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Глушко 2м-18-13 дизентирия

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DYSENTERY
Completed by:
Hlushko Svitlana
2m-18-13
Characteristics of the disease
DYSENTERIA (dysenteria;
buckwheat, dys- + enteron
gut, intestine) is an
infectious disease
characterized by signs of
intoxication of the body, a
predominant functional and
morphological lesion of the
colon caused by Shigella
bacteria.
Etiology
Pathogens D. bacteria of the genus Shigella.
Shigella gram-negative bacteria with a length of 2 to
4 microns and a width of 0.5 to 0.8 microns, without
flagella and capsules, not forming spores and
pigment.
Etiology
• Shigella are
preserved: In open
water sources, In tap
water, In milk, In
Butter
• They die under the
influence of: boiling,
when heated to 60 °
C, direct sunlight,
disinfectants.
Epidemiology
Source of infection - Sick
person Transmission
mechanism - Fecal-oral
Distribution ways - Contact
household, Water distribution
route, Food distribution route.
Stages of dysentery
1. Catarrhal colitis (2 3
days).
2. Stage of fibrinous
colitis (5-10 days)
croupous, often
diphtheria
3. Ulcerative colitis
(appears on 10 12 day
of illness).
4. Healing ulcers (3 4
weeks of illness).
Diphtheria colitis in dysentery
Complications
Intestinal:
perforation (including
microperforation),
with paraproctitis or
peritonitis, intestinal
phlegmon, intestinal
bleeding, cicatricial
stenosis.
Complications
Extraintestinal: pneumonia, pyelonephritis, toxic arthritis,
amyloidosis, pylephlebitic liver abscesses, intoxication
and exhaustion.
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