ВАРИАНТ 1 1. Переведите текст с английского языка на русский. The USA The United States of America was founded on July 4 th 1776, when thirteen English colonies decided that they could not belong to the British Crown. Since that time the United States of America has increased its power and the original thirteen states have grown to fifty. Now the USA is a federation of 50 states which was established by the Constitution in 1787. Each state has its own government and its own capital. The federal government is headed by the President and the Congress consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Washington is the capital of USA. It is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. The climate of the USA is various: from tropical heat to arctic cold. The country is rich in mineral resources. It is a highly-developed industrial country. The United States of America is a country of roads and cars. 2. Ответьте на вопросы. 1. When was the USA founded? 2. How many colonies declared themselves independent? 3. How many states has the USA now? 4. By whom is the federal government headed? 5. What does the Congress consist of? 6. What city is the capital of the USA? 3. Переведите предложения на русский языка обращая внимание на простые и перфектные формы инфинитива. 1. The USA is known to be a federation of 50 states. 2. The USA is known to have been founded on July 4th, 1776. 3. We know the first of April to be the day of jokes. 4. We know the expedition to have reached the river. 5. The article to be discussed tomorrow is written by our professor. 6. He brought the article to be translated into Russian. 7. The students come to the Institute earlier to get books from the library. 8. The scientist was glad to obtain good results of his experiments. 9. The scientist was glad to have obtained good results of his experiments. 4. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо. Washington is … capital of United States of America. It is situated on … Potomac River. George Washington was … first President of … America. … city was named after … first President. Washington is not … largest city but it is … most important city in … country. 5. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на выделенные слова. 1. Both New-York and Washington are beautiful. 2. Both students speak English well. 3. He may go either to New-York or to Washington. 4. He could go neither to New-York nor to Washington.