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Outcomes Elementary SB

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Hello
Family and age
Ordering in a caf6
Questions
Personal information
Me too
introduce yourself
say where you are from and what you do
ask common questions
describe your hometown
what people like
arrange to meet
ask
talk about your free time
ask about common daily activities
talk about the area you live in
name things you often buy and do
explain where things are
explain what you need to do
talk about what you did
pronounce past forms
express your feelings about what people tell you
talk about dates and months
point and describe what you want
talk to a shop assistant
say numbers better
talk about things happening now
name school and university subjects
talk about studying at university
explain your feelings about courses
talk aboutyour school system
talk about your family
express surprise
give opinions about family life
explain things that are (not) necessary
talk about people's plans
make suggestions
talk about things you want to do
talk about government plans
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It
HEINLE
CENGAGE Learning
Outcomes Elementary Student's Book
O 2011 Heinle, Cengage Learning EMEA
Hugh Dellar and Andrew Walkley
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the
copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored or used
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or applicable copyright law of another jurisdiction, without the
prior written permission of the publisher.
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ISBN: 978-1-111-07129-5
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l -: J5 6-E9 l0-
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STUDENT,S BOOK
H
UCH DELLAR
AND
ANDREW WALKLEY
ETEMENTARY
TCO
,'*
'l-
HEINLE
CENGAGE Learning"
ES
Clear communicative
PEOPLE
goals in the unit menu,
supported by grammar
AND
PLACES
and vocabulary.
Listening exercises
give examples of the
Sprl*rle .,.....A ',1.1 L@k.tthe!h.to, Ltd.ntoth.
conv.lrat,on.fr.nrcpe.t tt h prbs.
a ilndcnt h.s M inklvi.w
Co nve
rsati o n
p ra
rt.h lnBiirhfanEuageschool
y' the 3enten .r th.t.re true,
A ,,1,2 !den.Ii4
I rhe (udenti nanre ! M'8uel
2 H,s fJmilyname 6 aernando
I Hes tom spa'n
! Be ver n Ch huahua
5 (hrhuahua 5 n the easl
conversations you try in
cti ce.
B &t.n.8&
Crammar taught in
context, with natural
examples and clear
practice tasks.
')
ud 6r.4
th.3.nt.re.
h d.r.Iie
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I
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D
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C
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[#{\,.=
voca bula ry.
lnteresting listening and
read i ng
texts. Very va ried
h
'your surname
Y.ursur.ame Yourfam y name
VocABUtaRY iobs
Pictures to help with new
Andwh;t
of
,a teJ.her here
M Oh.scrrytr rHernrnde? That ;H t-R-N A N D-t-Z
I OK And where '/ou ftom M gue I 5pa ni
.not.l
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M No
r: Oh OK Wh.h pad,
M Ch,huah!a lt irrnth€nodh
3trt
A How@y job cdyou
I W
dba
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place h bBgct / mor
h p&. ffid
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h a-t h ererc8e Cr
Work
I Wor] h pah,
Bave
thr.e conversatiort
A: Oh,yes)Where doyou workl
6 h r.afe n town What doyo! dol
g lheredoyo! @*)
A n3studo nBer n
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A ,,1.5 Lrtentofou.onv€roam*(
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I )an sad4lat/nutse
^n(l1ntt
!?llrrll:
\:-r
/-q\
A
g#
fi>t
.a-
translation exercise
helpsyou think about
how sentences work
in your own language
compared to English.
{re
ffi
A
t,:)
n r (btner shop / rn! depaftmenl store
ina.ri.'. /rn; hospta
in a lar off.e / n. lo.rl Sover.ment ofr.e
n a bLg hotel / in a small(ompany
inr (hool / in: un^t6ity
rta loGl po ceilat o. / inihetratr. deprdmenl
inacafa/.are+J!,ant
) lata is. dltgnet / tea.het tn o {hool / at
enjoy\ / dc6n t enjo!
alJia ir qr\ta
I Mrda E r.,v,Jerrrrtlr..eptorrt
'ne
she
watkt 6 on oltcc / a .onplny in tne nor
ol Atatl ret )ab\s gtear / AK
4 Fil ppa s a woilet / shap us\thnt \n r
depdnmenl nate / cofi ir\he intte
oftow. HEdoe9.'1 lL n H€wrnB lo
becohe z Poke aft{ / n06e
B Rerdth. uabftdlt
otrpr8e 170.trd Urt
.,1: ,
.
htiffihForLnrq!
hli. rho hft ttu ttdld!!.!!p"
r*&Ebbltddliqd
u4'zt&p #d e:6)'
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lsqtrlbsodi^Eli.. :$iqd b'ii a d€csG
'
Lots ofexpressions and
coNvERsarroNs
DEvEt oPtNG
grammatical patterns in
spoken English are similar
to other languages. These
exercises help you notice
them.
lirt.n ag&
ild
r..d thc Ndloolpl
on pag.
,0
to
E4
h pds, p!.&e te.&A th. .otrEirrdm
ilAIWE SPEAIGN EilCIISH
weoten rayrurnda.
Lntlerd ol
l.nily non.
lnformation on
interesting language
:L.
N h at \ yaut tuthade, Mtguet I
nohe\ Lno and ny tuhone 5 Sjukl
^t
46 \utndn.\
Lontbury
My fi
common to native
speakers of English.
VocABULARY aouniriPs
wo* h
mro,n
......
'.thrncdh
iheyie noa . . .. . ........
thc 5oulh
'n
m iom
rn lheeart
Mymlmlfrom
nthewgi
inthemddle
Mydadsfrom
2
I
j
t
6
p&. M.th S..ouu6 io&. @ dfte
B
Bave
corver*toB-
Use
@u6.etuo^ Vdabd.ry,
For ctuPl.:
oi citi.6 / d€as h you .outy.
A nlton
Atgehtina
Pron u nciation
activities
integrated with the
communicative goals.
C Moteho-tnthesouth.
C
mq. de youpertr/ gdFaBtunl
pSq.
IeU.
coNvERsATtoN PRAcflcE
Southh.rka
. A.d
:
!.n
dd
6ay the
The Conversation practice
where !re youfroml
.outried,
section allows you to put
together what you learn.
iaDING
GRAMMAR
...i Mor" grammar and
i vocabulary points
Present simple
-a 5. Ute€ t.ie. D.ctd. who b
roofis.fuiua&/A
do+r/p/ftltryrsdl
&+&/*rt+E.bt
i
embili.tlqdfua/ffi
l/p/rclrh.,+tut+6b
k/il/tlet+ralt
I wo* il ho.leand ldolobriot
differ.nt (onpr.Lei rnd ma8au rn6
rdof,\ Bet mu.h moneyk.!!r
don't haw mlchwod,bu lanloyn
€
A Conll.iefrcEentmcesddq
1 A what
d@t,dor'tot
ycudo?
.....
.a?.4.414.,.....,ie.dp:.. .. ..
r
M! bo$
i
do€5nt +out ai me
Myiown (
6il
wiirus dontlnowwhy
.
r lcdt Nemyjob
n5hotun8.
My
. ts 8ood she he ps me and shQ
.....
! I
i I
vene..myotr,ce.sn lakethe
fta n toworl
B Sowhrtl me
>
^B
...
... yo! erv€
dt
honre)
they have any k
No,they
Need helr?
r.adth€ Srammarreleren(on
B tut th. wod3 htothe @nedodert.
p.ee 147.
m*.
More grammar
expla nations, examples
and exercises are in the
you 8et bme d. whal upl
tavel do here how you i
&d F! 8o do io when )
reference section at the
w(h FU do who [k ]
your whal l,ee do lms do in FL )
how ,iBlrges yo! speal nany do )
back
ofthe
book.
dtn
the *ords.
w.il:1 n'fe rnd in rh:t (r
very n ce Be sonelmee g{5 realy
:
kills.
B. No.not re: ry
:l4ht thewotu hhUhth.t.n.lh.n
rom?td. S. *nten.er
s
youenjcywo*'ngthere)
9 A
6 A We
1
I work foi, co.eilucnon company
l'm a m.n4.r nowso it3 a very
impodant lob. I lke myjob. bu| wo*
@ry lo.8 hou6. I rbi wod at eiSh!
rn the mo/.h8 a.d ff nirh at €ight
or ni.eat niSht loten wotrtthe
wt.ndr and ldon t i.. my6to o.
..
kr.w
......FUrmothe.wo*)
haverlobatthemome.l
pu.parenBlive)
B
3 A Wlere.
I she
4 A wlere
_:., ld:l neBpaFr rMil rt6n8.
- s.n€times r8dup r€allyeaily
- -.s rworkellnight $m.tines ll3
:.r.uee I har nothin8 todo I mc.l
':.,.sti ng Fode bd 3om.tion
:.:.n8ryand short d me
presented and developed
: through the unit.
. be.ause
thcrc 6n't mlch to
twoErBandhby
an rnpodanttob
ove mytob rt3 really
M.t.h th.
a
Eo sw
to S. qudo$
piyfootb. .l read
urw.tr :-t
mmr.E.r
Atrb.ut 1l odock mo*
Iwo
.he.
daye
rrench and spaorsh
SPEAKTtrG
Speaking activities
froh &* H6 to -l
*ud.trt. wdi. on. hor. queruo&
Aen.mtu you qu.r6os - Sen dt 6.n.
a
in the.ompany
Cho@c 6vE qucstlors
soh.r
llow you to exchange
information and ideas. A
longer speaking task ends
every unit.
Lrsrrrurruc
Aol rcnvrs
You are going to hear four conversations.
Replace each ailjective in sentences 1-8
opposite from the second column.
1 The mountains are quitefar.
2 We had a very relaxing week.
3 lt's a very excitingfilm.
4 lt's quite a rich area.
5 lt was a serious mistake.
6 The weather was awful.
7 I was very sad to leave.
8 lf's easy Io park the car there.
tv R 5.4 Listen and choose the best words. Listen
twice if you want.
1 The couple arrived two / three days ago. They're
having a relaxing / stressful lime.
buys a single ticket. He's annoyed /
happy.Ne pays f.32.45 by credit card / in cash.
The woman wants to be at the airport by 6.00 / 7.45,
so she doesn't have / has time to go to the museum.
The man had a bad experience because the airline
lost / someone stole his bag. He also broke a bone /
his mobile phone.
2 The customer
3
4
[.../
the verbs in the questions in the present perfect
and the answers in the past simple.
/
/ beto
1,
A: )/ou
2
B: Yes. / / golhere last year on holiday.
A: )/our son / see Ihe new Disney film?
ever
near
happy
im possible
boring
amazing
8]
B: Yes. He / see
repai
repeat
remember
get off
a
rnve
book
lose
cna rge
Brazil'l
it atthe
weekend.
3 A: they / visit America before?
B: Yeah, they / come to see us here two years ago.
A: she / meet your parents yet?
B: Yes. We / have lunch with them on Sunday.
A: lou / try lndian food?
B: Once, in London, but I / not like il.
[... i
I
poor
simple
Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
they go with in 1-8.
A Put
5
stressfu
CollocanoNs
8]
Gnnrtnrtnan
4
[.../
with its
10]
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 That's her goodest book.
2 He have done this hundreds of times.
3 The most easy way to get there is by taxi.
4 l've never readed anything by Ciinter Crass.
5 His books are too much long.
6 There are too much guns in our society.
7 The Alhambra is most beautiful building in Spain.
8 l've played a really good computer game yesterday.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
my car
/-a
brokenwindow/-thedishwasher
you - that, please? / - the mistake / - an exam
in London at eight / - late / the train -s at nine
Can
- aflight / -atable /- a returnticket
- the bus / - at the next stop / - the train
l- seeing it / ldon't - his name / - to lockthedoor
- a lot / they don't - for the service / - €70 an hour
- mykeys / -the match / - money
[.../
8]
Vocaeu rARY
Complete the words in the text.
My grandad was 1bo...... in 1900 and he died in 2000,
one day after his 100th birthday. He had several jobs
in his life - he was a taxi 2dr...... , a teacher and,for 20
years, he was a politician. He had quite a lot of success.
He always'sup...... public transport and 4cyc...... , when
other people wanted more cars and to build 5mot......
He introduced the first bike 61a...... in the country. Many
people criticise politicians, but lthink our 7soc...... is
safer and better because of people like my grandad.
Unfortunately, he was less lucky in his private life. He
got married four times. Two of his wives died and he got
3div...... twice.
.
[.../
8]
{.../ eJ
[Total ... rcal
05 REVIEW 85
\umbers
Times and days
1
;ood and drink
of
Subject pronouns
Crammar words
Plurals
a/an/some
the week
Verbs
Adjectives
The Vocabulary Builder
don't / doyou
- ne verb be
- Ttere is / there are
Countries
Describing places
Cood job or bad job?
-
?resent simple questions
and negatives
Jobs
Free time activities
Daily life
Things in the classroom
-
frrbforms
-
Adverbs offrequency
z / any and one / some
-
Drepositions of place
fossessive adjectives
and pronouns
-
,rregular verbs
hst simple negatives
hst simple questions
- th'rs, th ot, t h es e, th ose
- ftesent continuous
Modifiers: quite,very,
ally
Cornparatives
J
I
-
I
My hometown
.
The Crammar reference
An interview at a
language school
What do you do?
you like ...?
Doyou have anyfree
Do
time?
A language class
Localfacilities
ls there one near here?
ln the house
Problems at home
.
Which part?
.
Arrangements
.
That sounds...
.
Questions in shops
Collocations
Months, seasons, dates
Coing on holiday
.
A holiday in lreland
Describing what you
want to buy
Department stores
Subjects
School, university and
college
Languages
Who's next?
Sale!
A famous
department
.
Bilingual's better!
ofthe week:
Debate
u.ao,canl
to / don't have to
working paients
A little help from your
friends
More common activities
For and against
Covernment plans
+verb
you sell
...?
What are you studying?
How's the course going?
A Russian education
Relationships
fike to
Do
store
Jobs and activities
in the home
Describing people
aru
you have a nice
weekend?
Public holidays around
Did
the world
Arxiliarv verbs
)'agoingto+verb
l-
...?
:sn / con't
- hst simple - regular /
-
be
Pronouns
you have any brothers
or sisters?
Different kinds of friends
Do
What are you doing
M really like to ...
now? .
Adding information
Maklng suggestions
talk about your experiences
share opinions and experiences
describe good and bad things that happen
join words together when you speak
talk about train travel
buy tickets
talk about the time
talk about transport where you live
recommend places
order and pay in restaurants
check things
name different foods
explain how to cook things
make offers and invitations
talk about health problems
give advice
reject advice or offers
talk about feeling
talk about the weather
talk about possibilities in the future
ask for details
talk about the countryside and cities
talk about animals
give your opinion about films, plays and musicals
ask
for descriptions and opinions
discuss news and newspapers
make predictions about the future
talk about society and social issues
talk about useful technology
find out how much people know
talk about computers and the lnternet
spell and give addresses
talk about marketing
describe different events in relationships
ask about duration
give news about relationships
explain when and where you met people
make promises
Present perfect 1
Present perfect 2
too, too much, too many
Superlatives
.
.
.
.
Put it down to
experience
Cood and bad
experiences
Describing experiences
Trains and stations
Me too / Me neither
On holiday in Turkey
Different kinds of
experiences
-
.
Buying a train ticket
Asking for
Toxi!
Transport
Telling the time
recommendations
in a hotel
a lot oJ some, any, much,
many and a bit of
Resta
lnvitations and offers
Cooking
should / shouldn't
Present perfect 3
Vegetarians live longer
A restaurant in France
Dinner with friends
Health problems
Economics and
Are
Feelings
happiness
Three newspaper
articles
A mixed day
u ra
nts
Food
Weather
Country and city
Animals
will / won'tfor
predictions
Verb patterns with
adjectives
be
Describing films, plays
and musicals
thinking of + -ing
promises
.
offers
.
What's the forecast?
National symbols
Opinions about films
musicals
A news report
A questionnaire
l'm thinking of buying
A questionnaire
lnternet
.
about computers and
technology
6oing virall
Love and marriage
.
Poems
about promises
Rejecting advice and
OK?
.
Machines and
Computers and the
/ won'tfor
...
A new life
technology
The past continuous
Six reasons not to
Society
Adverbs
will
.
you
Checking
and .
...
.
Short questions
What's it like?
Doyou know much
about
...?
about computers and
tech nology
News about
relationships
Love at first sight
-
How long ... ?
Hruo
Reaotruc Family
A
@tc
A
n-E.#.
-,
FF+
E,
Say
Look at the picture. Complete the text with numbers.
This is the Burnham family.They are from Manchester in
England. Mr and Mrs Burnham have ........................... children
... boys and
girls. Mr Burnham is
a lawyer. Mrs Burnham works in the home.
-H!'d
F-G+G+
#
hello to other students.
Vocaau!.ARY Numbers
1
A Write the numbers in the correct order.
two
zero
ten
0
12
Seven
3
ofte
five
4
eleven
6
twelve
7
8
th i rty
th ree
six
9
atc
10
11
four
12
twenty
20
eight
30
hundred
nl ne
one,
5
fifty
a
brothers and sisters
7et"o-
50
100
B A S1.1 Listen and saythe numbers.
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
Zero
We say 0 in different ways:
l'ztaraul,o lalol and nought
zero
8
OUTCOMES
B
lnt'^rl.
Read out the text
in pairs.
VOCABULARY
C Complete 1-6 with words from the picture and text.
A
ll^.
3,
1
4l "
have
I
/,
brothers and
my
my
my
This is my
This is my
This is
3 This is
4 This is
2
5
6
Match the words to the pictures.
a coffee
a green salad
a tea
a cheese sandwich
an orange juice
a chicken sandwich
a cola
a bottle of water
a hamburger
an ice cream
a portion of chips
an apple
\
5
...........................
Food and drink
...........................
sisters.
,
Jenny. She's 12.
,
Pete. He's six years old.
.
He's 43.
.
She's 42.
!Gt'
sister. She's seven months old.
,
-.,\
GnarrnrrnaR Plurals
-t'-
Regular
brother l'brtrdal
sister
/'srsta/
gnl lgttll
baby l'belbrl
)
t
)
)
brothers l'brnbazl
s
sisters /'srstaz/
giils lgztlzl
babies
a
I'berb*l
.!!
/ff-,s
!
lrregular
)
)
)
)
child
person
man
woman
ch'ildren
people
'r;f#'l
9
men
women
Lrsrerurruc
A q SL.z
Read the conversation. Then listen and write
the numbers you hear.
A: Do you have any brothers and sisters?
ry
10
1,2
B: Yes. One brother and ........................... sisters.
A: How old
is
Find out the price of the things in exercise A.
Student A: look at File 1 on page 166.
Student B: look at File 10 on page 169.
your brother?
B: ...........................
.
A: Areyou married?
B: Yes.
A S1.3 Listen to Mr Burnham ordering things for
his family. Tick / the things in exercise A that he
wants.
A: Do you have any children?
B: Yes. One boy and .. . ... ............... girl.
A: How old are they?
B: The
and the girl is ...........................
Do you have any brothers and sisters?
boy's
D Work in pairs. You are in the same caf6 as the
Burnhams. Say what your family wants.
A: No.
B:
.
How old are you?
GnartnnnaRa/an/some
A:
B Work
in pairs.
Read out the conversation.
Ask the same questions to different students.
a bottle of water
an ice cream
some cnrpS
sandwich
juice
some boys
a
an orange
a man
an apple
some men
OI STARTER
UNII
9
Vocagu
Spearrruc
LARY Com mon verbs
A Match the verbs in the box to the pictures.
work
k
th in
B
q
open
play
start
ish
fin
read
write
look
say
SL.4listen to ten sentences and tick
/
A Work in groups.
go
eat
listen
put
close
ta lk
tnewords from
exercise A you hear.
Close your books.
Student A: act some words from exercise A.
Do you prefer...
going to the park or going to the cinema?
working or playing?
talking or listening?
readlng or writing?
tea or coffee?
cheese sandwiches or chicken sandwiches?
cola or orange juice?
an ice cream or an apple?
small portions or big portions?
Student B: say the words.
FINISIT
ST-NBI
a8
A/t
't'4
Y
it l9
(v
10
10
OUTCOMES
12
G
A
Drvrlopr
narurraaR 5 u bject pronou ns
NG coNVERsATroNs
Everyday expressions
Complete the table.
It'l good
to,tear!!r,ne!v-expressions. Translate them
intoyoul,lan$uagC. Don't worry about the new
singular
grammar.in tliem.
t, he (man
/
A Translate
boy)
B Replace the words
in ifalics with a pronoun.
7 My mum and dad work.
The,y
work
2 My sister is th ree and my brother is two.
3 My children aren't at school.
4 My brother and I play football a lot.
5 The class starts at nine.
6 My sister reads a lot.
7 You and your friend a re late.
these sentences into your language.
1 Are you OK?
2 Do you have any brothers and sisters?
3 What time is it?
4 Do you like football?
5 What do you want?
6 What does he do?
7 How old are you?
8 Can you help me?
9 Sorry, what did you say?
10
11
12
Haveyou been to Britain?
I
don't know.
l'm fine.
B Work in pairs. Ask each other the questions in
exercise A. Give answers using language from this
or just say yes ot no.
VocaeuLARY Time and days of the week
unit -
G
thur^.run
*o'tbuysu'au,,
"o".0'"4"rr",
narurtnaR c ra m ma r words
Here a1s:ssiilS'n!!fU!,gram ma r- words.
I want an ice cream.
Nou,n:'My:li,qtlreawaytts a coffee.
Verb:
Adjective: A sma ll coffee, please.
Sentences are usually subject-verts-object.
A
Complete with a day or a time.
1 Today is............................
2 Tomorrow ls ...........................
3 The day after tomorrow is ...................,
4 Yesterday was ...........................
5 The day before yesterday was ............
6 The weekend is ...........................
7 The morning is between
Subject:
He,pli1yil.football.
Object:
Heplaysfootbatt.
.
A Work in groups. Think of answers to these questions.
.
.
o'clock and
Don't look at your book or at a dictionary. You have
five minutes.
1 What verbs do you know in English?
2 What nouns do you know? For example, kinds of
drink, food, family, jobs, animals.
8
The afternoon is
between
, -isr'il: il;:",
o'clock and
3 What adjectives do you know in English? For
example, for size, colour, cost.
oaock and
Which group has the most verbs, nouns or
adjectives?
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Which day do you start work / school every week?
.
.
.
.
.
.
Which daydoyoufinish?
What time do you start work / school each day?
What time do you finish?
ls today a good or bad day foryou?
ls tomorrow a good day or a bad day? Why?
Was yesterday a good or bad day? Why?
OI STARTER
UNIT
11
Drvrlop!
VocaguLARY Numbers2
A
Ouestions
Play bingo. Choose six numbers.@:ilAthem.
13
l7
2t
t4
l8
22
t9
15
l6
20
50
65
33
78
44
86
97
100
r09
2tt
NG coNvERsATroNs
1,000
A Match the question words 1-5 to the
Then match 6-10 to f-j.
1 Who?
2 When?
3 Where?
4 What?
5 How?
1,300
5,260
12,000
6
7
8
9
qsZ.Llisten to the numbers. Vllho hears their six
numbers first?
10
How much?
How old?
What time?
How long?
Which one?
answers
a
By bus.
b
A coffee, please
c
Yesterday.
d
Poland.
e
My mum.
f
Nineteen.
o
b
9.35.
h
i
That big one.
Two minutes.
j
f 13.50.
a{.
Answer the questions.
L
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
How
How
How
How
How
How
How
How
many
many
many
many
many
many
many
many
weeks in a month?
days in a week?
months in a year?
hours in a day?
days in December?
minutes in an hour?
seconds in an hour?
days in a year?
D Change ihe numbers and / orthe words in italics so
the sentences are true for you.
1 My English class is 90 minutes.
2 lhave threeEnglish classes aweek.
3 Two hundred thousand people live in my city.
4 I work six days a week.
5 I go on holidayfor twoweeks everyyear.
6 I read for two hours a doy.
7 I go to the cinema every month.
8 lt takes 45 minutes to get to work.
Compare your answers
a
partner.
12
oUTCOlt
ES
with
CL
52.2 Listen to the conversation
with a teacher.
Which seven question words in exercise A do you
hear?
C Listen again and look at the audioscrlpt on page 170
to check.
D
Read out the conversation
in pairs.
BI
EO
6
Vocngu
LARY Everyday th
A Match the words in the box
ticket
pen
i
n
gs
to the pictures.
chocolate
camera
money
paper
phone
beer
book
3E
@
B
GnarrnrtnaR don't / doyou...?
Cover the words. What do you remember?
C Complete the sentences with words from exercise A.
1
Does the........................... on
your phone take good
photos?
2
3
I
I
you have ........................... to buy the ticket?
lf you don't have your book, wrlte on some
don't watch it.
don't drink it.
Do
4 I don't watch ........................... much.
5 I don't drink .............. ........... . I don't like it.
6 Do you eat ...........................
7 Open the ........................... and look at page six.
8 I need a ........................... to write the address.
9 Take your ........................... so we can talk later.
?
10
Make negatives with don't (= do not) + verb.
I have a . .........................
to see Real Madrid.
Make questions with do you + verb.
Do you like il?
Where do you work?
Write the sentences as negatives and questions.
1 lhaveabrother.
2 I like football.
3 ldrink beer.
4 I speak French
5
D Tell a partner which things from exercise
I play tennis.
A you have
Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.
now.
I have...............
I
o
\
,
I
I
Complete the sentences so they are true for you.
Then tell a partner.
don't have
1
2
3
GnannnnaR Pronouns
It is a pronoun. lt can be a subject or an object.
The class starts at six. /tfinishes at nine. [subject]
I don't drink beer. I don't like it. fobject]
Most other subject and object pronouns are
different.
l-
me
you - you
he - him
I
|
don't 1ike............................
don't drink....................
I don'tea1.......................
D Complete the questions. Then ask a partner.
1
2
3
4
you like ........................... ?
you have ...........................
Do you want
Do
Do
?
7
Do you
she - her
WC_US
they
- them
02
STARTER
UNIT
13
VocaeuLARY Adjectives
A
Gplrrnrrnan
be
The verb be is special. Look how it changes.
It also has short forms. The word order changes in
Saythesentences.
questions.
lam
are
you
l'm hungry
Am I late?
l'm
you're
Are you OK?
he is
he's
ls he here?
she is
she's
ls she EnglishT
it
it's
we're
they're
How old is it?
Where are we?
Who are they?
is
we are
they are
To make negatives, add
not after the verb be.
I'm not late
,A
cold.
5 We're cold
52.3 Listen and say the short forms.
Look at how we use the vetb be. Add one more
to the sentences.
1 l'm a student / a teacher / ........................... .
2 t'm 76 / 25 / ......... .....
3 l'm hungry / tired /
4 l'm from Spain / China /
5 lt's Monday / Salurday / .................... today
6 lt's six o'clock / eight thirty / ...............-...........
4 He's busy.
3 She's old
*
6 They're late.
Say
.l1
Cover exercise A and
thing
your new sentences to a partner.
write the sentences.
Write four questions to ask other students.
Look at exercise A again and check your sentences.
D Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.
1 Are you hungry?
2 Are you cold?
3 Are you busy?
4 Are you sometimes late for class?
5 ls your house old?
6 ls food cheap in your country?
DgveloprNG coNvERsATroN s Me too
Adjectives go before nouns:
a big car
MiE
Adjectives go atter be:
My car is old.
lf a person says something that is also true for you,
you can show this by saying Me too.
Adjectives don't change when we use them with
plural nouns.
They aregoods good parents.
Put the words into the correct order to make sentences.
1 tired I am
.
2 have I a car new.
3 My good is teacher
4 This book is an easy.
5 small flat is My.
6 an mobile phone have expensive
.
l.
Tell a partner which sentences in exercise
true for you.
14
OUTCOMES
A Student A: say sentences 1-6.
Student B:say Me too, l'm not or I don't.
1
2
3
4
5
6
I'm 25.
l'm married.
l'm from Poland.
I live in London.
I like coffee.
lhaveacar.
Write five sentences vmth I'm, I lihe, I have, elc.
E
are
Take turns to say your sentences. Your partner says
Me too,I'm not ot I don't.
VOcagULARY The Vocabulary Builder
The Crammar reference
The Outcomes Vocabulary Builder is the small book at the back
of your eoursebook. lt helps you learn the words you meet !n
clasi;lllhen a new word appears in the book, find the word in
the same unit of your Vocabulary Builder.
capital
nannnnnn
G
The Grammar referenee is on pages
144-165 of this book. lt has explanations
with examples. Sometimes it has extra
information. lt also has more exercises.
tE
)
new word
)
space
)
example sentence
G
ln the Grammar sections you do in class,
you see this:
to translate
E
Madrid is the capital of Spain.
&
)
Need help? Read the grammar reference
on page 146.
E
of Cermany? /
l'm from the - / I live in the - / the
What's the
-
I
) other examples
- city
€.
the Grammar reference and
or do the exercises in class or at home.
You can read
/
A Find out what grammar is on:
7 page 1,46.
2 page752.
3 page757.
4 page 158.
Words are very important, but they are easy to forget!
Look at the Vocobulary Builder before and after class.
it to test each other.
Do:the exercises at the end of each unit.
Use
Read the Grammar reference for the Starter
units on pages
1411-145
and find three
pieces of new information.
In class, choose one exercise and do it.
D Do the others after class.
Sprarr ruc
A
Read these ideas for learning English
with
Outcomes.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Relax.
Speak English in class.
Don't worry if you are wrong.
Laugh.
the words you learn.
Study lhe Vocabulary Builder.
Say
Use
the Crammar reference.
Talk some English outside class.
Do ten minutes every day in the Workbook
or on MyOutcomes.
Think in English every day.
B Work in pairs.
A Look at the first two pages of the Vocabulary Buililerfor
Unit
1,
and do 1-3.
1 Tick / all the words you know.
2 Translate the words you don't know. Use a dictionary or ask
3
your teacher ifyou need help.
ls your translation good for the examples?
For each sentence above, say
one of a-e below.
a
b
c
d
e
Idoit.
I
I
don't do it, but it's a good idea.
don't do it, but it's not important.
I
can't do it.
I
don't understand this.
in groups. Close your Vocabulary Builder. In three
minutes, write all the words you remember. Which group has
the most words?
B Work
02STARTER
UNIT
15
PEOPLE
AND
PLACES
Lrsrrrurruc
Spearrruc
A q L.L Look
A student has an interview at an English-language school.
at the photo. Listen to the
conversation. Then repeat it in pairs.
Tick { the sentences that are true.
1 The student's name is Miguel.
2 His family name is Fernando.
3 He's from Spain.
4 He lives in Chihuahua.
5 Chihuahua ls in the east.
A E L.zlisten.
B Listen again and correct the sentences in exercise A that
aten't true.
GnarrnnnnR The verb be
A Write the full
forms.
I
=
t'm
a,ttu
You're
He's
S
he's
at's
We're
They're
Th
Have similar conversations with students
in your class. Use your names.
Work in pairs. Try to say the names of
everyone in your class. For example:
)
rueed help? Read
the grammar reference on page J.46.
Complete the conversation with the correct short forms of the
verbbe.
@t
E
16
OUTCOMES
I
l:
5it down. My name
your name?
Hi. Come in.
What
......3
. .' lvy. I ......'] a teacher
here.
M: Miguel.
l:
Right. Hi. Niceto meetyou.And what......ayour surname,
Miguel?
M:
Sorry?
l:
Your surname. Your family name.
M: Oh, sorry. lt ......s Hernandez. That ......6 H*E-R-N-A-N-D-E-z.
OK. And where ......'you from, Miguel? Spain?
M: No, I ......8 not. I ......e from Mexico.
Oh, OK. Which part?
l:
l:
M: Chihuahua. lt
......10
in the north.
Drvr lopr Nc coNVE RsATroNs
Which part?
We ask which port (of a place) someone is from to
find out the town, city or region.To answer, say the
town, city or region - and then add information.
M: l'm from
l:
M:
A
Mexico.
Oh, OK.Which part?
Chihuahua. lt's in the north.
Complete the sentences whichthe places on the map,
GERMANY
LUXEMBOSG
Listen again and read the audioscript on page 170 to
check your ideas.
a..
Strasbourg
ffi In pairs, practise reading the conversation.
FRANCE
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
swtzERuNo
o Moulins
surnome
We often say surname instead of family name.
What's
My
your surname, Miguel?
first
His
s u
oToulouse
name's Lisa and my surname is Sjukur.
rna me's
La nsbu ry.
SPAIN
VocaeuLARY Countries
A Work in pairs. Match the countries to the parts
of the
world.
Brazil
Panama
Thailand
Mexico
Europe
China
Morocco
Oman
Germany
Italy
Kenya
ts
't
L.3 Listen and say the countries.
3
They're from
- the capital
-
in the north
- in the south.
4 l'm from
- in the east.
5 My mum's from ................ in the west.
6 My dad's from ................ in the middle.
A:
Poland
elordan
l'm from
l'm from
Have conversations. Use countries from Vocabulary,
or cities / areas in your country. For example:
A: l'm from Argentina.
B: Which part?
"Tapan
Argentina
2
1
Rosario.
C: I'mfrom Rome.
D: Which part?
C: Morena - in the south.
the Middle Easl
Where are your parents / grandparents from? Tell a
partner.
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcncE
A Have conversations with other students, using these
questions:
. What's your name?
.
.
And where are you from?
Oh, OK. Which part?
Vocae
u LARY Descri bi n g places
A Match the words in the box to the pictures.
achurch apalace acathedral traffic apark abeach arestaurant anartgallery afactory
ariver
=
&
,
*-E
il I
l'ro.-,
-
Say
a
the plurals of the ten words. For example:
church
)
churches.
Which word has no plural?
Say
the names of three other things in your town. For example:
a hotel.
18
OUTCOMES
Reaorruc
GnarrnnnaR there
is
/ there
are
there is / there's with singular nouns.
Usethere are with plural nouns.
Read the four texts. Answer these questions.
Where is each person from?
ls the place nice? Why? / Why not?
Use
1
2
There's a nice beach and there's some lovely
countryside near there.
There are lots of nice cafes and restaurqnts.
Jeff:'l'm from New Romney, in the south of
England. lt's near the sea, so there's a nice
beach, and there's some lovely countryside
near there, but there's not much to do.
There aren't any cinemas or art galleries or
museums. lt's a small town.'
There are some great otd buildings.
Translate the examples in the explanation
box into your language. Is the grammar the
same or different?
Complete the sentenceswith there's or
there are.
1 .................. . a cinema in the town
lots oftrees and
2 lt's nice.
.
Nancy:'l'm from
Pinedale, in the
middle of California.
It's not very nice.
There's a lot of crime
It's not very safe
- and there aren't
many jobs now but
it
is cheap.'
-Y&
',
ry
4
/
tT
1.,.rj i; l.
tr\
pa rks.
lots of hotels near the station
3
4
It's not very
safe.
a lot of
crime.
It's not a bad place, but
many people!
It's a nice city,
...........................
but
too
a lot of
trafficl
some nice shops and
restaurants near here.
It's OK. ........................... a nice beach and
a
few cafes
We usually say there's and there are as
Rolando:'l'm from Seville, in the
south-west of Spain. lt's a great
place to live.There are lots of nice
rp 1.4 Listen and check your answers to 1-8.
tnere'
caf6s and restaurants and there's
cales
Then practise saying the sentences.
l6eazland l6eara/.
-]'Sd ;-1 .. a great cathedral as well. There's
a river in the city and there are
lots of beautiful parks as well.'
I
s
E
I
Which sentences describe the place that
you are from?
Need help? Read the grammar reference on
page L46.
from Shenyang. lt's in the
north-east of China. lt's not a bad place to
live. There are lots of factories and lots of
people, and there's a lot of traffic too. But
there are also lots of places to go shopping
as well, so that's nice - and there are some
A Work in pairs. Tell your partner about three
great old buildings as well.There's a palace
called Mukden Palace. lt's very famous.'
places you know well. Use There's ... and
There are ....
Yu Tsan:'l'm
Spraxrruc
Where's the best / worst place in your
country to live? Why?
Which of the four places is best / worst for you?
Why? Compare your ideas with a partner.
01 PEOPLE AND PLACES 19
VocaeuLARY
*
Jobs
Work in pairs. Which place is bigger / more
important in a-h in exercise
C?
A How many jobs can you write in English in one minute?
E
Find out what jobs people in your class do. AskWhat do
Work in pairs. Have three conversations
like this:
A: What do you
you do?
B: l'm
do?
waiter.
A: Oh, yes? Where do you work?
B: ln a caf6 in town. What do you do?
A: l'm a designer.
B: Where do you work?
A: ln a studio in Berlin.
Match the jobs 1-8 to the places people work a-h.
{+J = z
a
Lrsrerurruc
&
1 reception ist
aa L . S
Listen to four conversationr.ifur.f
the correct words.
1
Jan is a doctor
in Warsaw.
2
Lara is a designer / teacher in a school / an
ofrice in Bristol. She enjoys / doesn't enJoy it.
Marta is a civil servant / receptionist.She
works in an office / a company in the north
of Brazil. Her job is great / OK.
Filippo is a waiter / shop assistant in a
department store / cafe in the centre
of town. He doesn't like it He wants to
become a police officer / nurse.
3
4
3 shop assistant
q
4 nurse
/
nurse in a clinic
/ hospital
Read the audioscript on page 170 and listen
again.
Choose one of the conversations and read
in pairs.
5 police officer
6 designer
Write the sentences in your language.
Translate them back into English. Compare
your English to the original.
What do you want to do?
Where do you want to go?
to become a policeman.
He wants
I
want to study Arabic.
She wants
7 civil servant
8 waiter
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
in a clothes shop / in a department store
in a clinic / in a hospital
in a tax office / in a local government office
at home / in a studio
in a big hotel / in a small company
in a school / in a university
at a local police station / in the traffic department
in a cafe / in a restaurant
20
OUTCOMES
i
#:
lt
to be a designer.
olz),*st
ffir*
4-:-q
f ;4e
-..-;
' ,>*
it
Gnnnnrvran
Reaor ruc
Present simple questions and negatives
Read the three texts. Decide who is:
1
2
3
a designer.
/ does.
do + I I you / we / they+ verb?
an engineer.
does+he/she/it+verb?
a
journalist.
To make questions, use do
don't / doesn't.
I you I we / they + don't +verb
he / she / it + doesn't + verb
B Which is the best job? Why?
To make negatives, use
I
Complete the sentences with dq does, don't ot
doesn't.
you do?
1 A: What
B: l'm a cleaner.
A: What ........................... he do?
B: I ........................... know.
your mother work?
A: Where
B: She ........................... have a job at the moment.
your parents live?
A: Where
B: Halifax.
A: ........................... you enjoy working there?
B: No, not really.
A: We ........................... live near my office, so I take the
train to work.
B: So what time ................. ... you leave home?
7 A: ........................... they have any kids?
B: No, they
I work at home and I do jobs for
different companies and magazines.
I don't get much money because
don't have much work, but I enjoy it
because it's interesting.
I
l'm
............................
.
work for a local newspaper. I work strange
- sometimes I get up really early,
sometimes I work all night. Sometimes it's
boring because I have nothing to do. I meet
lots of interesting people, but sometimes
people get angry and shout at me.
I
hours
aaacaaaaa
-o
t.
aaaa
o
a
a
a
a
o
o
&
c
a
a
a
q
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
a
a
work for a construction company.
l'm a manager now, so it's a very
important job. I like my job, but lwork
:
:
very long hours. I start work at eight
in the morning and finish at eight
or nine at night. I often work at the
weekends and I don't see my wife or
kids very much.
:
.
:
.
'
..............a.....!
d
t
*
l'm....
I
a
t
Need help? Read the grammar reference onpageL4T.
r
Put the words into the correct order to make
questions.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
C Translate the words in bold in the text. Then
complete the sentences with the words.
1
2
3
4
5
how Ianguages you speak many do
?
Match the answers a-g to the questions above.
1........................... work at nine and finish at six.
My boss isn't very nice. He sometimes gets really
with us. I don't know why.
I don't like my job
it's boring.
My ... ... ............. is good. She helps me and she
doesn't shout at me.
My town is ........................... because there isn't much to
a I go swimming, I play football, I read.
b In Belvaros, near the river.
c I live on my own.
d At about 12 o'clock most days.
e I take the bus.
f Two- French and Spanish.
g At half past seven.
do.
6 I usually
you get tlme do what up ?
travel do here how you ?
bed you go do to when ?
live do you where ?
with you do who live ?
your what free do time do in you ?
at six and leave the house at
Seve n.
7
8
9
B
-two girls and a boy.
an important job in the company.
I love my job. lt's really
Spearrruc
I have three...........................
I.........
..
..........
Choose one of the three people
in the texts. Work in
H
Choose five questions from these pages to ask
another student. Write one more question.
Remember your questions - then ask them.
pairs. Have conversations using these questions:
. What do you do?
.
.
Where do you work?
Do you enjoy it?
OI PEOPLE AND PTACES 21
rremffi Tnd\4ffi
VocneuLARY
A
Free
LrsrrrurNc
time activities
&
Work in pairs.
1
Look at the people in the picture. What do you
think they
like / don't like?
Student A: act or draw activities from the box.
Student B: say the words or phrases.
watching TV
going to the cinema
meeting new people
listening to music
shoppi ng
reading
dancing
walking
swimming
chatting on the lnternet
playing computer games
going out for dinner
studyi ng
doing sport
& 2.3 Listen to the two people talking and complete the
table with doesn't like, OK and loves,
,1
Ir
---r-
,-l
L-
I
computer games
Listen again and then read the audioscript on page L71.
Practise the conversation.
B Change.
Student B: act or draw activities from the box.
Student A: say the words or phrases.
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
Complete the sentences with different activites from
We say What about you?
What about you?
to return
a
question someone asks.
exercise A.
1
is boring.
2
is good fun.
3
is
4
is expensive.
..... is
5
6
l'm bad at
7
l'm good at
A: Do you like walking?
B: No.What about you?
A: lt's OK.
interesting
great
Sprarrruc
.
A
Work in new pairs. Tell your partner your ideas. Does
your partner agree?
22
OUTCOMES
A: How areyou?
B: OK. What about you?
A: Fine.
Work in pairs. Ask each other Do you like...7 Use the
words in Vocabulary, exercise A or your own ideas.
Reply with I I ove it, It's OK ot Not really.
Match the questions in the box to the pairs of
answers in 1-5.
you like going to the cinema?
want to see Monsters 6 on Sunday?
What time do you want to meet?
Do
Do you
.li
*t\
Nl.\
Where?
.r1
,r
What time does the film flnish?
, \1o4.,
a
b
a
four good?
film starts at eight
don't know. Around seven.
About 11.30. lt's a long film.
I
b
a OK. That sounds nice.
b 5orry, l'm busy then.
a Yes, it's OK.
b Not really.
a Or-rtside the train station.
b Outside the cinema.
GnarurrnaR Verb forms
Look at the different verb forms after like, love
and wont.
In pairs, write three different short conversations
using the questions and answers in exercise A. Then
say them to another pair of students.
playing tennis and football.
like going to the cinema.
Do you want to see 'Love Train'?
I love
I
is
ls seven OK? The
don't
LrsrrrurNG 2
& Write full sentences from the notes.
1 I / like / meet /new people.
2 my daughter / want / get / a new phone.
3
my sister
/
love
/
you
t*
3:ae*c t"*ri*
e*aaver:ati*3:.s:*"here
pe**3* ar* m.akieg *srangc:*e:tts"
play / tennis.
4l/notllike/shop.
5 you / like / dance?
6
E*r: ar* gei:tg
&
G
Listen and choose the correct words in the
=.?
notes.
/want / go out / this weekend?
Write two different sentences about your free time
for each of 1-3. Use a dictionary if you need to.
1 I love
2 ldon't really Iike
3 Tomorrow, I want ..............
SaturdaY
v,Jatch
'
march
/ filrr
with
SundaY
.Iack
Lunch with Tina
aFrench
Tell a partner.
H::[ff;:':,::';i:',"
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page J"48.
/
ltalian restaurant
Meelsone / two o'clock
outside the 6cathedral /
resta
u
rant
Drvr lopr Nc coNVE RsATroNs
Arrangements
You
Which do you think is better - to go with Tina or to
will learn more later in this book, but you can
go
with
Jack? Why?
make simple arrangements using the present simple:
A: Dayou wantto go shopping on Saturday?
B: OK. Where do you want to meetl
A: Outside Harrods - the big department store
B: OK. What time?
A: /s ten OK?
B: Yeah. Fine.
CoruvensATroN PRAcncE
A
On your own, write notes about two things you want
to do at the weekend (on Friday night, Saturday or
Sunday). Decide where you want to meet and what
time.
Work in pairs. Have similar conversations to the
ones in Developing conversations and Listening 2.
02
FREE
TIME
23
VocaeuLARY oairy iilb
Which activities in the box can you
When do people normally do the activities in
exercise A? Put the words in the three groups.
see
in the
pictures?
have a shower
go out for dinner
get home from work
so out dancins
have a coffee
go to a concert
watch the news
do homework
ln the
morning i! the afternoon
1t
niglt
get up
sleep
leave work
have breakfast
go to bed
have lunch
Compare your answers
with a partner.
n Look at the words in exercise A for two minutes. Close
your books. In pairs, how many can you remember?
drink whisky
finish school
GnarraruaR Adverbs of frequency
We use some adverbs to show how often we do
something. Notice their position in the sentence.
I
always have a shower in the morning.
I usually go
:<
(-.=,
to bed at midnight.
Complete the line below with the adverbs in the box.
Then translate all the adverbs into your language.
--(/
a
lways
never
olten
sometimes
L00%
,tr:1,
occasionally
hardly ever
0%
/ the sentences which are true for you. Change
the adverbs in the other sentences to make them
true for you.
1 I always watch the news in the evening.
2 I usuall,v have a coffee after my lunch.
3 I neve" dr'nk beer or w'ne.
Tick
4
5
6
7
B
| hardly ever read novels.
often listen to music when I go to sleep.
occasionally go to rock concerts.
I always do my homework for my English class.
I sometimes go swimming at the weekend.
I
I
Work in groups. Take turns saying your sentences.
Who is most similar to you?
Write four true sentences using the phrases in the
box and an adverb. Then say them to a partner.
, drink tea
lrave a shower
L
24
OUTCOMES
go out for dinner
read novels
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 148
Rraor ruc
DO YOU HAVE ANY
Yer: are going ta read about ho'*r
ii::ee
rREE TIME?
pe*ple spend their iree time.
tl Read the article on the right and decide:
1
2
Who is most similar to you? Why?
Who do you think is the happiest person?
why?
l$ Read
again and decide which person:
1 does sport or exercise.
2 spends a lot of money.
3 is tired at the weekend.
4 likes TV.
5 seems quiet.
6 has a busy social life.
7 goes to bed quite early.
B
t:
keep
'
go........................... a
'tu
i.
'
I do something most nights. On Mondays and Wednesdays,
I
. go to an English class, and on Tuesdays, I usually
-.
go to the
cinema with friends, because the tickets are cheap then. 0n
Thursdays, I always go to the gym. I usually go out dancing
on Saturday nights. I often get home at four or five in the
morning, so on Sundays, I sleep! I sometimes get up at three
in the afternoon.
fii.
loften
a'i'
Birgit from Germany
works long hours.
Complete the sentences with the
prepositions in bold in the article.
1 I sometimes have a short sleep
the afternoon,
2 l go ........................... a gym near my house to
3
'q,
*,* a'--
walk with my
wife after dinner.
4
5
6
7
8
l'm always very busy
Mondays.
We don't usually do very much
the weekend - just relax.
I listen to English radio ......................... an
hour or two every night.
Our school day finishes . ........................ four
........................... the week, I stay at home in
the evening.
Frankie from the UIt
Free time? I don't have any free time
because I have my own business. I
occasionally go to a rock concert - about
once or twice a year - and I sometimes
go shopping at the weekend. I like buying
expensive things with the money I earn.
I have a really big TV and I have a very
nice car.
Write the sentences in your language.
Translate them back into English. Compare
your English to the original.
Maybe once or twice a year,
I usually have a shower twice a day.
He works at the weekend once a month.
5he goes running maybe four times a
week.
Sprarrruc
Work in groups. Ask each other these
question.
. What do you normally do on Friday nights?
. What do you normally do on Saturdays?
. What do you normally do on Sundays?
. Do you go out in the evening during the
week? When? What do you do?
Suetlana lrom Russia
I don't go out much
during the week. I
usually study lor two
hours in the evening. I
never watch TV, really.
I usually play the piano
every day. It helps me to
relax. Then I go to bed
at nine or ten and read.
At the weekend, I go
out with my family to a
park or the countryside,
and we go for a walk.
I sometimes go to a
shopping centre with
friends, but I hardly ever
buy anything!
Who is the busiest person in the group?
02
FREE
TIME 25
Spearrrc
VoCaeu!.ARY Things in the classroom
1
A Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
you like doing courses in your free time?
this your first English course?
Do
ls
Doyou like learning English?
you like ...
... doing homework?
... watchingfilms orTV shows in English?
... listening to songs in English?
Do
A
Match the words to the pictures.
...
reading in English?
a
...
finding new words in a dictionary?
pa
...
practising your pronunciation
a board
?
dictionary
per
a pen
a pencil
a
window
Lrsreurruc
A
Vllho would usually say each sentence
teacher, a student or both?
1
2
3
please.
Compare your answers with a partner,
l'm sorry l'm late.
For homework, do exercise 1 in your
Workbooks.
7
8
9
Sorry, I
tissue
,db
turn off your mobile phone,
4
5
6
10
-/
Can I go to the toilet?
Everyone,
a
scissors
a blind
V
-a
Match the words to the pictures.
a rubber
a ruler
a seat
How do you say this word?
don't understand.
OK. Let's check the answers.
What does'turn off'mean?
B
Compare your ideas
C
2.3 Usten to a teacher checking the
answers to exercise Awith her class. Check
your ansr Ters.
with a partner.
Cg
D Listen again. ItVhich
of the sentences
exerciseAdoyouhear? t
in
l_
Remember the things in exercise A. Close your books. In pairs,
say which things are in your classroom now.
Do you know the English word for any other things you can
see
in your dassroom?
GRamrrnaR a(n) / any and one / some
Pnoru uNcrATIoN
Syllables and word stress
Look at these questions.
a goes with singular nouns,qnywith plurals.
Do you have a dictionary?
Do you have any coloured pensl
ln English, the number of syllables a word
has is not always clear from the spelling.
For example, dictionary only has three
syllables because we don't say the a.
Any also goes with some singular uncountable nounsz paper
money, water, milk, sugar.
Have you got any paper?
dic-tion-ary
ln every word, one syllable has the main
Nolez have you got means the same as do you have.
stress.
o.
Complete the questions
dictionary
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2.4 Listen. Mark these words as in the
second example above. Mark the number of
syllables and the main stress.
t1!,
5C
I
550 rS
soci
a
I
homework
cat hed
tissue
i
mobile
manager
pronunciation
stra nge
ra
B
I
nteresti ng
you have
Do you have
Do you have
Do
wilh
...........................
a or any.
rubber?
........................... scissors?
money?
tlssue?
Do you have ........................... lined paper?
Have you got
.......... mobile phone?
Have you
Do
...........................
got
you have ........................... water?
got ....
,. coloured penclls?
Have you
B Ask each other the questions.
Give true answers like this:
ln answers, you can replace singular nouns with one.
Compare your answers. Listen again and
check.
A:
Do
B:
No,
you have o dictionoryr'!
but Pepe has one.
You can riplace plural / unc0Untable nouns With sonre.
A: Do you have ony scissors?
B: No, sorry. Ask Sam. I think she has some.
Ask each other the questions in exercise A again. This time
reply using I\Iq but ........................... has
... . Add a
name of someone in the class and one ot some.
)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 149.
SprarrNc
h
2
Write five Do youhave ...? questions to ask other students
the class.
in
Ask your questions to different students. They must give true
answers. See if you can find people who answer fes to all your
questions.
02
FRFF
TIMF
27
PnoruuructATtoN Sounds in English
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcrrcE
There is pronunciation in each Review unit in this
book. You learn the different sounds in English,
understand how a dictionary shows pronunciation,
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
and practise with words from the book.
activities.
A
People and places, Unit 1,, page 17.
Free time, Unit 2, page 23.
t
R 1.1 Listen and repeat the words and consonant
sounds.
tht
tfl
lpt
free pen
lbl
lvl
live biS
lml lnl
he
man Inice
tet
Acr on DRAw
so
uth
tbt
the
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Don't speak. Your partner tries to guess the words. Then
change roles.
at
train
da nce
ch
bori ng
a
walk
study
get up
a church
shower
angry
a faclory
a
a beach
a river
a pen
swim
a
a board
turn off
a
tree
window
waiter
dsl
job
I
lsl
tIt
tkt
sit
she
car
lzl
l3l
l9l
Asia go
tjt
trees
ttl
l\l
lrl
like
long
read
walk
yes
Work in pairs. Say the sounds with {irilqagain. Oo
you use your tongue, lips or the top of$/ur mouth to
make each sound?
There are 12 single vowel sounds and eight vowels
with two sounds. All are in the first units of this
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1 When do you eat dinner, breakfast and lunch?
2 Are kids the same as children?
3 Where do you sleep?
4 Say two things you watch.
5 Where do you have a coffee?
6 Say two places where people teach.
7 What's the job in a loca I government or tax office?
8 Say three things you drink.
9 What's the opposite of expensive?
book, except one.
lrl
lul
lu\l
fit
good
food
lel
lal
bed
river
l3t I
work
s
fun
lo'^l
art
li: I
eat
lal
bad
letl
If there's a Iot of crime, is a place safe?
Which is bigger: a town or a city?
Say two things you read.
What are the opposites of south and west?
How do people keep fit?
tdt
bed
Itl I
chat
Work irypairs. Say each word and consonant sound
aSain.
Qlhe sounds that you think you have in
your language.
Qutz
l-0
11
L2
13
14
15
ltl
take
l)r I
port
lol
boss
arl
ltal
great
write
here
laul
l)t I
laul
lua I
town
boy
go
pu re
I
I
eal
wh-ore
D A R 1.2 Listen and repeat the words and sounds.
Where does a nurse work?
Fasr wRtrER
Work in groups.
See
who is quickest to write each of 1-5.
1
2
3
4
5
Four questions in the present tense.
Four negative sentences in the present tense.
Four sentences with there's / there are.
28
OUTCOMES
Work in pairs. Try to say these words.
1, /polkl
5 /b>td/
2 /[op/
6 /lnn[/
3 /mitt/
7 lnjulz/
4 /wafi/
8 /brekfast/
9 /mrr6a/
L0 /brztl
11 /rrleks/
12 lste{nz/
Five cou ntries.
Five
jobs.
t
R 1.3 Listen and check in the audioscript on
pageLTI-.
^A
Lrsrerrruc
Vrnss
You are going to hear four conversations.
Complete the text with the verbs in the box.
I
R 1.4 Listen and match each conversation to one
picture. Two pictures are not used.
B Listenagainandcheck.
go
spend
get
fi
n
work
listen
ish
keep
have
in a department store in town.
usually start at eight o'clock and 2........................... at
four. I leave the house at seven and 3...........................
home at seven. I often 4........................... to the gym after
work. I usually
about an hour there.
want to
. fit. ln the evening l'm usually
tired, so ljust '........................... dinner with my wife and
watch TV. We sometimes sit and 8........................... to
| '...........................
[.../ 8]
I
I
music.
1...t
et
:=l:
r
'i..i1ill ftal.r.ii.
lr-rftr-l
Gnannrrnan
A
Choose the correct words.
l- A: Where are / is hefrom?
2
B: France
A: Do you want to go / going to the cinema later?
3
A: Do you have o / any tissues?
4
A: What are / doyou do?
B: I am / are ateacher.
A: Doyou like play / playing tennis?
B: Yes, lt3 / he's great.
A: ls your town big?
B: Not really.There is / are only about 10,000 people.
A: What do you do at / in lhe weekend?
B: I usually stay at home. ldon't / l'm not earn much
B: OK. What time?
B: Yes. There are one / some in my bag.
5
6
7
money.
8
A: Doyou like sport?
B: I love watching, but ldon't doitvery ofien / sometimes
1...
B
t L2)
Put the word(s) in bold in the correct place in the
sentence.
1 I need do some shopping. to
2 I play computer games. hardly ever
3 Sorry,l understand. What does Journalist'mean? don't
4 Do you have pencil and paper? a
5 There's a palace near the river. lt's great. beautiful
6 She speaks English very well, but she's from the UK. not
1...t
81
Aore
cnvrs
Replace each adjective in italics in 1-8 with its
opposite on the right. In three cases, change a and an!
1 lt's a boring job.
cheap
2 I have a busy social life.
best
3
4
5
6
7
8
quiet
He has a big car.
lt's a n expensive resta
u ra
nt
i
lt's the worst place to live in the
lt's in eastParis
lt's a long film.
I have a new mobile phone
UK.
nteresti ng
west
old
small
short
[.../ 8]
Colr.ocanoNs
Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
they go with in 1-8.
check
watch
open
help
get
play
go
live
1 -the news / - afootball game / - afilm
2 - in the countryside / - in the capital / - on my own
3 - inthe park I -the piano / - agame
4 -to a concert / - swimming/ -fora walk
5 -a seat /-sometickets/ -angry
6 - my grandparents / - me /- to do my homework
7 - the answers / - the word in a dictionary / - it's OK
8 - the blind / the shop -s at nine / - the window
[.../ 8]
[Total ... /s0]
61
01 REVIEW 29
, .-
,-t
:..J
o3
HOME
Spelrrruc
about the areas you live / work / study in.
What shops, restaurants and other facilities are
there in each area? Compare with a partner. Which
When we explain where things are, we usually use
prepositlons - words like nexf to, on, at, between and
opposite - to make it clear. These prepositions are
often ln expressions.
area is best?
There's a really good supermarket near my home and
there qre lots of different restaurants.
There's only a small caf( and a bank near my home.
A
Name the places A-H described in 1-8 on the map
on the opposite page.
1 There's a post office opposite the church.
2 There's a bank down this road - next tothe
LARY Loca I faci I ities
su
A Which of the places in the box can you
see
bank
caf6
a post office
a shoe shop
a
chemist's
a clothes
shop
a bookshop
a restaurant
B Match
these things that people do to the places
exercise A.
1 buy a novel /buy a dictionary
2 buy some toothpaste / buy some aspirins
3 have a sandwich /havea cup of tea
4 buy a shirt / buy a jacket
5 buy some boots / buy some shoes
6
7
8
change money / get some money
C Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
30
Which of the places in exercise A do you go to most?
What do you usually buy - or do - in each one?
OUTCOMES
8
in
have a steak / have some wine
buy some stamps / send a package
perma rket.
3 There's a great museum down here - on the right.
4 There's a hotel in the next street- on the left.
5 There's a caf6 on Jones Street - next to the station.
6 There's a cinema at the end of this road.
7 There's a big department store on the corner of
in the
pictures on this page?
a
a
+j
GnannrrnaR Prepositions of place
A Think
Vocagu
t,
)
Church Street and.lackson Lane.
There's a clothes shop between the lnternet cafd. and
the department store.
trteed help? Read
the grammar reference on page 150.
NATIVE SPEAKER:ENGLIsH
Thanks
/
Cheers
We often say Thanks or Cheers instead of Thank you
Great.Thanks
Thanks
for that.
for your help.
That's great. Cheers.
Drve lopr NG coNVE RsATroNs
I need to
...
erqi, lor:,eiqmp! e
get some money. ls there a bank near here?
i'ft ellt.iipEinr wtry..wirnedt'!!.igo,,t-!i
I need to
Work in pairs. Cover exercise A. Look at the map. Ask
and answer questions like this:
A: ls there a post office near here?
B: Yes, there's one opposite the church.
A
Work in pairs. Think of two reasons to go to each of
the places below.
a,,pOst
office
a ihemist's
a clothes shop
Lrsrrrurruc
l need to ... .li
?hr*e pecple ask ahsut
tro*43
plaees.
there
,a
computer
shop
near',heie?
a ea{e
a,sup-enrnaiket
& & 3.3 tisten. What places
do they ask about? Why?
an:l,nteiiiit cafe
tl the sentences that are true.
1 a The chemist's is on New Street.
b lt's on the right.
c lt's next to a clothes shop.
Listen again. Tick
a
b
c
a
b
c
There are lots of good places to eat in the area.
The cafe is on Dixon Road.
lt's next to a shoe shop.
The bookshop is on the corner of Chester Street
and Hale Road.
lt's on the right.
lt's opposite a
supermarket.
Have conversations about where you are. Ask and
answer the seven questions in exercise A.
A: I need to send a package. Is there a post office near
here?
B:Yes,there's one on.Junction Road
resta u ra nt.
-
next to an ltalian
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcncE
J&
Work in pairs.
Student A: look at the map in File 3 on page 166.
Student B: look at the map in File 9 on page 169.
Ask each other Is there a ... near here? to find the
places you want. Explain why you need to go to each
place.
YOU ARE HERE
lEl
r_
twt
l-+
I
o
supermarket
o
"nuran
A
tu
ffi_lE_l
z
J
CHURCH STREET
t
Y
tr
I
z
lBl o
ct)
T--
station
ur
|+ll
| \
tt
F It
IH
-:1
tnternetcaf6 IL-i n
I-'
I
I
I
Y
O
-)
fr
V
I
IlId!-nitl
lrrr.frrrlrll
larralrrlrrll
factory
JONES STREET
tr@bookshop
@l
art gallery
03 HOME 31
VocaguLARY
ln the house
Which rooms are the things in the box
usually in?
sofa
a cupboard
TV
an alarm clock
shampoo the sink
a fridge
a bed
a
a
a mirror
plates
table
towels
a
B
Where do you do the things in the box? Look up any words you
don't know itrthe Vocabulary Buililer.Then discuss your ideas
in pairs.
do the washing-up check your emails put ornmake-up
watch DVDs
cut vegetables wash your clothes
brush your teeth
get dressed
C tlow often
do you do the things
in exercise
B?
TeIl a partner.
living room
bathroom
rffil
Reaoruc
You are going to read about a young Greek
woman, Maria. She describes where she
lives.
Work in groups. Say one good thing and
one bad thing about:
. living at home with your parents.
.
.
living on your own.
sharing a house / flat with friends.
Read Maria's blog on the right. Answer
these questions.
l- Where does she live?
2 What is good / bad about each place?
3 Who does she live with?
4 What problems does she have with each
pe rson
]2
?
OUTCOMES
C Match the verbs with the words they
1 live
2 study
3 take
4 share
5 annoy
6 spend
D Work in pairs.
a
b
c
d
go
with in the blog.
an hour to drive there
a room with my sister
hours putting on her make-up
with my sister and brother
eme
f
Business Management
Say what you remember about the blog, using
the language in exercise C.
For example:
Maria lives with her sister, Dimitra, and her brother, Casta.
+a
My name's Maria and llive inThessaloniki.lt's a great citl,.
There are lots of things to do. I live with my sister, Dimitra,
and m;.r brothet Costa. They both work here, and I study In6lish and Business &flanagemernt. We usually stay in the
city during the week and then sometimes, at the weekend,
\ivf go back to our family house in the mountains near Askos. lt takes
ab,:ut an hour to drive there.lt's a beautiful place, but the village is very
qui,^t and small. There's not muclt to do there.
ln our family honre, I have a big bedroom with my own TV My
sister's room has its own bathroom as well, but I prefer mine.
It's nice and quiet and lcan relax,listen to music, read, do
whatever I want there.
Our flat in Thessaloniki is very small.l share a room with
Dimitra, but Costa has his own room.Ours is nice and tidy, but
his is really messyl Men!
to cook and r-lean and do the washing-up. I love
living v,rith my family, but sometimes my sister annoys me.5he
spends hours putting on her make-up and washing her hair *
and we only have one bathrooml
We tal<e turns
Gnarrnrrnan
B
Choose the correct word.
Your / Yours house is really nice.
Their / Theirs houseis nextto the sea, but our
I
2
Possessive adjectives and pronouns
3 She shares a flat with her / hers stster.
4 My room is OK, but I prefer your / yours.
5 They come to our / ours house a lot, but we don't visittheir /
Examples of possessive adJectlves are my and
yout.
I live with my sister, Dimitra, and my brother,
Costa.
A possessive pronoun can replace a possessive
adjective + noun, Examples are mine and yours,
My sister! room has its own bathroom as
well, but I prefer mine (= my room).
A
/ oursis about
ten minutes away.
Use possessive adjectives before nouns.
6
7
8
)
theirs very often.
This isn't my / mine dictionary.lsityour / yours?
lt's a nice photo. Are thoseyou r / yours sisters?
A: Are these scissors your I yours?
B: No, they're her / hers. My I Mine are in my / mine bag.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 150.
Complete the table.
Subject
Object
Adjective
Pronoun
I
me
my
mine
you
you
your
yours
he
"
him
his
she
her
her
we
us
our
they
them
Spearr ruc
Think about your answers to these questions.
.
.
.
What is good / bad about where you live?
Who do you live with?
Do you ever have any problems with the person / people you
live with? What?
Work in groups. Discuss your answers.
03 HOME 33
Lrsrerurruc
You are going to hear tlrree conversatioas
in
someonek home.
A Match the sentences 1-8 to the pictures a-h.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
can't concentrate.
can't reach.
I can't hear it.
B
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Which of the problems in exercise A do you have in your home?
. lnyour language,whatdoyou sayorask next in each of the
eight situations in exercise A? Use a dictionary to try and say it in
E
nglish.
I
can't find my keys.
l'm cold.
l'm hot.
lt's a mess.
lt's very dirty.
I
C 8 r,2 Listen to the three conversations. Match each one to a
situation in exercise A.
D Listen again. Complete the
1a
I .....................:.....
you
b
Can
b
What temperature is the air-conditioning...........................
Can you
it down? l'm cold.
2a
c
3a
b
lt's........................... cold.
What did
Can you
c ls that
34
OUTCOMES
sentences with ONE word in each gap.
walk across it and not break something!
it, please?
he...........................
turn it
?
...........................
for you?
?
?
Vocae
GnarrnrrnaR can / can't
u LARY Col locations
something is impossible, use canT +verb.
l'can't reach.
We cal! words that go together'collocations'. For
example, wotchTV.
To say
He can't hear it.
When you learn a noun, learn a verb or adjective that
goes with it. For a new verb, Iearn some nouns that go
with it.The Vocabulary Builderhelpsyou with this.
To ask
A:
Can
to do something , use Can I / you, etc. + verb?
you turn the TV down, please? I can't
concentrate.
A Look at the collocations from the Vocabulary Builder
this unit. Match the verbs in the box to 1-5.
B: OK, sorry.
f.ot
A:
Can I usethis towel? I want to have a shower.
B: Of course. lt's there for you.
Ly"
1
2
- my jacket, - your shoes, * some make-up
...,.......,,.............. :- )ourself, - some vegetables, I can't' lt,
I need some scissors to - it, - my hair
3 ........................... : - the TV - the air-conditioning, - the
music, - the sound
4 ........................... : Ijust need to - my hair, - my teeth, - the
..................
.
..... :
A Put the words into the correct order.
1" sleep I can't
?
?
?
.
dog
5
6
?
to - my hands,- some dirty
clothes, - my hair, - the plates
........................... : - a flat with two other people, - a room
with my sister, - a sandwich, - a pizza, - your things
...........................:l need
R
Match the nouns in the box to 7-12.
table
towel
air-conditioning
alarm clock
the
/kan/
or /kan/.
cupboard
Listen to the sentences again. Practise saying them.
sink
fr Write questions with
- on?,turn the - on,turn
up the
1
2
3
4
5
6
-,
turn down the -, turn off the :put the things in the -, it's in the -, put
it back in the -,the kitchen -,the bedroom -,abig-,a
small -, the - under the sink
: it's on the -, the kltchen -, set the - for
10
dinner, clean the :the kitchen -, wash your hands in the -,
11
leave the dirty plates in the -, the cupboard under the t2
: do you have an -?, set the - for seven,
hea r the -
Can
I
...?
ot
Can
you...? and the
words in brackets.
: is
& 3"3 listen and check your answers.
Canisptonounced
:need a - to dry myself, have a clean -,
- on the floor after you use it, a
beach
.
Can't ispronounced I katnt I .
the -'s wet, leave your
8
.
2 you can me help
3 use I can bathroom your
4 up you turn can music the
5 book find I can't my
6 can clothes wash some I
7 week can't we next come
8 moment can't he drive at the
o
can't see the TV. (move)
to do some shopping. (take me in the car)
I ca n't spea k now. (ta lk to you later)
Dinner's ready. (set the table)
l'm hot. (open the window)
I need to eat something. (make a sandwich)
I
I need
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 151.
.E
Work in pairs. Have short conversations using your
questions from exercise D.
Say things about you and people you live with by
adding always / usually / hardly ever / never.
For example:
My mum always washes my clothes.
My brother hardly ever washes his hands before dinner.
wash my clothes
wash ... hands before dinner
put milk back in the fridge
leave dirty plates in the sink
set the table for dinner
hang up towels after using them
set the alarm clock
turn up the air-conditioning
5pe
arr
ruc
A Work in pairs. Write short conversations based on
the pictures inListening,exercise A on page 34.
Remember what you wrote, Act your conversations
for another pair.
03 HOME 35
04
;t
\
;,i
\ "v'
,th.:i[E:_ i
*=,
r-I ffiL$
MAYS
-r-''tr'
Lrsrsrurruc
You ave going
GnannnnaR The past simple
t* hear foux comversations about last
The past simple form is usually verb + -ed or -d (if the
base form ofthe verb ends in -e).
weelcemd.
I
A
Look at what four people did last weekend. Which
weekend activities do you think were great, OK or bad?
1 I was ill. I had a bad cold.
2 We went to a rock festival.
3 Some friends came to visit, so I showed them the city.
4 Nothing much really. ldid some shopping on Saturday.
I
played tennis and watchedfV.
wanted to,go out yesterday.
She smiled
lo
herself.
A lot of othet,common verbs are irregular:
see- saw
take - fook
spgnd - spert
get - qof
read,,- read
buy - bought
in the past simple fuom Listening.
Write the base form.
*t Look at these verbs
7
went - go
2 did3 had
4 was / were 5 came -
6 showed
-
7 cooked
-,
stayed
- ..
-.,
B
9 played
r0 watched
-
Work in pairs. Test each other.
Student A: say a verb.
Student B: say the past simple form.
n & 4.1 listen and put sentences 1-4 in exercise
B
Complete the sentences about things people did last
weekend with the past simple forms of the verbs in the box.
into the
order you hear them. Was each weekend great, OK or bad?
Listen again and match a-f below to conversations 1-4.
3 ...... ,......
4 ...... ,......
1
2
1
We went for a picnic in the park.
I sawThe Specials on Saturday night.They were good
c I stayed in bed all weekend.
d I cooked lunch for everyone.
I played tennis, watched TV... the usual things.
a
b
f
il
I
didn't sleep much.
Work in pairs. Discuss whether you like:
. a busy weekend or a quiet weekend.
.
.
going to markets or cooking.
showing people round your town / area
36
OUTCOMES
I ...........................
lunch with my grandparents.
to the beach with some friends.
3 We ........................... at home and relaxed.
4 1 ........................... a football match on Saturday.
5 There ........
a free concert in town.
6 Some friends
to our house for dinner.
7 I went shopping and I ........................... some new shoes
B
I ........................... all weekend studying for an exam.
2
)
I ...........................
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 152.
S Write three things you did in the
past that were great,
and three things you did that were bad or boring.
t
9-i
i
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGTISH
sounds
We often don't say the subject when we say sounds.
A:
We went to the countryfor the day.
B: Sounds nice.
A:
Do you want to go to the cinema tonight?
B: Sounds great.
PnoruUNctATloN Past simple forms
/.'\
A S 4.2 tisten.@,$the form
Devr lopr NG coNvE RsATloNs
That sounds
3 play / played
4 try / tried; play / played
5 want / wanted; rain / rained
6 meet / met; chat / chatted
7 walk / walked;chat / chatted
8 walk / walked; have / had
...
We often give our feeling about what people,say
usingThot sounds + adjective. For example:
A: Some friends came to visit, so I showed them
round the city.
B: That sounds nice.
llYith:v-erbs ending in
'prst'ending
A Write a comment
wahtdd
about these sentences usingThot
in the box.
sounds + an adjective
n
ice
great
bad
i
of the verb or verbs you
hear in each sentence.
1 visit / visited
2 visit / visited
-( the pronunciation of the
i3 I td I .
ltwonttdl
chatted
Withrotheiverbs,you heara
nteresti ng
rained
lrendl
a I went for a walk in the countryside.
b We rented a boat and went on the lake.
c I had a headache, so I stayed at home.
d I went shopping with my mum.
e I saw a documentary about crime.
f We had a parly at home.
visited
/'rfatrd/
l'vtzlttdl
IdI ot ltlsound.
played
/plerd/
walked
/w::kt7
Look at the audioscript on page 173. In pairs, practise
reading the conversations from Iistening.
CoruvensATroN PRAcrrcE
E
Practise the conversations.
& Think
about last weekend. Did you have a nice
weekend? Choose an answer from the list below.
Yeah,
it
It was
was great.
OK.
Not really.
Write down two or three things you did.
B
Have conversations with different people in your
class. Use these two questions:
Did you have o nice weekend?
What did you do?
Comment on people's answers about their activities
withThat sounds...
e
With a partner, decide which person in the class had
the best weekend. Why?
04 HOLIDAYS 37
VOCagULARY Months, seasons, dates
Put the months in the correct order.
When we say dates we use ordinal numbers.
We say:
August
lune
January
December
February
May
September
April
luly
October
March
March the/rut, May the second, )une lhe third,
luly thefifth,August the tweffth.
Novern her
ordinal numbers, add 'th'to the
number: fo u rth, Ifth, sixth, seve nth, ei ght h,
ninth, tenth, eleventh, etc. Then twenty-first,
twenty-second, elc.
To make
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Do you have the four seasons in the photos in your country?
. What months are they?
. Did you go on holiday this / last year?
. What season was it? What month?
il
% 4"3
6
{
Listen. When are these public holidays?
1 Ncw Year's Day, Ul(
2 Mot her The resa Day, Alba n a
3 Wtrrrcrr's Day, Rr-rssi.r
4 Dry of the Decd, Merico
5 San Juan's Day,
7tt-1tu1/
Catalonia and Alicante
Martin Luther King Day, USA
ffi Work in pairs.
Student A: Iook at File 4 on page 167
Student B: look at Flle 11 on page 159.
E Work in groups.
.
Discuss these questions.
Which of the public holidays in exercises C
and D do you have in your country?
Do you have any public holidays to ce ebrate
.
famous people? When? Who is the person?
Who has a birthday next in your c ass?
.
38
OUTCOMES
Lrsrrru rruc
GnnrurrnaR
t* heer thr** st*:i*s ab+ut c,vhat pe*ple did i:r
}r*iidays fs*rll V***bu\ary:, *x*rei=e {.
Past simple negatives
the verb be, past,simple negatives,are
Ysrs axe gtafuag
For
the
/ weren't.
wasn't in Russia in March. I was in London for
work.
? eople w e re n't very friendly.
paabtric
wosnT
I
When you listen, you often can't hear every word people say.
Donlt worry! Use the words you can hear to guess what they
said.
other verbs, use didn't + verb.
didn't go outfor dinner. I didn't get any
flowers. Nobody said nice things to me.
Some of my friends swam in the sea, but
didn't.
For
i{ & 4"& Listen. Which public holidays do they talk about? Listen
for dates, months and days.
I
Look at these words and check you understand them.
1 night- beach -fire-songs -swam-warm -slept
2 missed - work - nice - presents - flowers - said - room
3 three - drove - clear - cloud - views - traffic - two
e
A
ffi Listen again. Complete the sentences with
ONE word
2
3
in
4
each gap.
1 a We
b
c
2a
b
b
c
a
fire on the beach.
H Work in pairs.
.
usually
flowers.
in exercise
much on Sunday. (did)
till
11.
(got up)
wanted to have breakfast, but there
any coffee or bread. (was)
I went to the shop, but I ........................... my keys.
I
5
The shops
(were)
6
ltried to call my neighbour, but
.
,........
....,
.
7
8
open. lt was a holiday!
I went to a caf6 and I had a coffee, but then
saw that I ........................... any moneyl (had)
I went back to my flat. I broke a window to get
I
again after that. (went out)
We often use not vetyr+ adjective
It wasn? very Warm.
We didn't go veryfar,
B
he
(answered)
..............
to remind you, and
say what each person did on the last public holiday. Then
compare your ideas with the audioscript onpage L73.
Use the words
,.
t ..........,................
(took)
We ........................... songs and laughed.
Some of my friends swam in the ...........................
I wasn't in Russia, so I missed the ...........................
On Women's Day, men
us very well.
I didn't get any
said nice things to me
on Saturday at three in the morning.
We drove to the
lt was very clear and sunny.There wasn't a cloud in the
c
3 a We
Write the negative form of the past simple
verbs in brackets.
1 I.....
In your own language, think about what each person did.
Then listen again and check.
I
t alvarb.
the words in ffalics usingnot very +
the words in brackets.
1 We went to bed early. (late)
\,t) e, d,{dzvt g,> to- be* v ory latez
l3 Replace
2 The hotel was expensive. (cheap)
3 We got back late. (early)
4 People were unfriendly. (friendly)
5 There was nothing to do. (much)
6 We boughtfew things. (many)
7 We stayed a short time. (long)
8 My parents were annoyed. (happy)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on
page 152.
Sprarrruc
fi
Write answers to these questions. Then work
in groups and say what you've written.
.
.
What's your favourite public holiday? What do
you normally do?
When was the last public holiday? What did
you do?
04 HOLIDAYs 39
Ruaorruc
VocaeuLARY Coing on holiday
You are going to read an eraail ixom a Daaish man to
go on holiday: lf you go on holiday, you
stop working and go away to a different
place to relax, usually for a few days or
more.
A
A
Match the verbs 1-6 to the groups of words
.) cf:rr
3
take
spend
rent
B
6go
a
b
c
d
in Rome / the week relaxing / lots of
money
to Helsinki / with British Airways / first class
a day
Complete the Sentences with ONE word in each gap. Look at
the email if you need help.
1
2
3
We ........................... to Dublin.
We ........................... a week there.
lt's a ........................... city.
4
5
My.........-....
I
was
..........
kfast
e sightseeing / out for dinner / swimming
f acar/aboat/aflat
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. How often do you / does your family go on
.
.
...........
.......
about the weather, but it didn't rain once!
place was the west of the country.
in the mountains.
6 We went
7 We didn't see ........................... on the first dayl
your summer?
8 How
9 ........................... you go on holiday anywhere?
the train / the bus / a taxi
with friends / in a hotel I in a bed and
brea
Read the email on the opposite page. Answer these questions.
1 Where did Nicklas go?
2 Did he go on his own?
3 How long was he there for?
4 Was the weather good?
5 What did he do there?
they go with in a-f.
1 fly
4
5
his
Italian friend.
Translate them:bac*
,srigllral,
holiday?
Do you usually go to the same place or do
you go to different places?
What do you usually do when you are on
holiday?
Spearr ruc
A
Work in pairs. Tell each other the best place in your country:
. to spend a week relaxing
. to go sightseeing
. for nightlife.
. to go walking.
. for driving around.
. to go swimming.
GnannnnaR Past simple questions
eGTo
Subject
ridiitii.veiA,4e;li,rake questions with
mauro1990@shotmail.it
Re:
/
lil0w:r{fg'ryc{ii.,u m m er?
xoWlo.og tre-ra ygu" t h'eie'fo r?
lreland
.
"'"
HiMauro,
'
How are you? I hope you and your family are well. How was your
trip to Korea? l'm sure it was great.
".1.:.::
:.:'" "
rai :iilhdireib,,'',tid;e:.dl d.
wh:gret*dyr_rr,]gp?
Did you have a good time?
Use the notes below. Write past simple
questions you could use to ask a friend
Helena and I spent three fantastic weeks in lreland and had a
lly great time. We flew to Du blin, the ca pita l, a nd spent a week
there. lt's a beautiful city. We went sightseeing every day and
saw all the old buildings.Then in the evenings, we went out and
enjoyed the nightlife. lt's a fun city! You'd love it.
rea
about their holiday.
1, you I go on holiday anywhere?
2 where / go?
3 who / go with?
4 have a good time?
5 how long / there for?
6 where / stay?
7 it very expensive?
8 the weather good?
9 the food good?
Next, we rented a car and spent two weeks driving round the
country. lt's really beautifull lwas worried about the weather, but
it didn't rain once.We stayed in little bed and breakfasts and met
some really lovely people.
My favourite place was the west of the cou ntry. We went wa Iking
in the mountains in County Mayo for a few days. lt was lovely and
quiet. We didn't see anyone on the first day!
Match the answers a-i to the questions in
exercise A.
a Yes, I did. It's a great country.
b Yes, great. They eat lots offruit, lots of rice.
It's lovely.
c I stayed with friends in Rio and then in a
Anyway, now we're back in Copenhagen and back at workl How
was your summer? Did you go on holiday anywhere? Did you have
a good time?
Please
ttrar
!€re.
write and tell me everything!
h
d
e
f
g
Your friend,
N ickla s
h
i
ote
Yes, I
l.
did. I went to Brazil.
Two weeks.
I went on my own.
No, not really. Most things are quite cheap
the re.
Rio de.Janeiro and Salvador in the northeast.
lt was great,yes. Really hot and sunny.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on
page 153.
Sprarruc
A
Choose one of the things below to talk about.
last weekend
the last public holiday
the Iast time you went on holiday
your last birthday
a specialday in your life
Write five past simple questions for
your partner to ask you about your day
weekend / holiday.
/
Work in pairs. Swap questions and
interview each other.
04HOL]DAYS 41
PnOruuruclATlON Consonants and air
-loiikattthe'consonants in the table below.The ones.in
Itha1.tiiO:,a ,tines all,use a lor oiak to mike the.'sound.
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcucE
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
tat
tft
lpl
Itl
activities.
bath
fun
past
turn
Home, Unit 3, page 31.
Holidays, Unit 4, page 37.
Itl I
lsl
til
tkt
change
miss
wash
key
tbt
tdt
very
boat
drive
lzl
t3t
lsl
use
Asia
get
t6t
the
Acr on DRAw
t*t
job
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words. Don'f
speak. Yow partner guesses the words. Then change
roles.
A E
close
hear
dirty
reach
cook
afire
boots
eat
a cold
break
ashirt
keys
rain
laugh
sing
apicnic
R 2.1 tisten and repeat the words and sounds
the two top rows.
in
a cupboard
a headache
a
fridge
a lake
&R2.2 Listenandrepeatthesounds lpL lf L
{ l,
ltl,
.P1tta piece of paper in front of your mouth.
Try to move the paper when you say these sounds.
I
I
kI
Ourz
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1 Which season(s) do you have warm weather in?
2 What doyou buy in a chemist's?
3 What date is New Year's Day?
4 Say three things you can put on.
5 Where do you go to send a package?
6
7
8
9
10
11
72
13
14
l-5
Where do you go to have a steak?
What do you do in a sink?
What room do you normally have a sofa in?
When do you use a mirror?
Where do you normally brush your teeth?
Why can't someone reach a cupboard?
Say three seasons.
Say three places you can stay on holiday.
When do you give someone a present?
What do you do if you are ill?
C Work in pairs. Try to
L
2
3
a
say these words.
s
lmarll
lputl
lk^tl
6 lh\kl
/'saufa/
lJaul
8 /plefts/
7l'fautaul
D A R 2.3 Listen and check.
Fasr wRrrER
Work in groups. See who is quickest to write each of 1-6.
1 Five kinds of shops or facilities.
2
3
4
5
6
Six months.
Four questions with Can...?thatyou ask at home.
Four negative sentences in the past.
Four sentences with an irregular past verb.
Four sentences about where things are near your home
42
OUTCOMES
E Work in pairs. Practise saying the
sentences. Who
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are difficult
for you?
1 Sorry, I can't reach.
2 Set the table for six people, please.
3 Can you put the plates in the kitchen sink, please?
4 I think this cup's clean.
5 She took a taxi to the post office!
6 A fun photo is a nice present.
Lrsrrrurruc
Aolrcnvrs
You are going to hear four conversations.
Replace the adjectives in 1-6 with their opposites on
the right.
1 Do you have any dirty clolhes?
messy
2 lt's very hot in here.
cold
3 His room's normally very tidy.
unfriendly
4 lt's q u ite sunny today.
wet
5 ls that towel dry?
cloudy
clea n
6 The people were quite nlce.
A 't
R 2.4 Listen. Match each conversation to one picture.
B Listenagainandcheck.
[.../ s]
1...t 6l
Colr.ocanoNs
Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
they go with in 1-8.
] wash
] ,r,o*
x
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
f
Gnarrnnnan
A
Choose the correct words.
1 There's a caf € on / in lhe corner of th is road.
2 Our houseisfront / nextto a school.
3 My / Mine parents live on this road.
4 lt's not his car, it's her / hers.
5 l'm sorry I can't / can see the board.
6 I wasn't / didn't do anythingyesterday.
7 Did you went / go out last night?
8 They were / was both ill at the weekend.
share
close
turn up
cut
cha nge
set
- aflatwith a friend / - a pizzal -your ideas
- the window / - the door / the shop -s at six
- some money I -yourclothes / - places
-thetable / -youralarm clock / - a rule
- the vegetables / - yourself / - it with scissors
- your hair / - your hands / - the plates
- the air-conditioning / - the TV / - the temperature
- me on the map / * us round town / - him what to do
[.../ 8]
VocaeuLanv
Complete the text with the words in the box.
[.../ 8]
i
I
Write the past simple form of the verbs in brackets.
We i........................... (have) a great holiday in Creece.
We 2........................... (fly) to Athens and 3...........................
(spend) three days there
. (see) all
and
the famous sights. After that, we
a boat to Mykonos and we
small hotel nearthe beach.
1...t
s...........................
. (stay) in a
61
c Write the questions using the words in ifalics.
1, A: be / there a book shop near here?
2
B: Yes, there's one on High Road.
/ have a nice weekend?
prefer
annoy
We live in a
small
srng
.
B: Yes, I went to a concert on Saturday night.
VICW
fun
visit
clear
. in
nightlife
the mountains.
and also take my kids to school there. lt takes an hour
or play games or 6..............-............ songs together. We have
a lot of 7........... . lt's also fantastic to get up in
the morning when the sky is 8........................... because we
have a great
. -you can see the sea from
here. Friends often come to
they think it's so nice here.
[...
/
10....
10]
B: Yeah, it was great. I really enjoyed it.
you / help me? I don'I understand this.
1...t
41
I
to work in the nearest town every day
to get there. We 3........................... to live in the countryside
It's quiet and we have no neighbours to 4...........................
us. There's no 5........................... here, but we watch DVDs
A: )/ou
3 A: Oh yes? be / it good?
4
(take)
j drive
[rotal
...
/so]
02 REVIEW 43
.*ffi
5H*P5
ff5
VOCABUTARY Describing what you want to buy
A Work in groups.
Use a dictionary
Complete the table
if you need to.
with the words in the box.
yellow
short
sq ua re
wood
round
shirt
ca ke
ch
d ress
leather
jeans
fish
brown
plastic
cotton
colour
material
clothes
red
wool
1acket
sh oes
white
Ycu
-itr
green
eese
Lrsre N r NG
food
shape
fruit
long
small
meat
;;e
g,:3::g to hear
thre; aonverszi:ic.*:
plac*: !r: ihe photo;"
sa 5..1-
Listen. Decide which place they are in.
Listen again.
1
2
Which thing(s) do they buy?
How much is it / are they?
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Do you think they make good choices?
. Do you think the slrops are expensive?
. What wou ld you choose?
B How many
of the words in exercise A can you see in the
photos? Who found the most?
\{
-
\
+ l'-1
,ri
| 1.1
t \rl
+++ 1t
+++
H+ ff
r++ 1I
,+*t
tL=.r-
+.*
':,*rJ
','iA
WI 'ld
"ih';-
{IE
/"'t5''u'
>.
Deve lopr NG coNVERsATroNs
Questions in shops
Learning common questions for particular situations
will help you have conversations.
Who usually asks the questions 1-8: shop assistants
or customers?
1 Who's next?
2 What are those made of?
3 How much are the apples?
4 Can I have some ...?
5 Which one(s)?
6 How much would you like?
7 How many would you like?
8 Anything else?
G narrnrrnaR this, that, these, those
B Match each pair of answers to a question in exercise A.
5ure. How much?
b Of course - how many do you want?
50p each.
b One forty'nine a kilo.
1a
2a
3aMe.
b
This lady,lthink.
b
meat.
Cotton.
b
Yeah, can I have some
4 a That much.
b Ha lf a kilo.
5 a Those ones have fish in them and the others have
a This
apple's nice
b Cive me
that
6a
cake, please
7a
b
8a
b
No thanks, that's all.
ofthat,
please?
Five or six.
.Just one.
The blue one.
The things next to the apples.
Spend two minutes remembering one answer for
each question in exercise A. Then work in pairs.
Student A: ask q uestions.
Student B: close your book and give an answer.
clliketheseshoes.
d
I like those jeans over there
dllikethosejeansoverthere.
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcrrcE
A
Based on what you see
in the pictures above, choose the
correct word.
That /Those cake looks nice.
Do you like thls / these shoes? I bought them yesterday.
Can you pass me this / that newspaper over there on
1
2
3
the table?
4
5
6
7
This / These apple tastes great. Where did you get it?
How much are these / those leans in the window?
ls this / these yours? lt's not mine.
This / That salad tastes lovely. How's your pasta? lt looks
Have sirnilar conwer*ations to the ones in lisfening.
Work in pairs. Choose a shop from the pictures.
Student A: You are the shop assistant. Hold your book
open for Student B to see.
Student B: You are the customer. Buy two different
things in the picture. Use as much of the language from
this page as you can.
Choose a different picture. Change roles and repeat
n ice.
exercise A.
)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 154.
B Work in groups. Ask each other the name in English
for different things in the classroom. Ask What's this
that? ot What are these / those?
/
05 5HOP5 45
PnoruuructATtoN Numbers
A,
ll
5.2 listen to these numbers and mark the main
stress.
thirteen fourteen sixteen thirty forty
19
sixty
5.3 tisten and write the numbers.
Work in pairs.
Student A: say one ofthe numbers in each ofa-f
Student B: point to the number.
a
40
d 513
530
1-4
b15 s0
c 118 180
e 16,000
f 17,000
60,000
70,000
Reaorruc
You are geing to read aba*t two women who work
shops. The shops are havi:rg a sale.
ix
you read, discuss these questions in groups.
Where was the last sale you went to? Did you buy
A Before
.
a nyth i ng?
Tell a partner about something you found cheap in
sale, using sentences like these:
- I bought a coat.ltwas 30 euros,reducedfrom 60.
.
a
- I bought a mountain bike.llwas reduced by 50%.
Who in your group got the best price?
.
Work in two groups.
Group A: read about Emily and answer questions 1-6.
Group B: read about Dalena and answer questions 1-6.
1 Where is she from?
2 What does she do?
3 Where does she work?
4 Why is the shop having a sale?
5 How's she feeling? Why?
6 What does she want to do in the future?
Compare answers
with someone in your group.
t) Now find a person from the other group. Ask each
other the questions in exercise B to learn about your
partner's text.
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
bargain
We say something is a bargain when it is good and
cheap.
Everyone is happy when theyfind a bargain.
There are some great bargains in the sales.
That's a bargain.
46
OUTCOMES
EMILY, GERMANY
We're having a sale because we're closing the
shop. lt's sad, because my grandfather opened
it 60 years ago. When I was small, I came here
on Saturday mornings and sat and read the
children's books.
When my grandad retired, I managed the shop.
Now there's a sale, lots of people are buying
things, but it's normally very difficult. There are
lots of very big bookshops now, which sell every
book a customer can want, They also have a
caf6 and famous writers give talks at the shop.
We can't do that, so we're not getting many
customers and we're losing money.
l'm looking for a job at the moment, but I don't
really know what I want to do in the future. I
don't really want to work in another bookshop
after I leave here.
Speaxr ruc
A Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
Do you know any shops that are closing? Do you
know why?
Are any shops opening where you live? What kind of
shops? Are you happy about it?
Do you prefer small shops or big shops? Why?
Do you think working in a shop is a good job? Why? /
Why not?
G nartnrvraR Present conti
uou
s
The present continuous is formed usingam
+ -ing.For example:
F
/
ore
/
is
We're having a sale.
How's sheJeeling?
i'-.
rr
n
Their new clothes,qre not selling very well.
\
L\.
its
the present:qontinuous to talk about things
happening around now which are temporary and not
Use
?
^)
finished.
'
A
Look at both texts and find ten examples of the
present continuous.
B
Complete the sentence s with am / are ./ is, but use
the short form where you can.
1 They...... having a sale at a shop in town.
2 1...... not working very hard at the moment.
3 My mother's not here. She...... doing the shopping.
4 The economy...... growing fast at the moment.
5 My football team...... doing very well now.
6 I hope you...... enjoying this class.
7 Some friends ...... staying with me at the moment.
B My brother...... studying at university.
bis zu
500h
DALENA, SLOVAKTA
)
l'm a sales assistant at an S&A store. The store
opened last year and it's doing very well. We're
having our summer sale at the moment, so I'm
working really hard. The shop is staying open
late, I'm tired, but I like it. I like helping people
find nice clothes and, of courser everyone is
happy when they find a bargain.
C b 5.4 Listen and repeat the sentences.
I want to continue working with S&A and maybe
become a floor manager and then a shop
manager. I think it's a good company, and they
are growing at the moment and opening new
stores, so I think there are lots of opportunities.
Maybe I can get a job in one of their shops in the
UK and improve my English!
trteed help? Read
the grammar reference on page 154.
D Work in pairs. Which
sentences in exercise B are true
for you?
E
You are
a'receptionist'and you answer the phone.
The caller wants to speak to the people in the box,
but the people don't want to / can't talk now. Write a
reason using the present continuous.
your mum or dad
The President
Mr Smith (your boss)
Susie (your sister)
David (a friend)
you
Now have conversations like this using your
sentences:
your mum or dad?
you call back later? They're watching
A: Hello. Can I speak to
B: Sorry. Can
a
film
A: Sure.Thanks
05 5HOP5 47
Vocaeu
LARY Depa rtment stores
A Match the pictures in 1-8 to the departments in the
e
Which words from the box can you
see
in the
pictures below?
box.
Home Entertainment
Accessories
Computing and Caming
Womenswear
Toys
Beauty
Sports
Menswear
the
the
the
the
floor the stairs
the boLtom shelf rhe ;:fts
main entrance
the first floor the escalator
changing rooms the top shelf the till
basement
the second
grou nd floor
t
i
{
T
I
T
a
{
,
1
a cable
2
t.
a dress
2
r\
t
I \
,i-:i=
3
a ring
4 face cream
5
a doll
weights
't*.El
\r
D Work in pairs. Answer these questions using words
from exercise
1
2
3
4
7
asuit
radio
8 aaradio
Work in groups. Try to think of one more thing you
can buy in each of the departments above.
48
OUTCOMES
5
6
7
8
9
C.
Where do you try clothes on?
What do you go up or go down?
Where do you go in and go out of the store?
Where doyou askAreyou going up?'orsay'Fourth
floor, please'?
What can be difficult to reach?
Which floor do you always go down to?
What floor is the main entrance usually on?
What do you walk up or down?
Where do you pay?
Lrsrrru
r
uc
Sprarrruc
Yotr arc going to hear tkree e*nvexsations
in
a
A
Read the text. Then discuss the questions
in groups.
departrnent store,
A E 5.5 Listen and answer these
1
2
questions.
What does each customer ask for?
Where are the things they want?
ffi Listen again. Complete the sentences with
in each gap.
ONE word
the till.
1 a They're over there,
the bottom shelf.
b There they are.
them a minute ago.
c lwalked
2 a ........................... the second floor.
b
Co ........................... the escalator.
b
You can take
c Turn right ........................... the top.
the Sports depa rtment.
3 a lt's
c
the lifts from
...........................
When you get
it's on the left.
there.
the lift,
e
Look at the audioscript on page 174 and choose four
useful words or expressions to remember.
B
Tell a partner. Did they choose the same?
The biggest depattment store in northern
Europe is Stockmann. There afe seven
stores in Finland, six in Russia, one in
Lawn and another one in Estonia. The
company started in Helsinki in 1.862 and
slowly grew Different depaftments soon
opened, followed by new stores. Stockmann
also bought a bookshop, a sports compafly,
a fashion compafly and more.
Write the,sentences in your language. Translate
them back into English. Compare your Engiish to the
original.
Have a nlce'day.
Take a seat.
Have a good
time.
Don't worry.
Don't get angry.
H
You are going to have
similar conversations to the
ones you heard. Write five things you want to buy in
your local department store. Use a dictionary to help
you, if you need to.
F
Stockmann now makes a lot
of money
from online sales, but continues to sell
everything from clothes to cheese, from
TVs to furniture. It aiso has its own fitness
Take turns asking and answering questions about
where the things are. Use one of the following to
start your conversations:
centrel
What's the biggest department store where you live?
Do you ever shop there? lfyes, how often do you go
there? What for? Can you remember what's in the
basement? On the top floor? On other floors? Tell a
pa
rtne
r.
What do you know about the company? When did
it start? ls it growing? Do they have stores in other
countries? Do they sellthings online?
What things do you buy online? Why?
ln your country, are there shops that foreign
companies own? Which country or countries are the
companies from?
What's your favourite shop? Why?
05 SHOPS 49
STUDYI NC
VocaeuLARY subjects
&
E Work in groups.
Look at the pictures and decide:
1 which sub.jects are arts subjects.
2 which subjects are science subjects.
3 which subject(s) are only school subjects not
un
4
iversity
su
bjects.
which subject(s) are only university / college subjects
not school subjects.
!r..: Lt
.t
l{-)
'.2
.
.
.
.
you
you
you
you
you
Discuss which subject(s):
think are interesting.
think are boring.
think is most / least important.
think are easy / difficult.
are good at.
z
t'*alil ) --> (ri)
Maths
Chemistry
Ceogra phy
Biology
Engineering
Literatu re
Medicine
7 !!!)
Ma rketing
50
OUTCOMES
Devrlopr NG coNVERsATroNs
How's the course going?
We can ask How's the course / it going? to find out
someone is enjoying their course or not.
if
A: How's the co.urse going?
B: Really well. lt's great. l'm really enjoying it.
A
Lrsrrurruc
Here are nine answers to the questionHow's the
course going? Add Really well, OK or Not very well.
1 ........................... , but it's quite difficult.
2 ........................... . lt's quite boring.
3 ........................... . lt's really interesting.
4 ........................... , but it's a lot of work.
5 ........................... . I don't really like my teachers.
6 ............................The other students are really nice and
friend ly.
7 ........................... . I did very well in my exams. I found
You are going to hear three conversations about
A S 6.2 Listen and complete
Subject
Year
How's it going?
........................... . I
........................... , I
think I chose the wrong subjectl
suppose, but l'm not sure it's what
I
really want to do.
the table.
Reall,y wd),
2
them easy.
8
9
studying.
B Work in groups.
.
.
.
Discuss these questions.
How's your course going?
What's good about it?
ls
there anythingyou don't
Iike?
2nd.
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
3
How's it going?
We also use How's it going? instead of How are you?
ts
Listen again and choose the correct words.
1 a l'm doing / making a degree in Marketing.
b l'm really enjoying / liking if.
2 a l'm a student at / of university.
b Not very well. lt's quile boring / bored.
3 a lt's a lot of work / worksl
b
Cood luckwith
/forit.
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. Do you know anyone at university / college at the
.
.
.
moment?
A:
Hi, how's it going?
B:
Fine, thanks.
How are you?
A: Yeah,nottoobad.
Coruvr nsATroN PRAcrrcE
A Work in pairs. Have four conversations like the ones
inListening. Take turns asking and answering the
questions below. Give different answers each time.
What are they studying?
What year are they in?
Are they enjoying it?
PnoruuNCtATroN are
We often pronounce ore la I .
i 't 6.2 Listen. Repeat the questions you hear.
B Listen again and write what you hear.
Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.
06 STUDYINC 51
&
VOCaeuLARY School and university / college
Lrsrrrurruc
Translate these adjectives into your language.
You are going to hear an interview with a
Russian student, Irina. She is talking about the
Russian school system.
A
I
6.3 Read the questions and check you
understand them. Then listen to the interview
and put the questions in the order the
interviewer asks them. The first is done for you.
a
b
......
......
How much homework do you get?
And how long each day do you study at
school
in
B Match the nouns in the box to the group of adjectives
exercise A that describe them.
a classmate
a
teacher
a
university
i
C
Work in pairs. Add one more adjective to each group
c
d
e
f
g
h
?
And when can you leave school?
...... What kind of subjects do you study?
...... What's your favourite subject?
...... And when does the school day begin?
..1.. What age do you start school?
...... How many breaks do you get?
......
in
Work in pairs. Match each number or number
expression with a question in exercise A.
exercise A.
D Which adjectives describe your school / university / college
life? Tell a partner.
....-.
two
...... Seven
......
ten or more
...... 16
or 18
......
half past eight
......
six or seven
......45 minutes
......
......
five
between an hour and a half and three hours
Listen again and check your answers. What
other things do you hear Irina say?
D Listen to the interview again and complete the
sentences
1
Most
with
ONE word in each gap.
children
some kind of
pre-school classes.
2 You can then get a job or go to a special
college to learn a ...........................
.
3 Each c1ass........................... 45 minutes.
4 O_uite a lot! lt
on the age of the
student.
5
I
6
We do a lot of writing and a lot of
for class
We do English and maybe one other
la nguage.
l,Vrite the sentences in your language.
Translate them back inio fnglish. Corprr"
your English to the originat.
Each lesson lasts 45 minutes.
The breaks last belween 15 and 25 minutes.
The meeting didn't last very long.
How long does your course last?
52
OUTCOMES
GnarurrnaR Modifiers
Very, reolly and quite are modifiers. They go
before adjectives.
Very
/ reolly mean'o lot'.
lf's very interesting.l love it.
It's really expensive.You need a lot of
money to go there.
We often make adjectives negative by
adding not very.
l'm not very good at History.
Quite means'a little'.
It's quite good, but it's not great.
Choose the correct words.
Some of my classmates aren't very / qurte
1
2
J
3
friendly.
The course is quite / really difficultl I don't
understand anything!
lt's a great university.lt's very / not very
popular.
qd
4
5
o
but she's quite / not very lazy.
Most of the students are really friendly, but
one or two aret't really / very nice.
It's a good course. lt's quite / not very
She's nice,
varied.
7
8
He's a good teacher, but he's nol very /
quite patient.
lt's a great university, but it's quite / really
expensive! I can't study there.
Need help? Read the gtammar reference on
page L55.
H
Work in groups. Tell each other about
things - or people - that you think are:
a really expensive.
b very popular at the moment.
c quite strange.
d not very modern.
e quite boring.
Spearrruc
A Think about the education system in
your country or the school you went / go
to. Answer the questions fuomListening,
exercise A. Discuss your ideas with a
partner.
q
06 STUDYINC 53
VocaeuLARY Languages
Rraor ruc
A Look at the languages in the box and say what country each
language comes from. Which language isn't based on the
name of a country?
French
iChinese
Spanish
Ara bic
Japanese
Turkish
Finnish
Cerman
English
Russian
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. How important are these languages in the world
-
You are gcing to read an article
upbilingual.
A Before you read, work in pairs. Decide what
the words inbold mean.
l'm quite a creative person. l'm good at arts
1
subjects.
2
very important?
.
I'm a very sensitive person. l'm good
at listening to other people and
- quite important?
- not very important?
Which of these languages sound nice to you?
with
information and opinions about growing
nderstandi ng their problems.
l'm not very flexible. I like doing things my
u
3
way.
I sometimes caused problems at school
and my teacher got angry with me.
l'm good at solving problems. People often
Spearrruc
ask me for help.
A
Read the short article and answer the questions.
l'm a good student. I got high grades at
schoo
l.
l'm a very positive person. I always try and
think about good things.
l'm quite an emotional person. I always
show how l'm feeling.
PRIMARY SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES
IN EAST LONDON
Discuss which of the sentences in exercise
A are true about you.
Read the article on page 55. Decide which
opinions the writer agrees with.
1
2
3
Kids in the UK who don't speak English at
home are bad at science.
Speaking two languages is normal for
most people in the world.
Learning two languages when you're
young is good.
A primary school in London has students who speak over 40
languages! Each month, one of the children at Newbury Park
Primary teaches other children some words of the language that
they speak at home. A teacher films the student speaking in the
foreign language and asks how to say simple things like hello
and thank you. They show the film to the other pupils in the
school and the pupils learn the words. In January and February,
they learned some T[rrkish and Japanese. This month, they're
Iearning Romanian.
In the UK, one in seven children now speaks a language other
than English at home.
4
5
6
Bilingual children are good at thinking of
new ideas.
Bad experiences can aflect how kids learn
at school.
People are wrong to worry about children
speaking different languages at home and
schoo
7
l.
What they're doing at Newbury Park
Primary School in Speaking is good.
D Compare your ideas. Explain your choices.
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. Did you find any of the ideas surprising?
.
-
What do you think of the article? Is it good news or bad news?
Do / Did you have people from different countries at your
.
school? Where are / were they from?
Do / Did you know any bilingual people (people that speak
two languages) at your school? What languages do / did they
.
54
spea k?
Are there any bilingual schools in your country? Do you think
they are good? Why? / Why not?
OUTCOMES
.
Which ideas?
Do you lhink everythirig the writer says is
true? If not, what do you thing is untrue?
G narrn rrnaR Com pa ratives
C
You'can compare how good two thi6g::eplu9;iig
better than.
Crowing up with two
la
nguage s is better than only
knowing one language.
\tYe
Choose a partner. Compare yourself to your pattnet,
using the comparative forms of the adjectives below.
. I am tall / shortthanyou.
. My school was big / smallthan yours.
. l'm a good / bad student than you.
. My house is near to /farfromthe school thanyours.
. I fi n d Maths easy / difficult lhan you.
.
often th-en use other comparativelto
My mobile was cheap / expensive than yours.
explain why.
B
i
I
i.n
gr.ra
l.
ch i ld re n
a
re m o re fl exi b ! e
a; n fi, :
gel:' hi g h
e
D Tell your partner your
ideas. Does your partner
agree? Ask questions to decide who is right.
r
grades.
She
A
finds French' eqsi er tha n Spanish.
Choose the correct comparative.
Her English is better than mine. She gets higher
lower grades.
This computer is better than mine. My one's slower
1
2
3
4
5
Spraxrruc
/
A
/
Jaster.
Mr Platt is a better teacher than Mrs Jones. He's
funnier / more boring.
I think Biology is better than English. lt's more
interesting / more difficult.
They're better students than me. l'm more helpful
schools
transport
exams
the economy
universities the weather
hospitals
sport
/
lazier.
6
He's taller
/ shorterthan
)
Work in pairs. Discuss when we add, -er / -ier / more
... to make a comparative. Talk in your own language
if you like.
trteed help? Read
old people
young people
parents
teachers
me. l'm 1.85 and he's 1.80.
B
B
Choose five things from the box. Decide if they are
better or worse now than before. Spend two minutes
thinking of one or two reasons why. Use a dictionary
ifyou need to.
Work in groups. Say your ideas. What do the other
people in your group think?
the grammar reference on page 155.
BILINGTIAUS BETTER!
Some people in the UK
rrorry that children
speak a language other
than English at home.
They say it causes
problems at school:
is more
it
diflicult for the
teacher; children cannot
learn Science or other
:ubjects well because
they do not speak
English well.
In fac!
700/o
who speak different
lost their home, or they
languages at home and
school:
. are more flexible;
. are more creative;
. are better at solving
have little money. These
experiences can cause
problems;
are more sensitive
towards other
children;
get higher grades at
possibly need help with
thaq but it is wrong to
see their language and
school - including in
their second language!
the results are even
better ifstudents can do
some things at school
in their first language,
because students
feel positive about
both school and their
language.
.
.
of the
rrorld's population is
bilingual. Most research
also says growing up
*.ith two languages
rs better than only
knowing one language.
\ormally, children
Sometimes families
had bad experiences
before and after they
moved to the UK from
a different country.
Maybe they saw a war,
or a parent died, or they
emotional problems,
which makes learning
diffrculr Children
culture as a problem,
because it isn't. In fact,
06STUDYINC 55
Pnou uructATtoN Vowel sou nds
We make vowe! sounds by small changes to the
tongue and mouth. The mouth gets rounder for the
sounds towards the right of the chart.
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcrrcE
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
ti'^t
activities.
seat
5hops, Unit 5, page 45.
Studying, Unit 6, page 51.
lel
bread
match
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Dont speak. Your partner guesses the words. Then
change roles.
till
ca ke
a
an apple
cheese
a lift
a lady
jea ns
sq ua re
sta i rs
lvl
1^ I
t-.
l€ I
agree
meat
rou nd
die
science
go down
top shelf
a
face cream
d ress
worry
A
t
I
I 5; I
lt'^ I
first
sto re
la'^
I
lut I
true
put
lal
Acr on DRAw
fish
Irl
fish
lol
l
half
uck
wrong
R 3.L Listen and say the words and vowel sounds.
Touch the end of your tongue and say the sounds.
customer
Ourz
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1 What's the opposite of difficult?
2 Say three sizes of shirt.
3 Where's the main entrance of a building?
4 How old is someone who is retired, normally?
5
6
7
8
9
10
l-L
12
13
14
When are prices usually reduced in a shop?
Say the names of three pieces of furniture.
What's the opposite of make money?
Say three kinds of material.
Where can you get a degree?
ls it good to be lucky?
What's the opposite of the top?
How long does a football match usually last?
lf something improves, does it get better or worse?
Who gives you grades?
R 3.2 Listen and say I i'^ l, I t l, I u
moves back.
19
Then listen and say I it l,
Ie
l,
/u:
/. The tongue
l, / e /. The tongue moves
down.
Practise saying the other sounds. Go from left to
right and then top to bottom in the chart above.
D Work in pairs. Try to say these words.
t lplitzl
2lortl
3 lgudl
4 llulzl
19
5 /rm'p::tant/
6 /ek'sem/
7l'wnrtl
8
l'koltdsl
R 3.3 Listen and check.
Fasr wRrrER
Work in pairs. Practise saying the sentences. Who
Work in groups.
See
who is quickest to write each of 1-5.
L Six colours.
2 Six subjects people study at school or university.
3 Four present continuous sentences using I he,we,they.
4 Four sentences comparing you with your mum, a
5
brother or sister, or a friend.
Four sentences about where you live, using really, very,
quite and a bit.
55
OUTCOMES
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are difficult
for you?
1 lt's a very good school.
2 Young people have positive ideas.
3 Do you want a piece of bread with your meat?
4 Cive me three or four red apples, please.
5 I had fish and chips for breakfast.
6 The first teacher we had was more patient.
Lrsrrrurruc
Aor ecnves
You are going to hear four conversations.
Choose the best adjective.
Lots of people do it. lt's very popular / helpful / special.
She's 1.84 m. She's quite high / slow / tall.
lt's an interesting course. lI'sveryfriendly / varied
E R 3.4 Listen and choose two correct sentences.
La
b
c
She buys apples and oranges.
She buys apples and plums.
They cost f3.13.
d
They cost f3.30.
She manages a shop.
b
She works in a clothes shop.
2a
c She reads a lot because she gets free books.
d She doesn't have much free time.
3 a 5he's a primary school teacher.
b
c
d
4a
b
4
5
6
7
8
l'm good in difficult situations. l'mwrong /flexible
[.../ 8]
CollocanoNs
All the classes at her school are taught in English.
She wants to study in ltaly.
8]
Choose the correct words.
1 A: Can you pass me that / those cups over there?
B: Sure. Here.
2 A: You are / Are you waiting to pay?
B: No. Co ahead.
3 A: How's the course going?
/
stupid.
She doesn't enjoy it.
5he finishes this year.
She has an English mother.
Gnarrnrrnan
A
/
boring.
Our teacher's nice. He's very lazy / patient / easy.
I like art. l'm quite /ittle / normal / creative.
His cat died. lt was really sad / important / modern.
I found a bargain. I was very sensitive / happy / young
She's a student.
c
d She wants to study Engineering.
[.../
1
2
3
Match the verbs in the box to the BrouPs of words
they go with in 1-8.
grve
ca use
look for
80 up
pay
leave
improve
have
1 -afire/ -a headache / - problems
2 - the service / - my grades / - my English
3 - atalk/- him a present/ - mesome help
4 - my jobl - school / - home
5 - mykeys/- a newjob/ - a newflat
6 - at the till / - for the shopping / - the taxi driver
7 .'abad experience/- a break/ -a sale
8 - the escalator / - the stairs / - the mountain
B: Badly. lt's much more hard / harder lhan last year
4
A: Hello. Can I speak to Creg, please?
B: Sorry, he watches / he's watching afilm.
A: What does your brother do / is your brother doing?
B: He's a doctor. He works in a clinic near here.
A: Did you enjoy the film?
B: lt was quite / very good, but not great.
A: Do you want to try some of this / that soup?
B: Oh, it's really nice. lt's more good / better
than mine.
I...t 7l
Contractions (He's,
with ONE word in each gap.
don't elc.) are one word.
1 I lost my job. l'm ........................... working at the moment.
2 I can't help you now............................ doing my homework.
all those people looking at?
3 What
raining outside.
4 Do you have a coat?
nice.
...........................
shoes.They're
5 I love
you
help
me?
exercise.
Can
6 A: I can't do...........................
7
difficult.
this book?
not very good. Her last
book was much ........................... interesting than this one
[...
/
LARY
Complete the text
tio,^;
sta
rted
my
with the words in the box.
own
grew
online
plastic
positive
continues
business. I sell cheaP
things. I sell everything from toys to
radios to kitchen things. I also sellthings i
from my website. I 4........................... the business five years
ago.The firstyear, I lost money.The second year, I was
OK, but then, two years ago, shops had bad economic
problems. Most s........................... it difficult to sell, but it
was the opposite for me - it was very 6...........................
Sales 7............... by 500% last year, so l'm making
good money now. I hope it 8........................... .
.
...........................
Areyou
B: Yes I am, but
A:
Vocasu
I have
Complete the sentences
B: Sure. lt is a
[.../ 8]
[.../ 8]
[Total ... /s0]
11]
03 REVIEW 57
FAT\AItY
Vocaeu
A
LARY Relationsh i ps
Complete the table
with the words in the box.
AND
FRIEN
Lrsrrrvrruc
Yorc
are goimg to hear tlaree slsort co&lrersaticms ab*ext
families.
iste r gra nd mothe r da ghte r
mum husband girlfriend
u
s
uncle
A & ?.3 Listen. Which relationships from Vocabulary do they
mention?
male
gra
female
Listen again. What do you learn about the family members?
ndfather
wife
Work in pairs. Discuss your ideas. Then read the audioscript
on page 175 to check.
dad
50n
aunt
boyfriend
a:
brother
cousrn
ci
Grandma and Grandad
Different people use different names for
their grandparents. For example: Grandma,
C ra n, C ra n ny for a gra nd moth er; C ra ndad,
Grandpa for a grandfather.
Complete the sentences with words from
exercise A.
1 Pat is my uncle. He's my mum's .........................
2
3
Clare is my ........................... . 5he's my aunt
Stella's daughter.
Larry is my cousin. He's my uncle Matthew's
Tina's my younger ........................... . l'm two
years older than her.
Cranny
my
P is
and my
m'5 .............
Mel is my brother's ........................... .They
m
u
met six months ago.
Write the names of six people in your
family. Then tell a partner who they are.
58
OUTCOMES
#
6l
p
&
Drve uopt NG coNVE RsATroNs
Adding information
ln conversations,we don't normally just give short
answers to questions. We try to add comments.
A Match the extra comments to the questions and
short answers in Grammar, exercise A.
1 Luckily! lt was a bit cloudy, but it stayed dry.
2 My grandad had his 80th birthday party.
3 A you nge r brot er.
4 They died a fewyears ago.
5 She's studying in the United States.
6 We're sisters, but we're best friends too.
7 The wedding was last month.
8 He's a really nice guy. I like him.
h
G Rarrn rvra R Au
x
iIia
ry ve r bs
B Work in pairs. Practise reading the conversations
Grammar, adding the comments above.
We use auxiliary verbs (e.g. be, do, have, can) when
we don't want to repeat the main verb and / or words
that follow it. For example, short answers:
in
Write short answers and then add comments to
these questions. Then ask and answer the questions
in pairs.
.
.
.
.
A: Did you go out yesterday?
ldidgoott.
B: Yeah,
A:
So, are
B:
Yes, /
you married,Ted?
am
you live near here?
Haveyou got any aunts or uncles?
Do
you married?
Did you go anywhere during the holidays?
Are
fiffirrid.
Pnoru u rucrATroN
A Complete the answers with the correct auxiliary
Rea lly?
verbs.
1 A: Doyou
B: Yeah,
have any brothers or sisters?
Aq
A: ls he married?
We often say Really? to show surprise / interest.
The intonation goes up high and then down.
B: Yes, he
ry
A: Does she have a boyfriend?
B:
Yes, she
Really?
A: Do your children still live with you at home?
B: My son
, but my daughter
E 7.3 Listen to six sentences.Say Really? ifthe
information is surprising or interesting.Say Oh, OK
if it's not unusual.
5 A: Areyouverysimilar?
B:
6
Yes,
7.2 Listen and rcpeatReallyT three times.
I
we
A: Are your grandparents still alive?
B: My mum's
parents
,
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcncE
but my dad's
7
A: Did you do anything nice at the weekend?
8
B: Yes,
A: Did it rain?
Ycu are going to have conversations about families"
I
A Write five questions
B: No, it
B
Work in pairs. Take turns reading the questions, but
this time give opposite answers. For example, for
number
about families that you want to
ask other students in your class.
B
Ask your questions to different partners. Try to add
comments when you answer their questions. Say
Really? when you hear interesting or surprising
1:
things.
TE
)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 156.
07 FAMIIY AND FRIFNDS 59
VocaeuIARY
&
Jobs and activities in the home
Match 1-5 to a-e and 6-10 to
1 look after
2 tell
3 sing
4 repair
5 watch
a
b
c
d
e
6 feed
7 pick up
8 play
9 empty
10
.
.
.
songs together
my baby brother
jokes to each other
a light switch
f
my daughter from school
o
b
a story
My son Travis brings the kids to my house
three days a week. They're a bit difficult
sometimes, but I love being with them. We
sing songs and play games. I also admire my
son's wife. 5he has a very full life. lt's great
that she has a job and doesn't have to stay
at home all the time.
Bertha, Canada
at bedtime
the dishwasher
i
the dog
j games together
h
read
Say
f-j.
my son play basketball
which jobs and activities in exercise A you think are:
essential.
bad or boring.
nice to do.
l'm happy both my parents work because
they can buy me nice things.
Do you do any of the jobs and activities
in exercise
Jasd, Chile
A?
Spsarrruc
A.
Work in pairs. Read the introduction to a discussion board on a
website. Discuss the three questions at the end.
l
.oc
i
Debate of the weekWorking parents
Family life is changing. ln the past, women stayed at
home and looked after the children.They did all the
housework and men earned money and maybe repaired
a few things in the house. Now, both parents often have fulltime jobs.Who does allthe housework? How does both parents
working affect the kids and family life? ls it a good thing?
Rrnorruc
Read the comments on the message board and match the words
below to the people. One word is not necessary and one is done
for you.
a
grandmother
a
father
....................
a grandfather
a mother
a nanny
a da ughter
a 50n
an uncle
if the people think both parents working
is a good thing, a bad thing, or both good and bad.
Read again and decide
C Work in pairs.
60
OUTCOMES
Say
if you like what
each person wrote or not.
Martha feels guilty about not being with
her children. I feel the same! My son is often
at home on his own and sometimes I can't
watch him play soccer or help him with his
studies. I do those things with Martha's kids!
It's crazyl
Lourdes, USA
GnannnnaR have to / don't have to
Have to shows something is necessary
(= you need to do it).
Don't have to shows something is not necessary
We have a dishwasher and I have to
(= )/ou can choose).
fill it and
empty it. Mum and Dad say they don't have time.
It's not fair! My friends don't have to do jobs in
:he home. Their parents do them or they employ a
We have a dishwasher, and I have to fill it and
empty it.
My friends don't hqve to do jobs in the home. Their
parents do them.
cleaner!
sphie, Cermany
A
Choose the correct words.
Sorry, I can't stay. I have to
little brother from school.
1
2
recently started work again after I had my baby,
-ianna. My husband takes her to the day nursery
at nine and I pick her up at five.lthen have to do
rousework and feed Lianna. I also have to get up
at night if she wakes up. lt's difficult, but I still
want to work. I love my job and lfeel like a more
important part of society.
-cnnah, Australia
3
4
5
6
/
weekends.
I set the table earlier, so you have to / don't have to do
it now.
I think it's good that we eat together as a family. We
chat and have to tell / tell jokesto each other. lt's nice.
Tell Sirnon he has to / doesn't have to pick me up. I got
taxi.
7
lcan't repair it.You have to / don't have to take it to
8
shop.
Vle have to / don't have to play cards, ifyou don't
want to. We can do something else.
a
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page L56.
Work in groups. Say things you have to do at home.
xids.
:
have to pick up my
My mum and dad say I wanted the dog, so I have to
don't have to feed it and take it for walks.
My dad often has to / doesn't have to work at the
a
I think it's better to have one parent at home, but
it doesn't have to be the woman. My wife had a
oetter job than me so I left my job to stay with our
/ don't
cberto, ltaly
Spearrruc
Of course both parents want to work. Send your
<ids
to live in a private school. My brother does
that and everyone's happy.The kids always have
friends and get a good education. The family
spends the holidays together.
--:avid,
England
A
On your own, decide if. it is good, bad or doesn't
matterz
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
if both
pa rents have to work.
if families eat together.
if parents set lots of rules for children.
if kids don't have to do jobs in the home.
if kids watch TV
if parents send their kids to bed at eight o'clock.
if kids have to do lots of hornework.
if parents don't go out on their own.
Work in pairs. Take turns saying your ideas. Reply
using one of the phrases below.
Write two more opinions you have about family life.
D Tell different students your ideas. See if they agree.
07 FAMILY AND FRIENDS 51
Sprarrruc
A LITTLE HELP FROM YOUR FRIENDS
Read the text on the right. Then discuss the
questions in groups.
. Which kind of friend is most / least
important? Why?
.
What do you talk about with each kind of
friend
.
?
Which kind of friend do you meet / talk to
the most?
What other different kinds of friends can
you think of?
.
Lrsrr
1-c'+-
Some friends last a tifetime, but often we
make friends for particular reasons at
particular times. Here, we look at a few
of the different kinds of friends we make
during our lives.
N rNG
a::e g*i::p_: ir.:
a}*"rlt i:+*p
**t
-L'.e=.r
:=i:.-:
t= ti:,*1r i:::.=';';.
==;:i:3*
_t
ie"i.ici.n5
;
,..
A
I
r.!:
?.4 Listen and decide what kind of friend
each person is describing.
.F.-
*
Listen again. Correct two mistakes in each
summary.
1 He met lohan at unrversiiy..lohan lives in
2
New York nor'v. He's a dcctor.
Her husband studies with AAiguel. She
doesn't get on well rvith AAiguel. Miguel is
27.
3
4
1
He's a student. He met Claire rvhen he
was on ho!iday. Claire rrvants to come to
The old friend
Old friends are friends Uou met a long time
ago and that gou are stili close to. You have
a shared historg. You enjog talking about
the past and alwags stag in contact.
England.
Liu is her grandmother. Liu is stupid. She
lives rn Shanghal.
Readthe audioscript on page 176 to check
your ideas.
The friend of the familg
These friends can be useful. People that our
parents or brothers or sisters know can often
teach us things or help us to find a job.
Write the sentences in your language.
Translate them back into English. Compare
your English to the original.
She made me feel good about myself.
I made her cry.
She makes me laugh.
He makes me happy.
They make me really angry sometimes.
It made me really sad.
Work in
. What
. What
. What
. What
52
pairs. Discuss these questions.
ma kes you la ugh
makes you ha2pyl
makes you angry?
makes you sad?
OUTCOMES
?
1
The online friend
Mang peopie make 'friends'through the
Internet. Sometimes these friendships mor =
into the real world, but usuallg theg don't.
The 'friend' gou don't reallg like
verg much
Perhaps it's a friend from gour past who is
different now. Magbe it's a friend of gour
friend / wife / husband. The problem is gou
don't get on with them, but gou have to see
them and be nice to them.
VocaeuLARY Describing people
A Translate the eight adjectives in the pictures
into your language.
Work in pairs. Which adjectives do you think
are positive and which are negative? Why?
with the adjectives. in
Complete the sentences
exercise A
1
She's a very ........................... woman. She always
2
makes me laugh.
He's rea1|y............................ He goes running
every day and plays basketballtwice a week as
confident
well.
3
He's quite............................ He doesn't say very
4
She's
much.
very.................. . .5he's an engineer,
she speaks five languages and she's very good
with computers!
so
!When he's talking, it's
say anything!
My dad's quite ........................... . lf I come home
late or don't do well at school, he gets angry.
He's
difficult for anyone else to
7
She'svery.
what she
8
.
.
..Shealwaysdoes
trust her.
says. You ca n
5he's really ........................... . She knows what
at and she knows what she can do
she's good
unny
D Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
Which adjectives describe people in your
family / people you know? Explain why?
Which adjectives do you think describe you?
Spearrruc
Think of four people you know - not family
members. Write their names and think about
the answers to the questions below for each
person.
How did you meet each other?
We were in the same class at secondary school.
What kind of person is he / she?
He\ great. He's very funny and very
quiet
clever.
How often do you talk?
Two or three times a week. We talk on the phone
a lot.
How often do you go out together?
Maybe once or twice a month. We go out
dinner orfor a drink.
for
Work in groups. Ask and answer questions
about the people you know. Start like this:
I have a friend called ...
07 FAM tY AND FRIENDS 63
08
PLANS
i
VOcaeuIARY More common activities
Lrsrerurruc
,& Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
You are going tc Brear thcee eonvevsatio::s ahout 3lla*s.
they go with in 1-8.
*1
get
do
go to
h
ave
8o
play
1
2
3
4 *awalkinthepark I - arun
5 -home/-fishing
6 - some shopping / - my homework
7 -tennis/-baseball
8 - something to eat / - a taxi home
go for
write
- the library / the doctor's for a check-up
- a meetingwith a client / - a romanticdinner
-afewemails / - a letter
B Work in pairs. Look at exercise
a
b
c
d
e
f
A and find:
two things people do at work.
two
two
two
two
two
things
things
things
things
things
students do.
people do if they feel ill.
people do to keep fit.
you did yesterday.
you are planning to do soon.
& 8"1 Listen and decide which conversation happens:
1
2
3
at work.
at university.
on holiday.
Compare your ideas
decide?
with a partner. How did you
Discuss in which conversation someone:
1 is going to go to a restaurant.
2 arranges where to meet.
3 asks someone out on a date.
4 is going to tell some colleagues about something.
5 doesn't want to meet.
6 is going to fly somewhere soon.
D Listen again and check your ideas.
Write the sentences in your language. Translate
them back into English. C*p"t" you, English to the
original.
Wh,atlr:e you doiqg
nowl
Whatfre you -doin g a11er .1.r5;
Wh4tle.you doi n githis aft ernoon?
What're you doing tonight?
Whatlre you doing tlhis weekehd?
Developr NG coNVE RsATroNs
Making suggestions
We often make suggestions using How about...?
A: Do you want to meet somewhere?
B: Yes, OK. Where?
A: How obout in the main square at eight?
A Put the sentences in the correct order to make a
conversation.
GnarrnrrnaR be going to + verb
We use be (not) going to + verb to talk about definite
plans and decisions for the future.
a How about in the main square, under the big clock?
b ls six OK?
c Oh, sorry.Well, how about seven thirty?
d What're you doing later? Are you busyT
e Perfect! See you later. Bye.
f Yes. Creat. Where?
g No. Why? Do you want to meet somewhere?
h lt's q u ite ea rly.
i Yes, fine. What time?
E 8.3 Listen and check your ideas.
I'm going to study in
the library.
We're not going to come to the party tonight.
Where are you going to eat?
A
Now have two similar conversations, using places
your town / city.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of be
going to + the verbs in brackets.
1 We .............. something to eat. (get)
2 I .............................. to class tonight. I have to workl (not
3
/ come)
Can Iphoneyou later?
1..............
4
minute. (go)
My boyfriend and I ................. ............ a romantic dinner
tonight because it's my birthday. (have)
5
...................... . ..
you
..
l've got a bad back so I ...................
while. (not / play)
7 When
8 When
tennis for
a
.. he ..............................? (retire)
..you . . . ...
..............
withHow about...
?
1 What do you want to see at the cinema?
2 What are we going to get her for her birthday?
3 What do you want to eat tonight?
4 Do you know a good place to have a party?
CoruvensATroN PRAcncE
Ycu are going to have a similar conversatia:s to the
ones in Ifstenfng.
A Work in pairs. Decide who is A and who is B.
the
dishwasher? (repair)
)
D Respond to the sentences below, making suggestions
at home tonight?
(be)
6
in
Now have a conversation about your plans. Use these
ideas.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 157.
We often pronounce going to as
B & E.?
/gaurnta/.
Listen. Write the sentences you hear.
C Listen again and repeat what you hear.
D Tell a partner which things below you are going to
do today / tomorrow / this week. Say when.
a watch TV
b clean the house
c write some emails
d buy some new clothes
e go to bed early
f do some cooking
g do some English homework
08 PLANS 55
Lrsrerurruc
You are going to hear four people
talking aboui things they want to
The four pictures below show things the
people want to do. With a partner, discuss
these questions.
. What can you see in each picture?
. What do you think the four people want
do.
/ tt sentences that are true.
"
1 a He's from Manchester.
b He already does kung fu.
2 a She's planning to leave her job this year.
b Her business is more important to her than having children
3 a He thinks that retiring is going to be good.
b He wa nts to grow flowers.
4 a She wants to be rich.
C Listen again. Tick
to do?
? 8.4 Listen and match
each speaker to one
of the pictures. Then compare your ideas
b
She wants
to learn how to drive.
with a partner.
Speaker
Speaker
Speaker
Speaker
1: Picture
......
2: Picture
......
3: Picture
4: Picture
......
D
Read the audioscript on page 175 to check your answers.
Underline the words that helped you decide.
......
E Would you like to do any of the things the
'.///t|tr\\\\s
66
OUTCOMES
people talk about?
GnarurrnaR would
like
Remember that we use like / love + -ing I nounto
talk about things we always enjoy or think are good.
to + verb
We use would like to + verb to talk about things we
want to do - or hope to do - sometime in the future.
l'd reolly like to learn Spanish.
We use would(n't) like / love + noun or would(n't) like
/ love to + verb to talk about things we want (to do)
l'd like to go to lran one day. l'm sure it's interesting.
in the future .
The negative form is wouldnl like fo + verb. The
question form is Would you / he / she / they like to +
lreally like playing volleyball. (= generally)
ld realty like to ptay tennis this weekend. (= I want to)
verb.
wouldn't like to do his job! (= I don't want to do it)
wouldn't like to live there.
Would you like to go out with me? (= Do you want to?)
Would you like to try some of this food?
I love
I
ld love to trovel round Europe. (= I want to do this
sometime in the future)
f
A Complete the sentences with the pairs of words in
the box.
i
travellinq. (= generally)
I
get + lose
learn * po
leave + get
retire +
start +
1
l'd llke to.............................. fitter and maybe
2
ld like to
..
3
save + buy
relax
be,:ome
4
sometime in the next ten
6
years and then lU just like to.............................. more.
3
lU like to
....
Syria.
7
5
l'd like to .............................. my own business and
.. a successful business person.
ld like to .............................. home and .............................. my
8
6
own apartment.
ld really like to ..........
4
..............................
..............
/
5
some weight.
..............................
Choose the correct form of the verbs.
l'd like to buy / I like buying a new car sometime soon.
I'd love to go / I love going shopping. I go every
Satu rday!
I'd really like to learn / I really like learning how to play
the guitar sometime in the future.
I'd really like to go / I really like going fishing. I go
most weekends. I find it very relaxing.
England is OK for a holiday, but I wouldn't like to live
I don't like livrng there.l'm happy here in ltaly
L
2
some money and
)
wouldn't like to shop / I don't like shopping for food!
It's boring, but I know I have to do it.
A: Do you like / Would you like classical music?
B: No, not really. I prefer soul and jazz.
A: Would you like / Do you like a cup of tea?
B: Oh, yes please. l'd Iove one.
I
trteed help? Read
the grammar reference on page 157.
a ca r.
Spearrruc
Work in pairs. Discuss which of the things in
exercise A you would like to do. Why?
A
Work in groups. Discuss which of the things below
you'd like to do sometime in the future.
a buy my own house
b have kids
c move to a different country
d speak really good English
e buy a motorbike
f travel round the world
g get married
h eat less meat
i write a book
E Nowtell eachother
.
.
.
.
.
about:
a place you'd really like to visit.
a person you'd really like to meet.
something youZ really like to do.
something you'd like to learn.
something you'd like to stop doing.
08 PLANS 67
Reaor ilrc
You ar* goimg to rcad *orr*e short nsws stories about govexnr,rent
plans.
When you read, you will see words you don't know. Don't worryt
Notice words you know and look at other things like numbers and
pictures to help you understand the words you don't know.
A Match the headlines below to the news stories on the right.
Don't use a dictionary. Use the underlined words you know to
help you.
The government is going to build a new terminal at Moorline.
They want to increase the number of flights from 150 to 300 a
day. Local people rvho are against the plan are going to protr.
tomorrow outside the Department for Transport. They say the
expansion is going to cause more noise and pollution.
GOVERNMENT TO REDUCE TAX
COUNCIL TO CUT SERVICE FOR YOUNG PEOPLE
The government is planning to reduce the speed
GOVERNMENT TO AXPAND AIRPORT
GoulnililHl I0 llrrn0[uct ilHit mm uws
COUNCIL TO DEVETOP
EMG
limit
on roads from 80 km/h to 60 kmlh. lt would also like
to stop drivers fiom listening to music in their cars
and stop children under 12 sitting in the front seat.
HETORIC AREA
The government is going to cut tax for people
S Work in pairs. Compare youl answels.
C
Read the news stories again. Match the words
in blue in the texts
earning over $100,000 from 50o/o to 400/o. They
are also going to make it cheaper for pepple to b:
cigarettes and alcohol.
and headlines to pictures 1-6 or meaningsT-72.
Topion Council is going to close ils lhree youth centres. The
cenlres provide sports ond orls octivilies for children in the
oreo ond olso odvice for children with problems. The council
soys it is going lo sove !.l.5 million o yeor.
7
8
make something bigger
make something lower / stop spending money on it
change something and make it better
make something and start it
11 do / have / give something for people
9
10
t2
hel p
n Check your answers in a dictionary.
Camberhill Council is going to change the old part of the t
by knocking down 50 houses and building a park and art:
centre. Many of the houses are over 200 years old and the
Work in pairs. Imagine you live in the different places in the news
stories. Do you think the plans are good or bad? Try and say why.
58
OUTCOMES
council says they are dangerous. lt says the plan is going
improve the city.
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
A Decide which plans and ideas below you are for and
council
We use the word councilto mean the local
govern ment.
Council to develop city's historic area.
The city council wants to build a new car park there.
Our local council is great.
I work
for the
Sprarr ruc
council.
VocaguIARY
For and against
1l you ate for a plan, you think it's good. lf you are
against a plan, you don't like it. We often give a
which you are against. Write why.
1 The council would like to build a shopping centre in
your area with 100 shops and a car park.
2 The government is going to build high-speed trains.
3 The government is going to increase taxes to
improve education.
4 The council wants to cutjobs to save money.
5 The government is going to introduce a law to stop
people smoking.
The government would like people to retire at 70.
Work in groups. Discuss yout opinions the plans. For
example:
reason:
Local people say it's
going to cause more noise and
pollution.
ln sentences like this, be going to shows the results
we predict for the future.
A
Do 1-10 show people are for or against the plans?
1 ll's going to carse more crime.
2 lt's going to create jobs.
3 lt's not going to save any money.
4 lt's going to improve safety.
5 lt's going to help business.
6 The government's going to lose money.
7 lt's going to provide a service to the community.
8 lt's not going to work and it's going to be bad for the
environ ment.
9
10
B
lt's going to attract tourists.
lt's going to make people richer.
Work in pairs. Which sentences in exercise A
comment on the government plansinReading?
C Now cover exercise A and complete the verbs.
1
2
3
Ithink it's
a good idea. lt's going to pr.............................
help for a lot of people.
l'm against it. li's going to ca.........
,......... a lot of
problems.
4
5
l'm against the idea. lt's going to b.............................. bad
for the environment because of the pollution.
lt's bad.lt's not going to im.................... . .. . the economy.
l'm against the plan.The city's going to 1..............................
6
7
tou rists.
l'm for it. lt's going to at.............................. new businesses.
lf the plan w............... , it's going to
s.............................. money.
8
l'm really for the development. lt's going to
cr.............................jobsandm............... theplace
look nicer.
D Work with a new partner.
Discuss your opinions of the
plans you talked about inReading,exercise E. Say if
you are for or against each one - and explain why.
08 PTANS 59
Pnoru urucrATroN
Di
phthongs
We saw in Review l that some vowels are two
sounds together. They're called diphthongs.
CoruvensATroN PRAcncE
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
activities.
Family and friends, Unit 7, page 59.
Plans, Unit 8, page 65.
Acr on DRAW
't R A.llisten
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Don't speak. Your partner tries to guess the words. Then
GtR 4.2 Listen and say the single sounds, then the
diphthongs. Touch your lips. They move when you
change roles.
saythe diphthong.
pollution
fish ing
protest
wake up
a dog
a letter
a
cty
run
da ngerous
noi se
bu ild
ciga rettes
a clock
repair
a baby
a light
flight
a party
feed
strong
Qurz
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
and say the words and the sounds.
Who is your uncle?
Who do you see for a check-up?
Say two things you can grow.
Say three examples of housework.
Why do people telljokes?
What's the opposite of put on weight?
lf you develop something, is it better or worse?
Say two things you can do in a library.
What's the opposite of fill (a bag or dishwasher)?
What does a nanny do?
lf you are for a plan, do you agree with it?
Why do governments sometimes cut services?
What's the difference between a colleague and a client?
lf you expand a service, is it bigger or smaller?
lf a school is private,what doyou havetodo?
l lel
2 lal
3 lrl
4lel
s lal
6 ltl
Itl
lol
8
lul
lal
laul
lual
T lal
lu:l
Irl
Irl
lal
lal
lul
C Work in pairs. Try to
7 llaudl
2 lfeal
3ltual
4
D
lkhal
Work in groups. See who is quickest to write each of 1{.
1 Sixfemale relatives.
2 Six adjectives to describe someone's character.
3 Four questions about future plans.
4 Four sentences with I / she / we / they + be going to.
5 Four sentences with would like.
6 Two sentences wilh have to and two with don't have to
70
OUTCOMES
etl
I
arl
llel
lea
I
lavl
say these words.
5 /en'B:r/
6 /'nautrs/
7 la'rend3l
8 /'klarant/
t
R 4.3 Listen and check the words in the audioscript
on page 175. Listen again and repeat the words.
E Work in pairs. Practise saying the
Fasr wRrrER
I
sentences. Who
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are difficult
for you?
l- I can't find my flight details.
2 Wait outside the hotel in the main square.
3 l'm going to the protest against the new airport.
4 We only employ reliable people here.
5 I do a fair share of the housework.
6 I went on a romantic tour round Paris with my
boyfriend.
Vsnes
Lrsreurruc
You are going to hear four
conversations.
Complete the texts with the verbs in the boxes.
rr.R4.4listenandchoosethecorrectwordsforeach provide
of the four conversations. Listen twice if you want
1 The woma n is working / worked for a car company.
She has a daughter who is 18,/slx months old.
2 The man is goingto meet her older /youngerbrother.
The woman isn't / is going to meet him.
3 The photo is of the woman's brother / cousin,)ames,
and his girlfriend. James'girlfriend is very funny /
4
friendly.
They don't agree / agree about the government's
plan.The man thinks it's going to cause problems
good for
[...
/
business.
be
/ 8]
with
Complete
ONE word
in each gap.
about four o'clock.
A: Do you have to work at the weekends?
B: No,
A: Who's going to make the dinner?
B: We..............
4
5
A: Your grandad's 98! Can he ........................... walk?
B: Yes, he
, but he's very slow.
A: ...........................you like singing?
B: Not really.
6lcan'ttalk.
7
8
B
lhave
speaktomyboss.
don't speak much English, but my wife ...........................
L........ . .. ........ like to visit Chile next year, but it's very
expensive to get ..............
I
1...
the speed
the change is going to
'...........................
says
accidents and t........................... money in
the health service. The government would also like to
. more bus services.
create
increase
make
work
The government is going to'........................... taxes. lt
wants
. 100,000 new jobs with the
money. A lot of people are against the plan because
to
and it's going to
Aorecrrvrs
I
3
to
limit in cities to 40 km/h. lt
[.../ 8]
1 A: Are you going to ........................... here for lunch?
B: Yes, I
. l'm going to leave
2
The government wants
;p
,ru.
they say it's not going to
people poorer.
Gnarrnnaan
A
reduce
Complete the adjectives with the missing letters.
r My da d's very f _ _. He ra n a m a rathon la st yea r.
z My sister's very c_ _ver. She a lways gets A grades.
3 My mum was very a__ jed with meyesterday
because ldidn't clean my room.
4 He's very quiet. He's not very c_ _fi_ _ _t.
5 My brother is very s_ _ _ _tive and he helps me a lot.
6 My grandad is very f_ _ j. We laugh a lot together.
7 She's vey s___ct with her kids.They can't do anything!
8lt'sveryl__d! Canyouturnitdown?
.
t Lzl
Make the sentences into negatives (-) or questions
1 l'm going to see him today. (-)
2 She has to come to the meeting. (-)
3 YouU like to be famous someday. (?)
4 ld like to work for that company. (-)
5 He's going to stay here. (?)
6 I have to wait. (?)
[.../ 6]
[...
/ 8]
Cor.r.ocanoNs
(?).
Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
they go with in 1-8.
attraci - .r.r"J
work
give
i
have
:lr,r
pilr.
,p
stay
1 - my email/ - myflight details / - that she's OK
2 - a meeting/ don't -time / - ababy
3 - mychild from school / - a friend from the airport
4 - business/ -tourists / - people
5 - part-time/ -full-time/ - late
6 - my car / - abroken chair/ - a window
7 - in contact / - for three nights / - in a hotel
8 -youropinion / - a presentation / * itto me
[.../
8]
[Total ... /s0]
04 REVIEW 71
r\/r*!r-mtrtu ar !:{:
KI r !ruL r>
rArr
E
Sprarrrvc
& Work in groups.
Look at the photo and discuss the questions.
Do you know anyone who travels like this?
Which countries would you like to visit? Why? How would you
.
.
I i
ke
to travel
Work in pairs. Have similar conversations about
countries or cities and. / or different films.
When,you answer present perfect questions,
u5e tlti past simple to add details about the
experiince, such as the time or how you felt.
?
A: Haueyou beento Budapest?
B:
Yes.'tsdeen I wentthere last year.
A. Ha.ve'you seen 'f he President's Son'?
B: Yes; I have. #rc-:een I saw it on Saturday.
+have.art+iled I didn't like it very much.
{
Translate the conversations in the box above.
Do you use the same tenses in your language?
S
Add details in the past simple using the ideas
in italics.
1
GnarrnrrnaR Present perfect
To
find out if someone
has
1
2
arparticulll experien€e or not, use
the present perfect (have+ past partiqiple):
3
A: Have you been to Brazil?
B: Yes (l have). Haveyou (been thefe)?
4
A:
Have you ever been to Japan?
B: Yes, I have. I / go there last year.
A: Have you been to Moscow before?
B: Yes. / / come here a few years ago.
A: Have you ever seen'The Exorcist'?
B: I have, but I / not like it.l don't llke horror
A:
Have you seen'Mystery Car'?
B: Yes. / / see it a few weeks ago. lt
Have
you seen the Pyramidg?
No, (never
A
/
t haven't). Have
you
/
be
greatl
5
(seen them)?
A:
Have you been to the cathedral?
B: Yes,we / goyesterday.We / love it!
Complete 1-3 with ONE word in each gap.
1 A: Have you ........................... to Poland?
H
B: No............................ you?
A: Yes.
details when you answer.
2 A: Have you ........................... that new Clooney film?
B: Yes, I
. Have .................... ......
?
A:
No. ls
it good?
B: Yes.
3
A: .................,.........you been ........................... Mexico?
B: No, we
A: Me neither, but lU
to go one day.
Need heip? Read the grammar reference on page 158.
72
OUTCOMES
Change partners. Have similar conversations
to the ones in exercise B, but this time, add
Devr lopr NG coNvERsATtoNs
Me too / Me neither
A
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Lrsrrurruc
You are going to hear a conversation in Istanbul
between a tourist and someone who lives there.
B
A
19
9.1 tisten. Put the questions
in the order you hear
them.
... How long did you
...
Work in pairs. Take turns saying the sentences
below. Respond with Me too or Me neither.
1 l've been toThailand.
l've never seen Meet the Parents.
ldidn't do anythingyesterday.
I have to work today.
l'm not going to come to class next week.
I can speak a few words of Cerman.
I can't drive.
l'm going to the cinema tonight.
Work in groups of three. Find eight opinions,
experiences, facts about yourseU, etc. that you all
share. Don't use questions.
spend there?
you been to Topkapi Palace?
... What are you doing later?
... Did you go up the Calata Tower?
J- Have you been to lstanbul before?
Have
...
Have you seen that film Berlin?
.,. Where haveyou been?
... When did you arrive?
B
Work in pairs. Discuss what you remember about the
answers. Ttren listen again and take notes.
C Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
Would you like to go to lstanbul?
Which tourist places in your country have you never
CouvrnsATtoN PRAcncE
been to?
You are going to have sirnilar conversations to the
on;einListening.
Work in pairs. Iilrite a list of places to visit or go to at
night in the area or country you are studying in.
On your own, irnagine you are a visitor. Think of
your answers to the questions below about your area
./ country using some of the places on your list.
- Haveyou been here
. Did you like it?
.
before?
Have you been to ... ?
. When did you arrive?
. What are you doing
.
Where haveyou been?
later?
Now have your conversations.
Student A: you are a local person. Ask the questions in
exercise
B.
Student B:you are the visitor. Answer, using your ideas.
Change roles and repeat exercise C.
09 EXPERIENCES 73
*
Vocae
u rARV
Cood and bad experiences
A
Match the experiences 1-9 to the pictures a-i.
1 I failed my exam
6 lfell offthe wall.
2
3
4
5
1 lost the match.
Someone stole my
My cat died.
I
7
bike. 8
9
lbrokeawindow,
I
criticised my boss
I
got divorced
Decide if the experiences in 1-9 in exercise A are:
. very serious.
.
.
quite serious.
not very serious.
Replace the verbs in 1-9 with the opposites in the box.
supported
was born
forgot to lock the door.
re pa
i
red
climbed onto
fou nd
remem bered
pa ssed
married
won
m
g Say five things that have happened in the last year
using some of the verbs from exercises A and
For example:
My brother passed his driving test.
j'li, '
C.
Rraor ruc
You arc goira.g t*: read a *tragaxi.m.e axticl* ab*&t x&rilat
tSse wrlter's fathes tp3$ ?rir*e l,!rh*xt he &rad a had
cxperiesrce.
& Work in pairs. Before you read, discuss if you agree
with each of the sentences 1-4.
1
2
3
4
We all have bad experiences, but it's best to forget
them.
We need to teach children to be positive and to only
talk about success.
lt's important to have good and bad experiences and
it's bad to worry a lot about making mistakes.
Children are bad now because they can do what they
want and their parents don't criticise them.
B Now read and decide which sentence in exercise A
best explains the writer's argument.
PUT IT DOWN
TO EXPE,RIENCE,
When I lvas young and
something bad happened to
me - I failed an exam, I lost
a football match, rny cat died,
someone stole my bicycle - my
dad never criticised me or said I
rvas stupid if I cried. He didn't
say, 'It doesn't matter' or 'Forget
about it'. He said, 'Put it down
to experience'. It lvas a good
expression and I thank my dad
tbr it. 'Put it dorvn to experience'
means'think about everything
that happens - both good and
74
OUTCOMES
bad - as a useful experience'.
Negative experiences matter and
it's not stupid to feel bad or sad.
You need to remember them st'r
you don't repeat mistakes, but
you also need to continue to
enjoy life and be open to new
expcriences.
Unfortunately. in our socicty.
many people think that only
good experiences and success
are important: passing exams:
rvinning a match; earning lots
r,
money. We only talk about the
good things that we have done
At the same lime, rve criticise
every mistake that other people
make and try to limit every
possibility of bad experiences:
parents don't let their children
GRarrnruaR Present perfect
Work in groups. Explain your choice. Was there any part
of the article you didn't r:nderstand? Can your partners
help you?
t,,
The present perfect is hove + past participle. Most
past participles are the same as the past simple form
Work in pairs. Did you like what the writer said? Which
of his opinions below do you agree with? Why?
. lf people'forget about it', they repeat their mistakes.
.
.
.
.
.
of the verb:
Haveyou ever played baseball?
(play-played-played)
l've never had any success.
All experiences are useful.
In our society, only good experiences and success are
i m po rta nt.
lt's not a good idea to try to limit every possibility of bad
things happening.
Politicians and managers do a better job when they
have had lots of different experiences.
Society is better if people feel OK about making
m ista kes.
(have-had-had)
Some past participles have different forms to the
past simple:
Have
Spearrruc
you ever stolen something?
(steal-stole-stolen)
E
Write the sentences in your language. Translate
them back into English. Compare your English to the
original.
Their parents don't let them climb trees.
I don't let my son go out on his own.
They don't let me smoke in the house.
My sister lets me play on her computer sometimes.
My dad let me drive his car when I was younger.
Test each other. Take turns to say the verbs in the
box. Your partner should say all three forms.
ose
cry
fa il
work
win
do
I
i
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Do you protect your house / flat a lot? How?
. What do / did your parents not let you do?
. What have you learnt from bad experiences?
. Do your parents have a phrase they often say? Can you
translate it into English?
I
break
stea
ma ke
fall
Complete the questions with the correct form of the
verbs in exercise A.
1 A: Have you ever
a prize?
B: Yes, I came first in a cycle race when I was ten.
2 A: Have you ever
any bones?
B: Yes, I broke my arm when lfelldown the stairs.
3 A: Have you ever
something really
m po rta nt?
flight in a taxil
off something high?
No, I haven't, but my sister once fell three metres
out of a window!
B: Yes.
A
2
4A
B:
5A
B:
6A
Once I left the tickets for my
Have you ever ...........................
Haveyou ever........................... an exam?
No, never. I always pass theml
Has anyone ever ...........................
anything from you?
someone stole my car a few years ago.
Do you know anyone who has
B: Yes,
olay outside and climb trees.
rr rvalk to school on their orvn:
ilnd we stay rvith rvhat rve knorv.
iiving in flats rvith locked doors
rnd bars on the rvindorvs. behind
n
alls '"vith guards.
lt's not good. Our politicians.
our managers are better when
they have had a range of
experiencc. good and bad. in
diff'erent jobs, rvith different
people. Society is better if people
criticise less. worry less and f'eel
OK about making mistakes.
7A
abroad?
my cousin once had a.1ob in the UK.
Have you ever ........................... in public?
B: Yes,
8A
When Michael Jackson died. lt was really sad.
What's the best thing you've ever ........................... ?
That's a difficult question. Maybe going to
B: Yes.
9A
B:
Disneyla nd.
l0A
What's the worst mistake you've ever
............
B:
.
..... .....
?
Cetting divorcedl
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page J.58.
Choose five questions from exercise B and
answers that are true for you.
write
u Work in pairs. Write the numbers of the questions
you have answered, Give them to your partner. Then
ask and answer each other's questions.
Write two more present perfect questions to ask
other students in the class. Then ask them.
09 EXPERIENCES 75
VOCaeU LARY Descri bing experiences
Lrsrrrurruc
Match the sentences 1-8 to the pictures a-i.
lt was really relaxing.
lt was really annoying.
lt was really boring.
lt was really sad.
lI was really embarrassing.
You are going to hear two pe*ple describing
expcrienees they hawe }rad"
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A E 9.2 tisten and decide which adjective
frorn Vocabulary, exercise A best describes
each experience.
lt was really exciting.
lt was really scaryl
lt was really stressful.
Compare your ideas with a partner. Explain
your choice.
Work in pairs. Discuss which adjectives in exercise A describe
good experiences and which describe bad experiences.
Look at these words and check you
understand them.
1
Which of the adjectives in exercise A can you use to describe
these experiences?
a l've met her a few times, but last night I forgot her name!
b I had a nice, long bath last night.
c I nearly fell off my motorbike.
d Someone broke one of my car windows.
e Our dog died last month.
f I had five exams in three days.
g My football team won a really important match.
h I had a four-hour class this morning - without a break.
countryside - university - lovely stress
late - breakfast - hills - lucky - warm
o utside
-
2
late
-
dark
- car window traffic light
- shoot - poor- cash - alive
jumped - gun
R
In your own language, think about what
each person did. Then listen again and
check.
with
Listen again. Complete the sentences
ONE verb in each gap.
1 a I ........................... a house in the
cou ntrys ide.
b
We ........................... a really lovely time.
c We ........................... up late every day.
d We ........................... nice long breakfasts.
e We ........................... outside and chatted
until late.
2 a I ........................... work late.
b It was very hot, so I ...........................
my car
window
c
I ...........................
d
They took me to a poor ........................... of
at a traffic light.
town.
e They
my car, all my cash
and my credit cards.
F
Work in pairs. Describe each person's
experience using the words in exercise C to
remind you. Then compare your ideas with
the audioscript on page 177.
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGLISH
nice and ...
We often say a noun was nice and +
a
positive adjective.
It wqs nice and sunny.
It was nice and warm.
The area was nice and quiet.
The people there were nice and friendly.
The test was nice and easy.
llr itiitg woitS tciti il'.'
r:
ll
, 1 l-r,lrl
t_)
!)
When one word errds in a consonant sound - b, c, d, m, n, p, etc
- anC the next word starts with a vowel sound - a, e, i, o, u, etc.
- we join the sounds together.
Foi example:
l ,.r
:
Work in pairs. Decide which words in 1-10 you can join together.
Choose one ofthe sentences inVocabulary,
exercise A to describe you r exper.ience.
Plan what you want to say about this
experience. Use a dictionary or ask your
teacher for help, if you need to. Think
1
about:
..:
I , ,l.,rl
r
lr
rlrr
i-ltt.
.
,.r,1'11
.
il.llr lL ,,, Lt .'iir
.,.!
I
,1,y,,.,'-
t(r\rL, l,,Lr tr'\.r,
i
" wlr,rl it,rlrlrr'rr'i1 l.1
Lirrrrli l,rlt'
lrl rl
Worh in Broups. Te1l each other your
stories. Can the other students guess what
l<ind of experience it r,ryasi
lr' '
' i I r i
r. I,:.r \'.. L,.:Lt -:)\l'('tIrt(('
rLt: r: I .,ri11,1 rr.
tr i,
listen and check your ideas. Practise saying the sentences
'
I
'.i.,
i-,
: qi"
.F
iirfE.'
#";::-:
-#,-
-, i-.t-"'.
-
**d
,..:
,i
10ry
VocaeuLanv
Trains and stations
A
Check you understand the words in bold.
Lrsrerurruc
You are going to hear a c*nversatien in a train station
Amsterdam, Holland.
in
Then match the questions 1-8 to the
answers a-h.
1 Would you like a single or return?
2 l'm a student. Do I get a discount?
3 Which platform is it?
4 ls it a direct train?
5 What's causing the delay?
6 Which stop do we get off at?
7 How would you like to pay?
8 How much is a first class ticket?
a ln cash.
b No,you have to change in Munich.
c 67 pounds - and second class is 39.
d A return, please, coming back tomorrow.
e Not the next one, but the one after that.
f Platform three.
g There's an animal on the line.
h Yes,you gel15%off.
Work in pairs. Who usually asks the
questions in exercise A - someone
travelling or someone who works for the
A A 10.1 Listen and answer these
1
2
3
4
5
questions.
What kind of tickets do the passengers buy?
How much are the tickets?
How do they pay?
What time is their train?
Which platform do they need?
B Listen again. Complete the
sentences
with
ONE
word in each gap.
1 ........................... can I help?
2 The
train is at72.25.
3 lt's probab|y........................... to buy two singles.
4 Please
your pin. Creat.
5 You have to ........................... at Hilversum.
6 How long does the jou rney ...........................
7 You ........................... around three o'clock.
8 Thanks foryour
?
C Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
Are trains good or bad in your country? Why?
Do you have a favourite train journey?
Are there any train journeys you'd Iike to make?
train company?
Work in pairs. Practise reading the
questions and answers in exercise A.
Write the sentences,in your language.Translate them batk into
English. Compare your English to the original.
How long doei the iourney take?
The drive'usually takes about an about and a half.
It usually takes me half an hour on the train.
It took me three hours to get here today!
PnoruUNcrATroN to
When we use fo between other words, we often
pronounce it /ta/.
h ,lG.?listen. Write the words you hear.
B
Listen again and repeat what you hear.
CoruvrRsATroN PRAcncE
A
Work on your own. Decide where you want to go,
what kind of tickets you want and when you are
going to travel.
E Work in pairs.
Devr lopr NG coNVERsATroNs
Telllng the time
Student A: you are buying tickets.
Student B: you are selling tickets.
Make sure you talk about:
. tinres.
We can say times in two different ways. For example:
12.25: twenty-five past twelve or twelve twenty-five
or eleven forty-five
17.45: quarter to twelve
A
.
.
how to pay.
Now have a similar conversation to the one
Listening on the opposite page.
Match the times to the pictures.
1 l-alf past three.
2 Quarter to four.
3 Four fifteen.
4 Five to nine.
5 Five past nine.
6 Six twenty five.
7 Nine o'clock.
B
prices.
e
in
Change roles and repeat exercise B.
Two thirty.
'ry
//
\'
Work in pairs. Cover 1-8 in exercise A. Say the times
in the pictures a-h in two different ways.
Work in
. What
. What
. What
What
groups. Discuss these questions.
time
is
it now?
time did your class start?
time does it finish?
time do you usually get up?
What time did you go to bed last night?
What time do you usually catch the bus / train in the
morning? And what about going home?
What time doyou usually get home?
What time do you usually have dinner?
lOTRAVFI 79
VocaguLARY Transport
A Match the words in the box to the group of words
they go with in 1-6.
flight blke bus taxi
5
6
car
bus
get the - / the 73 - / get offthe - / wait at the stop / the -es run all night
go in the ^- / get in the - / parkthe - / my- broke
down / they're repairing my - / have a sports catch a - /getthe 8.20 - / a direct - I miss my - /
pick me up from the - station
ride my - / lock my - / fall off my - / have a
mountain - / someone stole my -
geta
- / stopa - / paythe-driver/the-driver
charged too much
book my - / miss my
-
/ the -'s delayed /
-
FR09
to
Rome
Clever: Taxi drivers'brains grow
oftheirjob. The part of
taxis. Women drive them and the'
only pick up women.
their brain connected to memory
and learning (the hippocampus) is
bigger than in the average person.
Knowledge: London taxi driver
because
B Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Doyou ever get the bus? What number? Where are
the stops you usually get on / off?
. Do you have a bike? What kind? ls it safe to ride a
bike whereyou live? Do people often steal bikes
there? Have you ever fallen off a bike?
.
Do
.
where you live? Has your car ever broken down?
How often do you fly? Have you ever missed a flight?
What airlines have you used?
you have a car? What kind? ls it easy to park
You are going to read some facts and stories about
taxis.
B
Work in pairs. Before you read, discuss what is good
about taxis and taxi drivers.
Read the texts. Decide
Some people felt
taxis were too dalgerous for
women, so a company in Puebla,
Mexico, has introduced new pink
Expensive: In Muscat,
Oman, r.
can get a one-million-dollar Ferra
Enzo taxi. The driver charges clie
$30 per kilometre.
Rraorruc
A
Ladies only:
have to take a course to learn 32(
routes and all the names of the
roads on each route. Only 250/o o:
people finish the course and pass
the exam.
if they are true or false.
I have a car. I am a taxi
driver: In Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
anyone with a car can be a taxi
driver. If they see someone waitir,
at the edge ofthe road, they can
stop and negotiate a price.
Dangerous: In South Africa in
the 1990s, over 2,000 people diec
C Work in pairs. Discuss your ideas. Then check in File
2 on page 155 to see ifyou were right.
in'taxi wars', when companies
competed to control taxis and
routes.
D Work in pairs. Say what you remember about these
things, places and numbers in the texts.
1 the hippocampus
2 Puebla
3 320and25%
4 Uzbekista n
5 South Africa and 2,000
6 ,000 a nd 300
7 Olden and 550
8 Seoul andtT
9 Europe and one
7
E Readagainandcheck.
80
OUTCOME5
GnnrtnrrnaR too, too much,too many
too shows something is bad
ffis
- it's more than we want.
There's too much traffic.
There are too many delays on public transport and it's too
expensive.
People drive too fast here. lt's dangerous.
A
Match 1-3 with a-c, based on the examples above.
I Use too many
2 Use too much
3 Use too
+
+
+
c
b
a
singular / uncountable noun
adjectlve / adverb
plural noun
B Choose the correct words,
The trains are too / too many slow. They need to go faster and run
1
more often.
Ihe longest journey: Two old ladies in
The government says there are too / too many accidents in the
city, so it wants to reduce the speed limit.
I always travel by car. There's too much / too many crime on public
rustralia in 1930 took a taxi on a 7,000-mile
:ip across the desert, with taxi driver Charles
.leard. The trip cost around f300.
tra nsport.
The buses stop running too / too much early. You have to get a
taxi after 11 in the evening.
Too many / Too much people are flying these days. Flights are too
Lost in translation: A Spanish couple had
r pay $3,000 when they got a taxi in Norway.
. hey wanted to go to Olden but the driver
.nderstood Halden - over 550 kilometres
'lrther
away!
That's better: The city ofSeoul, South
,.crea. provides a translating service in
.? languages for foreigners taking a taxi.
lustomers can phone a number and get a free
:.anslator to speak to the driver.
/
too much cheap.
There are too / too many cars on the road.Travelling to work takes
too / too many long.
c Work in groups. In three minutes, see how many sentences you
can say using too / too much / too many about the picture. Which
group got the most?
They're the best: A recent report said
3ritain has some of the worst transport
rroblems in Europe. It said there's too much
: affic; there are too many deiays on public
ransport; and it's too expensive. However,
re UK is number one for taxis. International
lurists voted on a website. They said Britain's
.rxi drivers are friendly and reliable: in fact,
re best in the world !
)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 159.
Speaxruc
A Work in groups. TaIk about where you live. Think about the
things in the box and the questions below.
trains
d rive rs
buses
cycl i sts
pollution
traffic
taxis
flights
acclde nts
roads and motorways
parking spaces
a i rports
Are there too many / ls there too much of anything?
Are these things good or bad in your city? Why?
How can they be better?
IO TR,AVEL 81
Drvrlopr Nc coNVERsATroNs
Lrsrrrurrvc
Recommending places
lf !o1,reco m
,
mgld
ra,
pla(eiiou,telf
so
Yoi: ave g*i.mg to }-:ear a eenvecsatis$ i:r a hst*!. Ti,tre
g*ests are talking t* a reeeptio:nist"
fi qCn.e,!he!::you
thinkjtlt,good.
A & 1*.3 Listen and answer these
&
.
Match the questions 1-8 to the answers a-h.
1 Where's the best place to eat?
2 Where's the best place to stay?
3 Where's the best place to change money?
4 Where's the best place to go shopping?
5 Where's the best place to go dancing?
6 Where's the best place to go cycling?
7 Where's the best place to get some exercise?
8 Where's the best place to get a haircut?
a
Try
the
.
B
park. There are bike lanes there, so it's very
b Try Melati's. It's small and friendly, and it has a really
d
e
f
Choose the words you heard. Then listen again to
check your ideas
1 How can I / I can helpyou?
safe.
c
questions.
Which two questionsfrom Developing conversations,
exercise A do the guests ask?
Which places does the receptionist recommend?
nice atmosphere.The food is great as well.
Try Embassy. lt's always really busy and the music's
great.They have live bands every Friday as well.
Trythe post office.They usually giveyou a good rate,
2 We like / We'd like to go out for dinner.
3 lt's not the cheapest / cheaper place in town.
4 Need we / Do we need to book?
5 Which / Whattime would you like your table?
6 What's the easy / easiest way to get there?
7 lt takes / spends about half an hour to walk there.
8 Do / Would you like me to book one for you?
9 There's a nice market in / atthe main square.
10
No problem. lt's my
/ lt
was pleasure.
C Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
especially for dolla rs.
Try the Natural Fitness Centre. There's a good gym
there and a really nice swimming pool.
Try the big department store in town. They sell a
.
.
.
.
.
good selection of different things.
g lt depends what style you want.
h Trythe lmperial.The rooms are nice and it's not
you happy to go to a more expensive restaurant
ifthe food there is very good?
How much fish do you eat?
Do you prefer walking or taking a taxi? Why?
How often do you buy presents for other people?
What was the last present you bought?
Are
expensive. lt's good value for money.
NATIVE. SPEAKER. ENGIISH
B Work in pairs. Discuss what you think the words in
e
bold in exercise A mean.
You're welcome
Nowpractise having conversations.
When someone says Thank you to us, we often
respond by saying You're welcome. We often say No
problem loo.
Student A: you are a tourist. Ask questions 1-8 in
exercise A.
Student B: recommend places you know in your town
city.
/
a n ks Jor eve rythi ng.
B:You're welcome.
A: Th
A:Thanks for
B:
your help.
No problem. You're welcome.
'@i.h. ,.
G
nannnnaR
5u
perlatives
Complete the conversations
To .eofi pare more thanrhVo.things, use fhe. +
,stiperlative adjective.
back
to our hotel?
(quick)
B:
For
with the superlative
form ofthe adjectives in brackets.
1 A: What's
way to get
2A:
short adjectives, add -est. lf they end in -y, change
to -iest
B:
It's not the cheapest place in town.
What's the easiest way to get there?
3A:
B:
:!6lrilonger adjectivesiup6, tle most + adjective.
It'sthe most expensive hotel in town.
the underground. lt's only two stops away.
How was Vienna?
Amazing. lt's one of ........................... cities l've ever
been to. (beautiful)
Take
ls it an expensive hotel?
Well, it's not ........................... place to stay, but it's
B:
not ........"..,............... either. (chea p, expensive)
ls the crime bad there?
Yes. lt's one of ................ ... . cities in the world!
B:
How was yourjourney?
It was awfu | - one of ...........
4A:
There are also some irregular superlative adjectives.
(da
)A:
It'sthe bestfilm of theyear.
It'sthe worst club in town.
ngerous)
....
flights l've had
(bad)
6A:
A Complete the table with superlative forms.
adjective
comparative
good
better
bad
wor5e
B:
superlative
How's your course going?
It's impossible! lt's
ifficu lt)
.................
thing l've taken!
(d
Spearr ruc
A
fa
st
fa ste r
small
ea
ea
rlier
hot
hotter
boring
more boring
,.
r
1 Where's good place to live in your town / city?
2 And where's bad place to live?
3 Where's old part of your town / city?
4 What's easyway togetaroundyourtown /city?
5 Where's cheap place to eat?
6 What's big cily in your country?
7 What's beautiful part of your country?
8 What are popular places for tou rists?
9 \Nho'sfamous person from your country?
smaller
rly
nterestl nq
'
more
interesting
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 159.
Work in groups. Make questions by changing the
words in italics into superlatives.
10
11
12
13
B
What's important day in your country?
What's delicious food from your country?
What's good lime of year to visit your country?
And what's bad time to visit?
Now discuss your answers to the questions. Do you
agree with the other people in the group?
PnoruurucrATroN
Voiced and unvoiced consonants
CouvensATIoN PRAcncE
ln Review 2 we saw that sgqre contonantt afe said
with Iots of,air (unvoiced).The otherr irth!:_bqq
below may sound a bit lower because they are said
from the throat (voiced).
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
activities.
Experiences, Unit 9, page 73.
U nit L0, page 7 9.
Travel,
Acr on DRAW
80 up
a cat
stea
I
a race
a bike
a wall
jump
lock
lpl
Itl
ItJl lsl
fi
trip
let
catch 1 bus
cas h
alive
bike
a platform
a motorway
a bone
a mistake
smoke
find
climb
shoot
Who gets a discount on public transport?
Say the na mes of two airlines.
lf a service is reliable, is it good or bad? Why?
What thing(s) can be delicious?
Does good value mean expensive?
What transport can you miss?
ls it dark at night or in the day?
What colours are traffic lights? What do you do when
you see each colour?
What's the opposite of alive?
What does a guard do?
Fnsr wRrrER
See
who is quickest to write each of 1-5.
1 Six adjectives to describe experiences.
2 Four things you say when you buy train tickets.
3 Four sentences with a superlative.
4 Four present perfect questions.
5 Three things you've done and one you haven't.
84
OUTCOMES
tBt
lzl
t5t
lsl
ied
edge
bars
As ia
gun
l
Remember,
with
If
I
and
/vi, the top teeth touch the
bottom lip.
/p/
and i b/, the,lips:cometogqther.
qR5.2Listen and saythe words with
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1 What happens if you fail an exam?
2 Which is bigger - a hill or a mountain?
3 Where do you wait for a bus?
4 What causes delays to a train or flight?
5 Say two ways you can pay for something.
Work in groups.
tdt
d
and sounds in the chart. For the words in the bottom
row, feel the sound in your throat. Remember to use
lots of air for words in the top row.
and lv
14
15
l<
bra in
Ourz
10
11
12
13
tkt
loc
A 't R 5.1Touch your throat. Listen and say the words
With
6
7
8
9
tbt
the
change roles.
sign
tft
off
t6t
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Don'f speak. Your partner tries to guess the words. Then
fa ll
tet
bath
I p l, I b l, I f
I
l.
Work in pairs. Try to say these words.
7 lbt'^nl
2 lkttzl
3 lktlsl
4lgotdl
s ldsnmp I
6l'vrzfiel
l'fzfiel
7
8 /drv::st/
D ,t R 5.3 Listen and check the words in the audioscript
on page 178. Listen again and repeat the words.
Work in pairs. Practise saying the sentences. Who
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are
difficult
for you?
1 I travel there first class, or I drive.
2 They have big discounts for old people.
3 The bus broke down in the middle of the road.
4 I can't find a space to park the car.
5 There's a good range of live bands at that bar.
6 Forget about it - it doesn't matter.
5pe
A
arrruc
LrsrErurruc
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. How often do you eat in restaurants?
. Do you have a favourite restaurant?
. What do you usually eat when you go out for
.
You are going to hear two English people
in a restaurant in
France.
A & 11.1 Listen. Which six questions tromVocabulary,
exercise A
do you hear? In which order?
a meal?
Who usually pays?
B Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
Vocaeu
A
LARY Resta u ra nts
Use the extra information in 1-6 to guess the
meanings of the words inbold. Translate the
sentences into your language. Then check in
lhe
1
Vo c ab ul
2
A:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
3A:
B:
Yes, ofcourse. Hereyou are.
Wow! It all looks great.
Can we have the bill, please?
Yes, of course. Here are you.
Thankyou. Oh! lt's quite expensive.
Does this include service?
Yes, we add 1,0%.
OK. So we don't need to leave a tip.
What would you like for starters?
Nothing, thank you. lU just Iike a main
we have a table for two,
Haveyou booked?
A: No, l'm afraid not.
A: Would you like any dessert?
A: Can
the ice cream?
B: Yes,
please. Can I have
A: Are
you ready to order?
Not yet. We're still trying to decide what
we want.
Work in pairs. For each of 1-6 above, decide
whether A is the waiter / waitress or the
customer. Then put 1-5 in the order you
usually hear / say them.
OUTCOMES
tip? Why? / Why not?
C Listen again and read the audioscript on page
178 to check
your ideas.
D Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
What do you know about French food? Have you ever tried it?
What did you have?
When you go out for dinner, do you usually have a starter and
a dessert as well as a main course?
ls it better if restaurants include servlce in the bill or if you can
choose how much to leave as a tip? Why?
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGTISH
Can I get...?
please?
B:
86
a
We often say Can I get ...? instead of Can I have ...? or M like ...
course. l'd like a steak, please.
B:
What three problems do they have?
What do they order?
Do you think they are going to leave
ary Builder.
A: Can we see the menu, please?
B:
1
2
3
Can I get a steak, please?
Can I get some more water, please?
Hi. Can I get a cappuccino, pleose?
Can we get the bill, please?
.
cREDlrs
rl
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myria)
CoruvrnsATtoN PRAcrrcE
You are going tm have a sirnilar conrreysation to the
one in liste*fmg.
A Work on your own. Using your own language, write
menu for a restaurant in your country. Include
starters, main courses and desserts.
a
Work in pairs.
Student A: you are a customer.
Student B:you are a waiter / waitress.
Use the menu you wrote and the plan below for your
conversation. Spend three minutes deciding what to
say. Then have the conversation.
Drvrlopr
NG coNvERsATroNs
Student A
Student
B
Checking
things, we can use negative sentences as
questions. Our voice goes up when we say these
To check
sentences.
A:
Can we see
the menu; please?
B: Of course.
A: Ah. You don't have English menus?
B: We don't. llm sorry, but I can help yA,u.
A Write negative sentences using the verbs in brackets.
1 A: l'm a vegetarian.
B: Oh really?
meat? (eat)
2 A: lt's cash only, l'm afraid.
B: ...................... .... cards? (take)
3 A: l'm reallyfull.
B: Yeah?
any dessert?
(want)
4
A: We're very,very busy tonight.
B: So ................
..........
any free tables?
C Now
change roles and repeat exercise B.
(have)
5 A: ldjust like something non-alcoholic.
B: OK.So
alcohol?
(drink)
Match As Ernswers a-e to 1-5 above.
a No, l'm fine. Really. lcan't eat anything else.
b No. No meat, no fish. Nothing that moves!
c Not at the moment. Can you walt ten minutes?
d No. I don't like the taste.
e No, l'm afraid not.We don't have a machine.
6
11.2 listen and check. Then practise the
conversations with a partner.
-
VocaeuLARY
Food
B Work in pairs.
Student A: look at the pictures in File 6 on
A
Match the kinds of food in the box to the pictures.
meat
fis
h
dairy products
vegetables
page 767.
Student B: look at the pictures in File 8 on
fruit
N
beans
seafood
page 168.
UtS
Take turns to describe the food and draw
it
for your partner. for exampl!.
It's a kind of
seafood. lt's pink.
It looks like this.
--Vr.
4)
Your partner should write down the name
of each food in their own language. When
you finish, look at each other's pictures and
say if you wrote down the correct names.
Find out what tastes you and your partner
share. Use the patterns below.
I
don't like potatoes. I love apples.
Me neither. / Oh,l do. Me too. / Oh, I don't
Rraolruc
&af#
Wure
LXoo*a
@,
6.\
@a
^ E
_--\_
,/ e
-.^--r
.ry
( r^r
L&E,ry
./UA
-/w,o
uqo^qB,9l .o^
'So^q9
:o
oHclt666(
cHcltdq
os
a€gepiPdqo
ffi%x€
.B )^^
7
o
You are going to read an article about
people who don't eat meat.
Ge
4+
A
think are:
.
.
,Y1'-/
Work in pairs. Decide which word does not go in each group in
1-8. Use the sentences below 1-8 to explain why. For example:
L They're all things you add forflavour, except water.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
salt / sugar / pepper I spices / wa+€r
potatoes / pasla / cream / rice / bread
wine i milk / cheese / butter / cream
apples / oranges I eggs / kiwis / bananas
juice / coffee / carrots / tea / beer
lemons /onions / garlicl potatoes / spinach
tomatoes / beef I lamb / pork / steak
red beans I peas / soya / chicken / broad beans
They're all basic foods except ...
They're all vegetables except ...
They're all things you add for flavour except
They're all drinks except
They're all kinds of meat except ...
They're all kinds of beans except ...
They're all dairy products except...
They're all kinds of fruit except...
e
Which of the foods in 1-8 can you
88
OUTCOMES
see
Before you read, look at these quotes from
famous people. Tell your partner which you
...
in the pictures?
t'r,J.tt
sensible.
nol very sensible.
stu pid
Gnarrnnnan
a lot oJ some, any, much, many and a bit of
Read the article below and decide if the
sentences are true or false.
Vegetarians have less risk of dying from sonre
cancers than meat eaters.
1
2
3
We use o lot of, some and ony beforc nouns to show quantity.
Candh, w,r' a vcgetar.an.
Most peopie bccome vegetarians because it's
hea lth ie
I eat a lot oJ meaL
r.
4 The WHO recommends becoming vegetarian.
5 Most Britons eat more than 4oo g of fruit and
I
eat quite a lot of meaI.
I
eat some meat.
I
don't eat a lot of meal.
I
don't eat any meat.
vegeta bles a day.
Sorne British people eat no fruit or vegetables
ln negatives and questions, we often use much ot many instead
of alot o/.Weoften useabitoJorofew instead of some.
VEGETARIANS
LIVE LONGER
A Decide if the words in italics show the same or a different
quantity. Where the quantities are different, which quantity
is less?
1
2
3
4
5
6
report has shorvn thaI a vegetarian diet reduccs the
of dying from heart disease and some cancers by up
ro 2Oo/0. The writer of the report, Andy Bond, looked at
;r hundred articles in scientific publications such as The
llritish Medical Journol and Cancer.
A
risl<
I he Vegetarian Society of Great Britain, rvhich paid Mr
llorrd to write the report, started in 1847.'Ihe society
has had Gandhi and Nobel Prize winners as membcrs.
It says that the ma.jority of peopie become vegetarians
lbr nrorzrl reasons: they don't like the way farms keep
rrninrals, or they don't approve ol killing animals, or
rhey are worried:rbout how eating meat affects the
environment. However, the society says it is important
ro prove that a vegetarian dict is good for your health.
I
Since.l991, the World Health Organization (WIIO) has
reconrmcnded that people shoulcl cat tr minimr,rm of five
portiorls (400 g; of fruit and vegetables every clay to
irnprove hcalth. 'I'he WIIO also rccommencls cor-rtrolling
how much red meat we eat and having good levels of
fish oils in our diet.
lot of / a bit of salt in my cooking.
don't put much / any sugar in my coffee.
Do you eat many / any sweets?
| have some / a bit of fat in my diet, but not much
I don't drink a lot of / many cups of coffee a day.
I eat quite a lot of / some eggs.
I use a
|
Work in pairs. Complete the rules with words from exercise A.
1
2
3
....................... ,some and any can go before plural and
uncountable (singular) nouns.
Afew and...........
.. only go before plural nouns.
A bit of and ........
..... only go before uncountable (singular)
nouns.
)
Neecl help? Read
the grammar reference on page 160.
C Replace the words in italics with much, many, a bit oJ or a few.
1 I don't eat a lot o/sweet thirrgs.
2 I read some non fiction, but I mainly read novels.
3 | like sorre of their songs.
4 He doesn't eai a lot of fat in his diet.
5 Do you watch a lot ofIVT
6 We had some drinks.
D Work in groups. Tell each other how much / many of these
things you eat or drink.
For example:
I eal a lot oJfruit. I have three orfour pieces a day.
llritain, only around 30% of people eat the
recornmended amounts of fruit and vegetabies and a
L.r
Ii:w don't eat any.
tru it
red meat
E
fis
h
coffee
vegeta bles
5weetS
ch icke n
soft drinks
Decide who has the best diet.
'll FooD 89
VocaeuIARY cooking
Work in pairs.
Look at the pictures. Say two foods you often do each thing to.
Then compare your ideas with a partner. Did you think of the
Student A: act the eight ways of cooking.
Student B: close your book. Say the words.
same foods?
Work in pairs. Who does the cooking in your family / home?
Tell your partner which cooking methods in the pictures theyr
.
.
.
.
Now change roles and repeat exercise
C.
use every day.
sometimes use.
don't use very often.
never u5e.
\
\
@
-
\_-------
f
90
OUTCOMES
s
lice
/
8 stir
Lrsrrnrnc
GnannnnaR lnvitations and offers
You are going to hear three friends at someone's
house. They are talking about what theyhave had
for dinner.
A
lB 11.3 Listen and answerthese questions.
What two dishes did they have?
Which four cooking verbs from Vocabularyr didyou
1
2
hear?
3
Put the sentences in the order you heard them.
Compare your ideas with a partner. Then listen
again and check.
a Fry them for ten or 15 minutes.
b Would you like me to put the plates in the kitchen?
c Slice each one into five or six pieces.
d Theywere really, really good.
e You make lt sound easy.
f Just putthem inthesink.
g Would you two like to come?
h Add some salt and pepper - and it3 ready to eat.
A
Complete the questions withWould you like,Would
you
like me
to or Would you like to.
-... try a piece of this cake?
..... do the washing-up?
.... go out for dinner
1 ................,.,.-.
2 ................-....
3 ....................-.
C Work in pairs. Discuss what the six words in italics in
sometime?
4 ................-.-..
5 ................-,-,-.
6 ..................-.-
exercise B refer to. Then read the audioscript on page
179 to check yoru ideas.
a starter?
cook for you one evening?
..... a cup of coffee?
.....
....
D Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
Do you think Nicoletta! food sounds good?
Could you cook it?
Do you ever invite friends to your home for a meal?
When was the last time? What did you cook?
)
tUeed help? Read
the grammar reference on page 150.
B Matdt the answrrs a-f
to the questions 1-5 above.
a Oh,yes, please. l've nevertried lranian food before.
b No, thank you. lt stops me sleeping!
c No, thanks. l'm just going to have a main course.
d Yes, OK.Where doyou want to go?
e No, itl OK. Don't worry- I can do it later.
f Ye1 please. lt looks delicious. Did you make it
yourself?
C
Listen and dreck yoru answers, Then practise
asking and ansnreringthe questions in pairs.
lD 11.4
Sprarrruc
You are going to have a
one you heard
A
similar conversation to the
in Listentng.
thinking how to cook your best
dish or a typical dish from your country. Use as
marry of tJre words from this unit as you can.
Spend five minutes
B Work in pairs. Decide who
is the cook and who is the
guest. Have a conversation about the meal. Start like
this:
tl FOOD
91
#ffi
Kd
i{
g
i*
L,.
Lrsreru rruc
Y*u. are gcimg
to hrear fi're *onu*rsatiomu v*tth people w,h* ha-ve rtiffe:rent ltee.ttlt. pr*hJ.ern*.
A, Look at the pictures and say which person has a problem
|
,'-
foot
back
*
lZ"L Listen to the five conversations and match
them to the pictures. There is one picture you don't
with each of these parts of the body.
leg
ha nd
s
stomach
T1l
Listen and read the audioscript on page 179 to check
your ideas.
need.
Work in pairs. Decide which pair of words goes with
which conversation. Try to explain what they said.
1 sick / fresh air
2 doctor i a bad cough
3 hurts / lie down
4 play I stiff
5 broken / cancel
92
OUTCOMES
Write the sentences in your language. Translate
them back into English. Compare your English to the
original.
It'll be fine in a couple of days.
l'll be fine in a moment.
It'll be fine by the weekend.
l'll be fine after I have something to eat.
l'll be fine after,l warm up.
Devrlopr NG coNvERsATroNs
Rejecting advice and offers
When we reject an offer or a piece of advice, we often
give a reason. We often then ask Are you sure?
A:
it's OK. I think l'm just hungry.
A: Are
you sure?
B:
H
Vocaeu IARY
A
Hea
Maybeyou should lie down.
B: No,
Honestly, l'll be fine after I have something to eat.
Write four similar conversations starting with the
advice I off,erc 1-4. Reject the advice / offers and add
ideas from the table.
1 Maybe you should go to hospital.
2 Would you like any more?
3 Maybe you should take the day off.
4 You should come out with us.
lth problems
Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
1
2
3
burnt
stiff
cut
infection
coush
hurts
cold
headache hungry
sick
you have any aspirin? l've got a ...
my arm frying an egg
My legs are ........................... after my run yesterday.
Do
I ...........................
4 That's a bad ........................... . You should stop smoking.
5 l'm going to take the day off. I have a ........................... .
ldon't want anyone else to get it.
shouldn't carry that if your back
6
You
7
The doctor said I have a chest
I ........................... my foot on a piece of glass.
8
o
10
I haven't eaten all
day.l'm
rea1|y...........................
lfeel really ill.l think l'm going to
B
be
B Work in groups.
.
.
.
Discuss these questions.
/ cut / burnlyourself recently? How?
Have you ever broken a bone? Which one? How?
When was the last time you were sick or had a cold I
cough / headache? Did you go to the doctor?
Have
you hurt
Readyour conversations inpairs.
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcrrcE
conversations with different students. Follow
the plan below. For each new conversation, change
partner and choose a different problem.
A Have
GnnrrnrrnaR should / shouldn't
Siucie;:r'r p'
Student B
We use should(n't) +verb to give advice.Should
shows we think it's a good idea to do the action.
Shouldn't shows we think it's a bad idea.
stop smok;ing.
shouldn't carrylhaL
You should
You
A Work in pairs.
Say the advice the speakers gave
the five conversations in Listening.
in
Work in pairs. Give more advice for each person in
the pictures inListening.Use should / shouldn't.
)
trteed help? Read
the grammar reference on page 151.
12 FEELINCS 93
VocaguIARY
Lrsrrrurruc
Feelings
A Decide if the words in the box describe positive or
negative feelings.
angry annoyed excited
relaxed sad
stressed
hapy
tired
Complete the sentences with words from exercise A.
| heard some friends are getting divorced. I was very
about it. I cried when I heard.
2 On my way to work yesterday, someone almost hit my
car. We had an argument. I shouted at him. I was very
1
really
. I passed my driving test.
worked from six till seven today, so I was very
3
l'm
4
I
when I got home. I fell asleep watching TV
lwas a bit
because the shop didn't have
the book I wanted.
I have to do a lot of work this week, and my boss isn't
very patient, so l'm feeling very........................... at the
moment.
It's nice to be on holiday - lying on the beach and doing
nothing. I feel so
l'm going to go to France with my school. l'm really
because it's my first time away without
my parents. l'm really looklng forward to it.
You are going to hear a woman talking about what
she did yesterday.
A *72,2 Listen to the nine different things that
she
and choose how she felt.
1 tired I happy / annoyed
2 angry / sad / excited
3 stressed / tired I relaxed
4 happy / angry I bored
5 positive / annoyed / stressed
6 bored / angry I surprised
7 worried lhappy / annoyed
8 excited / relaxed / tired
9 bored / tired I stressed
Why did she feel each emotion? Compare your
answers in pairs.
Listen again and check.
i
NATNVE,,SFfAKtriiENC.lrlg
rl
uPset
We say someone is upset if they a re sad, worried or
annoyed about something that happened.
Work in pairs. Take turns to act the different feelings
in exercise A and to guess the words.
I was a
bit upset, but I tried not to
cry.
He was a bit upset that lforgot his birthday.
Don't get upset about it. lt's not a big problem,
She was upset because I said I didn't like her idea.
D Which emotion(s) are the words in the box connected
with?
look forward to
cry
asleep smile
have to wait
shout
fall
do a test
lie on a beach
Tell a partner about the last time you did four of the
things in exercise
D.
D Work in groups. Describe what you did yesterday.
.
.
.
Who did you talk to?
How did you feel about each thing you did?
Who had the best day.
did
Reaorruc
You are going to read a sho:t article about economics and happiness.
A
Read the article and decide what you
.
.
.
.
think is:
surprising.
not surprising.
a good idea.
a bad idea.
B Work in groups and discuss your
ideas.
The economist Daniel Kahneman interviewed
women in Texas to compare how h"ppy different
things made them feel. They were less happy
at work, doing housework and, worst of all,
travelling to and from work. But, they enjoyed
spending time with relatives like aunts and uncles
more than spending time with their children!
Another economist, Richard Leyard, has
suggested governments should worry less about
trying to make the country richer and do more to
make people happy. Here are some of his ideas,
lncrease taxes on high salaries so that
people don't want to work so hard.
Don't let children under 12 see adverts
because it makes them want things they
can't have.
Provide more help for people who have
depression.
Don't change education, healthcare,
etc. too much, because a lot of change
worries people.
Have lessons at school on how to be a
good parent.
list of the four things that make people happiest.
c Make
a
D Work
in pairs. Discuss your ideas and try to agree on the same choices.
Spearrruc
Read the text. Then discuss the questions
Work in pairs. Explain your decisions. Discuss what
you think each article is about, using the groups of
words.
in groups.
Now read the articles on the opposite page and see
you guessed correctly.
if
Positiue Neus
Work in paixs. Say what happened in each story,
using the words in exercise A.
is an international
newspaper that
comes out every
three months. As
you can tell from
its name, the paper
look at good news
stories and tries to
tell the general public
about people who are working to improve the
world. The paper also has special youth pages,
so young writers can tell young readers about
what they are doing to change society and the
environment for the better.
The paper has offices in the UK, USA, Hong
Kong, Spain and Argentina, and now has over
a quarter of a million readers. It is free, but any
readers who want to offer money for it, can!
Work in pairs. Say which articles you think describe
positive news. Explain why.
GRannmaR Present perfect
3
We can use the present perfect to talk about actions
that happened sometime before now, but have
a present result. We don't use it with past time
expressions (e.g.yesterday, a few days ago).
Over 1,000 families have lefttheir homes.
(now they have nowhere to live)
A Find six more examples of the present perfect in the
articles.
Complete the sentences with the present perfect
form of the verbs in the box.
think Positive News is a good idea?
Would you like to read it? Why? / Why not?
Do you
you remember the last positive news story you
heard or read?
Why do you think positive news stories don't appear
more often in normal newspapers or on the TV
a rrest
go up
Can
1 Sailors
esca pe
ratse
send
Save
sta
rt
the lives of more than 100
people in the lndian Ocean.
The wives of hundreds of policemen
letters to the government, saying their husbands
need more money.
Talks between the US and China ........................... in
news?
Rraorruc
You are going to read three short newspaper articies"
A
die
4
Before you read, match the headlines below to the
groups of words l.*3.
Belj ing.
Six
on the roads today following
heavy snow last night.
House prices ........................... by 750%.
people
5
6 Police
HEAYY RAIN
a manfor stealing 200 metres of
train line.
FAST.FOOD FIGURE GOES FAST
)
7
Three dangerous men ........................... from a police
8
station.
A little boy
..
trteed help? Read
over f 500,000 in six months.
the grammar reference on page 16L.
LOST MAN X'INDS HIS IVIISSION
Spraxrruc
got lost - looked after
dol
la rs
- raised more than one million
- education - brldges
- court - statue of Ronald McDonald - threw
sailors
a rrested
floods - escape
ri Work in pairs.
Choose one of the sentences from
Grammar, exercise B, and write a news story about it.
Start with the sentence you have chosen.
95
OUTCOMES
- government -
rise
- worse
Work with another pair. Read your news stories.
li:-rrt
ff.f.'..f
q
In 1993, Greg Mortenson got lost trying to climb the mountain K2 in Pakistan. Some village people found him and
looked after him until he was well. Greg thinks they saved his life. To say thank you, he decided to help them by
starting a charity to build schools. He has raised more than one million dollars and has helped more than 30000
children to get a better education. His organisation has opened over 80 schools and it has also helped to build roads,
bridges and health centres.
At least 15 people have died
after heavy rains caused floods
in southern Thailand. Over 1,OOO
families have left their homes
to escape the waters and the
Eovernment has closed several
schools in the area. Watet levels
are continuing to rise and the
situation is probably going to get
Two British sailors appeared in court in Chile yesterday after
they stole a plastic statue of Ronald McDonald from outside a
McDonald's in Valparaiso - and threw it into the sea. The sailors'
boat stopped in the city on Monday and police arrested the men
later that day. They had to pay f350 and have now left the country!
worse.
12 FEETINCS 97
CouoclnoNs
A
CoruvensATroN PRAcncE
One student reads a group of collocations from Unit
11 of the Vocabulary Builder. Where there is a '-', say
'blah'.Yortrpartners guess the word. Who guesses
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
the most?
activities.
Food, Unit 1,L, page 87.
Feelings, Unit 12, page 93.
Acr on DRAW
B
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Don't speak. Your partner tries to guess the words. Then
change roles.
Now do the same with Unit 12 of the Vocabulary
Builder.
PnoruuructATtoN Long vowel sounds
:
rest
throw
stiff
hit
a
fry
flood
grill
hungry
smile
bu rn
chop
s
lice
a bridge
a disease
a bird
juice
order
a cough
kill
lie down
Some single vowel sounds are a bit longer than
others. ln a dictionary, these sounds are marked with
the symbol
I.
Ourz
Work in groups. Answers as many questions as possible.
1 Say two things you often carry.
2 lf you recommend something, is it good?
3 lf something rises, does it go up or down?
4 Who arrests people, and why?
5 What don't vegetarians eat?
6 Say two things that make people stressed.
7 What do you take if something hurts?
8 Say the names of two courses you have at dinner.
9 Where do you leave a tip? What for?
10 What do people feel and do if they have an argument?
11 lf you come first in a race, what medal do you get?
12 What doyou roastfood in?
13 Do soft drinks have alcohol?
14 Say three things you add to improve taste.
15 How do you feel if you're looking forward to something?
Fasr wRrrER
Work in groups.
See
bR 6.2 Listen and say the first sound and then say
the second one. Make sure the second one sounds
longer. Then say the words.
Work in pairs. Try to say these words.
7 lst.3\l
5 /'rntavjur/
2 lpt'^kl
3 /a'sli:p/
4 lfotm\l
D
6l'si:fudl
7l'statlull
8 /a'pru:v/
t
R 6.3 Listen and check the words in the audioscript
on page 180. Listen again and repeat the words.
E Work in pairs. Practise saying the
who is quickest to write each of 1-5.
i Eight parts ofthe body.
2 5ix kinds offood.
3 5ix questions a waiter or customer
5
5
asks in a restaurant.
Two sentences with should and two with shouldn't.
Four sentences with the present perfect.
Four offers with Would you like ...?
98
OUTCOMES
-1
A R 6.1 Listen and say the words and the sounds.
sentences. Who
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are difficult
for you?
1 They serve big portions.
2 I hurt my arm and burnt my hand.
3 We eat beef and chips on Tuesdays.
4 They appeared in court for stealing a statue.
5 We asked for pork with cream sauce.
6 Warm up well before you start to play.
Lrsreuruc
Ao.rrcrrvrs
You are going to hear four conversations,
Complete the sentences with words from the box.
*R6.4
Listen and decide if the sentences are true or
false. Listen twice if you want.
1 a The man's at someone's house.
b He has a potato and seafood soup and some water.
2 a They are eating a vegetarian dish.
b He roasted the food in the oven.
3 a The woman feels ill.
b She's going to go to the doctor.
4 a He's nervous because he has exams.
b He's studying medicine.
delicious
scientific
bored
excited
hea lthy
annoyed
h
igh
full
1 The film was really slow and I got quite
2 I can't eat anything else. l'm rea1|y..........................
3 Our company does a lot of ........................... research.
4 l'm ........................... about the trip. lt's going to be greatl
5 How did you make this soup? lt's ...........................1
6 I have quite a ........................... diet.
because he criticised us.
7 I was
8 Doctors don't get very ........................... salaries in my
.
[.../ 8]
country, so a lot of them move abroad.
[.../ 8]
Gnarrnruen
A Complete with the present perfect form of the verbs
Cor.r.ocarroNs
in brackets.
1 He's in hospital. He ........................... his leg. (break)
one million pounds to build
2 They
Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
they go with in 1-8.
schools. (raise)
3
I ...........................
anything yet. What would you like?
(not order)
they
4
...........................
5
...........................
6
We ........................... the day
...........................
any salt or pepper?
(add)
off
(take)
[.../ 6l
Choose the correct words.
1 I need to send a few / a bit of emails.
2 There's not many / much risk of rain today.
3 Would you like us to drive / that we drive you there?
4 We don't use a lot of / much spices in our cooking.
5 I don't eat any / much pork because it's against my
6
prove
escape
stop
leave
affect
ca
ncel
a service charge?
(include)
you
boil
SAVC
religion.
I've had / had a chest infection last month but l'm
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
- the
*
floods /
some water
- from prison I - from the war
/ - the potatoes / - for 10 minutes
it's healthy / - it causes cancer / - it wrong
money / - his life / - 100 people from the flood
- the country / - atip / have to - your home
-your health / -the environment / - us
- smoking / -for a rest I -me sleeping
- the meeting / - my flight / - my credit card
-
[.../ 8]
Vocagumnv
Complete the words in the text.
better now.
1...t 6l
Complete the sentences with ONE word in each gap.
A: I have a headache.
1
B: Maybe
2
you
like
A: Would you
lie down.
to get you a glass of
l'm trying to keep my iwe...... under control. I don't fry
my food - I usually 2bo...... it or eat things like salad
with a little olive ro.......leat lots of fruit and 4ve...... and
I don't eat red meat, because it has too much sf...... .
don't have too much salt either because I read a urep......
that said it can cause heart 7dis...... . You need to look
8a...... yourself here because healthcare is very expensive.
I
water?
B: Please.
you done to your leg?
A: What
B: I fell over yesterday and cut it.
adverts on TV.
4 I think there are too
5 lfeel a bit sick. I need to get ........................... fresh air.
6 I didn't have ........................... money, so I couldn't buy it
3
1...t
[.../ 8]
[Total ... /s0]
61
06 REVIEW 99
NATURE
VocaguLARY weather
A
GnarrnruaR might and
Describe the weather in the photos below with the
words in the box.
hot snow
wet warm
rain
cold
ice
dty
su n ny
windy
be
going to
We use might + verb and be going to + verb to talk
about the future. Migltl shows possibility. Be going to
shows certainty.
cloudy
storm
It might rain this morning, but
this afternoon.
it's
going to be dry
What kind of weather do you think goes with these
seasons?
autumn
winter
spring
summer
I
Which parts of your country have the best / worst
weather? It\Ihy?
Lrsrrrurruc
Complete the sentences wilh might or the correct
f,otrr.of. be going to.
1 A: What are you doing later?
B: I ....................
...... go shopping, but l'm
2
3
We ask about the weather by sayingWhat's the
forecast for todoy / tomorrow etc.? We start the reply
withlt lTheymid...
B: They're knocking it down.They
build some flats there.
A: What are you going to do when you leave school?
B: I d like to continue studying, but
have to get a job. Our
I
4
A: W h at's th e fore ca st for tod oy?
B:They soid it's going to rain.
You are going to hear three conversations in which
people decide what to do.
not sure.
A: What are they doing to that church?
5
family needs the money.
A: What's the forecast for tomorrow?
............ possibly
B: They said it ..............
snow! t
definitely
be cold, though.
lt said on the news it ........................
continue to rain for the next two days. There
......... possibly be some flooding.
A OL3.Llisten. Find out the forecast and what the
people decide to do.
B Work in pairs. Practise reading the conversations in
the audioscript on page 180.
100 ouTcoMEs
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 152.
Deve lopr NG coNVERsATroNs
Short questions
ln conversation, we often use short questions
without verhs.
A: Why don't we go to the swimming pool?
-*r
B: We could do.Which one?
A: The open-air one.
*
A Read the conversations. Choose the best short
question to complete each one.
1 A: Why don't we go and see a film?
2
Work in pairs. Say the forecast for today / tomorrow
/ the weekend.Use might / be going to.
Write four things you might do in the next week,
month or year. Why are they just possibilities because of the weather / money / other people /
some other reason?
3
4
5
B
Work in groups. Explain your ideas to each other.
6
B: Maybe. Where? / What film? / What time?
A: There's a showing at 8.40.
A: I might go for a walk later.
B: Really? Who with? / When exactly? / Where?
A: .lust on my own - unless you want to come.
A: Do you want to go into town later?
B: Maybe. How? /Whatfor? /Whattime?
A: To have a drink or something.
A: Why don't we take a holiday?
B: We could do. How long for? / When? / Where?
A: Just a few days.
A: Why don't you invite some friends for dinner?
B: Who? / Why? / When?
A: Do you need a reason? lt's a nice thing to do!
A: Why don't we go to the beach?
Write the sentences in your language. Translate
B: We could do. Which one?
them back into English. Compare your English to the
original.
Why don't we just relax this morning?
Why don't we go to the swimming pool?
Why don't you talk to him about it?
Why don't you go to the doctor?
Why don't I do it foryou?
A: We can get a bus.
E Work
/ What
time?
/
How?
in pairs. Practise the conversations.
Change partners. Say the first line of the
conversations. Your partner uses a different short
question. Then give a different answer.
CoruvensATroN PRAcncE
Yqu are gcing ta have
oxres
similar ccnversatiss'.s to the
you hear* in -fl;isfenfng.
A Work in pairs. Look at the plan below and think
about what you are going to say for one minute.
It Have a conversation. Then change roles.
*t\- ){-&
.
Student B
-.jr.,,:.!,
.,,r-d,&f;-,.
'-t
ti
"'*
:-"
]:
13
\"
NAIURE 101
Reaorruc
You are going to read a bLog called Slx reilsons nat to ,..
Read the
introduction and complete the title.
People say the country has fresh air, but don't
breathe too deeply! The country is full of
animals: pigs, eows, horses. They all smell bad
and none of them use a toilet or wash their
hands. And farmers put chemicals in the fields.
The country's not fresh * it's horrible!
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
that cities are a great lnvention?
How are they good for the environment?
What reasons do you think the writer is going to give?
Do you agree
Read the rest of the blog on the
right and find out the
six reasons she gives.
Decide if the sentences are true or false, according to
the blog.
1 Everything in the country is natural.
2 The author is scared of cows.
3 All the shops close early.
4 lt's easy to make good frlends in the countryside.
5 lt's d ifficu lt to keep you r clothes clea n.
6 The scenery isn't varied enough in the country.
Work in pairs. Say which reasons you think are:
- funny
- wrong
- interesting
- stu pid
- true
- stra nge
Not a hope
We use not o hope to say something is totally
impossible.
Can
rHn 00$rs
I once walked across a field, and a group of
cows started following me. lt made me nervous
- their big eyes looking at me, following me.
There was a wall at the end of the field and
the cows were following me - and their eyes!
I couldn't escape. I started running. ljumped
onto the wall. And they were still there - those
huge eyes: the cows, looking at me. I still have
nightmares about it. I don't like cows.
TIIB
SHOIDS
you buy milk at eight o'clock in the evening? Not o
hope!
A: Do
you think you
can
finish the work by tomorrow?
B: No. Not a hope!
They
don't have a hope of winning
102 ouTcoMEs
The country may be full of cows, but can you
buy milk at eight o'clock in the evening? Not a
hope! And if you want to buy anything during
the day, you have to travel half an hour by car to
get it!
VocaeuIARY Country and city
A Work in pairs. Put the words into two
TIITT
groups - country and city. There should be
12 in each group.
PIOPLII
agricu ltu
You often live quite a long way from other people and your
choice of friends is limited, so living in the country means
spending a lot of time with your family. I love my family, I
really do, but I don't want my best friends to be my mum
and my dogl
ra
fie
I
ld s
a
crlme
hunting
a horse
grass
conven ient
slow
traffic
soi
crowded
po I uted
a
factory
norsy
traffic lights
a block of flats
a cottage
farm
I
crops
a park
hills
I
pea cefu
I
TIIII DIITT
The countryside is covered in soil and grass, and it rains
a lot - not a good combination if you want to wear white
clothes or nice shoes!
TIIIi
Work in pairs. Take turns to act or draw the
words. Your partner says the word.
Complete the two descriptions with words
from exercise A.
lSCIJNIIITY
| live on the second floor of a
near the centre of town. lt's qulte crowded
. for shops
and noisy, but
and work. lwalk everywhere.There's also a
huge choice of 3...........................: Iive sport and
it's
OK, I like mountains. I wouldn't like to climb one, but
they're nice to look at. They're impressive. The problem is,
the countryside doesn't have enough mountains. Travelling
by train, you look out of the window, what you see is a field,
another field, another field, a few trees, a field, another
field, a farmer in a field, field, field, cows (argghhhh!), field,
field. lt's just very very boring!
f
?-',
music, theatres, cinemas, shopping centres,
bars, restaurants
2
- everything.
little
We live in a
. in a village
in the north. City life is too fast for me.
prefer a more 5........................... life. lt's a big
. area. The soil's very good.
I
The main
. they grow are
potatoes and other kinds ofvegetables.
There are also some dairy farms. lt's usually
nice and quiet, but occasionally people go
. in the fields near here.They
shoot birds and rabbits.
,.
+f,'*''";€
D Work in Broups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
.
Recent posts
.
slx IBItrASONS NO'I'',l'O ...
.
... have a boyfriend.
... take the bus.
... like Friends.
... watch sport.
... vote.
... drink beer.
.
Which place doyou prefer in exercise C?
ls your life slow or fast? Why?
How convenient for shops / work is the
place where you live?
What entertainment is there where you
live? Are you good at making your own
enterta inment?
What's the countryside like in your
country? What are the main crops? Where
do they grow?
Are there any factories near you? What do
they produce?
Have you ever ridden a horse? Did
you like
it?
What hills or mountains are there near
where you live? Have you been to the top
ofany ofthem?
13 NATURE 103
VocaeuLARY Animals
C Listen again and complete the notes below.
Work in groups. Look at the animals in File 7 on page 168.
Discuss these questions.
. Do you know anybody who has any of these animals?
.
.
.
.
.
.
o I o oQ7/tJ1t1) oolt0ult0ttoBtL'8,
cAl,,lrlls
Which animals are common ln your area?
Which anlmals hunt?
Which can run fast?
Which eat meat?
Which animal makes the best pet? Why?
Which do you normally find in the wild?
TWezwayx cnmd* arol>otte,r dra,vv
lwrse*:
7
, ;,;;;
w,ore.,
j TTw,y' ra,...........................
cntdliaat
Close your books. Can you remember all nine animals?
Lrsrrrurruc
You are going to hear two people ta-iking about the
l4ilk, - ve*y good,for yow.
l4eat -low (*'............
3'...,...........-.......... - u,rcdrtc ma*z, laalhcr.
C
dye
leath er
a
a,tne) rar,i,rt4, pop da/, but dpbatet
the desert
protei n
al:out
enterta
va lua b le
Ll\Pm,
in
ment
& maro
1
2
Look at the words in the box and check you understand them.
Work in pairs. Discuss which words you think are connected
to which photo and why.
protected
a,,n
TW e,e th,i,rt4* camd* p rov td,*r:
national
symbols in the photos.
I cut down
a,$4,
Nepdr1p4r,...........
th,et uae
of
,..................... ......
to- r (Apt
violin bow
g q 13.2 Listen and check your ideas. Discuss with a partner
rl\\tltrrl
which words are connected to which photo - and how.
3 0 0 ct 1, o $ a oo o 0 0 a 0 u u ao 0
t----..
PAUtsR,ASILTNEE
Caw g.row uP td,
.. .. . ..
I w the, pa,rt, Ll,at trea
alawg,Ll\Prt................
tsea,ofi(fi.tl woodt -
a*
......
w
.
..
....
a* foil,n
..
.... . lt{.qf".
d,
ilL
:..........
e...
col,otu.
?rod,urft'*w of chemiral
t|,a, "..........
d,ye* fia.vted, (.,w
fhi,ynPeA, nnettrept
? q.t,y tsy q,ri+ n
104 ouTcoMES
tsra*d, - ? ww
ts ra*fu fi'e'et
I
ovl p roteoted,
CIi
GnarurtnaR
Pnoru u uctATtoN Passives
Passives
lllle form passives with the verb be + a past
participle. We use passives if we don't know
who does an action or if it's not important
When we say passives, we often use the contractions of is and
are or weak forms of was and were.This means the forms
of be are often difficult to hear.
who did it.
A ry 33 Listen and repeat what you hear.
The national tree of Brazil rs called'Pau Brasil'.
Camel skins are sometimes made into leather.
It was found all along the Atlantic coast.
,Lot5:of trees were cut down.
B Listen again. Write the
Spearr ruc
A Work in pairs. Say the past participles of the
verbs in the box.
I
cut down
lintroduce
fin d
eat
sel
hunt
u5e
p
rQ.
I
rotect
Complete the sentences with the correct form
of the verb be and the past participles of the
verbs in brackets.
1 Our national plant ...............
for making medicine. (use)
2 The rubber tree ..................
into Liberia in the early 1900s. (introduce)
in both
3 Elephants
Asia and Africa. (find)
4
Kangaroo steaks........................... sometimes
in Australia. (eat)
5
For ma ny yea rs, tigers
for their skins, but now they
sentences you hear.
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Does your country have a national animal / tree /flower? Do
you know what it is? How much do you know about it?
. What could you tell someone from another country about:
- your country's nationalsport?
- your country's nationaldish?
- your country's national heroes?
- people who have done great things and are loved by
.
.
many people in your country?
What do you think is the best thing about your country?
Are there any things you don't like about it?
by law. (hunt,
protect)
6
ln the past, many trees ................
and the wood
lot of money. (cut down, sell)
...............
...........
for
a
Need help? Read the grammar reference on
page L62.
We sometimes show who does an action,
usingblt
Ca,mel
meat is:eaten by some people.
Work in pairs. Discuss who you think did each
of the actions below.
1 He was arrested last night by ... .
2 The new law was introduced last month by ...
3 My trip to Japan was paid for by...
.
.
4
5
Paper was invented by...
.
fhe Harry Potter books were written by ....
.
D Write three questions that you know the
answer to, using the pattern below. Then ask
other students.
-.
ARTIGAS
13
NATURE 105
ffip$rurffi$\$ 5
Spearrruc
Lrsrrru rruc
.& Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. What's the difference between a film and
Yc& ase goizeg to hear fuar* em&'crersa?io$.s, Im tEte frx'st, the
p*opie tallq ab*ut a fi.lm"l" Xyr tlee s*c*xr.d, tkenr talk abqut a
a
play?
.
$ru.s!ea3,
What's the difference between a musical and
& & 34,? Listen and answer these
a concert?
.
When was the last time you went to the
cinema, the theatre or to a concert? What did
you see? What did you think of it?
questions about each
conversation.
1 Have both people seen the film / musical?
2 lf yes, what was each person's opinion of it?
3 lf no, do you think the second speaker would like it? Why? /
Why not?
Vocaeu IARY
Describing fi lms,
plays and musicals
Try to complete each of the sentences below with ONE word.
Compare your ideas with a partner. Then listen again and
Complete the sentences with the adjectives
in
the box.
predictable brilliant
entertaining sad
depressing violent
1
2
lt was .............,
lt was really.
.. .
funny
scary
strange
terrible
lt really made me laugh
.I
cried a lot at the
ending.
3
4
5
6
7
B
9
10
lt was very ........................... - very unusual.
lt was very ........................... . I felt sad for days
afterwa rds.
lt was rea1|y........................... . I really enjoyed it.
106 ouTcoMEs
?
?
lt was very ........................... . There was a lot of
killing and a lot of blood in it.
lt was rea1|y............................ I spent halfthe
time hiding behind the sofa.
lt is very
. After ten minutes,you
know how it's going to end.
lt was
- one of the best things
l've ever seen in my life.
lt was
- one of the worst things
l've seen in a long time.
Work in pairs. Which of the descriptions
exetcise A do you think are positive and
which are negative? Why?
check.
1 a Have you ever seen a film
28 Days Later?
b l've heard
it, but l've never seen it.
c What's it ...........................
d lt .................... .. terrible!
e No, it's greatl ...............
2 a What did you think ........................... it?
b lt was quite entertaining in
,l suppose.
c The ........................... and the music were great.
d But what about the ...........................
e I ........................... it really sad.
in
!{l{i!t! th9,lsenlenae$in:yOu,r,langua$e; Tianslite them back
into English. Compare your English to ttre original.
I found it really sad.
lfind grammar really difficult.
How.a re yourf,lndi!9, the cours-e?
I
can't find my keys.
tu!U$ir:,20 on the ,stteelypsterd;
Did you find your phone?
I
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. Would you like to see 28 Days Later or Dogs? Why? / Why not?
. Can you think of somethingyou found: really scary? too
violent? very predicta ble?
CoruvensATroN PRAcrrcE
Y*:.: are
going t+ h*re eonversati+:-:s
3i3<e
the ones
i:"r
Zistszzing"
A
On your own, make a list of six films, plays and
musicals you have seen - and concerts you have been
to - in the last few months.
E
Work in pairs. Take turns asking if your partner has
seen the things on your list. If they have not seen it,
they should ask What was it like? If they have seen
it, they ask What did you think o/ it? Continue the
conversations.
Developr Nc coNVE RsATroNs
What's it like?
lf we want someone to describe something or
someone, we often ask What is / was ... like?
r,:
l've never seen it. What's it like?
It's brilliant. lt's really, really scary.
A Match the questions 1-8 to the answers a-h.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
B
was the film like?
was the acting like?
was the band like?
was the ending like?
What's the food like there?
What's your boss like?
What're your parents like?
What was your holiday like?
What
What
What
What
Very sad. I couldn't stop crying.
She's great. 5he's very easy to talk to.
C
Quite good. They played their roles very wel1.
d It started well, but I didn't like the ending.
e Oh, it was wonderful. lt was very reiaxing and we
were very lucky with the weather.
They were great. They played for two hours and did
a
b
all their most famous songs
a
b
h
My mum's great, but ldon't get on with my dad.
Amazing! They do a delicious garlic chickenl
Work in pairs.
Student A: ask the questions in exercise A.
Student B: read the answers.
Change roles.
Student B: ask the questions in exercise A.
Student A: invent your own answers.
a
On your own, write three What is / was ... Iike?
questions for other students in the class. Then ask
them.
14
OPlNloNS 107
Spearrruc
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
.
Do you ever read newspapers? Which one / s? Why?
Are there any newspapers you don't like? Why not?
Do you ever watch the news on TV or listen to the news on the radio? lf yes, how often?
What are the big news stories at the moment? What do you think about them?
What kind of news stories can you see in the photos below? Would you like to read about each story?
Lrsrrrurruc
D The groups of words 1-5 come from the news stories.
Listen again and take notes on how the words are
connected.
l optimistic
power
voting
You ale going to hear a news report.
A Work in pairs. Discuss in which order the different
kinds of news usually appear on news reports.
sports news
show business news
financial news
internationalnews
national news
the weather forecast
&14.2 Listen and put the different kinds of news in
exercise A into the order you hear them. There is one
you don't need.
e Compare your answers with a partner and say how
you decided.
2
3
4
5
peace talks
lost
border
engaged
two
captain
injured
cul
months
close
funding
actor and model
competition
Work in pairs. Say how the words in exercise D are
connected, using the words in exercise A.
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
Have you heard any recent stories about any:
.
.
.
.
.
.
elections?
companies losing money?
people losing their jobs?
wars?
famous people getting engaged?
sports people getting injured?
What do you think about each story? Why?
rc,
i*iS*,,
i
I
I
I
I
I
I
GnarrnrrnaR will
A
/ won't for predictions
Complete the sentenceswithwill or won't.
come out with you tonight.
need to finish some work.
2 You can try and talk to her if you want, but it
make any difference.
3 I think he ........................... be a very good leader.
win the game.They're not good
4 They
enough.
5 The new law might help a bit, but it ......
completely solve the problem.
6 I don't think I ........................... pass the exam. I haven't
done enough work for it.
7 We ........................... probably arrive sometime in the
evening. lt depends on the traffic.
B The company lost a lot of money this year. I expect
we ........................... all lose our jobs before too long!
1 I probably
Below are fi.ve comments from the chat rooms on the
radio station's website. Match each comment to one
of the five stories you heard.
This will be terrible for the whole area.
It'll have a really bad effect on local
communities because people will have
move to find work.
to
It won't last.They'll probably be divorced
bythe end oftheyear.
I
This loss won't make any difference.They'll
still have a very strong team tonight.
D A 3{e.3 Listen. Repeat what you hear.
don't think the situation will get any
worse.They both have too much to
I
E
Listen again and write the sentences you hear.
F
find
Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions. Use the
answers below.
1-
Do you
It'll be better if there's no clear winner.
mean they all have to work togetheil
2
3
Do you
lose. The big countries
will make their
governments negotiate again, and they'll
a solution.
Do
thinkyou'll ever speak perfect English?
think you'll live to be 80?
you think your country will ever win the World
Cu p?
moke a
4
5
6
7
8
dffirence
lf something makes a dffirence, it changes a
situation in a good way. lf somethingdoesn't make
ony dffirence, it doesn't change a situation in any
think
think
Do you think
Do you think
Do you think
Do you
Do you
you'll ever live or work abroad?
you'll ever be really rich or famous?
we'll find life on other planets?
there'll ever be world peace?
we'll ever learn how to look after the
environment?
way.
This loss
won't make any dffirence.
He's made a real
dffirence to people's lives.
dffirence to the way I do my
The course made a big
job.
It doesn't make ony dffirence to me what you think!
Which of the comments in exercise.A are optimistic
and which are pessimistic (= ths opposite of
optimistic)?
G Write two predictions of your own about what will
/ won'thappen in the future. Explain your ideas to
some other students. Do they agree with you?
)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 163.
14
oPtNtoNS 109
A
VocaeuLARY Society
Rraor ruc
Decide which ending in italics goes with each of the
sentences a-c that follow.
1 The economy is quite weak / strong.
a There's a lot of unemployment.
b lt's easy to find a job.
c Wages are high.
2 Crime is very bad / not a problem.
a There's a lot of violence and murder.
b there's a lot of stealing.
c You don't need to lock your door at night.
You are going to read what two immigrants say
about th.e different esuntries they have rerowed to.
3
5
friendly / not very open.
They don't invite you lnto their homes.
People are very
a
4
A
b lt's easy to ma ke friends.
c They keep themselves to themselves.
The climate's good
cou ntry?
I
/ not very nice.
a lt's dry and warm allyear round.
b lt's really cold in winter and too hot in summer.
c lt's very wet. lt rains all the time.
B
You have hardly any free time.
lt's very relaxed.
Spend two minutes remembering the sentences in
exercise A. Then work in pairs and test each other.
Student A: keep you r book open. Say sentences a-c.
Student B: close you r book. Say the correct sentences
writer would
answer these questions.
l- How long haveyou lived here?
2 Why did you move here?
3 Do you like it here?
4 What do you th in k of the people?
5 What do you th in k of the climate?
6 What do you think of the healthcare system?
7 How's the economy doing?
8 ls there much crime?
9 Do you think you'll ever go back to your country?
c lt's very efficient.
6 The quality of life is very good / not very good.
a Families are close and children are happy.
b
Work in two groups.
Group A: read the text on the opposite page.
Group B: read the text in File 5 on page 167.
Read your text and decide how the
Healthcare is very good / quite poor.
a Treatment is expensive. Some people can't pay
for it.
b lt's free for everyone.
c
Before you read, discuss these questions.
. Are there many people from your country living
abroad? Why? ln which countries?
. ls there immigration in your country? Where from?
. Do you know anyone who has moved to another
country or city? Why did they move?
. What other reasons are there to move to another
C
Compare your answers with someone who read
the same text as you. Which country do you think
the writer is from and where do you think they are
living?
1-6.
D Now find
C Work in pairs. Write one more example for each
situation in exercise A. For example:
It's safe
someone from the other group. Without
looking at your texts, interview each other. Use the
questions in exercise B.
to walk at night. (2 Crime is not a problem.)
E With the
D In groups,
read your examples. The other students
guess the sentences 1-6.
same partner, discuss which of the two
writers has a better quality of life. Why?
r':
:
';
A NTW LIFT
I've lived here for five years now. I
really like it. I came here to work.
There are lots of jobs in computers
and technology and wages are
higher than in my country. People
here are very relaxed and open. They
often invite you to their homes for a
barbecue.
I really don't miss anything
about my country. We don't have
long, dark, cold winters here - it's
basically warm all year round. But
if you want snow, you can go to the
mountains and ski. I can also watch
ice-hockey games, which I love. In
fact, it's great for sport here. The only
problem is I work long hours, so I
don't have time to take advantage of
all the opportunities.
Before I came here, I heard
crime was bad and that there were
problems with healthcare. but I
haven't had any problems. Certainly,
in the big cities. there are a Iot of
GRlnnMaR Verb patterns with adjectives
These two sentences mean the same thing.
Notice the position of the adjec,tivedangeroas.
Watking in the streets is dangerous.
It's dongerous to wolk in the streets.
lf we want to make
a verb the subject of a sentence,
i
weuse an-ingform.
murders, and walking in the streets
is dangerous, but I've never seen
anything like that. I Ieave my door
unlocked in my house and no-one
has ever stolen anything. As for
healthcare, well, it depends if you
have medical insurance, because
treatment's expensive. Luckily, my
company pays for mine and I've
found the facilities fantastic - very
efficient.
Sprarr ruc
A In groups,
discuss what you
think of the things in
the box in your country:
cnme
hea lth ca re
politlcs
the climate
the quality of life
work
Do you know any other cities or countries well? How
do they compare with your country?
We can also use it + be + (aot) adjective + (not) to +
infinitive.
A
Discuss whether you use similar grammar in your
language.
B
Rewrite the sentences using one of the patterns in
the explanation box above.
1 Finding work here is easy.
2 lt was difficult to meet people.
3 Learning the local language is helpful.
4 Meeting other people in the same situation was
good.
5
6
)
lt's nice to sit and have a coffee by the river.
Not criticising people is important if you want to do
well.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 153.
C Make true sentences about the place you live or
work, using the patterns in the explanation box.
1 lt's easy
2 lt's important
14
0PlNrONS 111
CollocanoNs
A
CoruvensATroN PRAcncE
One student reads a group of collocations from Unit
13 of the Vocabulary Builder. Where there is a '-', say
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
the mostl
'blah'.Your partners guess the word. Who guesses
activities.
Nature, Unit 13, page 101.
Opinions, Unit 14, page 107.
m
Acr on DRAW
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Don't speak. Your partner tries to guess the words. Then
Now do the same with Unit 14 of the Vocabulary
Builder.
change roles.
PnoruurucrATroN
hunt
a planet
a band
murder
blood
vote
breathe
a desert
a barbecue
windy
a field
injured
ride
a pool
rob
a storm
SNOW
crops
h
ide
a
farm
/h/ is said with a little air.The other sounds in the
chart are said with the voice fiom the throat.
tht
h
Ourz
It
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1 Where do you find grass?
2 Say the name of someone who wrote plays.
3 Do you see a cottage in a city or in a village?
4 What happens in a general election?
5 When might you miss your friends and family?
6 What's the problem if there's a lot of unemployment?
7 What do you get a wage for?
8 Why do some farmers use chemicals?
9 When do you get ice on the road?
10 What's the opposite of noisy?
11 Say three kinds of entertainment.
12 Why might a political party have to share power?
l-3
14
15
When do people have nightmares? How do they feel?
What might happen if there are lots of dark clouds?
Say two places that are often crowded.
ide
lml
lnl
lol
ilt
l(l
me
rain
sing
lock
rest
tit
wild
yet
R 7.1 Listen and say the words and sounds.
Practise saying these words
hero
horse
with /h/. Breathe lightly.
hope health
horrible
hand
For I m l, I n I and /q /, you use your nose to make the
sound. Hold your nose and say these words.
fu nding
model
training
unemployment
D Work in pairs. Try to say these words.
1, lhiutdSl
5 /'prauti:n/
2 lwnnsl
6 /nnJur3ual/
3 linnl
7 l'valiubll
8 /eka'nomrk/
4 l'endql
qR7.2 Listen and check the words in the audioscript
on page 181. Listen again and repeat the words.
Fasr wRrrER
Work in groups.
1
2
3
4
5
See
Work in pairs. Practise saying the sentences. \A/ho
who is quickest to write each of 1-5.
Eight animals.
Eight words to describe films, plays, etc.
Four sentences predicting the weather - two with
might.
Four sentences with a passive - one with a negative.
Four predictions-two with will,twowilh won't.
112
oUTCOMES
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are difficult
for you?
1- Many sports people are on huge wages.
2 I want to be a model when I grow up.
3 He hurt his arm when he went hunting.
4 Farming is an important industry here.
5 I saw a young wild horse running in the hills.
6 My health is more valuable to me than money.
I
Aor e cnves
Lrsrrrurruc
You are going to hear four news stories.
Choose adjective that is not correct.
1 He's Jamous / popular / wild writer.
2 The film was really dangerous / violent / depressing
3 lt's a wild / economic / dangerous animal.
4 He's a(n) varied / intelligent / strong leader
5 The economy's weak / strong / optimistic.
6 Healthcare here is quite poor / efficient / peaceful.
7 ll's a predictable / huge / powerful counlry.
8 We had some really windy / crowded / horrible
a
A QR
7.3 Listen and match themes a-d
with stories 1-4
a weather
b crime
c entertainment
d famous people
B
A
Listen again. Match e-h with stories 1-4.
e Someone got married recently.
f A business is doing badly.
g A bird was killed.
h There might be a lot of cars on the roads.
.
weather.
[.../ 8]
[.../ 8]
CollocanoNs
Gnarurrrnan
Match the verbs in the box to the group of words
they go with in 1-8.
Complete with the passive form of the verbs
in
brackets.
L
2
3
4
Most of the cotton we
use
solve
make
fa il
stea
damage
invite
grow
vote
in lndia.
(prod uce)
1
-
Unfortunately, there are almost no tigers now in this
area because they ........................... so much. (hunt)
The tigers
by law now. (protect)
There was a lovely tree opposite our house, but
unfortunately it ........................... . (cut down)
Who
that book
by? (write)
2
- for the
5
6 Where
this
...........................?
I
Was it here?
(make)
me to a parly
aga
3
4
5
6
7
8
i
/ - you into their home / not be / - in a general election / -
d
Peace Party
nst
- the problem / - the argument / try to - it
- crops / the economy -s / - in the field
- my bag I - my car / - money from the company
peacetalks - / * anexam / - towin
- a big difference / *friends / - him captain
* the economy I - your car in an accident / - the
environment
[...t 6l
B
Complete the sentences with ONE word in each gap.
A: What's the forecast for tomorrow?
B: lt said it's 1........................... to continue raining.
A: When do you think it 2........................... stop?
B: lt's difficult r........................... say. lt sometimes rains for
days. When are you going back home?
A: I don't know now. 1a........................... go back early. lt's
horrible to s........................... sightseeing in the rain.
b: No, stay. There are things to do indoors. 6
out on Friday night is great too, even if it's raining.
A: OK - and I suppose the weather might get better.
1...t 6l
C
Change into statements (+), negatives (-) or questions
(?). In one sentence, use a different pronoun.
1 l'll do it before Friday. (-)
2 ls it easy to find work there? (+)
3 I might go to the party.(-)
4 I don't think they'll miss her a lot. (+)
5 lt's usually served with rice. (-)
6 lthink they'll win. (?)
1...t 6l
[.../ 8]
VocasuLanv
Complete the words in the text.
We live in a small 1cot...... in the middle of the
countryside. Our nearest 2nei...... is a sheep farmer. He
lives around six kilometres away. Nothing much grows
around here apart from grass because the 3so...... isn't
very good. There are very few trees - just grass, hills
and wind turbines that 4pro...... electricity. People ask
me how I can live here, with so few people and no
sent...... . But those people are only thinking of shopping
or nightlife. ldo lots of fun things. I ride my6ho......,1
practise shooting with my gun and I sometimes go
7hu.......1 read a lot and watch DVDs.And it's so safe and
peaceful here. No crime, no traffic - just 8fr...... air and
the sound of the wind and the birds.
[.../ 8]
[Total ...
tsol
07 REVIEW 113
TECHNOLOCY
VocAgU utnY Machi nes a nd tech nology
A label
the pictures with the words in the box.
machine dishwasher
mobile phone
vacuum cleaner
games console
digital camera
washing
hairdryer
laptop
Lrsrrurruc
You are going to hear three conversations about
te*kmology. Xn each conversation, someone makes a
recornmend*.tion.
AO
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Which ofthe things in the pictures do you have?
. Which brands do you have?
. Which is most useful? Why?
. What other machines or technology do you own?
. Are there a ny you don't have, but wou ld like?
15.f Listen and complete the table.
i
rind of machine
What's good about it?
Check you understand the words in bold. Then work
in pairs. Look at the pictures again and point to:
1 a cable
2 a screen
3 a plug
4 a keyboard
5 where you turn them on and turn them off
6 where the battery goes
7 buttons you can press
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
Do you think the things they recommend sound good or
not? Why? Are they missing anything?
1
2
114
oUTCOMES
How much does each thing cost in your country?
Work in pairs.
Student A: say each sentence in exercise A.Then ask Can
you recommend anything / anywhere?
Student B: make recommendations.
Change roles and repeat exercise B.
t,
Write three sentences about things you - or people
you know - are thinking of doing. Explain your ideas
to a partner.
Deve lop! NG coNVE RsATroNs
Do you know much about ...?
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGTISH
find out how much people know about general
topics, we often say Do you know much about ...?To
answer, say Nq not reolly / A bit / Yeoh, quite o lot.
ages
A:
We often say ages instead of a long time.
B: A bit.Why?
To
It's taking me qges.
A
haven't seen himfor ages.
I waited ages for you!
I
My
fliqht
was delayed
for
ages.
GnarrnnnaR be thinkinq of + -inq
Do
you know much about computers?
Find people in your class who know
things in the box.
a
lot about the
history
geogra phy
ca r5
com puters
Au stra lia
the moon
ten
cows
n is
Try to ask extra questions to find out how much each
person really knows.
talk about plans that we are not 100% sure about,
we often use be thinking of + -ing.
To
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcrrcE
m thinking of buying a la ptop.
She's thinking of starting her own lnternet company.
We're thinking of getting a new washing machine.
l'
A
Complete the sentences with the correct form of be
thinking of and the verbs in brackets.
1 t.....................,.,....,
..-.-...-.... mv dad some new
clothes, but I don't know any good shops. (buy)
2 My brother ......................... . an English
course next year. (do)
3 We ..............
............ to the cinema later.
You are going to have conversations like the ones in
ListeninE"
A Decide on two technology items you're thinking
of buying. Decide how much you want to spend on
them.
Talk to some other students. Explain what you're
thinking of buying and why. Ask for and make
recommendations.
(eo)
4 I ...................
5
.. .. the mobile phone
company I use. (change)
My parents ...................,...,. . a new car.
Tell a partner who gave you the best advice.
(buy)
6 They
their holiday.
somewhere warm for
(go)
7 I ...................
.......
a pet for myyounger
sister. (get)
8
My
un
sister
Engineering at
iversity. (study)
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page J.64.
.I5
TECHNOLOCY 115
VocasuLanv
Pnoruu ructATtoN
Computers and the lnternet
A
Cb
the extra information in 1-8 to guess
the meanings of the words inbold.
Translate these words into your language.
1 A: That's a great photo.
B: l'll send it to you, if you like. What's your
Spel li ng add resses
l5.2 Listen to each group of letters and repeat them.
Use
nEt
email address?
2 A: Did you get the photo that I sent?
B: I don't know. I haven't checked my
emails today,
Ea
A: I can't find the emailyou sent me.
I received it, but maybe I deleted it by
m i sta ke.
B: Don't worry. l'll re-send it.
My school has its own website at
www.stphil.edu.
There's a really funny video on YouTube. Do
a search for'dog + skateboard'.
I read an interesting article on the Araddy
website. l'll send you the link if you want
to read it.
lf you don't have the software,you can
download it free from their website.
My computer died lastyear and I lost a lot
of my documents. I save'everything on a
memory stick or online nowl
Write your translations on
a piece of
Close your book. Point at each of
.:-.
,
i
paper.
your
partner's translations. Your partner should
say the words in English.
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Which websites do you visit most?
. What was the last link you received? Did
you send it to anyone else or did you delete
the email?
. Do you have a memory stick? What do you
.
Work in pairs. Say the alphabet in the correct order. Take turns
saying the letters. llllhich letters are the most difficult for you
to say?
19 15.3
1
2
3
tisten and write the
th-ree
different addresses.
Her website:
Her email:
Her home
a website, an email and a home address. Then work in
pairs. Say your addresses and spell them for your partnet to
Write
write down.
keep on it?
Do you
download anything for free? What?
Lrsrrrurruc
You are going to listen to
l-ri\NG LtrAr E P;ITTE RN 5
- and answer
about computers and technology.
- a questionnaire
A Before you listen, work in pairs and read the possible answers.
Discuss what you think the questions are.
19 15.4
listen and check the questions.
tD 15.5 Now listen to the whole questionnaire and tick
answers that are best for you.
/the
Work in pairs. Compare your answers. Who do you think likes
technology more?
Change partners. Tell your new partner about two people you
know - one who loves technology and one who hates it. Give
examples of how they love / hate it.
116
oUTCOMES
E a None.
E b One.
E c Two or more.
tr a Maybe an hour or two - if I turn it on.
E b Four or five hours. Most of the evening
E c I never turn it off.
I
tr
a Maybe once a day, maybe less.
b Two or three times a day.
Ec
I
check it all the time through my phone.
tr a 0-10
tr b 10-30
tr c 30-100
E
tr
E
a The most basic pay-as-you-go phone
b O_uite a good camera phone.
c One ofthe best, latest phones.
E a What do you mean? Phoning people of coursel
E b I use the camera, music, and I sometimes play games.
E c Apart from the camera,l use the diary, Facebook,
maps - all kinds of things. I can't list them all.
E
tr
E
*,
I
_r
Ea
someone to show me the very basic things.
learn to do a fewthings
l'm not interested in the complicated things.
c ljust start playing about with it and teach myself
To find out more detailed things, I look at the
instructions or their website.
I ask
E b I read the instructions and
\Lr. it"
-r.t@
'.,
\
tr
;.
fl
,,,*d.l,t
tr
I
*
a Yes, l've deleted files on my computer by mistake
b Yes. I sent an email to the wrong person once.
c No, of course not.
a Cet angry, shout and jump up and down - until
someone tells me I need to plug it in.
b Check it's plugged in and, if it is, call someone to
repa ir it.
c Check everything is plugged in.Turn it off and on again
- and if it still doesn't work, I repair it myself.
l-0
E a Hardly ever. Why do I need it when my old things work?
E b Sometimes. Some things are better, and lchange when
my old things break.
I like to have all the latest things.
tr c All the time.
Sprarrruc
A Look at the different ways of selling things in the photos. Then discuss these questions in groups.
.
.
.
Which ones do you like the most / least?
What a re the adva ntages / disadvanlages of each way?
Can you think of any other ways of selling or advertising things? What's good / bad about each one?
I
., -* * i=d
.++t*c70014fi1 'r: <'4'
'---h4^At)fraBA
Z*
e,:rtr.+fiE 1l1g14tfrA
t"
. '..',"t
'
118
oUTCOMES
v'' - r,
-.'tD
1 ..r4
{',
Rraor uc
GnarrnrrnaR Adverbs
You are going to read an article about using
Adverbs can tell us more about verbs: they say how
we do things. They usually come after the verbs they
describe.
technology to sell things.
A
Read the introduction below. Then discuss these
questions in pairs.
1
2
3
4
Most adverbs are formed by adding Jy to an adjective
(e.g. slow - slowly). However, there are some irregular
Why do you think it's called'viral marketing'?
How do you think viral marketing works?
What do you think makes it effective?
What kind of products do you think it might work
ones.
fast
late
- fast
- late
early
good
- early
- well
hard
-
hard
best with?
5 Can you think of any examples of viral marketing?
6 Can you think of any possible problems with it?
A Find seven adverbs in the article about viral
marketing. Which verbs do they come after?
Going Viral!
Complete the sentences with the adverbs formed
with the adjectives in the box.
',
hen most people think of viruses, they think of diseases that
-:ove cluickly from person to person or of computer viruses
I
hich cause serious damage. However, in recent years,'viral
.rarketing' has become one of the most popular ways of selling.
n,J
ea
rly
good
ha rd
late
quick
quiet
slow
l'm really tired today! I went to bed very
Viral marketing started in the 1990s and is a development
iolder ways oftelling people about brands. In the past, happy
rstomers told friends about products they enjoyed. What's
-.ew, however, is that viral marketing uses the Web to tell
. eople about new brands and increase sales. The power of the
.:ternet allows people to spread news more quickly and more
,
last
n
ight.
can't hear you. You're speaking too ...........................
3 I can't understand them.They talk very
4 l'm really tired. I need to go to bed ..................,........
2
I
.
ton ight.
idely.
She's
working very............
..........
at the moment. lt
sounds very stressful.
5he's very good at languages. She speaks English very
B
Read the rest of the article. Did your answers to
exercise A agree with the article?
Viral marketing inch.rdes videos on sites like Facebook
text messages and advertising games. The best
:,xamples are those that give away free services or products in
.he first place to sell something else later; they move quickly
.rnd easily from person to person and theytarget the right
:eople. Nowadays, everything - from chocolate bars to movies
- uses these new methods, often very creatively.
Viral marketing works well with cheaper products that
reople buy without thinking too much. It works badly with
high-cost products, which people think about more before
,r YouTube,
ruying.
Perl.raps the
first example of online viral marketing working
successfully was Hotmail's idea of advertising itself in its own
emails. Every message sent by the half a million users in 1996
ended with the iine'Get your private, free email at wvwv.
7
8
What's wrong with you? Why are you walking so
? Hurry upl
My parents are angry because 1did........................... in
my exams.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 164.
Work in pairs. Ask each other these questions. Use
the answers below.
l- How well do you speak English?
2 How well do you usually do in tests / exams?
3 How well do you know your country?
4 How well can you swim?
5 How well can you draw?
6 How well can you spell?
hotn.rail.com'. In the next year, over 12 million people joined!
Flowever, there are also problems. Firstly, many people
now see viral advertising messages as no different from junk
emails, and don't want to click on unknown links. Secondly,
as marketing gets more creative, there's more risk of people
misunderstanding it or not realising it's connected to a
product.
C Work in pairs. Look at the words in bold in the
article. Decide if they are verbs, nouns or adjectives.
Discuss what you think they mean.
D Write two similar questions to the ones in exercise
Then ask some other students your questions.
C.
lSTECHNOIOCY 119
VocaeuLARY
A
e
Love and marriage
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
What's the diflerence between girlfriend, wife and
1
pa rtner?
2
What's the equivalent for men?
girlfriend / boyfriend
\dfe,oftg4
when the 'ay,pdirtnetin$teadaI
couple are older or are living together. We
can also use it if we don't know if the couple are
married or not.
,
I
;
Complete the sentences with the pairs of words in
exercise B.
1 We're going to have a party for my parents'
on Saturday. They've been
for 25 years.
2 My daughter is six months
. She's due
to have her ........................... on Christmas Day!
next summer. Would you
3 We're getting
4
like to come to the ........................... ?
Sorry I can't go with you. I have ........................... on
Friday. This boy at
and l've liked
5
him for ages.
I'm pleased they're going to get ........................... . I never
liked him. He was very........................... and controlled
.-**.:i
Discuss if the words in the box refer to a girlfriend
boyfriend, a wife / husband or either.
married + wedding
a date + asked me out
live together + move in
anniversary + married
/
what she did.
6
broken up + getting on
divorced + jealous
in-laws + approve
pregnant + baby
school
We've decided we're going to ........................... . l'm
to her flat. I spend so much
time there already and this way we can share the
going
to
cost ofthe rent.
5orry, l'm a bit upset. l've ........................... with Toni! To
be honest, we weren't
very well. We
argued quite a lot and now he's met someone else.
I get on with my
now, although they
didn't ........................... of our marriage at first.
D Spend five minutes writing what you would say
or any questions you would ask in response to the
people in exercise C.
Work in pairs. Take turns saying the sentences in
exercise C. Your partner should respond, uging their
ideas. Try to continue each conversation together.
---.qrl
Drvr lopr
How long
NG coNVE RsATtoNs
...?
find out the duration of something from the
past to now by askingHow long...? with the present
perfect. You can answer with just the time or with
phrases like,not (very) long.
You can
A: How long have they been together?
B:
Two or three months.
A: How long.have they been. married?
B:
A
Not very long. Four years, I think.
Put the words into the correct order to make
questions.
1 you long how have
together been
?
2 have married how you been long
3 known how have other they long each
4 house lived long how have you in this
5 long how there she worked has
6 car you have long how had your
Lrsrrrurruc
?
You are going to hear four short cenversations. In
each one, someone gives news about a relationskip,
?
?
?
?
A6
Listen. Answer the questions for each
conversation.
1 Who do the people talk about?
X6"X
2
B
B
51,6.2 Listen and check, and write the answers
you hear.
C
Practise saying the questions and answers.
What's going to happen?
Choose the correct words. Then listen again to check
your answers.
1a
l3 Work in small groups. Take turns to ask two
different How long ...? questions each. Your partners
should give true answers.
b
How longare they / have they been together?
5he's very well-looking / good-looking.
b
get divorced?
What a shame / mistake.They're both such nice
You are going to have similar eonversations to the
people.
ones you }:.eax& in Listening.
a Next May sometimes / sometime.
b What's / What does hts pa rtner like?
a Did ltell /sayyou Fiona and Kieran aregoingto
4 a A guy / boy in my French class.
b He's quite high / tall and he has lovely eyes.
CouvrnsATroN PRAcncE
A Write
a piece of news about a relationship starting
Did I tell you...7It can be true or invented. Look
at the audioscript on page 182 ifyou need to, and
underline the questions the people use to continue
the conversations.
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Do you think it's good to live together before you get
.
.
.
.
ma rried
?
you know anyone who moved in with a parlner /
got married after only being together a short time?
Does anyoneyou know have a partneryou don't like?
What divorces have you heard of in the news
recently? What was the cause?
Do you think karaoke is a good thing for a first date?
Why? / Why not? What might be better?
Do
NATIVE SPEAKER ENGII5H
guy
We often use guy instead of man.f here's no
equivalent for woman.
A guy in my French class.
He's a really nice guy.
Ask the
guy on the reception desk.
B
Ask different students your question starting Did I
tell you...? Your partner should ask questions to help
continue the conversation.
Sprarrruc
& Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
What do you think love atfirst sight means?
Have you ever heard any stories about love at
first sight? Do you believe them?
Do you think it's possible to fall in love with
things or places - as well as people - at first
GnaruruaR The past continuous
We form the past continuqirl with,wo; / were +- ing. Use it to
show that one action started but didn't finish before another
action happened. The other 4clion is usually in the past simple.
Last year, I was 5pendiyrr,a
tot,ottifie online and, one night,
I
met my futu re h usband.
sight?
Can you give any examples?
Lrsreruruc
as* going t+ h.*ac threc pe*p}* *;r}}cing ah*ut
tkeir *xgr*ries:ces *f l*rre at first siglat.
A Complete these sentences from Iisf ening usingthe correct
past'continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
We..........,
,. seriously to begin with, but then I got
pregnant and we had to find somewhere fast. (not / look)
1
2
Y*ze
A Before you listen, look at the photos below.
In pairs, discuss how each picture might be
connected to the idea of love at first sight.
3
4
One day, we
home from another appointment
when suddenly we saw it! (drive)
He ....,...................... in a band at the time and this had a big
influence on me. (play)
I ........................... in a Second Life nightclub, he came in and it was
love at first sight. (work)
Read the audioscript on page 183 to check your answers.
& 1S,? Listen and match each person to a
picture. Were you right about what each person
fell in love with?
Complete the sentences with the correct past continuous form
of the verbs in the box.
Listen again and decide which sentences below
are true.
a They needed to move quickly because
1
b
c
2a
b
c
3a
b
they planned to start a family.
They made an appointment to see the
house they bought.
They tried to negotiate a better price.
Nis first guitar was a present.
His uncle was a very important person
in his life.
He now plays music for a living.
Second Life is an online dating company.
She met her future husband in a
n
c
p
ightclu
1
have
visit
listen
walk
We...........................
dinner in a restaurant in town and she was at
open
watch
the next table.
2
1...........................
him one
3
4
in a hotel in Singapore and Isharedthe
liftwith
day.
He........................... a new shop in my city and lwent to see him.
We ........................... some friends in Vienna and we saw her at the
a
irport.
5
I ...........................
6
the shops. lt was love at first sightl
I ........................... through a street market one day and I saw it on
some shopping in town and I saw it in one of
a ta ble.
b.
She isn't actually married yet.
do
stay
7
I ........................... TV
one night and there was an advert for it.
I
thought it looked amazing.
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. Where would your dream house be? What
would it be like?
B
I ...........................
to the radio one day and heard this song. ljust
fell in love with it.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 165.
well?
Which people have had a big influence on you?
Have you heard of Second Life before?
What do you think is good / bad about it?
PnoruuNcrATroN
Spearrruc
Sentence stress and weak forms
Spend three minutes deciding how to answer the
In positive past continuous sentences, wos and were
aren't usually stressed. lnstead, we use the weak
forms
lwazl and lwa/.
ln negative past continuous sentences, was and were
are stressed.
In the sentences, the stressed sounds are in bold. In
pairs, practise saying the sentences,
1 Sorry. I wasn't listening.
2 Slre wasn't feerlng very well. so she went home.
3 coulcl n't hear because you \/ere talking.
4 We weren't getting on so we broke up.
5 I was working in Greece when we met.
5 I lost bccause Iwasn't trying
..
:
,,:
questions below. Try to use the past continuous.
Grammar, exercise C might give you some ideas.
. Have you ever fallen in Jove r,vith something you saw
/ heard? What was it? \ /here rvere you? What rryere
.
.
.
you doing?
lave you eveT seen or met - any famous people?
When? Where were yoLr? What were you doing?
How and when did you li'st meet yor-rr best friends?
Where were you? \A/hal were you doing?
Think about some couples you know. How did they
flrst me et? Where rryere they? What rvere they doLng?
g Work
in groups. Discuss your answers to the
questions in exercise A.
Iisten and check. Repeat the sentences.
fr
Sprnrrruc
A Which of these
Renorruc
You are going to read some short poems based on
ideas do you prefer? IIUhy?
promises.
a1
Read the poems on the opposite page and match
lltilG,ilo a lot.
alm*G
lf$
hBilIBt to
)r,
[]GoI o
lJ*tr$::neuor71)
.
.
Do you ever make promises? Who to?
What's the last promise you made? For example:
I promised to take my son to the cinema.
GnnnnnnaR will
/
won't for promises
each poem to one ofthese titles.
ln memory
New born
Breaking up
A threat kept
Before you discuss your choices, match the bold
words in the poems with the meanings L-9.
1 Two times.
2 Stop holding something.
3 Make someone feel confident by saying positive
thlngs.
4
5
6
7
8
9
Become less strong (of a colour, sound or memory).
Make a small mistake.
Look after.
Plants / Flowers that you don't want in your garden.
Stay.
Believe someone is honest.
Work in pairs. Explain your choices of title and
agree on the same ones. Decide who is mdring the
promises andwhoto.
D Work in groups. Did you all agree in exercise
C?
Now
discuss these questions.
. Which poem did you like most?
. Were there any lines you didn't understand? Can
your partners explain them?
Work in pairs. Make promises using will / won't and,
these ideas.
promise to call later
promise notto tell anyone
promise to try harder
promise not to be late
promise not to make a mess
promise to tellyou when I hear more news
1
2
3
4
5
6
Spearrruc
A Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
Can a parent love a chlld too much? Why? / Why not?
ls it always better to stay married? Why? / Why not?
What ways do you remember people who have died?
Have you ever been threatened?
What happened?
How did you react?
Work in pairs. Think of promises (or threats) that
these people might make.
. a couple who are in love
. a child to a parent
llllork ln pairs. Tale turns to say and respond to the
sentences. Respond using I wllL / I won't.
L Don't start before I get back.
2 You need to pay me back tomorrow.
3 Remember to go to the bank.
4 Don't forget to callyour gran to thank her.
5
6
Be
|
careful.
don't want you to miss the train.
Need help? Read the grammar reference on page 165.
124
oUTCOMES
.
.
.
.
a student to a teacher
a
teacher
a boss
a politician
Now choose one ofthe people in exercise B - or use
your own ideas - and w:lte a short poem. Follow the
pattern of one of the poems you re ad, in Reading,
D Read out your poems and vote for the best one.
f
I
@
I
I
t
t
I
I
This I promise.
I'll try to be a person you zodnt to loae.
- I'll try to encourage and not to criticise -
.E
How could you?
]
I'll
1
l
Tiy to ask, not to tell.
I
F-
I'll protect you and be tbere to bold you,
l
r
D
But I prom,ise
t
be stronger.
be here; I won't slip up or fall.
How can
i"
Let you grozo.
t
I'll
{
I'll let go -
I'll
How can I know?
I
..)
L
be better;
.{
Because
I trtstyou?
I'll love you.
And you didn't be.fore?
rt
{
1t
{
I
--3
r. td
!.
l'll poy youback.
I'll tendyour
I'll
garden.
remove the weed.s that may cover
I've asked before
it.
I'll plant new flowers when others die.
I won'tlet itfade.
I'll
keep
it alive.
Andyou'llremsin
ln nry heart.
-
l'llpay you d.ouble.
I've given you chances,
said there'd be consequences.
I'll do whatyouwdnt.
I've waited, but I'll wait
-3
?
L
"a
?
..,
-fl
H
d
_9
$
no more.
CI.r
16 LOVE 125
CouocarroNs
A
CoruvrnsATroN PRAcncE
Work in pairs. Do one of these Conversation practice
One student reads the lists from Unit 15 of the
Vocabulary Builder. Where there is a'-',say 'blah'
Your partners guess the word. Who guesses the
most?
activities.
Technology, Unit 15, page 115.
Love, Unit 16, page 1-2L.
Acr on DRAW
Now do the same with Unit 16 of the Vocabulary
Work in pairs. One person acts or draws the words.
Don'f speak. Your partner tries to guess the words. Then
Builder.
change roles.
wedding a button
pregnant argue
pleased a guitar
a battery
a cable
damage knock
a
screen
moon
delete
click
a plug
a
PnoruuructATIoN Word stress
slip
hold
the
drop
text
lfla woid.rhas nrore than one,syllable;rone syllable is
stressed more than the other(s). Unstressed vowels
a list
araruiually,liither,ta I a I or an lr I souhd.
tn a,aiitibharyr,ihe,stfesr ls, marked wlth a' beforg
the stressed syllable. For exa'mple:
Ourz
Work in groups. Answer as many questions as possible.
1 What's the opposite of advantage?
2 Say three musical instruments.
3 Who might you have a date with?
4 What kind of people do you have appointments with?
5 Why would you say'What a shame'?
6
7
8
9
Why do couples break up?
Who are in-laws?
What do you do in a nightclub?
What do you say if you want to accept an offer?
When do you replace a battery?
10
11 What has a keyboard?
12 ls something that is complicated easy or difficult?
13 What things do you download, and where from?
14 What do you say to encourage someone?
15 Say two things that can fade.
address
A
,
R 8.1
/a'dres/
mess?ge
/'mestfi/
Listen and repeat the words. Make sure you
useaweak
lel or ltl
fortheunstressedsounds.
forget
remove
machine
marriage
power
method
target
protect
Work in pairs. Try to say these words.
1/'0retan/
2
3
4
lrr'metn I
/dr'velapmant/
/r'fektlv/
5 /ad'vorntrfi/
6 l'darari I
7 /'dokjumant/
8 /nr'gauJiert/
C A R 8.2 Listen and check the words in the audioscript
on page 183. Listen again and repeat the words.
Fasr wRrrER
Work in groups.
1
2
See
D Work in pairs. Practise saying the sentences. Who
has good pronunciation? Which sounds are difficult
who is quickest to write each of 1-5.
Six machines or pieces of technology.
Eight words connected with computers and the
nte rnet.
I
3
4
5
4
Four sentences with an adverb.
Fourthings with be thinking of,using
Four promises or threats.
125
oUTCOME5
for you?
i My digital camera is broken.
z The instructions were very complicated.
3 I forgot my diary, but I remembered my date.
l,
he,we,they.
5
6
lt's an effective method with one disadvantage.
Couples should think seriously about marriage.
Technology and machines have developed a lot.
Lrsreurruc
Nourus
You are going to hear four conversations.
Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
I R 8.3 Listen and decide ifthe sentences are true or
false. Listen twice if you want.
1- a The hairdryer is broken.
b The woman needs a new one.
2 a The man's laptop isn't working very well.
b The woman suggests getting a different computer.
3 a Their friends have been married for three years.
b Theirfriends want to move because of Jack's job.
4 a Rebecca and her husband are breaking up.
b Rebecca's going to have a baby in March.
i
email
diary
methods
nfl uen ce
anniversary
bra nd
lin k
sight
We don't usually celebrate our wedding
It was love at first ............ . .
3 My grandad was a big
on my life
4 I need to check
and send one too.
1
.
2
.
my
l'll send you the
to the website.
I wrote the appointment in my
There are many ways to target people in advertising,
but one of the best ...........................s is viral marketing.
It's a ........................... which people like and trust.
5
6
7
[.../ 8]
[.../ 8]
Gnarrrrnnnn
A Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
CouocanoNs
verbbe.
1
2
3
I ...........................
thinking of going to the cinema later.
I ........................... playing football.
working for a local
broke my leg when
We met when we
I
company.
4 They
thinking of moving house.
5 What ........................... you thinking of doing this evening?
coming
6 I saw Mariah Carey once when she
out of a hotel.
1...t
61
Add the adverb form of the adjective in brackets to
complete the sentences.
1 I can't run very because I have a bad leg. (quick)
2 He works too. (hard)
3 Can you swim? (good)
4 I didn't do in my exam. (bad)
5 We arrived so that we could get a seat. (early)
6 lt only worked for a while. (successful)
1...t 6l
Complete the conversation with ONE word in each gap.
(won't / weten't etc. = one word)
you doing last night? I called.
A: What
B: Sorry, my phone was turned off and I saw your message
too 2........................... to call.
doing anything special.
A: Don't worry. I
ljust thought you might like to go out.
B: Actually, I was with Simon. He asked me to marry himl
A: Really! Did you sayyes?
B:
A:
Of course! We're thinking of 0........................... married this
August so don't go on holiday then.
I s........................... I lt's great news. I promise l'll
. there.
1...t 6l
Match the verbs in the box to the groups of words
they go with in 1-8.
join
move
recerve
a
press
plant
slip up
promise
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
pprove
/- a letter/ - some bad news
-todoitl - tohelp / -her nottobelate
-flowers /- atree / - acrop
- junkemail
- house / - in to his girlfriend's flat / - out
- in my exam / - and fall I * badly
- the switch / - the start button / - the key
- a chatgroup / -the army / - a club
my parents don't - / - of the marriage / -the
plan
[.../ 8]
VocasuLanv
Choose the correct words.
The guy promised / threatened to shoot us if we
didn't give him the money, but we persuaded him to
1
letgo /Jall ofthe gun.
/ honest him. He's broken / damaged his
promises too many times.
We often argued / jumped a bout who shou ld do the
washing-up, so we bought a dishwasher / washing
I don't trust
machine.
Itried to turn / make on the computer, but nothing
happened.Then
keyboard out.
I
saw someone had pulled the plug
/
[.../ 8]
[Total ... /s0]
08 REVIEW 127
Wnlrl
Vocaeu!.nnv
Common questions
A
Complete the conversation with the
questions in the box.
ruC Completing forms
Contplete the form below for the person in the conversation
Vocabulary,exercise A. The first answer is given.
in
what's your surname?
do
you have a middle name?
where do you live?
what's your first name?
what's your telephone number?
where are you from?
when were you born?
A:
I need to ask you some questions so we can
complete this form.
B:
OK.
A: Right,
B: David.
A: And
SURNAME
Ablrott
FIRST NAME
MTDDLE NAME(s)
CENDER
MALE
F E
MALF
NATIONALITY
DATE OF BIRTH
B: Abbott - that's a-double b-o-double t.
A:
OK. l've
B:
Yes,
A:
OK and
Canada. l'm Canadian.
Oh, OK. Right. And s.................
ln Dublin. 25 Cook Street.
B:
A:
got it. And
3............
ADDR F5S
it's Sebastian.
B:
A: And
B: lt's 07791-773-119.
A: OK - nearly finished.
TEIEPHONE NI.JMBFR
One more question,
7
B:
1980. October the fourth.
A:
OK.
Creat.That's everythlng.Thanks.
Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer
the seven questions in the conversation above.
t
Fnxtffi
*.** fi
***.
B +ru
E
BF,&
A'aEg
e s'rE *l
I
I
I
I
;
I
I
128
oUTCOMES
Vocae
A
u LARY Nation
a
I
ities
Work in pairs. Discuss what you can see
the photos below.
in
Complete the tab1e.
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Can you name any famous people from
.
.
the United States
.
lreland
lndia
each
ofthe countries in exercise
A?
Doyou know any people from any ofthese
countries? Who?
What do you know about the different
kinds offood from each country?
Do you know any other famous things
from each country?
Scottish
England
Pnacnce
Australian
Complete the formwithyour own answers.
China
lnar
Japanese
France
5U
Cermany
Italian
R
N,AME
FIRST NAME
Polish
M
Russia
Spanish
DDLE NAME(5)
CENDER
MALE
FEMALE
Brazll
Mexican
NATIONALITY
Turkey
DATE OF BIRTH
Egyptian
ADDRESS
The nationality words above are adjectives. We can also use
them to describe food, people, etc.
I love
I live
I
TELEPHONE NUMBER
Mexkan food.
with two Australian women and a Polish man.
watch a lot of ltalian football.
&
4
{rd{
WRITING
WRITING
PEN FRIEND
Spearrruc
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Which people in the photos like doing the same things
. How often do you do these things?
.
.
as you?
Are you good at them?
Are there any activities in the pictures you really don't like doing? Why not?
,fn
- r,
i'
riit
1;
.t
{
,t-,
EL
Wnlrlruc
A
i
Looking for a pen friend
Complete this Internet advert
with the words in the box.
B Work in pairs. Discuss how you
are similar to Tiiu
and how you are different. For example:
first
part-time
foreign
student
brothers
playing
fu ll
parents
meeting
usually
Hi,
My name's Tiiu (pronounced Tee-you). Well, that's my 1..............
name.
....... name is Tiiu Lipping, but people
My
**=
4x-t
....... just call me TI I'm from Estonia, in the nofth of Europe
i\,
ei.
f
-
and I want to write to someone in
....... country. It's a good way to practise my English.
It's next to Russia and above Latvia
i
I
-
a
s...........
I
live in the capital city, Tallinn. I'm a
at Tallinn
University, I'm studying Mediclne. I want to be a doctor in the future.
I also
....... in a shop. I enjoy it because I like
work
....... people and the money's OK.
t
f
I
I
8.............. tennis and reading. I live with my mum
e..........
. It's OK. I really want to have my
own flat, but my
........ say I'm too young - I'm 19.
I
like swimmlf,g,
and dad and my three
;
\
I
130 ouTcoMES
)
\
.T{rt't
C: i
I
i-_-
€'
Kev wonDs FoR wRtn NG and
Pnacrrce
And is a linking word. We use ond to join words and phrases
together.
I live
with my mum and dad. I live with my three brothers.
with my mum and dad and I live with my three
I live
=
brothers.
Note that we don't need to repeat I live with.
I
llo"'*l*'lnr
llf;
rlar nstenr;is
.
.
.
.
a reply to Tiiu. TeIl her:
where you a re from a nd where you live
what you do
what you like doing.
who you live with
Use some of these expressions.
. Mv full name is
but people
When more than two words or phrases are connected, we only
use ond between the last two.
I like swimming. I like playing tennis. I like reading.
=
Write
readl^,
1nd
.
usually call rre
l'm from............
.
.
I like
with
I live
...,.,.,
and I live in
/
I live on my own
.,.'.,.....'.....'.,, a nd
Note that we don't need to repeat I like.
Connect these sentences using and.
| play volleyball. I play golt
1
2
Bangkok is really crowded. lt's polluted
,
,,t.
'.rl .g , ,ti. r.r,." .;
i;;;;;;;;
r
t.
.".prt.'l
4
My brother lives in Dubai. My sister lives in lstanbul.
s
r ri"e
aunt.
*iir.,
I live
;;;,.n ;;; arJ r". * in ,,f '"i". ,;;;,,;;y
with my grandfather
f
ia
t-: <:::
=
,16).tffi, ...,.
,.ts5.-'
q+''-5$|::i
WRITING
{s',.-.
,.,
Lr
#:
^dFtNi
t.
i'- - fAh,
i,5ir
'r
{
CrRDS
t/
7
'
,
t,
":*.
-?l'
lF-.r-.
'!t"-t'"'
:
a'
VoclauLanv
Sprarr ruc
A Match the
Beginning and ending cards
cards in the box to the pictures.
To
i
i
i
a birthday card
a Christmas card
a Mother's Day card
a
Deor Yoichi,
DearTom and Susanna,
wedding card
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
.
show who a card is for, we usually write Dear +
first name. For example:
Valentine card
a get well soon card
a
Do you ever send cards or e-cards? Who to? When?
why?
you remember the last card you sent?
you remember the last card you received?
What kind of thing is good to write in the different
kinds ofcards in the box?
We usually finish with one of these expressions and
then our first name.
Regards, (= for people we don't know very well)
Can
Can
Best
wishes
Lots of
love,
Love,
&*k.ffi%
eee
eee
Q-::i}j::-;.;+
.@@@
132
oUTCOMES
(= for friends)
All the best,
(= for family members and old friends)
I
i
I
l
I
ll
nl,
1
,lifu,
,
t
i'llr
t-
'iirl.,i
'','I
r
'',,r_
!i
'l''
|
,t,")
Cover the explanation and complete the cards
ONE word in each gap.
sd),y,
H"ppy btth.dnyt
I h.opu yowlwna
w
i:
.t/r/lii\\i_,
.j=---
-_
,
1
-t
i'
with
,
')
Krv wonDs FoR wRrrr NG hope
We use hope to show what we want to be true
or to happen in the future.
(= now / at the moment)
I hope you are all well.
I hope everything goes well. (= in the future)
?F
great da,y.
Maria?
+--
.,.j.
Note that when we use hope lo talk about the future,
we use a verb in the present simple form after it.
A Match the
sentences
with the follow-up comments.
1 Sorryto hearyou were ill.
2 Sorry to hear about your computer.
3 Cood luck with your exams next week.
4 Cood Iuck with your interview.
5 Happy birthday.
6 Nappy Christmas and New Year.
w[,,he*,
Vear
j:--
;
,'l,
,1
\-\-\\--\
:i, ,l
:.'.
i}
'i
li
)
I
,'lt,' il'.1;r ,i
:i
i'i , ;
I '1.'i/1'
,t!'.
i
Miguel.
Congratulations on your new baby boy.
I hope you are allwell,
a
b
c
d
e
f
I hope
you have
a
fantastic
day.
you get the job
I hope it isn't too expensive to replace.
I hope you're feeling better now.
I hope
I
I
hopeyou enjoyyour holiday.
hopeyou passthem all.
B Work in pairs. Discuss why people hope the things in
the sentences below. For example:
Lots of
a
I hope
it doesn't rain.
kehecca
1
I
Duar 4aron,
2
I
3
hope it's open tonight
hope she got home OK
I hope you like it,
6ooJ /ar:( *)lh your nea;j.>l
I hoTu evenf hin3 3oes u;e//.
4
I hope
)
I
r{//
th. '
E
they losel
hope it doesn't take too long.
Think of two things you hope are true or that you
hope happen in the future. Tell a partner your ideas.
Suziu
Pnacrrce
Write three cards to different people. They can be
birthday catds, cards wishing someone good luck,
wedding cards, etc. Use some language from these
pages.
WRITING 133
i-
.l
*
Spearrruc
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Where are the most popular meeting
.
.
.
places in your town / city?
Where do you usually meet your friends?
Do you usually arrive before, at or after the
time you agree to meet? Why?
What are good meeting places for these
Complete Mel's reply to Emma with the words in the box.
ca
n
from
To
Subject
near
on
easy
emma200ljenkins@shoemail.gb
Re: Tomorrow
different kinds of people:
- parents with children?
'teenagers?
older people?
- people going on a date?
Wnlrl
NG Ma ki n g arran gements
Complete the email with the words in the
box.
four
me
that wtraL *;;r"
Hi Emma,
I don't finish work until about five tomorrow. Maybe
we can meet somewhere 1.............
my office.
There's a cafd near there called Cafe Blue. It's quite
nice - they do good food there if you want to have
something to eat.
It's 2....,,,,..... ............. Clarendon Street, which is
off Bedford Road. When you come out of the
station, turn right and walk down Bedford Road.
Clarendon Street is the first on the left. The caf6
is two minutes'walk 3..
there. It's
,... to find. It's a big place with chairs
and tables outside. You
.... always phone
me on your mobile if you can't find it.
To
Subject
melkent@shoemail.gb
See you,
Tomorrow
Mel
Hi Mel,
t............,.......-......
Let me know
time
you want to meet tomorrow - and
.... . My class finishes
at r........................... , so any time
is fine with
after 4.............
AII the best,
Emma
134
oUTCOMES
Write the names of the places from Mel's email in a-d on the
map. Then compare with a partner.
giiillrr:'n*''***
G narrnnnaR The present sim ple
to ta lk
Krv wonDs FoR wRrn NG which
about the future
We can use which to add more information about a
We use the present simple to talk about timetables
in the future - trains, planes, buses, classes, work,
thing / place to the same sentence.
films, etc.
It's on Clarendon Street, which is off Bedford Road.
= lt's on Clarendon Street. Clarendon Street is off
My classfinishes at four.
I don't finish work until about five tomorrow
Bedford Road.
A Complete the sentences with the present simple
form of the verbs in brackets.
1 Whattime...........................you
4
your flight on Sunday? (be)
......... work until 12 tomorrow, so we can
meet in the morning. (not / start)
I don't want to miss the last bus. lt ....
..
11.30. (leave)
7
8
come from Cabon. lt is in central Africa
2
I
3
The party is in Menteng. Menteng is in the centre of
.
5 The shop
6
house.
work
tomorrow? (finish)
2 What time
Connect these sentences tsing w hich.
I work in Leeds. Leeds is about 30 kilometres from my
1
until ten, so let's meet at
around half past nine. (not / open)
My train
at eight, so we can meet after
that. (arrive)
The cafe ......................... . at eight, so we need to get
there before then. (close)
I think the film
at about seven. (end)
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
. What time does your class finish today?
. When is your next English class? What time does it
start and finish?
. What time do you start work / school tomorrow?
the city.
4
There's a n lta lia n restaurant near the cinema. lt does
really good pizza
I
want to see
a
film called Departures.Ihe film starts
at eight.
Pnacrrcr
Write your own reply to Emma. Arrange where and
what time to meet. Use Mel's email to help you.
Sprarr ruc
Wnrrrruc 1
Arranging to visit
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Do you have any friends or relatives in other towns, cities or
.
.
.
VocneuLARY
A
A
countries?
Where do they live? What do they do there?
Have you ever visited them? lf yes, when? How long for? Did
you have a good time?
Have they ever visited you? lf yes, when? How long for? Did you
take them anywhere special?
Places
t-
la ke
tower
gallery
isla nd
mosque
waterfall
To
I
I
jackcracker@shoemail.gb
Subject Visiting the
UKI
-.--t
castle
Hi Jack,
I
I'm
I
I
Which of the places in the box do you have near where you
live?
Do you ever visit these places? How often?
Which places do you recommend the most? Why?
llww
.-.*h
1.....................,.....
to come to the
UK
in the summer. I'd 2........................... to
visit you in Nottingham, if possible.
.... you send me an email to
tell me if and a.......,...
I can visit?
Also, s............ else do you think I
should go 6........................... I'm in England?
I'm going to stay for about three weeks.
B Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
.
.
where
white
600
I
.
planning
wlren _
lcan
I tit<e
Match the words in the box to the pictures.
church
friend
Complete the email with the words in the
box.
to visit
beach
a
Best,
Giorgio
EII
B
Look at this email. Underline everything
is the same as
that
in Giorgio's email.
cco
,r,,, l$r,1 f.cremers@shoemail.gb
.'
"r''iiiir:l;:1=r:-ar:.llrrli,]*r:,::Jl1l::.il:.r,,
s{{b.tri$ , visil|lg
1:-r
-99rmany1
Hi Frank,
I'm planning to come to Germany on
I
holiday In April. I'd like to visit you in
Frankfurt, if possible. Can you send me
an email to let me know if and when I
can visit? Also, where else do you think I
should go while I'm in Germany? I'm only
going to stay for about three weeks.
Best,
Tanya
Write an email to a friend in another country.
Use language from the two emails above.
136
oUTCOMES
Kev wonDs FoR wRrnNG
Wnrrrruc 2
Ma
A
ng recommendations
ki
We often make suggestions using lf you ..., you should ... .
Below is a reply to one of the emails from
Writing 1. Complete it with the words in
the box.
it depends
you like
the weather's nice
really pleased
OK
with you
you prefer
eG
To
Subject
t.tucker@shoemail.gb
Re: Visiting cermanf
l
Hi Tanya,
Thanks for your email. it was
really nice to hear from you again
I'm 1...........,............... to hear you're
planning to come to Germany in
April.
If
f
.... , you can
stay at my flat. I've got a spare
room. I'm afraid it's not very big,
but you can sleep there, if that's
3
lf you like cilies,you should go to Berlin.
lf you prefer the countryside,you should go to the Allgiu.
A Match 1-5 to a-e to make whole sentences.
1
2
3
4
5
lf
lf
lf
lf
lf
a
b
you should go to the Komensky Museum.
you should go to Wangfujing Street.That's where the big
department stores are.
you should go to Albufeira. lt has some great beaches.
you should watch some games at Wimbledon.
you should go to Brittany. lt's really beautiful.
c
d
e
you
you
you
you
like
like
like
like
tennis,
the countryside,
the
sea,
shopping,
you're interested in history,
Write three similar sentences about your country.
lf you ..........................., you should .............
lf you ..........................., you should .............
lf you ................ . . ... ,you should
We use lots of other expressions with r/.
You asked about places to visit.
what you
Well, 4............
want to do. If you like cities, you
should go to Berlin. It's great,
lf you like,you can stay at my flat.
C Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
and there are lots of things
to do there. It's also good if
you're interested in history. If
....
the countryside,
you should go to the Allgdu, in the
south. It's a really lovely place to
go if 6.............
. There are
lots of rivers and lakes, and some
amazing old castles.
Anyway, write to me again when
your plans are clearer. I'm really
looking forward to seeing you
again.
necessa
ry
OK
possible
weather
L You can stay at our house, if you ...............
2 lU like to come and visit you when l'm in London, if
3
4
I
really need some help. I can pay someone, if ...........................
want to go for a picnic on Saturday if the ...........................'s
.
Do you
nice?
5
l'm goingto arrive atyour house at around six otlock, if that's
with you.
Translate the five expressions with i/from exercise
your language.
C
into
Best,
Frank
Pnacrrcr
Vtlhich place sounds better to you
or the Allgiiu? Why?
- Berlin
Write to a foreign friend who is planning to visit your
country. Before you write, underline any language in Frank's
email that you want to use.
WRITING 137
Wnlrlruc
Spsarrruc
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. What do you know about each of the different kinds
of food in the pictures below?
. Which haveyou tried? What did you have?
Did you like it?
. What other different kinds of food have you tried?
When? Where? What did you have?
Ltlfr
Food
from my country
' A Complete the email with the words in the box.
I grill
heard
pasta
healthy
pork
sha re
red
typical
€O,l
To
Subject
pshaw@shoemail.gb
Food
!
Hi again,
How're you? I hope you're well. You asked
me about
.... Argentinean
food. Well, let me tell you about it.
I love it, even though it's not very
.... ! In Argentina, we eat a lot
of 3........................... meat - especially beef.
I think we have the best beef in the world.
Our cows are free to run around in the
countryside! We usually
the beef on a barbecue, and we cook
lots of other meat like this, too - lamb,
.... , chicken. We usually eat
the meat with salad or chips.
We also eat a lot of pizza and
.... because there are lots
of Italians living here. We have great ice
cream, too!
Oh, I nearly forgot, we have a special
drink called mafe, which is very important
.... of it?
here, too. Have you
Itb a kind of tea and we 8........................ . it
with friends. It's very nice.
Anyway, write and tell me about the food
in your country.
All the best,
H6ctor
\
138
oUTCOMES
Pnacnce
B Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
.
Have you ever
tried Argentinean beef- or any other
Argentinean food?
From H6ctor's email, do you think Argentinean food
sounds good? Why? / Why not?
What sounds best to you?
Have you ever heard of mate?
What kinds of food / drinks do you usually share with
friends?
.
.
.
.
A
L We eat a lot of / don't eat much red meat.
2 We usually grill /fry / roast meat.
3 We eat a lot of / dan't eat much fish and seafood.
4 We eat o lot of / don't eat much fresh fruit and
vegeta bles.
5 We eat quite a lot of potatoes / pasta / rice.
6 The food here is quite / isn't very spicy,
7 I think / I don't think we eat very healthily.
8 I think / I don't think our food is the best food in the
Krv wonDs FoR wRrnNG
even though
Choose the words that are true for you and your
country.
...
world!
We use even though to connect ideas. lt shows
that something
is true or happened and that this is
surprising because of something else that is true or
that happened.
I love Argentinean food, even though it's not very
healthy.
(= lt's surprising I love it, because it's not very
healthy.)
Even
though can also come at the beginning of a
sentence.
though she eats a lot of fast food, she never
puts oh weight.
(= lt's surprising she never puts on weight, because
she eats a lot offast food.)
Even
A
B
Now write an smeil [o H6ctor in Argentina. Tel] him
about the food in your country. Use language from
exercise A and from Hdctor's email. Start like this:
+Gr
Dear H6ctor,
Hi, how're you? Thanks for your last email,
It was really interesting. So let me tell you
about the food in ... .
Work in pairs. Think of a possible ending for each of
the sentences.
L Even though it's quite expensive, I love ... .
2 I eat a lot of red meat, even though ... .
3 Even though I drink a lot of coffee, I ...
4 I like him a lot, even though ...
5 Even though I am English, I ... .
.
.
B
Connect the sentences using even though.
I got the job. I didn't have any experience.
1
2
I
got
3
I
didn't study. I passed my exam.
4
l'm not very good at cooking. I love it.
a
job in .lapan. I didn't speak any Japanese
They're going to move to ltaly.They don't speak
Italian and they haven't got any work there.
u&
Sprarr ruc
aa aaaaa
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
. Do you like taking photos? Are you good
at it?
What do you take photos of?
Doyou share photos on the lnternet? On
which websites?
Doyou often look at other people's photos?
Do you like seeing photos of yourself?
Why? / Why not?
Have you got any photos on your mobile
phone? What of?
a a a o a aao
a a a a a a a a a aa a a aa a a a a a a at
a a a a a a a
a
a
a
t
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
WnlflUC
a
a
a
Describing photos
aa
You are going to read two descriptions
of
'
'i 'in,, ,, ,;;;;.
the photos on this page.
A Before you read, which words in the box do
funny
you think go with each photo on the right?
her tail
protected
wolves
right.
c Discuss these questions.
Which photo do you like best? Why?
Do the pictures and text
- make you want to have a cat?
Why? / Why not?
- make you want to go to Creat Bear
.
Forest? Why? / Why not?
Has anyone ever bought you something to
cheer you up? What? Why were you sad in
.
the first place?
Have you ever been for a walk in the rain?
Where? Why did you go?
-
aa
a
a
a
a
a
a
t
a
a
a
a
I
I
I
a
a
a
o
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
o
a
a
a
a
a
a
J
2
140 ouTcoMEs
bought her to cheer me
it workedl She looks so cute and she's really
especlally when she chases her tail! 5he makes
me laugh. She's seven months old now and she runs
around and plays all the time. I love her. l'm feeling a
lot better now so I might go back to school next week
or the week after.
forest
cute
Now read the texts and see if you were
.
.
''''
she. l've been ill, so my parents
up. And
cheer up
"ir. *,in'r;;;;rr;;.;;,''
This is a picture of me and myfriends walking in
Creat Bear Forest. lt's near where I live in Vancouver,
so we often go there - sometimes just for the day
and sometimes longer. As you can see, the scenery is
amaztngwith the mountains and rivers and trees.The
area is protected because some of the trees are 1,000
years old and there are animals like bears and wolves
- oh, and there are salmon too. lt's sunny sometimes,
but the day we took this photo, it rained all day. We
decided to walk across the river because we were
already so wet! Luckily, it was also a warm day, so we
didn't get cold. I know I don't look happy, but we really
had a good timel
F
I
,*#
ij*;:'r
Krv wonDs FoR wRrnNG
so
G
W€ uiesiitorlink'a reason,to an action.
narurnnaR
Li n ki n
Look can be follqwed,by
g verbs
ana{jeitive;iilrqthoveib
be.
She /ooks so cute.
reasein
action
I
know I don't laok hoppy,'b*l,we hiadir€ good,tii?ig.
ivebeeit:ill;so.mV parehts bought her to cheer me up.
Get,feel, seem,
game way.
g,q,al5o,u:e so to mean vc4L
5he.,looks'so cute.
A
Find an example of each use of so in text
2
in Writing.
B Add so in the
1
2
3
4
5
6
correct place in the sentences.
I look strange in this photo.
lt was his birthday I made him a cake.
lt rained a lot we spent most of the holiday indoors.
I was happy when I opened the present.
You can't see her very well in the photo because it
was dark.
We missed our plane we had to wait in the airport
for six hours.
C Rewrite
1
2
3
4
these sentences with so.
You look very young there!
We didn't go because it snowed.
I took a photo because I wanted to show you my dog.
You look very bored. Were you?
mi nd,and.taste,Can:be,tuied,,iirtlie
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
verb and the adjective in brackets.
1 The man who
2
3
in this photo is my
brother. (look / bored)
This is a photo of me when I was trying the local tea
- it ........................... . (taste / horrible)
I didn't have a jersey with me so I ........................... . (get
/
4
I
really cold)
didn't speak to her very much, but she
(seem
/
...........................
5 I hate this photo.l ........................... in it. (look / stupid)
6 This is a photo of the band I went to see. lt's a shame
you can't heartheir music-they
(sound / great)
..........................
.
Pnacrrcr
You are going to
write about
a
photo.
A Work in pairs. Choose
one of the photos on this page
or one ofyour own. Talk about:
. where the photo was taken.
. who the people are.
. what they are doing.
- the weather.
. how they look, feel, etc.
. anything that happened before or after the photo
was taken.
B Write a short description of between
words.
t]
IIr
I
mr
EFX
.3
.
"a.
.
nice).
40 and 100
Sprarr uc
B Work in pairs. Write these
Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
.
.
.
Do you send
sentences as text
messages.
1 l'll see you tomorrow.
2 Are you free now?
text messages much?
3 Can you be here as soon as possible?
4 l'm on my way. Do you need anything?
you use abbreviations? Which ones?
Have you ever texted in English?
Do you answer the phone in your house / at work?
Do you write down notes for people? What was the
Do
Wnluruc
last note you wrote? Who for?
Messages and notes
Look at the text messages and notes. They tell a story
of a love affair between Dominic (Dom) and Lily (t).
A
Put the messages and notes a-j in order. Here is the
first one.
VocaeuLARYTexting
These numbers and letters are short forms that
people use for texting.
!
2
4
8
b
=one
= to,too or to=foror sound lftt
= the sound /ert/
= beor
=See
C
r
u
ne
thx
I
sound'lbi:l
=Are
=you
asap
idea.cuat12.
= an!
= thanks
= 6s soon as possible
People also often miss out letters if the word is clear
without them, and sometimes they change them.
Hapy NewYr
Luv u
A Write these in normal words.
1
2
3
4
5
6
142
l'm
18.
culSr2day.
ruok?
ne1 there yet?
thx 4 ur help.
Just arrived. gr8 2 b here!
oUTCOMES
Qonetto-
h*nclv
3:'
,ii':.'
:{a
&*L
GnarrnruaR Notes and missing words
Sorry, Lily. It's over.
Not u, mel I'll try and
xplain 1 day. Sorry
When we write notes and messages, we often leave
out some grammar words.
You OK? = Are yqu OK?
Cone to bank. = I have gone to the bank.
tan called. Cqn't come to meeting. = lan called. He
can't come to the meeting.
We often use imperatives.
tll l:'= c^:.1"::1lll"l? _
A In full sentences, write the first four messages of the
story - j, b, a and c.
Write these
as
notes.
1
2
Melissa phoned. 5he's going to be late.
Can you go to the shops? We need some milk and
3
packet of pasta.
| had to go out. Your dinner is in the fridge. You can
heat it up in the microwave.
a
Pnacrrce
l'ou are goi*g to have s}:ort conversatiorr-s with text
messages.
Thx 4 presnt.
Its gr8, but 2 muchl
Work in pairs. Write a text message for your partner.
Give your message to your partner and write a reply
to theirs. Continue for two or three turns.
The order is:
TI
3
67
B Compare
C
Work in
. What
. What
. What
.
"o
8_
5
s
V
1ol
your ideas. Did you have the same otder?
pairs. Discuss the questions.
do you think the present was?
do you think happened to Dom?
do you think of him?
Have you heard of anyone else ending a relationship?
How did they do it? ls there a good / bad way to do it?
WRITING 143
01 STARTER UNIT
02 STARTER UNIT
PtURAI.S
DON'T / DO
Make negatives with don't + verb. Use doesn't withhe
she / it. Don't = Do not. Doesn't = Daes not.
I don't like coffee.
For regular nouns, add -s or -es or change -y to -ies.
cars
babies
pens
factory
factories
cat )
pen )
class )
baby )
)
/
Don't talkl
She doesn't speak English.
classes
Irregular nouns
child
man
)
)
children person )
men
woman
)
people
Make questions with do you / they / we + verb or does he
women
/
she
Do
Uncountable nouns
Some nouns are uncountable. They are not usually
the plural.
money
cheese
water
Does he like football?
How long does ittake?
Do they work?
in
Exercise 1
Correct the sentences by making the nouns plural.
1 Do you have any pen?
2 We have three child.
3 There are three big factory near here.
4 I want three bottle of water, please.
5 Man don't talk about how they feel.
6
/ it.
you like coffee?
He is six year old.
AI AN I SOME
Use a with a singular noun or an when it starts with a
Exercise r
Make the sentences negative.
1 Talk to him.
2 She likes me.
3 I like her.
4 We go to the cinema a lot.
5 He works.
Make questions.
6 you / like / tea?
7 where / you / work?
8 which one / they / want?
9 she /play / tennis?
10
when / the class i finish?
vowel.
a hamburger
a bottle
a man
a person
an apple
an orange
PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE AD'ECTTVES
A pronoun replaces a noun before a verb (subject) or
after
Use some
with a plural noun.
some bottles
some people
some apples
a verb (object).
My dad likes coffee.
He likes it.
With uncountable nouns, don't use a / an.Use some ot
nothing.
A possessive adjective before a noun shows who owns
want some cheese.
Do you need some money?
I like cheese.
I
Put some music on.
I
I
He has money.
don't listen to music
Exercise L
Complete the sentences with a / an / some.
1 We need to buy ........................... oranges.
2 I have two brothers and ........................... sister.
3 Cive him........................... money.
4 Have
apple, if you want.
5 There are ........................... people outside.
6 He's
very nice person.
7 My mum has ........................... older brother.
8 ........................... hamburger and ........................... chips, please
144
oUTCOMES
it.
think you have my book!
subject
you
object
POSSeSSTVe
me
my book
you
your book
he
him
his book
she
her
her book
it
it
its food
WE
US
our book
they
them
their book
Exercise 1
Choose the correct words.
t I / Me / My want to take a photo.
2 Are you hungry? Eat I / me / my sandwichl
3 She / Her is !3.
4 Say it / its again.l didn't hear.
5 Listen to he / him / his.
6 Where's they / them / their house?
7 We / Us / Our like tennis.
8 Phone l/ me / mytonight.
BE
the verb be is special. Look at how it changes.
It also has a short form.
lam
I'm 77.
You are
You're late.
He's a nurse.
She's ma rried.
It's 12 o'clock.
We're tired.
They're hungry.
He is
She is
It is
We are
They are
Exercise 1
Write the plural form.
1 parent
2 house
3 woman
4 child
5 baby
you hungry?
Are they married?
etc
Add not to make negatives.
l'm not cold.
He's not married.
It's not a problem.
I l/be/cold.
I'vw col..dt
2 He /be /1.6.
3 My sister / be I a doctor.
4 My children / be / both girls.
5 They / be / late.
6 lt / be / six o'clock.
7 l/belnot/hungry.
8 We / be / not / married.
9 lt / be / not /very expensive.
be / you / very tired?
/ it /
nice?
/
be
/
they?
GRAMMARWORDS
Remember these useful grammar words:
Words
Verb
Examples
want, go, have, look
brother, coffee, tennis, problem
good, big, red, expensive
in, on, ol from, at
Noun
Adjective
Preposition
Sentences are usually subject-verb-object (SVO)
SV
O
I learn English
man
pple
a
1 She has a / an / some baby.
2 His / He / Some house is very big.
3 lam/is/are25.
4 I live with their / them / they.
5 Do you want o / an / some apple?
6 His / She / Yours sisters a re at my school.
7 Write it on an / some / me paper.
8 Where is she / you / her?
9 Do / Are / ls you like chocolate?
10
1
be
10
car
There are a / an / some men in my class, but not
Exercise 3
Put the words in the correct order.
Exercise 1
Write sentences and questions using the notes.
how old
9
many.
They're not here yet.
10
11
12
a
Choose the correct words.
What time ls lt?
NOT
factory
7 person
Exercise 2
Change the word order to make questions.
Sorry,am I late?
Are
6
at school.
you how
are?
2 him ask
3 I you like
4 coffee wants she some
5 when class does your start
6 sport I watch don't
7 brother a my has car nice
8 her to he doesn't talk
.
.
?
.
.
Exercise 4
Complete the questions
with dq
does, is ot are.
1 ........................... you like chocolate?
2 Where
she work?
3 ...........................youOK?
4 Which one...........................you prefer?
5 Where
she from?
6 What time ........................... it?
7 ........................... you hungry?
you want?
8 What
Exercise 5
Complete the text
with
ONE word
in each gap.
Hi. I 1........................... Alex and this is 2........................... family.
We 3........................... from the UK. We 4...........................
in a big house in Bristol. I have s........................... older
brother and 6........................... younger sister. My sister
married.
and I are students. My brother
. wife is called Poppy and
He's a doctor.
. is a teacher. We see 10........................... a
5
VO
lot
because they live very near us.
My teacher helps us a lot.
GRAMMAR REFERENCE 145
01 PEOPTE AND PLACES
THE VERB BT
The verb be is followed by adjectives (cold,hungry,
etc,) or nouns (Bruce, Germany, etc.l.
Hello.
|m
Bruce. (= ; 261
/ THERE ARE...
/ therc'swith singular nouns.
Use there are with plural nouns.
THERE IS ...
Use there is
There's a nice cafe near here.
You're late! (= You are)
There's some
He's a doctor. (= He is)
There's a lot of
food in the kitchen.
traffic today.
She's21-. (= 5he is)
/t3 cold today. (= lt is)
We're from Venezuela. (= We are)
They're ou r friends. (= They a re)
There ore a
Negatives
l'm not hungry. (= I am not)
You're not in the right class. (= You are not)
He's not French. (= He is not)
She's not very interesting. (= 5he is not)
It's not cheap. (= lt is not)
We're not happy about it. (= We are not)
They're not married. (= They are not)
Negatives
few cheap hotels in town.
great beaches in that area.
There are lots of people outside.
There are some
There isn't any
There's
/ much milk.
no milk.
There oren't any
/ many glasses in here.
There ore no glasses.
Questions
ls there a bus stop near here?
Are there any good caf6s in town?
You can also say: You aren't ... , My dad isn't ... , My
mum isn't ... , The booh isn't ... , We aren't ... and.
Some nouns are uncountable singular nouns.
Things dren't....
traffic crime countrysiile.
In normal spoken English, we use short forms.
Exercise 1
Questions
Complete the sentences with
ane ot there aren't.
1 ......................
Am I next?
Are
you
....
lots of nice shops near my
....
any coffee in here.
some great countryside in
house.
OK?
ls she ill today?
2 ......................
3 ......................
it cold outside?
Where are we?
Where are they'!
4 .....................
5 ......................
/s he
theret there isn't,there
happy here?
....
the north.
/s
....
any hospitals in the area.
a lot of crime in the town.
....
any schools in the village!
.....
It's awful!
Exercise 1
Re-write the sentences with the short forms of be.
1 I am cold.
2 You are in Class 1.
3 He is not here today.
4 She is my sister.
5 lt is not veryr nice.
6 We are on holiday.
7 They are late!
.... no
traffic on the roads
today. lt's great!
8 ......................
....
two or three little bars
near the beach.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the correct forms of De.
L
6 ......................
7 ......................
A: Hi. How...... you?
Exercise 2
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 There is no cheap hotels.
2 Not there are any jobs here.
3 It have a lovely river in the town.
4 There are lots of noise!
5 There is a lot of traffics in my hometown.
B: I ...... OK, thanks.
A: Where ......you from? ...... you English?
B: No, I ...... not. I ...... lrish,4ctually.
A: How ...... your parents? ...... they OK?
B:
Yes,
they
......
fine, thank you.
A: Where...... your boyfriend from?
French, too?
B: No, he ...... not. He...... English.
A: What ...... your friend's name?
B: Oh,
146
I ......
oUTCOMES
sorry.This...... Rachel.
......
he
I
I
I
awful: if something
is awful, it's very bad
a barr you can buy alcoholic drinks in a bar
boring: something boring is not fun or interesting
THE PRXSENT SIMPTE
We use the present simple to
REVISION
talk about facts that are
always true and habits.
Exercise 1
live in Madrid.
You drink a lot of coffee!
She wants to be a dostor.
Make the sentences negative.
I
He goes
swimming every day.
It rains a lot in the winter.
\Ne live in the north of the country.
f hey live in the south.
Notice that with he / she / it, we add -s at the end of
the verb. However, we write he goes, she does, it has -
1
I
2
l'm hungry.
like French food.
3 She works here.
4
They're from this country.
5
I
work at the weekends.
nothe gos, she dos, if havff.
6
He's in the office today.
Negatives
I don't like the town very much. (= do not)
You don't know my town, l'm sure.
7
They live together.
He doesn't have any brothers or sisters. (= does not)
8
lt's cold today
9
There are some shops in the village.
She doesn't Jeel safe.
ll doesn't snow very often.
We don't go there very often.
they don't visit us very often.
10
There's some sugar in the kitchen.
Notice that with he / she / it, &re use doesn't - not
don't.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences in the present simple. Use
O_trestions
Where do lgo nowl
Where do you livel
short forms where possible.
1 She .............
2 There
3 When
you usually
house in the morning? (leave)
Exercise
I
Choose the correct woxds.
1" My brother have / has three children.
Does he like / /ikes his job?
Where do ldoesyour grandparents live?
I doesn't / don't like football.
2
3
4
5 ltdon't / doesn't rain much.
6 She has / have / haves a boyfriend.
Exercise 2
Complete the questions.
1 Where
your parents live?
2 When
she finish work?
3 How many hours
your mum work every
day?
4 How much ........................... this bag cost?
5 What music ........................... you like?
your father do?
6 What
7 Why
they like him? He's awful!
8 How ........................... it feel?
...........................
4 There
(not
/
6
7
8
9
your
a bank in the village.
be)
5 We ..............
Notice that with he / she / it,we use does - not do.
sport. (not / like)
any nice shops near
there. (not / be)
What does he do?
Where does she work?
How much does it cost?
How do we know?
Do they have any children?
.............
............
English. We
Scottish. (not / be, be)
........................... there a post office near here? (be)
Myfather
a new job. (have)
........................... they open today? (be)
l'm sorry. I ...................................................... . (not /
u
ndersta nd)
10 Where
she........................... ? (live)
Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with ONE word in each gap.
1 Where
you from?
2 Where
you work?
3 My sister
two children.
4 I ...........................26 and my sister........................... 33.
5 lt's a nice house, but it ........................... have a garden.
6 I ........................... like shopping, but my wife loves it!
7 My boyfriend ........................... a teacher. He ...........................
8
9
10
in a school in Seville.
you speak English?
He........................... a sister, but L.......................... .
...........................
...........................
your mother work?
GRAMMAR REFERENCE 147
02
FREE TIME
VERB FORMS
Look at these sentences with -ing forms.
I like watchingTV.
I love teoching English.
I hale living in the city.
I enlov workinq on my own.
ADVERBS OF FRXO-UENCY
Notice spelling changes:
live )
have )
dance )
living
having
dancing
I need
to
run
chat
)
)
)
swimrning
running
chatting
togo now
the words you learn.
Decide what to do.
use
Remember that we form questions usingdo / does +
verb (without to).
Do you ts have any free time?
Where does she to /lve?
Exercise I
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
verbs in brackets.
1 I don't like wtmm,ing,much. (swim)
2 Do you want ........................... later? (go out)
3 I try
running every day. (go)
4 I hate
and l'm very bad at it. (dance)
5 Does your friend
it here? (like)
6 I need
tonight. (study)
7 My dad loves ........................... tennis. (play)
8 We need
where ........................... lunch.
(decide, have)
Exercise 2
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 My brother likes read a lot.
2
3
4
5
6
ofien
She
My parents say that they want have more free time.
I don't really enjoy to work in an office.
I a lways try go to bed before 11.
I need finishing my homework before I go out.
.9r:::i1v
on my own: me only
run: go fast
history books: books about facts in the past
cook: make food
usually
/ normally
sometimes
occasionally
hardly ever
never
have a coffee after lunch
has a coffee
after lunch
Negatives
I don't go out very often.
She doesn't visit us very ofien.
Questions
usually / normally
A: Where doyou usuolly go out at night?
B: Normolly into town, but we sometimes go to the
beach area.
A: What do you normally do at the weekend?
B: I usually go to the countryside with my family.
ever (= sometimes / occasionallY)
A: Doyou ever goto the theatre?
B: No, never.
A: Doyou evergo swimming?
B: Occasionally, but not very often.
Exercise 1
Choose the best adverb.
I usually read novels, butl sometimes / normally read
history books.
I don't earn much money, so I hordly ever / sometimes
1
2
3
4
Does she to speak English?
1tt8 ouTcoMES
always
He
swim
Look at these sentences with to + verb.
I don't want to live in an old building.
!y
I
We
They
5
6
go out for dinner.
I really like football, buI I never / often go and watch
the matches at the stadium.
My mum usually / olways finishes at six, but she
sometimes works late - until eight or nine.
I never / occasionolly drink coffee. I hate the taste and
I think it's bad for your health.
I love cooking. I olways / occasionally make dinner for
my family.
Exercise 2
Put the adverb in the correct place in each sentence.
1 I sleep until 12 on Sunday mornings. (often)
2 My parents do sport. (hardly ever)
3 I don't go shopping. (very often)
4 I decide what to do in my family. (never)
5 A: Doyou go out dancing? (ever)
B: Sometimes,yes.With friends.
6 A: What time do you get up? (usually)
B: At seven o'clock during the week.
A/AMT AI;'DONE /SOME
REVISION
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with the pairs of words. You
might need to change the order.
bag
pen
ictiona ry
car
d
Do
you have
Do you wa nt
tissue
watch
alarm clock
you need
Have you got
Do
wa nt + very often
often + like
love + usually
hate + always
I ...........................
clea n
clothes
something
- every
idea s
day.
sci s so rs
l'm not very fit because I ........................... do any
exercise. I ........................... to start going to a gym or
with some singular nouns. These are
uncountable nouns. For example:
We can use any
work
doing sport. I ........................... do
or running or tennis
- swimming
money
water
milk
fru it
time
tea
sa
something.
to have more free time. I don't go out
L..........................
pape(
help
4
L.......................... cook
lt
dinner for my parents.
I
doing it.
sugar
In answers, we often replace singular nouns with
5
I ...........................
6
before 11 at the weekends.
I ........................... being late. I ........................... get to school
one.
getting up early. I ................ ........... get up
early.
A: Do you have o car?
B: No, but I sometimes renl one.
Exercise 2
Put the words in the correct order.
We can replace plural / uncountable nouns
A: Doyou have any coloured
B:
Yes,
A:
ls
with
1 new like I meeting people
2 I to game buy a want computer
.
3 to
pens?
there are some in my bag. Help yourself.
do you music listening like
.
?
4 go I cinema to the hardly ever
5 chat sometimes on I lnternet the
6 I Wednesdays play on tennis usually
7 get usually what time you home do
.
.
there any milk?
B: I think there's some in the fridge.
Exercise I
Complete the sentences
1
2
3
4
5
8
with
ONE word in each gap.
you have ........................... ruler?
Do you need ........................... seat?
Do you have ........................... sugar?
Do you have ........................... clothes that you want
me to wash?
A: Do you want ........................... fruit?
B: Yes, please. Have you got ........................... orange?
Do
B: No, butyou can
get
from the
?
Exercise 3
Write questions with a / an / any.
1 A: )ou / have / white paper?
B: Yes. Hereyou are.
2 A: he I have I job / at the moment?
B: No, he's unemployed.
3 A: lou / want / tissue?
4
Exercise 2
Complete the €urswers with one or some.
L A: Have you got a pen?
B: I think there's
on the table.
A: Do you have any money with you?
B: I have
. How much doyou need?
A: Does Jessica want a cup of coffee?
B: No, she has
already.
A: Have you got any water?
B: No, sorry I think Cary has ........................... .
A: Do you
anv tissues?
tissues?
vou have any
you dancing go do out ever
.
5
6
B: Thanks.
A: )ou I need / alarm clock?
B: No, it's OK. l've got one on my phone.
A: you / have / scissors?
B: Yes.There are some on the kitchen table.
A: )ou / need / help?
B: No, thanks. l'm OK
! rent: pay money to use something for a time
food
I! fridge: cold place for fo,
I wash: clean with water
I alarm clock: a clock that wakes you up
bathroom.
GRAi/IMARREFERENCE
149
03 HOME
PREPOSMONS OF PTACE
POSSESSIVE ADJECTI\TES
ru
AND PRONOUNS
me
you
my
mrne
you
your
yours
his
I
he
him
his
she
her
her
hers
WE
US
OUTS
they
them
our
thei r
th ei rs
Possessive adjectives (my,your, etc.) go before nouns.
Do you like my jacketT lt's new.
Our house is very near here.
-
Possessive pronouns (mine,yours,etc.) can replace a
-
possessive adjective + noun.
l've got my book. That's yours.
lf you think my room is messy, then look at hers!
Iohn's / my parents'
To make clear who or what has the thing, use a noun +
E
-E
herfamily
Maria'sfamily
his car
my dad's car
We don't normally say the family of
's.
their problem
the school's problem
Maria,the car of my
dad or the mistake of the school.
With plwds ending in
-
my friends' houses
Notice these elqrressions we use to describe places.
at the end oJthe road
on the left / right / corner
lnstead of his / hers
use s'.
my parents'wedding
s,
/ theirs,we can just
use
noun+'sls'.
It's
not my cor, it's John's / my parents'.
in the next street / my street
Exercise 1
Exercise L
Complete the sentences
--
Choose the correct words.
with
ONE word
in each gap.
l- There's a big car park........................... the end of this road.
2 He spends a lot of time
his room.
3 My house is number 53. lt's........................... the left.
4 There's a new supermarket ........................... the corner of
Station Road and Queens Road.
5 My sister Iives ........................... the next street to me.
to the big bank in town.
6 I work
7 There's a good cafe just
this road.
8 There are lots of places to eat ........................... the area9 lt's small. lt's ....,...................... two restaurants - a fast food
10
place on one side and a French place on the other.
There's a cash machine ........................... Blackstock Road
the right.
GIossary
car park: a place to leave your car
fast food: hamburgers, French fries, fried chicken, etc.
cash machine: a place where you can use your cash
card to get money
150
OUTCOMES
-
1 He works for his parent's / parents'company.
2 Do you like Melanie's brothers / brother\ Melanie|
3 I sometimes borrow my dad's car / car's dad.
4 That's my mother's / mothers'sisten
5 No.That'syour / yours seat.This oneis Simon's / the seat
6
7
8
of Simon.
Hi. My / Mine name's Hugh. What's your / yours?
lsometimes stay in afriend'sflat /flat'sfriend.
That's my / mine sister and this is her / hers husband.
Their /Theirsflat is in Cinza.
Exercise 2
Correct the mistakes in the underlined parts.
1 I like hers room, but I prefer mine.
2 Where do yqq:laten'E live?
3 My mums'part of the family are from Malta.
4 What's theirs address?
5 The sister of my boyfriend lives with us.
6 lt's not her flat; it's herfriends'.
7
8
I don't like the government ideas.
We visit mv grandparents house a lot because
our house is flve minutes away from their.
CAN
/
REVISION
CAN'T
To ask (scmeone)
ts do soflrethi.ng, use Can.
open the window?
Exercise 1
Cornplete the sentences with 0lIX word in each gap.
1 A: ls
a post office near here?
B: Yes, there's
at the end ofthe road,
took at these common &nswers to the qnestions.
the church.
A: ls there a restaurant
the village?
B: No, but there's a pub ........................... this road,
to the shop.
A: Where's the bus stop to go to town?
Sorry no.
l'm afraid not.
Sorry,you / I can't
Of cou rse
Sure.
Co ahead
B:
...........................'s
just there
-
in
...........................
of the
cafe ........................... the right.
If something is not possible,
do the exercise.
hea r it.
come to the class.
I
He / She
We / They
u$e can't.
can't
Exercise 2
Comp}ete th.e second sentences using 3, s'or a
pronoun, For exampler
It belongs to me.
My parents own it.
)
)
It's wnfie,
It's my pa.rentv
If something is possible, rise csrl.
You
can sit where you want.
I can drive.
1 lt belongs to him. lt's .....................
2 They belong to Steve. They're ...........................
3 They belong to them. They're ...........................
4 lt belongs to the school. lt's ...........................
5 My brothers own the flat. lt's
6 Doesn't it belong to you? lsn't it ...........................
7 We don't own our house.The house isn't
.
.
Exercise 1
.
Write questions with can and explanations with
cqn'f. The question sometimes cornes before and
sometimes after the explanations.
I
/
you / speak louder
hear you
I catvt
1
hea.r y o1tu.
C
a,vv
y o1/" tp ea*- Loudz.*.
you / move
I
/
see
?
8
lt belongs to
her. lt's
the board
2 I / do this exercise you / help me
) you / turn it up
I / hear the CD
4 I / come to the class you / tell me the homework
5 I / read the board I / sit nearer
6 I / go to the toilet I / wait
Exerrise 3
Choose the correct words.
L A: I can / can'tfind my notebook.
B: lt's on / in the shelf , between / opposite the
dictionary and the black book. I put it there.
A: Oh right. Can / Do you pass it to me?
Exercise 2
B:Sure.
Complete L*6 with can at cannt. Use the pictures
belsw.
1 You ...
.............. watch it. You're only 16,
2 You ........................... smoke in here.
3 Co ahead. Anyone ........................... use it.
4 You ...........................pay here. You need to go over there
5 You ........................... go in with me because l'm a
member.
6
?
You ...........................pay
with
a cheque, but you
by card.
,@,e,w
2
A: Who are the two boys in the photo?
B: The one on / in the left is my / mine son, and the
other boy is a friend of his / hers.
A: ls that your son's / sons'guitar?
B: Yes, but he can / can't play it.
.9r:::1lv"
go ahead: do it!
pay: give money for something
belong: if something belongs to you, it's yours
own: if you own something, it's yours
shelf: a place where you put things, e.g. books, cups
GRAMMAR REFERENCE 151
04 HOLIDAYS
THE PAST SIMPTE
PAST SIMPTE NEGATIVES
be
wasn't
l/He/She/t
lwos
/ weten't
,late.
l/HelShe/lt
nere
You/We/They
wasn't
weren't
here before
a cinema here before
one person on the beach.
a lot of traffic.
lots of people.
time to do it.
ten students here yesterday
Regular verbs
Add -ed to the base form of the verb, or -d when the
didn't
base form ends in -e.
I played tennis and really loved it.
I
hearyou.
You
try very hard.
Notice these spellings.
try - tried
We
They
He
- chatted
chat
study - stud ied
stop - stopped
Irregular verbs
See
the full list in the l/ocabulary Builder,
Past time expressions
yesterday
two days
last
ago
year
yesterday morning last night
last week
a few weeks ago
five years ago
when I was 16
/
come yesterday.
She
go.
want anything.
Other negatives
Couldn't is the past of ean't.
I couldn't go to the class. I was
busy.
Other words can also show a negative with the past
simple. For example: never, no-ane, nothing, hardly
(ever), etc.
I never played computer games when I was young.
No-one went to the class last week.
There was nothing to see in Bolton.
Exercise 1
Undefline the irregular past forms and write the base
verbs at the end of the sentence.
lfelt ill, so I went home. fuda go
1 I went shopping and got some new boots.
2 I was lucky. lfound €20 on the pavement.
3 I slept badly because I drank too much coffee.
4 We met at school. I sat next to her in class.
5 I spent three years in Japan. I taught English there.
6 I saw heryesterdayand shesaid hellotoyou.
Exercise 2
Complete the story with the past simple form of the
verbs in brackets.
This summer, I 1........................... (go) to the beach with
. (make) a fire.
some friends and we
We 3...............-.......... (sit) round the fire all night and
. (eat) lots of food,s........................... (talk),
. (tell) jokes and 7........................... (laugh) a
lot. At six in the morning, we 8........................... (watch) the
sun coming up. lt e................... ...... (be) beautiful. We really
(love) it. Then we "
(swim)
in the sea. We
.. (be) very cold afterwards!
I 1r........................... (get) home at nine o'clock in the morning.
1s...........................
I 14........................... (have) breakfast and then I
(sleep)
152
tillfive
OUTCOMES
in the afternoon!
Notice we only use one negative word.!
He knew nothing about it.
He didn't know anything about it.
NOf He#n-d<now-nothing qbout it.
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with didnt / wasn't or weren't.
1 Sorry, I ........................... hear you. Can you say it again?
2 Sorry L.......................... clear. !t was my mistake,
3 Sorry I ........................... buyyou a present.
more people at the party.
4 Sorry there
5 Sorry I ........................... there. I had to work.
6 Sorry I ........................... seeyou on Friday. I left early.
7 Sorry I ........................... do my homework- I was busy.
8 Sorry there
someone to meet you at the
airport.
9
10
you
well last week.
Sorry to hear
Sorry I ........................... callyou yesterday. I forgot.
Exercise 2
Correct the mistake in the verb in each sentence.
1 I don't go to school last week because I was ill.
2 The weather didn't be very nice yesterday.
3 I didn't had a coffee this morning.
4 There weren't time to finish.
5 I didn't do nothing at the weekend.
6 I can't swim when I was at school.
PAST SIMPTE O-UESTIONS
REVISION
Exercise 1
you / they
f--
tell you it's my birthday?
I
r
I
Write the past forms of the verbs.
Did
you
go out yesterday?
it
rain?
/
he
[
she
80?
see
WC
il:,
6 stay
7 put ...............
8 sit ...............
9 stop
10
try...............
11 see
12 walk
13 play
74 study
15 can
you last?
rrive?
a
1 work
2 meet
3 make
4 move
5 want
We usually just say Yes or No to answer questions
these, but sometimes we add was / wasn't or did
like
Exercise 2
Complete the pairs of sentences with a past and a
present form ofthe verbs in the box.
I
didn't.
A: Did you go out yesterday?
B: Yes (l did).1 went to the pa rk with some friends.
A: Was it sunny?
B: No (it wasn't).
A: Did it
1a
They
usually
to the cinema at the
weekend.
b
rain?
B: No (it didn't).lt was just quite cloudy.
We...........................
walking in the mountains
yesterday.
2a
O_gestionwords
Put question words at the beginning of the questions.
I'm sure
1...........................
my mobile phone here
a
moment ago.
your things there on the table.
Can I go? I ........................... ill.
b 5he ........................... ill in the class and went home
We ........................... a party for my son last night.
b
3a
How
Where
What
Who
How
i"""
I When
was your holiday?
was the hotel?
did you do?
did you see?
long did you stay?
did you get back?
4a
a nice day!
really wet when we were on
b
5a
It
...........................
holiday.
I
Exercise 1
Put the words in the correct order to make questions.
1 did what last do you nighi
2 see you what did film
3 it good was
4 did go who with you
5 where you your buy shoes did
6 they very were expensive
7 get did you else anything
8 you in Jenson's usually do shop
?
b
6a
b
7a
b
?
8a
?
lt
...........................
lovely weather today!
home at seven.
home at five this morning.
Putyour hand up if you ........................... the answer.
I ........................... him well at school, but that was
ten years ago.
He usually
very well, but last night
I norma1|y...........................
L..........................
he didn't.
?
b
?
She was really tired, so she ..................
.
during
the flight.
?
?
?
Exercise 2
Match the answers a-h to the questions in exercise 1.
a Faur Seasons. lt's a love story.
b No, not really.Theywere €50.
c No, I didn't. I didn't have any more money.
d Yes, it was really good.
e No, I don't. That was the first time.
f I went to the cinema.
g I went on my own, actually.
h ln Jenson's, the department store in town.
Exercise 3
Write the full conversation using the notes.
A: Where /you I go / on holiday?
B: We / go / to the Czech Republic.
A; )ou / slay I in Prague?
B: No / we / not. We / rent / an apartment / by a lake
1
2
3
4
in the mountains.
5A
6B
7A
8B
9
i
"q'::::'r
i
,,,rnr,,owney
I
by ptane
Uy (a lake): next
it /
nice?
it / be. We / have / a great time.
What/youldo?
We / not do / much. We / read, / we / swim /
Yes,
in
the lake / - just relax.
A: )ou
/
like / the food?
10 B: Yes / we / love / it! We / eat out / a lot.
11 A: How long / you / be / there?
12 B: Two weeks.We / arrive / backyesterday.
to
GRAMMAR REFERENCE 153
05 sHoPs
THIS /THAT /THESE /THOSE
/ these with singular and uncountable
nouns that you can reach or touch.
REVISION
Use this
Use that
reach.
/
those
with plural nouns that you can't
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with this or these.
........................... cake's delicious. Do you wantsome?
I can't open the top of ........................... bottle. Can you do
1
2
it?
tf
i,
I
that
t5 ntce
are ntce
one
book
cheese (uncountable)
oneS
This / That / These
Whats this?
/
books
people (plural)
Those can replace a noun.
Complete the sentences with that or those.
Where did you get ........................... shoes? They're really
nice.
Exercise I
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
L Can you give me this book over there?
2 Where are that pens you gave me for my birthday?
3 Whose is these? lt's not mine.
4 That jeans are nice. Where did you get them?
5 Which do you prefer? This boots or those ones?
6 This cheeses ls really nice. Can I have some more?
Use the present continuous to
talk about things
happening around now which are temporary and
not f.nished.
rmprovtng.
trying.
working.
You/We/
Are
you / they
ls
she
/
7 What's
over there?
8 The fruit in
shop isn't very good.
9 We went to ........................... restaurant last week.
papers? I want to set the
10 Can you move
table.
Exercise 2
Add the correct form of be in the sentences. For
example:
alo
I
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
getting tired?
he
When speaking, we usually use contractions
(I'm / she's / they're / who's / what're, etc.l.
l'm working.
What're you studying?
Notice the spelling changes.
)
having
move
getting
stop )
moving
stopping
Exercise 1
Make present continuous sentences using the notes.
1 Can you come back later? I / talk /to someone.
2 Where / he I go?
3 They / build / some flats opposite my house.
4 you I look for / something?
5 I / not go / outside now lt / rain.
6 She I chat I to her mother on the phone.
7 Shhh! The baby / sleep.
8 He's not ready. He / get / dressed.
154 0t rcoMEs
5
some new shoes............................ ones are really old.
book's really interesting.You can read it
after I finish it, if you like.
Where do you want me to put
things?
I need
...........................
6
Whose are those?
have )
get )
3
4
I
WhaUyou trying to do?
1 Who Tamara talking to?
2 I looking for a job at the moment.
3 I not feeling very well.
4 you waiting for someone?
5 You making a mess. Clean the table when you finish.
6 He went into town. He doing some shopping.
7 Henry and Terry not coming, so we can start the
meeting now.
Exercise 3
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 We're stay in the Crand Hotel.
2 I not am working at the moment.
3 What she's doing in Australia?
4 ls you staying here a long time?
5 He's runing in a marathon today.
6 They're haveing a meeting.
Glossary
build: if you build
construct it
a
flat or house,you make /
rain: if it's raining, the weather is wet
ready: if you are ready,you're prepared to start
something
marathon:49 km race
Ii
05 STUDYING
MODIFIERS
RXVISION
Modifiers go before an adjective.
Exercise 1
very
It's
They're
/ really good
(= great)
t
good.
quite good.
not very good.
(= bad)
Use a bif instead of guife, but only with'negative'
meanrngs.
ll's a bit / quite expensive
It's a*it quite good.
Exercise
I
Add the modifier in brackets in the correct place.
1 lt's cold in here. Can we turn on the heating? (quite)
2 Thanks for inviting us. We had a great time. (really)
3 lt isn't varied. We always do the same things. (very)
4 He's nice, but he's strange! (a bit)
5 He's good at sciences. He gets A grades. (really)
6 My teachers were helpful, so that made the course
easier. (quite)
COMPARATIVES
To compare
two things, use
a
comparative adjective
+ than.
I think History is better than Ceography.
He's taller than his brother.
Some comparative adjectives are irregular.
good
) better
bad
) worse
far
)
further
For short adjectives, add, -(e)r.
harder
strange
nice
- nicer
- easier
lazy - lazier
easy
cheaper big- bigger
- stranger hot- hotter friendly -Jriendlier
Sor longer adjectives, use more.
interesting more popular more varied
more
We use much (= a lot) or a bit (= a little).
It's much
lt's a blt easier.
better.
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with the comparative form
ofthe adjectives in brackets.
1 I think English is ........................... to learn than Cerman.
(easy)
2
3
5
My brother's a bit
than me. (big)
Basketball is ........................... than football in my
country. (popular)
lthink the people in the south are
tha n
the people in the north. (friendly)
The weather is ........................... in my country than here.
6
The TV is ........................... here. lt's much
4
i
nteresti ng
warm
big
good
1 The film's quite bad.
2 The class was a bit boring.
3 The school's quite small.
4 l'm quite cold.
Re-wdte 5-8 with an adjective in the box + quite.
cheap
difficult
low
near
5 The exam wasn't very easy.
6 The rent for my flat isn't very expensive.
7 The school I work for isn't very far from here.
8 He didn't get very high grades.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the comparative form
of the adjective in brackets.
1 My English is getting
. (good)
2 The climate is getting
. (warm)
3 The situation is getting ........................... . (bad)
4 Housing is becoming
. (expensive)
(big)
5 The population is getting ..... .
Exercise 3
If they end in -y, change to -ier.
hard cheap -
Re-write the sentences with an adjective in the box +
not very.
Make comparisons using the verb be and a
comparative form. For example:
He/messy/me
Hdt, vnee+ipr tlwvv me
1 Your class / a high level / mine
2 You / good at sciences / me
3 Chinese / useful / French
4 My daughter / tall / my son
5 My dad I tidy / my mum
6 This year i difficult / last year
7 My exam results / bad / yours
Exercise 4
Complete the conversation with ONE word in each
gap.
A: How's your course going? You said you found it
hard last year.
getting easier. lt's still a
B: lt2
3
difficult, but my teachers are much
better o............. last year. Last year, the teachers
weren't
. patient, but this year, they are
. helpful.
It's ........................... . (bad, cold)
(good, varied)
7 lt's ........................... to pass exams now. (difficult)
GRAMMARREFERENCE
155
07 FAMILY AND FRIENDS
AUXLIARYVERBS
Use
auxiliary verbs
REVISION
(e.9. be, do, have, can) to avoid
repeating the main verb and / or words that follow it.
For example, in short answers:
Exercise 1
Complete the replies with the correct form of be, do ot
can.
Yes,l am. /No,l'm not
ls he staying
with you?
/ No, he isn't.
/ No,l don't
did. / No,l didn't
can. / No,l can't.
Yes, he is.
Doyou live near here?
Did you get the tickets?
Can you see the boa rd ?
Yes
,1do.
Yes,l
Yes,l
We can also use them when comparing things using
but and,so / too.
My brother wentlo the party, but I didn't.
I can drive, but my husband can't.
l'm quite tall,and my sister ls too.
I speakFrench and so does my son, but my husband doesn't
Exercise
I
Choose the correct words.
A: Can you take me to the airport?
B: Sorry, I can / can't.l'm busy.
A: Did you see the film on Channel 5ix last night?
B: Yes, / saw the film / I did.lt was really good.
A: Do either of you like football?
B: I did / do, but lack doesn't.
1
1 A: l'm sure Russell Crowe isn't from New Zealand.
B: Yes, he
. He was born there.
2 A: l'm sure she doesn't know what she's doing.
B: 5he
4
5
6
7
A: Are you feeling OK?
B: No, / aren't / l'm not.l've got a bad headache.
I stayed till the end ofthe party, but Tom don't / didn't.
Thanks for the gift. I love it and the kids do / love loo.
lf he can become President, then so can / do l.
HAWTO / DON'THAWTO
Have to shows a thing is necessary (= |ou need to do it).
Don't have to shows a thing is not necessary (= lou can
choose).
I have to go.l'm late.
He's very ill. He has to go to hospital.
You don't have to do it if you don't wa nt to.
He's lucky. He doesn't have to start work until ten.
patient.
about itl
4A
B
l'm sure we can't sit here.
We ........................... . I mean, there's nothing to say we
I
5 A: That's stupid!
B: No it
! lt's a good idea.
6 A: You didn't put the milk back in the fridge.
B: Yes, I
. Maybe someone else took it out
7
after me.
A: Can you help me carry these things?
B: Sorry,
2
3
........................... ! Be
3 A: l'm sure we saw that film together before.
No, we ............. I don't remember anything
I ........................... . I
have a bad back.
Exercise 2
Replace the words in italics with do, does or did.
1 I studied marketing at university and my brother
din,
2
sffiingtoo.
My father doesn't like sweet things,
butl
like sweet
things.
3
4
We don't usually eat together during the week, but we
always eat together on Sunday.
I didn't write any notes in the lesson, but )uan wrote
some notes.
5 I don't have any money, but my slster has some money.
6 You went to Camp Hlll School! I went to Camp Hill
School lool When exactly?
Exercise 3
Write the second sentences with the correct form of
(don't) have to.
Make questions like this:
Do you / I / we have to do it?
Does she
/
he have to go?
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with the correct f.ormof. (d.on't)
have to.
1 I ........................... do some shopping. We have no food.
2 He can't come. He
look after his sister.
3 I ........................... work today, so we can go out for the day.
4
5he can't play today. 5he
homework.
1s6 ouTcoMES
..............
..
1 Sorry, I can't talk now I / go.
2 Johan says sorry he can't come. He / work late.
3 ls it an important exam? you / pass it?
4 She's lucky. She / travel far to get to work.
5 l'm bored. we / stay?
6 You don't need to go to bed now. We i get up very early
tomorrow.
Glossary
finish her
rush: if you rush, you go fast, especially when you're
late or something is very important
hard: if you study or work hard,you do it a lot
sweet: if something is sweet, it has sugar in it
bored: howyou feel if something is boring
r,
08 PLANS
BE GOING TO+ VERB
We use be going to + verb to talk about definite
plans and decisions for the future. We often use a
future time expression with be going fo, for example:
tonight, this weekend, next month, next year.
t jam
You ' are
116 ts
She
It
is
We I are
They
I
(not) going to
start work this week.
work with me.
finish school this year.
study Fashion.
take a very long time.
stay in a hotel.
arrive tomorrow night
are
l
Make questions like this.
you going to see la n later?
ls he going to get a taxi to his hotel?
Are
REVISION
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences
with
ONE word
in each gap.
1 Where
your brother going to study?
2 l'd really like ........................... learn 5panish.
3 lt's an OK city, but lwouldn't ........................... to live
there.
4 We ........................... going to have a party on Friday.
5 What
you like to eat tonight?
6 l'm just going ........................... go home and sleep.
7 When
your parents going to arrive?
8 l'm ........................... going to tellyou againl
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the cotrect form of the
verbs in the box.
Notice that we often say f'm going instead. of I'm
going to go. Both are correct and mean the same
finish
flv
reti re
sta
rt
get
invite
travel
work
m ove
thing.
Exercise 1
Correct each sentence by adding one word.
L l'm not to do anything special tonight.
2 How are you going get home?
3 Where they going on holiday this year?
4 What your sister going to study?
5 How much it going to cost?
6 I going to have dinner with my parents tonight.
1
2
3
4
5
Does
your brother like ........................... for Sony?
We're going ........................... married in June and we d
like ........................... you to the wedding.
l'm going
university next year, and then
lU like ........................... my own business.
ld love
around the world, but I don't
really like
My parents are going
next year. TheyU
like ........................... to a warmer country.
WOULD LIKE TO+ VERB
Exercise 3
We use wouldlihe (or love) fo + verb to talk about
things we want - or hope - to do in the future. We
1
often use time expressions with woulil lihe to one
day, sometime in the future, sometime in the next few
years, etc.
He d like to / love to spend less time working.
WeA like to move to a bigger house.
I
wouldn't like to be himl
you like to hove dinner with me tomorrow night?
Would
Exercise I
Write sentences using would / wouldn't like (to).
1 I / really / spend a year in South America.
2 you / have children?
3 She i change jobs sometime soon.
4 l/not/befamous!
5 My brother I learn how to cook.
6 you / something to eat?
7 you / come shopping with me?
8 you/ adrink?
Choose the correct words.
I wouldn't like to / |m not going to come to the
meeting tomorrow. I have to be somewhere else.
ld like to / l'm going to go to the concert, but the
tickets are really expensive!
ld like to / |m going to learn to drive, but I don't have
enough money.
2
3
4
5
I
wouldn't
Would
like to
/ l'm not going to
you like to /
Are
be her!
you going fo see my holiday
photos?
6
Sorry. I can't come
to the class tomorrow. I'd Iike to
/
l'm going to go to the dentist.
Exercise 4
Put the words into the correct order to make time
expressions.
1 weekend this
2 afternoon later this
3 the sometime in future
4 summer this
5 next weeks in sometime few the
6 this later evening
7 years the next sometime in few
8 three the months in sometime next or four
GRAA,IMAR REFERENCE 157
09
EXPERIENCES
PRESENT PERFECT 1
find out if sorneone has a particular experience or
not, use the present perfect (have + past participle). We
REVISION
To
sometimes add ever to mean'once in your life'.
been to Cermany?
seen Manchild?
Answer with Yes (I have) / No (never / I haven'tl. To add
or ask about details, use the past simple. For example:
A: Have you seen the new Bond film?
B: Yeah, I saw it at the weekend.
A: What did you think of it?
B: lt was quite good. I don't normally like action films.
Make statements like this:
I
/
You
/We / They i have (not /
never)
been there.
Exercise 1
Complete the lists with the correct form of the verbs.
1 buy- bought
2 ........................... - chose - chosen
3 come - came
4 cut - ........................... - cut
5 do - d id - ...........................
6 drive
... - driven
7 ........................... - felt - felt
8 get-got- .
9 know - knew
.
10 ........................... - left - left
11 put - put 12 ........................... - sold - sold
13 steal - stole - stolen
14 take -taken
iiee-t
Exercise 2
Don't use the present perfect with past time
e4pressions.
Uaveyea-seen Did you see thefilm WlSAfuy?
l#eeft
I went
to the supermarket a few
da.vs ago.
Exercise 1
Choose the correct form of the verb.
t
z
3
4
A: Have you seen / Did you see the new 5o! video?
B: No, I haven't. ls it good?
A: Have you seen / Did you see John yesterday?
B: No.Sorry
A: Haveyou been / Didyou goto Africa?
B: Yes. / went / hove been therea fewyears ago.
A: I've never been / I didn't go to a Thai restaurant.
B: No? Have you tried / did you try olher Asian food?
A: Once. l've been / I wentto an lndonesian
restaurant when I was in Holland, but / haven't
liked / t didn't like it.
PRESENT PERFECT 2
The present perfect is have + past participle. Past
participles are usually the same as the past simple
form, but some are different.
Have you everfailed an exam? (fail-failed-failed)
Have you reod'War and Peace'? (read-read-read)
(break-broke-broken)
I've broken my leg twice.
Match questions 1-8 with the answers a-h.
Have you ever been to the King Hotel restaurant?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Have you ever read War and Peacel
Have you ever
met anyone famous?
Have you ever eaten oysters?
Have you ever lived abroad?
Haveyou ever seen a dead body?
Have you done kung fu before?
Have you played this game before?
a No, but l've played something similar.
b Yes, I have. I worked in Dubai for two years.
c No, l've never read anything by Tolstoy.
d Yes. I had some once, but I didn't really like them.
e No, but I saw Al Pacino in a pizza place in New York.
f No, never, but I did karate when I was little.
g I studied Medicine, so we had to see them.
h Yes. I took my wife there once. lt was very romantic.
Exercise 3
Write questions using the present perfect or past simple.
A:
1...........................
London before? (visit)
B: No, this is our first time.
A: When
.?(arrive)
B: Two days ago. We're really enjoying it.
A: Where
3........................... ? (be)
B: Well, on Sunday we went to Buckingham Palace and
Hyde Park, and yesterday we went on the London Eye.
Check the table on page 70-71 of. the Vocabulary
Builder f.or more irregular verbs.
A:
Exercise 1
B: Yeah, it was great. You get a great view from the top.
A: Yes.
round any of the museums? (look)
Make present perfect questions and statements.
1, you / ever / try Mexican food?
2
3
4
5
6
I
/
/
be here before.
ever / have an accident?
lose my mobile several times.
she
he
/
you / bookyourflight?
we / never / ask for anything before.
158
oUTCOMES
a.....-.....................
?'. ) :,
it? (enjoy)
::: y:':i q".i :
c.
t:.'l
:
P
:'1'
t.
T y :".'
:.
t:r.'.":y:
.!r::::y.
:il:H:,[?fl;l'Jl',,lr,,,no,yourown
dead: adjective to describe something that has
died
:
:
10 TRAVEL
TOO,TOO MUCH,TOO MANI|
Ioo shows something is bad ='it's more than we want'.
uncountable noun
too much crime
too much lraffic
too much noise
adjective
too busy
too expensive
too early
ural noun
loo many people
too many cars
too many flights
If you feel huppy / OK about sornething, use very / lots
of:
The
train
There are
is
too
very
@
fost. lt only takes ten minutes.
REVISTON
Exercise 1
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 There are toos cars parked on my road.
2 There were too much people on the train.
3 They knocked down the house because it was too
much dangerous.
4 The service they provide is great - it's too fast.
5 There is too many rubbish on public transport.
6 lt's good because there are too many buses at night.
lots of trains. lt's good.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the superlative form of
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with too, too much or too many.
There are ........................... trucks on the motorways.
The council is going to cut the service because it costs
1
2
the adjective in brackets.
1 lt's the
2 The
motorway. (quick)
money.
difficult to park.
3 I don't drive into town. lt's
4 The government wants to expand the airport.They say
it's
5
........................... smal l.
People are
protesting because they say they're paying
...........................
6
restaurant in the area. (cheap)
way to get here is on the
tax.
Taxi drivers find it difficult to make money. There
are ........................... other taxis in the city, so there's
3 What's the ........................... film you've ever seen? (funny)
4 The
chapter in the book was the one
about the war. (interesting)
Where's the
metro station? (near)
day of my life! (exciting)
6 That was the
7 The ........................... time of the year is July. (hot)
8 The ........................... way to travel is by bicycle. (nice)
5
.
competition.
Exercise
3
Complete the text with ONE word in each gap.
SUPERTATTVES
compare more than two things, use the + a
superlative adjective.
It's the fastest way to get there.
To
For short adjectives, ad.d -(e)st.If they end in -y, change
to - iest.
hardest
hard cheap -
nice
- nicest
cheapest hot- hottest
strange - strangest big- biggest
- easiest
- laziest
busy - busiest
easy
lazy
For longer adjectives, use the most + adjective.
the most interesting the most popular
Some superlative adjectives are irregular.
good - best
far -furthest
bad -
worst
We often use superlatives
with ever + the present
perfect.
It'sthe best holiday I've (ever) had.
Exercise 1
Find the five mistakes and correct them.
1 lt was the loudest band l've ever heardl
2 I live in one of the busyiest streets in town.
3 lt was the most bad day of my life.
4 fhe easiest way to get around is on foot.
5 Yesterday was hotest day ofthe year.
6 That was the difficultest exam l've ever taken!
7 l'm the more taller person in the class.
8 lhey were the nicest people l've ever met.
think it's
1...........................
greatest city in
the world. lt has every kind of shop and museum and
restaurant. There's almost too 2........................... choice - |
can't decide what to do.
I love New York.
I
The transport system is really good. I don't drive or have
a car because it's i........................... expensive to park, but
I really don't need one. The subway is quite cheap and
reliable and there are 0........................... of buses and taxis,
but the
. way get around is on foot. That
way,you can see all the fantastic buildings and feel the
great atmosphere. lt's 6........................... n ice.
There aren't many things I don't like here, but the
thing for me is the weather in the
summer. lt's terrible. lt's 8........................... hot. lt's often
over 35'C in August and I have to work then.
Glossary
truck: a truck is very big'car'to transport things
motorway: a motorway is a very big road - usually
between cities - where you can drive fast
competition: if there's a lot of competition, it's
difficult, because lots of companies / people want
the same thing
on foot: if you go somewhere on foot, you walk
chapter: books often have different parts or chapters
GRAMMAR REFERENCE 159
11
FOOD
A LOT OF, SOME, ANI[, MUCH, ltdAlfr AND A BrT OF
A lot of, some and any car. go with both uncountable
(singular) nouns and plural nouns.
REVTSION
Use much / a bit of with uncountable (singular) nouns.
Use many / a/ew with plural nouns.
1 I ate a lot of / a few chocolate a nd I feel a bit sick now.
2 I only have tea. I don't have any / much coffee.
3 I used quite a lot of / quite much chilli, so it's spicy.
4 Have you seen much / any good films recently?
5 I watch a lot of / ony comedies, but not many / some
Exercise 1
Choose the correct words.
uncountable nounr
lflgiLryy1t
much / a lot of sall? many / a lot of chtps?
Doyou eat
any fruit?
any vegetables?
a lot of ice-cream. a lot of biscuits.
quite a lot of sugar. quite a lot ojf sweets.
]
I
don't eat
some / a bil of
lmuch / a tot of
lish
some /
r'tce.
many t a bt o1 cake*
any vegel-ables.
Jany cheese.
a
few
I
don't read
yea
r.
3 A: Did you add ......
4
5
6
.......... salt to this? I can't taste it
B: Oh, nol I forgot.
l've had a ........................... biscuits so l'm not very hungry.
I put
sugar in it, so it wasn't too bitter.
A: Do you eat a ........................... of rice?
B: ........................... a lot, but I sometimes have pasta
i
nstead.
you like to come to my house for dinner tonight?
offer to do something, ask Would you like me to ...7
you like me to move my car?
Would you like me to get you anything from the shops?
To
Would
To
offer people things, you can ask Would you like ...?
Would
Would
you like any ... help / food / wine?
you like a ... drink / banana / cup of tea?
We can use want instead of would libe.
Do you want ... to come / me to move / a drink?
Exercise
oJ
/ a few carrots.
Exercise 2
Write offers and invitations using the notes.
1 like / go to that restaurant?
2 like / cake?
3 like / me / cook dinner?
4 want I fish or meat for dinner?
5 want / us / phone him?
6 like / us / bring something to drink?
7 like / me / drive you to the airport?
8 want / stay with us while you're visiting.
Exercise 3
Complete the text
with
ONE word
in each gap.
cooking. I started when I was eight or nine. I made
chocolate biscuits with my mum. I really
enjoyed it. After that, we made a
. of cakes
together. My poor dad had to eat them all and he put on
lot of weight!
I love
INVITATIONS AND OFFERS
For invitations, ask Would you like to ...?
Would
mas.
What vegetables would you like?
B: Jusl some / any potatoes and a bit
A:
spices.
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with ONE word in each gap.
1 l'm a vegetarian. I don't eat
meat or fish
2
d ra
6
Now I cook other kinds offood - I make the dinner a
. times a week. Tonight l'm going to do steak
with s........................... bit of sauce and some chips. lactually
don't cook
. meat - I prefer doing fish - but
my dad bought the steak.
l'm 16 this year, so I can leave school. ld 7........................... to
go to cookery school and become a chet but my parents
want
8...........................
to continue my school studies.
I
Write questions with Would like... . For example:
lnvite someone for dinner.
lil od"d., yow Uk e, ta ga out {or
d,i,yw.e,r
?
1 Offer someone something to eat.
2 Offer to set the table.
3 lnvite someone for a game of tennis next week.
4 Offer to do the washing-up.
5 Offer someone some chocolate.
6 lnvite someone to your birthday party.
160 ouTcoMEs
Glossary
novel: a novel is a book with one long story
biscuits: biscuits are thin, dry cakes
bitter: if something is bitter, it's not sweet, like black
LOllee
comedies: a comedy is a film which is funny
drama: a drama is a film which is serious
12 FEELINGS
SHOULD / SHOULDN'T
We use should{n't) + verb to suggest acticns. Shoatrd
shows we think it's a good idea to do the action.
Shauldn't shaws we think it's a bad idea to do the
action.
have a holiday.
go to the doctor.
do more exercise.
smoke.
work so hard.
I
You
He
/
She
We
They
REVISION
Exercise 1
Cornplete each sentence with should or shauldn't
andaverbin thebox.
I
;;
B:
6A:
work.
Hurry up! We're late.
take a taxi.
The kids are always tired in the morning.
;* ;; ; ;i;,T:I;: "',"'
B:
weight
those
boxes.
Exercise 2
Cornplete the sentences with the present perfect
forrn of the verbs in brackets.
l-
I
2
it yet. (not finish)
How many times
there? (be)
started it last week, but
I
you..
..
. .....................
a lot this year. (rise)
any good books
5 You .............
6 We ..............
.............
............
a lot of food! (cook)
time to make a
decision yet. (not have)
few days ago).
He's broken his leg, so he can't drive at
the moment.
l've never seen him, so I can't tellyou what he looks Iike
Exercise 3
Chocse the corrert words.
He's really nice. We went
1
We of,iten use alreaily and yef with the present
perfect. tsetgoes with negatives and questions.
He has already had two holidays this year.
Vle haven't been to the castleyet, but we want to go.
Have you asked her yet?
Exercise 1
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
l" I broken.my arm, so I can't write.
2
3
4
5
6
lose
recently? (read)
the present perfect to taik about aetions that
happened sometime before now, but have a present
result. Don't use it with a past time expression (e.g.
Use
a
to
........
many sweets!
PRESENT PERFECT 3
yesterday,
Well, maybe you
3 Prices
4 .........................you
about it.
.......................... a
A: My back hurts.
B: Really? Well,you
go and see someone
B:
I
about it.
home.Would
A: The doctor said I need
today.
He says he's really stressed and has no energy.
take some time off
*; ;J;;
Well,you
B: Really? Maybe you
couple ofaspirin.
/
1 A: I feel a bit sick.
B: ...................... .... lie down.
2 A: My stomach hurts and l've got diarrhoea.
B: ...................... .... have any more to eat
B:
Maybe
B: That was stupid! You ...................
more careful in future
A: l've got a really bad headache.
shouldn't-
5A:
a week.
ta ke
you like me to call a taxi instead?
A: I cut my finger cooking dinner.
strong.
Maybe you should lose some weight.
4A:
eat
A: I feel really strange.
B:
B:
rive
a doctor
We often add maybe.It makes the advice sound Xess
3A:
d
A: That's a bad cough.
B: I know. l've had it for
spend so much money.
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with a pronoun + should
carry
I'm sorry, but I have forget your name.
was to Spain eight or nine times in my life.
/
We've been out
together
a
few times recently.
2 I can't play tennis tomorrow. l've hurt / I hurt my leg.
3 l've been / I have ever been to Paris twice.
4 l've never spoken / spoke to him before.
5 Have you tried / Did you tqr Lebanese food before?
6 We've been / We haven't been to the museum yet.
7 l've seen / I saw Nicole yesterday.
8 She travelled / has travelled a lot. She's been all round
Asia and South America and last year she vis, -;d /
has visited Nigeria and Chana.
I
already do my homework, so can I watch TV?
l've seen that film last year.
I haven't been to that restaurant already. ls it good?
I
GRAMMAR RSFERENCE 151
13 NATURE
MIGHTAND BEGOINGTO
REVISION
Make predictions with might + verb or be going to +
verb. Might (zrotl shows possibility. .B e (not) going to
shows certainty.
I might not go to the party. I might stay at home instead.
A: I need to give this book back to Dan.
B: I can give it to him, if you like. |m going to
see
Exercise
possibility.
1 They said it's going to rain later.
2 l'm deflnitely not going to be in the office tomorrow.
3 She's going to callyou this afternoon.
him later.
We can use may inst ead of, might.
I may be a bit late. lt depends what time my meeting ends
We often see these expressions
possibly
it depends
Re-write the sentences using be going to to show
certainty.
4 lt said there might be a storm tonight.
5 We might go to Bulgaria for our holiday this year.
6 My dad might drive us to the station.
with might:
l'm not sure
I don't know
I
haven't
decided
l
I
Exercise 1
2
3
4
5
I
be +
the action or if it's not important.
France.
made in
WAS
locked to the fence.
sold on the lnternet
They
5
killed by a car.
only found in South America.
often taken to cure colds.
...........................
A: I like that painting.
given it at our wedding.
B: Yes, it's nice. We
A: Do you want to go out tonight?
B: l've got no money. I ........................... not paid until Friday.
162
oUTCOMES
I
Glossary
found near here.
Turkey each year.
Our cat
Vampire bats
4 The herb
were
was
I
Complete the passive sentences with the correct form of
the verb be.
produced in
l- Around 60 million litres of wine
3
He
L
Exercise 1
2
We
7
Exercise 3
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 I don't might see you tomorrow.
2 We is going to finish the work by Tuesday.
3 Most of the wine here are imported.
4 lt is maked in Vietnam.
5 They might probably move to the country next year
6 We are climbed that mountain last year.
the past
t5
6
(build)
participle.
We usually use the passive if we don't know who does
It
My bike
Rice
by the police. (stop)
in the war. (kill)
6 The cottage was ........................... in the 17th century.
PASSIVES
We can use many verbs in two ways.
Farmers use a lot of chemicals on the crops. (active)
A lot of chemicals are used on the crops. (passive)
with the verb
with the past participles of
isn't ........................... in our country. (grow)
lt's all
here. (import)
Wild cats are
all over this part of the
country. (find)
....... with rice. (serve)
4 Curry is usually .............
5 Our car was .......................... last weekend. (steal)
might / We're going to have a barbecue on Sunday.
I might possibly / definitely get a new car soon.
We might / We're going to be free at the weekend, but
need to speak to my wife first and check.
Look at those clouds! lt might / lt's going to rain soon.
She may / She's going to come with us. lt depends if she
can get time off work.
We
Passives are formed
Exercise 2
Make passive sentences
the verbs in brackets.
1
2
3
Choose the correct words.
1.
I
Rewrite the sentences using mfght to show
vampire bats: vampire bats are animals that fly at
night and eat blood
cure: if you cure a cold or illness,you make it better
import: if you import products, you bring them into
your country from abroad
wild: if an animal is wild, it lives free in nature
14 oPtNIONS
WfiL / WO]V'T
We use 'II (=
FOR PREDICTIONS
I won't (= wiII notl + verb to make
REVISION
:nri771
predictions about the future in the same way as we use
be (not) going to + verb. We often use will (but not won'tl
with I thfnk ... / don't think ... .
Exercise 1
Change the sentences into negatives (-) or
It won't be a problem. l'm sure of it.
I think hel/ get the job.
I don't think I'll go.
1 They'll win. (-)
2 He'll get the job. (?)
3 lt was difficult to laugh in that situation. (-)
4 l'll probably see you before Christmas. (-)
5 I think the economy will improve this year. (-)
6 lt's easy to find work. (?)
We usually ask questions using do you think +
will
+
verb.
Do you think you'llsee her tonight?
Who do you think will win?
We can add probably to show we're not 100% sure. Note
the different position with will / won't.
questions (?).
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
verb in brackets (in the -ing form, fo + infinitive or
wiII / won't + infinitive).
1
Vle'll probably go somewhere in Creece.
It probably won't make any difference.
I
VERB PATTERNS WTTH AD'ECTIVES
If we want to make a verb the subject of a sentence, we
use an -ing
torm.
We also use it + be + (not) adjective + (not) fo +
Renting a flat here ls quite expensive.
infinitive.
/tb quite expensive to rent a flat here.
Not seeing my family for so long was hard.
It was hard not to see my family for so long.
Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb
the contract carefully.
is quite cheap in our area. (eat out)
think the Social Democrats ..........
election next year? (lose)
4
I
Do you
Choose the correct words.
1 I think they'll / they'll to finish it next year.
2 They said there'll be / there be will snow tonight.
3 When will the meeting start / will start the meeting?
4 5he won't / won't not be happy about it.
5 l'm sure lhey don't will / won't be late.
6 I don't thinkyou'll / you won't pass the exam.
7 I probably wan't / won't probably see you before then.
8 What will / will be your parents do about it?
..
3
2
Exercise
lt's important.......................
(read)
think it's good
.
and meet new people.
(travel)
5 Doyou think........................... abroad is easy? (move)
6 lt definitely .......................... soon. You'll have to wait
(noi happen)
It's not easy........................... the right person. (find)
I don't think it ........................... any difference to the
7
8
result. (make)
Exercise 3
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
L lt was lovely see you again.
2 lt don't will cost too much.
3 Watch the news can be very depressing sometimes
4 What you will do with the money you won?
5 lt was difficult for you to learn Russian?
6 lt's easy don't remember people's names.
7 lt's easy make mistakes. Everyone does it.
8 lt's no rude to talk about money in my country.
9 To live in the city is really stressful.
10
ls not difficult to do this exercise.
in the box.
L
read
pa rk
find
wa lk
It was quite
2
7
It's almost
vote
offer
notice
difficult
accommodation.
in the streets at night is perfectly safe.
impossible
the car in town.
learning Spanish.
drink to a visitor is very rude.
6 It's interesting
the differences between
the two countries.
I think it's important not ........................... about making
5
Glossary
worry
children's books was helpful when I was
4
I
Not........................... a
i m:nrj::[:;TJ,"Jtri1lT
I
I
I
I
!
sa
f'a'i'
house'
:
perfectly safe: if a place or thing is perfectly safe,
safe
is too%
useless: if something is useless, it isn't
rude: if someone is rude, they aren't polite.
can get upset ifyou are
it
:
good
rude
:
People
:
:
:
mista kes.
I
think
...........................
in any election is useless.
GRAMMAR REFERENCE 153
15 TECHNOLOGY
BETHINKING OF+.ING
REVISION
We use be thinbing of + -ing to talk about plans we are
not 100% sure of, but have already thought about.
I'm thinking of doing a Web design course nextyear.
We're not thinking of buying a new one yet.
\Nhere are you thinking of going?
Exercise 1
Change the sentences into positive statements (+),
negative statements (-) or questions (?), with the
Exercise 1
Write present continuous sentences using the notes.
1 l/think/joinagym.
2 What brand I you / think / buy?
3 They / think / move sometime next year.
4 I hope he / not / think / leave the company.
5 Who / you / think / ask?
6 They said on TV that they / not / think / change the
price.
7
8
9
10
Which university she / think / apply to?
I / think I try to make my own computer.
Why / he / think / retire? He's only 48.
Pleasetell meyou / not/think/ marry himl
ADVERBS
Adverbs are usuallyformedby adding -lyto an
adjective (e,g. quich - quickly). We can use adverbs
to give more information ibout how we do things.
Adverbs usually come after the verb they give extra
information about.
pronouns in brackets.
1 l'm thinking of changing jobs. (? / she)
2 ls he thinking of making his own website? (- / we)
3 They're not thinking of having children yet. (+ / l)
4 Are you thinking of buying a new one? (+ / he)
5 She's thinking of applying for a Master's. (- / l)
6 We're not thinking of selling the company. (? / they)
Exercise 2
Choose the correct words.
1 He's avery confident / confldently speaker.
2 lt's a really old car. lt's really slow / slowly.
3 I got home really late / lotely last night.
4 My gran drives really slow / slowly.
5 l'm not very well / good at Maths.
6 You speak ltalian verygood / well.
7 He's quite bad / badly altennis, but he tries really hardly
/
8
hord.
I understand Chinese quite good
/ well,but my
pronunciation is ovuful / owfully.
fast
Exercise 3
Correct the mistake in each sentence.
1 He really quickly speaks!
2 Where you thinking of moving to?
3 l'm thinking to complain to the company about it.
4 You look really nicely in that suit.
5 He's studying hardly for his exams at the moment.
6 The camera works perfect now
7 We're thinking get married next year.
8 You drive too fastly.
Exercise 1
I
You can eat quite cheaply
She answered all
there.
the questions very confidently.
the moment.
He's acting really strangely at
Notice that we often use quite / very
/ rcallybeforc
adverbs.
Don't forget these common irregular adverbs.
hard - hard
early - early
- fast
late - late
good - well
Complete the second sentences with the correct adverb.
l" a He has a quiet voice.
b He speaks very........................... .
2 a She's very hard-working.
b
She works rea1Iy...........................
b
5he solved that problem very...........................
b
We stayed out ...........................
.
3 a He's a very good cook.
b He cooks really............................
4 a She's quite a creative person.
5 a I had a bad night's sleep.
b I slept quite ........................... last night.
6 a We had a late night.
164
oUTCOMES
.
Glossary
: apply: if you apply to u n iversity, you write a nd try
: to enter.You can also applyfor a degree course or a
Master's - and applyfor a job
marry: if you marry someone,you have a wedding and
get married
complain: if you complain to someone about
someth i ng, you tel I them you a re not ha ppy a bout
something and that you want them to do something
15 LOVE
THE PAST CONTINUOUS
We form the past continuous with was / were + -ing.
Use it to show that one action started but didn't finish
before another action happened. It is often used with
the past simple. The other action is usually in the past
'simple.
shoppinq in town when I saw one on sale.
I wasn't enjoying my job, so I decided to leave.
Where were you living when you two met?
I was
Exercise L
Write past continuous sentences using the notes.
1 Sorry I didn't answer your call. I / talk / to someone on
2
3
4
another line.
What I you / do when you heard the news?
lt not / work very well, so I took it back to the shop.
\Ale / have dinner when my sister suddenlytold us she
was pregnant!
5
6
They not / get on very well, so they decided to break up
We / sit / in the cinema when he suddenly tried to kiss
me. It was horrible!
REVISION
Exercise 1
Change the sentences into statements (+), negatives
(-) or questions (?), with the pronouns in brackets.
1 I was working yesterday. (- / he)
2 I was living there when you two met. (? / you)
3 lwill tell him. (- / l)
4 She was paying attention. (- / they)
5 Willyou do it for me? (+ / l)
6 We were waiting a long time. (? I you)
7 She wasn't listening when he said the address. (+ /
we)
8 Was he driving too fast when he crashed? (+ / l)
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with one of the verbs in
brackets in the past simple and the other in the past
continuous.
1
2
WfiL / WON'TFOR PROMISES
I ...........................20
(meet, wait)
in short answers.
A: Don't forget.
6
in a band and | ........................... to one
of her concerts. (play, go)
We ........................... a lot when I ......
........... . (move,
grow up)
He ........................... down a quiet road when a car
B: I won't.
him. (cycle, hit)
stop. (not
Exercise 1
Choose the correct words.
1 I promise l'll / I won't tell anyone.
2 l'll wait .You'll / You won't have to go on your own.
3 Don't worry, l'll / I won't be there on time.
4 l'll / I won't bringyou back a nice present, I promise.
5 A: Haveyou spoken to the bankyet?
7
B: I'll / I won't do it as soon as posslble.
A: I hope you're not going to do that again.
B: Don't worry,lwill / lwon't.
A: Take care.
B:
euros when I ........................... home.
4 She
7 She
6
my leg.
3 We ........................... when we ........................... for a train.
5
B: lwill.
and
in the park
(find, walk)
To make promises, we usually use will / wan't.
We sometimes add.I promise.
A: Dad, can we go to the cinema today?
B: Sorry, l'm too busy. l'll take you next week, I promise.
We can also use will / won't
A: You need to be careful
I ...........................
(play, hurt)
the course so she
/
...........................
to
enjoy, decide)
8 They
earthquake
friends in Peru when the
.
(vislt, happen)
Exercise 3
Correct the mistake in each sentence or pairs of
sentences
1 I callyou tonight, I promise.
2 A: Don't be late.
don't.
What did he say?
B: I don't know. I wasn't listen. Sorry.
B: I
A:
lwill / lwon't.
I will always to love you.
What you were doing?
6 I was runing down the street and lfell.
7 When I went into the classroom, the children was all
studying quietly.
Someone was stealing my bike when I was buying a
newspaper in the shop.
4
I
5
Glossary
line:you can be on another linewhen someone calls. lf
it's a really bad line,you can't hear very well
kiss: if you kiss someone,you put your mouth
somewhere on theirface
payattention:if youpay attention,you listen and /or
watch carefully to showyou're interested
crash: if you crash a car,you hit something with it
earthquake: an earthquake is when an area of land /
city, etc. moves a lot
GRAMMARREFERENCE
165
I
Fne
Frlr
1
Starter Unit
I
Unit
page 9 Vocabulary
Student A
10 page 80 Reading
The story about the Ferrari Enzo isn't true.
A photo of it appeared on the lnternet, but it wasn't
real. Someone created it with a computer.
Ask your partner How much is ...
Write down the answer.
.
.
.
.
.
.
2
a coffee?
an orange juice?
a bottle of water?
a cheese sandwich?
an ice cream?
All the other information was true at the time
writing.
a portion of chips?
your partner the answers to their questions.
this information:
a tea - f 1.20 (one pound twenty)
Tell
Use
acola-f1.95
a green salad-L3.54
a chicken sandwich
- f3.79
a hamburger-f3.36
an apple - 47p
Fne 3
Unit
3 page 31 Conversation practice
Student A
You
want to go to a supermarket, a restaurant, a church, a language school and a bookshop.
DRAYTON PARK
o
o
t
z
o
a
J
tu
z
n
=
z
o
U)
o-
postonicel@
BARRETT LANE
t
U)
o
J
z
o
t
@
tJJ
o
tr
o
ztu
o
]U
166 otmoMES
o
o
of
Frlr
Frlr 4
Unit 4 page
38
5
Unit 14 page 110 Reading
Voeabulary
Group
B
Student A
.& Ask Student B when these days are. Write the
dateJ.
lmmacu late Conception, lta ly
I came here a few years ago because of the
war in my country. Of course, there is crime
here - my house was robbed once - but it's
not dangerous to walk in the streets. Before I
came here, I was shotl When I got here, I had
treatment in hospital for my injury. I heard
complaints about the health service, but I
thought it was good. The doctors were kind and
_,,_-.'
Ieachers LJay,Lhrna
il;;;;,;i'
r,, i",in
o',,.,
lndependence Day, India
Student B's birthday
The next public holiday
B
Complete the dates below. Then answer B's
questions.
Creenery Day, )apan
aduMay
3rd, Oc-trtlrct,
Unity Day, Cermany
Throne Day, Morocco
3)tl,vJd,y
Father's Day
fhP, fu'vt
S
w'\d.qt 0v J ww
My birthday
The next public holiday
C
A NTW LIFE
Check with B that you wrote the correct dates.
efficient, and it was free.
When you talk to people here, they're nice
and polite, but it's difficuit to really know them.
I also don't think families are very close here.
Most of my friends here are other foreigners. We
play football in the park every Sunday. In my
country, our house is always open to visitors. I
really miss my own family and I speak to them
every day and send money home.
I've always found work doing cleaning or in
construction. It's not what I want to do. I was
the manager of a company back home, but you
do what you have to do and, compared to my
country, wages here are very high.
What do I think of the weather? I like it! I
know it rains quite a Iot, but actually, in my
country, it's often too hot.
Fne 6
Unit 11 page 88 Vocabulary
Student A
o,_@
Suc
pistachios
prawns
ffi
Frlr 7
Unit 13 page 104 Vocabulary
rabbit
sheep
Frlr 8
Unit 11 page
Student
88
Vocabulary
B
"s:*&:'&%
OO oOL, G
lentils
f,
almonds
-,M
strawberry
158
oUTCOMES
g#-
sardines
/>@
<J*)
cumin
Fne 9
Unit 3 page
Student
You
31 Conversation
pnctice
B
want to go to a sports shop, a bank, a post office, an lnternet cafe and a chemist's
o
o
t
a
o
J
i
o
o
=
z
E.
o
a
(L
z
o
a
J
[rJ
z
z
o
t
U)
HENRY LANE
tu
o
t(,
z
l'JJ
o
Lll
Frlr 10
Frlr 1l
Starter Unit 1 page 9 Vocabulary
Unit 4 page
Tell your partner the answer to their questions.
this information:
a coffee - f2.75 (two pounds fifteen)
an orange juice - f2.37
a bottle of water - f 1.50
a cheese sandwich - t3.05
Student
38
Vocabulary
B
Use
.A Complete the dates
below. Then answer Student
As questions.
lm macu late Conception, lta ly
an ice cream - LL.89
a portion of chips -t2.01
Teacher's Day, China
Human Rights Day, South Africa
lndependence Day, India
Student
My birthday
The next public holiday
B
Ask your partner How much is ...
Write down the answer.
. a tea?
.
.
B
lotlv Septe,rd:er
27rt Marclv
7sLlvAug4.ttt
Ask A when these days are. Write the dates.
Creenery Day, Japan
a cola?
Unity
a green salad?
Th
. a chicken sandwich?
SLlvDere,rd:er
Day, Cermany
rone Day, Morocco
Father's Day
Your birthday
. a hamburger?
. an apple?
The next public holiday
C
Check with A that you wrote the correct dates.
|NFORi,IATTOI{ FIIES 169
Srantrn urrr 01
B: Northpark High.
A:
tsr.r
zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten
eleven twelve twenty
thirty fifty
a hundred
*st.z
have any brothers and sisters?
One brother and two sisters.
How old is your brother?
Yes.
A:
B: 39.
A: Areyou
B:
leave home?
A: How old are the children you teach?
B: 14 to 18.
Qsz.z
marrred?
l'm you're he's she's it's we're they're
Yes.
A: Doyou
have anychildren?
One boy and one girl.
A: How old are they?
B: The boy's 12 and the girl is eight. Doyou have any brothers and
B:
know it. How do you get there?
B: Seven.We start at 8.30.
A: Doyou
B:
I
B: lwalk.
A: How long does it take?
B: 35 minutes.
A: That's good.What time doyou
UNrr 01
Yes.
sisters?
A: No.
B: How old
A: 25.
St.t
A:
B:
Hello. l'm Miguel. What's your name?
Dasha. Hi. Nice to meet you.
St.z
are you?
I=Ivy;M=Miguel
l:
&st.t
Hi. Come in. Sit down. My name's lvy. l'm a teacher here. What's
your name?
A: Next!
M: Miguel.
B: Yes!
A: Yes, sir?
Right. Hi. Nice to meet you. And what's your surname, Miguel?
M: Sorry?
Your surname. Your family name.
M: Oh, sorry. lt's Herna ndez. That's H-E-R-N-A-N-D-E-2.
OK. And where are you from, Miguel? Spain?
M: No, l'm not. I'm from Mexico.
Oh, OK. Which part?
M: Chihuahua. lt's in the north.
l:
l:
B: Umm, it's a big order.
A: OK.
B:
To
drink... one coffee,three teas, an orange juice, four colas and
two bottles of water.
A:
OK. One coffee, three teas, an orange
juice,four colas and two
bottles of water.
B:
B:
Yes, I
A:
Yep.
else?
want two green salads, seven hamburgers, one cheese
sandwich, one chicken sandwich and five portions of chips.
B: And five apples.
5ure. So that's seven hamburgers, one cheese sandwich and one
chicken sandwich,five portions of chips,two salads and five
apPles.
B: That's it.
A: That's f69.64 altogether.
$st.q
1
2
l:
Yes.
A: Anything
A:
l:
Listen to the CD.
tL t.s
Argentina Brazil China Cermany ltaly .lapan Jordan Kenya Mexico
Morocco Oman Panama Poland Thailand
9t.s
1 There's a cinema in the town.
2 lt's nice.There are lots oftrees and parks.
3 There are lots of hotels near the station.
4 lt's not very safe. There's a lot of crime.
5 lt's not a bad place, but there are too many people!
6 lt's a nice city, but there's a lot of trafficl
7 There are some nice shops and restaurants near here.
8 lt's OK.There's a nice beach and there are a few caf6s.
Go there.
3 Read the article.
4 Talk to a partner.
4t.s
5
A:
6
Open the window, please.
Write the answers.
7
Putyour book on thetable.
Conversation 1
Hello.
B: Hi. lt's Jan, isn't
A: Yes.
8
Work in groups, please.
B: What do you
9
The class finishes at eight.
A:
10 What do you think?
B:
A:
it?
do, Jan?
l'm a doctor.
ReallyT Where do you work?
ln a hospital in Warsaw.
Sranren uNrr 02
Conversation 2
C: 5o, Lara, what do you do?
8sz.t
78 15 12,000 44 271 1.6 1,000 33
22 74 109 50 21 13 5,260 86 19
$sz.z
A: What doyou do?
B: l'm a teacher.
A: Where do you work?
B: ln a school near here.
A: Which one?
170 ouTcoMEs
!7 too 97 20 1,300 L8 65
D: l'm a teacher.
C: Oh, really? Where do you work?
D: ln a secondary school in Bristol.
C: Do you enjoy it?
D:
Yes,
it's great.
C: What doyou teach?
D: French.
C: That's good. Sorry, I don't speak French!
bz.t
Conversation 3
E: Marta, what do you do?
T = teacher; 51 = student 1; 52 = student 2; 53 = student 3;
54 = student 4
OK. Stop there! Now compare your answers with a partner.
51: Sorry. Can I go to the toilet?
F:
l'm a civil servant.
E: Where do you work?
F: ln a local government office in Brazil.
E: Oh,yes.What part of
F:
'
Rio
T:
T:
Brazil?
51:
Branco- in the north.
E:
So do you enjoy it?
F:
Yes,
it's OK.
T:
Oh, OK.
S1:
Thanks.
T:
Conversation 4
G: What do you do, Filippo?
OK. Do you enjoy it?
UNrr 02
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B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
the answers. Number one
OK. Let's check
-
match the words and
S2:
Teacher.
T:
Yes.
S3:
And two?
Student.
T:
Yes.
Three?
52: Teacher.
T:
That's right. What does'turn off' mean?
H: Not really. lwant a different job.
C: Oh? What do you want to do?
H: I don't know - maybe become a police officer.
A: Do you like doing sport?
B: No. l'm very bad at sport.What aboutyou?
A: Yeah, it's great. I love playing tennis and basketball. Doyou
till the end of class.
pictures?
H: l'm a waiter.
C: Where do you work?
H: ln a caf€ in thecentre oftown-nearthe cathedral-
6:
There's only five more minutes
I need to go now.
like
walking?
No - it's boring. What about you?
lt's OK. I like going to the park.
Do you like playing computer games?
No, not really. What about you?
I love it. lt's really good fun. Do you like going to the cinema?
Yes. lt's great.
I love it too. Do you want to see Love Train?
No. I don't like'love films'. I like horror films.
S4:
'Close'.
S3:
Sorry, I don't understand.
T:
Close, stop a machine. Do you have a dictionary?
S3:
No,
but Pepe has one.
52: Here.
T:
So it's opogar in Spa nish.
53: oK.
T:
OK, we need to finish. Here are the other answers: four, teacher;
five, both; six, teacher; seven, both; eight, both; nine, teacher; ten,
both.
52: Ten is both?
T:
Yes.
53:
T:
Sorry how do you say this word? ANSWEAR'?
No.Answer'.
S3:
Answer. Thanks.
T:
OK.5o for homework do exercise 1, page 11 in your Workbooks.
Any questions?
51:
Oh, we finish?!
B: Oh.
Sz.e
*z.z
Conversation 1
A: Doyou like watchingfootball?
B:
Yeah. lt's OK.
A:
Do you
scissors homework tissue mobile pronunciation social cathedral
interesting manager strange
REvrEw 01
want to watch the match on Saturday?
B: Where?
rD
A: ln a cafd in town. lt's on W.
south /0/
B:
OK.
A:
Five.
What time does the match start?
B: 5o what time do you want meet?
A:
four OK? We want to get a seat.
B: OK. Where do you want meet?
A: Outside the Creen Street train station.
B: That sounds good. So four o'clock outside Creen Street station.
A:
ls
Yes.
Conversation 2
C: Doyou like ltalian food?
D: Yeah, I love it.
C: Doyou wantto gofor lunch on Sunday?There's a really nice
Italian restaurant near here.
D: Yeah.That sounds good.What time doyou want to meet?
C:
ls one OK?
D:
Yes. Where?
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Conversation
I
A: 5o, what do you do, Harriet?
B: l'm a business manager.
A: Oh really? Where do you work?
B: For a company in France. We make and sell pens.
AUDIOSCRIPT 171
B: What?
A: OK. Do you enjoy it?
B; Yes, it's good.
Conversation 2
C: Where is it?
D: ln the north - between Switzerland and Milan.
C: ls it a nice place?
D: lt's OK. lt's very small.There are only a few shops and one or two
B:
bars.The countryside is nice. lt's really beautiful.
C: OK.And doyou work there?
D: No. I work in Milan.
Conversation 3
E: What's the answer to question
F:
A: I can't walk across it and not
B: lt's not bad.
A: Can you tidy it, please?
B: Later.
A: Now, please!
B: But, mum!
A: Now!
break something!
OK, OK.
Conversation 2
C: Wh ... what te
,..
temperature
is
the air condltioning on?
D: 17.
C: Ca ... can you turn it down? l'm co... cold.
D: lt's not cold.
6?
'To go'.
C:
E: Oh. Do you have a rubber? This is wrong.
F: Yes, here.
E: Thanks.
P ...
please.
D: OK.
C: Thanks.
Conversation 4
Conversation
C: What's your name?
H: Ling. Hi.
C: Hi, l'm Pat.
H: Hi.
E: What did he say?
3
F: 'lt's not you, it's me'.
E: Oh ... and what was that?
F: 'l don't love you anymore.'
E: OK ... What? Can you turn it up? I can't hear it.
F: lt's old age, Dad. ls that OK for you?
E: Yes, thanks.
G: Can you turn theTV down? I need to study and I can't concentrate
C: Where are you from, Ling?
H: China.
C: Which part?
H: Harbin - it's a big city in the north.
.t3.3
Urrr 03
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Conversation 1
A: I really
need to get some shampoo. ls there a chemist's near here?
B: Yes,there's one on New Street.There's a big bookshop on the right,
and it's next to that.
A: OK.Thankyou.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
can't sleep.
Can you help me?
Can I useyour bathroom?
Can you turn up the music?
I can't find my book.
Can I wash some clothes?
We can't come next week.
He can't drive at the moment.
Conversation 2
C: I really
need to get something to eat. Are there any restaurants
UNrr 04
near here?
D: There aren't really many places in this area, but there is a nice caf6
$q.t
on Dixon Road. They do good sandwiches and salads.
C: Dixon Road?
D: Yeah. Do you know it?
Conversation 1
C:
Yes, I
think
so.
A:
Hi, Helga. How are you?
B:
OK, but
A:
Oh. What did you do at
tired!
the weekend?
B: We went to a rock festival. lt was fantastic.
D: Well, it's on the left - opposite a shoe shop.
C: Great.Thanks for that.
A:
Really? Who did you see?
B: Oh, lots of bands! The Killers,The Stones.Who else now? Oh,yes.
Conversation 3
E: lsthere a bookshop near here? I need to buy a dictionaryfor my
English course.
F: Yes,there's onejust near here.
E: Oh, good.
Conversation 2
F: lt's on the corner of
C:
E:
F:
D: Hi, how are you? Did you have a nice weekend?
C: Yes, it was OK.
Chester Street and Hale Road.
OK.Sorry. Can you show me on the map?
Yes, sure. Look. We're here - on Simpson Lane and there's Hale
Road and
that's Chester Street there. lt's on the left. lt's next to
big supermarket.
a
Conversation
D: What did you do?
really. ldid some shopping on Saturday morning.
played tennis, watched TV the usual things.
D: lt sounds OK.
C: Yeah, I needed to relax.
1
A: Simon!
Conversation 3
B: What?
E:
A:
F:
Look at this room!
B: What?
A: It's a mess!
172
oUTCOMES
Hello.
C: Nothing much
E: OK.Creat.Thankyou.
St.z
I
sawThe Specials on Saturday night.They were good.
A: Sounds great.
B: Yeah, it was great, but I didn't sleep much.
Did you have a good weekend?
Not really.
E: Oh! That sounds bad. What did you do?
F: Nothingl lwas ill. lhad a bad cold. lstayed in bed allweekend.
I
E: Oh, no! Are you OK now?
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F:
Conversation 1
Yes,
but I have to work now!
Conversation 4
C: Detlev! Hil Howareyou?
H: Cood.
C:
H:
A:
Did you have a nice weekend?
B:
Yes,
it was OK.
A: What did you
do?
B: Well, on Saturday I went shopping with my friend, Denise.
Did you have a nice weekend?
it was great.
A: Oh yes? Did you buyanything nice?
B: I didn't. I didn't see anyclothes I Iiked, but Denise bought a jacket
Yes,
C: What did you do?
H: Well, sorae friends came to visit, so I showed them the
C: That sounds nice. Where did you go?
and some shoes.
city-
Conversation 2
H: Well, on Saturday, we went to the cathedral and for a picnic in
the park, and in the evening we went into the old town. Then on
Sunday, we went to the market in the morning, and then I cooked
C: We need to buy some things to make sandwiches for tomorrow
ls there a supermarket near here?
D: Not really.There's
a
fruit and vegetable shop opposite the station
lunch for everyone.
C: That sounds great.
H: lt was. lt was lovely.
C: Oh,OK.Canyou show me on the map?
te 4.2
C: OK.Thanks.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
It's a ten-minute walk.
D: Sure.We're here and this is Amwell Road.The shop is on the corner
opposite the station, here.
My friends visit me a lot.
the cathedral.
game of tennis with a friend.
I tried to phoneyouyesterdayto arrange to playtennis.
I wanted to go out last night, but it rained.
I met a friend and we chatted all night.
We often walk together and chat.
We walked along the river and had a picnic.
Last time, we visited
Conversation 3
E: You're tall, Pete. Can you reach that big plate?
I played a
F: Sorry, I can't.
E: Don't worry. Pass me that
F: Here.
E: Thanks.
F:
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1
2
3
4
5
6
Can
chair, I can stand on that.
you hold it?
Sure.
Conversation 4
the first
October the nineteenth
March the eighth
Novemberthe second
June the twenty-fourth
the third Monday in January
.January
C:
Did you go anywhere in the holidays?
H:
Yes,
C:
Really? That sounds nice.
we got a cheap flight and
H: lt was.
C: What did you
flewto
Copenhagen.
do?
H: We walked round and did some sightseeing and had some nice
meals.
$q.a
1
2
3
C: Was the weather
The night before, we made a fire on the beach with some friends.
We sat round the fire all night and we drank and ate and sang
songs and laughed. We had a great time. Some of my friends
swam in the sea, but I didn't.The sea wasn't very warm.Then on
the 24th, I slept till four in the afternoon.
ln March, I was in London for work so I missed the holiday. They
don't have this holiday in the UK. lt was sad. On Women's Day,
men usually treat us very well.They do nice things and give us
presents. But I didn't go out for dinner. I didn't get any flowers.
Nobody said nice things to me. I sat in my hotel room and
watched TV! lt wasn't very nice.
On the holiday, we went to Snowshoe Mountain in West Virginia.
The snow's good in January. We left on Saturday at three in the
morning and we drove to the mountains. We got there at eight
and spent the weekend skiing. lt was very clear and sunny.There
wasn't a cloud in the sky. We had great views. We left on Monday
afternoon, but the traffic was bad. We didn't get back home to
Washington till two in the morning.
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it was sunny but very cold.There was snow on the ground.
Here, I have some photos on my phone.
UNrr 05
Ss.t
Conversation 1
A: Who's next?
B: Me.
A: What would you
iike?
B: Can I have some apples?
A: These ones?
B: No, those red ones.
A:
How many would you like?
B:
Six.
A:
OK.
B:
Yes. Those
A:
These?
B:
Yes.
A:
Peaches.
Anything else, my love?
things there. What do you call them?
Doyou want theyellow orthe orange ones?
A: Thereyou go.That's f3.10 altogether.Thankyou.
turn
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B: Threeyellow ones.
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Conversation 2
C: Those look nice.
D: Mmm. That yellow one especially.
C:
Hello. Do you speak English?
E: A little.
C: Can we have some ofthatyellow
show
plates
Next?
cake?
E: How much? Like this?
D: A bit more. That's fine.
AUDIOSCRIPT 173
C: And the brown one above it?With... isthatorange on top?What's
that cake made of?
E: Coffee, and yes, it's orange on top.
C: OK. I'll have a piece of that.
E:
Like this?
C: That's great.
E:
Five euros 46.
F:
English?
C:
Yes.
F:
Depends. Flve dollars, seven dollars fifty, ten dollars.
How much are those?
Oh,
E:
OK.
we do, but it's in the Sports department.
that's strange.
F: Well, people use it when they go swimming, I suppose.
E: OK. So, where is the Sports department?
F: On the fourth floor. You can take the lifts from over there
UNrr 06
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Which do you like?
C: How much is that red one?
Conversation 1
A: 5o what do you do, Imke?
F: This one?
C: No, the other one, there at the top. With 'Egypt'on it.
F: This one.
B: l'm a student.
A: Oh, OK. What're you studying?
B: l'm doing a degree in Marketing.
A: Right. And what year are you in?
B: My first. I only started this year.
Yes.
F: Ten dollars.
C: What size is it?
F:
Yes,
E:
F: And when you get out of the lift, it's on the left.
E: Left. OK. Creat. Thanks for your help.
F: My pleasure. Have a nice day now.
Conversation 3
G:
F:
Any size.What doyou want?
A:
How's the course going?
C: Can I have one in medium? Thanks.
F: There. Medium.
B:
Really well. lt's great.
Ss.z
Conversation 2
C: So what do you do, Tom? Are you working?
D: l'm a student at university.
thirteen fourteen
forty
thirty
sixteen
sixty
C: Oh, right. What're you studying?
D: Ceography.
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ninety
seventy
thirteen
two hundred and fifteen
fifty thousand
fifty
Qs.q
1 They're having
2
C:
eighteen
nineteen thousand
town.
C: And how's it going?
D: Not very well. lt's quite boringl
F:
No,
l'm not, actually. l'm at the polytechnic.
E: Oh, right. What're you studying?
F: Engineering.
E: Wow! OK.Whatyear areyou in?
F: My third. lfinish next year.
E: And how's it going?
hopeyou're enjoyingthis class.
Some friends are staying with me at the moment.
My brother's studying at university.
I
F: OK, but it's quite difficult. It's a lot of work!
E: l'm sure.Well,good luckwith it.
&s.s
Conversation 1
$e.z
A:
Excuse me. Do you sell radios?
B: Yes madam.They're over there, by the
Really? I didn't see
No? Well, come
3
E: What do you do? Are you working?
l'm not working very hard at the moment.
A:
B:
Really? What year are you in?
D: My second.
Conversation
a sale at a shop in
3 My mother's not here. She's doing the shopping.
4 The economy's growing fast at the moment.
5 My football team! doing very well now.
6
7
8
l'm really enjoying it.
1 What areyou studying?
2 What year are you in?
till.
them there.
3 Areyou enjoying
with me. Let's see. Yes, look. There they
are. On
the
bottom shelf.
A: Oh, that was stupid! I walked past them
B: Don't worry. lt's no problem.
A: Well, thanks for your help.
4
5
a minute ago.
B: You're welcome.
6
7
8
it?
How areyou?
Areyou hungry?
Are you good at English?
Where are you from?
Where areyou staying?
*s.z
Conversation 2
C: Excuse me. Doyou sell shirts?
D: Yes, of course, sir. ln the Menswear department.
C: Right.
OK.
And where
is
that?
D: on the second floor. lfyou go up the escalator here and turn right
at the top, it's there. Next to 6aming and Computing.
C: Great.Thanks foryour help.
D: You're welcome.
Conversation
E:
3
Excuse me. Can you help me?
F: Yes, ofcourse.
E: l'm looking for some sun cream. I looked in the Beauty and Makeup department, but lcouldn't see any. Doyou sell it anywhere?
174
oUTCOMES
A; What age doyou start school?
B: Seven, but most children attend some kind of pre-school
classes
year before that.
A: And when can you leave school?
B: At 16 ifyou want to.You can then get a job or goto a special
college to learn a trade, but lots of people stay until
.
A: And when does the school day begin?
B: We start at half past eight in the morning.
A: And how long each day doyou study at school?
B: We usually have six - sometimes seven - lessons a day. Each class
lasts 45 minutes.
A: How many breaks do you get?
B: Five - between the six lessons.They last between 15 and 25
minutes.
for
a
18.
A: How much homework doyou
Conversation 4
get?
lot! lt depends on the age ofthe student, but usually
between an hour and a half and three hours - and possibly more!
We do a lot of writing and a lot of preparation for class.
A: What kind of subjects do you study?
B:
O_uite a
B: We do lots of differentthings -ten or more.We do
Russian
language, of course, as well as Russran Literature. We do English
and maybe one other foreign language as well - usually French or
Cerman. Then there's History, and plenty of science subjects too:
Biology, Chemistry and Physics as well as Geography and lots of
Maths. We do lT and, finally, we do PE as well.
A: What's your favourite subjectT
B: I likeforeign languages because lfindthem easyand I like my
teachersl l'm doing two - English and French.
C: You speak English very well.
H: Yes, I go to a bilingual school in ltaly.
G: Oh, really? ls your mum or dad English?
H: No, they're both ltalian. They just want me to speak English well.
C: So, are all the classes in English?
H: No. Some are in ltalian.
C: So, what subjects did you study in English?
H: lt changes. One year we did Science in English, and the next year
in ltalian.
C: 5o, do you want to go to university in Britain?
H: No, I want to study Engineering in Rome.
UNrr 07
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Conversation
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Do you have any brothers or sisters, Zoe?
B:
Yes, I do. I have
A: How old
lu I
1
A:
two brothers.
are they?
B: My older brother's 28 and my younger one
is 19.
A: What do they do?
B: Neil's a teacher and myyounger brother,Tim,
A: What's he studying?
is at university.
B: Chemistry.
lel
lal
Conversation 2
*ss.z
3
7
2 art
6 exam
1 please
5 important
C: Did you go out yesterday?
good
worry
4 lose
8 college
D: Yeah, I did. I met my cousin and his girlfriend for a drink.
C: Oh, OK. ls he visiting?
D: No, he Iives here. He is English.
*xz.q
C:
Really?
Conversation 1
D:
Yes.
D:
C:
D:
C:
D:
18. He's a yearyounger than me.
Doyou have any other cousins here?
No, ldon't, but I have 12 back in ltaly.
A: What
do you call that yellow
fruit in
English?
B: What, these things?
A:
Yes.
B: They're plums.
A: OK. Can I have
B: How many?
A: Six.
B: Anything
a kilo and also some apples?
My uncle Ciorgio met my aunt Ruth in London and they
stayed in England.
C: So, how old is your cousin?
ReallyT How many aunts and uncles haveyou got?
Nine. My dad has eight brothers and sistersl
else?
A: No,thanks.
Conversation 3
B: That's f3.30, please.
E:
Conversation 2
C: What do you do?
F; Yes, I am. 30 years next year.
E: Really?
F: Yep.
5o, are you married,Ted?
D: l'm a manager in a bookshop.
E:
So,
C:
Do you enjoy it?
F:
She's a nurse.
D:
Yes,
C:
Do you like reading?
D:
Yes, I love it,
it's great.
what does your wife do?
E: And doyou have any children?
F: Yeah, just one son -Ted.Junior.
C: That's good.
*z.z
D:
Really? Really? Really?
Yes,
He's
finishing college this year
and I get free books.
the only problem is, I hardly ever read them because I work
very long hours!
C:
Oh.
&t.z
1
Conversation 3
E: What doyou do?
2
F:
4
l'm a student.
E; What're you studying?
F: l'm studying to become a p(imaty school teacher.
E: OK. How's it going?
F: Creat. I'm really enjoying it.
E: What yea r a re you in ?
F: My third year. I have my final exams in June.
3
5
6
My dad has ten brothers and sisters.
My brother's 15 years older than me.
My wife is a nurse.
lt's my birthday today.
My grandma's 98.
My sister's in her last year at school.
$t.a
1 lohan and I grew
up together.We first met at school and later
we shared a house together in Malmo. He's very creative. He's a
photographer and he lives in New York now but we're stillvery
close. We talk all the time. We're friends for life, l'm sure.
AUDIOSCRIPT 175
2
3
4
I only know Miguel because my husband works with him. I don't
really get on with him very well, but what can I do? They were
already friends when we met and I respect that. He likes going out
a lot. He goes to parties all night. lthink he's a bit stupid. He's 38,
but hethinks he's still 21! He also sometimes says stupid things
about women.
ln some ways, Claire and I don't know each other at all. She lives in
Wisconsin and I live in Leeds. We never meet face-to-face. We only
meet in chat rooms and we talk through Messenger. She's very
sensitive and she really understands me. My friends think l'm crazy,
but when I leave college, I want to go to the US and meet her in
5 Where areyou going to
6
stay?
When are you going to leave?
$e.s
A: What're you doing later? Are you busy?
B: No. Why? Do you want to meet somewhere?
A: Yes. Creat. Where?
B: How about in the main square, under the big clock?
A: Yes, fine. What time?
B: ls six OK?
A:
lt's quite early.
person!
B: Oh, sorry. Well, how about 7.30?
Liu Bing - or Auntie Liu as I call her - isn't really my aunt. She's
an old friend of my mum's. They went to school together and
she came to our house a lot when I was a kid. She's a strong and
A: Perfect! See you
confident woman, and she made me feel good about myself. When
I moved to Shanghai, she helped me find a place to live and a job,
so now she's not only my mother's friend, she's mine as well!
Uxrr 08
later. Bye.
&a.s
Speaker 1
l'm from the Czech Republic, but at the moment, l'm living in
Manchester. l'm doing a degree here. I also work part-time and l'm
saving money because, after university, l'd really like to go to China to
study kung fu. I practise three times a week here, and ld like to take it
to the next level.
Qe.t
Conversation 1
A: What're you doing now? Do you have time for a coffee?
B: No, sorry, I don't. l'm going to study in the library and do some
reading for my Literature course.
A: Oh, OK. Maybe later?
B: I can't. l'm going to go home and
study. I have my exams next
week.
A:
Speaker 2
I work for a big design company in Sio Paulo, but lU like to leave and
start my own business sometime in the next two or three years. I
don't like having a boss. ld like to work for myself. ld also like to start
a family, have children, but maybe that has to wait!
Oh, right. Well, good luck with them. What about after your
exams? Do you want to go out somewhere? Maybe dinner one
night?
B: l'm really sorry, but I can't. I ... I have to work that night. Bye.
A: But I didn't say which night!
Conversation 2
C: What're you doing now?
D: l'm going to look for an lnternet caf6. I have to check the details
of my flight for next week. I need to write a few emails too. What
Speaker 3
I retire next year, after working for 38 years. lt's going to be strange,
but l'm looking forward to it. ld like to spend more time gardening.
I have a small piece of land and l'd like to grow my own fruit and
vegetables. l'd also like to spend more time with my wife and children
Speaker 4
lU like to be really famous. lU like to have my own TV show and ld
like to have lots and lots of money. ld like someone to drive me round
in a big car and lU like to eat in expensive restaurants - and lU like
everyone in the world to know my name!
about you? What're you doing?
C: l'm going to go running by the river I need to do some exercisel
D: Me tool What're you doing later? Are you busy?
C: No. Why? Do you want to meet somewhere?
D: Yes,OK.Where?
C: How about in the main square at eight?
D: OK. Great.
C: Then I can show you some nice places where there aren't too
many tourists.
Conversation
3
E: What're you doing now? Are you going to the meeting?
F: No, l'm not. l'm going to meet some clients and have lunch with
them.
E: Oh, right. Where are you going to eat?
F: A new French place in Harajuku.
E: Oh,that sounds good.
F:
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What about you? What're you doing now?
E; I have to give a presentation at the meeting, but after that l'm
going to go out somewhere. Do you want to come?
1
F: Maybe,yeah.
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Call me later, OK?
E:
OK.
F:
Great. Seeyou.
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176
oUTCOMES
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*xq.s
Conversation 1
A: What do you do?
B: Well, at the moment, l'm looking after my daughter Laura, but
He's going to cook for me tonight.
l'm not going to see you tomorrow.
l'm not going to answer that question!
loud
enjoy
A:
worked for a car company before.
Oh right. How old is your daughter?
B: Ayearandahalf.
I
A:
Lovely
$s.z
B:
Yes.
1
- so she's walking and talking now
lt's nice.
A: Areyou going to go backto work?
B: Yes, lU like to continue my career, but l'm happy at home with
One weekend lastyear, I rented a house in the countryside
with some old friends from universityfor a few days.We had a
really lovelytime. I really needed it because of all the stress at
work. We got up late every day, we had nice long breakfasts, we
went for walks in the hills near the house and then we went
swimming in the sea. lt was lovely. We were very lucky with the
ra.
La u
Conversation 2
C: What are you doing now?
D: l'm going to meet my brother for a drink.
C; You have a brother? ls he older oryounger?
D: He's a year older than me. We're quite close.
2
C: That's nice.
D: Do you want to come and meet him?
C: ld love to. Where are you going to go?
D: The bar opposite here.
C;
I
OK. Can I meet you there in 20 minutes?
I have
to finish some work.
D: Sure.
Conversation 3
E: Who are the other two people in the photo?
F: The guy is my cousin, lames, and that's his girlfriend, Amanda.
weather: it was nice and sunny and the evenings were warm, so
we sat outside and chatted until late. lt was wonderfulto see
everyone again.
One day lastyear, I left work late,about nine o'clock. lt was dark
and I was very tired. lt was summer and it was very hot so,
opened my car window. I stopped at a traffic light and suddenly
two men jumped into my car. One of them had a gun, and they
told me to drive. I didn't want them to shoot me, so I drove!
They took me to a poor part of town, and then they stole my car,
all my cash and my credit cards, and my jeans. lt was awful, but,
hey, l'm still alive!
E: 5he looks nice.
",vg.z
1 I stopped at a traffic light
2 a poor part of town
3 lt was awful, but l'm still alive
F:
4 lrentedahouse
Yes, she
is.5he's quiet, but she's very friendly. I like her.
E: When isthe photofrom?
5
F:
6
7
From when we left school. We were all in the same class.
Conversation 4
6:
Did you know the government is going to expand the airport?
H:
Really? That's great.
We sat outside and chatted until late
I can speak a few words of ltalian.
lt was about a week ago.
He had an awful accident.
lt was a really stressful experience.
10 She fell out of a window.
8
9
C: I don't
agree. lt's going to be bad for the environment and it's
going to cause a lot of noise.
H: Maybe, but it's going to help local business.
G: Well, Ithink it's a stupid idea.
UNrr 09
UNrr 10
$to.t
A Hello. l'm sorry. Do you speak English?
B: Ofcourse. How can I help?
A:
*s.t
Hi. We d like
two tickets to Croningen, please.
B: Croningen. Certainly. Travelling today?
A:
Have you been to lstanbul before?
B: Well, it's my first time, but Harry's been here before.
C: Yeah, once
-
but I didn't see much then.
A: When did you arrive?
B: Friday.We're really enjoying it.
A: Where haveyou been?
B: Well, today we went round the
A: lf possible, please,yes.
B: No problem.The nexttrain isat12.25, soyou
A: Cood.
have lots of time.
B: A single or return?
A:
Bazaar. That was great. Then we
Return, I think, but we're not sure when we're going to come
back.
B: Ah, so it's probably best to buy two singles. Return tickets only
went over to 6alata and walked round there.
A: Did you go up the Calata Tower?
C: No.There was a long line of people and we didn't want to wait.
A: Really? You get a great view from the top.
C: Yeah, I heard. Another time maybe.
A: Oh, OK. How much are the single tickets?
B: First class is fifty-two euros fifty and second
A:
Have you been to Topkapi Palace?
B:
Yes,
last one day.
B:
class is twentyseven euros ten.
Two second class is fine, thank you.
That's fifty-four euros and twenty cents, please. How would you
we went there at the weekend. lt's amazing, and it's so big!
A: I know. How long did you spend there?
B: All day! We were tired at the end.
A:
Is
B:
Yes,
C: Yeah, really tired!
A:
A:
l'm sure.
B: We also went to the Hagia Sophia.
A:
Did you? l've never been in there.
B:
A:
But you live here!
I know, but sometimes you don't think about visiting places when
they're near.
B: That'strue.We live in London and l've never been to Buckingham
Pa
A:
lace.
So,
what are you doing later?
C: We want to do something that's not sightseeing.Are there any
films in English here?
A: Sure. Have you seen that film Berlin?
B: No, we haven't, but wed like to.
A:
Me too. They say it's good.
A:
like
B:
to
pay?
Visa OK?
of course. Please enteryour pin. Creat.Thank you.
Thank you. What platform does the train leave from?
You need platform six, and you have to change at Hilversum.
A: Oh, really? lt's not direct?
B: No,there are no direct trains to Croningen from here.
A: I see. How long doesthejourneytake?
B: lt's about two and a half hours in total.You have to wait thirty
minutes in Hilversum.You arrive around three otlock.
A: OK.And it's platform
B:
Yes,
six,yes.
platform six at 12.25.
A; OK.Thanks foryour help.
C: Did you get the tickets OK?
A: Yes, it's at twenty-five past twelve. What time is it now?
Do we
have time for a coffee?
C:
Yeah
-
plenty of time. lt's quarter to twelve.
AUDIOSCRIPT 177
$*l
1 Quarter to seven.
2 Five to twelve.
3 Twenty-five to three.
4 Ten to ten.
5 Talk to me.
6 ld love to go to Thailand.
7 We have to change here.
8 | don't have to go to work today.
Conversation 3
QM.s
F: That's good.
E: So,what doyou want to do today?
F: Well, I haven't been to the city museum. How about going there?
C:
E: What time's your flight?
F:
place to eat?
Iittle restaurant by the sea. lt's not
the cheapest place in town, but the fish there is really excellent.
C: Oh, that sou nds great. Do we need to book?
A: I can do that for you, if you like. What time would you like your
E:
OK.
Try Captain Nemo's. lt's a lovely
table?
B: About half past eight?
Yes, that sounds fine. What's the easiest way to get there? Can we
C:
walk?
really. lt takes about half an hour to walk there. lt's probably
A: Not
best to take a taxi. Would you like me
C:
A quarter to eight, so I need to get there at about six- How long
does the train take to the airport?
E: Oh, it's quite quick. lt only takes half an hour.
A: Cood evening, sir, madam. How can I help you?
B: Hi.Wed liketo go out for dinner.Where's the best
A:
Cash.
D: That's f 32.45.
C: That's awful.
Yes, please.
Conversation 4
C: Haveyou beentotheold partof town?
H:
Yes,
G:
Really? Why not?
and I don't want to go there again!
H: When I went there, someone jumped out in the street and stole
my bag. I fell down and broke my arm.
C:
No!
H:
Yes-
lt was awful!
to book one for you?
UNIT 11
That's great.
B: Oh,there's one otherthing, before I forget.Wed like to buy some
A:
presents. Where's the best place to go shopping?
There's a nice market in the main square tomorrow- They have
B:
A:
some nice things. Try there. lt starts at around eight and goes on
until about two.
lt sounds perfect. Thanks for your help.
No problem. lt's my pleasure.
Qtt.t
A:
Hello. l'm sorry. Do you speak English?
B: A little,
yes.
A: Creat. Can we have a table for two, please?
B: Haveyou booked?
A:
No, I'm afraid
B:
Ah. We are very busy
A:
Yes.
we haven't.
tonight. Can you wait ten minutes?
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chicken, but smaller. lt's very, very good. I recommend this.
C: Oh. lU like to try that, please.
Qns.z
pay bath
6ns.:
1
5
C: Can we see the menu, please?
B: Ofcourse.
C: Ah. You don't have English menus?
B: We don't.l'm sorry, but I can helpyou.This ischicken,this isfish but I don't know the name of the fish in English - this is steak, this
is soup and this is a bird - I don't know the name - it is similar to a
2
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B: Certainly, madam. And for you, sir?
A: The fish, please.
B: l'm sorry,sir, butthefish isfinished.Wedon't have any more.
A: Oh, right. Well, can I get a steak, please? Well cooked. No blood.
B:
As you prefer.
*ns.a
B:
did you arrive?
Three days ago.
B: Can I takeyour plates?
C: Thank you. That was delicious.
B: Would you Iike any dessert?
A:
Are you enjoying it?
A:
B:
Yes,
Conversation 1
A: When
it's been great.
A: Where haveyou been? Haveyou done any sightseeing?
B: No, we've been nowhere! We've sat by the pool and eaten some
nice food, and we've read a lot. We were both really stressed
before we came here and we needed to do nothing for a few days
Conversation 2
C: Can I have a single to Handford?
D: When areyou going?
C: Now.The train's going to
two minutes.
There's a delay with that train. lt's going to be
leave in
35
D: Oh, sorry.
minutes late.
C: No! There isn't a train before that?
D: There is, but it's not a direct train. lt's very slow. lt arrives at 12.38.
C: l'm going to be late for my meeting.
D: l'm sorry, sir. How would you like to pay?
178
oUTCOMES
No, l'm fine.
l'm really full. Can we have the bill, please?
B: Of course. One moment.
B: Hereyou are.
A: Thanks. Does this include
service?
B: Yes, we add 15 per centl
C: OK.Thankyou.
$tt.z
1 A: l'm a vegetarian.
B: Oh, really? You don't eat meat?
A: No. No meat, no fish. Nothing that moves!
2 A: lt's cash only, l'm afraid.
B: You don't take cards?
A: No, l'm afraid not.We don't have a machine.
3
Conversation
A: l'm reallyfull.
B:
A:
4 A:
B:
A:
5 A:
B:
A:
E: Are you
don't want any dessert?
No, l'm fine. Really. I can't eat anything else.
We're very, very busy tonight.
So you don't have any free tables?
Not at the moment. Can you wait ten minutes?
ld just like something non-alcoholic.
OK.5o you don't drink alcohol?
No. I don't like the taste.
Yeah? You
F: No, I feel a bit sick.
E: Maybe you should go out and get some fresh
F: Yes, lthink lwill. l'll be back in a moment.
E:
N:
F:
N:
H: [coughs]
Thanks.Just put them in the sink. I can dothe washing-up later.
So, how did you cook the potatoes? They were really, really good.
They're very easy to do. You just wash them, and then slice each
one into five or six pieces. Put them on a plate and put some olive
oil and some salt and pepper on them. Chop some garlic and add
that and then roast everything in the oven for about 45 minutes.
And how about the lamb?
Well,you chop some onions and fry them for ten or 15 minutes
in butter.Then chop the lamb and some tomatoes and fry them
for five more minutes. Add some salt and pepper - and it's ready
-
C: Haveyou
H: Honestly, it'll
Conversation
l:
l;
l:
J:
l:
J:
N:
2
F:
Please.
1 A: Would you like to try a piece of this cake?
B:
Yes, please.
lt looks delicious. Did you make it yourself?
2 A: Would you like me to do the washing-up?
3
4
5
6
B: No, it's OK. Don't worry. I can do it later
A: Would you like to go out for dinner sometime?
B: Yes, OK. Where do you want to go?
A: Would you like a starter?
B: No, thanks. l'm just going to have a main course.
A: Would you like me to cook for you one evening?
B: Oh,yes, please. l've never tried lranian food before.
A: Would you like a cup of coffeeT
B, No, thank you. lt stops me sleeping!
reallythinkyou should
be
fine in a couple of days,
5
Are you OK?
Yeah, l'm fine. My back hurts a bit,
that's all.
Maybe you shouldn't play tennis then.
lt's OK. I told Kevin l'm going to.
but areyou sureyou can play?
Yeah, my back's just stiff. l'll be fine after I warm up.
Yeah,
$tz.z
1
rt !1.4
a very bad cough. I
see someone. Maybe it's a chest infection.
You make it sound easy.
lt is easy. Would you like me to email you the recipe?
N: Oh, by the way, l'm going to have a little party next Saturdayfor
my birthday. Would you two like to come?
D: lt depends. Are you going to cook?
been to the doctor?
H: No. lt's.just a cold.
C: Areyou sure? You have
to eat.
F:
your time. There's no rush.
G: Are you OK?
H: Yeah,yeah.
N = Nicoletta; D = Domi; F = Frank
N: Would you like any more, Domi? Frank?
D: No, thanks. l'm really fu1l.
F: Me too, but it was lovely, Nicoletta. Really delicious. Would you like
me to put the plates in the kitchen?
D:
OK. Take
air.
Conversation 4
et L7.3
N:
3
OK?
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
I got the bus to work. I was Iucky because there was a seat. I sat
and read my book. lt was quite a nice journey.
When I gottowork,we had a meeting.The bosswas quiteangry.
He shouted a bit and told us we need to work harder. I was a bit
upset, but I tried not to cry.
Afterthe meeting, I satand thought about everything I had to do.
I got a headache. I sent a few emails and tried to concentrate.
I had lunch with my aunt. She lives near work. She always makes
me smile. I felt better after seeing her.
ln the afternoon, I went to see some clients. lt was a successful
afternoon. I sold a few things, and it's always nice meeting people.
Back in the office, I had to answer about 30 emails. lt was slow
and not very interesting.
After work, I had to wait for the bus for half an hour and then it
was full, so I couldn't sit and read.
When I got home, I went for a run with my friend,Viv We're going
to go on holiday together so we talked about that. lt was a lovely
warm evening.
After dinner, I watched the news on TV I wanted to watch a film as
well, but I fell asleep on the sofa.
Rsvrw
O6
UNrr 12
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warm /)il
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Conversation 1
A:
No, it's OK. I think l'm
A: Areyou
B:
l3i/
Are you OK?
B; Yeah, l'm OK. My stomach hurts a bit.
A: Maybeyou should lie down.
B:
hurt
/u|l
/ai/
youth
arm
just hungry.
sure?
Honestly, l'll be fine after I have something to eat.
Conversation 2
C: Hi, it's Johnny.
D: Johnny! Howareyou?
C: Basically, I'm OK, but I fell off my bike and l've broken my arm!
D: Oh dear. Maybe we should cancel the meeting for tomorrow.
C: No, it's OK. lt's my left arm, so I can write.
D: Are you sure?
C: Yeah, honestly, it's fine. lt doesn't really hurt.
&xo.z
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lul
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5
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lutl
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/soup/
lvl
lat|
lbed/
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tbndt
/heart/
lt:l
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/course/
stir
interview
2
6
pork
3
seafood
7
asleep
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4 farming
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Conversation 1
A: Are you ready to order?
B: I think so. What's the'mussel chowder'?
A: lt's a kind of potato soup with seafood.
AUDIOSCRIPT 179
B:
OK.
I'll have that.
A: Anything
else?
B: Just a glass of water, please.
Conversation 2
C: This is nice. What's in it?
D: Potatoes, a bit of onion, some cheese, and the outside is bits of
bread.
C:
OK. How do you make it?
D: You boil the potatoes and, when they're soft,you mix them with
the onion and cheese, and then you cover it all with small bits of
bread and fry it. lt's quite easy.
C: Well, it's delicious.
*tt.z
Rachid
Camels are found across north and east Africa, and the Middle East. ln
Kuwait, the camel is our national animal. Camels are very important
for us: they can travel for days across the desert without food or
water; they can carry more than horses can, and they are quieter and
more intelligent as well.
Camels also provide milk. We believe the milk is very good for you
and stops you getting ill. Camel meat is eaten by some people too. lt's
high in protein and low in fat. Camel skins are sometimes made into
leather as well.
Camels also provide entertainment. Camel racing is very popular
here, though people are now asking if it is right to use foreign children
to ride them.
Conversation
3
E:
Are you OK?
F:
No, I feel a
bit sick and my stomach hurts.
E: Oh dear. Why don't you lie down?
F: I think I will. I had some seafood today. Maybethat'sthe problem
E: Maybe you should go to the doctor.
F: l'll be OK. ljust need to lie down.
Conversation 4
C: You look happy.
H: I am. I passed my exams and I got good grades.
C: Really? Well donel
H: I can do the degree I want now.
6:
That's great.What are you golng to study?
H:
Law.
Urrr 13
13.1
One problem with camels is that they can really damage your car if
you hit themlThat's why many cars now have camel radar - machines
to tell you if camels are nearby!
Morena
The nationaltree of Brazil is called Pau Brasil. lt is often said that we
took the name of our country from this tree. lt grows up to 15 metres
high and has lovely yellow flowers.
ln the past, it was found all along the Atlantic coast, but there was
quite a big problem because lots of trees were cut down.The wood
from the trees is very beautiful - it's a lovely orange-red colour - and
it's very valuable. lt's used to make bows - to play instruments like
violins with.
A red dye was also produced from the tree and sold, but in the
nineteenth century they started using chemicals to make these dyes
in factories. That probably saved the tree!
Pau Brasil has strong cultural, economic and historical importance
for us Brazilians. lt's protected by law now and we really don't want to
lose it.
Conversation 1
A: What do you want to do tomorrow?
B: I don't know. What's the forecast?
A: lt's going to be quite hot. They said it might reach 35 degrees.
B: Really? Why don't we go to the swimming pool?
A: We could do. Which one?
$tz.t
1 Thetowels are changed every day.
2
The towels are chanBed every day.
We were met at the airport by a friend.
B: The open-air one - and we can have lunch at the caf6.
3
We were met at the airport by a friend.
The tree's mainly found in the mountains.
4
The tree's mainly found in the mountains.
The game was won by Canada.
A:
OK. Let's do
that.
Conversation 2
C: What do you want to do today?
D: I don't know.What's theforecast? lt looks a bit cloudy.
C: lt said it might rain this morning, but it's goingto be drythis
D:
C:
D:
C:
afternoon.
OK. Well, why don't we relax this morning and then go for a walk
this afternoon?
Could do.Where?
How about taking the car and going to the hills?
OK. Let's do that. We haven't been to the hills recently.
5
6
7
8
The game was won by Canada.
The skins are sold for leather.
The skins are sold for leather.
Most of the work was done by my dad.
Most of the work was done by my dad.
My bank card details were stolen.
My bank card details were stolen.
The meat's usually eaten with rice.
The meat's usually eaten with rice.
UNrr 14
Conversation 3
E: Doyou want to go away at the weekend?
F: l'm not sure. What's the forecast?
E: lthink it's goingto be cold.Theysaid it might snow.
F: Really? Why don't we just stay here? I don't want to drive if there's
snow or ice on the roads.
E: That's true. Maybe we should do some shopping for Christmas.
F: We could do. When exactly?
E: Early on Saturday morning. We can take the train.
F: Can we be back before the football starts?
E: Maybe. What time?
F: lt starts at three.
E: I guess - if we go early.
F: OK. Let's do that. We have to do it sometime.
180 ouTcoMEs
Qts.t
Conversation 1
A: Haveyou ever seen a film called zB Days Laterl
B: No, I haven't. l've heard of it, but l've never seen
it. What's it like?
lt's brilliant. lt's really, really scary. lt's about a terrible disease
that makes people hungry for blood, and they want to kill.
B: Really? lt sounds very violent!
A: Yeah,it is,but it's greatl lt's a verycleverfilm. lt's not a normal
horror movie. lt's also about the environment and politics and
everything.
B: lt sounds terrible - definitely not my kind of film!
A: No, it's great! Honestly!
A:
Conversation 2
erR7.3
C: Haveyou seen that new musical Dogsyet?
D: Yes, I have. I saw it Iast week, actually.
C; Oh really? We went to see it last night.What did you think of it?
D: lt was OK, Nothing special. lt was quite entertaining in places,
1
I
suppose, but the story was stupid.
C:
Really? Doyou think so? lthought it was brilliant - one of the best
things l've seen in a long time.
D: Yeah? OK.
C: The dancing and the music were great and it was very funny.
I
couldn't stop laughingl
D: But what about the ending? lt was so predictablel
C: Not for me! I found it really sad. I started crying!
D: Really? Oh well. I suppose we just don't share the same tastes.
,t
is expected
to
be
the closest in many
years. Both the People's ?arty and the Popular Front are optimistic
and say they expect to win, but most people think that they
will probably have to share power. Voting starts at seven in the
2
morning and closes at ten, with the final result expected early on
Monday morning.
The country's largest chemicalcompany, NBE, has announced that
it is going to cut five thousand jobs. The company lost 385 million
dollars lastyear and now plans to close its two biggest factories in
the north ofthe country
3 Abroad, peace talks between Adjikistan and Kamistan
4
5
and there are worries that war will now follow. The two countries
disagree about where the border between them should be. Both
countries receive funding and military help from their powerful
local neighbours.
Next, pop music. Last year's TV ldol winner, Shaneez, has got
engaged. The singer is planning to marry her boyfriend of two
months, actor and model Kevin Smith.
And finally, France go into their important World Cup match
against Brazil tonight without their captain and star player, Florian
Mendy. Mendy injured himself in training yesterday and may now
miss the rest of the competition.
1 lt'll
be fine.
It'll
be fine.
won't vote this year.
probably won't vote this year.
I probably
I
3 lt won't be easy.
4
5
6
7
tt
15
15.1
Conversation 1
A: Doyou know much about computers?
B:
A:
A:
bit. Why?
I'm thinking of buying a laptop. Can you recommend anything?
Well, it depends. How much do you want to spend?
l'm not sure - about five or six hundred pounds.
,A
B: OK.Well,forthat price,try a Bell.They have quite a lot of memory,
they're not too heavy and the battery lasts quite a long time.
A: That sounds perfect.Thanks.
Conversation 2
C: What happened toyour phone?
D: Oh, I dropped it last night and broke the screen.
C: Oh no! Howannoyingl
D: I know. l'll need to replace it, but l'm actually thinking of getting
one ofthose smart phones.
C: Oh, OK.
D: Do you know much about them?
C: Yeah,a bit.The new Kotika one is great. lt's amazing. lt can do
everything that a small laptop does. lt's very easy to use and it
a full keyboard, so it's good if you send a lot of emails.
D: Wow. OK. l'll try to have a look at that one.
E: Hi. How're you?
F: Oh hi.What'reyou doing here?
E: l'm trying to find a birthday present for my brother. lt's taking
We won't win.
We won't win.
F:
It
me ages.
F: What kind of thing
rain lnl
wild lwl
sr
ng
yet
l\l
tjt
$az.z
2
6
once
unusual
but I don't know
Well, Bonny does a really good one. You can use lots of online
games with it,the sound is great, it looks great on the screen and
it's not too expensive either.
E: OK. Well, that sounds good.
.tR7.!
huge
protein
a games console,
anything about them!
REvrEw 07
me lml
rest lrl
are you looking for?
E: Well, l'm thinking of buying him
won't killyou. You'll live.
hide lh I
lock /l/
has
Conversation 3
It won't be easy.
lt won't cost much.
It won't cost much.
I think he'll have a few problems.
I think he'll have a few problems.
We'll probably be a bit late.
We'll probably be a bit late.
8 lt won't killyou. You'll live.
t
5
Urrr
B:
have failed
,t L4.3
2
5Un Cream.
The pop singer, Shaneez, is going to divorce her husband, the actor
and model Kevin 5mith. The couple got married in Las Vegas four
months ago. Shaneez was recently seen with the French football
star, Florian Mendy.
l4.z
1 Tomorrow's general election
A man has appeared in court for shooting an eagle.The man, a
farmer, said the bird was killing chickens on his farm.The eagle is
protected by law and the farmer might go to prison.
A new musical calledThe Field has closed after just three weeks.
The theatre was almost empty after reports said the story was
strange and depressing and the songs were terrible. The theatre
says it has lost five million dollars.
Temperatures for the holiday weekend may reach 40 degrees.The
police are expecting a lot of traffic as people try to escape the city
and go to the beaches and countryside. The Department of Health
has said people should not stay in the sun too long and should use
3
7
young
valuable
4 ending
8
&ts.z
l bcdegptv
2 f lmnsxz
3 a h jk
4 quw
s iy
6o
7r
econom ic
AUDIOSCRIPT 187
&tE"s
1 A: www.peiterzx.co.gu. That's p-e-i-t-e-r-z-x dot co dot g*u.
B: OK, p-e-i-t-e-r-z-x dot co dot g u.
9
a Cet angry, shout and jump up and down - until someone
tells me I need to plug it in.
b Check it's plugged in and, if it is,call someoneto repair it.
c Check everything is plugged in.Turn it off and on again - and
if it still doesn't work, I repair it myself.
A: Yes.
2
A: My email's nomashy@jmal.com.That's
j*m*a*l dot com.
B:
n*o*m*a*s-h1 at
OK n-o-m-a-s-h-y, that's all one word, right?
jmal dot com.
A: Flat four,65 Farquhar Drive.That's
10 How often
A: Yes. At
3
What doyou do if you have a problem with a machine or piece of
tech nology?
f-a-r-q-u-h-a-r
a
and
b
d-r-i-v-e.
B: OK. Flat four,
A: That's
65 Farquhar Drive
- f-a-r-q-u-h-a-r.
c
right
S s.q
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
UNrr 15
many computers do you have in your home?
long is your computer on every day?
often doyou checkyour email?
many emails do you get every day?
What kind of mobile phone do you have?
What doyou useyour phone for?
Haveyou ever done anything stupid on your computer?
lfyou buy a new piece of technology, like a digital camera, how
doyou learn to use it?
What doyou do if you have a problem with a machine or piece
of tech nology?
How often doyou buy a new piece oftechnology?
How
How
How
How
2
&x"t
Conversation
I
A: Did ltellyou Owen's going to move in with his girlfriend?
B: ldidn't know he had a girlfriend!How long havethey been
together?
A:
Two or three months, I think.
B: That's not long! What's she
like?
A: She's nice, and she's very good-looking!
B: Lucky him, So, where are they going to
A: Pickwick somewhere.
live?
How many computers do you have in your home?
Conversation 2
C: Did I tell you my brother Cerrard is going to get married?
D: No. When's the weddingT
a
$ts.s
1
do you buy a new piece of technology?
Hardly ever. Why do I need it when my old things workT
Sometimes. Some things are better, and I change when my
old things break.
All the time. I like to have all the latest things.
None.
One.
C: Next May sometime.
b
c
Two or more.
C:
D; That'll be nice. So what's his partner Iike?
She's quite annoying, actually. We don't really get on.
D: Oh dear.
How long is your computer on every day?
Maybe an hour or two - if I turn it on.
b Four or five hours. Most ofthe evening,
a
c
3
I never
Conversation
How often doyou checkyour email?
Maybe once a day, maybe less.
b Two or three times a day.
c I check it all the time through my phone.
How many emails do you get every day?
a nought to ten
a
4
3
E: Did ltellyou Fiona and Kieran are goingto get divorced?
F: No! Why's that?
E: I think she wanted kids, but he didn't.
F: Oh, that's sadl How long have they been married?
E: Not very long. Fouryears, I think.
F: What a shame.They're both such nice people.
E: I know. I hope we can stay friends with both of them.
turn it off
b ten to thirty
Conversation 4
c thirty to a hundred.
C: Did I tellyou
I have a
5 What kind of mobile phone do you have?
a The most basic pay-as-you-go phone.
b Quite a good camera phone.
c One ofthe best, latest phones.
H: No. Who with?
C: A guy in my French
H: So what's he like?
6 What doyou useyour phone for?
C:
a What do you mean? Phoning people of course!
b I use the camera, music, and I sometimes play games.
c Apart from the camera, I use the diary, Facebook, maps 7
B
oUTCOMES
class.
He seems very nice. He's quite quiet, but he's funny.
H: ls he good-iooking?
6:
all
kinds of thlngs. lcan't list them all.
Haveyou ever done anything stupid on your computer?
a Yes. l've deleted files on my computer by mistake,
b Yes. I sent an email to the wrong person once.
c No, of course not.
lf you buy a new piece of technology, like a digital camera, how
do you learn to use it?
a I ask someone to show me the very basic things.
b I read the instructions and learn to do a fewthings. l'm not
interested in the complicated things.
c I just start playing aboutwith it and teach myself.Tofind out
more detailed things, I look at the instructions or their
website.
182
date on Friday?
Yeah, not bad. He's quite tall and he has lovely eyes.
H: OK. So what are you going to do?
C: We're going to have a drink together and then we're going to meet
some of his friends for karaoke.
$rcl
1
A: How long have you been together?
B: Three years.
2
A: How long haveyou been married?
4
B: 15 years now.
A: How long have they known each other?
B: Not very long. A few months, I think.
A: How long have you lived in this house?
5
A: How long has she worked there?
6
B: Ages.
A; How long have you had your car?
B: Two weeks.
3
B: AII
my lifel
16.3
Conversation 4
1
C: Did I tellyou Rebecca's pregnant?
H: No. Really? I thought she and Clive were breaking up!
2
My husband and I spenttwoyears lookingforthe right placeto
Iive. We weren't looking seriously to begin with, but then I got
pregnant and we had to find somewhere fast.We saw five houses
every weekend for four months, but didn't like any of them. One
day, we were driving home from another appointment when
suddenly we saw it - the house of our dreams! And, incredibly, it
was for sale. We knocked at the door and offered the price they
were asking for it immediately.
When I was growing up, I always loved music and musical
instruments. For my twelfth birthday, my uncle gave me a guitar
and it was love at first sight. He was playing in a band at the time,
and this had a big influence on me. After that, the guitar became
the centre of my world.l played it 24hovrs a day, seven days a
week. Later, I studied music at university and now I make guitars
for a living. All because ofthat special day!
I love Second Life, an online world where you create virtual
characters -you design them, choose their names and then create
lives for them. Last year, I was spend ing a lot of time on line and
one night, I met my future husband. I was working in a Second Life
nightclub, he came in and it was love at first sight. His'character'
soon asked my'character'to marry him and I said yes.We were
marrled online in July. Hethen asked me in the realworld and
accepted. We haven't actually met yet, but he's the one for me.
C: No!They're fine.They had a blg argument a few months ago, but
they're getting on fine now.
H: Obviouslyl 5o when is the baby due?
C: Next March.
H: Wow, that's great news.
-
3
I
*to.+
1
5orry. I wasn't listening.
2 She wasn't feeling very well, so she went home.
3 I couldn't hear because you were talking.
4 We weren't getting on so we broke up.
5 I was working in Creece when we met.
6 I lost because I wasn't trying.
Rrvrew 08
?ne.r
forget machine target protect remove marriage power method
&ee:
2 remain
6 diary
1 threaten
5 advantage
3 development 4 effective
7 document 8 negotiate
fD ne.g
Conversation 1
A: What's that burning smell?
B: lt's the hairdryer. lt just has some dust or dirt in it. lt sometimes
has
that smell, but then the smell goes.
A:
Really?
B:
Yes,
Areyou sure it's safe?
it's fine. I don't need a new one.
Conversation 2
C: Doyou know anything about computers?
D: A bit. Why?
C: My laptop is quite slow and it always has a problem when I use
this software.
D: I don't know. Maybeyou have a virus oryou don't have enough
memory for the program.
C: Maybe I need a new computer.
D: Not really.
Conversation
Can you recommend anything?
3
E: Did I tellyou Jack and Gayle are thinking of moving?
F: Really? How long have they been there?
E: Not long. They only got married last year, but they're thinking of
having a baby.
F: Right. Do you know where they're going to
E: Not far.They just want something bigger.
move to?
AUDIOSCRIPT 183
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