Загрузил ნატალია თამბაქო

New Inside Out Pre-Intermediate - SB

Реклама
New
I
Sue Kay & Vaughan Jones
with Peter Maggs & Catherine Smith
Pre-intermediate
Student's Book
-==
MACM ILLAN
Two people til lkin g abo u t n,lm (,5
T e n se rC vi 0 \~v . looks / /ook~' /ikc .
Mt: lll o ry lec.hniq ues
\Vh(] t! ~
Qu es ti on fo rm s
Lan s ua g(' le8rni.n g
RClll Clllbe rin g "'1111('0
a m cs and fa mil)·
Names
Memory
Language learning
in
Anecdote: SOJ11e bod y ", h o is
l-ÜH<\,f
importa nt to
Are you
)'O U
Fm m f-illin g : pe rsonal
info rmati o n
to
i:l
n ¿l lll P?
n:.'111 e n1be r l1i.lnl eS J t p ~l[li e.s
J
good langua g t' !c,lrnL'r?
Fel mily. Descr ipti n n. N ,l m es
Focus 011: n,llll E'S
Lon g
V O\'Vl' ]
sOllnds e/, -'u : /, lu :!, h :l, /;):,:1
Lee t,l lking about so m e body who
is importanl lo him
Useflll phrases: Show ing inlt' rcs t
Home towns
Holidays
Countries
Places in y our co unt-r y
ThrcL' pcopl c Lllking "bout th eir
Th e b c~st thin go from
diffe.re nt co untri E's
h0111 e to\vns
Anecdote: The best place yo u
EVE'ry thin g' s wr()n g Iwre'
h a v e e v e r vi s ited
Emma lalking 'lbout th e bes t
plc1ce sh e has ,' ve r "isi te d
Wcb po st-i ng . Spc lling.
Linkin g $c nl ences (1)
Rel a ti o ns hips
Relationships
Stories
Win a drc a m holid ay for tIVo l
Usefnl phrases: Sayin g whe re yo u
a re honl
¡; i rst ml't'ti ngs
Fred and Edna tnlking 'lboul
th c ir re la tionship
Te llin g stori es
Ce! PerSOllOí
Tclling a stury. Li nking
st'.nlc nct's (2)
g Zlln e SJ10\V
Thc Holl y wood dire cto r and th e
\i ,.lti Ve' i\nleri can
Re vengL' is s\v ee t; DillIl e r by pos t
Co unt il bl t~ il nd un co un ta bl e no uns.
' O/S l/Cll. ¡¡ay/loo. Qu,lnlit)' expressions
Places in '1 city. Adjl'c tiw s tOlkscribc
places. C o untri es, natinnillities.
Locat io n
Foclls on: Jike
VVord s tress: (ountri e s, naliun a liti e s
l'ast simpl e a nd conlinuous. !\dve rbs
of nla.nn e r.
Rclatillnship cxpress ions. \! Mralivc
linke rs. ed/i ilg adjcctiv es
Focus 011 : sct
lrre gul ,lr vcrbs: sound g roups
Useflll phrases: Things in common
Revl
Pages 28, 29: Grammar / Vocablllary / Pronllnciatioll review
Pages 30, 31: Reading & Listening. Writing (narrative) & Speaking • Song: Stlllld By ¡,,,le
page 28
9
Presents
Clothes
Shopping
Bu)'in g prescnts
Anecdote: Th e last tim e you
bought sonll~b o dy ,1 prcse nt
Att itud es lo shopping
Eddie talking abollt the 1,1 St tim e
Iw bOllghl somcbod y ,1 prC'sl'nt
Shopping tre nds a mi ha bits
Two m('n talking a bollt s hopping
Descriphon of a shop.
Tl~xt org anisilti o n. Linking
se ntcnces (3)
Health and titn ess
Fitness
Sport
Stress
Anecdote: YOllr experi eJ1Cl'S oí
sport at school
~,'1l'n's nI' \,VOnlen' s fa shiun ?
rile real prie.' (J f fashion
Useflll phrases: In a c10thcs s hop
Are
yOLl
dange rou sly unfit?
Tina ¡'llking aboull1l'r
l'xpcriencc's of spo rt ,l[ 5choo l
Ad verb s o f ÍJ"c'qu e ney. Ve rbs \V ith t\Vo
objccls. Ve rbs fol lOlVl'd by ills-fo nn
o r lu-inlinitive. Prese n t ~ implc and
c.ontinu o us
Collocati n ns: a hUll c/¡ uf ... , (/ hox uf.
etc. Cloth,os clnd acccsso ri es
Foclls on: verbs uscd wilh c10lhes
Plural nouns : IsJ, 17) or
C Olllparativl' and superl a tives.
Phra sal ve rbs
i-Imu , adj ,,' ctive / ad vtcrb. Sporl.
\! umbe rs
Advertist.'rs discllssing sports
Stress ,md laughkr
stars
Focus on: vé'rbs uscd wit-h s ports
16 \v ays to d e-stress
Schwa h i in English t'xpressinns
Dcscription of a spnrting
sentences (4)
Lau g htcr clubs
Useful phrases: G iving in s tru ctions
Jobs
FO llr peoplc talkin g abo llt th e ir
Bes t a nd w o rs t l::, xpe rienccs
car eer s
Anecdote: A pcrson yo u know
\Vilh a good job
1\ jo b a ppli ca li on
Le tte r o f e n q uiry .
Ope nin g a nd cl os in g le tte rs
C hiHl oltc, Dulton: írll m
Pcnni ssion ami obligation (CollI ! film e 10).
PrCSt'nt p c.rfe ct (tim E' 'up to nolV') or
pa s t simpl e ('fini s hcd' tim e )
mountain s lo modellin g
Jub s. Collocali Ons (work). sfwu ld . OffiCl'
!\ ightmare jubs
equipmcnl
Illte r v iE.' \v \,vith () sto re () vvn e r
Focus on: 1(>(.J/"k and j oh
Kim talking 'lbuul he r fricnd's
P,lsl participl es (irregul élr ve rbs): vow el
sounds
job
Useflll phrases: Prese.ll ting yoursclf
.view
pagll 56
i l Z!
Sports stars
evellt. Text o rg anisution. Linkin g
Work
Experience
Retirement
What peo ple rcall)' want íor the ir
bir lhdilV
Pages 56, 57: Grammar / VocabuIary / Pronunciation review
Pages 58, 59: Reading & Listening. Writin g (description) & Speaking • Song: Suspiciolls /VIil1ds
Workbook. Each unil 01 th e Workbook cont,lin s ,1 on e- p,l ge s<"clion which develop" praeticill wri tin g s ki lis.
Protests
Green issues
olunteering
C lim,ltc cha n ge
Cl ima te cb,lll ge lllarch
En vi.rllnl11 e nta l issues
Wri ti ng a re port
Fo ur peopl e l,llking abo ll l w h y lhey
a re prott's tin g
5 ubjc'ct L]u esli o ns. Dynamie ,lLld
, tMi Ve' m ean ings. Fu tu re fo rm s:
(be) soinS lo a nd prest' nt continuou s
Vo luntcc' r \\' o rk
Ho\v g J\.'c n are you ?
C1 im il le chiln ge . Opinions
We lcoJl1e lo Ori g in,ll Vo lunteers
Focus on: /irme <]nd /iIl L'e xol
Tlvo co rll'c'rs'ltion s abo llt vo luntt'ering
VVo rd s lress: wo rds t'ndin g in tio"
\1il kin g wri tte n
s uggc's ti ons . Linkin g sentences (5)
Useful phrases: On the tt' le plllll1 C'
on
ns
be
5c:hools
Families
: cíal change
School ex pcricll ces
Anecdote: Yo ur f'lVo uri te school
s ubject
TrJinin g to bt'
J
ge isha
I\ nd v ta lkin g aboul his fa vouritc'
scbool s ubject
I'c'rmi ss io n <]nd o bli giltion (collld /
I/l/d lo ). s/iollld a mi I//li s t fo r Jd vicl'
Edu cati o n cl nd tr¿lining
Chan ges in socicty
Three ge rwrations
Focus on: IVo rd s used \V ilh edU Gltion
What l11ilkes a success ful da te
Two ge ne ruti o ns t¿:¡]kin g abo ut
chiln ges in socie ty
VVor·d stress: school s ubjt'cts
Pe rsonal lelle r.
Co ntr,lC ti o ns in in for ma l w ritin g
HolV to m eel the pJrl' nts
A man nwt'ts his g irlfri e nd 's pare nts
Th c pl'rfect g irlfri end / bny friend
Useful phrases: G ivin g yo ur o pini o n
Dcscribing characlcr
Smile, and th e wurld s llliles
\V ith ylllr
Verbs fllllo",ed by ills -form. for a mi
sillce. "('e ll. Prese n t pe rkct simple il nd
Ho lid ilYs
What' s in a Slllil l'?
co ntinuous
Things ami pLlCes yo u know
Optilllis t or pessimis t ..
Trilv c l bl og. Lis ting
po ints. Usin g ad ve rbs of allilud "
Thilil a nd : lil nd o f sl1l.il es
The tu ec. Ch<]ra cte r a djc'e ti ves. I'a rts uf
tlle' bod y
Smiling
Character
hailand
On ho lidil Y in Th,liland
Living in Thail a nd
m ea nin g)
Useful phrases: Us in g bodv idioIl1 s
e
\ 'l)
Lifc>s ty lcs
¡':oocl a nd cooking
Anecdote: Th e fittest / hea llhi est
pe rsoll you kno \'\'
CMS
Anecdote: You r d red m ca r
f\' rlrrilti vc. Linking
\;vo rd s: Zl'/¡i/c, rfu rillg
Animals
Pets
People
Sen te nee s tress
P,lges 84, 85: Gramm,lr / Vocabulary / Pronunciation review
Pages 86, 87: Reading & Listening. Writing (paragraphing) & Speaking • Song: M Olley
le
Longevity
Health
Food
Ca rs
Focus on: verbs + illg- form
o l' lo-infinitive (\y ith a ch¿¡nge in
How not to di.' befo re vou ge t o ld
1\ te le phone enqui
Ir
104 thin gs lo d o \V ith u banana
Coll oca ti o ns. Food ami cookin g. Cars
Josh ta lking about th e fittes t!
hcalthi cs t pc rson he kn o ws
Focus on: IVo rd s used w ith drivin g
CM
Useful phrases: ldi o lll s \Vith f(lod
AnimJ Is
AnilllJI illlitlld .,s
Three peopl e talking a bo ut anin"l!:;
the)' like / di slike
C iv in g opini o ns .
Linkin g : g ivin g é'x ¿lmplcs
VOIVel sounds il nel s pelling
My firs l ca r
Pa tti' s dreilm
MorJl dilclllIl1 JS
Anecdote: A pe t you kn o w
¡('il/ . Future time elil uses afle r W/iCII, ij;
l/sed tn
liS 500 11 115.
Defining rcla ti vc clauses. Unrcal
co nditionills
Anim als. Adjec ti vé' + pre positi ll n
Three slori es a bo ut a nimals
Focus on: 11/1/1
Peop le tillkin g about their pets
HOlll opho nes (l"nc!bCll r )
'da nd y lalkin g Jbout he r fri e nd ' s Pl't
to).
Useful phrases: Po lite requ ests
Ir
Stra nge coincidcn ces
tri ce
Coincídences
Buildings
The weather
Predictions
vi
Th e future
Descripti o n 01 a
buildin g. Tex t org ilni silti o n .
Prepositionill phrasl's
O
ge 112
Anecdote: Th l' l110sl in credibl l'
buildin g y ou 've ever seen
D
Th e coolest ho tel in the \\'o rld
Pas t pc rlect. I'assiv('s. 1l'il/ Jnd mig/il
fo r fulure poss ibility
C urro talking "bout the m ost
in uedibl c' building he's eve r see n
Co ll ocati o ns with 1¡a¡Ie, I/ lIIkc, IlIkc.
The w eilthl' r
Two Laur,l S; vVorlds apJrt
N orth 1'01(' weilth e r lo recas t
The Ora d e
Focus on: w ll llca ti o ns \V ith do, sel , So,
1117111', II /{/ kc, Inke
Useful phrases: Ex cliliming
Pages 112,113: Grammar / Vocabulary / Pronunciation revi E'W
Pages 114, 115: Reading & Listening. Writing (narrative linkers) & Speaking • Song: 1 Hav e A D/'ellm
Pairwork: Student A page 116 • Pairwork: Student B page 121 • Grnmmar Ex tra page 126 • Recordillgs page 150 •
Pilolletic sYl1lbols & Spcllillg page 158 • Irreg ular v crús page 159
Name
Grarnrn,-,r Tense review. looks / looks like. Question forms
I Family. Deseript-ion. Names
Useful p~ ·c ,~. Showing interest
Vocabu :' ~
.Listening
1
nl.Ol Listen to two people talking about their names.
Underline the four names you hear fOI" each persono
The man
Benjamin Ben Benji Tree Big Ben
The woman
Marie Anne-Marie Marie Antoinette
2
Mimi
Baby
Complete these sentences with the words in the box.
-1
broth er English friends Freneh friend: - old fri end s parents sisters
~
a) Hi s pnrcnts ea ll him Benjamin.
ca Il him Tree.
b) Hi s
e) Hi s _ _ caIl him Big Ben.
d) He r
call her Anne-Maric.
e) Her
ca ll her Mari e.
f) Her _ _ ca lls her Baby.
Listen agai n and check your answers.
3
Tell a pal"tner the names that people call you. Which
of your names do you like best?
Vocabulary
1
~ 1.02
aunt
Listen and repeat the words in the box.
~
boy fr iend brother brother-in-Iaw eousin daughter father
grandfather grandmother half-brother half-sister mother
~ew
~tcr
~ter-in-Iaw
son ~father ~mother uncI e
~frieJ1d
nieee
2
Complete the table with words from Exercise 1. Where possible, add the first name
of a person from your famf\y as an example.
c:f
Male
9
Female
----------------------+---~
boyJi"ielld - No
brother = Pn co
aunt
=
Pilnr
Tell your partner about some of the people in your family.
'J don't ¡/ave 11 boyfriclld.
3
My brothcr's Ilnme
is Pnco. He 's a sludellt. Hc lives in Vigo ...
Work with your partner. Look at your names in Exercise 2 and discuss these questions.
a) IVhieh names are typical in your eoulltry?
b) Which ll ame is the most unu sual?
e) Which name d o you like best?
---
4
U ti l ·T
Name
Readin
1
How did your parents choose your name? Was it for one of the reasons below or for
a different reason? Tell a partner.
a) Your parents namcd yO Ll after él rclative.
b) They named yo u aftt.:r a place.
e) They ehose an ul1usual name.
d) They named you alter a famous perso no
2
e)
f)
g)
Your name is religious.
lt has a speeial meaning.
Your parents s imply Iiked the na me.
Read the article. Which of the reasons (a-g) in Exercise 1 is not mentioned?
What's in a name?
10
15
20
Your name is extremely important. It's how you identify
yourself. It's how other people identify you. So how do
parents make one of the most important decisions of
their children's lives - giving them a name?
In the past, parents named their children after
important family relatives. But peopLe are c.hanging .
Nowadays , parents don't want to call their little princess
Enid Blodwen after her grandmother.
It's fashionable to choose names of places for
children's names . For example, Madonna named her
daughter Lourdes after the town in France. David and
Victoria Beckham named their first child Brooklyn after
an area in New York. However, it isn't a good idea to
follow this trend if your favourite place is your local
pizza restaurant or shopping mall!
Some people name their children after famous people.
For example, Leonardo DiCaprio's parents named him
after the famous ltalian painter. A few years ago the
names Beyoncé and Britney were very popular.
Some na mes have a special meaning. Have you ever
heard of anyone called Sky, Rain or River? These names
come from nature and you can see what they mean.
But did you know that actor Keanu Reeves' name
3
25
30
means 'cool breeze over the mountain' in Hawaiian?
A recent survey showed that people with unusual or
original names feel special. 1 wonder if this is true for
Bruce Willis and Demi Moore's children: Rumer Glenn,
Scout LaRue and Tallulah Belle.
I've chosen the name 1 want for a daughter. I'm go;ng
to call her Lauren. Why? Simply because 1 like the na me.
My mother liked the na me Lauren too, but unfortunately
she named me Enid Blodwen after my grandmother.
Paris
Gladys
Dara
What name would you choose for a baby girl or a baby boy?
Grammar
Tenses and
auxiliary verbs
• Present simple: do/do es
• Present continuous:
am/are/is
• Present perfect: hove/has
• Pa st simple: did
• Future (be) going to:
am/are/is
1
Match each highlighted verb phrase in the article with a tense.
people are chal18illg - presnlt COl1 tillU OUS
2
Write the negative form for each sentence and name the tense.
a)
J like British pop music.
I dOIl'tlike Brilish pop music. (P resent simple)
b)
e)
¡'m reading a good book at the moment.
['m going to have a eoffee after the le55011.
d) J went out last night.
e) I've becn to Ireland.
f)
l ean play the piano.
Tick the affirmative or negative sentences which are true for you.
a)
3
llikc British pap music. .1 / 1 don't Iike Bri li::;/¡ pap Il1usic.
Write the question form for each sentence and the short answers Ves and No.
Ask your partne!' the questions.
a)
Do you like British pop mI/sic?
Ves, Ido. / No, 1 dOIl'I.
Name
UNIJ
11
5
IPronundatl0n
1
~ 1.03
2
1' 1.04 Listen and repeat the names in the tableo Then label each group (1-5) with the
corred vowel sound (fu:/, Ii:!, 10:/, 13:/, h:/).
Listen and repeat the five long vowel sounds: /u: /. Ji:/. 10: /, /3:/. j;:,:/.
l/u:1
2
3
4
5
June
Bert
Charles
Eve
Dawn
Luke
Pearl
Marge
Dean
George
Sue
Kurt
Bart
Pete
Paul
Lic;tening
1
1.05 How good is your memory fol' names? Study the photographs of nine people
below and listen to their names. Don't write them down.
1,"'\
How many names can you remember? Write them down and compare with a partner.
2
Listen again and check. Who remembel'ed the most na mes? Do you have any special
techniques for remembering names?
'J try lo repcnl llie
6
- -11
u NIT
Name
Iln/!ll? ill
my /ll'ild.'
adlnQ
1
Read trus advice for improving your memory. Match the headings (a-d) with the
appropriate paragraphs (1-4).
a)
b)
Conn eet the name ami the appearanee
Paya tten tion
e) Use the né:lnle a nd re peat it
d) Vi sualise th e name
What's the best way to make a really good impression at a party? By wearing
the best c1othes? Telling the best jokes? Dancing Iike a professional? No - you
just need to remember people's names. Here are some easy steps.
1
At parties, we sometimes don't hear the other person's name - not because the
music is too loud, but because we're too focused on ourselves. 50 the first step is
to pay attention. When you meet someone for the first time, listen carefully to the
name and look at the person's face.
2
When you're speaking to the person, use the name. For example, 'Nice to meet
you, Danny.' 'What do you do, Danny?' or 'Danny, it was nice talking to you.' Then
repeat the new name in your head at least three times.
3 __
Franklin Roosevelt amazed his staff by remembering the names of nearly
everyone he meto His secret? He visualised the name on the person's forehead.
It's also a good idea to imagine yourself writing the na me in your favourite colour.
4 __
In your mind, say the na me and something memorable about the person's
appearance. For example, Charles -Iooks like a banker; Ann -long blond hair;
George - moustache; 50phia - looks friendly.
Finally, if you want to remember other people's names as well as your own
name, drink orange juice!
2
Discuss these questions with a partner.
a)
b)
e)
Whieh o f these teehniques have yo u used for remembe ring na mes ?
Whieh of these teehniques could he Jp you to rell1e mbe r nevv Engli sh word s?
What o thE'[ wa ys ea ll yo u thillk of to help re me ll1be r and learn !lew Engli sh words?
Grarnmar
Look(s) / Look(s) Uke
look(s) + adjective:
You look tired.
look(s) like + noun:
She looks like a student.
1
Look at the words and phrases in the box. Write N for nouns or no un phrases and A for
adjectives or adjective phrases.
[dJ
L.J
,'-.-[1
~ a banke r l' intelligent '-' shy c.-.J a doeto r
¡
very young O ll1iddl e-aged :J stressed O about sixty :J Creek
I
a waiter n a student L a re tired po Lio" officer O rieh __ __~
friendly
What type of word do you use after look(s)? What type of word do you use after
look(s) like?
2 Write a sentenee to describe eaeh person in the nine photographs on page 6. Leave a
space for the name.
_ _
Iook~
a/Jolll jlfly al1d quite fricJldly. He looks li/ce t7 bClllke r.
Ask your partnér to complete each sen ten ce with the eorrect name.
Name
UNIT
m
7
Rpading
1
Read the quesíionnaire and tick the answers that are right for you. What does your
score mean? Compare with a partner.
ARE YOU
agoo
language learner?
Why are you learning English?
I wanl lo gel a better jobo
I want lo go travelling.
Good queslion ... er .
6
2
What d o you enjoy doing in class?
""
Speaking and listening.
lJ Reading and writing .
Or"awing pictures .
7
3
When did you last read an English book
or m agazine?
;::
Lasl week .
b¡ Six monlhs ago.
Book? Magazine? Read?
What kind of dictionary do
you have?
aJ A billngual and an
English/English dictionary.
bl An electro nic dictionary.
el My l eacher is my dicti onary.
8
How many languages can you speak?
al More than two .
b) One or two.
el None. I'm still learning my own language!
4
5
Where do you record new vocabulary?
J: In a notebook.
b On pieces of papero
On my tland.
How do you p ractise English at home?
I watch English OVOs wilh sublitles.
b) I listen to English music.
el I talk lo my dog.
2
What's your memory like?
aJ Excellent.
b)
OK.
e)
What was the question?
a
ea
Mainly As = You're an excellenl
language leamer.
Mainly Bs = You're a good
!anguage learner.
Mainly es = Have you
ever Ihoughl about
laklng salsa lessons?
Match these language learning tips with the questions in the questionnaire.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
Rea d as mu ch as possible. Crad ed read ers are perfect. Q/lt's tioll 3
I rain yo u r m em or y. Exerci se your brain.
Parti cipate in cl ass. Sp eak o ut. H ave a go.
Co o ut and bu y a good dicti onary.
H ave a good reason fo r l ea rning Engli sh.
Ihink about how yOll lea rn ed y our o wn 0 1' o th er l'lIl g uages.
Reco rd and constantly r evie\'" new language .
Look fo r m ore Engli sh outside the classroolll.
Which tips do you follow? What other tips can you think of?
'Spea'kin
1
Replace the highlighted words and phrases to make five new questions to ask
a partner. Use the suggestions or your own ideas.
a)
b)
c)
d)
el
2
8
~
U' N lir
11
Wh at d o you enj oy doing in class ? (watching 0 11 IV / reading / d oing
in y our free tim e)
When did you l ast read an Eng lish book ? (go d ancing / bu y a OVO /
drink champagne)
VVh ere d o you record new vocab u lary ? (g o on holid ay / d o yom sh opping /
h ave lunch)
What' s you r m emory li k e? (ho u se / city or tOvVIl / f amily)
Wh at kind of diclibl1ar)' d o y ou have? (computer / ca l' / job )
Ask your partner your questions from Exercise 1. What is the mo st interesting thing
you've learned about yom partner?
Name
Grammar
Question forms
1
Look at the table and match the questions (a-d) with the correct answers (1-4).
a)
What are the blue words? -___________
What are the red words?
-----­
e) What i ~ the word order for s tatements?
d ) What is the ,vord order for questions?
Is she hungry?
Have they arrived?
,! hat does 'nephew' mean?
b)
Statements
1 (auxiliary) verb + subjeet
2 subj eets
3 auxiliary verbs
4 subjeet + (auxiliary) verb
Questions
You
are
Your mother
can
You
have
been to Peru.
Your name
means
'first ehild'.
left-handed.
Are
peak English.
What
left-handed?
you
Can
yOUI
Havc
yoa
does
yOU!
mother
s peak English?
been to Peru?
name
mean?
Ask a partner the qnestions in the table.
2
If necessary, rewrile lhese sentences with do, does or did to make correct questions.
a)
b)
e)
You play the guitar?
You sleep welllast night?
Can you drive?
d) Where you r mother eoml:' from?
e) Have you been to the Vatican?
f) Whclt' S your favourite eolour?
Ask your partner the questions.
3
Rewrite these questions in the correct order. (OON'T ask your partner the questionsD
yo u / are / old / Hovv Hozo o/d (lre Ijou?
b) in life after death / Do / believe / you ?
e) do / much / earn / yo u / How ?
d) you / ever / Have / broken the la\\' ?
e) politieal party / vote / Which / you / do / for ?
f) you / man)' / boyfriends or girlfriends / How / had / have ?
a)
Work in small gronps. Decide which questions it is OK to ask ...
• in yo ur English class
• with )'our best friends
4
• in your famil y
• at work
• never!
Student A: page 116 Student B: page 121
5
page 126. Read the explanation and do the exercises.
Speaking: anecdote
1
1.06 Listen to Lee talking abont somebody who is important lO him. Underline the
answers he gives.
a)
b)
'What' s this perso n' s name?' 'Dan Carter / Cad Oániels.'
'When did you meet him?' 'Al university / When we were five years old:
e) 'Where does he live? ' 'Near London / In Brussels.'
d) 'What cl oes he do?' 'He's a teacher / a doctor.'
e) ' How often do yo u see him?' 'Every weekend / In the summer:
f) 'Why is he important to yo u?' 'We have the same interests / He knows me so well:
g) 'What are hi s best qualities?' 'He's a really good listener / He's very funny:
h) ' Is there anything yOll don' t likc abo ut him?' ' He's always late / too busy:
i) 'When did yOll last sel" him?' 'On my birthday / Last weekend:
Dan Carter
2
You're going to teH your partner abont a person who is important to yon.
•
•
•
Ask yourself the questions in Exereise 1.
Think about w/rnt to say and 11070 to say it.
Tell your partner about a pt! rson w ho is important to )'ou.
Name
U!lIT
I!II
9
sefu
hrases
1
' 1.07 Listen to a conversation between two friends (Adam and Beth) discussing the
weekend. Match the conversation with picture 1 or picture 2.
2
(.1 1.08 Listen to another version of the conversation . Does Beth sound more interested
this time?
3
t' 1.09 Listen and repeat the useful phrases Beth uses to show that she's interested.
a) Really?
b) Do they?
e) That sounds interesting.
d) That sounds great.
e) WO\\'! That's brilliant.
f) I've never hca rd of it.
g) Oh no! That's te rrible.
4
Complete the conversation with the useful pbrases from Exercise 3.
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Adam:
Beth:
Oid you have a good weekend?
Not bad. How about you?
I had a really good meal on Saturday night.
(1) Really?
Yes, we we nt to a new place in town - Edamame.
(2)_
They have a Japanese chef from Tokyo.
(3) _
And the menu is fantastic - they make their own sushi.
(4) _
Yeso It's the best sushi I've ever tasted.
(5) _ _
And it was n't expensive. We had starters, main course, dessert and wine,
and it only cost f25 each.
(6) _ _
I know. Unfortunately, when we got back to the car, we had a parking ticket.
(7) - -
Check your answers and practise the conversation.
5
10
UILIT· I I
Work with a partuer. Write a conversation abollt your last weekend. Inc1ude as many
of the lIseful phrases as possible.
Name
ocabulary Extra
Family and other relationships
1
Complete th e ta bleo
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Male
Female
Deiinition
grandson
ne phe w
g mlnidaugl1 tcr
Your ehjlds e n's ehildre n
Your broth e r' s or _ _ 's ehildre n
Your pare,nts' pare nts
YOLlr g ra ndpare nts' _ _
Your parcnts' _ _ Zlnd s is te r
YOllr aunt's or unde" ehildren
Your wife's or hu sband's brother and
Your wifc' ~ 01' hu sband' s father and mother
Your mothcr's cond husband or your fa thel"s seeond wite
The ehildrcn from your father' s or Illothe r" seeond re lationship
Th e man or w o man who you are divor ed /separate d from
The person you live with but who yOll a re not mm-rie d to
A brothe r or !l iste r who \·v a s born at the same tim e e you
g)
grea t-g randfather
L1ncle
eou s in
brothcr-in-Iaw
h)
i)
~ t(>pfath e r
f)
niece
grand mothe r
great-grandmothe r
aLlllt
siste r-in-Iaw
moth e r-in-law
j)
half-sis te r
ex-wife
k)
1) partner
m) twin
2 Work with a partner, Di cus s these questions and compare yOUJ' answer .
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Who is your oldest relative? Who is yOllr youngcs t relative?
VVhieh side of the family is bigge r: your fathe r's side or yom mothl'r's side?
\-\lhat are your ncighbollrs like? Do yOll knolV all your neighbours' na mes?
How many c10se frienel s do yOLl have? Who is your best friend?
Wllo are your favourite eolleagues at vvork? Are there any eolleagul's )'ou don't like?
Focus on names
1
Underline the corredword.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
O
My friends ª-'l / name me 'Chip',
1 don't know the meani ng / sign of my name,
My parents id entifi d / named me after my grandmother.
l'm marrie d but 1 use m)' maiden / fernlnine name at work,
My letters / initials are CJP
~v¡y sign / signature is ver)' difficult to reacL
Tick the sen tences that are true for you.
2
Compl ete the form in as mu ch detail a you can .
Title :
(MI' / Mrs / M , e te.)
Full nam e:
I Firs t name: -
[ (Chris tian nal11e) _ _ _ _
In i rial s:
I Middle nélme (s): - - I Su r ne m e:
(Second nélmc)
Maiele n nalll e :
~5t nalllc / Family nam ~
I N ieknaml': _ _
Name
Signature: _ _
U HIT
11
Place
Gramil"I Countable and uncountable noun s. sojsuch. veryj too. Quantity expressions
Vocabulary Pla ces in a city. Adjecti ves. Countries, nationalities. Location. like
Usefut phrases Saying where you are frorn
Vocabulary
1
Look at the three photos. Would you like to live in any of these places? Why?
Why not? Discuss with a partner.
2
1 1.10 Listen and repeat the words in the box. Which of these things can you find
in the photos?
él beach
él bridge
a ca nal a car pa rk a castle a cathedral él chllrch
a fo un ta in hi gh-rise bllil d ings
a hill
a library a mosque a rnu seum
a pa rk the sea a sho ppi ng centre a s qu are a s tatue
3
How many of the things in Exercise 2 can you find near your school? Put them in
the right order on this line.
Nearest
E
~
Furthest away
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Listening
Paulo
1
1.11 Listen to Paulo, Armelle and Luigi talking about the three places in the photos
on page 12. Match each speaker with a photo. Who likes living where they live?
Who doesn't?
2
Use the adjectives in the box to complete Pa ulo, Armelle and Luigi's descrip tions.
boring
clea n
erowded
exciting
humid
po1luted
romantie
small
Armelle
... a cit)' that's so big and exci ting
a)
... it's such a
eiry.
b) ... it'stoo hotand
f)
... it ge ts very nois)' and _ _
e)
... the air is lovel)' and _ _
g)
... the eanals are so dirty and _ _
d)
.. . [ find it so dull and
h)
... m y cit)' is too _ _
for a1l these people
Listen again and check your answers.
Luigi
amm r
50jsuch
e)
]
1
VocabuLarv
Look at the sentences with so and sI/eh ala n in Exercise 2 in the Listening section.
Complete the rules.
...' + adjective
:: s so romantic.
a)
You use _ _ + a negativc or positi ve adjective for emphasis.
.. _eh + noun phrase
b)
You use _ _ + a negative or positive noun phrase for emphasis .
Use
50
:: s 5uch a romantic city.
2
f1i
and
511Ch
alan to complete the email. Is the person happy or unhappy?
Fan tastic l"Ioltd ay'
r\ To
Subj ect:
C )
~~==========~
- An- n-Jo-ne-sFenleslic hol iday!
This is (1) such a beautiful place We're (2) _ _ lucky with our hotel. It 's really
near the city centre , and the staff are (3) _ _ friendly OUI· room is lovely and
clean, and we have (4) _ _ lantastic view of the city. There are lots 01 good
restaurants and bars, and they 're (5) _ _ cheap . l1's (6) _ _ interesting
city. The Illuseullls and art galleries are great, and we're going to visit the royal
palace tomorrow, l1's (7) - - exciting. We're having (8) - - good time - we
don 't want to come hOllle ,
1 I'
'---~------'-/}
3
Change the email in Exercise 2 to make it sound negative.
TiTis is sueiT mI ugly pince, \!Ve're ,.'
veryjtoo
'/ery + adjectivej adverb
Look at the sentences with very and too in Exercise 2 in the Listening section.
Complete the rutes.
l¡'V e were very late (but we
caught our train).
a)
b)
too + adjectivej adverb
We were too late (so we
missed our train).
4
5
You. use _ _ + an adjective or an adverb to emphas·ise something.
You use _ _ + an adjective or an adverb to 5how that the re is a problem:
so m ething is execss ive or more than nceessar)'.
Complete the sentences with very or too.
a ) My neighbours are _ _
quiet. 1 never hea r them .
b)
1 can't walk to work. My office is _ _ far from Ill )' house.
e)
[take the bus to wor k. lt's _ _ crowded , but [ usuall y ge t a seat.
d) lt's ._ __ hot in the sumIller, but fortun ately m )' o fficc has air-conditi o ning.
e)
Tim e goes _ _ quick l)', and 1 neve r fin1 5h m y work.
f)
1 want to Illove into the city, but 1 can't because apartments are _ _ expensive.
Tick any sentences that are tIue for you.
Place
13
rammar
Nouns
1
Match each question with the most appropriate response .
a)
b)
e)
d)
Countable
a shop / shops
a city / cities
a person / people
Uncountable
architecture
weather
traffic
2
What's the w ea the r li ke?
What are the sho ps li ke?
What are the peop le like?
What' s the arehitee ture like?
-­
1 It's él mi xture of old a nd new.
2 They' re reaUy friend ly.
3 Th ey' re too ex pe ns ive.
4 Jt's h ot and hu mj d .
Complete the table with the nouns in the box.
Effi€ma
nightlife
Singular form
cinema
nishtllfe
pa rk
person
publi e transport
Plural form
------------cinemas
I
restaurant
traffi e
Countable or uncountable?
COU 1/ table
U I1CO U /'1 tab/e
Work with a partner. Discuss these questions.
a)
b)
e)
3
How do yo u ma ke plural form s of these nouns: SIIOP, bus, churc/¡, cily, counlry, lea!?
Whi eh eO llntable nOlln in the table h as a n irregular plural fo rlll?
How d o yo u make pl W'a l fo rm s of th ese noun s: 11101/, womOIl, ch ild, foo l. 10011l?
Work with your partner. Note down the names of two cities 01' villages you know
well. Ask each other questions about the places you have noted down.
'Wha f's the lIis1l fl ife like?' 'lt 's great' Thcre ore lols of lml's olld cl ubs.'
1
Pronun .
bula
Vo
Complete the following sets (A, B and C). Underline the stl'essed syllable in each word.
A
Country
C uba
T- B
'v1oroeeo
Nationality
B
Country
C- ­
Turki sh
E- ­
Italy
Branli an
Hllngary
C_ _
M
I
Nationality
I C
Country
E~ti a n
China
J- ­
H
V-
Ca nadian
-
P- Japan
Nationality
C- ­
Vi e tnamese
Portllguese
J_
1.12 Listen, check and repeat. What do you notice about the word stress in each set?
2
Write down six other countries you know and their nationalities. Mark the stress.
Which countries would you most Iike to visit? Tell your partner.
Speakln
1
Work in smal! groups. Do you agree with these statements?
Frelle/¡ willc is the bes l in lile ll'orld.
2
loponese cars Ilre Ihe besl in Ihe ((lar/d.
Write similar statements which you alI agree on. Combine a nationality with a no un
from the box (or your own ideas).
football pl aye rs
bee r chocola te coffee fa shion film s food
nightli fe
perfum e pop mu sie ll nivl'rsities wa tches wome n
Gcrmall becr is Ihe [¡es l il1 Iht' wo r/d .
Compare your statements with other groups.
14
----It:-
-,.
U. ti 'I.T . . .
PLace
men
eadlnq
1
Read the four fifty-word descriptions of holiday destinations in this competition.
List them in order (1 = the place you would most like to go to; 4 = the place you
would least like to go tolo Explain your choices to a partner.
2
Read the How to enter section and do Part A and Part B.
3
Check your answers to Part A at the bottom of the page and compare your
descriptions with other people in the class. Choose a class winner!
WINA
'reanl .
FOR TWOI
/wIidmv
U "
The winner of our exciting competition can choose a dream holiday for two in one of
these fabulous destinations.
"" ghai
This is the best place on earth for shopping.
HOW TO ENTER
No, it isn't New York - New York is too crowded.
Not Dubai - Dubai is too hot. Not even Paris
To enter this fabulous competition
- Paris is too expensive! Our shopping heaven is
and win a dream ho liday for two,
Shanghai. We shopped till we dropped and then
comp lete the fol(owing se nten ces
with option a, b or c.
ate delicious noodles in the street. (50 words)
1
Brazil is ...
a Port ugu ese
Kenya
Now 1 understand why people fall in love with
Africa. The people are friendly and welcoming.
The scenery is spectacular. And the best thing is
the lions. No, wait, the flamingos. or maybe the
hippos. OK, everything is great, and 1 want to go
back there as soon as possible. (50 words)
The officia llanguage of
b French
c Itallan
2
Ankara is th e ca pital of ...
a Marocco
b Turkey
c Malta
3 The thi rd largest country in th e
world 15 ...
a China
b Argentina
c Au stralia
Gulf of Aqaba
Are you looking for excitement and adventure?
Well, don't come to Dahab on the Gulf of Aqaba.
Here you'lI find peace and quiet, beautiful
beaches, perfect weather and the best welcome
in Egypt. Oh, and you can go diving if you like!
Personally, 1 prefer to relax on the beach.
(50 words)
Icelan
4 The dong is the currency of ...
a Morocco
Viet na m
b lhailand
c
5 The Alha mbra Palace is in ...
a Egypt b Spain
c Mexico
6 Kyushu is an istand in the
south of ...
a Thailand b Greece
c Japan
Now write a review of the best
Iceland, the land of ice and fire, is full of
holiday desti natio n you 've been to.
contrasts. The air is freezing, but the hot
springs are .. . well, hot. Reykjavik, the capital,
Use exactly 50 word s!
Send your answers befare 1 st April
is small, but the nightlife is bu·zzing. It's a very
to Dream Holidoy,
long way from the rest of Europe, but Iceland is
PO 80x 437. London NW1 488.
completely up-to-date in every way. (50 words)
(J 9
PLace
'qs
')t¡ ' C( 'qz ' eL : 13M su e V ll!!dl
UNl'T
11
15
.Readlng
1
Complete the following description of a country. Use the nouns in the box.
I
cars
cigarettes
coffee
hours
ffi€ttto
noise
people
s leep
wine
hi
They do everything wrong here! They eat far too much (1) meat and
they eat it at 11.00 p.m. Yesterday we went out to dinner at 11.30 p.m.
and we had trouble getting atable! At 1.00 a.m . we were still eating, and
the restaurant was still half-full!
They smoke too many (2) _ _l . They drink lots of strong
(3) _ _ and a lot of (4) _ _ .
They spend too many (5) _ _ in the sun and they certainly
don't get enough (6) _ _ . One Saturday night we went to a disco
at 2.00 a.m. and were surprised to see that there we re only a few
(7) _ _ on the dance floor. Then the DJ arrived at 3.00 a.m. and
the party began!
There are far too many (8) _ _ in the cities, and there's too
much (9) _ _ everywhere!
They do everything wrong here, but the quality of life is great, and
people really know how to enjoy themselves. I don't want to go home!
2
Which country do you think it is? Could it be your country? Why? Why not?
rammar
Quantity expressions
1
Complete the headings for each category (A, B, C) with cOlll1table or Ul1cou11table.
With countable nouns
A: With
How many people?
too many, lots, a lot,
not many, a few,
not enough
How /I1ony?
(far) too many
lIol l11al1y
(011 /.11) afcw
With uncountable nouns
How much traffic?
too much, a lot, lots,
not much, a little,
not enough
nouns
2
t
B: With _~ nouns
How 1I111rh?
(fa r) too muc/¡
not mucJr
(on/y) o /itt/t'
C: With
and
nouns
not 1!I10ugh
n /ot (oj)
/ots (01)
Underline the corred quantity express ion in each of these sentences.
a)
b)
c)
l don't eat much / many bread .
1 ea t a few / lots of fru it.
1 drink far too much / far too many tea.
d) 1 don't eat much / enough vegetables.
e) 1 eat a lot of / a little cakes.
f) 1 don ' t drink enough / many water.
How many of the sentences are true for you? Rewrite the sentences so that they are alI
true for you. Compare your sentences with a partner.
3
Use the table to ask your partner questions about daily habits. Add your own nouns
and verbs to make different questions.
Nouns
How much
How many
Verbs
chocolate coffee emails exercise
friends meat money peop le sleep
text messages wine
do you
do drink eat get have
make phone see send
spend
'Hall' much charo/ate do you cat? ' 'Not mu e/r.
'Hmu 111011.11 cll1oi/s do you get? ' 'Lots. Fnr too ml7lu/."
4
16
!-
--=--- -~ NI.T- n
Place
page 128. Read the expLanation anj .:la the exercises.
every day?
s.
V
1
bul ry
Complete the labeIling of the compass.
r----­ -----­ ---­ -------­ --
f) _ _ -west - ­
e) _
_
-­
,.':A
0__- - - - ­
--­
"",­
lI'h,..- - - ­
-
Match the descriptions
a)
b)
e)
d)
It's
It's
It' s
It's
(a-tÍ)
with the cities on the maps
__
South-east
-
~------------------- c)
2
Nonh
North-east
-
~-- b)
--------I~lf'IIIII.
d) _ _ -west ­
a)
__
(1-4).
in the centre .
in the east.
on the ,·ves t coast.
in the south-east.
• Los Angeles
London
•
... The USA
Turkey
3
Germany
Britai n
Student A: page 116 Student B: page 12.1
Speaking: anecdo
1
1.13 Listen to Emma talking about the best place she
has ever visited. Read the questions and tick the ones
she gives information about.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Wh ere is the pl ace? .1
When did yOll first go there?
Were yOll on holiday?
Where did you stay ?
Whilt did yo u do th ere?
f) How many times ha ve yOll visited the place?
g) When was the last time?
h) Wh a t do yOll mos t like abou t this p lace?
i) Are there any things yO ll don ' t like abo ut thi s place?
j) Wo uld yo u like to ]jve thcre? Why? Wh y no t?
2
You're going to tell your partner about the best place you have ever visited.
•
•
•
Ask yOllrself the ques ti ons in Exercise 1.
Think abou t wha l to say and ¡/OW to say it.
Tell yOUl' partne r abollt the best place yOll ha ve ever visited .
Place
.
_ UN11 1 I
17
Useful 'Dhras
1
@ 1.14 Listen and read the conversation. What nationaJities are Josh, Matt and Erica?
Josh:
Matt:
frica:
Matt:
Erica:
Matt:
Erica:
Matt:
Erica:
Matt:
Josh:
Matt:
Josh:
Erica:
Josh:
2
Matt this is Erica.
Nice to meet you, Erica.
Nice to meet you, too.
You're not American are you? Where are you from?
1 live in New York, but I'm originally from England.
Oh, where exactly?
A small town just outside Manchester.
Manchester? 15 that near London?
No, Manchester's in the north . And where are you from?
Well, 1 live in New York, too, but I'm actually from Los Angeles.
Hey, I'm from LA, too. Which part of the city are you from?
Santa Monica, not far from the airport.
Oh great. My family live in Hollywood .
Wow, really?
No, I'm kidding. They live in the south. Near South Beach.
Match each person with one of the maps below. Put a cross on each map to show
exactly where each person comes from.
•Hollywood
• Santa Momea
•
Manr l1ester
los Angles
International
airport
los
ANGELES
••
Liverpool
3
los
ANGElES
South Beach •
Complete the useful phrases with the words in brackets.
Where you from? (are) Wlzere are you fro/71 7
['m o riginally England. (from)
Where? (exactly)
A small town outside Manchester. (just)
Manchestcr's the north. (in)
f) llive in New York but I'm from Los Angeles. (actually)
g) Whid, part of the city are from? (you)
h) Not far the airport. (from)
i) They live in south. (the)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
1.15 Listen, check and repeat the useful phrases.
4
18
W'rite a conversation between you and a partner about where you come from and
where you live now.
Place
ocabuLa
Extra
PLaces
1
Match the places in the picture with the words.
r6 arr gilllery
car park
castle
11 church
O library
e
mosque
~I
__ museum
n
shopping centre
O sC]uare
O thea tre
2
Think about the last time you were in sorne of
the different places in Exercise 1. Ask a partner.
'Whel1 W17S the Il7st time you were i/1 1m art gallery? '
Tm 1I0t su re. Mm/be whcll 1 wellt to París a few years ago.'
Adj ectives
1
Look at the adjectives to describe cíties. Decide which are positive and which are negative.
bca u tiful
dirty duIl exciting expensive
big boring crmvded
interesting
modern
noisy
polluted
romantic spectacular
Posiriue: IwautifuI, ".
2
fabulous
Negl7tive: borÍilg, ".
What are the best five adjectives to describe
yOl/r
city. Compare your answers with your partner.
Focus on like
1
Match the uses of likc (0-.1) with the example sentences (1-6) .
Uses of like
a)
Examples
Wlrat + he + 50mcbody / so mething + like
Wc like going out every aturday night.
J like cooking but ¡ don't like washing up.
= asking for a description
- ---b)
vérb + like
=. similar to somebody / something
e)
like (+ this/thl7t)
= in thi . or that \Vay
2
-------­
--------~---------
3
Shc looks like her 1110 ther. They have the same eyes.
It's plastic, but it feel s like leather.
4
' What's your ne",,, teache r Like?' 'He's reaJly nice.'
' What "vas the ""eather like?' 'Terrible. It rained every day.'
Iikl' + illg
njoy an activity
5
would Iike + nOlln
want sometbing
6
'Would yO ll like a drink?' ' Yeso rd like a glass of cold
water, pl ease.'
- --------lick 011 the 'send ' icon, like this.
Cut the paper into squarcs. No, not like tha1, like thi s!
- - - -- - -
d) like + no un / pronoun
= somebody / so mething pleases you
e)
-------------------~
=
------f)
------------
1 rea lIy like Harry Potter. !'ve scen aH the films.
¡ don't like her very much and she doesn't like me.
-"=
2 Write your own example sentence for each use of /ike.
Place
-
-
UljlT
11
19
Lave
Gramma Past simple and continuous. Adverbs of manner
Vocabula¡y Relationship expressions. Narrative linkers. edjing adjectives. get
Useful phrases Things in common
Listening
1
l ' 1.16 Listen to Fred and Edna talking about
their relationship and answer the questions.
a) When did the)' first m eet?
b) When did they get marri ed to each o ther?
Fred fifty years ago
...
Fred and Edna now
Edna fifty years ago
2 WrÍte He, She, or They in these sentences about Fred and Erlna's story.
a)
Thcy first m e t in Blackpool and went out together for three months.
b) _ _
c)
moved to differe nt places and ¡os t touch with each o th er.
_ _ was marricd to another person for forty-ei g ht yea rs.
d) _ _ got divorced afte r thirty years of marriage.
e)
_ _
went to Blackpoo l with her grandson and visited a ll the o ld places.
f)
_ _
thought about Fred and wanted to find hilll.
g)
_ _ wrote a lette r to the loca.l newspaper.
h)
_ _ had a cou sin in Bla ckpool who told him about the letter.
i)
_ _ met soon after that and mov ed in together.
j)
_ _ got marri ed - fifty ycaJs after they first m et!
Listen again and check your answers.
Vocabulary & 50eaking
1
Complete the expressions in the sentences below with the words in the box.
¡-;a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
2
-
20
¡¡ve
lose
love
The best age to gel married is twenty-five for vvom en and twenty-seven for meno
The m ain reason for getting married is to _ _ children.
A big difference in age isn't a problem fol' a couple if they are in _ _ .
lt' s a good idea for a coupl e to _ _ together fo r a few yea rs before getting marri ed.
Tt doesn't m a tter if children _ _ tOllch with one of the ir pare nts.
Work in smaIl groups. Discuss the statements in Exercise 1. Do you agree or disagree?
-­
"u,,. i 'T
have
Love
VocabuLary
1
Match each of the verb phrases in the box with an appropriate picture (a-d).
ehat somebody up
2
fane)' somebod y
have a row
move in together
Put the stages of a relationship in a logical order (1-12). Add or take away stages if
you think it's necessary.
a)
b)
e)
el)
You
You
You
YOll
get married.
ehat someboely up.
ring somebody up .
faney somebody.
YOll
You
You
You
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
move in together.
ha ve ehilelren.
nwet the parellts.
go out together.
j)
k)
I)
YOll
YOll
You
You
have a row.
kiss.
split up .
faIl in love.
Compare your ideas with a partner.
Grammar
Past simple
1
He went to Blackpool.
He didn't go to Liverpool.
Oid he go to London?
Yes, he did.
o, he didn't.
Write the affirmative and negative past simple forms of the v erbs in the box.
be
can
ehat
faney
get
go
have
kiss
mee t
move
study
want
be - was/wen!, wasll 't/werell '1
2
Write true sentences ­ affirmative or negative ­ with the verbs in brackets.
a) My mother and father (meet) at university.
b) My grandparents (get) married in a ehllreh.
e) 1 (have) a big breakfast this mornülg.
d) 1 (go) skiing last winter.
e) 1 (study) German at sehool.
E) 1 (be) ve ry bu sy yesterday.
Make questions and ask your partner.
'Did you/' mother andfnlher meel al U1úversity?' 'No, they didll '1.'
3
page 130. Read the explanation and do the exereises.
Pronunciation
1
Complete these irregular verb sets. Label the past forms in each group (1-3) with
these sounds: 1,&1, le/, I:J: /.
1
Infinitive
Past:
keep
mean
bl _ _
kept
a) meant
met
2
~nfinitiVe
begin
clrink
ring
3
Past:
Infinitive
Past:
c) _ _
cI) _ _
rang
bring
e) _ _
eateh
brought
bought
f) _ _
1.17 Listen, check and repeat.
2
Add the verbs in the box to the correct groups in the table in Exercise 1.
fight
read
sing
sleep
svvim
teach
1.18 Listen, check and repeat.
Leve
21
Listenin
1
Read about a television game show called Get Persollol and answer these questions.
Who are the two people playing Get Persollal tonight?
How mueh is the prize money?
How ca n th ey vvin?
a)
b)
e)
(;,1111(>
show (;I!l flC!rsol1ol is Ilosled by
Bohhy BrOl,vl1 . In toniglles sllow.
COI1Ü'Sl,ll1ls I{osie ,1l1d Di1ve lry to
win tllC' [ 10.000 prizl'. The gdl1W is
very silllpl e. Hohhy inl¡>rvi t>ws I{osil'
,me! DLwe in sl'pllra1r sllltlios. lll' ,lsks
tl1<'1ll thl' S,ll11l' qUl'sliol1s i1hout 1100v
tl1ey firsll1lC'l, ,llld tlléy 11,1\It' lo give lhe
Slll1ll' cll1SWl'rs. (',1 11 llw)' do itl \lV,llch
01'V c1l H.30 tonigl1t clml fil1d out.
2 n 1.19 Read the questions and answers in the table below.
Listen and choose the cmswers (a, b, or c) that Rosie gives.
Questiol1s
)
3
1V,1~ el 11lll"Se . ll e 1I',1S ,1 ]1,11 il'I1I.
f 1011' did yOll
(1 )
SIl('
IJ)
SIll' IV,lS
el
SIll' ""ilS ,1 docto!". He \V,l ~ ,1 Ilurse.
WI1,lt lime of
d,l)'W,lS iU
WhellW,lS
=;
D<1ve's dI1S,'\'ers
(j rst Illl'l't>
tlll'
II'l',llhl'I'lik(' )
¿J
Rosie's <1I1SH'ers
VVh,lllVl'l·t' ~'Oll
both lI'l'rlril1g)
\VIlO spoKe "irst
,ll1d wh,lt did
lhey S,l)')
el
p,llil'I1I.IIl' 1V,1~
(1 )
Ll r1 y 1110ming.
IJ )
1:,1I ·IY,l([('rI10011.
el
r,ll"iy l'I'l'l1il1J4,
(1 )
TIlL' SUl1lVilS s hinin g.
IJ)
Il \VilS 1',lil1ing.
el
11 11',15 SllOwi ng.
She 1V,1S w(',lril1g .
,11ll11·s('.
./ í X
./ I
Ile \I',lS 1\'(',lrillg .
IJllIt' JlY;,1I11clS.
(1 )
,1 while (0,11..
(1)
1,)
,1 1llII'SP'<; llllif0l'l11 .
IJ)
grt'('lll'l'j,1I11.1S.
c)
,1
el
Jlil1k l'yj,1I11<lS.
(1)
SI1l' s,lid:'II OI\! ,11'(' yOll fl'l'lil1g r
11)
Ile ~,lid : TIll goil1g lo hl' SiCK.'
Iles,lid 'l rl'l'1 (l'ITibk"
c)
ni ghtdrt'ss
./ / X
X
./ I X
./ i X
r, 1.20
Listen to Dave answering the same questions. Circle the ./ if he gives the
same answer as Rosie. Circle the X if he gives a different answer.
How many points did Rosie ;md Dave score out of five?
4
22
UlirT
11
Think about your c10sest friendo How many of the questions from Get Personal
couid yo u answer? Discuss with a partner.
Love
Gr mmar
Past continuous
1
: was
IOU were
-l e was
5he was working.
:I was
le were
ey were
"'ere you working?
~5, I was .
•0. I wasn't.
Look at these extracts from Bobby Brown's interview with Rosie. Answer questions
(n-d) with Pllst simple or Past cOlltínuous.
'[ was working as a lIurse, alld Dave carne illto the hosp ital fo r a/1 operatio n.'
'Yes, it ¡¡¡as rnil1illg when [ arrived at work.'
'¡Vha l ¡¡¡ere you wmring w/¡C/1 !l0u saw eacll other for t/¡efirst time?'
a) What tense is l/sed for the verbs CO/IIC', anive and see? Pas! simple.
b) What tense is l/sed for the veTbs work, rain and wear?
c) Which tense describes something that was in progress when anothel" event happened?
d) Which tense d escribes an event that happened at a particl/lM momcnt in the past?
Student A: page 116 Student B: page 121
2
3
1.21 Look at the pictures U-5) and listen to the recordings. Work with a partner. Write
sentences about Jake and Fiona to describe the five situations.
Jake was J/nvi ng a 5JWWl'T when his lJlobi/¡: phol1c rl7l1g.
4
page 130. Read the expla nations and do the exercises.
eading
1
Complete the funny story with past continuous or past simple verb forms. Predict the
ending of the story.
A H o llywood director (I film) 1/I(/sfllming an importanr film in the desert
when an olel :'\ativc Am eri c ln man (2 come ) _ _
IIp ro him and sa iel ,
'Tomorrow rain' The next day ir rained.
A few days later, the director (3 taUd _ _ to the call1 eralllan ahout
the next day 's filming . The :'\ative American \Ven! 1I[l to him and said ,
TO!11orro\V storm.·
He \Vas righl again, and he sav ed the director tho llsan ds of dallars.
Th e director was ver)' impressed and ( 4 give) _ _ the old man a joh.
The old man (S continlle) _ _ to predict the weather carrectly, b ut
then he (6 not com e) _ _ for three \Vceks.
The director (7 plan) _ _ ro film ;111 importa nt sccne and he needed
gooc! wealher. So he (8 gol _ _ to look for the: :.Ja tive American.
\X1hen he (9 fine]) _ _ the old man , h e sa id , 'Listen, 1 have to film an
iIl1portanr scene
lOI11OI'l'O\V.
\Vhat will the w('ather he like?'
Tlle o ld man (lO shake) _ _ his heacl and sa id, ......
2
1.22 Listen and check your answers.
Love
'u
tll T
_
23
poaain
1
Look at the pictures ancl complete the noun phrases with the words in the box,
club
bélg
~
pmty
scissors
,/1/
wine
L---- ____________
7'
élpélirof _ _
e)
8)
a pot of pl7inl
b)
él dinner
/
, ':i
/,
..tr,a~".ú1I.,
d)
él
night _ _
e)
a plastic _ _
f)
a bottle of
2 " 1.23 Read the stories and match the things (n-fl in Exercise 1 to the appropriate
story, What is the importance of each thing in the stories?
E
oeer
¡~Sl rj'f
When Lid)' S:lI ly .\10011 found our Ih:1I her
husb;lI1tI \\':IS hal'ing :In alT:lir, slll" tIitIn'l leal'c
Lasr \'e;l r. 1 \\ 'elll o ut \\'ilh Hermioflc for fo ur
Illon th s, \Ve \Vcn: ven' diffcrc ilt. 1 ;¡\\\';IVS :I1Ti \'ed
carIy: she :,I I\\ ';IVS :I1Ti\'eLl late, 1 \\'a s ver)' titIy:
she \v;!s rerribly u11Iid y , Tlut lo h e honest ,
fOllnd rhe cJifkrcl1cés ralhcr attractivc,
hilll, Sh " Ihouglll il 11 ',1.' ht.:ll l:r l() hl: unluppil)'
Ilurrinl lhan nOI married :Il :111. Bul Iw r huslnnd
didJÚ lúdl: his alTai r, ami lhi,s Ilndt, her 1'<:<:1
rC:¡ll1y had,
One d:l)' she
lO
15
21>
\\;l S
Al Firs!. she \\'as on '" nftecn o r r\\'ent)'
lll inutes I;ll e, Hut she got laler anLl later.
At rh e end ()f August. il \\'a ,s my hirthd;I\',
driving h()lllC \y l1('n she
S;I\\ his GIl' p:lrkctI oursid c his lov("r's I!ouse , She
Ivas angry :Ind sh e d ecidetI lO gL'1 Ill'r rcvcnge,
Shc quidd)' cIl'Ove hn lllL', pUl ;¡ pOI uf p;¡i11l into
h er cal' :Iml drm'e ro rhc 100'(; r's IH)US\.',
TlleJl SllL' pourClI rh ick w h il l: pa iol all ()\'l:r
he r hush;l ncl's h caurifu l. ne\\', hla c k GIl'.
\;exl. shc clrl'fl dl\' l o ok his C()lIeClioll o f
finc \\ine,,; frOIll rhc cc ll:ir, Tllal night. sh e \\ 'e11l
1';
ro uild Ih\:' vilbgL' whcrL' sh e li ved, ;Iild ljuietl y
placnl :1 hOll l<: 01' \\'inL' o n eac h d()orslep, She
Idr lhc or hcr hOlllcs on Ihe \\':tr Illc111ori:1I in rhe
ce ntrc o f Ihe \'ill :lge,
20
ID
Fina ll )', she look :1 ¡x lÍr of sc issors :lI1d CUI o lT
rhe ar111S ;md legs of ;¡\I his suirs - th inv-eig ht 01'
Ihel11 in ull.
24
UIIIT
11
1'111 a good cook, so 1 decided ro h<1\'C :1 dinner
p,lrl)' ;lI1d 1 il1\'itcd four fricnLls,
Th:lt l'\'ening, ill)' four frit'm ls :IITi\ 'ed (lO rimc,
hut unsurprisingh' 1Icrm ionc \\':\sl1'r rhcrL' ;It
c iglll o 'dock, But rhen shc wasn ' 1 thcrc at Ilinc
o'clock. hall' past n inc n I' ren o 'dock,
Thi s \\'as extrclllL>ly lalc , c\'cn For llerlllione,
So 1 phoned h c r lllo hill' , \\Ihen shc a n," l'ered ,
lllusic \\'as playing lo uul\' in the h ;lc kgro uml.
' \Vherc ;Ire )'ou" 1 ShOUlCd angrily, Tm ar ;1
Iligh r cluh, ' ,.;he shou red hac k , 1 \Vas furious, 1
\\'Cllr into rh c kitl'llcll :lml p ur llc r 1llL':1I inro a
p h.;ric hag,
2'\
3
TIlL' I1L'Xl Illorning 1 POSIL'd ir ro ller \Virh ~ I
llo(L"a y ing , 'J-JcrL'\ )'our dinnL'l',' A \\'L>ék laler,
1 gor a postL' ~ lrd rrOI1l /-lL'rlllionL', jI sa id , Too
Illuch salt. '
Which story do you prefer? TeIl your partner why,
love
POST
a uta
1
Speaking
Find and underline the time adverbials from the box in the stories on page 24.
Las t yea r At first Then At the e nd of Aug ust Next
One d ay
Th<l t ni g ht Tha t evening The nex t mo rning Finally A wcek la ter
List the time adverbials in the order in which they appear in the stories.
2
Revenge is sweet
Dinner by post
a) Qlle day
b)
e)
1
2
3
d)
e)
Last year
4
5
6
Choose a story and use the time adverbials in Exercise 1 to retell the s tory to a
partner. Don't look at the text on page 24.
Grammar
Adverbs of manner
1
Add Iy to most adj ectives.
bad ly, ca refully , angrily
Work with a partner. Complete the tables with adverbs or adjectives from the stories
on page 24.
Dinne r by post
Revenge is sweet
Exce pti ons:
velL, ea rly, Late, fa st
Adjective
a)
b)
un ha ppy
e)
d ) q ui ek
e)
f) earcful
g) q ui N
I Adverb
----
ulllIappily
1
2
bad ly
a ng ril y
3
4
5
bea u ti fu 11 y
Adjective
Adverb
differcl1 t
differe ntly
earl y
late
tidil y
attra eti ve ly
Ivell
6
7
lo ud
Answer these questions.
a)
b)
e)
2
How do yo u make adverbs fro m mos t adjeeti ves?
How do yo u ma ke ad verbs from adjeetives e ndi ng in y?
Wha t a re the ad ve rbs for the adjee ti ves good, cnrly, late?
Rewrite these sentences in the
lISUaJ
order.
~uhj .. ct
... verb +
a) [ / very Cl ui ck ly / eat / my lunch
eat
b) drive / m y ea r / 1 / ve ry slow ly
e) pla n / my days / ve ry ea refull y / l
d) l / my money / s pend / very intelligently
e) p lay / 1 I tenni s / very ba d ly
f) very regul arly / clean / l / my hOllse
g) l / spea k / very well / Eng lish
uhj'" I
my /I./l/cll
.ld"I'rb
VC1"y
qu ick/y.
How many sentences are true for you? Rewrite the sentences so that they are all true
for you.
Compare your sentences with your partner.
Lave
UIlIl
11
25
seful phrases
1
'1.24 Listen to a conversation between a_man (Tim) and a woman (Anna) on a train .
Do they know e;lch other?
2
Are these sentences true or false?
The man and woman are going to LondOI1.
Shc's reading Pride (/l/d Prejfldict' .
Thcy both like Kcira Kn ightley.
Thcy're both going to sec Johnny Depp's new film tomorrow night.
Thcy're both sing le.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Listen again and check your answers.
3
Complete the useful phrases in the table using the phrases in the box.
So do
r
So a m T
Me too
Ne ithe r do 1
Cornrnent
a)
b)
r didn' t like the
film mueh.
l real1 y like Keira Knightley.
e) 1 think she's rcall)' good.
d ) [' 111 going to see Johnny Depp's
IlCW film.
e) 1 dOIl't know what time it sta rts.
O h, r did
~
Agree
Icither d id 1. / Me ne ither.
Disagree
(1) _ _ .
(2) _ _ . / Me too.
So do r. / (3) _ _ .
(4) _ _ . / Me too.
Oh, 1 don't.
Oh, [ d on't.
Oh, 1' 111 not.
(5) _ _ . / Me nei ther.
Oh, J do.
1.25 Listen, check and repeat the useful phrases.
4
Write true cornrnents using these sentence beginnings.
r think ."
1 really like .. .
1 d on' t like .. .
I' m going . . .
I'm no t goin g ...
Yesterday evening 1 .
Last vveekend 1 didn't ...
5
26
_:;¡,,; !]~
Work with a partner. Take it in turns to read out your sentences. Agree or disagree
with your partner's cornments.
Lave
Adjectives ending in ed or ing
1
Match the pictures with the pairs of adjectives.
;;¡
a n~ / annoying
bored / boring
confused / confu sing
depressed / d e pressi ng
e mbarrassed / e m barrassin g
eXQted / eXQti ng
frightened / frightening
inte rested / intcresting
s urpri sed / s urprisi ng
ti red / tiri ng
2
Underline the correct adjective.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
The
The
The
The
The
The
The
Thc
The
The
students are boring / bored.
tcacher is interesting / interested .
seore is depressing / depressed .
daughter is embarrassing / embarrassed.
dag is annoying / annoyed.
people are frightening / frightened.
bay is surprising / surprised.
ra ce is exciting / excited.
m<1n is tiring / tired.
m<1p is confusing / confused.
Focus on get
1
Match the uses of get (a-e) with the examples (1-5).
Some uses of get
Examples
<1)
get
b)
phrasaJ verbs with gl't
e)
get + no un = buy, obta in
<1djecti ve
=
Oid yatl get m y tcxt mcssagc?
Sh e" tryi n g to get a new jobo
bccome -
\
"'- 2
e)
2
Ex pressions wi th get
+ p<1s t participh:
lt d oes n't ge t dark till 10.00 p.m. in the su mme r.
He's ge tting better al Eng li sh .
Th is room never gets warm eno ug h.
3
'vVhat tim e do yo u get to work?
We' ll neve r get the re in time.
4
Where ca n [ gel cha nged? Th ey got marril!d in a hote l.
1 always h a ve breakfast before 1 get d ressed .
or rcce ivc
d) gd = arrive
[ got m y ncw s hocs in the sa le.
1 got h ome very late l<1 s t nig ht.
--­
5
He never ge ts u p befc)!'e 10.00 a.m.
We don't get on w ith our ne ighbo urs.
The w ho[e fam il y ge ts together a t Christma s .
Use a dictionary. Find and write your own example sen ten ce for each use of get.
Love
UNIT
11
27
Review A
4
pages 126- 131
~
Complete the questions with the correct auxiliaries
and name the tenses.
a m /is/a re
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
d o / does
d id
h ave / h as
HO(1(' yo u been to Oslo? Presen t pelfect
_ _ you like jazz?
Where _ _ yOl! go o n h oliday last yea r?
Where _ _ yOll going to go o n ho liday this yea r?
Where _ _ yo u li ving a t the m o m e nt?
_ _ yo u seen the Py ra mids?
Wh at _ _ yo u do for a liv in g?
5
Ask and answer the questions with a partner.
2
3
Write one verb in the past simple and the other in
the past continuous for each sentence.
1 (work) was working in O xfo rd w he n 1 (m ee t) IJ1ct
Tony fo r th e firs t time.
b ) It (rain ) _ _ whe n Sara (arrive ) _ _ ho m e.
c) We (h ave) _ _ lunch w he n yo u (rin g) _ _ .
d) Yo u (ch a t) _ _ w hen 1 (co m e) _ _ in.
e) Joe (coo k) _ _ w hen h e (c ut) _ _ hi s finger.
f) Ddvc él nd Becky (watch ) _ _ TV w Íle n fÍl e baby
(wa ke) _ _ up .
1 look Jikc m y a un t.
My dad _ _ yo ung fo r hi s age.
1 _ _ Engli s h .
1 _ _ a fa m o us pe rson o
1
a stu de n t.
My m um _ _ fr ien d ly.
Which sentences are true for you? Compare with
a partner.
or mucho
a)
Complete the sentences with look(s) or look(s) like.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
E)
Inlll/y
Chris: H ow (1) l/1ally people li ve in yo ur town?
Ro b:
Not (2) _ _ . Aro und 20,000, m aybe.
Ch ris: And is there (3) _ _ traffic?
Yea h ! Too (4) _ _ ! Th e s treets are a lways
Ro b:
full of ca rs. Wha t a bo u t your cit)'?
Chri s: There are a (5) _ _ o f p eop le - aro un d
a millio n - bu t the re isn' t (6) _ _ tra ffi e.
We've got good publi c trans po r t.
Ro b:
H ow (7) _ _ cin e mas d o you h ave ?
Chris: We have a (8) _ _ . Maybe fo rty o r fifty. Yo u ?
Ro b:
Wow! We do n' t h ave (9) _ _ . Only t l1n~e,
in fact.
Chris : So ""ha t else ca n yo u d o in the even ings?
Ro b:
We go to the pub . It's a s mall tow n, bu t the re
are a (10) _ _ o f pubs.
Grammar
1
Complete the conversation with fot,
6
Change the adjectives in the box into adverbs and
use them to complete the sentences.
Underline the correct words .
careful
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
ea rl y
good
quie t
~
1 wash m )' cm regularly - every Saturday.
1 d o n't cook ve ry _ _ - everyo ne ha tes m y foo d !
1 lls u a ll y speak ve ry _ _ - no-o ne ca n hea r me!
1 a lways get u p _ _ - a t 6. 00 a .m.
1 do m y wo rk _ _ - 1 ne ve r m a ke mi stakes!
Tick the sentences that are true for you. Compare
with your partner.
7
Spot the mistake! Cross out the incorrect sentence.
a)
b)
Di:
Jo :
D i:
Jo:
Di:
Jo:
Di:
28
Rome is (1) slIch a / so love l)' city, isn't it?
1 d o n' t like it. lt' s (2) too / very hot fa r m e.
The wea the r' s pe rfect. lt's reall y (3) too / very ni ce.
But th e stree ts a re (4) sllch a / so crowd ed .
Yes, but it's (5) sllch a / so w onde rfu l ex pe ri ence.
Well , 1'm n ot e njoy ing it. lt's (6) too / very no is)'!
Jo, do n' t be (7) such a / so bo ring. We' re in a
(8) too / very bea u tiful p lace. Com e o n, smile .. . .
REVlfW
\ó/hGt m eGn s yOl:lr name?
Wh at does yo ur na m e m ea n ?
2
a) Did th ey been to Ven ice?
b) H ave they been to Ve ni ce?
3
<1)
b)
4
a) We ea t fa r too mu ch ch ocola te .
b) We ea t far too ma n y choco la te .
5
a) Yo u ea t yo ur food ve ry s low ly.
b) Yo u ea t ve ry s low ly yo ur fo od.
6
a ) T hey speak Fre nch ve ry good .
b ) T hey s peak Fre nch ve ry wel!.
W ha t \oVas the w ea ther like in Greece?
H o w was the vvea th e r like in Greece?
11
:o..
5
cabula
1
Write the nationality in the correct column.
Italy
Ca nada ~
Japa n Morucco
-an
-ese
Brazilian
Chinese
~
Complete the text about Simon and his family with
the words in the box.
b rothe r-in-I a w d a ugh ter half- b rot he: ¡
ha lf-sis ter ne ph ew ni ece ~ tc p fjtlit" l
s te pm other unde
6
Egypt Hun gary
Port uga l Vie tnam
Look .lt the map of Australia and write sentences
about the places using the words in the box.
centre cast ~ north-east
south-eas t south-wes t
sou th
e
DalWln
e
Caim!>
e Alice Springs
' Hi , J'm Sim on, a nd this is my fam ily. My dad, Pete,
a nd my mum, Lisa , a re di vorced. Dad is s ing le, but
Mum re married . He r husband - m)' (1) slepfather - is
ca lled Sa m. MUl1l. a nd Sa m have two children, Jack a nd
Cathy - my (2) _ _ and my (3) _ _ . Sam a mi h is
ex-wifc, Eva, ha ve a (4) _ _ , Deb ra. My mum is
Debra's (5) _ _ . My sis te r's na me is Ann . She's
married to Ted - (6) my _ _ . They have [\"'0 children.
Sea is my (7) _ _ ílnd Harry is my (8) _ _ , and ,
of course, 1'111 their fa vou rite (9) _ _ . They' re lovely
children.'
Brisbane e
e Perth
e Melboume
Darwin is in the rLOrlh.
7
2 Match the two halves of the ques tions about names.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
What are yo ur - What do yo ur fri ends
What name d o yo u
Who did your pa rents
What's yo u r mothe r'
1
-
2
3
4
5
..
nrt ga llery
br_dg_
c_n_l
c_r p_ rk
c stl
1
f_ _nt _ _ n
g) l_br_ry
h ) m_s_ _ m
i) p_rk
j) sh_ pp_ng c_ n tr_
f)
a)
b)
c)
d)
crowded
romanti c
dull ex pensive
spectac ul ar
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
in love
so mebody up
children
in togethe r
up
o ut togethe r
ma rri ed
Look at some words from Units 1-3. Say the words
and add them to the tableo
cathedral Chin ese
ann oyed beaubful
chocolate cou sin d esse rt Egy ptia n
ex tremely gra nd d aughte r perfume
togethe r Turkish uniforl11
su rp rised
vegetables
Write an adjective from the box next to each
definition.
bea utiful
po lluted
-
Pronunciation
Complete the names of places you might find in
a city.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Caims is in ...
Match the two halves of the phrases that describe
stages of a relationship.
a) chat ~
b) go
c) fa ll
d ) 111 0ve
e) get
f) ha ve
g) split
maid e n name?
initi als 7
nam e yo u after?
like best?
cal! yo u?
Answer the questions. Work with a partner and
compare your answers.
3
Sydoey
e
-¡
A: ~: O ° ~f.--C_: ___o----+--Do
D: 0 00
I
ful! of people crowdt!d
e) costs a lot of m oney
too mu ch smoke / traffi c f) ve ry good-looking
nüt interes tin g
g) d rama tic a nd exciting
idea l for lovers
nl1llOyrd
2
chocolnle
beau l¡ful
calhedral
Underline the stressed syllable in each word.
1.26 Listen, check and repeat.
29
2
ad
1
Liz a nd Deb live te n mil es from eaeh other. Trw.'.
Liz and Deb didn't like ea eh other at first.
e) uz is very di fferent fro m Deb.
d) Liz likes Deb because she's generolls and fun.
e) Woody alld Pau l were always ve ry good s tudents
at sehoo1.
f) Wood y and Paul were both punks when they
,-vere teenagers.
g) Paul th inks Wood y is the sa me now as twenty
years ago.
' 1.27 Read the descrip tions of two frie n dships
and answer the questions.
a)
b)
Read the descriptions again . Are these statements
true or false? Correct the false sentences.
a)
b)
How did these best fr iend s meet?
How often do tiley see eaeh other.
My~fvíevuL
3
l' 1.28
Listen to the eonversation between Carol
and Jessica. What nationality is Mark?
Lí-1; Kvehby
ID
'My best friend is Deb Evans. We met on an
internet chat si te in 2003. We both liked chatting
about music and fashion, and then we discovered
that we live only ten miles from each other.
We talked online all the time, and one day we
arranged to meet in a café. I felt really nervous,
because I'm s hy with new people, but we liked
each other immediately. We are very similar. We
both lived ab road when we were children, and we
both had parents who got divorced when we were
young. We both have busy lives, but we still talk
every day on the phone an d we see each other once
a week. I think Deb's a fantastic persono She's ve ry
generous and a lot of fun. I'm so happy I met her!'
PcutL lv1 CtVI vtty Ve­
1'>
211
l 'i
'James Wood is my best friendo We met at primary
school. His real na me is James, but everybody
calls him 'Woody'. He sat behind me in class. We
were both very naughty at school and we got into
trouble a lot! When we were teenagers we didn't
spend much time with each other. Woody was a
punk, and Iliked rock music. Then, after schooll
went to university, an d we didn't see each other
for four years. But after th at, I moved back to our
home town and met Woody again. Now we see
each other every month at the pub. He's just the
same as twenty years ago.
He made me laugh then,
and he makes me
laugh 110w.'
Listen again and underline the eorrect information.
Jessica's boyfriend: Mark
• Where Jessiea and Mark me t:
(1) At sehool / At university.
• When they met:
(2) Five years ago / Ten years ago.
• Fi rst impression:
(3) She didn't like him. / She thought he
was very interesting.
• Things they rea lly likc doing together:
(4) Windsurfing / Seuba diving.
4
Listen again and answer the questions.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
30
What did Jessiea and Mark do at the beaeh?
Whe re did Mark go after university?
VVhy did they go to Egypt?
Has Jcssiea been to the USA?
When díd Mark collle back to England?
Where are Jessiea and Mark going to travel to
ncxt?
Wntin
1
Work with a partner. Match the questions (o-e) with
the answers in note form (1-5).
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
2
Spe kin
What' your bcs t fricnd' namc? 3
Where and when did you meet him / her?
What was your first impression of him / her?
What do you like abou t him / her?
What do yo u like doing together?
I
re.lti.xe.d) ~ood Ii>te.l\e.r) +IAI\I\Y
2 >e.eol\dti.ry >chool - '>t dti.y
3 Adriti.M Co>tti.
4
r
t he.ti.tre. ) MIA>e.IAM» >ho!,!, iI\~
>he. K.1\e.w e.ve.rybody
Match the parts of the text below to the questions (a-e)
in Exercise 1.
We met on the first day of secondary school. I was very shy,
and I felt nervous on my first day.
We are very different. I'm quite serious. But Adriana is a very
relaxed person, and she's a really good listener. And she's the
funniest person I've ever met. We laugh all the time.
a
My best friend is Adriana Costa.
We do everything together! We both like the theatre and art.
We visit museums and we love shopping!
Adriana knew everybody, and everybody liked her. Iliked her
too, but I thought she was too cool, and I was too shy. But she
stillliked me! I was sitting alone in the classroom when she sat
down next to me . She was very kind to me, and we became
good friends .
3
How did you meet your best friend? Write answers in note form to the questions in Exercise 1.
4
Tell your partner about how you met your best friendo
5 Write about how you met your best friendo Give longer answers to the questions in Exercise 1.
Stand By Me
31
•
Shopplng
Grammar Adverbs of frequency. Verb patterns. Present simple and continuous
Vocabulaly Collocations: a bunch of ... , a box of ... , etc. Clothes and accessories
Useful phrases In a clothes shop
peakin
Work in small gmups. Discuss the questions.
al When do you give presents?
b) \Nhat' s the best present you've ever given or reeeived?
el Whieh is easier: buying presents for me n or buy in g
presents for women?
eadin
1
Read this article and answer the questions.
al
bl
Did aman or woman write the article?
Does he or she think men a re good at
choosing presents?
el Does he or she think women are good at
ehoosing presents?
d) vVhat do women and men rea JJy vvant for
their birthday? Do you agrec?
WIJat people real!)! 'l,v alltfo1· tlJeir bÍl'1.IJdaJ'
It IVa~ 111)' hirthd:l )' rL'l'L'nll y :l11d a~ 1I~1I:t1 1 didn 't gel "ha l
rL'a ll v w;·\med. I usu..ul) get a hllncll uf'
nO\\ -e r~ ,
The hig mist:l kL' [hat
a c()ok ery
ho()k , a hox o f c h oc() lat e~ and elec tronic g adgets. \I y
\\'OJ11l'n l1lakL' is th:1t th (')'
21)
fa lll il v ¡dw: I ~~ a~ k m e "bat 1 IVan t, and J ,tI.~'ay~ le ll lhelll
c1othe~ hecaus ~'
[O
a coo k erv hook . cl loco!a[es amI gadgc ts.
l han a I\'(.~ ek , :tnd a re:t1 presellt is som ething
can k eL'p .
)'O U
1 a1war" look for lh.., di:l m o nel ring hielde n in the
th e)' like thL'm ~lI1d the )' \Van[ o [ll er r eop!e
\Vca r th e clothes the y !ike, 'You :ll\\ólys \Vear dark
co lo urs, ancl I wa nt lo ch:lI1ge yo u , so I 'm guing lO h u)' you
F!o\l'e rs are love !)' hllt [hel' Itard lv el 'er IaSI fo r more
:l
2'\
rlt)"' er~,
hrig hl! )' l'o!o ureclli e
0 1' :\
pa ir o f ivlic key' \ 'l o use ,;ocks,'
T his is :1 hig l1li ~ta k e, \-len d o n ', u:"L1:tIl} \Va nl hrig lltl y
co.!o ured ties
0 1'
sill )' so,'ks, Th e I\,(JI'd to rc m emher w he n
you' rc hu ying a p resent for a 1ll;!Ic i ~ gadge/s, \-len li ke
hu! il \ I1CIl.'f IhL're,
Cooker)' !>ook s arL' ho ring , amI 1 hal L' getl ing chocolates
an )'thing digiuL e lectronic and run ,
lx:c \u sL' I'm I.Isu;llIy on a diet,
13ut gadgets arc the
For his las' hirlllday , 1 ga ve m )' Ilushand a small to rch
\\ 'o r~r. \l()~ l
lI'omen :Ire not
im(' rcs te( 1 in gadgct.s, \Ien hUI' Wldgets 1'01' ,,'olllen h ecau~c
l 'i
huy clo [h cs. Tll l')' huy
th<: same thing - I w:lnt a surprise. So this year 1 gOl
fl m\'(~ rs,
111
lI~\Il d! y
men !ove gadge!.S,
.)1)
:Ind a SlVi ~s ar my knire, H e \vas ove rj oyeel,
It' ~ ve ry simple, 't'u u ca n'[ go IITo ng ir vo u
l'ememher ¡h e
llut lI'OI1lCn are sc nsitivc ami intuitive so llley .t!\\';\v:-,
'J
IVord ror \Voll1en (that 's
and lhe 'C' w()rcl for l1len,
kn o\\' lh e ríght thing lO huI', l{ight) \X'rong,
2
Rearrange the words below to make six statements from the article.
a) A / ca n / rea l / yOLl / some thing / is / present / keep
A real presl'l1 t is sOlJ1l'th ing you mil kccp,
b) Cookery / boring / books / are
el Mos t / in / are / inte res ted / women / gadgets / not
dl Women / a nd / intlúti ve / a re / sensiti ve
e) Me n / usuall y / brightl y / eoloured / wa nt / don ' t / ties
f) Men / fun / any thing / Jike / eleetronic / d igital / and
Do you agree with these statements? Discuss with a partner.
32
UNIr
11
Shopping
'J
alwavs
rOl' jeIVellerv)
ca uLary
1
2
A bUlleh afflowers is a collocation frorn the article on page 32. Match words frorn
colurnn A with words frorn colurnn B to rnake similar collocations.
A
B
a) a bund l of b) ,] box o f
c) ¿¡ pail' of
d ) ,1 packet o f
e) ¿¡ piece o f
f) ¿¡ Do ttl e o f
g) ¿¡ jar of
h) a can o f
1
2
3
'"
""
---- 4
S
6
7
8
socks / scíssors / jea ns
cake / furniture / wood
cigare ttes / cri sps / bi scuits
fl o wers / g ra pes / keys
wine / perfume / w h isky
bea ns / petrol / to ma toes
chocola tes / m a tch · / ti ssues
ja m / instant co ffee / mayo nnai se
Work with a partner. Discuss the questions about the things in Exercise 1.
•
•
•
Have yo u ever given o r received a ny of these thin gs as a p rese nt?
Whi ch things axl' comm o n p rese nts in yo ur country?
Whi ch things wo uld be ve ry stra nge o r unu sual prescnts?
Pronunciation
1
1.30 Listen and repeat the plural forrns in the table.
/s/, /7J or /Id ?
Exarnples
--------------------------~--
A: /s/ after /p/. /k/. /ti. /t/. /8/
cakes. erisps. suits
B: /7J after Ib/. /g/. /v/. /d/. /ü/. /l/, /m/. /n/. /rJl and all vowel sounds
e/otiles, rings. viC'1 uS
C: /rz/ after /s/. /z/.
2
/Ji. /tJ/.
bcaehes, plaees. Mages
/d31
Add the plural forrns of these nouns to the appropriate line in the table in Exercise 1.
bar I hu:1 bridge /hnd3l' b unch IbAl1t.f1 g ra pe IgreIpI
piece Ipi: I
pot /p!)!} sock lsok/
tic Imll
]
key 11d:1
1.3 1 Listen, check and repeat.
r mmar
Adverbs of frequency
0%
always
usually
no rmally
often
sometimes
occasionally
rarely
hardly ever
never
adverb before main verb
'e don't us ually driye,
~ 1!
before adverb
-JIl always ti red .
1
Look at the highlighted examples of adverbs of frequency used in the article on page 32.
Are these sentences true or false?
a) Adve rbs of freguency co me befo re the ma in part of the ve rb, but a fte r a uxiliary
ve rbs.
b) Ad verbs of fregue ncy come afte r the verb be.
2
How well do you know the person sitting next to you? Add an adverb of frequency to
these sentences to rnake thern true. Write affirrnative 01" negative sentences.
He / She s pe nds more than € 2 5 o n a present.
Shc rnrely spel7ds more t1WII € 2 5 011 a presm t.
He does ll't usually spend l/1ore t111111 € 2 5 011 apresen t.
b) He / She is positive abo ut life.
e) He / She goes o ut at the weeke nd.
d ) He / She is late fo r appo intme nts.
e) He / She has luneh at home during the week.
f) He / She walks to 5choo l/ work.
a)
Check your sentences with your pal'tner. How many are true? How similar or
different are you?
Shopping
u .~ J ' ~
11
33
Speal<ln
1
ne
ote
"1.32 Listen to Eddie talking about the last time he bought somebody a present.
Underline the answers he gives.
a) ' Who was the present for?' 'My friend / sister.'
b) 'What was the oeeasion?' 'Her birthday / wedding anniversary .'
e) 'Whe re did you go shopping for th e prescnt?' 'To the city centre / On the internet.'
d) ' Did you know vvhat you were going to bu y?' ' Yes, 1 did / No, 1 didn't.'
e) ' What did yOll bu y in the end?' 'JeweUery / A foot spa:
f) ' Ho w mueh did yo u spend?' 'About ESO / OS.'
g) 'Did you buy a eard too?' ' Yes, 1 did / No, 1 didn't .'
h) 'Did the person like the present?' ' Yes, she did / No, she didn't.'
i) 'Was it the sort of present you would like to reeeive?' 'Yes, it was / No, it wasn't.'
2
You're going to teIl your partner about the last time you bought somebody a present.
•
•
•
Ask yourseLf the questions in Exereise 1.
Think about w/¡at to say and J¡ow to say it.
Tell your partner 3bout the la st time yOl! bought someone a present.
Gr:tmmar & Vocabula
Verbs patterns 1
1
Eddie /Jought fl foot spa for IIís slstl'r.
Eddie /Jou gh t " 1$ ~Istt'r nIDaL spn .
Verbs with two objects
buy somebody so mething
send somebody something
give somebody something
50mebody = indirect object
50mething = direct object
Look at these two sentences and answer the questions.
a) Do the sente nees mean the sa me thing?
b) What eolo ur is the direet objeer in each se ntenee?
e) Wha t eolo ur is the indireet objeet in eaeh sentenee?
2
Complete the table to show two ways of saying the same thing.
subject + verb + thing + to/fol' + )erson
a)
I never lend my car to ."n) boJ • .
b)
My Eriends send lots of texts to
e)
1 sometimes buy flowers for ,,)' rU.um .
subject + verb +
I never lend an
1
Tick the sentences that are true for you.
3
Insert the indirect object in braekets to complete
the questions.
VVhen wa s the last time ...
yo u bought presents? (your family)
you /Jousht yourfamily plt!Sr!l1tS?
b) you made él eup of coffee? (somebody)
e) yo ur bank se nt a le tter? (you)
d) you gavc a lift? (somcbody)
e) you le nt some money? (your best friend)
f) él friend told a joke? (you)
a)
Ask your partner the questions.
4
34
UNIT
11
Shopping
page 132. Read the explanatio n and do the exercises.
1
Complete these statements with Me /1 or Women as you th ink appropriate.
a) _ _
ean't s tand shopping for clothes.
b)
_ _ don't mind spcnding hours and hours shopping for cIoth es.
e)
_ _ spe nd a lot of timc going from shop to shop, compari ng prices ami quality.
d) _ _ never forge t to look dt the priee tag before they bu )'.
2
e)
_ _ ol1 ly agrce to go shopping ""hen they reall y nccd to buy somcthing.
f)
_ _
Ii ke going to the dentis t' s more than go in g shopping.
Discuss your ideas with a partner. Whicll stat ments in Exercise 1 are true for you?
mr
Verb patterns 2
1
Ve rbs + ing-form
VocabuLa
Complete these interviews wi lb two men ab out shoppin g. Use the i/1g-form or
the to-infinitive.
• oid can't stand
--:¡ n't mi nd enjoy hate
ke love spend time
: an't sta nd shopping.
erbs + to-infinitive
gree can't afford
:hoose decide forget
~ 3 nage
need refuse
,ant would like
: ca n't afford to buy it.
Questlon 1
'Do you mind (1 gol
going round the
shops?'
'Not really_ Sut after about an
hour 1 want (2 gol _ _
home:
'Actually, 1 can't stand
(3 gol _ _ round the
shops. My girlfriend knows
this, so she usually chooses
(4 gol _ _ without me:
QuestJon 2
'What kind of shops
do you enjoy
(5 gol _ _ into?'
'Sook shops. 1 spend a lot of
time (6 read) _ _ book
reviews so 1 always have a li st
of books I'd like (7 buy) _ _ :
'1 enjoy (8 look) _ _ at
electronic equipment but 1
can't afford (9 buy) _ _ it.
It's usua lly far too expensive:
Queslion 3
'Are there any kinds
of shops you hate
(10 gol _ _ into?'
'1 hate supermarkets. 1 usually
forget (11 buy) _ _ the thi ngs
1 went there for, 50 1 avoid
(12 gol _ _ into them.
Fortunately, 1 can do most of
my food shopping online:
'1 refuse (13 gol _ _ into
shoe shops with my girlfriend.
She tries on ten pairs and
then decides (14 buy) _ _
the first pair:
Questlon lt
'Do you enjoy
(15 buy) _ _
clothes for yourself?'
'Not really. 1 only go into a
clothes shop when 1 need
(16 buy) _ _ a new shirt or
something. For me, shopping
is a necessity, not a pleasure:
'1 love (17 ha ve) _ _ new
clothes, but 1 never manage
(18 find) _ _ time to go
shopping:
1.33 Listen and check your answers. Do you know any men with simila r attitu des?
Ask your partner the questions 0-4) fro m the interview.
2
Complete the follo w ing sentences with your Own ideas.
a)
b)
l enj o)' ...
1don' t m ind ...
e)
d)
J ea n' t sta nd
J avoid ...
o)
f)
J'd likc .. .
J nccd . . .
g)
h)
i ean' t afford .. .
J' ve deeidcd .. .
Compare your sentences with your partner.
S h o p p ing
UtíIT
11
35
Readina
1
&
Vocabul
look al the photos from a fashion magazine and complete fue descriptions wiLh (he
words beJow.
boots
skirt
caHi ngs
neek laec
sandél ls
top
trouc:e rs
'. \ 'élí skn élt
sGlrf
1.34 Listen and check.
2
What do you think o f the clolhes in the photos? Tell a partner.
3
Com plete the tab le with words from the descriptions in Exercise 1 aboye.
4
Design/Co)our
Ma teri
O oU'es and accessories
h/ack
~ ilk
woístcoal
1"
1.35 Listen and repeat the items of dothing (n - á).
Add the words lo the table in Exercise 3.
5
Complete the sentences below in as much detail as possible so that they are tme for
you. Compare your sentences with a partner.
a) I never \Vear ".
b) 1 o fte.n wear ."
e) Tod ay, I' m wCél rin g " .
/ lI('va ¡vear checked slrirls. Toril/Y J'm w('arills, n /JIuc m ttoJ/
36
--
~14~ \T~1I
Sh oppin g
topo
adin~
1
Read lhe artícJe. According to environmen tal grou ps, aTe ch eap clothes good
The
10
al rlc of fashion
In 2005, a military jacket ap peared on
the fashion pages of Vogue. There's
notiling unusual about th at, except
that th e price tag was not El ,200, nor
even E120. The jacke t was made by
Primark, and it was on sale for just
E12 1 Women went mad for it, and
Pril11ark was renamed 'the new Prada'.
At Primark T-shirts cost E2, pyjal11as
cost E5, su its cost E15 and WOl11ell'S
tops cost less than E5. So it's no
surprise that Prirnark's profits are
in creasing and new sto res are opening
across the UK, Spain and Ireland.
So everybody's happy then . Well ,
no. Accord in g to environmental
groups sLlch as Friends of the Earth,
cheap clotiles are damaging the
environment. Consumers are paying
low prices for their clothes, but the
plallet is paying a high cost.
The result of low prices is t hat
people are buying more. On average,
people now buy fifty items of clothing
ayear - an increase of 33%. Bu t
th ese clothes are poor quality and
they don't last. You can't sell them
second-hand or recycle them for
charity. They are disposable.
A spokesperson from the Greell
Party said, 'We are not aga inst
fashion, but cheap clothes, not
desiglled to last, are bad for the
cOllsu mer and the planef
20
25
30
Complete the iagram wiili store or C01l S11mers.
3
15 this trend happening in your country?
Discu s the e que tions with your parlner.
b)
e)
ba d?
•
2
a)
OI
More (1) _ _
are selling poor
qua lity clothes.
(5)
(2) _ _
are payi ng
lower prices.
r~o re
are
opening.
Wh~IT~ ca n vou bu y eheap cJothes in
ya ur city?
How mueh do y ou pay for easuJI
c10thcs sueh as jC ZI11 S, tmincrs, tops, e tc.?
Do you reeycle youl' elo thcs? HOIv ?
(4) _ _ are
making more
profits.
(3) _ _ are
buying more
clothes.
Grammar
Present t enses
1
Matcl the underlin d verb forms (1-3) in these sentences with their uses (a-e).
Todo!! (1) ['/11 i(l1'oril/'¿'ll fop fro/ll Pril/lt7 rk. (2) 1 /.Isunlly ¡peor dl!s igl/l'r c10fhes buf fhese dnys
(3) [ ' 111 buyillg more higil ';fn.'d e/ofiles /Jecn llse filey /ook grr'nf.
Present simple
: work in an office.
e start work at ni neo
a)
b)
e)
Present continuous
:'m not workin g now.
~' m aving lunch.
2
'y jo b is getting more
;'lffic ult to do.
Aetions that happe n alJ Lhe time, often, sometime ,never, etc. (Pres nt s impl e )
Achol1s that are in progress at the moment of speaking. (Present continllous)
Actions that are in progIes aroull d (h e moment of speaking. (Prescnt continuolls)
Write these sentences in the negative and match them with the uses (a-e) in Exercise 1.
a)
b)
e)
d)
I'm s itting nea r the d oor.
['m l/of sittins l/ear file door. = l/sr' '/J '
My parents go to church.
I'm sJv in g money for l11 y nc xt holiday.
My m otller works in a s hop.
Tick tite sentences - affirmative
3
4
01"
e)
I'm s tlld y ing for an cxam .
lt's raintng.
g) I'm learning to pla y the piano.
h) The cost of li v in g is go ing IIp fa s t.
f)
negative - that are true. Compa.re with a partner.
Student A: page 117 St udent B: page 122
page 132. Read the explanation and do the exercises.
------------------------­
Sho ppin g
I
UNIT
11
37
hrases
1
Russell wants to buy a p resent for his girlfrjend. Read the useful phrases. Put R if
yo u think Russell says th em. Put SA if you think the shop assistant says th em.
,/
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f'm just Jooking, thanks. R
¡'IJ take it.
Can 1 h elp yo u ?
What colours do yOll h ave?
How vvo uld yo u like to pay?
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
Can she exchange it if it does n' t fit?
What size is she?
Hcre's yo nr receipt.
Wh at so rt of thing are yo u Jookin g far?
By credit card o
1.36 Listen, check and repeat the useful phrases.
2
Put the useful phrases in the correct place in the conversatioIl.
(1) Can I help yau?
(2) _ _ Well, actually, 1'm looking for something for my girlfriend.
(3) _ _
1 don't rea lly kno w. A top?
OK, and what co lour would you like?
(4) _ _
We have any colour you I¡vant, sir. Purple is very fashionab le at the momento
Purple's fine.
Right. (5) _ _
Ah , well, she isn't very big, but she's not particularly small.
So she's medium.
Ves, medium.
Well, we have t hi s rathe r nice purple top here .. .
Good. (6) _ _
Are yo u sure you don't want to see any more .. . ?
No , that's great. I'll take it. Thank you. How much is it?
That's no, sir. (7) _ _
Seventy?! (8) _ _ , please.
Fine. If you could just sign ...
Here you are. Goodbye.
Just a minute, sir. (9) _ _
Oh yes, er . .. (10) _ _
Ves, but she needs to keep the receipt.
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
R:
SA:
1.37 Listen éln d check your answers .
Practise tite conversation with a partner.
3 Work with yo ur partner. Write your own shopping conversation.
a)
b)
e)
D ecid e Oll the shop ami what the cll s tomcr is bu y in g .
Decide on the eh a rae te r / p e rsona lit)' of the shop assis tant and the ell s to mer.
[nclude at least six o f these eight words .
I
by
fit
h elp
jus t
pa)'
reec ipt
size
so n
I
d ) Praeti se your eonve rsation and pcrform it for the res t of the cl ass.
38
;
-
- _ ·'AI In T
11
Shopping
ocabula
xtra
CLothes and accessories
1
Match the pictures with the
descriptions. Then complete
the descriptions.
I7
e
[
a checked 5cm1
brow n leather
a pla in white cotton _ _
'-----' a b llle d e nim
L­
a pinstriped _ _
.---J
a siI ver
r
a pa tterned wooll en _ _
L
a fl o ral
L
gold _ _
[
stripcd _ _
.--,
-:::: pl asti c _ _
a li ght blue silk _ _
2
Work with a partner.
Cover the words. Look at
the pictures. Ask and
answer questions.
'What's th is?'
' lt 's a e/¡eeked semI'
' Wha f are fhese? '
'They're broWI1 /eafher g /oves. '
Focus on verbs used with cLothes
1
Match the verb phrases with their meanings
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
2
get dressed
get undressed
ge t changed
clo thes fit yo u
clo thes suit yo u
try something o n
-.. . .
"-....'
1
2
3
4
S
6
take yo ur cl o thes off
put some thin g o n to see if it fits / s uits yOll
cl o thes a re the rig ht s ize fo r you
put yo ur clo thes o n
cl o thes are the ri g ht colo m , sh ape and style fo r yO ll
ta ke yo ur cl o thes off and put different cl o thes o n
Underline the most appropriate verb phrase.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
1 al ways get dressed / get undressed befo re b reakfas t.
1 us ua ll y try 011 / wear fo rmal cl o thes a t wo rk.
When it' s cold 1 put on / take off my Jea the r coa t.
1 like trying on / taking off new cl o thes.
Yellow and o range d o n' t suit / fit me.
1 get dressed / get changed w hen 1 get ho me tro m work.
Tick the sentences that are true for you. Compare with your partner.
Shopping
U N IT
39
Fit
Grammar Comparatives an d superlatives. Phrasal verb s
Vocabulary Ho w + adjectivej adverb. Sport. Numbers
Useful phrases Gi ving illst ructions
ding
1
Read and answer th e questionnaire.
ARE YOU
dan ero sly unfit?
In an average day, d o you ...
) climb more than a Il undred stairs?
VES / NO
b) do at least one hour of Ilousewmk?
VES / NO
e) walk or cycl e to SCllool or work?
VES / NO
2
3
4
5
6
2
40
-
U/IIIT
11
Fit
How often do you walk five
kilometres or more?
él) Once a month.
b) Once a week.
e) Never.
How mueh sport do you do every
month?
a) More th an nine hours .
b) Between tl/VO and nlne hours.
e) Less than two hours .
How often do you spend twenty
minutes or more doing an aetivity
that makes you hot or sweaty?
a) Three or more times a week,
t.¡ Once or twice a week.
) Not at all.
How long does it take you to walk
a kilom etre?
"'l Less than ten minutes.
) Between ten and twenty minutes.
) 1can 't walk that faro
Ho w m any of t he fo llowing aetivities
do you do at least once a week?
.) Go jogging. VES / NO
b) Playa ball game. VES / NO
c.) Do so me aerobic exercise
(cycling, lowing, etc .). VES / NO
7
Tick t he aetivities you often do
when you're on holiday.
Ii) Go hiking.
b) Go sVl/irnming.
el Go sig htseeing .
d) Go dancing .
el Lie on tlle beach .
f}
Eat and dlink a lot.
8
Do you sm oke? VES / NO
How to
SCOl 'e
a) VES; 5 NO; O
b) VES; 5 NO: O
el VES 5 NO; O
2
a) 3
b) 5
el O
3
al
5
b) 3
el O
4
a) 5
b) 3
e) O
5
a) 5 n) 3
e) O
6
al
7
a) 5 b) 5 el 3 dl 3 e) O f) O
8
VES : O NO: 10
VES; 5 NO: O
b) VES; 5 NO O
(;1 VES ; 5 NO: O
What your c;core means
20 or less: Your health and your Ilfe are In
danger! You must do more exercise .
21-30: Could be wmse, but not much worse.
31 -40: Not bad , but coulel be better.
41-50: You are healthier than the average
person and yOll probably find youl' life more
enjoyable as a result.
51 or more: YOll are super-fl!. Are you a
profess ional ath lete? (Are you tel ll ng tll e
trllth ?!)
Ca lculate your score and compare your answers w ith a partner.
Vocab ary
1
Look at lhe tableo How long doe it take you lo do each activ ity?
Activlty
How lo ng does it
ti-lke yo u to ...
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
gel up in th e morning?
buy prl'se nts for people yo u love?
ehoose from a menll in a restaurant?
decide whether yo u like someone?
read a novel?
get read)' to go out for the evening?
get to s leep at night?
Guess tbe time it takes your partner to do the same things.
Ask a partner questions to check your ideas.
'Hozl' /Ol/g aoco illnkl! yOLl lo sel ujI il/ lile Il/o1'llil/g ?'
'A/Joul l(/lcl/ly mil/utes.'
2
Com plete mOfe questions with How + adjective/adverb. Use the words in lhe box.
far
fast
lon g
many
Illu eh
~
o ld
well
a)
How 0.(11.'1/ do yOll trave l b), [rain?
b)
How _ _ d oes it take you to get to work or sehooJ?
e)
How
cous in s do you have?
d)
Ho vv
cash do you have w ith yüu at the momc nt?
el
Holo\'
is it from yom hou
f)
How _ _ does
)10m
to the ncarest beaeh?
ear go?
g ) How _ _ is the oldest living pe rson in yo ur famil y?
h) How _ _
do you know your neighbüurs?
A k your partner lhe questions.
Speaking: anecdote
1
2 O Listen to Tina, talking about her experiences of doillg port a l school. Are lhe
answers here cigbt (.() or wrong (X)?
a)
'How ITlan y hours of s po rt did you do each wec k t 5eh oo l?'
'Three hours a week.' X
b) ' \-Vhat diffe re nt s ports did yOll do during the sehoo l yea r?'
'Swimming, tennis and hockey:
e) ' Whieh s ports did yo u li kc / hélte the Ill ost?'
' 1 hated hockey.'
d) 'v hat kind of sports fa cilities did your sehool have?'
'A gym an d a footbalJ pitch:
e) 'Wha t did yOllr sport:; leacher look likc?'
' She looked like a boxer:
f) 'Oid Y 11 ever play for < 5ehool team?'
'Yes, 1 pla yed for the school hockey team.'
g ) 'v hat was yo ur bes t / wo l"' t s porting momcnt?'
'My best moment was winning a disco dancin g competition.'
2
You ' re golog to teH your partner about your experiences of doing sport al school.
•
•
•
Ask yo urse lf the questions in xercise 1.
Think abou t w/lI71 to sal' and Irml' to say it.
Te ll your partner about )'our ex periences of doin g s port at schoo l.
U,Pl
,11
41
Listenlng
1
[
Dateofbirth
Work with a partner. Try to match each of these famous sports stars with
their date of birth.
~ 02/05/75 D 17 / 08/77
e
29 / 07/81
LJ 08 / 08 / 81
U 03/06/86
05/02 / 85
2.02 Listen and check your answers
2 ,,, 2.03
Listen to a discussion between a marketing director and al) advertising
executive. Which sports star do they choose to advertise a new energy drink?
Listen again and complete these sel1tences. You need to use some names more than once.
a)
3
Bccklw m is more famolls than Henry.
d)
isn't as sueeessful as
b) _ _ isn' t as inte resting as _ _ .
e)
_ _ is much younger than _ _ .
e)
f)
_ _ is lhe best-looking, most ...
is a bit older than
Work with a partner. List the most famous sports stars in your country.
•
•
•
Complete th e se ntences in Exercise 2 with names from your lis t.
Choose one sporrs star from yo ur lis t to advertise a new sports caro
Compare yo ur ideas with other students in the class.
Grammar
Comparatives
1
He's a bit older
He's older
than her.
He's much older
Test yoor general knowledge! Use the adjective in brackets with
110t liS ." liS to make true comparisons.
a)
1I
bit / mue/¡ /
Mount Kilimanjaro (high) _ _ Mount Fuji.
MOlillf Kilirnanjaro is muelz Iziglzer
t/W/l MOIiIlI
Fuji.
b) London (v;ret) _ _ Rome.
e) The US Army (small) _ _ the North Korean Army.
d) Heathrow Airport (busy) _ _ Los Angeles IntE' rnational Airport.
e) Ireland (big) _ _ Cuba.
f) Big Ben (tall) _ _ the Statue of Liberty.
She's not as old as him.
2.04 Listen and check your answers.
2
Combine the noun phrases with tlle adjectives - or your own ideas - to make
comparative statements that you agree with.
English food
Flying
Germiln cars
French wine
Men
Li ving in a city
Women
Shopping online
cheap complex conve nient
exciting expensive funny
interes ting l10i sy
reli abl e
safe sensitive sophisticilted
Compare your statements with a partner, Do you agree or disagree?
'[ fhink [(lomen are lIu/e/¡ mo{'[' cornplex fhall mell.'
3
42
__
,u lC
JT
11
Fit
page 134. Read t he explanation and do the exercises.
J
Pronunciation
1
Complete the following express ion s with the appropriate word .
a)
lt's as lig ht as a jentlrer.
e)
.
e)
lt's a soLid as
b)
He' s as free as a
d) Shc's as pretty as a _ _ .
f)
[t's as o ld a the
2
They ' re as good as _ _
ol
2.05 Listen, check and repeat. Practise th e red schwa (f"<)/) sounds.
Can you think of people or things you could describe in this way? Do you have similar
expressions in your language?
Grammar
Su perlatives
1
Write out the superlative forms for the following groups of adjectives.
Short adjectives
th e richest, the biggest.
: he fun niest
Irregular forms
: he best, the worst
: he furthest
Lo ng adjectives
: he most interesti ng ,
Adjectives
Superlative form s
a)
b)
e)
d)
the oil1est / the richest / the ...
o ld / rich / exciti ng / great
va lu able / big / hot / thin
fu nn y / intercsting / sexy / happy
bad / br / gooo / tale nted
In each group, underline the superlative adjective which is formed in a different way
from the other three.
: he most modern
2
Complete the questions with different su perla ti ve adjectives.
Use the adjectives in Exercise 1 01' your own ideas.
J)
Who is _ _ spo rts pe rso n in the world?
b)
What is _ _ musi c group of all time?
c)
What is _ _ place yo u've e ve r visiteo?
d)
Who is _ _ person you know?
e)
What is _ _ possession yO ll have?
f)
Who is _ _ actor / actress in yo ur co untry?
g)
Whcre is _ _ nightlife in town?
h ) Who is _ _ perso n in the c1élss?
Ask a partner your questiolls.
VocabuLary
1
2.06 Lis ten and repeat the numbers in the box.
~25
0.33
1 112
I/H
1.5
11
0.125
Ih
0_.7_5__
Make pairs of numbers with the sa me value. Practise sayillg the Ilumbers.
1/4
2
is tire
SOl/U' IlS
(J.7S.
2.07 Listen and repeat the numbers in column A . Write each number in fuI\.
A
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
B
249 kní / hr trua hUlldrcd I1lld
fúrtY-l/illc kilometres all Irour
42.195 km
8.2';',
f6,188,000
32-0
'. ,
"
2
\
\
"­
3
'- 4
5
Cristiano Ro nélld o's earnings in 2007
The p e ree ntage of the UK populati on
who trus t th government
The biggest footb<111 scorc
T h fas test te nni s serve
T he offiei<11 distan ec for a marilthon
Match the numbers in column A with the facts in column B.
3
Student A: page 117 Student B: page 122
Fit
U N
J7
l1li
43
eading
1
Lmagine lhat today is 'No-Stress Oay'.
Read Ule lisl and answer the questiolls.
i1)
b)
Whieh 5ugges tion is the eas iest
for )'OU \0 do?
v\fhieh suggestion is th e most
diffiClllt for y Ol! to do?
1 Take off your watch.
2 Switch offyour mobile phone.
3 Don't eat your breakfast on your
feet - sit down and enjoy it.
Put on your most comfortable
4
clothes.
5
Don't run after the bus - Iet it go.
6
Smell the roses.
7 Give up the gym .
8 Fall in love.
9
Only switch on your television if
there's something you really want
to watch.
10 Throw away or give away any
clothes you haven't worn for the
past two years.
Have a laugh.
11
12 Hang up your clothes when you
take them off.
13 Spend ten minutes doing
absolutely nothing.
14 Walk.
15 Only do the ironing if you love il.
16 Put on your favourite music and
turn up the volume.
Oiscuss your answ ers with a partner.
2
Work with your partner. Add three of your own suggestions to the list.
Vocabulary
1
Complete the sentences using these phrasal verbs from the list above.
givc up
a)
hang up
pulon
s witch off
s witch on
take off
1 alwé1 ys tl7ke off m )' sh ocs bcforc [ go into 111 )' h o u sc.
b ) If 1 w ant to re lax, 1 _ _
all Ihe Iights and sil in sil en ce .
e)
When I wi'lnl to look m)' best, 1 _ _ a s uit.
d)
I eould never _ _ coffec - it's the only thing that keeps me i1wake.
e)
The first thin g 1 do \-vheIl 1 get lo the offiee is _ _
f)
[ne ver _ _ pl as ti e bags becau se th ey're so u se ful.
g)
1 ne ver do an)' iro ning . 1 jus t _ _
my eomputer.
m)' clothes ve r)' earcfull y when th ey are \-vet .
2 Are any of the sentences trll e for you? Discuss with your parhl er.
44
UNIT
11
Fit
throwa w (1)'
Gr mma
Phrasal verbs
1
Intransitive
She sat down.
Work with a p.utner. L ok a t the Uue p hrasal verbs used in these sentences (tn ke off,
mn alter and sit dOWIl) and an wer the q uestions.
"t I
uhlct"
Transitive (separable)
He took off his shoes.
He took his shoes off.
He took them off.
took
So
Transitive (not separable)
They ran after the bus.
They ran after it.
.1)
b)
e)
,~t
\crb
J
sat
r.1
,~
, my shoes
down
u 1..
off_ nl/d
Ub;Cd·rl
.--­
J
ra n
..f..I
afie )'
,.Ij
I
I tite bu;:
BlIt it didl/'t stop.
n/Id cried. I linte ln /s driuc/'5.
Whi eh phrasa l verb does n o t take an object? (1 'T f A SITlVE)
Whieh phrasal verb ca n have the o bjeet bet\-vee n the vcrb and the pa rticlc?
(TRA NSITlV E - SEPARABLE)
ITlVE ­
Whi ch phrasa l verb always has th e ob ject arter the pc1rticlc? (T
NOT SEPARABLE)
2
When the object is a pronoun such as it, them, her, where d you always put it when
the phrasal verb is: a) separable? b) insepa rable?
3
Put the words in the corred order to make answers to fu e questions. Look the phrasal
verbs up in a dictionary if you are not sure.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
4
shalll do
shaIl 1 do
shJIl [ do
shalll do
shall l do
s halll d o
with thi s banana sk in ? (away / thro w / it) T/¡/'OH' it ml'i7y.
vvith thi s m ess 7 (it / up / clear)
with m y trou se rs? (hang / up / thc.m )
about thi s proble m? (it / d eal / with)
w ith thi app li catio n form? (fill / in / it)
abo ut my party ? j obody ca n come. (it / ea ll / off)
page 134. Read the exp lanation and do the exercises.
°5
1
Wh at
What
What
What
What
What
ning & Speaking
You are going to listen to a radio prograrn me about laughter cl ubs. Do you th ink the
statements (a-e) are true or false?
..1)
Youn g childre n I,w g h mll ch
more than ad ults.
b) La ughter clubs s ta rted in the USA .
e) Laughtc r releases ha ppy chemicals
ca lled endorphins.
d) La ugh in g is good for the heart.
e ) In laughter clubs, people la ug h
at funny s tor ies .
2.08 Listen and check your
answers.
2
Face your partner. Take it in turns
to try to make each other laugh.
3
Work with your partner. Discuss the
following questions.
a)
b)
e)
What kind of thing m ake
yo u la u g h?
How do yo u fee l after a
good l'llI g h?
Whc n was the last time
yo u la ug hed so l1lLlch yO Ll
eouldn't s to p?
Fit
u~
11
45
Usefu
1
rases
t~ 2.09 Listen to the three conversations (a-c). Which sports are these peop le lea rni ng?
el
a)
Sally's learning to _ _ .
2
b) Jimm ), 's lcarning to play _ _ .
c)
Rebecca's learnin g to pla y _ _
.
Match each person in Exercise 1 with a set of instructions 1,2 or 3.
í1
í3
Throw the ball in the air.
DOI1't look at me.
Look at the ball.
Pick up )'our racket.
Tryagain.
I
Kick the ball.
Don' t tb row the ba ll.
Don't pick it up.
Don't touch the ball with yom hand .
Use your foot.
2
Stand IIp on the board.
Hold on.
Don ' t let go.
Be careful.
OOI1't go too fasto
3
Complete the first conversation in Exercise 1 by replacing the highli ghted phrases
(1-6) w ith the useful phrases in the box.
Be ca refll 1I
Be pati ent.
Come back!
Don't worr)'.
Try again.
Paul:
OK, are you ready?
Sally:
Yeso
Paul:
Right. Stand up on the board.
Sally:
OK. Oohhhh!
Don't be horrible.
Paul:
Ha ha ha!
Sally:
(1) Be nice. Don 't be horrible.
Paul:
Oh, sorry. OK. (2) Do n't give up. Good! Great. Hold on. Don't let go.
Sally:
Ohhhh! It's too difficult. 1 can't do it.
Paul:
Don't be silly. Of course you can do it. (3) Don't be impatient. Come on, try again .
Sally:
1 look stupid.
Paul:
(4) Relax. Everyone looks stupid the first time. Now, stand up on the board.
That's it. (5) Take care! Good. Well done. Now, don't go too fast, Sally. Sally!
(6) Don't go too far!
Sally:
Wheeee!
Listen to the conversation again and check. Practise the conversa tion w ith a partner.
46
-
- 11
u,n ·r
Fit
:...
Va abu a
Extra
Sport
1 Complete the tab leo Use the pictures of equipment to he lp you.
Sport
Per on
Place
Equlpmen t
a thl e ti cs
a n athle te
an a thleti cs track
shorts, a rLlnn ing vcs t, (1) rlllll/ illg shocs
s kiing
a s kier
a sk i reso rt
sk is, sk i boots, ski po les, (2) _ _
football (socce r)
a footballe r
a fuutbal l pi tch
a foo tbaJl, shorts, a footba ll shirt, (3) _ _
go lf
a golfer
a golf co u rse
go lf balls, (4) _
sw im mi ng
a s l,\' iJ11l1l er
a sw il1lming poo l
i1 sw imming costLll1l e, (5) _ _
tcn njs
a te nni s pi ayer
a tennis co urt
te nni s balls, (7) _ _ , (8) _ _
_
, (6) _ _
a tenni s rac ket
2
Add more words or sports to the table in Exercise 1. Use your dictionary.
Focus on verbs used with sports
1
Underline the most appropriate alternative in each of these sentences.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
1 do / play / practise some exercise two o r three times a week. It keeps me fi t.
[' ve neve r been / played / practised w ind surfing. 1 ci1 n' t sw im .
l'd li ke to play / go / practise snowboa rding. r love th e mountain s.
The last time 1 did / went / practised sume s purt was on holid ay.
1 did / played / practised a lot of foo tb all w hen 1 was a child. Novv I jll st wa tch it on TV.
I'm no t ve ry good a t tennis beca use 1 d on't ha ve time to do / go / practise .
How many of the sentences are true for you? Compare with a p artner.
Com p lete the verb phrases with do, go or play. Use your d ictionary and ad d more sports to each listo
a) _ _ cycl ing
fi. hing
swi ml1lin g
wi ndsurfin g
b) _ _ athle tics
judo
c) _ _ baske tba ll
go lf
ru gby
te nni s
volley bal l
Fit
U H 11
47
Job
Gramll'I Permission and obligation (can / hove tolo Present perfect and past simple
Vocabulary Jobs. Collocations (work). should. Office equipment
Useful phrasf'S" Presenting yourself
Listening
1
t
2
Listen again and tick the jobs Ibal each person mentions.
2.10 Listen to four people giving answers to tlle same
question. What was Ule question?
Mark: a soldier./
an engineer
Lucy:
a ballet dancer
él
Frank:
surgeon
él
farm er
a vet
Mia: an archaeologist
él
a DJ
pilot
an au pair
él
company director
a doctor
a tour guide
a sn owboarder
a model
él
a butcher
a tcacher
telesa les person
What did you want lO be when you were a child?
Speaking
1
Work as a class. Write the names of all the jobs Ibat you, your parents and your
grandparents have done.
2
Work in small groups. Look at al! fue jobs you have written down in Exercise 1
and discuss these questions.
,,)
b)
)
d)
e)
f)
48
UNIT
11
Job
In which ¡ob G 111 you cartl the most mon e)'?
In which Job do )'Ol1 gc t the 1110St holidays?
Which job d o yo u s tud y longcs t for?
in which job d o you nccd the ml1s t tTaining?
Which job is the m os t s tress ful?
Which job is lh e m o ~l uscful to soci e ty?
ReadinQ
1
You are going to read about the mode! and snowboarder, Char!otte Dutton. Look at
these words and phrases. Do you associate them with modelling or snowboarding?
r
crash he lme t designer clothes
warm, baggy clothes
freezing
muscles
Paris
slim
strong
Read the article and check your ideas.
Charlotte Dutton
2
Imagine you could do two jobs. Which jobs wou!d you like? Tell a partner.
r mm r
can/can't
'lave to / don't have to
·.n
=
1
It's permitted.
-'l't = It isn't permitted.
: can get married at 16
: _t you can't buy alcohol
"til you are 18.
~ :e to = It's necessary.
· ;·¡'t hove to = It isn't
:: :essary.
: u have to wea r a helmet
_- a motorbi ke but you
_on't have to wear one
Match the beginnings and ends of these sentences so that they make sense.
a) A snowboard e r ~
b) A club DT
•
"--c) A flight attendant
d) A tour g uide
e) A model
f) A cook
2
can get up late.
has to have very c1ean hand s.
has ro l-\'ear él crash hclmct.
can't eat fattenin g food.
has to know a lot of history.
doesn' t h ave to pay for f1i ghts.
Match the underlined part of each sentence (a-d) with the corred meaning (1-4).
a) r ca n arrive ar any time. ----......
b) 1 ca n't wear jeans.
~"
e) 1 ha ve to use a computer.
..,...........
----d) 1 don't ha ve to wear a unifo rmo
- a bicycle.
1
2
3
4
Jt's necessary for me to ...
Jt isn't OK for me to ...
Jt isn't necessary for me to ...
lt's OK for me to ...
Think about your work or school. Which sentences are true for you?
3
page 136. Read the explanation and do the exercises.
Job
I
U·N I T
m
49
-ng
1
Work with a partner. Diseuss the bad experienees you eould have in these jobs.
an actor
an au pair
a factor\' worker
a vet
a wa iter
2.11 Read the article. Compare your ideas with the stories Polly and Leo tel\. Were
any of your ideas similar?
Nightmare jobs
Leo: ao actor
20
PoUy: a vet
moment was when I read my first bad review in the newspaper.
What's the worst thing
They wrote terrible things about me, and I wa s so upset. Now
I don't read my reviews any more .
that has ever happened
in your ¡ob?
25
Probably the dog that
5
bit me. It wasn't a big
one - I don't mind the
part-time jobs over the years. For example, I've worked in a shop,
big ones. The small ones are the worst. It
sold ice cream on the beach and handed out publicity
flyers in the street.
Have you ever done any other ¡obs?
30
Yes, I did various jobs when I was a student.
What's the worst ¡ob you've
ever done?
The worst job I've ever done
One summer I did fruit-picking in France,
was at an egg-packing factory.
5pain and Greece.
Working conditions are terrible
What's the worst ¡ob you've ever done?
15
Have you ever done any other ¡obs?
Oh ves, it's hard to make a living as an actor. So I've done lots of
gave me a very nasty bite.
10
What's the worst thing that's ever happened in your ¡ob?
So many bad things have happened - but I think my worst
35
- you stand for hours at the end
I worked as an au pair for a rich family in
of a conveyor belt, putting eggs
New York. I never had a day off and I had to
do everything - cooking, cleaning, shopping­
and if you want to go to the toilet, you
into boxes. You can't have a break,
have to ask for permission. And worst
and look after their horrible children. Ileft
after two weeks and managed to get a job as
40
never eaten an egg since then.
a waiter in an Italian restaurant.
2
Answer the questions from memory. Read again and check your answers.
a)
b)
e)
3
of all, the smell was disgusting -I've
Who's done l(lts of part-timc jobs?
Who's been fruit- pieking?
Who's lookcd aftcr horrible children ?
d) Who's sold ice cream on the beach?
e) Who's wo rked in a faetory?
f) Who's worked as a waiter 7
Ask questions and try to find somebody who has had the experienees aboye.
VocabuL
1
Add another eolloeation to eaeh of the sets below using words and phrases from the
artide above.
a)
to have Isorne time / ~~ / In amI I off (line 15)
b)
to Ifi n d : / Il ose 1/
e)
to make a Ideeision l / [money / [
l
1a job (line 18)
d) a [well-paid ' / [fuIl-time l
/1_
---¡ (line 26)
1job (line 27)
e)
to ll ave a [nap / Irest ] / I
] (line 37)
f)
to ask fo r . advie; , / . a pay-rise '
/1
[ (line 39)
2 Use any eolloeations from Exereise 1 to write six sentenees about yourself.
TI/{' last time J liad SOIl1C tilllt? offwas at Ch riSfllws,
l'd likc tofínd 11 better job,
50
UNIT
111
Job
Grarnmar
Present perfect
1
I've
worked
Yo u've
He/Sh e/It's seen
We've
been
They've
I've = 1 have
He's = He has
2
Look at these two sentences from the article on page 50 and answer the
qllestions below.
.1
2
'Yes, 1 did various jo/ls when [ ¡¡¡as (1 srudenl .'
'So ['ve dO!l!' lols of parl- lill1e jo/Js ova Ih !' .1!rars.'
a)
b)
Whi eh sentenee re fers to a comp le ted aeti on in ' fi ni shed' time. Wh at te nse is uscd ?
Whi eh sentenee re fe rs to a eompleted aetion in time ' up to now '. Wh a t tense is used ?
Complete the table with the time expressions in the box.
Have you eve r worked
a few n-:omer:ts ago
in 2005
in the last two weeks last week never
ove r the years
recen tly
thi s week toda y
w hen 1 \Nas a studen t years ago
in a bar?
Ves, 1 have.
o, 1 haven't.
ever = at any time
Jp to now')
3
'Finished' time
Time 'llP to now'
a few l170mcnts ago
i n the las l two weeks
Complete the sentences with time expressions from Exercise 2, or some of yOllr own.
Write true sentences llsing the appropriate tense for the verb in brackets.
1 (buy) _ _ a grea t CD ... [boush t (1 grea l CD [asl week.
1 (no t gol _ _ to the bcaeh . .
1 (mee t) _ _ sume interesting people .. .
1 (spend) _ _ a lot of mo ney .. .
1 (no t see) _ _ a ny good films .. .
f) 1 (d o) _ _ a lo t of s illy things .. .
g) I (read ) _ _ TiTe Da Vin ei Cade .. .
h) I (lose) _ _ m y key5 ...
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
4
Student A: page 117 Stude nt B: page 12.2
5
pafle 136. Read t he explanation and do the exercises.
Pr nuncia
1
n
Complete the table with the past participles of these irregular verbs. Underline the
past participle in each group with a different vowel sound.
2
Infinitive
Past participle
a) 5ay read feed be
b) knoH' bu y fl y g row
e) rin g s ing bring hang
d) drink teaeh think fight
sa id read fed bec17
2.12 Listen, check ,md repeat.
p akin
1
Work with a partner. Make questions from the following prolUpts.
a)
bes t o r wo rst / pa rty / eve r go to
vVhal's Ihe besl p(1rly yo u've ('ver /lee1l lo?
b) best o r \,vo rst / ho lida y / ever go on
e) best or worst / mea l / eve r ea t
2
d) best or
e) bes t or
f) bes t or
g) bes t o r
worst
wors t
wo rs t
\vo rst
/
/
/
/
joke / eve r he,lr
car I eve r go in
T-s hir t / eve r wear
bed / eve r slec p in
Choose three questions from Exercise 1 and ask your partner. Find out as much aS
you can.
'W71(1 I':;; Ihe best ho/iday you 've ever [l/'ell
Oll?'
'Whelll <oro t to Australin.' 'W/¡eH did you g o? '
Job
51
ning
1
Look a t the pboto of Mr Reynold. You are going to listen to a rad io interview with hi n
Work with a partn er and discuss possible answers to these questions.
a)
b)
e)
What sort of company does Mr Rey nold work for?
Wh en did he sta rt worklng fo r lhe compa ny?
How old is he now?
2.13 Listen and check y our ideas.
2
Listen again and decide if these statements are lrue or false. Correct the false
statemellts to m ake them true.
Mr Re ynoJd never forees anybody to retire. Trlle.
The oldes t e mployee at Reynold 's i" 97. Fn/sl.'. He's 87.
Reynold' s pays a deeent sala rv.
Emp loyees get five \oveeks' paid holid ay.
All the staH are ove r the re tireme nt age.
f) MI' Rcynold's secretary Edith had to resig n beeau se she vvanted to get ma rri ed.
g) M I' Reynold's brothe r is goin g to run th e bu siness from nex t year.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
buLary
1
&
a)
Bt
.Nff
-
Use appropriate words and expressions underlined in Exercise 2 aboye to com p lete
these statements.
Everybody sho uld ge t s ix weeks' pnid !7o/ idn!/ a yea r.
b) Nu rses, tea che r" and poli ee ofíicers don't get _ _ . They should ge l more money.
e)
The offieia l
shou Id be the sa me fo r mcn and ",,,omen.
d) If you d on't \ovant _ _
yo u should be able to continue worki ng.
e)
Managing direetors w ho _ _ Ia rgc corporations shouldn 't ea rn such large sa laries.
f)
Politieians who tell lies should
~
2 Tick the ending that best d escribes the meaning of should in the statem ents in Exercise 1.
a funn)' idea.
YO ll
use s/wlI/d \.vhen yOll think s omcthing is ... I a good idea.
I a strange idea.
3
52
~~ ~_ -~
~t4I ~R
Job
Work in small groups. Do you agree or di sagree witb th e stateme nts in Exercise 1?
Writi 9
1
Read this letter of application for a job at Reynold's Department Store. Use the words
and expressions in the box to improve tile parts of the letter that are highlighted.
í
a new cha lJe nge
look fo rwa rd to hea ring
enclosed
Sir or Madam
reached re ti re me nt age
I wo ulcl like to appl y fo r
45 Walpo le Rd
Bo urnemo uth
BH14EH
Rey nold 's Depa rtment Sto re
100-105 Wi mbo urne Rd
Bo u rnemo u th
BH26TG
6th March 2008
Dea r (1) Reynold Sir ar Madal/1
1saw yo ur ad ve rtise ment fo r a pos itio n as sa les ass ista n t in yo u r garde n
furniture depa rtm ent a nd 1 (2) want the jobo
I am an ex perienced shop ass is ta nt a nd 1 have worked in ma ny differe nt
d epa rtments . Please see my currícu lum vitae, (3) in the am enveJ pe ,
for more deta il s.
1 sta rteel working in shops wh e n 1 was twe nty-one,
fo rt y-five yea rs ago. 1 Jeft my las t job six years ago
w hen J (4) gol too old , but 1 ge t terribl y bored a t
ho me. I feel 1 am read y fo r (5) new things now .
1 ..,vo uld be a"aiJ ab le for a n inte rview at any time,
evcn a t short no tice.
I (6)
n't wait to hear from yo u.
Yo urs fa ithfully,
¿;/lÚ/ JIUitIÍ
Enid Smith (Mi ss)
2
Write your own letter of application for your dream jobo
Speakin : anecd e
1
2.14 Listen to Kim talking about her friend's jobo Underline the answers she gives.
a) ' Wha t's hi s o r her na me?' ' H e r namc's Hannah / Ann .'
b) ' \Nhat d oes she do?' 'She's a train driver / personal trainer. '
c) ' Who cloes she vvork for?' 'She works for a local sports centre /
She's seLf-employed.'
el) 'Wha t time eloes she sta rt \York?' 'At 7.00 / 8.30 a.m .'
e) ' How m uch d oes she earn?' 'She gcts 05 / t:25 a n ho ur.'
f) 'What cloes she love abo ut he r job?' ' She helps people to get fH /
She travels a lot. '
g) 'Would yo u li ke to do yo ur frien d' s job? Why?' ' Yes, because she doesn ' t have to
work in an office / No, because s he has to get up earl y.'
2
You're going to teH your partner about somebody you know who has a good jobo
•
•
•
As k yo urseLf the ques ti o ns in Exercise 1.
Th in k abo ut wITa t to say ancl /¡ow to say it.
Tell yo ur partner abo ut the pe rson's jobo
-la nna h
Job
53
Useful ohrases
1
f'l2.15 Listen to four people presenting themselves to the Quit Smoking group.
Underline the correct information.
@W~U
$l~~r.
Jack
Layla
'} wo rk for a big company and we produce sports cIothes 1audio eQuipment 1bicycIes.
1'm respon sible for sales and promotion 1quality control 1advertising.'
Mike
' At prese nt 1'm working fOI: my father 1unemployed 1training to be an engineer.
1'm looking for el job in publishing 1the theatre 1tourism.'
Jack
'1 work as a bodyguard clnd J'm based in the sOllth 1at head office 1in London.
My job involves a lot of foreign travell import and export 1sitting at my desk aIl day .'
EIsie
'1 run the photography department 1the accounts department 1my own company.
1'm in charge of a department 1marketing 1 taking photographs.'
2.16 Listen, check and repeat the useful phrases.
2
Three people arrive late for the group. Read the notes and use words from Exercise 1
to complete their presentations.
• Sarah
• Receptionist, Cutters Hairdressers
• Responsible for appointments
and accounts
•
•
•
•
Cha rles
Tour guide, City Tours
Takes tourists around London
Wants to be hotel manager
'Hi, I'm Sarah. 1 work (1) as a
receptionist (2) _ _ Cutters
Hairdressers. I'm in (3) _ _ of
appointments and accounts:
Tm Charles. I'm a tour guide and 1
work (4) _ _ City Tours. r~y job
(5) _ _ taking tourists around
London. At present, I'm (6) _ _ for
a job (7) _ _ hotel management:
•
•
•
•
Andrew
Director of Fine Wines
Ma ke red and white wi neo
In south-east England
'My name's Andrew. 1 (8) _ _
a company calLed Fine Wines. We
(9) _ _ red and white wine. We're
(10) _ _ in south-east England:
2.17 Listen and check your answers.
3
54
UHIT
11
Job
Write a short presentation of yourself. Use true information or invent information
based on your ideal jobo Use three 01' more llseful phrases from Exercise 1.
cabu
xtra
Office equipment
1
Match the pietures with the words.
a bin
a briefease
a ca!cula to r
_
a d esk lamp
a fil ing cab ine t
a folde r
;¡
'--' a
.hDJe pu.n c.h
~b (la rd
-J a mOll se
"--' a no te pad
--,
¡hlper cl ips
U
a pho toeo pie r
el Pos t-i ts ,,,.
1 printcr
él
~
a sc reen
I a sta plcr
2
Work with a partner. Cover the
words and look at the pietures.
As k and answer questions.
' \tVha! 's lIumbcr 1? '
'A prill !er.'
'I/I/ha! are lIu rnber 2?'
'Paper c/ ips.'
OCUS
1
on work and job
Work with a partner. Complete the following questions with job or w ork and then ask ea eh other the questions.
a) H ave yo u eve r had a part-ti me _ _ ?
b) vVould yO l! like to _ _ abrna 7
e) Do yO ll kn ow an ybody who has a d an gcrou
?
2 Make more questions by replaeing the highlighted words in Exereise 1 with appropriate alternatives from the box.
a ppli cd fo r badl y- pa id
res ig ned fro m stressfuI
bo rin g
fro m home
we lI-pa id
in marke ting
Iooked for
lost
o utdoo rs
Ask and answer six more questions with your partner.
Job
UNIT
m
55
•
eVlew B
Complete the text with the present simple or
present continuous fonn of the verbs.
5
pages 132- 137
~
r
1
Put the adverbs of freque ncy in the correct position.
a)
We get u p at 7.00 a.m . (al ways)
We nlwnys gel up nt 7.00 a.m.
b) You get to cla ss o n time! (never)
e) We ea t mea t. (occasiona ll y)
d ) Tbey are at home on Sund ay eveni ngs. (often)
e) Yu ko goes o ut in tb e even ing. (ha rdly ever)
1 (1 love) lave shopp ing and 1 espeeially (2 li kc) _ _
shopping for clothes! So 1 (3 have) _ _ a lo t of
clothes. My boy fri end (4 not unde rstand) _ _ .
He (5 have) _ _ to ur p ai rs of tro users, two pa irs ot
shoes ami ten T-shirts. O f course 1 never (6 wea r) _ _
most of m y cl othes. So a t the m ome nt 1 (7 try) _ _ to
wear my old clothes and 1 (8 not bu y) _ _ any mo re
ne w cJ othes. 1 (9 save) _ _ money, but 1
(1 0 look) _ _ te rri ble!
Rewrite each sentence to make it true for you.
1 never gel up ni 7.00 a.lI1.
a)
2
Put the words in the correct order.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
3
this / My / pen / bo ught / me / son
!vly S011 bOL/15M l11e this pell .
lend / you / mobil e / Could / your / me ?
ehildren / gave / They / their / their / money / to
my / a / dad / mak ing / ca ke / for / l'm
e ma il / yo u / send / clll / Oíd / thcm ?
6
'OK, everybody. M r Smith says the exam s tarts at 10.00,
but \-ve all (1 ) have to / can't a rrive te n minutes before
then . He says we (2) ha ve to / don't have to register a t
the desk befo re the exam . We (3) can / have to ta ke
mo ne)'. mob iles, pe ns and pe ncil s into the exa m room
with us, but we (4) can / can't take any large bags . Oh,
and \ove (5) have to / can't turn off our mobiles.'
Put the words in the box in the correct column.
ag¡:ee avei-G ea n't stand
ehoose dec id e
do n' t mÍnd
enjoy
fo rget like love
need
spend time
wa nt would like
4
Verbs + ing-form
Verbs + to-infinitive
avoid
ngree
ftt
good-looking
R' E V' I E W
m
Complete the conversation with the past simple or
present perfect forms of the verbs.
A: Hi . 1'm inte rested in the sho p assista nt jobo
B: (1 yOl! work) Hnve yOIl worked in a sho p before?
A: ~o, bu t 1 (2 d o) _ _ lots of sh opping!
B: Oh. (3 yo u have) _ _ any o ther jobs?
A: Yes, 1 (4 be) _ _ a wai tress, and last yea r
1 (5 work) _ _ as an a u pair in Paris . J
(6 gol _ _ to Pa ri s afte r 1 (7 leave) _ _
sehool. Wo nde rful sho pping!
noisy
a) ]i m runs and sw im s. He' s thefittest mél n r know.
b) Jo is crying again. She's mu eh more _ _ than
1 thou ght.
e) This old ca l' eosts only n ,OOO! lt's not as _ _ as
that new one.
d) Matt is so ha ndso mE' - he' s thc
111 a n in
the class!
e) 1 ha ve n o. vVhich is the _ _ suit in the sho p?
f) Be L]uiet, C uy! ... \tVhy a re yo u so mLl ch
than Alí?
56
7
Complete the sentences with the comparative or
superJative form of the adjectives in the box.
eheap ex pe nsive
sensiti ve
Underline the correct words.
8
Spot the mistake! Cross out the incorrect sentence.
a) 1 I¡ he always te read e n traiRS.
b) 1 always like to rea d on trai ns.
2
a)
b)
He bought me a very ni ee book.
He bough t fo l' me a ve r)' ni ce boo k.
3
a) Do you wa nt to go o ut toni ght ?
b) Do yo u wa nt go out tonig ht?
4
a) Athens is more olde r than Paris.
b) Athens is mu ch older than Pa ri s.
5
a) It' s too late fo r TV now. Please turn it off.
b) !t's too late fo r TV now. Pl ease turn o ff it.
6
a)
b)
I' ve seen tha t ne",.' show on TV last \·vee k.
1 saw th a t new shOlY on TV last week.
2
ula
1
Put the words in the correct group.
a)
a box o f chocolatt's, tis5ues
b) a buneh of ...
e)
i1
can of ...
d)
a paeke t of .. .
e)
a bo ttlc of .. .
Underline the odd word out in each group.
a)
b)
e)
d)
3
leathe r silk
boo ts s triped
s hir t \,v oollen
sh oes ves t
Match the beginnings and endings to make questions.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
H ow
How
How
H ow
How
Ho vv
1 d o yo u w ateh film s in En g lis h ?
I ng
far
man y
often
mueh
we ll
2
3
4
5
\ 6
d o yo u kn ow yo ur teaeher?
m oney did y ou s pe nd tod ay?
pa ir,> of gloves d o yo u ha ve?
is it from your house to the shops?
d oes it take you to get hom e
in the evening?
Ask and answer the questions with a partner.
beans
chocolates
neeklaee co tto n
patte rned plain
ear rings g loves
eheeked jacke t
4
Write the numbers in words.
a) 112 a hal!
b)
e)
0.45
3/4
d ) 587;,
e)
5
$23,000,000
Match the beginnings and endings of the sentences.
1
2
a) Pl ease ta ke
b) What time d o yo u ge t
e) Wo uld yo u like to sit
d ) M y ea t like to run
perfume
6
4
down h e re?
your shoes off.
after her toy mouse.
up in the m o rning?
Underline the best collocation to complete the
sen tences.
a)
1 d o n' t like wo rking every da y. J w an t a
full-time / part-time job o
mu eh . 1 need to ask fo r advice /
a pay-rise.
e) Leave your job o r s tay - yo u should make <1
living / decís ion!
d ) J w o rk all the time. 1 need some day / time off.
e) Ju a n is n' t vvo rking a t the tll ome n t. He found /Iost
hi s job last week.
b)
keys
petrol
r d on ' t earn
nunciation
crisps
1
Look at sorne words from Units 4-6. Say the words
and add them to the table,
a ffo rd
au paír a void
aGtH-t ~
horrible
inte res ted
m obile
f1 0 wers
paeke t prese nt
q u a lity
reee ive
ta le nted
valuable
ti ssues
A: Do
adult
wine
~oD
c: Doo
horrible
aduice
flowers
2
Underline the stressed syllable in each word.
2.18 Listen, check and repeat.
.
I! E V'l
~
W
­
57
-n9
2
n
a)
b)
e)
d)
1 Read about Kate and Helena. Are these statements
true or false?
a)
b)
e)
d)
)
Kate
Ka te
Kate
Kate
Kate
Read the artiele again and answer th e questions.
is older than Helena.
and Hel ena are both slIeeessful.
and Helena both like to keep fit.
and Helena do the same jobo
and Helena wear the same sort of clothes.
e)
f)
g)
Who earns more money?
How doe.s Kate exereise?
How often doe.s Helena go to the gym?
Do Kate and Helena both ha ve to dress smartly
at work?
Is their relationship good?
Has their rclationship always been good?
Whieh sister is a good li stener?
~h~Tk dV1d
Sisters Kate and
Stewart talk about each other and how they get on together
Kate: ' Helt:na and I ha\'(: always been ver)' diffe rcnt .
S h e '~
a typica l oJder sisler - shc's four yea rs, fo ur
months and four clays older lhan me . Sh e 's ambilious.
hllt I'm more reIa xed abollt liJe and work.
Helena is the director of a small blll sueccssful
cOlllpany. She earns a 1m of money and drives a
heaUliful car, hu! her job is more slressful than miJll:.
Helena has al",ays been ver)' sophislicatcd - you
would never see her in a 'Fshin - and normally buvs
10 designer clolhes. She Joves kecpiJ1g fil and spends her
free lime in lhe gym. \Valking ro \York and c1imbing
the stairs is m)' exercise. I find it more interesling lhan
lhe g)'l11. ancl cheaper, loo.
The bcst thing ahoUl Helena is her kjnclJ1css. She
15 alwa)'s buys beautiful presents for everyo ne and never
thillks about how much the)' cost. \Ve 've beco me
much closcr in Ihe last five )'ears but we 're :;t ill
complelcly different people .'
3
. 2.19 Lis ten to Tom and Patsy and answer
the questjons.
a)
b)
4
Listen again and underLine the correct answers.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
58
How are Tom and Patsy related?
Hmv does Patsy feel about Tom?
__-
Patsy is older / younger than Torn.
Pa tsy / Tom is not very fashionable.
Patsy al w ays / never buys clothes for Tom.
Patsy usualIy / never watdws sport on TV
Tom likes / doesn 't like sitting in the garden.
Patsy thinks Tom is very serious / very funny .
_1t _E
v ~E ,~ _
I!I
'.\1" rclationship \Vilh Kate hasn '! always
hee n eas,". \Vhen we \Vere younger r had ro look afler
her beca USe 1 \Vas hcr older sister. Tllese days it's
diffcrent. She 's more eonfident, and Ollf relationslljp is
easicr. She's been ver)' successful in her \Vnrk ami her
Jite . She works ror a TV company as a resea rcher. She
25 c!oesn't eam as l11uch as r do , but I lhink she's happicr.
She t!oesn't have ro go lO the oftlce ever)' day, Iike [ do.
Kate isn 't ver)' intcrested in looki ng smart. She
usually "\vears jeans and a 1~shirl - she caD 'Vear
anyrhing she likes at \Vork. She isn 't ver)' fi l. either.
30 I lik e ro \Vork out al the gyl1l four limes a week , bu!
Kate hates the gVIlI. Slle never goes.
Kate is a greal Iistener. Ir r llave a prohkl1l 1 k,now I
can always tal k ro he r. Kale b ver)' tJjfferent fmm me.
but she 's my ~ister an(1 I 10\'C hcr.'
20
"tin & S eakin
1
Read the description . Tick the questions that are answered.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Wha t's hi s na me?
H ow a re yo u re la ted?
What's the age differe nee be tween you?
Do )'O Ll ha\re the sam in le rests?
Do yo u wea r the same sort of clothes ?
f)
What does he do?
g) Does he ha ve any annoy ing habit ·?
h) What a re hi s best 1'o ints?
i) What d o yOl! think he' s d oing no w?
' My uncle's name is David. He's my mother's youngest brother and he's only
two years older than me. We're j:>oth students at the same university. David
wants to work as an architect, whereas I want to be an engineer. In many
ways we are similar: we enjoy the same sort of music and we like the same
sort of films. However, there are some differences. David loves sport, but I
prefer to play games on my computer. Another difference between us is the
clothes we wear. I'm happy in jeans and a T-shirt, but David always wears
designer trousers, shirts and shoes. The only thing I don't like about
him is that he talks too much about fashion and not enough about
important things.
On the other hand, David is the kindest person I know.
When
1
have a problem , 1 know David is always ready to
listen and give me good advice. We've both become closer
over the last year, and I now think of David as a friend as
well as my unde.'
Me
2
Uncle David
Find the words/phrases from the box in the text and
underline them.
00fA
whe reas
on the o ther hand
howeve r
but
5
You're going to tell your parb.l.er abo ut a member of
your family and com pare yo urseU with him/her.
•
l
•
Complete the rules using the words/phrases in the box.
•
Choose so me qucs tions in Exe rcise 1 tha t yO l!
can ans\·ver.
Think dbo ut what ~ ou ' re going to s y and tIw
la nguage y LI \·v ill need.
Whe n you're rcad y, ta ke it in turn s to te ll eaeh
o ther about a mem be r oí your bmil y.
Expressing similarity
a)
You use ¡"oth \·v hen yo u want to say the sa lll e thing
a bo Ll t tviO 1'eo1'le or things.
Expressing contrast
b)
e)
6
Write a comparison between yourself an d a member
of your fam ily. Try to a swer a many of the questi ons
in Exereise 1 as you can. Use the express ions in
Exercise 2 to describe co ntrast and similarity.
and
a re often used to eontrast ideas
within the sa me sentenee.
and
are aften used to co ntra t ideas
in two different se nte nees.
Underline the correct expressions in these sentences.
a ) I likc 1'lay ing football. However / Whereas, my
brothe r 1'refers tennis.
b) 1 like pla ying footba ll, however / whereas my
bro ther prefers tenni s.
e) 1 ea n't stand w atehing s1'orts. But / On the other
hand, 1 lave pIe ying them.
el) I ean't sta nd wa tehing spo rts but / on the other
hand 1 lave pl ay ing them.
Write the words in the correct order,
a)
b)
both / dancing / lave / We
have / both / We / Amer iea / to / bee n
Suspidous Minds
lork with a partner. Are the se ntences true for yo u?
RfYlfW
I!I
S9
Eco
Grammar Subject questions. Dynamic and stati ve meanings. Future forms
Vocabulary Climate change. Opinions. hove and hove got
Useful phrases On the telephone
Readi ng & VocabuLary
1
Work with a partner. look at the photographs and discuss the questions.
a) Wha t do you think is happening?
b) Do people worry about climate change in your country?
2 Read the article. Are these statements true or false?
a) World lcaders participated in p ro tes t marches and d emonstrations.
b) The protestors ca rried banners and shouted political messages.
c) A group of proteste rs on bicycl es we nt to 10 Downing Street.
d) They delivered a le tte r asking world lead ers to do something immediately
about thc economy.
e) Tratalgar Squ a re was ex tremely crowded and very busy in the afternoon.
f) A small group of protes ters se para ted fro m the peaceful d emonstrators a nd
\·\'ent shopping .
Clil11ate change l11arch
lO
3
In London today, 20,000 people took part in protest marches and demonstrations as
world leaders were meeting for dimate change talks. The event was organised by the
Campaign Against Global Warming .
The day started early outside the US embassy with poetry readings and speeches.
Protestors then marched slowly to Trafalgar Square, carrying banners and shouting
slogans .
A group of protesters on bicycles made their way to 10 Downing Street and
delivered a letter to the Prime Minister demanding urgent action on dimate change.
By three o'dock in the afternoon, Trafalgar Square was swarming with people and
buzzing with activity . There was a carnival atmosphere with music provided by a
samba band, a New Orleans jazz band and Scottish pipers.
Most of the protesters marched peacefully, but a small group of people broke away
from the peaceful demonstrators. They smashed shop windows and tried to set fire to
a supermarket. Five people were arrested.
look at the highlighted phrases in the article. Find phrases with similar meanings in
the sentences (a-ft in Exercise 2.
took p art in
4
60
ll:!IíííI,IM
f}
!!
Eco
=
participnfed in
What evidence of clima te change ha ve you noticed in your country? What are you
and your family, your local government, your national government doing about it?
Discuss with your partner.
Listenin & Vocabula
1
2021 Listen to interviews with four protestors at the Climate change marcho Match
each person with an opinion (1-4)0
.. Jo, 26
1
2
3
4
2
.. Debbie,37
Jake, 14
Ronny, 27
Tm in favour of protecting wild animals.'
Tm against food imports.'
'I'm against big cars in the city.'
'[ believe in responsible tourism.'
Complete the sentences below with the words and phrases in the boxo
against
aOO
believe
don't feel
in favollr
really care
support
1
a)
I'm not 17llti-cars - 1 just think more
people ShOllJd use public transport.
d)
I _ _ in responsible tourismo
e)
l'm
b)
1 don't _ _ abollt peopleo They can
[ook after themselveso
f)
c)
I'm _ _ of small family-run companieso
g)
cars in the city centreo
local farmerso
[ _ _ strongly about politicso
Which statements do you agree with? What other things do you feel strongly about?
Discuss with your partnero
Grammar
Subject questions
r;t
1
Look at the sentence and the questions (1 and 2) belowo Answer questions (a-c)o
object
hn hates cars o
subJect
verb
Jo
bclieues in
object
respollsib/e tourismo
.: Jbject question:
ho hates cars:
1
Who believes in responsible tOllrism?
: !Jject question:
hat do es John hate?
a)
b)
c)
What is the sllbject of the main verb in question 1?
What is the subject of the main verb in question 2?
In questions where \IV/lO (\!V71ich, Wh17t 01' W/lOse) is the subject of the verb,
do you use do, does or did?
2
2
Wlll7t does Jo be/ieve in?
Write questions for the missing subjects or objectso
a)
Mahatma Gandhi believed in lobject]. What did M17h17tm17 Gandhi believe in?
b)
(ubjectl said, '1 have a dream' in a famous speecho Who said, '[ /ll7VC a dream'
in a famolls speech?
c)
'Slogan' means [objectlo Wh17t ooo
d)
[subject] has a boat called 'Rainbow Warrior'o Which organisaticm "o
e)
Thirty-six million people protested against lobjectl in 20030 What ooo
f)
[subjectl fought against apartheid for ayer fifty yearso Who ooo
Ask your partner the questionso Choose answers from the box belowo
Greenpeace Martin Luther King
polítical message
the Iraq ,val'
Nelson Mandela
llon-violent protest
Eco
_ _ _'o\fllfoWT
'11
61
Pronunciati on
1
Look al some words ending in fÍon. Say the words and add them lo the tableo
demollstratioll
modeTnisation
A: oDo
des truction
organisation
education
pollution
B: 0 0 00
explanation globalisation
rcvollltion sollltion
C: 000 00
dcmollstrotio/1
2
'~2.22 Listen, check an d repeat.
Grarnmar
Dynamic and stative
meanings
1
TlIllumingfllll will! mI/friends.'
Dynamic meanings
(sornething 'happens')
He has Lunch at 1.00 p.rn.
He's having lunch now.
Note: use simple or
continuous forrns.
a)
b)
2
Stative mean ings
(nothing 'happens')
I beLieve in democracy.
We want to help.
Note : use simple forrns only.
Sorne verbs (hove, look,
think) can have both
meanings.
Look at the verbs in these extracts from the interviews on page 61. Answer the questions.
'The!!'rc po/futillS
ollr
rivers.'
Do the verbs describe actions or states?
What is ¡he na me of the tense lIsed in ea eh extract?
Re w rite these sentences by putting the verb in brackets in the present continuous.
a)
A phone (ring) _ _ . A pl!O/ll' is ri/lgillg.
e)
Birds (sing) _ _
b)
A tcach e r in anothcr class (talk) _ _ .
f)
Rain (fall) _ _ .
c)
The traffic (make) _ _ a lot of noise.
g)
A stlldent (Iallgh) _
h)
People (cha t) _
d) A clock (tick) _ _ .
.
_ .
_ .
Liste n in sil ence for fifteen seconds and tick the actions that are h app ening now.
Note do w n o ther things that are happening now.
3
Look a t the verb s in two more extracts from the interviews. Answer the questions.
'f (/Jilllt lo hcJp po/al' !Jear,.'
a)
b)
e)
4
'lhm wI1 C11I'.'
Do tbe verbs d escribe actions or states 7
What is the name of the tense used in ea ch extract?
ls it possibl e to use a continuous tense with verbs
when they describe a state 7
look at the verbs in brackets. Do they describe an
action or a state? Complete the sentences with the
present simple or the present continuous.
a)
5ue (think) is l/lInk/lIg of going out this evening.
b)
Rosa (think) t/¡inks politics is boring.
e)
Marta (have) _ _ a TV in her bedroom.
d) Julie (have) _ _ difficulty with this exereise.
e)
Brian (look) _ _ like his father.
f)
Rob (look) _ _ for a new place to live.
g)
Jane (like) _ _ James Bond fjlms.
h) Tony (know) _ _ how to play the piano.
Replace the names with names of students in the
c1ass to make as many true sentences as you can.
Ask questions to help you.
'Are you l!li/lkillg of going out t!lis evelling 7 '
'Do yOll tlzi/lk po/ilics is borillg?'
." I
page 138. Read the explanations and do the exercises.
akin
1
Work in small groups. Discuss which of these activities are good/bad for
the environment.
a) Cycling to work/ schoo\.
b) Buying a hamburger in a plastic container.
e) Pay ing more for e n vironmcntally-friendly products.
d) Buying imported fruit and vegetables.
e)
sing plastic bags for yom shop ping.
f) Buying cheap, mass-p rodllced dothcs.
g) Using Pllblic transporto
h) Travelling alone in your caro
i) Picking up litter.
j) Drink.ing bottled water.
k) Rccycling bottJcs.
1) Travelling by air.
Think of any other activities that are either good or bad f or the environme nt.
2
Do a survey to find out how many people have done the differe nt activHi es in
Exercise 1 in the last two weeks. Fo llow these instructions.
•
Prepare the qllestion you are going to ask for cach activity.
Ha ve you cyclr'd ta work!schoo) il1 thc last two weeks?
a)
•
•
•
Decide which person in the grollp is going to ask each qllestion.
Co round the class. Ask yOllr qllestion(s) and note down the answers.
In your gro llpS, write down the results of the survey fuI' each activit)'.
Yes
L .1.1.1
Activities
cycled to work/sc/¡oo/
------
.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1
baught 11 hmnburger in
a pLastic cOlztainl'r
_)0% Everybody
1
Most people
A large number
of people
I
t
No
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXX
Read a survey report for Greensville, USA. Complete the report with one of the
following phrases.
ver)' green
not ver)' green
Several people
A small number
of people
SURVEY REPORT
re n are ou?
(Only) a few people
-"fa
Nobody
Eco Magazine tr·avelled to Greensville, USA, where they interviewed 1,000 people for
a new survey. Tlle aim of the survey was to find out how green the people of
Greensville are.
According to the survey, only a few people have used public transport in the last two
weeks, but everybody has travelled alone in their caroNobody has cycled to work.
Severq[jJ.eopfe have bought impolleo· írufi ano· vegeiabres, and mosi peopre have bouglli
a hamburger in a plastic container. However, only a few people have picked up litter.
A large number of people have drunk bottled water in the last two weeks, but onlv a
¡ew people have recycled tlleir bottles.
The survey founel that nobody has paid more far something beca use it is
environmentally friend ly.
Everybo.9"y Ilas used plastic bags for their shopping, and severa l people have bought
cheap, mass-produced clothes.
Finally, al'JIl-ª1I number of people have travelled by air in the last two weeks.
The results of the survey suggest that the people of Greensville, USA, are ___ .
2
Write a survey report for your class. Replace the underlined expressions in the
Greensville report with information from your own su rvey in Speaking Exercise 2
abo e. Change other parts of the report if necessary.
Eco
63
'Reading & Listening
1
Read trus l¡st of different duties that people volunteer to do in developing countries.
Which duties do you fee.! you could do I couldn't do? Compare with a partner.
a)
b)
e)
d)
w ork j n an o rphan<Jge
tcach children to rea d
loo k after siek a nim als
visit people in h ospital
e)
teaeh Eng lish
help to cons tru et ho uscs, brid ges, roa ds
g) do housework and help in peo ple's ho mes
h) plzUl t trees a nd d o orga ni c fa rrn ing
f)
Read the website inform a tion and match the projects (1 ¡md 2) with the duties (a - /z) .
Which duties does the information not mention?
~
I
_;\!IT/~ Q~IIIvoUn._f ..mMI
~b~_rb
WELCOME TO
Change your life.
Do something important.
Learn new skills, gain
self-confidence and make
friends for life.
2 4:' 2.23 Li sten to Helen and her friendo Which project is Helen going to join?
3
Tick the things Helen says she's going to do.
a) eha nge he r li fe .1
b) get él bette r boyfricnd
e) do some thing importan t
el)
e)
f)
wo rk with anim als
wo rk in all orph anage
get a good sa lary
Which of the two projects would yOl! like to do? Tell your partner.
Gr,ammar
Future: (be) going to
1
a) '1 goi ng to eh a nge my Iife.'
b) Tm not go to wo rk w ith an imal s.'
e) ' How mu ch a re they goin g pa y yo u?'
Future plans and
intentions
How are you goin9 to
Lose weight?
I'm 90in9 to do mo re
exe rcise.
Correct the mistakes in these sentences from the conversation.
2
Complete the sentence with the words JI/tute and pllst to describe the use of
(be ) goillg too
You use (be) going to when yOl! talk abo u r a el eeisio n yO l! made in lhe (1) _ _
to do so mething in th e (2) _ _ .
I'm not 90in9 to eat
so much bread.
3
Write questions about the future with (be) going too
a)
b)
e)
dri ve hom e / after the leS5011 ?
el) buy any !lew clothes / lhis weekend?
Are you gOillg to chive IWlnL' afta the bsol1 7
e) d o anything interesting / next week ?
wateh TV / thi s eveni ng ?
f)
travel ab road / next year ?
learn another foreign language / ()]l e day ?
As k your partner the questions.
64
~I_ -
-
-
-
', U ';II';I~:i
Eco
Listening
1
2.24 Listen to a conversation between Helen and her mother about Helen's
arrangements for her trip to Ghana. Underline the correct word.
a) Helen is confident / depressed / smprised.
b) Helen's mum is angry / embarrassed / worded.
2
Listen again and underline the correct informa tion.
a) Hele n is arri ving in Acera at 10.00 a.m I p.m.
b) Sob White is taking her to her school / accorn modation.
e) She's staying w ith a Ghanaian / Nigerian fa mil y.
d) She's starting work on Wednesday / Monday.
e) She's working in a big / smal! town near Acera.
f) She's eoming baek in time for her mum's / dad's birthday.
In what siluations do your parenls worry about you?
Grarnrnar
Future: present
continuous
~uture
1
arrangements
You can use the prcsent continuous with a future time ex pression to talk about
future arrangemcnts.
- ,,'s arriving tomorrow.
S e isn't coming with
tonight.
The sen ten ces (a-f) in Listening Exercise 2 al! use the present continuous to talk
about the future. ls Ihe fol!owing explanation true or false?
2
,here are you meeting
: em next week?
In many silualions ( be) gOil1g to and Ihe presenl conlinuous are both possible. Put a
tick if bolh options are possible. Pul a cross if the presenl conti nuous is 110t possible.
a) ['m
b) I'm
c)My
d) I'm
e) I'm
f) ,' m
g) I'm
h) 1'1ll
going to meet / meeting a friend élfter the le550n. .1
going lo slart / starting guitar lessons OIle day. )(
friends are going to come / coming round this evening.
going to see / seeing m y grandparents this weeke nd.
going to read / reading a novel in English onc of these da ys.
going lo win / winning my tmnis match tbis weekend!
going to play / playing football on Monday.
going to learn / learning Chinese one day.
Are any of these senlences true for you?
3
4
Student A: page 118 Student B: page 123
page 138. Read the explanat ions and do the exercises.
Eco
_
UNIT _ _
65
Usefu
1
hrases
Matt Walker (M) is phoning a big chemicals company. Underline the most
appropriate expressions to complete his conversation with the receptionist (R).
CS~~W~D®~
1I ~ll
R:
M:
R:
M:
R:
M:
R:
M:
R:
M:
R:
M:
Good morning . Regal Chemicals.
(1) 1 want to speak to the Managing Director. / CouLd 1 speak to the Managing
Director. pLease?
Do you mean Mr Carr?
Ye so that's right. Mr Carro
(2) Who's speaking? / Who are you?
My name's Matt Walkero
Hold on, please, and (3 ) I'U try to put you through. / I'U get him. o
Helh (4) H'e's not there o / I'm afraid Mr Carr is out at the momento
Oho Do you know when he'll be back?
I'm not sureo (5) WouLd you Like to Leave a message? / You can Leave a messageo
Yes, pleaseo
Right. (6) Waito / HoLd on a moment, pLease oOK, what would you like to say?
Please tell Mr Carr that REGAL CHEMICALS 15 POLLUTING THE ATMOSPHERE ANO
DESTROYING THE PLANET. THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST GLOBAL WARMING .. o
oo
2.25 Listen and check your answers.
2
" 2.26 Listen and repeat the useful phraseso
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
3
66
~
U 'HIT
Eco
Could 1 speak to the Managing Director, please?
Who's speaking?
!'JI try to put you through o
I'm afraid Mr Ca n is out at the mome nto
Would yOl! like to lea ve a message?
Hold 011 a moment, pleaseo
Work with a partnero Practise the conversation. Take it in turns to be Matt and
the receptionist.
Vocabul
Extra
Environ mentaL probLems
and soLutions
1
Match the pictures with the phraseso
¡3'
a botHe ban k
O
a earbo n footprint
[
environ me ntall y-friendly prod uets
Q
glQbal wa rming
e
I
O
J
2
m ass-produ eed c1 0 thes
o rgilllie ~etables
a ¡;llitstie container
¡lliblie transport
re newable ene rgy
Work with a partnero List the
expressions from Exercise 1 under the
following headingso
Problems
Solutions
glo/m l wll rmi l'lg
orgl7l1 ic Vf'gctll/J /f's
Add your own ideas to each listo
Focus on hove / hove got
1
Complete the sentences using do, dOI1't, got, h{lvc, Iw v ell 't o
a)
b)
'Do yo u have a ea r?' ' Yes, ' _ _ ."1 O, ' _ _ .'
' Halle yo u _ _ a ca r?' 'Yes, ' _ _ .' ' No, 1 _ _ .'
Complete the sentence with "(l ve/ha s and hav e/has got.
Whcn (1) _ _ ll1 ecln s to own or p ossess, you can al so use (2) _ _ o
2 Write questions using l/{l ve / l/{ls goto
a)
yo u / uny bro thers and sisters?
Have yO ll g OL ar/y brolhers alld sisters")
b) you / m ore th un one credi t card?
e) you / a pet?
d) you / u headac he?
e) you r mother / rhe sa me eyes as yüu)
f) your fat her / an)' hobb ies)
Ask and answer the questions with your partnero
3
Look at sorne uses of Iw vcoTick the sentences where hav c!lws can be replaced by hav e/lws g oto
a) Do you have a lapto p ? .1
b) 1 a lways ha ve lunch at ho me o
e) My m o ther has short, g rey ha ir.
d) 'don't have a n MP3 pla yero
e) Do you h,we clny ehildren?
f) Are you having a birthday party thi s year?
Rewrite the sentences you have ticked with havc goto
a) Have !J0u got 11 lap top?
Eco
67
Education
Grammdl Permi ssion and obligati on (could / had tolo should an d must fo r ad vice
Vocabula ~ Educati on and t raining
Useful p3~t:S Givin g you r opinio n
1
You are going to read about a trainee gei sha. Before you read, look at the sentences
below and decide if yOll think they are trlle or falseo
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
A lot o f women in Jap an today vvant to beeome ge ishas .
A geisha has to have a d ifferent kimono fo r every l1l0n th of the yea l".
To becomc a geisha yo u have to stud y fo r many years.
A geisha has to si ng and dance for he r cllstomers.
A geisha ean't speak to her eustomcrs.
f) A trainec gcisha ean go to h igh sehooJ.
g) A geisha doesn't have to stay single.
2
Read the article and ch eck yom ideas in Exercise 1.
TRAINING TO BE A
q¿{'~k
"-;;ewhitc bce. the dark eyes and hair, Ihe hlood red lips -
10
J'i
211
2<;
bOlh the
} .¡:l panese :lnd Coreigners are fascinated hy lhese beall tiful and mysleriOlls
women, !\lakiko is tra ining to he a ge ish:l. 1\01 many girls w ant lO beeom e
geishas in .J;l pan toda)'. ivb k i k()',~ parents wan ted her 10 go to lI niversity,
stll dy med icine and hecom e a docto r. Bu t ¡\IIakiko's grandfather p aid for
h er Iraining and hough t the ki mon os she needcd. I t's ver)' exp ensive 10
becomé :1 ge isha, You have to have a clifferent kimono ror each mo nth of
the year. ancl tocla)' a kimono can cost Ihree m illion yen. that's abolll $2'5,000,
It's a hard life ror a tra inec geisha. She h;\s to lea ve her fam il )' and move
inl o a special h oa rcling hOllse callecl a 'ma iko hOlls.:"' . J-1ere. she has to leam
traditional Japanese ans such as p laying instrull1cnts , the tea ceremony, fl O\"ver arranging,
singing and dancing, She h~\s to take <1 IOl (lf difficu lt teSIs ancJ exams, On ly the best w ill
pass all [he tests ancl hecom e geishas m<lny yc¡¡ rs bter.
\\7e asked :v l;¡kiko to clescrihe exactly \\I hat a geisha do.:"s.
'A ge isha h ~l s to ,~ervc cuSl ome rs and :¡] so cntert ain th em. She has l O sing and dance.
ancl make conversatio n.·
[)oes she cnjo)' her lire as a t.rai nee ge isha'
./ love il. hUl it's ha rd work. SOlllelimcs / gel tired of wearing rhe kimonos anu [ \vant
lO pUl on a pair of jeans amI go to Iligll school like a nOrllul [eenager. Bur [ G lIÚ have a
normal liCe no\V. I do n't mind. [ fecl very lu cky .'
And wll at abo ur later - can she have a family'
'Of (ou rse. A geish:1 can llave relati onships Ji ke anybocly else amI she ca n get marri eu
w hen she chooses.'
[n .rapan Imby Ihere arc fe\\'er Ihan a thousand ge ishas , h ur th(:')' play an importanr
ro le in prescrving Japanese culture ami hislory.
3
What did yom parents/grandparents want you to stud y at school?
Did yOll follow their advice? Tell a partner.
'My parenls wall led 1111' lo study sciellcc a/ld become a doctor. 1 prefarcd
¡al1guages alld IIOW I'm a ¡cacher. '
-
68
I
U N:l T
Education
abuL ry
1
Complete the fo11owing statements using words from the artic1e on page 68.
a)
More ancl more people are !minillg to be compute r programmers. (line 3)
b)
Not many people want to _ _ teache rs nowadays. (line 3)
c)
lf you _ _ medicine, it takcs sevcn years before you qualify as a doctor. (Line 5)
d) lt can _ _ a lot of money to go to unive rsity. (line 8)
2
e)
When they go to university, most students leave home and _ _ into student
aeeommodation. (line 9)
f)
If you fail your end of ycar exams, you can usually _ _ them again a fe w
months later. (linc 12)
g)
You ha ve to ___ an entranee exam if you want to go to university. (line 13)
h)
University students play an important _ _ in the future of the country. (line 24)
Work in sma11 groups. Are the statements in Exereise 1 true for your eountry.
Pronunciation
1
2.27 Listen and repeat the sehool subjects in the table. Notiee the stress.
1: 0
Art
Maths
~2:00
English
History
Musie
Physics
3:000
4: 0000
Chemistry
Literature
Politics
Geography
Biology
Philosophy
Technology
1
5:000 0
Economics
2 Work with a partner. Diseuss whieh subjects in Exercise 1 are/were ...
a) the hardest / easiest to [eam.
b) the most boring / interesting.
e) the least I most useful.
Speaking: anecdote
1
2.28 Listen to Andy talking about his favourite sehool subjeet. Underline the
answers he gives.
a)
'What was your favomite sLtbjeet at school?' 'Maths / Art.'
b)
'Why did you partieularly like this subjeet?' 'It was easy / 1 was good at it.'
e)
'What was the teacher's name?' 'Miss Lewis I Mr Lewis.'
d) 'What did she look like?' '5he had long blaek hair and wore bright eolours I
looked like a teaeher.'
2
e)
'Why were her lessons special?' 'They were fun / interesting and varied.'
f)
'How many hours did you have
g)
'Did you learn anything which is usefu[ to you today?' 'Yes, I stiU love taking
photos I make a living as a photographer.'
él
w eek7' 'We had three I six hours a week.'
You're going to te11 your partner about your favourite sehool subjeet.
•
•
•
Ask yourself the questions in Excrcise 1.
Think about wha! to say and how lo say ¡t.
Tell your partner about yo ur favourite school subject.
Education
U H J'l
69
1
Look at the quotes from three men in the Bennett family. They are talking about their
fathers. Try to match each quote with the man who said it.
a)
b)
e)
The grandfather
His son
His grandson
2
3
Tve always had a very c10se relationshj p with my dad.'
'My father was always at work.'
' We had to obey him vvitbout question .'
2.29 Read the artic1e and check your ideas.
Three generations
5
10
15
20
Gordon - the grandfather (72)
Tony - his son (48)
Seott - his grandson (19)
'1 think my son and my grandson
have a lovely relationship - it
wasn't like that when 1 was a boyo
M,y father was a very strict man, we
had to obey him without question.
1 had to walk five kilometres
to school. There was no other
way of getting there. At home we
didn't have a television, so we had
to make our own entertainment.
1 spent all my free time outside
playing football.
But we couldn't play football on
Sundays beca use we had to go to
church.
1 left school when I was fourteen
and went to work in a bakery. That's
where 1 met Mabel.
We couldn't bring girlfriends
home in those days. We had to meet
in public places. 1 suppose that's why
so many people got married young.
1 was only nineteen, and Mabel was
eighteen:
'When I was growing up, my father
was always at work, and when he
came home, we eouldn't disturb him,
be ea use he was ti red.
Because my father left school very
early and regretted it afterwards, he
wanted me to do well at sehool. 1 had
to do my homework every night and
I could only watch television at the
weekend.
When 1 was eighteen I got a place
at university. My parents didn't have
to support me financially, beeause the
government gave me a grant to study.
I didn't go home very often, even
during the holidays. I preferred
spending time with my friends,
especially my girlfriends. In my last
year of university 1 met Louise, and
we got a place together. We had to
get married when Louise found out
she was pregnant:
Tve always had a very close
relationship with my dad and 1 don't
have to hide anything from him.
When 1 was at schoo!, I had a
lot of freedom. When 1 went out,
I didn't have to come home at a
certain time - my parents trusted
me.
I'm at eollege now, and my
parents have to pay for my studies,
but I have to work in the evenings
to pay for any luxuries I want.
I think it's wrong that my
parents have to pay for my studies.
1 think colleges and universities
should be free for everybody.
My girlfriend often stays with
me at my parents' house, and 1
sometimes go and stay at her
parents'. Both our parents think we
should get married one day, but
we're definitely not in a hurry:
2
10
15
20
10
15
20
Read the article again and answer the questions.
a)
b)
INhy
Why
c) Wh)'
d) Wh)'
el Wh)'
f) Wh)'
3
5
did Gordon have to walk to school?
eouldn' t GOl'don play football on Sundays7
could Tony onl)' watch television at the weekend 7
didn' t Tony's parents have to pay for his university education?
did Tony have to get married to Louise 7
does Scott ha ve to work in the evenings?
In what ways has life changed in your family over the generations? Tell your partner.
'My gralldll'lOllzt'r lIad lo /t'ave scJ¡oo/ at jourteen. VVornl'1l cou/du 't So to l/Iliversity in tiJose days.'
-
70
..-- '
ti 'H J l'
_
Education
..
r mma
could and had to
1
Complete the following table with the different forms of can and have too
Permission
I (ould only watch TV
on Sundays.
!He (ouldn't swear.
(ould you bring girLfriends
home?
Obligation
-l e had to walk to schooL.
- hey didn't have to come
'a me earLy.
Did you have to pay for
our studies?
Permission: can
2
Obligation: have to
Permitted
Not permitted
Necessary
Not necessary
Present
You (1) can
You (3) _ _
Yo u (5) _ _
You (7) _ _
Past
You (2) _ _
You (4) _ _
You(6) _ _
You (8) _ _
Complete the questions and answers about the artic1e on the Bennett family.
a)
'Oid Co rdon llave to ob€y his dad without question?' 'Ves, he did.'
' No, he didn't.'
b) 'Oíd Cordon l/ave lo go to church on Sundays?'
' Ves, he _ _ .' 'No, he _ _ .'
el 'Could Cordon bring his g irlfriend s home?'
' Ves, he _ _ .' 'No, he _ _ .'
d) '_ _ Tony _ _ do his h omework every night?'
Seott eome home at any time?'
e)
f)
'Ooes Seott have to hide things from his dad?'
2.30 Listen, check and repeat.
Refer to the artic1e on page 70 and answer the questions.
3
Ask a partner similar questions to the ones in Exercise 2.
'Oid (00) you have lo obey !Jau/' dad wilhou l questiol1? '
4
Student A:
5
page 118 Student B: page 123
page 140. Read the exptanations and do the exercises.
Listenin
1
2.31 Listen to a conversation between Gordon (the grandfather) and Scott (his grandson)
in Scott's caro Which of the following topies do they talk about?
money
miLitary service
2
appearance
poLitics
ai r traveL
Write sentences to summarise the differences between 'then' and 'now', according to
the conversation. Use an appropriate form of have to or call.
a)
wear a seatbelt
Now: You have lo wear a seatbelt.
T/¡cn: You didl¡ '1 {¡aue lo wear a seatbelt.
b ) wem a helme t
e) use cash
d) do military se rvice
e) have long haiJ"
f) wear earrings
Listen again to check your answers.
3
Which differences between 'then' and 'now' in Exercise 2 are true far yaur country?
What other differences can you think of? Discuss with your partner.
Education
71
dlng
1
Your friend is going to meet his girlfriend's parents for the first time. Look at the
advice (n-j). Which piece of advice do you think is the most important?
a)
b)
e)
2
Listenin
Make a good firs l illlpressioll
Tell Ihe truth
Wear Ihe right clolhes
d)
e)
f)
Avoid controversial tapies of cOllversation
Do some researeh
Be prepared lo an swer questions
Read the article. Label the paragraphs (1-6) with the pieces of advice (n-e) from
Exercise 1. Wh at ot her ildvice can you think of?
Mea
1 e) Do some research
4
Find out information about the parents
You should be honest about what you do.
before you meet them. Do you have
If you're an IT teehnieian, you shouldn't
anything in commoll with them? Have
say you're a researeh seientist, information
they been on holiday recently? You should
arehiteet or web millionaire. If you're
ask your girlfriend / boyfriend about
unemployed, you should tell them about
her /his parents' hobbies, interests and
your plans for a brilliant eareer.
favourite topies of conversation.
5
2
You probably don't share the same
It's fine to wear your otd jeans and
opinions or tastes about most things, so
Nirvana T-shirt most of the time, but you
you must avoid subjeets sueh as polities
should make an effort when you meet the
or religion. You can ask them
parents. However, you shouldn't go to the
about what your girlfriend
opposite extreme: don't wear your 'job
or boyfriend was like
interview' clothes. You should be clean
as a ehild - parents
and tidy, but not too formal .
love talking about
their little prinee or
3
prineess.
First impressions are very important. You
3
should greet them with a smile and a
6
firm handshake for Dad, and a quick kiss
You should think of a
(on the eheek) for Mum. You mustn't eall
good answer to the
them by their first names. Wait until they
question : What are you
give you permission.
going to do in the future?
e' 2.32
Listen to a young man meeting his girlfriend's parents for
the firs t time. Tick the advice in the article that he follows. Put a
cross n ext to the advice that he doesn't follow.
e)
Do ~ (lm c
rcscarch
X
How do you think the evening continued?
uLa
1
Com p lete lhese sen ten ces using words from the article aboye.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
2
72
'UHI"T
11
1 don' t ha ve Clnylhing in C0Il117101'1 wilh my parents. (paragraph 1)
I alway s m ake an _ _ lo stay in louch with old friends. (paragraph 2)
My bedroom is always elean and _ _ . (paragraph 2)
lt' s more importanl for m e lo be happy than lo have a brilliant _ _ . (pa ragraph 4)
1 _ _ lhe sallle opinions and lastes as my best friendo (paragraph 5)
Are any of th e sentences in Exercise 1 tme for you? Compare w ith a partner.
Educati o n
~
Gram a
should and must
You
He
She
It
\Ve
1
a)
b)
e)
d)
should
shouldn't
stay.
must
90 .
Match the phrases (a-d) in bold with the meanings (1-4).
mustn't
You
You
You
You
should be honest abo ut wh a t you d o. ~
shouldn't 5ay you ' re a rescarch s eientist. . . '"'"
2
must JVOld subJeets sueh as polltles 01' re]¡gIOn. ",
3
mustn't cal! them by the ir first names.
-- 4
It's a bad idea.
!t's c1 ver!! good idea.
It's a uery bad idea.
It' s a good idea.
Choose the correct alterna ti ve in this sentence.
When yo u are giving adviee, musl is stronger / weakel' than sl /O uld.
They
2
Look at the situations and complete the sentences. Use must or mustn't, should 01'
shollldn't and a verb in the box.
Ele
forget
do
hold
speak
a)
One fri end to anolher fri end: 'YOLl sJ¡ould do more exereise.'
b) A doctor to a patient: ' YOLl _ _ more exereise!'
e) A father with his four year-old ehild in tOlNn: ' You _ _ my hand! '
d) A sister to her siste r: ' YOLl _ _ Mum' s birthday this year! '
e) An English teacher to her stllde nts: 'You _ _ Eng li sh in c1a ss.'
f)
A mo ther to her teenage son: 'YOLl _ _ so mLleh televisjon . It's bad for yOll .'
Have you heard similar sentences recently? What was the situation? Tell a partner.
3
page 140. Rea d t he exp Lanation and do the exereises.
Re "n
1
S eakin
Work with your partner. Use the words in the box to complete the advice below.
~
direetions
funny
pay
shoes
a)
111rel
(1
I
i(/1J'I'i ( J/I ()
You should make an effort with your
- )-/{ '(J{ ((
women
work
The way to a man's heart is through
his _ __ . You should eook for him,
and ir he's really hungry, don't give
him salad .
c)
You must listen to him. He likes
explaining how things _ _ .
d)
You shouldn't ask him to help you
. He only
choose a pair of _ _
has three pairs, and he thin ks that's
enough.
e)
You mustn't try to give him _ __ .
Christ op her Columbus didn't need
the ml
ÓOt¡0¡'¡
JI
You must arrive on _ __ for dates
- women hate it when you keep them
waiting.
b)
You should _ __ when you go out.
Women want to be equal, but not that
equal!
e)
You should be _ _ . You may be
good·looking, well·dressed and have
the brains of Einstein, but if you ean't
make her laugh, forget it.
d)
You should remain ___ . They want
to do all the talking - even if you stop
listening, pretend to be fascinated.
e)
You mustn't talk about other beautiful
_ __ , even famous ones. She'lI
re member, and years later, when you
make a comment about her eooking,
she'lI tell you to get Julia Roberts to
make your lunch.
hair: aman likes his girlfriend to loo k
feminine.
2
time
a)
clothes and you shouldn't cut your
b)
stolllach
HOW TO BE THE
HOW TO BE THE
--J...I(
silent
2.33 Listen and check your ideas. 00 you agree with the advice? oiscuss your real
opinions about what makes a successful date.
Ed ucation
UNIT
11
73
Useful phrase
1
n
2.34 Listen to a conversation between two women. Look at the topics below and
tick the ones they talk about.
a)
b)
e)
Looking after ch ildren
Taking care of the elderly
Marriage
d) Leav ing ho me
e) Educaba n
~---===
2
Complete the following sentences from the conversation in Exercise 1 with 1 think or
M:y dallghter thil1ks or 1 don't think.
a)'
mothers shou ld stay at home and look (,fter the ehildren.'
'Oh yes, I agree.'
b)
'
ehildren need their mothers at home.'
,Absolulely.'
e)
'_ _ fathers should stay at home and look after the chi ldren.'
'Oh no, 1 don't agree ,,",'ilb lhal.'
d) '_ _ coup les should live together before they get married.'
'''h, 1'm nat so Sl.lre:
e)
'_ _
ehildren should leave home when they're eighteen.'
11, il depends.'
Listen to the conversation again and check your answers.
3
~
4
look at the useful phrases for agreeing and disagreeing from Exercise 2. Arrange them
in the right order on this lineo
2.35 Listen and repeat the high.lighted useful phrases in Exercise 2.
Agree +---it
Oh yes, 111grcl'.
5
74
I
,1
__
_
UN l J
11
*
*
*"" Disagree
Rewrite the statements from Exercise 2 with 1 think or 1 dOIl 't thillh' to show your own
opinions. Discuss your ideas with a partner.
Education
ab la
Stages of education
1
Match the photos with the descriptions of
the stages of state education in England
and Wales.
-71
~
I
Age 3- 5. Mos t chi ldre n go to nu rsery
5chool .
Age 5. All child re n starl p ri mary
Se co ndary school
Gap yea r
Deg ree
Vocatio nal co urse
A-levels
Primary school
Nurse ry school
Uni ve rsity
5,hool .
L
Age 11. Everybod y goe lo <;econdary
schnol .
Age 16. Pupils can le, e sel 01 and
get a job or do a ocationa l 'ollrse
(e.g. car meChilJ1ics, hairdress ing or
secre tarial studies, e te.).
Age 16-18. Man y pllpil s stay 0 11 at
apply for a pl ace al umver it .
or college and lake thcir A-levcl*
cxam .
SChllOl ,
Age 18. So me studen ts tak
gap year
befo re they go to uni\'ersity .
Age 18+. Students "Lud y subj 'ets
su ch as law, medicine, sociology, e te.
al univcr jly .
~
Age 21 +. Stlldents g t a el gree \v hen
they finish the course Jnd pas!'> the
final e ams (fillals ) .
• A-Ievel, = AdUGIICcd Icud,
2 Are the stages and ages the same or
different in your country?
3
Describe your own education up to now.
Use as many of the highlighted phrases
as possible.
l wen t ta nurser!! when 1 was three. Thell 1 ...
Focus on words used with education
1
Complete these questions with the words in the box.
ap pl y
a)
b)
c)
d)
fa il
gap
ge
leave
primary
Did yo u go to nursery school?
At what age do children sta rt _ _ school?
Ca n pllpils _ _ sch ool a t six teen ?
Is it easy to _ _ fo r a place at lIni versity ?
s tud y
taken_ _
1
e ) Do yo u know anybody who has taken a _ _ year?
f) What d id your parents _ _ a t lIni ve rsity or college?
g) H ave yo u ever _ _ any Engli sh exa ms?
h) Oíd yo u pass o r _ _ ?
Answer the questions. Compare your answers with a partner.
Education
U
ti"
75
Smile
Grammal Verb patterns. for and since. been. Present perfect simple and continuou s
VocabuLal) The face. Character adjectives. Parts of the body
Usefulphr:..ses
Usi ng body idioms
iog
1
Look at this expression and discuss the questions with your partner.
•
•
•
2
When d o people say thi s?
Wh at d o )' O U S3 )' in )'our lan guage?
D o )'O l! find it eas)' to smile for pho togr aphs?
Say 'cheese'!
Use five of the words from the photograph to complete the following articIe
about smiling. Choose an appropriate singular or plural form for each word.
According to research from the USA, we smile for many different reasons.
There's the listener/ response smile. When two people are having a
conversation, the listener smiles to encourage the speaker.
There's the polite smile. This is the sort of smile you make when your
aunt gives you a horrible birthday present.
There's the miserable smile. For example, when you go to the dentist, and
he tel ls you that you need to have a (1) tooth taken out.
Very often , these social smiles are not real : they are frequently 'fake'
smiles. Fake smiles are easy to do - you just have to tighten the muscles
in your (2) _ _ .
But there's only one smile that is the smile of true enioyment. This smile
is extremely hard to fake. It involves the muscles at the corners of the
(3) _ _ and the muscles around the eyes .
When someone gives a true smile, the (4) _ _ get smaller, and you see
little wrinkles around the edge. The eyebrows go up and on some people,
(5) _ _. appear in their chee ks.
The genuine smile of enjoyment not only makes us feel good , but it
makes others feel good to o.
3
How many different smiles are mentioned in the article? Can you do all these
smiles? Show your partner.
Vocabulary
1
2
Match each group of adjectives with an appropriate noun to make common
collocations for description.
thiek
pal e / ros)'
----eurl y / stra ight / wavy
ful! / thin
square / p ointed
straight / vv hitc
UNir
11
thin __...._
1 ehin
2
3
4
5
6
eyeb rows
lips
teeth
h air
eheeks
Which features do you like on aman or a woman?
3
76
I
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
:¡?,tfil':Tt
5tudent A: page 119 Student B: page 124
Smile
....
eadi 9
1
The way you smile can show what sort of person you are. Read the article below and
match one of the headings (a-d) with each paragraph (1-4).
a) Sh)'
b) Cheeky
c) Confident
d) Sociable
1
2
3 --
4 --
This is the smile of a joker.
The wide, toothy smile
The smile is in the eyes. This
This is a smile that says,
The raised eyebrows and
shows that this person is
is a sensitive person, and
'1 know it all.' This type
dimples in the cheeks show
easygoing and friendly. They
a loyal friendo This sort of
of person is very sure of
themselves. They like a
good argument, and they
a good sense of humour and
enjoy being in a crowd and
person thinks before they
a warm personality. This sort
are good fun to go out with.
They're always looking for
speak and is a good listener.
They don't like being the
the next party.
centre of attention in a
working and very ambitious.
crowd.
And they can be quite bossy.
of person is often a bit of a
rebel- they have no respect
for authority.
usually win. They're hard­
Read the article again and check your answers.
2
Think about your family, your friends, your colleagues. Can you match the
descriptions (1-4) to anybody you know? Ten a partner.
abuLary
1
3.01 Listen and repeat adjectives from the text aboye.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
ammtio us
bossy
confident
easygQing
---------~'---
~al
f)
sensitive
shy
h) sociable
g)
1 ccrtain about his 01" her élbilities
2 continues to support él pe rso n in difficult times
3 really wants to bccome success fut rich, or faI110lls
4 cares about other people' s feelings
5 fri endly and e njoys being with other people
6 te lls other peoplc what to do a1l the time
7 relaxed, calm and not easy to upset
8 ne rvo us in the company of other peo ple
Match each adjective with its definition.
2
3.02 Listen to six different people talking. Choose the most appropriate adjective
from Exercise 1 to describe each one.
] sociable
3
Find out about your own persona lity! In your opinion, what is the best adjective to
describe these five things? Use adjectives from the box or your own ideas.
addi ctive affectionate
ca lm deep dirty
aggIQssive annoying
fai thflll hot independent
l11ysteriou s nasty selfi sh
storm y strong
1
2
a dog =
a cat =
__
3
4
a rat =
coffcc =
5
an ocean :=
3.03 Listen to find out the meaning of what you have written. Is it accurate? Tell
your partner.
SmiLe
UNtT
IJ
77
Rpadin
1
Read and answer the questionnaire below. Compare your score with a partner.
or
- what are you?
For each situation, choose a, b or c according to what you are most likely to sayo
Then calculate your score and read what it means!
You're having a long walk in the country.
It starts raining.
a It alvvays ralOs w llen 1 go fo( a w alk.
b
It"s O K - 11'5 no! snow lng!
e
Greatl I really enJo y w alkmg In lhe r-a ln.
L
b
I don't like auWmn because l w ill
Il's Just another ti m e of yeal'.
e
It's E beautJful Ume of year.
500n
be w lnter
b
e
Li fe begrns at 40
t
w her,"s the part)') !
Each Lime you an~wer
©
YOU ' RE AN OPTlMI ST!
l.
Ei!ch
I'm gOIl'g to think cal'efu ll)' ab oul my deClSlOn.
VVhatever I decide to do. It w ill be the nght decislon .
You arrive home after a great holiday.
I don'! 'N arrt to go back to work.
b
I'm gOlng t o start plannlng m)' ne xt holida)'.
I'm lo okmg fOI'Wal"d t o sleeplng In m)' own bed.
time you anSwer
b
YOU'RE A REALlST ! @
y 0U are a reaJist. Y ou know Ilfe has
l o see the posltrve slde of Ilfe. Y OU
an d dovms. but j au hope 10 have rn ore
know how to enloy your"5elr and
)'OU
go od
thlngs
Bu! be careful
tunes than bad
<.J pS
times In
Ihal ma)' never happen. I)ul be cal'efLJ I
)'our life.
selious
at times. You rleed 10 show )'our feelings
- yo ur fnends might find )'our optlmlsm
a bit mo re
about
2.
Each time
re J.
you answer (
YOU'RE A PESSIMIST! @
y ou are an optll'qist wh o always tries
dOn '! waste ti me 'NOn¡'lng
docto l ¡¡S soon as p osslble.
a
e
(J
(l
decislon.
b
e
Th e beSl years of m)' Ilfe are o vel'.
I'm gettlng oldcr so 'ivhat l It happem lo E'veryb ody.
HOW TO SCORE
1need to bu)' , ome tissues.
It"s JusI ¡¡ co!d - It w orr't kili me
You have to mal<e an important life decision.
a
W hateve¡' I decide l o do, It will be the wrong
It's your 40 th birthday.
a
I need t o ~e e
b
e
It's autumn.
L a
You've got a cold.
a
)'o u can b e too
y O l! are a peSSlmi5t YOl! must trI'
lO
stop havlllg negatl ve tho ughts. Y Ol! Il eed
to learo ho,v lo enlo y the good mlngs
in life an d stop w orrying abo lJt Lhlngs
that may never happen. A nd remembel·.
th ere are many people in w OI'Se
siluat>ons lhar: )'ou.
ratiler Jrrrlatrng al limes.
2
Who got the highest score in the class? Find out.
r& VocabuLary
Verb patterns 3
1
Verbs + ing-form
enjoy look forward fO
stop waste time
I really enjoy walking in
the rain.
Underline the correct structure. Refer to examples in the questionnaire aboye,
if necessary.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Verbs + to-i nfi nitive
decide hope need
want
I need to see a doctor.
f)
1 hope getting / to get él new job 500n.
1 want travelling / to travel around thc world.
1 cnjoy speaking / to speak English,
1 need spending / to spend more time at home.
1 never waste time worrying / to worry about rhe furure,
I'm looking forward ro going ou.t / go out tonight.
Are any sentences true for your partner? Ask questions to find out.
2
Use the same verb structures to write more sentences that are true for you. Compare
them with your partner.
1hope tofinish my Stlilt-i C5 soon.
78
UNIT _ _
Smile
e in & S ea 1n
1
Work with a partner. Imagine you are describing your country to sorne people from
another country. What wou ld y ou say about the topics in the box?
the beaeh es
the people
2
the ca pital eity
the food
the his toriea l s ites
th e m o unta ins
Read and complete the text with words from the box in Exercise 1.
Land Of sntí{es
'Addictive!' This is how most visitors describe Thailand. After your first visit, you just
have to go back again.
Visirors lo Lh e 'L:lt1d o i" smil es' llave p lenl y to feel lIapp} ~11l()UL
•
(1)
¡be' fJeople are wa rlll and \\'elco ll1ing. Thc cost of li v ing is c h e~lp . and tlle lifest\'le
i:) easygoí ng.
•
(2) _ _ is ll1o utll -waleri ng (a nd ort en ll1ourh-hurning l ) .
•
(5) _
•
The re: are hunclreus (JI' islancJ..;, ;lIl d (q) _ _ are som e ()f tlle Ix'sr in rile' \vork l.
~o nK'
_
ancl jungles () i" th e: f1 0rrh ~I re p eri"éct fm rrekki ng on cl epllant Ilaek.
islands, like 1 () Tao. are pop ul ~ l r \V ith sculla diverso
thers . like Ko Pha '1gan,
are \Ve:II-know n fm rheir fu ll -ll1oon pa n ie.,. TIJe lJc(/cb, a hlm starrin g Leonardo
diCapri o, \\ as fill11ec! o n Ko Ph i Ph i.
•
() _ _ . l3a ngk ok . is on e
01'
[he !11osr vibranr c¡ties
011
the planet. The spectacula r
Royal PaJace is jusr one ()f (6) _ _ to v isir tlle rc.
3
Think about the following places. Tell yOllr partner about them , Give details.
a)
b)
e)
A place \,,, he re you 've been o n ho li day a nd wo uld like to return .
A pl ace w hefe yo u 've bee n 0 11 ho li day aIl d wo ul d 1101 li ke to return.
A place whe re yo u haveIl' t been 0 11 halida)'. but wo uId like too
i teninq
1
3.04 Listen to interviews with people on holiday in Thailand. Complete the
statements with the correct names.
wants to do a eookery eou rse.
a) Cil1dy likes swimrning in the sea .
d)
ho th loVf' T h <1 i f()(1cj
b) _ _ h as a dogo
e)
e) _ _ goes shopping in the evening. f) _ _ thin ks Thaila nd is a pe rfect place to Ji ve,
Kath and Roy
2
Replaee the names in Exercise 1 with the names of students in the class. Make as many
true sentences as you can. Ask questions to help y ou.
Smile
79
Liste °ng
Becky
1
'\ 3.05 Listen to a radio programme about
people who carne to Thailand on holiday
and stayed. What jobs do Becky and Jeff do
in Thailand?
2
Are the following statements true or false?
Listen again and check youl' answers.
a) Beeky ea me to Tha il and to look for work.
b) Becky ru ns él ba r o n the beaeh .
e) The tSlI na mi in 2004 destroyed Beeky's bar.
d) Becky is m a rried to a Thai m an o
e) Jeff is stu d yi ng Thai.
f) Jeft wants to go h o me .
3
Jeff
Apal't from your own country, which country in the world would you like to live in?
Tell a partner.
Grarnm
for, since and been
1
Complete the two sentences about Becky with ¡Ol' 01' sillce.
a) Beeky has been in Th a ila nd _ _ 2004.
b) Beeky hasn' t becn to lhe UK _ _ a few years.
for + a period of time
for 24 ho urs
since + a point in ti me
since yeste rday
2
Look at the diagram and complete the table so that the infonnation is correct,
counting from toda y.
been can be the past
.t
Todáy
Yesterday
parti ciple of go and be
I've never been to Oslo .
(go)
He's been here sin ce May.
(be)
'--
since yeste rday
(a point in time)
.--/
---­
for 24 hours
(a period of time)
since
for
yes terd ay
2004
Sun d ay
m y Iast birth day
T las t we nt abroad
1 sta rted s tud y ing En g.l ish
24
11OU I"S
_ _ yrars
_ _ dny(s)
1110 11 111 (s)
Add more examples of your own to the table.
3
Read the sentences in Exel'cise 1 again. Discuss the questions with your partner.
a) W ha t te nse a re th e lIndc rJined ve rbs in ?
b) In w hi ch sente nee is /leen the p as t p ar ti eip le of So?
e) In \,,,hi eh sente nee is /leell the past p a rticiple of /'e?
4
Make true sentences about yourself using the following prompts and an appropriate
time expression with since, ¡Ol' 01' never.
a)
n ot go to Lo ndo n
J !rnuen'l /lcen lo LOll dol/ sil/ ce [ was six leCll.
I lmuen'l bccl/ lo LOlldoll jór ycn rs.
['(le Ilcue r /l('el/ lo Londoll!
b) not go to a good p arty
e) n ot go to the bcach
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
n ot
n ot
no t
no t
no t
go
go
go
go
go
to a roek con ec rt
to a wedding
out for dinn cr
skiin g
abroad
Compare your sentences with your partner.
80
.-
Ulll1
11
Smile
....
Grammar
Present perfect
simple & continuous
1
Look at the table based on information from the radio programme on p a ge 80. Whi h
'facts' (1, 201" 3) describe how lOllg each activity has contin ued?
You can use the continuous
'o rm with most ver bs
I've been studying English
si nce 2007 .
Use the sim ple form for
.Ierbs wi th stative meanings
"ve had the same car for
:en years.
2
+
2 Present facts
-+
3 Present perfect facts
Becky arrived in
Thailand in 2004.
+
Becky's in Thailand
now.
-+
She's bee n in Thailand
sin ce 2004.
Jeff started working
in a dive centre
s ix months ago.
+
Jeff's working in a
dive centre no w.
-+
He's been working in
a dive centre for s ix
m o nths.
Underline the verbs be and work in column 3 f Ule tabl eo Discuss the q u estio n s with
a partner.
d)
b)
c)
d)
3
1 Past facts
Whi ch ve,rb describes d s ta te?
[s it in the present per fect simple or continu o ll s?
Which ver b describes a conri nu ous or repea ted ac ti o n ?
Is it in the prescnt pe rfect si mple or co ntinuolls?
Complete these sentences with the presen t pe rfect simp le o r con ti nllolls.
a) 1 (stud y) 've beel/ studyil1S Eng li sh for a bo ut two ycars.
b) l (be) _ _ in this particul ar c1ass sincc September.
c) 1 (know) _ _ 111y Engli sh tedd,cr for a few !l1onths.
d) 1 (hdve) _ _ this textbook since 1 started the course.
e) 1 (use) _ _ the same English dictioIldry for a collple (lf years.
f) 1 (wd nt) _ _ to lea m ltalia n s inee l first v is ited Italy.
Change the time expressions if necessary so that the sentences are aD t rue for you.
4
Find out how long your partner has been doing the things in Exercise 3. Ask
questions beginning How long ...
'How long llave you [¡e['11 sludljiilg English ?'
5
page 142. Read the explanations and do the exercises.
Pronunciation
1
Underline the two stressed words in each line of the cha nts.
A
Ho\\'
How
How
H ow
2
lon g
long
long
long
B
H oY\'
How
How
How
h as s hc been cCJo king?
has she been clea ning?
ha s sh e bcen shop ping?
have yOll been sleeping?
lo ng
long
long
long
hd S h e bee n readin g ?
has he beell playing?
has he becn eating?
ha ve yo u bccn wa iting?
3.06 Listen, check and repeat the chants.
S e king
1
Write the name of .. .
a ) a café or bm you gQ to
b) a neighbour yOLl know
e) d type of mu s ic yO ll like
d) the Imuse yo u li ve in
2
e)
<1 subjeet you are interc.s ted in
d TV progra mJll c you wa tch
g) a favourite p osscssion yo u have
h) th e pl ace yo u work or s tudv
f)
Use the underlined v erbs in Exercise 1 an d write sentences to descri be
how 1011g each activity has continued. Tel l yo ur p a rtner.
Tve bC1'1l goinS lo tire mfé 'Les Dcux Mago ls' sil/Ce! 2004.'
Tve kllOll'll I/7lj lleigh!Jou r, Nlax, .(¡l r six yca ro .'
Smile
-
Ultll
.11
81
hrases
1
Work with a partner. Read conversations a-e. Who's getting married?
Adam: I'm going to propose to Dawn
tonight.
Ha rry : Do you think she'll say yes?
Adam: 1 hope so. Keep your arms /
legs / fingers crossed for me.
Dawn: Have you seen Adam?
Harry: Yes, he was with a beautifu l
blond woman.
Dawn: What?
Harry: l'm just pulling your hair / leg
teeth. He's over there.
Dawn: That's not funny.
Beth: Wow! 1 lo ve your ringo Are they
real diamonds?
Dawn: Of course!
Beth: 1 bet it cost an eye and an ear /
an arm and a leg / an eye and
a tooth.
Dawn: Probably. Adam's a very generous
mano
Dawn: Can you give me a hand /
a finger / an arm?
Adam: OK, what do you want me to do?
Dawn: Help me to write these wedding
invitations.
Adam: Oh, OK.
Beth: What are you wearing to Dawn
and Adam's wedding?
Emma: I'm not invited.
Beth: Why not?
Emma: My husband doesn't see cheek to
cheek / head to head / eye to eye
with Adam.
2
Underline the corred alternative to complete the highlighted useful phrases.
3.07 Listen to the conversations and check your answers.
3 Match the useful phrases
(a-e)
with their meanings (1-5).
a) Keep yaur finge rs eros sed far me. - ....
",
b) It eost an arm and a lego
e) J'm pulling you r leg o
. .... d) Can yo u give me a halld?
e) He doesn't see eye to eye with him.
1
2
3
4
5
It was ex pensive.
H e doesn't get on we1J with him.
Wish me luck.
l'm jaking.
Can yo u help me?
3.08 Listen and repeat the use fui phrases.
4
82
r~
___ _I U-";==­
___
--=~
~ _, 1 :
Work with your partner. Write a conversation including at least two of the useful
phrases from Exercise 3.
Smile
~
ocabuLary Extra
Parts of the body
1
Match the pictures with the words.
L4 i ankle
L
e
---,
LJ
knce
bot tom
[J
lip
check
[l
nail
ehest
neek
ehin
shoulder
~Jbow
stolllaeh
finger
thumb
J
forehead
r-'
heel
]
2
hip
toe
waist
[
wrist
Which of the nOU11S in Exercise 1
would you lIot expect to use in the
pl ural when describing somebody?
/Jo 110m, c"csl, ...
Focus on verbs + ing-form or to-infinitive (with a change in meaning)
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.
a)
Don't forget posting / to post those letters!
b)
1 don't remember getting / to get home last night l
e)
He never forgot kissing / to kiss her for the first time.
At last i t' s stopped raining / to rain.
Could you remember locking / to lock the door when you go out?
1 must stop buying / to buy some petrol on the way home.
d)
el
f)
Complete the table with the sente11ces from Exercise 1.
Using rl'l11l'l11lJer, fa rgl't, stop
Examples
----------------------------------------~
2
rel11 embl'r / fa rge t + illg-foTlll: 21 n acrion that somebody did .
( ote : farget + il/S-forlll is nea rly alw ays used with ¡¡cuer.)
fl'l11embl'r / fargl't + lo-infinitive: an action that som ebody is/l.vas
3
4
stop ,. il/g-form: an aetion that has stopped.
stop + lo-infiniti ve: rhe reason \Vil)' somebody has stoppcd
an action.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _- 2_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
1
Se n lellces b aild C.
su pposl'd to clo.
ote: lll'g il/ , Izale, /ike, /o ue, prefcr and ~ llIrt are verbs that ca n take the illg-form o r
lh e lo-infiniti ve, usuall y with little ehange in meaning.
Write yo ur own examples to add to the tableo
-
Smile
_
--
=
-­
I Ú \ H'\t ~T
83
ReviewC
pages 138-143
~
5
Underline the correct words.
Gra
Se n:
Jan:
Sen:
1
Ja n:
Read the statements and then complete the
questions.
a)
Al Go re made a film abont g loba l wa rming.
(Wh a t) l!\Ilwl did Al Co re lI1ake afil m abou t ?
b) The USA is the w orld 's bi ggest pollu ter.
(Whieh eount [y)
e) The UK produ ces 100 millio n tons of Litter ever)'
)'ea r. (H ow mlleh )
d) Ri chard Brans on wa nts Virgin Airlincs to go
g reen . (Who)
e) 730 milli on pe ople tri1 ve l on passe nge r jets e very
year. (How ma ny)
f) The Alli a nee fo]' Climate Proteeti on protes ts
aga inst gl oba l warming. (Whieh orga n.isati on)
2
la n:
Ben:
lan :
Underli ne the correct word s.
a) H e ea n' t talk now. He has / 's having lun ch.
b) r love ea rs. 1 have / 'm having tw o Fe rra ri s.
e) Th ey believe / 're believing in C odo
d) YOtt look like / 're looking like )'our l11um .
e) We tllink / 're thinking of writing a boo k.
f) She thinks / 's thinking Beyoncé is g rea t.
3
Ben:
6
Make sentences t1sing tite present perfect simple o r
continuous with jor or sillee.
a)
They' re li ving in r ranee. Thcy moved the re in
2005. (sinee)
They 'vc bcen living in Fran ce sil/ce 2005.
b) We' re Jea rning the vioJin . We s tarted two m onths
ago . (for)
e) She w ants to be a ve t. She dec.ided this wh e n she
was s ix. (since)
d) He' s stud ying Chinese. He startcd ayea r ago. (fo r )
e) I kn ow him. 1 met him w hen we werc a t seh ool.
(sin ee )
f) She ha s a m o to rbike. She bOll g ht it three weeks
ago . (fo r)
Complete the sentences about the future. Use the
present continuous for a rrangements or (be) going fo
for intentions.
a) 1 (see) 'In sct'Íng a fr iend after lun ch .
b) 1 (vi sit) _ _ Ne w Yo rk one da y.
e) 1 (go) _ _ on holida)' w ith my famiJ)' next
rnonth.
d) My parents (co me) _ _ to m)' house thi s
evening.
e) 1 (bu )') _ _ a lo tter)' ticke t thi s weekend.
f) 1 (h a ve) _ _ él mea l w ith m )' friend s o n Frid ay.
7
Spot the mistake! Cross out the incorrect sentence.
Tick tite s tatements that are true for you. Compare
with a partner.
4
Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets
in the il1g-form or tite to-infinitive.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
[ enjoy (wa lk) walking in the ra.in.
I' ve d eeided (take) _ _ IIp a ncw sport.
I'rn not look ing f()nva rd to (do) _ _ m y exa rn s.
1 want (go) _ _ to Chin a one day.
I d on 't often waste tim e (wa tch) _ _ TV.
[need (spend) _ _ less time at wo rk.
Tick the statem ents that are true for you . Compare
with your partner.
84
Rfvt~w
Wh at was yo ur sehool like?
It was ve ry stri ct.
(1 ) Could you / D id )'ou
have to ,;vcar a uni fo nn ?
Yes, we d id. We (2) couldn't /
sltouldn't \",ea r a ny o the.r
clothes. We (3) should /
had to wear OlLr uni fo nn s
all the time.
We (4) shouldn't /
didn't Itave to \,v ear a
uniform at ou r sehool.
Oh, really?
Ves, but 1 thin k ehil d ren
(5) couId / sltould wea r
a uni fo rm oIt' s bctte r­
cvcryone looks the sa m e.
Well, you (6) mustn't /
couldn't tc ll anyo ne, but
[ ac tu aIly enj oycd wea rin g
m y u nitorm!
a)
Who li kes Ceo rge Clooney?
b)
\VLo aot s lik, Gr O!", ' (' Ioo!!( v?
2
a ) Don ' t wo rry - 1 believc yo u .
b) Don' t wo rr)' - J' m believin g yo u.
3
a)
4
a)
b)
5
a) I'm lonking fo rwa rd to m eetin g yo u.
b) [' m look ing fo rward to meet yO Ll .
Ó
a)
b)
We' re vísiting the USA OlW d ay.
b) We' re goin g to visi t the USA eme d a
Dí d yo u had to cl ean yn u r room ?
Did yo u ha ve to clea n yo ur room?
She' s been he re sinee tour vea rs.
She's been he re fo r fo ur \'ears.
4
rv
1
avo id
tid )'
Complete the text with the words in the box .
a tion
away
buzzing
sWé1rming
wa y
part
Complete the conversation with the words in the box.
Ro!:>e :
Teache r:
Rose:
Teacher:
Earl ier today the centr of London was (1) buzzin;.;
w ith activity "vhen a mil li on people too k (2) _ _ in a
de m onstration. As protestors made their (3) _ _ from
Jubilee arde ns to 1rafalgar quare, one or tv" smal l
groups broke (4) _ _ from the main gro llp a nd made
troubl e. How ver, it was mostly a peaceful protes t. The
city centre was (5) _ _ with people carry in g banners
with (6) _ _ <;aying ' Peace l ' The prote tors ga thered
und r 'e lson's olumn and d manded urgent (7) _ _
o n g lobal pea ce.
Rose:
Teacher:
Rose:
Teacher:
Rose:
5
DJlti-lluclear powcr.
b) aga inst / in the city / using big cars / I'm
e) feel stro ngl), / g lobal / 1/ warm ing / about / don't
d) in favour / more mo ne)' / uf / ¡'m / for far mers
e) abo ut / politics / reall y care / don't / r
f) 1 / wild a nima ls / 'u pport / the protection of
6
Match the two halves of the statements.
a) 3
[)) .. .
a) Lots of )'o ung peop le want ...
b) More people are training to be ...
c) lt' s not ('asy to pass ...
d) A good educa ti on doesn' t cos t .. .
e) University students llsll a lIy m ve .. .
f)
Parents play a n im portant . ..
1
2
3
4
:;
6
full
rosy
squ3re
thick
,hite
Complete the character adjectives.
e)
f)
- nd - p - nd - nt
1- y- I
g)
III )1st _1'_ _ _
h) s _ lf_sh
Pronunciati
1
Look at some words from Units 7-9. 5ay the words
and add them to the tableo
affectionate ~ be lieve biology
cocJident EtH4y d g n:e democracy
earlier eyeb rows fo rehead
pointed
responsible soc iabl e s u pport
tOuriSlll
actors an d singers tha n e ver before.
much mo ney.
to beeome celebrities.
exa ms at school o r univ e rs it)'.
role in their children's ed uca ti o n.
into s tudent accommodatiün .
Tick the statements that are true for your country.
Compare with your partner.
IOW li sten, Ro e . l'd like to see you make
m o re of a n (1) effort. You know, yo u have a
brilliant (2) _ _ a head of yo u.
Yes, Mi ss .
Rose, J think yo u and 1 have a lot in (3) _ _ .
Yes, Miss .
I was like yO L! when I was yo ur age. We
share th e sa lll e (4) _ _ , don't we?
Ye, Miss.
OK, pleas try to (5) _ _ getting into
trouble - and pleas keep yo ur d esk clean
a nd (6) _ _ .
Yes, Miss.
Good. ['ve enjoyed our lit tle chat.
Ycs, Miss.
a) ambitious
b ) b_ss)'
c) c- nf_ d_ nt
d) _ _syg_ _ng
Tick the statements you agree with. Compare with
a partner.
3
opinions
Tony is a taIl man with s hort, (1) curly hair a nd blue
eyes. He has fairl y (2) _ _ eyebrovvs a nd (3) _ _
lips . He probabl y works utsid e, because his cheeks
are (4) _ _ . He' s very handsome and has a (5) _ _
ch in and (6) _ _ teeth.
power / anti- / l'm / nucl ear
I 'm
e#eH
Complete the descriptiol1 with the words in the box.
EtH4y
Put the words in the correct orde r.
a)
common
slogans
Teache r:
2
career
A: Do
cu rly
2
B: oD
I
c: Doo
D: oDoo
¡:o /'lfident
a[fuJ io 11 ate
Underline the stressed syllable in each word.
3.09 Listen, check and repeat.
85
1
2
Listenin
eadln
a)
b)
e)
When did Phi! a mi Hazel decid e to go g reen?
Who likes walking?
Wh ere doe:, th e family's fOüd eome from now?
d) Why have they saved ml)ney ?
e) What does HJzel mi ss most about her old life?
f) Who works in a schooJ?
g) Where did the famil y go on holiday this year?
3.10 Read the article abou t Phil and Hazel Creen.
T
re n
10
IS
lO
2~
"30
3:;
40
45
'A rew years ago I lost my Job. and
my h(e ch<lJlged cOrllpletely. 1became ¡nterested
Irl green lS!>ues. dnd I started wOITYlng abo u
cllmale change The'1 laS1 summer I decided
I "eally wanted to do somethrng 10 help the
planet. I talked ro Hazel and !he childrer., and we
decided to go green.
Sinee then we've made some blg changes to
our life. I'lrst, we sOld our cars we had two .
That wasn 't a problem because we hve In a
town i\rd :here', good publlc transporto Anyway.
I've ai ways IIked walking and ..,ve·ve all got blkes
now. We've stopped eatlng meat. and stal1ed
eaLing more vegetables. W e dorú go lo the
supelmarket. bul we bu>, and eat road rmm local
farmers, and I grow a Iot of our vege\.ables Ir the
garden. It', greatl \A/e've saved a lo' of money
because we don't buy th1ngs we don', need.
Next week I'm gettlng sorne hens, so we Ciln
have our own eggs. I can't wartl'
'When Phil asked me to make
some changes to our Ilfe, I was a bit ner\/ous. BI[l
I knew tJlat he was serious about It, so sald yes,
Slnee then, life has becn hard work Of COI Irse,
I'm wonicd about what's happemng in the w odd,
but \'Ve nad a very nice, com to~.able. easy Ilfe
beíore.
W her Phtl sdld we had 10 sell fTly CJf. I
eried. 1 "'ate wal,,¡ng everywner~ and I don" hke
public transport. Bu, 1 fTllSS my holldilYs f'lO:' t.
W e always fiew 10 warm Dla,:es hke Ilaly o
Tnatla'1d, bl..tthís yeal' we too\:: th p l.rlln to the
south coas! of W ales. It l<lined all week. It ¡vas
horrible, \A/e eat very hea1thily now, thO\ ,gn.
Belol-e. 1 dldn't thll1k about where our food (ame
frorll , bLlt now I've lea'-ned to ( ook some very
Interestng vege\ables.
'm a teacher amJ. you know, a lot of r 1y
st'Jdents are vely W(f ied about J)e envl--Ol'1m~nt.
I try to teacl-¡ lhefTl wnat ¡hey t.an do lo help
pmtect Ihe pL~net
BlJ! I w ant to enioy Ilíe. tool So, now we've
declded lhat we edil fy SOI"neWllel-e once ayear.
W e're going to Spaln next )'ear. I'm really looklng
forward ~a havmg d. hollda)' in the sun .
Who do you think said these thi ngs: Phi] or Hazel?
a) '1 miss m)' ear.'
b) ' 1 love m y new life.'
e) '1 think we made the ri ght decision, bu! it's diffieult :
.
86
.
-
-
lt 1; Y lE W
Read the articl e agai n a nd an swer the question s.
3
Work with a partner. What do you th ink about
Phil and Hazel's changes? CouJd you make similar
changes in your life?
4
3.1l Listen to the C reen children, Kyle and
Naomi. Undedine the correct informatioll.
a) Kyle and Naomi think that c1imate cha nge
is / isn't él problem .
b) Kylc and N aom i think that il is / isn't important
to ma kc dlanges to our lives.
5
Listen again. Are these statements tnte or false?
Before he lost hi ~ job, Phil was a pil ot. Fa/st'.
b) Kyle says his dad chcln ged clflcr he los t hi s job,
e) Nclomi didn 't wa nt to make changes to her Iife.
d) Ky le says he wo uld like to get el eJf wh en he's
old er.
e) Na o mi 's triends thin k she's bossy.
f) Kyle's fri e nd s think climate ehange isn't
él probl em .
a)
tin & S eakin
1
Read the email from Meg to her friend, Joe. There is one word missing in each line.
Find the missing words in the box aud put them in the correct places in the email.
be but can
should
tel!
for
forward
going
Hi Joe,
have
holiday
J.a&f
'm
my
16$
(j) Guess what! I bought a lottery ticked week , and I won [3 million!!!
/\
I so excited.
@ I'm going to make some big changes in my life, starting with jobo I'm leaving today!
I've decided I'm going to go to university. I've always wanted to be a doctor, my
parents couldn't pay for my studies. Now I finally do it!
@ I'm going to split up with Kenny tomorrow. We nothing in common, and he doesn't
like my friends. I don't want a boyfriend now. I'm going to too busy with my studies!
@ And I'm moving out of my sister's flat tomorrow. I'm looking to that. She's so bossy!
I'm going to buy a house of my own. Do you think I give some money to my sister?
® But l1's not all me, me, me! I want to do something worthwhile too. I'm to give some
money to Greenpeace. But first I'm planning a in a warm place. Do you want to come
to Thailand with me, Joe? 1'11 pay your ticket!
You mustn't Kenny I won this money.
Love,
Meg
2
Match the headings to the paragraphs
(1-5) in the email.
a) Living arrangements - Parasrnph 4
b) Travel plans and other ideas
) Job and studies
d) Announcing your news
e) Re lationships
3
Imagine you've won t:1 million. What
changes are you going to make to your
lite? Think about the things in the
headings (a-e) in Exercise 2.
Tell a partner about the changes you are
going to make to your life.
'1'111 goil1g lo buy a !1I'Il' .flalfor lI1ypnrell ls
<7l1d
me.'
5 Write an email to a friend about the
changes you are going to make to your
life. Use the headings in Exercise 2 to
organise your email.
Money
R (' V. l [W
B
87
Lifestyle
Gramm
will. Future time clauses after when, if as soon as. used to
Vocabular¡ ColLocations. Food and cooking. Cars and driving
iUseful phras s Idioms with food
ino & VOcaoulary
1
Work with a p artner. Look at the photo of Chiako and guess the answers to the
follo w in g questions.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
What time does she get up in thc morning?
How o ld is she?
Where d oes she come from?
What kind of dict docs she h ave?
Ooes she have a stressfu lli fe?
Read the text and find out if you guessed correctly.
ow vtOt to- die; before; yOtA; g-et o{d¡
111
l'i
21t
2
ChicJ<,o- is active anel hea lthy. She gets up at 7. 00 a.IU. every elay ami goes for a brisk
walk . Thn:e times a wee k she plays gatc-ball - a popular national sport - \Vith her fri e nds .
Thc:n: is norhing ul1usual abo llt this , exeept r!lat Chiako is 102 years old. She is not alone
- there <lre hundre ds of ecntenarians who lead health y lives likc this in Okil1awa.
Okinawa is a group ofJalxUlese islands be tween Japan and Taiwan. Ncar a beaeh , there
is a large stune with the following proverb e ngraved o n it : 'At 70 you are still a ehild : al
80 yO ll are jusI a yo uth ; ami at 90, if lile ancestors invite you into heaven. ask them to
wait until yOll arc 100, and tllen yOll might eonsitkr it:
Okinawa ns manage to stay slim in old age by eating a lo\V-ealorie diet whieh eonsists
of three quarters plant food and one quarter animal food. They eat se ven servings of fruit
ami veget ables ever y da)' and rhey stop eating when they are 80 % full. They also keep
physicalIy active the natural way by dancing , doing manial arts , walking and gardening.
In other words , rhey d o the things they e njoyo
O kinawans llave Llevelo ped a stress-resistant personality. Nobody is in a hurr)',
timetables are non-existe nt , ami there is always tomorrow. Hllndreds of peo ple, both
yOllllg and old , go tu tbe beaeh every day lO watch the sp ectac ular sllnsets. In Okinawa
there b always timc lO wateh the slIn ser.
As well as large extended families, Okin awa ns have strong networks of friends. \'(fhen
someone is ill and uoesn't come to work , a neighhour \ViII ahNays knock 011 their <.loor ro
find out how [he)' are.
There's no magic pil!. If yOLl keep fit , iJ yOLl llave gooel friends , a healthy díct ami a
stress-free lifestylc: , yOLl wilIlive longer. Ir 's as simple as that'
Complete th ese coIlocations with words from the article.
a) How often do yo u go for a Inisk wa lk?
b) Do yo u think yo u 1_ _ a healthy Jife?
e) Do you know a nybody who does martial a_ _ ?
d) Do you fce l th at you a re> always in él h _ _ ?
e) When was the last tim e yOLl watehed a spectaeu Ja r s _ _
f) Do yo u have a largc ex tended f_ _ ?
g) Do you have> a strong n _ _ of friend s?
h) What' s yo m favourite way to k _ _ fit?
7
Ask yom parlner lhe questions. Is your lifestyle similar or different from the lifestyle
in Okinawa?
88
U"IT
lID
Lifestyle
listening & Grarnrnar
1
2
will
I'll
Yov'JI
e'll
She'U
: t'll
come back.
be OK .
90 away.
3,13 Listen to a woman
phoning for iniormation about
a health spa caUed the New Li.fe
Centre. Answer the ques tions.
a)
Why does s he want the
info rm a tion ?
b)
Do yOll think her hu sba nd
w illlike her idea?
Wh)'? / Why not?
Complete the questions and answers a bou t the activ ities at the New Life Centre.
a)
'Will he take a fitness test?'
' Ves, he wil/.'
'No, he
b)
' WiU he do yoga ?'
'Ves, he w iff.'
'No, he ((Ion 't.'
e)
'_ _ he have a cigarette?'
'Ves, he _ _ .' 'No, he
d ) '_ _
e)
,Ve'U
hey'll
he have a sa una and a jaeuzzi?'
'_ _ he go fal' a four-ho ur wa lk?'
f)
Will you see her?
{es, I will.
'lo, I won't.
1l'OIl'f.'
he ha ve time to relax in the atternoon?' ,
3.14 Listen, check and repeat.
3
'11 = wiU
"on't = will not)
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions in Exercise 2.
Are there any health spas in your country? Would you like to go to one?
Why? / Why not?
Gramrnar
Future time clauses
1
Look at these sentences from the Listening section above and answer the questions.
:onjunction - ij, when,
.-5
soon as
Conjunction
+
_._-~--
ubordinate cLause
: 'ese nt form
'TIain clause
=
=
As soon as
If
Wh en
future form
+
+
+
bo dinall' el u e
+
M ai n d au e
he arrives
he has a eigarette
h e finishes the week
+
+
+
he' ll take a fitness test.
he'lI be in bi g tro u ble.
he' lI fccllike a ne w man o
"
:.; 1 go, wiU you come too ?
soo n as they arrive,
e'U 5tart.
a) Do the sentenees re fe r to past, present or futur€' time?
b) VVhieh verb form is used in the main c1a use?
e) Which verb for m is llsed in the s ubordinate clall se?
-5
~ J can also put the main
: .ause fi rst.
m 90in9 to buy a car
'len 1 pass my test.
Which of the conjunctions s ugges t .. .
d)
e)
f)
2
it is possiblc that one ac hon vvill follow another aetion?
it is certaill that ane aehon wi ll follow anothe r actio n at some time?
it is certaill that one action \·v ill ill1111cdinfely folIow a no ther aetio n?
Underline the correct verb forms.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
lf there's nothing good on TV this evc ning, I go / ~ o u t.
I' m going to go s traight home as soon as the lesson w ill finish / finishes .
When J' U go / go on holiday next s umm e l~ 1'11 5€nd all m)' fr ie nds postcards.
l ' m going to retire as 500n as l'm / 'U be sixty.
When ('U have / have e noug h mo ney, 1'm going to buy some ncw dothes.
If I get up ea d y tomorrOl-", I think I go / '11 go for él run o
How many sentences are true for you? Rewrite the sentences so that they al'e all
true for you.
3
page 144. Read t he expla nations and do the exercises.
l ifestyle
UNIT
1m
89
a
FRurr AND
1
Look at the photos of Nick's food shopping. Then look at his shopping list. Which
five items did he forget to buy?
2
Look al Ihe shopping list again and com pJete the task.
V((¡DAf>LL~
leMD" ~, Dr",,~e~ , cherr- ,e"
~r<ÁF>e"
pe<Áche ~, MlA, h rDDM~,
tDM<Átoe~, lettlAce , ~p'M.c h ,
c" rr Dt~, c<ÁlAl i ti Dwer ,
"lAbe r~i "e , red ¡>eF>per~,
ClAClAMber, D"io,,~, ~<Árlic
MEA' AND
FI~H
<Á chicke", 5<ÁlA~<Á~e ~,
<Á trDlAt, pr<Áw,,~, ~<Ár di"e5
O,H(R
te<Á, >DlAF> , "lAt"
be<Á",
•
•
•
Ci rcl e th e ite m s of food yO L! ha ve ea ten in the las t three days .
Underl ine the ite m s y OL! rea ll y like.
Cross out th e ite m s yO L! don't like ver)' mu cho
Compare with a partner. What items of fo od are always on your
shopping Iist?
Pronunciation
1
r" 3.15 Listen and repeat lhe word s in colu mn A an d column B. Notice th e vowel
sounds in red.
A
a) le tt u ce
b) o nioIl
c) bélIlan J
d) sa rd ines
e) o J'élnge
f) .. u berg in e
2
"
"
......
_­
B
1
2
3
4
5
6
nut
tomato
s pin a cJl
bea ll s
le m o n
el, .I Jiflowcr
, ., 3.16 Match a word from colu 01n A w ith a word from column B accord ing to the
red voweJ sou nds. Listen an d check you r answers.
Which word do you find the most difficuJt to say.
90
U N
rT
Lifes tyle
Rea in &Vocabulary
1
Read this extract from a web s ite about bananas. Tick the di shes you would like to
try. Put a cross next to the ones you wouldn't like to try.
104 THINGS TO DO WITH A
Click on the dish to see the complete recipe. You can ...
peel them, cut them In half and fry them III butter
boil them in mil k wilh sugar and coconul
grill tllem wlth brown sugar on lop
mix Ihem with rice for a Cuban dish
bake Ihem in the oven in Iheir skin
fry them in batter lo make banana fritters
slice them In half and add vanilla ice cream lo make a banana-split
CllOp Ihem and eat Ihem raw in fresh fruit salads
So you see there's lot you can do with a banana!
2
Read the lisl of dishes again and note down words which describe ...
a)
b)
e)
3
d iffere nt ways o f prepa ring food (pcc/, . .. )
di ffcre n t ways of eook ing fo od (hoi/, ... )
o ne word m ea ning I/of cookl.'d
Write d own th e name oi your favollrite dish. Think .,bou t th ese questions.
•
•
•
Wh f1t ing redie nts do yo u nt:ed?
H ow do yo u pre pa re the in g reclients?
H ow do yo u eook the ingred ients?
Tell a partner about yOllr favourite dish .
S eaking: anecdote
1
3.17 Listen lo Josh talking abollt th fi ttest/ healthiest p erson he knows. Underline
tIte correct informa tio n.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
'Who is the fi ttest / hea lthies t pe rson yo u k now?' 'My linde I eousin.'
' H ow old is he?' ' He's 36 I 26 .'
' VVhat does he do for él li ving?' 'He's training to be an a rm y oHicer / a naval offi cer.'
'W hat d oes he look like?' 'He'::; tall and slim / tall and well-b uiH.'
' What d ocs he do to stay hea lthy ane! fi t?' 'He goes to the gym I runs up m o untains.'
'What kin d o f fone! d oes he ca t?' 'He eats a h igh -calo rie / vegetarían d iet.'
' H as he ('ve r been u nh ea lthy or un fit?' 'He used to be t ea lly lazy I very lInhealthy.'
2 Yo u are going to tell your partner abo ut the fitte st/healthiest p erson you know.
•
•
•
Ask you rse lf the l]u cs ti o ns in Exe reise 1..
Thin k abo u t w}lI7 l to say <1 nd how to say it.
Te ll yom partne r abo Ll t the ti ttcst / hcal thi es t pe rso n yo u know.
Lifestyle
UNJT
1m
91
Reading
1
e ~ 3 18
Read thl'ee descriptions of people's fil'st cal's. Match each d escrip ti on (n-e)
with one of the cars ('1-3).
My
'My first car was a Citroen 2CV.
Someone gave it to me and it was
very old. It used to break down
almost every time 1went out in it.
One day, it was raining heavily,
and the windscreen wiper fell off.
1couldn't see the road! 1had to
stop and wait for the rain to stop .
1used to have a love·hate relationship with that
car - lloved it when it worked, but 1 hated it when it
broke down.'
'It wasn't my car, it was my
boyfriend's. It was a blu e VW
Beetle with a sunroof.
Every weekend we used to
drive out of town with our tent in
the back and drive until we felt
like stopping.
It wasn't a big car, but 1
remember one weekend we went to Paris with four
friends. There were six of us in this little car! 1don't
think we took any luggage, because there wasn't any
room for suitcases. The engine was in the back, and
there was only a tiny boot in the front. But we didn't
use to worry about that sort ofthing when we were
younger.'
'Daddy gave me my first car for my
l¡1 h birthday. 1didn't even have
my dr'iving licence. It was a little
red Porsche with a blue steering
wheel and blue seats. It was cute,
but 1didn't use it much beca use 1
used to prefer motorbikes. AII my
boyfriends had big motorbikes .
iVly daddy used to introduce me to all these nice guys
- lawyers and businessmen - but 1wasn't interested
in them.
44"'.~ \'~,
r:2l
~1 ,.
.-~ l.L~'1
. --.------' - ,~..
;;-/
·(
;It.
'.
.~
. •• - tfS\
~.
~ .
'
~
My poor daddy - l used to drive him crazy.'
2
Answer the questions from memOly. Then read alld check your ans wers.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
3
92
UHIT
1m
Which
Whieh
Whieh
Whieh
Whieh
Whieh
ca r
ca l
ca l
ea r
cal'
cal'
was ve r)' o ld?
had bluc sea ts?
broke d own a lot?
h ad a tin y boo t in the front?
was a 17th birthdJ)' present?
didn't have mueh room fo l' luggagc?
What was the fil'st cal' you drove? DI' what was the first cal'
as a child? Describe it to your partner.
Lif e style
y Oll
re member going in
V abuLary
1
Find the names of six parts of a car in the descriptions on page 92.
Willdsucell ¡¡¡ip('J', ...
2
Imagine you are going to buy a new car. Put the features in the box into the table below
according to how important you think they are. Compare with a partner.
air eonditi oning
easy to park eeonomical to run
environmentally fri endl y
leathcr seats
made in m)' eo unrr)'
large boot
sate1lite naviga tiol1 s)'ste m
s unroof
powerfuJ e ngine
-------
¡ good so und sys tem
ni ce eolour
[mportant
Not important
cnsy lo park
air cOllditiol1ing
rm
used to + infinitive
1
'y fath er used to be slim.
didn't use to eat
- uch.
~e
Look at these extracts from the texts on page 92. Match each underlined verb structu re
with a description.
a)
b)
e)
Did he use to ride a bike?
"s, he did.
). he didn't.
r
'['(lcry week('l1d we L/sed lo dri"c oul of Im(lll
' .. . u//(' wt'ekend ¡(le WCIII lo Paris .. .'
... '
2
' 1 u~ed lo /¡apc fllo ve-Irnlc relafioJ/slrip wi l/¡ I/¡a l cal'
3
a sing le aetion in the past
a repea ted aetion in t.he past
él sta te in the past
[s it possible to use l/sed ta + infinitive to talk about a single action in the past?
2
Look at the sentences. Where possible, replace the past simple with l/sed ta or
didn't use ta + infinitive.
\Vhen 1 was a cbild ...
a) my parents h ad ,1 big old ca l'. my plll't'IIlS [( sed lo lu.7Ut' 11 big o/d cal'.
b ) my mother dro ve me to sehool every day.
c) 1 didn't like going un lon g journeys .l.gQ! ea r sick.
d) one summer \Ve went to Franee 011 a camping h oliday.
e) my fath or neve ¡- washed the cal'. It a lwavs looked dirty.
f) w hen 1 le ft hom e my pan:nts so ld tbe ca r and bought a s maLler one.
Change the sentences so that they are true for you. Compare your sentences with a partner.
3
Student A: page 119 Student B: page 124
4
page 144. Read the explanations and do the exercises.
Sp akin : an dote
1
3.19 Listen to Patti talking about her dream car. Underline the correct information.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
'What kind o f cal' is it?' ' A Chevrolet / Jaguar.'
'1s it a modern cal~ 01' is it an old m odcl?' ' lt's old / new.'
' What co lour is it?' 'lt's light blue / black.'
'Whélt's it like inside?' ' It's small / spacious.'
' Wha t kind of sea ts has it go t?' 'Red leather / Brown ieather.'
f) 'What kÍnd of mu sic do you li s ten to in yOllr ca r?' ' Classical / Elvis.'
g) 'Who would yOll like to take in yo m car? ' 'My friends / George Clooney.'
h) 'Wherc would you likc to go 7' 'Along the coast / Down 5 th Avenue in New York.'
2
YOll are going to tell your partner about your dream car.
•
•
•
Ask yourself the qllestions in Exercise 1.
Think ab out ¡l'iwt ro say éllld how to say it.
Tell yO llr partner abollt yo ur dreatn caro
Lifestyle
U N 1"
El
93
U5~fuL
nhrases
1 Read and match the conversations
a)
A:
B:
A:
Is he tired?
No, he's fuU of beans / spinach /
mushrooms.
Oh no - he won't want to go to bed.
e)
A:
B:
A:
d)
A:
B:
A:
(n-e) with the pictures (1-5).
b) A:
B:
A:
Hey, what do you think of the guy
over there with the blue shirt on?
Um - he's OK, but he's not my cup
of soup / tea / hot chocolate .
Good - he's mine.
No, 1 can't. Tt's too difficult.
No, it isn't. It's a piece of toast /
pizza / cake. Come on.
No, no. Help! I'm going to fall over.
e) A:
B:
A:
2
Have you nlet Pete's sister?
No, 1 haven't. 15 she like Pete?
No, not at all. They're like chalk and
chi cken / cheese / cherries.
What was it like?
Awful - it was so crowded. We were
packed in like grapes / sardines /
garlic.
Oh dear. You won't go there again
then, will you?
Underline fu e correct aHernatlve to complete the highlighte d useful pilrases.
3.20 Listen to Ule conversations and check your answers.
Do you have any i d ioms like these in you r language?
3
Rep lace the underlined p hrases with the useful p hrases from the conversati ons.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
l think that learning Engli sh is really easy.
1 hate places where yOll aTe with lot5 of othe r people.
My fath e r and m o tlle r a re ver)' differe nt from o n e anothe r.
l'm alwa ys ve ry cne rgetic earl y in the mornin g ,
Go ing clllbbin g is no t sOlllc thing 1 e njo)'.
.' 3.21 Listen, check and repeat the se nlences.
Are the sentences true or false
94
~~~
,
~
--­
..­
,U:H-l ,T
Life style
fOI"
yo u? Compare witb a partner.
oc bulary Extra
Cars
1
M atch the pictures WiUl Ule
pa rts of a caro
4
bonnet
boot
bumper
gear shek
handbrake
n ull1ber plate
sea t
sea t belt
ste~ing
wheel
sunroof
ty re
wheel
windsereen
windsereen \.v ipers
2 Work wiLh a partner. Cover the
words and look at the pict ures.
As k and answer questiolls.
'W}mf's this?'
' /t's the gen ,. s/ick. '
'What are t}¡csc?'
'They'rc hcadligh/s.'
Focus on words used with driving
1
Match the two sentellce halves lo complete the definltion of the word and expresslo115 in bold.
a) Jt you give someb ody a Iift,
b) lf yo u get stuck in a traffi c jam,
e) The rush hoUl' is the period of the day
d) ff yOL! ron out of petrol,
e) If yo u overta ke somebod y,
f)
If yo ur ea r breaks dow n,
2
3
4
5
6
when most peop le are go ing to o r frol11 work.
yo u take the m som ew here in yo ur ear.
you s peed up and go pa st them.
it stops working and yo u ea n' t use it.
yo u ean't drive beeause tl1('re is too mueh traffie.
yo u have no more petrol Idt and the ea r slows down
and stops.
2 Complete the questions with the word in the box.
down
a)
b)
e)
hour
jal11s
lift
overtaking
petrol
Do you drive fast and e njo)' m'ertakillg othor car,;7
Has yOllr car ever broken _ _ ?
Whe n was the la st time yO ll ran out of _ _ 7
d) Do you always go to work/ 5chool in the rush _ _ ?
e) Are there a lot of traffi e _ _ in your eity?
f) Have yau ever given él _ _ to a hitchhiker 7
Ask and answer the questions with your partner.
Lifestyle
. - - - - UHIT
D
95
Ani mals
Gramm:Jr Defi ning relati ve cla uses. Unreal conditionals
Vocabulal) Anima ls. Adj ecti ve + pre posi tio n. that
Useful phrases Polite requests
Reading & Speaking
1
How do you feel about anímals? Do the qu estionnaire.
YOUR ATTITUDE TO
•
anllna
Tick the option that best describes your attitude to animals.
Animals are
oo ,
5
Animal testing
al is OK if l here is no pain
or suHering involved.
b) is essenlial for progress
in l he medical field.
el is wrong. 11 should
be illegal.
6
Sharks are
as importanI as humans.
bl less importanl lhan
humans.
el more importanl lhan
a)
humans.
2
Animals
oo ,
al sholild be respected
and protecled.
bl are useful for humans.
e) are good friends for
humans.
Hunting is
) a popular acl ivily in my
2
Zoos are
al importanl for prolecl ing
endangerecl species.
bl fun lo visi!.
el depressing ancl unnalural.
oo.
Rabbits
8
Fur is
Work in small groups. Di scuss your opinion s.
Which discussion was the most interesting? Tell the c1ass.
'Tl1e disClI ss ioll a[¡ou t 1Ii1l11ber f(¡ ur ;ua;; the I/lOst interes tillg.
javier alld Crislilla th illk Z005 are ¡/l1I to visit, [nlt [ th ink they're
deprt'5silIg l7I /d /lnnat{.{ral.'
96
üNlr
111
An im aLs
oo.
al loo expensive and
nol necessary.
b) fasll ionable and fabulous.
el only for animals - nol
for humans.
'[ think Z005 areflln to visit.'
'[ disasrt'{' . [ think they're deprcssi ng and il l1 l1 atu ra [.'
3
oo,
al cause acciden ts on
l he road.
b) are besl in a red wine
sauce.
are
fluHy ancl nice.
el
oo.
counl ry, bul I don'l like il.
bl a greal spol1.
el very cruel.
4
oo ,
a) dangerous and scary.
b) exciling in films.
el misunderslood.
7
3
oo.
Listening
1
Look at the animals and insects in the photos. Which ones do you like or dislike?
Tell a partner.
'[ hate bats .'
dolp hi n
crocodile
.. rat
spider
frog
shark
lion
bull
mouse (mice)
was p
eagle
cat
snake
horse
2
3.22 Listen to the interviews with Richard, Alicia and Harry.
Tick the animals in Exercise 1 that they mention.
3
Listen again and underline the correct aIternative.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
.... Richard
f)
dog
Richard is allergic to cats / dogs.
Richard is interested in wild plants / wild birds.
Alicia is keen on horses ! mice.
Alicia is terrified of frogs / bats.
Harry is fond of all insects ! all animals.
Harry is afraid of humans ! wHd animals.
.... Alicia
Rewrite the sentences using names of people in the class. How many true sentences
can you make? Ask questions to check.
'Are:'
.... Harry
yOL!
allergic to CIltS?' 'Ye:;. 1 1?1/1.' '1 was right l '
Vocabulary
1
Add the correct preposition. Then complete the sentences to make sorne true and
sorne false statements about yourself.
a)
b)
c)
2
I've never been keen 01/ ¡oot/mIl.
l'm not very interested _ _ .
My parents are fond _ _ .
d)
e)
f)
When 1 was él child 1 was afraid
1 know several people who are a llergic _ _ .
I'm absolutely lerrified _ _ .
Read your partner's statements from Exercise 1 and guess which statements are true
and which are false.
Animals
U.!f,:r
­
----- EJI
97
ulary
1
Test your knowledge of animals! Match the animals (a-fJ with their defining
characteristics (1-6).
An e J e phant ~\
A dolphin
A cheetah
A giraffe
A n a nt
A tortoise
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
2
"
"
is
is
is
is
is
is
2
C)
'"'
4
5
6
an
an
an
an
an
an
animal that ca n last longer wit ho ut wate r th a n aca me\.
animal that can run at 100 kilometres per ho ur.
insect that can \jft fifty times its own weight.
animal that can smell water fiftee n kilometres away.
animal tha t can Jive to be two hundred years o Jd .
animal that can recogni se its ol-" n image in a mirror.
Work in small groups. You have three minutes. Try to list an animal or an insect for
each letter of the alphabet.
A: an/
B: bird C: el/ce/ah
D: dos.
E: .. .
dina & VocabuLarv
1
Look at the photos. Which animal do you think goes best with each description (a-e)?
a)
b)
c)
A n anima l that knew w h en its o\\lner was cOl11ing hOl11e.
An an im a l that loved classical l11usic.
An anil11"l that accidcntally d eleted SOl11e valuablc files on a computer.
3.23 Read the stories and check your ideas.
a Siarnese cat
a rnynah bird
Story 1
Story 2
Story 3
MI' and Mrs Roper live
near London with their
son, Robert, and a mynah
bird ca llcd Sammy.
Robert oflen goes away
on business and he is
some times away for
wecks 01' even months.
He hardly ever gets in
touch witb hi s parents
to tell the m when he is
coming home. Bul he
doesn't need to. Mr and
Mrs Roper always know
when their son is going to
turn up, becau se Sammy
sta rts ca lling 'Robbic' a
few hours before Robert
wa lks tbrough the duor.
Ralph, a bank worker in
San Francisco, owned
a Siamese cat caIled
Monis. One morning,
Morris was unwell, and
so Ralph decided to take
him i!lto vvork to keep
an eye on him. While
Ralph \Vas speaking on
the tel ephone, Morris got
up, walked across the
keyboard of his computer
and accidentally keyed in
<l secre t code that deleted
files worth $ 100,000. As
yo u can imagine, Ralph 's
employers were
not alllused .
rat and Tina were
touring Ihe north of
England by car vvhen
Ihey decided to pull up
in a quiet place to have a
picni c. 'vVhile they were
eating, they pbyed some
Mazart on a CD playero
After a few minutes
they looked up and
realised that they were
surrounded by cows
\Vho were listening to the
music. When the Moza rt
\Vas finished, they pul
o n a pop CD. The cows
immediately turned
J'Ound and walked off.
2 Read the stories again. Are these sentences true or false?
a) Robert aften trave¡ s away fmm homc on bu s iness.
b) He alway s contacts hi s parents when he's cOl11ing home .
e) MI' a nd Mrs Roper never know whe n Robert is goi ng to arríve.
d) Ralph took Morri s to work to ¡ook afte r him .
e) Morris ~ a secret code beca use h e wanled to delete the files .
f) Pa t a nd Tina decid ed to stop the cal' in a quiet place becau se they wanted to sleep.
g) Thc eows turned round and left when Pat a nd Tina put o n a pop CD.
a cow
3
Rep}ace the underlined words and expressions in Exercise 2 with words and
expressions from the stories.
travels away from, home
=
goes muay
Which story do you like best? Do you know any other stories about animals?
Tell a partner.
98
C=~i (i c !ilII
Animals
mar
Defining reLative
cLauses
1
a)
1 know a woman . She's
two metres tall.
1 know a wo man who's /
that's two metres tallo
A vet is a pe rson o H e / She trea ts sick a nim a ls.
A vet is a pe rsoll that
I which / who trea ts sick ani ma ls.
b) A ho rse is an anim <l l. It sllécps stand ing up .
A ho rse is an anim al that I which / who sleeps stand ing u p.
We live in a fla t. It's
too small for uso
We live in a fla t which is /
that's too small for uso
Use who for people.
Use which for thin gs .
Use that for thi ngs and
people.
Two sentences can combine to make one sentence using a relative pronoun. In each
llew sentence, cross out the relative prono un which is no t possible.
Complete the rules with that, w hich and
W/IO.
Yo u use (1) _ _ for peop lc. Yo u use (2) _ _ fo r things.
You ca n use (3) _ _ for peop le or th ings.
2
Use th at to combine these sentences.
a)
l' ve got a d og o[t li kcs go ing for long wa lks. l'vc gol a dog Iha! likcs goil1gfor /ol1 g walks.
b)
l' ve got a ca l'. Jt isn' t ve ry easy to park.
e)
l've got a siste r. She würks in a shop.
d ) [' ve go t an esp resso m ac hi nc. It m akes g rea t coffee.
e)
J've got a frie ndo He li ves in the USA.
f)
l' ve got SO llle shoes. They are too sma ll for me.
Replace that with w hich or w lt o in your sentences a-f. Which sentences are true for you?
3
Correct these ungrammatical sentences by crossing out the unnecessary word .
A pc rso n \.\l ho 5A€ trea ts s iek a nim a ls.
The o nl y a nima l - apart fro m hum a ns - w hieh it gets Slln bu rn.
A name fo r people vvho they are afra id oi sp idcrs.
A pe rson w ho he s tu dies birds.
The scientist \." ho he developed the theory of cvolu tio n.
f) The la rgcs t a nim a l that it has ever li ved .
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
Match these words (1-6) with th e definitions aboye.
2
3
4
5
6
4
5
araeh.no phobic e
a n o rnith o log ist
a vet
C ha rles Darw in
a pig
a blll e w ha le
Student A: page 120 Student B: page 125
page 146. Read the explanatio ns and do the exercises.
Animals
U N J1
99
. tion
Pron
1
2
(~3.24
Listen and repeat the word pairs (o-e). What do you notice about the
pronunciation of each pair?
Words
Meanings
a) bare / bear
b) dear / deer
e) fir / fur
d ) paw / poor
e) tail / tal e
2
3
4
5
.. , Sir or Madam / a brown animal with long legs (eg Bambi)
a Christmas tree / hair that eovers so me animals
em pty or undressed / a large animal with thiek fur (eg a panda)
a eat has a long one / an imaginative story
a dog or ea t's foot / the opposite of rieh
Match the words (a-e) with their meanings (1-5). In your language do you have words
that sound the same but have different spellings and different meanings?
tenin
1
e,,' 3.25 Listen to Tim, Gus and Maxine talking about their pets. Whieh questions does
the interviewer ask?
a) Can yo u describe your pet?
b) What does he / she ea t?
e) ls he /shc a good eompanion?
Tim, 24
Harriet, the pig
2
d) Who looks after him / her when you go away?
e) Do yOl! an d your pe t look alike?
f) lf you \Vere an animal, what would you like to be?
Gus, 12
Hendrix, the spider
Maxine, 32
Page, the hamster
Tick the characteristics that you think Tim, Gus and Maxiue mentioned to describe
their pets.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
He / She's a good eompanion . .1
He / She listens to my problems.
He / She makes me lau gh.
He / She fri ghtens people away.
He / She keeps me fit bceause we go out for walks.
f) He / She looks eoo!.
g) He / Sh€' enjoys doing the sa me things as me .
h) He/ She gives me un eonditionallove.
Listen to the interviews again and check your answers.
3
100
Which of the characteristics in Exercise 2 would you look for in a pet? Which of these
eharacteristics would you look for in a person? Discuss with a partner.
Animals
Gra
Unreal conditionals
1
If 1 was an animal,
I'd be a tiger.
r
Look at this question fram the interview on page 100. Answer the questions.
_ i_f-_c_la_u_s_e_____
He'd stop working
if he won the lottery.
po.
~ain clause
<luid
t-n~,
Jf yau were an an imal,
a)
b)
e)
ln1 rnt e
what would yau like ta be?
ls the qll estio n abo llt a real sitllatio n o r an imaginary situation ?
[s the qll esti on abo ut now o r the past?
Whdt te nse is u sed in the if-clausc?
Replace the word animal in the table aboye with the words in the box and/or your
own ideas. Ask a partner the questions.
I
Yasmina would like to be
a tiger.
2
a
CM
a colo ur
a fietio nal eharaeter
a fa mo us person
Complete the Imaghrary sitllatiml column with conditional sentences so that they are
true for you. Compare your sentences with your partner.
Imaginary situation
Real situation
a)
b)
e)
d)
3
a month
l' m not aman / woman .
[haven't got f1 milli ol1 .
[don't speak English flu entl y.
[ean't f1 y a p[ane,
~
[f
~
If _ _ , I'd / [ wouldn ' t _ _ .
If _ _ , I' d / 1 \,v ouldn ' t _ _ .
If _ _ , I'd / l wouldn' t _ _ .
~
~
[ was a man /wo l11al1 , [ 'd / [wo u[dn 'f _ _
.
Complete these 'moral dilemmas' with the correct verb formo
If you (find) _ _ a walle t in the s tree t w ith f 20, would you g ive the wallet in to the
poliee, but keep the eash?
b) [f you saw your best frie nd 's partne r kiss ing someone e Ise, (yo u tell) _ _ your best
frie nd?
e) If a shop assistant (g ive) _ _ yo u too Ili ueh ehange, wo uld yo u keep the mone)'?
d ) If a friend left the ir bag a t yo ur ho use, (yo u loo k) _ _ through it?
a)
Work in small groups. Discuss your answers to each 'moral dilemma'. What other
'moral dilemmas' can you think of?
4
page. 146. Read the ex planations and do the exercises.
Speakin · a e
1
e
3.26 Listen to Mandy talking about her friend 's pet. Underline the correct
infonnation.
a) ' What kind of a nimal is it?' ' An iguana / alJigator .'
b) ' Who is its o wner?' ' Angus / Anton .'
e)
' Wha t' s its name?' 'Indiana / Iggy.'
d ) ' How o ld is it?' 'Abo ut five / fifteen .'
e)
'Wha t does it look [ike?' ' It' s green and almost a metre long / grey and very smaU.'
f)
' Whe re d oes it sleep?' ' At the top of a cupboard / the curtains.'
g) ' What d oes it eat?' ' Meat / Vegetables.'
h ) ' H ow d oes it get exereise?' 'It goes for walks in the park / runs around the garden.'
2
You are going to tell your partner about your pet / a pet you know.
•
•
•
Ask yo urse lf the ques tions in Exereise 1,
Think abo Llt w haf to say and "OIU to say it.
Te!! yo ur partner about the pet.
Animals
101
ful
1
~ 3.27
Read and listen to four telephone conversations.
Who's going to look after Molly this weekend?
a)
Sarah:
Mum:
Sarah:
Mum:
Sarah:
Hi , Mum!
Hello, Sarah.
Could you look after Molly this weekend?
Sorry, I can't. We're going to London this weekend.
OK, never mi,nd.
b)
Hi, Aunty Vera.
Sarah:
Aunty V: Hello, Sarah. What ca n I do for you?
I'm going away for the weeke nd . Would you
Sarah:
mind looking after Molly for me?
Aunty V: Oh, I'm afraid I can't. I'm, er, busy at the
weekend .
Sarah:
OK, don't worry. See you soon.
e)
Rod:
Sarah:
Rod:
Sarah:
Rod:
Sarah:
Hi, Sarah. How are you?
Fine, thanks, but I've got a bit of a problem.
Oh, what's the matter?
Nothing serious, but do you think you could look after Molly for the weeke nd?
Molly? Oh, I'd rea lly like to help, but I'm afraid I can't. I'm working at the weekend .
OK, no problem.
d)
Sarah:
Mrs H:
Sarah:
Mrs H:
Sarah:
Mrs H:
Sarah:
Mrs H:
2
Hello , Mrs Harvey. It's Sarah here.
Hello, Sarah. How are you?
Fine, thank you. How are you?
Oh, not too bad, dear.
Mrs Harvey, I'm going away at the vveeke nd and I was wondering if you could look
after Molly for me.
Molly? Oh yes, that's no problem at all.
That's won derful!
Can I take her out of her cage?
Read the conversations again and complete the tableo
Ask a favour
Accept/Refuse
Respond
a) (:I) COL/Id you look (~fter Mol/y?
b) Would you mind looking after Molly?
e) (3) _ _
d) 1 \NaS wondering if you could look after l\llolly.
Son-y, 1 can't.
(2)_
Never mind .
OK, d on't worry.
OK, no problem.
(4) _
(5) _
_
_
(6) _ _
3.28 Listen and repeat the useful phrases.
3
Notice the number of words in the useful phrases in Exercise 2. Complete th is
sentence with the correct alternative.
Ir you \\Iam ro
4
be formal nr more poli te, you usually use more / fewer \\·ords.
Wo rk with a partn er. Choose one of the situations below and wnte a conversation
using sorne of tne usefuJ p hrases.
•
•
•
You want someone to ,\'rite ajob referencc for you.
You want someone to help you buy a new nutfit for
You want someone to lend yo u their caro
Practise your conversa tion.
102
Animals
él
friend' s \\'edding.
+
ary Extra
AnimaLs
1
Match the pictures and names
of the baby animals with the
aduIt animals.
n bttell: a eat
: a eo\V
e
o
_ _ :adog
: a hen
: a horse
_ _ : a sheep
2 Work with a partner. Cover the word s and pictures. Ask and answer questions.
'\I'/ /Wl do yOll cal!
él
baby dog)' 'A PIlPPY.'
Insects
1
Match the pictures with the
common insects.
r;¡
l
a n ant
a bee
a bu tterOy
a eoekroaeh
a Oy
a mosQllito
a~d er
a wasp
2
Work with your partner. Cover the word s and look at the pictures. Ask and answer questions.
' \Y/ //(/l '5 ¡ltis.-' ']t's a ·wasp.'
Focus on that
1
Complete the table with the examples in the box
Look at that ea r. lt's goi ng too fas to
That's a lI rig ht.
Thc woma n tha t phoned me spo ke Freneh .
'Nhat's that strange noise?
Where a re the pho tos that were o n my desk? Yes, that's righ t.
Some uses of tha t
Examples
a)
Ihal (+
nOLIll) to refer to a pcrson or th ing
NOT neal' yo u
'Who's that gil'P' '1 don' t know. J've never seell l'ler before.'
(1) Whnl 's I//al strallge l1oise? (2) _ _
b)
1/1111 = l'elative pronoun
lt's an inseet that makes honey.
e)
Expressions \Vith thnl
Hi. I his is Jo. ls that Tanya?
(5) ' Yo u'l'c Iris h, aren't you?' ' _ _ '
(6) ' [ fo rgot m)' homevvo rk.' ' _ _ . Bring it tOlll or row.'
----- - - --------
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -----
2
(3) _ _
(4) _ _
Write your own example sentences for each use of t¡¡at.
Animals
103
Incredible
Gramrr Ir Pa.st perfect. Passives. will and might for future possibility
VOcabLt '. Collocations with do, get, go, hove, make, toke. The weather
Exclaiming
Usefu
1
Read two 'incredible but true' stories. In both stories a sentence is missing. Match
sentences (j and ú with a story and then put the sentence in the appropriate position
1, 2, or 3.
At that time Amy dicin't know th at Ian had jus t s ta rted hi s journey from Syd ney
to London.
b) lt 'vvas a reply from anothe r Laura Buxton, w h o had fOUlld the balloon in h e r ga rdell
225 kilome trcs aWJy.
(1)
A Two Lauras
Laura Buxton was ce lebra tin g her grandparents' go lden wedding a nnive rsa ry, when she
had an idea. ~ Shc dccided to rclcase a gold and w hite helium-filled balloon with
her na me and Glddress and a note attached. In the note she asked tlw person who found
the balloon to write back. Te n days later GI letter a rri ved at he.r home. L.ll.J Both Lauras
were aged ten and both have three-year-old black Llbradors, a guinea pig and J nlbbit.
'1 chatted to Lau ra on the phone: said the firs t Laura. ' J hope IVe can become bes t
friends, because we have lo ts in comm on. We've made arrangcmen ts to meer up.'
B Worlds apart
Amy Dolby took her sea t on the f1ight fro l11 London to S)'dney, Australi". She was going
to AustraliGl to surprisc he r boyfriend, Ian )ohnstone . . . He wanted to propose to
AIll)' 0 11 pt Jul y, becau se this was the fift h annivcrsélry of their re la ti onship. ::::tII They
both stopped in Singa pOJ"e to wa it tor conn ecting tli g hts, but rhey didn't knolV that they
were s itting a few metres a\Vay trom olle Gl notbe r. l.ll...J When Jan arrived in AI11),' 5
hOllleto\V ll, she had been outside his door in Sydney aH afte rnoon. Whe n they found Olit
what had happened, Jan proposed over the phone, and Al11y Glccepted.
3.29 Listen and check your answers.
2
Are fue following statements true or false?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
3
4
::f.¡t;:¡1.,.
•
•
~
UHIT
111
Student A: page 120 Student B: page 12 5
Work in small groups. Discuss the guestions.
•
104
Laura Bu xton a ttachcd he r na me a nd address to a ba llooll. Truc
The two Lamas had never met before.
They had nothill g in commOll.
Amy a nd la n h ad been toge tJler Jor two yea rs.
They m e t w he n they stopped ln Singapore fo r conn ccting fli ghts.
Tan asked Amy to m arry him o n the ph o nc.
Have you eve r rea d Or h ea rd abo ut 'incredible but true' stories like the stories
in Exercise 1?
Do yOLl know any p eoplc (co upl es, friends, coUeagues) who have met in a
strangc way?
Have a ny s tra ngc coincidcnces e ve r happe ned to yo u ?
In cred i ble
Grammar
Past perfect
1
W/¡1'1I lall arrived i/1 AmiJ's hOllletowl/,
You
He
She
Work with a partner. Look at this sentence from one of the stories on page 104 and
discuss the questions.
a)
b)
e)
'd (had) worked
It
We
Past simple
Past perfect
2
/¡ad uecll ollt5ide his door
ill
Sydllcy al/ aftern O(J11 .
Whieh verb is in the past simpl e? Which is in the pa s t perfeet?
Wbich tense shows clearly that o ne past event happcned before the other past e ve nt?
Huw do yOll form these two past tenses? Complete the tablc.
They
Had you worked?
Yes, 1 had o
No, 1 hadn't.
s/¡(:,
Affirmative
Negative
Question
He arrívcd
She I/(Id aeer¡
(1) _ _
(3) _ _
(2) _ _ ?
(4) _ _ ?
In each sentence pair lInderline the action that happened first.
a)
1
2
I had brca kfast when 1got to work this l11orning.
l'd had breakfast whcn 1go t to \York this mornin g.
2
Whe n 1 got home yeste rday, my mum nLadc dinncr.
When 1 got home yesterd ay, m y mlllll had made dinner.
b)
e)
d)
]
2
Whe n 1 sta rted learn ing -nglish, I'd been to Eng land severa l times.
When 1 sta rted lea rning nglish, 1 went to Englancl several times.
1
2
This lesson started w he n 1 arrived.
Thi s lesson h ad s ta rted w he n 1 arrived.
You can use airead!! in a past perfect sentence to make it clearer which action happened
first. Rewrite the past perfect sentences above with alread!!_
a)
2
J'd already had breakfast whell 1 got to work this /lwmillS .
Are any of the sentences true for yOll?
3
Think about times that you have felt sorne of the emotions below. Remember what
had happened to make yOll feel that way.
When was
the last
time yO ll
felt / were
completely rela xecl /
bit depressed / e mbarrassed
rcally frightenecl / ver)' ang ry
ill / sacl / really tired / worried
él
?
•
What had happened?
What had yo u do ne?
Tell your partner.
The last time 1fl.'lt real/y tired Il'as
4
011
Saturday. I'd been out tíl/ 3.00 17.111... . '
page 148. Read t ne explanations and do the exerci ses.
Vocabu ary
1
Underline the collocations with lume, make and take in the stories on page 104.
Then complete these statements with collocations from the box.
have a go
have
él
lau gh
make mOlle)'
take pilotos
take
a)
Everybody sh o uld ha ve a So at doing som e thing dangerous once in the ir life.
b)
If you don't _ _ , yo u won't sueeeed in life.
e)
If you ean't _ _ with yo ur partner, you' re in the wrong relationship.
d) The press s houldn't _ _
2
make a promise
ris~
of famous people w ithout their p ermission.
e)
The on ly reaso n to get a job is to _ _ .
f)
You s ho uld m,ver _ _
if yOLl ea n't kecp it.
Work with your partner. Decide if you agree or disagree with the statements.
Incredible
105
eaain
1
You are going to rea d an article about a special hotel in Sweden . Ma tch the figures in
column A with th e probable meanings in column B.
B
A
40,000
1990
64
'~
= T he veélr the fi rs t ho te l was b uilt.
= The te m perature inside th e hotel.
'-- =
The nllmber o f tons of ice and snm'v used to bllil d the hotel.
14,000
-30
= The te mperature outside the hote l.
= The n umber of roOnlS in the hote l.
-:J
= The nllmbe r of hotel g ucsts las t yeal',
Read the article and check your answers.
THE
COOLEST HOTEL
2
Work with a partner. Answer the questions about the Ice Hotel.
a) Wherc is it s ituated?
b ) What is it built of?
e) What is thc furni t u re made o f?
d) Wh at a re the bed s covered wi th?
e) W h o is the interior d es igned by?
f) H m,.., is it described by v isito rs?
What's the be st or worst hotel you've ever stayed in? Tell your paTtner.
106
1!l[J~rr u;;11
Incredible
G rnmar
Passives
1
Look at the table and decide if the statements a-e are true or false .
Engli sh is spoken here.
Rome wasn't buiLt in a day.
Passive
Active
ro
So mebody
Jl
Were these toys made
in China ?
Yes, they were.
No, they weren't.
s..
]..ct
bllilt 1 the first lec Hotel in 1990.
er
he first lec Hotel . was bllilt j in 1990.
~bJ
Ob¡
Somebod y tilkes l ice from the Torne Rivcr.
rt
ubj.<t
LJ~
v.rb
Ic;'
.rb
is
tak~ fmm the Torne Ri ver.
il) The objeet of an ac ti ve sentcnce becornes the subjeet of a pa ssive sentenec.
b) You milke the pilssive with the eorreet form of be (is, was, etc.) ... él past pJrticiplc
(lIIadc, uscd, c te.).
e) You eaJl use passive verb st ru etures to talk about aetions w he n it doesn't matte r
(or yo u do n' t know ) who performed them .
2
Complete the questions and answers.
'Yes, it ¡Pl1s.'
,
b) ' \I\IL're yo ur shoes designed in Italy?'
'Yes, they _ _ .'
'No, they _ _ .'
e)
'Yes, _ _
'No,
el)
'\!Vas your house built before 1980?'
'b yo ur sJ la ry paid by cheq ue?'
.'
o,itwl1s/l 'I.'
d) '_ _ yo u invited to any parties last week?'
e)
'_ _ your nanw spe lt the same in English?'
f)
'_ _ yo ur mobile phone rnadc in Ja pa n?'
3.30 Listen, check and repeat.
3
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions in Exercise 2.
4
page 148. Read the explanations and do the exercises.
Speaking: anecdot
1
3.31 Listen to Curro talking about the most incredible bu ilding he's ever seen.
Underline the correct information.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
2
'What is the most incrediblc building you've ever sl'e n?' 'The Colosseum / Alhambra .'
' Where is it?' ' In the South of Spain / Rome.'
' Whcn did yo u first see this building?' ' When I was eighteen / Two years ago .'
'When was it built?' ' In the 13th or 14th century / Five years ago .'
'Ca n yo u desc ribe it?' 'The st}'le is Moorish / It's a modern building.'
'What is so ineredib le abo ut it?' 'The location / interior design .'
'How many times have yo u bcen then:?' ' Only once / Four times.'
You are going to telI your partner about the most incredible building you've ever seen.
•
•
•
Ask yo urse lf the questi o ns in Exe reise 1.
Think abollt wha l to say a nd 1/(1((> lo say it.
Tell your partncr about the most íncred ib le building yo u've ever seen.
(ah
1
,
Complete the table with the appropriate words.
~ ~
-0I
I
\
Noun
O) 5 1./11
Adj ecti ve /
Phrase
I t' ~
finel drv.
jl l llllll
(3) _ _
fog
It's (2) _
I It's
dldl.
.
I
les rai n)' I wet.
lt's (4) _
~
_ .
..... ~
.,
.
'\
I
.-
~
I
I I
/,
~~ ///I ~I
(5)
snow
(6) ~
It's w ind y.
It's eol d l
lt's snowing.
Tt' s sto rm y.
freezi ng.
Read the winter weather forecast for th e North Poleo Underline the most likely
information.
~.
The North Pole in ",inter
- .~'
-
~,.
I
It' s ra ining .
I['s wa rm / í1Qt.
2
~
F
-=-2.
I I II I I I I I
cJo ud
11', """ " y.
-
S--..:::
Tod ay \N ill start off extremely (1) "'et / ~ \.v ith temperatures of (2) minus 13 / minus 30
d egrees Celsius. It w ill be ver)' (3) warm / ",indy in the aftern oon, a nd it w ill p roba bly
(4) rain / snow la ter on. Tt w ill be (5) dark / sunny all d ay. To morrow w ill be th e sa me, and
the next d a)', and the da y after. Su m mer migh t be a bit (6) warmer I colder , bu t not mucho
~-
-
-...
3.32 Li sten and check yom answers.
¡;:t!
3
Invent a weather forecast for autumn, winter, spring or summer for yOllr own country
by replacing the highlighted words in Exercise 2. Ask a partner to read your weather
forecast and guess the season.
rammar
will and might for
foture possibility
1
Complete these predictions about the weather with the word in brackets.
a)
It'll defirlitely be dry.
I think it'll be sunny.
It might be clo udy.
I don't think ifll rain .
It definitely won't freeze.
The sout h de fini te ly h a ve bette r wca ther tha n the 110rth. (will )
The soulll will definilely ¡mue beilcr /(Ienl/wr Ihan Ihe 110rt17 .
will happen
,¡',¡',¡',¡',¡'
b ) To m orrow probably be wa n ne r th a n today. (w i1l )
e)
,¡',/ ,¡'
,¡'
1 th in k we have a ¡o t o f sn ow nex t w inter. (w ill )
might happen
d ) It ra in la ter today. (mi g ht)
(won't = will not)
x
e)
1 d o n' t think the re be a n y s torm s tom o rrow. (w ill )
f)
It p rob ably be s o sunn y tomor row. (won ' t)
g)
It d e finit e ly freeze to morrow. (wo n't )
xxx
xxxxx
won't happen
Rewrite the sentences so they are tme for where you live. Compare with your partner.
2
Work with your partner. Use words and phra ses in the box to complete the
predictions (a-ft about people in the class.
d efi nite ly
a)
1 do n' t think
[ thi nk
m ight
probab ly
w ill
wa n' t
_ _ re tire b y the age o f sixty.
Ricardo wi/l probllbly retire by the Ilge of six ly.
b ) _ _ live éUld work in a fo re ig n country.
1 don't tilink Rosn wi/llivc nnd work il1llforcign cOlll llry.
e)
d)
e)
f)
_ _ set u p and run él compa n )'.
trave! ro und th e wo rld .
_ _ write a fa m a us son go
h ave five ar m ore ehildre n .
Read out yom predictions and see if people agree or disagree with yOll.
108
Incredible
din & Speakin
1
Work with a partner. Read the instruetions, eonsult
Tl1e Oraele and find out about your future!
\
TheOracle
I
I
Questions
A: What will the love of my li fe loo k like?
Instructions
•
Choose a question (A- F) you want to ask.
•
Take it in turns to roll the dice with the question in your mind.
B: Willl be famous one day?
•
Find the letter co rresponding to your question and the number
C: Will I travel the world?
you threw on the dice. Find your answer where they meet. For
o:
example: you asked question O (How mony children wil/ I hove?)
E: Where willl be most happy?
and you threw 4, so The Graele says 'One of each.'
F: What willllook like in ten years' time?
How many child ren willl have?
Gorgeous.
Not classically
good-looking but
you'lI never look
at anybody else .
Very fit.
He / She
will have
wonderful eyes.
He / She'll
look like you.
No, you won't.
No, but you'lI
meet someone
famous.
You'll be
well-known in
your profession.
You'll be in the
news for doing
something crazy.
You'll have your
fifteen minutes
of fame.
Ves, but you'll
have to work
very hard.
Ves, for
pleasure.
Ves, fo r
your jobo
No, but you'll
travel in your
own country.
No, but you'll
meet people
from all ov er
the world .
You'll have
wonderful
holidays abroad .
You'll travel
when you're
older.
More than you
expect.
The same as
your parents .
Your career
will be more
important.
One of each.
You'll have a
big family.
Enough.
At home
in bed.
In the
mountains.
Abroad.
Near the sea.
Everywhere .
In a big city.
Completely
different.
Like your
mother.
Fabulous.
Younger than
you are.
No different.
Like your
father.
Not as you
expect.
How likely/unlikely do you think the predietions from The Oraele are?
2
Think about the topies in the box below and use the sentenee beginnings to write
about your life in the future. Discuss your ideas with your partner.
I
famil y children
relationships
possessions money free time
health and fitness
hair Eng li sh
ho use
job
tra vel
['11 definitcly Oo, / [definitely won' t Oo,
I'll probablyOo' / [ probabl y \·v on't Oo ,
[ hope I'll Oo, / [ ho pe 1 won' t Oo ' I think I'!l Oo' / [ don't think I'J] Oo ,
Incredible
109
Useful phrases
1
3.33 Listen to the conversation between Agnes and Betty and underlíne the topies
in the box that they talk about.
1'\
[ polities
2
clothes
eook ing
eelebritiL'S
houses
ehildren
travel
vveddings
Complete the eonversation with very or absolutely.
A:
Oh, look at that dress.
B:
It's (1) ve/}' pretty, isn't it?
A:
It's (2) absolutely gorgeous!
B:
It's Armani. n,500.
A:
What? That's (3) _ _
expensive.
B: 1 know. It's (4) _ _ ridiculous! ... Oh, is
that George Clooney?
A:
Yeso Oh, dear. He looks (5) _ _ tired,
doesn't he?
B:
Tired? He looks (6) _ _ exhausted!
A:
And look at his suit. It's not (7) _ _ nice.
B:
It's (8) _ _
A:
1 don't know.... Oh, that hou se is lovely.
B:
It's (9) _ _
A:
It's (10) _ _
belong to?
B:
Er ... Cristiano Ronaldo.
A:
Who's he?
awfuL! What's happened to him?
big, isn't it?
enormous! Who does it
B:
I've no idea .... Ahh. Look at the little girl. She's (11) _ _
A:
She's (12) _ _
cute.
B:
Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt.
A:
That's (13) _ _ strange. She doesn't look anything like them.
B:
1 kno w! It's (14) _ _ incredible!
adorable! Who are her parents?
Listen again and check your answers.
3
\' 3.34 Listen and repeat the useful phrases. Notiee and practise the intonation.
a)
'!t's ver)' pretty.' 'It's absolutcly gorgeous!'
b)
'That's ver)' expensive.' 'lt's abso lutely ridieu lous!'
c) 'He looks ver)' tired.' ' He looks absolutely exha usted!'
d) ' !t's not very niee.' 'It's absolutely awful!'
e)
f)
g)
4
' It' s ve.ry big.' 'Jt's absolutely enorm ous!'
'She's very eute.' 'Shc's absoluteJy adorable!'
'That's very strange.' ' It' s absolute ly ineredible!'
Work with a partner. Complete the table with the appropriate adjectives from the box.
deliciou s
funny
good
impossible
I
J
5
110
UNIr
n
-----l
With very
ditficult
With absolutely
(1) i1l1possiblc I hilarious
(2) _ _
(3) _
ta sty
brilliant
(4) _ _
Imagine Agnes and Betty are looking at a different page in their magazines. Continue
their eonversation using the adjectives in Exereises 3 and 4 or yom own ideas.
Practise the conversation.
Incredible
Extra
ocabuLa
Weather
1
Match the pictures with
the words.
Noun
Adjective
[9
breeze
bree:y
[l
c10ud
e
o
fog
hot
....­
h um idi ty
icy
1
o
o
.
misty
rai11
showery
stormy
S UIl
C
w in dy
2 Complete the
NOUlI
'_.¿;/_
:.J...
and
A djective columns.
3
Look at the different ways
of saying how hot or cold
it is. Write a temperature
in oC to show what each
term means to you.
cold / ch illy
freez ing
Il o t
ve r)' \<varm
warm
hot
boil ing
boiling = ove/" 30 "e
Compare your ideas with a partner.
Focus on do, get, go, hove, moke, toke
1
Complete the collocation tables with the verbs in the box.
do
2
get
go
have
al get
be (ter
cha nged
dressed
lost
ma rried
dl _
a decisio n
a li ving
a promise
mi stakes
mo ney
_
make
take
bl _
_
a go
a good time
ala ugh
a res t
lu nch
course
research
some homewo rk
the housework
the sho p ping
cl _ _
a bus
a photo
a n exa m
respo nsib ili ty
risks
fl _ _
fo r a d rin k
fo r a wa lk
home
mad
skiing
él
el _ _
Look in your dictionary. Find another collocation for each verbo
Incredible
U I4lT
111
Review D
pages 144- 149
~
5
A: What (1 you do) wOl/ld yOIl do if you (2 win) _ _
flO million?
B: 1 think I (3 buy) _ _ a new cal' and a new house.
What about you?
A: If I (4 win) _ _ no million, 1 (5 get) _ _ a ear
too, but I (6 not buy) _ _ a new house. I like OUT
hOllse now.
B: (7 you give) _ _ any money to me?
A: Maybe. Why?
B: Beeause if I (8 have) _ _ any money I (9 give)
_ _ yOl! half of it.
A: Ahh. You're so niee.
Grammar
1
Complete th e sentences with the will future.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
Jim (help) will help you with your work.
The doctor (not have) _ _ time to see you today.
We (send) _ _ you a posteard from New York.
(Sara be) _ _ hefe again tomorrow?
They (not eat) _ _ at that res taurant again.
(you see) _ _ Liz later?
2 Underline the correct conjunctions.
If / When he likes the eOmpall)', he'U take the jobo
If / When they fini sh dinner, they'l1 go home.
You'll see our house in front of you as soon as / if
you turn the eorne!'.
d) If / When you go to bed, please put tl'le eat
outside.
e) As soon as / If it rains today, 1'11 sta y inside.
f) Don't worry - 1'11 phone you as soon a s / if 1 get
home .
a)
b)
e)
3
6
Yesterday Mike had abad day. He woke up late, and
hi s wife had already gone to work. H e got dressed and
rushed to the station, but when he got to the station,
the train had left and he had missed it. He had an
important meeting at 10.00. But when he got to work,
the meeting had already started. His boss was furious!
a) Mike arrived at the station.
b) Mike's wife went to work.
e) The meeting started.
d) The train left the station.
e) Mike woke up.
O Mike arrived at work.
7
Write questions in the past passive.
a)
your cal' / make / in Spain ?
Was you,. cal' mI/de in 5pain?
b)
e)
d)
e)
Write down three things you used to do. Make one of
them false. Can your partner guess which one is false?
4
Read the story and number the events (a-/J in order
(1-6).
Where possible, replace the past simple with l/sed to /
dúlll't l/se to + infinitive.
When T was a ehild ...
a) 1 lived in a flat. 1 used ta livf' in aflato
b) 1 broke my armo
e) 1 didJl't have a bicycle.
d) 1 won a dance eompetition.
e) my family didn't wateh TV.
f) 1 didn ' t like classieal musie.
Complete the conversation with the correct form of
the verbs.
Use wlto or whicl¡ to combine the sentences.
f)
your house / build / in the 20 th eentury ?
your shoes / make / in Brazil 7
yom jacket / design / by Armani 7
wateh / make / in Japan 7
your eomputer / manufacture / in China ?
Answer the questions. Compare with your partner.
8
a)
She has a cat. It never stops eating.
Spot the mistake! Cross out the incorrect sentence.
1
a)
b)
Did you use to visit the z o07
Did you lIsed to "isil the zo07
2
a)
b)
A teaeh er is a person who works in a sehool.
A teaeher is a person whieh works in a sehool.
3
a)
b)
If you would have a pet,what would it be?
If you had a pet,what would it be?
4
a)
b)
When 1 got home I had made lunch.
When 1 got home I made lunch.
5
a)
b)
This wateh is make of gold.
This wateh is mad e of gold.
6
a)
b)
It might rain tomorrow.
It might to rain lomorrow.
5/1(' has a cat which never staps enting.
b) 1 have a friendo She lives in Australia.
e) I ha ve a phone. It take~ good photos.
d) Where are the eggs? They were in the fridge.
e) Those are the people. They bought my o ld house.
f) She has a boyfriend. He's a doctor.
112
5
1
Complete the sentences with the words and
expressions in the box.
, b"¡,k walk
a good netwock
extended family
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
fit
a ".all")' Ilfe
in a hurr)'
Find sixteen animals in the box. Look
0
R
A
V
'es 1
A
ID
A
S
H
A
R
K
H
G
W
L
I
O
N
F
E
B
M
C
I
A
1
1
~
For a hcnlt/¡y lije I tr)' to eat well and exercise often.
lhaveab ig _ _ .
I always go for _ _ after lunch .
l shoulcl s low down. l'm always _ _ .
It's important to have _ _ of friencls.
I do martial arts to keep _ _ .
2
Put the words in the box in three groups.
Fruit and vegetables
Meat and fish
6
p
D
IN
E
O
R
O
G
T
W
Z
I
R
D
O
L
P
H
I
N
w
A
Q
D
X
B
A
T
M
O I A
T
L
I
F
U
I
Y
O
R
S
J
F
L
P
L
D
E
IU
S
P
I
D
E
I
R
L
U
N
E
O
G
Y
V
IS IN
A
K
I
I
S
E
Complete the questions with takc, have or tl/ake.
a)
Would you prefer to lI1ake money or have él job
yo u love?
b) WOllld you like to _ _ a go at bungee jllmping?
c) Do )'ou _ _ risks, or are )'OL! careful?
d) Do )'OU ever _ _ promises that you collldn't
keep?
e) Do yO L! like to _ _ a lallgh, or are yOll a serious
person?
f) Do you _ _ great photographs?
Other
bCIl 11 S
3
+.
¡-­
L-­
gearu; chicken
garlic lettuce
nuts onionJ
orange
peaeh
prawns sa usage soup
tea
tomato
trout
and
X
H
Tick the statements that are true for you. Compare
with a partner.
~
Complete the words in the recipe.
Answer the questions. Compare with your partner.
7
Use the words in the box to complete five phrases
beginning with It's and four phrases beginning with
1 like.
~
Healthy roast potatoes
1 Peel and wash the pota toes. B_ _1 them
for ten minutes.
2 Ch_p sorne garlic and mix it w ith sorne
oli ve oi1.
3 P_t the olive oi! and ga rlic in the bottom of
a dish.
4 SI_c_ the pota toes and put them in the
olive oil in the dish.
5 B_k_ them in the oven for an hOllr and
a ha If.
4
Sllnny
a)
b)
Tick the statements that are true for you. Compare
with your partner.
snowing
windy
storms
It's rainy, _ _ ' _ _ , _ _ , _ _
I like clouds, _ _ ' _ _ , _ _
Pro undation
1
Look at sorne words from Units 10-12. Say the words
and add them to the table.
a.Ri-mal arrive dangerolls enjo)'
~
#me&s gardening health y holiday lettuce
rai n)'
relax sard ine
terrjfiecl
promise
Underline the correct preposition.
a) ['m very fond on / of chocolate.
b) [' m terrified on / of snakes.
c) l' m not very keen on / of tennis.
d) ['m not afraid of / by spide rs, but 1 don't like thelll .
e) ['m aJlergic of / to strawberries.
f)
I'm very interestecl in / of old French films.
Faffiy snow
the s lln
wet
A:D o
B: oD
c: Doo
lill/ess
2
Underline the stressed syllable.
3.35 Listen, check and repeat.
113
2
dln & listenin
1
3.36 Read the article and match the animals (n-e)
to the incredible journeys they make.
Albatross ~
Humpbaek whale
Monareh blltterfly
d) Creen tllrtle
e) Wildebeest
a)
b)
e)
3,500 kilometres
40,000 kilometres
3,000 kilollletres
8,000 kilometres
2,000 kilometres
Read the text again and find which animal ...
a) spcnds the most time travelling in ayear.
b) travels in large numbers looking for water.
e) dies after it lays its eggs.
d) spends the summer in a eold place and the winte
in a warm place.
e) returns to its birthplaee to lay eggs.
3
3.37 Listen to Dom talking to Lou about a long
journey. Are these statements true or false?
Albatrosses spend H5'y.', of their Iives travelling.
They can even sle.ep while they 're flving .
Most albatrosses fly around Ihe world al
least once ayear and some do it several
times. And what's even more incredible is
that the 40.000-kilometre journey can
take them as Iittle as forty-six days.
Humpback whales are
experienced long-dislance
travellers. They spend Ihe
summer in the Arctic , where
they eal a ton of food every
day. As soon as winter comes, they swim 8 ,000
kilometres ro warmer waters in the Pacific
Ocean near the Eqllator to give birrh. They dOlú
eat dllring rhe winter. There are now arollnd
40,()()() hllmpback whales in our oceans, hur
there llsed ro be arollnd 120.000.
Every alltUl11n thousands ol'
Monarch butterflies start
1 .,., ... < ','~'Ia.·.·
their journey in the easl of
- -- -:; '>: .
;if. '~
.," "~l"~
the United Sta tes and fly west
......
~ '", -..
&.., ~
rol' Ihe warm air 01' l\kxÍl'o.
Some can fly as far as 3,'50() kilol11etres. They
have to fly fast lO finish Iheir jnllrne)' before
winter. When spring comes, they leave Mexico
and trave! back east, where they lay their eggs
and die.
~.
_~il
'I;J" I ,;~ ~t!
...
i~:
~
. 0"
renule green turtles return
theír birthplace ever)'
Iwo nr three years ro stan
:1 farnily. They swim 2.000
kilometres from theír h01l1e in Brazilia t1 waters
to Ascemion blaml in the Atlantic Ocean, They
lay bet\'oleen lOO and 200 eggs on the bcach and
cover thcm before retllrning to the water and
swimming homc.
10
Serengeti wildebeest
spend 1110re Ihan half of
their lives travelling. Every
May, around one amI a half
mili ion wildebeest tI'ave! approximately 3,OO()
kilometres arollnd Tanzania ancl Kenya !ooking
for food and water. They relurn when Ihe rain
comes, in November, and givt' birth.
114
4
Listen again and match the narrative linker with
the event.
.
I,~ ..... ~... ,~.~. "" , ~t
.~
Lou IVent 011 holiday with Dom. Fn/se.
Koh Tao llleans 'Turtle lsland'.
Their journey stmted in the evening.
d) They slept weJl on their journey.
e) They enjoyed the caffee at the station.
f) They waited for four hours for the bus to arrive.
g) It rained aJl the time.
a)
b)
e)
At first_______
1
After an hour
-------2
e) The next morning
3
4
d) FoUl' hours later
e) Then
5
f) Eventually
a)
b)
(,
we arrived ar Koh Tao.
\,ve felt exeited.
it started raining.
the bus arrived.
at three o' cIoek, the
train stopped.
we started feeling
quite tired.
3
ritln & Speakin
1
Complete the text about a journey. Use the words in
the box.
A t first
Eve ntu a lly
The n Th e nex t d a)'
fO llr d ays
Think about the longest journey you've ever
been on.
•
•
•
s udde nl y
Think abou t h ow yO l! wo uld ansl·ver the qll esti o ns
in Exe rcise 2.
Te!! yo ur pa rtne r abo u t yo ur journey.
. se some of the ex press io ns in Exercise 1.
nvo years ago
4
Write an account of the longest journey you' ve ever
been on. Use sorne of the phrases from Exercise 1
and answer sorne of the questions from Exercise 2.
(1) Two yeors ogo we dec ided to d rive from Sao
Paulo to Recife, in the north -e ast of Brazil. We
set off early in the morning of
26 th
Decembe r.
(2) _ _ we made good progre ss . We spent t he
night in a small, friendly hotel. (3) _ _ we
passed Rio de Ja ne iro on our journey nort h, but
some road s had been damaged by rain, w hich
slowed us down. After (4) _ _
, we arrived in
Porto Seguro, where we met up with some
friend s for New Year. (S) _ _
our problems
started . We were driving to Sa lvador when,
(6) _ _ , our car broke down . We couldn't go
an ywhere for three more days while the car was
be ing fixed. After that we we nt on, but the
engin e problems continu ed. (7) _ _
we
decided to turn back. We were only 2 80
kilometres away from Re cife !
2
Put the words in the correct order to make questions.
jOllrney / s tart / you / did / yo m / Where ?
WITerc did yOl/ " fnrf yau r joumey?
b) yO ll / did / go / Whe re ?
c) there / yo u / H ow / ge t / di d ?
d ) di d / W he re / at / n ight / s tay / yOl! ?
e) have / yo u / Oid / problem s / an y ?
f) e njoy / yo u / you r / Oid / jo urney ?
g) joumey / the / H ow / lo ng / ta ke / did ?
h ) yo u / Wo uld / aga in / it / d o ?
a)
Which questions were answered b y the text?
I Have A Oream
115
Pa irwork: Student A
Unir
1 UK quiz
You are going to ask Student B sorne general knowledge questions about the UK.
•
Complete the questions ""ith \IVlwt, Which, Who, Where or How.
•
Ask Student B the questions and give the three possible answers (a, b, e). (The eorreet answers are hi ghlighted.)
•
Compare your seores.
\l\Tfwt is the capital city of Wales?
1
a) Edinburgh
b) CardiH
4
e) Belfast
a) Pr hlcess A nn
a) Buekingham Palaee
b) The Tower of London
e) 10 Downing ~lreet
5
a) Big Bill
Uf'lit
b) Big Sen
_ _ pop star is not British?
a) Robbie Williams
b) George Miehael
e) Madonna
is the nickname of the dock tower on
the Houses of Parliament?
3
b) Prineess Margaret
e) Prineess Diana
does the British Prime Minister live?
2
_ _ is Queen Elizabeth's daughter?
6
_ _ many players are there in a cricket team?
a) Five
e) Big Bob
b) Eleven
e) Fifteen
Eight cities
You have eight maps of different countries (a-!J).
• Reykjavik
•
Four eities are marked on maps a-d. Describe
to Student B exactly where these eitíes are.
•
Student B will describe the loca tíons of the
other four eities (e-li). Mark them on your maps.
•
Compare your maps with Student B.
Un it 3
Japan
France
South Korea
Iceland
Spain
Egypt
Australia
Czech Republic
What were )'ou doing yesterday?
Find out if you were doing the same things at the same times as Student B yesterday.
•
Complete the sentenees in the Me eolumn deseribing what you were doing yesterday at those times.
•
Ask Student B questions beginning: What wel'c ... ? and complete the StudclIl B eolumn.
Studcnt A: What WCI'C' yOLl doing at 6.00 a.m?
Studcnt B: J was slccping.
•
Were yOl! doing the same thing
01'
different things?
Me
Student B
a) At 6.00 a.m. 1 was
He / She was
b) At 7.30 a .m. 1 ,,,,as
e) At 10.00 a.m . 1 was ____
d) At 1.00 p .m. 1 was _ __
e) Al 6.00 p.m. 1 was _ _
f) At 11.00 p.m. 1 \Vas _ _
116
:
l'
,,':1 R'Wo' Rk:
- $ -T' 1l
ii· i~·N.rr:·- m
.1 = We were doing the same thing
)( = We were doing different things
Unit
What's happening in your lile?
How much do you know about what's happening in Student B's life at the moment?
•
Write sentences in the affirmative or negative according to what yOll think.
•
Ask Student B questions to ch eck if you were right or "vrung.
SllIde¡¡1 A: Art' you Iryil1g lo givl:' up slnoking ? Sludelll B: Ves, 111111.
SIl/den! A: 1 was right!
Student B's name:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
.1
try to give up s moking He/Shc is Iryil1g lo giue up smoking.
learn to type _ _
write a book
look for a new place to live
apply for jobs _ _
leam to dance
Unit
= 1 was right! X = 1 was wrong!
.1
Trivia quiz
You and Student B each have six trivia questions. You have the correct answers to Student B's
questions in the box below. Student B has the correct answers to your questions.
•
Look at the trivia questions in the tabl e and guess the answers.
•
Complete the My guess column with your ideas.
•
Ask Stlldent B the questions and complete the Correet all5wer column.
•
Compare yOllr guesses w ith the eorrect answers. How good or bad were your guesses?
Trivia questions
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Correct
answer
My
guess
How fast can a dolphin swim?
How much money did JK Rowling (author of Hany Poller) earn in 2005?
How maJl y words does a woman s peak in a normal day?
What percentage of the body's energy does the brain use?
What is the longest distance ever travelled in a \,v heelchair?
What is the highest rugby seore ever recorded?
Answers to Student B's questions
nit 6
105 km / h
$93,820,000
2,175
2%
4,203 km
9-0
J
Experiences
What experiences has Student B had?
•
•
Write Stlldent S's name in the space below.
Write sta tements (a-s) that you think are true.
(Student B's name) ...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
break hi s / her leg
Ana /¡a~ (l1eva) broken her¡cg.
sing karaoke
ride a horse
go fishing
drink whisky
buya painting
•
•
Write questions to check yOtlr statements.
Ask Student B the questions,
Questions
.1 = I'm right!
X = I'm wrong!
Haue yau ever broken your ¡eg}
g)
117
·
nn
Your perfect week
I
Imagine that next week is going to be your perfect week.
•
Fill in ya ur di a r)' pa ge below with t'vVO a ppointm e nts each day. Use )'our imagin ation!
•
IncJud e three i1etiviti es th at )' OU would likc to do w ith Stud ent B.
•
Ask Stud ent B if he o r she is free to join yo u a t those times.
•
DisCllss othe r p ossiblc times and no te the final arra ngements.
A : Would you l ikc lo go sJ¡oppillg 01/ MO ll dny nflerl1ooll?
B: "Jo, Ihnllks . 1' 111 11IwillS 17 eup 01 1m wit/I David Bccklinll1.
A: H(J(( l (l/mili T/llImlny aflL'/'110011?
B: Oh, yL'~ . I'd 1011L' lo.
SIl/delll
Sludelll
Sludelll
Sl lIdclll
MONDAY
19 th
Tl-lVRSDAY
.\ .1\1.
'~ "\'1.
l' .\1.
1'..\1.
E VEN l :-.i(;
Ev b'1/Ii'i( ;
TOESDAY
- -- ­
20 th
---
FRJDAY 2yd
,\.\1.
'vl.
A.•
P.M.
I'..\-/.
EVENIN(;
-----
WEDNESDAY
EVENINC;
---.......,
21 sI
........
SATURDAl'
,\ . \ \:
-
--­
24 1J I
A.M .
1' . \1.
p ..\./.
EV E1\ I N(;
Unit
"-­
22 'ld
E VEt'IJ,'\( ;
Sehool obligations
You are going to talk about things you had to do and things you didn't have to do when
you were at sehoo!.
•
Compl ete the sentences in the Me eolumn w ith 1 hl7d lo o r] didll 'l hm>e lo.
•
Ask Stud ent B questi ons beginning Oid yOl/ hnve lo ... a nd compl ete the Stud ent B colu111n.
Sludflll A : Did you l/a ve lo get up /lelo re 7.0() n.II1.?
•
Compare your cxpe ri e nces. Wcrc they the
Sélme
Stlldcllt B: )'¡?S, 1 did .
o r d iffe ren t?
Me
Student B
I
--1
I
a)
_ _
b)
e)
wa lk to seh ooJ.
_ _ lea rn En g li s h.
d)
118
~
ge t up before 7. 00 a .m .
w ea r
él
Sdlool uniform o
e)
_ _
turn off my mobile phone in elass .
f)
_ _
d o homework ever)' ni ght.
---'.1'- A-l · R~.W'· (¡-¡' )c.
S'J' ~
D E ~N '1
11
He/Slic _ _
.1 = The same
X = Different
Unit 9
Spot the differences!
•
Look at pictures 1 and 2. Student B has the same faces, but there are two small differences in each face.
•
Describe the
[WO
faces to Student B and Eind the two differences in each picture.
Studellt A: In the jirst picture it's a man's jace. He ¡¡as a beard. He has straight hair ...
Student B: 111 l17y picture he has curly hair.
•
Look at pictures 3 and 4. Student B has the same faces, but there are t"vo small differences in ea eh face .
•
Listen to Student B describing the two faces and find the two diHerenees in each picture.
Studellt B: 1/'1 the third picture it's a womall's jace. She has dark hair. She has blue eyEs ...
Studellt A: In 111!J picture she has browl1 eyes.
1
•
•
Ten years ago
Think about your life ten years ago.
Write six sentenees - five true and one false - describing ways in whieh your ¡ife was different then.
Choose from the topies below or use yOU1: own ideas.
car cJothes favourite actors friends going out
music sehool sport TV programmes
hair styles
hobbies
holidays
]
1 ¡¡scd to 17avc a red FerrClri. 1used to wcar ArmCll1i sllits. 1 [.{sed to ...
Read al! your sentences. Student B guesses whieh sentenee is falseo
Compare your lives then and now. How similar were your ¡ives ten years ago?
119
1
Animal definitions
You are going to read out three definitions of sorne common Englis_h expressiolls.
The definitions with crosses are false, and the one with a tick is true. Studellt B has to
guess which definition (1, 2 or 3) is the correct one.
•
•
•
Complete o ne fa lse d e finition fo r cach cx pression . Use your imag ina tion!
Read o ut your tbree d e finition s ¡md see if Stud ent B ca n g u ess whi ch o ne is co rrecto
The n li s ten to Stud ent B's ex pression s a nd g uess which of hi s/ he r d efinitions is co rrecto
a)
A 'fat cat' is . ..
som ebo d y "vho is hi gh up in th e wo rld o f bu siness . .1
2
som ebod y w h o need s to go on a diet. X
3
so mebod y wh o _ _ . X
b ) A p erson wh o's ' chicken ' is ...
c)
d)
e)
]
somebod y wh o _ _
2
som ebody who i5n' t brave o .1
3
somebod y \·v h o ta lks a lo t. X
. X
A ' white elephant' is .. .
1
a gift tha t is ve ry unus ual a nd va lu abl e. X
2
a gift that yo u d o n' t wa nt because yo u d o n' t know w h at to d o w ith it. .1
3
a gift tha t is _ _ . X
A 'ratty' pe rson i5 .. _
1
somebody who is easil y annoyed . .1
2
somebod y who d oesn' t dress very wel!. X
3
somebod y who
. X
A p e rson who 'bugs' yo u is ...
som e bo d y who imi tates yo u. X
2
som ebody w bo
3
som ebod y wh o a nn oys yo u . .1
. X
Emily and Peter
You are going to complete a story about Emily and Peter. You have parts of the story.
Student B has other parts.
•
•
•
Di ctate yo ur p arts of th e story to Student B.
Li ste n and w rite d ow n Stud en t B's parts of the story.
Compare yo ur co mpl eted tex ts. Th ey s ho uld be ide n tica!.
t
A clairvoyant had once told Emily Bro wn that
she would meet her husband when she was 2l.
She was _ _
Gne day, she tapped the text message, 'Do you
want to talk?' into her mobile. She t hen
invented a number and sent the mess age.
She didn 't know _ _
He phoned Emily, and they chatted =or ab out an
hour. They found that they had lots in co mmon
and made arrangements to meet.
They _ _
120
Pa irwork: Student B
UK quiz
You are going to ask Student A sorne general knowledge questions about the UK.
•
Complete the questions with WI/at, Wllieh, IVI !O , lA/ITere or Ha lL' .
•
Ask Student A the qucstions and g ive the three pass ibl e an wers (a, b, e). (The eorreet answers are high.lighted .)
•
Compare
1
2
)'O Llf
seores.
What is the population of the UK?
_ _ was Robin Hood's enemy?
a) 40 millian b) 60 mil1ic n
e) 100 millian
a) The Sheriff of Tottenham
_ _ is John Lennon airport?
el The Sheriff of ottingham
a) Li erpool
3
4
b) Manch es ter
b) The Sheriff of Birmingham
e) Belfast
5
a) The Labour Party b) rile 0l1servative Parly
e) The Liberal Democrat Party
_ _ is the nickname of the UK flag?
a) Th Unian Jack
_ _ political party did Margaret Thatcher lead?
b) The Unian Jill
e) The Union John
6
_ _ many pence are there in a pound?
a) Ten
b) Fifty
e)
nc hundred
Eight cities
You have eight maps of different countries (a-h).
•
Four cities are marked on maps (e- II). Describe
to Student A exaetl y where these eities are.
•
Student A \ViII describe the locations af the
other four eities (a-d) . Mark the m on )'our maps.
•
Compare yo ur maps with Student A.
Japan
France
South Korea
Melbollrne
Spain
Egypt
Australia
Iceland
•Prague
Czech Republic
What were you doing yesterday?
Find out if you were doing the same things at the same times as Student A yesterday.
•
Complete the sente nces in the
•
Ask Student A q'uestions beginning: vVhat were ... ? and complete the Studcl/t A calumn.
¡\Ife
column describing what you were dai.ng yes te rday at those times.
Studel/t B: W//Ilt wl:'re you doillg at 6.00 a.m?
Studcll t A: I was sleeping.
•
We re yo u doing the sa me thing or different things?
Me
Student A
a)
At 6.00 a.m . r \-Vas
b)
At 7.30 a.m. I was
e)
At 10.00 a.m. 1 was
d)
At 1.00 p.m. Iwas _ _
e)
At 6.00 p .m. I was _ _
f)
At 11.00 p.m. I was _ _
./ = We were doing the same thing
X = We were doing different things
He / She /(las _ _
121
Unit
What's happening in your life?
How much do you know about what's happening in Student A's life at tbe moment?
•
Write sentences in the affirmati ve or negative according to what you lhink.
•
Ask Stl1 de nt A ques tions to check if yOl1 were ri ght o r wrong.
Studcnl 8: Are y rHl Irying la do rnorc t'Xercisc? Slu dell l A: Yes, 117m.
.1 = I was right!
------------------------4---------------­
Student A's name:
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
SIl/ denl B: 1wns rigilt!
tr)' to do more exe rei se He/SiTc is Iryi/lg lo do 1170re cxercise.
lea rn to drive
pl an a trip a broad _ _
read a good book _ __
look for a new job _ _
learn to play the gu itar
Unit 5
X
= I was wrong!
.1
Trivia quiz
You and Student A each have six tri vi a questions. You have the correct answers to Student A's
questioLls in the box below. Student A has the correct allswers to your questions.
•
Look at the tri via question s in the table and guess the a nswers.
•
Comple te the M!J gucss column with yOUJ ideas.
•
Ask Stu de nt A the questi ons and compl e te the Co rreel nnswcr co lumn.
•
Compa re yom guesses w ith the correct answe rs. How good o r bad w e re yo ur guesses?
1
Tdvi, que"ion,
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
[
How fast can a cheeta h run?
How much money did Dan BroWll (a uthor of TiTe Dn Vil1CÍ Code) earn in 2005?
Hmv many w ord s does aman speak in a norma l da y?
What percentage of the bod y's weight is th e brain ?
What is th e longest di s tan ce eve r travelled on a w ind surfer?
What is the hi ghest World Cup football sco re ever recorded ?
Answers to Student A's questions
nit 6
30 km / h
$80,137,000
7,-120
20%
Correct
answer
My
guess
I
I
40, 075.1 6 km
194-0
l
Experiences
What experiences has Student A had?
•
•
Write Student A's na me in the spa ce below.
Write statements (n-s ) that yo u think are true.
(Student A's name) ...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
122
go to the USA
Jan has (neuer) /leen lo II//' US A .
give a speech
break the speed limit
cu t somebod y' s hair
cry at the cinema
forget his / her Illothcr's birthday
•
•
Write questions to check yo ur sta tements.
Ask Student A the questions to find out if yo u a re ri ght or wrong.
Questions
Have you ever been lo Ih e USA 7
.1
= I'm right!
X = I'm wrong!
Unit
Your perfect week
Imagine that next week is going to be your perfect week.
•
Fill in yOllr diary page below with two appointments each day. Use yOllr imagination!
•
Inclllde three aetivities that yo u wOllld like to do vvith Student A.
•
Ask Student A if he or she is free to join yOll at those times.
•
DiseLlss other possible times and note the final arrangements.
SIudel11
Sludr/lt
SludcllI
SIudel11
B: Would you like fa go lo Ihr beach 011 Tuesdny nflerI70011?
A: No, Ihanks, J'm goillg ~/lOppill 8 ¡¡¡ill! Paris Hiltoll.
B: How nboul Wrdll esday nftel"llOol1?
A: Oh, .'les. J'd lo ve lo.
-­
-----~--
-MONDAY
.19th
---
J'liLJRSDA;22 (! -~
0
A . .\I.
l' .\1.
P.M.
TUESDAY
20 th
---
-
A.M.
1\ . .\1.
P.M.
1'. ,\,1.
EVEN1'JG
---
- 1 st
WEDNESDAY 2 ­
.\,\1.
·\..\1,
1',.\1.
Unit 8
Schoolobligations
You are going to talk about things you had to do and things you didn't have to do when
you were at school.
•
Complete the sentences in the Me col llmn with 1had lo Or 1didl1 '1 hm'e lo.
•
Ask Student A questions beginning Oid you /wve lo ... and omplete the Stlldent A colullln.
Studcllt 8: Oid you /wve lo ga lo se//Ool by bus?
•
Stude/ll A: Yt'S, 1 did.
Compare yo ur expe riences. Were they the same
Me
01'
different?
Student A
./ = The same
X
a)
_ _ go to school by bus.
b)
_ _ play team sports.
e)
_ _ sit at the sa mc d esk every day.
d)
= Different
He/She
have lunch at sehool.
e)
_ _ take exams cvery year,
f)
_ _ go to bed before 10.00 p.m.
123
ll., it 9
Spot the differences!
•
Look at pietures 1 and 2. Student A has the same faces, but there are two small differenees in eaeh face.
•
Li sten to Student A de!:icribing the two faces and find the t"vo differenees in each pieture .
. '\ e'F
~
~-
Studcnt A: In the first picture it's a ma11's facc. He has a bcard. He has straighf hair ...
Studc1'lf B: In my picturc he has cur!y hair.
•
Look at pictures 3 and 4. Student A has the same faces, but there are two small differenees in eadl faee.
•
Describe the two faces to Student A and find the two differenees in each picture.
Student B: 117 the third picturc if 's a wamml '5 face. Shc has dark IJair. She has b! uc cycs ...
Sfu den t A: In my picfure shc has lmnvll cyes.
nit 1O Ten years ago
•
Think about your life ten years ago.
•
Write six sentences - five true and one fal se - deseribing ways in whieh your Iife was djfferent then.
Choose hom the topics below or use your own ideas.
ear
r
.
- :
1 ITlusie
clothes favourite aetors friends going out
sehool sport TV programmes
haiL styles
hobbies
holidays
1 used ta likc Miche/le Pfeiffer. 1 used to ga aut with myfrie11ds every Friday lI ight. 1 L/sed
124
•
Read al! your senten ces. Student A guesses whieh sentenee is falseo
•
Compare your ¡¡ves then and now. How similar were your lives ten years ago?
l· - -~",:¡;~~I!r:1i!! .tw=.fut,.A~-,1 inl
.~olil.L~~
..' """ ~;¡;.o~u.
fa ...
Uni 11
Animal definitions
You are going ,to read out three definitions of sorne common English expressions.
The definitions with crosses are false, and the one with a tick is true. Student A has to
guess which definiHon (1,2 or 3) is the correct one.
•
•
•
Comple te onc false definiti on for each ex pression. Use yo ur imagination!
Li ste n to Student A' s ex pressions and glless which of rus / he r d efinitions is correct.
The n read ou t yo ur three d efiniti oLls and see if Student A ca n guess whi ch one is correcto
a)
A' catty' pe rso n is ...
"1
sornebod y wh o is indcpcndcnt a nd a little unfrie ndly. )(
2
so mebody w ho says cruel things about othc r people. V
3
somebocly wh o _ _
. )(
b) A 'fishy' sto ry is ...
c)
1
a story th a t has a funn y ending . )(
2
a "tor)' th at _ _ _ . )(
3
a stor)' that isn' t co mpletely honest. V
A film th ar s cons id erecl to be a ' turkey' is ...
a film tha t doesn't have a famous sta r in it. )(
2
a film tha t
. )(
3
a filnl that isn't success flll. V
d) A ' book worm' is ...
e)
1
some bod y who _ _ . )(
2
somebocly who reads a lot. V
3
som eb ody who docsn' t li ke reading. )(
A ' mousy' person is ...
"1
so mebod y w ho li ves in a small a partmcnt. )(
2
so mebocly vvh o is qui et ancl prefers not to be noticecl. V
3
somebody who
it 12
)(
Emily and Peter
You are going to complete a story about Emily and Peter. You ha ve parts of the story.
Student A has other parts.
•
•
•
Listen and write d mv n Stllclent A's parts o f the stor)'.
Dicta te your parts of the story to Stucle nt A.
Compa re your comple tecl texts. They should be ide ntica l.
A clairvoyant had _ _
She was now nearly 22 and hadn't met the love
of her life yet.
One day _ _
She didn't know that the numbe r belonged to
her future husband. Peter Baldwin was at work
140 miles away when he got the message.
He phoned Emi/y, _ _
They got married six months latero
P A J R W 'o
Ji
1(. :
S l ' u" ji ( N T
125
Grammar Extra
nit 1 Questions. Tense review
Questions
Word order
The usual word order
f O l"
questi ons is:
Question word
(Auxiliary) verb
Subjecl
she
Wh a t
Wh ere
Whe n
Is
Have
does
are
did
they
'niece'
you
he
happy?
¡eh?
mean ?
goül g?
graduate ?
Ves/No questions and short answers
In Yl.'~ / No questions with {7(' you put
'ls she tired ?' 'Ye;" she ís.'
'Were ¡/¡eylate?' 'No, they zurren't.'
17111 / 17 re
I ís / was / wr:re before the subject.
In Yes / No qu estions with the present simple and the past simple you put do / does / díd befo re
the subject.
'Do .'101/ líue iTere ?' 'Yes , 1do.'
'Did Jí ll1 17lld llÍs two síslcrs go lo un iucrsily? ' 'No, lliey did n't.'
In Yes / No qu esti ons with other verb structures you put the a uxiliary ve rb before the subjcct.
'Hnve you heen lo 0 510? ' 'Yes, 1hr/Zle. '
'Can SII l' drivl'?' 'No, she CI71 1' 1.
Wh questions
Questi ons ,." ith Wlwt, Where, How 1111711 y, etc. ha ve the sa me word o rder as Yes / No qllestion s.
YOll p u t a qllestion wo rd at the beginning of [he qu esti on.
Why ís s/¡ e tired? Wh ere do yOl/ líU('7 How mnlly timcs havc yOli bren lo 0 510 7
Tense review
Ten se
Uses
Affinnative
Pres;cnt simple
Facts / ha bits /
routines
He
Completed action a t
a specifi c pas l tim e
She worked
ycstcrda y.
Pres,cnt continuollS
Activities in
progress now
They're working
n 0 \"'.
FuttIn! (be) goíng lo
Futu re plans an d
inte nti ons
We're going to
work at h ome
tomorrow.
Present perfect
Compl eted acti on in
' time up to now' .
Jt's worked
recently.
--Pas t simple
-
126
I
Negative
WO'k'~ He do"n', wo,k
,
I
Question
Does he
o rk?
W(
Sh e didn't work
yesterday.
Did she weo rk
yesterd ay?
They aren't
working nov\l.
Are they
now 7
We aren't going
to work a t home
tomOITOI'V.
Are we goi ng to
work a t ho lle
tom orrow?
Jt hasn't worked
recentl y.
-­
Has it wor~ked
recently?
orking
WI
U
1
Exercises
Write Ves/No questions with you.
Somebod y want to know if yo u ...
a) like jazz
Do yOIl likcjl/zz?
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
can sw im
went skiing last winter
are wearing jeans today
have been to Egypt
are go ing to drive home after the lesson
2 Write short answers to the questions in Exercise 1.
a)
Ves, 1 do. /
o, 1 dord.
Tick the short answer that is true for you.
3
Think of a person you know well. Use the information in Exercise 1 and write
Ves/No questions and short answers with he or she.
a)
Does he /ike ;azz?
Ves, he does. / o, he doesll '/.
Tick the short answer that is true (if you know it).
4
Insert the subject
yOIl
in the correct position to make questions.
a)
H ow far do live from the sehool?
Hmu fin do yOIl live ¡I'OIII /he se/lOol?
b) When did last go to the theatre?
e) What are going to do thi s evening?
d ) How many eups of coffee have had tod ay?
e) What kind of pen are usin g at the mo ment?
f) Where did buy your shoes?
Ask your partner the questions.
5
Complete the questions with
yOIl
and then match the questions and the answers.
a)
b)
Wha t / do? lA/Iza/ do you do? Who / work for?
e) Whieh department / \vo rk in?
d) H w / get to work?
e) When / start \.vo rking the re?
f) Why / Iike vvorking there?
g) How mueh / ea rn?
1
2
- 3
4
5
6
7
In 2005.
On foot .
I'm a co mpute!' programme r.
Beeause 1 love eomputer games.
In the games department.
f63,000 ayear.
Microsoft.
Write your own answers to the questions.
6
Name the tense for each sentence.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
We're stud ying Shakespeare in our Eng lish class. Presell / co ll/ iIl UOUS .
My pa rents na med me after m y uncle.
I' ve reeently lea rn t to drive.
My friends are going to o rga nise a party for me tomorrow.
1 like getting up ea rl y in the mo rnin g.
Put each sen ten ce into the negative.
1/)
lA/e arell'f sfudyil1g Shl/kespeare ill our Engl ish e/ass.
Tick the sentences (affirmative or negative) that are true for you.
a)
We 're sfurlyil1 g Shakespeart:? in o/,{)' EI1g1ish c1ass . .1
-
1_
~ " !I ~ I "
'"
--
AR
E X T R A.t
-
E l E' R e I s
[oS
127
it 2 Nouns and quantity expressions
Countable nouns
Most nouns in English are countable. They have a singular and a plural fonn.
Regular forms
-
Singular
a place
a church
q
city
a leaf
I
Irregular forms
Plural
Spelling
Singular
Plural
two places
Add s.
threc churchcs
Add es alter eh, sil, s, x .
ten cities
Add ies after a consonant + y.
ten thousand lea ves
Add ves after vowel
a person
a child
aman
a WOlllan
a foot
a tooth
two
two
two
two
two
two
~
+f
-
---
---
& (/
or al/?
VVith singular nouns you use a before a consonant sound: a tmul'l, a
YO\l use IIn before a voweJ sound: al1~airport, all~otlICl'.
Illliu('/'~itlJ'
6
Plural nouns
Somc 1l0U,ns are always plural and don't ha ve a singular formo You can't use a j i?lJ or put
a llumber in front of them.
J /lIWl' SOJ/Jt' piilk jmlls. (NOT ) ItIlUt a pillk jWlI s.)
Common plural nouns: c/ot/¡l'S, s/assl's, jmns, knickcro, P{//It~, pyjalnas, scissors, slzorts, sUIIg/asscs,
tights, trou 5l'J'S.
Uncountable nouns
Some nOUllS in English are uncountable. They only ha ve a singular formo You can't use ajaiJ
or put a number in front of them.
We' had /Jad wcather. (l'\ OT \>Ve ¡fati 11 btlti Wtlllltu.)
Common uncountable nouns: adviec, arclzitcclurl', /óod, flmlitllrc, lzollJl'work, information,
knmu/cdgc, /0"(', J/Jont'lj, musie, ncws, tm(fic, tm/l~port, w('ather, work.
Quantity expressions
These are ways you can talk about quantity if you can't or don't want to use an exact number.
With countable nouns: (Oll/Y) afl'w / ((al') too lJIally / Hmu /lJalllj ... 7
Oil/y a lew pcop/c smu whot !mppcllcd.
Hmu mal/y ('mai/s do you gel cue/'l¡ doy?
vVith uncountable nouns: (on/y) a Jill/e j (far) too ml/e/I/ How mueh ... ?
TlI('/'c's a little wil/i' lcft bulno bCl'r.
How mue/¡ !wml'work do ljOli 81'f?
With countable and uncountable nouns: a /ot o/ / h* oll /lot ... I'nouglz
Slze has a lot 01 prob/cms.
He didll't giue 1/11' cllough ill/órmalioll.
too + 1l1/ic/l / m!.7J/lj (+ noun) = E'xcessivE' or more than necessar)'­
1 hmJ(' too I/Iuclz work a/ld ilOt clJOlI gh time.
128
peopl e
children
m en
w omen
feet
teeth
Unit 2 Exercises
1
Write the plural forms for the foIlowing countable nouns.
a) a name l/ames
b) a place
2
e) a menu
d) a bus
e) a family
f) a wife
i) a day
g) a person
h) Lt foot
j) a mouse
k) él cam era
1) a wateh
Put the nouns in the box into the tableo
~
news
ffiHti.
offiee
eity homework information mo ney
problem
tooth weather woman
Countable nOUllS
Uncountable nouns
child
advice
Add three more nouns to each column.
3
Complete the sentences with a/an or some.
J have some maney in my poeket.
b) [have _ _ gold ring on my finger.
e) [have _ _ blaek jeans at home.
d) [have _ _ seissors in my bago
él)
e)
f)
g)
'11)
[have _ _ homework to do thi s evening.
[ have _ _ laptop 1 use for work.
[have _ _ great musie on my MP3 player.
1 have _ _ sunglasses in my cal'.
Tick the sentellces that are true for you.
4
Underline the correct form of be.
a)
b)
What
What
e) What
d) What
e) What
f) What
~
/ are the weather like today?
was / were the traffie like this morning?
is / are the people like in your street?
is / are the furniture like in yo ur living room?
was / were the English teachers like at your seeondary school?
was / were the food like at the last restaurant you went to?
Ask your partner the questions.
5
Complete the sentences with be + a lot o[
In my eity ...
a) there are a lot of parks.
b) there _ _ good nightlife.
e) there _ _ good re ta urants.
d) there
traffie.
e)
f)
the re _ _ pollution.
there _ _ bookshops.
Make the sentences negative. Use I/ot be + lnuch/mal1!J.
a)
Tlzere aren 't mally parks.
Which sentences are true for your city?
6
Look at Paul. What do you think is wrong
with his lifestyle? Write sentences with
too ml/ch/mal/y and not c/1ough.
a)
drink / beer
HI:' drinks too l11u ch brer.
b) eat / pizz as
e) eat / frui t and vegetables
d) smoke / eigarettes
e) do / exereise
f) wateh / television
g) get / fresh air
129
°t
':1
Past simple. Past continuous
Part 1: Past simpLe
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
I!You / He / She/lt /
We / They worked.
l / You / He / She /
It / We /They didn't
(did not) work.
Oid l / you / he /
she / it / \,ve / they
work?
Yes,l /yo u / he /
she/it / we / they
did.
No, l /you / he /
she / it / vve / they
didn't.
--
I
Spelling: regular verbs
Add ed/d after most verbs: work - worked, demonstrate - demonstrated
Oelete y and add íed for verbs that end in a consonant + y: study - stlldied; try - tried
Add a consonant + ed for verbs that end in one vowel + one consonant: stop - stopped; plan - planned
The ten most frequently lIscd irregular verbs are:
1 say - said
6 see - saw
2 get ­ got
7 make ­ made
3 go - went
8 come - came
4 know ­ knew
9 take - took
5 think - thought
10 give - gave
See a fuller list of irregular verbs on page 159.
You can use the past simple as the main tense to talk about past events and past situations,
It's commonly used to tell stories .
.&
-
There is onJy olle past form for every verb except be.
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
I/He/She/It was
tired.
l/He / She / lt wasn't
(was not) ti red.
Was 1/he/she/ it
tired?
Yes,1/he/she/ it
was.
No, I/he/she/it
wasn't.
You / We / They
were tired.
You/We/They weren't
(were not) tired.
Were you / we /
they tired?
Y", you / we / theT
'IO' yuu / we / they
were.
weren't.
Part 2: Past continuous
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
l / He /She / It was
workiog.
1/ He / She / It wasn't
(was not) working.
Was I/he / she /
it tired?
Yes,l / he /she / it
was.
No,l/he/she/it
wasn't.
You / We / They
were working.
You / We / They weren't
(were oot) working.
Were you / vve /
they tired?
Yes, you / we / they
were.
No, you / we / they
weren't.
Spelling: illg-forms
Oelete e and add illg for verbs that end in e: have - having; make - making
Add él consonant + ¡lIg for verbs that end in (me vowel + one consonant: run - running; stop - stopping
You can use the past continuous to describe a 'longer' activity that was in progress when other past events happened.
You usually use it in contrast with the past simple.
1 saw l1er whell 1 was drivi1lg hOn/e.
Tlzey were playillg telllús when it starfed rainíl1g.
130
Exercises
Unit
Part 1
1
Write the past simple forms for these verb sets.
a)
b)
wo rk lUorked / go / ea ll / help
take / make / w ake / ba ke
try / p lay / s tudy / copy
d) stop / p lan / eha t / w alk
c)
In each set, which verb is the odd one out? Why?
a)
2
'go - wen t' i.;; the odd
out beca /N' it 's irregular.
Write the past simple form s of these irregular verbs.
a) teaeh taugh t
b) sit
e) say
J ) kn ow
3
011C
e)
s peak
make
g) begin
h) rin g
f)
fa 11
learn
k) eateh
1) fl y
i)
j)
m)
n)
o)
p)
q) unde rstand
sin k
th ro w
sw im
read
r)
s)
t)
brin g
run
slee p
u) find
wear
w) buy
x) come
v)
y)
z)
meet
think
Use the prompts in brackets to write negative sentences about the past.
d ) J had fi sh for dinne r las t night. (meat)
e) J studied Freneh a t sehool. (English )
f) 1 played te nnis whe n 1 was young. (baske tball )
a)
My fa ther ta ught me how to ·w im. (how to drive)
My fnth er didn 't teaeh me how fo drive.
b) 1 we nt to a sta te sehool. (priva te sehool)
e) My pa re nts ga ve me money fo r my b irthday. (a present)
Tick the sentences that are true for you .
Part 2
1
Write the illg-form of these verbs.
a) come eomil1g
b) ea t
2
e) hit
d ) [eave
e)
f)
play
pu t
g) smoke
h) study
i)
j)
S'vvim
wa ke
k ) w in
1) work
Complete the questions and short answers about these times yesterday.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
I:HIIIII
1:11 11111
IIIHllul
el'III'11I1
nllll'llIl
1
'\!Vere you having breakfas t?' ' Yes, 1 was.' ' No, 1 was lI 't.'
'\!Ve re you driving to work ?' ' Yes, 1_ _ .' ' No, 1_ _ .'
'_ _
your mother workin g?' ' Yes, she _ _ .'
'_ _
you walking around tow n?' ' Yes, 1_ _ .'
'1 0,
she _ _ .'
' 1 'o,
1_ _
.'
'_ _ your parents wa tehing TV?' ' Yes, they _ _ .' 'No, they _ _
.'
Ask your partner the questions.
3
Complete the sentences with the past simple or the past continuous.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
We (move) lI10ved house seve ral times when 1 was a ehild.
My parents me t when th ey (study) _ _ a t unive rsity.
When 1 fini shed sehoo\, 1 (start) ._ _ w ork in a bank.
Whcn 1 looked out of the window this mo rning, it (rain) _ _ .
When 1 go l to w ork, 1 (s witch on) _ _ my eo mpute r.
Whe n the teaeher ea me into the c1assroom, 1 (talk) _ _ to my fri end o n the pho ne.
Tick the sentences that are true for you.
131
Unit
¿I
Verb patterns. Present simpLe and present continuous
Part 1: Verb patterns - verbs with two objects
Some C0111mon verbs can have tvvo objects. Two diffe rent word Ol'ders are possible, but the mea ning is the same.
The word order verb + person +- thing is more commOIl, especially with object pronoLllls (me, you, him, cte.).
I
(direcl
objecU
(incfucd
lIhj¡;ct)
verb
He
+
bought
lent
person
+
him
her
(direcl
object)
thing
a presento
some money.
verb
He
+ thing
bought
lent
(indirecl
objecU
+
a present
some money
to/fo r
+
for
to
person
hil11.
her.
Common verbs with the pattern verb + thing + to .,.. person: give, lend, offer, pass, read, sel1li, s/¡ow, leaeh, lel/.
Common verbs with the pattern verb + thing + for + person: buy, fina, gel, makc.
.&
You can't use the word order verb + person + thing with certain verbs: eg describe, explain,
He explained Ihe siluafion lo me. (NOT }fe upltlillcd mi /lre ~ itWlfi(J/I.)
She sllid hel/o lo uso (NOT 5!rt Mid ti '" lid/B.)
5111/
or suggesl.
Part 2: Present simple and present continuous
Present simple
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
1/You / Wc / They
work.
I/ You / Wc/They don't
(do not) work.
Do l / you / we /
they work?
Yes,I / you/wc /
they_ do.
No, 1/ yOLl / we /
they don't.
He / She / It
works.
He / She / lt doesn't
(does not) work.
Does he / she / it
work?
Ves, he/ sh e/ it
does.
No, h e / she / it
doesn't.
Spelling: 3rd person singular
Add s after ll10st verbs: live - lives; play - plays; work - works
Add es after ch, s}¡, s, x: watch - watches; fini sh - fini shes
Delete y and add ies after a consonant + y: stud y - s tlldies
Irregul ar forms: do - does; go - goes; have - has
You ca n use the prescn t si mple to talk abollt:
• things tha t are always true. He looks like /¡is falh a. Iceforms af O degrees.
• things that happen regularly or a l! the time. He plllys telln is 011 Friday. She neva gels up befare 9.00 a.m.
Present continuous
p ffi,m.tiV'
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
J'm (a m ) working,
1'm not (am not)
working.
Am 1 working?
Ves, l amo
No, l'm not.
You / We / They're
(are) working,
You/We / Theyaren't
(a re not) working.
Are you / we /
they working?
Ves, yo u / we / they
are.
No, yo u /we / they
aren't.
He / She/l t's (is)
working.
He / She / It isn't
(is not) working.
15 he / she / it
working?
Ves, he/she / it is.
No, he / she / i t isn't.
Spelling: ¡lIg-forms
Delete e and add ing far verbs that end in e: have - having; Illake - Illaki ng
Add a consonant + ing for ve rbs that end in one vowel + one consonant: run - running; stop - stopping
YOl! ca n use the present continuous to talk about:
• activities tha t are in progress at the moment of speaking. 'Wl1a t are you aoing?' '¡'rn writing an cmail.'
• activities that are in progress around thE' moment of speaking. Cars are ge lting eheaper, bul house pr¡ees are goi l1g up.
132
Unit 4 Exercises
Part 1
1
Complete the sentences about last Christmas.
Anna: sorne soeks -+ Gra ndad
Amw save Gra lldad 50 l11e socks.
b) John: an MP3 pI ayer -+ Tony
e) Diek: some chocola tes -+ Moll y
d ) Sue: a eookery book -+ Ca rl a
e) Beeky: a CD -+ Eri e
f) Jimmy: some earrings -+ all y
a)
What presents did you give people last year?
1 galle my /nl/m ajoot spa.
2
Underline the appropriate prepositions.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
3
Could yOll send the mon ey for / to me?
She ex plé1ined the rul es for / to them.
My dad bought thi s for / to me for my birthda y.
I' ve told tha t joke for / to eve rybod y!
He d eseribcd the hOll se for / to her.
f) We showed our holiday ph otos for / to him .
g) Ian is getting some ice crea ms for I to li S .
h) They d idn' t say goodb ye for / to uS.
i) [don't \Vant to m ake breakfast for I to him!
j) Ca n you lend yOllr bi ke for / to Sue?
Re-read the sentences in Exercise 2. Where possible, change the word order and rewrite
the sentences without the prepositions.
(7)
Cou ld y OIl semi me ti/(, ///Oney ?
(Nol possiblc to ch17nge.)
/1)
Part 2
1
Write these verbs in the present simple 3 rd person singular.
a)
b)
2
be is
ery
e)
f)
ha ve
hear
g) pé1y
h ) push
i)
j)
say
study
k)
1)
ta ke
touch
Write the ing­ form of t hese verbs.
a) beco me
b) choose
3
e) do
d ) go
cut
d ) fl y
e)
e)
t)
live
meet
g) shine
h) shllt
i)
j)
k) stay
1) wear
sit
sté1r t
Write a question in the present simple and a question in the present continuous for
each prompt.
a)
you / wear / pe rfume?
00 y Oll wcar pe/f ume ?
Are' yOIl wearing pe/fume?
b) you / use / an eleetronic di ctionary?
e) yo u / plan / your holidJ Ys?
d) yo ur pé1 re nts / work?
e)
f)
yo ur teaeher I wear /
g lass ?
WhJt / yo u / d o?
Answer the questions. Think about the difference in meaning for each question.
4
Complete the questions with you in the most appropriate tense: present simple
or present continuous.
a)
Where / co me from?
Whe re do yO Il comejmlll?
b) H olV many la ng llages / speak?
e) Wha t / \Vear toda y?
d ) Why / leJrn ng lish ?
e) vVhat time / usuall y go to bed ?
f)
What colo ur pen / use to d o
thi s excrcise?
Answer the questions.
133
Unit
Comparative and superLative adjectives. PhrasaL verbs
Part 1: Comparative and superLative adjectives
Adjective
Comparative
Superlati'v e
-­ -
new
nice
newer
nicer
newest
the nicest
Adjectives ending in a single vowel +
a single consonant
ti t
fitter
the fittest
Adjectives ending in y
healthy
hea lthier
the health iest
Irregular adjectives
good
bad
far
better
worse
turther
the best
the worst
the furtht st
Long adjectives: add more / the 1110st
exciting
more exciting
the most exciting
¡-short adjectives: add el'/est
Adjectives ending in a consonant or e
-
You use comparative adjectives to compare people / things with other people / things,
Fel'1lando Alo/1s0 is oldel' than Lewis Hanziltol1,
You can use a bit or much to madify comparisons,
Wembley Stadiurn is a bit biggel' than t/1I! Stade dc Frail ee,
Cristiano Ronaldo is much bettel'-lookillg than \lVaync Roolley,
You use 110t as + adjective .i as to make negative comparisons,
Golf is Ilot as dal1gerous as motor raclng,
You use superlative adjectives to compare people / things with al! the other people / things
in their group,
Mohamed Ali was the greatest sportsrnan of all time,
Football is the most pop1llar sport in the worId.
Part 2: PhrasaL verbs
The term 'phrasal verb' usually refers to al! multi-word verbs, consisting of
a verb + particle(s). Phrasal verbs can be divided into three basic types.
1 Verb + particle (INTRANSITlVE)
Some phrasal verbs are intransitive and don't take a direct object.
Sit down and eujoy il.
When are you going lo grow up?
2
Verb + object + particle (TRANSITlVE - SEPARABLE)
The biggest group of phrasa l verbs is transitive. These verbs take a direct object.
With separable verbs, when the direct object is a noun, you can put it before 01'
after the particle.
Take off your shoes. OR Take your shoes off
When the direct object is a pronoun, you have to put it between the verb and
the particle.
Switch il off picase. (NOT Switch off it.)
3 Verb + particle + object (TRANSITlVE - NOT SEPARABLE)
With this type of phrasal verb you always put the direct object - noun
after the particle.
Shc looks after hel' gmlldlllolher.
1ranafter Ihe bus, bul it didn'l slop.
134
01'
pronoull ­
Unit 5 Exercises
Part 1
1
Complete the table with the adjectives in the box. There are three adjectives in each section.
eaa
strong
2
famolls
far
s lIeeessflll
good fI.a.wy
thin wet
interesting
killd - kinder than
a)
Add
b)
DOllble letter + cr
sad - sadder than
c)
Delete!l, add ier
hapP!I - happier t17m!
el' / l'
Iazy
11Icky
nice
_ d_)_ I_r_re_g_lI_l_a_r ______b_a_d_- worse than
e)
more + adjeetive
~
famous - more famolls than
I
Write sentences comparing the places. Use a bit or much and the comparative form of
the adjective.
a)
Franee / big / Spain
Fnmce is a bit bigger thai1 Spaii1.
b) India / hot / the UK
e) The River Nile / long / the Amazon
d) Tokyo / expensive / Bangkok
e) Rome / far north / Barcelona
f) Manila / erowded / Helsinki
Rewrite the sentences using /lot as ... as so they have the same meaning.
a)
3
Spain iSlz't as big as Fran ce.
Use a bit / much / I/ot as ... as to write true sentences comparing the following.
Use the adjectives in the box or your own ideas.
complieated eonfident diffielllt energetie expensive
healthy
large modern old sophis tieated
a)
your mllm / yOUf dad
LVIy mWr! is o/del' than 111]/ dad.
b) English / yOllr langllage
e) yOll ten years ago / yO ll now
d) yOllf first mobile phone / the mobile phone you have now
e) the hOllse yOll were born in / the house yOll live in now
f) your rown ten years ago / yOllr town now
Compare your sentences with a partner
Part 2
1
Rewrite these sentences so that they have the same meaning.
a)
Can yOll turn off the light, please?
Can yOIl turn the Iight off, please?
b) She threw my letter away.
e) l'd like to try on this dress, please.
2
d) Pick all the papers up before yOll leave!
e) vVrite dmvn your name, please.
f) I gave baek his peno
Put the words in brackets in the correct order to complete each sentence. Consult
your dictionary if necessary.
a) I'm very similar to my mother - 1 take after 171.'1'. (after / take / her)
b) I have good relations with my neighbollrs - 1 _ _ . (get / well / them / with / on)
e) 1 keep my neighbollfs' pet when they go on holiday - 1 _ _ . (look / it / after)
d) 1 lived with my grandparents when I was a child - they _ _ . (up / brollght / me)
e) My children always leave their things on the tloor - they don't _ _ . (away / them / put)
f) I invent excuses when I'm late - I _ _ . (make / IIp / them)
g) I stopped going to the gyl11 - I _ _ . (up / it / gave)
h) When l see a new phrasal verb I consult my dictionary - I ___ . (it / look / IIp)
Are any of the sentences true for you?
135
Unit 6 Permission and obligation (present). Present perfect simple
Part 1: con for permission; hove to for obLigation
T
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
I/ You / Hc, etc.
can work.
I/ You / He etc. can't
(cannot) work.
Can I / you/he,
etc. work?
Yes, I/ you / he, etc.
can.
Short answer No
No, I/you / he, etc.
can't.
You can use can and can't to talk about permission .
• can mean s something is permitted: it' s OK. In the UK, you ca/l Icave school when you are sixtl!en.
• can't means something iSl1't permitted: it i511't OK. You call't vote IInti/ you are eighteen.
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
1/ You / We / They
have to work.
I/You / We / They don't
ha ve to work.
Do 1/ you / we / they
have to work?
Yes, 1/ yo u / we /
they do.
I
No, I/you / 'vve /
they don't.
He / She/It doesn't
have to work.
Does he / she / it
have to work?
Yes, he / she / it
does.
I
No, he / she / it
doesn't.
He / She / It has to
work.
I
I
Short answer No
You use have to / don 't have to to talk about necessity or obligation.
• have to means something is necessary or it's obligatory. In fhe UK, yOIl have to driue 0/1 the /~ft.
• don 't /wve to means something isn't necessary or it isn't obligatory. You don't Iwve to wear a he/met on n hicycle.
Part 2: Present perfect simpLe
I
AHinn"'.e
Neg,ti.e
Qu.,tion
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
1/ YOll / We / They've
(ha ve) worked.
I! You / We / They haven't
(have not) worked.
Have II yOll / we /
they worked?
Yes,I/you / we /
they have.
No, I/ yo u / v,le /
they haven't.
He / She / lt hasn't
(has not) worked.
Has he / she / it
worked?
Yes, he / she / it
has.
No, he / she/it
hasn't.
He / She / It's (has)
L '0rked.
See the list of irregul a r verbs
011
page 159.
You can use the present perfect to talk about completed actiol1s in time 'up to now'. You don't focus on wl1en.
Time 'up to now'
•
The past
'---
t
t
Now
t
--....--
t
t
.-/
Tve done a lot of silly things in my lije.
Common time expressions which describe time 'lIp to now' : today, fhis week, recently, never, over the years.
With these time expressions you usually use the present perfect.
My brother has neve/' been to a pop conce!'t. Ihaven't seell i1ny goodfilms /'ecently.
&
•
•
been is the past participle of be, bllt you can also use it as a past participle of go. Compare:
He's been to Rome. = He went and came back.
He 's gone fo Rome. = He went and is in Rome now.
'Finished' time
--
The past
Now
t
1 did a lot of silly things when 1 was at university.
Common time expressions which describe' finished' time: yesterday, last 1110nt17, in 1990, afew minutes ago.
With these time expressions you use the past simple.
Shc called !fou a few minutes ago. I dirln't go to the InoLlntail1s last sumiller.
136
Unit 6 Exercises
Part 1
1
Work with a partner. Test your knowledge of life in Britain.
Underline the correct modals in these sentences.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
YOll
You
You
YOll
You
f) You
g) You
h ) You
have to / can
don't have to
have to / can
don't have to
have to / can
have to / can
have to / can
don't have to
leave sehoo l when yOll're ixteen.
/ can't wear a helmet 011 a bieycle.
vote when yo u're eighteen.
/ can't get married until yOll' re ixteen.
bu)' alcohol when you're eighteen.
drive on the le ft.
drive a ear when yo u're seventeen.
/ can't carry an ID eard.
Tick the sentences that are true for your country.
2
Write similar sentences about the things you can, can't,
"ave to or dOIl't Izave to do in your country.
Part 2
1
Complete the tables with the correct past participles for these irregular verbs.
Infinitive
Past simple
Past participle
be
do
take
drink
break
see
ea t
was / were
did
took
drank
broke
saw
ate
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
Infinitive
Past simple
Past participle
write
forget
ride
beeome
stan d
give
go
wrote
fargot
rode
beca me
stood
gave
wcnt
(8) _ _
(9) _ _
(10) _ _
(11) _ _
(12) _ _
(13) _ _
(14) gone / (15) _ _
1­
2
/Jecl1
__
__
__
__
__
__
Write the sentences in the negative.
a)
!'ve been on te levision.
1 ha ven 'Il¡cen
b)
0/1
te1evisiol1.
e)
d)
!'ve driven a spo rts ear.
I've met a famous persono
e)
t)
I've climbcd ¡] m o untain.
!'ve phoned a TV programme.
¡'ve sung karaoke.
Tick the sentences that are true for you.
3
Write present perfect questions with
a)
Hnue you bCr!/1
011
yOl/
for the sentences in Exercise 2.
tr!/evi'ioll?
Ask your partner the questions.
4
Underline the correct tense.
a) l've never been / never went to Australia.
b) 1 haven't done / didn't do m)' homework last ni ght.
e) My parents haven't phoned / didn't phone m e reee ntl)'­
d) I've never eaten / didn't eat sushi.
e) I've been / went skiing last \\linter.
f) ['ve had / had a PlayStation when I was a ehild.
Tick the sentences that are true for you.
G t~_~.I.~,~.~.,!._y; iT It A '1
[X"E ,R q
,
..S E,:~ .... I
137
Dynamic and stative meanings. Future forms
Part 1: Dynamic and stative meanings
Dynamic meanings: 'actions'
jVJ o;;t verbs have dynamic meanings. They describe actions: something ' happens'. You can
u se the m with simpl e forms to talk about habits or routines, Ol' continuous forms to talk
about activities in progress.
1 recycle all papa, plastic ami bottles. We're destroyil1g the pla11l!t. Thc phalle is ril1gillg.
Stative meanings: 'states'
SOIne verbs connected with knowledge, el1lotion or possession have sta tive meanings.
They describe states: nothing ' happens'. You cannot use thel1l w ith continuous forms.
1 wal1t a fairer system. l don't feel stronSly abaut palities.
Common verbs with stative l1l ea nings:
• feelings: hate, Iíke, love, prefer, wm¡f .
• tho ughts: /Jelic ve, feel, kl1aw, think, undcrstand.
• possession: belong, llave, OWl1 .
• senses: feel, }¡ear, see, smell, SOl-l71 d, taste.
• appearance: appear, look (I ike), seem.
& Some. verbs can have both d ynamic and stative mea nings:
Rosie is Izavillg a great time at w1iuersity. (ha ve = dynalllic meaning)
Brian has a ¡¡eau tiJul 17ou5e. (hove = stative meaning)
Part 2: Future forms: (be) going to and present continuous
I
Question
Short answer Ye s
Short answer No
l'm not (am not) going
to work.
Am 1 going to
work?
Ves, 1 amo
No, l'm not.
You / We / They're
(are) going to work.
You / We/They 're not
(are not) going to work.
Are yo u / we / they
going to work?
Ves, yo u / we / they
are .
No, yo u / w e / they
aren't.
He / She/l t's (is)
going to work.
He / ShelIt isn't (is not)
going to work.
Is he / she / it
going to work?
Ves, he /she / it is.
No, he /she/it
isn't.
Affinnative
Negative
l'm (am) going to
work.
-
-
-
- -
You ca n use (be) going to to talk abollt your future intention s. You have made a d ecision
about a future event and you are talking about that decision.
Talk about the
decision
Decide what to do .
¡
The past
Orle of ¡hese days
Do it.
¡
The future
['/11
going to get fit.
He's going to tell me 011 about his holidays.
You can use the present continuou s to talk about future arrangements. You have arranged
a futu re event and you are talking about that arrangement.
Decide what to do .
¡
Arrange it.
¡
Talk about the
arrangement
The past
Do it.
¡
The future
Are you doíng anytlúng 011 Thursday? We're meeting ¡he President tlzis aftenwon at 2.00 p.m.
For present continuou s verb forms see page 132.
138
I
!
I
Unit 7 Exercises
Part 1
1
Look at the picture of Toby in his bedroom. Complete the sentences with
the present continuous or the present simple.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
2
To by (ha ve) is /¡avillg a rest.
H e (think) _ _ abo ut hi s g irl fri e nd .
H e (li ste n) _ _ to mu s ic.
H e (ha ve ) _ _ a mo to rbike .
H e (l ove) _ _ choco late.
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
He
He
He
He
He
(think) _ _ Liver pool is the bes t foo tball team.
(l oo k) _ _ like hi s fath e r.
(kno w) _ _ a lo t o f peo ple .
(pl a n) _ _ a h o lid ay.
(see m ) _ _ h a ppy.
Use the same dynamic or stative meanings of the verbs in Exercise 1 and write example
sentences that are true for you.
a)
l'm havi/lg a coffee.
Part 2
1
Complete these New Year resolutions with gail1g ta + a verb in the box.
ch an ge
a)
the
ge t
g ive u p
jei-R
not ea t
reen Pa rty
[' 111 go i llg to j oin the
Creen
Party.
b) yoga classes
no t watc h
s pe nd
c) a be tte r Jo b
d ) so much fa s t food
e) m y h airs ty le
ta rt
o mu ch IV
f)
g ) s m o kin g
h ) less tim e o n the co m p ute r
Which resollltions would be good for you?
2
Look at Jane's diary. Complete the conversation.
Rick:
Ja ne:
Ri ck:
Jane:
Ri ck:
Ja ne :
Rick:
Ja ne:
Rick:
Ja ne:
Rick:
Wo uld you like to m eet fo r a co ffee to m o rrow m o rning?
1 can' t. (1 ) ['m guillg fo fhe dentist.
W ha t abo ut la te r in the m orn ing?
50rry, but (2) _ _ .
K. Are you free for lu nch?
I'd love to, but (3) _ _ .
A nd the afternoon ?
(4) _ _ with Tim, a nd the n at 4.30 (5) _ _ .
Dinne r?
Look, I'm reall y sorry but fro m 7.30 to 9.30 (6) _ _ .
OK, OK. Anothe r ti me oo. By the way, who's Iim ?
26 th MAy
9.20: De./\tiS't
11.00: Me.e.t MlA'M i/\ tow/\
----­
1.00 : LlA/\ch with VicK.
- '- - - - - - ­
3.00: Te./\/\iS' with Ti'M
4.30: Colle.ct the. childre./\ tro'M S'chool
7.30-9.30: Dri/\K. with Ti'M
Write sentences describing any arrangements yOll have
made for the next few days.
139
Unit 8 Permission and obLigation (present and past). Advice
Part 1: canjcouLd for permission; have to j had to for obLigation
Short answer Ves
Short answer No
elc. work?
Ves, I/ yo u / he, etc.
could.
No, r/ yo u / he, ctc.
couldn't.
Negative
Ql.lestion
Short answer Ves
Short answer No
1/ You / He, el c. didn't
Di.d 1/ yo u / he, etc.
h a ve to work?
Ves, I/you / he, etc .
did.
No, l /you / he, etc.
didn' t.
Affirmative
Negative
Question
I/ You / He,
could work.
I/You / He, ele. couldn't
(could not) work.
Affirmati ve
I/ You / He, el e.
h ad to work.
ele.
have to work.
Could
Permissiom : call/could; call't/could11't
Permitted
Present
~YOu
Past
can do it.
You could do it.
r/ yo u / he,
Obligation: ha ve to / don 't have to; Izad to / didn't have to
Not pennitted
Necessary
Not necessary
You can't do it.
You have to do it.
You don't have to do it.
You couldn't do it.
You had to do it.
You didn' t have to do it.
-
I
I
-
You can u se can /could to talk about pennission. coulrl is the pa st fonn of ((1 11 .
Wlren 1 was fo urteen 1 could stay oul as long as I (liar/ted.
Swiss W01l1en couldn't vote in clectiol1s lI 11 tiI 1971.
You use have to / lIad to to ta lk about necessi ty
I had to ¡venr a ulliform at 5chool.
01'
111 tire 19605
a motorbike.
yO Il
didll 't have to wear a helmd
0 11
obIigation. had to is the past fonn of have too
Part 2: must and shouLd for advice
I
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Ves
Short answer No
I/ You / He, etc.
mllst work.
1/ You / He, etc. mustn't
(mllst not) work.
MlIst I/ you / he,
etc. work?
Ves, 1/ yOll / he, etc.
must.
lo, I/ you / he, etc.
mustn't.
1/ You / He, etc.
should work.
1/ You / He, etc. shollldn't
(should not) work.
Should 1/ you /
he, etc. work?
Ves, I/ yo u / he, ctc.
should.
No, I/ yo u / he, etc.
shouldn't.
Yo u ca n use must a nd s}¡ould to g ive ad vice. IJ7 us t is stronger than slIo uld.
YO /l must lose weight (or you'll die)!
Yo u should lose weigh t (beca u se you ' lI feel much hea lthie r).
140
-
Unit 8 Exercises
Part 1
1
Write the foIlowing sentences in the negative.
Whe n 1 was fo urteen ...
a) 1 had to make my bed every mo rning.
1 didn 't have ta make my bed every lIlarn illg.
b) 1 could wear w hatever 1 wan ted .
1cou/dll 't wear w/wtever l wanted.
c) [h ad to kee p my bedroom clea n and tidy.
d ) 1 had to help my parents in the house.
e) i( had to trave! everywhere by bicycle.
f) 1 co uld in vite friends home at the weekend .
g) 1 CQuld stay ou t after lO.OO p .m.
h) [ co uld pl ay my l11usic as loud as 1 wanted.
I~
~' I
Tick the affirmative or negative sentences that
are true for you..
2
Write questions with you for the sentences in
Exercise 1.
a)
Oid yau have ta make yau,. bed every marnillg?
Work with a partner. As k and answer
the questions.
Part 2
1
Complete the sentences. Use an appropriate form of
shol/ld or 11l1lst.
a) YOll ml/5tll 't touch that. lt's very hoH
b) It's only a cough, bu t yo u _ _ ta ke this medicine
fo ur tim es a d ay.
c) Mum, you _ _ ki s me in fro nt of my friends.
It's embarrassing.
d) Tell Dav id he _ _ tid y his room immedi ate ly!
e) 1 thin k young people _ _ show more res pect to
their cldcrs.
f) Yo u _ _ go out w ith John . He's not good enough
for you.
g) This is a security anno uncement. Al! pa senge rs
_ _ kee p their bags w ith the m at al! tinte !
2
Who said it? Match sentences (a-g ) with a person in the box.
a best fri end a doctor a parent a parent
an old man a teenage boyan airport announcer
a)
a parent
GRAHMAR
EXlIIA :
E.xEl\CIS. ES
141
1t Jl ¡t
for and since. Present perfect simpLe and continuous
for and since
for + 'a pe riod of time' and since + 'a point in time' are two w ays of saying the same thing.
You u se for when you give the length of the time: for a fl'IV days / for three years / fo r ages.
You use ,;i71ce when you give the beginning oE the tim e: since Monday / since [ left school / since 1997.
Present perfect simple and continuous
r-
Affirmative
I
Negative
Questioll
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
I/You / We /
They've (have)
worked .
[
I! You /We / They haven't
(have not) worked.
Have I / yo u / ,,,,e /
they worked?
Yes, I / yo u / we/
th ey have.
No, I/yo u / vve /
they haven't.
Has he / she / it
worked?
Yes, he / she / it has.
No, he /she / it
hasn't.
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
l /Yo u / We / They
haven't (have not) been
working.
Have I / you/
we / they been
working?
Yes,l / yo u /we /
they have.
No,l / yo u / we /
they haven't.
He / She/lt hasn't
(has not) been working.
Has he / she / it
been working?
Yes, he / she / it has.
N o, he / she/ it
hasn't.
He / She II t's (has)
worked.
He/She /I t hasn't
(has not) worked.
I
I
I
See the li st of irregular verbs on page 159.
~-
Affirmative
I/ You / We/
They've (have)
been working.
He / She / It's (has)
been working.
II
I
You usuall y use the present perfect continuolls to describe the duration of a continu ous
repeated action fram a point in the pa st up to now.
01'
\!Ve've been studying Greek fo r ten years.
She's been going to the sml1e hairdresser since tJ¡e 19905 .
&.
Stative meanings
You don't u se the present perfect continuolls for verbs with stative mea nings. Use th e s imple torm.
She's klloWI1 Taln sil1ce the!! were at ScllOOI. (NOT 511('5 beéll KIlOW¡'Ilg ... )
They've liad the same COll1pl,te,. ~ iJl ce 2003. (NOT TItr:y'TJé bwr 11I1TJi/rg ... )
ee th e li st of common verbs with stativ e meanings on page 138.
Note: You can also use the simple form to indicate unchanging, 'pennanent' situations.
Compare:
J've been living herc since the 5Un1mer.
['ve lived here al! my life.
142
I
9 Exercises
1
Complete the sentences with f or or since.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
[' ve
[' ve
[' ve
l've
l've
I' ve
['ve
I've
had
had
had
had
had
had
ha d
had
these foot ball bootsfor fifteen years.
this ha irsty le _ _ ages.
this pe n _ _ my last birthd ay.
thi s bag _ _ a long time.
the sa me sand als
last summer.
the same ring to ne o n my m obile _ _ 1 bought it.
my drivi ng Jieense _ _ 1 was e ighteen.
a passport _ _ fi ve o r six yea rs
Rewrite the sentences so they are true for you.
2
Write the il1g-form and the past participle for ea eh of these verbs.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
3
steal sten /iIlS, sto/en
grow
sell
dri ve
end
pay
fee l
h)
i)
j)
k)
1)
m)
n)
get
te lI
eos t
hea r
lose
buil d
lend
Look at the information. Use the underlined verb to write a senten ce
in the present perfect simple or continuous.
a)
VVe are married. VVe got ma rried in 2007.
\!Ve've been I11n rried si /Ice 2007.
b) l'm reading the newspape r. l sta rted reading ha lf an ho ur ago.
['ve been readins fhe newspaper for ha"f nn /wur.
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
He Iikes jazz. He got inte re ted in jan when he was at uni ve rsity.
She's lea rnin g to swim. She started lessons in Sep te mbe r.
She works in a shop. She got the jo b last May.
They ¡i ve together. They mo ved in together las t sumlller.
1 play the g uita r. l s tarted pl ayi ng w hen 1 was e ig ht.
VVe have a mo torbike. VVe bo ught it three years ago.
Use the same underlined verbs to write present perfect sentences about yourself.
4
Write questions using How long ... Use the continuous
form where possible.
a)
kno\- / best fri end ?
How long have you knowl1 your besf friend?
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
wea r / the sa me sunglasses?
go / to the same de nti st?
li sten to / the sam e kind of musie ?
be / in the same job?
dri ve / the sallle ca r?
li ve / in the sallle ho use?
d o your sho pping / in the sa llle su permarket?
Write answers to the questions.
-
~ H." K A ~_.~.t '!' ~ ~ ;- q E R.t I .( i: S ~jl
143
nit 1 will (future). Future time clauses. used to
Part 1: w;LL (future). Future time clauses
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
JI You IHe, ctc.
'U (will ) work.
I I You I He, etc. won't
WiU I I you I he,
(will not) work.
etc. work?
Yes, 1I )'ou I he, efc.
will.
No, I /yo u/ he, etc.
won't.
I
w ilJ is a modal verb oYou can use will to talk about the future wh en there is no present pla n,
intentio n or arra ngeme nt.
Compare:
Wha f IIre you doing I goil1g fa do fh is weekend? (= I think you ha ve plan s, intenti ons or
arra nge me nts.)
'"11I11f will you do tlli.s weekend? ( ~ I don't think yo u know.)
Future time clauses
Wh en you a re talking about th e future, yo u use a future form in the m ain clause but )'Oll use
present te nse in th e subordin ate clau ses aftef when, if, liS 500 11 as, hefore, after, etc.
Two different sentence fOfma tions are possible.
él
Conjunction
Subordinate clause
Main clause
When
If
he gets home,
it rains tomorrow,
h e's goin g to have a bath.
vve'll play at the weekend.
Main clause
Conjunction
Subordinate clause
He's goin g to have a bath
We' \l pla y a t the weekend
when
if
he gets home.
il rains tomorrow.
Part 2: used to
Affirmative
r-
I / You / He, cfc.
used to work.
I
Negative
Question
II You ¡ He, efc. didn't use
to work.
efc. use to work?
Oid T/you / he,
I
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
Yes, II )'ou I he, efc.
did.
No, 1/ yOll I he, etc.
didn't.
You can use l/ sed to + in finib ve to talk about pas t habits (repeated action s in the past) or
pa st states. It describes things tha t were tru e in tbe p ast, but a re probabl y not tru e now.
1 l/s ed to go to sclLool by bus .
J rlidn ' t l/s e to 1.'1Ijoy ElIg lish le550 115.
Wllllf sorf of ca r did yO ll l/se to /¡ave?
.&.
It i5n' t possible to use used fo + infiniti ve to talk about a single action in the pa st.
You use the pas t simple.
Ol/ C weekend wc went fo Pa ris . (NOT 0 111' weekend tl'e w;ed ta /(0 ta P,nis.)
144
Unit 1 Exercises
Part 1
1
Underline the most appropriate future fonn .
a) Tve forgotten Iny dietionary.' 'Don't \-vony: I'lllend / 1 won't lend yOll mine. '
b) lf you don't hurry IIp, you'll be / you won't be in time for yo ur train .
e) This is a great presento Dom willlove / Dom won't love it!
d) 1 think Anna will get / Anna won't get the jobo She's the best pe rson for it.
e) We've got a problem with the ear. We'll arrive / We won't arrive before 11.00 p.m.
O They'll play / They won't play outside if the weather is bad.
2
Write the correct form for the verb in brackets.
a) As soon as the lesso n (finish) finishes, Sue's going to buy a lottery ticket.
b) Terr)' will get married when he (meet) _ _ the right woman.
e) As 500n as Rob (get home) _ _ this evening, he's going to do his homework.
d) lf it (rain) _ _ tomorrow, Jenn y will probably come to class by ear.
e) If Dana (go) _ _ abroad thi5 s ummer, she'lI probably go to ngland.
f) Tom \vill probably get a well-paid job \." hen he (Ieave) _ _ universit)'.
Work with a partner. Replace the na mes with names of people in the cIass. How many
true statements can you make?
Part 2
1
Complete the conversation with the affirmative, negative and question
forms of used too
A: What (1 your dad do) did !/Ollr dad [{se ta do before he left his job?
B: He (2 be) _ _ a corpora te lawyer. He worked in London for a
big company.
A: (3 he cnjoy) _ _ his job?
B: Well, he (4 say) _ _ he found it a bit boring. And he (5 no t like) _ _
travelling to London every da y. You know, he (6 lea ve) _ _ the hOllse
at 6.00 every morning and he (7 not arrive) _ _ home befo re 7.30 p.m.
1 remember he (8 get) _ _ very tired.
A: (9 yo ur dad ea rn) _ _ a lot of money?
B: Oh, 1sllppose he did. We (10 have) _ _ reall y ni ee holidays in th e
USA and we often (11 eat out) _ _ i.n ex pensive restaurants. Money
\".'as never a proble m.
A: So what happened?
B: 1 don't know exactly. H e always (12 tell) _ _ me he wanted to 'smell
the fJowers'. So last yea r he left the campany and bought a 5ma ll
organic farm.
A: What's life on the farm like?
B: ft's OK - a bit boring perhaps, bllt Dad's really happy.
What job did you use to want to do when you were a child? Discuss with a partner.
2
Look at the following statements. Where possible, replace the past simple verb forms
with used to or didll't use too
a) I was born in a hosp ital.
b) As a ehild, 1 ~ used to ¡¡ve in a small vilJage.
e) 1 shared a bedroom with my brother / sister.
d) l had a pet mouse called Jerr)'.
3
1 watehed Cartoon Network o n TV every day.
My parents gave me lots of pocke t money.
g) We went to Disneyland once as a special treat.
h) 1 didn't enjoy English lessons at sch ool.
e)
f)
How many of the statements in Exercise 2 were true for you as a child? Rewrite the
sentences so that they are all true for you. Compare your sentences with your partner.
'1 .. ; R
I
A~M~" . ~ R-, E.X TitA:
_
E )( · L·R.c
I
•
5 F:~'
__
145
Unit 11 Defining reLative clauses. UnreaL conditionaLs
Part 1: Defining reLative cLauses
A relative c1ause can define or identify the thing 0 1' person introdu ced in the main clause.
lt comes imm ediately after the person or thing it is describ ing.
A cilc!c!tah is an animal that eall YlII1 at 100 kilometres al1 hour.
The 'womall who do es my hair is mffed Murie/.
The relativc pronoun (tlmt, (uh ich, who) becomes the subject of the verb in the relative da ll se.
You use that (or which) fOI" things and who (or that) fo r people.
wh/ecJ
n~
Peop/e I whoJ !come Ift'0111 i\1a 11 ches ter are mIled Mal1cunians.
~ubjL"cI
"I'rb
A butcher's;5 a slrop I" that )/"selISJ meat.
Part 2: UnreaL conditionaLs
You can use a co nditiona l sentence to talk abo ut a present (or fllture) situation that is imaginary
or not probab le. These sentences are usually called 'unreal conditi onals' .
They have two cJallses: a n if~cJau se and él main clause.
if-clause
To show that a present (or future) situ ation is imaginary, you use a past tense.
Real situation
Imaginary situation
1am not an an imal.
r live in an apartment.
-+
-+
Jf 1 was/were an animal, ...
Jf I lived in an igloo, ...
Note: lf l//¡c/she/it were is more forma l th an If l/Ize!slzc/it WIlS . You ahvays use were in the fixed
expression If J were you ...
Main cIause
You uc;ua lly use (vol/ Id + infinitive in the main clause.
I /Yo u / He, etc. 'd
(would) work.
146
1/ You / He, etc. wouldn't
(would not) work.
Would 1/ you /
he, etc. work?
if-cIause
Main clause
If 1 had $1 miLlion,
]'d travel round the world .
If 1 could li ve anywhere,
I'd choose somewhere hot.
Ves, l/you / he, etc.
would.
No, 1/ you / he, etc.
wouJdn't.
it 1 Exercises
Part 1
1
Complete th se q uotations by inserting who or that in the correct position. In each case,
the rel atlve clatlse describes the underlined word.
a) 'A eam l is a horse I/lnl has been designed by a eommittee.' (Alee Issigonis - designe r
of th e M ini)
b) 'Everybod y kno ws hoY\' to raise ehildren - execpt the people have thern.' (P.J. O'Rourke­
US humorist)
e) ' How can yo u govern a country has 246 varieties (Jf cheese?' (Charles de Gaulle - Freneh
p resident)
d) , o on, g t out' Las t word s are for fool s have n' t sa id e nou g h.' (Karl Marx, on hi s d eath bed )
e ) ' Lite is some thing happens when you eéln't ger to s lee p. ' (Fran Lcbovvitz - U humoris t)
f) , bank is a pl ace will le nd yo u money if yo u can prove yo u don' t need it.' (Bob Hope ­
US humori t)
g) ' Wom n vvant to be equ¡ll with men don' t have a mbition.' (Iimothy Leary - US philosopher)
h) 'Pec2!2k gel nosta lg ie about ehildhood w ere obviously never ehildren.' (Sil! Watterson ­
S hUI1lori s t)
Which quotatio n do yo u like best? Discuss with a partner.
2
Write sen tences that define the u nderlined words. Use the infonnation in brackets.
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
Most ot the peo ~ le s peak perfeet Eng lish. (Ihey work with me.)
1\1051 (~f Ihe people ¡(lira ll'ork wílh lile spcnk /}('/fl'cl EIlX1í5/1.
People makc me a ngry. (Ihey eomplain al! the time.)
I've ll1et lots of ¡2.Q.oplc. (They have the sa me name as me.)
We s hould ban ea rs. (Ihey use too mueh pe troL )
1 think dietionaries a re useless. (Ihey don't give good examples.)
TIt e fill:lJ..ilir. have a dog and a Cclt. (Ihcy live next Lioor.)
Are any of these sen tences true for you ?
Part 2
1
Comple te th e sentences w ith the corred verb forms to describe
i magin ary situations.
a) lf 1 (ca n ) cou /d s ing, 1 (join) 'd joíll a roek bando
b) If I (win) _ _ the lottery, J (give) _ _ half the money
to eharity.
e) If I (be ) _ _ more organised, l (not be) _ _ late for
eve rything.
d) If 1 (have) _ _ more time, [(read ) _ _ more.
e) If [ (not work) _ _ so hard, 1 (not be) _ _ so tired.
f) If 1 (lose) _ _ my job, 1 (have to) _ _ se ll my caro
Which sentences are tru for you? Compare with a partner.
2
Comp lete at least five of these sentences in cm appropriate way.
él)
b)
e)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
If 1 met Brad Pitt ...
If [ eo uld order cmy food J wanted ...
If .1 saw él lion ...
If J hae! él Fe rrari ...
If 1 didn't have to work ...
If 1 eould sp ea k Ell g lish perfee tly ".
If th e re were twenty-five hours in the dJy ...
lf mone)' was no problem ...
If 1 eould tly ...
If toda)' was the las t da y o f m y life .. .
Compare your s en ten ces w ith yo ur partner.
147
Unit 12 Past perfect. Passives
Part 1: Past perfect
Affirmative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
I/You / He, etc. 'd
(had) worked.
r/ You / He, ctc. hadn't
(had not) worked .
Had I /yo u / he,
etc. wOl'ked?
Yes, 1/ you / he, etc.
had o
No, I/ you / he, cte.
hadn't.
See tIle list of irregular verbs on page 159.
You use the past perfect when you are talking about the past and you want to refer to
an earlier pa st time. The past perfect clearl y shows that one pa st event happened earlier
than other past events.
I'd had breakfast when 1 got to work this moming.
~
/
-
~
Earlier past
Now
Part 2: Passives
In passive sentences, the object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verbo
Active
'Ul1ll·(t
Passive
\"I~r"
obie(1
[SOiñebodYJ built ] Ithe first Ice Hoteq in J990.
ubject
verl1
IThe first Ice Hoteq was buil t l in 1990.
You can use passive verbs to talk about actions when it doesn't matter (or you don't know)
who performed them.
My shoes were designed in Ita/y.
AII thefurniturc is made of ice.
148
Affinnative
Negative
Question
Short answer Yes
Short answer No
They're made in
China.
They aren't made in
China.
Are they made in
China?
Yes, they are.
No, they aren't.
l t was built here.
l t wasn't built here.
Was it built here?
Yes, itwas.
N o, it wasn't.
Unit 12 Exercises
Part 1
1
Read this story about reincarnation. Choose the corred tense - past simple or
past perfect - for the verbs (1-12).
,lenny Cockell was sure that she (1) lived / had lived before. She often
dreamt abollt Mar)' Sutton, a )'oung lrish woman who (2) died / had died
more than t'\vent)' years before Jenn)' \Vas born. Jenny thought that her
dreams (3) were / had been real memories and that she (4) was /
had been Mar)' in a previous life.
In her dreams she saw the house in Ireland where Mar)' and her
family (5) lived / had lived. As her visions continued and became
more detailed , Jenny (6) realised / had realised that Mar)' (7) died
/ had died in 1930 and that her children could still be alive . She
decided to travel to Ireland and find out.
In Ireland , Jcnny qllickly found the hOllse that she (8) saw / had
seen in her dreams. Then. after a few more investigations she managed
to contact Mar)' SlItton's eldest son, Sonny. lt was an emotional day when
.Ienny (9) met / had met the son who she (10) didn't see / hadn't seen
for fifty years. '1 talked to him about our famil)' life together. 1
(11) reminded / had reminded him of the day when he had caught a
rabbit. There were lots of other memories , and they convinced him that 1
(12) was / had been his mother in a previous life .'
.Ienny Cockell has written the story of her extraordinary past Iife
experiences in a book entitled Yeste1"day 's Children.
2
Did Sonny think that Je nny w as his mother? What do you think?
Part 2
1
Write passive sentences with the verbs in brackets.
a)
This sehool (open) _ _ in the 1990s.
This c/lOo!was opellcd in the 1990s.
b) My ear (park) _ _ outside my house every day.
e) My house (clean) _ _ once a week.
d) Our classroom (pai nt) _ _ reeently.
e) My name (pronounce) __ _ differently in English.
f) My watch (make) _ _ in Switzerland.
Tick the sentences that are true for you.
2
Write questions to ask yo u r partner with the sentences in Exercise 1.
a)
Was this Se/lOO! opcncd in the 1990s?
Ask your partner the questions.
3
Complete the information about Burj al Arab. Choose
the correct passive structures for the verbs in brackets.
The world's taIlest hotel (1 cal\) is m/led Burj al Arab or
'Tower of the Arabs'. It (2 build) _ _ on an artificial
island and (3 conneet) _ _ to the mainland at
Jumeirah, Dubai by a private bridge. Building work
(4 start) _ _ in 1994 and (5 complete) _ _ three years
latero The hotel (6 d esign) _ _ to look like the sai l of
an Arab sa iling ship. Burj al Arab (7 eonsider) _ _ to
be the world's only seven-star hotel and has beeome an
ieonie structure symbolising modern Dubai.
149
Recordings
1
]:
1':
1.01
(M ; Mari e; B ; Bcnjilmin )
M: Hi, I'm MariL',
B: Hi Maric. My mll11e's Be nj¡¡min, but
nobody ca ll s m e Benjul11in, Wcll , my
p,ll't:'nts do, but m y frienLh Ce111 me Ben,
M : Be n - thut's nicc ,
B: Thanks , Actual ly, Iny " Id frit'nd s ca ll
m e Tree ,
M: lree? Whv?
B: WL'II, as )'llll can see, 1'm very t,dI.
tvI: Oh, hil h,1 , ,\,Iv friend s C<111 me lot,; of
different nilmcs,
13: Reall v?
M: Yes , \lly mum' s frc nch <1nd my d a d' s
Eng li sh, so l'vE' got En g li,s h i'lnd Frc n ch
fri c nd s, ,1nd they call mL' difie re nt
thin gs,
B: Wh,1 1 do yo ur French friemis call you?
M : Thcv u se my full .lam e - An ne-\ili1l'i e ,
B: And your Engl ish friemh?
,1: lhcy jus t cal! me :VIMie, Sume of lhe m
ca l! mL' :VI<1rie Antninel'!tc'.
B: M <1rie Antoinette' Oh dem,
tvl: We ll , it could be \Vors e, M v brother
calls me Bill"" beciluse I'm the y ounges t
in the family.
R: That's not so bad - m y s is ters eall me
Bi g Be n,
M: Ha h n. Oh no!
1.06
Dan Cilrte r i., nw best fri e nd, We m e t wh e n
\ve \",ere fiv e years old, bl'Cél u:-;e Ollr parenl s
\'Ve rc friend s and ',ve went to the same
s eho()!. He lives in Bru sseb now - he 's <1
teacher at the Intl'rn<1tion<11 Sehool there ,
So I o nly see him in tl1l' s ummer when h e
come'5 l10m e to vis it his bmil y. Oí coursc,
\V e stay in louch by e m<ljJ ;1I1d pholle, H e',:
impo rtant to m e bec<1 use he kn olV s me 5 0
\VeI!. Wh c n I'm fecJin g down oc wh en 1
necd to talk to so m e body; 1 c¡:¡n a lw<1ys Cid]
him, Rt'cE' ntl y, I had g irlíri e nd prob lem s
ami he was great. l' d Sil)' his bes t quality
is thal h e' s a re,l lly good Us te ner. H e just
Icr5 yOll ta lk ami he li stpns , But he is n't
pe rfc:ct' H e' s ,d wa vs 18te fo r L' Vl'r y thing
a n d he neve r sa y ~ sorry, N ever! One d ay
l2I st
S UI1"'llllL'f,
\v e Zlrran ged to
111t' t' t i:."lt Sl)VCn
o'do ck to pl ay fOt)tb"ll, alld he arrived at
half pas t nine! It \Vas n earl)' dark! Oh \vl'lI,
n o body's perfe ct, are th ey' La s t lime J saw
him IVi1S 011 my birlhday, and \Ve had a
g reat tirne . \!\fe ah,\'Cly~ ha v0 Zl greLl t tinl e.
Unit 2
1. 11
!"i1 1I lo
(I = In tl'rvi l' l"'e'r; [' = I'aulo)
1: Do y Oll like vOLlr dt)'?
P Oh yes, I feel lllcky to be li v ing in a city
150
1:
P:
thal"s so big and ex citing,
What' s th e arel1itec lurc likc?
A mi x turl' of old a nd I1C\\1. Th c rl' ,11'E'
loo mi'll1y high-ri se bllildings in so n1l'
[xlrls of tb ,,' city. But tl'll're Me p lc n ty of
chetlJ.1 rcstaurZlnts ()nd interes t.i.ng cafL's
ami bJrs, i\nd the ni g htlife is g reat. We
<lIs o have llr e 1110st famoll $ beach in lhl'
world - Copacabanil Beaeh,
Ah, Wh.rt's the w e<Jth e r like?
It' s g rei1l must of tire tim e, l h e onlv
lim e I d o n't li h' Rit) 11111eh is in the
s umm e r: it' s too hol ,1I1d humid .
f\ rmelle
(r = Inte rview e r; A = I\rme lle)
1:
¡\:
Where do yo u lil' e?
vVell, Ili ve in o 5111,111 village with nw
ptlrL\nts. ;VI)' grandpilreJ1t-:; ¡i ve h(:'r~
too, ¿rnd 111)' dunts é1 nd un des, In fael, I
think I'm r~ L1t(!d lo aboul íi ft)' per Cl'nt
(lf lhe p eople in my villa ge ,
1: VVhal' s yo ur v illdgc lih'.?
1\: It' s ver)' prl2 tty. T he countrysilk is
beautiful , ,1I1d the a ir is lovely i1nd
c1ean, But a l ni g ht it 's too quid. 1 find
it so dull ,1I1d burin g h e re - llll're aren't
i.1n)' di scos or ('in e nl ~b.
tuurisl places - th e C o lon Th ealrL" lh e f'la h 1
de Ma yu, La 13()G1, and m y tri ,~nds loO k me
lo w ;rLeh a t,m go show. Th a t Ivas grc at,
le ven too k ,0m Ee tan go Icsso ns, bul 1'111 nol
verv
üood .
.' iJ
1 ;1 150 \Ven t o ul danci ng i1 lu t - Bu enos
/\jrl'S ni g ht life is fanta s tic. TI1L' s lree'ts are
crow dcd ,11 th.ve o' dock in lhe rnorning
with p eople going lo re st~1urallt s and dj sC(Js,
Thl' di scos ,1rt' opL'n unlil si x (Ir seVL'n
o 'dock in th e morning - in f" el, Buenos
¡\i rcs
1.16
E:
F:
E:
r:
E
F:
E:
F'
[;
F:
E:
are too ex pc.ns.ivE', ul1d the ctlna ls are so
dirty and pLl llu ted. M y city is tuo 5ma ll
,, 11 tlwse p eop le , Wh." don'[ tl1L')'
lea ve liS in peJce?
rOl'
E:
1.13
The b est place l' ve e'ver v is ited is Bu e nos
Aires, the capitol o f A rge ntina , It's a cra7)'
(i ty, but [ reall \' love it,
The fir<;t tllnL' 1 went th erL' IV :" 011 m)'
s ummer h ol ida)', It w<ts th e ye ilr befo re
1 "\"t~'nt tu uni vc J'sit)'- Su 1 \vas y oung dlH.1
excile d, <:lnd il , V'1S 111)" first tim e in So uth
F:
E:
b:
/-\nl e ri ca.
I fiel\' th e r~ on m y o wn, but I I,ve nl to
Lay with fr ie nds , Of co urse I v is ited al ! the
F ~ Frcd)
firs l m e l [ii ll' y ears a g u,
I joined lhc arm )' a lld I \V e nt lo
Blackpool in the north o f En gla l1d for
m y trninil1g, On the ¡irs l d ay I \·venl
le) Ihe canteen, ,md this lilll e 1,1dy 1'1'.15
sc rv in g lu nch,
Yes, I \Vas, I liked him so 1 g a vc hi m
ex lra chips ,
([ = Ecin<:l;
th l:1re 'Jre.n ' t n')an y y o ung pcop le. 1 \\'ant
Lui gi
(l = Inle rvi ewer; L = Luigi)
1: What d o you lhin k of your cit y?
L: lL is ¡¡, very speci<J1 place , Il' s slIch a
rumilnl-ic cil )'­
1: What's the cily cen l rt' likL'?
L: 111e bui ldjngs ¿rre beaurifu l, and \Ve
halie San Marco, on e oí the m usl
fa mou s churches in the w orl d , The
P i<:l lza Sa n ,,'[arco is wo nderful, ane!
during ca rn iv'11 in Feb ru a ry Ven ice is
the best pl a ce in th e w o rld lo be ,
1: Do yo u li ke li ving h ere?
L: N o, j rea l1 y h,lte livin g he re, ]t' s
horrible . T h e re a re to o 111<1111' touri s ts
L!very\v here. It gets ver)' lloisy ilnd
crow d cd ,
1: Oh d eilr, Whi1t are the s hops likc?
L: \Vell, becau se of l-he lou ris ls th e shops
s leeps!
Unit 3
1: Wh a t ,11'12 lhe peo ple like 7
A: Oh, Lhey' re kind and rl'i1l1 y fri c ndl y, bul
to go ami li ve in the citv, Snon,
n~v er
;\J o w I go baci< to BUt'nos A ires as ofle n
as poss ibk, l've b el'n th e re three limes, ami
lasl yec.1l" 1 \Vl'l"Ü thl1rl' ro¡- :\lew Ye'Jr.
Wh,~t I pi1rtieularly likc' abo ut Buen os
Aires is the p eopJc> , /\rgentini<1n p eopl e ar,'
very specia !. Th e)" ' re loud dnd cne rge li c ,md
really goud (un. I 101' (' lbe m,
E:
w~,
n y \\'dy \v é startl;:'d ta lkln g. T}¡ cJ1, Cllll2
ni g hl , theJ'e WtI , ¡] pa rl)'.
I -« id lo rl'ed, '1'1 1 tw vour g irllon ig h t:
ilnd tha t W<1S it.
Ye~, \-v e \V e n t o u t loge lh e l' for lh re"
wond e rtlll monlh s ,
\Ve d ic! ,
Th en we bot h mo ved lo d ifle re nl p laces ,
A t firs t \\l e w ro te to ea ch (llhe r. vVe
\\'rol e twic.e a ,"veck .
Yes, bu! lhen \V e "lopp l'd , I don ' t kno ""
why. Bu t I-\'l' I n~( lo u ch wi tIr cach othe !'.
Th e n WI2 gOL m a rr ied to olhe r PC'opiL',
I h<1d llVO childre n, and Fre d h a d a
ddu g hte c didn'( y ou )
T h at' , righ l, [ lV a~ mo rri ed fOl' fort y­
L'i g ht y ears, al1d lhL'n nw wj fe die d,
¡\mi I got di vo rced a fler thirly yedrs
o f m a rriage,
So \y e IVt' re b o th s ingl E' aga i.n,
A nd olle d a\', m I' g ra ndSOI1 loo k m e to
Bla ckp oo l rol' the d ,1\'. ] v is il c d <111 the
o ld pla cL's a nd 1 lh o u g h t ilboul Fre d,
I wJ nled lo lin d hi m ,
5 h " d id n' t ,'ven kno w whe lh E' r I \\I a~
il li )1(',
No, 1 didn' t. So J w rote a Iclt c r tn th e
edi tor of the local n ewspa p e r.
1 have él cou ,;ill in i31 ~ ckp t" ()!. She
duesn'l usu al ly bu)' the '1L'wspape r, But
o n th a l del)' , he did , S he bOll g bl th
pa pL'r a nd sh e sa w th e le ll e r, i\ nd she
re nJ ise d tIral Edn d \Vas loo king for me ,
He ra ng m e up , ] n earI v h nd a h ea rl
<lttack. [ , aid, ' [5 that m )' Fred J ' 1 \Vas
h'lpPY.
We mct soo n afte r that. We rea li sed we
'0
F:
\vere stiU in ¡O VL' tllld \ve Inoved
in toge lh e r ,1 fe"" 1l10nth s late r.
W~ got ll1 a rri ed la s t SUll1m e r. I didn't
wa nt to lose him a ga in'
E:
1.19
= Introducer; 1313 =
Bobby Brow n;
R = Ros ie; O ~ Dave)
1:
It's tim e fur our popul a r compet ition ,
Gel P¡,rs¡)}fal, wi th yo ur hos t, 130 bby
Bro wn .
Bl3:
Good eVl'ning ;]nd \Ve !come to thi s
\Vcek's Gel Persullnl . Le t's m eet Ollr
first coupl e, Rosie ,1nd Dave. As yO ll
kIlO\ V, Rosie Jnd Dave ilre in separate
s tudi os - R os i~ ca n' t he'lr D avE',
Jnd Dav e ha s no id e a Whill Rosi e is
s,l y ing . 13l1t th ey can bo th h~ar m e.
OK, ,1rl' yOll read l' to play Gel
PcrsollaJJ
R&O: Yes, 8 o bby.
813 : Ri g ht, we' lI s t.wt w ith yo u , R lSeie. We
WJ nt you to reme mber exactly ""hat
(1
\-\'(1 5
R:
88:
R:
138 :
R:
go ing on \·v lle n
yO l1
fjrst n1t:' t
Oave.O K7
OK, Bo bby.
Now Ros ie, h ClI·v di d yo u first m ee t
Dave J
Well, I was \Vorkin g as a nurse, and
Da ve wa s m y patie nt. He C,l me into
th e h ospit¿li ior an ope ration .
OK, Rosil' . I wa nt yo u to think "bout
th e mome nt 11' 11<' n yo u first m e t.
VVhat time u f dov was it)
Um, I wa s workin g ni g h ts that II'cck.
yuu sa IV une another for the firs t time 7
Rusi" was wearin g her nurse's
uni fo rm ami s h" was a lso wearing
love l)' pej·ful11 e . I was wea ring m y
fJvourite blu e pyjam as.
138: Finall y, Dav"" II'h o s po k" first and
wh dt did he o r she sayJ
D: Ros ie s po ke firs t . 5 h", sa id, 'H uw Me
yo u feelin g 7' A nd I think [ said, ' [ feel
te rrible.'
o:
1.24
(T
T:
A:
T:
A:
T:
A:
T:
A:
T:
A:
T:
A:
T:
A:
T:
U h huh . A mi ""h at \Va s the wl'athe.r
lik"J
Oh d car, I th in k it was rain ing. Yes, it
R:
\·VclS
138 :
l~ :
raining \v h en
lllrri ved at \york.
Whilt "'e re )'ou bu th wearin g when
you sa w une ,mu th e r for the' fi rs t
tim e J
No \-\' that's easj'. I \VllS wecl ring Ill )'
Ilurse' s uniJornl,
Excu se m e. Do you knuw w hM tim e \Ve
arri ve in Londo n?
Yes, I think \Ve get the re a t a buut 2.30.
Thil nks. 1 ser )'ou ' re read in g l'ridc ¡?;Id
Prejudice. Are you c nj oy ing it ?
Yes, I ,1111.
r did n't like the film mu ch o
Oh, I did. I th o ug ht it \Vas g rea t. I rea ll.y
likc K('i ra Kni g htl ev.
O h, so do 1. r think s h e's re'alIy good in
Piro!es o[ lile Cllribbcll lI.
Me' ton . r love that film . Jo hnny O e pp' s
brilli 'lnt.
1 kn()lv. I'm g oin g to seo hi s ncIV film
to m o rrolV ni g ht.
[~ eally? So anl 1. \N here cHe y OLl goin g
to see it ?
I'i c("¡) dill y C ircu s .
Me ton'
Oh, th a t's grea t. 1 c! o n't kno\V ", hat
time it slarts.
N o, ne ithe r do 1. BlIt m)' hu s band h as
the ti c kets, so he kno ws.
O h . ThJt's good.
1.25
So eZ1 rl y evenin g.
1313:
= Tim; A = A nna)
and he \VZl S \-vea rin g
p y jamils. 81ue pyjamas . O r wer" they
a)
'[ didn' t Iike tlle film l11uch.' 'Ne ithcr
did [.' 'Me ncithc.r.' 'Oh, 1 did.'
b ) ' 1 reall )' lik e Keira Knightley.' '50 del 1.'
'¡Vle too .' 'Oh, I don't.'
el ' 1 think s he's rea lly good .' '50 do [.'
',vle too.' 'Oh , [ d o n't.'
el) 'l'm gu in g to sec Juhnny Dc' PP' :; new
film.' '50 a m 1.' 'M e too.' 'Oh , I' m not .'
e) '1 d o n' t kno w w hat tim e it stMtS.'
'Ne ith e r do 1.' 'Me' Iw ith e r.' 'Oh, [ d o.'
grcen ? ~; O, blllc.
B8:
R:
BB:
Hnally, w hu s p o ke firs t and whilt did
h e 01' s he say 7
0,11'12 s poke tirs t. In fac t he s huuted
Jt me. H e sil id , 'N urse, I'm going to
be s ick.'
Oh \Ve ll , tha t'~ i'er.'l roma nti c' Thank
yO l1 ,
Ros ie.
1.20
(B8 ~ 8 o bb)' Brmvn ; R = Ros ie; O ~ Dave)
1313: . ' OIV, D,lVe, it's yo ur turno Where a nd
hu ,"" did yo u firs t n1l'et?
o: We ll, 1 \Ve nt into ho spi til l fo r an
o p e rati o n, ,me! Ros ie \Vas wo rkin g
the re as
II
nurse .
S8: Wh at tim e uf day IVas it ?
D : O h, I don' t kn ow. Lun ch tim e? N u,
h a n g on, it IVas late r than th,lt. Ea rl )'
cvc ning.
What \Vas the weathe r like 7
o: Oh d ea r. Jt was s umm e r, so I s uppose
the sun \Va s s hinin g.
88: VVh a t IVe're yo u bu th wearin g w lw n
BB:
", ve ning, a nd afte r that we becarnc
reall y good fri e nd s. 8ut after uni versity
h e lV e nt back to h is ho me in the USA
- he's Ame ri ca n ­ ilmi 1 s t<Jycd he. re .
C: O h no '
J: Th e n M,,,.k a mi I s tartc d cmai[ing ¿me!
pho ning e,lch uth", r ,1 lut beca u se IVe
w ilnte d to gu scuba di ving in Egypt
w ith fri e n cls.
Ah. [n the Red Sea?
J: Thut' s rig ht. A n y way, 1 sa w Mark in
Egy pt w ith all o ur friend s. lt Wi.1S il [u l
01' run. The n, li.1s t s umme r I \\'ent
to the USA to vis it him . I il s ked hil11 to
con"" back to Eng la nd w ith me, a nd
he did.
Rea ll y 7 Th¿¡(', brilli il nt.
J: Yes, IVe' re g o o d toge ther. In f,l Ct we' re
pl annin" ,1 trip to the 8a h a l11il s , t the
m o nw n t ". H e y, li fe is goucl!
e
e
Unlt 4
1.32
T he lil s t prt?sent I bought \Vas for m s is te r.
It \Vas h er birthdily. In fa c t, it \Vas he.r
thirtieth birthdil Y. Thirty is n ' t very old, but
she \Vas quite upset. She liked be in g in her
twcntics a mi s he tho ug ht thirt)' \Va s re.,ll1 y
o ld. An )'way, 1 didn ' t know w hat to ge t he r,
so I \Ve nt o n the internet to find so methin g .
I didn 't ha ve ,m )' idea s, but I wi.1 ntcd
so m ct hin g s peciaJ. Eventu a ll v, [ found
,1 really go od present. 1 thought it w as
lI!UI SU,ll, an d ju st perfect for her - it W,l S
" foo t s p a. :vIl' si stcr's a tcac he r ,me! sh "
s tan ds up a l[ da )', so a foot s p a is g reat io r
rcla xtng in the cvc níng. lt \VZl S expensive
- about ÜO - bu t s he's my s is ter, ,1 nd thir ty
is a s pe cial birthd,l)'- I bo ug ht i.1 lo vel}' card
a nd \\'ro te a funn)' message Ll1 il - 1 put,
'1'\' OIV }'ou 're thirty y ou're too o ld to di e
you ng" Ha ha. On her birthe!a)'. 1 gave he r
tll0 prese nt, but unfortunate ly s he didn't
like it - a t a [!. SllP sa id that a foot s pa is a
good presen l for él g ra nd m o the r, not fo r el
young WOI11<1n. 1 WilS rea ll y s urpri sed - J'd
lo ve a foot Sp ,l. And then, w he n sh e rea d
tlce ca rd, sh e cried' VVhat a di saster.
evie A
1.28
(e = Caro l; J = Jcss ica )
C: O K, so ", h O'5 th at in thi s ph oto, }p:;sica?
J: O h , th a t's m y fri e nd, M ark.
C: f'ri end? Rea ll v 7
J: OK, boy friend!
C: Hm'n. Wh e re did yo u m eet him ?
J:
At ullive rsi ty in Lond o n - a bollt fi ve
ye8 rs i:l g0.
C: O h, ri g ht.
J: Ye"h . I didn ' t actu all )' like him ,ü fir s t.
And I alre,'dy hild J bo)' fri c nd. 8ut
o ne day u g ro up Di u s s pe nt tlle'
da~' toge lh e r at th e be,Kh. VVl' w nt
swi mming ,1nd chMtcd ami I
di scovered that MMk was a vl' ry
interes tin g pe rsun and h e rl'u ll y liked
trave llin g.
C: You like travellin g too, d o n' t yo u J
J:
Yes, 1 love it. A n yway, \Ve t"l ked il ll
1.33
(1 = [ntcrvie w,'r, = Co no r, J = Jim )
l: Right, OK. Ques ti on o m :. 00 .vo u mind
guing round thc ~ h()p s?
C: Not ré'ally. 8ut afte r aboLl t an hour I
wan t to gll hom e
J: Actui1l1y, I cil n' t stan d goin g round th e
s hops. :vIy g irlfri e nd kno\Vs this, so s he
lIsuall v c hooses to g o \\'i t hout me.
[: Rig ht, OK. U m le t' s Sl'e. QUl'stion t\Vo.
Whilt kin d (Jf s hops d o yu u cnjuy
gOill g intu?
C: 800k sJwps. I s p e nd ¿¡ lot uf tim l'
rca ding book revic\ vs so 1 .J.h\'ays havE'
J:
a Ii s t of boo ks I'd li ke to bu l'.
1 c njo)' looking ut e lcctroni c equi p m ent
bllt [ can ' t "f[o rd to bu y it. !t' s llSlhl l1y
fJf too expCI1S iVl'.
1:
Right. O K. QUl.'sti o n three. Are tbe re
any kind s o f s hop s you hate gn in g into?
C: I hate s llpe rmdl'kets. [ lI SUil [ly fo rget
to bul' tlw thin gs 1 wen t tlwrc for, 5tl
151
1 avoid gning inlo them. Fortl,lllutel y,
I can d Q m ost <.l f m y fO(ld shopp in g
o nline.
J: J rcfuse to go into s hoe s hops w ith m y
g irlfri e nd . She tries o n te n pairs aJl d
the n d ec ides to bu)' the first pair.
1: Ri g h t. OK. L1St qu e~ tion . Qu es tion
four. Do you e njoy bu)'ing c101hes
ior vo u rseJf?
C: No t rea ll y. I o nl y gQ into a c1 0 thcs
s hop whe n 1 need t(l bu y él IWW s hirl
or som e thin g. FQr me, shopping is <l
J:
n Qcc~s ity( no!' a ple(1S 11r~.
1 love h,wing new c1othes, but I l1ever
mi1Jl age to iind tim e to go s hopping.
1.34
K",iko i.~ lVe;Iring ;I black ~ ilk wai s tcoi1t, iI
w hite co tto n shirt, black w oo lle n trou scrs
,1 nd bla ck lea ther boo ts.
Rober! is wearing J plain g rcen lin eJ1 top,
a red cot ton s k.irt, a li g ht g reen silk scarf
<1round hi s head, gold emrings, a gold
neckla ce, ,1 nd yeJlow leaLher sandals.
1.35
u)
b)
c)
d)
striped, woo l!cn hM
p,ltterned silk ties
i\ pinstriped jacket
a checked shirl
,1
Unit 5
2.01
When I Wil, a t secondar)' school, we did
spo rt eller)' VVednesdav afternoon. Two
hours, irom 1.30 to 3.30. \Vednesdays
we.re 111y worst d ay oi th e week. l hated
doin g s por t a t sch ool. In s umnlt'r IVe did
svvinlnling ilnd tennis, and in \vinter \v e did
hockl''Y l reall y, reall)' ha ted h o ckey. It W'as
al ways cold when \Ve played hockey, but
\V e wor" s horts! H o rrible, grey s horts. ;VIy
legs \Vere ver)' thin and they IVere so cold
th,1[ they turned bllle. I lVas alwa ys happy
vvhen it \,vas raining or snlnv ing - then \ve
s ta yed ins id e and did Scottish dancin g. 1
loved that.
At m )' sehool we had a sports ficid and
tennis courts and a s", imming poo l. I love
swiml1ling, but the sw immin g pool IVasn't
heated so it was freez ing.
1 didn ' t like m )' s ports teilcher, and
sh e didn ' t like me. Her n8m e was Miss
Rockham. \Ve called her Rocky. She looke d
like a boxe r, and she had a ve ry loud voice.
She loved h oc key. In Eact, I think she pla yed
fo r th e nati onal h ockey tea m.
Of cnurse, I didn't play ior tI,., school
hockey tea m, but llo ved dan cin g 50 mu ch
that I joined a dance club 'lfte r school. My
bcs t s porting \1lon1<'nt \Vas \Vhen 1111' dance
club won a cOl11petition ior di sco dancing.
Rocky didn't think lhut dancing \Va s a re,ll
s port, but I disag ree . Dancing ke pt m e fit,
a nd J didn't hav e to \Vear grey s h o rts.
2.02
David Bl'ckhi111l is lhe oldl'st. H e "'as bo rn
in 1975. Thierry Hcnry's next. He "'as born
in 1977. After thal, it/s Fernando Alonso
152
¿-- R'; C. O R D
-
_..
~.~.
'-;-G;- ­
~
~
- bo rn in Jul)" 1981. Th e n, Roge r Fede re r, a
fe w days lutl!r, in Au g ust, 19R 1. Cristi,lno
Ronaldn was born in 1985 ilnd Rafael N adal
is the l'o unges t. He 101',18 bOf n in 19R6.
2.03
(M'O: l1lilrke tin g direc tor; A E: adverti sing
e.xeculi ve)
MD: OK, IVh,1I are we looking for eXilctlv?
AE: \Ve' re lookin g for the ncw face (lf
' Iso-tonic', the new energy drink.
MO: Ves, [ knOl-v ... but ",hat kind nf fael!
a re we looking fnr?
AE: Ah, well, \Ve nl'ed a SpLlr ts celebri!y.
Pro b<l bl1' u Illiln . 50meone good­
lookin g ,1nd health y.
?viD: Gond. Do w e have any ideas?
AE: Ves, 1VE"re thinking ni David Beckha l'l1
01' Thi e rry H e nry.
MD: HI11I1l, Bec kham is more falll o us th'1n
Henry ...
AE: HI11I1l. But he isn' t as inte rl'sb n g.
MIJ: Are they th e same agE'?
AE: U m, I think Beckham is a bit o ld e r
than H e nry.
MO: HI11I11. I think \Ve need a you nger
1118n.
AE: H ow about Fernando Alonso?
MD: Who's he?
AE: He's d Formula One champ ion - he's
young, s uccessful ...
M'O: Bul Formula One is too dangerous.
\Ve \Vant this l1lan to be th e [,leC of
'Iso-tonie' for a fe\\' yea rs. How abou t
tennis? Federer, N.J dal ... ?
AE: Hmm. N adal isn't as s u c.cessful as
Fed erer.
MD: No, but N adal's !11uch )'oun ge r
th a n Fed e re r, so he co ul d be !11ore
suecess ful in future .
AE: HI1l!11.
:VIO: OK, w ho's )'ou r favourite sports s lar?
AE: Oh, Cr is ti a no Ronaldo. Ilhink he's
the bes t-I ook ing, 1110st inte res tin g,
mos t s uccessfu l sports man in th e
world.
MO: \Ve 11 , le t's U SIo! him the n. Pe rfect.
I wdn t yo u to gct in tou ch with him
il1lme diute lv.
2.04
A t 5,894 l1l elres, Mount Kilim a nja ro is
mu ch hi g he r lhan Mount Fu ji , w h ich is
3,77ó metres.
b) S urpri sin g ly, London is n' t as \Ve t as
l~ o l11 e. Th e ,1nnu a l average in Lo nd o n
is 594 millime tres, w he reas in Rom e the
il nnu a l élVe rJ ge is 749 mil!im et res.
c) The US ilrm)' is rnu ch s mall e r than the
i\.o rth Ko reil n A rrn y. Th e rl' él re 524,900
A m eri ca n so ldi é' rs compa red to ove r
one rnilli o n North KOrec1!1 s.
ti ) H eJthrow A irpor t in Lo nd o n is a bit
busier th a n Los A ngeles Inte rn atio nal
Airporl. In one ye al~ H ea th row se rves
51,36S,DOO pa sse nge rs, él nd Los Angel es
se rves 51 ,OJO,OOO.
e) lre la nd is n't a ~ bi g ilS C uba. Ire land is
83,030 squme kilomL'tres, but C ubu is
114,530.
f) Bi g Ben is i1 bi l 1,111er lhan th e Statue of
Liberty. Big Ben is 96 rn e tres téll!, Jnd
th e Stéltu e of Libertv is 93 melres ta ll.
i1)
2.05
a)
b)
e)
d)
e)
O
lt's as li g ht as d fea lher.
H e's as free as a bird.
They' r", as good as g ol d .
Sho's ilS p re tty as il p icture.
It' s as solid as a rock.
It' s as o ld as the h ills.
2.06
Three quarte !'s .
No u g ht po int two five.
i'\o ug ht poin t three tlm:>e.
One a nd a h ,di.
A n e ig hlh .
A 'luarte r.
O ne po int fi ve.
Nou g ht point o nc two five.
A third .
Nou g ht point sellen ¡i ve.
2.07
two hundre d a nd io rty-nin e kil o m etres
<ln hour
b ) forty-two point llne nin e five kilorn e tres
c) (' ight po int two pe rcent
d) six million, one hund red ill1d
e ig hty-e ig ht th o ll sa nd
e) Thirty-two nil
8)
2.08
(P = Prese nte r; A = Avril)
P: We all know lhe ex pression ' Iallghtc r is
th e bes t med icin e'. But.J rece nt s tudy
shows that adults don'l lau g h e nou gh.
The s tud ), Sh OW5 that yo ung childrcn
IJ ugh up lo iour hundred times '1 da)',
",hile adlllts o nl)' laug h seventeen times
a doy. According to m e dical resea rch,
fift ee n to t\Ve nt)' minules of laughler el
day re ally does kee p the' d oc to r 2\way.
\Ve ll nolV yo u CJn jo in OI1l' of the
la ug hte r club s to g ct )'our regular
t\Ve nt)' minutes o f lau g htt'r.
Jt so und s funny, and it e vell loo ks ZI
littl e funny, bullhis is J laughte r club.
Avril is the le ache.r he re. Avril, how did
the laug hte r clubs s tar t?
A: T hev s tarted in India eleven year5 ago.
DI' Kata ria 5tarte d a club in Nlul11bai,
a nd now the re a re hundred s of lau g hte r
clubs aIl over the worId. In India,
people are ve r)' se rious ilbout the
be ne fi ts oi l'lLI g hte r.
1': And \V hat are the benefits of laug htcr?
A: When yo u lau g h, you r", l"use happy
che mic,lls - e nd o rphins. Thi s can reduce
the effects o i s tress and you fee l more
re la xed. Laughte r boosts the iml11une
system a nd re la xes the mind . Also,
laug hing is good for the heart and good
for tl1L' lungs.
1': WhM hZlppc ns in l,lU gh te r club? What
exa ctly d o vou d o?
A: VVe just lall g h .
P: Do you li s te n to funn y s to ries?
A: Oh no. We don't need anythin g to m a kc
us lau gh. VVe d o exercises, a nd when
you s tart l.Ju ghing, you edn't s to p.
P: What kind o f excrcises?
A: \Ve ll. \Ve s tart th e cJ8 SS \Vi lh a lallg hin g
e xercise caIJ e d h o ho hu h" ha .
After lhal, w e do diife re nt kinds of
Iau g hin g. There 's 'sociallaughte r'
... s ilt'nll,'u g hter ... and the loud,
ex plosive lau g h ... w hich ex¡¿rcisc, thé'
lungs.
2.09
,' \'(:-\ ahyays \v ¿lnted to be a :;;urgC'on right
fmm "" he n I \Va s él s lll a ll ehild. !t's Ill y
vocJt ion. Wlwn 1 \Vas dt sehool, my best
friend w,l nted to be a bullet danc"' l~ but
ev en then [ knc \V w hat I wanted lo do.
Therl" s never been a d octo r in Oll!' fa milv
but Ill y fi.1th cr's it bUleher, so I Sl.l~)p(lse
J
it's Silllill1r!
,1 )
(L = Luke; S ; SZlJly)
L: OK, are you read y?
5: Yes o
L: Right. Stand up on th e b(.lard.
S: OK Ohhhhh'
L: H a ha ha'
s: DOn't be ho rribl.e.
lo Oh, son')'. OK, tr)' ag ain. Cood' ere;]t.
Hold On. Don't lel go.
5: O],hhhh' It 's too difficult. I (,ln't do it.
L: Don't be sUI )'. Ot (() ur~e you G 1I1 do it.
Be pati cnt. COnlC' on, try J.gaín.
s: I look s tupid.
L: Don ' t \Vo rr)" Evcr)'one look s stupid the
tirs t tim e. !\ow, s t;1nd up on Ihe bOdrd.
That's it. Be eilreful. Cood. Well don<.'.
N ow, don '! go too fa s t. 5(11)'. Sall)'!
Come back'
5 : Whceee'
Frank, ,1 tl'aclll'r
When I 1V.1S fi ve, I wilntcd to be a farmCl'
01' .] vd bl'CiJUSe lloved anilllals. Later, I
wilntcd to be a pilo!, but 111)' eyc~ ""e re n'l
good cno ugh. Wh e n ¡""dS at univers ity I
""a nte d to be El snowboardt'r, bul I wasn't
good el10ugh lO bc u profession al. After
univt'rsity I had no idea wha! 1 w¡']n te d to
do so I beeilllle 11 le Llcher, and Ilo ve it.
Mia, a modt' l
,v Il' drealll \Vas to be Jn archaeologis t. i'vIy
tilmil )' \Vent 0 11 holida y to Egypt, " nd I
loved ti,.. Pvrdmid s so Illuch lhM 1 bcca mc
rCillly interested in ilncient histo!')'. Bul
w h e n I was ~ i xteen I hild thC' chance to ea rn
il lot ot mOlle)' as ,1 mod~l, SO [ s to pped
study ing, Jnd I've been vvo rkin g cJ S (.1 rnodel
kJr f¡\,e YC(ll"S 11 0 \\1. 1 \Vllnt to star t' stCldyin g
<1gain w lll'n I'm lhirty.
b)
(F = Fath¡¿ r; J = ]im tn y)
F: OK, Jimlll)" kick lhe ball to me.
J: Dadd)', Dadd )', look at m e.
F: Oh, that' s ver)' good, Jimm )'. "iOIV, lhi s
time, don't threnv thl' ball - kick it.
J: Kiek?
F: Yes, wilh yo ur foo!. Loo k, like lhi s .
J: Like lhi s?
F: 1\0, no, d o n 't pick it up - lhut's it. \JOIY
kick it. \Jo, don ' t touch th e ba ll \Virh
your hand. t.;Sl' l'ou r foot. Yes, thill' s it.
O ueh'
J: You OK, D<1Lid y?
F: Aag h'
e)
(M = \'!oth er; R = Rebt'cca)
M : Rig ht. w ateh lllC'. Th.ro w lhe ball in
the air. vVilteh lhe ball, " nd hit il. OK?
I\o\\' you try. Throw the ball in the a ir
i1 nd hit the - oh, OK, try ilg"ill. This
time, don't loo k al m e - look iIl lhe bal!.
Throw the ball in the airo Walch the b,lll
ami , ... oh d e ar.
R: 1 hate this s tupid game. I w ant to go
hor~e-ridhl g . YOll'r" horrible.
M: Don't be rudl" Rebecca. I'iek up yo ur
rí:lcket (]nd try agl1 in .
Unit 6
2.10
Mark, d company director
I [hink 1 wantcd to be ,1 so ldi e r - I likc d
the uniform, and l(.lts of boys W,lnt to bE'
so ldi 0rs w l.l cn lhey' r", you ng, don't they?
LMcr on 1 th o ught of b",ing ,111 e ngineer, but
1 did.n '[ do any w ork ,11 sehoo l ~o I couldn' l
go to uni ve rs it)'- In lh e end I startcd
work in g \Vith m )' f<Hher ;:md llOW l'm lhe
director uf my own co mpi1m~ so 1'111 quité,
pl eused \Vith the wa)' things tUrIl ed out.
Lucy, II surgeon
2.12
il) sa id, rea d , fe d , bel'll
b) kno",n , bou g ht, floll'll , grown
e) run g, s ung, brou g hl, hun g
el) drank, til u g hl, lhou g ht, fought
1:
So how many workers d o y Ol! ha ve
\·"ho I,.H e OVt"f re tirenlCJ1t Jg ,?
MI' R: WeJI, \Ve e mpl oy .1 ,taff llf 105 and
halí o í those a rl' ovcr 65. The young
one~ \vork in the officC' - \\,e've g ol
COlllputers no\ v yo u kn cH'v.
Rcallv? Has the s lOre cha llged mll ch
ove,· lhe years?
NIr R: N o, no t re" ll y. I s tilrted work in g
here in 1\)48 a nd 1'I't' on lv had l\\'o
secre lari es in all that til1l ~. Edith, ll1y
1:
first sec retar)", resigned \>VhCll she
72.
Oh, wh )' did s he leave Rcynold's
so young?
MI' R: Well , s he \'Vas ge ttin g IllMried lo
someon c \Vho liveel in another tl.lwn.
[:
Jeez ! That' s dlllazin g .. . Do yOll
Ihink yo u \\' ill e\'e r retirl',
:VII' Reynold?
:Vlr R: Oh yeso I'm neilrl y 86' .vl l' so n' .
IV,1 5
1:
go ing to take over the business
n~xt
year. H e's o nl)' 114.
2.14
\'ly fri e nd Hilnn¡lh ha s the best job in th e
world - s he's a personal triliner. She ha s
about ten c1ien b, und s he wriles ,111 exe rei sl'
progrilllllllc fo r ea ch persono 5hc d oesn ' t
work .tor ilnybody - she's selí-l'lllplo)'ed.
She s tMts Ivork ve ry eurly ever)' da)'
becilLl se so mc (J f he r c1ients lik ' lo do
exe rcise befort' tlwy go to \Vork. I think sh e
s turt, her tirs t cli ent at sevt?n o'c lock in the
l11orníng.
2.13
(P ~ Presenter; I = Intt'rv il'we r;
Mr R = \'Ir Reyllold)
P:
And thi s \veck, in oLlr regul(lf
re p ort fro m Eng lilnd , \Ve v isited
,1 departnlt'flt s lo re w ilh el
di tfe re n cc ..
1:
vi l' Rey no ld, <:,l n )'O U tell LI S w hat is
so spC'eii11 ilboul yOllr d e partmelll
s tore ?
'v1 r R: \Vl'lI, Re)' nCl ld' s is a large
d c p a rllll ent ,tore and yOll eM1 find
eve rything yO ll w,l nt fOl' lh e hom e
he rt' . Oh, and it s til yS op<' n late 0 11
Thursda ys Jnd S,'lurda ys.
1:
Yes, thitt's right. but is n 't there
somelhing s pe ci;ll about the stilff
- yo u know - has dn y bod y rl'ti red
recentl y ?
\'11' 1 : Ah, oh, I see. No. N obo dy h;l S
n~ tired rl~ce ntly, Zlnd we nL' v er force
11 ll ybod y to re tire herc.
1:
1hnl' o Ld is )'u ur old est c mployee?
:VII' R: Well., lhut's Arthur. Arthur is o ur
deane r, a nd he's 1'7.
l;
87' And h e elenns the s to re every
d,l)'?
\'Jr I{: We l!, Ilot .1lo ne, no. He works \'Vith
two o ther c1eaners. TIll'y ' re not so
üld - Mabe l's 70 it nd Iv)"s 75 - n o
76. Th.1t's right, s he's ju s t h"d her
birthda y.
1:
And th ey dOIl't \'VJ nl to re tire ?
MI' R: 1\0, I think they en joy tl1<' work, ilnd
it ket'ps the lll )'oung. Al so, we pél )'
a decent sil lill'y, ,lIld they ge t tour
week,' paid holida y a l'e,lr.
I think it's él g reil t job, be GlLlSl' Hilnnah
loves s port and so she gets mOlle)'
for doing whal she lo ves. She ea rn s ,1
re é1sonably goocJ salar)'. I think s he chill'ges
t:35,lIl hour, so h e r Sil lar)' d e pe nd s un the
l1umbcr o f hou rs s.he \\'orks. 5 he IOves he r
job becullse s he helps pt?oplc to gel iit illld
hcaltlw.
l'd lo ve to dl) her job, bQG1Ll se s h c doesn't
ha ve' to work in ili1 offiee illl da y dnd s he
doesn' t have to go to the gy nl in hEl )' fre e
tim e l'ith e r. She' , he r ow n boss so sh e
can go
011
1.1olid,lY \ \' hen ~hL' vvants, ilnd
,:; he ,11\.\ 'a)'s looks falltil <;tic in
el
swimmin g
costuIl1e .
2.15
(C ~ - hair; L = Lw l.1; ;vl ~ ~vlikl'; J = ],l(k;
E = Elsi e )
C: Gllod afte rn oon e\·I.'I'\·blld \. \\'l'lconll'
lo Quit Sm o kin g. I'm John a nd l'm ,1 n
ex-s lll oker. e,m \ 'o u tell lhe g roup w ho
you
Jf(', ,111d
\\'hal yOll do.
He lio. ¡Vi)' llallle's La\·ld. I \\'ork
for a big conlp(ln~ Jnd \\' e produce
high qUillity ,ludi o l' quipml'llt. I'm
respons ib le for s"les ,l nd prorn o ti o n.
M : Good l11 o rllillg. \'Iy n,lme's :vlike. l' ve
jus t Id t universit\ dmi a t prescnl I' m
uncmp loved . 1'111 look ing fo r i1 job in
publishin g.
J: Hi. l'rn ],lck ,lIld I vvork ,1S ,1 bod l'g uard.
I'm sel f-em plovcd ,'n d I'm bJ sed in
London , but m)' job illvol Ves il Illt of
fo ré ig n tra\'eI. I h,lVO lo ti1kc importan l
c1ie nls sil fely trom o ne pl.KC to anoth e r.
E: My n " me', Elsie. I'm él ph o togr,lphcr
L:
153
and 1 \vork lor a 11111Sic n1a gaz in e.
C:
\Ve" r e b el sed in Grighton. r run the
photog raphy departm e nt and l'm
in c!l¿lrge o f tn kin g ph o tog raph s uf
r(Jc k st<J rs a mj ba nds, so J l ravel ,1 101,
espccia lly lo lh e Un ite d Stn tes .
Th a nk I' OL.I. Ri g hl, Id's ge llhis m ee ling
stZ1l"t0 d. C o!fe e is el l' .
eview B
2.19
n = Tom; l' =
T:
P:
l'C1to y)
Pa tS-y '1 nd r Me verv el i ffere n t .
Yes, ve rl' di ffcoJ'e n l. In bel \Ve're
co mp le te OP~)0 5 it "'5 . Tom';; w a te r and
I'm a ir. H e ' .s '1 Scorpio a nd 1'111 ,1n
A g uiJrill S.
r:
P:
T:
P:
T:
\11m, J d o n't re,llJ y lw liev c> in ,111 lh ,11 .
AI1d Tom' o Jlw ch "Id e r tl1an me. [ lh ink
lh,1I a!so ll1 ak es ,1 d iffe renc," .
1 don't S0" IVh a l diffe re n cE' .
rhe (iothcs 11<' lV l'cUS l11H k" hil1l loo k
o ldl'r, IO(l.
rha l's lnw. On lh e olher h,1J1d, 1\1ts;­
drt>:;SL'S like ;J tE'L'I1J ger.
P:
T:
N o, J do n't. Bu t J do e njov fi.n d in g
fJ s hi O!1ab Je c10th es <J t go(~d p ri cc; .
J ,1 1\\',1.I'S bul' him re,llly g ood dOlh ,, ;;
bllt, he nev er \ \"(>¿1r ~ thG? nl .
\V(,' I'C' bc,:cn m'llTi c d fo r t-Ivl'nl ,, -l wn
Y'eilrs .
1" Is it th a t lo n g ?
T:
. Zl l1d ~oJ11 e tinl c s
1':
r:
P:
\\I hy '.ve' ve stay e d logc tlw r
Ye so He' li kC's w,1Iching s p o rt o n r \!,
w h e> rc,ls I lik e> gettin g oul tlwre ,1nd
pl ,win g it. I cn n't st ilnd lV eltch u1g il
un T \I.
Sh " lo ves ;;hopp in g , bu t J prd er sittin g
jn llly gJ I'!..i en \V i tJ l G pe \\·~v n p e r.
50, whv ,11', ' \V e l() g e th e r~ S im p l<c:­
[ lu\' e hinl.H e's II good h llsbnnd [l ild d
goo d Llther to our childrcl1. And 11L" ,
(lile (Ji llw funni es t peoplc I've
e l'l' J'
T:
\ve c :1 J1'l lI11ol::'rsl and
]11(' l.
I tlúnk J' m tlll' fue.k ie st p e rson I knol\'.
7
Debb il!, 37
J'm h e re beG1USe lI' e 're d e stroyin g lhe
p lan e t. J'm pro testin g dg<l inst Tl1J.dhnalion,11
compa n iC's . rh e y're PQJlutin g o ur fiv e rs
~1Jld oce.Cl ns Jnd th ey're ca. psing global
wJ rmin g . I'm in f¿lV o ur oi s m 81J bmil y­
run COJllpilll il?s. 1'111 ;Jgilinst food inlports.
sllpporl IOG11 fa rm e rs é1J1d J bll), [pod fr o!11
fcl rrne rs' m M k e ts, n o t s upc rmar k e ls.
Ronn y,27
J' m ridin g m y biey cJc tod a y b c eJlIse I'm
a g 'lin s t bi g CM , in th e e it)'. I'm n o l élllti-GlI's
- in f,lC t, I hJVe. ,1 ca l' - bul I just think [1l o n,'
pco pl e :i h o llld lIse publie trJns p ort. Lea v!;'
y our cm ,1 t h u nw - ridc a bicvcl e l
e
(1
1-1 :
w iLh lorill fa mili <c:s . Wo uld vo u lik c S0 111 e
infu rm al io n il b o u t o ur hn'lidav s )
/clk e, J4
1'111 havin g fun \V ith m) friends. Jt' s m I'
firs l d e 111onslra lion. J d o n't fcc' l st ro n g l}"
il bout pol ities, bul J'm wo rricd ab out gl ob a l
w a rmin g . J d o n'l re dil)' edre a b o u t p eo pl e
- lh t' v G 1J1 lo u k a fl e r tllL'J11seJves. J'm in
f<1 VOllr of pro tt.:'ctin g \v ild LlJ1iln als - 1 \van t
to Iw lp poldr bc,lI's ,lnd p e n g uins. If tlw ice
ca ps m e ll, ",herc' w ill tlwy live ?
154
[J[lIJ(!JIJí!llJm~'J
bi gg cr s~11 8 ry and il be tte r boy fri l:' lld.
['\0, I' m seJ"io u s . l'm go in g lo d o
H : 1n a s ma lJ t0 1l' 11 n ear A cera .
\11: H o lI' ME' yo u ge t b n g the re '
H : I3y b us . ¡vlrs O doi' s gO illg lO m a ke su re
I g ct the r ig h t bu s .
\JI: \Vhen an~ yOl! C()lllill g b í.~ ck ?
l-I: 011 15 th Sep te mbe r. Just in lim e for I' o ur
bix thdd l'.
Unit 8
going?
H: C ha n a .
C: Gha n a ) W h a t 'l boul tlw a ni ma ls?
H: N o, I'm no l g oing to w Of k lV ilh Oninl J ls
- 1 \Va nl to help p eopk-.
C: N O, I n1l'a n llw d nn gc rDu s anim'l ls
=
cro codil es, lions, ~ l [l k e s, .
[ l ! O h, 1 see . J'm no t ju s l gO lng the fe ,1IoJ1e.
l've jo ined ll ll o r gZlll i5Cl. li QI1, Jnd th e.y' rc
go ing l o él rrall gc evc rythÜ1g fo r
C:
H:
C:
]-1:
C:
11112 .
}'n1
g oi n g to work in 'ln orph,ln J s e .
C;ood for yo u , I lo\\' !11ueh cHl' lhe\'
goin g 1.0 pay you?
N p th in g . {'m ,1 vo \ullle l'r. Ln [,lcl, I'm
gu in g to pay lhp m '25 ,1 WE'e.k.
YOll' rE' go in g to pay tlrCII /. I see, VVh en
al't' yO ll gnin g?
Soun - n cx t munth.
"VO l\'. H uI\' C!xcitil1 )i; . l' el IOliC' to v isit
So u th J-\ merlGl.
A ! riCD, Ch¡¡ll cl' S in A rri Ce1.
O h is il? lh e re Me ,~ 10 1 o f d a n gero Lls
é1ni nl ¿l ls in Af ri C<.1 .
J tnld y o u, 1'111 no [
= lvJu nl; 1 J =
lloved art. Yes, a rt
\V (}S 1l1 y
f(]\'Olll'it-e
s ubje c l b e c1lu se 1 lI' il S g o od ,ll it. WL' héld el
wOl1d (> rtul tea che r - slw ",as calledM iss
L<;,w is, and J rClllembcr th e fir:; t d,l )' :s,h e
arrive d el t Sd100 1. She didn't !ook likc ,1
tea cl18r. S h e h<1d lon g black hélir, ,md sh e
- lhin)', thirlyA lJ1C'! some thin g lik e th o t,
and IVE' ,,11 fe ll in l" vE' I"it·h h e r - loov s aJ1d
g irl 'i! Sh ,,' lI'asn'l ¡us! b",wl íful - si", w a s ,1
rea lly goo d lcac.h e r too. He r Icsso ns w e re
inte n~'s tin g i.l11d v[lried. VVe onl ), had three
hours of art E'a ch IV"e k o n VVe dl1l'sd'l Y
dft e rnOO!ls. ¡vli ss Le w is lo ve d phn tog ra ph)
é1nd sl1<' la u g ht us holV lo deveJop o ur U\V 1l
ph o to g r'l phs. I ¡'(?¿] II " J?njoy e d th<1t, and
for ,1 ",hile I IVimlcd to b e el p r¡ lfcossjelJl'l l
pho togla phel·. In the e nd I rc,lli sed lh a l
it IVJ S díffic ult to Il1 Jke a living él S J
phol ugla ph er so l WE'llt to univ e rs ity an d
s ludi e d e n g in e crin g . But I 5lill IlO l' e la kin g
photp;; cl nd re ce n ll \' I w o n ,1 ( ompe ti t:ion
- M iss Lewis w(luld b e proud ut n1l'!
2.30
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
2.24
(¡vJ
I w,lsn'l ve ry 'l Gldcmic éll sch o ol, but
\v o re b right c O ¡(lLlr~ . Sil e \V~l .S qu i te yOllll g
H : I wa n t lo h elp p eop le k s s fo rtlln ate
lh ,m me - J'111 go in g lo gu élbrodd Jnd
\Vo rk w ith chi ldre n .
C: Oh. We ll, tll at ' s UI11. Wh cfe ,11'C vou
o rg ,l ni ~~ li (l n
!oGl l cultllrc . V\'L' org ~l11isc i.1CCOlll111()d'ltiull
)
sonw thin g iJl1port<1 nt.
H:
ca llvd Ec o
H ulid d)'S, () nd \v c 'n.:' d en1 QIlslrZl til1 g il ga in s l
lJlilSS t ouri ~ 111. I'm n o! el g ilin st trnlri SI11 b ,l t 1
bclicve in rL's~)(ln s ib ! "' touri sm . VV,,'r<2 a g ilinsl
bi g h o te ls ,md p a cka ge ho lid 'l )'S. Wilh Eco
I-Ioli d il Ys you ca n rc,lll )" exper icl1ct' thL'
J
C: \-\ih n l do vo u m e nn ?
J'-1:
rOl' ,m
w o rk on ¡vl o nd'l)'­
:VI: i\n d ",h e re C'x J c tly are you w orkin g ?
2.28
(H = He lefl; = C a rolt
H: ¡'ve d e cíd e d 1'1)1 goi ng to ch 'l n ge m .1
l ife.
C: Yl' él h, nl ~ too. l \V i.lllt <.1 bi ggC'r h OUS l:? ,
C:
10, 26
" ddrt' S~ for m e .
H: Ye s, don '! w orry. T h e n, 1'm st,1t'ting
2.23
2.2 1
J \Y o rk
Ivl: You mu s l IV rite d Olv n Lh e ir n a m e il nd
H e len)
/1: \V ho' s pi cking yOll up a l the ,1irpor l?
H: l' ve lo ld yo u, M um.
\11: J k n o \\', bull'm w orri e d. G h a nJ' s
8 lun g \VZl Y' fn)l1l here.
H' O K. Le' l' s g o lhrou g h it él g '1in. ]'m
drrivin g in !\ ccr,l i.1t tcn n'clock in
t h e m o rnin ~ , dnd lh e voluntcc rs'
coordinato.l' is 11l ee tin g ln e . Tb a t's
Bo b Wh ite . H e ' s ta kin g m e to my
a ccOlnnl 0 d a li n n .
i'v1: A n d yo u'rc s ta yin g w it.h a Ll mil y.
H : Yes, I' m s ta yin g with <1 Ch a n a ia n
1c1I1l i1v.
il: l)on't vo u lI'anl' to sL1\' in él h o te l?
11: [\ 0, J "',Hl1 lo h 'lI' e e1l1 ,wlh e nli c
e xpl'ri c.n ce, so I'm stm ' in g wilh lh e
O doi fomil\!.
f)
' D id Co rd o n h J VE' lo o b e)' b i:; eb d
IV il:hoUIl]ue sli o nó>? ' ' Ye s, h e di d .'
' N o, he d idn't.'
' D id Gendo n hav e to f\O lO (hu reh O!l
SUllLbys?' 'Ye ;;, he did.' ':\(), h e didn' t.'
'C o uld Co rdon bri ng hi s g irlfricnds
h Ol1l E'?' 'Yes, h e CCl u ld.' '1'\ 0, he
c.Ll ul d n'l :
' l) id Ton \' h8 V<; lO d o hi s h 0 i11eWo rk
Gvcry ni ght?' 'Ves, h!2 did.' ' No, 1'1 12
didn'l,'
'('o uld Scot l conll' hOlll c 'J l ,mI' lime?'
'Yes, lw (G uld.' ":\0, he cOllldn 'l .'
' DoE'S :,cotl have to hid", thÜlgS fmm h is
lbli?' 'Ye:¡, h l:' l.1 0J2S .' ';\ 0 , he doesn' t.'
2.31
(S = ScNt; (; = Cordon)
S: Fas te n yo ur sCéllbel!, gr,mdéld.
C : Bul I'm s illing in lile' b,lCk.
S: Ye 5, and y OLJ h,lV<' to faste.! l yo u r
se,llb,,11 in Hle' b~ c k n O\I.
G : Oh d e élr. A II lhe s E' ru les a nd
rcglllJti ons. In 11ly d ü)', \ve didn'l h(:1 ve
l'o I\' (' él)' scalbc lts al a ll.
S: i\nd it \\ ' ~l S 111uch !ll Ore dL1ngerOllS.
C: But lil e d id n ' l dr:i v e so ín s l. A nd lh e r,"
\v cre n'[ so 1l1(111V CZlr s 0 11 Lh e rOlld. In
m y d a)', we eo ul d n't lhive fas l b C'G1USl'
lh ere \.\'c1'e n' l
¿lJ1V 1l1ol 0 n v l1 V 5 .
.
.
G: IlmIll, ver }' fu nn ). J\ Cl'U,ll1v, 1 had ,1
bea utiful mu to rbik," - d lr iumph - " ne!
1 didn'l hdve' to \I'e<1r Z1 h 'Im e t. N "l likc
l1o\V<1d ;ws.
S: Do )'OU r 'iil! v lhink lift' \Ve, betle r in
ytlur d c))', g rand¡)d?
C: \Vel l, li ft! wos les:; comp lie,lt 'd. Fo r
l'X '1Il1pl~ , W~ didn 't h,lVe a l! Lhese ,redil
C<1rds in my ddV, \V" hJd lo use ca s h lo
buy lhings
S: Bul nO! e v,.'rylhing \\"'.5 bette r, g r'1I1dad.
You h ¿lCl lo el ... J11dilJ r\' st'n' ict' - I
\\'ouILin'l like lha!.
G: I \Ya s prClud to do m ilil'Mv ,,,rv icc , In
m I' d" y, ¡I l1l~ln h"c! lu be ,1 m ,1I1 . :\01
likl' tht'~e d,ws - nh'-ll dn d \I'ul11en luok
exactl\' llw Sdml' lo m e. In 111)' d a)',
couldn 't hll\'l' lung hai r, uf \VeClf
L'<:Hr jn M~ Uf clury ZI handbag Ji ke so n1\..!
nlcn du nu\V,J d~lyS.
y Oll
Ha h,). 13ul Sul11e lhin gs \V"l"l' mure
d iffi cult in vo u r dilV, g rillld"d - li ke
trd vellin g .
C: Tha!' s rig hl, WL' c(luldn 'l lravel by
(l ir Iik ~' yO ll do l(xia
. y - il \'VllS tou
t'x p l' nsi v,'. Bul \'I' e lrav,: lIed by tr"in
"nd bLi s . I rem e mL1t' r lhe first ti me 1
w l'n l lo Fr, l1<"e .
l··
Uh Jenl1\'"s v
'I'V
Wt, lI. She' s a d e nti st
1l0\,V.
J:
O h ve r)' go,jd.
el good job, but 1 don' t think
she s hould w "rk.
J: Oh, \V h,,'
E: IVd!, 11l'1' ';(ln' ~ o n lv rh r 'C'. Ilhin k
l11 ütl1l'rs ~ h o llld sr~ \' ,11 ho m e ~i1d loo k
a fl e r lh e ch ild nm. '
J: Oh yes, 1 dgrl'l' . I think child ren need
lhe ir mothl'rs al hom e ,
E: l~b~ oILlI"l v. IVly ddu g hle r thi n ks fa lhe rs
should s tay al hOI11t' ¿md look ¡¡[[er
ti", ch ild ren.
J: Oh !1u, ¡ don'l dg rl'" w irh lh,¡!. [l' s ~
Wl1man' s jo bo
eXi1cl lv. , Olo\', whnl a boul your so n '
ls he m ,lITi t'd yd'
.1:
No, bul h,,' s livin g w ilh h is !"ii,rltri ~ rl tl .
E:
h dl'M. I d on'll hink cOLlf1ks ShOltl d
liv,' toge llll'r bdore tfwy gl!l ma rried.
J: Oh, 1'111 nol so s urt!. I don't ¡hin k my
son's reJdy lCl g el nl a rricd.
E: N o, he ' , like m )' Si mon. 1le', lhirly,s ix
dl1d h,,'5 s lill liv in g di home.
]: Re"lIy ? Ilh ink \' o ul1 g peo plt' s hou ld
ll'dVl' hon1l' v\'hen Ih e)"r", ei g hb'e l1.
F.. V,'"II, il d "pc,nd s . Sim on can'l' af[or'd lO
knV l horr\e.
J: \'Vell , w h", n "r" 1I'l' I:,' youn g, ..
E: Yes, il's
e:
1
2.3 2
(L - Liz; M - M<lrl in; J = John ; A . Annl')
L: T hi s is m )' 11111111, Jn d lhi s is nw e! ,ld.
NI : I-Ie ll o, vlr,; h n'ley .. , 'vlr Fc1J' le)'­
f: ! icl' lu l11 ed yUlI , Ma rri n. P l<.w;l' (¡¡Ilu s
fohn ane! A n ne.
A: Cum<:' in. T1K¡' el S('Jt.
J: l'h a t's J Vl'rv SI11Mt s ui!. H~v c )'o u
CLll11e slr,lighl irol11 \York?
!VI: O h , Il O, IU ~ lI ¡¡lIy weM jt'[\ ns dI \vork'
J Oh ... wh,l t d o ]fU" do?
1\;1: I\h, el', ,' m J um so r! u f, inll' rior d es ig n
onsllllcl nt.
L: He wClr k~ in " furi1lture shop.
A : O h, lha r's n icct, U I11, I_iz t,>lb 1I ~ you
3.02
I'ti love lO meet yo ul' fri e nd s - let 's
1l1,1ke ,1 d ,llC' no\\'. "Ve (ou ld tr)' th~ l new
rest¿)ur Jn l in to\vn.
2 No, no, d o n 't do il likc tha t. Do it lih'
lhis. Co nn, do il dgain, ,md , oh, lhl'Jl Sd
nll' ,"1 cu P of led,
3 1\\) prob lem - I' m s urc 1 ca n \Vin. I k no w
I'm f<J s lt'r lhan lhl' ollll'rs.
4 l'nl \vo rking hefe lo gct SO Ill<..! cx pe.ri ence,
\·verl' in Frail ee rcce nll y.
but 1'111 gUlng lo s t,1rl up m y tlI\' n
fll () nlll.
1\: Luvely. Did )'uu lik" il'
M: VVell, it's ,1 bl',luliflll e ity, bul lh", Pl'llPil'
\·ve r ve rv n.ld l.l.
A:
h. !)id
tnlll1
)'OU
knol-\' J oh n '~ !ll11tlll'r '~
r'l ri s?
:\11: Oh dea r, no, 1 didl\'l. 1'111 sorr)', I d idn'l
InC ~ln
J:
~ OOil.
5 Yea h, wh111e\'er - I r"dll y don'lll1ind. 1' 11
l"le' h,l pPY ir wc go o u l. 1' 1I1'e h,lpPY if w('
: 1111' in. Le l's du w hJ leVer 1'ou \\'~lnl tu do.
6 Look, Ml' yu u s u re vllu 'rt' OK' 13 'C, Lise
I l'éltl ~l a y Il)ll gl~r jf Yl)U \·,'Zl nl. A ny \\¡ay,
vou kno\V wh<:'J'e 1 a/11 ir yo u Ill'ed n1t'.
T"ke (are.
.. ~ 1111l ..
DLlI1 ' 1 \\'orr ', 111)' 111 llhe r' s ve r)' rud e
11l(J .... No\\ M.lIl in, \\'oul d y o u likl'
" lJe'c r?
l'vl : Oh, y e~, pkc1se. L. 111 , is th ,i r ,1 p holo pI'
J:
(O rnp ll l1 y
Li / whe.n ~h(' \'VJS yO lll1 g l: r?
Ves, s he \ovas len her,' . WOu ld y ou like
tu !>'ee ~()nl e nl0re phntoh?
L: O h, Dad'
IVI: O h, ye s, plt:a se, er . ,. John.
1\ : OK, Joh n, y Oll gellhL' phol o alblll11~
ou t, "nd ['11 ch al to 1artin. So Vi ilrti n,
wh,)[ ,Ir yo u g l1ing to do in llw (ulm,, '
vI: W" II , in 111)' ire" time 1'111 ~ tucl v ing- a l
lhe coll ege
(J
.1 :
kan; - = to:l,lÍl1e)
I Iu\\' ,He vour c:hi ld re n '
1'111 doing a ,cuba
divin g l~Ollr S;l'. ll ikc S\ViI11J11ing in iile
se,¡ so 1 spl'nd ll1 os1 o i m\' d,l )' on tlw
bt'd.::h, ,1I1d lh e n in Lh" t'Vl' nin );t r go
s ho ppin g. I have J s hop back ho me in
Sydne)' SO 1' 111 alwZlys look ifl g tor
lhin g s lo take bilá tlll'rl'.
1': J'inJlh, we spoke to 11 ,111,.
11: I' m li \rlll g J1l'rl' al the l11om e nt. I COml'
trom Cl'l'man y bul I've rcn le d J
ho u o.' Ill'rl' (or s ix 111011 1h, b" C,lL1 ·C I'm
w riting él nO l'e l. 1 lhil1k ThailJn d i ~ J
perkct place lo li ve - it' . clW,lP, h Ol
J ne! inspi,- il1g . My gi rlfr iend i"I1 '( vcry
happy JbOu l il thou gh - t have J e! og in
Ger m a ny, ilnd 011<' ha d to SIay al hOI1ll'
,md Inok Zlfll'r i t ~
(P = Pr'cse I11l' r; B - Be k)'; ) = ¡dO
P: 111 Ollr seco nd rÚf1ort- fm m Thdil and,
\ ve n1t2l two pCupll' \vho ca nlt? hen:' on
ho li dm' .1I1d ne ver \Venl ho n1<'. Bl' ckv,
how 1011 ::; ha v!..' yo u bet'T1 her\:'
in Th,lil ,md'
B: I a rril' cd he re in 1004. I onl y ':,ll11e h e)'e
fnr J holid 'lY b u t I likl'd it so mu ch
1 slJy cd .
P: \\I h dl 11,11'" yO ll bee n doi ng 11t're
s in el' 10114'
B: l' ve been rlll1l1il1 g iI b,:¡r on th e be'd el . It
\Vas dift'icull a l firs l, beCCluse 1 o p "I1l'd
mI' bZlr l\Yu l11onlh5 bdore lhe tSLln J m i
il1 D" l',' l11l1l'r 111(14. Our ba r \\ ;:¡s OK,
bul IOllrisls s lJ ved ,11\' a v fOl' ,.1 lon g time
,i ft",- lh"t, dnd I ,1In1<lsl hdd to uose lhe
bd!". Bu t 1' \ L' h,ld J lot 01' SUpP,)rt tmm
111 Y hu ~bJ nd, ~lnd nu\\ he bar is going
ve r)' ,,·e ll.
P: Dicl V"l1 set l11clrril'd lw!'e?
n: Yes, nw hu s b ,md '~ lhai, ane! \Ve've­
been 111Jrrit,d for
uf a dog i:; yuu r ()\v n
pen;o nJlil \'.
Your d esniptiun of él ca l is )'o ur pdrtncr ',;
personality.
YOllr lkser ipl-jol1 " f a r'a t is )'our l'l1el11 )"s
pt' rsunal il y.
Your d escnpliol1 o r cot'tee is ho\\' ;' UlI se€"
lovt; ,
YOur d esc:ripli nn o f ,111 o(,E'a n is your l1\\'11
liie .
3.04
(P
grl~a l id ea.
Then \-Ve s pok,' tu Cin dl'.
C: I'm on holida )' 'lnd
3.03
Y O ll.t" d~cri pti o n
= Pl'l'Sl' nter; K = K,)[h; R = Roy ;
- = C ind y; 1 f
2.34
1':
3.05
Unl 9
¡VI: Yes, th,1I' s rig h l, 'j \V e n! tu I'Mis IdSl
Th a iland. Wt· ;l;,ked thell1 \\'h"t lhe.\'
wt' r d n il1 g in Th'l il ;:H1(1.
!-'i rst, Wl' spoke lo Ka lh a llli Rm'.
K: W,,'rl' o n ou r l1iln ev l11ool1 dl1d \Ve'l"l'
~ril y ing in Lhe R"y ,,\' advl' holel. Il ' s
w ondertul. Tlll'y pul rose peta ls il1 uur
b,llh.
R: I exr wCl'k \Vl' ,·vanl to gu lo the nllrlh .
1 wa n l to go tr,,-k kin g in tl1l' jUl1g le, Mld
Killh ' >/0 1115 lo do " cOOkerv l;Ou rse. VVe
bulh lo ve Thai food , so 1 lhil1k iV.' a
= Han ,)
P: Y\'e1co l11 e to Ti/I ' /-Ioilday
VVt'
, IMt off \Vi lh ,¡ r porl imm T hc,iIJn J.
[11 lh is rqlorl, W" spokc lu t() lIr i~ ts un
lh,' bedGh in i\C1 N ang in rhe.: so uth nf
jJ/'os m llllrll ' .
t\\U \ "CJ r :-;
n {) \\",
P: Do you go b,lC k tl1 lhe CK ofll' l1 )
B: I h.1l'l'l1'l been In tl1l' CK tor d ft' lI '
yl'tlrs .
P:
R:
Whill d o VOl! mi" aboul home'
C,'rl<1 inh-' not llw \\"'dth n, or tllt' (oud.
I gUl's~ I 111i_~ . llly fa nl il:' i.Hld ft'i ~ nd s,
bullh~:' lo \ "c cPl11 int; he re-.
P:
J:
Jdf, ho\\' lc\l1g h,¡H' yllU b"l'n 11l're)
1'01' ,1bllUl ,.; ix l1111 lllh~,
P:
V\'hn t hl1Vt' yOll bCl'n dui ng hert' sil1 Ce
VO U Jrrl vt'd ?
J:
I'v(:' bt'cll \\'o rking ir'! ~'l dl VC cen tre.
1-1...1 \1 1..' ~VOl! learnt the I.:l- tllbl" lln"e?
b
P:
J:
Th , i' I la h ,l. \lo, i l '~ rcoall v difficul!.
J C
ew
J'v e b"'<:'11 h a v in g I ',S O!1S
mon lhs, bul I'm 110t el ve ry good
s lue!t'r1t.
fu,.
I
:
- --­
'~'t. .C',~,~I:!~~~
155
P:
J:
WhJt do you lik e most 8bl) ut li vil1g
in Tha il¡1I1lP
Ap<Ht fmm tlw vbv iou s things lik e thlo?
weat h12r, the fo od iln d th e laid-back
lifestylc, jl ike the faet that iliS close to
otlwr in teresting placcs. I'vc been to
Laos, Cumbod ia, B'11i und Malays-ia . But
I aJway s lih' cVl11in g b'1Ck to Th aila nd .
l' 111 not going ho me for ¡¡ lo ng time.
view (
3.11
(1 ,", Inte rviewer; K = Kv!e; N = Nanp1i)
1: TeJl me, Kyl e, how did yOlll· famil )'
d ec id e t-o gn green?
K: lt W,15 Dad's id "'il, rea ll )' W he n \Ve wer\:
yo u ng, Da d hZld an impnrt;:1I1t job with
~n
nil C0J11pan y. He \vas ver)' al1,bitioLl S,
an d w e d idn 't seE' him a lot, bec,luSe he
\vas i:.1hvuys f1ying 21round the \vorJd.
1:
K:
1:
K:
l:
K:
1:
N:
K:
Bu t w h en he \Vas forty -three, hE' IOS1 his
jobo Afte r he lost his job, he chilnged
CDl11plete ly. He sta rted working as a
ga rde ne r, nl et ne\\' friends and thílt's
ha", he beci:1 mc in te rested in g ree.n
issuL's.
Verv differe. nt fro m his nld life?
Yea h. H e ilctU¡¡Jly becall1e il bit nf a
rebe!. So ",hen he asked l.I S abo ut go ing
gr('en, I wasn't s urpr ised.
How did rou fed about the chan ges
you had to mi:1ke, Naomi?
I Wi:1S ver)' hJppy. Last year DJd 'lnd
1 took pilrt in a d e monstTiltion abo ut
clim ate cha nge in Lon don. It Ivas tun,
il nd 1 hild i:l grea t da y, but w he n I \Vent
b,1Ck hom e I fel! 1 needed to dOlllo re.
Thcse Me serious probl ems . We all ha ve
to make ch,lIlges to o ur lives l1ow!
What Jbout you, Kyle)
iViost ly it's OK. I do n' t lllind w;:¡l kin g
<l nd e)'c.Iing. 1 agree w ith recycl in g
bottles and p"per ami J II that, but
1 get tirE'd of l'¿üing pota toes, Sa ll:1 d
and il ppl es. Some times 1 just lI'a nt to
eat J hlllllbu rgc'r, lurn illl th ..• lights on
in eve r)' room in the house, and ha ve
a b ig bath. And I'd reallv li ke to get ¡¡
m o torbike when I'm o lder.
V\'ha t ,lbout yo ur fri e nd s, wh;:1t do
t-hey think?
They' re a ll ver)' 1V0rried a bo ut cli mate
chilllge. At my sehoo l I' ve s tilrted <1n
eJlViru nlll e n tal g ro up. We're trying
lO persuad e people to ch illlge th ei r
lives. My tri end s think I'm ve ry boss}',
but all th is is loo important! We mu st
do sO lll ct hing befo rc it's too bte. We
1llustn't close ()u r eyes to thi s problcm.
My friends thin k m )' dad is LTi:1zy, but
he's i:1ctuall y llluc.l1 happi e r now - Illo re
rel axed and easygoin g. They genera ll y
thin k we' re doing a good thing. 1 thin k
everybody is responsiblc for c1i m a te
ch ange ilnd shou ld do everything th",)'
CJ n to s top it. 1 h ope the changes my
fam il y is llluking CJ n he lp, but I'm
nüt surt'.
156
----
-
-
-
~~ i l l~_ ~ ~~O! ~ ~ .~
,
'
~
Unitl0
3.13
(R ~ Receptioni s t; IN = vV(lmJn)
R: New Life Centre. C ~n I he lp you ?
W: Yeso Cou ld you give me snnw
LnfQrll1 a tinn about yo ur centre?
R: Cc rtainl y. \oVhe n w(l uld :onu like
to come?
W, Actu a ll y, il's not for me. /t 's tor m)'
husband. It's a s urpri se fm hi s birthday.
R: Ah, lllcky J1li1n'
W: Y"s ... CO llld Yo l.' te ll me som ething
ab()ut the progra mllle?
R: Su r", As soo n as he il rri ves here he'lI
til kc a fitn ess te ~ t.
W: Ri g ht. Um m, h e isn't ve r)' fit.
R: Well, "''' stmt \!very da)' il t 7.30 a.m.
H e 'lI do a yoga class bcfore breakfilst.
W: H il ha. H e us ua ll y ha s a ciga re tte befo re
brei1kfast!
R: Oh desr. If he has <1 cigi:1re tt e here,
h("1I b" in big trouble. !t' s [l s trictly no
s moking are,l.
\11/ : \oVel!. it's él good ilka fo r him to give up
s moking . He says he' ll gil'c up él, soon
ilS lle' fecls more re li1 x"d.
R: Oh well, thi s is the id c¡l l place lO r,' lax.
IHter tlw mornin g walk, ]),,'11 have
él
souna and jncuz7. i.
\oV: Oh, he'll c njO\' thilt. Bu! \Vh at's this wil lk?
R: The.y go for ,1 brisk wa lk in the Ill orn in g
from 8.30 to 12.JO. That's four hours.
W: Four hours! He hates wnl kin g . He on lv
wa lks fmm the fro nt door to hi s cal'.
R Oh, don'l WOIT)' When they get to th
to p o t the. Jlloulltai n, they h ave. a
twe nty-minu te break before they
COnltl do\v n agélin.
W: A nd w ha t about lhe aftc rn oon? Will
he rcl ax)
R: 1'\0, not rea ll y. 1-/(-"11 go to the gym in lh e
Jfternoon. But he' lI ha ve time to rel" x in
the evenin g.
W: Oh my goodness. I don't think hc'lI
thank m e for this.
R: Believ(' me, w hen he' finish es the week
h("1I feeJ like a ne,v Ill<ln.
W: ¡( h e. tini shes the week!
3.14
a)
' Will he ta ke a fit ness test?' 'Yes, he
w ill : 'No, he 1I'0n't:
b) 'Wi ll he do yoga?' 'Yes, h e' will :
'No, he w()n't:
e) 'Wi ll h e huvc a ci g,uette?' 'Yes, h e w ill:
' N o, he won't:
d) 'Wi ll he ha ve u SJ um und a ja cu zzi?'
'Yes, he \Vi II : 'No, he won't:
e) 'Will he go for il four-hour IVJ lk ?'
' Yes, h e \V iii: 'No, he won't:
f) 'Will h e hJve tim c to relax in th e
.,flernoon?' 'Yes, he w ilJ: ' 1\0, he wo n' t:
3.17
The filt es t pe rson 1 kn ow is m)' co usin,
Dan·e n. Hl!'s twenty-s ix ami he's trJining to
be an ilrmy officer. Oar ren's tall and \Ve ll­
bu il t i:1nd he loo ks fa n tas ti c in his uniformo
H e's aIso very st rong, i.1n d he has anlazi ng
stallli n a. For h is training, he hJS to do really
diíficu lt- exercises. Fur t'Xil 111 pie, he h,15 to
run up mount<1ins carrying about forty
kilos of l''luipme nt on his bi:1ck. Th at's
almost like ca rry in g <1 person' He h as to ea t
i:1 reall1' high-calori E' ejid, bul he's <l l way~
loved hi s íood so th ilt's not too di fficult for
hilll. He 58)'S he's cnjoy in g tlle training, but
it's h a rd lo believe because he u sed to be so
lazy, When he WilS a st udent, he neve.r got
up before midda)', ¿lIld he Ilever did eny
hou sework. No\\', he gets up at S.30 in tI,.,
m orn in g, il lld he I)ils to iron hi s unifo nn
every da)'!
3.19
iViy dreé11ll cal' is Jn (lId cal'. 1 love ca rs from
thE' fif ties 01' sixties, ilnd m y tavourite is a
ChE'vro k't. A reall}' big, o ld Chevrole t. lt has
to be black - d e.fin ite ly bla ck - w ith ,1 sil\l" r
bumpe.r and big í1ashy h eadli g h!s. Illsid e,
it's really s pacious \Vith plcnty of roo m to
Mr"tch yo ur legs . Thc seats are 50 ft a mi
mad e of lcilther. R~'d lea ther. 1\0, brown
I('a ther. Brown is more soph is ticJted. O h,
illld thcrc's a beil utiful old r¡¡dio w ith Elv is
playing rea ll y lo ud. r love Elv is.
f'd Iik e lo take illlmy friends o ut in my
caroI can imJgint' w<!;:¡r ing g laDlo ro us
evening c10thcs Jnd go in g to el fanc)'
restaurant in J'\rew York. As W L' drive down
Fifth Av enu E', everybnd y turns to loo k a t
o ur t'ab ul o us ca r .
Unit 11
3.22
(l = Inte rv iewer; R
H = Ha rr)')
= Rich.lrd; A = A li cia;
Rich ard
1: So Ri chard, which anim¡¡ls d o yo u like
or dislike?
R: I like dogs and I hate cats.
1: Oh, w hy?
R: Beci:1usc I'm ¡¡llergic lo cats.
1: Oh I seco
R: But ['m inte res ted in w ild birds. In fact
I'm w riting a book on South America n
eagles. 1 find the B1aek-chested Bu Z%ard
Eag le particulMl y fascinating.
[: Gnsh. Um, are there a n y a ni mals you're
"fraid of?
R: Yes, bulls. I u nce \\'ent ca mping in
southern Spain . Whcn I put th e te nt
up, there we re n' t any ilnimals in the
fieJd, but w hen I woke up, I could see
thi s shild o w outside the te nt - a bi g
s hado w. Ami! co uld hear heavy
bre'llhin g.
J: O h m y good ness. A bu ll ?
R: No, actually it \Vas;:¡ ((lW. A ver)' big
COIV. But I thought it \Vas el bul!.
Alicia
1: Which an im ills do yo u like or di slike.
A li cia?
A: Well, I like most anima ls but I'm
pa rticul arl)' keen on ho rses. I thi nk
they' re wnnd erful , beautiful <lnima ls.
1 don't like mice., obviously. And 1
rea ll y can't stand frogs. Urgg h, they're
horribl e.
1: Are you a frilid nf frogs?
A: Afraid? l'm tcrrified of them.
l: Are the re any o the r a nimals you're
afraid o f?
A: We ll, mos t wild a nim 'll s . 1 d on't think
¡'d like to meet a lio n o r u crocod il c
in the s tree t. ¡ c njoy wil tchin g
docut11entaries about lhem, but I
\-Vo uldn't hil ve o ne us él peto
H a rry
And H a rry, wh ich dnimals do you Jike
or dislike?
H : I'm fond L)f ull an im a ls.
1: Have yo u cver had any experi en ce (Jf
""ild animal s ?
H: Yeso 1 u sed to work in u 20 0.
T: Oh,lovelr
H: YOll wouldn' t think it was love l)' if yo u
w e.re iln animal. How would you like to
li ve in a cage?
l: Oh n o, that \V o uld be, um ... Are thcrc
any animills you'rc afraid of?
H: No, l'm airaid of huma ns.
r: WelJ, thank )'o u for your he lp. Bye.
1:
3.26
I kno\-\' sonwbod y w ho's got 311 ig uan il as
él pe to It 's a mal1 I IVork wi th ca ll ed Angus.
Th e ig u a na is called Jggy and it's probabl y
about five years o lct - th ut's how long I' ve
kn ow n An g us and Ill' got it SOOIl aft e r we
m et o lt \Vas il birthda y prescnt fmm hi s \-V ifc .
It's il lm o~ t a mc tre lo ng from the tip o f its
nllse to the e nd of its t,1il a nd it's a lovel)'
gree n co lour. Like il ll rep til es, ig uanils neve r
s top grow ing, so Iggy w ill ge t bi gger and
bigger. It's quitl' s h)' a nd ne rvous, w hich is
exuctl y th e o pposite nf Angus w hn's ver)'
outgo ing il nd confid e nt. Jt' s definite l)' be tll'r
looking thun An g u s thoug h . Ig gy doesn ' t
s lee p in ,1 cage. Al the moment, it liv es at
th e top nf the curta in s in Angu s' Ijving
roo m . When it \VJ.S youn g, it ate crickcts,
but nll l\' it's adull it does n't need so mu ch
prote in - in bct it's mmpl e te ly vcgetariJn.
An g us takcs it for walks in the park lm a
lea d. It'$ funn )' - w he n il's fri g hte ned , it
run s up Angus's bod y a nd sits o n hi s head .
3.25
ni 12
Tim
(1 ~ Inte rvicwer; T ~ Tim)
1:
T:
Ca n yo u descr ibe your p e l?
She's ver)' fat ll nd not ve ry pretty. But
s he's got a love ly curl y t,lil.
Is she a good co mpanion?
Yes, a bso luteJy. J always te ll he r m y
prob le m ., and s he Ii s tcn s.
Do yo u and yo ur pe t look a like?
I ho pe n ot.
If yo u w e re an animal, w hat would you
like to be?
A d o lphin. 1 love the sea, a nd dnJphins
are intelJigent a nd funn y - like me!
l:
T:
1:
T:
1:
T:
Gus
(I
1:
G:
1:
G:
1:
G:
1:
G:
~
Inte rv iewer; G ~ u s)
Ca n )'ou d escribe your p e t?
H e's bla ck ~nd ha~ e ight h~iry legs.
Is he a good companion?
Yeah. H e's lik e a fri e ndo But o the r
peo ple a rt' afraid lf him. He frightens
peo ple a way.
Do you and )'o ur p e t loo k alikl'?
I' m not that hair)' - but T think he' looks
coo l, like m e .
If yo u were a n animal, w hat \Vo uld you
li ke to bt'?
A lion, because th ey're big and tou g h
and they rule.
Ma xine
(I = Interviewe r; M ~ Maxine)
1:
Cil ll you d escribe y om pet?
M: Sh e's ve r)' fluffy ancl ve ry loveilblc. My
boyfriend d oes n't li ke he r b eca use sh e
bit him - ,;he d oes n' t lik" men .
1: ls s he a good companion?
M: Yes, she's good comp,1ny ior me w hen
m y boy friend go('s i1way 0 11 business.
And she e njoys doing the sam e things
as m e - s he loves to s lee p illl duy a nd
party a ll nig ht lon g.
1: D o y ou a nd yo ur pe! look alike?
M: 1 think that s he's better looking tilan m c
- who could resist those brow n eyes?
l: If r ou were an ilnimill what would yo u
like to be?
M : 1 an¡ a n aniJl1,ll. ¡'lliaow.
3.30
'Wil.5 yo ur hou se built bdore 19R()7'
' Yes, it \Vas: 'No, it WilSIÚ:
b) ' Were your sh oes desig ned in Itill y ?'
'Yes, the)' IVe re: 'N o, tll ey we re n't :
e) ' 15 yo ur sa lar)' p a id by ch eque ?'
'Yes, it i5: 'N o, it is n ' t:
d) 'Were yO ll in vited to an )' par ti es last
\·vee k? ' 'Ves, 1 \vas.' 'No, 1 vV,l sn ' t. '
t') 'I s y our nill1W spl' lt the same in
Eng lish?' ' Yes, it is: 'N o, it is n't:
f) ' Wil S yOllr mobil e pho nl' ma d e in
¡a pan ?' 'Yes, it was: ' No, it wasn't.'
<1)
3.31
The 1110s t in c redibl e building ['ve l've r see n
is th e A lhJl11bra . It'$ a bea ll ti fll I pill ace in
G ranada in the south of Spain . The firs t
time I s a w the Alh<lmbra PaLlCe W ,1 5 w hen
1 W,lS e ig htee n - l \Ven t to v is it m y broth er
who \Vas s tud y il1g at uni vers ity in Gra nad a.
1 think it was buiJt in the thirteenth o r
fourteenth ce ntury for lh e Moor ish kin gs .
A lhal11bra is a n Arubi c nam e - it l11 ea n s
' red' , pro ba bl y beca u se oi the coloul" o f th e
11'11115. /t's a n e normou s b uilding, I d on' t
know wilo the architect was, but the st)'le
is Mooris h, or Is lami c. I lo ve th e gnrdms
- w ater is ve ry impllrta nt. You ca n h ea r
\Vo'Iter runnin g w he rever yo u go. But it is n' t
onl)' the build in g that' s so g re at. 1 think th e
loca tion is the ll1 0st in crediblc thin g ilbout
it. It' s built on il hill ove rlooking Gril niJda
w ith the Si e rra 1 l'vadu mounta ins in th e
b11ckground. T'v bce n there four times, ,lll d
each time I think it is m o re be autiful. In
m )' o pini o n, it is ddinite ly one of the Sl'vc'n
wonde rs o f th c mode rn wo rld.
eview O
3.37
(D = Do m; L = Lou)
O: That' , incrediblc l I'Il1 just rt',lding ilboul
albalrosscs, LOL!. Did )'O U kn o,,· th at
th ey tl y aro und th e world at I,'il s t once a
yeo r? Tha t' s 40,000 k il o metres~
L: Wow l That' s a long way. Wh,l t",; tlw
lon gcst jo umey you 'VQ b ee n on, Dl'm?
O: :\ o t as far as ,1n albatross . I think it \\ as
in Th a iland .
L: O h, yea h?
O: EJl1ma a nd 1 lVere livin g in B,lngkl, k ,~ Il d
we d ec id cd to go to Koh Tao fo r o ur
ho lid ays.
L: Koh T,10?
D: Yt'ah. lt ll1t'ilJb 'TurtlC' bla nd' in Th ai .
It's near Ko¡' Samui.
L: A h, I SCt'.
D: An yway. 'V<' had to ta ke a nig ht trai n
fmm Ban g kok to C hulllphorn in the
south nf Th,1iland ami th e n a bO,1 t fmm
tlwre to Knh TilO.
L: Ho\-\' ('xciting!
O: Sll, we lVe re ta ke n to th e train ,tation in
Bang kok and th e n IVe waitcd the rc ior
tlVO hOlns. We Idl the s tati on at around
7.30 p.m.
L: Oh, ri g ilt.
D: Ye ah. At first \Ve fe lt reallv excite'd, but
,1fte r abllut an ho ur \Ve s tarted fe elin g
quite ti w d . It \Vas no isy und hol. I think
1 gllt to SICl' P at around 1"1 .30 p.m.
L: O h, tl1<1t's 11 0t so bad .
o: Mm. The ne xt J1111rning, at three o'dock,
t.h e train stopped, ,111d lVe IVere told to
get off. It \Vas the middlt' of the nig ht,
so it WilS s till dark . We had to w ai t in a
5m a ll s t,l lio n fo r a bu s to tilke U S to the
boa l.
L: Ho lV did vou feel?
O: Re all)' ti.red! And hun gry ilnct thirs ty,
but th e (111 )' place we (o uld get a drink
w as from an o ld lad y w ho served
te rribl e coffee.
L: O h, poor yo u.
o: The n [h e mosq uitoes s turted bitin g u s
- .lnd they were hun g r)', too l We U, they
bit m e but lh ey didn't re,1 11 " bite Em ma.
L: Oh, d ec1 r l
D: Four hours later th<' bu s mrive d , ilnd lI'e
were t,lke n to th e boa to The n il s tartt' d
rilinil1g as the boilt m o ved ou t int" the
ope n SPil.
L: Oh, h ow al1n o)' in g '
D: Sudden ly, as quickk ,1'; it had ,;tarted,
th e rain s tupped, ilnd the "L1Il c<l m c o ut.
L: Aha! A hilppy e ndil1 g'
O: Yes, it \VaS. E,·pn tual" · \I·e arrivcd at
Koh TilO, se ,·e ntcen hours afte r o llr
¡oume\" h,ld beg un.
L: Ahh. \\IerL' , ·ou tired '
D : r\ bsol utl·"· ex hil u s tcd, but rea ll)' h¡¡ ppy.
R.E
c" O R D I ~ N
-
G5
-
157
Phonetic symbols & Spelling
Single voweLs
/¡ /
fi:!
/U.
shí p
need
(bllild, bu sine:;s, f ngland, gy m , Ictlu ce, spinach, w a men)
(bed n, he, ke,\ , n ' ce, peo plc, sard inel
(could, foot, w o m an)
(f1 I!W , f.r\li t, lose, rTIle, sh(1 '/ th rough, t",o)
(b reakfnst, híl"lld, m '! n)', sai d)
(a rrive, COI UD . , husba nd, lemc ll, nerVOllS, po liee)
(learll, cm ly, s kir t, I\"(u d )
(;¡brO.ld, ca u~h l, fflll r, hOl'Se, tal k, th ough t, lO l\'a lli~, w a te r)
l Xlp l
In i :cJ!
pu l
p llo l
; pOI
'pu:11
/u:!
le.1
egg
1':1/
moth l.:.r
," m 'IO;> !
1'3 :1
vecb
!v3:b
1':I: f
saw
I S~ :I
he!
1'1.'
b J ck
bu s
/b,ckr
IbAs!
/0 :/
arm
(i1 u nt,
101
lop
lu:ml
110pl
1/':11
(bt>e/, h cn:, ltil li.1 n, thea Lrc)
(bre", k, cigh t, tai l, sa\ , they)
(pl u ral, su re)
e(l
'"
(blood, Lioes, ello Jgh, onion)
h <?31 1, L u gh, p. st)
(cau li flnw c r, what)
Diphthongs
/¡ ::>I
l el l
/ IYJ '
121 1/
/':Iu/
f e';!l
Jau
tau!
.,3r
f,K c
lonr
¡fe/si
bo)
l bJ/
(Il o,~ e)
no se
hal,
wh ite
m ou th
InJud
(auberginc, il llhough, coat, know, shouldcr)
(Gl l"E' fu l, thE!J, "" .,r, w he'e)
(bu)', die , eye, helbhl, h if;h, m y )
(lown )
Itü<i l
/he;,/
Iwa/1I
ImauO!
Consonants
I pl
p C Il
' pe/
lb!
b<1g
tea
Iba::g/
111
Id'
Iljl
1LÉ)1
Ik/
/I!!
(happy )
(rabb it)
(;¡ tt, fa lter, IVnrked )
(add res s, playedl
(n(1lural, wa l. 11 )
(age, brid:;oc , ~c ncrnLls)
(ch cmistry, k itehcn, kn ock, loolh ache)
/1i:/
dog
¡dogl
U'lpl
chip
azz
l akc
!:rirl
/d.3,e7/
I kclki
Iv/
\o'er)'
Ig'J:1/
IfIlm l
/ ve ri l
/(-] '
h in
.' HIIl '
, ói
l Si
IZ!
/.Ii
h esc
I()i .l'
n<lke
.roo
ISJ1e /k
(el t)', messagc, race)
(has)
<¡!l op
Izu: /
!JoP,'
13'
televi ~í on
¡'le!tI'13ClJ1 i
1m!
""1 (1P
" ame
hmep'
(~ ur
InCllll
/ rll]i
(sullny, ~ 1'\ ife)
(th an ks, tongue)
("'h u)
(hi lJ, poss iblc )
(earrv, \'\11 ¡te)
( l n e; "hy)
(u sed)
tri
film
In!
IrJ'
ri !v~
Ihl
h ouse
IhauS!
III
leg
Ir/
roaci
/wl
',~ in e
ilcg¡
Ir,)()L!i
Ilvall1 /
(jI
yes
/j e~ 1
(fogbY)
(di ffe rcnt, l(1l1fJ , phOtOgr<l ph )
(o .)
(descriph on, \l1 (1(iIline, 'l ugar)
(ga ra!jc, us ual)
ll er)
Stress
Word st ress is sholl'n bv und e rlinin g the strl'ssed ~1i1ble: ¡unla, I1l11n:illg, /npill/(,sc,
Letters of the alphabet
le¡,'
Ail
Hh
Jj
Kk
fi:!
Bb
Ce
Dd
Ee
g
Pp
Tt
Vv
158
l e.!
fal!
/ ';IU I
f u;!
, o:
Ff
Ii
Yy
00
Qq
Rr
LI
Mm
Nn
Ss
Xx
Zz
Uu
VI/w
Irreg ula r verbs
Infinitive
Past simple
Past participle I Infinitive
be
bcat
beco me
bc b" in
bend
bet
bite
blo w
break
bring
build Ibdd!
bum
burst
bu y Ib,lI!
can
catch
choose
co me
CO$ t
cu t
deal /di:l!
di g
do
dra w
d ream
drink
e!rive
eat
fal!
fcee!
fee!
fight
fi nd
fly
forget
forgive
was/\Vere
beat
beCa ll10
becn
bea ten
become
begun
be nt
be t
freezc
gc t
give
go
grow
h ang
h ave
hear
hide
hit
ho ld
hurt II13:t/
keep
knee l
kno w
lay
!cad
Icarn
¡eave
lend
bcgan
bellt
bct
bit
blel'\!
broke
brought /bntl
built ibdu
burnt / burned
burst
bought Ib:>:t,'
Cüuld Ikudl
caugbt i b:l!
ch ose
came
cost
cut
dealt idel tí
dug
did
drew
dreamt / dr amed
drank
drov
ate
fe!!
fed
felt
fought !L):ti
found
flew
forgot
forgavc
froze
"o t
b
gave
went
g reW
hung/ ha ngcd
had
h eard /h:l: dl
hid
hit
held
h Ll rt /h:J:t!
kcpt
knelt / kneeled
kncw Inju :!
laid
led
learnt
left
Jent
le t
li e
li ght
lose
ll1élke
mea n
bitt~'n
l1l e~' t
blown
broken
brought !br.n l
builtibrl
burnt I burned
burst
bought /b:>:t!
(bee n able)
caugbt l b :!!
chosen
come
cost
cut
deaJt /deltl
dug
done
drawn
d rea 111 t / e! rea med
drunk
driven
must
pay
put
rcad
rid e
ri n g
ca.ten
fa llen
fed
fe!t
foughl If:l:tI
found
flown
forgotten
forgiv n
froz e n
got
g iven
go ne/ been
grow n
hun gl hanged
had
hea rd !h3:d/
hidden
hit
hd d
hurt !ln: t!
kept
kl1l'lt / kn celed
know n
laid
led
learnt
left
lent
rise
run
Sély
see
sell
semi
:set
shake
shine
shoo t
how
s hrink
shut
si ng
sink
s it
sleep
s lide
sme ll
spcak
spe ll
spend
spill
spli t
spoil
sprcad
stand
steal
stick
swea r
swell
swim
takc
tcach
tear
tel!
think
throw
Lllld e rsland
wake
wear
\v in
writc
Past simple
Past partici ple
let
lay / lied
lit /l ightcd
lost
ll1ade
meant Ill1 ellt/
Illlc't
had to
paid
put
read iredl
rode
rang
rOse
ran
said lsceV
saw 15:>:/
sold
sent
se t
shook
shone
sh ot
showed
sh rank
shut
le t
lied / lain
lit l li ghted
lost
madc
ll1eant /ment/
met
(had to )
paid
put
read ¡red'
ridden
rung
risen
run
sa id Ised!
secn
sold
sent
set
shaken
shone
sho t
shCJ\vn
shrunk
shu t
sung
sLlnk
sal
slept
s!id
smell / smel led
spoke n
spelt /spe lled
spent
sp ilt / spilled
s plit
s poi lt / spoi led
sprcad
stood
sto len
stuck
S I \'o rn
swo llcn / 'il\'e lk'd
'a ng
sa nk
sat
s!ept
slid
smelt/sll1clled
spoke
spc It / spcl !ed
s pent
spilt / spi llcd
s p!it
spoilt / s poilee!
spread
stood
sto lc
s tu ck
swo re
swelled
swam
took Itu kl
taughl !t::J: l/
tore
told
thoug ht I(b:t '
threw
Llnde rstood
woke
wo re / W,): I
won / \\'A n!
wrote
,
1
S,,' UIl1
taken
télUgh t t:>:I1
tOril
tuld
thought .' O.l:tI
thm \\' n
undcrstood
wo ken
\\'orn
\von .'\I'.\ nl
w ritten
-
_
'¡ '1I '1I Ui'll"l ,. i!
-__
V ', t:'II ~ j¡ ,:s
\
159
IS BN 978-1-4050-9960-8
The authors and publis hers are grateful for permissio n to rep rint the follo\'lin g
copyright ma terial: Extract fro m '1 01 Ways to Slo\'! DOVln', copyright The Guardian
2000, first printed in The Guardian 09 .09.00, reprinted by permi ss ion of the
publisher; Extract '104 Things To Do With a Ba nana' by Wayne M. Hi lburn from
HYP ERLlNK ''htt p://www.wmhilburn .com/bananas .htm" http ://W\.iV!.wmh ilburn.
com/bananas,htm re printed by permission of t he author.
Text • Sue Kay & Vaug han Jones 2008
Desig n and illustration ¡·'acmillan Publishers Limited 2008
These materials rnay contain links for thi rd party websites . We have no control over,
and are not respo nsible for, the contents of such t hi rd party websites, Please use
care when accessi ng them .
'''acmillan Education
Set",een Towns ROod, Oxford OX4 3P P
A di'lision of ,·,acmillan Publishers Limited
Companies and rep resentatives t hroughout the \Vo rld
Alt hough we have tried to trace and co ntact copyright holders befo re pu blication, in
some cases this has not bee n possible. 1f contacted we will be pleased to rectify any
errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.
Fi rsl published 2008
AII rights reserved; no part ot th is publication may be re prod uced, stored in a
retrieva l system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electro ni c, mecha nical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior ",ritten permi ss ion of the
publishers.
Review uni ts by Peter 1·1aggs and Catheri ne Smith
Project development by Desmond O'Sulliva n, Quality Outcomes Li mited
Desig ned by 32 0 Des ign Limited
Piclu re Research, Perseverance Works Limited, Sally Cole
Illustrated by Beach ppll, 19 , 27,47,55,67,83 ,9 5,103,108.111; Gavin Reece
p24 ; Ed Mclachlan pplO, 21 , 23, 25; 26, 28, 38, 46, 54. 56, 57, 66, 74. 82, 84, 85 ,
89,94 , 102,11.0,112, 113, 127,129,13 1,133,135,137,13 9,141, 143, 145, 147;
David Shephard p42; Adrian Valencia pp35 , 119, 124; Kim Williams pp l 7, 18, 116,121
Cover design by Andrew Oliver
Authors' acknowledgeme nts
We wo uld like to t hank 011 our st udents and colleagues at the Oxford English Centre
in Oxford as well as all our teaching coUeagues aro und the world who ore u$ing
¡nside Out - yOUJ feedback has helped us identify \'Ihat 'IIe should keep and \Vhat
we could improve. Particular tha nks go to the follow ing peo ple: Pete r Tamkin, Ph il
Hopkl ns, Steve Jone, (E nglish Language Centre, 6r1ghton); Howard Smith (Oxford
House College, Oxford); r~arti n Barge, Debra Hills and Camille Steele (Bell Schoo l,
Londo n); Luca Copetti (Brussels) ; Sonja Yersenska (Czec h Republic): Irene Kruglova
(Internatio nal Teach ing Centre, MoscolV); Inli ngua schools (Thailand); Bangkok
University; Sa ra h Shaw (Britis h Counc il, Bangkok); Aleksandra Sauermann (Szczecin
University, Poland); Antonella Vecchione (Liceo Scientifico, Varese, Italy); Ana Luisa
Thode and Josefa Garb ia (EOI, Malaga, Spain) .
We are especially grateful to Peter ~1aggs and Catherine Smit h for their excellent
Student's 600k review uni ts, to Julie ~100re (author) and Penny Analytis (editor) for
the excellent CD ROM, to Phil ip Kerr for the wonderful Nel'l Inside Out Workbook, and
to Helena Gomm, Caroline BrO\'ln, Peter ~1aggs and Chris Dawson for t hei r important
contribulions lo t he Nel'l Inside Out Teacher's Book. VVe're also gratefu l to Scott
Thornbury for allowing us to use extracts from his e>:cellent book, An A-Z oj ELT.
At ¡-\acmillan Education, ':le would li ke lO thank Kate Melliss, Rafae l Alarcon-Gaeta,
Je mrna Hillyer, Karen White, Balvir Koura, Deborah Hughes, ROVlena Drewett and
Stephanie Parker for all their 11ard work on our behalf. We are grateful to Jemma
far Mr importa nt work on the development of the dig ital components. Stephanie
also deserves a speci al mention for the invalua ble contribution she has rna de and
co ntinues to make to the management of this proj ecl. Finally, we would like to
give a big tha nkyou to Rafael for his patience and $upport. We \Vould also like to
Ihank Sally Cole (freelance ph oto researcher), Alyson ~1askel l, Celi a Bi ngham and
Xa nt he Sturt Taylor (freelance editors), as well as Ja mes Richardson (freela nce audio
prod ucer).
Jackie Hill and Kim Williams - our wonderfully ta lented freelance designers
- continue to work their magic. 1mide Out would not be t he stylish course it is
without them, or without Andrew Oliver's fabulous cover designo
~lany t hanks also go to the t~acmillan production and marketing teams around t he
l'Iorld \'Ihose enthusiasm and encouragement have been such a support.
Our biggest thankyou goes to Des O'Sulliva n (freelance project developer) . AIVlays
thorough, always co nsi de rate and always there fer uso We realize hoY.' lucky we are to
be l'Iorking ",ith such a consummate professional.
Last but not least, \'le are so gra teful to our fa milies
unde rsta ndi ng .
fOI
The authors and publishers wish to tha nk the following for permi ssion to reproduce
their pllotograp hs: Alamy/Eye Ubiquitous p15(m), Alarny/Ice la nd ic Photo Agency
p15(b), Alamy/Garry Gay p36(b), Ala my/Axel Hess p45, Alamy/ Ashley Cooper p60(r),
Alamy/Ian Sh aw p69(t), Alamy/Adrian Slle rr att p71(a), Alarrry/Paul Rapso n p71(b),
Alamy/Peter Ti tmuss p71(e), Alamy/Dominic Burke p71(f), Alamy/Vidura Luis Barrios
p72, Alamy/And rew Fox p75( 1), Alall1y/Photofusion Pictu re Li brary pp75(5) , 75(6),
Alamy/Roger Bamber p75 (7 ), Alamy/ Howard Barlow p75(4), Alamy/vario images
Gmb H & Co.KG p75(8), Alamy/FAN travelstock p79(b), Alamy/Domi nic Bu rke p8S,
Alamy/ Pl1 il Rees p93(t), Alamy/Eureka p97(m), Alarny/ Profimedia Internalional
s.r.o 97(ml), Alamy/Jon Arnold Images pl07(b), Alamy/Tony Co rd oza pl09; Aurora
p8; (atwalking pp36(tr), 36(tl); Jenny (ockell p149(t); (orbis/Stan Fellerman
p5, Corbis/LWA-Dann Tardif p6(9), Corbis/Polypix/ Eye Ubiq uitous p12(m), Corbi s/
Klaus Hackenberg/Zefa p14, Co rbis/Vi rgo Productions p20(m), Corbis/C hristian
Weigel/ Solus-Veer p30(bl), Corbis/Louis ¡!'oses/zefa p31(ml), Corbis/'~org a n David
de Lossy p31(t), Corbis/Peter Dazeley p36(c), Corbis/Steve Prezant p4 1(t), Corbis/
Schlegelmi lch p42(b), Corbis/Darre n Staples p42(c), Corbis/Fran k ¡'1 ay/epa p43( r),
Corbis/Push Pictures p48(tl), Corbis/Tom Grill p48(bl), Corbis/Image 100 p48(m) ,
Corbis/David Stoec klein p49(r), Corbis/C.Devan/ Zefa p53(bl), Corbis/Ashley Cooper
p60(1), Corbis/¡"ichael Pri nce p61( ml), Corbis/Richard Baker p71(C), Andrew Fax
p75(3), Corbis/Dave & Les Jacobs/Blend Images p76, Corbis/ Dallas and John
Heaton/Free Agents Li mited p7 9( t ), Corbis/Ned Frisk p79(a), Corbis/r~ike Theiss
86(mr), Corbis/ Pat Doyle p97(t), Corbis/ P. Deussen/A. B.jzefa pl05 , CorLJ is/C. Lyttle
pI15(tl), Co rbis/Bernd 'Iogel pp120, 125; FPG p70(all); Greg Evans Picture Library
p92(b); Eyewire p52 ; Gallo Images pI14(bl) ; Getty Images/ Dave Nagel p4(1),
Getty/Colin Hawkins p22 (1 ), Getty/Tim McPherso n p22(r), Getty/'''atthew Peters
p42(d), Getty/ Ezra Shaw p42 (e), Getty/Dave Hogan p42( a), G etty/r~ichael Steele
p42(f), Getty/Ariel Skelley p53(tr), Getty/Car CUlture p81(b ), Getty/Philip and Ka ren
Smith p86(t) , Getty/Paul Ellis/AFP p86(tr), Getty/Jed Jacobsohn p91(bl), Getly/
Philip Lee Ha rvey p92(b), Getty/Alain Daussin pl 00(tr), Getty/Daisy Gi lardini pp l 08,
114(mr), Get ty/ Paul Souders p114(tl), Getty/Art \Valfe pI14(m l), Getty/Jamie Travis
pI14(t), Getty/Dea/E.G an zerla pI15( mr), Getty/Pa nkaj & Insy Sha h p149(b); Getty
pp 32, 50(tl), 77(all), 108( tr), (b), 100(tl), (bl), (mt), (mb), (br), (br); Hulton
Archive pp20(l), 20( r); Hola Images pp61(1), 61(mr); Matt Kay pB l (tl); Dorling
Kindersley pp36(a), 36(d); Lonely Planet p63(b); Macmillan Archive /Bananastock
pp6(3), 9,13(t) , Creatas/Barnyard ani mals p97(tml), Digital Vision pI 14(mb) Digital
Vis ion/Animal Faces pp96(m), 97(tmr), Dynarnic Graphics/Living creatures pp96(b) ,
97(tl) , 97(bl), 97(ml), 97(br) , 97(bm), 98(b), Image Source p6(6), Brand X pp 8,
34, Photodisc pI5(mt), Istock pp96(t), 97(bm r), 97(br), 97(m), 97(mr); Magnum
p88; Masterfile/Brad Wro bleski p31(bl), Masterfile/Steve Prezant pp34(tl), 90(tl),
~Iaster fi le/Siephoto p48(r), ¡'1asterfile/Russell elonk p64(bl), Masterfile /Richard
Smith p75(2), Masterfi le/J . A. Kraulis p86 (m r) , Masterfi le/Ron Fehling p9 2(tr);
Motoring Picture Library/Neil Bruce pp9 2(t), (m); NaturePljDietrnar Nill p97(t),
NaturePl/B randon Co le p97(tr); Natu re PI/Jose Schell p97(bml), NaturePl/ Rod
Williams p97(mr), NaturePI/ Doc While p99; NHPA/ Daniel Zupanc p98( m); Desrnond
O'Sullivan pl01(t); Panos Pictures/Liba Taylor p87( b); Photodisc pp7, 99(tl), (tr);
Photographers (hoice pp30(r), 37(t), (m), 59(t), 114(b r); Photolibrary pp31(br),
31( mr), 61(r), 79(b), 79(c), 90(tl). 92(c), 93(b), 97(bl); Photonica pp 6(5), 6(7),
41( b), 107(t); Pictor International p35(bo t h); Punchstock p17(b); Purestock
p68(1); Reuters Archive p64(tl) ; Riser pp59(b), 65(tl), 49 (background); Louis
Stettner Promenade 8rooklyn 1954 ~. ADAG P, Pa ri s and DACS London 2002 courtesy
of Gallery 292/Howard Gree nberg Gallery p44; Stockbyte p4 (r) ; Stock4B p41(rn);
Stockfoods p6(4); Stone pp6(1), 6(2), 12(t), 13(tm), 16, 17(t), 40, 51, 58(tr),
58(bl), 58(br) , 69(b),73, 87(t), 115(tr); Taxi pp15(t), 30(tl), 58(tl), 63 (t ), 71(d):
The Image Bank ppI3(b), 68(r).
lheir ongoing support and
Pho tos of Ice hotel • p106 / Tomas Utsi, Ja n Jordan.
Photos on pages 64(tr) and 65(tr) & (br) kindly supplied by Origi nal Vo lunteers .
¡ - :id Riley 1955-2007
David was our first editor on Inside Out . His vision, wit, enthusiasm and
uni que publishing flair IVere instr umental in shapi ng l he course. David al",ays
supported and defended t he writers an d the writing process . We wHl miss hi m
for all sorts of reasons but it is hi s unswerving loyalty to us as authors and
frie nds t hat we will miss most.
1 58
Commissioned photography by Paul Bricknell p90, and John Cole p37 .
Cartoons on p5 2 and p69 produced
Printed and bou nd in Thailan d
2013 2012 2011 2010
121110987
\\~th
permiss ion from The Spectator.
SO~l8L
L - 'S66 - 0S0~ - l - BL6
6
N8 SI
Скачать