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BIM и CALS технологии для моделирования в строительстве

«Problems and perspectives of modern science and practice»
Tetyana Honcharenko, Ph.D., Associate Professor
Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture,
Viktor Mihaylenko, D.Sc., Professor
Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture,
Tamara Lyashchenko, Senior Lecturer,
Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture,
BIM (Building Information Modeling) is an approach to the management of the
life cycle of a construction object, which involves the collection and comprehensive
processing of information during its life cycle (LC). Information modeling of
construction objects is the process of creating and using information on construction
objects in order to coordinate input data, organize joint production and storage data,
as well as their use for various purposes at all stages of LC.
BIM-technologies can be considered as the development of CALS-technologies
in relation to construction.
Continuous Acquisition and Lifecycle Support (CALS) is continuous
information support for the product LC.This is a concept that combines the principles
and technologies of information support for LC products at all its stages, based on the
use of an integrated information environment (a common information space),
providing uniform methods process management and interaction of all participants in
this cycle. CALS implements the basic requirements of a series of international
standards ISO 9000.
The conceptual model of integration of BIM and CALS technologies for
information modeling in construction is presented in Fig. 1.
A distinctive advantage of using BIM-technology tools is the fact that the model
of the construction object is dynamic (variable). After adding changes to the
geometry or data of the BIM-model, all interconnections are automatically updated
the specified types, data, parameters and documents. The information model allows
all participants in the investment and construction process (customer, designer,
builder, contractors, suppliers, etc.) to be involved in the team process of creating an
object, have the opportunity to discuss, comment and coordinate their actions, track
changes, which also increases the effectiveness of the project.
Fig. 1. Conceptual model of integration of BIM and CALS technologies for
information modeling in construction
The key feature of BIM is that at all stages of the LC construction project is
considered not as a set of files, but as a database of multidimensional objects. BIM
has dualism (on Fig. 2). It is both an information model formation tool and
information technology. BIM as a tool is a dynamic database.
The requirements for such a tool at the design stage are obvious:
 understandability for the designer and customer;
 structure and the ability to be classified;
 relations, when a change in a base element entails a change in all related
 ability to quickly make changes and use of templates,
 filters and other settings;
 possibility of using the model on the following stages of the LC.
BIM as an information technology is the management of the created database.
As dynamic
Fig. 2. Dualism of BIM
Such integration of BIM and CALS technologies will solve four main problems
that arise in the field of the construction industry. Firstly, the use of digitization tools
will reduce the design time for typical construction sites. Secondly, the quality of
construction will increase, ensuring exact compliance with the terms of reference.
Thirdly, the efficiency of production processes will improve. And fourthly, increase
the scalability and flexibility of the construction process.
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