage fit/got the garage
to fit ​​5 Have you had your dog vaccinated
3
1 Each of the contestants / Every one of
the contestants ​​2 None of the students ​​
3 (correct) ​​4 there was none left ​​5 no
food ​​6 I have been living/have lived
in this flat ​​7 most of the new phones ​​
8 Matt can’t have given Lucy
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Vocabulary p65
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p68
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p70
1
1 billboards ​​2 publicity ​​3 freebies
4 endorse ​​5 banners ​​6 brand 5
1 I was determined to improve my game
4
1 What confuses me is ​​2 I was really
impressed by ​​3 must get this cracked
window replaced ​​4 are far fewer speed
cameras ​​5 me what I had been working ​​
6 The more you do ​​7 last saw Diana
about three weeks ago ​​8 considerably
stronger than I used ​​9 unless you have
time ​​10 not as good a footballer as
2
1 helpful ​​2 predictable ​​3 innovative
4 thirtyish ​​5 successful ​​6 instantaneous ​​
7 autobiography ​​8 multi-purpose
3
1 A ​​2 C ​​3 A ​​4 B ​​5 B ​​6 A ​​7 B
Unit 8
Reading pp66–67
1a
1 splitting ​​2 blowing ​​3 raising
4 warming/stopping ​​5 warming/stopping ​​
6 opening/catching ​​7 opening/catching ​​
8 destroying ​​9 biting ​​10 neck
1b
1 eye-catching ​​2 heart-warming
3 eye-opening ​​4 soul-destroying
5 ear-splitting ​​6 breakneck
1c
1 nail-biting ​​2 mind-blowing
3 eye-opening ​​4 hair-raising ​​
5 heart-warming ​​6 soul-destroying ​​
7 eye-catching ​​8 heart-stopping ​​
9 breakneck ​​10 ear-splitting after having watched after watching the
match on TV. ​​2 By 8 pm I’ll have being
working have been working for eight hours. ​​
3 Having left Having been left in the
sunshine, the ice cream quickly melted.
4 (correct) ​​5 (correct) ​​6 6 We can’t afford
buying afford to buy a new car, although
our old one keeps breaking down. ​​7 I can
learn to drive now, been seventeen being
seventeen. ​​8 Given out a test After giving
out/having given out, the teacher left the
classroom for five minutes.
Developing vocabulary and
listening p69
1
2 You’ve proved your point. ​​3 Can you
get to the point? ​​4 I was on the point
of calling you. ​​5 I agree up to a point. ​​
6 You’ve missed the point.
1
1 B ​​2 D ​​3 A ​​4 C
Task 2: 6 F ​​7 B ​​8 A ​​9 G ​​10 C
3
1 C ​​2 E ​​3 A ​​4 D ​​5 F ​​6 B
5
1 NM ​​2 T ​​3 F ​​4 T ​​5 F
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p69
6
1 mark ​​2 ran ​​3 match ​​4 even ​​5 order
Grammar in context p70
Grammar in context p68
1
1 b, e ​​2 c, d ​​3 a, f
2
1 F ​​2 F ​​3 T
3
1 Struck ​​2 Walking ​​3 Having spoken
4 Having played ​​5 Confused
6 Distracted ​​7 Picking ​​8 Watched
4
1 Having been told that ​​2 Not wanting to
look silly ​​3 Worried by poor ticket sales ​​
4 Hoping to make a good impression ​​
5 After being chosen to play ​​6 When
using this cleaner on ​​7 Having woken up
late, Miranda was ​​8 After winning the
tennis match easily
3
1 Let ​​2 put ​​3 what ​​4 other
5 meant ​​6 think ​​7 truth
3
2 tip ​​3 break ​​4 account ​​5 hard
6 clear
Task 1: 1 C ​​2 H ​​3 E ​​4 D ​​5 B
5
1 elated ​​2 revolved round ​​3 brace
4 overwhelmed ​​5 vent ​​6 gauge
7 column ​​8 viewfinder ​​9 steam 2
1 T ​​2 F ​​3 F ​​4 T ​​5 F ​​6 T
4, 5 and 6
2
1 c ​​2 a ​​3 e ​​4 b ​​5 d
Students’ own answers
1
A skateboarding in a skate park ​​B sailing
C horse-trekking
Order mentioned: 1 skateboarding in a
skate park ​​2 horse-trekking ​​3 sailing
2
1 tip ​​2 account ​​3 draw ​​4 hard
5 clear ​​6 break
4
4
Developing speaking p71
Students’ own answers
Developing writing p72
2
1 whilst ​​2 On the other hand ​​3 after
all ​​4 as well as ​​5 Does it follow …?
6 There is no doubt that ​​7 as long as
8 a good thing
3
Introducing and sequencing arguments
First and foremost / Last but not least
Adding arguments
Furthermore / Moreover / Not only …
but also / What is more
1
1 uncountable, countable ​​2 can, must
3 as ​​4 changes ​​5 comparative
6 modify ​​7 superlatives
Making contrasts and giving counter
arguments
2
1 more ​​2 as ​​3 longer, considerably
4 scariest ​​5 almost ​​6 less
7 better ​​8 by far
Expressing consequences
3
1 I have played fewer basketball games
than Greg has this season.
2 The more you work out, the fitter you’ll get.
3 It isn’t as/so quiet by the beach as it is in
the countryside.
4 A tent doesn’t give you as much
comfort/the same comfort as a hotel.
On the one hand … on the other hand /
Despite the fact that
As a result
Expressing strong personal opinions
To my mind / There’s no doubt that / As
far as I’m concerned
Expressing general or other people’s
opinions
It is widely accepted that / Some people
claim/argue that
Concluding
All in all / To sum up
5 Going by car to the forest takes less time
than cycling.
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4
1 A ​​2 A ​​3 F ​​4 A ​​5 F
Listening p75
Grammar in context p78
3
1
5
1 F/A ​​2 O
Task 1: 1 D ​​2 A ​​3 G ​​4 E ​​5 C
6
Writing p75
Task 2: 6 F ​​7 C ​​8 A ​​9 E ​​10 H
Students’ own answers
1
1 Trapped ​​2 Driving ​​3 Wanting
4 Having got ​​5 Seeing ​​6 Watched
3
1 0 ​​2 the ​​3 0 ​​4 the ​​5 0 ​​6 the
2 Most of the people I invited came to my
Reading pp76–77
1
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p78
3 Designing Designed to appeal to
children, the advert was successful in
getting parents to buy the toy.
interesting than as interesting as the first one. ​​
2 This computer game isn’t near nearly as
much fun as the last one. ​​3 Your essays
are getting more and more as interesting
more and more interesting. ​​4 (correct) ​​
5 People nowadays have to be inform
informed about technology. ​​6 I think that
walking is slightly the best better for your
health than cycling. ​​7 (correct)
4 I’m having my hair cutting cut tomorrow.
5 Young people nowadays spend
Vocabulary p73
8 Having just start started the book, I didn’t
considerably fewer less time outdoors
than they used to.
6 My friend Paul is tallish and he’s very
funny and optimist optimistic / an
optimist.
7 It’s not the same seeing a film in the
cinema that as seeing it on TV.
know if I was going to enjoy it yet or not.
1
1 biting ​​2 catching ​​3 splitting
4 blowing ​​5 destroying ​​6 raising
7 neck ​​8 warming
9 In my opinion, the new advert is by far
more far more interesting than the last one.
2
1 At this point, I think we should stop and
have a coffee. ​​2 I’d like to draw your
attention to the rules for using participles. ​​
3 We must take all aspects of the issue
into account. ​​4 I didn’t catch what the
lecturer said at the end of the talk. ​​5 It
broke my heart when my dad sold our old
car. ​​6 My friend’s mum is going to pick us
up after the concert.
3
1 C ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 B ​​6 B
Unit 9
Across: 3 enrol ​​6 footsteps
8 aspirations ​​10 ended ​​11 insight
12 get 14 looked
Down: 1 serve ​​2 settle ​​4 accomplish
5 feet ​​7 hand ​​9 setbacks 13 hold
2
1 Careers in Science, Technology,
Engineering and Maths ​​2 Boys
Gateway to exams: Units 7–8
3
1 C ​​2 B ​​3 A/B ​​4 A/B ​​5 D ​​6 A
7 B ​​8 D ​​9 A ​​10 C
Reading p74
4
1
1 c ​​2 d ​​3 a ​​4 b ​​5 d
Students’ own answers
Use of English p75
2
a hottest ​​b creative ​​c imagination
d successful ​​e incredibly
f unsurprisingly ​​g innovative
h attention ​​i original ​​j likelihood 4
Students who are looking for more
information about possible careers and
advice on what to do to make their
ambitions a reality will be interested in an
event we are holding over the weekend
of 14th–15th April, here at Garton College.
Representatives of some of the major
UK companies will be on hand to talk
to students about qualifications and
job requirements and also to discuss
recruitment procedures. There will be a
series of talks by experts about different
career paths and the wide range of job
opportunities available to graduating
students. You can book individual advice
sessions with careers advisors, but please
make sure that you book early as there will
only be a limited number of slots available.
For more details on the careers weekend,
go to the college website and click on
‘careers at Garton’. A Llot of hard work has
gone into planning this event and we hope
students will find it useful and interesting.
party, and every of every one of them
bought me a present.
3
1 The second film in the series isn’t so
3 6 9
5
1 My dog doesn’t like telling being told
what to do by anyone but me!
2
1 as ​​2 easily ​​3 far ​​4 easier
5 colder ​​6 as ​​7 fewer ​​8 as
1 7 10 11 2 4 5 8
Do not use an
article
COMMON MISTAKES p75
Students’ own answers
Grammar p73
Use a/an
2
1 The, an ​​2 a, the ​​3 The, a, the ​​
4 0, an, 0 ​​5 The, the ​​6 the , 0 ​​
7 0, the, 0 ​​8 a, a, 0
4
Revision: Units 1–8
Use the
5
1 state-of-the-art ​​2 fired ​​3 code
4 excessive ​​5 mentor ​​6 sparked
5
I finally heard the result of an the interview
I had the last month. You remember? It was
for the a job of (the) an assistant manager
of my sector. Andy’s the an assistant
manager at the moment, but he’s been
promoted so they held interviews for his
replacement. It was, quite honestly, the
worst interview I’d ever done. I was the a
last to go in and I was really nervous by
then. The Qquestions were really easy, but
I didn’t answer at all well. Needless to say,
I didn’t get the job, but I’ll try again next
time. I shouldn’t complain because I like my
job and the people I work with.
Anyway, how are you getting on at the
university? Have you decided on the a
career yet? Make sure you get the best
advice possible! The uUnemployment is not
an option!! Are you still sharing the house
in Duke Street? I must come round to visit
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4
1 the last of which ​​2 many of whom
3 most of which ​​4 the first of whom
5 some of whom
sometime. I’ve got a couple of the DVDs
you might like to watch.
Write soon,
Tom
Developing vocabulary and
listening p79
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p80
1
1 opinion (knowledge, understanding)
2 staff (position, post) ​​3 advantage
(setback, resistance) ​​4 direction (survey,
analysis) ​​5 revision (career, course) ​​
6 attention (problem, change)
2
1 confidence ​​2 up ​​3 cause ​​4 voice
5 suffered ​​6 pay ​​7 speak ​​8 stand
3
1 b ​​2 a ​​3 c
4
1
3
4
6
7
8
(line 3) is someone from whom (line 4) The
office in which I worked (line 4) was a busy
place (line 6) I wouldn’t have learnt (line
8) Good mentors have already learnt (line
9) can demonstrate the behaviour (line 10)
encourage you to do (line 12) show you
what is required in your job (line 13) will
be promoting (line 17) at which point I will
become Developing speaking p81
(It took) ages. ​​2 Through contacts.
Disheartened and rejected/demoralised.
Tailoring your CV ​​5 20 seconds
Specific/concrete examples
(Professional) networking site
A referee
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p79
5
1 reach ​​2 dismiss ​​3 answer ​​4 break
5 pose ​​6 promote ​​7 miss
8 demand ​​9 negotiate ​​10 outline
6
1 I missed the opportunity to study
in Spain because I applied too late. ​​
2 Tom never breaks a promise. ​​3 The
1
2 Nurses E ​​3 Farmers F ​​4 Factory
workers B ​​5 Binmen/Rubbish collectors C
6 Teachers A
2
1 B ​​2 D ​​3 E ​​4 A ​​5 F ​​6 C
3
1 for everyday life ​​2 (got) a car
3 health care ​​4 the future ​​5 wool and
cotton ​​6 dangerous
4
1 large ​​2 of ​​3 On ​​4 In
5 Normally ​​6 cases ​​7 Broadly
8 extent
5
1 Most ​​2 extent ​​3 By ​​4 cases
5 Usually/Normally ​​6 Broadly
unemployment figures reached a peak
in 2015, but then they declined. ​​4 The
teacher demanded an explanation for the
poor work we had handed in. ​​5 The
authorities will not release a prisoner if they
think he still poses a threat to the public.
Grammar in context p80
1
1 a, f ​​2 c, e ​​3 b, d
2
1 The person from whom I received the
information was Mr Peters. ​​2 This is the
university at which I studied. ​​3 The office
in which I worked last summer had no air
conditioning. ​​4 The students with whom I
worked in July were all from Italy. ​​
5 The languages for which I received top
marks at college were French and Russian. ​​
6 I studied with a great teacher from whom
I learnt a lot.
3
1 case ​​2 point ​​3 reason ​​4 whom
5 which
5
Revision: Units 1–9
Grammar p83
1
You know a lot about IT and I need your
advice! I’m thinking of buying a new laptop
for my mum’s birthday. The Oold one she’s
using is really out of date. It’s the one I
had when I was at school. When I went
to university I got a new laptop from my
parents and I gave the other one to Mum.
I’m not sure what to get her. Liam’s got a
tablet and he likes it a lot. Do you think
laptops or tablets are better? And do you
think it’s a good idea to buy it myself or go
round the shops with Mum so that she can
choose the one she wants? Let me know
what you think.
Love, Maggie x
2
1 The interviewer asked me a lot of
questions, none of which I could answer. ​​
2 It may be difficult to read my handwriting,
in which case do call me. ​​3 That’s the
e-reader which I bought for £50 secondhand/for which I paid £50 second-hand. ​​
4 Peter, with whom I used to go to school,
is now a famous football player. ​​5 The
supermarket in which I worked has now
closed down/which I worked in has now
closed down.
3
1 I overheard Sarah to say say/saying that
she’s going to London next weekend.
2 Mr Brown is the man for who whom I
used to work.
6
Students’ own answers
3 I think I’ll study the a course in
Developing writing p82
4 Mark’s face was red because he has had
1
1 I am writing in response to your
advertisement ​​2 I am interested in
the position of ​​3 I would welcome the
opportunity to work at your company
4 I believe I am well-suited for this job
5 I have experience of working ​​6 I
consider myself to be ​​7 I would be
delighted to attend an interview at your
earliest convenience ​​8 As requested, I
enclose my curriculum vitae
2
Supervisor/organiser for activity weeks for
11–13 year-olds
2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10
3
1 d ​​2 c ​​3 e ​​4 a ​​5 b
engineering when I go to university.
been running for a long time.
5 (correct)
6 Watching Watched by her teammates,
Lucy scored a goal just before the end of
the match.
Vocabulary p83
1
1 enrol ​​2 serve ​​3 inspire ​​4 hold
5 insight
2
1 embarking, gain ​​2 weigh
3 overcome ​​4 stand, take, voice, speak
3
1 B ​​2 A ​​3 B ​​4 C ​​5 A ​​6 C
7 C ​​8 B
4 and 5
Students’ own answers
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Unit 10
Reading pp84–85
1
1
5
9
1
8
took ​​2 implied ​​3 witty ​​4 offended ​​
gaffe ​​6 wrong ​​7 cross ​​8 nuances ​​
missed ​​10 puzzling
f ​​2 d ​​3 j ​​4 h ​​5 b ​​6 i ​​7 c
a ​​9 g ​​10 e
2
1 C ​​2 B ​​3 A
3
a language learning ​​b medicine/science ​​
c had increased/grown ​​d changed ​​
e ability ​​f tailoring/adapting
4
a tenses ​​b same words/phrases ​​
c in relation ​​d health ​​e 30% ​​
f instinctively
Students’ own answers
7
1 oriented ​​2 tailor ​​3 sarcasm ​​
4 cognitive ​​5 instinctively ​​6 melodious
Grammar in context p86
1
1 infinitive ​​2 gerund ​​3 gerund
4 infinitive ​​5 gerund ​​6 gerund
7 infinitive ​​8 infinitive
​​d 2
​​e 5
​​f 1
Developing vocabulary and
listening p87
1 and 2
2
1 It was difficult to make out exactly what
Mark was saying. ​​2 About 50% of the
6
​​c 3
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p88
1
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 A ​​6 C
7 A ​​8 C ​​9 B ​​10 C
5
1 T ​​2 NM ​​3 F ​​4 NM ​​5 T
2
a 4 ​​b 7
h 6
Perhaps you want to travel and use English
interacting to interact with the people
you meet. We can help you achieving to
achieve your ideal level. Peers Language
School has an excellent reputation for to
help helping students from all over the
world improving to improve their language
skills. We run courses throughout the year
and we can arrange for you staying to stay
with a local family. You can choose coming
to come in the summer and enjoy all the
seaside attractions that the wonderful town
of Eastbourne has offering to offer. It’s
also worth to come coming in the winter
months when the classes are smaller.
​​g 8 ​​
3
1 Understanding ​​2 causing ​​3 to do ​​
4 to put ​​5 to get ​​6 asking ​​
7 watching, to improve ​​8 getting
4
a to improve ​​b going ​​c understanding
d following ​​e watching ​​f to get ​​g to
practise ​​h to look up ​​i to download
5
Verb + gerund
Verb + infinitive
admit apologise
for carry on
consider deny
feel like include
like practise risk
arrange ask
decide expect
hope inspire
persuade remind
seem
6
James completely, so I’d do whatever he
asked me to do. ​​8 (correct) Developing speaking p89
Students’ own answers
3
1 F ​​2 T ​​3 F ​​4 F ​​5 T ​​6 F
4
1 seem ​​2 vague ​​3 vivid ​​4 struck
5 sticks
5
people there spoke out in favour of our idea. ​​
3 I didn’t pick up on the fact that Jodie was
absent this morning. ​​4 It’s sometimes not
that easy to get through to people. ​​5 I hate
it when people cut in on my conversations.
Students’ own answers
3
1 NM ​​2 T ​​3 NM ​​4 T ​​5 F
the camp a success, ideas to keep the cost
low and ideas about location
4
a romantic or sophisticated ​​b sounds
pleasant ​​c less attractive ​​d not shared by ​​
e 850,000,000 ​​f economic growth ​​
g relationship ​​h speaker’s culture ​​
i fact and opinion ​​j role ​​k change our
perception ​​l appreciate Arabic culture
Developing writing p90
1
1 The Head of English ​​2 Ideas to make
2
Introduction
The aim of this proposal is to …
This proposal relates to …
This proposal describes/outlines …
Outlining the situation
In the light of students’ comments, …
VOCABULARY EXTENSION p87
It is beyond dispute that …
5
1 through ​​2 up ​​3 in ​​4 back ​​5 by
Suggestions
Grammar in context p88
… should …
1
1 whenever, doesn’t make
2 however, makes
Adding information
We could …
I/We suggest that …
We could also …
2
1 a, c ​​2 b
… as well as …
3
1 B ​​2 C ​​3 A ​​4 A ​​5 B ​​6 C
To sum up,
4
a whatever ​​b whoever c​​ wherever
d however e
​​ whatever f​​ wherever
g whenever h
​​ whatever
GRAMMAR CHALLENGE p86
5
1 It was interesting to see that the results
of the survey reflected my predictions. ​​
2 It’s a plant that grows wherever there’s a
hot climate. ​​3 The first person to answer
the question correctly will get a prize. ​​
4 (correct) ​​5 We’re determined to have a
great holiday however much it costs. ​​
6 If you could choose to live anywhere in
the world, where would you go? ​​7 I trust
Conclusions
On balance, we are of the opinion that
…
Study with us! Do you need improving to
improve your English for work or study?
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Workbook answer key
3
Gateway to exams: Units 9–10
Introduction
This proposal looks at …
Reading p92
Outlining the situation
1
a teenagers ​​b attractive ​​c slang
d don’t know ​​e regions
f old-fashioned ​​g immigrants ​​h native
speakers ​​i second syllable ​​j faceto-face contact ​​k secondary school ​​
l future
It is clear from (their comments) that …
With regard to …, the general view is
that …
Suggestions
We propose/recommend (that) …
If …, this would …
Use of English p93
Adding information
2
1 A ​​2 C ​​3 C ​​4 B ​​5 C ​​6 B ​​7 B
8 C ​​9 A ​​10 A
Additionally, …
Also worth mentioning is ...
Conclusions
Listening p92
In conclusion, … ; Finally, ...
4
1 Yes, it does. ​​2 Yes, it is. It is divided
into paragraphs with clear headings. ​​
3 is held, have (previously) been organised,
3
1 two (groups) ​​2 preoccupying secrets ​​
3 a hill ​​4 the first group ​​5 simple tasks ​​
6 tell someone
could be used, be offered The passive is
used to make the language more formal.
Writing p92
5 and 6
Students’ own answers
Students’ own answers
4
COMMON MISTAKES p92
5
1 The manager is the person to who to
Revision: Units 1–10
Grammar p91
whom I spoke.
1
1 translating ​​2 to ask ​​3 Doing
4 recycling ​​5 applying ​​6 getting
7 to help ​​8 filling
2 I usually buy electronic goods at a local
shop because people because the
people who work there are very helpful.
3 It was difficult to make up make out
2
1 Whenever ​​2 however ​​3 Whoever
4 Whatever ​​5 wherever ​​6 whichever
3
a whatever ​​b a c​​ forget d
​​ already
e could ​​f unless g
​​ will ​​h since
i should ​​j hasn’t ​​k to
what Karen was saying because the
restaurant was very noisy.
4 I spent two months travelling in America
for to improve to improve my level of
English.
5 It’s no use ask asking Jonas to help you,
he’s too busy.
6 I have a lot of things for what which to
Vocabulary p91
be grateful.
1
1 purposes ​​2 found ​​3 witty ​​4 end
5 nuances
7 It’s impossible to learn all the words in a
2
1 A ​​2 C ​​3 B ​​4 A ​​5 B ​​6 B
8 It’s easy understanding to understand
3
1 stopping ​​2 gaffe ​​3 opening
4 spoke ​​5 out ​​6 served
7 setbacks ​​8 offended
B2+
language, whatever however long you
spend studying it.
them because they speak slowly and
clearly.
9 In my family, I’m usually the first person
getting to get home in the evening.
10 This is the school in that in which I
studied / in that that I studied in – I had
a lot of good teachers there.
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