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RP HimA Biol 30.04.2015

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Moposoea H B.' Kpeuneea T,A. Xumns atururu.crecfias.: Yqe6no-uero4rzvecrzft KoMrrJreKc.
Pa6o'Ias ilpofpaMMa An.fl cry,4eHroB HarrpaBrreHLrs.06.03.01 Eaolorux, npo$unefi Euoxuun-a,
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BOCCTaHOBI4TeJIbH6IX
MeroAoB
rr,rrpoBaHrr.f,.
O6:op ocHoBHbrx
oKr,IcnlzrenbHo-
amaJrkr3a, Mero,4br
npeABaplrreJrbHoro oKrrcJreHr4r r{ BoccraHoBJIeHrIs.
xapaKTeplrcrr4Ka MeroAa. flpzroronreHr{e, xpaHeur,re, ycraHoBKa
flepuaHraHaroMerpl4-s' o6qatl
Tlrrpa pa6o'rero pacrBopa. onpe4elenne HeKoropbrx BeqecrB nepMaHfaHaroMerpr4qecKr4M
MeroAoM. Zo4oir'rerpnl' O6rqaq xapaKTeprrcrlaKa MeroAa. Onpe4eneuile orncnurenefi
u
Ycroeas [poB eAeHr.rs rroAoMerpr4 rrecKr{x onpeAenenufi .
PaeHoeecue 6 pacnxqopax KownneKcHutx coeduueuuil. Kouunercnbre ooeArrH elLrs.
v vx
xapaKTepl{crLrKr4. flonsrae o KoopAIrHaIIrII{, rleHTpiurbHoM aroMe-KoMnrercoo6pa3oBareJre,
BO
CCTaHOBr4relefi .
JII{raHAax' Koop4unaql4oHHoe qrIcJIo KaK xapaKTepr4crr.rra KoMnneKcoo6pasonarena.
fienrallrnoc:rr (uzcno AoHopHLIX arouon) nnraHra. KuHerra.{ecrcag v TepMoArrnaMr4r{ecKa-,r
ycrofi'rznocrb KOMTIJIeKoHIIX coeAHHeHI4ff. Crynenqarbre u o6ulue KoHcraHTbr ycrofi.runocru.
B'usmue KoMrlJreKcoo6pa-:onauus. Ha pacrBopr4Mocrb ocaAKoB, Kr{cJrorHo-ocHoBHoe paBHoBecge,
oKl4cJll4TeJlbHo-Boccrallonutelruuft rIoreHIIrIaJI , cr:a6utl{3allldlo ueycrofiuunrrx creleuefi
oKI{cJIeHI'I-s SneMeHToB. I'Icnolr3oBaHl{e KoMrrJreKcHbrx coe4zneHrafi
Antr o6napyNeHrax,
MacKl4poBaHvrfl , pasneIreEkrfi, KoHrIeHTpI4poBaHI,It ti ollpeAeneHl4fl .
OpzauuuecKue peazeHmbt e aHqrumurtecrcoil xuMuu. Teoperz.recrne ocHoBbr
refi.crsus.
opraHlrr{ecKl4x peareHToB. flons:rue o SyurcquouaJrbHo-aHaJrr4TrrqecKr4x rpy[11ax. llpaeano
qux:roo6pa:oBaHr4s' 9yraeea. Xelarst u ax cnoficrsa. KoN4nreKcHbIe coeAr4HeHlrr
rroHoB MeraJrnoB
c opfaHI4rrecKI4MI4 JII4TaHAaMI{ KaK MoAeJIu 6uororuqecKr4 BaxHbrx crrcreM. BnzsHrae pa3nuqHbrx
Qaxropon Ha ycrofiul4BocrE IrI4Kna: [pupoAa rleHTpanbHofo aroMa, AeHTaHTHocrr nrrfaH,4a"
rrpocrp aHcrB eHHbre S axroprr Lr r [,. Xelarsrrft e @ S ercr.
KounnerccoHou4empwtectee mumponaHue. KotvrnleKcoubr. IzlcnormonaHr,re r4x B Kar{ecrBe
.
opfaHl4rrecKux nvraHl.os. Oco6eHHocrLI KoMrIJIeKcoHoB KaK nr4faHAoB. BrE4 xpraeux rr{TpoBaHr4r B
MeroAe KoMIIJreKcoHoMerpIM. BrI,IsHue pa3ruuHbrx $arcropon Ha xoA Tr4TpoBaHrlx (no6ouurre
peaKIII4I4 MerarJla n luranpa). Vlnguxaropbl, nprzMeu.sroqhecr B KoMrrJreKcogoMerprrr4.
PasHoeecue ocaucdeuun * pacmlopeHun, PaeHonecue Mex.4y ocaAKoM rr efo HacblrleHHbrM
pacrBopoM. KoHcraHTa paBHoBecLrx (npou3BeAeHr.re pacrBopr4Mourrz). @arroptr, BJrr,rrrcqlre Ha
pacrBopl4MocG. fpau4Merpuqecrcuir auwru:r. CyrqHocrb rpaBr{Merp[qecKoro aHaJrr,r3a. fpauvqu
efo [pIrMeHI'IMocrI4. Me:ro4 oTroHKI4. llpxurre 14 KocBeHHbre Mero.qbr. Tpe6onaurrf K ocaxAaeuofi
14
rpaBlzMerpE'recxofi Qoprvrarr,r. Cxenaa o6pasonaural ocaAKoB. Vcroeus 11ojryr{eHr,rt
kr arrlopSnnrx ocaAKoB. Ycrosvs rtonyqeHur rrr4crbrx ocaAKoB. llprauepnr
KpIrcrannI4qecKI'IX
rpaBrrMerprzrrecrr.{x oupe4eleHzfi
.
Mogy.rrr 2
Tenra 2.1. KaqecreeHHrrfi auaJrr{3
Ocnoenrre [pI4HIII4rIsI KaqecrBeHuofo a:uurtr3a, Cnoco6rr flpoBeAeHr.rfl KaqecrBeHHoro
THrIbr aHaJII4TI{qecKI,IX pearquft, [peAen
o6uapyNeuur, ycnoBl4t rIpoBeAeHI4fr a*arturrlrrrecKlrx peaxqrzft. Knaccu(faxarlr4fl Karr{oHoB 14
aHI4oHoB Ha ocHoBHbIe aHiIJII4TI4qecKr4e rpyrrrrbr. O6qas xapaKTepr{crr.rKa aHaJrurvqecKr4x rpyrrrr
aHaLtur3a. Ana-nprrurqecxue xI4MHqecKI,Ie peaKrlr.rr4,
KATI,IOHOB I,{ AHIIOHOB KI AHAJD43 CUCCEfi.
Terra 2.2. SrercrpoxrrMrrrrecKrre MeroAr,r
O6rque Bolpocbr. SlexrpoxzMnuecKar sqefixa. Irln4zraropHbre gneKTponbr, gJreKTpo.{br
cpaBHeH[s. PannosecHlle 14 HepaBHoBecHbre gneKTpoxr.rMr{qecKr.re cr4creMu. lloreuqproMerpr,rfl
(uprnrax H KocBeHHar). Knaccu$urcaryun noreHur.ioMerplrqecKr4x MeroIoB. llorenquoMerpr{rrecKoe
TtITpoBaHI'Ie. llpunrepu [poBeAeHr.Is rroreHrlproMerpuqeoKprx onpe4eneurafi. Kou4yxrouerprrr.
flonsrze o6 o6rqefi, y4enrnofi LI oKBlrBaJresrnofi oneKTponpoBoAHocrr4. llpmlax KoHAyKToMerpLrs.
I.r KoHAyKToMerpI4qecKoe rllTpoBanue. KyroHoMerpl{t. 3arcoHrr Qapage* llpxuar KynoHoMerprr{
LI KynoHoMerpuuecKoe rvrpoBaHIae. 3rexrporpaBr4Merpr'ts. BorsraMrrepoMerpr4qecKpre MeroAbr.
O6rqne Borlpocbl. Knaccn.recxas noruporpa$ur, coBpeMeHHbre BoJrrTaMrrepoMerpr4qecKr4e
MeTO.trbI.
Mo4ym
3
Tena 3.1. Xpouarorpa$un
Cyuuocrr xpoMarorpaSuuecroro pa3AeneHrar KoMrroHeHToB cMecr4. flognrancnar v
HeroABI4)KHas $asr,r, xos(f$nquenr pacnpeAenenurs, BpeMs y.4epxuBaHr4{. Klaccu(fraxaqux
xpoMarorpa$uuecxnx MeroAoB anuwr3a. Xra4r<ocrno-a4cop6qr.oHHafl xpoMarorpa$ux. fagoeas
xpoMarorpa$ut.
Teua 3.2. CnenrpaJrbHbre MeroAbr
O6nuze rIoJIo)I(eHHfl. Kraccu(fuxaqur crreKTpocKorIl.{ecKzx Mero.{oB. Morexynapuax
a6cop6qrzoHHas crleKTpocKorll{fl B BrIAIrMofi o6racru. Ocuosnrre 3axoHbr cBeronofJrorrleHzs.
XapaxrepucrlIKll cBeronpoflycKaHn.s H cBerorrofJror{eHrr.s, Iax cB.f,3b c KoHrleuTpaquefr pacrBopa
cBerorlofJloularcrlero BeruecrBa. flpnuranrr ueco6mo.4eHr.rs 3aKoHoB rrornotqeHr,rr r,r3nyqenufi.
To.rHocm nsrrepenufi B crreKTpo(poronrerp[qecKoM MeroAe. llpunquunalrbnas. cxeMa
cnexrpoSoroMerpa. Cnoco6u yBenr4rreHur rorrHocrr4 (f ororraerpraqecKr,rx onpe4eneurafi.
[u$ $epeuquarbHa.s $orouerpur.
Tevra 3.3. MerpoJrorrrrrecrcrre ocHoBbr
florpeurHocru alurur3a (czcrerraaruqecKlre
u
cny.rafiusre). llpanulrHocm v
Bocrrpor43BoAr.rMocrb. Orlesr<u frpaBrrnbHocrr4 kr Bocnporr3BoAr.rMocrr4. Kpvreprau
Bocnpor43BoAr,rMocrra: Inc;rrcpcvfl., craHAaprHoe orKJroHeHr4e, pa3Max nrr6opxn. Irlcrlloqenue
pe3ynbraron. [oeepurerurrfi r4HrepBan rpr.i 3aAanHofi 4onepuremnofi Bepo-f,THocru. Cpanuenne
Mero,4oB rro Bocrrpou3BoAr4Mocrrr. Kpurepufi (Dunepa. llpzuenenne t-pacnpe4ereHr,r.f, pr
xoeS$uquenra CmroAeHTa 4ru o6pa6orKr{ pe3ynbraroB rasrr,repeurafi B MaJrbrx nrr6oprax.
Xapar<repucrrrKrr rryBcrBrrreJrbHocrrr MeroAoB ananvr3a'. npeAen o6napyNenprs., Htrlnns.fl. rI
B epxHs{ fp aHrrrlbr orrpeAenfl eMbIX pe3ynbTaToB t
6.
Ihanu
C
7.
ceMrrHapcKux saurrrufi.
euilH apcx ve 3anflTrrfi. yue6Huru rrJraHoM
H
e rrp e.qycM orp eHbr.
Teuu .na6oparopurrx pa6or (Jla6oparopnufi nparcrunyn).
1.
Temot na6opamopnux pu6om (Jla6opamopnuil
npuxmuxyn).
Jla6oparopuan pa6ora l\b 1. Anxanuuerpnq.
Ile.rrn pa6ornr: ycraHoBKa rr.rrpa pacrBopa NaOH
coAepxaHr{s corsHofi Kr4cJIorbI B pacrBope.
no
ulaBenenofi xracnore
lr
orpeAeneHr{e
odopy4onaurre: 6roperra, rcor6rr An{ Tr4TpoBa-a:as.) rrr4rrerKr{, MepHar r<or6a.
Pealcrunlr: craHAaprHufi pacrnop ruaBeJresoff xucrorbr, pacrBop rr.rApoKcrrra Hffpnfl, pacrBop
corsuoft KlzcJrorlr, r4HAr,IKaropr,I.
Jladop aropnan
ora J\b 2. flepuanlaHaroMerprifl .
Ife.ns pa6ornr: ycraHoBKa rkrrpa pa6ouero pacrBopa ll onpeAeneHrde coAep]Kalkrs. xeJre3a (II) n
p a6
pacrBope.
o6opyaonaHrre: 6roperra, r<on6rr Anfl TrrrpoB alkrx) rrr{rrerKr,r, MepHa.s xor6a.
Pear<ruerr: craHAaprHrrft pacraop rlaBeneBofi rucrorbr, pacrBop rrepManfaHara
liyrurs., pacrBop
corrE Mopa.
JIa6oparopHan pa6ora l\b 3: Aua.rruruqecKrre pearcrlrru (uacrr 1).
I{e,rr pa6orsl: O6HapyxceHae KarI4oHoB nepBofi rpynnrr (rruluit, rcaJtuit, uarpufr, anrnaoHufi) u
aHrzoHoB mopofr rpyrrrrbr (xnopra4u, 6pouz4u, uo1r4nbr, cynrSu4rr).
O6opyaonaHr,re: npo6zpxu, cfir{proBKa, creKJrrHuar laror{Ka.
Pear<ruerr: pacrBoprr conefi .
Jla6oparopuan pa6ora J\b 4: Ana.uuru.recKrre peaKrlur (vacrn 2).
If el n p a 6 oru : AHaluruqecKlr e p e aKrlrra aHr.rono B n epeofi ananralaqecr<ofi fpyrrIIbr.
O 6opygonaHrr e : npo6upru, c[rrproBKa, creKJrrHuarr rraJroqKa.
PeaKrusrr: pacrBopbr colefi .
J\b 5. flpnual rroreurlrroMerpr.rfl .
orpeAeJreHve pH n 6yQepHrrx pacrBopax, B BoAe.
Jla6oparopuan p a6ora
Ilenr pa6oru:
O6opy4onaHl'Ie: pH-vrerp, creKrsHHblfi
n xropu4cepe6pxunrft
enerrpo,qbr, sJreKTpoxrrMr,rqecKat
.sqeitxa.
Peaxrusbr: 6y{epuue pacrBopbr: pH 3,56 (Hacurqennufi pacrnop KCaH5Oo)
ra
Na2B4O7'H2O), nprzporHar BoAa.
pH 9,1g (0,05 M
Jla6oparopuaa pa6ora i\b 6. Ilpnnran KoHAyKToMerpr.fl
I{e.rrr p a 6 orr,r : KoHAyKToMerpuqecKo e rr4Tp oB aHr.re.
OdopyaoeaHrre: KoHryxToMerp/raoHotr,tep Anuon 4100, (unra 4pyroe ycrpoftcrBo An.r r.r3MepeHr.rt
sneKTpl4rrecxofi nponoAllMocrl4, Hanpl4Mep, peoxopAybrfi rraocr); xr4Mr4rrecKr4fi craxau (euroc6 100
- 150 cr'r'); ruepHrte r<o16rr (5 rin.) eMKocrbro 50 cu3, creKn{HHafl rurnorrKa; (funrrp (KpacHar r{nr4
6etas leura), BopoHKa Ant (funmponaHux; lrccneAyeMrrft o6pa:eq ror{Bbr (rz:ruemuennrrfi,
BbrcymeHHuft Ao Bo3AyrrrHo-cyxoro cocrorHrax).
Peanrunrr: craHraprHrrfi pacrnop xnopr,rAa:rrurvrfl; 0,1u. crau4aprurrfi pacrBop
0,1 M.; ananprcvpyelarrfi pacrBop xnopr{Aa 6apux.
cynr$ara Harpuq,
oparopnan pa6 ora i\b 7. Onpe4e,rreHrre ?r(eJre3 a(IIf .
I{e;rr pa6orsr : onpe4eneuze Neresa(III) cynrsocanr4rlrrnoBofi rcucnorofi .
O6opyaonaHlre: cnexrpoSoroMerp, KloBerbr lcvr, uepHrre xor6rr Ans npuroroBJreHu.f,
JIa6
aep2rr4
cTaHAapTHbrx pacTBopoB.
PeaKrusrr: CraHAaprur,rfi pacreop conr4
xeJre3a, coAepxarqufi.
Kr4cJrora, l)o/o-mr;fi pacrBop, cepHa.f, Kr.rcJrora, 1
8.
Yqe6uo-ueroAnrlecKoe o6ecneqenr.re
M pacrnop,
rr
0l
rur/un Fe, cynrsocarfirlrroBas
aMMr.raK, l0%o-w,titpacrBop.
rrJraur.rpoBaHr{e caMocroflTe.rrsnofi pa6oru
cryAeHToB.
Ta6"nuqa 4
fl.rranuponaHr{e caMocrofl TeJrbHofi pa6oru cryAeHToB
Mo4y.nr.r H TeMbl
J\b
Mo4y.nu
1.1
Buau CPC
o6slarenrgsle
AOTIOJIHUTEJIbHbIE
Hegenn
O6rerrl
Kon-no
ceMecrDa
IIACOB
6a.rlflos
la
0,2s
0-4
I
O6lrrze Borrpoc6r
aHarI,ITr4rrecKo ff xuvul.r
Pa6ora c
PeueHue sa4au;
lureparypofi
KOHCI]CKTLI
.
1.2
KorIlqecreeHntrfi
xurr,tnqecr<r.rfi
AHAJIH3
Bcero no rr,roavnrc
OtlropvneuNe
Peueuue:aga.r;
OTqCTOB
KOHCNEKTbI
3-6
I
0-21
0,25
0-25
0,5
MoAJ Irb 2
2.1
Pa6ora
KAqECTBEHHbIU AHAIIVI3
7-8
0,1
0-9
9-t2
o4
0-26
0'5
0-35
BrrnolseHr.re
c
nHreparypoi
3a!.aHldil
vr
vIIDaxHeHlrfi
2,2
3rerrpoxnrur4qecKue MeroAbI
Brrnorsegue
salaHuhu
O(f oprrrnenue
oTqeTa
vrloaxHeHufr
Bcero no noavrro 2:
Moav.ns 3
J.I
3.2
3.3
Pa6ora
XpouarorpaQu.a
u[eKTpanbHble MeToAbI
MerpolorluecKr{e
0,1
0-7
gag:aqi
l5-17
0l
0-28
3a4aq;
18
0,1
0-5
ycrHbrx coo6uesufi
O$opu,renrae
Peuresue
oTqeTa
KOHCNCKTbI
Pa6ora
ocHoBbI
13-14
CocrasreHtae
c
rureDarvDoii
Peueune
c
lureoarvooI
KOHCNCKTbI
Bcero no ruoAvnro 3:
0,5
0-40
tr{TOfO:
l'5
0-100
9. OoHg oIIeHorrHLIx cpegcrB AJrs
arrecrarluu rro r{TofaM
rrpoBeAeHuq flpoMe]r(yrorrHofi
ocBoeHHfl Ar.rcuurrJrnHbr (MoAyrs).
B coomsemcmluu c
npuKa3o.^4 om 19 derca6pn 2013 z. NeI367 Soud oqeHoHHbrx cpedcms diln
npoledeHun npoMecrcymoqHoil ammecmat4uu no duc4unnuue (aodynto) uru npaKmuKe swuoqoem 6
ce6n
9.L IlepeueHb rcoMrrereHllrrfi c yKa3aHrreM sTarroB ux $opMrlpoBaHuq B rrpoqecce ocBoeHrrfl
o 6p ason areJrbuofi rp orp aMMbr (BbrAepxKa r{3 Marpr{rlbr KoMrrereHrlufi ) :
Croco6nocrb rrcronb3oBarl OKoJloruqecKyro rpaMorHocrb rz 6asoerre gHanvfl B o6nacr[
Susraxu, xrrMurzr, HayK o 3evre v. 6uonorrau B )ro.r3HeHHrrx cvryar\Lrsx; [pofHo3rirpoBarb
rrocneAcTBl4fl cBoeft upooeccr4oHanbHofi Ae"f,TenbHocTl4, HecTr{ oTBeTcTBeHHocTb 3a cBor,I perxeHrrrr
(onK-2).
9.2 Onucaur.re fioKa3areJlefr rr Kprrrepr{eB orleHrrB a;alrs. KoMrrereHrlrrfr Ha pa3rurrHbrx 3Tarrax
nx oopMupoBaHuq, ollucaHrre rrrKaJr orleHuBflHrrs:
Ta6.nuqa 5.
Kapra Kpr{TeprreB orleHnBaHr{fl KoMrrereHrlrrfi
Kpurepuu
B coorBercrBr{rr c ypoBHeM ocBoeur{s
OII
F
x i,i
A:!
EE
-
clI
!/.
IIoporoBbrrr
(ysonr.)
6asonbrfi (xop.)
76-90 6arros
TIOBbIIIIEHHbII{
(ou.)
91-100 6arros
61-75 6aruroe
3naer:
3naer:
OCHOBHI'Ie
MeTOAOJIO|FIeCKI{e
3KCn9pr{MeHTaJrbHbre
TeopeTI{rIecKI{e npuHIIIrnbI
CneUI4aJII{3I{pOB aHIII'IX 3aKOHOB
MeTOAOB KaTIeCTBeHHOfO
rr 3aKoHoMepnocrefi
MeroAbt,
fioHtrrrt II
xq)
AC)
3Haer:
KOJIIIIECTBEHHOIO
aHaltrurqecxofi
xl4MrrqecKoro aHulu3a.
()
06 nacru npr{MeHrrMo
14
TepMr4Hbr
XKII{KIId.
1o
(q
r4
aHaJII4TI4rI
e
cK
crr{
H
)s
ofr, xuttquu.
EE
()Y
>H
Yueer:
Yueer:
Yueer:
ocyuecTBJrrITI>
corrocTaBJrf,Tb MeTOAI{Kr{,
ocyruecrBJrtrrr o6pa6orry
xa.rectneuHrrfr
ocyuecTBJr{Tb
xolrqecrneurrrtfi
3KClepI{MeHTaJIbHErX AaHrIbIX,
npanrznlnrrft ntr6op e
onpeAelsTb MeTpoJIorIItIecKHe
xnuuqecxufi
3aBncrn'r,o
I,I
aHaJrpI3
TIO METOAI{KAM
c'tv or o 6r erron
orrpeAeneHrnr
aI{ailI43A, HT4XHI{X rp aHI{II
onpe.qeneHl{.rr tr
pa3JII{rIHbIX
CEJIEKTI4BHOCT}I METOAOB,
G
tr
.i
E
xapaKTepr{cTr{Kr4 MeToAr{K.
6
F
Fr
KOMIIOHEHTOB,
(!
B.rageer:
B.ra4eer:
OCHOBHbIMI4
HaBbrKaMr{
pa6orrr co
Braneer:
pa6oru co
IIpr4gMaMr4 yoTpaHeHr4rr
cIIeII14iurbHbIM
upo6reu [pr4
cTaHAapTHbrM
o6opygonauueM c yrreroM
CI{HTETI{IIECKIX
o6opyAoeanuena c
yqeToM npaBr4Jrr
TEXHIIIIECKIZX
aHaJrr{T[qecKrax pa6or,
$oplranrrz npeAcraBnsur4fl
HaBbrKaMr,r
npoBeAeHrzr4
I4
TCXHI{K14
oco6euHocreft ; npnetravu
a cuoco6arr,rn o6pa6orxu
3KcnepI4MeHT€uIbIIbIX
6egonacnoctLr.
pe3yJrbTaToB.
pe3yJrbTaToB.
E
\J
si
6
F
O.
(c
(c
I
Fr
63
L,
O.
9.3 Tunonble KouTpoJrbHbre 3aAaHrrfl lrJrrr r.rHr,Ie MareprraJrbr, Heo6xoArrMbre AJrfl orleHKrr
3HaHI{fi, yMeHrrfi, HaBbIKoB rr (z.nn) orrbrra Aesrernuocrr{, xapaKTepr{3yroqeft 3Tarrbr
S opulrp on alakrtr KoMrIereHIILIfi B rrpoqecce o cB o eHuq o6paron areJrbHofi [porpaMMbr.
Konrponrnble Borlpocbr I{ 3aAaHvtr A[rfr TeKyrqero KoHTpoJrfl
Temu 1.2 . KonuqecmqeHHbtit xuMuuecquil uHunu3
1.
Cyuluocrr MeroAa Hefirpann3ar\uLr. BraA xpunrx rr4TpoBaHr{r B MeroAe HefirpanLga\w.
flonsrzs (KoHerrHoft ToqKIz rLITpoBaHr.rl> (KTT), (ToqKa sKBr4BaJreHTHocrr4) (T3), <nora3areJrb
THTp o B aHrrq
)
(pT),
(r4HTepB aJr n ep exoAa oKp acKr4 r.rHAr.rKaTop
a).
2.
Pa6oqrze pacrBopbl, olpeAenteMble BeulecrBa Lr ycraHoBorrHbre BeruecrBa, Tpe6oBalzrs. K
HLIM. flon.f,rIas (MonspHat KoHqenTpaqr.rfl gKBrrBaJreHTD) (uoprraanrHocrb), (MoJUrpHat
KOHqeHTparIr{fl
)
(MonspHocTb), THTp, MaccoBas Aonfl
.
3. Cyrunocrr MeroAoB Tr4TpoBaHr4s (npruoe,
o6paruoe,
sauecrzrerra).
Pacuemr,
npr4MeH_[eMbre B AaHHbrx MeToAax.
4.
llousru.s
((oKBIdBaJIeHT BerqecrBa>.
KI{CJIOTHO-OCHOBHO|O
Cuoco6rr olpeAeJreHr4fl gKBr.rBaJreHToB B peaKrlu{x
TlITpOBaHrIs. PaCCraSUrr xosofruquenTbr v olpeAenrarb 3KBr.rBaJreHTbr
Kr4cJror, ocnonanrafi r4 conefi B
HzSO+ +
Ca(OH)z:
Ca(OH)z +
HCI:
AI(OH)3 + HzSO+
cneAyrouux peaKrlusx:
CaSO+ + HzO
CaOHCI + HCl
:
Alz(SO+)3 + H2O
: NaHSO+ + HCI
NazCO: + HCI : NaHCOT + NaCl
NazCO: + HCI : Na2CO3 + NaCl
5. 9euy paBHLI Mofl-spHafl KoHIIeHTparIr.rfl gKBrzBaJreHTa
HzSO+ + NaCl
pr
rr{Tp pacrBopa a3orHofi rrzclorrr,
ecJII4 Ha rI,ITpoBaHI{e 20,00 cNI3 ee r{3pacxoAoBaHo 15,00 co,r3 0,1200 H pacrBopa rr4lpoKcrrAa
HaTpkrfl.
6.
Hanecxy r<ap6oHara Ha'rpufi. uaccofi 0,5000 r pacrBopl{Jllr B MepHofi Iton6e eltxocmrc 200
clr'. Ha rr.rrpoBaHrie 50,00 cu' nolyueHHoro pacrBopa c Merr.rJroBbIM opaHlI(eBbIM pacxo4yerct
48,00 cn' pacrnopa consHofi rracnomr. Pacc.rr4rafire nronspHylo KoHrleuTparlr4ro gKBITBaJIeHTa u
1 ..
Tr,rrp pacrBopa con.fl Hofr r<ucnortr.
7.
Pacc'aurafare Maccy rap6oHara lcrarpufl B r{ccneAyeMoM pacrBope, ecJII,I Ha rI,ITpoBaHI,Ie ero
u3pacxoAoeaHo 20,10
8.
"*3
0,1000 H. pacrBopa cepuoft KI4cJIorbI.
Kaxofi o6rena cepnofi KrrcJrorbr (p:1,84 r/cl.l3) rpe6yerc.a Anfl npuforoBneul,Ifl 2,5 tt0,2 n.
pacrBopa H2SOa
(fr"u:
/z)?
g.
Haeecry uenoqla rr,raccofi 2,000 | pacrBoprrJrrr B Mepuofi ror6e BMecrlzMocruo 100,0 crra3.
0,4455 M pacrnopa HCl. Onpe4err,rre, KaKos
Ha rurpon arrue 25,00 cru3 pacxo4oBarro 20,00
"*3
BeqecrBo rl4TpoBanlr: KOH unu NaOH.
10.
KaKa.[ Macca NazCOl coAepxr,rrcs B pacrBope, ecJrr{ ua nefirparrrcalllrlo ao NaHCO:
r.r3pacxoAonano 2T,40 c*3 pact"opa HCI (T(HC1) :0,002789 r/cna3)?
11.
Kanrae peaKrlr{Ia Ha3brBarorc.f, oKr4cJrr.rreJrbHo-BoccraHoBureJlbnblura pearquatrv? Karoe
ypaBHeHrze r4crronrfyror An.f, pacr{era noreHrllraJra oKr,IcJII{TeJIbHo-BoccraHoBIrreJIbnoft cvcrelru?
12.
Bu4 xpunux rr.rrpoBaHyrs. B MeroAe peAoKcr{Merpwkr. Pa6o.{ue pacrBopbl, olpeAenreMbre
BerrrecrBa u ycraHoBoqHbre BetqecrBa B peAoKcI,IMerpI{[. Brr6op HHAI{KaropoB.
13. rlro
[peAcraBJr{ror co6ofi oKrrcJrrzreJrbno-BoccraHoBrlTeJlbHble un4uxaroprr? Karoft
xr,rMuqecKufi npoqecc flBlrserc . npuuttHofi I,I3MeHeHI,I.f, Iax orcpacrz?
14.
r{ro raxoe
15.
Kar< uguenr4Tc.f, oKr{cJrr4TeJrbHo-BoccraHoBr,rremuu[
aBToKaraJrr{s?
llpune4rrre rrpr{Mepbl aBToKararl{TuqecKux peaxqrzfi.
rlorenllIlan B pacrBope, coAepxalrleM
KMnOa ra MnSO+ uprz: a) yBenr.rqeHur{ KoHrleHrpaqun KMnO+; 6) rp}I yBenrrIeHIrI,I KoHIIeHrpaIII4Ir
MnSO+; n) npu yBennr{euura pH pacrnopa?
16. [onuuure 14 paccraBbre ros$$uqueHmr B
ypaBueHplsx oKIzcJIHTenbHoBoccraHoBuTeJrbHbrx peaxqufi, [cnonb3yq LroHHo-gJlerrponHrrft MeroA. Karue I4oHbI prrlr
MoneKynEr .rrBJrrrorc.s oKr4cJrr,rreJrflMLr tr BoccraHoBl4TersMu B AaHHbrx npoqeccax. Onpe4enure
(f
anroprr
3KBHB aJIeHTHo
crlr
oKITcJII{TeJIefi u
soccraHonurelefi
.
KCl + KMnO+ + HzSOa: MnSO+ +
KMnO+ + Na2SO3 + H2O
C12
+ ...
:
KzCrzOt + 6KI + THzSO+: Cr2(SO4)3
*
...
17.
Cronrr<o [porIeHToB xeJre3a co.{epxr{Tcs B xere3Hoft nponoloKe, ecJII{ rrocJle pacrBopeHl4s
0,1400 | ee B cepuofi Kr4cJrore 6es 4ocryna Bo3Ayxa Ha rlrrpoBauue rlonyqeHHofo pacrBopa
rr3pacxo.4o salo 24,85 c*3 0, 1 000 H pacrBopa [epMaHfaH ara xattus?
18. flyt ycrauoBKr4 Tr{Tpa rraocynb$ara uarpus. 6trxa B3flTa HaBecKa 0,1125 | MeAll (x.'r.),
pacrBop xoropofi o6pa6otasm KI, KaK npl4 I,Io,4oMerpI,IqecKoM orlpe.4oneHl4ll MeAH.
Brr.4ennerrrufic.fl
LroA orrirrpoBaJrr4 r,rccneAyeMblM pacrBopoM ruocylrSara, Koroporo
I43pacxoAoBaHo
18,99 cM3. BblrrplcrtlTe rrrrp, MoupHyro KoHrleHTpaqr4ro n Mon{pHyro
KoHrleHrparlrro 3KBr.rBaJreHTa rr.ro cyns(p ara lrrarplrfl B sroM pacrBope.
19.
Karylo HaBecKy K2Cr2O7 HylIGo B3qrb Anr ycraHoBKr{ Trarpa [p]rMepHo 0,1 H pacrBopa
Na2S2O3, ecnl4 pacloJlararor tr,tepHofi
rol6ofi
eMKocrbro 200 cu3
frr{rrerKoft 10 crr,r3 rr crpeMflTc{ K
ToMy, qro6u Ha rrITpoBaHI{e BblAenlaBllreroc.f, r4oAa pacxoAoBaJrocb 25 cnl3 pacrBopa rraocynr$ara
natpux?
20.
Hanecxy MeraJlJllaqecxoft nre4Ia uaccofi 0,1530
14
r
pacrBopvlrvt, K pacrBopy npu6anuttu
u:6rrrox KI u Ha rLITpoBaHI4e BblAeJlr.{Brrrerocr 12 ra3pacxolioBurr.- 24,18 cnr3 pacreopa Na2S2O3.
Paccqzram MontpHyro KoHIIeHTpaIII4Io n Mon-spHlro KoHrleHTparlr4ro gKBlrBiureHTa pacrBopa
TLrTpaHTa.
Tema 2,1. RuqecmeeHHbtit uHs,,rul
1.
Cnoco6sI ocyrlecrBneHIr.f, KaqecrBeHHoro alaIilr3a. flonsrus (aHarr,ITr4r{ecKar peaKrrr4r>
r,r
(aHaJrraTrrrrecxufi npH3HaK).
2.
Ana-nnrn.recKl4e peaKllvfir, rrptrMeureMbre B KarrecrBeHHoM auanr43e.
peaxqufi . llpe4en o 6Hapyxreuus. Yclonu{ rrp oBeAeHral pear<qufi .
Tunrr
aHaJlr{Tr4qecKr{x
3.
flpzne4ure [pl{Mep rpyrlrloBoro peaKTr4Ba eropofi alaJwrrvlrecr<ofi rpynrrbr KarrzoHoB.
Hasosure auanrarraqecr<ufi npH3HaK. Hanuuure MoneKyn{pHbre v r4oHHo-MoneKynrpHbre
ypaBHeHrrr peaxqufi coorBercrByroqux Karr{oHoB.
4.
flpzneglare lpl{Mep rpyrlrloBoro peaKTr,rBa rperrefi alzururrtruecxoft rpynrrbr Karr4oHoB.
Hasoeltre anwtutu'reclr.ufr. [pLI3HaK. Hanuruure MoneKyJrrpubre u r{oHHo-MoneKynf,pHbre
ypaBlr'euvfl pearquft coorBercrByroqr{x Karr4ouoB.
5.
Pacnpe4enr4Te cne,4yroulr4e aHuoHr,r rro aHaJrrrrr4r{ecKr.rM rpyrrnaM: S2-, SO42-, CO32-, C1-,
NO3-, CrOa2-, PO+3-, Br.
,{m
rax<4ofi rpyrrrbr rrpeAnox{r{Te rpyrrrroBofi pearrrns. Hanurrrxre
MoneKyntpHble H HoHHo-MoJIeKyn{pHbIe ypaBHeHrrr peaxqufi coorBercrByroqux aHr,roHoB.
6.
llpe4nox<rare cxeMy pa3.4eneHr4s cneAyroqr4x rroHoB: K*, Ag*, SO+2-, Cl . Hasonure
anatturu-uecxuiL npl{3HaK. Hauraurure MoreKynqpHbre v r4oHHo-MoJreKyrrspHbre ypaBHeHr4f
pearqufi.
7.
llpegroNrare cxeMy o6Hapy>reru4rr cneAyroqrrx HoHoB: Fe2*, Hg'*,PO+3-, NOz-.
8,
flpe4nox<rrre cxeMy o6napyxerud cneAyrorlr4x r4onoB : Zrf* ,
Ct*,f
9.
flpe4noxzre cxeMy o6uapyNeHr4r
C**,
Tena
2.
1.
Cyrunocrr, MeroAa rloreHlll{oMerpuqecKoro rnTpoBaHr4r. Onpe4elxeurre BerrlecrBa Lr
orreAyrorrrrzx r,roHoB: Mn2*,
, COs2-.
CHTCOO-, S2-.
2. ?nexmpoxuilwtecKue memodot.
pa6ovne pacrBopbl. Kpunue rlzrpoBaHl4r. Mero4rr pacqera xone.ruoft ToqKr,r rr,rrpoBaHr,rs.
2.
3relcrpogrr, I4cIIoJIb3yeMbIe B rloreHlll,roMerpuqecKoM
4.eitclnus.
3n eKTp
oAoB.
Tr4TpoBaHrryr.
Crpoeune ra rpr,rHrlprn
3.
Cyrunocm MeroAa upnr,rofi noreHrlr,roMerprar4. 3rer<rpo4rr, [pI4MeHseMbIe B MeroAax
npxrrr o fi rroreH IIr{ oM erpr4vr.
4.
Cnoco6ri onpeAeneHrr{ KoHrIeHTparInu rroHoB B MeroAe npxrraofi rIoreHIII,IoMerp}IIr.
5. CyruHocrr MeroAoB nprnroft
KoHAyKToMerpuur.
O6nacrn [pI{MsHeHIzx npxlroft
KOHAyKTOMeTpr4r4.
6.
Cyrqnocrr MeroAa KoHAyKToMerpr,rqecKoro rurpoBaHfls. Oupe4eraeurre BeqecrBa,
Tr{TpaHTbr B KoHAyKToMerpvqecKoM Tr,rrpoBaHura.
Kpunrre KoHAyKToMerpr.rqecKofo rr,rrpoBaukrs'
7. flonsrus srercrpuuecxofi [poBoAr{Mocru,
yAelruofi enerrpnuecr<ofi [poBoAI,IMocrI4
Lr
oKBrrBaJreHrHofi erexrpraqecxoft npoBoAL{Mocrr,r.
craHAaprHbix pacrBopax coJrr{ KaJrr4.tr c KoHrleHrpaqraefi
8. B
Cx* 6t'utu I43MepeHbr
oneKTpoAHbre rroreHur,ranbr rcwtufi. ceJreKTr,rBHoro oneKTpoAa orHocLITeJIbHo xnopl4Acepe6pxrioro
3neKTpoAa rr
IIon] reHr,I cneAyloul4e
Crn, uom/ll
pCK-:
E,
flo
-
srraNa AaHHr,rM
1,0x10-1
1,0x 10-2
1,0x 10-3
1,0x 10-a
2
a
1
J
4
100
46,0
-7,00
-60,00
lgCx'
rr,rB
AaHHbIe:
rrocrpor{nu rpaAyrapoBo.rnrtfi rpa@ux
B KoopALIHarax
E-
pCrc*.
Hanecny o6pasqa naccoft 0,2000 r, coAepr(arqero xanufi, pacrBopllnl,I B BoAe Ia o6rert AoBenIr Ao
100,0 cu'. 3arenr rr3Mepr4nr{ oneKTpoAHrrfi noreuquar xanuiaceJleKTlaBHoro sneKTpoAa E,. : 60,0
rVrB. BrFrucJrrrrb MaccoByro Aonlo KaJvts.n o6pasqe.
9.
Kon4yxrouerpvs.. AHa-nusupyeMyro cMecb HCI u CH3COOH rIoMecrLIJII{,8 MepHyro ron6y
BMecrr{Mocrrro 50,00 cM' u AoBenr{ soAofi Ao MerKI{. llpra rrarpor,alr4r4l0,00 crra' pacrBopa 0,1 M
NaOH (K: 1, 1 04) ilonyql4nl4 one.4ylotque pe3ynbrarbl:
VQ.{aoH),
7,00
8,00
9,00
10,00
11,00
12,00
13,00
14,00
15,00
16,00
2,50
2,20
1,90
1q?
r,96
2,00
2,20
2,50
2,85
3,20
c*'
ae'103,
Clr
llocrpovru
Kpr4Byro rrarpoBaHr4{
I4 orIpeAeJII4rb Maccy
(r) HCI z
CH3COOH
n
ucxoAHoM
pacrBope.
Temu 3.2. CnexmputbHbre uemodot.
1.
2,
@orouerpuqecrprft MeroA anaJwl:,a.Cnexrp rlorJlotueHl4.s BglrlecrBa.
OuroeHofi 3aKoH cBerorrorrouleHr4s Eyrepa-Jlarr,r6epra-Eepa. Omloserur.fl or 3aKoHa Byrepa-
Jlaru6epra-Eepa.
3.
Ilonsrprs <xoe(ffrHrllreur
rrporycKaHr,rfl>>
(T) u ((orruqecKafl rlJlorHocrr> (A). llpe4enrr
I'I3MEHEHIIS 3TI{X BEJII'IqITH LI UX B3AIIMOCB,g3b.
4.
Pacc'rurairre 3HaqeHrre rcoe$$uqpreHTa irpoflycKaHrrfl., ecrpr orrruqecKat [JlorHocrb paBHa
0,324; 0,53 1 ; 0,87 9; 0,462.
5.
Pacc'{urafire 3Har{eHI4e onrraqecxofi rrJrorHocrr4,
nporycKaHrrr paBHo : I,0o/o; 44,2Yo; 98,IYo; 0,3 5 5 ; 0,7 62.
ecJrrr 3HaqeHr.Ie ross{uqraeHra
6.
@uguqecrrafi clrrrcn Monflpuoro r<os(f$nqueHTa norJro[IeHr{s. Odrroprr, Bnurrculr{e Ha
rrrolxpurrfi r<oe $ $raqrzeHT rrornoIqeHrr.s.
7. Blrrncrlare ltonxpuufr xosQsrzqveur cBerorrorJrorrleurrr pacrBopa oKparrreHHoro
coeAI4HeHIzr xelesa (III) c KoHlleHTpaqvefi 0,1 Mr B 50 rran pacrBopa, ecJrn orrrr{qecKa-f,
IIJIorHocrb pacrBopa cocraBldJla 0,410 [pra ToJrrquHe rrorno[Iarctqefo
clos
3 cu.
8.
Pacc'IzrafiTe orITLIMaJIrHlro ronlrrr4Hy rrorJrorlarcqero cnor KroBerbr lrrau), neo6xoAr4Myro
Ans I{3MepeHlz.f, orrrlrqecroft rIJIorHocrI4 pacrBopa cynrfrara Me,4rr (II), co4epNarrlero 5 Nar conu e
50 un pacrBopa. Beru.{uua orlTI4qecKofi nrorsocrr4 cocraBJrxer 0,610, lronxpnuft roe(f$uqrzeHr
:
cBerorrorJrorueHr{.rr e
9.
103.
Btrqzcnnre Monf,pHylo KoHrleHTpaqurc pacrBopa KoMrrJIeKcHoro
[epoKcI4AoM BoropoAa
(e:
coe.4r,rHeHr4fl TuraHa c
10'), onrnvecKar rrJrorHocrb Koroporo paBHa 0,3I
(l:
Tecrr,r AJrfl caMorrogroroBr<rr
1. flo4po6Hoe orll{caHue aHurrr3a o6r,erra c r{cnoJrb3oBaHueM nrr6pannoro Merona
!
MeTOA aHaJil43A;
1
cu).
- gro ...
D MeTOATTKA aHankr3a;
tr xuMlrqect<uft auutu1.
n $rasuuec xuit anastuz.
2.
Y cranost4Te coorBercrBr4e:
l. a\X)
=ffim(X) .rc1%
aana
a
1
^/,. LIA
^,,f\) =- n(x)
c(x). M(x)
1
Monxpuar KoHrleHTpaqur pacrBopa
2. Monxpna-r KoHueHTparIr4.{
v..-.
..
^ 00
oano at
3. T(X) =
.
da
3KBrzB aJreHTa
pacrBopa
3. Maccona-s AoJUr BeulecrBa B pacrBope
000
4.Turp pacrBopa
3.
Ou:H-recra.f, BeJII4IIHHa, SyHxquoHanbHo cBg3aHHas c coAepxaHr{eM KoMrIoHeHTa,
z anaJil4Ttrqecruft cr4fHaJr ;
tr Kar{ecrBeunrrft cHfHaJr;
-
9To ..
tr aHaJrrrrr4qecxufi cr{rHaJr (poHa;
A
n Souonufi cr{rnaJr.
Vcrauoeure coorBercrBlae
I. Onpegenf,er,
:
KaKI{e KoMrroHeHTbr BKrroqaer
anaJrr43l{Dvelmrfi
o
6rexr
2. Attmus rasoronHrrft, oreMeHTHufi (arorunoraoHuufi ), crpyKTypuo-rpynuonofi
($yHxrIV oHalrHrrfi ), lrolerynxpnuft ,
BeqecrBeuurrfi , $a-:onrrfi
3. ilaet cBeAeHr{r o KoJrr{qecrBeHuoM
coAepxaHr4r{ Bcex llnrr oTAeJrbHbx
KOMIIOHEHTOB
4. Maxpo-, [onyMprKpo-, Mr4Kpo-,
ynbrpaMr.rKpo- rz cy6nuKpoMeroAbr
1. Ka.recrneHHrrfi anaJwr3
2. Konra-recreerlllrrfi aluru3
3. Knaccu$LrKar\krfl uo nracrura6y
pa6orrr, o6r,elry
Lrlrvr Macce
npo6rr
4. Knaccra S rrKar1.krs' o cHoB aHHar Ha
lprrpoAe o6napyxueaeMbrx r4Jrr{
onpeAenreMbrx qacTr4rl
5
.
6.
Ycrauoerlre rrpaBr,rnbHyro rrocJleAoBareJlbnocm4eft c:rnrafi
1. floAroronxa npo6r,r K aHan[3y.
2. Brr6op MeroAa ananusa.
3. Or6op npo6u.
4. Pacqer pe3ynbraroB aHaJII{3a.
5. flonyuenue H lr3MepeHr4e ana.;rvrrl{qecKoro c}IrHaJIa.
flpanulruoe
:
rroJroxeHr4e rJra3 rrpr4 orrpeAeJreHr,ru o6:seua pacrBopa n 6roperxe
2
./h
7.
pacrBopeHr4eM Totruoro Korr,rtrecrBa rrr4croro xr,rMraqecKofo BeqecrBa I{3Becrnoro
crexr,roMerpuqecKof o cocraBa B orlpe,qeneuHoM o 6t' eue pacrBopl,ITent :
n BTopr4r{Hrrfi cran4aprnuft pacrBop;
tr nepBr4rrHrrfi crau4aprnrrft pacrBop;
KaK nepnuuurrfi , TaK vr nroprauHsrfi crauAaprHrrft pacrnop;
rpernqubrit wartgaprHrtfi pacrnop.
Kpunofi Tr4TpoBaHr{s HasblBaerct . . .
I
9.
rpaSuuecxoe nso6palr(eHrre 3aBr4crrMocrrr KoHrIeHTpaWtt orrpeAerrxeMofo KoMnoHeHTa LIJTTI
lponopquoHaJrbHoro efi cnoftcrna crlcreMbr or 3Har{eHHr pH rurpyeMoro pacrBopa;
I rpaSuuecroe ra:o6pax(eHrre 3aBr4cr4Mocrlr KoHrIeHTpaIIuu orrpeAeJuleMoro KoMrIoHeHTa I4JII{
npoilopquoHaJrr,Hofo eft cnoficrea c[creMbr or o6rerr.ra Ao6aeneHnoro rl4rpaHTa;
n rpa(fuuecxoe uso6palr(eHr4s 3aBr4cr4Mocrr,r KoHrIeHTpaqu[ orrpeAenfleMoro KoMrIoHeHTa LIJII4
npolopqnoHaJrr,Horo efi cnoficrea cucreMbl or BpeMeHIr;
I rpa$uuecroe nso6palKeHrre 3aBrzcr{Mocrrz KonrleHTparlr4r,r orrpeAeJuleMofo KoMrIoHeHTa vJII4
npo[opq[oHaJrbHoro efi cnoftcrea crrcreMbr or KoHIIeHTpa\uu Io6as.IIeHHoro rkrrpalTa.
Pacqemr pe3ynbraroB orlpeAeJleuuit s rI4TpHMerpurI ocHoBaHbI Ha 3aroHe ...
!, KparHbrx ourorueHuft ;
n 4eft crn5,'torql4x Macc;
n Anora4po;
N SKBI,IBAJIEHTOB.
Arzxeora-sro...
10.
11.
12.
<-
foroesr
!
!
8.
3
n KoruqecrBo MrrJrJrr,IJII{TpoB Ao 6aereHHoro I,I3 6roperru pacrB opa;
n KoJrriqecrBo KaTIeJIB Ao6aerenHoro I{3 KanenbHHrIbI 14 HAI{Karop a;
il KoruqecrBo MTIJTJII{JIIITpoB oro6paHnofo rrunerKofi pacreopa;
n r(o Jrr4qecrB o MrrJrJrHJII4Tp oB oro 6p aun oro ueH:ypxoft ;
tr Ko Jrr4qecrB o MLI JIJII4nIrrp oB oro 6p anno f o MepHbIM IIHJII,IHApoM.
Kon6y An.fl TI.rrpoBaHI4t rlepeA TlrrpoBaHueru neo6xoAl4Mo olonocHyrb ...
tr
tr
tr
tr
Tr{TpaHTOM;
!
B TorrKe ?KBuBaJIeHTHocrH
TzrpyeMbrM pacrBopoM;
Tr4TpyeMbrM pacrBopoM I,I BbIcymI4Tb;
.{rlcrr4nnraponannofi noAoft .
Ha upaxrzKe rurpoBaHl4e oKaHqI4BaIor ...
(r.0.);
tr B KoneqHoft roqxe rlrrpoBaHl{r (r.r.r.);
tr IIOCJIE TOqKII gKBIIBAJIEHTHOCTII;
tr B HaqaJIe cKarrKa "rprTpoBaHl4fl;
13.
n B KOHUe CKaqKa Tr4TpoBaHr{.fl.
, 1. ^
Obrenr (cu') 0,1000 u. pacrnopa rl,IApoxcr4[ale'arprrfl, ueo6xo4arurrfi 4nx Aocrr4xeHrrs roqKr4
sKBI4BaJIeHrHocrI4 npl4 TI4rpoBaHVu 20,00 cu' 0,1000 H. pacrBopa cepHoff Kr.rcJrorbr, paBeH
_
14,
cM-.
Kzcnoruo-ocHoBHbre raHAr{Karophr - 9To ...
HeopraH[qecKl4e KllcJlorbl r,rJrr4 ocHoB aHlrfl., oKpacKa Koropbrx r43MeH-f,ercfl
r{3MeHeHr.M pH cpe4u;
n cna6rre opfaHl4r{ecKl{e Kl,Icilorbr lrltkr ocHoBaHI{r, oKpacKa Koropbx r,r3MeHrerc{
u3MeHeHHH pH cpe4sr;
tr cI4JIbHbIe OpraHLIqecKI4e KI4CJIOTbT prrrr ocHoBaHVS, OKpaCKa Koropbrx r.r3MeH{erc.s
r{3MeHeHHr4 pH cpe4rr;
tr crIJIbHbIe HeOpfaHI4qecKHe KI,ICJTOTbI r,rJrrr ocHoBa]Hrrg, oKpacKa KoTOpbIX rl3MeH{eTCt
ra3MeHeurr[ pH cpe4u;
n cna6rre opfaHI4rIecKI,Ie KI,IcJIorbr Lrrvt ocHoBaHr4s, oKpacKa Koropbrx l{3MeH.serc-f,
us aurrao4efi crBvrr c rr4TpaHToM.
n cla6ue
15.
Berul'{una
pH n roqKe
oKBI4BaJIeHTHocrr4
paBna
7,
xorga [pr4
rrpr4
nplr
rpr
rrpr4
rplr
Tr4TpoBalvtur rrporeKaer
xHMI{rIeCKat peaKllu.s ...
16.
17.
n NaOH + HNO: : NaNO3 + HzO;
n NaOH + HCl : NaCl + HzO;
I H2SO3 + KOH: K2SO3 + HzO;
r H2SOa + 2NaOH : Na2SOa + 2HzO.
Ecnrz pa6oqnM pacrBopoM rlpu rI4TpoBaHr4kr flBrrflercfl.pacrBop rueJrorrrr, To MeroA H€r3brBaror
tr anKaJrr{Metpueit;
tr arlr{AoMerpuefi;
tr iurKaJrr4Merpraefi lrnkr arftrpaonrerprEeft ;
! KyJroHoMerpneft.
flpu craugaprarsa\wr pacrBopa consHoft KprcJrorbr B KarrecrBe ycraHoBoqHofo BerrlecrBa
MO}KHO r4CIIOnb3OBaTb ...
! xnopr{A lJutpLrfl;
!
Hr,rTpaT Hurpufl.;
n rap6onar luurprrfl;
l
18.
19.
20.
cynrSar Harpkrr.
(Daxrop oKBr4BaJreHrHocrrr nap6ouara Harprrfl B peaKrlr4rz HNO: + Na2CO3 : NaHCO3 *
NaNO: paBeH
CKa.rox Ha rcpunofi KHcJIorHo-ocHoBHofo rl4TpoBaHrz.f, - 9To ...
n o6lacTb pe3Koro rr3MeHeHr4fl KoHrIeHTparIu[ olpeAerseMofo BerqecrBa;
r o6:racrr pe3Koro r.r3MeHeHr.rr pH pacrnopa;
n o6racm pe3Koro ra3MeHeHus oKpacKr.r pacrBopa;
n o6nacrr ua r<punofi TI4TpoBaHVt, r,4e pH pacrnopa H3MeHqercs He3Harrr4TeJrbHo.
(Datcrop 3KBrIBarIeHrHocrH tro1r44a KaJrvs. B peaKUr4r.r 2CuSO+ + 4KI - CWIz + 2K2sOa + 12
paBeH
2r.
Kpunax oKllcJllareJlbHo-BoccraHoBlrreJrbHoro rr{TpoBaHr{r lpeAcraBlser co6ofi rpa(frauecryro
3aBr{cI4MOCTb.
22.
..
n pH pacrnopa or o6teua 4o6anneHuoro rr4TpaHTa;
n rroreHrlr4ana pacrBopa or o6rerr,ra Ao6annesuoro rr4TpaHTa;
tr roKa3arens KoHIIeHTpaWr4I4oHoB MeraJIJIa or o6tella Ao6aeneuHoro rrrrpaHTa;
tr rloKa3areJlf, KoHIIeHTpar\krr4 xnopr{A-r{oHoB or o6reua lo6anneHnoro rr4TpaHTa.
OxuclnrelbHo-BoccraHoBlrreJlbHble rrHAllKaropbr gro opraHr{qecKr.re aHuurr,rruqecKr4e
peafeHTbr) KoTopble r43MeHrroT cBoro oKpacKy ...
tr rrpH orrpeAeneHHoM 3HarreHr4r4 noTeHrluana:
n npr4 o6pa-:onauw oca1na c rHTpaHToM;
!
23.
IIpu r43MeHeHr4r4 pH;
tr rrpu o6pasonauulr KoMnJreKcuoro coeAr,rueHrr.rr c rrrrpyeMblMn ]IoHaM]I.
Pacrnopou KMnO+ MoxHo rlrrpoBarb ...
tr ToJrrKo s rucrofi cpeAe;
tr ToJrbKo B ulenor{Hofi cpe4e;
tr roJrbKo n Hefirpa,rruofi cpe4e;
r s rr4croft, ulerouuofi u uefirpamuofi cpe4ax.
24. Orucrurenb-gro...
tr r{acrprrla, orAarorqar SneKTpoHbI;
tr qacTr{qa, [prIHr,rMaroilIat MoJleKynbr BoAbI;
tr qacTllqa, [pr4Hr{Maroua-rl sneKTpoHbl;
tr rracrr{rIa, orAaroqas rzoHEr solopola FI-.
25.
26.
llepuaHranaroMerprr.{ - 3ro ...
! MeroA Kr{cJrorHo-ocHoBHoro rr,rrpoBaHr,rs, B KoropoM B Kar{ec:rne pa6oqero pacrBopa
I4 C rr O nb3 yeTc.f, p acTB op rI epM aHr alJut a KaJrws,;
tr MeroA oKr4cJrvreJrbno-BoccraHoBr4TeJrbHoro rr,rrpoBaHrr.f,, B KoropoM B KaqecrBe pa6ouero
pacrB op a ucrr o Jrb3yercs pacrBop rlepMaHraHut a K.anvs.;
tr MeTOA OKr4CJrr,rTeJrbHO-BOCCTaHOBr,rTeJrbHOrO TrrTpOBaHlI{, B KOTOpOM nepMaHraHaT ]KaJI]/^s.
.f, Br{erc_s BoccraHoBl4TeneM;
r MeroA TrrTpoBaHr4.s B cpeAe rlepMaHraHuraKaJwIs..
3aeIacul4ocrb oKrrcnrrreJrbHo-BoccraHoBr.rreJrbHofo rIoreHIII{ana or KoHIIeHTpaUI4}I pr
TeMrreparypbl Bblpax(aerct ypaBHeHHeM . . .
n Eyrepa-Jlau6epra-Eepa;
n HepHcra;
r MeuAeleeea-KJranefipoua;
r
27
.
Anoratpo.
AHarIaru-{ecKr{e peaKTI4Bbr - 3To xI4MHqecKI4e BetqecrBa, npeAHa3narreHHble AJUI ...
D rrpoBe,4eHvrfl. xvMkrl{ecKl4x onbIToB
28.
29.
!
TOqKA SKBI4BAJICHTHOCTH ;
n oKparlI,rBaHI,Ie
30.
TIJIaMeHIT ;
tr r{cqe3HoBeHl{e oKpacKI4 pacTBopa;
tr oTcyTcrBlre rr3MeHeHl{fl OKpaCKI4 I{HAI4KaTOpa;
tr CKAI{OK TI,ITPOBAHI,I{.
llpra pa6ore c npo6oft o6renaoru 0,01-0,0 cM' n nnaccofi orpe,qenseMoro Berllecrsa 0,0010,01 rEcnonb3yror...
!
!
31.
;
n rroAAepx( vBaHLrfl flo cro.sHHof o 3HaqeHlar pH pacrnopoB ;
tr rlp o B e.4 eH krs. aHurvrTkrtlecKux xIrM Hqe oKI,IX p earqufi ;
tr rrpHf oToBreHI,Is pacTBopoB.
Peaxqu.r, no3Bonqrcqar o6uapyxr{Tb r4oH B rlp}IcyrcrBlal4 Apyr[x tIoHoB, - gro ...
n ceJreKTI4BHa.[ peaKIIH{;
n ceneKTIaBHas. vrv cuequQzuecKafl pealflIl4s;
n fpyrloBa-s peaKIIZs;
n cnequ$uqecKa.fl peaKIIHt.
Anarurra.recKrrM cr4rHaJroM B KarIecrBeHHoM aHaJII,I3e Moxter 6rrrr ...
n r.r3MeHeHI{e OKpaCKIT pacrBopa;
n o6pasonaHlae ocaAKa;
MaKpoMeroA;
ynbrpaMlrKpoMeroA;
tr MLrKpOMeroA;
tr rronyMr{KpoMeroA.
K onrutraribHbrM ycnoBrrf,M rrpoBeAeHrr.fl KatrecrBeHHofo anurkr3a orHoctrcfl ...
n co6moAeuue pH cpeAbl;
n peaKrlru Aonx(Ha 6rrrr ueo6paruruofi;
tr peaKur4s .4OnXHa.s [poTeKaTb MeAneHHO ;
! H aruqr4 e Ao craro rrH oit l.ttx o 6napyNeur.r{ KoHrIeH Tp awil uo]Fra;
tr Harrzrrne BHerrrHefo e(pSexra;
tr reMrreparypnufi pelKHM.
ocHoeaHrr Ha I4cfIoJIb3oBaHIlI4 raonoo6uenurx vrv enexrpoo6MeHHr,rx rrpoqeccoB,
IIpOTeKaIOrqvx lJalloBepxHocrll sJieKTpoAoB rrnl{ B rrpHSneKTpoAHoM [poorpaHcrBe
...
tr [oTeHrlr4oMeTpuqecKr4e MeTOAbr aHann3a;
32'
!
3neKTp oxr.rMr.{qecKr.re MeTonbr aHanlrca;
n KoH,4yKTOMeTpUqecKr.re MeToAbI aHanrl3a;
tr clleKTpocKorll,IqecKr4e MeToIbI aHanr.r3a.
vcraHoszre coorBercrBl{e Me}KAy oaHoBHbrMr.r y3naMr4 cneKTpaJrbHrx npv6opoB t4 r{x
33.
HA3BAHI4-[MI4:
1
.
Yser qnexrpirJrbHoro npra6opa
ZcroqnnK oneKTpoMarnr{THofo u3nyr{eHr,rs
2. MonoxpoMarr{3arop
3. OrAenentre [rrfl upo6u
Hasnauue
2
4.Ilasep
4. llpraerranr4K rr3nfreHr.rt
34'
3aeucuxaocrb o[Tuqecrofi
nlotrocrl4
1. fpaSnroBar reqKa
Perncrpapyrouee ycrpoitcrno
], r{rz Sparcrlr4oHHaq perrerKa
5. (Dorog{exrponurrfi yMno)rerrenb
pacrBopa or
AJrr,rHbr BoJrHbr
(vacroru)
n cneKTpoM oTpDKeHr4q;
I
35.
Ha3brBaercs ...
xanu6pono qHbrM rpa@ nrcont;
tr crreKTpoM nofnollleHr{s;
n xprznoft Q ororraerpuqecKof o rr4TpoBaHnfl .
Kpunax KoHAyKToMerpr4qecKoro rr.rrpoBaHrr.f, - sro ...
tr 3 aBr4Cr.rMO CTr, yAenbnoft anexrpuqecrofi [poB oAr4MO CTrr OT BpeMeHr{
;
tr 3aBHcI'IMocrE, yAenbHoft enercrpu-IecKoft rrpoBoArrMocrr4 or o6reua algJlrn3vpyeMoro
BeuIecTBa;
n
3aBI{cI'IMocrb
y4elruofi enexrpuuecxoft
npoBoAr,rMocrr4
or o6reua
4o6anneuHoro
TIdTpaHTA;
36.
tr 3aBIrCr4MOCTb Cr4Jrbr roKa or o6r,eN,{a 406aeleunofo rLITpaHTa.
K lreranmzqecKr4M sneKTpoAaM oruoc.fiTc.f, ...
tr r.IoHceJreKTr4BHbre SneKTpoAbI;
tr 3neKrpoArr I po4a;
tr creKrsHHrrfr snempo4;
r
37.
aMairbraMHbre 9JreKTpoAbr.
Ourrz-recxas nnornocrb
-
3To ...
D OTHOIIIeHLIe IIpOtIyCr.AIJLIs. pacTBopa K Tontqr4He
!
!
38.
39.
cBeTorrouroqarcuero cnos;
Aec.sruqHrrft lorapuSnr nponyc Kanprfl;
Aec.f,TrrrrHrrfi lorapraSu nelzuzurr, o6parnofi nponycKaHr4ro ;
tr HarypanbHtrfr lorapaQrra npony cKaHLrfl .
3nexrpo4oM cpaBHeHtrfl. flBrrserc . ..,
n r<aluft celexrznnrrfi sneKTpoA;
D creKJr{HHrrfi enerrpo4;
tr xnopnAceJreKTrrBHbrft aler<rpo4;
tr xnoprzAcepe6p.aurrfi oneKrpol.
YcrauoeureooorBercrBrz
rJ14A()M
)AKTEPPICTI4KI|I CBETA I,I EE ooo3Hatle HIIEM
Bu4 xapaxrepv crrrKrr H3nyrreHr,r.s
Xaparrepucrr,rKa H3JryrreHr4t
[. Bomronas
2. KeaHroeas
1.
l.
2.8
3.u
4.l'
9.4 MerolraqecKr{e MareplraJnr, orrpeAeJrrrruuue [porleAypbl oIIeHHBaHuq 3HaHufi, yueunfi,
HaBr,rKoB u (u.uu) orrbrra AeffTeJrbHocrr{ xapaKTepu3yroqux ararlbr QopuuponaHr{s
rconrnerenqufi.
Konrpo.nrHble Borlpocbl K 3arlery
1. AHa;ruruqecKat xlrv,,lrfl, KaK HayKa, ee o6rexl, qenn pI 3atra\ilL
2. OcuosHrre 3Tarrbr pa3Bvrrvs. anarrarraqecrcofi xvrMvrLr. 3ua.reHne a:uurvrn.uecrcofi xzrrvra
B
Apyf r{x HayK.
Knaccra$vKuJurv MeroAoB aualrv3a, O6rqas cxeMa rIpoBeAeHI4s al:.aJtur3a
p asBuT r4L1
3.
4. fpanranaerprauecrcuft (neconofi) MeroA aHaJwBa. Cyuuocrs, ocHoBHbIe rlou.srus. MeroArr
ocaxAeHr{r (cxeua [poBe4eHr{t anutuza) rr orfoHKI4 (npxuue u rocneHHrre).
5, Pac.lemr B fpaBLrMerpr4qecKoM MeroAe a:e'alrtrga ,{ocrouucrBa, He,qocrarKl,I u [paKT[qecKoe
npr4MeHeHHe rpaBrrMeTpl{qecKoro MeToAa aHurII3a.
6. TeoperuqecKlre ocuoBr,r rrrrpr,rMerpr,rqecxofo anuwr3a Cnoco6rr BbrpaxeHlrtr KoHIIeHTparIurr
pacrBopoB (lracconat 4orrfl, MonspHar KoHueHTparlrrs, MoJl.flpHa"fl KoHqeuTpa\vs, oKBI,IBaJIeHTa,
MaccoBair KoHrIeHTparIpTs., TkrTp pacTBopa, Tr{Tp pacTBopa IIo onpeAenseMoMy KoMrIoHeHTy,
nolpaBoqHrrfi xoe$$rarlr4eHT K KoHrleHTpaur{r.r pacrBopa) u B3alzMocBs3b Mex{Ay :nuMkl
7
. Kn acc n Q vKal;:z'fl. Tr{Tpr4 M erpl4r{ecKI4 x M eroAo B anaJrr4s a.
8. Ycralloeoqubre (ucxo4urre) neqecrna u rpe6onanus., npeIT,trBJIteMbIe K HIrM.
9. MeroAu orrpeAeneHr{r coAepr(aHr4r BerrlecrBa B TI,ITprdMerpI{qecKoM aHaJII43e: 1) no cnoco6y
Tr,rrpoBaHzr (npxnroe rr{TpoBaHue, o6parnoe rr{TpoBaHue, TIrrpoBaHIre 3aMecrzrerr), 2) no
Tlrrry xrrMrrqecKux pearquft (rrzcrorno-ocnoBHoe, oKr4cJrr4TeJIbHo-BoccraHoBI4TeJIbHoe LI Ap.).
OcnosHrre ttoH.gru.[: <o6texr analwr3a>>, <upo6a>, ((HaBecKa)), (oflpeAen{eMoe BerlecrBo),
(xoJrocrafl npo6a>.
10.
Pearcuun Kr{cJrorHo-ocnoBHoro esaurdoAeficrBrrfl. Kracrorno-ocHoBHoe rrrpoBaul{e (uero4
uefirpalusaqrEu): cyrrlHocrb, pa6ouue pacrBopbr (aqrz4urr,rerpvrfl, aJr:r.:urvtnterpux), ortpeAenqeMble
pr ycTaHoBorrHble BelrlecrBa.
Bu4 rpunrrx rr.rrpoBaHr4r B Mero,4e nefirparu3arlnpr. Craqorc rIzTpoBaHI,Is. BerlaquHa cKarrKa
1 1.
Tr4Tpo
B
aHr4 fl.
Lr 3aBrrakrMo
crb ee or pa3nI{qHbIX
S
ar<ropon.
12.
Kuclouro-ocHoBHbre rruAr,rKaroprr. llossruq: ([oKa3arenb rlzTpoBanlrfl>> (pT), <unrepBiln
lepexoAa oKpacKr4 I{HAI{Karopa).
13. KolrnnercoMerpr4qecKprfi rrero.q aHaJrur3a. Peaxqrzu KoMrlJleKcoo6pa-:onauzs. OcHosHrre
xapaKTepucrr4Kr4 KoMrrJreKcHbrx coe4unenufi (rounner<coobpa:onarenr, Koop,4I,IHaIIuoHHoe
rrr4cJro, Jr?rraHAbr rr rIX TI{rIbI, AeHTaHTHocm). Xeratu, [paBrIJIo 9yraena.
Ycrofi.{r4socrb KoMrrJrgKcHr,IX coe4raueHzfi. Koucranmr ycrofiuunocrn
coeAr4HeHlrfi (cryneHuarbre rr cyMMapHbre, ycJroBnbre). KoucraHmr uecrofiKocrl,I
I4.
KoMnJIeKcHbD(
KoMTIJIeKcHrD<
v/
coeAr4HeHl{u (cr}rfieHqaTble I4 cyMMapHble).
i5. Korr,ruercououerpuuecr<zfi MeroA alurvsa (xenarorraerpzx). Kounlercosrr kr I,IX
oco6eunocrz, KaK Jrr.rfaHAoB, no6oquue peaKIIIrIz, nporeKalouue [pI4
KoMrrJreKcoHoMerp[qecKoM TrrrpoBalrrlr, pa6ouue pacrBopbl, onpeAenfleMble I4 ycraHoBovHble
BerrlecTBa.
16.
llparruuecKoe nprzMeHeHr4e
ra
o6ulas orIeHKa KoMrlJleKcoHoMerpuqecKoro MeroAa
a-e^urr43a.
17.
OrcuclurelbHo-BoccraHoBnTeJlbuble peaKrII4I4. Orrzcneul{e, BoccraHoBJrenr4e, oKTIoJII{TeJIb,
BoccraHoBHTeJIb. OruclrarelbHo-BoccraHoBr4TeJrbHbrfi noreuqraan. Vpanneurze Hepucra Ant
pacr{era rIoreHIII4ana oKl,rcJrr4TeJrbHo-BoccraHoBl{Telrnofi crrcreMhr.
oKrrcJII,ITenbHO-BOCCTaHOBI4TeJrbHr,rfi
18.
noreuqr.ral.
llepuaurauaroMerpl{t: cyrqHocm, pa6ouue pacrBopbr, olperenseMbre r4 ycraHoBoqHbre
BeulecrBa, r4uAr.rKaroprr.
19.
Cran4aprusrfi
-fl
sreHr4e aBToKaraJrr{3a.
Izlo4onterpu.f,: cylqHocrr, pa6ovue pacrBophr, olpe.qenfleMbre rr ycraHoBorrHbre BerrrecrBa,
LIHAI{KaTOpLL
20,
Cnoco6u ocyruecrBnenas KarrecrBeHHoro aHurkrca. flongrzs: <<aluurrvlueeKas. peaKrlr{r)),
<<aHaJruruqecxufr fIpIr3HaK). AHanvru.recKl,Ie peaKllukr, rrpvMeH.geMble B KarIecrBeHHoM aHaJILI3e,
I4x rr4 rrbr. Tp e6onanz-s, rtp eAt,fl BJr{eMbIe K aHaJrr.rrv qecKrrM p eaKUl,rfl M.
2I.
Knaccu$rararJzrvr Kutr4oHoB I4 aHIzoHoB Ha ocHoBHbre a*aJrtrrvrqecKr.re rpyrrrrbr. Anan14s
fpyunonrre peaKTr4 Bbr.
3lerrpoxuMrrqecKl{e MeroAbI alankr3a. Knaccusur<arlur
crraecefi .
22.
gJreKTpoxr4Mr4qeoKr4x MeroAoB
alJaIrn3a.
23,
lloreuqaotrerpuqecKIae MeroAbI alarrnsa. Kraccrasrar<aqur rroreHrlproMerpr4qecKr{x
MeroAoB alj'alwrsa. Slexrpo4urrft rloreHrlr.raJr. YpaeHenrae Hepucra. SnexrpoxuMrzqecKas
sqefirca.
24.
flpxwrax rIorsHqLIoMerpLH: cyrlrHocrb, rroHceneKTrdBHbre oJreKTpo.qbr, oneKTpoAhr cpaBHeH[],
Hepncra An.f, r4oHceJreKTrrBHbrx sneKTpoAoB.
25. Cnoco6u onpeAeneHl4t coAepxaHllf, Beuecrna (uero4 xanz6poBorrHofo rpa$rEra, MeroA
4o6anox, MeroA rpaAyI{poBKLI oneKTpo4a) n rraero4e npnuofi rroreHrlrroMerpyrzt,pacqerbr.
26. lloreuquoverpuqecKoe rl4TpoBaHr4e: cyrrlHocrb, pa6ouze pacrBopbr, onpeAentreMbre r,r
ypaBHeHHe
ycTaHoBorruble BerIIecTBa, gJIeKTpOAbr, Kpr,IBbre noTeHrll,roMeTpuqecKoro TllTpoBalnlas. U CnOCO6rr
Haxox(AeHlrs xoHequofi ToqKI4 TI,rrpoBaHI{r, AOCTOI{HCTBa I{ He,{OCTarKr4 MerOAa.
27.
KoIr4yruouerplzqecKlzfi uero,4 alaJrv3a" Cyrlnocrr MeroAa, ocHoBHhre noH.f,Tr4{: <o6qax
SneKTpI4rIeCKas flpoB0AI4MOCTb)), (y.qenbHa.f, SneKTpr4rrecKas rrpoBo,4r{Mocrb pacTBopoB),
(gKBuBaJIeHTHat glteKTpl4qecKafl rIpoBoALIMocrb) pacrBopoB. @arropu, BJrr,urorlr4e Ha
3neKTponpoBo,4Hocrb pacrBopoB. 3anraczMocrb
srerrpHuecxofi [poBoAprMocrr4 or
KOHrIeHTparIrrr4 pacTBopa.
28.
flpxrvrax KoHAyKToMerpr4fri cyllHocrb, oneKTpoAbr. Pacqer coAeplKaHrdr BeruecrBa B
alr^ailv3zrpyeMoM o6rerre MeroroM Itaru6ponorrHofo rpa(frarca. [ocrozHcrna, HeAocrarrz r{
rrpr4M eH eHr4 e Mero,ua npanaofi
29.
KoHlyKToMerprrn.
KougyxrouerpzuecKoe rI,IrpoBaHLIe: cyrrlHocrb, pa6ouue pacrBopbr, orpeAenfleMbre
14
ycTaHoBor{HI'Ie Beruecrea. BIaA KpI4BbIX KOHAyKTOMeTpHTT9CKO|O Tr4TpOBAHprs. pr Haxox{AeHr4e
Kone.rHofi ToqKpI THTpoBaHI4.tr. ,{ocror,rncrna, HeAocrarKr4 lr rrpr4MeHeHl4e MeroAa
KOHAyKTOMeTpkrrreCKOrO TrrTpOBaHr,rr.
30.
Cuerrpocro[uqecKlze MeroALI a*zurtr3a, rnaccuQurarJnu. Ocuonnrre xapaKTepr.rcrr4Kr{
oneKTpoMafHlzTHoro kr3ny'4eHkrs.. [kana gneKTpoMarHr4THbrx BoJrH. Crpyxrypa aroMHbrx rr
MoneKynrpHbrx cneKTpoB.
31. Cnexrparr'nrre npu6oprr u
xapaKTepucrr,rKrr r4x ocuoBubrx y3noB: r4crorrHr,rKr,r
DneKTpoMarHI4THoro n3nyqeHl4t, orAeJlenlrfr Ing. upo6sr, MoHoxpoMarl,I3aropbr, [prIeMHlrKIr
r43nr{eHr{r.
32. MoreryrrlpHar
a6cop6quounax crleKTpocKorrrur s nuA[N,rofi o6lacrr,r (Sororraerpna,
cnerrpoQorouerpux). Ocuonsofi :axou cBerorrouroqeHr{.fl Eyrepa-Jlarrr6epra-Bepa. lloHsrras:
(Koo$SnqlreHT rrpolycKaHr.rfl), ((olrfiqecKar rrJrorHocrb)), (MonflpHbrfi Kog$lbzqreHT
rrofJrorrleHrrx>. llprauuHbl orKJroueHr{r or ocHoBHoro 3aKoHa cBerofIorJIoIrIeHpI{.
33. Cnexrprr [orJrorrleHlrx. llpnuqrarrkraJrbnas. cxeMa cuexrpo(foroMerpa: r{croqHuKr.r cBera,
MOHOXpOMaTrr3aTOpbr, rrpr4eMHr4Kr.{ CBeTa.
34.
u
KoJrr4r{ecrBesnufi (fororrerpuqecrufi aHaJwr3. Cnoco6rr onpe,(eneHr4s
coAep)KaHl4.fl BerlecrBa B aHatrur3lIpyeMoM o6rercre (rraero4 nanra6poeoqHofo rpaQnra, MeroA
Ka-{ecreeHsr,rfi
Ao6aeoK (pac.rerHufi rr rpaSuuecxuft), MeroA Mon{pHofo rcoe(f(fuqueHra rrorJrorqenur).
Anailas cMecrr BerqecrB. 3aros alArrrr4Buocrl4 olrurrecxoft nloruocrra.
35. llparruvecroe rIpHMeHeHHe, Aocror4HcrBa v HeAocrarKrr Soroir,rerpuqecKoro MeroAa
aHantr3a.
36.
Xpouarorpa$nuecrcufi Mero.q aHNrLr3a, rnaccuSlmarJnn Br,rArr xpoMarofpaMM.
Ka.IecrsenHble I{ KoJII{qecrBeHHbIe xapaKTepr{crrrKrr xpoMarofpaMMbr. BuArr xpoMarofpa$uu:
ronxocnoiluax (n 3aKperrneHHoM rz He3aKperrneHHoM cnoe), ra3oBar.
37. Arounas crreKTpocKorrprs., xnaccu$urarJus.. Arouno-grvrraccraoHHafl crreKTpocKoru.f,.
Arolrsrre cireKTpbr 14 cnoco6rr aroMr43arlr4r,r BeulecrBa (n nrair.reHpr, gJreKTporepMr4rrecKat
aroMr43arlr4x). IlnanreHHo-sMlrccrloHHa.rl SororrrerpHr (cyrqHocrb, cocraB rrJraMeur.r, [poqecchr,
rrporeKaroqr4e B rrJraMeHrl, cxeMa rrJraMeHHoro (forouerpa, cnoco6br orrpeAeJreHras coAep>Ka*ns.
BeqecrBa B aHanu3rrpyeMoM o6ser<re).
38. Arouno-a6cop6qnonua-a cleKTpocKorrus: cyrlHocrb, cnoco6rr aroMr43arlnz BerlecrBa,
cxeMa arolruo-a6cop6quoHuoro cnenrpoSoroMerpa, o6rermr anaJrv3a rr onpeAenfleMbre
B
euIecTB a,
o
co 0 eHHocTr4, AocToI4HcTB a r,r HeAocTaTKr4 MeToAa.
10. O6pa:oBareJrr,Hbre rexHoJroruu.
BuAu yue6nofi
pa6orur
AyAuropuue
a) IlreHue
3AHflTIIfl
rrr.rcbMeHnoe recrapoBaHze
O 6p aron areJrr,Hble
.rr
ercqnfi (uynrruue4rafi urre u
rexuoJroruu
BrdAeo -AeMoHcrparlr4n,
no npofi4eHHoMy Marepflany.
6) Ilpon eaenue ra6oparopHbrx s aHqrrrfi (paspa6orrca nnaHa
gKcn epr4M eHTa, f pyrrrron
o
e
o6
cyrxAeHrze
v
aHarfi43 npo 6reir,r,
Mynbrr4MeAHftHrre AeMoHcrparlurv, 3acnyilrlrBaHr.re u o6cyx4eurre ycrHbrx
AoKJraAoB, co
o
6ueuuft , BblcrylrJrenrzfi , ncrp errn c rrpeloAaBareJlfl Mr{
Apyf HX AITCUI4TIII4H).
n) tr{Hrep aKTrrBHbr e rexH
o Jr
orru
(rpynnonbre Ar{cKyc cnu, paz6 op
KouKperHbrx curyaqufi).
r)
CaMocrosreJrbHag
pa6ora
Mogy.nr,
n o -p efi
ruHroB aq rexH o Jrorrrfl KoHTponr ycrreB aeMo crrr.
a) I4ryvenlre yve6uofi u ueroAu.recrcofi Jrr{Teparypbr, T.q. [olacK
uu$opnraq[r{ B sneKTpoHHbrx cer.sx u 6azaxAaHHbrx, noAroroBxa
upeseHraqrzft.
6) Ilo4roroBKa K KoHTpoJrLHrrvr pa6orau
n) llogroroer{a fla6oparopHbrx pa6or K 3alrlure (c ucnorcsoBaHlreM
MynbruMerufi uux npesenraqzfi )
11. V.re6Ho-MeroArrqecKoe r{
1
1.1 OcHoeHas
rureparypa:
un{opuaqrroHHoe o6ecneqerure Ar,Icqu[JrlrHbl (ntoAy.un).
l.
A.A. Ka:axoea.
-
:
yre6Hoe noco6ue I A.I4.Anapuen, f.K. Jlynemco, T.lI. Anercan4por4
Honocu6upcr : H[TV, 2011. - 104 c. f3nercrpoHrrluT pecypc]. - URL:
AHarullr,rqec:rlar, xkrrvftrs,
http://biblioclub. rulindex.ph p?page=book&id=2 28946
2.
(1
0.03.20 1 5).
Mrattelen4 f.H. AHarrl,IrnqecKa.fl xI4MWI. Snelcrpoxrar,uauecKr.re Msroltbr a*Nrn3a / f.H. Mrarenen4
f.f. Mermqenxo, H.B.IOrmuKoea ; rIoA peA. H.B. IlLarrsara. - Kenrepono : KeueponcrcuZ
rexHorlorlttlecxmi mrcrrryr runqenoft rpoMbrrrrreHHocru,Z}I}. - 184 c. fSnercrpor*rrn7 pecypc]. URL: http://biblioclub.rulindex.php?page=book&id=t41512
3.
(1
0.03.201 5).
Ocnoerl KarlecrBeuHoro xrrMrrrrecKoro arraunga: MerolprqecKoe roco6ue / Oe4epamHoe afeHTcrBo rlo
o6pasonaruro, focy4apcrBeHuoe o6pa:onarensuoe yqpex(AeHrre Bbrcrlero npo(feccuoHarrbHofo
o6pa:onaruar <Ka:ancxufi rocyAapcrBerurfr rexsononaqecxr.ul yHvBepcr4rsre) ; cocr. A.O.
{pecnm*rm<on, H.H. Ynrapona u np. - Ka3aHr : K|TV, 2011. - 98 c. fSnercrpolurnZ pecypc]. - URL:
http ://biblioclub.nr/index.php?page:book&id:25
843 1
(
1
0. 03 .20
1
5).
4. Conpeuernrre Mero.46l onpeAeJreHr{s xrzMr4rrecKrrx gJreMeHToB
:
yre6Hoe noco6pre
/
M. Cxalrnar,
HayKr4 Poccr,ntcrcofi
Jlaxapon4 A. Crcanrnrnl, T. Eypqena ; Mrcrncrepcrno o6pa:onaruu u
@e4epaqIau, focyAapcrBeHHoe o6pasonarernnoe ypexAerrue Bbrclrero npo{eccuonaJrbHoro
o6pasonanux <OpeH6yprcr<rai rocyAapsrBennrul yurrBepcrrrer>. - Open6ypr : I,IIIK foy Ory, 2010. 164 c. l3nercrpomnui pecypcl. - llRL: http://biblioclub.rulindex.php?page=book&id=259354
E.
(10.03.2015).
5.
Bacnnses
B.lI. Asamz:mqectu
xur&rs,.
B 2 xH. Krnrra
1. Tzrpzuerpu.recKpre r4 rpanr.ruerpuuecrrai
Mero.&r anurrr3u M.: flpoQa 2005. -366 c. (Kon-no exs. - 20 urr).
Bepnncnm B.VL AnmtarrryeoKas xr4Mtrfli yre6.
4n
cryAeIiloB By3oB, o6yr. no cneq. "Xmr,ruu^lB.Vl.
BepuruHrur, tr4. B. BnacoBa,VI. A. IfuxnSopoBa. - Mocxsa: Axa4erwrx, 20II. - 448 c.. Kon-eo exs. - 20
un).
1.2 [ono.uHr{TerrbHaq rr.rreparypa:
1. OcHosrr ananzrlrqecKoit >llnvrwrl. B 2-x rn. Ks.1. O6Irryre Bonpocbr. Merolpr
IO.A.3onoroea. M.: Brrcnr. wx., 2002.- 35 1c.
1
2. Ocnoerr
anuw"tvrrect<ofi xr,nrruryr:
3onoroea. M.:
3.
B2
Bucu. l;tx.2002.-494
pa3AeneHr4lr./
rur. KH. 2. MsroAbr xr.rMwlecKofo arraJrr.Ba.
/ lloa
lloa
pea.
pea. IO.A.
c.
|I. Anaruz:naqecnas.xr4Mrrfl: c6. noupocoB, )mpaKrre:utrttu3a4aq: yre6. noco6ne Arrfl cryA.
By3oB, o6yr. no Harrp. ro,uor. 4rrIrIoM. cneq. xr]M.-rexuon. upo(fxnx / B. n. Bacramen, JI. A,
Bacranren B.
Kouepnm4 T. [. Opnona. M,:[po@a,2003.-320 c.
4.
H.A. AHaruzruqecKat xr4Mlas Arur HexlrMr,rrrecKrD( cleq.: na6oparopur,n1 ryaKrrrryr\l / H.A.
Epuaxon4 B.f. Karasaena. - Tronrern: I4gA-no TronafHIY, 2008. - 64 c.
5.
Kpevrnena
Eprurarcona
T.A. Anarnarra.recKas.xLTMrrs.Ars 6uororon f3nercrpor*rrfr pecypc] : na6. nparcmnpa lT.A.
Kpeunena; pea. A.B. TpoSnrr,rona. - onelcrp. narr, u nporp. Trouenr,: r,13A-Bo TrorrilY: Brurgexc, 2008. I
orr. onr. rucx (CD-ROM).
6. Orro M. ConperueHrrbre
MsroAbr auarmryrqecxofi wrMr4pr. M.: TexuocSepa 2006.
-416
c..
7.
AprervreuKo A.Z.CnpaBorrHoe plxoBoAcrBo
Manesaru$tr1M.: Bsrcur. luc., 1990.
8. Jlypre IO.rc. Cnpano.lnm ilo
9. fopouoecxuitkT.f
-
rro xr4Murl.
I
A.VI. Aprevrer*coo V.B. Tmcyuon4 B.A.
303c.
aHaJrr,rrrlqecrofi xr.nona.
- M.: Xtwmn,1979.
-
480 c.
. Kpan<raft crpaBorIHI,IK rro xrrMr4r4 / fopouoncKrd4kl.T.,Ha:apermo
IO.|I., Herpx.r E.
O. Kraen: Hayrcona 4yrvu<a,1974. -991 c,
1
1.3 llurepHer-pecypcr,r:
1. Karalor 6ecnnarnux rloJrHoreKcroBblx )KypHanoB rro xrrMr{r{, 6uoxntvruu rr ApyrrrM
ecrecrB eHHbrM HayKaM gner(TpoHH oit 6u6 tmorerca e- I ibrary. ru.
2. Xnl,rrzqecxas
3
. Xur',ru.{g_c__ryIt
sHrlr.rxroueAraq http //www. xumuk. ru/encvklop edia/.
:
http ://chemport.rul.
12, [epeveur unSopuaql{oHHblx rexHo.noruft, ucuoJu*yeMrrx rrpra ocyqecrBJreHrrrr
odpasonareJrbHoro rrpoqecca rro Ar{cqu[rune (mogyrrc), BKJrrorrafl flepeqeHb rrporpaMMHoro
o6ecueqesun u uHSopMar{rroHHLIx clpaBorrHbrx crrcreM (npn Heo6xoguuocru).
Pa6ora c IrlurepHerou.
Pa6ora c uuQopnaqr{oHHbrM rropranoM IzIBI{ TrorrafV.
flpuueueuple MyJrbrrzuegLrfiHoro o6opy4onantrs. Anfl. rrpoBeAeHr4s reKrlnoHHrrx gaHsraft.
13, Texnu.recrcue cpeAcrBa v
MareprraJrbHo-TexHr,rqecKoe o6ecueqenne Ar{cqurrJrrrHbr
(uosy.na).
Irltr,reercq o6opylonanna.a y.re6uax rra6oparopu{ no aHurkrrrlrecrofi xurvrzu (ayl,. 103, xopn.
5A). ,{rtl rpoBe,4eHlzx rexqzfi ueo6xo4Iarua ayp:r4Toplrs c MynbuaruegrzfiHuu o6opy,uoBaHr{eM, a
AJr.f, caMocrosrerbHofi pa6orrt
Aocryrr B KoMrrbrorepnrrfi KJracc, c BbrxoAoM B r,rHTepHer 14
-
oneKTpoHuo-6u6ruaore-{Hofi crrcreMe I4BU.
L4. MeroauqecKue yKa3aHHs
4rn o6y.rarurquxcq ro
ocBoeHr.rrc Ar{cqurrJrrrHbr (Mogyrn).
u MeroAuqecKrlx Marepr4anoB rro Kypcau <Auarnrr,rqecKar xvvtr4fl>> vr
eroAr,I I4ccJIeAoB aHlda) tto HarrpaBneHzro <Euororfls).
flo4roronra pa6ouux ra6oparopHbrx )KypHanoB K BbrrroJrHeHrdro na6oparopnsrx pa6or.
O$oprrrreHr{e orqeroB rro [poAenaHHbrM pa6orau. Perueuue KoHTponbHbrx 3aAaq rro H3freHHbrM
Irl:y.reuue yue6Hrrx
<@
usu.recKlre
M
METO.IAM XI4MI4qECKOIO AHAJIII3A.
[ouo.uueHnfl r{ rr3MeueHr.rfl
rc
pa6ouefi [porpaMMe Ha 201_
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B padouyro nporpaMMy BHocflTcs creAyrouue u3MeHeHHfl:
Pa6o'aafl. rrporpaMMa rrepecMorpeHa
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