Nomination: "English language" English language in our life Gumerov Bulat, 5thB Form Student, MBOU School №108, Soviet district of Ufa city, RB Supervisor: Ivanova L. N. - English teacher 2016 I. Introduction II. Practical significance II.1 From the history of the English language II.2 English as state language II.3. Examples of borrowed words from the English language II.4. Influence of the English language on the formation of computer slang in Russian III. English in media IY. English language in Ufa Y. English at the airport YI. If you are in the street of a strange city... YI.1. Key phrases which will be useful in different situations in communicating with strangers: YI.2. To eat in London is not a problem. YII. Attitude of students to the subject of "English" YIII. Conclusion IX. Bibliography X. Appendix I. Introduction We live in the times when business relations are expanding beyond our country. The borders between countries and people are becoming more and more transparent. And with the advent of the information space, we see that in communication there are no boundaries. At present we see in our life the manifestations of Anglo-American culture. English is part of our life. It is not just one of the languages of the world. For the 375 million people – it is a mother tongue, and half a billion people speak it. English is a carrier of another culture for us. If you want to become a sea captain or pilot on international flights - you need English as an international language. If you take the technical sciences, you will find that every engineer must know English, since this is an international technical language. If you want to study abroad in Oxford or Cambridge, from now you should pay a due attention to English: - to watch movies in the original, - read books, - listen to the radio, - watch cartoons, - just to teach all that you go through the lessons. Learn English! It will be useful to you in life! The necessity of this work is associated with the strong influence of the English language and culture of English-speaking countries on the Russian language. Therefore, the aim of the research is to study the influence of the English language on our life. Objectives of research: 1. To analyze spreading of English in various spheres of our life. 2. To determine the attitude of students to the phenomenon under investigation. Methods: • observation; • analysis of internet-material. II. The practical significance of the work is to study the spread of the English language in our life. Even in such a region as Bashkortostan, distant from the English-speaking countries by thousands kilometers, we meet quite often with the English language and with the manifestations of the English culture. II.1 From the history of the English language The English language originates from the language of the old Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons and Jutes) who moved to 5-6 centuries from the continent to Britain. The colonial conquests of England in the 17-19 centuries spread English language outside the UK. The English language has been taken by British emigrants to North America, India, New Zealand and Australia and other countries. Now the English became the main international language, especially for business communication in the United Nations and the European Union. This is the mother tongue of half a billion people. (Every the 3rd or 4th speaks English in the world. Among the young people the English language is considered as an important advantage for education and getting a prestigious job. II.2 English as state language There are 5 main English-speaking countries in the world. These are the United States, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Although these countries are situated in different parts of the world, they all share the same language. As a second language English is spoken in more than 60 countries. English is one of the most popular and widespread languages in the world. I’d like to tell you a little more about the main English-speaking countries. The first English-speaking country is the United Kingdom consisting of: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The population of the UK is nearly sixty-five million people. London is the capital of the country. Another important English- speaking country is the USA. It is situated in the central part of North American continent. The population of the USA is more than 325 million people. The official language of the country is English. Australia and New Zealand are other English-speaking countries. They are former colonies of Great Britain. The population of Australia is more than twenty-four million people and of New Zealand is more than four million people. The official language in these countries is English. Canada has two official languages: French and English. The words can also travel as the people do. They come from these countries and remain in Russian. Let’s see. II.3. Examples of borrowed words from the English language The words retain English pronunciation: hobby, provider, sweater, sponsor, marketing, management, the Parliament, businessman, sportsman, show, talk show, TV show, timeout, football, basketball. II.4. Influence of the English language on the formation of computer slang in Russian English is the leading language in information technology. Let's see which words come to us in this sphere: Play, start, go, up, down, right, left, back, stop, pause, game over. When playing computer games we often use the following words and expressions: Register, Now, Mail, Windows, Page, Keyboard, User, Hotkeys, Multimedia, Network, Internet. Widespread use of computers contributes to penetration of English words. We know that all terminology in this area is in English. Furthermore, as it is known, English language is very economical. Using it we learn to think economically and quickly. III. English in the media English is widely spoken in the mass media. Reading a newspaper or watching TV, everyone can find the words of English origin. Let's see what words of English origin are used in the articles on political and economic topics: interview, argument, document, campaign. In articles about music: nomination, show, rating, pop music, rock singer, meeting. In sports articles: penalty, football, basketball, tennis, hockey, volleyball. In articles on Science and Technology: computer, design, Internet, connect, online, tuning, jeep, site. On TV you can see the English-language advertising: Be happy! Be Huggers! LG - Goods for life. Also the English words can be found in the titles of TV shows, for example: "Our Russia», «Comedy Club» and others. IY. English language in Ufa We can find in Ufa a catalog that came out in Russian and English languages in the number of 10 thousand copies. Nearly 200 pages about Ufa, its sights and people. This catalog was published under the title "City, convenient for life." The publication describes the enterprises of culture, education, health, leisure and sports facilities in Ufa as well as hotels where you can stay at and sights you should see in our city. Now in Ufa you can see that the names of main streets are translated into English, because our city is visited by many foreigners as a result of the development of economic relations. And as the English is an international language, everyone will understand these labels. There is "Britain" online bookstore in Ufa. It sells English literature. There is also “Book Hunter”, where you can buy books in English. On the streets of our city you can find such signs as: "Everything for Office", where the word “office” is borrowed from English. And there are stores "Second Hand". There is such sign as "Software Service". There are mini-markets and hyper-markets, where the words are taken from English. You can see such names as: «Fix price: all 36", «Gloria Jeans», "Sports Master" and others. You can see the goods, not requiring any translation: Milky Way, Nuts, Orbit, Kit Kat, Dirol, Mars and others. If you buy shoes, you can find the following inscriptions in the box: Color: Light brown; Size: 36. In our high school there is such a course as "Principles of Marketing". The boys in our class play football, basketball and volleyball. ALL THESE WORDS ARE TAKEN FROM ENGLISH. Moreover, English words and phrases can be read on the labels for industrial products, in recommendations for care of clothes: never wash in hot water; dry clean if possible. on clothing and footwear: California; Montana; Texas; Basketball Sport Shoes etc. Y. English at the airport Of course, you know that before travel the people repeat words and phrases needed in the airport. We are with you to repeat them. And who does not know, can learn these words: I’d like to make an airline reservation. Please reserve the next flight to London. I’d like to book a seat to New-York. At the airport and on board of a plane Is there a flight to London? Where is the next flight to London? What is the flight number? Is there a bus to airport? Where do I check in? Problems My luggage hasn’t arrived. My baggage is broken, and some things are missing. YI. If you are in the street of a strange city... We’ll begin with a greeting: Hi, hello! Вye and good-bye. Also you can use the following words: Good morning. Good evening. How are you today? Bye-bye. See you later. See you soon. Тill next time. Good luck. YI.1. Key phrases which will be useful in different situations in communicating with strangers: Please and thank you. I don't understand. Please speak more slowly. Could you please repeat that? What is your name? My name is . . . . Can you help me? How much is this? May I ask you a question? I am from . . . What time is it? Excuse me Do you speak English? Do you speak Russian? YI.2. To eat in London is not a problem. You can buy ready meals in supermarkets. Prices for food in London: “Takeaway” will cost 4-6 pounds. Coffee can be found everywhere. Espresso is 1.2-1.5 pounds, cappuccino - 2. Croissant is approximately 2-2.5 pounds. Cake - 2.5-3 pounds. A typical English dinner consisting of salad, steak and side dishes costs at least 10-20 pounds, depending on the location. YII. Attitude of students to the subject of "English" All schools learn English. It is no secret that English is at first place among foreign languages. We decided to see how students of our class appreciate the English language. We obtained the following data: To the question "Do I need to learn English? For what? " All answered " It is necessary. " At the question "Why do you need to learn English," The students say that English is useful in high schools, when working with a computer, in communication with foreigners. From the responses you can see that most of the students want to see their future with English. You can see how our classmates learn English: if they forget their textbook, dictionary or book at home. Yes, unfortunately, some people forget to write down homework or forget to do homework. It is not a serious attitude. All students must be ready for lessons in all regards. YIII. Conclusion After some investigation, one can say that the culture of other countries, especially AngloAmerican ones, inevitably penetrates into many areas of our lives. English is a universal language. English is needed everywhere: at rest and at work. Wherever you may be, it will always come to your help. Knowing the English language, a person will not be lost at any point of the globe. English is a necessity for a person. I think that English will always be the language of international communication. It is evident from the fact of its distribution in many areas of our lives. IX. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. britannica.ru 2. Belyaeva M. A. English Grammar. Ed.6. Textbook for Technical Universities . High School,1997 3. Newspaper "New times" 4. James BURLEY. "The Independent", 9 December, 2004. Translation from the site: Inopressa.ru 5. L. A. Subbotin. Dictionary of foreign words for students. Faktoriya,1999. 6. Mayevskaya Y. //Words borrowed from the English language used at the speech lessons - The first of September, Russian language. - No. 34, 2003 7. Melnikov I. A. Study of borrowed words in the course "Modern Russian language" - RJACH. 1991 - №2 - p. 95. 8. Oshchepkova V. V., Shustrova I. I. : Brief linguistic cross-cultural dictionary. M: Flinta: Science,1999. 9. Rodionova N.. Integrated lesson on the theme of "borrowed words" RJASH. -1991 - №2 -p. 46. 10. Dictionary of foreign words. - 10th ed. M. Russian language. – 1998.