Russian Lesson 2

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Lesson 2
Урок второй
What we will learn today:
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Last lesson grammar practice
Days of the week practice
Russian greetings
Food and drinks
Colors
Months
Family members
DO’s and DON’Ts in Russia
Russian Alphabet Table
The number of nouns
Noun type
Ending for plural
Example
masculine ending in a hard
consonant;
feminine ending in -a
-ы
стол - столы
улица - улицы
any nouns ending in -ь, -й, -я
-и
двeрь - двери
земля - земли
masculine and feminine with the
stem ending in -к, -г, -x, -ч, щ, -ж, -ш,
-и
ноЖ - ножи
ноГа - ноги
neuter ending in -o
-a
окно - окнa
neuter ending in -e
-я
мoре - моря
1 Книга
2 Браслет
3 Стол
4 Чайник
5 Тарелка
6 Дождь
7 Кошка
8 Разница
9 Нос
10 Работа
11 Год
12 Неделя
13 Слово
14 Нога
15 Подарок
16 Телефон
17 Клавиша
18 Земля
19 Нож
20 Подруга
21 Буква
22 Окно
23 Собака
24 Ручка
25 Женщина
26 Волос
27 Идея
28 Дерево
29 Стакан
30 Хлеб
31 Небо
32 Склон
33 Рубль
34 Доллар
35 Глаз
36 Одежда
37 Минута
38 Таблетка
39 Мороз
40 Точка
41 Сон
42 Календарь
43 Война
44 Баня
45 Машина
46 Мужчина
47 Туман
48 Развод
49 Тетрадь
50 Файл
51 Любовь
52 Копейка
Days of the week
Какой сегодня день?
What day is it today?
kah-KOI see-VOHD-nyah dyehn'
Russian word
English translation
Pronunciation
понедельник
Monday
puh-nee-DYEHL'-neek
вторник
Tuesday
FTOHR-neek
среда
Wednesday
sree-DAH
четверг
Thursday
cheet-VYEHRK
пятница
Friday
PYAHT-nee-tsuh
суббота
Saturday
soo-BOH-tuh
воскресенье
Sunday
vuhs-kree-SYEHN'-yeh
My name is…
Как тебя зовут?
What’s your name? (informal)
Kak tebya zavut?
Как Вас зовут?
What’s your name? (formal, polite)
Kak vas zovut?
Меня зовут...
My name is…
Menia zavut…
Я...
I’m…
Ya…
HELLO
ЗДРАВСТВУЙТЕ
ПРИВЕТ
STRASS-vee-tyeh
pree-VET
(formal)
(informal)
Goodbye
До свидания
Пока
da svee-DAH-nya
pa-KA
(formal)
(informal)
Good morning
ДОБРОЕ УТРО
DOH-bra-yeh OO-tra
Good afternoon
ДОБРЫЙ ДЕНЬ
DOH-brih dyen’
How are you?
КАК ДЕЛА?
kahk dyeh-LAH
I’m fine, thanks.
ХОРОШО, СПАСИБО.
ha-ra-SHOH, spa-SEE-ba
Please
ПОЖАЛУЙСТА
pa-ZHAL-sta
You are welcome
ПОЖАЛУЙСТА
pa-ZHAL-sta
See you later
УВИДИМСЯ
oo-VEE-deem-sya
It’s nice to meet you.
ПРИЯТНО ПОЗНАКОМИТЬСЯ.
pree-YAT-na pahz-na-KOH-mee-tsa
Excuse me/ Sorry
ИЗВИНИТЕ
ee-zvee-NEE-teh
Drinks - Напитки
Fruits - Фрукты
Traditional Russian meals
ПЕЛЬМЕНИ
YUM!
Traditional Russian meals
БОРЩ
YUM!
Traditional Russian meals
БЛИНЫ
My favorite!!!
Traditional Russian meals
ПИРОЖКИ
YUM!
Colors - Цвета
Red is КРАСНЫЙ
Green is ЗЕЛЕНЫЙ
Blue is ГОЛУБОЙ
Black is ЧЕРНЫЙ
Yellow is ЖЕЛТЫЙ
Purple is ФИОЛЕТОВЫЙ
Brown is КОРИЧНЕВЫЙ
Kakoy eto tsvet?
What color this is?
Months - Месяцы
February 23, 2013
In US:
02/23/2013
In Russia: 23/02/2013
Family members – члены семьи
Grandfather – дедушка
Grandmother – бабушка
Great-grandfather – прадедушка
Great-grandmother – прабабушка
Parents – родители
Father – папа / отец
Mother – мама / мать
Children – дети
Son – сын
Daughter – дочь
Grandchildrens – внуки
Grandson – внук
Granddaughter – внучка
Wife – жена
Husband – муж
Brother – брат
Sister – сестра
Uncle – дядя
Aunt – тетя
Nephew – племянник
Niece – племянница
DO’s and DON’Ts in Russia
1. DON'T talk much in lines for Russian theater or other activity if you are an
American...You'll get American price. :-)
2. DO NOT DO NOT stand in doorways or make transactions through one...you
may get pulled through to the other side because the space between is a
portal for bad things....
3. DO realize that if you say, "I like this vase" you may walk away with it...so be
careful unless you really want that vase...and its still not a good idea to
plunder!
DO’s and DON’Ts in Russia
4. DO wear dark colors...black...black scarf...black boots...pants..whatever. Wear black.
And it's cold...so wear layers!
5. DO dress up to go out on the town...mini skirts in winter are acceptable...just wear
tights underneath and a nice pair of boots! :-)
6. DON’T freak out – mayo goes everywhere! All the Russian salads, soups, etc. You
need to warn your host family (if they offer you a meal) in case you don’t like mayo. A
lot of times it’s a very important part of the dish!
DO’s and DON’Ts in Russia
7. DO thank your host family/friends who bought/cooked you a meal/drink even if you
didn’t like it! Learn these words – ВКУСНО!and ОЧЕНЬ ВКУСНО! (yummy and very
yummy) and use them a lot!
8. DO ask what each meal contains! Be especially careful with a popular Russian meal –
ОКРОШКА (cold soup). Most of you won’t probably like it…too exotic!
More coming!
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