Загрузил Elena Smagina

Assignment 2 for the course Development Economics

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October 2019
The health of the
Russian population
Health Indicators
Life expectancy at birth (2017)
Mortality rate per 1,000 (2016)
Infant mortality rate per 1,000
(2016)
Maternal mortality rate per
100,000 live birth (2015)
72
13,6
6,9
18,7
Health status
CVD, cancer, diabetes or CRD
% (2016)
Road traffic injury per 100,000
Incidence of tuberculosis per
100,000 people (2017)
25,4
18
60
Disability indicators
(DALY) per 100,000 (2016)
16528
Nutritional indicators
Proportion of low birth weight
% (2012)
Anaemia children <5 % (2011)
Anaemia in non-pregnant
women % (2016)
Anaemia in pregnant women %
(2016)
Proportion of overweight
individuals %
Proportion of underweight %
Prevalence of stunting %
6,1
26
23,3
24
2,3
2,3
3,3
Health Determinant
Smoking prevalence % (2016)
Total alcohol consumption per
capita (liters) (2016)
Population using clean water
services % (2015)
39,3
11,7
76
Over the past years, infant and
maternal mortality trends in the
Russian Federation have been
decreasing. The country also made
good
progress
in
decreasing
tuberculosis mortality.
tuberculosis mortality. Among CRD
cancer, diabetes CVD remains the
leading cause of death. The struggle
against non-contagious diseases and
their risk factors, such as alcohol
consumption and smoking habits,
together with improving road traffic
safety are main public health priorities.
As a result of the government
politics is the national health, which
acts as a measure of life quality. Firstly,
as the most people living far from the
capital are heavily exposed to poorquality medicine, especially related to
cancer, I strongly recommend taking
actions
in
equipment
medical
institutions with modern instruments
and high-quality personnel. Secondly, I
guess we need not to prohibit alcohol
and tobacco because once a dry law in
the USSR led to a rapid increase in
crime. We should raise a little bit the
price of alcohol and cigarettes in order
to people could refuse economically
disadvantageous goods, better, if people
do it on their own free will. Finally, we
must build new roads across all square
of our country and especially control
this in far regions to prevent injuries
and deaths from road accidents.
In conclusion, I would say that
70-80% of the health status of the
population depends on an individual
lifestyle. A person must consciously
take care of his body, and the
government has to help in achieving it.
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