Загрузил krauzer_007

bp-stats-review-2020-full-report

Реклама
Statistical Review
of World Energy
2020 | 69th edition
For 66 years, the BP Statistical Review of World
Energy has provided high-quality objective and
globally consistent data on world energy markets.
The review is one of the most widely respected
and authoritative publications in the field of energy
economics, used for reference by the media,
The Statisticalacademia,
Review world
of World
Energyand
analyses
governments
energy
A new edition
published
every June.
data on worldcompanies.
energy markets
from isthe
prior year.
The Review has been providing timely, comprehensive
and objectiveDiscover
datamore
to online
the energy community since 1952.
All the tables and charts found in the latest printed
edition are available at bp.com/statisticalreview
plus a number of extras, including:
• The energy charting tool – view
predetermined reports or chart specific data
according to energy type, region, country
and year.
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for refined oil production
demand, natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity,
nuclear energy and renewables.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of
the charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel
workbook of the data.
• Regional and country factsheets.
• Videos and speeches.
Energy Outlook
Watch the BP Energy Outlook 2017 video,
Discover more online containing our projections of long-term energy
to 2035.
Download
the booklet and
All the tables and charts found intrends
the printed
edition
are available
presentation materials at bp.com/energyoutlook
at bp.com/statisticalreview plus a number of extras, including:
Join
the conversation
• The energy charting tool – view
predetermined
reports or chart
#BPstats
specific data according to energy
type, region, country and year.
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections. Additional
the BP tables.
World Energy app
country and regional coverageDownload
for all consumption
• Additional data for refined oil production demand, natural gas, coal,
Explore the world of energy from your tablet or
hydroelectricity, nuclear energy and renewables.
smartphone. Customize charts and perform the
• PDF versions and PowerPointcalculations.
slide packsReview
of the the
charts,
data maps
online and offline.
and graphs, plus an Excel workbook and database format of
Download the app for free from the Apple
the data.
Download the bp World Energy app
Explore the world of energy from your tablet or smartphone.
Customize charts and perform the calculations. Review
the data online and offline. Download the app for free from
the Apple App Store and Google play store.
App Store and Google play store.
Disclaimer
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2017 does not necessarily
Contents
Introduction
2 C
hief executive officer’s
introduction
3 2019 at a glance
4 The year in review
Primary energy
8 Consumption
9 Consumption by fuel
11 Consumption per capita
CO2
Carbon
13 Carbon dioxide emissions
Oil
14
16
20
26
28
30
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices
Refining
Trade movements
Natural gas
32
34
36
39
40
44
46
47
49
Renewable energy
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices
Trade movements
53
55
56
57
Coal
59 Generation
61 Generation by fuel
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices and trade movements
Nuclear energy
50 Consumption
Hydroelectricity
51 Consumption
Renewables consumption
Generation by source
Biofuels production
Biofuels consumption
Electricity
Key minerals
62 Production
63 Reserves
63 Prices
Appendices
64
64
65
65
Approximate conversion factors
Methodology
Definitions
More information
Methodology
This year we have made the following two methodological changes: first, energy units have been
changed from million tonnes of oil equivalent to exajoules. Second, the method for estimating primary
energy consumption of non-fossil sources of electricity, has been revised. This is still based on an
‘input-equivalence’ method, i.e. on the amount of fuel that would be required by a standard thermal
power station to generate the reported electricity output. However the thermal efficiency assumed for
that standard power plant is no longer fixed. The efficiency assumption rises each year to better reflect
real world improvements in the average power station thermal efficiency. For more details see the
appendix, or visit: www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
1
Chief executive officer’s introduction
That compares with just 10% provided by renewable energy. Renewables
will need to grow even more strongly over the next three decades to
decarbonize the power sector.
More worrying is the trend for carbon emissions. The slowing in the
growth of carbon emissions to 0.5% in 2019 may suggest some grounds
for optimism. But this deceleration needs to be seen in the context of the
big increase in carbon emissions in 2018 of 2.1%. The hope was that as
the one-off factors boosting carbon emissions in 2018 unwound, carbon
emissions would fall significantly. That fall did not happen. The average
annual growth in carbon emissions over 2018 and 2019 was greater than
its 10-year average. As the world emerges from the COVID-19 crisis it
needs to make decisive changes to move to a more sustainable path.
The disruption to our everyday lives caused by the lockdowns has
provided a glimpse of a cleaner, lower carbon world: air quality in many of
the world’s most polluted cities has improved; skies have become clearer.
The IEA (International Energy Agency) estimate that global CO2 emissions
may fall by as much as 2.6 gigatonnes this year. That has come at
considerable cost and as economies restart and our lives return to normal
there is a risk that these gains will be lost.
The COVID-19 pandemic may well turn out to be the most tragic and
disruptive event that many of us will ever live through. As I write this – in
the middle of June – over 400 thousand people globally have lost their
lives to the infection. Millions more might have done so without the
widespread lockdown of economies across the world, which came at
huge economic and social cost.
This combined health and economic shock is bound to reshape the global
economic, political and social environment in which we all live and work.
It has the potential to accelerate emerging trends and create opportunities
to shift the world onto a more sustainable path. But it also risks slowing
progress if the short-term, domestic issues raised by COVID-19 are
prioritized over long-term, global challenges, such as climate change.
It feels like the world is at a pivotal moment: it needs to address these
short-term concerns but in a way that builds back better.
“
The technologies required to reach net
zero exist today – the challenge is to use
them at pace and scale, and I remain
optimistic that we can make this happen.”
In that context, this year’s edition of bp’s Statistical Review of World
Energy provides a timely reminder of global energy trends prior to
the crisis.
Some aspects are encouraging – particularly the continuing strong growth
of renewable energy. Led by wind and solar power, renewable energy
increased by a record amount, accounting for over 40% of the growth in
primary energy in 2019. At the same time, coal consumption fell for the
fourth time in the past six years, with its share in the global energy mix
falling to its lowest level for 16 years.
But other aspects of the energy system continued to give cause for
concern. Despite last year’s decline, coal was still the single largest
source of power generation, accounting for over 36% of global power.
2
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
But to get to net zero by 2050, the world requires similar-sized reductions
in carbon emissions every other year for the next 25 years. This can be
achieved only by a radical shift in all our behaviours. By using resources
and energy more efficiently. And by implementing the full range of zero
and low carbon energies and technologies at our disposal – including
renewable energies, electrification, hydrogen, CCUS (carbon capture
use and storage), bioenergy and many more. These technologies exist
today – the challenge is to use them at pace and scale.
At bp, we are committed to playing our part. In February, we adopted
a new purpose – to reimagine energy for people and our planet. And
we announced a new ambition, to be a net zero company by 2050 or
sooner and to help the world get to net zero. The experience of COVID-19
has only reinforced our commitment to this purpose and ambition,
by highlighting both the fragility of our planet and the opportunities it
provides to truly build back better.
As bp along with the rest of the world navigate the energy transition, we
will need timely, objective and comprehensive data on the global energy
system. That is the role that the Statistical Review has been playing for
the past 69 years and will continue to play in the future.
I hope this year’s Statistical Review is useful to everyone else seeking
ways to get to net zero and build back better. And I would like to thank the
very many people who help our economics team in compiling it, including
the governments and statistical agencies around the world who have
contributed their official data again this year. The Statistical Review would
not be possible without your generous co-operation and transparency.
Thank you.
Bernard Looney
Chief executive officer
June 2020
2019 at a glance
Growth in carbon emissions in 2019 slowed
from the sharp increase seen in the previous
year, as primary energy consumption
decelerated and renewables and natural gas
displaced coal from the energy mix.
Energy developments
• Primary energy consumption growth slowed to 1.3% last year,
less than half the rate of growth in 2018 (2.8%).
• The increase in energy consumption was driven by renewables
and natural gas, which together contributed three quarters of the
expansion. All fuels grew at a slower rate than their 10-year
averages, apart from nuclear.
• By country, China was by far the biggest driver of energy,
accounting for more than three quarters of net global growth.
India and Indonesia were the next largest contributors to growth,
while the US and Germany posted the largest declines.
Carbon emissions
• Carbon emissions from energy use grew by 0.5%, less than half
10-year average growth of 1.1% per year, partially reversing some
of the unusually strong increase in 2018 (2.1%).
Oil
• Oil consumption grew by a below average 0.9 million barrels per
day (b/d), or 0.9%. Demand for all liquid fuels (including biofuels)
rose by 1.1 million b/d and topped 100 million b/d for the first time.
• Oil consumption growth was led by China (680,000 b/d) and
other emerging economies, while demand fell in the OECD
(-290,000 b/d).
• Global oil production fell by 60,000 b/d as strong growth in US
output (1.7 million b/d) was more than offset by a decline in OPEC
production (-2 million b/d), with sharp declines in Iran (-1.3 million
b/d) Venezuela (-560,000 b/d) and Saudi Arabia (-430,000 b/d).
• Refinery utilization fell sharply by 1.2 percentage points as
capacity rose by 1.5 million b/d and throughput remained
relatively unchanged.
+1.3%
Growth of global primary energy
consumption, less than half the
growth rate in 2018.
Natural gas
• Natural gas consumption increased by 78 billion cubic metres
(bcm), or 2%, well below the exceptional growth seen in 2018
(5.3%). Nevertheless, the share of gas in primary energy rose
to a record high of 24.2%.
• Increases in gas demand were driven by the US (27 bcm) and
China (24 bcm), while Russia and Japan saw the largest declines
(10 and 8 bcm respectively).
• Gas production grew by 132 bcm (3.4%), with the US accounting
for almost two-thirds of this increase (85 bcm). Australia (23 bcm)
and China (16 bcm) were also key contributors to growth.
• Inter-regional gas trade expanded at a rate of 4.9%, more than
double its 10-year average, driven by a record increase in liquefied
natural gas (LNG) of 54 bcm (12.7%).
• LNG supply growth was led by the US (19 bcm) and Russia
(14 bcm), with most incremental supplies heading to Europe:
European LNG imports (+49 bcm) rose by more than two-thirds.
Coal
• Coal consumption declined by 0.6% and its share in primary
energy fell to its lowest level in 16 years (27%).
• Increases in coal consumption were driven by the emerging
economies, particularly China (1.8 EJ) and Indonesia (0.6 EJ).
However, this was outweighed by a sharp fall in OECD demand
which fell to its lowest level in our data series (which starts in 1965).
• Global coal production rose by 1.5%, with China and Indonesia
providing the only significant increases (3.2 EJ and 1.3 EJ
respectively). The largest declines came from the US (-1.1 EJ)
and Germany (-0.3 EJ).
Renewables, hydro and nuclear
• Renewable energy (including biofuels) posted a record increase
in consumption in energy terms (3.2 EJ). This was also the largest
increment for any source of energy in 2019.
• Wind provided the largest contribution to renewables growth
(1.4 EJ) followed closely by solar (1.2 EJ).
• By country, China was the largest contributor to renewables
growth (0.8 EJ), followed by the US (0.3 EJ) and Japan (0.2 EJ).
• Hydroelectric consumption rose by a below average 0.8%, with
growth led by China (0.6 EJ), Turkey (0.3 EJ) and India (0.2 EJ).
• Nuclear consumption rose by 3.2% (0.8 EJ), its fastest growth
since 2004. China (0.5 EJ) and Japan (0.1 EJ) provided the
largest increments.
Electricity
• Electricity generation grew by only 1.3% – around half its 10-year
average. China accounted for more than 90% of net global growth.
• Renewables provided the largest increment to power generation,
followed by natural gas while coal generation fell.
• The share of renewables in power generation increased from 9.3%
to 10.4%, surpassing nuclear for the first time. Coal’s share of
generation fell 1.5 percentage points to 36.4% – the lowest in our
data set (which starts in 1985).
Key minerals
• Prices for cobalt and lithium carbonate fell sharply, by 54% and
31% respectively.
• Cobalt production was down 21.2%, largely due to a decline in the
Democratic Republic of Congo. Lithium production fell 19.2%,
driven mainly by lower Australian output.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
3
The year in review
Introduction
Growth in energy markets slowed in 2019 in line with
weaker economic growth and a partial unwinding
of some of the one-off factors that boosted energy
demand in 2018. This slowdown was particularly
evident in the US, Russia and India, each of which
exhibited unusually strong growth in 2018.
China was the exception, with its energy consumption
accelerating in 2019. As a result, China dominated the
expansion in global energy markets – contributing the
largest increment to demand for each individual source
of energy other than natural gas, where it was only
narrowly surpassed by the US.
Despite the support from China, all fuels (other than
nuclear) grew at a slower rate than their 10-year
averages, with coal consumption declining for the
fourth time in six years. Nevertheless, renewables still
grew by a record increment and provided the largest
contribution (41%) to growth in primary energy, with
the level of renewable power generation exceeding
nuclear power for the first time.
The slowdown in energy demand growth, combined
with a shift in the fuel mix away from coal and toward
natural gas and renewables, led to a significant slowing
in the growth of carbon emissions, although only
partially unwinding the unusually strong increase
seen in 2018.
Energy prices fell on the whole, particularly for coal and
gas where growth in production outpaced consumption
leading to a build up of inventories. Oil prices were a
little lower.
Primary energy and carbon emissions
Primary energy consumption rose by 1.3% last year, below its 10-year
average rate of 1.6% per year, and much weaker than the 2.8% growth
seen in 2018. By region, consumption fell in North America, Europe
and CIS and growth was below average in South & Central America.
Demand growth in Africa, Middle East and Asia was roughly in line with
historical averages.
China was by far the biggest individual driver of primary energy growth,
accounting for more than three quarters of net global growth. India and
Indonesia were the next largest contributors, while the US and Germany
posted the largest declines in energy terms.
Looking at energy by fuel, 2019 growth was driven by renewables,
followed by natural gas, which together contributed over three quarters of
the net increase. The share of both renewables and natural gas in primary
energy increased to record highs. Meanwhile, coal consumption declined,
with its share in the energy mix falling to its lowest level since 2003.
The combination of slower growth in energy demand and a shift in the
fuel mix away from coal and toward natural gas and renewables led to
a significant slowdown in the growth of carbon emissions. Emissions
rose by 0.5%, although slower than their 10-year average, it only partially
unwound the unusually strong growth of 2.1% seen in 2018.
Table 1: Fuel shares of primary energy and contributions to growth in 2019
Energy source
Consumption Annual change
(exajoules)
(exajoules)
-0.2%
Oil
193.0
1.6
33.1%
141.5
2.8
24.2%
0.2%
Coal
157.9
-0.9
27.0%
-0.5%
Renewables*
29.0
3.2
5.0%
0.5%
Hydro
37.6
0.3
6.4%
-0.0%
24.9
583.9
0.8
7.7
4.3%
0.1%
*Renewable power (excluding hydro) plus biofuels
41%
Renewables’ contribution to the increase in energy
demand, the largest of any energy source
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Percentage point
change in share
from 2018
Gas
Nuclear
Total
4
Share
of primary
energy
Oil
Oil consumption grew by 0.9 million barrels per day (b/d), or 0.9% slightly
lower than the 10-year average of 1.3% p.a.. Growth was led by China,
where demand rose by 680,000 b/d, the largest increase in the country’s
demand since 2015. Elsewhere in the developing world, growth was
below average, with Iran (180,000 b/d) the only major exception. OECD
demand fell by 290,000 b/d, the first decline since 2014.
By product, consumption growth was led by ethane and LPG (380,000 b/d),
helped by the substitution of naphtha in petrochemicals, with naphtha
demand down slightly (-15,000 b/d). Diesel grew a little above average
(360,000 b/d) as preparations for the International Maritime Organisation’s
bunker fuel sulphur specification change in 2020 lifted marine diesel
demand. In contrast, this shift reduced demand for high sulphur fuel oil,
contributing to a 320,000 b/d decline in fuel oil consumption.
Oil production fell slightly by 60,000 b/d in 2019 as strong non-OPEC
production growth, led by the US, was offset by a sharp decline in
OPEC production.
The US posted the largest increase of any country for the third consecutive
year, with its output rising by a massive 1.7 million b/d, although this was
down from the record increase in 2018 (2.2 million b/d). There was also
significant growth from Brazil (200,000 b/d) and Canada (150,000 b/d),
although in the latter’s case, this was a pronounced slowdown in growth
compared to 2017 and 2018.
long-run trend. As has been the case in the last few years, NGLs output
growth was driven primarily by the US (440,000 b/d), which has doubled
its production between 2012 and 2019 to 4.8 million b/d.
OPEC production fell by 2 million b/d, the group’s steepest decline since
2009. Much of this decline was driven by a combination of sanctions and
economic difficulties in Iran (-1.3 million b/d) and Venezuela (-560,000 b/d).
In addition, a renewed OPEC+ production cut agreement reduced other
countries’ output levels, with Saudi Arabia’s production falling (430,000
b/d). Despite this agreement, the production of some OPEC members
increased, notably Iraq and Nigeria, which increased their production by
150,000 and 100,000 b/d respectively.
Refining and trade
Refinery throughput barely grew at the global level (30,000 b/d), held
back by a slowing in oil consumption growth and robust growth in NGLs
supplies. China was again the exception, with its crude runs growing by
a record high of 950,000 b/d as new refineries ramped up. Throughput
declined in most other regions, in particular the US (-400,000 b/d) and
South & Central America (-300,000 b/d), with the latter region posting its
sixth consecutive annual decline.
Looking at oil production by type, declines were concentrated in crude oil
and condensate, which together fell by 580,000 b/d. Natural gas liquids
(NGLs) continued to grow robustly, by 520,000 b/d (4.5%), in line with its
Refining capacity rose by 1.5 million b/d, the largest increase since 2009.
Growth was driven by additions in China (540,000 b/d) the Middle East
(310,000 b/d) and the US (210,000 b/d) as well as by a record low level
of refinery closures. Global refinery utilization fell sharply, dropping by
1.2 percentage points to 82.5%, the largest annual decline since 2009.
Table 2: Top five increases and decreases in oil consumption and production
Oil consumption
Annual change
(thousand b/d)
Increases
Oil production
Annual change
(thousand b/d)
Increases
China
681
US
1685
Iran
183
Brazil
India
159
Canada
150
198
Algeria
37
Iraq
148
Russia
Decreases
35
Australia
Decreases
135
Mexico
-88
Iran
Italy
-59
Venezuela
-1266
-556
Pakistan
-52
Saudi Arabia
-429
Taiwan
-52
Mexico
-150
Venezuela
-47
Norway
-115
Oil prices edged a little lower last year, with Dated Brent averaging
$64.21/bbl compared with $71.31/bbl in 2018.
Refining margins were slightly lower, with the average of the three region
margins tracked in this book (US Gulf Coast, Northwest Europe and
Singapore) falling from $5.4/bbl in 2018 to $4.7/bbl.
Oil trade fell by 230,000 b/d (0.3%) – the first decline since the financial
crisis in 2009. Most of this decline was concentrated in crude oil trade:
a sharp fall in Middle East crude exports (-1.4 million b/d), mainly due to
Iranian sanctions, was only partially offset by continued growth in US
crude exports (0.9 million b/d), while falling US crude imports (-1 million
b/d) broadly offset strong growth in Chinese purchases (0.9 million b/d).
Overall, net oil imports into the US (including products) fell by 1.8 million
b/d to only 1.1 million b/d, down from net imports of 9.5 million b/d ten
years earlier.
2 million b/d
Decline in OPEC oil production, the largest
decline since 2009
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
5
Table 3: Top increases and decreases in LNG exports and imports
LNG exports
Annual change
(bcm)
Increases
US
Russia
Australia
Algeria
Egypt
Decreases
Indonesia
18.9
14.4
12.9
3.5
2.6
-4.3
LNG imports
Increases
China
United Kingdom
France
Spain
Italy
Decreases
Japan
South Korea
Egypt
Argentina
Chile
Annual change
(bcm)
11.3
10.9
10.1
6.9
5.3
-7.5
-4.6
-3.2
-1.9
-1.0
Natural gas
Coal
Consumption and production
Global natural gas consumption growth averaged 2% in 2019, below its
10-year average and down sharply from the exceptional growth seen in
2018 (5.3%). In volume terms, demand grew by 78 billion cubic metres
(bcm), led by the US (27 bcm) and China (24 bcm).
Consumption and production
World coal consumption fell by 0.6% (-0.9 exajoules, or EJ), its fourth
decline in six years, displaced by natural gas and renewables, particularly
in the power sector (see electricity section). As a result, coal’s share in the
energy mix fell to 27.0%, its lowest level in 16 years.
The growth in US and Chinese gas consumption was much slower than
in 2018, as the boost from weather effects and policy driven coal-togas switching in China faded. A reduction in the number of unusually
hot and cold days also contributed to a fall in Russia’s gas consumption
(10 bcm) – the largest decline of any country last year.
Coal consumption continued to increase in some emerging economies,
particularly in China (1.8 EJ), Indonesia (0.6 EJ) and Vietnam (0.5 EJ),
with the latter posting a record increase in part related to a sharp drop
in hydroelectric power. Growth in India, usually a key driver of coal
consumption, was only 0.3% (0.1 EJ) – its lowest since 2001. These
increases in coal consumption were more than offset by falls in demand
in the developed world, led by the US (-1.9 EJ) and Germany (-0.6 EJ),
with OECD coal consumption falling to its lowest level in our data series
(which goes back to 1965).
Gas production grew by 132 bcm (3.4%) outpacing growth in
consumption. The US accounted for almost two thirds of net global
growth, with the volumetric increase of 85 bcm just shy of 2018’s record
increment (90 bcm). Supply was also boosted by strong growth in Australia
(23 bcm) and China (16 bcm).
Trade
Much of last year’s increase in gas production was used to feed additional
exports of liquefied natural gas (LNG). LNG exports grew by 54 bcm
(12.7%) last year, the largest annual increase ever, driven by record
increases from the US (19 bcm) and Russia (14 bcm) as well as continued
growth from Australia (13 bcm).
On the LNG import side, nearly all incremental supplies headed to Europe,
in contrast to 2018 when Asia drove import growth. European LNG
imports rose by 49 bcm, representing an unprecedented 68% increase.
Growth was widespread, with the UK (11 bcm), France (10 bcm) and Spain
(7 bcm) the largest individual contributors.
The rapid growth in LNG led to a 4.9% increase in overall inter-regional gas
trade, a rate more than double its 10-year average. This is despite a 1.7%
decline in pipeline trade (-9 bcm) as pipeline imports into Europe from
Russia and North Africa were partially crowded out by the abundance of
LNG supplies.
Prices
With production growth outpacing growth in consumption by a
considerable margin, storage levels rose in most regions and prices
fell sharply. US Henry Hub prices dropped almost 20% to average
$2.53/mmBtu, while European and Asian prices, as measured by the UK
NBP index and the Japan Korea Marker, fell by more than 40% (averaging
$4.47/mmBtu and $5.49/mmBtu respectively). Prices in Europe, the region
most affected by LNG oversupply, fell to their lowest levels since 2004.
6
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Global coal production rose by 1.5%, with China and Indonesia providing
the only significant increases (3.2 EJ and 1.3 EJ respectively). As with
consumption, the largest declines in production came from the US (-1.1 EJ)
and Germany (-0.3 EJ).
Coal prices fell last year, with the Northwest Europe and Chinese marker
prices declining by 34% and 14% respectively (to $60.86/t and $85.89/t).
54 bcm
Increase in liquefied natural gas supplies, the largest
increase on record
Coal trade
Coal trade decreased by 1.3%, the first decline since 2015. Notable
declines in exports came from the US (-0.5 EJ), Australia (-0.4 EJ) and
Colombia (-0.3 EJ) with strong growth in exports seen only in Indonesia
(0.6 EJ). On the import side, falling imports in Europe (-1.2 EJ) and Japan
& South Korea (-0.3 EJ combined) outweighed growth in the rest of Asia
(1.3 EJ).
Renewables, hydroelectricity and nuclear
Renewables
Renewables energy consumption (which includes biofuels and all traded
renewable electricity apart from hydro) continued to grow strongly,
contributing its largest increase in energy terms (3.2 EJ) on record. This
accounted for over 40% of the global growth in primary energy last year,
which is larger than any other fuel. As a result, renewables increased its
share in the energy mix from 4.5% in 2018 to 5%.
By energy source, wind generation provided the largest contribution
to growth (1.4 EJ) followed closely by solar (1.2 EJ). Other sources of
renewable electricity (such as biomass and geothermal) grew by 0.3 EJ,
while biofuels consumption increased by 0.2 EJ, or 100,000 barrels of
oil equivalent per day.
China’s use of renewables grew by more than any other country, although
its increase of 0.8 EJ was below the strong rate of growth seen in 2017
and 2018 (1.2 EJ both years). Solar provided half of China’s growth,
followed by wind (around 40%). The US (0.3 EJ) and Japan (0.2 EJ) were
the next largest individual contributors to growth.
Hydroelectricity and nuclear
Hydroelectric consumption rose by 0.8%, below its 10-year average of
1.9% p.a.. Growth was led by China (0.6 EJ), Turkey (0.3 EJ) and India
(0.2 EJ). The US and Vietnam saw the biggest declines (both -0.2 EJ).
Nuclear consumption increased by 3.2%, its fastest growth since 2004
and well above the 10-year average of -0.7% p.a.. As in 2018, China
recorded the largest increment of any country and, last year, it was also
its biggest increase ever (0.5 EJ). Japan also posted notable growth
of 0.15 EJ (33%) as it continued to recover from the impact of the
Fukushima incident in 2011.
Table 4: Renewables share of primary energy in key countries and regions
Renewables share of primary energy
Percentage point
Share in 2019 change from 2018
US
6.2%
Other North America
4.0%
0.7%
16.3%
1.2%
4.3%
0.7%
Brazil
Other S. & Cent. America
EU
0.4%
11.0%
1.0%
Other Europe
4.3%
0.7%
CIS
0.1%
0.0%
Middle East
0.3%
0.1%
Africa
2.0%
0.5%
OECD Asia
5.0%
0.9%
China
4.7%
0.4%
Other Asia
2.9%
0.4%
World
5.0%
0.5%
10.4%
Share of renewables in electricity generation,
higher than nuclear for the first time
Electricity
Generation of electricity grew by only 1.3% last year, around half of its
10-year average. Growth was weak or negative in most regions, other than
in China which increased by 340 TWh (4.7%), accounting for 95% of net
global growth (360 TWh).
Renewables provided the largest increment to power generation
(340 TWh), followed by natural gas (220 TWh). These gains came partially
at the expense of coal generation which fell sharply (-270 TWh), causing
the share of coal in power generation to fall by 1.5 percentage points to
36.4% – the lowest in our dataset (which goes back to 1985). Despite
this, coal remained the single largest source of power generation in 2019.
Meanwhile, the share of renewables in generation increased from 9.3%
to 10.4%, surpassing nuclear generation for the first time.
Key minerals
After steep rises in prices for cobalt and lithium in 2017 and 2018, prices
fell back sharply last year. Cobalt prices declined by over 50% while lithium
carbonate prices slipped 31%. Production responded quickly to the drop
in prices, with cobalt production down 21.2%, largely due to a decline in
the Democratic Republic of Congo. Lithium production fell 19.2%, driven
mainly by lower Australian output.
Production of graphite and rare earth metals continued to ramp up, both
growing around 12%. Graphite growth was driven largely by China and
Mozambique, while rare earth output was lifted by China and the US, with
the latter increasing output by 44% and leapfrogging Australia to become
the world’s number two producer behind China.
In detail
As well as the change to reported energy units (from million tonnes of oil
equivalent to exajoules) there have been the following changes in the tables:
biofuels consumption has been broken out of oil consumption and is now
included in renewables consumption (as well as reported separately in its
own table). Oil consumption as defined in previous Statistical Reviews (i.e.
including biofuels) has been renamed ‘liquids’ consumption and a table is still
included on this original basis. In addition, more granularity has been included
on the product split of both oil products and biofuels (breaking out ethane
& LPG and naphtha in oil products and the ethanol/biodiesel split of biofuels).
Acknowledgements
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts
worldwide who provide the publicly available data for this publication, and to
the researchers at the Centre for Energy Economics Research and Policy,
Heriot-Watt University who assist in the data compilation.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
7
Primary energy
Consumption*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
12.74
7.10
89.92
109.76
3.07
9.98
1.32
1.33
0.50
0.71
0.78
3.53
3.60
24.82
1.43
2.64
1.76
1.22
10.34
13.15
1.43
0.97
7.07
3.87
1.80
3.92
1.03
1.41
5.97
2.04
1.26
4.28
4.75
8.72
6.48
85.55
0.47
1.03
2.13
26.92
0.83
1.88
0.65
33.92
8.91
1.36
0.94
1.30
0.73
1.04
8.13
3.35
2.45
28.22
1.62
3.12
0.63
5.24
4.97
15.57
5.48
0.88
97.52
1.11
21.52
5.76
19.83
3.25
0.81
2.64
1.18
2.67
10.16
0.22
4.42
4.13
1.65
1.76
184.99
482.82
224.69
258.13
71.58
13.01
7.31
92.97
113.29
3.23
10.98
1.33
1.42
0.55
0.80
0.84
3.33
3.67
26.16
1.48
2.81
1.84
1.33
10.65
13.71
1.36
0.99
7.28
4.10
1.74
4.18
1.08
1.42
6.11
2.16
1.23
4.50
5.08
8.94
6.71
88.69
0.47
1.09
2.30
27.99
0.90
1.86
0.67
35.28
8.94
1.45
0.99
1.41
0.86
1.21
8.92
3.51
2.45
29.74
1.57
3.28
0.70
5.29
5.23
16.07
5.50
0.90
104.28
1.16
22.55
6.32
21.13
3.35
0.83
2.65
1.22
2.87
10.94
0.24
4.66
4.39
1.87
1.94
196.80
506.02
233.04
272.99
74.15
13.61
7.66
92.09
113.35
3.29
11.48
1.44
1.49
0.58
0.91
0.83
3.48
3.76
27.26
1.39
2.62
1.80
1.24
10.24
13.20
1.33
0.99
7.12
3.92
1.76
4.20
1.03
1.46
6.00
2.13
1.17
4.81
5.27
8.45
6.55
86.66
0.52
1.08
2.53
28.92
1.00
1.95
0.71
36.71
9.34
1.54
1.02
1.42
0.94
1.40
9.20
3.70
2.31
30.86
1.67
3.33
0.73
5.21
5.18
16.13
5.70
0.98
112.54
1.19
23.88
6.90
20.06
3.47
0.83
2.65
1.24
2.99
11.43
0.25
4.61
4.56
2.13
1.93
207.33
518.31
230.63
287.68
71.69
13.47
7.71
89.69
110.86
3.38
11.69
1.48
1.59
0.62
0.92
0.81
3.62
3.82
27.93
1.45
2.52
1.78
1.20
10.22
13.37
1.26
0.91
6.92
3.79
1.95
4.08
0.94
1.40
5.97
2.26
1.23
5.11
5.14
8.55
6.27
86.32
0.54
1.17
2.62
28.98
1.09
1.90
0.74
37.04
9.41
1.63
1.06
1.57
1.03
1.59
9.76
3.89
2.19
32.12
1.83
3.50
0.75
5.14
5.48
16.69
5.63
1.05
117.05
1.14
25.11
7.27
19.92
3.73
0.84
2.47
1.28
3.00
11.54
0.25
4.61
4.87
2.24
2.02
214.02
524.98
228.16
296.82
71.04
13.88
7.74
92.10
113.72
3.52
12.13
1.49
1.61
0.64
0.94
0.83
3.53
3.83
28.53
1.44
2.58
1.75
1.21
10.31
13.75
1.19
0.87
6.59
3.68
1.82
4.09
1.03
1.31
5.65
2.12
1.26
5.07
4.88
8.51
6.33
85.43
0.55
1.03
2.66
28.61
0.97
1.91
0.71
36.43
9.85
1.76
0.98
1.63
1.15
1.71
9.80
4.09
2.09
33.06
1.93
3.48
0.77
5.15
5.81
17.14
5.67
1.08
121.37
1.17
26.08
7.57
19.75
3.90
0.84
2.88
1.38
3.06
11.55
0.25
4.71
4.95
2.39
1.99
220.60
534.91
230.26
304.65
70.45
14.03
7.70
93.05
114.78
3.51
12.40
1.46
1.70
0.67
0.96
0.82
3.41
3.82
28.76
1.38
2.40
1.71
1.16
9.87
13.17
1.12
0.87
6.23
3.47
1.87
3.93
1.03
1.35
5.54
2.11
1.21
5.23
4.29
8.02
6.12
82.10
0.56
1.07
2.70
28.71
1.00
1.99
0.72
36.74
10.28
1.68
0.97
1.49
1.14
1.84
10.50
4.08
2.07
34.05
2.11
3.47
0.78
5.22
6.08
17.66
5.75
1.13
124.20
1.14
27.86
7.09
19.24
3.94
0.88
2.77
1.45
3.15
11.64
0.23
4.82
5.09
2.61
2.16
225.15
539.25
228.31
310.94
67.71
13.99
7.69
92.15
113.83
3.59
12.23
1.50
1.71
0.67
1.02
0.80
3.29
3.99
28.80
1.39
2.44
1.68
1.15
9.92
13.40
1.13
0.92
6.37
3.52
1.89
3.98
1.03
1.36
5.61
2.18
1.18
5.72
3.55
8.11
6.25
82.77
0.62
0.97
2.66
28.14
1.20
1.89
0.72
36.19
10.22
1.68
1.02
1.62
1.21
2.05
10.83
4.48
1.93
35.04
2.22
3.55
0.79
5.05
6.30
17.91
5.84
1.32
125.38
1.18
28.77
7.10
18.97
4.00
0.89
2.92
1.59
3.35
11.87
0.29
4.77
5.25
2.90
2.25
228.63
543.17
228.75
314.42
68.52
13.94
7.79
92.02
113.74
3.58
11.92
1.57
1.81
0.66
1.09
0.71
2.99
4.18
28.50
1.43
2.63
1.66
1.18
9.76
13.62
1.11
0.93
6.43
3.58
1.91
4.15
1.08
1.36
5.66
2.14
1.11
6.01
3.72
8.01
6.41
83.90
0.61
0.96
2.70
28.76
1.19
1.78
0.72
36.73
10.79
1.94
1.04
1.69
1.21
2.00
10.98
4.66
1.93
36.23
2.22
3.74
0.80
5.30
6.32
18.38
5.88
1.34
126.95
1.21
30.07
7.30
18.65
4.21
0.89
3.19
1.73
3.48
12.16
0.31
4.85
5.36
3.11
2.44
233.13
550.60
229.64
320.96
69.14
14.11
7.90
92.33
114.34
3.57
12.06
1.58
1.84
0.69
1.09
0.75
2.86
4.18
28.61
1.47
2.66
1.73
1.14
9.70
13.78
1.17
0.98
6.49
3.53
1.92
4.32
1.07
1.38
5.74
2.21
1.11
6.37
3.46
7.99
6.53
84.76
0.60
0.98
2.86
28.87
1.17
1.79
0.75
37.02
11.30
1.91
1.08
1.58
1.34
1.92
11.01
4.72
1.97
36.83
2.24
3.84
0.84
5.25
6.62
18.79
5.87
1.39
130.83
1.29
31.33
7.57
18.89
4.27
0.91
3.37
1.90
3.59
12.37
0.33
4.87
5.45
3.32
2.50
240.07
560.42
231.84
328.58
69.91
14.35
7.83
95.60
117.79
3.54
12.13
1.66
1.85
0.73
1.14
0.71
2.45
4.31
28.53
1.44
2.59
1.73
1.15
9.87
13.44
1.16
0.98
6.53
3.53
1.90
4.38
1.08
1.41
5.82
2.17
1.13
6.29
3.54
7.96
6.66
84.76
0.62
1.05
3.15
30.04
1.31
1.83
0.81
38.81
11.83
2.00
1.09
1.57
1.49
1.99
10.91
4.80
1.93
37.61
2.42
3.92
0.86
5.30
6.90
19.39
6.00
1.48
135.77
1.30
33.30
8.23
18.84
4.21
0.90
3.48
1.96
3.61
12.55
0.35
4.93
5.60
3.72
3.14
249.35
576.23
235.39
340.84
69.81
14.21
7.72
94.65
116.58
3.46
12.40
1.66
1.92
0.74
1.16
0.71
2.23
4.32
28.61
1.50
2.71
1.71
1.10
9.68
13.14
1.15
0.99
6.37
3.51
1.77
4.28
1.04
1.37
5.72
2.24
1.13
6.49
3.41
7.84
6.67
83.82
0.66
1.06
3.10
29.81
1.45
1.78
0.83
38.68
12.34
2.23
1.13
1.64
1.51
2.02
11.04
4.83
2.04
38.78
2.54
3.89
0.95
5.40
7.10
19.87
6.41
1.76
141.70
1.24
34.06
8.91
18.67
4.26
0.92
3.56
2.02
3.55
12.37
0.36
4.81
5.61
4.12
3.22
257.56
583.90
233.43
350.47
68.81
-0.9%
-1.4%
-1.0%
-1.0%
-2.2%
2.2%
-0.3%
3.9%
2.5%
1.8%
*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
◆
-9.3%
0.2%
0.3%
4.3%
4.8%
-1.3%
-4.3%
-1.9%
-2.2%
-1.3%
1.0%
-2.4%
-0.4%
-7.2%
-2.4%
-3.2%
-2.7%
-1.7%
3.5%
0.2%
3.2%
-3.9%
-1.6%
0.1%
-1.1%
6.6%
0.9%
-1.7%
-0.8%
10.1%
-2.5%
2.8%
-0.3%
4.3%
11.1%
3.7%
4.2%
1.9%
1.6%
1.2%
0.6%
6.0%
3.1%
4.9%
-0.8%
9.8%
2.0%
2.9%
2.5%
6.9%
18.6%
4.4%
-4.7%
2.3%
8.3%
-0.9%
1.3%
2.0%
2.4%
3.5%
-1.5%
-1.4%
2.8%
-2.4%
0.3%
10.7%
2.6%
3.3%
1.3%
-0.8%
2.8%
-1.4%
2008-18
0.6%
2.4%
0.9%
1.3%
0.1% 16.2%
0.2% 20.0%
1.3%
0.6%
1.9%
2.1%
2.1%
0.3%
2.9%
0.3%
3.6%
0.1%
5.1%
0.2%
-1.0%
0.1%
-3.6%
0.4%
1.5%
0.7%
1.3%
4.9%
-0.3%
0.3%
-0.9%
0.5%
-0.6%
0.3%
-1.4%
0.2%
-1.0%
1.7%
-0.4%
2.3%
-2.4%
0.2%
-0.7%
0.2%
-1.5%
1.1%
-1.1%
0.6%
-0.2%
0.3%
0.7%
0.7%
0.5%
0.2%
-1.4%
0.2%
-1.0%
1.0%
-0.3%
0.4%
-1.2%
0.2%
4.1%
1.1%
-4.5%
0.6%
-1.4%
1.3%
-0.3%
1.1%
-0.7% 14.4%
1.4%
0.1%
-0.3%
0.2%
2.9%
0.5%
0.6%
5.1%
9.9%
0.2%
-0.2%
0.3%
1.8%
0.1%
0.9%
6.6%
3.2%
2.1%
5.1%
0.4%
1.1%
0.2%
2.4%
0.3%
7.3%
0.3%
6.8%
0.3%
3.5%
1.9%
3.5%
0.8%
-2.4%
0.3%
3.2%
6.6%
4.7%
0.4%
2.7%
0.7%
2.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.9%
3.5%
1.2%
2.4%
3.4%
0.8%
1.1%
6.3%
0.3%
3.8% 24.3%
2.5%
0.2%
5.2%
5.8%
4.0%
1.5%
-1.4%
3.2%
2.3%
0.7%
1.0%
0.2%
2.9%
0.6%
5.3%
0.3%
3.8%
0.6%
2.2%
2.1%
5.0%
0.1%
0.9%
0.8%
3.5%
1.0%
8.7%
0.7%
5.0%
0.6%
3.3% 44.1%
1.6% 100.0%
◆
40.0%
3.0% 60.0%
-0.8% 11.8%
Energy from all sources of non-fossil power generation is accounted for on an input-equivalent basis. See the appendix or bp.com/statisticalreview for more details on this methodology.
than 0.05%.
◆Less
8
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Share
2019
Primary energy: Consumption by fuel*
2018
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Oil
Natural
gas
Coal
4.59
3.48
37.11
45.18
1.20
4.69
0.75
0.69
0.51
0.50
0.09
0.80
2.68
11.92
0.54
1.42
0.43
0.41
3.17
4.63
0.65
0.37
2.60
1.68
0.41
1.33
0.48
0.43
2.72
0.56
0.43
2.00
0.41
3.17
2.61
30.46
0.21
0.31
0.67
6.50
0.29
0.09
0.18
8.24
3.54
1.46
0.49
0.80
0.58
0.50
6.86
2.01
1.06
17.31
0.83
1.53
0.55
1.16
4.01
8.07
2.16
0.38
26.58
0.93
9.95
3.38
7.63
1.54
0.36
1.02
0.89
3.13
5.37
0.23
2.04
2.68
1.02
0.97
70.27
191.45
90.32
101.13
26.49
4.26
3.15
29.52
36.93
1.75
1.29
0.23
0.48
0.03
0.29
0.63
1.14
0.29
6.12
0.31
0.61
0.29
0.08
1.54
3.09
0.17
0.35
2.49
1.27
0.16
0.72
0.21
0.42
1.13
0.04
0.12
1.70
1.10
2.85
1.09
19.73
0.39
0.70
0.68
16.36
1.02
1.60
0.21
20.96
8.07
0.53
0.38
0.76
0.90
1.49
4.04
2.68
0.81
19.65
1.56
2.15
0.04
0.16
1.45
5.36
1.49
0.99
10.19
0.11
2.09
1.60
4.17
1.48
0.16
1.57
0.15
0.44
2.08
–
0.85
1.80
0.35
0.41
29.92
138.66
63.24
75.42
16.46
0.65
0.57
13.28
14.50
0.05
0.70
0.31
0.16
–
0.03
–
†
0.18
1.43
0.12
0.13
0.65
0.18
0.35
2.90
0.19
0.09
0.37
0.34
0.03
2.08
0.11
0.21
0.46
0.08
†
1.71
1.15
0.32
1.41
12.92
†
0.04
1.70
3.63
–
0.09
0.09
5.54
0.06
–
0.20
0.01
†
–
†
0.10
0.02
0.39
0.02
0.09
0.22
3.76
0.32
4.41
1.84
0.10
79.83
0.26
18.56
2.84
4.99
0.93
0.05
0.50
0.68
0.02
3.63
0.06
1.70
0.80
1.59
1.23
119.62
158.79
36.19
122.61
9.37
2019
Nuclear
Hydroenergy electricity
0.90
0.12
7.60
8.62
0.06
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.26
0.27
0.20
3.70
0.68
–
0.14
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.10
0.50
0.61
0.22
–
0.76
0.58
0.33
8.37
–
–
–
1.83
–
–
0.02
1.85
0.06
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.06
–
–
–
0.10
–
0.10
–
–
2.64
–
0.35
–
0.44
–
–
0.09
–
–
1.19
–
0.25
–
–
–
4.96
24.16
17.62
6.54
7.40
3.45
0.29
2.59
6.33
0.37
3.48
0.21
0.51
0.19
0.28
–
0.51
0.89
6.43
0.34
†
0.01
0.12
0.57
0.16
0.05
†
0.42
†
1.24
0.04
0.11
0.16
0.31
0.56
0.31
0.54
0.09
0.05
0.70
5.79
0.02
†
0.09
1.71
†
0.05
0.32
2.19
0.10
0.02
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.01
0.13
†
0.12
0.02
0.01
1.02
1.17
0.16
0.01
10.73
–
1.25
0.15
0.72
0.24
0.24
0.26
0.08
–
0.03
0.06
0.04
0.07
0.76
0.53
15.31
37.34
12.75
24.59
3.12
Renewables
Total
0.50
0.22
5.50
6.22
0.10
1.83
0.16
0.02
0.01
0.05
†
†
0.27
2.44
0.13
0.17
0.08
0.18
0.54
1.97
0.10
0.04
0.64
0.19
0.05
0.21
0.16
0.09
0.70
0.32
0.04
0.34
0.02
0.99
0.51
7.50
†
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
0.02
†
†
0.02
†
†
†
†
0.01
0.03
0.07
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.11
0.10
0.29
0.35
†
5.81
†
1.10
0.25
0.89
0.03
0.09
0.05
0.15
0.01
0.24
0.01
0.06
0.24
†
0.01
9.29
25.83
15.27
10.55
6.97
14.35
7.83
95.60
117.79
3.54
12.13
1.66
1.85
0.73
1.14
0.71
2.45
4.31
28.53
1.44
2.59
1.73
1.15
9.87
13.44
1.16
0.98
6.53
3.53
1.90
4.38
1.08
1.41
5.82
2.17
1.13
6.29
3.54
7.96
6.66
84.76
0.62
1.05
3.15
30.04
1.31
1.83
0.81
38.81
11.83
2.00
1.09
1.57
1.49
1.99
10.91
4.80
1.93
37.61
2.42
3.92
0.86
5.30
6.90
19.39
6.00
1.48
135.77
1.30
33.30
8.23
18.84
4.21
0.90
3.48
1.96
3.61
12.55
0.35
4.93
5.60
3.72
3.14
249.35
576.23
235.39
340.84
69.81
Oil
Natural
gas
Coal
4.50
3.29
36.99
44.78
1.19
4.73
0.76
0.70
0.49
0.51
0.08
0.71
2.69
11.86
0.55
1.38
0.43
0.39
3.15
4.68
0.68
0.37
2.49
1.65
0.39
1.34
0.51
0.45
2.72
0.57
0.44
2.03
0.44
3.11
2.63
30.40
0.21
0.32
0.69
6.57
0.31
0.09
0.18
8.37
3.92
1.49
0.50
0.78
0.61
0.54
6.92
1.95
1.08
17.80
0.88
1.50
0.57
1.18
4.14
8.28
2.14
0.37
27.91
0.87
10.24
3.38
7.53
1.57
0.36
0.90
0.91
3.06
5.30
0.25
1.93
2.72
1.07
1.03
71.54
193.03
89.63
103.40
26.39
4.33
3.26
30.48
38.07
1.71
1.29
0.23
0.48
0.02
0.30
0.63
0.95
0.33
5.95
0.32
0.63
0.30
0.07
1.56
3.19
0.19
0.35
2.55
1.33
0.16
0.73
0.22
0.39
1.30
0.04
0.12
1.56
1.02
2.84
1.08
19.95
0.42
0.69
0.64
16.00
1.14
1.56
0.20
20.65
8.05
0.72
0.39
0.85
0.90
1.48
4.09
2.74
0.89
20.10
1.63
2.12
0.04
0.15
1.46
5.40
1.93
1.24
11.06
0.11
2.15
1.58
3.89
1.52
0.17
1.64
0.15
0.46
2.01
–
0.84
1.83
0.35
0.37
31.32
141.45
64.84
76.61
16.90
0.56
0.51
11.34
12.41
0.02
0.66
0.28
0.26
–
0.02
–
†
0.24
1.48
0.13
0.13
0.60
0.15
0.27
2.30
0.14
0.08
0.30
0.27
0.03
1.91
0.06
0.19
0.21
0.08
†
1.70
1.10
0.26
1.43
11.35
†
0.04
1.67
3.63
–
0.07
0.12
5.53
0.05
–
0.21
0.01
0.01
–
†
0.10
0.02
0.40
0.02
0.08
0.28
3.81
0.28
4.47
1.78
0.14
81.67
0.26
18.62
3.41
4.91
0.90
0.06
0.55
0.73
0.03
3.44
0.06
1.63
0.71
2.07
1.25
122.22
157.86
32.10
125.75
7.69
Nuclear
Hydroenergy electricity
0.90
0.10
7.60
8.59
0.08
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.22
–
0.39
0.27
0.20
3.56
0.67
–
0.15
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.10
0.52
0.60
0.21
–
0.74
0.50
0.34
8.28
–
–
–
1.86
–
–
0.02
1.88
0.06
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.06
–
–
–
0.13
–
0.13
–
–
3.11
–
0.40
–
0.59
–
–
0.08
–
–
1.30
–
0.29
–
–
–
5.77
24.92
17.77
7.16
7.33
3.41
0.21
2.42
6.03
0.33
3.56
0.19
0.46
0.22
0.28
–
0.56
0.77
6.37
0.36
†
0.02
0.11
0.52
0.18
0.04
†
0.40
†
1.12
0.04
0.08
0.14
0.22
0.59
0.31
0.79
0.06
0.05
0.62
5.66
0.01
†
0.09
1.73
†
0.06
0.32
2.21
0.26
0.02
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.02
0.30
†
0.12
0.01
0.01
1.04
1.18
0.13
0.01
11.32
–
1.44
0.15
0.66
0.24
0.23
0.32
0.09
–
0.02
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.58
0.56
15.90
37.66
12.32
25.34
2.94
Renewables
Total
0.52
0.35
5.83
6.70
0.14
2.02
0.19
0.02
0.01
0.05
†
†
0.29
2.73
0.14
0.19
0.08
0.18
0.61
2.12
0.11
0.05
0.64
0.23
0.07
0.25
0.18
0.10
0.75
0.36
0.04
0.41
0.05
1.08
0.56
8.18
†
†
0.01
0.02
†
†
†
0.03
†
†
0.03
†
†
†
0.02
0.04
0.03
0.12
0.01
0.06
0.06
0.12
0.17
0.41
0.42
†
6.63
†
1.21
0.39
1.10
0.03
0.10
0.06
0.15
0.01
0.29
0.01
0.07
0.29
0.04
0.01
10.81
28.98
16.77
12.21
7.54
14.21
7.72
94.65
116.58
3.46
12.40
1.66
1.92
0.74
1.16
0.71
2.23
4.32
28.61
1.50
2.71
1.71
1.10
9.68
13.14
1.15
0.99
6.37
3.51
1.77
4.28
1.04
1.37
5.72
2.24
1.13
6.49
3.41
7.84
6.67
83.82
0.66
1.06
3.10
29.81
1.45
1.78
0.83
38.68
12.34
2.23
1.13
1.64
1.51
2.02
11.04
4.83
2.04
38.78
2.54
3.89
0.95
5.40
7.10
19.87
6.41
1.76
141.70
1.24
34.06
8.91
18.67
4.26
0.92
3.56
2.02
3.55
12.37
0.36
4.81
5.61
4.12
3.22
257.56
583.90
233.43
350.47
68.81
*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
Energy from all sources of non-fossil power generation is accounted for on an input-equivalent basis. See the appendix or bp.com/statisticalreview for more details on this methodology.
†Less than 0.005.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
9
World consumption
Shares of global primary energy
Exajoules
Percentage
600
Renewables
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Coal
Natural gas
Oil
Oil
Coal
Natural gas
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Renewables
50
500
40
400
30
300
20
200
10
100
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
Primary energy consumption rose by 1.3% last year, less than half its rate in 2018
(2.8%). Growth was driven by renewables (3.2 EJ) and natural gas (2.8 EJ), which
together contributed three quarters of the increase. All fuels grew at a slower rate
than their 10-year averages, apart from nuclear, with coal consumption falling for
the fourth time in six years (-0.9 EJ). By region, consumption fell in North America,
Europe and CIS and growth was below average in South & Central America. In the
other regions, growth was roughly in line with historical averages. China was the
biggest individual driver of primary energy growth, accounting for more than three
quarters of net global growth.
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
Oil continues to hold the largest share of the energy mix (33.1%). Coal is the
second largest fuel but lost share in 2019 to account for 27.0%, its lowest
level since 2003. The share of both natural gas and renewables rose to record
highs of 24.2% and 5.0% respectively. Renewables has now overtaken
nuclear which makes up only 4.3% of the energy mix. The share of
hydroelectricity has been stable at around 6% for several years.
Regional consumption pattern 2019
Percentage
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Oil remains the dominant fuel in Africa, Europe and the Americas, while natural gas dominates in CIS and the Middle East, accounting for more than half of the energy
mix in both regions. Coal is the dominant fuel in the Asia Pacific region. In 2019 coal’s share of primary energy fell to its lowest level in our data series in North America
and Europe.
10
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
0
Primary energy: Consumption per capita*
Growth rate per annum
Gigajoules per capita
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
377.4
63.1
293.6
242.6
75.8
51.5
78.3
29.7
33.6
24.7
589.9
125.9
34.8
52.5
171.0
242.9
168.1
228.9
165.4
162.6
130.6
97.5
119.6
232.7
372.5
102.3
96.9
68.4
128.1
218.8
163.7
60.0
103.3
138.8
103.0
130.4
53.2
108.8
132.9
187.8
166.5
66.8
33.2
147.1
122.1
47.1
130.2
461.0
255.5
628.3
305.4
422.8
40.5
133.4
45.7
38.5
19.7
103.7
6.1
15.4
251.8
6.0
71.6
160.6
17.7
24.1
154.3
117.2
187.9
15.0
12.8
537.9
205.9
11.0
191.1
61.7
18.9
10.6
48.2
70.2
182.3
45.8
142.8
380.9
64.1
300.9
247.8
78.9
56.1
77.9
31.5
36.8
27.6
633.9
117.0
35.1
54.8
176.0
256.8
174.3
247.8
169.4
169.6
125.1
99.8
122.8
245.5
355.6
109.1
101.7
69.4
130.2
230.0
157.4
62.2
110.9
140.8
106.8
134.7
51.9
115.6
141.4
195.1
176.6
65.3
33.4
152.2
121.1
48.9
135.1
471.4
283.9
651.6
325.2
410.3
39.4
137.2
43.8
39.7
21.6
103.3
6.2
15.5
248.1
6.1
76.2
166.0
18.3
26.1
164.4
118.8
190.0
14.8
13.0
559.5
220.8
11.7
201.0
65.3
21.3
11.6
50.8
72.7
187.8
47.7
147.5
393.9
66.2
295.5
245.5
79.6
58.1
83.8
32.6
38.4
30.9
618.8
120.5
35.5
56.5
163.9
237.7
170.0
229.6
162.0
163.3
122.5
99.6
119.4
234.2
354.9
109.8
97.3
71.7
127.4
225.3
147.6
65.5
115.6
132.0
104.5
131.1
57.0
115.1
153.5
201.2
192.7
67.3
35.3
157.5
125.1
50.0
135.6
446.7
290.2
687.6
325.6
413.5
36.6
139.2
45.6
39.4
22.4
100.3
6.0
15.1
252.7
6.6
81.8
169.2
19.1
28.1
156.1
121.1
188.6
14.4
13.0
567.1
229.7
12.2
198.1
67.5
24.0
11.3
52.9
73.6
184.6
49.7
142.2
385.7
65.7
285.6
237.8
81.0
58.7
84.9
34.6
39.9
31.1
605.3
123.4
35.6
57.3
171.0
226.9
168.7
221.3
160.9
165.1
116.4
92.8
115.6
225.8
388.0
106.6
89.3
69.4
126.7
236.8
153.8
68.4
113.1
132.6
100.2
130.2
58.0
124.3
156.6
201.3
206.4
64.6
36.2
157.9
124.6
51.2
139.3
469.5
293.2
723.5
334.7
425.0
34.1
141.8
48.9
40.5
22.4
97.2
6.2
15.3
245.7
6.9
84.6
161.7
19.8
29.3
155.1
128.2
187.5
13.2
13.2
558.3
230.5
12.2
197.6
71.8
24.9
11.7
54.1
73.7
181.5
50.6
140.6
393.3
65.1
291.1
241.7
83.5
60.3
84.9
34.7
40.6
31.5
612.4
118.6
35.4
58.0
168.8
231.3
165.3
221.7
161.4
169.3
110.7
88.4
109.6
218.4
358.4
107.1
98.1
64.8
120.3
220.5
155.9
66.7
107.7
131.0
101.5
128.4
58.8
109.5
156.0
198.2
180.0
63.8
34.0
154.2
128.8
53.1
127.3
462.2
304.4
731.3
326.0
445.2
32.3
143.1
50.7
39.3
22.7
96.0
6.4
15.3
243.8
7.1
87.2
165.1
20.4
30.1
153.9
132.4
186.1
15.1
13.9
561.8
229.4
12.3
201.2
72.7
26.3
11.4
55.2
74.2
182.0
51.2
139.1
393.4
64.0
292.0
241.8
82.2
61.2
82.4
36.2
42.0
31.9
605.4
113.7
34.8
57.8
160.7
214.3
161.6
212.7
153.8
161.6
104.5
88.9
103.1
205.7
363.6
103.3
99.3
67.5
118.4
217.8
146.8
67.7
95.1
122.6
98.4
123.0
59.2
113.0
155.8
198.4
183.1
65.3
34.3
154.4
132.7
48.9
123.2
405.0
283.3
746.5
339.7
442.4
31.6
144.6
54.2
38.4
22.7
95.7
6.5
15.3
243.7
7.3
88.7
160.3
21.5
27.8
150.1
131.9
192.8
14.2
14.4
570.4
230.0
11.0
205.2
74.3
28.5
12.2
55.9
73.9
179.4
51.6
133.4
388.4
63.1
287.2
237.8
83.2
59.8
83.2
36.0
41.2
33.5
584.0
109.5
36.0
57.4
159.7
216.1
158.6
210.1
154.0
163.8
105.7
93.6
105.1
207.6
364.3
104.5
99.2
68.2
120.3
222.8
142.0
72.9
79.0
123.1
100.7
123.6
64.0
102.6
151.5
194.1
215.3
61.1
33.6
151.1
130.2
47.2
127.9
422.9
282.5
798.0
341.6
484.2
29.2
146.1
56.0
38.4
22.8
91.1
6.6
15.1
243.9
8.5
89.1
163.6
22.0
27.5
148.2
132.0
192.7
14.7
15.6
599.4
233.6
13.9
202.4
76.3
31.2
12.6
56.2
73.6
178.7
51.5
134.7
383.1
63.1
284.9
235.6
82.2
57.8
86.2
37.5
40.2
35.1
515.4
100.1
37.3
56.2
163.7
231.4
155.9
214.7
151.0
165.7
104.4
95.4
106.0
210.8
364.6
109.3
104.9
68.6
121.5
217.7
132.3
75.3
83.2
120.9
103.4
124.8
62.6
102.0
151.6
198.0
209.5
56.6
33.3
152.3
135.7
53.0
128.0
426.0
270.1
751.7
338.3
497.6
28.8
148.4
54.8
39.6
22.7
94.3
6.4
15.2
242.5
8.5
89.8
166.6
22.7
27.9
146.0
137.1
192.0
15.7
16.7
615.2
238.5
14.7
205.3
77.7
33.2
13.4
56.8
73.8
178.4
52.0
135.7
384.1
63.3
284.0
235.0
81.2
58.0
85.5
37.6
41.0
34.6
544.4
97.1
36.9
55.9
166.3
232.7
162.6
207.2
149.6
166.8
110.4
100.4
107.0
207.4
362.9
113.7
104.4
70.4
123.0
223.1
131.4
78.6
77.7
119.8
105.5
125.7
60.7
104.0
158.0
198.4
203.9
56.0
34.0
152.6
140.1
50.9
131.6
388.9
287.8
705.6
332.5
497.1
29.0
148.4
54.2
39.9
23.5
92.1
6.5
15.1
238.8
8.7
92.1
177.1
23.4
28.6
148.2
137.4
192.7
16.2
18.1
628.7
242.1
15.5
205.6
78.8
35.1
13.6
58.0
74.2
179.1
52.5
136.9
387.0
62.1
292.3
240.2
79.8
57.9
88.7
37.3
42.5
35.7
513.3
85.0
37.6
55.3
161.7
225.4
161.9
207.7
151.9
161.7
110.4
101.3
107.7
206.7
356.7
115.6
105.0
72.2
124.6
217.3
132.3
76.4
80.1
118.6
107.7
125.3
61.9
110.9
172.1
206.1
224.6
56.3
36.2
158.9
144.6
52.2
129.6
379.9
307.8
715.8
323.7
498.5
28.0
149.0
57.3
39.8
24.0
91.6
6.6
15.2
240.8
9.2
95.1
176.6
24.6
30.7
148.1
133.5
189.3
16.4
18.3
626.2
245.2
16.4
207.8
80.7
38.9
16.8
59.7
75.5
180.9
53.8
136.4
379.9
60.5
287.6
236.0
77.3
58.8
87.4
38.2
42.8
35.7
511.6
78.1
37.3
55.0
167.5
235.1
159.5
198.4
148.6
157.3
109.4
102.6
105.3
205.4
328.5
112.9
102.0
70.8
122.4
223.4
131.5
77.8
77.4
116.1
108.0
123.6
65.3
111.9
167.1
204.3
243.6
54.1
36.7
157.5
148.9
56.6
132.2
389.2
304.3
714.3
322.0
494.4
29.2
151.1
59.0
38.7
26.0
92.2
6.6
15.2
254.3
10.8
98.8
166.9
24.9
32.9
147.2
133.4
191.6
16.4
18.7
611.6
241.5
16.8
202.3
80.6
42.7
17.0
61.1
75.7
178.5
54.7
134.3
-1.8%
-2.5%
-1.6%
-1.8%
-3.1%
1.5%
-1.5%
2.5%
0.8%
0.2%
-0.3%
-8.1%
-0.8%
-0.6%
3.6%
4.3%
-1.5%
-4.5%
-2.2%
-2.7%
-0.9%
1.2%
-2.3%
-0.6%
-7.9%
-2.3%
-2.9%
-2.0%
-1.8%
2.8%
-0.6%
1.9%
-3.3%
-2.1%
0.2%
-1.4%
5.5%
0.9%
-2.9%
-0.9%
8.4%
-4.0%
1.4%
-0.9%
2.9%
8.6%
2.0%
2.5%
-1.1%
-0.2%
-0.5%
-0.8%
4.3%
1.4%
2.9%
-2.7%
8.5%
0.7%
0.2%
-0.1%
5.6%
17.4%
3.9%
-5.5%
1.2%
7.2%
-0.6%
-0.4%
-0.4%
-0.6%
-0.7%
0.2%
1.0%
0.9%
1.7%
2.0%
3.9%
-1.5%
-4.0%
0.4%
0.3%
-0.9%
-1.5%
-0.9%
-1.7%
-1.5%
-0.7%
-1.9%
-0.4%
-1.8%
-1.4%
-1.3%
0.9%
0.9%
-0.7%
-1.2%
-1.0%
-2.3%
2.5%
-4.1%
-2.2%
-0.1%
-1.0%
0.1%
-0.3%
1.5%
0.4%
8.0%
-1.8%
0.4%
0.3%
1.9%
1.9%
-0.7%
-2.1%
1.4%
◆
1.2%
0.3%
2.1%
-2.3%
-1.5%
2.4%
-2.6%
◆
9.6%
1.3%
2.4%
0.2%
-1.3%
1.6%
-1.6%
◆
0.8%
0.4%
-3.9%
1.2%
2.7%
0.5%
1.6%
-1.4%
0.7%
-0.2%
-0.7%
5.2%
3.3%
1.8%
4.0%
2.7%
-1.3%
0.8%
-0.1%
0.8%
3.6%
1.9%
1.8%
4.4%
0.6%
3.0%
7.6%
3.7%
2.3%
0.4%
-0.7%
1.7%
-1.1%
*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
Energy from all sources of non-fossil power generation is accounted for on an input-equivalent basis. See the appendix or bp.com/statisticalreview for more details on this methodology.
than 0.05%.
◆Less
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
11
Energy per capita by region
S. & Cent. America
Africa
North America
Middle East
Gigajoules per head
CIS
World
Europe
Asia Pacific
300
250
200
150
100
50
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
0
19
Average global energy consumption per capita increased by only 0.2% in 2019 to 75.7 GJ/head, driven by growth in the Middle East (1.4%) and Asia Pacific (2.4%). Energy
demand per head fell in all other regions. North America is the region with the highest consumption per capita (236 GJ/head), followed by CIS (158 GJ/head) and the
Middle East (151 GJ/head). Africa remains the region with the lowest average consumption (15 GJ/head).
Energy per capita: Distribution across countries
Cumulative
share of world
population
%
2019
1999
1979
100
80
60
40
20
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Energy per capita (GJ/head)
In 2019 81% of the global population lived in countries where average energy demand per capita was less than 100 GJ/head, two percentage points more than 20 years
ago. However, the share of the global population consuming less than 75 GJ/head declined from 76% in 1999 to 57% last year. Average energy demand per capita in
China increased from 17 GJ/head in 1979 to 99 GJ/head in 2019.
12
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
0
CO2
Carbon
Carbon dioxide emissions
Growth rate per annum
Million tonnes of carbon dioxide
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
503.8
433.5
5289.1
6226.4
154.5
350.5
74.4
65.2
27.9
34.5
23.0
172.9
193.8
1096.5
63.7
127.5
113.6
57.4
354.8
753.6
104.2
48.0
391.6
217.7
36.1
305.3
56.9
80.6
317.4
53.2
44.2
275.3
271.5
513.5
387.3
4573.5
25.9
57.1
170.9
1445.0
50.3
103.2
23.6
1876.1
516.7
93.2
68.4
81.2
42.1
51.4
443.8
205.5
155.7
1658.0
95.7
177.2
45.2
475.0
277.2
1070.2
410.5
49.2
7710.1
86.5
1596.2
388.3
1130.0
190.3
34.8
146.0
74.5
176.7
534.2
13.2
251.2
236.5
102.4
113.9
13244.5
29745.2
12507.6
17237.6
3830.3
530.1
442.6
5485.7
6458.4
166.0
398.3
76.1
72.6
32.1
39.4
25.2
167.2
196.1
1173.0
68.0
136.4
116.5
65.5
360.4
783.2
96.1
48.7
396.4
226.5
36.8
323.8
51.5
78.2
301.5
56.7
42.1
276.3
286.8
530.1
399.9
4681.2
24.9
60.2
183.9
1492.2
54.3
101.3
23.1
1939.7
518.1
99.1
71.6
87.0
48.9
60.3
486.3
215.3
152.1
1738.5
94.2
188.8
49.1
476.7
292.4
1101.1
402.6
50.6
8143.4
88.3
1660.7
428.0
1201.8
213.0
34.7
145.7
79.9
185.3
590.9
13.1
264.2
248.7
121.9
120.5
13993.5
31085.5
12957.5
18128.0
3922.9
541.0
465.8
5336.4
6343.3
168.7
423.8
87.0
71.2
32.8
45.6
24.8
172.0
200.7
1226.7
64.9
123.0
113.2
57.7
334.1
763.7
95.5
49.3
386.4
219.4
36.3
324.0
51.4
85.1
309.9
51.8
40.1
298.8
302.9
495.6
400.5
4603.7
28.5
57.0
202.5
1555.8
59.9
107.5
24.6
2035.9
531.6
104.0
72.8
85.9
52.3
68.7
501.7
222.3
145.3
1784.6
100.6
189.5
52.9
467.8
291.8
1102.6
409.7
56.5
8824.3
92.0
1735.2
480.1
1210.3
213.6
34.6
144.1
80.7
192.7
617.7
14.8
270.0
253.5
135.0
112.0
14876.6
31973.4
12783.1
19190.3
3800.4
526.3
474.0
5090.0
6090.3
175.3
442.9
89.4
79.7
34.3
45.3
24.7
182.1
201.1
1274.7
62.5
119.0
109.4
51.5
335.6
773.0
89.8
45.1
369.9
212.2
36.0
308.1
50.7
81.7
308.0
48.9
41.4
314.4
297.4
512.1
377.3
4544.0
29.6
58.5
209.7
1569.1
65.2
104.5
26.6
2063.1
535.1
111.1
78.9
96.0
57.5
77.8
526.4
233.5
137.7
1854.0
108.9
200.4
53.9
463.8
309.9
1136.9
402.6
60.4
9001.3
88.7
1848.1
513.0
1296.1
226.8
36.2
145.5
83.1
192.0
614.6
16.1
266.2
270.6
132.7
116.5
15310.6
32273.5
12580.3
19693.2
3737.7
544.1
472.8
5249.6
6266.5
182.8
482.9
91.1
83.5
36.5
46.5
26.0
177.0
200.4
1326.6
63.1
120.0
105.1
52.6
334.9
797.6
81.4
42.6
340.5
208.2
36.0
310.4
49.3
69.8
276.2
47.9
43.6
303.3
284.8
500.0
370.5
4437.9
30.2
58.1
211.0
1527.7
58.3
105.7
25.5
2016.5
564.6
119.5
69.3
100.5
65.6
84.7
535.3
248.9
130.5
1918.9
115.4
199.0
54.3
464.2
329.3
1162.2
399.0
62.7
9244.0
91.5
1929.4
532.9
1282.9
233.1
35.6
145.5
91.9
191.4
619.5
14.0
269.2
273.9
140.8
109.7
15666.9
32795.6
12661.9
20133.6
3653.5
553.5
459.6
5254.6
6267.7
182.7
503.8
88.4
89.2
38.5
47.2
25.8
171.1
201.4
1348.0
58.9
111.7
102.1
48.1
301.3
751.1
77.8
41.9
317.7
197.6
35.4
293.3
48.6
71.1
273.6
46.1
38.7
335.1
244.8
458.1
352.4
4205.4
31.0
57.1
212.5
1530.8
60.5
109.6
27.1
2028.6
578.2
115.6
66.7
90.4
65.1
92.2
570.9
245.1
130.1
1954.4
123.6
203.5
56.5
469.1
345.4
1198.0
405.7
65.5
9239.9
89.7
2083.5
486.1
1249.3
242.2
35.7
152.3
97.3
190.9
614.9
14.2
275.2
280.7
157.4
121.9
15802.6
32804.7
12441.5
20363.3
3445.6
546.2
463.1
5141.4
6150.8
186.0
487.0
88.9
89.8
37.6
50.6
24.3
164.4
212.2
1340.8
60.9
118.3
103.2
45.2
306.7
755.6
75.2
44.3
329.8
206.7
35.5
293.3
53.1
71.9
289.2
46.5
39.5
340.6
192.3
439.7
362.1
4209.5
33.6
53.0
207.5
1491.0
71.5
104.1
28.2
1989.0
570.2
115.7
69.8
98.5
68.6
104.0
588.4
267.1
119.9
2002.1
129.0
207.6
56.7
451.7
355.9
1200.9
411.3
79.6
9186.0
90.5
2149.4
497.9
1209.9
245.7
36.5
159.9
106.2
202.7
624.2
17.9
271.7
291.4
183.4
129.8
15894.1
32787.2
12347.8
20439.4
3486.9
537.8
468.8
5042.4
6049.0
185.8
450.4
94.1
95.1
35.4
54.8
22.0
151.4
219.4
1308.4
61.9
120.1
105.0
48.6
312.1
770.5
72.0
45.2
329.9
209.8
34.3
306.0
52.5
69.5
282.2
46.6
38.0
359.0
213.2
415.8
370.2
4262.5
33.1
53.3
208.5
1504.8
70.9
97.3
28.7
1996.7
596.6
132.7
69.1
102.9
69.0
101.5
599.5
276.9
118.0
2066.3
127.7
216.7
57.0
470.5
359.3
1231.1
411.8
80.4
9137.6
92.7
2242.9
502.0
1193.2
251.4
35.6
175.7
116.4
217.0
629.6
20.2
280.3
298.2
195.5
141.5
16022.1
32936.1
12270.1
20666.0
3498.5
549.1
476.9
4983.9
6009.9
182.8
457.2
92.4
89.4
34.3
51.6
21.5
142.7
217.5
1289.4
64.7
122.1
103.1
45.5
318.1
760.9
76.6
47.3
333.4
202.9
34.1
315.5
57.8
72.9
299.8
45.8
38.8
397.1
185.8
404.1
379.1
4305.4
32.1
54.4
219.4
1486.9
70.2
97.5
28.8
1989.3
612.6
130.7
71.0
94.7
77.4
97.0
593.0
280.7
120.1
2077.3
130.7
218.8
60.0
465.8
375.6
1250.9
409.6
84.1
9298.0
98.9
2329.8
527.0
1187.5
241.4
37.4
189.6
128.9
228.9
645.2
21.7
288.4
299.0
196.1
145.5
16357.1
33279.5
12300.2
20979.2
3527.1
565.6
466.6
5116.8
6149.0
180.4
442.3
94.3
90.0
37.0
53.4
20.4
119.6
225.9
1263.1
62.8
125.1
102.2
46.8
307.2
731.3
74.4
47.5
332.1
198.2
34.8
319.5
54.6
73.2
293.6
45.0
37.2
392.1
193.1
396.9
378.6
4246.1
32.8
58.4
243.8
1548.4
78.2
101.8
32.3
2095.7
644.1
136.3
70.7
94.3
84.7
100.2
573.8
285.0
117.2
2106.2
140.4
221.3
61.6
470.4
390.8
1284.5
411.1
90.5
9507.1
99.5
2452.5
580.7
1164.2
243.5
37.0
197.7
133.7
225.3
662.2
21.6
287.0
306.1
237.0
206.7
16863.3
34007.9
12372.3
21635.6
3466.5
556.2
455.0
4964.7
5975.9
174.9
441.3
92.4
100.6
35.6
53.7
20.1
102.4
233.9
1254.9
64.7
124.5
98.8
43.0
299.2
683.8
71.7
47.4
325.4
192.0
33.6
303.9
51.4
70.5
278.5
46.3
38.2
383.3
185.4
387.1
382.2
4110.8
34.9
59.0
239.9
1532.6
85.8
98.5
34.7
2085.3
670.7
148.6
73.1
97.3
86.7
102.5
579.9
282.6
122.8
2164.1
147.1
217.4
68.2
478.8
396.9
1308.5
428.3
106.5
9825.8
94.7
2480.4
632.1
1123.1
244.5
38.4
198.3
140.1
218.9
638.6
23.4
278.6
301.7
285.9
210.3
17269.5
34169.0
12012.0
22157.0
3330.4
-1.7%
-2.5%
-3.0%
-2.8%
-3.1%
-0.2%
-2.0%
11.8%
-3.8%
0.7%
-1.3%
-14.4%
3.5%
-0.7%
3.0%
-0.5%
-3.3%
-8.2%
-2.6%
-6.5%
-3.6%
-0.1%
-2.0%
-3.1%
-3.5%
-4.9%
-5.9%
-3.7%
-5.1%
2.9%
2.7%
-2.2%
-4.0%
-2.5%
1.0%
-3.2%
6.5%
1.0%
-1.6%
-1.0%
9.8%
-3.2%
7.3%
-0.5%
4.1%
9.0%
3.4%
3.2%
2.4%
2.3%
1.1%
-0.8%
4.8%
2.8%
4.7%
-1.7%
10.8%
1.8%
1.6%
1.9%
4.2%
17.7%
3.4%
-4.8%
1.1%
8.8%
-3.5%
0.4%
3.8%
0.3%
4.7%
-2.8%
-3.6%
8.6%
-2.9%
-1.4%
20.6%
1.8%
2.4%
0.5%
-2.9%
2.4%
-3.9%
0.4%
0.8%
-1.1%
-0.8%
1.2%
1.7%
2.0%
2.9%
3.0%
4.5%
-1.9%
-3.6%
1.2%
1.1%
-1.1%
-1.3%
-1.6%
-2.5%
-1.8%
-1.0%
-3.8%
-1.3%
-2.8%
-1.4%
-0.4%
◆
-0.5%
-2.6%
-1.9%
-2.1%
-1.6%
3.6%
-4.8%
-3.4%
-0.9%
-1.5%
1.0%
-0.2%
2.6%
◆
9.3%
-0.2%
2.8%
0.5%
2.5%
5.2%
-0.1%
1.7%
7.2%
7.0%
3.0%
3.0%
-2.8%
2.6%
4.5%
2.6%
2.4%
-0.1%
3.7%
2.0%
-0.2%
7.4%
2.6%
2.3%
5.3%
4.4%
-1.1%
2.1%
-0.2%
3.1%
6.1%
3.3%
2.2%
5.5%
1.0%
2.6%
8.6%
4.8%
2.7%
1.1%
-0.8%
2.5%
-1.8%
Share
2019
1.6%
1.3%
14.5%
17.5%
0.5%
1.3%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.3%
0.7%
3.7%
0.2%
0.4%
0.3%
0.1%
0.9%
2.0%
0.2%
0.1%
1.0%
0.6%
0.1%
0.9%
0.2%
0.2%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
1.1%
0.5%
1.1%
1.1%
12.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
4.5%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
6.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.2%
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
1.7%
0.8%
0.4%
6.3%
0.4%
0.6%
0.2%
1.4%
1.2%
3.8%
1.3%
0.3%
28.8%
0.3%
7.3%
1.8%
3.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.6%
0.4%
0.6%
1.9%
0.1%
0.8%
0.9%
0.8%
0.6%
50.5%
100.0%
35.2%
64.8%
9.7%
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Note: The carbon emissions above reflect only those through consumption of oil, gas and coal for combustion related activities, and are based on ‘Default CO2 Emissions Factors for
Combustion’ listed by the IPCC in its Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (2006). This does not allow for any carbon that is sequestered, for other sources of carbon emissions,
or for emissions of other greenhouse gases. Our data is therefore not comparable to official national emissions data.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
13
Oil
Total proved reserves
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Italy
Norway
Romania
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
Canadian oil sands: Total
of which: Under active development
Venezuela: Orinoco Belt
†Less than 0.05.
At end 1999
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2009
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2018
Thousand
million
barrels
Thousand
million
barrels
181.6
21.5
29.7
232.8
3.1
8.2
2.3
2.6
0.9
0.8
76.8
1.3
95.9
0.9
0.6
10.9
1.2
5.0
2.0
20.7
1.2
5.4
112.1
0.5
0.6
0.3
120.1
93.1
112.5
96.5
5.7
13.1
262.8
2.3
97.8
1.9
0.2
685.8
11.3
5.1
–
1.7
3.8
0.6
2.6
29.5
29.0
n/a
0.3
0.3
0.7
84.7
4.7
1.3
15.1
5.0
5.2
2.1
0.4
1.8
1.4
37.0
1277.1
256.4
1020.7
821.8
455.3
8.8
175.2
11.9
–
175.0
11.9
30.9
217.8
2.5
12.9
1.4
2.7
1.1
0.8
211.2
0.8
233.3
0.9
0.5
7.1
0.6
2.8
2.0
14.0
7.0
30.0
105.6
0.6
0.6
0.3
144.0
137.0
115.0
101.5
5.5
25.9
264.6
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.3
753.1
12.2
9.5
1.5
2.0
4.4
1.7
2.0
46.4
37.2
n/a
5.0
0.4
0.6
123.0
4.1
1.1
21.6
5.8
4.3
3.6
0.4
4.5
1.1
46.6
1531.8
234.7
1297.1
1040.8
491.0
6.0
169.8
26.5
133.4
170.8
5.8
68.9
245.5
2.4
13.4
1.8
1.6
0.9
0.2
303.8
0.5
324.7
0.4
0.6
8.6
0.6
2.7
1.6
14.6
7.0
30.0
107.2
0.6
0.6
0.3
145.7
155.6
145.0
101.5
5.4
25.2
297.7
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.2
833.9
12.2
8.2
1.5
3.0
3.1
1.1
2.0
48.4
37.0
3.5
1.5
0.4
3.9
125.7
2.4
1.1
26.2
4.5
3.2
2.8
0.3
4.4
1.2
46.0
1735.9
261.3
1474.6
1214.8
521.1
5.1
163.5
21.2
261.8
169.7
5.8
68.9
244.4
2.4
12.7
2.0
1.6
0.9
0.2
303.8
0.5
324.1
0.4
0.6
8.5
0.6
2.7
1.6
14.4
7.0
30.0
107.2
0.6
0.6
0.3
145.7
155.6
145.0
101.5
5.4
25.2
297.6
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.2
833.8
12.2
8.2
1.5
3.0
3.1
1.1
2.0
48.4
37.0
3.5
1.5
0.4
3.9
125.7
2.4
1.1
26.2
4.7
2.5
2.8
0.3
4.4
1.4
45.7
1733.9
260.1
1473.7
1214.7
519.2
5.0
162.4
20.1
261.8
At end 2019
Thousand
million
Share
tonnes
of total
27.3
0.8
8.2
36.3
0.3
1.8
0.3
0.2
0.1
†
48.0
0.1
50.9
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.1
0.4
0.2
1.9
1.0
3.9
14.7
0.1
0.1
†
19.8
21.4
19.6
14.0
0.7
2.6
40.9
0.3
13.0
0.4
†
112.9
1.5
1.1
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.3
6.3
5.0
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.5
16.6
0.3
0.1
3.6
0.6
0.3
0.4
†
0.6
0.2
6.1
244.6
38.3
206.3
171.8
72.8
0.7
26.4
3.3
42.0
9.8%
0.3%
4.0%
14.1%
0.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
◆
◆
17.5%
◆
18.7%
◆
◆
0.5%
◆
0.2%
0.1%
0.8%
0.4%
1.7%
6.2%
◆
◆
◆
8.4%
9.0%
8.4%
5.9%
0.3%
1.5%
17.2%
0.1%
5.6%
0.2%
◆
48.1%
0.7%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
2.8%
2.1%
0.2%
0.1%
◆
0.2%
7.2%
0.1%
0.1%
1.5%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
◆
0.3%
0.1%
2.6%
100.0%
15.0%
85.0%
70.1%
29.9%
0.3%
9.4%
1.2%
15.1%
R/P
ratio
82.3
8.3
11.1
27.2
10.5
12.1
6.1
8.4
16.5
8.1
*
12.7
143.8
11.7
17.0
13.5
22.0
6.6
15.0
11.6
24.6
42.6
25.5
6.2
26.3
17.6
27.3
120.6
83.1
92.8
15.2
36.7
68.9
291.2
67.0
84.2
2.6
75.3
22.5
15.8
32.4
24.1
12.3
16.7
25.1
107.9
48.0
69.1
40.2
23.2
33.8
41.0
13.4
24.8
18.7
15.5
8.7
11.9
1.7
51.0
16.3
16.4
49.9
25.1
60.4
93.6
23.9
9.0
Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
*More than 500 years.
Notes: Total proved reserves of oil – generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The data series for total proved oil reserves does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for
determining proved reserves at company level, for instance as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent bp’s view of proved reserves by country.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – if the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – the estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and
Chinese reserves based on official data and information in the public domain.
Canadian oil sands ‘under active development’ are an official estimate. Venezuelan Orinoco Belt reserves are based on the OPEC Secretariat and government announcements.
Reserves and R/P ratio for Canada includes Canadian oil sands. Reserves and R/P ratio for Venezuela includes the Orinoco Belt. Saudi Arabia’s oil reserves include NGLs from 2017.
Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.
◆
14
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
2019 by region
History
150
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe
CIS
Middle
East
Africa
Asia
Pacific
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
150
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World
120
120
90
90
60
60
30
30
0
89
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
Global proved oil reserves were 1734 billion barrels at the end of 2019, down 2 billion barrels versus 2018. The global R/P ratio shows that oil reserves in 2019 accounted
for 50 years of current production. Regionally, South & Central America has the highest R/P ratio (144 years) while Europe has the lowest (12 years). OPEC holds 70.1%
of global reserves. The top countries in terms of reserves are Venezuela (17.5% of global reserves), closely followed by Saudi Arabia (17.2%) and Canada (9.8%).
Distribution of proved reserves in 1999, 2009 and 2019
Percentage
Middle East
S. & Cent. America
North America
CIS
Africa
Asia Pacific
Europe
0.8
2.6
48.1
7.2
0.9
3.0
49.2
8.4
8.0
1.6
2.9
53.7
6.6
2019
Total 1733.9
thousand million
barrels
9.4
2009
Total 1531.8
thousand million
barrels
9.4
1999
Total 1277.1
thousand million
barrels
14.1
14.2
18.2
7.5
15.2
18.7
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
15
Oil: Production in thousands of barrels per day*
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Italy
Norway
Romania
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
3331
2978
7267
13576
730
2019
671
488
155
150
3038
136
7387
265
95
2343
94
1474
357
4627
1027
1609
10152
221
95
36
13141
4285
2446
2502
813
1415
9709
401
2795
308
192
24866
1775
1754
118
276
730
332
241
1739
2211
n/a
475
91
181
9923
507
168
3805
838
994
688
385
340
331
8057
81578
18570
63008
33590
47988
2124
3457
2959
7558
13975
712
2125
786
488
165
145
2842
144
7407
249
106
2133
90
1358
342
4277
1037
1676
10379
226
78
36
13431
4421
2469
2564
865
1630
9865
385
2937
306
192
25634
1689
1812
122
314
725
306
233
1799
2533
n/a
462
83
149
10227
548
172
4077
901
1003
733
393
312
318
8458
83409
18671
64738
34272
49138
1984
3637
2940
7883
14460
667
2173
915
501
159
136
2755
144
7450
225
110
2033
89
1114
336
3906
932
1684
10533
234
77
36
13496
4452
2773
2918
885
1824
11079
353
3300
220
201
28007
1642
1670
114
301
714
301
236
516
2461
n/a
291
77
198
8520
483
165
4074
937
952
659
429
316
302
8318
84157
18713
65444
34905
49252
1714
3860
2911
8926
15697
657
2132
944
505
157
117
2704
147
7362
204
112
1911
83
947
336
3593
882
1664
10656
244
68
35
13549
3810
3079
3173
918
1928
11622
171
3425
178
184
28487
1537
1734
101
280
715
320
221
1539
2412
31
103
82
196
9270
479
159
4155
926
917
663
471
347
291
8407
86366
19630
66736
36358
50008
1519
4128
2875
10099
17101
644
2096
1010
527
171
116
2680
152
7397
178
114
1832
86
865
344
3420
888
1737
10807
256
63
35
13786
3609
3103
3134
942
1991
11393
59
3566
197
209
28202
1485
1738
91
243
710
282
213
1048
2279
100
118
76
225
8607
407
135
4216
926
883
627
466
346
274
8281
86794
20780
66014
35300
51494
1425
4418
2784
11801
19004
638
2341
990
557
175
114
2692
155
7662
167
120
1881
84
854
339
3444
861
1710
10860
263
61
35
13790
3714
3239
3106
943
1975
11519
33
3603
153
214
28499
1589
1701
89
253
714
284
211
518
2276
155
120
71
234
8216
436
126
4246
905
847
649
464
325
296
8295
88910
22749
66161
35262
53648
1406
4572
2587
12781
19940
646
2525
1006
543
153
109
2631
146
7758
158
113
1940
83
964
331
3590
851
1695
11007
271
59
36
13918
3853
3986
3069
981
1933
11998
27
3898
63
213
30021
1558
1796
111
234
726
260
214
437
2201
148
109
64
273
8129
384
127
4309
893
838
696
481
352
298
8377
91733
23781
67951
36677
55056
1499
4655
2456
12349
19460
610
2591
886
548
141
97
2347
135
7355
142
78
1991
79
1015
313
3618
838
1655
11269
270
58
36
14126
4578
4423
3150
1004
1938
12406
25
4038
43
214
31819
1577
1745
117
232
691
223
221
412
1900
117
104
60
255
7653
361
121
3999
874
876
726
489
317
281
8043
92072
23310
68762
37799
54273
1485
5037
2224
13135
20396
590
2721
854
531
137
99
2096
133
7161
138
86
1965
76
1005
303
3573
793
1838
11255
271
61
37
14255
5007
4538
3009
971
1882
11892
25
3910
71
208
31512
1540
1671
98
270
660
195
210
929
1969
122
95
48
300
8109
348
113
3846
885
838
718
486
284
273
7792
92798
24193
68604
37769
55029
1470
5501
2068
15360
22929
591
2679
865
517
154
87
1475
127
6495
116
97
1845
75
1092
308
3532
796
1927
11438
261
64
38
14524
4801
4632
3050
978
1900
12261
24
3912
83
207
31848
1511
1519
116
330
699
190
193
1165
2007
128
100
50
300
8308
356
112
3798
869
808
707
478
257
233
7617
95254
26682
68572
37563
57691
1540
5651
1918
17045
24614
620
2877
886
531
142
82
918
118
6174
103
89
1731
75
1118
298
3413
779
1931
11540
264
62
39
14614
3535
4779
2996
971
1883
11832
24
3998
98
214
30329
1486
1417
127
339
686
180
218
1227
2109
139
102
50
317
8399
490
121
3836
826
781
651
477
236
230
7650
95192
28381
66811
35566
59626
1531
2.7%
-7.3%
11.0%
7.3%
4.9%
7.4%
2.4%
2.7%
-7.2%
-5.8%
-37.7%
-7.1%
-4.9%
-11.2%
-8.7%
-6.2%
0.3%
2.4%
-3.1%
-3.4%
-2.1%
0.2%
0.9%
1.1%
-3.2%
2.9%
0.6%
-26.4%
3.2%
-1.8%
-0.8%
-0.9%
-3.5%
-2.2%
2.2%
18.1%
3.7%
-4.8%
-1.6%
-6.7%
9.8%
2.6%
-1.9%
-5.3%
12.7%
5.3%
5.1%
8.7%
2.2%
–
5.8%
1.1%
37.9%
8.8%
1.0%
-4.9%
-3.4%
-8.0%
-0.1%
-7.9%
-1.3%
0.4%
-0.1%
6.4%
-2.6%
-5.3%
3.4%
-0.6%
5.1%
-4.2%
8.5%
5.6%
-3.0%
3.6%
3.9%
0.2%
2.3%
-5.2%
-7.5%
-1.2%
-1.3%
-8.7%
-1.1%
-2.8%
-2.8%
-3.5%
-2.0%
-3.2%
-1.4%
2.6%
1.4%
1.9%
-4.5%
0.3%
1.3%
0.8%
6.7%
0.9%
2.6%
2.9%
1.4%
-24.6%
2.3%
-12.5%
0.7%
1.8%
-2.5%
-2.1%
-0.9%
3.4%
-0.2%
-6.4%
-2.1%
-4.6%
-0.8%
n/a
-14.1%
-6.3%
5.0%
-2.1%
-4.0%
-4.4%
◆
0.6%
-2.2%
-0.3%
2.6%
-1.9%
-3.7%
-0.6%
1.4%
3.7%
0.6%
0.5%
2.0%
-3.8%
Share
2019
5.9%
2.0%
17.9%
25.9%
0.7%
3.0%
0.9%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
1.0%
0.1%
6.5%
0.1%
0.1%
1.8%
0.1%
1.2%
0.3%
3.6%
0.8%
2.0%
12.1%
0.3%
0.1%
◆
15.4%
3.7%
5.0%
3.1%
1.0%
2.0%
12.4%
◆
4.2%
0.1%
0.2%
31.9%
1.6%
1.5%
0.1%
0.4%
0.7%
0.2%
0.2%
1.3%
2.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
8.8%
0.5%
0.1%
4.0%
0.9%
0.8%
0.7%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
8.0%
100.0%
29.8%
70.2%
37.4%
62.6%
1.6%
Source: includes data from FGE.
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands, condensates (lease condensate or gas condensates that require further refining) and NGLs (natural gas liquids – ethane, LPG and naphtha separated from the
production of natural gas).
Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biofuels and synthetic derivatives of coal and natural gas. This also excludes liquid fuel adjustment factors such as refinery processing gain.
Excludes oil shales/kerogen extracted in solid form.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
16
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Oil: Production in million tonnes*
Growth rate per annum
Million tonnes
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Italy
Norway
Romania
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
158.4
146.7
322.6
627.7
34.0
105.7
35.3
26.1
6.9
6.8
155.9
6.9
377.6
12.9
4.6
108.2
4.5
68.2
17.6
215.9
50.9
76.5
501.4
10.9
4.5
1.8
645.9
207.2
119.7
121.0
39.7
62.4
459.0
19.3
129.3
14.4
9.4
1181.5
77.2
86.0
6.2
14.1
35.3
15.6
12.0
81.7
106.9
n/a
23.4
4.2
9.1
471.8
22.4
8.2
189.5
38.0
48.4
31.8
15.0
16.6
14.5
384.4
3904.8
859.1
3045.7
1611.9
2292.8
99.9
165.7
145.6
333.1
644.5
33.3
111.3
41.4
26.1
7.3
6.2
145.8
7.3
378.7
12.2
5.1
98.4
4.3
63.0
16.9
199.8
51.3
79.7
512.3
11.1
3.6
1.8
659.9
212.0
120.8
123.4
42.2
70.9
463.3
18.5
135.2
14.3
9.4
1210.1
73.8
88.9
6.4
16.0
35.0
14.5
11.6
84.6
122.1
n/a
22.8
3.9
7.4
487.0
24.5
8.4
203.0
41.3
48.6
33.1
15.2
15.3
14.0
403.4
3983.4
862.3
3121.0
1638.2
2345.2
93.4
175.1
144.5
346.0
665.7
31.2
113.8
48.2
26.8
7.0
5.9
141.5
7.3
381.7
10.9
5.3
93.2
4.2
52.0
16.7
182.3
46.1
80.1
519.5
11.5
3.6
1.8
662.5
212.5
135.8
140.9
43.2
77.7
522.7
16.9
150.5
10.2
9.9
1320.4
71.7
82.0
6.0
15.3
34.6
14.2
11.8
24.3
118.4
n/a
14.3
3.6
9.8
406.0
21.5
8.1
202.9
42.9
46.3
29.7
15.8
15.4
13.2
395.8
4014.4
862.7
3151.7
1668.5
2345.9
81.2
187.8
143.9
395.0
726.7
30.8
111.9
49.9
27.1
6.9
5.2
139.3
7.4
378.6
10.0
5.4
86.9
4.0
44.6
16.7
167.5
43.7
79.3
526.7
12.0
3.2
1.8
666.7
180.5
151.3
154.0
45.0
82.2
549.2
8.1
156.2
8.1
9.0
1343.7
67.2
85.3
5.3
14.2
34.7
15.2
11.1
72.6
116.4
1.5
5.1
3.8
9.8
442.2
21.4
7.8
207.5
42.5
44.6
30.1
17.3
17.0
12.8
400.9
4126.3
908.6
3217.6
1739.7
2386.6
72.5
200.6
141.8
448.5
790.9
30.2
109.7
53.2
28.2
7.3
5.1
137.8
7.6
379.1
8.7
5.5
82.8
4.1
40.6
17.1
158.8
43.8
82.3
532.2
12.5
2.9
1.8
675.5
169.7
152.0
151.4
46.1
84.2
538.4
2.7
162.8
9.0
10.3
1326.6
64.8
85.2
4.8
12.3
34.4
13.2
10.7
49.4
109.5
4.9
5.8
3.5
11.2
409.5
17.8
6.6
210.0
42.5
42.7
28.7
17.1
16.9
12.1
394.4
4134.9
960.2
3174.7
1685.4
2449.5
68.0
215.8
137.1
524.4
877.3
29.8
122.5
52.2
29.8
7.5
5.1
138.5
7.8
393.1
8.1
5.8
84.8
4.1
39.9
16.9
159.6
42.5
81.1
535.1
12.9
2.8
1.8
676.1
174.0
158.8
150.2
46.2
83.5
543.8
1.5
163.4
6.9
10.5
1338.9
68.8
83.3
4.7
12.9
35.1
13.3
10.5
24.4
109.3
7.7
5.9
3.3
11.6
390.6
19.1
6.2
211.4
41.6
41.0
29.8
16.9
15.9
13.3
395.1
4230.8
1049.2
3181.5
1681.1
2549.7
66.9
223.6
127.5
567.0
918.2
30.0
132.2
53.0
29.1
6.5
4.8
135.4
7.3
398.4
7.7
5.5
87.5
4.0
45.3
16.5
166.4
42.0
80.2
541.8
13.2
2.7
1.8
681.7
180.2
195.6
148.2
48.0
81.2
568.0
1.2
176.1
2.6
10.5
1411.8
67.2
88.2
5.8
11.9
35.4
12.1
10.7
20.5
105.7
7.3
5.4
2.9
13.5
386.7
17.0
6.2
214.6
41.2
40.6
32.2
17.6
17.2
13.4
399.8
4362.9
1095.0
3267.9
1749.0
2613.9
71.4
226.7
121.4
542.4
890.5
28.6
136.2
46.8
29.5
5.8
4.3
121.0
6.8
379.1
6.9
3.8
90.1
3.8
47.4
15.6
167.7
41.4
78.6
555.9
13.2
2.6
1.8
693.6
216.1
217.6
152.7
49.3
81.6
586.7
1.1
182.4
1.6
10.6
1499.8
68.4
85.8
6.1
11.9
33.8
10.4
11.0
19.3
91.3
5.8
5.1
2.8
12.7
364.5
15.6
5.9
199.7
40.2
42.8
33.3
18.1
15.5
12.6
383.7
4378.9
1067.4
3311.4
1804.3
2574.6
70.5
245.8
109.5
573.9
929.2
27.2
142.3
45.0
28.5
5.7
4.4
107.6
6.7
367.4
6.7
4.1
88.7
3.6
46.6
15.0
164.9
39.1
87.0
554.3
13.1
2.8
1.8
698.1
235.5
222.4
145.0
47.6
79.1
559.3
1.1
176.2
3.0
10.3
1479.3
66.6
81.6
5.2
13.8
32.2
9.0
10.5
43.8
94.5
6.0
4.7
2.2
14.8
384.8
14.9
5.5
191.5
40.4
41.0
32.9
17.6
13.9
12.2
369.8
4393.5
1102.9
3290.6
1794.2
2599.3
69.3
268.3
102.3
671.6
1042.2
27.5
140.2
45.6
27.7
6.4
3.9
75.6
6.4
333.4
5.6
4.7
83.1
3.6
50.9
15.2
163.2
39.2
91.2
563.3
12.6
2.9
1.9
711.1
224.7
227.0
146.8
47.8
79.5
576.8
1.1
176.7
3.5
10.2
1494.1
65.3
74.1
6.1
16.9
34.2
8.7
9.7
54.9
96.4
6.3
4.9
2.3
14.8
394.5
15.2
5.4
189.1
39.5
39.5
32.4
17.1
12.4
10.5
361.0
4499.5
1213.9
3285.6
1781.4
2718.1
72.8
274.9
94.9
746.7
1116.5
28.8
150.8
46.7
28.5
6.1
3.7
46.6
5.9
317.0
5.0
4.3
78.4
3.6
51.8
14.8
157.8
38.1
91.4
568.1
12.5
2.8
1.9
714.9
160.8
234.2
144.0
47.3
78.5
556.6
1.0
180.2
4.2
10.4
1417.4
64.3
69.1
6.7
17.4
33.6
8.2
10.9
57.8
101.4
6.8
5.0
2.3
15.6
399.1
20.6
5.9
191.0
37.5
38.2
29.8
17.0
11.4
10.3
361.8
4484.5
1288.3
3196.2
1680.0
2804.5
72.0
2.5%
-7.2%
11.2%
7.1%
4.7%
7.5%
2.4%
2.7%
-5.3%
-6.2%
-38.3%
-6.9%
-4.9%
-11.2%
-8.7%
-5.7%
-0.3%
1.8%
-3.0%
-3.3%
-2.7%
0.2%
0.8%
-0.5%
-3.3%
2.9%
0.5%
-28.4%
3.2%
-1.9%
-1.0%
-1.2%
-3.5%
-2.5%
2.0%
20.5%
2.7%
-5.1%
-1.6%
-6.8%
9.8%
2.6%
-1.9%
-5.8%
12.7%
5.2%
5.3%
8.7%
2.2%
–
5.8%
1.1%
36.0%
9.0%
1.0%
-5.2%
-3.4%
-7.8%
-0.2%
-7.8%
-1.6%
0.2%
-0.3%
6.1%
-2.7%
-5.7%
3.2%
-1.1%
2008-18
Share
2019
5.4%
6.1%
-4.2%
2.1%
8.3% 16.7%
5.4% 24.9%
-3.1%
0.6%
3.6%
3.4%
3.9%
1.0%
0.2%
0.6%
1.2%
0.1%
-5.5%
0.1%
-7.6%
1.0%
-1.3%
0.1%
-1.3%
7.1%
-8.7%
0.1%
-1.1%
0.1%
-3.1%
1.7%
-2.7%
0.1%
-3.4%
1.2%
-2.0%
0.3%
-3.3%
3.5%
-1.4%
0.9%
2.6%
2.0%
1.3% 12.7%
1.7%
0.3%
-4.9%
0.1%
◆
0.3%
1.3% 15.9%
0.4%
3.6%
6.6%
5.2%
0.8%
3.2%
2.6%
1.1%
2.1%
1.8%
1.2% 12.4%
◆
-25.4%
2.0%
4.0%
-13.4%
0.1%
0.7%
0.2%
1.6% 31.6%
-2.6%
1.4%
-2.2%
1.5%
-1.0%
0.1%
3.3%
0.4%
-0.1%
0.7%
-6.8%
0.2%
-2.1%
0.2%
-4.6%
1.3%
-0.9%
2.3%
n/a
0.2%
-14.1%
0.1%
-6.4%
0.1%
4.8%
0.3%
-2.2%
8.9%
-4.5%
0.5%
-4.5%
0.1%
-0.1%
4.3%
0.5%
0.8%
-2.2%
0.9%
-0.4%
0.7%
1.7%
0.4%
-2.0%
0.3%
-3.5%
0.2%
-0.7%
8.1%
1.2% 100.0%
3.5% 28.7%
0.4% 71.3%
0.3% 37.5%
1.8% 62.5%
-3.7%
1.6%
Source: includes data from FGE.
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands, condensates (lease condensate or gas condensates that require further refining) and NGLs (natural gas liquids – ethane, LPG and naphtha separated from the
production of natural gas).
Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biofuels and synthetic derivatives of coal and natural gas. This also excludes liquid fuel adjustment factors such as refinery processing gain.
Excludes oil shales/kerogen extracted in solid form.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes figures.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
17
Oil: Crude oil and condensate production in thousands of barrels per day*
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Italy
Norway
Romania
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
2705
2601
5357
10663
604
1950
671
486
117
107
2879
121
6935
265
95
2058
90
1332
331
4171
1014
1609
9927
211
95
36
12893
4015
2405
2278
813
1151
8411
366
2495
286
182
22402
1517
1734
118
269
665
310
241
1687
2138
n/a
475
82
181
9418
423
155
3805
690
949
659
238
332
281
7531
74013
15119
58894
30866
43147
1960
2849
2577
5484
10910
589
2055
786
486
123
98
2695
125
6957
249
106
1871
86
1234
319
3865
1023
1676
10150
216
78
36
13179
4068
2424
2307
865
1307
8423
350
2603
284
182
22813
1461
1793
122
307
663
286
233
1748
2455
n/a
462
79
149
9759
471
159
4077
762
945
653
242
304
270
7883
75366
15114
60253
31290
44076
1839
3021
2553
5667
11241
553
2105
915
500
117
92
2623
126
7031
225
110
1758
84
1028
316
3521
919
1684
10287
224
77
36
13226
4048
2728
2645
885
1399
9566
319
2853
197
191
24831
1416
1656
114
292
649
280
236
508
2373
n/a
291
70
198
8083
411
153
4074
793
902
583
224
308
256
7705
75638
15035
60602
31725
43912
1609
3250
2548
6518
12317
549
2061
944
504
112
82
2580
131
6963
204
112
1612
79
885
317
3209
872
1662
10395
231
68
35
13263
3398
3037
2890
918
1491
9987
146
2946
154
173
25140
1320
1714
101
268
649
299
221
1499
2330
31
103
70
196
8802
405
146
4155
786
859
598
239
339
246
7773
77467
15789
61678
32993
44474
1441
3486
2522
7493
13501
540
2024
1010
526
118
81
2564
135
6998
178
114
1532
83
810
327
3046
877
1720
10528
239
63
35
13463
3192
3058
2847
942
1520
9875
45
3084
173
199
24933
1275
1716
91
234
643
261
213
1025
2193
100
118
64
225
8158
335
122
4216
789
825
588
241
337
237
7690
77789
16730
61059
32063
45726
1356
3758
2429
8787
14973
532
2255
990
557
121
81
2578
140
7255
167
120
1562
82
791
324
3045
849
1701
10595
246
61
35
13488
3273
3198
2830
943
1508
9941
23
3063
128
204
25113
1329
1672
89
245
667
266
211
510
2188
155
120
59
234
7745
353
114
4246
778
789
610
233
315
261
7699
79318
18234
61084
31861
47457
1331
3863
2267
9439
15569
532
2437
1006
543
104
79
2514
133
7347
158
113
1608
80
903
317
3180
840
1672
10758
254
59
36
13619
3392
3945
2782
981
1463
10420
19
3284
38
203
26527
1290
1780
111
227
662
242
214
422
2119
148
109
54
273
7649
322
115
4309
771
786
662
248
342
265
7820
81711
18937
62773
33174
48537
1426
3868
2154
8839
14861
511
2510
886
548
91
71
2242
122
6982
142
78
1647
76
933
297
3173
826
1637
11003
250
58
36
13811
4090
4375
2860
1004
1465
10688
17
3384
16
204
28104
1316
1722
117
225
631
204
221
397
1822
117
104
51
255
7180
292
109
3999
744
831
667
258
308
250
7457
81567
18201
63366
34093
47474
1390
4216
1948
9352
15516
480
2622
854
531
88
72
1992
118
6757
138
86
1620
73
913
284
3114
781
1813
11017
248
61
37
13957
4470
4473
2704
971
1432
10175
17
3279
44
199
27763
1287
1632
98
263
603
174
210
909
1890
122
95
43
300
7626
284
101
3846
744
801
660
240
275
241
7192
81926
18793
63133
33990
47936
1364
4596
1833
10990
17420
489
2587
865
517
98
63
1386
113
6119
116
97
1516
72
1002
289
3092
783
1900
11201
236
64
38
14222
4260
4568
2737
978
1427
10533
16
3308
55
196
28078
1259
1479
116
323
644
169
193
1144
1922
128
100
42
299
7818
295
100
3798
719
772
653
228
243
208
7015
83764
20677
63087
33798
49966
1438
4688
1701
12232
18620
509
2788
886
531
95
59
839
105
5811
103
89
1437
71
1019
282
3000
762
1903
11292
228
62
39
14284
2980
4712
2678
971
1405
10145
16
3360
70
196
26532
1239
1377
127
332
633
159
218
1200
2021
139
102
42
316
7905
400
110
3836
677
745
604
228
225
204
7029
83182
21891
61291
31790
51392
1421
2.0%
-7.2%
11.3%
6.9%
3.9%
7.8%
2.4%
2.7%
-2.8%
-7.3%
-39.5%
-6.9%
-5.0%
-11.2%
-8.7%
-5.2%
-1.3%
1.6%
-2.5%
-3.0%
-2.8%
0.1%
0.8%
-3.5%
-3.2%
2.9%
0.4%
-30.0%
3.2%
-2.1%
-0.8%
-1.6%
-3.7%
-3.2%
1.6%
27.2%
5.4%
-4.1%
8.2%
5.2%
-3.2%
3.6%
3.9%
0.2%
◆
-5.5%
-1.6%
-6.9%
9.8%
2.6%
-1.7%
-6.0%
12.7%
4.9%
5.2%
8.7%
2.2%
–
5.7%
1.1%
35.8%
10.1%
1.0%
-5.9%
-3.5%
-7.4%
◆
-5.7%
-7.6%
-1.3%
-1.3%
-8.7%
-1.1%
-3.5%
-2.6%
-3.2%
-1.9%
-3.5%
-1.3%
2.5%
1.4%
1.4%
-4.5%
0.3%
1.3%
0.2%
6.7%
0.6%
2.6%
1.7%
1.1%
-27.0%
1.6%
-15.4%
0.7%
1.5%
-2.6%
-2.2%
-0.9%
3.3%
-0.1%
-7.0%
-2.1%
-4.5%
-0.9%
n/a
-14.1%
-7.1%
5.0%
-2.2%
-4.3%
-4.7%
◆
0.2%
-2.3%
-0.5%
◆
◆
-7.7%
-1.7%
0.2%
-0.7%
5.9%
-2.8%
-5.9%
2.9%
-1.2%
-2.1%
-3.3%
-0.8%
1.0%
3.1%
0.4%
0.2%
1.6%
-3.6%
Share
2019
5.6%
2.0%
14.7%
22.4%
0.6%
3.4%
1.1%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
1.0%
0.1%
7.0%
0.1%
0.1%
1.7%
0.1%
1.2%
0.3%
3.6%
0.9%
2.3%
13.6%
0.3%
0.1%
◆
17.2%
3.6%
5.7%
3.2%
1.2%
1.7%
12.2%
◆
4.0%
0.1%
0.2%
31.9%
1.5%
1.7%
0.2%
0.4%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
1.4%
2.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.4%
9.5%
0.5%
0.1%
4.6%
0.8%
0.9%
0.7%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
8.5%
100.0%
26.3%
73.7%
38.2%
61.8%
1.7%
Source: includes data from FGE.
*Includes crude oil, shale/tight oil, oil sands, lease condensate or gas condensates that require further refining. Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and synthetic derivatives
of coal and natural gas.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
18
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Oil: Natural gas liquids production in thousands of barrels per day*
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Italy
Norway
Romania
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
626
377
1910
2913
126
69
n/a
2
38
44
159
15
453
n/a
n/a
285
4
142
25
456
12
†
225
10
n/a
–
248
270
41
224
n/a
264
1298
35
300
22
10
2464
258
20
n/a
7
65
22
n/a
51
73
n/a
n/a
9
n/a
506
84
14
n/a
148
45
29
147
8
51
526
7565
3451
4114
2724
4841
163
608
382
2074
3064
123
70
n/a
2
42
47
147
19
451
n/a
n/a
261
4
125
23
413
13
†
228
10
n/a
–
252
352
45
257
n/a
323
1442
35
334
23
10
2821
228
19
n/a
7
61
20
n/a
50
78
n/a
n/a
4
n/a
468
77
13
n/a
140
58
79
152
8
48
574
8043
3557
4486
2982
5061
144
615
388
2216
3219
114
68
n/a
1
42
44
132
19
419
n/a
n/a
275
5
86
20
385
13
†
247
10
n/a
–
271
404
45
273
n/a
426
1513
34
447
23
11
3175
225
14
n/a
9
65
21
n/a
8
88
n/a
n/a
7
n/a
437
71
13
n/a
144
50
76
205
8
46
613
8519
3677
4842
3180
5339
104
610
363
2408
3381
107
70
n/a
1
45
35
124
16
399
n/a
n/a
300
4
62
19
384
10
2
260
14
n/a
–
286
412
42
283
n/a
437
1635
25
479
24
10
3346
216
20
n/a
12
66
20
n/a
40
82
n/a
n/a
13
n/a
468
73
13
n/a
140
58
65
232
8
45
634
8899
3841
5058
3365
5534
78
642
353
2606
3600
104
72
n/a
1
54
34
116
17
398
n/a
n/a
300
3
55
17
374
11
17
278
17
n/a
–
323
418
45
287
n/a
471
1518
14
482
24
10
3269
210
22
n/a
9
67
21
n/a
22
86
n/a
n/a
12
n/a
449
72
13
n/a
136
58
39
225
10
38
591
9005
4050
4955
3237
5768
69
661
355
3015
4031
105
87
n/a
–
54
33
114
14
407
n/a
n/a
318
3
62
15
399
12
9
265
17
n/a
–
303
441
40
276
n/a
466
1577
10
539
25
10
3386
260
30
n/a
8
47
19
n/a
8
88
n/a
n/a
12
n/a
471
83
12
n/a
128
58
39
231
10
36
595
9592
4514
5077
3401
6191
75
709
320
3342
4371
114
88
n/a
–
49
30
117
13
411
n/a
n/a
332
3
60
14
410
11
23
249
17
n/a
–
299
461
41
288
n/a
470
1578
8
614
26
10
3494
268
16
n/a
7
64
17
n/a
15
82
n/a
n/a
10
n/a
480
62
11
n/a
122
52
35
233
9
33
557
10022
4844
5178
3503
6519
73
787
302
3509
4599
99
81
n/a
–
50
25
105
12
373
n/a
n/a
343
4
82
16
445
11
18
266
20
n/a
–
315
488
48
290
n/a
473
1718
8
654
26
10
3715
261
23
n/a
7
60
19
n/a
15
78
n/a
n/a
9
n/a
473
69
12
n/a
130
45
59
231
10
31
586
10505
5109
5396
3706
6799
95
821
276
3783
4880
110
99
n/a
–
49
27
104
15
404
n/a
n/a
345
3
92
19
459
11
25
238
23
n/a
–
297
537
64
305
n/a
450
1717
8
631
27
10
3749
254
39
n/a
7
57
21
n/a
20
80
n/a
n/a
5
n/a
483
64
13
n/a
141
37
58
247
9
32
600
10872
5400
5471
3779
7093
106
904
235
4369
5509
102
92
n/a
–
56
24
88
14
376
n/a
n/a
329
3
90
19
441
12
27
237
25
n/a
–
302
541
64
313
n/a
473
1728
8
604
28
11
3770
252
40
n/a
7
55
21
n/a
21
85
n/a
n/a
8
1
490
61
12
n/a
150
36
54
249
13
25
602
11490
6006
5484
3765
7725
102
963
217
4813
5993
112
89
n/a
–
47
23
80
13
363
n/a
n/a
293
4
99
17
413
17
28
248
36
n/a
–
330
555
68
318
n/a
478
1687
8
638
28
19
3797
247
40
n/a
7
53
21
n/a
27
88
n/a
n/a
8
1
493
90
12
n/a
150
36
46
249
12
26
621
12010
6490
5520
3776
8235
110
*Includes ethane, LPG and naphtha separated from the production of natural gas. Excludes condensates.
†Less than 0.05.
2019
2008-18
Share
2019
6.5%
3.7%
8.0%
-7.5%
-4.5%
1.8%
10.2%
9.4% 40.1%
8.8%
7.1% 49.9%
9.8%
-1.9%
0.9%
-3.8%
2.2%
0.7%
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a -100.0%
–
-15.1%
8.5%
0.4%
-1.9%
-3.7%
0.2%
-10.0%
-6.0%
0.7%
-8.7%
-0.3%
0.1%
-3.3%
-1.5%
3.0%
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
-10.9%
1.5%
2.4%
◆
39.6%
-6.4%
10.3%
-5.9%
0.8%
-11.7%
-3.6%
0.1%
-6.3%
-0.8%
3.4%
37.8%
-5.3%
0.1%
4.5%
31.4%
0.2%
4.4%
2.8%
2.1%
44.8%
9.3%
0.3%
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
–
9.1%
3.5%
2.7%
2.6%
8.4%
4.6%
5.3%
6.6%
0.6%
1.5%
3.7%
2.6%
n/a
n/a
n/a
1.1%
7.9%
4.0%
-2.4%
3.6% 14.0%
-0.1%
-13.7%
0.1%
5.6%
7.5%
5.3%
–
2.7%
0.2%
69.0%
1.2%
0.2%
0.7%
5.1% 31.6%
-1.7%
-2.0%
2.1%
–
6.4%
0.3%
n/a
n/a
n/a
–
13.3%
0.1%
-3.9%
-1.6%
0.4%
◆
0.3%
0.2%
n/a
n/a
n/a
27.7%
-10.9%
0.2%
4.0%
1.7%
0.7%
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
◆
0.1%
–
◆
54.0%
n/a
0.6%
-1.4%
4.1%
47.7%
-2.9%
0.8%
-2.2%
-1.7%
0.1%
n/a
n/a
n/a
-0.3%
2.8%
1.2%
-0.3%
2.3%
0.3%
-15.3%
3.3%
0.4%
-0.2%
5.8%
2.1%
-11.6%
5.0%
0.1%
1.4%
-6.8%
0.2%
3.0%
2.3%
5.2%
4.5%
4.7% 100.0%
8.1%
6.0% 54.0%
0.7%
3.5% 46.0%
0.3%
3.6% 31.4%
6.6%
5.3% 68.6%
8.0%
-6.0%
0.9%
Source: includes data from FGE, ICIS.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
19
Oil: Total liquids consumption in thousands of barrels per day*
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2209
2024
18771
23005
532
2498
383
230
191
182
44
726
1168
5954
262
671
204
213
1819
2405
419
153
1561
945
222
566
274
195
1457
327
260
709
282
1650
1231
15826
73
182
200
2775
106
89
64
3488
1920
536
233
455
119
173
2914
606
776
7731
327
725
234
507
1529
3322
950
72
8285
332
3299
1321
4390
678
150
415
300
1049
2345
87
1022
1075
305
265
26340
85665
46227
39438
14041
2359
2043
19180
23582
594
2714
343
256
220
191
45
725
1174
6262
274
700
194
223
1760
2441
382
146
1531
964
233
593
272
184
1447
329
242
694
267
1633
1216
15725
72
150
211
2878
118
76
63
3567
1788
570
241
478
135
191
3206
654
724
7987
327
766
258
538
1599
3489
959
81
9435
359
3378
1415
4442
688
150
411
313
1157
2378
87
1043
1121
332
308
28057
88669
46812
41857
13981
2437
2068
18882
23387
609
2832
371
275
226
220
42
737
1186
6498
257
657
201
214
1722
2365
362
155
1474
971
227
591
256
191
1383
311
234
673
278
1600
1189
15310
89
172
243
3074
125
71
65
3838
1823
629
255
453
146
246
3295
735
712
8293
349
720
275
542
1520
3405
1014
104
9791
361
3544
1595
4442
724
154
414
298
1208
2401
92
950
1184
361
320
28958
89690
46316
43374
13589
2376
2086
18490
22953
636
2884
376
295
233
215
40
792
1182
6653
257
639
198
205
1670
2352
321
143
1384
925
225
570
231
191
1300
310
238
704
267
1546
1140
14816
92
211
245
3119
129
63
75
3935
1859
666
295
499
157
257
3460
773
676
8642
370
747
277
552
1630
3575
1040
110
10230
344
3742
1651
4702
759
152
402
309
1202
2466
95
950
1248
371
333
30106
90680
45818
44862
13092
2398
2038
18961
23397
683
3100
362
297
247
228
45
782
1166
6911
264
659
190
220
1658
2404
303
142
1274
898
229
537
241
174
1203
308
249
756
257
1532
1124
14624
101
144
260
3134
137
60
78
3914
2020
716
223
517
178
287
3451
852
624
8868
387
756
282
561
1726
3712
1058
108
10736
352
3783
1680
4516
806
153
442
326
1217
2464
82
981
1299
398
357
30757
92183
45858
46325
12841
2443
1965
19106
23513
673
3210
353
316
260
225
41
720
1165
6964
256
658
202
214
1609
2344
302
159
1204
866
217
538
241
187
1199
306
224
774
221
1536
1122
14379
99
163
262
3298
143
57
76
4098
1901
681
214
455
185
294
3764
880
619
8993
401
806
272
555
1739
3773
1065
120
11221
336
3908
1712
4303
809
156
458
347
1259
2463
71
1013
1309
409
388
31346
93067
45525
47542
12654
2402
1945
19531
23878
696
3140
355
332
254
247
45
637
1232
6938
257
675
196
212
1611
2336
313
168
1257
834
223
558
246
191
1243
304
227
917
194
1578
1168
14709
100
139
295
3143
145
53
78
3952
1713
683
227
471
184
332
3883
957
537
8988
425
834
268
579
1754
3860
1025
127
11969
368
4234
1574
4151
759
163
505
397
1328
2587
90
1021
1373
452
425
32547
94872
46169
48702
12847
2449
1956
19687
24092
686
2960
377
344
240
259
47
537
1272
6723
263
684
182
221
1596
2374
314
166
1266
851
217
605
240
202
1288
321
216
976
205
1622
1211
15020
98
136
305
3219
143
49
86
4036
1764
760
231
482
187
347
3875
1028
516
9191
412
857
275
547
1804
3895
1026
138
12317
380
4637
1624
4020
847
166
566
427
1372
2781
105
1046
1409
470
437
33769
96726
46739
49987
13084
2450
1890
19958
24297
678
3030
364
339
237
258
44
463
1283
6696
265
696
217
215
1607
2443
324
177
1279
829
223
662
249
213
1300
323
222
1025
210
1635
1260
15372
99
137
317
3195
144
47
82
4021
1808
724
255
440
243
312
3838
1012
524
9157
407
804
290
547
1891
3939
1073
156
12915
428
4864
1704
3986
811
174
589
459
1405
2811
114
1038
1456
487
454
34925
98408
47317
51091
13357
2019
2019
2464
2503
1740
1828
20466
20492
24670
24823
639
651
3098
3010
381
374
348
342
249
255
272
267
39
42
356
402
1312
1305
6694
6648
275
269
695
714
222
219
201
215
1602
1605
2352
2331
332
319
190
189
1235
1307
843
859
215
231
694
685
256
239
233
219
1329
1336
317
308
220
215
1009
991
223
208
1585
1617
1285
1274
15311
15350
108
104
152
148
353
340
3317
3282
162
149
44
45
93
91
4228
4158
2018
1835
716
705
254
250
427
434
295
284
346
325
3788
3769
1042
1057
529
515
9416
9174
454
417
743
757
294
286
571
558
2036
1969
4098
3988
1088
1098
171
178
14127
13453
409
435
5274
5115
1863
1789
3827
3870
838
821
176
175
446
498
474
464
1404
1431
2775
2796
123
114
998
1050
1515
1486
528
506
506
474
36541
35753
99894 100959
47428
47720
53531
52174
13309
13372
-1.6%
-4.8%
-0.1%
-0.6%
-1.7%
2.9%
1.9%
1.7%
-2.3%
2.0%
-6.9%
-11.6%
0.5%
0.7%
2.0%
-2.7%
1.2%
-6.5%
-0.2%
0.9%
3.9%
0.4%
-5.5%
-1.8%
-7.0%
1.4%
6.9%
6.2%
-0.5%
2.7%
2.3%
1.8%
7.2%
-1.9%
0.8%
-0.3%
4.1%
2.7%
3.8%
1.1%
8.7%
-3.3%
2.0%
1.7%
10.0%
1.7%
1.7%
-1.7%
4.0%
6.6%
0.5%
-1.4%
2.6%
2.6%
8.8%
-1.8%
2.8%
2.3%
3.4%
2.8%
-0.8%
-4.0%
5.0%
-6.0%
3.1%
4.1%
-1.1%
2.0%
0.5%
-10.5%
2.0%
-1.8%
-0.8%
7.5%
-4.9%
2.0%
4.4%
6.7%
2.2%
1.1%
-0.6%
2.6%
-0.5%
2018
2008-18
Share
2019
0.8%
2.4%
-1.3%
1.7%
0.5% 20.3%
0.4% 24.4%
1.9%
0.6%
2.0%
3.1%
-0.4%
0.4%
3.2%
0.3%
3.1%
0.2%
4.3%
0.3%
◆
-0.8%
-5.6%
0.4%
0.8%
1.3%
1.1%
6.6%
-0.1%
0.3%
-0.2%
0.7%
0.5%
0.2%
-0.4%
0.2%
-1.6%
1.6%
-0.7%
2.3%
-3.2%
0.3%
1.5%
0.2%
-2.4%
1.2%
-1.3%
0.8%
0.6%
0.2%
1.9%
0.7%
-2.0%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
-1.5%
1.3%
-1.0%
0.3%
-1.7%
0.2%
3.8%
1.0%
-3.6%
0.2%
-0.6%
1.6%
-0.3%
1.3%
-0.7% 15.2%
3.4%
0.1%
-0.8%
0.2%
3.6%
0.3%
1.4%
3.3%
2.7%
0.2%
◆
-6.9%
4.1%
0.1%
1.5%
4.2%
-0.5%
2.0%
3.9%
0.7%
-0.2%
0.3%
0.7%
0.4%
8.8%
0.3%
6.2%
0.3%
3.7%
3.8%
5.8%
1.0%
-4.3%
0.5%
2.2%
9.3%
3.1%
0.4%
1.0%
0.7%
2.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.6%
3.0%
2.0%
2.2%
4.1%
1.5%
1.1%
8.7%
0.2%
5.4% 14.0%
4.1%
0.4%
5.0%
5.2%
3.3%
1.8%
-2.2%
3.8%
2.0%
0.8%
1.2%
0.2%
2.5%
0.4%
5.1%
0.5%
3.9%
1.4%
1.9%
2.7%
3.3%
0.1%
0.4%
1.0%
3.9%
1.5%
5.4%
0.5%
6.8%
0.5%
3.3% 36.2%
1.4% 100.0%
-0.1% 47.0%
3.1% 53.0%
-1.0% 13.2%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are
also included.
than 0.05%.
Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels,
and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
◆Less
20
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Oil: Consumption in thousands of barrels per day*
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2183
2021
18030
22235
532
2078
383
230
191
178
44
726
1158
5519
250
668
199
209
1762
2339
417
149
1536
935
220
550
269
192
1449
317
260
709
282
1627
1223
15561
73
181
200
2775
106
89
64
3487
1920
536
232
455
119
173
2914
606
776
7730
327
725
234
507
1529
3322
916
72
8240
332
3298
1317
4389
678
150
415
294
1049
2339
87
1022
1058
305
265
26228
84083
45155
38927
13779
2333
2040
18324
22697
582
2271
343
256
220
186
45
725
1162
5791
262
691
189
219
1703
2373
380
141
1500
957
231
577
265
181
1413
315
242
694
267
1604
1205
15409
72
149
211
2878
118
76
63
3566
1788
570
241
478
135
191
3206
654
724
7987
327
766
258
538
1599
3489
907
81
9390
359
3378
1411
4434
688
150
411
307
1157
2370
87
1043
1104
332
308
27917
86856
45547
41308
13669
2397
2065
17983
22445
591
2432
371
274
226
215
42
737
1173
6061
245
649
194
209
1666
2294
359
151
1443
962
224
574
249
186
1343
295
234
672
278
1573
1175
14976
89
172
243
3074
125
71
65
3838
1823
629
254
453
146
246
3295
735
712
8293
349
720
275
542
1519
3405
959
104
9739
360
3542
1589
4435
724
154
414
292
1208
2394
92
950
1166
361
320
28802
87820
44976
42844
13258
2330
2083
17594
22006
614
2509
376
294
233
207
40
792
1169
6234
245
631
191
200
1610
2276
318
139
1350
916
221
552
225
186
1251
292
238
702
267
1522
1124
14458
92
210
245
3119
129
63
75
3934
1859
666
295
499
157
257
3460
773
676
8642
370
747
277
552
1630
3575
991
110
10170
344
3740
1639
4694
757
151
402
301
1202
2458
95
950
1225
371
333
29935
88784
44457
44327
12740
2345
2034
18006
22385
658
2655
362
297
247
219
45
782
1151
6418
253
651
183
215
1597
2336
300
139
1246
889
226
520
235
170
1181
292
249
748
256
1505
1106
14296
101
143
260
3134
137
60
78
3914
2020
716
223
517
178
287
3451
852
624
8868
387
756
282
561
1726
3712
1012
108
10668
352
3781
1662
4508
802
153
442
316
1217
2455
82
981
1267
398
357
30560
90152
44465
45687
12526
2387
1960
18136
22483
643
2721
353
315
260
216
41
720
1150
6420
243
649
194
204
1543
2273
298
154
1180
856
214
521
235
184
1176
286
224
771
219
1506
1103
14032
99
163
262
3298
143
57
76
4097
1901
681
214
455
185
294
3764
880
619
8993
401
806
272
555
1739
3773
1021
120
11134
336
3906
1680
4292
802
156
458
336
1259
2454
71
1013
1270
409
388
31105
90903
44092
46811
12315
2347
1939
18524
22810
662
2559
355
331
254
237
45
637
1217
6298
242
669
189
202
1545
2269
309
164
1227
826
219
542
238
186
1219
280
226
915
193
1552
1148
14360
100
139
295
3143
145
53
78
3952
1713
683
226
471
184
332
3883
957
537
8987
425
834
268
578
1754
3859
985
127
11911
367
4230
1558
4138
751
163
505
384
1328
2577
90
1021
1330
452
425
32344
92610
44700
47910
12507
2393
1950
18618
22961
651
2436
377
343
239
250
47
537
1255
6136
250
674
175
217
1529
2307
311
161
1236
843
210
594
234
195
1262
291
214
973
204
1597
1191
14669
98
136
305
3219
143
49
86
4036
1764
760
230
482
187
347
3875
1028
516
9191
412
857
275
546
1804
3894
992
138
12248
380
4632
1572
4006
839
166
566
413
1372
2771
105
1046
1364
470
437
33519
94404
45210
49194
12746
2393
1883
18883
23160
637
2481
364
338
237
248
44
463
1267
6078
254
685
209
207
1539
2374
320
173
1249
818
211
646
243
206
1270
289
219
1022
208
1610
1238
14991
99
136
317
3195
144
47
82
4021
1808
724
255
440
243
312
3838
1012
524
9156
407
804
290
546
1890
3938
1034
156
12842
428
4860
1660
3971
803
174
589
445
1405
2801
114
1038
1407
487
454
34669
96013
45747
50266
12996
2443
1821
19428
23692
611
2377
374
341
255
257
42
402
1288
5946
258
702
212
207
1538
2260
316
184
1277
844
222
663
233
212
1297
276
212
987
207
1584
1248
14936
104
147
340
3282
149
45
91
4157
1835
705
250
434
284
325
3769
1057
515
9174
417
757
286
557
1969
3986
1054
178
13375
435
5112
1724
3855
813
175
498
450
1431
2781
114
1050
1432
506
474
35457
97348
46115
51233
12976
2403
1733
19400
23536
599
2398
381
347
249
262
39
356
1294
5923
263
683
213
193
1530
2281
328
186
1218
825
207
670
250
224
1298
283
216
1005
222
1545
1257
14896
108
151
353
3317
162
44
93
4227
2018
716
254
427
295
346
3788
1042
529
9416
454
743
294
569
2036
4096
1046
171
14056
408
5271
1732
3812
829
176
446
458
1404
2760
123
998
1453
528
506
36178
98272
45822
52450
12913
-1.7%
-4.8%
-0.1%
-0.7%
-2.0%
0.9%
1.9%
1.7%
-2.4%
1.9%
-6.9%
-11.6%
0.5%
-0.4%
2.0%
-2.7%
0.8%
-6.8%
-0.5%
0.9%
3.9%
0.7%
-4.6%
-2.2%
-7.1%
1.2%
7.1%
5.6%
0.1%
2.7%
2.2%
1.8%
7.3%
-2.5%
0.7%
-0.3%
4.1%
2.7%
3.8%
1.1%
8.7%
-3.3%
2.0%
1.7%
10.0%
1.7%
1.7%
-1.7%
4.0%
6.6%
0.5%
-1.4%
2.6%
2.6%
8.8%
-1.8%
2.8%
2.3%
3.4%
2.8%
-0.8%
-4.0%
5.1%
-6.0%
3.1%
0.5%
-1.1%
2.1%
0.5%
-10.5%
1.9%
-1.8%
-0.8%
7.5%
-4.9%
1.5%
4.4%
6.7%
2.0%
0.9%
-0.6%
2.4%
-0.5%
2008-18
Share
2019
0.6%
2.4%
-1.3%
1.8%
0.3% 19.7%
0.2% 23.9%
1.2%
0.6%
1.3%
2.4%
-0.4%
0.4%
3.2%
0.4%
3.1%
0.3%
4.0%
0.3%
◆
-0.8%
-5.6%
0.4%
0.8%
1.3%
0.6%
6.0%
-0.2%
0.3%
-0.3%
0.7%
0.3%
0.2%
-0.7%
0.2%
-1.7%
1.6%
-0.7%
2.3%
-3.2%
0.3%
1.5%
0.2%
-2.5%
1.2%
-1.4%
0.8%
0.3%
0.2%
1.8%
0.7%
-2.1%
0.3%
-0.1%
0.2%
-1.7%
1.3%
-1.8%
0.3%
-1.9%
0.2%
3.7%
1.0%
-3.6%
0.2%
-0.7%
1.6%
-0.4%
1.3%
-0.9% 15.2%
3.4%
0.1%
-0.8%
0.2%
3.6%
0.4%
1.4%
3.4%
2.7%
0.2%
◆
-6.9%
4.1%
0.1%
1.5%
4.3%
-0.5%
2.1%
3.9%
0.7%
-0.2%
0.3%
0.7%
0.4%
8.8%
0.3%
6.2%
0.4%
3.7%
3.9%
5.8%
1.1%
-4.3%
0.5%
2.2%
9.6%
3.1%
0.5%
1.0%
0.8%
2.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.6%
3.0%
2.1%
2.2%
4.2%
1.4%
1.1%
8.7%
0.2%
5.4% 14.3%
4.1%
0.4%
5.0%
5.4%
3.0%
1.8%
-2.3%
3.9%
1.9%
0.8%
1.2%
0.2%
2.5%
0.5%
4.8%
0.5%
3.9%
1.4%
1.9%
2.8%
3.3%
0.1%
0.4%
1.0%
3.6%
1.5%
5.4%
0.5%
6.8%
0.5%
3.2% 36.8%
1.3% 100.0%
-0.3% 46.6%
3.1% 53.4%
-1.1% 13.1%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are
excluded. Derivatives of coal and natural gas are included.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute
fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
◆Less
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
21
Oil: Consumption in exajoules*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
4.13
3.89
35.05
43.07
1.05
4.16
0.78
0.46
0.39
0.36
0.09
1.48
2.44
11.21
0.53
1.38
0.41
0.43
3.66
4.82
0.88
0.30
3.18
1.91
0.43
1.10
0.55
0.39
3.06
0.66
0.53
1.41
0.59
3.26
2.57
32.02
0.14
0.39
0.41
5.55
0.22
0.18
0.13
7.02
3.93
1.09
0.47
0.87
0.24
0.27
5.45
1.26
1.60
15.20
0.65
1.48
0.46
1.05
3.14
6.79
1.83
0.15
16.69
0.71
6.57
2.65
8.72
1.29
0.31
0.89
0.60
2.34
4.55
0.18
2.01
2.01
0.62
0.55
52.66
167.95
89.55
78.40
28.40
4.43
3.91
35.61
43.95
1.17
4.54
0.69
0.51
0.45
0.37
0.10
1.48
2.45
11.76
0.55
1.43
0.38
0.45
3.53
4.89
0.79
0.28
3.08
1.94
0.45
1.16
0.54
0.37
2.98
0.66
0.50
1.37
0.55
3.22
2.53
31.65
0.14
0.31
0.43
5.77
0.24
0.16
0.13
7.18
3.59
1.16
0.48
0.91
0.28
0.30
5.92
1.35
1.49
15.46
0.65
1.57
0.52
1.11
3.29
7.13
1.82
0.17
18.99
0.77
6.72
2.82
8.80
1.29
0.31
0.88
0.62
2.57
4.61
0.18
2.05
2.07
0.67
0.64
55.97
173.11
90.22
82.89
28.14
4.54
3.97
34.89
43.41
1.18
4.83
0.76
0.55
0.46
0.43
0.09
1.50
2.47
12.26
0.51
1.33
0.39
0.43
3.46
4.73
0.75
0.30
2.97
1.97
0.43
1.16
0.51
0.38
2.84
0.61
0.48
1.34
0.57
3.17
2.47
30.79
0.17
0.36
0.50
6.16
0.25
0.15
0.13
7.72
3.66
1.28
0.51
0.84
0.29
0.37
6.05
1.46
1.47
15.92
0.69
1.46
0.55
1.12
3.12
6.93
1.94
0.22
19.68
0.77
7.03
3.18
8.82
1.38
0.31
0.88
0.59
2.68
4.65
0.19
1.87
2.16
0.73
0.66
57.75
174.78
89.07
85.70
27.31
4.41
4.04
34.12
42.57
1.22
4.98
0.76
0.60
0.47
0.41
0.09
1.61
2.47
12.61
0.51
1.29
0.39
0.41
3.34
4.70
0.66
0.28
2.78
1.87
0.43
1.11
0.46
0.38
2.66
0.60
0.49
1.41
0.55
3.08
2.37
29.76
0.18
0.44
0.50
6.26
0.26
0.13
0.15
7.92
3.74
1.36
0.60
0.94
0.32
0.38
6.36
1.53
1.39
16.61
0.74
1.53
0.56
1.15
3.35
7.31
2.01
0.23
20.63
0.74
7.45
3.27
9.40
1.45
0.31
0.86
0.61
2.67
4.79
0.20
1.86
2.27
0.74
0.68
60.18
176.96
88.16
88.80
26.27
4.41
3.93
34.69
43.03
1.31
5.26
0.73
0.60
0.50
0.43
0.10
1.59
2.42
12.95
0.53
1.32
0.37
0.43
3.30
4.80
0.62
0.27
2.54
1.77
0.44
1.04
0.48
0.35
2.49
0.59
0.51
1.51
0.52
3.03
2.32
29.23
0.20
0.30
0.53
6.26
0.27
0.12
0.15
7.83
4.08
1.46
0.44
0.98
0.36
0.43
6.37
1.69
1.28
17.09
0.77
1.54
0.56
1.16
3.54
7.57
2.05
0.23
21.54
0.75
7.50
3.30
8.97
1.54
0.31
0.94
0.64
2.69
4.77
0.17
1.91
2.35
0.79
0.73
61.17
178.88
87.61
91.27
25.64
4.48
3.75
34.94
43.17
1.29
5.43
0.71
0.64
0.53
0.42
0.09
1.46
2.41
12.97
0.51
1.30
0.39
0.40
3.19
4.67
0.62
0.30
2.40
1.69
0.41
1.04
0.47
0.38
2.48
0.58
0.46
1.55
0.44
3.03
2.31
28.64
0.20
0.34
0.53
6.59
0.28
0.12
0.15
8.20
3.80
1.39
0.42
0.84
0.37
0.45
6.99
1.71
1.27
17.24
0.80
1.65
0.53
1.15
3.56
7.70
2.07
0.26
22.42
0.72
7.72
3.32
8.52
1.54
0.32
0.97
0.68
2.75
4.76
0.15
1.97
2.35
0.82
0.79
62.13
180.05
86.72
93.33
25.17
4.37
3.70
35.66
43.74
1.32
5.09
0.72
0.67
0.51
0.47
0.09
1.29
2.55
12.71
0.50
1.35
0.38
0.40
3.19
4.67
0.64
0.32
2.50
1.65
0.42
1.09
0.48
0.38
2.56
0.57
0.47
1.85
0.39
3.11
2.40
29.33
0.20
0.29
0.59
6.25
0.28
0.11
0.15
7.88
3.37
1.39
0.45
0.88
0.38
0.52
7.26
1.83
1.10
17.18
0.85
1.72
0.52
1.20
3.58
7.87
2.00
0.27
23.90
0.78
8.34
3.07
8.20
1.43
0.33
1.06
0.77
2.91
5.01
0.18
1.99
2.48
0.90
0.87
64.50
183.21
87.87
95.34
25.57
4.44
3.73
35.92
44.09
1.29
4.83
0.76
0.70
0.48
0.49
0.10
1.08
2.63
12.37
0.52
1.37
0.36
0.43
3.17
4.76
0.64
0.32
2.52
1.71
0.40
1.20
0.48
0.40
2.65
0.59
0.44
1.98
0.41
3.20
2.50
30.04
0.20
0.29
0.61
6.42
0.28
0.10
0.17
8.06
3.46
1.55
0.46
0.91
0.39
0.55
7.18
1.96
1.05
17.51
0.83
1.76
0.54
1.13
3.69
7.95
2.01
0.30
24.51
0.81
9.15
3.09
7.97
1.60
0.34
1.18
0.83
3.02
5.40
0.21
2.04
2.57
0.95
0.89
66.88
186.91
89.07
97.84
26.13
4.45
3.59
36.29
44.32
1.26
4.90
0.73
0.68
0.47
0.48
0.09
0.93
2.64
12.18
0.53
1.39
0.42
0.41
3.18
4.87
0.66
0.34
2.54
1.64
0.40
1.30
0.50
0.42
2.66
0.58
0.45
2.07
0.42
3.22
2.59
30.60
0.20
0.29
0.63
6.33
0.28
0.10
0.16
7.98
3.49
1.48
0.50
0.81
0.50
0.48
7.07
1.93
1.07
17.34
0.81
1.64
0.57
1.13
3.85
7.99
2.10
0.33
25.57
0.92
9.49
3.25
7.85
1.51
0.35
1.22
0.89
3.10
5.42
0.23
2.03
2.64
0.98
0.92
68.82
189.24
89.81
99.44
26.55
4.59
3.48
37.11
45.18
1.20
4.69
0.75
0.69
0.51
0.50
0.09
0.80
2.68
11.92
0.54
1.42
0.43
0.41
3.17
4.63
0.65
0.37
2.60
1.68
0.41
1.33
0.48
0.43
2.72
0.56
0.43
2.00
0.41
3.17
2.61
30.46
0.21
0.31
0.67
6.50
0.29
0.09
0.18
8.24
3.54
1.46
0.49
0.80
0.58
0.50
6.86
2.01
1.06
17.31
0.83
1.53
0.55
1.16
4.01
8.07
2.16
0.38
26.58
0.93
9.95
3.38
7.63
1.54
0.36
1.02
0.89
3.13
5.37
0.23
2.04
2.68
1.02
0.97
70.27
191.45
90.32
101.13
26.49
4.50
3.29
36.99
44.78
1.19
4.73
0.76
0.70
0.49
0.51
0.08
0.71
2.69
11.86
0.55
1.38
0.43
0.39
3.15
4.68
0.68
0.37
2.49
1.65
0.39
1.34
0.51
0.45
2.72
0.57
0.44
2.03
0.44
3.11
2.63
30.40
0.21
0.32
0.69
6.57
0.31
0.09
0.18
8.37
3.92
1.49
0.50
0.78
0.61
0.54
6.92
1.95
1.08
17.80
0.88
1.50
0.57
1.18
4.14
8.28
2.14
0.37
27.91
0.87
10.24
3.38
7.53
1.57
0.36
0.90
0.91
3.06
5.30
0.25
1.93
2.72
1.07
1.03
71.54
193.03
89.63
103.40
26.39
-2.0%
-5.5%
-0.3%
-0.9%
-1.5%
0.8%
1.4%
1.6%
-3.1%
1.7%
-6.5%
-11.9%
0.2%
-0.5%
2.1%
-2.9%
0.7%
-4.8%
-0.6%
0.9%
4.2%
0.9%
-4.4%
-1.7%
-6.3%
1.0%
6.3%
5.5%
0.1%
2.7%
2.2%
1.8%
6.0%
-2.1%
0.7%
-0.2%
3.2%
2.7%
3.2%
1.1%
6.8%
-3.2%
2.1%
1.5%
10.8%
1.7%
1.7%
-2.5%
3.9%
8.4%
0.9%
-2.8%
2.6%
2.8%
6.3%
-1.7%
2.6%
2.5%
3.4%
2.5%
-0.8%
-4.2%
5.0%
-6.5%
2.9%
0.2%
-1.3%
2.0%
0.4%
-11.4%
1.9%
-2.5%
-1.3%
7.9%
-5.0%
1.4%
4.3%
6.5%
1.8%
0.8%
-0.8%
2.2%
-0.4%
0.5%
-1.4%
◆
◆
Share
2019
2.3%
1.7%
19.2%
23.2%
0.6%
2.5%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
1.2%
1.1%
-0.7%
3.3%
3.0%
3.6%
◆
-0.9%
-5.8%
0.4%
0.6%
1.4%
0.5%
6.1%
-0.3%
0.3%
-0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
-1.1%
0.2%
-1.8%
1.6%
-0.8%
2.4%
-3.5%
0.4%
1.4%
0.2%
-2.7%
1.3%
-1.7%
0.9%
-0.3%
0.2%
1.8%
0.7%
-2.2%
0.3%
-0.2%
0.2%
-1.8%
1.4%
-2.0%
0.3%
-1.9%
0.2%
3.7%
1.1%
-3.9%
0.2%
-0.8%
1.6%
-0.5%
1.4%
-1.0% 15.7%
3.0%
0.1%
-0.8%
0.2%
3.1%
0.4%
1.2%
3.4%
2.5%
0.2%
◆
-7.1%
3.7%
0.1%
1.2%
4.3%
-1.1%
2.0%
4.3%
0.8%
-0.4%
0.3%
-0.1%
0.4%
8.7%
0.3%
5.8%
0.3%
3.3%
3.6%
4.5%
1.0%
-4.4%
0.6%
1.6%
9.2%
3.1%
0.5%
0.9%
0.8%
1.9%
0.3%
0.9%
0.6%
2.9%
2.1%
2.1%
4.3%
1.6%
1.1%
8.9%
0.2%
5.1% 14.5%
4.1%
0.5%
4.8%
5.3%
2.6%
1.8%
-2.4%
3.9%
1.7%
0.8%
1.1%
0.2%
2.1%
0.5%
4.5%
0.5%
3.8%
1.6%
1.7%
2.7%
2.8%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
3.4%
1.4%
5.3%
0.6%
6.6%
0.5%
3.0% 37.1%
1.1% 100.0%
-0.4% 46.4%
2.8% 53.6%
-1.3% 13.7%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are
excluded. Derivatives of coal and natural gas are included.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels,
and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using exajoules figures.
Oil consumption data expressed in million tonnes is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
◆Less
22
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Oil: Production by region
Oil: Consumption by region
Million barrels daily
Million barrels daily
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
CIS
94
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
99
04
09
14
19
100
100
90
90
80
80
70
70
60
60
50
50
40
40
30
30
20
20
10
10
0
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
World oil production fell by 60,000 b/d in 2019 as strong growth in US output (1.7 million b/d) was more than offset by a decline in OPEC production (-2 million b/d), with
sharp declines in Iran (-1.3 million b/d) Venezuela (-560,000 b/d) and Saudi Arabia (-430,000 b/d). Oil consumption grew by a below-average 0.9 million barrels per day
(b/d), or 0.9%. Growth was led by China (680,000 b/d) and other emerging economies, while demand fell in the OECD (-290,000 b/d).
Oil: Consumption per capita 2019
GJ per capita
0-20
20- 40
40-60
60-100
> 100
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
23
Oil: Regional consumption – by product group
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
North America
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
of which: Brazil
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Brazil
Europe
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
of which: European Union
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total European Union
CIS
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total CIS
Middle East
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2929
304
9789
1571
4689
801
2152
22235
3063
377
9710
1619
4929
810
2188
22697
3121
361
9460
1637
4994
745
2127
22445
3167
331
9362
1587
4758
662
2139
22006
3364
376
9493
1631
4788
576
2157
22385
3330
349
9566
1676
5017
447
2098
22483
3392
333
9799
1766
4945
418
2156
22810
3439
328
9975
1840
4776
474
2128
22961
3505
285
9951
1920
4869
519
2111
23160
3742
291
9967
1963
5129
478
2122
23692
3808
263
9876
2012
4969
409
2199
23536
1.8%
-9.4%
-0.9%
2.5%
-3.1%
-14.5%
3.6%
-0.7%
2.8% 16.2%
-1.4%
1.1%
0.1% 42.0%
1.2%
8.5%
-0.1% 21.1%
-6.5%
1.7%
-0.9%
9.3%
0.2% 100.0%
2043
246
8291
1411
3809
508
1723
18030
2166
256
8168
1452
3995
532
1754
18324
2201
254
7926
1438
4022
459
1683
17983
2247
236
7858
1403
3816
367
1666
17594
2436
270
7993
1440
3838
317
1711
18006
2389
231
8056
1479
4060
256
1665
18136
2446
223
8280
1555
4005
258
1757
18524
2463
219
8394
1623
3845
325
1749
18618
2533
228
8393
1687
3925
341
1776
18883
2867
233
8400
1712
4121
317
1777
19428
2925
207
8338
1747
4073
272
1837
19400
2.0%
-11.3%
-0.7%
2.0%
-1.2%
-14.1%
3.4%
-0.1%
3.9%
-0.6%
645
182
1181
248
1853
740
670
5519
639
187
1265
272
2030
716
682
5791
675
184
1390
285
2123
686
719
6061
712
185
1458
299
2223
697
661
6234
712
161
1511
306
2335
679
714
6418
705
157
1534
321
2325
693
684
6420
697
173
1490
325
2293
690
629
6298
713
160
1523
330
2213
629
568
6136
723
177
1533
331
2205
567
542
6078
723
149
1446
344
2211
543
530
5946
728
151
1435
349
2230
520
512
5923
0.7%
1.4%
-0.8%
1.3%
0.8%
-4.3%
-3.5%
-0.4%
1.1% 12.3%
-1.3%
2.5%
2.5% 24.2%
3.3%
5.9%
1.5% 37.6%
-3.6%
8.8%
-2.8%
8.6%
0.6% 100.0%
257
168
329
94
736
179
314
2078
267
173
393
108
849
152
329
2271
290
168
468
120
901
126
359
2432
300
169
514
126
961
126
315
2509
316
147
549
125
1009
139
371
2655
307
142
575
129
1034
161
373
2721
300
155
522
127
986
149
321
2559
303
145
541
116
933
112
286
2436
309
163
556
115
944
110
283
2481
308
135
483
124
959
90
278
2377
313
136
481
120
987
91
270
2398
1.4%
0.9%
-0.5%
-2.6%
3.0%
1.0%
-3.1%
0.9%
1.4% 13.0%
-1.5%
5.7%
4.0% 20.1%
3.1%
5.0%
2.5% 41.2%
-6.9%
3.8%
-1.4% 11.2%
1.3% 100.0%
1021
1053
2451
1254
6284
1481
2018
15561
1017
1123
2313
1249
6381
1338
1990
15409
1007
1009
2212
1255
6256
1291
1945
14976
997
974
2098
1227
6138
1166
1860
14458
1125
959
2029
1247
6201
1041
1692
14296
1139
920
1995
1278
6102
969
1629
14032
1157
894
1945
1347
6386
923
1708
14360
1191
901
1949
1387
6493
965
1782
14669
1223
932
1952
1474
6646
975
1789
14991
1239
926
1943
1537
6602
964
1725
14936
1212
877
1958
1570
6650
931
1697
14896
-2.2%
-5.3%
0.8%
2.1%
0.7%
-3.4%
-1.6%
-0.3%
1.8%
8.1%
-1.3%
5.9%
-2.6% 13.1%
1.4% 10.5%
0.1% 44.6%
-5.1%
6.3%
-2.3% 11.4%
-0.9% 100.0%
821
999
2140
1150
5553
1303
1813
13779
810
1069
2019
1152
5634
1210
1776
13669
798
965
1933
1157
5491
1165
1750
13258
793
929
1832
1130
5349
1050
1656
12740
910
910
1773
1135
5383
927
1488
12526
926
877
1763
1135
5304
858
1451
12315
929
840
1732
1171
5538
815
1482
12507
957
843
1736
1213
5618
854
1525
12746
982
868
1747
1295
5725
854
1525
12996
989
871
1745
1348
5683
862
1478
12976
959
816
1758
1372
5713
833
1461
12913
-3.0%
-6.3%
0.7%
1.8%
0.5%
-3.3%
-1.2%
-0.5%
1.6%
7.4%
-1.6%
6.3%
-2.3% 13.6%
1.0% 10.6%
-0.2% 44.2%
-5.1%
6.5%
-2.9% 11.3%
-1.1% 100.0%
389
178
925
261
791
343
600
3487
379
191
968
275
873
336
544
3566
435
189
981
308
942
358
625
3838
460
173
1030
314
942
354
662
3934
517
194
1050
298
945
363
546
3914
561
180
1073
314
906
432
632
4097
579
191
1053
283
889
366
591
3952
621
201
1044
279
915
373
602
4036
641
226
1037
307
942
341
528
4021
681
246
1050
326
1013
346
497
4157
732
238
1043
335
1060
351
469
4227
7.5%
-3.2%
-0.6%
2.7%
4.6%
1.4%
-5.5%
1.7%
5.9% 17.3%
2.4%
5.6%
1.3% 24.7%
1.4%
7.9%
1.6% 25.1%
-0.8%
8.3%
-1.5% 11.1%
1.5% 100.0%
1309
288
1340
447
1856
1902
589
7730
1569
296
1369
437
1846
1938
532
7987
1743
336
1423
434
1973
1953
430
8293
1840
344
1501
436
2075
1993
453
8642
1800
324
1585
488
2150
2066
457
8868
1903
369
1611
467
2069
2099
475
8993
1918
382
1642
538
1904
2127
476
8987
2054
389
1688
565
1805
2118
572
9191
2100
431
1802
542
1701
2059
522
9156
2182
482
1818
540
1661
2007
484
9174
2194
503
1867
564
1773
2022
493
9416
0.5%
4.5%
2.7%
4.4%
6.7%
0.7%
1.8%
2.6%
6.7% 23.3%
5.4%
5.3%
3.6% 19.8%
2.0%
6.0%
-1.1% 18.8%
1.4% 21.5%
-2.6%
5.2%
2.2% 100.0%
351
30
772
294
1219
445
211
3322
363
27
810
320
1304
461
203
3489
372
7
811
303
1315
395
203
3405
381
3
867
306
1375
443
201
3575
386
4
881
317
1476
442
206
3712
387
4
900
299
1535
440
207
3773
386
4
965
263
1601
429
212
3859
399
4
1037
254
1580
406
214
3894
411
4
1073
260
1614
376
199
3938
425
4
1099
260
1636
356
206
3986
463
4
1122
262
1678
355
211
4096
9.2%
0.4%
2.1%
0.9%
2.6%
-0.1%
2.3%
2.8%
2.2% 11.3%
-18.0%
0.1%
4.1% 27.4%
-1.3%
6.4%
3.5% 41.0%
-2.0%
8.7%
0.2%
5.2%
2.2% 100.0%
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Table continues on next page.
24
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
2008-18
Share
2019
2009
◆
1.0%
-0.3%
-6.3%
-0.6%
0.3%
15.1%
1.1%
43.0%
9.0%
21.0%
1.4%
9.5%
100.0%
Oil: Regional consumption – by product group (continued)
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
Asia Pacific
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: India
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total India
of which: Japan
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total World
OECD
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total OECD
Non-OECD
Ethane and LPG
Naphtha
Gasoline
Jet/kerosene
Diesel/gasoil
Fuel oil
Others
Total Non-OECD
2008-18
Share
2019
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2636
3258
4353
2053
7320
3043
3565
26228
2771
3559
4650
2194
7725
3047
3971
27917
2880
3571
4829
2205
8122
3113
4082
28802
2969
3729
5103
2242
8518
3218
4157
29935
3061
3863
5481
2316
8647
2976
4215
30560
3233
4022
5601
2352
8705
2813
4380
31105
3374
4281
6132
2447
8859
2807
4443
32344
3723
4379
6383
2589
8901
2854
4689
33519
4009
4567
6612
2723
9135
2739
4884
34669
4172
4694
6770
2872
9346
2621
4982
35457
4402
4740
7023
2888
9595
2404
5125
36178
5.5%
1.0%
3.7%
0.6%
2.7%
-8.3%
2.9%
2.0%
5.1% 12.2%
4.1% 13.1%
4.8% 19.4%
3.0%
8.0%
2.6% 26.5%
-2.5%
6.6%
4.4% 14.2%
3.2% 100.0%
640
598
1412
363
2761
662
1804
8240
677
778
1591
437
3005
666
2235
9390
691
811
1738
459
3196
588
2257
9739
689
868
1863
495
3453
560
2243
10170
771
914
2143
546
3503
564
2227
10668
884
1032
2236
588
3506
592
2295
11134
1028
1115
2601
659
3538
591
2380
11911
1207
1188
2707
728
3418
556
2444
12248
1351
1277
2840
816
3440
528
2591
12842
1432
1384
2921
927
3492
566
2652
13375
1578
1391
3087
974
3690
604
2731
14056
10.2%
0.5%
5.7%
5.0%
5.7%
6.8%
3.0%
5.1%
8.6% 11.2%
9.9%
9.9%
7.6% 22.0%
11.4%
6.9%
2.4% 26.3%
-2.4%
4.3%
5.6% 19.4%
5.4% 100.0%
470
283
285
299
1140
222
600
3298
506
255
317
301
1218
199
583
3378
544
270
331
300
1301
178
618
3542
557
289
349
279
1406
147
713
3740
565
279
380
274
1410
117
756
3781
625
267
415
276
1417
107
798
3906
684
315
471
280
1493
113
875
4230
765
328
520
274
1573
136
1035
4632
894
306
569
249
1629
122
1092
4860
955
345
620
254
1703
120
1115
5112
1023
325
674
235
1729
112
1172
5271
7.1%
-5.9%
8.7%
-7.3%
1.6%
-6.5%
5.1%
3.1%
7.9% 19.4%
0.4%
6.2%
9.8% 12.8%
-1.6%
4.5%
4.9% 32.8%
-6.1%
2.1%
7.7% 22.2%
5.0% 100.0%
500
644
990
543
837
450
425
4389
492
690
999
550
841
442
422
4434
496
655
973
527
816
577
391
4435
536
633
974
539
821
824
367
4694
508
679
944
528
817
646
387
4508
492
651
914
516
803
532
384
4292
443
706
903
495
786
433
373
4138
419
663
894
504
786
371
370
4006
424
694
879
514
782
284
393
3971
399
655
865
499
781
269
388
3855
351
759
840
485
770
210
397
3812
-12.0%
15.9%
-2.9%
-2.7%
-1.4%
-21.7%
2.3%
-1.1%
-2.9%
9.2%
0.4% 19.9%
-1.3% 22.0%
-1.5% 12.7%
-1.6% 20.2%
-9.2%
5.5%
-2.3% 10.4%
-2.3% 100.0%
9281
5292
20811
6127
24012
8754
9805
84083
9802
5759
21084
6366
25087
8645
10112
86856
10234
5656
21107
6427
25725
8541
10130
87820
10525
5738
21420
6410
26028
8532
10132
88784
10965
5881
22030
6603
26542
8143
9988
90152
11259
6000
22279
6707
26660
7893
10105
90903
11503
6259
23024
6970
26879
7761
10214
92610
12140
6362
23600
7245
26682
7819
10556
94404
12612
6621
23960
7556
27112
7576
10576
96013
13163
6790
24094
7842
27599
7316
10546
97348
13540
6775
24324
7979
27955
6992
10706
98272
2.9%
-0.2%
1.0%
1.8%
1.3%
-4.4%
1.5%
0.9%
4.0% 13.8%
2.7%
6.9%
1.5% 24.8%
1.9%
8.1%
1.1% 28.4%
-2.3%
7.1%
0.7% 10.9%
1.3% 100.0%
4828
2886
13650
3679
12388
2926
4798
45155
4946
3106
13450
3752
12736
2791
4765
45547
4972
3010
13075
3751
12701
2795
4672
44976
5047
3008
12885
3692
12408
2851
4565
44457
5321
3072
12944
3752
12515
2447
4414
44465
5273
3019
12970
3817
12644
2092
4277
44092
5283
3074
13179
3970
12895
1924
4374
44700
5399
3071
13365
4119
12847
1987
4423
45210
5487
3173
13334
4306
13115
1906
4425
45747
5717
3112
13328
4412
13332
1847
4367
46115
5736
3104
13236
4473
13212
1643
4418
45822
0.3%
-0.3%
-0.7%
1.4%
-0.9%
-11.0%
1.2%
-0.6%
1.8% 12.5%
0.8%
6.8%
-0.3% 28.9%
1.1%
9.8%
0.1% 28.8%
-6.3%
3.6%
-1.6%
9.6%
-0.3% 100.0%
4453
2406
7161
2448
11625
5828
5008
38927
4857
2653
7634
2614
12351
5854
5346
41308
5262
2647
8031
2675
13024
5746
5458
42844
5478
2730
8534
2717
13620
5681
5566
44327
5644
2809
9086
2850
14028
5696
5573
45687
5985
2981
9310
2890
14016
5801
5828
46811
6219
3184
9845
3000
13985
5837
5840
47910
6741
3291
10235
3126
13835
5832
6133
49194
7125
3448
10626
3251
13997
5669
6151
50266
7445
3678
10765
3430
14266
5469
6179
51233
7804
3671
11088
3506
14743
5349
6287
52450
4.8%
-0.2%
3.0%
2.2%
3.3%
-2.2%
1.7%
2.4%
6.0% 14.9%
4.6%
7.0%
4.5% 21.1%
3.2%
6.7%
2.2% 28.1%
-0.5% 10.2%
2.8% 12.0%
3.1% 100.0%
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Notes: Gasoline includes motor and aviation gasoline, gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF).
Diesel/gasoil includes marine gasoil.
‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly for fuel.
‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
25
Spot crude prices
US dollars per barrel
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Dubai
$/bbl*
Brent
$/bbl†
Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbl
West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbl‡
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.18
15.65
20.26
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
94.34
61.39
78.06
106.18
109.08
105.47
97.07
51.20
41.19
53.13
69.51
63.43
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
97.26
61.67
79.50
111.26
111.67
108.66
98.95
52.39
43.73
54.19
71.31
64.21
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
101.43
63.35
81.05
113.65
114.21
111.95
101.35
54.41
44.54
54.31
72.47
64.95
29.39
27.98
15.05
19.19
15.98
19.67
24.46
21.53
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.06
41.49
56.59
66.04
72.20
100.06
61.92
79.45
95.04
94.13
97.99
93.28
48.71
43.34
50.79
65.20
57.03
*1984-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2019 Dubai dated.
†1984-2019 Brent dated.
‡1984-2019 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.
Source: S&P Global Platts, © 2020, S&P Global Inc.
Crude oil prices 1861-2019
US dollars per barrel
World events
Yom Kippur war
Post-war reconstruction
Fears of shortage in US
Growth of Venezuelan
production
Pennsylvanian
oil boom
Russian
oil exports
began
East Texas field
discovered
Sumatra
Discovery of
production Spindletop,
began
Texas
Iranian revolution
Loss of Iranian
supplies
Netback pricing Asian financial crisis
introduced
Suez crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait
Invasion
of Iraq
‘Arab
Spring’
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69
1870-79
1880-89
1890-99
1900-09
1910-19
$ 2019 (deflated using the Consumer Price Index for the US)
$ money of the day
26
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
1920-29
1930-39
1940-49
1950-59
1960-69
1970-79
1980-89
1990-99
2000-09
2010-19
0
1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2019 Brent dated.
Oil product prices (Rotterdam)
Product differentials to crude
(Rotterdam products minus Dated Brent)
US dollars per barrel
US dollars per barrel
Gasoline
Gas oil
High sulphur fuel oil
160
Gasoline
Gas oil
High sulphur fuel oil
140
40
30
20
120
10
100
0
80
-10
60
-20
40
-30
20
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
0
Source: S&P Global Platts, © 2020, S&P Global Inc.
-40
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
-50
Source: S&P Global Platts, © 2020, S&P Global Inc.
Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel
25
USGC Medium Sour Coking
NWE Light Sweet Cracking
Singapore Medium Sour Hydrocracking
20
15
10
5
0
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
-5
19
Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres. US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.
Refinery utilization
Percentage (based on average annual capacity)
100
90
80
70
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
09
10
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World
11
60
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
50
Global refinery throughput grew by only 30,000 b/d in 2019, held back by weak demand and robust growth in NGLs supplies. China’s crude runs rose by a record
950,000 b/d, but throughput declined in most other regions, particularly the US (-400,000 b/d) and South & Central America (-300,000 b/d). Refining capacity rose by
1.5 million b/d, the largest increase since 2009 aided by a record low level of refinery closures. As a result, global refinery utilization fell sharply by 1.2 percentage points
to 82.5%, the largest annual decline since 2009. Utilization in S&C America fell to an all-time low of 58.7%. bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
27
Oil: Refinery throughput
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily*
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Curacao
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
Nigeria
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
1731
1184
14336
17251
532
1781
192
302
183
156
199
152
961
796
5253
169
629
125
148
157
220
1449
2026
346
127
1614
174
1104
278
408
209
247
114
1057
394
375
255
1440
199
13414
121
434
235
4765
152
88
3
5798
256
1826
417
221
869
203
158
1928
492
386
6755
475
598
93
49
398
696
2309
577
7452
3641
900
3627
554
95
209
147
844
2297
956
938
28
97
22380
73159
36847
36312
12307
1770
1184
14724
17678
531
1787
159
300
64
137
201
126
969
700
4974
158
668
110
159
146
211
1314
1915
393
128
1673
190
1156
259
458
227
217
110
1060
406
392
249
1395
184
13327
124
330
257
5018
170
73
3
5975
265
1830
520
217
892
167
294
1922
571
381
7059
548
580
110
96
400
701
2434
606
8408
3899
853
3619
470
99
190
181
979
2390
876
963
121
96
23775
75222
37335
37888
12237
1681
1166
14799
17646
516
1813
173
306
164
156
193
137
991
704
5153
168
598
102
143
137
225
1313
1876
331
132
1570
189
1115
289
482
206
194
120
1051
374
394
206
1433
158
12953
127
411
326
5185
164
69
3
6286
259
1874
543
218
852
201
278
1884
635
349
7092
520
523
103
108
393
512
2160
627
8686
4085
880
3410
516
108
193
190
1035
2533
809
934
137
100
24267
75557
37008
38550
11885
1753
1199
14997
17949
530
1889
164
305
165
152
190
107
936
326
4764
170
634
118
145
153
215
1138
1901
410
122
1475
181
1110
287
505
221
182
108
1186
417
398
108
1348
132
12793
124
434
331
5438
156
62
2
6548
263
1933
579
220
916
193
292
1953
638
268
7254
478
534
111
92
413
586
2214
600
9199
4302
820
3400
575
109
192
170
1020
2582
897
986
126
89
25090
76612
37277
39336
11861
1719
1223
15306
18248
527
2035
174
284
170
141
186
132
952
286
4887
174
555
113
134
144
227
1117
1857
399
120
1259
192
1065
292
488
239
189
116
1168
332
421
85
1197
136
12173
132
425
341
5636
146
61
2
6742
264
2000
598
221
873
187
270
1876
650
238
7177
492
514
111
97
422
594
2230
588
9599
4462
822
3453
557
105
223
158
936
2484
847
1056
148
98
25563
77021
36922
40099
11202
1615
1155
15844
18614
526
2085
174
247
189
125
188
105
920
277
4836
173
645
104
151
139
225
1096
1833
416
131
1198
160
1090
274
486
217
194
105
1185
380
406
69
1125
128
12082
135
448
361
5926
136
50
4
7060
257
1941
487
226
879
180
261
2201
643
230
7306
615
530
104
64
440
444
2197
538
10155
4475
848
3289
552
101
232
168
839
2516
850
1005
129
95
25816
77910
37046
40865
11154
1640
1064
16183
18887
536
1972
165
244
178
121
188
125
863
275
4667
179
644
121
145
147
197
1152
1875
436
130
1347
170
1157
293
532
278
208
119
1306
401
526
64
1118
141
12810
130
462
342
5773
127
57
7
6899
266
1868
409
232
905
190
253
2447
1098
181
7847
591
530
53
22
453
455
2103
427
10684
4561
836
3258
514
109
257
212
901
2784
838
1107
155
87
26756
79969
38139
41830
11788
1594
933
16185
18713
511
1812
163
339
156
150
194
148
654
231
4359
164
640
125
109
140
226
1122
1887
464
133
1293
187
1172
230
517
279
228
115
1302
395
531
64
1071
148
12666
120
372
339
5715
118
57
8
6730
258
1875
440
213
841
178
280
2753
1078
144
8059
584
509
–
62
474
459
2087
433
11084
4930
885
3280
574
108
242
216
929
2928
861
1056
155
103
27806
80419
37938
42481
11698
1757
767
16581
19105
500
1741
172
355
84
156
213
131
544
201
4097
162
685
136
158
151
226
1149
1870
483
131
1399
197
1180
281
508
284
225
112
1326
392
542
77
1073
165
13032
118
364
355
5703
125
58
9
6732
262
1959
527
223
686
232
379
2802
1119
161
8350
573
508
–
81
447
429
2038
419
11744
5010
885
3215
570
108
261
211
994
3061
848
1093
141
98
28685
82040
38732
43308
11980
1653
609
16962
19224
470
1733
172
383
29
159
209
99
306
249
3808
180
663
118
151
152
233
1085
1775
489
141
1346
195
1192
305
540
252
232
109
1363
406
472
59
1041
166
12787
122
366
374
5864
117
70
11
6923
260
2022
596
238
679
304
397
2770
1096
153
8514
601
519
–
44
455
446
2065
477
12483
5154
916
3059
566
104
275
237
974
3031
889
1131
221
98
29640
82961
38516
44445
11796
1822
592
16562
18976
476
1751
186
384
4
142
192
–
135
241
3512
184
693
137
158
153
240
978
1761
462
137
1343
191
1217
281
546
226
244
103
1318
337
675
64
1066
121
12740
124
336
392
5829
122
60
7
6871
263
2208
611
242
663
290
396
2601
1099
165
8537
569
562
–
7
453
459
2051
468
13432
5119
918
3047
586
110
243
180
930
2922
890
1025
276
130
30301
82989
38124
44866
11596
*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
28
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
2019
2008-18
Share
2019
10.2%
-0.7%
2.2%
-2.8%
-7.3%
0.7%
-2.4%
1.5% 20.0%
-1.3%
0.8% 22.9%
1.2%
-2.0%
0.6%
1.0%
-0.2%
2.1%
8.2%
-1.7%
0.2%
0.2%
2.0%
0.5%
◆
-85.1%
n/a
-10.7%
0.2%
0.2%
-7.9%
1.8%
0.2%
-100.0%
-4.1%
–
-55.8%
-11.2%
0.2%
-3.1%
-12.6%
0.3%
-7.8%
-3.6%
4.2%
2.1%
0.2%
0.2%
4.5%
-0.2%
0.8%
16.1%
-1.9%
0.2%
4.3%
-0.9%
0.2%
0.8%
-0.2%
0.2%
3.1%
0.5%
0.3%
-9.9%
-4.3%
1.2%
-0.8%
-1.9%
2.1%
-5.4%
3.1%
0.6%
-3.3%
0.1%
0.2%
-0.3%
-2.5%
1.6%
◆
-1.7%
0.2%
2.1%
0.6%
1.5%
-7.7%
0.9%
0.3%
1.1%
2.6%
0.7%
-10.4%
0.4%
0.3%
5.3%
-2.0%
0.3%
-5.9%
-0.7%
0.1%
-3.3%
1.5%
1.6%
-17.0%
-0.2%
0.4%
42.9%
-0.4%
0.8%
8.1%
-13.1%
0.1%
2.4%
-3.8%
1.3%
-26.9%
-0.9%
0.1%
-0.4%
-1.2% 15.4%
1.8%
-1.8%
0.1%
-8.0%
-1.5%
0.4%
5.0%
4.7%
0.5%
-0.6%
2.1%
7.0%
4.0%
-2.3%
0.1%
-13.9%
-2.9%
0.1%
◆
-31.0%
12.0%
-0.7%
1.8%
8.3%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
9.2%
1.3%
2.7%
2.4%
2.3%
0.7%
1.9%
1.0%
0.3%
-2.4%
-2.8%
0.8%
-4.4%
3.6%
0.3%
-0.2%
10.6%
0.5%
-6.1%
3.2%
3.1%
0.3%
8.3%
1.3%
8.1%
-9.0%
0.2%
0.3%
2.1% 10.3%
-5.2%
3.4%
0.7%
8.2%
-1.7%
0.7%
n/a -100.0%
–
◆
-83.0%
-8.6%
-0.4%
0.9%
0.5%
2.9%
-4.7%
0.6%
-0.7%
-1.5%
2.5%
-2.0%
-1.8%
0.6%
7.6%
6.2% 16.2%
-0.7%
4.8%
6.2%
0.2%
0.1%
1.1%
-0.4%
-2.5%
3.7%
3.4%
0.1%
0.7%
5.7%
0.5%
0.1%
-11.5%
2.0%
0.3%
-24.0%
2.6%
0.2%
-4.5%
-1.7%
1.1%
-3.6%
2.5%
3.5%
0.1%
-0.1%
1.1%
-9.3%
2.0%
1.2%
25.2%
36.3%
0.3%
33.2%
0.4%
0.2%
2.2%
3.0% 36.5%
◆
1.0% 100.0%
-1.0%
-0.1% 45.9%
0.9%
2.1% 54.1%
-1.7%
-1.2% 14.0%
Source: includes data from ICIS.
Oil: Refining capacity
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily*
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Curacao
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
Nigeria
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
1976
1463
17597
21036
625
1992
242
336
320
175
252
165
1303
900
6310
201
786
180
193
189
261
1847
2362
425
165
2396
241
1280
316
491
306
283
122
1362
454
613
582
1757
420
17447
205
460
330
5425
251
232
10
6913
260
1860
853
275
936
222
283
2109
702
496
7996
554
810
131
110
520
938
3063
734
11334
3574
1099
4630
572
136
276
267
1427
2746
1197
1236
159
177
29602
92367
45780
46587
15548
1913
1463
17736
21112
625
1992
242
336
320
175
252
165
1303
901
6311
201
787
195
193
189
261
1702
2091
490
165
2396
241
1274
316
560
306
247
122
1421
454
613
484
1757
420
17102
205
460
330
5563
251
232
14
7055
260
1860
914
280
936
222
283
2109
702
496
8062
554
810
131
211
520
939
3165
740
12323
3703
1099
4291
582
136
279
264
1427
2774
1197
1230
159
177
30418
93225
45330
47895
15301
2005
1606
17367
20977
625
2014
250
336
320
175
252
165
1303
1013
6453
193
788
195
193
181
261
1610
2077
495
165
2276
241
1276
329
580
306
229
122
1542
454
596
484
1787
404
17000
205
460
330
5721
251
232
10
7209
260
1860
935
292
936
222
283
2107
707
496
8098
652
810
131
336
520
980
3429
742
13015
3795
1099
4274
601
136
279
261
1427
2864
1197
1230
159
178
31296
94462
45224
49238
15219
2015
1606
17823
21443
657
2004
254
336
320
175
252
165
1303
356
5822
193
753
195
175
181
261
1513
2097
498
165
2098
241
1279
342
582
330
214
122
1546
454
596
258
1526
426
16225
205
460
330
5816
251
232
10
7304
260
1952
971
292
936
222
283
2107
712
496
8231
652
810
201
336
520
980
3499
663
13681
4279
1099
4254
606
136
275
261
1422
2878
1197
1230
159
178
32357
94882
45052
49830
14669
1929
1606
17925
21460
657
2097
254
336
320
175
253
165
1303
361
5921
193
776
195
175
181
261
1375
2061
498
165
1861
241
1279
342
582
330
235
122
1546
454
596
272
1498
376
15829
205
460
350
6279
251
232
12
7789
260
1985
823
294
936
222
283
2507
712
382
8404
647
810
201
336
520
690
3203
662
14503
4319
1099
4123
612
136
390
270
1414
2878
1197
1237
159
184
33225
95831
44557
51274
14275
1929
1522
17967
21418
657
2238
258
336
320
175
253
165
1303
376
6081
193
776
195
175
180
261
1375
2077
498
165
1900
241
1279
342
582
330
228
122
1546
454
596
250
1337
376
15693
205
460
350
6417
251
232
29
7944
260
1985
791
301
936
222
283
2899
728
382
8787
651
810
201
339
520
692
3213
536
15253
4319
1099
3749
612
136
390
271
1514
3123
1197
1252
159
191
33843
96980
44165
52815
14161
1931
1522
18317
21770
657
2281
258
421
320
175
253
165
1303
384
6217
193
776
195
175
180
261
1375
2049
528
165
1900
241
1298
342
581
330
239
122
1562
454
596
250
1337
376
15669
205
460
350
6523
271
232
38
8079
260
1985
763
301
936
222
283
2899
1149
382
9180
651
810
201
339
520
692
3213
443
15024
4307
1111
3721
612
136
389
271
1514
3128
988
1252
159
191
33288
97416
44366
53050
14209
1934
1522
18617
22073
657
2289
258
421
320
175
253
165
1303
384
6225
193
776
195
175
180
261
1245
2051
528
165
1900
241
1298
342
581
330
256
122
1562
454
596
250
1227
376
15448
205
460
350
6594
271
232
39
8151
260
1985
779
301
936
222
429
2901
1149
382
9344
651
810
201
339
520
692
3213
452
14895
4620
1111
3600
618
136
389
271
1514
3259
988
1235
163
191
33484
97937
44448
53489
13988
1970
1546
18567
22082
657
2285
258
421
320
175
253
165
1303
384
6221
193
776
195
175
181
261
1245
2069
528
165
1900
241
1299
342
568
330
247
122
1562
454
596
250
1227
358
15426
205
490
360
6596
271
232
42
8196
260
2130
779
301
736
304
429
2826
1229
496
9490
657
810
201
339
520
672
3199
454
15231
4699
1111
3343
625
136
401
271
1514
3298
1083
1235
167
191
33802
98416
44248
54168
13984
*Atmospheric distillation capacity at year end on a calendar-day basis.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not applicable.
2018
2019
2054
2025
1558
1558
18974
18762
22586
22345
580
580
2290
2285
258
258
421
421
320
320
175
175
253
253
1303
1303
384
384
5984
5979
193
193
776
776
195
195
175
175
181
181
261
261
1245
1245
2085
2085
528
528
165
165
1900
1900
241
241
1309
1299
342
342
581
581
330
330
252
254
122
122
1586
1564
454
454
822
818
250
250
1227
1227
358
358
15721
15686
120
120
520
520
400
390
6721
6596
271
271
232
232
45
42
8309
8171
260
260
2405
2240
919
849
301
301
736
736
334
334
429
429
2835
2835
1307
1229
496
496
10022
9709
657
657
795
795
201
201
350
344
520
520
677
677
3200
3194
455
454
16199
15655
5008
4972
1094
1094
3343
3343
625
625
136
136
401
401
271
271
1514
1514
3393
3346
1083
1083
1235
1235
367
367
351
191
35518
34729
99814 101340
45138
44812
56202
55002
14053
14022
2019
2008-18
Share
2019
1.4%
0.4%
2.0%
–
0.6%
1.5%
1.1%
0.6% 18.7%
1.1%
0.6% 22.3%
–
-0.8%
0.6%
0.2%
1.5%
2.3%
–
0.6%
0.3%
–
2.6%
0.4%
–
–
0.3%
–
–
0.2%
–
1.0%
0.2%
n/a -100.0%
–
–
–
1.3%
–
-10.6%
0.4%
0.1%
-0.9%
5.9%
–
-0.4%
0.2%
–
-0.1%
0.8%
–
1.1%
0.2%
–
-1.0%
0.2%
–
-0.4%
0.2%
–
–
0.3%
–
-4.5%
1.2%
–
-1.3%
2.1%
–
2.2%
0.5%
–
–
0.2%
–
-2.3%
1.9%
–
–
0.2%
0.8%
0.1%
1.3%
–
0.8%
0.3%
–
1.7%
0.6%
–
0.7%
0.3%
-0.9%
-3.4%
0.2%
–
–
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
1.6%
–
–
0.4%
0.5%
2.9%
0.8%
–
-7.8%
0.2%
–
-3.9%
1.2%
–
-1.1%
0.4%
0.2%
-1.2% 15.5%
–
-5.2%
0.1%
–
1.2%
0.5%
2.6%
1.7%
0.4%
1.9%
2.0%
6.6%
–
0.8%
0.3%
–
–
0.2%
◆
7.1%
15.3%
1.7%
1.7%
8.2%
–
–
0.3%
7.4%
2.2%
2.4%
8.2%
1.4%
0.9%
–
0.9%
0.3%
–
-2.4%
0.7%
–
4.2%
0.3%
–
12.1%
0.4%
–
3.0%
2.8%
6.3%
6.1%
1.3%
–
–
0.5%
3.2%
2.4%
9.9%
–
4.0%
0.6%
–
-0.2%
0.8%
–
4.4%
0.2%
1.7%
3.2%
0.3%
–
–
0.5%
–
-3.2%
0.7%
0.2%
0.3%
3.2%
0.3%
-4.7%
0.4%
3.5%
4.2% 16.0%
0.7%
5.2%
4.9%
◆
1.1%
–
–
-3.2%
3.3%
–
1.0%
0.6%
–
2.8%
0.1%
–
3.9%
0.4%
◆
–
0.3%
–
0.6%
1.5%
1.4%
2.1%
3.3%
–
-1.0%
1.1%
–
0.6%
1.2%
–
42.0%
0.4%
83.6%
1.1%
0.3%
2.3%
2.3% 35.0%
1.5%
1.0% 100.0%
0.7%
-0.3% 44.5%
2.2%
2.1% 55.5%
0.2%
-1.2% 13.9%
Source: includes data from ICIS.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
29
Oil: Trade movements
Growth rate per annum
Thousand barrels daily
Imports
US
Europe
China
India
Japan
Rest of World
Total World
Exports
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
Saudi Arabia
Middle East (ex Saudi Arabia)
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific (ex Japan)
Rest of World
Total World
2008-18
Share
2019
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
11453
12802
5100
3491
4263
17211
54320
11689
12407
5886
3749
4567
17048
55346
11338
12489
6295
3823
4494
17634
56072
10587
12721
6675
4168
4743
17812
56706
9859
12920
6978
4370
4637
20012
58776
9241
12957
7398
4155
4383
21193
59328
9451
13993
8333
4380
4332
22026
62515
10056
14354
9214
4945
4180
23776
66526
10148
14700
10241
4920
4142
25663
69814
9943
14896
11024
5196
3940
26154
71154
9094
14867
11825
5379
3779
25980
70925
-8.5%
-0.2%
7.3%
3.5%
-4.1%
-0.7%
-0.3%
-2.5% 12.8%
0.6% 21.0%
9.4% 16.7%
5.4%
7.6%
-2.2%
5.3%
4.3% 36.6%
2.3% 100.0%
2518
1449
1947
3748
2076
7257
1861
7276
11744
2943
4531
5631
1340
54320
2599
1539
2154
3568
1966
7397
2039
7595
11976
2878
4755
6226
653
55346
2798
1487
2495
3755
2139
7448
2180
8120
12188
1951
4759
6088
663
56072
3056
1366
2682
3830
2181
7457
1962
8468
11742
2602
4724
6299
338
56706
3296
1347
3563
3790
2545
7948
2166
8365
12242
2127
4590
6307
491
58776
3536
1293
4033
3939
2467
7792
2092
7911
12699
1743
4849
6450
524
59328
3836
1323
4521
4107
2926
8313
2100
7968
13537
1701
4880
6780
525
62515
3890
1380
5078
4147
3082
8814
2096
8606
15321
1727
4401
7356
625
66526
4241
1290
5888
3958
3392
8992
2201
8404
16255
2226
4531
7811
625
69814
4513
1314
7054
3741
3419
9080
2201
8638
16098
2410
4552
7568
565
71154
4683
1268
8016
3422
3159
9186
2265
8397
15010
2420
4560
7963
577
70925
3.8%
-3.5%
13.6%
-8.5%
-7.6%
1.2%
2.9%
-2.8%
-6.8%
0.4%
0.2%
5.2%
2.0%
-0.3%
6.1%
6.6%
-2.0%
1.8%
13.6% 11.3%
0.3%
4.8%
5.1%
4.5%
1.9% 13.0%
2.4%
3.2%
0.3% 11.8%
2.6% 21.2%
-3.0%
3.4%
-0.3%
6.4%
3.4% 11.2%
-8.6%
0.8%
2.3% 100.0%
Notes: Unless otherwise stated, this table shows inter-regional trade based on the regional classification in the table ‘Oil trade in 2018 and 2019’.
Bunker fuel use is not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries within Europe) are excluded.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Oil: Inter-area movements 2019
To
Crude (million tonnes)
From
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
UAE
Other Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & S. Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total imports
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent.
America
–
–
24.2
0.2
0.9
0.9
0.3
–
–
5.1
–
–
0.1
1.1
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
32.9
–
–
0.1
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
189.7
29.9
–
40.0
6.3
6.6
1.6
16.5
2.2
24.9
0.1
–
4.6
14.1
0.2
–
–
–
–
–
1.6
338.4
0.3
0.1
8.1
–
0.8
0.4
0.1
0.6
–
3.5
†
†
2.7
4.7
†
†
†
†
–
†
†
21.3
3.7
10.5
45.8
12.6
–
153.0
68.1
55.4
4.9
39.9
0.2
4.3
59.1
65.1
†
†
–
†
†
–
†
522.5
–
†
26.3
0.2
4.8
0.3
0.3
–
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
0.3
†
0.1
0.1
0.1
32.5
0.6
–
55.5
0.9
1.5
0.1
†
–
–
–
†
†
–
†
†
†
1.3
†
0.3
0.1
0.6
60.9
29.2
2.4
–
9.2
24.4
18.3
0.6
0.4
†
1.4
1.1
1.2
5.0
1.3
†
0.1
0.5
4.6
1.7
1.2
7.1
109.9
1.0
1.1
83.0
–
9.6
2.8
0.1
†
0.2
0.4
1.0
0.2
1.4
0.6
0.2
0.1
3.7
1.5
1.5
1.2
0.9
110.2
1.7
0.1
23.6
3.8
–
106.1
8.2
†
1.8
16.5
6.7
8.1
10.3
2.1
0.3
1.2
2.5
10.4
0.2
1.7
3.8
209.2
Europe
Other
CIS
Middle
East
–
–
–
†
†
–
†
†
–
–
†
–
–
†
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
†
–
†
18.4
–
†
–
–
–
†
0.1
†
–
–
†
–
–
–
–
18.5
†
0.1
2.5
0.4
0.4
5.6
4.9
3.3
†
13.2
†
5.7
1.3
1.7
†
0.6
†
†
–
†
0.5
40.2
†
–
0.2
0.3
0.3
†
0.3
0.3
3.7
8.4
2.6
0.1
†
10.0
†
†
†
†
†
†
0.1
26.4
†
–
†
†
0.4
–
8.8
–
–
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
0.1
9.4
†
†
†
†
1.1
4.2
–
†
†
†
†
0.1
†
†
†
†
0.1
†
†
†
0.2
5.6
†
†
2.5
0.6
13.6
3.3
0.1
0.4
4.0
5.7
5.4
13.2
0.7
†
1.3
†
1.6
13.5
0.1
1.2
2.3
69.3
†
0.1
8.6
2.6
43.9
4.8
0.6
†
3.5
10.3
11.2
5.1
0.4
0.5
0.7
†
2.8
10.9
0.1
3.7
5.3
115.1
Russia
Africa Australasia
Japan Singapore
Other
Asia
Pacific
Total
0.9
10.0
9.1
18.7
2.4
2.9
3.6
49.2
10.6
42.6
19.6
10.8
5.6
30.2
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
221.7
†
0.3
3.1
2.3
–
7.9
0.9
2.1
12.6
52.6
42.9
19.3
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.4
–
–
–
–
1.5
146.9
–
–
1.9
0.5
0.2
1.4
0.4
2.7
2.7
6.1
13.2
9.2
1.4
2.3
†
3.0
†
†
†
–
4.6
49.6
0.2
6.8
36.0
3.9
1.8
10.4
6.9
18.9
39.8
78.5
39.4
23.5
5.1
10.0
0.6
6.8
0.4
†
†
1.5
–
290.4
197.0
58.1
137.7
146.2
26.7
286.1
91.5
200.8
99.2
358.4
139.4
125.2
93.4
219.0
5.5
13.0
0.4
0.1
†
1.9
39.2
2239.0
0.1
†
10.2
0.4
0.6
0.9
0.1
1.4
2.1
8.1
7.9
6.6
0.9
†
†
0.1
0.8
–
0.1
1.8
2.4
44.4
0.8
0.2
13.1
0.4
0.6
1.1
†
–
1.4
1.3
4.5
4.4
0.3
†
†
1.3
0.8
1.0
–
0.5
8.0
39.7
0.1
0.7
2.5
2.7
16.2
9.4
0.1
6.9
1.8
3.3
8.9
1.9
0.7
0.2
†
0.6
15.0
5.3
1.4
–
34.8
112.4
0.4
†
22.1
1.3
5.1
10.1
1.2
1.7
8.1
6.7
23.1
14.3
4.7
1.2
0.3
1.0
34.1
11.9
6.9
58.2
–
212.7
34.7
4.8
251.1
23.3
125.4
164.6
20.4
11.0
25.4
57.4
77.0
62.1
26.1
7.7
3.0
5.5
66.9
60.7
19.3
86.1
109.3
1241.9
China
India
†
–
0.5
–
†
0.9
0.1
–
–
0.3
6.1
0.1
2.1
1.7
–
–
–
†
†
0.4
10.6
22.9
2.2
0.5
6.3
67.2
13.6
77.7
4.2
51.8
22.7
83.3
15.3
52.2
10.7
77.8
3.9
2.3
–
–
–
–
15.6
507.2
†
†
1.1
0.1
1.2
†
†
–
†
0.2
0.7
0.2
†
†
†
–
3.4
0.6
4.6
9.3
11.0
32.2
0.9
0.2
2.7
1.3
2.4
3.1
0.4
0.1
2.4
3.5
6.6
6.9
1.6
1.7
†
1.2
–
1.1
2.4
7.1
32.8
78.4
Product (million tonnes)
From
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
UAE
Other Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & S. Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total imports
†Less than 0.05.
Notes: Does not include biofuels trade. Bunker fuel use is not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries within Europe) are excluded.
Crude imports and exports include condensates.
30
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Major trade movements 2019
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)
24.9
30.7
259.1
9.1
1
69.4
80.8
76.3
22.6
218.9
14
141.2
50.6
55.6
244.8
69
9.4
32.3
5 8
56.8
48.0
91.1
20.6
137.7
7
67.2
44.2
44.
44
42
34.6
45.2
48.4
158.
8.
8.8
49.2
58.2
254.1
39.4
.4
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
59
59.7
21.6
30.2
79.5
68.5
Oil trade in 2018 and 2019
2018
2019
Million tonnes
Crude
imports
Product
imports
Crude
exports
Product
exports
Crude
imports
Product
imports
Crude
exports
Product
exports
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & S. Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
26.6
0.1
386.8
24.4
514.4
0.5
18.6
†
†
†
7.3
24.9
7.3
1.0
21.5
23.4
463.8
226.1
150.7
51.8
300.0
2249.3
35.7
61.6
104.0
105.9
218.4
9.4
10.0
3.4
0.7
10.9
32.4
16.7
38.9
41.7
34.4
32.6
81.8
31.3
43.7
120.4
209.0
1242.9
191.5
59.8
92.2
156.9
25.7
274.7
86.8
201.1
107.4
367.1
126.5
191.3
92.3
218.9
6.3
9.0
2.4
0.1
†
0.6
38.9
2249.3
32.0
5.4
248.9
28.2
138.9
170.4
21.9
8.6
25.1
60.6
75.1
59.6
26.6
7.5
3.0
4.0
54.7
58.2
18.0
88.9
107.2
1242.9
32.9
0.1
338.4
21.3
522.5
†
18.5
†
†
0.1
12.3
27.8
6.4
0.4
19.6
22.9
507.2
221.7
146.9
49.6
290.4
2239.0
32.5
60.9
109.9
110.2
209.2
9.4
5.6
4.5
0.8
11.4
34.9
17.8
37.6
38.5
39.0
32.2
78.4
44.4
39.7
112.4
212.7
1241.9
197.0
58.1
137.7
146.2
26.7
286.1
91.5
200.8
99.2
358.4
139.4
125.2
93.4
219.0
5.5
13.0
0.4
0.1
†
1.9
39.2
2239.0
34.7
4.8
251.1
23.3
125.4
164.6
20.4
11.0
25.4
57.4
77.0
62.1
26.1
7.7
3.0
5.5
66.9
60.7
19.3
86.1
109.3
1241.9
534
3
7768
490
10330
10
373
‡
‡
‡
147
501
147
19
432
469
9314
4541
3027
1040
6025
45172
747
1287
2175
2215
4566
196
210
71
15
228
677
348
812
873
719
681
1711
655
913
2516
4368
25982
3845
1200
1851
3150
516
5517
1743
4039
2156
7372
2540
3842
1853
4395
127
182
48
1
‡
12
781
45172
668
114
5203
590
2904
3563
458
181
524
1266
1569
1246
557
157
62
84
1144
1218
376
1858
2241
25982
660
1
6796
427
10494
‡
372
‡
‡
1
248
558
129
9
393
459
10186
4451
2950
997
5833
44964
679
1273
2298
2303
4373
197
117
94
17
238
729
372
785
806
815
672
1639
928
830
2350
4446
25961
3956
1167
2766
2936
537
5746
1838
4032
1992
7198
2800
2514
1875
4399
110
262
9
1
‡
38
788
44964
726
101
5250
486
2622
3440
427
230
531
1199
1610
1299
545
161
62
115
1398
1268
404
1799
2286
25961
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
31
Thousand barrels daily
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & S. Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
†Less than 0.05.
‡Less than 0.5.
Notes: Does not include biofuels trade. Bunker fuel use is not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries within Europe) are excluded.
Crude imports and exports include condensates.
Natural gas
Total proved reserves
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less
At end 1999
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2009
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2018
Trillion
cubic
metres
Trillion
cubic
metres
1.6
0.9
4.5
7.0
0.7
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.6
4.6
0.1
6.8
0.1
0.2
0.2
1.6
1.2
0.1
0.3
0.8
0.8
0.2
5.6
1.0
2.0
32.9
2.6
1.2
†
39.8
0.3
23.6
3.1
†
1.4
0.8
11.5
5.8
0.2
5.8
0.3
†
53.0
4.4
1.2
1.2
3.3
0.8
11.0
1.6
0.3
0.4
1.4
0.6
2.7
1.1
0.3
0.4
†
0.4
0.2
0.3
9.5
132.8
13.2
119.6
3.5
1.6
0.3
7.4
9.4
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.3
0.4
5.6
0.1
7.6
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.2
2.0
0.1
0.6
0.7
0.3
0.2
5.3
1.0
2.0
34.0
8.2
1.3
†
46.6
0.2
28.0
3.0
0.1
1.7
0.5
26.2
7.4
0.3
5.9
0.3
†
73.6
4.3
2.1
1.5
5.0
1.2
14.2
2.8
0.4
0.3
2.9
1.1
3.1
1.1
0.3
0.6
0.1
0.3
0.7
0.3
13.9
170.5
16.2
154.3
2.5
1.9
0.2
12.9
15.0
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.1
0.3
0.3
6.3
0.1
8.0
†
†
†
0.2
1.6
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.2
0.1
3.4
2.1
2.7
38.0
19.5
1.2
†
63.6
0.2
32.0
3.5
0.4
1.7
0.7
24.7
5.9
0.3
5.9
0.3
†
75.6
4.3
2.1
1.4
5.4
1.4
14.7
2.4
0.1
0.2
6.4
1.3
2.8
0.9
1.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.2
16.9
197.1
20.1
177.0
0.7
2.0
0.2
12.9
15.0
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.1
0.3
0.3
6.3
0.1
8.0
†
†
†
0.2
1.5
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.2
0.1
3.4
2.8
2.7
38.0
19.5
1.2
†
64.2
0.1
32.0
3.5
0.5
1.7
0.7
24.7
6.0
0.3
5.9
0.3
†
75.6
4.3
2.1
1.4
5.4
1.6
14.9
2.4
0.1
0.2
8.4
1.3
1.4
0.9
1.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.2
17.7
198.8
20.1
178.7
0.7
At end 2019
Trillion
cubic
Share of
feet
total
70.1
6.3
454.6
531.0
12.7
7.5
13.3
3.6
10.2
10.2
222.4
2.2
282.1
†
0.8
1.5
6.1
54.1
2.6
3.6
38.5
6.6
4.8
118.7
100.5
93.7
1340.5
688.1
42.7
1.2
2266.8
2.7
1130.7
125.1
16.4
59.9
23.5
871.6
211.3
9.5
209.7
9.4
0.2
2670.0
153.1
75.5
50.5
190.4
57.5
527.0
84.4
4.3
8.3
296.6
46.9
50.5
33.4
41.3
14.2
6.2
6.3
22.8
8.4
623.5
7019.0
709.5
6309.5
23.9
1.0%
0.1%
6.5%
7.6%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
3.2%
◆
4.0%
◆
◆
◆
0.1%
0.8%
◆
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
1.7%
1.4%
1.3%
19.1%
9.8%
0.6%
◆
32.3%
◆
16.1%
1.8%
0.2%
0.9%
0.3%
12.4%
3.0%
0.1%
3.0%
0.1%
◆
38.0%
2.2%
1.1%
0.7%
2.7%
0.8%
7.5%
1.2%
0.1%
0.1%
4.2%
0.7%
0.7%
0.5%
0.6%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
8.9%
100.0%
10.1%
89.9%
0.3%
R/P
ratio
11.5
5.3
14.0
13.3
8.7
14.2
14.5
7.8
21.4
8.4
238.0
17.5
46.0
0.0
4.1
9.4
6.2
13.4
18.1
10.6
55.7
4.7
18.4
14.2
117.0
113.4
55.9
308.5
21.5
110.9
75.8
4.6
131.1
328.7
46.2
92.1
18.3
138.6
52.7
72.1
95.0
458.2
47.1
108.7
50.3
32.9
151.5
109.4
58.1
62.7
15.6
4.2
18.0
47.3
49.4
21.2
12.0
68.4
11.9
14.2
5.0
65.6
13.9
26.3
49.8
13.3
72.0
6.7
than 0.05%.
Notes: Total proved reserves of natural gas – generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the
future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The data series for total proved natural gas does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices
used for determining proved reserves at a company level, for instance as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent bp’s view of proved
reserves by country.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – if the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – the estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.
As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar) and have been standardized using a gross calorific value (GCV) of 40 MJ/m3.
32
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
2019 by region
History
120
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe
CIS
Middle
East
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
600
Africa
Middle East
Asia Pacific
World
100
500
80
400
60
300
40
200
20
100
0
Asia
Pacific
89
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
World proved gas reserves increased by 1.7 Tcm to 198.8 Tcm in 2019. China (2 Tcm) and Azerbaijan (0.7 Tcm) provided the largest increments, although this was
partially offset by a 1.3 Tcm decline in Indonesian reserves. Russia (38 Tcm), Iran (32 Tcm) and Qatar (24.7 Tcm) are the countries with the largest reserves. The current
global R/P ratio shows that gas reserves in 2019 accounted for 49.8 years of current production. The Middle East (108.7 years) and CIS (75.8 years) are the regions with
the highest R/P ratio.
Distribution of proved reserves in 1999, 2009 and 2019
Percentage
Middle East
CIS
Asia Pacific
North America
Africa
S. & Cent. America
Europe
4.0
1.7 38.0
7.5
4.4
3.1 43.2
7.6
8.3
5.2
4.2 39.9
2019
Total 198.8
trillion cubic
metres
5.5
8.3
5.3
7.1
1999
Total 132.8
trillion cubic
metres
8.2
2009
Total 170.5
trillion cubic
metres
8.9
32.3
30.0
27.3
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
33
Natural gas: Production in billion cubic metres*
Growth rate per annum
Billion cubic metres
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
155.1
52.6
557.6
765.2
40.3
11.9
12.3
10.1
3.6
38.6
31.8
3.8
152.3
8.8
12.7
7.6
65.5
103.6
4.3
10.4
20.3
61.2
9.3
303.7
15.9
19.0
536.2
33.3
58.4
0.3
663.2
12.1
135.7
6.9
10.9
23.9
92.4
74.5
6.1
47.6
0.8
2.7
413.8
76.6
60.3
15.1
23.2
16.9
192.1
46.7
18.7
11.1
85.9
36.1
78.0
66.2
11.4
34.7
29.4
7.7
18.5
444.6
2934.9
1094.9
1840.0
178.8
149.6
51.2
575.2
775.9
39.0
13.7
15.0
10.8
7.3
40.3
30.5
3.8
160.4
8.5
11.1
8.0
75.3
106.4
4.3
10.0
19.4
57.9
9.3
310.4
16.3
20.4
598.4
40.1
57.1
0.3
732.7
12.4
143.9
7.1
11.1
25.7
123.1
83.3
8.4
50.0
6.3
3.3
474.6
77.4
59.0
16.0
30.9
19.0
202.3
54.0
19.3
12.0
96.5
47.4
87.0
65.1
12.2
35.3
33.7
9.1
18.2
489.8
3146.2
1121.7
2024.5
183.5
151.1
52.1
617.4
820.5
37.7
15.0
17.2
10.5
11.5
38.7
30.2
3.2
164.1
6.9
10.5
8.0
69.5
100.5
4.5
10.1
19.5
46.1
9.2
284.8
16.0
20.1
616.8
56.3
56.6
0.3
766.2
12.6
151.0
6.3
12.9
27.1
150.4
87.6
7.4
51.0
9.4
4.2
520.0
79.6
59.1
7.5
36.4
19.1
201.7
55.7
19.6
12.5
106.2
42.9
82.7
67.0
12.6
35.3
33.8
8.2
18.3
494.7
3251.9
1141.9
2110.0
163.5
150.3
50.9
649.1
850.3
36.7
17.1
19.8
11.5
12.0
38.5
31.9
3.0
170.6
6.0
9.5
8.2
68.4
113.9
4.5
10.1
19.4
39.2
8.4
287.5
16.8
19.8
601.9
59.0
56.5
0.3
754.3
13.1
156.9
6.3
14.7
28.3
162.5
94.4
6.1
52.9
7.6
2.5
545.5
78.4
58.6
11.6
39.2
19.0
206.8
59.5
21.3
12.3
111.5
37.3
78.3
69.3
12.5
36.6
38.4
9.0
18.0
504.0
3318.9
1177.1
2141.8
153.1
151.9
52.5
655.7
860.1
34.6
19.6
21.9
13.2
12.4
38.7
30.6
2.7
173.8
5.0
8.6
7.4
72.4
107.9
4.4
10.0
20.2
37.0
7.2
280.0
17.4
21.4
614.5
59.0
55.9
0.3
768.5
14.0
157.5
7.1
15.5
30.8
168.2
95.0
5.0
53.2
10.4
6.3
562.9
79.3
54.0
12.2
33.1
19.8
198.3
61.8
22.0
11.9
121.8
31.1
77.6
72.6
12.9
35.6
38.9
9.4
18.7
514.2
3357.8
1184.8
2173.1
150.9
159.0
51.3
704.7
915.0
34.5
20.3
23.3
12.3
13.1
38.1
31.8
2.6
176.0
4.8
8.1
6.8
60.4
108.0
4.3
10.2
20.2
37.4
6.3
266.6
18.4
21.7
591.2
63.5
56.3
0.3
751.4
14.7
175.5
7.5
14.3
29.3
169.5
97.3
4.6
52.9
9.8
7.3
582.7
80.2
47.0
11.8
40.0
19.7
198.7
66.6
23.0
12.7
131.2
29.4
76.4
72.2
16.5
35.0
39.1
9.9
23.6
535.5
3425.9
1232.0
2193.9
137.4
160.8
47.9
740.3
949.0
35.5
19.6
23.8
11.6
12.7
36.0
36.1
2.9
178.0
4.8
7.5
6.4
45.9
116.2
4.3
10.2
18.8
40.7
6.1
261.0
18.8
22.0
584.4
65.9
53.6
0.3
745.0
14.8
183.5
7.3
16.1
30.7
174.9
99.2
4.1
58.7
2.9
8.1
600.2
81.4
42.6
11.0
47.6
21.4
204.0
76.0
25.9
13.3
135.7
28.1
76.2
76.8
19.2
35.0
37.5
10.3
29.4
563.5
3500.6
1271.5
2229.2
124.9
171.8
43.7
727.4
942.8
37.3
18.8
24.1
12.0
14.0
31.3
37.2
3.1
177.9
4.7
6.9
5.5
44.3
115.9
4.1
9.1
19.0
41.7
8.7
259.9
18.3
22.9
589.3
63.2
53.1
0.3
747.2
14.4
199.3
9.9
16.4
31.5
173.6
105.3
3.5
60.3
0.5
9.0
623.9
91.4
40.3
9.4
42.6
22.2
205.9
96.4
26.5
12.9
137.9
26.6
75.1
76.7
18.3
34.7
37.3
10.2
30.2
582.8
3540.4
1286.9
2253.4
124.1
175.6
38.3
746.2
960.0
37.1
18.2
27.2
12.3
13.0
31.9
38.6
3.1
181.4
5.1
6.4
5.3
38.5
123.2
4.0
10.0
19.4
41.9
9.0
262.8
17.8
23.4
635.6
58.7
53.4
0.3
789.1
14.5
219.5
10.1
16.2
32.3
168.6
109.3
3.5
62.4
0.6
9.5
646.5
93.0
48.8
8.6
47.2
26.5
224.2
112.8
26.6
12.9
149.2
27.7
72.7
78.5
17.8
34.7
35.9
9.5
30.2
608.5
3672.5
1323.3
2349.2
119.3
179.0
35.2
835.9
1050.1
39.4
17.0
25.2
12.9
12.8
34.0
31.6
3.3
176.2
4.3
5.5
5.2
32.3
121.3
4.0
10.0
19.7
40.5
8.5
251.2
19.0
23.9
669.1
61.5
57.2
0.3
831.1
14.6
238.3
10.6
16.9
36.0
176.5
112.1
3.6
61.4
0.6
10.1
680.7
93.8
58.6
8.3
48.3
27.3
236.2
130.1
26.6
12.6
161.5
27.5
72.8
77.3
17.1
34.2
34.7
9.7
28.1
632.0
3857.5
1419.3
2438.3
109.3
173.1
34.0
920.9
1128.0
41.6
15.0
25.8
13.2
13.5
34.6
26.5
3.5
173.6
3.2
5.3
4.6
28.1
114.4
4.0
9.7
19.6
39.6
7.4
235.9
24.3
23.4
679.0
63.2
56.3
0.3
846.5
16.9
244.2
10.8
18.4
36.3
178.1
113.6
3.7
62.5
0.6
10.1
695.3
86.2
64.9
9.4
49.3
28.0
237.9
153.5
28.7
13.0
177.6
26.9
67.5
78.8
17.1
33.9
35.8
9.9
29.6
672.1
3989.3
1506.2
2483.2
101.0
-3.3%
-3.4%
10.2%
7.4%
5.6%
-12.2%
2.6%
2.6%
5.6%
1.8%
-16.3%
5.2%
-1.5%
-25.4%
-3.8%
-10.9%
-13.0%
-5.7%
0.1%
-2.8%
-0.5%
-2.2%
-12.9%
-6.1%
27.7%
-2.2%
1.5%
2.7%
-1.6%
2.0%
1.9%
15.4%
2.4%
1.9%
9.2%
0.9%
0.9%
1.4%
3.6%
1.9%
0.8%
0.1%
2.1%
-8.1%
10.9%
14.0%
2.1%
2.7%
0.7%
18.0%
8.0%
3.3%
9.9%
-2.1%
-7.2%
2.0%
–
-1.0%
3.0%
2.0%
5.5%
6.3%
3.4%
6.1%
1.8%
-7.7%
0.7%
-2.9%
4.3%
3.3%
-0.8%
2.1%
5.8%
4.0%
13.8%
-1.0%
-0.6%
-1.5%
1.1%
-8.5%
-8.6%
-5.2%
-7.6%
2.0%
-0.7%
-0.5%
-0.3%
-5.7%
-1.1%
-2.4%
1.8%
2.7%
0.9%
◆
Share
2019
4.3%
0.9%
23.1%
28.3%
1.0%
0.4%
0.6%
0.3%
0.3%
0.9%
0.7%
0.1%
4.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.7%
2.9%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
1.0%
0.2%
5.9%
0.6%
0.6%
17.0%
1.6%
1.4%
-0.7%
◆
0.2%
0.8% 21.2%
2.0%
0.4%
6.8%
6.1%
5.1%
0.3%
3.4%
0.5%
4.1%
0.9%
8.3%
4.5%
3.9%
2.8%
-4.3%
0.1%
2.3%
1.6%
◆
n/a
11.3%
0.3%
5.7% 17.4%
1.3%
2.2%
0.3%
1.6%
-5.8%
0.2%
3.9%
1.2%
5.1%
0.7%
1.5%
6.0%
12.1%
3.8%
5.0%
0.7%
0.6%
0.3%
7.2%
4.5%
-0.7%
0.7%
-0.3%
1.7%
1.1%
2.0%
3.4%
0.4%
-0.1%
0.8%
1.5%
0.9%
2.9%
0.2%
4.4%
0.7%
4.0% 16.8%
2.4% 100.0%
2.6% 37.8%
2.4% 62.2%
-5.8%
2.5%
*E xcludes gas flared or recycled. Includes natural gas produced for gas-to-liquids transformation.
Source: includes data from Cedigaz, FGE MENAgas service.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15°C and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from measures of energy content using an average
conversion factor and have been standardized using a gross calorific value (GCV) of 40 MJ/m3, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using billion cubic metres figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
34
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Natural gas: Production in exajoules*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
5.58
1.89
20.07
27.55
1.45
0.43
0.44
0.36
0.13
1.39
1.14
0.14
5.48
0.32
0.46
0.27
2.36
3.73
0.15
0.37
0.73
2.20
0.33
10.93
0.57
0.68
19.30
1.20
2.10
0.01
23.87
0.44
4.89
0.25
0.39
0.86
3.33
2.68
0.22
1.71
0.03
0.10
14.90
2.76
2.17
0.54
0.83
0.61
6.92
1.68
0.67
0.40
3.09
1.30
2.81
2.38
0.41
1.25
1.06
0.28
0.67
16.01
105.66
39.42
66.24
6.44
5.39
1.84
20.71
27.93
1.40
0.49
0.54
0.39
0.26
1.45
1.10
0.14
5.78
0.31
0.40
0.29
2.71
3.83
0.15
0.36
0.70
2.08
0.34
11.17
0.59
0.74
21.54
1.44
2.06
0.01
26.38
0.45
5.18
0.26
0.40
0.93
4.43
3.00
0.30
1.80
0.23
0.12
17.09
2.79
2.12
0.58
1.11
0.69
7.28
1.94
0.69
0.43
3.48
1.71
3.13
2.34
0.44
1.27
1.21
0.33
0.65
17.63
113.26
40.38
72.88
6.60
5.44
1.88
22.22
29.54
1.36
0.54
0.62
0.38
0.41
1.39
1.09
0.11
5.91
0.25
0.38
0.29
2.50
3.62
0.16
0.36
0.70
1.66
0.33
10.25
0.57
0.72
22.21
2.03
2.04
0.01
27.58
0.45
5.44
0.23
0.46
0.98
5.41
3.16
0.27
1.84
0.34
0.15
18.72
2.87
2.13
0.27
1.31
0.69
7.26
2.00
0.70
0.45
3.82
1.55
2.98
2.41
0.45
1.27
1.22
0.29
0.66
17.81
117.07
41.11
75.96
5.89
5.41
1.83
23.37
30.61
1.32
0.62
0.71
0.41
0.43
1.39
1.15
0.11
6.14
0.22
0.34
0.30
2.46
4.10
0.16
0.36
0.70
1.41
0.30
10.35
0.61
0.71
21.67
2.12
2.03
0.01
27.16
0.47
5.65
0.23
0.53
1.02
5.85
3.40
0.22
1.91
0.27
0.09
19.64
2.82
2.11
0.42
1.41
0.68
7.44
2.14
0.77
0.44
4.01
1.34
2.82
2.49
0.45
1.32
1.38
0.32
0.65
18.14
119.48
42.37
77.11
5.51
5.47
1.89
23.60
30.96
1.24
0.70
0.79
0.48
0.45
1.39
1.10
0.10
6.26
0.18
0.31
0.27
2.61
3.89
0.16
0.36
0.73
1.33
0.26
10.08
0.63
0.77
22.12
2.12
2.01
0.01
27.67
0.50
5.67
0.25
0.56
1.11
6.05
3.42
0.18
1.92
0.37
0.23
20.26
2.86
1.94
0.44
1.19
0.71
7.14
2.22
0.79
0.43
4.39
1.12
2.79
2.61
0.46
1.28
1.40
0.34
0.67
18.51
120.88
42.65
78.23
5.43
5.72
1.85
25.37
32.94
1.24
0.73
0.84
0.44
0.47
1.37
1.14
0.09
6.34
0.17
0.29
0.25
2.17
3.89
0.16
0.37
0.73
1.35
0.23
9.60
0.66
0.78
21.28
2.29
2.03
0.01
27.05
0.53
6.32
0.27
0.51
1.06
6.10
3.50
0.17
1.90
0.35
0.26
20.98
2.89
1.69
0.43
1.44
0.71
7.15
2.40
0.83
0.46
4.72
1.06
2.75
2.60
0.60
1.26
1.41
0.35
0.85
19.28
123.33
44.35
78.98
4.94
5.79
1.73
26.65
34.16
1.28
0.70
0.86
0.42
0.46
1.29
1.30
0.10
6.41
0.17
0.27
0.23
1.65
4.18
0.15
0.37
0.68
1.46
0.22
9.39
0.68
0.79
21.04
2.37
1.93
0.01
26.82
0.53
6.61
0.26
0.58
1.11
6.30
3.57
0.15
2.11
0.10
0.29
21.61
2.93
1.53
0.40
1.71
0.77
7.34
2.74
0.93
0.48
4.88
1.01
2.74
2.77
0.69
1.26
1.35
0.37
1.06
20.28
126.02
45.77
80.25
4.50
6.18
1.57
26.18
33.94
1.34
0.68
0.87
0.43
0.50
1.13
1.34
0.11
6.40
0.17
0.25
0.20
1.59
4.17
0.15
0.33
0.68
1.50
0.31
9.36
0.66
0.83
21.21
2.28
1.91
0.01
26.90
0.52
7.18
0.36
0.59
1.13
6.25
3.79
0.13
2.17
0.02
0.33
22.46
3.29
1.45
0.34
1.53
0.80
7.41
3.47
0.95
0.47
4.97
0.96
2.70
2.76
0.66
1.25
1.34
0.37
1.09
20.98
127.45
46.33
81.12
4.47
6.32
1.38
26.86
34.56
1.34
0.66
0.98
0.44
0.47
1.15
1.39
0.11
6.53
0.18
0.23
0.19
1.39
4.44
0.15
0.36
0.70
1.51
0.32
9.46
0.64
0.84
22.88
2.11
1.92
0.01
28.41
0.52
7.90
0.36
0.58
1.16
6.07
3.93
0.13
2.24
0.02
0.34
23.28
3.35
1.76
0.31
1.70
0.96
8.07
4.06
0.96
0.46
5.37
1.00
2.62
2.82
0.64
1.25
1.29
0.34
1.09
21.90
132.21
47.64
84.57
4.29
6.45
1.27
30.09
37.80
1.42
0.61
0.91
0.46
0.46
1.22
1.14
0.12
6.34
0.15
0.20
0.19
1.16
4.37
0.14
0.36
0.71
1.46
0.30
9.04
0.69
0.86
24.09
2.21
2.06
0.01
29.92
0.53
8.58
0.38
0.61
1.30
6.35
4.04
0.13
2.21
0.02
0.36
24.51
3.38
2.11
0.30
1.74
0.98
8.50
4.68
0.96
0.45
5.82
0.99
2.62
2.78
0.61
1.23
1.25
0.35
1.01
22.75
138.87
51.09
87.78
3.94
6.23
1.22
33.15
40.61
1.50
0.54
0.93
0.47
0.49
1.24
0.95
0.13
6.25
0.12
0.19
0.17
1.01
4.12
0.14
0.35
0.71
1.43
0.27
8.49
0.88
0.84
24.45
2.27
2.03
0.01
30.47
0.61
8.79
0.39
0.66
1.31
6.41
4.09
0.13
2.25
0.02
0.37
25.03
3.10
2.34
0.34
1.77
1.01
8.57
5.52
1.03
0.47
6.39
0.97
2.43
2.84
0.61
1.22
1.29
0.35
1.07
24.20
143.62
54.22
89.39
3.63
-3.3%
-3.4%
10.2%
7.4%
5.6%
-12.2%
2.6%
2.6%
5.6%
1.8%
-16.3%
5.2%
-1.5%
-25.4%
-3.8%
-10.9%
-13.0%
-5.7%
0.1%
-2.8%
-0.5%
-2.2%
-12.9%
-6.1%
27.7%
-2.2%
1.5%
2.7%
-1.6%
2.0%
1.9%
15.4%
2.4%
1.9%
9.2%
0.9%
0.9%
1.4%
3.6%
1.9%
0.8%
0.1%
2.1%
-8.1%
10.9%
14.0%
2.1%
2.7%
0.7%
18.0%
8.0%
3.3%
9.9%
-2.1%
-7.2%
2.0%
–
-1.0%
3.0%
2.0%
5.5%
6.3%
3.4%
6.1%
1.8%
-7.7%
0.7%
-2.9%
4.3%
3.3%
-0.8%
2.1%
5.8%
4.0%
13.8%
-1.0%
-0.6%
-1.5%
1.1%
-8.5%
-8.6%
-5.2%
-7.6%
2.0%
-0.7%
-0.5%
-0.3%
-5.7%
-1.1%
-2.4%
1.8%
2.7%
0.9%
*Excludes gas flared or recycled. Includes natural gas produced for gas-to-liquids transformation.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using exajoules figures.
◆
-0.7%
0.2%
0.8%
2.0%
6.8%
5.1%
3.4%
4.1%
8.3%
3.9%
-4.3%
2.3%
n/a
11.3%
5.7%
1.3%
0.3%
-5.8%
3.9%
5.1%
1.5%
12.1%
5.0%
0.6%
7.2%
-0.7%
-0.3%
1.1%
3.4%
-0.1%
1.5%
2.9%
4.4%
4.0%
2.4%
2.6%
2.4%
-5.8%
Share
2019
4.3%
0.9%
23.1%
28.3%
1.0%
0.4%
0.6%
0.3%
0.3%
0.9%
0.7%
0.1%
4.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.7%
2.9%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
1.0%
0.2%
5.9%
0.6%
0.6%
17.0%
1.6%
1.4%
◆
21.2%
0.4%
6.1%
0.3%
0.5%
0.9%
4.5%
2.8%
0.1%
1.6%
◆
0.3%
17.4%
2.2%
1.6%
0.2%
1.2%
0.7%
6.0%
3.8%
0.7%
0.3%
4.5%
0.7%
1.7%
2.0%
0.4%
0.8%
0.9%
0.2%
0.7%
16.8%
100.0%
37.8%
62.2%
2.5%
Source: includes data from Cedigaz, FGE MENAgas service.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
35
Natural gas: Consumption in billion cubic metres*
Growth rate per annum
Billion cubic metres
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
86.6
65.2
617.6
769.4
41.8
20.7
2.8
8.4
0.6
3.3
19.1
34.2
4.9
135.8
8.8
17.6
7.9
3.7
44.7
84.4
3.4
10.6
74.3
41.4
4.1
15.1
4.8
12.3
36.3
1.1
3.1
33.7
48.9
91.2
29.8
577.4
8.6
16.9
10.1
397.8
17.1
44.1
5.3
499.9
134.8
6.9
4.0
11.8
13.7
21.3
74.5
57.6
22.7
347.3
26.2
40.9
0.6
3.3
24.5
95.6
29.1
18.7
90.2
2.9
49.1
42.1
92.5
40.0
4.0
34.7
3.7
9.2
35.5
–
12.5
38.1
7.7
5.5
515.6
2941.1
1445.3
1495.8
484.5
88.3
66.0
648.2
802.5
42.1
27.6
5.7
8.7
0.6
5.4
20.7
31.3
5.1
147.3
9.6
19.4
9.4
4.1
49.6
88.1
3.7
11.4
79.1
46.8
4.1
16.2
5.2
12.5
36.2
1.5
3.5
35.8
54.6
98.5
33.5
622.9
8.1
20.7
11.0
423.9
18.3
44.0
5.2
531.3
144.4
7.1
5.1
14.0
16.3
25.4
83.3
59.3
25.2
380.1
25.3
43.4
0.7
4.1
25.4
98.9
33.8
19.3
108.9
3.6
59.0
44.0
99.9
38.0
4.4
35.3
3.5
8.3
45.0
–
15.5
43.2
9.1
6.8
577.7
3160.7
1542.9
1617.7
521.3
97.5
70.8
658.2
826.6
43.8
27.5
5.8
8.5
0.6
6.3
20.5
33.3
5.8
152.1
9.0
16.5
7.9
3.6
43.0
80.9
4.6
10.9
74.2
40.9
4.0
16.5
5.3
12.9
33.6
1.2
3.1
41.8
56.1
81.9
32.3
580.4
8.9
19.2
12.2
435.6
20.7
47.4
5.5
549.5
153.2
6.3
4.7
15.9
18.1
28.7
87.6
61.6
21.9
398.1
26.8
47.8
0.9
4.3
27.5
107.2
35.3
19.6
135.2
2.9
60.3
42.7
112.0
38.3
4.0
35.3
3.8
8.3
48.4
–
17.0
44.3
8.2
7.5
623.2
3237.1
1537.9
1699.2
471.0
97.2
73.7
688.1
859.0
45.7
32.6
5.3
9.5
0.7
6.9
20.2
34.6
6.3
161.8
8.6
16.7
8.0
3.2
44.4
81.1
4.2
9.7
71.4
39.3
4.0
17.4
4.6
12.5
33.2
1.1
3.4
43.3
51.8
76.9
30.7
565.7
9.4
19.4
13.0
428.6
22.9
46.2
5.7
545.2
152.5
6.3
2.4
17.5
19.7
33.6
94.4
63.9
20.4
410.8
29.9
50.6
1.2
4.4
29.1
115.1
35.4
21.3
150.9
2.6
55.7
43.0
123.2
42.0
4.5
36.6
3.6
8.9
52.5
–
17.9
48.6
9.0
8.5
664.4
3322.0
1573.9
1748.1
459.1
104.3
77.8
707.0
889.1
46.0
38.4
5.3
10.5
0.9
6.7
20.4
32.3
6.9
167.3
8.2
16.5
8.1
3.0
45.1
85.0
3.7
9.1
66.7
39.1
4.0
17.4
4.3
11.4
30.3
1.0
3.6
44.0
47.7
76.3
29.7
554.4
9.4
19.3
13.6
424.9
19.3
46.2
4.8
537.3
153.8
7.1
6.6
17.8
21.7
35.5
95.0
64.7
21.0
423.3
32.1
49.5
1.1
4.1
29.8
116.6
37.2
22.0
171.9
2.5
49.0
44.5
123.5
44.6
4.7
35.6
3.4
10.0
55.0
–
17.9
48.9
9.4
8.6
688.6
3376.6
1606.9
1769.7
450.8
109.6
78.8
722.3
910.7
46.2
40.7
4.4
11.4
0.9
7.4
20.5
34.0
7.2
172.6
7.5
14.5
7.2
2.7
37.9
73.9
2.8
8.1
59.0
34.5
4.3
17.0
4.1
10.9
27.5
0.8
3.1
46.6
40.3
70.1
27.2
500.0
9.9
19.1
15.0
422.2
20.0
48.5
5.3
539.9
173.4
7.5
7.2
17.9
21.3
38.5
97.3
63.4
20.9
447.5
36.1
46.2
1.1
4.3
32.2
119.9
40.1
23.0
188.4
2.4
48.5
44.0
124.8
44.7
5.2
35.0
3.5
10.4
50.0
–
18.9
49.9
9.9
10.1
708.8
3399.4
1581.9
1817.5
401.4
109.8
80.8
743.6
934.1
46.7
42.9
4.8
11.2
0.8
7.6
19.6
37.0
7.1
177.8
8.0
15.8
7.5
2.3
40.8
77.0
3.1
8.7
64.3
34.1
4.5
17.1
4.8
10.4
28.5
0.9
3.3
46.0
32.0
72.0
28.1
509.2
11.1
17.9
15.3
408.7
25.4
46.3
5.2
530.0
184.0
7.3
8.1
20.3
23.0
42.4
99.2
71.5
22.4
478.3
37.9
46.0
1.1
4.3
39.1
128.5
42.1
25.9
194.7
3.0
47.8
45.8
118.7
46.8
4.9
36.5
3.3
11.6
45.6
–
20.2
51.0
10.3
12.0
720.2
3478.0
1615.1
1862.9
418.7
106.2
83.0
749.1
938.3
48.2
37.1
5.9
12.1
0.9
8.5
16.9
37.2
7.3
174.2
8.3
16.2
8.2
2.0
44.5
84.9
4.0
9.3
67.5
35.2
4.4
18.3
5.1
10.5
29.1
1.0
3.5
44.5
31.4
80.7
28.9
537.4
10.9
17.8
15.8
420.6
25.1
43.3
5.1
538.8
196.3
9.9
9.2
21.1
22.8
40.2
105.3
72.7
23.0
500.7
38.6
49.4
1.1
4.5
38.4
132.0
41.7
26.5
209.4
3.1
50.8
44.6
116.4
45.0
4.8
38.7
3.8
11.9
47.6
–
21.0
50.6
10.2
11.4
737.5
3559.0
1649.1
1909.9
448.8
109.3
86.0
740.0
935.3
48.3
37.6
5.6
12.4
0.8
7.5
18.3
38.6
7.2
176.3
9.1
16.4
8.4
1.8
44.8
87.7
4.8
9.9
71.6
36.2
4.6
19.2
6.3
11.3
31.7
1.0
3.5
51.6
30.2
78.6
30.3
558.9
10.6
18.2
16.8
431.1
24.8
43.1
5.1
549.6
209.1
11.4
9.9
21.0
23.3
39.9
109.3
74.7
23.5
522.2
39.5
55.9
1.1
4.4
39.1
140.1
41.2
26.6
240.4
3.1
53.7
43.2
117.0
45.0
4.9
40.7
3.8
12.3
49.8
–
23.2
50.1
9.5
11.4
776.1
3658.6
1669.5
1989.0
463.8
118.3
87.6
819.9
1025.8
48.7
35.9
6.4
13.2
0.7
8.0
17.4
31.6
8.0
169.9
8.7
16.9
8.0
2.1
42.7
85.9
4.7
9.6
69.2
35.4
4.5
19.9
5.8
11.6
31.5
1.0
3.3
47.2
30.6
79.3
30.2
548.0
10.8
19.3
19.0
454.5
28.4
44.4
5.9
582.3
224.1
14.6
10.5
21.2
25.0
41.4
112.1
74.4
22.6
545.8
43.4
59.6
1.0
4.5
40.3
148.8
41.4
27.4
283.0
3.0
58.1
44.5
115.7
41.0
4.4
43.6
4.1
12.3
57.8
–
23.7
50.0
9.7
11.3
831.0
3851.7
1756.5
2095.1
457.2
120.3
90.7
846.6
1057.6
47.5
35.8
6.5
13.4
0.6
8.3
17.5
26.5
9.2
165.4
8.9
17.4
8.3
2.0
43.4
88.7
5.1
9.8
70.8
36.8
4.5
20.4
6.1
10.9
36.1
1.0
3.4
43.2
28.2
78.8
30.1
554.1
11.8
19.3
17.9
444.3
31.5
43.4
5.5
573.7
223.6
19.9
10.8
23.5
25.0
41.1
113.6
76.0
24.8
558.4
45.2
58.9
1.0
4.3
40.7
150.1
53.7
34.4
307.3
3.1
59.7
43.8
108.1
42.3
4.8
45.7
4.1
12.7
56.0
–
23.3
50.8
9.9
10.3
869.9
3929.2
1801.1
2128.2
469.6
1.7%
3.5%
3.3%
3.1%
-2.5%
-0.2%
1.1%
1.8%
-10.6%
3.7%
1.0%
-16.3%
14.7%
-2.7%
2.5%
3.0%
4.3%
-3.8%
1.7%
3.3%
9.0%
2.0%
2.3%
4.2%
0.2%
2.3%
5.7%
-5.9%
14.8%
3.2%
2.4%
-8.5%
-7.7%
-0.5%
-0.4%
1.1%
9.0%
-0.3%
-5.8%
-2.2%
11.1%
-2.2%
-6.0%
-1.5%
-0.2%
36.5%
2.4%
11.2%
0.1%
-0.7%
1.4%
2.2%
9.9%
2.3%
4.2%
-1.1%
-5.2%
-4.2%
0.9%
0.9%
29.7%
25.3%
8.6%
3.3%
2.7%
-1.6%
-6.6%
3.1%
8.9%
4.8%
-0.2%
3.7%
-3.2%
n/a
-1.7%
1.6%
2.0%
-8.9%
4.7%
2.0%
2.5%
1.6%
2.7%
2008-18
Share
2019
2.8%
3.1%
3.9%
2.3%
2.7% 21.5%
2.8% 26.9%
1.2%
1.2%
3.4%
0.9%
8.8%
0.2%
6.1%
0.3%
◆
3.6%
9.4%
0.2%
-1.0%
0.4%
-1.0%
0.7%
5.4%
0.2%
1.9%
4.2%
-0.4%
0.2%
-0.3%
0.4%
-0.4%
0.2%
-6.7%
0.1%
-0.8%
1.1%
-0.4%
2.3%
1.5%
0.1%
-2.4%
0.2%
-1.5%
1.8%
-1.3%
0.9%
0.4%
0.1%
2.4%
0.5%
1.9%
0.2%
-2.0%
0.3%
-2.5%
0.9%
◆
1.7%
0.2%
0.1%
3.0%
1.1%
-6.9%
0.7%
-2.1%
2.0%
-1.2%
0.8%
-1.3% 14.1%
0.8%
0.3%
-0.3%
0.5%
6.0%
0.5%
0.7% 11.3%
13.7%
0.8%
0.1%
1.1%
-0.1%
0.1%
1.1% 14.6%
5.9%
5.7%
8.5%
0.5%
11.3%
0.3%
5.8%
0.6%
6.5%
0.6%
7.2%
1.0%
3.9%
2.9%
2.5%
1.9%
0.9%
0.6%
4.9% 14.2%
5.9%
1.2%
4.2%
1.5%
◆
5.8%
1.3%
0.1%
4.3%
1.0%
4.6%
3.8%
3.8%
1.4%
5.3%
0.9%
13.2%
7.8%
0.1%
0.1%
3.8%
1.5%
1.2%
1.1%
1.6%
2.8%
-0.6%
1.1%
1.2%
0.1%
2.3%
1.2%
1.0%
0.1%
3.5%
0.3%
4.5%
1.4%
n/a
n/a
6.4%
0.6%
3.1%
1.3%
2.9%
0.3%
5.9%
0.3%
5.1% 22.1%
2.5% 100.0%
1.6% 45.8%
3.3% 54.2%
-1.2% 12.0%
Source: includes data from Cedigaz, FGE MENAgas service.
*Excludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in gas-to-liquids transformation.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15°C and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from measures of energy content using an average
conversion factor and have been standardized using a gross calorific value (GCV) of 40 MJ/m3, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using billion cubic metres figures.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
36
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Natural gas: Consumption in exajoules*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
3.12
2.35
22.23
27.70
1.51
0.74
0.10
0.30
0.02
0.12
0.69
1.23
0.18
4.89
0.32
0.63
0.28
0.13
1.61
3.04
0.12
0.38
2.68
1.49
0.15
0.54
0.17
0.44
1.31
0.04
0.11
1.21
1.76
3.28
1.07
20.79
0.31
0.61
0.37
14.32
0.62
1.59
0.19
18.00
4.85
0.25
0.14
0.43
0.49
0.77
2.68
2.07
0.82
12.50
0.94
1.47
0.02
0.12
0.88
3.44
1.05
0.67
3.25
0.10
1.77
1.52
3.33
1.44
0.14
1.25
0.13
0.33
1.28
–
0.45
1.37
0.28
0.20
18.56
105.88
52.03
53.85
17.44
3.18
2.38
23.33
28.89
1.52
0.99
0.21
0.31
0.02
0.20
0.75
1.13
0.18
5.30
0.35
0.70
0.34
0.15
1.78
3.17
0.13
0.41
2.85
1.68
0.15
0.58
0.19
0.45
1.30
0.06
0.13
1.29
1.96
3.55
1.21
22.43
0.29
0.75
0.40
15.26
0.66
1.59
0.19
19.13
5.20
0.26
0.18
0.50
0.59
0.91
3.00
2.13
0.91
13.68
0.91
1.56
0.03
0.15
0.91
3.56
1.22
0.69
3.92
0.13
2.12
1.59
3.60
1.37
0.16
1.27
0.13
0.30
1.62
–
0.56
1.56
0.33
0.24
20.80
113.78
55.55
58.24
18.77
3.51
2.55
23.70
29.76
1.58
0.99
0.21
0.31
0.02
0.23
0.74
1.20
0.21
5.48
0.33
0.59
0.29
0.13
1.55
2.91
0.17
0.39
2.67
1.47
0.14
0.59
0.19
0.46
1.21
0.04
0.11
1.51
2.02
2.95
1.16
20.89
0.32
0.69
0.44
15.68
0.75
1.70
0.20
19.78
5.51
0.23
0.17
0.57
0.65
1.03
3.16
2.22
0.79
14.33
0.96
1.72
0.03
0.15
0.99
3.86
1.27
0.70
4.87
0.10
2.17
1.54
4.03
1.38
0.14
1.27
0.14
0.30
1.74
–
0.61
1.60
0.29
0.27
22.44
116.54
55.36
61.17
16.95
3.50
2.65
24.77
30.92
1.64
1.17
0.19
0.34
0.03
0.25
0.73
1.25
0.23
5.82
0.31
0.60
0.29
0.12
1.60
2.92
0.15
0.35
2.57
1.41
0.14
0.63
0.16
0.45
1.20
0.04
0.12
1.56
1.87
2.77
1.11
20.37
0.34
0.70
0.47
15.43
0.83
1.66
0.21
19.63
5.49
0.23
0.09
0.63
0.71
1.21
3.40
2.30
0.73
14.79
1.08
1.82
0.04
0.16
1.05
4.14
1.27
0.77
5.43
0.09
2.01
1.55
4.44
1.51
0.16
1.32
0.13
0.32
1.89
–
0.64
1.75
0.32
0.31
23.92
119.59
56.66
62.93
16.53
3.75
2.80
25.45
32.01
1.66
1.38
0.19
0.38
0.03
0.24
0.73
1.16
0.25
6.02
0.30
0.60
0.29
0.11
1.63
3.06
0.13
0.33
2.40
1.41
0.14
0.63
0.16
0.41
1.09
0.04
0.13
1.58
1.72
2.75
1.07
19.96
0.34
0.69
0.49
15.30
0.70
1.66
0.17
19.34
5.54
0.25
0.24
0.64
0.78
1.28
3.42
2.33
0.76
15.24
1.16
1.78
0.04
0.15
1.07
4.20
1.34
0.79
6.19
0.09
1.76
1.60
4.45
1.60
0.17
1.28
0.12
0.36
1.98
–
0.65
1.76
0.34
0.31
24.79
121.56
57.85
63.71
16.23
3.95
2.84
26.00
32.79
1.66
1.46
0.16
0.41
0.03
0.27
0.74
1.22
0.26
6.21
0.27
0.52
0.26
0.10
1.36
2.66
0.10
0.29
2.12
1.24
0.15
0.61
0.15
0.39
0.99
0.03
0.11
1.68
1.45
2.52
0.98
18.00
0.35
0.69
0.54
15.20
0.72
1.75
0.19
19.44
6.24
0.27
0.26
0.64
0.77
1.39
3.50
2.28
0.75
16.11
1.30
1.66
0.04
0.15
1.16
4.32
1.44
0.83
6.78
0.09
1.75
1.59
4.49
1.61
0.19
1.26
0.13
0.37
1.80
–
0.68
1.80
0.35
0.36
25.52
122.38
56.95
65.43
14.45
3.95
2.91
26.77
33.63
1.68
1.55
0.17
0.40
0.03
0.28
0.71
1.33
0.26
6.40
0.29
0.57
0.27
0.08
1.47
2.77
0.11
0.31
2.32
1.23
0.16
0.62
0.17
0.37
1.03
0.03
0.12
1.65
1.15
2.59
1.01
18.33
0.40
0.64
0.55
14.71
0.91
1.67
0.19
19.08
6.62
0.26
0.29
0.73
0.83
1.53
3.57
2.58
0.81
17.22
1.37
1.66
0.04
0.16
1.41
4.62
1.52
0.93
7.01
0.11
1.72
1.65
4.27
1.69
0.18
1.32
0.12
0.42
1.64
–
0.73
1.83
0.37
0.43
25.93
125.21
58.14
67.07
15.07
3.82
2.99
26.97
33.78
1.74
1.34
0.21
0.44
0.03
0.31
0.61
1.34
0.26
6.27
0.30
0.58
0.29
0.07
1.60
3.06
0.14
0.34
2.43
1.27
0.16
0.66
0.18
0.38
1.05
0.04
0.13
1.60
1.13
2.90
1.04
19.35
0.39
0.64
0.57
15.14
0.90
1.56
0.19
19.40
7.07
0.36
0.33
0.76
0.82
1.45
3.79
2.62
0.83
18.03
1.39
1.78
0.04
0.16
1.38
4.75
1.50
0.95
7.54
0.11
1.83
1.61
4.19
1.62
0.17
1.39
0.14
0.43
1.72
–
0.75
1.82
0.37
0.41
26.55
128.12
59.37
68.76
16.16
3.94
3.10
26.64
33.67
1.74
1.35
0.20
0.45
0.03
0.27
0.66
1.39
0.26
6.35
0.33
0.59
0.30
0.07
1.61
3.16
0.17
0.36
2.58
1.30
0.17
0.69
0.23
0.41
1.14
0.03
0.13
1.86
1.09
2.83
1.09
20.12
0.38
0.66
0.60
15.52
0.89
1.55
0.18
19.79
7.53
0.41
0.36
0.76
0.84
1.44
3.93
2.69
0.85
18.80
1.42
2.01
0.04
0.16
1.41
5.04
1.48
0.96
8.66
0.11
1.93
1.56
4.21
1.62
0.18
1.47
0.14
0.44
1.79
–
0.84
1.80
0.34
0.41
27.94
131.71
60.10
71.61
16.70
4.26
3.15
29.52
36.93
1.75
1.29
0.23
0.48
0.03
0.29
0.63
1.14
0.29
6.12
0.31
0.61
0.29
0.08
1.54
3.09
0.17
0.35
2.49
1.27
0.16
0.72
0.21
0.42
1.13
0.04
0.12
1.70
1.10
2.85
1.09
19.73
0.39
0.70
0.68
16.36
1.02
1.60
0.21
20.96
8.07
0.53
0.38
0.76
0.90
1.49
4.04
2.68
0.81
19.65
1.56
2.15
0.04
0.16
1.45
5.36
1.49
0.99
10.19
0.11
2.09
1.60
4.17
1.48
0.16
1.57
0.15
0.44
2.08
–
0.85
1.80
0.35
0.41
29.92
138.66
63.24
75.42
16.46
4.33
3.26
30.48
38.07
1.71
1.29
0.23
0.48
0.02
0.30
0.63
0.95
0.33
5.95
0.32
0.63
0.30
0.07
1.56
3.19
0.19
0.35
2.55
1.33
0.16
0.73
0.22
0.39
1.30
0.04
0.12
1.56
1.02
2.84
1.08
19.95
0.42
0.69
0.64
16.00
1.14
1.56
0.20
20.65
8.05
0.72
0.39
0.85
0.90
1.48
4.09
2.74
0.89
20.10
1.63
2.12
0.04
0.15
1.46
5.40
1.93
1.24
11.06
0.11
2.15
1.58
3.89
1.52
0.17
1.64
0.15
0.46
2.01
–
0.84
1.83
0.35
0.37
31.32
141.45
64.84
76.61
16.90
1.7%
3.5%
3.3%
3.1%
-2.5%
-0.2%
1.1%
1.8%
-10.6%
3.7%
1.0%
-16.3%
14.7%
-2.7%
2.5%
3.0%
4.3%
-3.8%
1.7%
3.3%
9.0%
2.0%
2.3%
4.2%
0.2%
2.3%
5.7%
-5.9%
14.8%
3.2%
2.4%
-8.5%
-7.7%
-0.5%
-0.4%
1.1%
9.0%
-0.3%
-5.8%
-2.2%
11.1%
-2.2%
-6.0%
-1.5%
-0.2%
36.5%
2.4%
11.2%
0.1%
-0.7%
1.4%
2.2%
9.9%
2.3%
4.2%
-1.1%
-5.2%
-4.2%
0.9%
0.9%
29.7%
25.3%
8.6%
3.3%
2.7%
-1.6%
-6.6%
3.1%
8.9%
4.8%
-0.2%
3.7%
-3.2%
n/a
-1.7%
1.6%
2.0%
-8.9%
4.7%
2.0%
2.5%
1.6%
2.7%
2008-18
Share
2019
2.8%
3.1%
3.9%
2.3%
2.7% 21.5%
2.8% 26.9%
1.2%
1.2%
3.4%
0.9%
8.8%
0.2%
6.1%
0.3%
◆
3.6%
9.4%
0.2%
-1.0%
0.4%
-1.0%
0.7%
5.4%
0.2%
1.9%
4.2%
-0.4%
0.2%
-0.3%
0.4%
-0.4%
0.2%
-6.7%
0.1%
-0.8%
1.1%
-0.4%
2.3%
1.5%
0.1%
-2.4%
0.2%
-1.5%
1.8%
-1.3%
0.9%
0.4%
0.1%
2.4%
0.5%
1.9%
0.2%
-2.0%
0.3%
-2.5%
0.9%
◆
1.7%
0.2%
0.1%
3.0%
1.1%
-6.9%
0.7%
-2.1%
2.0%
-1.2%
0.8%
-1.3% 14.1%
0.8%
0.3%
-0.3%
0.5%
6.0%
0.5%
0.7% 11.3%
13.7%
0.8%
0.1%
1.1%
-0.1%
0.1%
1.1% 14.6%
5.9%
5.7%
8.5%
0.5%
11.3%
0.3%
5.8%
0.6%
6.5%
0.6%
7.2%
1.0%
3.9%
2.9%
2.5%
1.9%
0.9%
0.6%
4.9% 14.2%
5.9%
1.2%
4.2%
1.5%
◆
5.8%
1.3%
0.1%
4.3%
1.0%
4.6%
3.8%
3.8%
1.4%
5.3%
0.9%
13.2%
7.8%
0.1%
0.1%
3.8%
1.5%
1.2%
1.1%
1.6%
2.8%
-0.6%
1.1%
1.2%
0.1%
2.3%
1.2%
1.0%
0.1%
3.5%
0.3%
4.5%
1.4%
n/a
n/a
6.4%
0.6%
3.1%
1.3%
2.9%
0.3%
5.9%
0.3%
5.1% 22.1%
2.5% 100.0%
1.6% 45.8%
3.3% 54.2%
-1.2% 12.0%
Source: includes data from Cedigaz, FGE MENAgas service.
*E xcludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in gas-to-liquids transformation. ◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with
unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Annual changes and share of total are calculated using exajoules figures.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
37
Natural gas: Production by region
Natural gas: Consumption by region
Billion cubic metres
Billion cubic metres
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
CIS
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
94
99
04
09
14
19
4000
4000
3500
3500
3000
3000
2500
2500
2000
2000
1500
1500
1000
1000
500
500
0
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
Natural gas consumption increased by 78 billion cubic metres (bcm), or 2%, well below the strong growth seen in 2018 (5.3%). Growth was driven by the US (27 bcm) and
China (24 bcm), while Russia and Japan saw the largest declines (10 and 8 bcm respectively). Gas production grew by 132 bcm (3.4%), with the US accounting for almost
two-thirds of this increase (85 bcm). Australia (23 bcm) and China (16 bcm) were also key contributors to growth.
Natural gas: Consumption per capita 2019
GJ per capita
0-20
20-40
40-60
60-80
> 80
38
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Prices
LNG
Japan
CIF1
US dollars per million Btu
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Japan Korea
Marker (JKM)2
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
12.55
9.06
10.91
14.73
16.75
16.17
16.33
10.31
6.94
8.10
10.05
9.94
Average German
UK
Import Price3 (Heren NBP Index)4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.28
7.72
14.02
15.12
16.56
13.86
7.45
5.72
7.13
9.76
5.49
2.00
2.78
3.23
2.70
2.51
2.35
2.43
2.50
2.66
2.33
1.86
2.91
3.67
3.21
4.06
4.30
5.83
7.87
7.99
11.60
8.53
8.03
10.49
10.93
10.73
9.11
6.72
4.93
5.62
6.62
5.25
Natural gas
Netherlands TTF
(DA Heren Index)4
US
Henry Hub5
Canada
(Alberta)5
Crude oil
OECD
countries CIF6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.07
7.46
5.93
10.66
4.96
6.77
9.26
9.45
9.75
8.14
6.44
4.54
5.72
7.90
4.45
1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
8.85
3.89
4.39
4.01
2.76
3.71
4.35
2.60
2.46
2.96
3.13
2.53
–
1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
7.99
3.38
3.69
3.47
2.27
2.93
3.87
2.01
1.55
1.60
1.12
1.27
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
16.76
10.41
13.47
18.55
18.82
18.25
16.80
8.77
7.04
8.97
11.68
10.82
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
10.79
4.85
6.56
9.04
9.46
10.64
8.25
6.53
4.69
5.80
8.06
4.47
Source:
.
EDMC Energy Trend.
Source: S&P Global Platts ©2020, S&P Global Inc.
Source: 1986-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2019 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).
4
Source: ICIS Heren Energy Ltd.
5
Source: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week.
6
Source: ©OECD/IEA 2020, Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity, Quarterly Statistics www.iea.org/statistics.
1
2
3
Note: CIF = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).
Prices
$/mmBtu
18
US Henry Hub
Average German Import Price
UK NBP
Netherlands TTF Index
Japan LNG CIF
Japan Korea Marker (JKM)
15
12
9
6
3
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
19
0
39
Natural gas: Inter-regional trade
Growth rate per annum
Billion cubic metres
US
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Other North America
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Brazil
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Other S. & Cent. America
LNG imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Europe
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Russia
Pipeline imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports
Total exports
Other CIS
Pipeline imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
Total exports
Middle East
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports
Total exports
Africa
LNG imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports
Total exports
China
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
LNG exports*
Total exports
India
LNG imports
Total imports
LNG exports*
Total exports
OECD Asia
Pipeline imports
LNG imports
Total imports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Other Asia
LNG imports
Total imports
Pipeline exports
LNG exports*
Total exports
Total World
Inter-regional pipeline trade
LNG trade
Total trade
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
Share
2019
89.9
12.6
102.5
28.3
0.8
29.1
90.2
12.1
102.3
29.2
1.5
30.7
85.0
9.9
94.9
39.1
1.8
40.9
80.8
4.9
85.6
45.3
0.8
46.1
75.9
2.7
78.6
42.5
0.2
42.7
71.9
1.7
73.5
40.4
0.4
40.8
71.6
2.5
74.1
47.2
0.7
47.9
79.5
2.4
82.0
58.7
4.0
62.7
80.8
2.2
83.0
66.1
17.1
83.2
76.6
2.1
78.8
67.8
28.6
96.3
73.3
1.5
74.8
75.4
47.5
122.9
-4.4%
-30.9%
-5.1%
11.3%
66.3%
27.6%
-2.5%
-14.2%
-3.2%
10.4%
39.7%
13.9%
7.4%
0.1%
7.6%
7.7%
4.8%
12.5%
28.3
4.7
33.1
89.9
–
89.9
29.2
8.1
37.3
90.2
–
90.2
39.1
7.0
46.1
85.0
0.1
85.1
45.3
6.5
51.7
80.8
–
80.8
42.5
8.8
51.3
75.9
–
75.9
40.4
9.8
50.2
71.9
†
71.9
47.2
7.4
54.7
71.6
†
71.6
58.7
5.9
64.5
79.5
†
79.6
66.1
7.0
73.1
80.8
†
80.8
67.8
7.5
75.2
76.6
0.1
76.7
75.4
7.1
82.5
73.3
†
73.3
11.3%
-5.1%
9.7%
-4.4%
-77.2%
-4.4%
10.4%
7.1%
10.0%
-2.5%
n/a
-2.5%
7.7%
0.7%
8.4%
7.4%
7.7
0.4
8.1
–
–
9.3
2.8
12.1
–
–
9.3
0.7
9.9
–
–
9.5
3.5
13.0
0.5
0.5
11.0
5.2
16.3
0.1
0.1
11.4
7.1
18.5
0.2
0.2
11.2
6.8
18.0
†
†
9.8
2.6
12.4
0.6
0.6
8.4
1.7
10.1
0.2
0.2
7.6
2.9
10.5
0.1
0.1
6.4
3.2
9.7
–
–
-15.8%
12.2%
-8.2%
-100.0%
-100.0%
-3.3%
n/a
-0.2%
n/a
n/a
0.7%
0.3%
1.0%
–
–
3.1
3.1
7.7
19.5
27.1
6.4
6.4
9.3
21.4
30.7
9.3
9.3
9.3
23.4
32.7
11.1
11.1
9.5
23.4
32.9
12.9
12.9
11.0
24.1
35.1
12.5
12.5
11.4
23.3
34.7
12.1
12.1
11.2
21.4
32.6
12.6
12.6
9.8
19.9
29.7
11.7
11.7
8.4
19.1
27.5
11.6
11.6
7.6
21.4
29.0
9.9
9.9
6.4
22.3
28.7
-14.9%
-14.9%
-15.8%
4.4%
-0.9%
20.7%
20.7%
-3.3%
1.6%
1.0%
1.0%
0.7%
2.3%
2.9%
218.3
70.5
288.8
3.4
3.4
224.8
89.1
313.9
5.1
5.1
234.4
89.2
323.6
6.1
6.1
228.5
68.2
296.7
8.1
8.1
234.1
51.8
285.8
9.0
9.0
209.4
52.1
261.4
13.0
13.0
214.9
56.0
270.9
11.0
11.0
230.6
56.4
287.0
10.6
10.6
247.2
64.7
311.9
8.0
8.0
246.2
71.3
317.5
11.8
11.8
233.5
119.8
353.3
8.6
8.6
-5.2%
68.1%
11.3%
-26.7%
-26.7%
-1.1%
2.2%
-0.5%
16.5%
16.5%
23.7%
12.2%
35.9%
0.9%
0.9%
38.5
38.5
189.6
6.8
196.5
33.4
33.4
194.0
13.5
207.5
41.2
41.2
210.6
14.3
224.9
39.7
39.7
201.5
14.3
215.8
32.9
32.9
210.7
14.5
225.2
33.1
33.1
189.6
13.6
203.2
26.5
26.5
194.2
14.6
208.8
24.3
24.3
202.0
14.6
216.7
28.6
28.6
219.7
15.4
235.2
23.5
23.5
221.3
24.9
246.2
26.8
26.8
217.2
39.4
256.6
14.2%
14.2%
-1.8%
57.9%
4.2%
-10.9%
-10.9%
-1.3%
n/a
-0.2%
2.7%
2.7%
22.1%
4.0%
26.1%
22.7
22.7
51.5
51.5
26.5
26.5
51.1
51.1
25.4
25.4
71.8
71.8
25.2
25.2
69.7
69.7
24.0
24.0
69.5
69.5
26.3
26.3
75.4
75.4
25.4
25.4
72.6
72.6
26.3
26.3
72.8
72.8
28.8
28.8
78.0
78.0
30.3
30.3
79.7
79.7
29.2
29.2
81.3
81.3
-3.5%
-3.5%
2.0%
2.0%
1.8%
1.8%
-0.3%
-0.3%
3.0%
3.0%
8.3%
8.3%
9.1
0.9
10.1
5.5
71.8
77.3
13.4
3.0
16.4
8.2
103.8
112.0
13.0
4.4
17.4
9.1
128.7
137.9
5.3
4.2
9.4
9.0
130.3
139.3
6.3
4.3
10.6
8.9
135.2
144.2
7.6
5.3
12.9
9.3
132.2
141.5
9.6
9.8
19.4
8.1
125.4
133.5
7.3
13.7
21.1
8.0
126.0
133.9
4.6
13.0
17.7
11.0
122.3
133.2
2.2
9.4
11.5
8.7
125.9
134.6
1.8
9.5
11.3
7.8
128.8
136.6
-18.6%
1.6%
-2.2%
-10.5%
2.3%
1.4%
-14.7%
n/a
0.8%
8.3%
7.6%
7.6%
0.2%
1.0%
1.1%
0.8%
13.1%
13.9%
–
–
42.0
56.0
98.0
–
–
48.2
58.8
106.9
–
–
36.1
56.4
92.4
–
–
39.3
54.2
93.5
–
–
34.4
47.0
81.4
–
–
29.4
49.5
78.8
3.9
3.9
30.1
48.5
78.6
10.7
10.7
38.7
46.2
84.9
8.3
8.3
37.2
55.7
92.9
3.2
3.2
37.5
53.6
91.1
–
–
28.3
61.2
89.5
-100.0%
-100.0%
-24.4%
14.2%
-1.7%
n/a
n/a
-2.6%
-1.7%
-2.1%
–
–
2.9%
6.2%
9.1%
–
8.0
8.0
–
–
3.4
13.0
16.4
–
–
13.6
16.9
30.5
–
–
20.8
20.1
40.8
–
–
26.4
25.1
51.5
–
–
30.3
27.3
57.5
–
–
32.4
27.0
59.4
–
–
36.8
36.8
73.5
–
–
39.9
52.9
92.8
–
–
47.9
73.5
121.3
–
–
47.7
84.8
132.5
0.1
0.1
-0.3%
15.4%
9.2%
n/a
n/a
n/a
31.8%
38.6%
n/a
n/a
4.8%
8.6%
13.5%
13.0
13.0
–
–
11.5
11.5
–
–
17.4
17.4
–
–
18.4
18.4
–
–
18.0
18.0
–
–
19.1
19.1
–
–
20.0
20.0
0.4
0.4
24.3
24.3
0.1
0.1
26.1
26.1
0.1
0.1
30.6
30.6
–
–
32.9
32.9
0.1
0.1
7.4%
7.4%
n/a
n/a
10.5%
10.5%
n/a
n/a
3.3%
3.3%
6.0
124.2
130.2
25.1
25.1
5.5
141.4
146.8
25.8
25.8
5.9
156.3
162.2
26.0
26.0
5.4
169.6
174.9
28.3
28.3
6.3
175.7
182.1
30.6
30.6
5.9
173.6
179.5
32.2
32.2
6.7
161.6
168.4
40.1
40.1
6.5
159.9
166.4
60.5
60.5
5.8
165.4
171.2
76.8
76.8
5.9
173.2
179.1
91.9
91.9
5.2
161.1
166.3
104.7
104.7
-11.8%
-7.0%
-7.1%
13.9%
13.9%
-0.1%
2.6%
2.5%
16.0%
16.0%
0.5%
16.4%
16.9%
10.6%
10.6%
12.4
12.4
6.0
66.3
72.3
15.0
15.0
5.5
72.5
77.9
17.3
17.3
5.9
71.5
77.4
18.5
18.5
5.4
65.0
70.3
22.4
22.4
6.5
66.2
72.7
25.2
25.2
8.8
69.3
78.1
29.8
29.8
10.5
75.0
85.5
33.0
33.0
10.2
75.8
86.0
40.2
40.2
9.0
78.5
87.6
45.5
45.5
8.7
72.4
81.1
55.3
55.3
9.6
72.4
81.9
21.7%
21.7%
9.7%
13.7%
13.7%
3.9%
0.7%
1.0%
5.6%
5.6%
1.0%
7.4%
8.3%
420.5
249.7
670.3
435.6
302.4
738.0
466.9
328.3
795.2
460.3
324.9
785.2
459.5
326.8
786.4
436.1
333.6
769.7
445.6
337.1
782.7
479.7
358.3
838.0
510.3
393.3
903.6
507.9
430.6
938.5
499.4
485.1
984.4
-1.7%
12.7%
4.9%
◆
1.0%
◆
7.4%
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
-0.4% 50.7%
6.2% 49.3%
2.1% 100.0%
*LNG exports include re-exports.
Pipeline trade excludes intra-regional trade.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Note: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15°C and 1013 mbar) and have been standardized using a gross calorific value (GCV) of 40 MJ/m3.
40
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Natural gas: LNG imports
Growth rate per annum
Billion cubic metres
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Italy
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other EU
Rest of Europe
Total Europe
Egypt
Kuwait
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East & Africa
Total Middle East & Africa
China
India
Japan
Malaysia
Pakistan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total LNG imports
Gross LNG trade
†Less than 0.05.
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
1.0
3.7
12.6
17.3
1.0
0.4
0.7
1.4
3.5
6.8
13.3
3.0
27.5
6.0
10.1
3.7
–
70.5
–
0.9
–
–
0.9
8.0
13.0
88.9
–
–
–
35.3
12.4
–
–
157.5
249.7
2.0
6.1
12.1
20.2
1.9
2.8
3.1
1.4
9.2
6.5
14.7
9.3
28.2
7.8
18.8
3.9
†
89.1
–
2.8
0.2
–
3.0
13.0
11.5
96.4
–
–
–
45.0
15.0
–
–
180.9
302.4
3.2
3.8
9.9
16.8
3.7
0.7
3.7
1.9
9.9
6.3
14.4
9.1
23.9
5.9
24.7
4.9
–
89.2
–
3.0
1.4
–
4.4
16.9
17.4
108.6
–
–
–
47.7
16.3
1.1
–
207.9
328.3
1.6
4.9
4.9
11.4
4.7
3.5
4.0
2.4
14.6
4.1
9.8
7.1
21.4
7.6
13.9
4.4
†
68.2
–
2.8
1.4
–
4.2
20.1
18.4
119.8
–
–
–
49.7
17.1
1.4
0.1
226.6
324.9
1.0
7.8
2.7
11.4
6.3
5.2
3.8
2.8
18.1
3.1
8.3
5.8
15.7
5.9
9.2
3.7
–
51.8
–
2.3
1.6
0.5
4.3
25.1
18.0
120.4
2.0
–
1.3
55.3
17.2
2.0
–
241.2
326.8
0.5
9.3
1.7
11.5
6.2
7.1
3.5
2.8
19.6
2.9
6.9
4.5
16.2
7.1
11.2
3.3
†
52.1
–
3.6
1.6
0.1
5.3
27.3
19.1
121.8
2.2
–
2.6
51.8
18.6
1.9
–
245.2
333.6
0.6
6.8
2.5
10.0
5.6
6.8
3.7
2.8
18.9
3.6
6.4
5.9
13.7
7.5
13.7
5.2
–
56.0
3.9
4.3
2.9
2.7
13.7
27.0
20.0
115.9
2.2
1.5
3.0
45.8
19.6
3.6
–
238.5
337.1
0.3
5.6
2.4
8.3
5.1
2.6
4.5
3.0
15.2
2.4
9.1
5.9
13.8
7.6
10.7
6.9
†
56.4
10.7
4.7
4.2
4.8
24.5
36.8
24.3
113.6
1.5
4.0
3.2
46.3
20.4
3.9
–
253.9
358.3
0.4
6.6
2.2
9.2
4.6
1.7
4.4
2.8
13.5
1.3
10.9
8.2
16.6
10.9
6.6
10.2
0.1
64.7
8.3
4.8
3.0
5.3
21.4
52.9
26.1
113.9
2.0
6.1
4.1
51.4
22.7
5.2
–
284.6
393.3
0.6
6.9
2.1
9.6
3.6
2.9
4.3
3.7
14.5
3.3
12.7
8.2
15.0
11.4
7.2
13.4
†
71.3
3.2
4.3
1.0
4.0
12.5
73.5
30.6
113.0
1.8
9.4
4.5
60.2
22.9
6.0
0.8
322.7
430.6
0.5
6.6
1.5
8.6
1.7
3.2
3.3
4.8
13.1
7.2
22.9
13.5
21.9
12.9
18.0
23.4
†
119.8
–
5.1
1.6
2.8
9.5
84.8
32.9
105.5
3.3
11.8
5.0
55.6
22.8
6.7
5.7
334.1
485.1
-13.2%
-4.4%
-30.9%
-10.8%
-51.9%
12.2%
-22.2%
29.5%
-9.5%
117.9%
79.8%
64.2%
46.0%
12.4%
151.9%
74.7%
26.8%
68.1%
-100.0%
19.0%
55.0%
-30.9%
-24.1%
15.4%
7.4%
-6.6%
85.7%
25.6%
10.1%
-7.6%
-0.5%
11.5%
576.6%
3.5%
12.7%
◆Less
than 0.05%. n/a not available.
Share
2019
n/a
0.1%
6.2%
1.4%
-14.2%
0.3%
-3.4%
1.8%
23.7%
0.4%
n/a
0.7%
n/a
0.7%
10.7%
1.0%
23.4%
2.7%
0.9%
1.5%
-0.1%
4.7%
17.5%
2.8%
-6.6%
4.5%
7.5%
2.7%
24.3%
3.7%
13.6%
4.8%
◆
n/a
2.2% 24.7%
n/a
–
n/a
1.1%
n/a
0.3%
n/a
0.6%
n/a
2.0%
31.8% 17.5%
10.5%
6.8%
1.7% 21.7%
n/a
0.7%
n/a
2.4%
n/a
1.0%
4.6% 11.5%
6.2%
4.7%
n/a
1.4%
n/a
1.2%
7.1% 68.9%
6.2% 100.0%
Source: includes GIIGNL, IHS.
LNG imports by source: Europe
LNG imports by source: Japan
Billion cubic metres
Billion cubic metres
Algeria
Qatar
Algeria
Nigeria
Qatar
US
Nigeria
Russia
US
Others
Russia
Others
2008-18
140
140
120
120
100
100
80
140
Australia
Qatar
Australia
Malaysia
Qatar
Indonesia
Malaysia
Russia
Indonesia
Others
Russia
Others
140
120
120
100
100
80
80
60
80
60
60
40
60
40
40
20
40
20
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20
0
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20
0
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
0
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
0
LNG imports by source: China
Billion cubic metres
Australia
Qatar
Australia
Malaysia
Qatar
Indonesia
Malaysia
US
Indonesia
Others
US
Others
90
80
90
70
80
60
70
50
60
LNG imports by source: South Korea
Billion cubic metres
Australia
Qatar
Australia
Malaysia
Qatar
Indonesia
Malaysia
US
Indonesia
Others
US
Others
90
80
90
70
80
60
70
50
60
40
50
40
50
30
40
30
40
20
30
20
30
10
20
10
20
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
10
0
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
10
0
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
0
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
0
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
41
Natural gas: LNG exports
Growth rate per annum
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
0.8
–
19.5
–
20.3
6.8
3.1
0.2
10.2
11.8
51.8
7.8
0.4
71.8
21.4
–
13.1
16.1
5.4
56.0
25.1
9.0
26.9
30.4
–
–
91.5
249.7
1.5
1.9
19.6
–
22.9
13.5
4.6
0.5
18.6
11.7
77.8
8.7
5.5
103.8
19.5
–
10.0
24.1
5.3
58.8
25.8
9.0
32.4
31.0
–
–
98.3
302.4
1.8
5.2
18.2
0.1
25.2
14.3
4.4
1.7
20.4
11.0
100.7
8.3
8.8
128.7
16.7
–
9.0
25.7
5.0
56.4
26.0
9.6
28.7
33.2
–
–
97.5
328.3
0.8
5.1
18.3
0.5
24.7
14.3
4.6
3.6
22.4
11.1
104.0
8.1
7.1
130.3
14.9
–
6.9
27.9
4.6
54.2
28.3
9.2
24.4
31.4
–
–
93.3
324.9
0.2
5.7
18.4
0.1
24.3
14.5
3.8
5.2
23.5
11.5
105.8
7.9
9.9
135.2
15.0
0.4
3.9
22.5
5.2
47.0
30.5
9.5
23.1
33.6
–
0.1
96.8
326.8
0.4
5.7
17.6
0.2
23.9
13.6
4.6
8.4
26.6
10.6
103.6
8.6
9.4
132.2
17.4
0.4
0.4
26.1
5.0
49.5
32.0
8.6
21.7
34.0
5.0
0.2
101.5
333.6
0.7
5.0
16.4
†
22.1
14.6
5.6
5.4
25.6
10.2
105.6
7.6
1.9
125.4
16.6
–
–
26.9
5.0
48.5
39.9
8.7
21.6
34.3
10.1
0.8
115.5
337.1
4.0
5.5
14.3
0.6
24.5
14.6
6.1
4.5
25.3
11.0
107.3
7.7
–
126.0
15.5
0.9
0.8
24.6
4.4
46.2
60.4
8.6
22.4
33.6
10.9
0.5
136.4
358.3
17.1
5.5
13.5
0.3
36.5
15.4
5.4
2.5
23.4
11.4
103.6
7.3
–
122.3
16.4
5.0
1.2
28.2
4.9
55.7
76.6
9.1
21.7
36.1
11.1
0.8
155.4
393.3
28.6
4.8
16.6
0.1
50.1
24.9
6.8
5.0
36.7
13.6
104.9
7.4
–
125.9
13.1
5.2
2.0
27.9
5.5
53.6
91.8
8.5
20.8
33.0
9.5
0.6
164.3
430.6
47.5
5.2
17.0
0.1
69.8
39.4
6.6
2.0
48.0
14.1
107.1
7.7
–
128.8
16.6
5.8
4.5
28.8
5.5
61.2
104.7
8.8
16.5
35.1
11.6
0.5
177.3
485.1
66.3%
8.6%
2.6%
-14.5%
39.5%
57.9%
-2.1%
-59.9%
30.8%
3.6%
2.0%
3.5%
n/a
2.3%
26.4%
11.7%
129.8%
3.3%
0.9%
14.2%
14.0%
3.0%
-20.8%
6.5%
22.2%
-12.7%
7.9%
12.7%
Billion cubic metres
US
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Other Americas*
Total Americas
Russia
Norway
Other Europe*
Total Europe & CIS
Oman
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Egypt
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
Indonesia
Malaysia
Papua New Guinea
Other Asia Pacific*
Total Asia Pacific
Total LNG exports
Gross LNG trade.
*Largely consists of re-exports.
than 0.05%.
†Less than 0.05.
n/a not available.
2008-18
Share
2019
39.7%
9.8%
n/a
1.1%
-0.9%
3.5%
◆
n/a
10.0% 14.4%
n/a
8.1%
12.2%
1.4%
28.5%
0.4%
30.6%
9.9%
1.9%
2.9%
9.8% 22.1%
-1.2%
1.6%
n/a
–
7.6% 26.5%
-5.0%
3.4%
n/a
1.2%
-17.8%
0.9%
2.1%
5.9%
0.5%
1.1%
-1.7% 12.6%
16.0% 21.6%
-1.0%
1.8%
-2.9%
3.4%
0.8%
7.2%
n/a
2.4%
n/a
0.1%
6.4% 36.5%
6.2% 100.0%
Source: includes GIIGNL, IHS.
◆Less
Natural gas: Trade movements 2019 as LNG*
*Includes re-exports.
†Less than 0.05.
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
0.1
39.8
1.4
41.0
2.1
–
2.4
10.6
6.0
1.1
0.1
104.6
104.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.8
–
5.9
1.0
–
–
0.8
0.3
–
–
8.8
8.8
–
0.3
–
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.2
–
5.7
–
–
0.2
3.2
0.5
0.4
0.1
16.2
16.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
10.0
0.5
12.8
–
0.1
†
6.6
3.4
1.7
0.2
35.1
35.1
O th
Pac er A sia
ific*
Tot
impal
or t
s
Ma
nes
Indo
nei
a
Bru
–
0.5
–
0.5
†
0.3
0.2
–
0.5
–
–
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3
–
–
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
1.5
1.2
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.3
–
–
3.9
5.5
trali
–
1.3
0.1
1.4
–
0.3
–
0.1
0.4
–
4.4
0.1
4.3
2.5
0.3
4.2
–
15.8
–
0.6
0.2
–
0.8
2.6
3.6
1.1
0.1
1.3
0.1
0.9
0.3
–
0.4
10.5
28.8
Aus
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.4
0.5
–
0.5
–
0.3
–
1.7
–
0.1
0.1
–
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.1
–
0.9
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
2.7
4.5
er A
0.1
–
–
0.1
–
0.1
–
–
0.1
0.1
0.4
–
0.3
–
0.1
0.3
–
1.2
–
0.2
0.2
–
0.4
0.2
3.7
–
–
–
0.1
–
–
0.1
–
4.1
5.8
O th
eria
Nig
pt
Eg y
ola
A ng
eria
A lg
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.6
2.9
1.1
5.8
1.0
0.8
–
15.2
–
0.1
–
–
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.1
–
0.4
–
–
–
–
0.4
1.2
16.6
ia
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
fric
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2
3.6
3.0
–
0.6
–
0.3
0.1
–
–
7.7
7.7
en
ar
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.6
–
1.9
–
6.4
–
4.4
–
2.5
–
8.8
–
3.5
–
–
– 32.2
–
–
1.0
2.7
0.1
–
0.1
0.1
1.2
2.8
1.5 11.4
1.3 13.2
3.9 11.9
–
–
0.3
7.2
–
0.1
5.4 15.3
0.2
6.4
0.2
2.6
0.1
3.8
12.8 72.0
14.1 107.1
Yem
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2
0.2
2.1
6.9
–
3.2
–
3.1
5.1
–
20.5
–
–
0.2
0.6
0.8
3.4
0.3
8.7
–
–
–
3.1
2.0
0.1
0.3
17.9
39.4
Unit
Em e d A r a
irate b
s
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
†
0.6
–
–
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2
1.1
2.0
Q at
–
–
–
–
–
0.3
–
0.3
0.6
–
1.5
0.2
0.7
0.1
0.3
3.1
–
5.9
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2
6.6
–
–
†
†
–
0.1
–
–
0.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
0.1
an
0.5
0.6
1.3
2.4
0.7
0.7
0.9
3.3
5.5
–
0.3
1.5
2.8
0.2
0.8
0.5
–
6.1
–
0.2
0.1
0.9
1.2
1.0
0.2
–
–
–
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
–
1.8
17.0
Om
O th
er E
u ro
pe*
Rus
Fed sian
er at
ion
N or
Canada
†
Mexico
3.9
US
–
North America
3.9
Argentina
1.0
Brazil
1.5
Chile
2.3
Other S. & Cent. America
1.0
S. & Cent. America
5.8
Belgium
0.3
France
3.1
Italy
1.6
Spain
4.5
Turkey
1.2
United Kingdom
2.9
Other EU
4.7
Rest of Europe –
Europe
18.3
–
Egypt
0.3
Kuwait
0.6
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East & Africa 0.9
1.7
Middle East & Africa
0.4
China
2.6
India
5.0
Japan
0.1
Malaysia
0.7
Pakistan
0.8
Singapore
7.2
South Korea
0.7
Taiwan
0.2
Thailand
0.1
Other Asia Pacific
Asia Pacific
17.8
Total exports
47.5
w ay
Trin
Tob idad &
ago
O th
A m er
eric
as*
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.4
–
0.5
–
0.3
0.5
–
1.7
–
–
–
–
–
0.9
–
0.9
–
–
–
1.5
0.2
0.1
–
3.5
5.2
u
Per
US
To
lays
ia
Pap
Guinua New
ea
From
Billion cubic metres
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.9
–
5.1
–
–
0.1
0.4
2.0
–
–
11.6
11.6
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
0.5
6.6
1.5
8.6
1.7
3.2
3.3
4.8
13.1
7.2
22.9
13.5
21.9
12.9
18.0
23.4
†
119.8
–
5.1
1.6
2.8
9.5
84.8
32.9
105.5
3.3
11.8
5.0
55.6
22.8
6.7
5.7
334.1
485.1
Source: includes GIIGNL, IHS.
Note: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar) and has been standardized using a gross calorific value (GCV) of 40 MJ/m3.
42
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2
–
0.2
–
0.1
–
0.1
–
–
–
0.5
0.5
Major trade movements 2019
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)
20.5
173.4
5.9
28.9
14.6
109.1
45.4
73.2
32.2
24.6
17.8
18.3
26.8
5.2
21.4
40.4
11.2
51.7 39.7
43.0
7.4
15.2
50.8 3.9
11.8
3.4
20.9
21.5 8.0
4.5
4.4
18.2
4.0
7.8
39.8 13.1
6.2
6.0
6.7
7.1
5.3
8.9
19.3
5.8
5.5
7.4
5.2
6.4
4.9
3.8
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Pipeline gas
LNG
Source: includes data from FGE MENAgas service, IHS.
Natural gas: Trade movements 2019 by pipeline
–
–
73.2
73.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
73.2
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
–
–
–
4.9
6.4
–
11.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
11.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.7
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
9.2
–
–
–
2.0
11.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.3
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
11.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
7.8
– 55.6
– 20.7
–
8.0
–
–
– 14.6
–
–
–
4.7
– 73.9
–
2.7
– 188.0
– 19.0
–
5.1
20.6
–
0.4
4.8
20.9 28.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.5
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.5
0.3
27.5 217.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
31.6
–
–
–
31.6
31.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.4
1.4
3.8
0.8
4.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.6
6.8
–
7.4
7.4
anm
ar
O th
e
r
A
Pac
ific sia
Tot
impal
or t
s
My
nes
Indo
er A
O th
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.4
ia
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
9.7
–
11.4
–
–
–
0.4
–
21.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.2
5.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
26.7
Liby
eria
A lg
ar
Q at
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
19.5
2.0
21.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
21.5
fric
ast
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
7.4
–
–
–
–
7.4
–
–
–
0.4
0.4
–
9.1
9.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
16.9
O th
Mider
dle
E
t an
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.8
6.2
0.4
8.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9
–
–
–
4.9
13.2
Iran
ekis
Uzb
enis
Turk
m
ak h
st an
Rus
Fed sian
er at
ion
K az
rbaij
A ze
u ro
er E
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.9
5.8
2.9
14.2
6.7
2.8
–
11.0
0.4
37.5
8.3
90.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
90.5
an
pe
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.6
5.1
4.4 19.3
23.4 27.8
1.2
2.7
– 25.3
–
1.8
–
–
–
–
1.6 26.6
1.0
0.4
0.1
–
38.2 109.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
38.2 109.1
O th
w ay
s
N or
land
her
N et
via
Boli
US
24.6
50.8
–
75.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
75.4
O th
A m er S . &
eric
a C e nt .
xico
Me
ad a
Canada
Mexico
US
North America
Argentina
Brazil
Other S. & Cent. America
S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other EU
Rest of Europe Europe
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Other CIS
CIS
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Middle East
South Africa
Other Africa
Africa
Australia
China
Malaysia
Singapore
Thailand
Asia Pacific
Total exports
C an
To
t an
From
Billion cubic metres
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
–
–
7.1
11.5
11.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.2
–
–
1.3
–
6.5
6.5
24.6
50.8
73.3
148.7
4.9
6.4
0.7
12.0
12.6
37.2
109.6
54.1
40.0
16.0
31.3
11.0
33.2
113.2
13.0
471.3
19.0
6.9
26.8
5.9
58.5
19.5
13.0
32.5
3.8
6.0
9.8
5.2
47.7
0.6
8.1
7.1
68.7
801.5
Source: includes data from FGE MENAgas service, IHS.
Note: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar) and has been standardized using a gross calorific value (GCV) of 40 MJ/m3.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
43
Coal
Total proved reserves at end 2019
Million tonnes
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Poland
Romania
Serbia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Mongolia
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
*More than 500 years.
Anthracite
and
bituminous
Subbituminous
and lignite
Total
4346
1160
219534
225040
1547
4554
731
1784
8616
192
413
–
–
276
21067
11
402
868
550
32039
26
1109
56953
25605
71719
1375
1509
100208
9893
502
4376
1203
15974
72571
133467
100858
28163
340
1170
825
207
326
–
3116
1333
342376
749167
324066
425101
23434
2236
51
30003
32290
5049
–
–
24
5073
2174
2514
35900
2876
2633
5865
280
7112
319
10975
2336
–
5172
78156
–
90447
–
–
90447
–
–
66
–
66
76508
8128
5073
11728
10
1350
6750
2857
–
1063
244
726
114437
320469
177130
143339
53051
6582
1211
249537
257330
6596
4554
731
1808
13689
2366
2927
35900
2876
2909
26932
291
7514
1187
11525
34375
26
6281
135109
25605
162166
1375
1509
190655
9893
502
4442
1203
16040
149079
141595
105931
39891
350
2520
7575
3064
326
1063
3360
2059
456813
1069636
501196
568440
76485
Share
of Total
0.6%
0.1%
23.3%
24.1%
0.6%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.2%
0.3%
3.4%
0.3%
0.3%
2.5%
◆
0.7%
0.1%
1.1%
3.2%
◆
0.6%
12.6%
2.4%
15.2%
0.1%
0.1%
17.8%
0.9%
◆
0.4%
0.1%
1.5%
13.9%
13.2%
9.9%
3.7%
◆
0.2%
0.7%
0.3%
◆
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
42.7%
100.0%
46.9%
53.1%
7.2%
R/P ratio
130
108
390
367
*
55
*
*
152
153
71
268
105
425
240
13
193
*
140
*
12
141
244
222
369
339
331
338
39
215
202
*
57
294
37
140
65
462
44
*
481
300
76
73
32
77
132
308
88
209
Source: Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) Energy Study 2020.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Total proved reserves of coal – generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The data series for total proved coal reserves does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for
determining proved reserves at company level, for instance as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent bp’s view of proved reserves by country.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – if the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios are calculated excluding other solid fuels in reserves and production.
Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using million tonnes figures.
◆Less
44
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
History
2019 by region
400
800
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
700
Middle East & Africa
Asia Pacific
World
350
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe
CIS
Middle East
& Africa
300
600
250
500
200
400
150
300
100
200
50
100
0
Asia
Pacific
99
04
09
14
19
0
World coal reserves in 2019 stood at 1070 billion tonnes and are heavily concentrated in just a few countries: US (23%), Russia (15%), Australia (14%) and China (13%).
Most of the reserves are anthracite and bituminous (70%). The current global R/P ratio shows that coal reserves in 2019 accounted for 132 years of current production
with North America (367 years) and CIS (338 years) the regions with the highest ratios.
Distribution of proved reserves in 1999, 2009 and 2019
Percentage
Asia Pacific
North America
CIS
Europe
Middle East & Africa
S. & Cent. America
1.5 1.3
2.0
5.8
34.7
12.6
1.3
14.8
11.9
3.5
42.7
35.9
17.8
20.9
18.5
1999
Total 1058811
million tonnes
2019
Total 1069636
million tonnes
2009
Total 928238
million tonnes
24.2
26.4
24.1
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
45
Coal: Production*
Growth rate per annum
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
1.39
0.25
21.67
23.32
0.13
2.09
0.10
0.02
2.34
0.19
0.87
1.94
0.34
0.07
2.36
0.27
0.31
0.16
0.73
1.35
0.46
0.65
9.71
1.82
5.93
0.04
0.04
7.83
0.03
5.85
0.05
0.03
5.92
10.16
64.39
10.30
6.32
0.03
0.28
0.12
0.07
0.05
0.20
1.03
0.81
93.74
142.89
41.04
101.86
7.02
1.48
0.31
22.09
23.88
0.11
2.14
0.08
0.01
2.35
0.21
0.87
1.92
0.31
0.07
2.32
0.25
0.30
0.14
0.73
1.35
0.48
0.66
9.60
1.99
6.32
0.04
0.04
8.39
0.03
6.03
0.07
0.04
6.15
10.49
69.72
10.56
6.79
0.02
0.48
0.14
0.06
0.04
0.21
1.05
0.87
100.44
150.82
41.85
108.97
6.93
1.48
0.39
22.27
24.15
0.11
2.47
0.08
0.02
2.68
0.26
0.88
1.96
0.31
0.07
2.33
0.28
0.33
0.11
0.75
1.52
0.48
0.66
9.94
2.08
6.60
0.05
0.05
8.77
0.03
6.00
0.07
0.05
6.11
10.26
77.53
10.50
8.72
0.03
0.63
0.13
0.06
0.04
0.25
1.09
0.93
110.16
161.84
41.92
119.92
7.05
1.49
0.31
20.72
22.52
0.12
2.56
0.06
0.02
2.76
0.23
0.85
2.00
0.34
0.07
2.42
0.27
0.31
0.10
0.71
1.64
0.44
0.59
9.96
2.16
7.05
0.04
0.05
9.31
0.03
6.14
0.04
0.18
6.36
11.13
78.44
10.68
9.52
0.03
0.59
0.13
0.06
0.04
0.20
0.98
0.96
112.76
163.70
41.14
122.56
7.03
1.51
0.30
20.05
21.86
0.15
2.46
0.04
0.07
2.72
0.20
0.74
1.89
0.28
0.07
2.39
0.19
0.32
0.07
0.65
1.60
0.33
0.69
9.43
2.15
7.25
0.05
0.06
9.51
0.03
6.08
0.08
0.21
6.38
11.97
79.32
10.71
11.71
0.03
0.64
0.12
0.06
0.03
0.20
0.96
0.98
116.71
166.64
40.95
125.69
6.58
1.50
0.30
20.33
22.14
0.15
2.55
0.02
0.12
2.85
0.21
0.71
1.85
0.27
0.07
2.26
0.19
0.24
0.07
0.68
1.09
0.31
0.66
8.60
2.05
7.39
0.05
0.06
9.55
0.03
6.20
0.16
0.24
6.59
12.81
78.05
11.28
11.30
0.03
0.47
0.10
0.06
0.03
0.19
0.96
0.99
116.29
166.05
41.86
124.19
6.29
1.35
0.29
17.99
19.63
0.12
2.46
0.02
0.10
2.70
0.25
0.71
1.79
0.24
0.06
2.22
0.20
0.30
0.05
0.54
0.72
0.23
0.60
7.90
1.93
7.80
0.05
0.06
9.84
0.03
5.96
0.12
0.25
6.33
12.80
76.43
11.77
11.39
0.03
0.46
0.09
0.06
0.03
0.16
0.97
1.06
115.24
161.68
38.84
122.84
6.05
1.37
0.25
14.70
16.33
0.11
2.60
0.01
0.08
2.81
0.21
0.67
1.66
0.17
0.06
2.18
0.18
0.30
0.03
0.65
0.76
0.11
0.56
7.55
1.85
8.12
0.05
0.07
10.09
0.04
6.01
0.07
0.32
6.41
12.83
70.82
11.89
11.25
0.03
0.67
0.07
0.08
0.03
0.18
0.90
1.33
110.08
153.30
35.19
118.11
5.55
1.32
0.31
15.66
17.29
0.09
2.60
0.01
0.05
2.76
0.24
0.64
1.65
0.19
0.05
2.08
0.19
0.30
0.05
0.63
0.57
0.08
0.57
7.25
2.02
8.62
0.05
0.08
10.77
0.04
5.97
0.08
0.59
6.64
12.50
73.17
11.99
11.38
0.03
0.94
0.07
0.08
0.03
0.17
0.90
1.14
112.41
157.16
35.66
121.50
5.47
1.18
0.28
15.40
16.85
0.10
2.42
0.01
0.05
2.58
0.22
0.62
1.58
0.18
0.05
1.98
0.17
0.28
0.04
0.69
0.59
0.07
0.82
7.28
2.13
9.23
0.05
0.10
11.51
0.03
5.99
0.10
0.74
6.83
13.06
76.58
12.80
13.76
0.02
1.04
0.08
0.08
0.02
0.16
0.98
1.39
119.98
165.06
35.67
129.39
5.28
1.11
0.26
14.30
15.68
0.12
2.37
0.01
0.03
2.54
0.20
0.57
1.27
0.13
0.06
1.87
0.16
0.29
†
0.70
0.57
0.06
0.65
6.52
2.08
9.20
0.05
0.10
11.43
0.03
6.02
0.06
0.57
6.66
13.15
79.82
12.73
15.05
0.02
1.09
0.08
0.12
0.02
0.15
1.08
1.42
124.72
167.58
33.90
133.68
4.59
-5.1%
-5.4%
-7.1%
-7.0%
24.8%
-2.2%
49.1%
-27.2%
-1.5%
-7.6%
-8.2%
-20.0%
-25.1%
18.1%
-5.5%
-8.4%
3.4%
-97.4%
0.4%
-2.3%
-16.1%
-21.1%
-10.5%
-2.4%
-0.3%
-2.9%
4.7%
-0.6%
–
0.4%
-35.0%
-22.4%
-2.6%
0.7%
4.2%
-0.5%
9.4%
-27.1%
4.7%
-5.8%
45.9%
-9.4%
-6.1%
10.2%
2.2%
4.0%
1.5%
-5.0%
3.3%
-13.2%
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Poland
Romania
Serbia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Mongolia
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2008-18
Share
2019
-2.3%
0.7%
-0.4%
0.2%
-4.3%
8.5%
-4.1%
9.4%
-3.2%
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
◆
-27.5%
◆
12.0%
0.6%
1.5%
0.8%
0.1%
-4.3%
0.3%
-2.8%
0.8%
-6.2%
0.1%
◆
-2.8%
-2.5%
1.1%
-5.2%
0.1%
-1.2%
0.2%
◆
-14.4%
-0.1%
0.4%
-8.7%
0.3%
◆
-17.5%
2.5%
0.4%
-3.4%
3.9%
0.6%
1.2%
4.0%
5.5%
◆
1.5%
10.7%
0.1%
3.3%
6.8%
◆
-3.4%
0.2%
3.6%
◆
9.0%
36.9%
0.3%
1.3%
4.0%
2.9%
7.8%
2.1% 47.6%
3.0%
7.6%
8.8%
9.0%
◆
-1.6%
18.4%
0.6%
◆
-4.3%
0.9%
0.1%
◆
-7.9%
-2.4%
0.1%
0.6%
0.6%
4.1%
0.8%
2.9% 74.4%
1.4% 100.0%
-2.0% 20.2%
2.7% 79.8%
-3.4%
2.7%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Includes coal produced for coal-toliquids and coal-to-gas transformations.
†Less than 0.005.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
46
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Coal: Consumption*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
0.98
0.43
19.74
21.15
0.03
0.47
0.17
0.17
–
0.03
–
0.01
0.09
0.98
0.12
0.12
0.76
0.22
0.45
3.00
0.35
0.11
0.52
0.31
0.02
2.17
0.12
0.32
0.39
0.08
0.01
1.29
1.50
1.25
1.54
14.67
†
0.03
1.30
3.86
–
0.04
0.04
5.26
0.06
–
0.32
–
†
–
†
0.01
0.01
0.40
0.02
0.03
0.11
3.93
0.14
4.23
2.36
0.05
70.58
0.30
11.76
1.39
4.27
0.44
0.07
0.21
0.25
†
2.87
†
1.51
0.63
0.47
0.69
97.84
144.53
43.14
101.39
11.21
1.04
0.53
20.88
22.45
0.05
0.61
0.19
0.20
–
0.03
–
0.01
0.10
1.19
0.14
0.16
0.79
0.28
0.48
3.23
0.33
0.11
0.57
0.32
0.03
2.31
0.07
0.29
0.29
0.12
0.01
1.32
1.60
1.29
1.60
15.34
†
0.03
1.40
3.79
–
0.04
0.04
5.30
0.05
–
0.32
†
†
–
†
0.03
0.01
0.42
0.01
0.02
0.12
3.89
0.16
4.19
2.19
0.03
73.22
0.26
12.16
1.65
4.87
0.62
0.06
0.19
0.29
†
3.23
†
1.60
0.65
0.61
0.67
102.31
151.19
45.79
105.40
11.74
0.93
0.62
19.70
21.25
0.05
0.65
0.24
0.16
–
0.03
–
0.01
0.12
1.26
0.15
0.15
0.77
0.23
0.41
3.28
0.33
0.11
0.64
0.31
0.04
2.30
0.09
0.34
0.54
0.10
0.01
1.42
1.74
1.32
1.71
15.99
†
0.03
1.52
3.94
–
0.05
0.05
5.58
0.06
–
0.33
†
†
–
†
0.02
0.02
0.43
0.01
0.02
0.12
3.79
0.18
4.12
2.13
0.05
79.71
0.31
12.75
1.96
4.62
0.62
0.06
0.17
0.32
†
3.50
0.01
1.67
0.66
0.73
0.56
109.83
158.46
44.95
113.51
12.07
0.88
0.54
17.42
18.84
0.05
0.64
0.28
0.20
–
0.04
–
0.01
0.12
1.33
0.13
0.14
0.74
0.19
0.46
3.37
0.34
0.11
0.66
0.34
0.03
2.14
0.12
0.32
0.65
0.09
0.01
1.53
1.79
1.63
1.55
16.34
†
0.03
1.58
4.12
–
0.05
0.05
5.84
0.05
–
0.37
–
†
–
†
0.06
0.02
0.50
0.01
0.02
0.13
3.70
0.16
4.02
2.00
0.04
80.71
0.31
13.82
2.22
4.88
0.66
0.07
0.17
0.34
†
3.38
0.02
1.65
0.69
0.67
0.58
112.20
159.07
43.08
115.98
12.34
0.87
0.53
18.08
19.48
0.05
0.69
0.32
0.21
–
0.04
–
0.01
0.13
1.45
0.14
0.15
0.71
0.21
0.48
3.47
0.29
0.10
0.57
0.34
0.03
2.23
0.11
0.25
0.48
0.09
0.01
1.32
1.73
1.55
1.55
15.81
†
0.04
1.57
3.79
–
0.07
0.06
5.52
0.06
–
0.30
0.01
†
–
†
0.07
0.02
0.47
0.01
0.02
0.13
3.70
0.22
4.07
1.89
0.05
82.44
0.33
14.77
2.39
5.07
0.63
0.06
0.13
0.42
0.01
3.41
0.02
1.69
0.68
0.72
0.45
115.18
161.98
43.43
118.55
12.05
0.82
0.53
18.04
19.39
0.06
0.73
0.32
0.22
–
0.04
–
0.01
0.15
1.52
0.13
0.14
0.69
0.19
0.36
3.33
0.28
0.09
0.55
0.38
0.04
2.07
0.11
0.24
0.49
0.08
0.01
1.51
1.49
1.25
1.42
14.84
†
0.03
1.55
3.67
–
0.06
0.07
5.38
0.07
–
0.28
0.01
†
–
0.01
0.08
0.03
0.47
0.01
0.02
0.17
3.75
0.32
4.26
1.88
0.03
81.83
0.34
16.23
1.89
4.99
0.64
0.06
0.20
0.45
0.02
3.53
0.04
1.71
0.75
0.87
0.51
115.96
161.84
42.72
119.12
11.25
0.83
0.53
15.58
16.95
0.06
0.74
0.31
0.21
–
0.03
–
0.01
0.15
1.50
0.14
0.14
0.68
0.16
0.35
3.29
0.24
0.10
0.52
0.46
0.03
2.04
0.14
0.25
0.57
0.08
0.01
1.45
1.14
0.97
1.44
14.20
†
0.03
1.43
3.86
–
0.06
0.08
5.46
0.07
–
0.27
0.01
†
–
0.01
0.07
0.02
0.44
0.01
0.03
0.19
3.52
0.29
4.03
1.95
0.11
80.13
0.28
16.55
2.14
5.03
0.73
0.06
0.19
0.49
0.02
3.58
0.05
1.64
0.73
1.10
0.49
115.27
157.84
40.02
117.82
10.94
0.78
0.52
14.26
15.56
0.04
0.67
0.31
0.23
–
0.04
–
0.01
0.16
1.46
0.13
0.13
0.69
0.18
0.34
3.20
0.18
0.09
0.46
0.43
0.03
2.07
0.12
0.22
0.44
0.08
†
1.61
1.36
0.46
1.44
13.68
†
0.03
1.42
3.74
–
0.05
0.07
5.32
0.06
–
0.23
0.01
†
–
†
0.08
0.02
0.40
†
0.05
0.18
3.78
0.26
4.27
1.94
0.08
79.09
0.28
16.86
2.23
5.02
0.78
0.05
0.22
0.55
0.02
3.41
0.05
1.67
0.75
1.19
0.60
114.81
155.50
37.73
117.77
10.04
0.78
0.64
13.87
15.28
0.05
0.70
0.32
0.17
–
0.04
–
0.01
0.14
1.43
0.13
0.13
0.65
0.17
0.39
3.01
0.20
0.09
0.40
0.38
0.03
2.08
0.14
0.23
0.56
0.08
†
1.65
1.08
0.38
1.43
13.23
†
0.04
1.52
3.51
–
0.06
0.08
5.22
0.07
–
0.21
0.01
†
–
†
0.09
0.02
0.40
0.01
0.05
0.19
3.72
0.29
4.26
1.88
0.09
79.28
0.26
17.46
2.39
5.10
0.87
0.05
0.30
0.65
0.04
3.61
0.06
1.70
0.75
1.19
0.61
116.28
156.09
37.47
118.62
9.82
0.65
0.57
13.28
14.50
0.05
0.70
0.31
0.16
–
0.03
–
†
0.18
1.43
0.12
0.13
0.65
0.18
0.35
2.90
0.19
0.09
0.37
0.34
0.03
2.08
0.11
0.21
0.46
0.08
†
1.71
1.15
0.32
1.41
12.92
†
0.04
1.70
3.63
–
0.09
0.09
5.54
0.06
–
0.20
0.01
†
–
†
0.10
0.02
0.39
0.02
0.09
0.22
3.76
0.32
4.41
1.84
0.10
79.83
0.26
18.56
2.84
4.99
0.93
0.05
0.50
0.68
0.02
3.63
0.06
1.70
0.80
1.59
1.23
119.62
158.79
36.19
122.61
9.37
0.56
0.51
11.34
12.41
0.02
0.66
0.28
0.26
–
0.02
–
†
0.24
1.48
0.13
0.13
0.60
0.15
0.27
2.30
0.14
0.08
0.30
0.27
0.03
1.91
0.06
0.19
0.21
0.08
†
1.70
1.10
0.26
1.43
11.35
†
0.04
1.67
3.63
–
0.07
0.12
5.53
0.05
–
0.21
0.01
0.01
–
†
0.10
0.02
0.40
0.02
0.08
0.28
3.81
0.28
4.47
1.78
0.14
81.67
0.26
18.62
3.41
4.91
0.90
0.06
0.55
0.73
0.03
3.44
0.06
1.63
0.71
2.07
1.25
122.22
157.86
32.10
125.75
7.69
-14.1%
-10.5%
-14.6%
-14.4%
-53.7%
-5.8%
-8.7%
63.0%
–
-32.6%
–
-34.4%
33.7%
3.7%
5.2%
-2.1%
-6.9%
-16.6%
-23.2%
-20.7%
-27.6%
-11.3%
-19.3%
-22.5%
0.6%
-8.4%
-49.4%
-10.7%
-54.6%
2.2%
–
-0.8%
-4.5%
-17.4%
1.4%
-12.1%
–
6.7%
-1.9%
◆
–
-14.5%
33.7%
-0.2%
-6.7%
–
6.2%
-5.3%
120.7%
–
–
2.2%
–
3.6%
–
-7.8%
29.4%
1.4%
-13.4%
1.5%
-3.3%
41.0%
2.3%
-1.6%
0.3%
20.0%
-1.7%
-3.2%
14.2%
11.2%
6.6%
30.8%
-5.3%
10.3%
-4.0%
-10.9%
30.2%
1.2%
2.2%
-0.6%
-11.3%
2.6%
-17.8%
2008-18
Share
2019
-6.2%
0.4%
3.0%
0.3%
-5.1%
7.2%
-5.0%
7.9%
◆
-2.4%
1.9%
0.4%
5.5%
0.2%
-1.6%
0.2%
–
–
◆
-1.8%
–
–
◆
-2.0%
5.4%
0.2%
2.1%
0.9%
-2.8%
0.1%
-3.8%
0.1%
-2.4%
0.4%
-2.4%
0.1%
-3.6%
0.2%
-1.4%
1.5%
-5.8%
0.1%
◆
-3.5%
-5.7%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
◆
1.3%
-1.0%
1.2%
◆
0.8%
-5.9%
0.1%
-2.0%
0.1%
-3.5%
0.1%
◆
-4.2%
3.3%
1.1%
-4.1%
0.7%
-14.3%
0.2%
-1.5%
0.9%
-2.3%
7.2%
◆
-10.4%
◆
3.2%
1.9%
1.1%
-1.5%
2.3%
–
–
◆
7.2%
7.5%
0.1%
-0.4%
3.5%
◆
1.2%
–
–
-5.0%
0.1%
◆
76.0%
◆
51.1%
–
–
◆
4.8%
21.5%
0.1%
◆
8.9%
-0.5%
0.3%
◆
-4.1%
11.9%
0.1%
3.5%
0.2%
-0.4%
2.4%
9.9%
0.2%
0.4%
2.8%
-2.8%
1.1%
10.1%
0.1%
1.7% 51.7%
-0.9%
0.2%
5.5% 11.8%
8.0%
2.2%
-0.2%
3.1%
8.5%
0.6%
◆
-4.7%
7.0%
0.3%
9.9%
0.5%
◆
58.1%
2.7%
2.2%
◆
37.2%
0.8%
1.0%
2.5%
0.5%
12.3%
1.3%
3.7%
0.8%
2.4% 77.4%
0.8% 100.0%
-2.8% 20.3%
2.2% 79.7%
-3.0%
4.9%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Excludes coal converted to liquid or gaseous
fuels, but includes coal consumed in transformation processes.
†Less than 0.005.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement
or conversion of coal supply and demand data.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
47
Coal: Production by region
Coal: Consumption by region
Exajoules
Exajoules
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
CIS
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
94
99
04
09
14
19
180
180
160
160
140
140
120
120
100
100
80
80
60
60
40
40
20
20
0
99
94
04
09
14
19
0
World coal consumption fell by 0.6% (-0.9 EJ), its fourth decline in six years. In the non-OECD, there were notable increases in China (1.8 EJ), Indonesia (0.6 EJ) and
Vietnam (0.5 EJ), however, growth in India was only 0.3% (0.1 EJ) – its lowest since 2001. OECD demand fell sharply, led by the US (-1.9 EJ) and Germany (-0.6 EJ),
to the lowest level in our data series (which goes back to 1965). Global coal production rose by 1.5%, with China and Indonesia providing the only significant increases
(3.2 EJ and 1.3 EJ respectively). The largest declines in production also came from the US (-1.1 EJ) and Germany (-0.3 EJ).
Coal prices
US dollars per tonne
200
Northwest Europe marker price
US Central Appalachian coal spot price index
Japan steam spot CIF price
China Qinhuangdao spot price
150
100
50
04
48
05
06
07
08
09
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
0
Coal: Prices
US dollars per tonne
Northwest
Europe
marker price†
US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡
Japan steam
spot CIF price†
China Qinhuangdao
spot price†
28.79
35.99
39.03
31.65
43.60
72.13
60.54
64.11
88.79
147.67
70.39
92.35
121.48
92.50
81.69
75.38
56.79
59.87
84.51
91.83
60.86
31.29
29.90
50.15
33.20
38.52
64.90
70.12
57.82
49.73
117.42
60.73
67.87
84.75
67.28
69.72
67.08
51.57
51.45
63.83
72.84
57.16
–
–
37.69
31.47
39.61
74.22
64.62
65.22
95.59
157.88
83.59
108.47
126.13
100.30
90.07
76.13
60.10
71.66
95.57
112.73
77.63
–
27.52
31.78
33.19
31.74
42.76
51.34
53.53
61.23
104.97
87.86
110.08
127.27
111.89
95.42
84.12
67.53
71.35
94.72
99.45
85.89
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
†Source: IHS Northwest Europe prices for 1999-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2019 the average of weekly prices. IHS Japan prices basis = 6,000 kilocalories per kilogram
NAR CIF. Chinese prices are the average monthly price for 2000-2005, weekly prices 2006-2019, 5,500 kilocalories per kilogram NAR, including cost and freight (CFR).
‡Source: S&P Global Platts ©2020, S&P Global Inc. Prices are for Central Appalachian 12,500 BTU, 1.2 SO2 coal, FOB. Prices for 1999-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2005 by coal price
assessment date. 2006-2019 weekly CAPP 12,500 BTU, 1.6 SO2 coal, FOB.
Note: CIF = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); FOB = free on board.
Coal: Trade movements
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules
Imports
Canada
Mexico
US
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
Middle East
Africa
China
India
Japan
South Korea
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
Exports
Canada
US
Colombia
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
South Africa
Other Africa
Australia
China
Indonesia
Mongolia
Other Asia Pacific
Rest of World
Total World
Share
2019
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
0.36
0.18
0.57
0.67
5.01
0.52
0.40
0.27
3.28
1.80
4.22
2.69
2.79
22.75
0.36
0.22
0.51
0.85
4.82
0.37
0.35
0.32
4.45
2.00
4.84
3.11
3.18
25.39
0.24
0.21
0.36
0.99
5.64
0.59
0.43
0.35
5.20
2.37
4.61
3.38
3.29
27.66
0.23
0.22
0.27
0.88
6.09
0.53
0.49
0.31
6.71
3.09
4.87
3.30
3.65
30.62
0.22
0.20
0.24
1.06
5.85
0.56
0.44
0.83
7.63
3.66
5.06
3.32
3.61
32.66
0.26
0.22
0.28
1.06
6.09
0.56
0.49
0.39
6.62
4.65
5.00
3.43
2.73
31.78
0.22
0.23
0.28
1.00
6.03
0.53
0.38
0.47
4.69
4.92
5.05
3.54
3.96
31.29
0.19
0.21
0.25
1.06
5.40
0.48
0.34
0.51
5.65
6.46
5.01
3.53
4.60
33.70
0.22
0.34
0.19
1.21
5.86
0.56
0.35
0.60
5.87
5.15
5.06
3.89
5.00
34.29
0.23
0.34
0.15
1.19
6.44
0.61
0.35
0.73
6.13
5.28
5.01
3.92
5.37
35.74
0.21
0.24
0.17
1.12
5.25
0.65
0.32
0.64
6.40
5.69
4.90
3.73
5.96
35.28
-11.7%
-27.9%
11.5%
-6.2%
-18.4%
7.9%
-7.1%
-12.0%
4.3%
7.9%
-2.2%
-4.7%
10.9%
-1.3%
-10.0%
9.9%
-16.7%
1.8%
0.4%
-1.2%
-4.2%
7.8%
19.4%
14.1%
0.72
1.46
1.63
0.23
2.45
0.50
1.93
0.03
6.99
0.59
5.07
0.17
0.82
0.15
22.75
0.92
2.02
1.78
0.12
2.50
0.35
1.98
0.11
7.46
0.59
6.20
0.48
0.76
0.13
25.39
1.03
2.51
2.02
0.16
2.86
0.58
2.04
0.04
7.04
0.44
7.18
0.58
1.01
0.16
27.66
0.99
3.02
2.25
0.20
3.23
0.50
2.22
0.13
7.96
0.28
8.16
0.63
0.90
0.15
30.62
1.13
2.89
2.05
0.68
3.55
0.51
2.10
0.12
9.19
0.28
8.57
0.49
0.92
0.19
32.66
1.00
2.38
2.27
0.13
3.78
0.51
2.18
0.19
9.12
0.36
8.42
0.53
0.77
0.14
31.78
0.86
1.90
2.19
0.10
4.11
0.48
2.30
0.28
9.95
0.45
7.48
0.41
0.65
0.14
31.29
0.78
1.53
2.33
0.13
4.47
0.45
2.16
2.02
9.87
0.51
7.73
0.73
0.77
0.22
33.70
0.94
2.40
2.48
0.19
5.09
0.47
2.52
0.65
9.70
0.42
8.08
0.95
0.30
0.12
34.29
1.04
2.89
2.43
0.25
5.78
0.51
2.33
0.22
9.78
0.42
8.56
0.99
0.39
0.15
35.74
1.03
2.39
2.10
0.23
5.87
0.54
2.20
0.28
9.69
0.34
9.18
1.02
0.29
0.13
35.28
-0.3%
-17.5%
-13.5%
-8.3%
1.5%
5.9%
-5.8%
27.7%
-0.9%
-18.0%
7.2%
3.2%
-26.3%
-13.9%
-1.3%
2.9%
2.9%
3.4%
6.8%
2.1%
5.9%
0.1%
0.7%
9.4% 16.6%
-2.3%
1.5%
2.9%
6.2%
21.5%
0.8%
4.1% 27.5%
-12.3%
1.0%
6.4% 26.0%
24.0%
2.9%
-5.0%
0.8%
-3.6%
0.4%
4.2% 100.0%
0.6%
0.7%
0.5%
3.2%
14.9%
1.9%
0.9%
1.8%
18.1%
16.1%
◆
13.9%
4.0% 10.6%
6.0% 16.9%
4.2% 100.0%
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Note: Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Intra-area movements
(for example between countries in Europe, Other CIS, Other Africa, Other Asia Pacific) are excluded.
Coal: Inter-area movements 2019
To
Exajoules
From
Canada
US
Colombia
Europe
Russia
Other CIS
South Africa
Other Africa
Australia
China
Indonesia
Mongolia
Other Asia Pacific
Rest of World
Total imports
Canada
Mexico
US
S. &
Cent.
America
–
0.15
0.05
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
†
†
0.21
†
0.07
0.13
†
0.04
–
–
–
†
†
–
–
†
†
0.24
0.02
–
0.12
†
†
–
†
†
–
†
0.02
–
†
†
0.17
0.03
0.28
0.54
†
0.07
–
0.02
0.01
0.15
0.01
†
–
†
†
1.12
Europe
CIS
Middle
East
Africa
China
India
Japan
South
Korea
Other
Asia
Pacific
Total
0.11
0.85
0.84
–
2.41
0.13
0.09
0.07
0.65
0.02
0.07
–
0.02
0.02
5.25
–
†
†
0.08
0.17
0.41
–
–
–
†
–
†
†
†
0.65
†
†
0.13
†
0.10
†
0.07
†
†
0.01
0.01
–
†
†
0.32
†
0.23
0.01
0.03
0.14
–
0.15
0.02
0.05
0.01
†
–
†
†
0.64
0.10
0.03
0.05
†
0.82
0.01
†
†
2.06
–
2.19
1.02
0.13
†
6.40
0.08
0.32
0.03
0.08
0.22
†
1.20
0.12
0.83
0.03
2.61
–
0.13
0.04
5.69
0.26
0.36
0.03
†
0.54
†
0.01
0.03
2.88
0.07
0.70
–
0.02
†
4.90
0.33
0.10
0.14
0.01
0.78
–
0.11
0.03
1.36
0.06
0.80
†
0.02
†
3.73
0.11
†
0.03
0.01
0.58
†
0.54
†
1.71
0.14
2.78
–
0.04
†
5.96
1.03
2.39
2.10
0.23
5.87
0.54
2.20
0.28
9.69
0.34
9.18
1.02
0.35
0.07
35.28
†Less than 0.005.
Note: Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Intra-area movements
(for example, between countries in Europe, Other CIS, Other Africa, Other Asia Pacific) are excluded.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
49
Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules (input-equivalent)
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
0.84
0.10
7.94
8.89
0.08
0.12
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.45
0.26
0.22
3.87
1.27
–
0.15
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.11
0.50
0.49
0.26
–
0.78
0.65
0.43
9.49
–
–
–
1.54
–
–
0.02
1.57
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.12
–
0.12
–
–
0.66
–
0.16
–
2.59
–
–
0.02
–
–
1.40
–
0.39
–
–
–
5.23
25.49
21.33
4.16
8.45
0.85
0.06
7.97
8.87
0.07
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.45
0.26
0.22
4.02
1.32
–
0.15
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.11
0.58
0.54
0.25
–
0.84
0.58
0.33
9.69
–
–
–
1.60
–
–
0.02
1.62
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.13
–
0.13
–
–
0.70
–
0.22
–
2.74
–
–
0.02
–
–
1.39
–
0.39
–
–
–
5.47
25.99
21.61
4.38
8.60
0.87
0.09
7.76
8.72
0.06
0.15
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.21
–
0.45
0.26
0.22
4.13
1.01
–
0.15
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.11
0.54
0.56
0.25
–
0.84
0.64
0.35
9.55
–
–
–
1.61
–
–
0.02
1.64
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
–
0.12
–
0.12
–
–
0.81
–
0.30
–
1.52
–
–
0.04
–
–
1.44
–
0.39
–
–
–
4.51
24.75
20.14
4.61
8.46
0.87
0.08
7.51
8.46
0.06
0.15
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.21
–
0.37
0.28
0.22
3.94
0.92
–
0.15
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.11
0.57
0.59
0.24
–
0.84
0.65
0.34
9.26
–
–
–
1.65
–
–
0.02
1.67
0.01
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.01
–
–
–
0.12
–
0.12
–
–
0.91
–
0.31
–
0.17
–
–
0.03
–
–
1.39
–
0.37
–
–
–
3.18
22.91
18.19
4.72
8.18
0.95
0.11
7.66
8.71
0.06
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.39
0.28
0.22
3.91
0.90
–
0.14
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.11
0.52
0.61
0.24
–
0.77
0.65
0.32
9.09
–
–
–
1.59
–
–
0.02
1.61
0.04
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.13
–
0.13
–
–
1.03
–
0.31
–
0.13
–
–
0.07
–
–
1.28
–
0.38
–
–
–
3.20
22.98
18.21
4.77
8.08
0.98
0.09
7.69
8.75
0.05
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.19
–
0.31
0.28
0.22
4.00
0.89
–
0.14
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.11
0.53
0.59
0.25
–
0.81
0.58
0.35
9.09
–
–
–
1.66
–
–
0.02
1.68
0.04
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.13
–
0.13
–
–
1.22
–
0.32
–
–
–
–
0.04
–
–
1.43
–
0.39
–
–
–
3.40
23.28
18.22
5.06
8.03
0.92
0.11
7.64
8.67
0.06
0.13
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.24
0.24
0.21
3.98
0.84
–
0.14
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.11
0.52
0.51
0.21
–
0.80
0.64
0.33
8.82
–
–
–
1.78
–
–
0.03
1.81
0.03
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.11
–
0.11
–
–
1.56
–
0.35
–
0.04
–
–
0.04
–
–
1.50
–
0.33
–
–
–
3.82
23.46
17.98
5.47
7.81
0.91
0.10
7.68
8.69
0.08
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.22
–
0.39
0.22
0.21
3.65
0.77
–
0.15
–
0.04
–
–
–
0.10
0.53
0.57
0.19
–
0.73
0.65
0.33
8.53
–
–
–
1.78
–
–
0.02
1.80
0.06
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.06
–
–
–
0.14
–
0.14
–
–
1.93
–
0.34
–
0.16
–
–
0.05
–
–
1.47
–
0.29
–
–
–
4.24
23.67
17.86
5.81
7.60
0.91
0.10
7.63
8.63
0.05
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.38
0.26
0.20
3.59
0.69
–
0.14
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.10
0.52
0.59
0.18
–
0.77
0.63
0.33
8.43
–
–
–
1.83
–
–
0.02
1.85
0.06
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.06
–
–
–
0.14
–
0.14
–
–
2.23
–
0.34
–
0.26
–
–
0.07
–
–
1.34
–
0.20
–
–
–
4.44
23.75
17.64
6.11
7.47
0.90
0.12
7.60
8.62
0.06
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.20
–
0.26
0.27
0.20
3.70
0.68
–
0.14
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.10
0.50
0.61
0.22
–
0.76
0.58
0.33
8.37
–
–
–
1.83
–
–
0.02
1.85
0.06
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.06
–
–
–
0.10
–
0.10
–
–
2.64
–
0.35
–
0.44
–
–
0.09
–
–
1.19
–
0.25
–
–
–
4.96
24.16
17.62
6.54
7.40
0.90
0.10
7.60
8.59
0.08
0.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.22
–
0.39
0.27
0.20
3.56
0.67
–
0.15
–
0.03
–
–
–
0.10
0.52
0.60
0.21
–
0.74
0.50
0.34
8.28
–
–
–
1.86
–
–
0.02
1.88
0.06
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.06
–
–
–
0.13
–
0.13
–
–
3.11
–
0.40
–
0.59
–
–
0.08
–
–
1.30
–
0.29
–
–
–
5.77
24.92
17.77
7.16
7.33
0.1%
-17.9%
-0.1%
-0.3%
22.4%
2.8%
–
–
–
–
–
–
n/a
8.7%
–
52.4%
0.7%
4.4%
-3.8%
-1.6%
–
3.2%
–
10.8%
–
–
–
-1.2%
4.4%
-2.6%
-6.0%
–
-2.0%
-14.0%
2.7%
-1.2%
–
–
–
1.8%
–
–
5.5%
1.8%
-7.2%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
n/a
-7.2%
–
–
–
27.7%
n/a
27.7%
–
–
17.8%
–
15.2%
–
33.2%
–
–
-3.2%
–
–
8.9%
–
16.3%
–
–
n/a
16.4%
3.2%
0.8%
9.5%
-0.9%
-0.1%
2.7%
-0.6%
-0.5%
-1.3%
0.6%
–
–
–
–
–
–
n/a
-0.1%
–
-5.1%
0.6%
-1.2%
-1.2%
-7.1%
–
◆
–
-2.3%
–
–
–
-0.5%
-1.2%
0.1%
-1.8%
–
-1.2%
1.6%
-3.3%
-1.8%
–
–
–
1.7%
–
–
-2.3%
1.6%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
n/a
n/a
–
–
–
-2.2%
n/a
-2.2%
–
–
15.0%
–
9.2%
–
-15.6%
–
–
18.1%
–
–
-1.8%
–
-4.4%
–
–
n/a
-0.1%
-0.7%
-2.1%
4.5%
-1.8%
Share
2019
3.6%
0.4%
30.5%
34.5%
0.3%
0.6%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.9%
–
1.6%
1.1%
0.8%
14.3%
2.7%
–
0.6%
–
0.1%
–
–
–
0.4%
2.1%
2.4%
0.8%
–
3.0%
2.0%
1.4%
33.2%
–
–
–
7.5%
–
–
0.1%
7.6%
0.2%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2%
–
–
–
0.5%
–
0.5%
–
–
12.5%
–
1.6%
–
2.3%
–
–
0.3%
–
–
5.2%
–
1.2%
–
–
–
23.2%
100.0%
71.3%
28.7%
29.4%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. ’Input-equivalent’ energy is the amount of fuel that would be required by thermal power stations to generate the
reported electricity output. Details on thermal efficiency assumptions are available in the appendices and definitions page and at bp.com/statisticalreview.
†Less than 0.005.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Nuclear data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
50
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules (input-equivalent)
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
3.48
0.25
2.56
6.30
0.39
3.69
0.24
0.39
0.09
0.19
–
0.81
0.80
6.59
0.39
†
0.02
0.12
0.54
0.18
0.05
†
0.46
†
1.18
0.02
0.08
0.15
0.25
0.62
0.34
0.34
0.11
0.05
0.67
5.57
0.02
†
0.06
1.65
†
0.06
0.27
2.06
0.06
0.03
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.02
0.11
†
0.13
0.02
0.01
0.77
0.94
0.12
†
5.81
–
1.00
0.11
0.67
0.07
0.23
0.27
0.09
–
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.07
0.28
0.32
9.14
30.72
12.47
18.25
3.17
3.30
0.35
2.41
6.06
0.38
3.79
0.20
0.38
0.08
0.19
–
0.72
0.84
6.58
0.36
†
0.03
0.12
0.59
0.20
0.07
†
0.48
†
1.10
0.03
0.15
0.19
0.39
0.62
0.34
0.49
0.12
0.03
0.79
6.10
0.03
†
0.08
1.56
†
0.08
0.29
2.04
0.10
0.03
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.03
0.16
†
0.12
0.03
0.01
0.84
1.01
0.13
0.01
6.68
–
1.02
0.16
0.83
0.06
0.23
0.28
0.07
–
0.03
0.05
0.04
0.05
0.27
0.39
10.30
32.25
12.75
19.50
3.53
3.51
0.34
2.95
6.79
0.37
4.00
0.19
0.45
0.10
0.20
–
0.78
0.85
6.94
0.32
†
0.02
0.12
0.42
0.16
0.04
†
0.43
†
1.12
0.02
0.11
0.14
0.29
0.63
0.30
0.49
0.10
0.05
0.56
5.31
0.02
†
0.07
1.52
†
0.05
0.31
1.98
0.10
0.03
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.04
0.17
†
0.12
0.02
0.03
0.86
1.03
0.18
0.01
6.42
–
1.23
0.12
0.77
0.08
0.23
0.29
0.09
–
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.07
0.38
0.44
10.43
32.66
12.95
19.71
2.92
3.53
0.30
2.54
6.36
0.34
3.85
0.19
0.44
0.11
0.20
–
0.76
0.87
6.77
0.41
†
0.02
0.16
0.54
0.20
0.04
†
0.39
†
1.31
0.02
0.05
0.11
0.19
0.73
0.36
0.54
0.10
0.05
0.58
5.80
0.02
†
0.07
1.52
†
0.06
0.31
1.98
0.12
0.04
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.04
0.20
†
0.12
0.02
0.01
0.88
1.03
0.16
0.01
8.00
–
1.07
0.12
0.71
0.09
0.21
0.10
0.10
–
0.04
0.03
0.05
0.08
0.49
0.44
11.70
33.84
12.93
20.92
3.12
3.61
0.26
2.46
6.33
0.38
3.60
0.18
0.41
0.10
0.21
–
0.77
0.90
6.54
0.39
†
0.03
0.12
0.65
0.21
0.06
†
0.49
†
1.18
0.02
0.13
0.14
0.34
0.57
0.35
0.55
0.13
0.04
0.71
6.10
0.01
†
0.07
1.67
†
0.06
0.30
2.11
0.13
0.04
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.04
0.22
†
0.12
0.03
0.01
0.93
1.08
0.18
0.01
8.38
–
1.22
0.16
0.73
0.11
0.21
0.46
0.09
–
0.04
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.53
0.49
12.77
35.15
13.04
22.11
3.42
3.50
0.36
2.34
6.20
0.37
3.42
0.21
0.41
0.10
0.20
–
0.72
0.84
6.29
0.38
†
0.02
0.12
0.58
0.18
0.04
†
0.54
†
1.24
0.02
0.14
0.17
0.36
0.58
0.35
0.37
0.08
0.05
0.68
5.90
0.01
†
0.08
1.59
†
0.06
0.29
2.03
0.13
0.03
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.02
0.18
†
0.12
0.02
0.02
0.98
1.13
0.13
0.01
9.71
–
1.27
0.14
0.75
0.12
0.22
0.30
0.08
–
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.57
0.49
13.94
35.68
12.76
22.91
3.43
3.48
0.28
2.24
6.01
0.38
3.28
0.22
0.41
0.12
0.22
–
0.67
0.83
6.12
0.34
†
0.02
0.15
0.50
0.17
0.06
†
0.40
†
1.25
0.02
0.08
0.15
0.26
0.69
0.35
0.61
0.05
0.06
0.65
5.79
0.01
†
0.08
1.53
†
0.05
0.28
1.96
0.12
0.02
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.01
0.15
†
0.12
0.02
0.01
0.94
1.09
0.13
0.01
10.15
–
1.21
0.13
0.78
0.13
0.22
0.30
0.08
–
0.02
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.52
0.45
14.26
35.38
12.54
22.83
3.09
3.49
0.28
2.39
6.16
0.35
3.45
0.18
0.42
0.14
0.22
–
0.56
0.90
6.21
0.36
†
0.02
0.14
0.54
0.19
0.05
†
0.37
†
1.29
0.02
0.14
0.16
0.33
0.56
0.31
0.61
0.07
0.05
0.67
5.90
0.02
†
0.11
1.67
†
0.07
0.28
2.14
0.14
0.03
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.01
0.18
†
0.12
0.01
0.01
0.91
1.05
0.16
0.01
10.44
–
1.16
0.17
0.67
0.18
0.23
0.31
0.07
–
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.03
0.60
0.53
14.69
36.33
12.65
23.68
3.15
3.55
0.29
2.67
6.51
0.37
3.34
0.19
0.52
0.18
0.26
–
0.53
0.91
6.30
0.34
†
0.02
0.13
0.44
0.18
0.04
†
0.31
†
1.28
0.02
0.05
0.13
0.17
0.58
0.31
0.52
0.08
0.05
0.59
5.26
0.02
†
0.10
1.67
†
0.08
0.31
2.17
0.16
0.02
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.01
0.19
†
0.12
0.01
0.01
0.98
1.11
0.12
0.01
10.49
–
1.22
0.17
0.71
0.24
0.23
0.28
0.09
–
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.04
0.80
0.55
15.05
36.59
12.50
24.10
2.68
3.45
0.29
2.59
6.33
0.37
3.48
0.21
0.51
0.19
0.28
–
0.51
0.89
6.43
0.34
†
0.01
0.12
0.57
0.16
0.05
†
0.42
†
1.24
0.02
0.11
0.16
0.31
0.56
0.31
0.54
0.09
0.05
0.71
5.77
0.02
†
0.09
1.71
†
0.05
0.32
2.19
0.10
0.02
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.01
0.13
†
0.12
0.02
0.01
1.02
1.17
0.16
0.01
10.73
–
1.25
0.15
0.72
0.24
0.24
0.26
0.08
–
0.03
0.06
0.04
0.07
0.76
0.53
15.31
37.32
12.73
24.59
3.10
3.41
0.21
2.42
6.03
0.33
3.56
0.19
0.46
0.22
0.28
–
0.56
0.77
6.37
0.36
†
0.02
0.11
0.52
0.18
0.04
†
0.40
†
1.12
0.02
0.08
0.14
0.22
0.59
0.31
0.79
0.06
0.05
0.62
5.64
0.01
†
0.09
1.73
†
0.06
0.32
2.21
0.26
0.02
†
–
–
–
–
–
0.02
0.30
†
0.12
0.01
0.01
1.04
1.18
0.13
0.01
11.32
–
1.44
0.15
0.66
0.24
0.23
0.32
0.09
–
0.02
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.58
0.56
15.90
37.64
12.30
25.34
2.92
-1.4%
-27.0%
-6.7%
-4.7%
-11.3%
2.3%
-11.1%
-9.3%
18.8%
2.4%
–
10.6%
-13.2%
-0.9%
7.8%
-5.8%
22.8%
-6.8%
-8.8%
11.9%
-30.5%
-1.3%
-4.5%
2.2%
-10.2%
-1.2%
-29.7%
-13.0%
-27.7%
5.5%
-0.1%
48.2%
-34.7%
8.6%
-11.9%
-2.3%
-11.8%
-0.4%
-4.1%
1.6%
-0.4%
9.8%
0.5%
1.3%
153.3%
35.8%
-0.4%
–
–
–
–
–
43.4%
128.7%
29.0%
-0.2%
-25.7%
-0.4%
2.0%
1.4%
-17.9%
-5.2%
5.5%
–
15.5%
0.6%
-9.1%
1.8%
-3.0%
21.8%
2.5%
–
-17.7%
-25.1%
23.6%
-17.2%
-22.7%
7.2%
3.9%
0.8%
-3.4%
3.0%
-5.8%
-0.4%
-2.5%
0.8%
◆
0.5%
-0.1%
-1.0%
1.5%
5.6%
4.3%
–
-4.7%
0.8%
-0.1%
-0.8%
-3.2%
-2.7%
-3.2%
-0.6%
-1.9%
5.0%
-0.2%
0.6%
-3.8%
-0.6%
-1.5%
5.5%
-0.3%
3.4%
-1.7%
-1.0%
5.4%
-1.6%
◆
1.8%
0.2%
-2.9%
22.8%
2.7%
0.9%
-0.6%
2.4%
1.5%
1.0%
3.7%
-5.2%
3.1%
–
–
–
–
–
-9.6%
◆
-9.0%
-1.8%
5.7%
-5.5%
3.1%
2.4%
3.3%
-1.5%
5.9%
–
1.3%
3.2%
0.1%
12.3%
1.0%
◆
-1.1%
–
0.3%
3.9%
-0.2%
0.3%
11.8%
4.9%
4.9%
1.9%
0.1%
3.0%
-0.2%
Share
2019
9.0%
0.6%
6.4%
16.0%
0.9%
9.5%
0.5%
1.2%
0.6%
0.7%
–
1.5%
2.0%
16.9%
1.0%
◆
◆
0.3%
1.4%
0.5%
0.1%
◆
1.1%
◆
3.0%
–
0.2%
0.4%
0.6%
1.6%
0.8%
2.1%
0.2%
0.1%
1.7%
15.0%
◆
◆
0.2%
4.6%
◆
0.2%
0.8%
5.9%
0.7%
0.1%
◆
–
–
–
–
–
◆
0.8%
◆
0.3%
◆
◆
2.8%
3.1%
0.3%
◆
30.1%
–
3.8%
0.4%
1.8%
0.6%
0.6%
0.8%
0.2%
–
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
1.6%
1.5%
42.2%
100.0%
32.7%
67.3%
7.8%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. ‘Input-equivalent’ energy is the amount of fuel that would be required by thermal power stations to generate the
reported electricity output. Details on thermal efficiency assumptions are available in the appendices and definitions page and at bp.com/statisticalreview.
†Less than 0.005.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
51
Nuclear energy consumption by region
Hydroelectricity consumption by region
Exajoules
Exajoules
Rest of world
Asia Pacific
CIS
30
Europe
North America
40
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
CIS
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
25
35
30
20
25
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
94
99
04
09
14
19
0
Nuclear consumption increased by 3.2% (on an input-equivalent basis), its fastest growth since 2004 and well above the 10-year average of -0.7%. As in 2018, China
recorded the largest increment of any country, and last year’s increase was China’s largest ever (0.5 EJ). Japan also posted notable growth of 0.15 EJ, or 33% as it
continued to recover from the complete shutdown of generation in 2014.
Hydroelectric consumption rose by 0.8%, below the 10-year average of 1.9%. Growth was led by China (0.6 EJ), Turkey (0.3 EJ) and India (0.2 EJ). The US and Vietnam
saw the biggest declines (both -0.2 EJ).
Renewables consumption by region
Renewables generation by source
Exajoules
Terawatt-hours
35
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
CIS
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
3000
Solar
Wind
Other
30
2500
25
2000
20
1500
15
1000
10
500
5
99
01
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
17
19
0
99
01
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
17
19
Renewable energy consumption (including biofuels but excluding hydro) grew by 12.1%, below its historical average, although its increase in energy terms (3.2 EJ) was
the highest on record and the largest for any fuel in 2019. By country, China was the largest contributor to renewables growth (0.8 EJ), followed by the US (0.3 EJ) and
Japan (0.2 EJ).
Wind provided the largest contribution to the growth of renewables electricity generation (160 TWh) followed closely by solar (140 TWh). Solar has constantly increased
its share of renewable generation and now makes up 26% compared with only 14% five years earlier.
52
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
0
Renewable energy
Renewables consumption*
Growth rate per annum
Exajoules (input-equivalent)
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
0.18
0.08
2.39
2.66
0.02
0.79
0.03
0.01
†
0.01
†
–
0.09
0.96
0.08
0.05
0.03
0.09
0.22
0.83
0.03
0.03
0.24
0.12
0.02
0.09
0.10
0.01
0.46
0.14
0.01
0.02
†
0.23
0.20
3.01
†
†
–
†
–
–
†
0.01
†
–
†
–
–
–
†
†
†
†
–
0.01
†
†
0.03
0.05
0.12
†
0.52
†
0.27
0.09
0.25
0.01
0.07
†
0.11
†
0.03
†
0.02
0.05
†
†
1.56
8.24
6.16
2.08
2.92
0.22
0.09
2.76
3.06
0.04
0.92
0.04
0.01
†
0.01
†
†
0.10
1.13
0.08
0.07
0.04
0.11
0.24
0.91
0.03
0.03
0.30
0.11
0.02
0.10
0.13
0.01
0.57
0.17
0.01
0.04
†
0.26
0.24
3.49
†
†
–
0.01
†
–
†
0.01
†
–
†
–
–
–
†
†
†
†
†
0.01
0.01
†
0.04
0.06
0.15
†
0.77
†
0.32
0.10
0.29
0.01
0.08
†
0.10
0.01
0.05
†
0.03
0.06
†
†
1.95
9.70
7.12
2.58
3.38
0.25
0.09
3.09
3.43
0.05
0.88
0.04
0.01
†
0.02
†
†
0.11
1.11
0.08
0.09
0.06
0.12
0.28
1.11
0.04
0.03
0.40
0.13
0.02
0.13
0.13
0.02
0.59
0.19
0.02
0.05
†
0.32
0.29
4.12
–
†
†
0.01
†
–
†
0.01
†
–
†
–
–
†
†
†
†
0.01
†
0.02
0.01
†
0.04
0.06
0.18
†
1.05
†
0.39
0.10
0.30
0.02
0.08
†
0.10
0.01
0.05
†
0.03
0.07
†
†
2.38
11.12
8.16
2.96
3.98
0.28
0.10
3.33
3.71
0.07
0.90
0.06
0.02
†
0.02
†
†
0.13
1.19
0.09
0.11
0.07
0.12
0.33
1.25
0.06
0.03
0.53
0.13
0.02
0.17
0.14
0.03
0.70
0.21
0.02
0.07
0.01
0.37
0.33
4.78
–
†
†
†
†
–
†
0.01
†
–
†
–
–
†
†
†
†
0.01
†
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.07
0.19
†
1.36
†
0.46
0.11
0.33
0.02
0.08
†
0.11
0.01
0.05
†
0.03
0.09
†
†
2.84
12.60
9.13
3.47
4.62
0.29
0.11
3.76
4.16
0.07
1.05
0.07
0.01
†
0.03
†
†
0.14
1.37
0.10
0.12
0.07
0.13
0.35
1.31
0.08
0.03
0.60
0.13
0.03
0.17
0.16
0.05
0.72
0.22
0.02
0.11
0.01
0.49
0.36
5.24
†
†
†
†
†
–
†
0.01
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
†
†
†
0.01
†
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.08
0.21
†
1.80
†
0.52
0.12
0.39
0.02
0.08
†
0.11
0.01
0.07
†
0.04
0.12
†
†
3.49
14.36
10.12
4.24
5.02
0.30
0.13
4.04
4.48
0.08
1.22
0.06
0.02
†
0.03
†
†
0.16
1.57
0.11
0.13
0.08
0.14
0.38
1.43
0.08
0.03
0.61
0.12
0.03
0.19
0.16
0.07
0.69
0.24
0.02
0.12
0.02
0.59
0.39
5.62
†
†
†
0.01
†
–
†
0.01
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
†
†
†
0.02
†
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.06
0.12
0.23
†
2.24
†
0.58
0.15
0.49
0.02
0.09
0.01
0.11
0.01
0.09
†
0.04
0.15
†
†
4.21
16.03
10.94
5.09
5.38
0.44
0.16
4.25
4.84
0.08
1.45
0.08
0.02
0.01
0.03
†
†
0.20
1.87
0.12
0.14
0.08
0.14
0.44
1.66
0.09
0.03
0.63
0.14
0.03
0.22
0.16
0.09
0.67
0.29
0.03
0.15
0.02
0.74
0.43
6.30
†
†
†
0.01
†
–
†
0.01
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
†
†
†
0.02
†
0.02
0.02
0.06
0.08
0.18
0.25
†
2.62
†
0.60
0.12
0.64
0.03
0.10
0.02
0.13
0.01
0.12
†
0.04
0.16
†
0.01
4.85
18.08
12.18
5.90
6.02
0.49
0.17
4.81
5.47
0.08
1.49
0.11
0.02
0.01
0.03
†
†
0.23
1.97
0.12
0.14
0.08
0.14
0.46
1.64
0.09
0.04
0.65
0.14
0.04
0.21
0.16
0.09
0.66
0.30
0.03
0.21
0.02
0.74
0.43
6.40
†
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
0.02
†
†
0.02
†
†
†
†
†
0.01
0.04
†
0.02
0.03
0.07
0.08
0.21
0.26
†
3.44
†
0.73
0.20
0.63
0.03
0.10
0.03
0.15
0.01
0.15
†
0.04
0.18
†
0.01
5.96
20.06
12.96
7.10
6.05
0.49
0.18
5.24
5.92
0.09
1.63
0.13
0.02
0.01
0.04
†
†
0.24
2.15
0.14
0.16
0.08
0.16
0.49
1.88
0.10
0.04
0.67
0.17
0.05
0.22
0.16
0.10
0.68
0.33
0.04
0.27
0.02
0.88
0.49
7.12
†
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
0.02
†
†
0.02
†
†
†
†
0.01
0.02
0.05
†
0.02
0.03
0.10
0.09
0.25
0.28
†
4.61
†
0.90
0.20
0.76
0.03
0.10
0.04
0.14
0.01
0.19
0.01
0.05
0.21
†
0.01
7.53
23.04
14.32
8.71
6.69
0.50
0.22
5.50
6.22
0.10
1.83
0.16
0.02
0.01
0.05
†
†
0.27
2.44
0.13
0.17
0.08
0.18
0.54
1.97
0.10
0.04
0.64
0.19
0.05
0.21
0.16
0.09
0.70
0.32
0.04
0.34
0.02
0.99
0.51
7.50
†
†
†
0.01
†
†
†
0.02
†
†
0.02
†
†
†
†
0.01
0.03
0.07
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.11
0.10
0.29
0.35
†
5.81
†
1.10
0.25
0.89
0.03
0.09
0.05
0.15
0.01
0.24
0.01
0.06
0.24
†
0.01
9.29
25.83
15.27
10.55
6.97
2019
2019
0.52
4.0%
0.35
59.5%
5.83
5.9%
6.70
7.6%
0.14
38.3%
2.02
10.4%
0.19
20.4%
0.02
1.7%
0.01
26.9%
0.05
10.6%
†
-0.4%
† 1688.5%
0.29
7.1%
2.73
11.9%
0.14
8.4%
0.19
8.9%
0.08
2.7%
0.18
0.8%
0.61
13.9%
2.12
7.5%
0.11
10.0%
0.05
14.4%
0.64
-1.4%
0.23
17.7%
0.07
27.6%
0.25
15.2%
0.18
8.0%
0.10
8.2%
0.75
7.3%
0.36
13.4%
0.04
7.0%
0.41
19.3%
0.05
92.4%
1.08
9.1%
0.56
9.7%
8.18
9.2%
†
27.7%
†
3.2%
0.01
47.3%
0.02
31.0%
†
-0.4%
† 132.5%
†
16.5%
0.03
29.4%
†
12.1%
†
-0.4%
0.03
64.3%
†
91.4%
†
-0.4%
†
-0.4%
0.02 365.6%
0.04 214.8%
0.03
8.9%
0.12
77.1%
0.01
1.6%
0.06
82.0%
0.06
30.6%
0.12
3.1%
0.17
72.6%
0.41
39.3%
0.42
22.0%
†
39.0%
6.63
14.2%
†
13.4%
1.21
9.4%
0.39
54.2%
1.10
24.1%
0.03
12.5%
0.10
2.4%
0.06
33.0%
0.15
2.7%
0.01
5.5%
0.29
19.3%
0.01
7.0%
0.07
24.9%
0.29
18.8%
0.04 845.8%
0.01
30.6%
10.81
16.5%
28.98
12.2%
16.77
9.8%
12.21
15.7%
7.54
8.2%
2008-18
Share
2019
13.5%
1.8%
10.3%
1.2%
10.1% 20.1%
10.3% 23.1%
19.8%
0.5%
9.9%
7.0%
16.6%
0.7%
13.7%
0.1%
◆
11.1%
18.6%
0.2%
◆
-15.3%
◆
–
12.6%
1.0%
10.9%
9.4%
5.4%
0.5%
16.2%
0.6%
14.7%
0.3%
5.4%
0.6%
10.9%
2.1%
9.3%
7.3%
14.4%
0.4%
3.8%
0.2%
13.2%
2.2%
6.7%
0.8%
13.0%
0.2%
13.4%
0.9%
7.4%
0.6%
34.1%
0.3%
6.3%
2.6%
9.3%
1.2%
12.9%
0.2%
40.4%
1.4%
23.5%
0.2%
17.8%
3.7%
10.6%
1.9%
10.9% 28.2%
◆
–
◆
19.6%
◆
–
10.2%
0.1%
◆
–
◆
–
◆
39.8%
15.9%
0.1%
◆
9.0%
◆
–
40.9%
0.1%
◆
–
◆
–
◆
–
89.2%
0.1%
–
0.1%
68.3%
0.1%
38.8%
0.4%
◆
–
13.6%
0.2%
31.2%
0.2%
37.2%
0.4%
13.5%
0.6%
20.7%
1.4%
13.1%
1.5%
◆
32.1%
33.4% 22.9%
◆
64.1%
17.1%
4.2%
12.2%
1.4%
13.3%
3.8%
11.5%
0.1%
5.5%
0.3%
123.2%
0.2%
3.4%
0.5%
◆
5.0%
27.2%
1.0%
◆
47.0%
9.6%
0.2%
19.5%
1.0%
23.6%
0.1%
◆
25.3%
22.2% 37.3%
13.7% 100.0%
10.9% 57.9%
19.9% 42.1%
10.5% 26.0%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. ‘Input-equivalent’ energy is the amount of fuel that would be required by thermal power stations to generate the
reported electricity output. Details on thermal efficiency assumptions are available in the appendices and definitions page and at bp.com/statisticalreview.
†Less than 0.005.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Annual changes and share of total are calculated using exajoules figures and incorporate adjustments for assumed changes in thermal efficiency.
Other renewables data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
53
Renewables: Renewable power generation*
Growth rate per annum
Terawatt-hours
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
15.7
8.2
149.9
173.7
1.8
24.1
3.5
1.1
0.2
0.5
†
–
8.1
39.2
6.3
5.1
2.2
9.0
12.7
76.1
2.8
2.7
20.1
10.7
1.2
6.3
10.0
†
47.4
14.0
1.3
2.2
0.2
20.0
20.0
270.3
†
0.1
–
0.5
–
–
†
0.6
0.2
–
0.1
–
–
–
†
†
†
0.3
–
1.0
0.4
0.5
3.3
5.3
7.5
†
48.8
†
28.0
9.3
26.8
1.4
6.9
†
10.4
0.5
2.6
†
2.5
2.3
0.1
0.1
147.3
636.7
490.8
145.9
260.8
19.3
8.7
173.7
201.7
2.0
34.1
3.7
1.1
0.2
0.7
†
†
9.1
51.0
6.6
6.2
3.1
11.3
15.5
84.2
3.1
2.8
25.8
11.1
1.2
8.0
12.2
0.4
54.6
15.7
1.4
3.9
0.2
22.6
23.6
313.6
†
0.1
–
0.5
†
–
†
0.6
0.2
–
0.1
–
–
–
†
†
†
0.4
†
1.4
0.7
0.5
3.8
6.3
8.4
0.1
75.0
0.1
33.9
9.4
29.7
1.3
8.1
†
10.0
0.6
3.3
0.1
2.9
3.4
0.1
0.2
186.4
760.1
566.9
193.2
302.3
21.0
9.1
201.9
231.9
2.2
35.3
4.7
1.4
0.3
0.7
†
†
9.6
54.2
6.6
8.2
5.2
11.7
19.6
106.4
4.1
2.5
37.1
12.3
1.6
10.8
12.6
1.6
55.6
17.6
1.6
5.8
0.3
29.5
28.8
379.5
–
0.1
†
0.6
†
–
†
0.7
0.2
–
0.3
–
–
0.1
†
†
†
0.7
†
1.7
0.7
0.5
3.9
6.9
11.1
0.1
104.3
0.1
41.9
9.5
31.0
1.5
8.6
†
10.1
0.6
3.7
0.1
3.4
4.1
0.1
0.2
230.5
904.5
667.4
237.0
365.5
23.1
10.5
228.3
261.9
2.8
40.8
6.4
1.5
0.3
0.7
†
†
11.7
64.3
7.4
10.1
6.0
11.6
24.3
121.3
5.7
2.4
50.3
12.4
1.9
14.8
13.8
2.9
66.4
19.4
1.9
7.4
0.8
35.9
32.0
448.7
–
0.1
†
0.5
†
–
†
0.6
0.2
–
0.5
–
–
0.1
†
†
†
0.9
†
1.8
0.7
0.5
4.5
7.6
13.2
0.1
136.8
0.1
49.5
9.6
34.2
1.5
8.8
0.1
10.5
0.6
4.2
0.2
3.4
5.2
0.1
0.2
278.4
1062.4
771.5
291.0
431.5
23.7
11.6
266.2
301.5
2.9
47.6
7.4
1.4
0.4
1.2
†
†
13.1
74.0
8.4
11.3
6.5
12.7
26.2
129.3
8.0
2.6
59.2
12.1
2.3
14.6
15.7
5.2
74.2
21.3
2.2
9.8
1.3
48.5
35.3
506.8
0.1
0.1
†
0.5
†
–
†
0.7
0.2
†
0.5
†
†
0.1
†
0.1
†
1.1
†
1.6
1.2
0.8
5.2
8.8
16.4
0.1
183.8
0.1
55.9
9.5
41.2
1.2
9.0
0.5
9.9
0.7
5.7
0.3
3.8
7.2
0.1
0.3
346.0
1238.9
878.2
360.7
485.8
24.7
13.8
296.8
335.3
2.9
59.3
6.9
1.8
0.5
1.7
†
†
15.7
88.9
9.0
12.0
7.3
12.8
29.0
142.9
7.7
2.8
62.1
11.6
2.5
17.7
16.0
6.5
71.1
22.0
2.6
12.0
1.7
58.6
39.3
547.2
0.1
0.1
†
0.8
†
–
†
1.0
0.2
0.1
0.9
†
†
0.1
†
0.3
0.1
1.8
0.1
1.2
1.9
2.6
6.8
12.5
18.3
0.2
229.5
0.1
63.0
10.2
52.2
0.9
10.1
1.0
10.7
0.8
7.7
0.3
4.0
9.0
0.1
0.4
418.6
1405.2
965.9
439.3
522.9
39.8
16.4
315.8
372.1
3.0
71.6
9.0
1.9
0.5
1.7
†
†
19.7
107.5
10.3
14.2
7.6
13.7
35.0
169.8
8.8
3.0
63.4
13.6
2.8
20.9
15.7
9.6
68.9
27.1
2.8
16.5
1.7
77.1
43.0
625.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.0
†
–
†
1.4
0.3
0.1
1.2
†
†
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3
2.5
0.1
1.9
2.5
6.2
8.8
19.6
21.7
0.2
279.1
0.1
65.1
10.3
68.2
1.0
10.8
1.7
12.3
0.9
11.0
0.4
4.3
10.0
0.3
0.6
498.2
1626.7
1103.0
523.7
596.1
45.6
18.0
367.4
431.0
2.5
84.9
11.7
2.0
0.6
1.9
†
†
22.4
126.2
11.0
14.0
7.4
14.5
37.2
169.1
9.4
3.0
65.6
14.6
2.4
20.7
16.5
8.9
68.2
27.1
3.2
23.0
1.6
77.6
43.4
638.4
0.1
0.2
0.4
1.1
†
†
†
1.8
0.3
0.1
1.7
†
†
0.1
0.1
0.3
1.5
4.1
0.3
2.6
3.4
7.9
9.2
23.5
24.2
0.2
369.5
0.1
79.8
11.0
68.1
1.1
10.8
2.8
13.9
0.9
14.0
0.5
4.5
12.5
0.3
0.7
614.9
1839.9
1183.5
656.4
602.8
45.9
19.5
417.7
483.2
3.0
96.1
15.0
2.0
0.5
2.4
†
†
23.8
142.8
12.8
15.6
7.7
16.1
41.5
196.2
9.8
3.3
67.7
17.4
3.1
21.6
16.7
9.8
69.5
29.9
3.7
29.0
1.9
92.9
50.6
716.7
0.1
0.3
0.4
1.2
†
†
†
2.1
0.4
0.1
1.7
0.1
†
0.1
0.2
0.8
2.2
5.5
0.5
2.7
3.5
10.6
9.7
27.0
25.7
0.3
502.0
0.1
99.2
13.1
81.9
1.1
10.6
4.0
13.6
0.9
19.0
0.7
5.3
14.9
0.4
0.9
793.5
2170.8
1335.4
835.4
673.1
47.1
23.3
451.6
522.0
4.0
106.3
17.9
2.2
0.5
3.5
†
†
27.5
161.9
12.3
16.8
7.8
18.1
46.9
206.8
10.4
3.5
65.6
18.8
4.2
19.6
17.0
8.5
69.8
28.9
3.9
37.8
2.5
104.5
52.4
756.3
0.2
0.3
0.5
1.4
†
†
0.1
2.5
0.5
0.1
1.7
0.1
†
0.1
0.4
1.3
3.3
7.5
0.6
3.5
4.8
12.3
11.0
32.2
32.2
0.3
636.4
0.1
122.8
14.6
96.8
1.3
10.5
5.2
13.9
0.9
23.9
0.8
6.4
17.8
0.5
1.1
985.5
2468.0
1442.4
1025.6
700.9
2019
2019
49.3
4.7%
37.8
62.4%
489.8
8.5%
576.9
10.5%
8.2 104.2%
117.7
10.7%
21.6
20.9%
2.2
2.0%
0.7
29.4%
4.0
15.2%
†
–
0.2 1695.2%
29.6
7.7%
184.1
13.7%
13.6
10.2%
18.6
10.5%
7.9
1.7%
18.4
1.4%
54.9
17.0%
224.1
8.4%
11.6
11.1%
4.3
20.9%
67.6
3.0%
22.3
18.4%
5.9
41.9%
23.1
17.6%
18.6
9.1%
9.0
5.8%
77.5
11.0%
33.6
16.1%
4.1
6.9%
45.3
19.8%
5.0 100.2%
113.4
8.5%
57.9
10.5%
836.6
10.6%
0.3
28.1%
0.3
4.3%
0.8
49.6%
1.8
31.5%
†
–
† 133.3%
0.1
16.9%
3.3
31.1%
0.6
12.5%
0.1
–
2.9
65.9%
0.2
92.2%
†
–
0.1
–
1.8 367.4%
4.2 216.0%
3.6
9.3%
13.3
78.0%
0.6
2.0%
6.5
82.7%
6.3
31.1%
12.6
3.0%
19.1
73.4%
45.1
40.0%
41.1
27.3%
0.4
39.5%
732.3
15.1%
0.1
10.8%
134.9
9.8%
16.0
9.4%
121.2
25.2%
1.7
29.3%
10.8
2.7%
6.9
33.5%
14.3
2.4%
1.0
5.9%
29.2
22.2%
0.8
7.4%
8.0
25.3%
21.4
20.2%
4.7 849.3%
1.4
31.1%
1146.2
16.3%
2805.5
13.7%
1616.8
12.1%
1188.8
15.9%
768.2
9.6%
2008-18
14.8%
1.8%
11.0%
1.3%
13.2% 17.5%
13.2% 20.6%
8.7%
0.3%
17.6%
4.2%
17.3%
0.8%
14.5%
0.1%
◆
10.0%
22.4%
0.1%
◆
-14.8%
◆
–
14.2%
1.1%
16.6%
6.6%
6.9%
0.5%
15.4%
0.7%
16.3%
0.3%
5.4%
0.7%
16.5%
2.0%
11.0%
8.0%
15.6%
0.4%
5.1%
0.2%
14.8%
2.4%
7.2%
0.8%
12.2%
0.2%
16.0%
0.8%
8.0%
0.7%
76.5%
0.3%
6.1%
2.8%
8.9%
1.2%
11.7%
0.1%
41.8%
1.6%
23.3%
0.2%
20.1%
4.0%
11.0%
2.1%
12.2% 29.8%
◆
–
◆
25.4%
◆
–
10.9%
0.1%
◆
–
◆
–
◆
40.6%
16.8%
0.1%
◆
9.6%
◆
–
59.8%
0.1%
◆
–
◆
–
◆
–
90.4%
0.1%
–
0.1%
69.3%
0.1%
41.7%
0.5%
◆
–
14.3%
0.2%
32.0%
0.2%
37.7%
0.5%
14.1%
0.7%
21.3%
1.6%
16.0%
1.5%
◆
32.9%
36.6% 26.1%
◆
62.0%
17.9%
4.8%
5.7%
0.6%
13.7%
4.3%
5.0%
0.1%
6.2%
0.4%
124.5%
0.2%
2.6%
0.5%
◆
5.6%
31.7%
1.0%
◆
47.9%
10.2%
0.3%
23.4%
0.8%
24.3%
0.2%
26.1%
0.1%
23.6% 40.9%
16.2% 100.0%
12.7% 57.6%
24.5% 42.4%
11.8% 27.4%
*Renewable power is based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and share of total are calculated using terawatt-hours.
54
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Share
2019
Renewable energy: Generation by source*
2019 Growth rate
Terawatt-hours
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Wind
Solar
Other
renewables‡
33.2
13.1
275.4
321.7
1.4
48.5
3.6
0.1
0.1
1.5
–
–
10.6
65.8
6.0
7.5
0.6
5.8
28.1
110.0
6.3
0.6
17.7
10.6
3.9
12.8
12.6
6.3
50.9
16.6
0.1
19.9
1.2
56.9
0.6
402.8
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.2
–
–
†
0.8
0.3
–
0.1
†
–
–
–
†
0.7
1.1
†
2.0
3.8
6.9
1.5
14.3
16.4
†
365.8
†
60.3
0.2
7.4
–
2.1
3.1
1.2
–
2.6
0.4
1.7
1.9
0.3
0.4
463.7
1270.2
745.4
524.7
376.9
3.9
3.2
94.3
101.3
0.1
3.5
5.1
†
†
0.7
†
†
3.2
12.7
1.4
3.9
2.3
0.1
10.3
45.8
3.8
0.6
22.7
3.7
0.1
0.3
1.0
1.8
12.7
0.4
1.9
7.8
1.1
12.9
0.3
138.6
†
0.1
0.1
0.6
†
†
†
0.9
0.1
0.1
1.6
0.1
†
†
0.4
1.3
2.6
6.1
0.6
1.5
1.0
4.9
1.9
9.9
12.3
0.3
176.9
†
36.3
†
66.1
0.5
0.1
1.0
1.2
0.1
9.7
0.3
2.7
5.0
0.1
0.5
313.2
582.8
329.9
252.8
127.5
10.0
7.0
81.9
98.9
2.5
54.4
9.2
2.1
0.4
1.2
–
–
13.6
83.4
4.9
5.5
4.8
12.2
8.5
51.0
0.3
2.3
25.3
4.6
0.2
6.5
3.4
0.4
6.2
11.9
1.8
10.1
0.2
34.8
0.2
215.0
0.1
0.1
†
0.5
–
–
†
0.7
†
–
0.1
–
–
0.1
–
†
†
0.3
–
–
–
0.4
7.6
8.1
3.6
†
93.7
0.1
26.2
14.4
23.4
0.8
8.4
1.0
11.5
0.8
11.7
0.1
2.0
10.9
0.1
0.2
208.6
615.0
367.0
248.0
196.4
2018
Total
Wind
47.1
23.3
451.6
522.0
4.0
106.3
17.9
2.2
0.5
3.5
†
†
27.5
161.9
12.3
16.8
7.8
18.1
46.9
206.8
10.4
3.5
65.6
18.8
4.2
19.6
17.0
8.5
69.8
28.9
3.9
37.8
2.5
104.5
1.1
756.3
0.2
0.3
0.5
1.4
†
†
0.1
2.5
0.5
0.1
1.7
0.1
†
0.1
0.4
1.3
3.3
7.5
0.6
3.5
4.8
12.3
11.0
32.2
32.2
0.3
636.4
0.1
122.8
14.6
96.8
1.3
10.5
5.2
13.9
0.9
23.9
0.8
6.4
17.8
0.5
1.1
985.5
2468.0
1442.4
1025.6
700.9
34.2
17.6
303.1
354.9
5.0
55.8
5.3
0.1
0.1
1.6
–
0.1
11.1
79.2
7.4
9.5
0.7
6.0
34.5
126.0
7.3
0.7
20.1
11.5
5.5
15.0
13.7
6.7
56.2
19.9
0.1
21.7
1.9
64.1
1.5
461.6
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.3
–
–
†
1.1
0.4
–
0.1
†
–
–
–
†
0.7
1.2
†
2.8
4.7
6.9
3.1
17.5
19.5
†
405.7
†
63.3
0.2
8.6
–
2.3
4.8
1.2
–
2.8
0.4
1.9
2.7
0.5
0.5
514.3
1429.6
841.8
587.9
430.7
Solar
Other
renewables‡
2019
Total
4.3
12.4
108.4
125.1
0.8
5.6
6.3
0.1
0.2
0.8
†
†
3.9
17.6
1.4
3.9
2.3
0.2
11.7
47.5
4.0
1.4
24.3
5.2
0.1
0.7
1.3
1.7
15.0
0.6
2.3
10.9
2.9
12.7
0.3
154.7
†
0.1
0.3
1.0
†
†
†
1.5
0.2
0.1
2.7
0.1
†
†
1.8
4.2
2.9
11.9
0.6
3.7
1.6
5.3
8.2
19.4
18.0
0.4
223.8
†
46.3
0.1
75.3
0.8
0.1
1.2
1.3
0.2
12.1
0.4
4.1
5.0
4.2
0.7
393.9
724.1
387.2
336.9
138.4
10.8
7.8
78.3
96.9
2.4
56.3
10.0
2.0
0.5
1.6
–
–
14.6
87.4
4.8
5.1
4.9
12.2
8.7
50.6
0.3
2.1
23.2
5.6
0.3
7.3
3.5
0.5
6.3
13.1
1.8
12.7
0.2
36.6
0.2
220.3
0.1
0.1
†
0.5
–
–
†
0.7
†
–
0.1
–
–
0.1
–
†
†
0.3
–
–
–
0.4
7.8
8.2
3.6
†
102.8
0.1
25.4
15.7
37.3
0.9
8.4
0.9
11.8
0.8
14.3
0.1
2.0
13.7
0.1
0.2
238.0
651.8
387.8
264.0
199.1
49.3
37.8
489.8
576.9
8.2
117.7
21.6
2.2
0.7
4.0
†
0.2
29.6
184.1
13.6
18.6
7.9
18.4
54.9
224.1
11.6
4.3
67.6
22.3
5.9
23.1
18.6
9.0
77.5
33.6
4.1
45.3
5.0
113.4
2.0
836.6
0.3
0.3
0.8
1.8
†
†
0.1
3.3
0.6
0.1
2.9
0.2
†
0.1
1.8
4.2
3.6
13.3
0.6
6.5
6.3
12.6
19.1
45.1
41.1
0.4
732.3
0.1
134.9
16.0
121.2
1.7
10.8
6.9
14.3
1.0
29.2
0.8
8.0
21.4
4.7
1.4
1146.2
2805.5
1616.8
1188.8
768.2
Wind
Solar
3.0%
11.9%
34.5% 291.2%
10.1%
14.9%
10.3%
23.5%
253.6% 639.6%
15.2%
60.7%
47.7%
23.1%
7.4% 925.6%
6.6% 337.1%
9.6%
2.2%
–
–
–
33.0%
19.9%
4.2%
20.4%
38.3%
23.3%
-6.0%
27.7%
1.1%
14.9%
-2.5%
2.5%
97.5%
22.8%
13.7%
14.6%
3.8%
15.5%
4.5%
19.6% 123.2%
13.2%
7.4%
8.5%
40.5%
42.8%
32.2%
17.5% 137.7%
8.9%
26.9%
6.7%
-2.1%
10.4%
18.0%
19.6%
50.1%
–
16.3%
8.8%
40.0%
58.6% 162.8%
12.7%
-1.4%
138.7%
13.9%
14.6%
11.6%
63.8%
11.6%
7.4%
1.5%
28.7% 105.8%
32.7%
57.7%
–
–
– 133.3%
5.6%
64.6%
30.1%
55.8%
7.2%
28.2%
–
–
–
72.8%
– 116.7%
–
–
–
–
– 367.4%
– 217.2%
11.9%
–
2.1%
95.4%
–
2.0%
37.5% 143.4%
22.4%
66.4%
0.7%
6.6%
102.5% 345.3%
22.5%
96.7%
19.0%
46.2%
–
41.2%
10.9%
26.5%
-3.4%
-3.4%
5.0%
27.3%
– 218.1%
17.2%
14.0%
–
64.6%
9.1%
27.7%
52.3%
13.7%
1.9%
6.6%
–
44.0%
6.6%
25.6%
–
16.2%
11.0%
51.3%
36.6%
0.5%
58.2% 3583.7%
32.0%
43.5%
10.9%
25.8%
12.6%
24.3%
12.9%
17.4%
12.0%
33.2%
14.3%
8.5%
Other
renewables‡
Total
4.7%
7.7%
62.4%
10.8%
8.5%
-4.4%
10.5%
-2.1%
-3.8% 104.2%
10.7%
3.4%
20.9%
9.1%
2.0%
-3.4%
29.4%
6.3%
15.2%
29.7%
–
–
– 1695.2%
7.7%
7.4%
13.7%
4.7%
10.2%
-1.4%
10.5%
-6.3%
1.7%
2.0%
1.4%
0.1%
17.0%
2.1%
8.4%
-0.9%
11.1%
2.2%
20.9%
-6.4%
3.0%
-8.0%
18.4%
23.7%
41.9%
27.6%
17.6%
12.2%
9.1%
4.8%
5.8%
24.6%
11.0%
1.7%
16.1%
10.1%
6.9%
-2.7%
19.8%
26.1%
100.2%
9.5%
8.5%
5.1%
86.6%
16.1%
10.6%
2.5%
28.1%
–
4.3%
4.5%
49.6%
110.6%
31.5%
-0.5%
–
–
– 133.3%
16.9%
–
31.1%
0.7%
12.5%
–
–
–
65.9%
–
92.2%
–
–
–
–
–
– 367.4%
– 216.0%
9.3%
–
78.0%
–
2.0%
–
82.7%
–
31.1%
–
3.0%
–
73.4%
1.6%
40.0%
1.5%
27.3%
0.6%
39.5%
–
15.1%
9.7%
10.8%
11.2%
9.8%
-3.2%
9.4%
9.3%
25.2%
59.5%
29.3%
8.5%
2.7%
0.9%
33.5%
-5.2%
2.4%
2.0%
5.9%
-0.8%
22.2%
22.9%
7.4%
6.5%
25.3%
1.3%
20.2%
26.4%
– 849.3%
31.1%
–
16.3%
14.1%
6.0%
13.7%
12.1%
5.7%
15.9%
6.5%
9.6%
1.3%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply.
‡Includes electricity generated from: geothermal, biomass and other sources of renewable energy (not already itemized).
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
A more extensive time series of renewables by source is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
55
Renewables: Biofuels production*
Growth rate per annum
Share
2019
Thousand barrels of oil
equivalent per day
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Finland
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Total CIS
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
South Korea
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
14
–
445
460
19
286
5
4
315
7
3
4
44
47
14
5
8
4
17
3
4
20
180
†
†
5
4
31
2
3
4
12
8
65
1025
646
378
179
16
†
526
542
32
316
8
4
360
7
7
6
43
59
15
7
8
5
19
4
5
20
205
1
†
6
3
30
4
4
6
16
8
69
1183
755
428
204
19
†
585
604
42
270
10
5
327
7
8
4
42
58
11
13
8
6
16
4
3
22
201
1
†
6
4
37
5
27
5
17
16
111
1250
811
439
199
20
†
557
577
43
276
11
5
335
7
8
5
49
54
6
24
12
5
12
4
6
26
218
1
†
4
4
39
5
33
7
24
22
133
1268
803
465
216
19
†
582
601
38
321
12
7
378
7
8
6
48
58
9
28
13
5
14
4
9
28
237
†
†
4
5
44
5
41
7
30
28
160
1381
846
535
235
21
†
617
638
49
337
12
8
406
6
11
7
51
65
10
34
14
6
19
4
7
28
262
†
†
5
5
49
5
59
7
34
34
193
1505
908
597
260
22
†
634
656
38
362
12
8
421
7
7
8
53
60
10
36
15
6
21
4
6
32
265
†
†
7
4
42
10
24
8
36
36
161
1511
929
581
262
23
†
673
696
53
340
12
10
415
8
7
2
49
60
10
29
17
6
22
4
10
33
257
†
†
7
4
40
12
54
8
31
34
183
1560
961
599
254
25
†
696
722
58
342
11
10
422
7
8
6
52
62
12
37
17
6
29
3
14
35
289
†
†
8
2
49
11
50
8
37
33
191
1631
1016
615
285
25
†
717
742
51
413
14
11
489
7
8
5
58
64
13
36
17
6
34
4
13
39
304
†
†
9
3
47
19
91
8
40
35
243
1787
1052
736
299
29
†
697
726
46
444
13
12
516
7
9
6
51
64
14
35
18
7
30
4
11
40
296
†
†
9
3
50
24
123
8
43
43
294
1842
1027
814
291
14.4%
–
-2.7%
-2.1%
-9.9%
7.6%
-4.6%
7.2%
5.4%
-1.7%
7.9%
4.9%
-13.1%
0.6%
12.2%
-1.8%
5.5%
20.2%
-13.4%
26.3%
-14.9%
2.5%
-2.6%
–
–
6.6%
6.3%
6.6%
24.9%
35.7%
-3.2%
8.1%
21.6%
21.0%
3.0%
-2.3%
10.6%
-2.8%
9.4%
1.6%
◆
–
6.2% 37.9%
6.3% 39.4%
16.1%
2.5%
3.6% 24.1%
18.7%
0.7%
2.1%
0.7%
4.6% 28.0%
3.7%
0.4%
–
0.5%
12.8%
0.3%
4.1%
2.7%
3.1%
3.5%
0.8%
0.8%
37.8%
1.9%
12.1%
1.0%
8.2%
0.4%
17.0%
1.6%
3.6%
0.2%
9.2%
0.6%
8.9%
2.2%
7.6% 16.1%
◆
12.1%
◆
–
25.5%
0.5%
-0.7%
0.2%
5.3%
2.7%
20.9%
1.3%
27.1%
6.7%
11.3%
0.4%
14.9%
2.3%
17.0%
2.3%
14.6% 15.9%
6.8% 100.0%
6.7% 55.8%
7.1% 44.2%
7.6% 15.8%
15
507
281
7
36
–
†
6
32
883
560
323
36
17
531
231
9
41
–
†
6
40
875
591
283
41
17
502
236
10
47
–
†
4
42
858
569
290
47
17
506
278
13
53
†
†
4
48
921
579
342
51
17
545
287
16
53
†
†
5
55
978
617
361
52
17
564
304
18
58
†
†
6
59
1027
641
386
57
17
585
284
21
54
†
†
6
54
1021
657
363
53
18
607
279
22
57
†
†
5
61
1050
683
367
56
19
613
334
24
59
†
†
6
67
1122
692
430
57
22
601
357
24
57
†
†
6
76
1143
681
462
55
11.9%
-2.0%
6.9%
1.0%
-3.7%
–
–
0.5%
13.3%
1.8%
-1.7%
7.5%
-3.8%
8.2%
1.9%
5.7% 52.6%
2.1% 31.3%
8.0%
2.1%
8.7%
4.9%
◆
–
◆
–
20.8%
0.5%
8.8%
6.6%
4.8% 100.0%
5.9% 59.6%
3.3% 40.4%
8.6%
4.8%
2
19
35
37
168
1
–
–
37
300
195
105
168
2
54
39
48
160
1
–
–
71
375
220
155
159
2
55
40
49
171
1
–
†
91
409
234
175
169
2
76
43
43
184
†
–
†
111
460
267
193
183
4
71
50
53
209
†
–
†
138
526
291
236
209
5
70
58
40
207
†
–
1
102
483
288
195
205
6
87
56
54
204
†
–
2
130
539
304
235
202
7
89
63
57
232
†
–
2
130
581
333
248
229
6
104
79
52
246
†
–
3
176
665
359
306
242
7
96
87
47
240
†
–
3
218
699
347
352
236
22.0%
-7.2%
10.3%
-9.8%
-2.4%
–
–
19.5%
24.0%
5.1%
-3.4%
15.0%
-2.6%
15.7%
1.0%
10.6% 13.8%
16.5% 12.4%
15.8%
6.8%
7.4% 34.3%
12.1%
0.1%
–
–
–
0.5%
18.0% 31.2%
11.6% 100.0%
8.3% 49.6%
17.6% 50.4%
7.3% 33.7%
Biofuels production by fuel type
Biogasoline
Canada & Mexico
13
US
417
Brazil
263
Other S. & Cent. America
6
Europe
31
CIS
–
Middle East
†
Africa
5
Asia Pacific
31
Total World
765
of which: OECD
463
Non-OECD
302
European Union
30
Biodiesel
Canada & Mexico
2
US
29
Brazil
24
Other S. & Cent. America
22
Europe
149
CIS
†
Middle East
–
Africa
–
Asia Pacific
34
Total World
260
of which: OECD
183
Non-OECD
77
European Union
148
*Includes biogasoline (such as ethanol) and biodiesel. Volumes have been adjusted for energy content.
†Less than 0.5.
◆Less
Source: includes data from F.O. Lichts; US Energy Information Administration (March 2020).
than 0.05%.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels a day oil equivalent figures.
56
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
2008-18
Renewables: Biofuels consumption*
Thousand barrels of oil
equivalent per day
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Finland
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Total CIS
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
South Korea
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Growth rate per annum
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
15
2
438
456
–
253
†
9
262
10
2
2
45
51
21
7
12
4
6
6
19
19
205
†
†
†
20
29
†
3
5
12
4
74
997
683
314
203
16
2
504
522
10
269
†
11
290
10
7
2
44
52
26
4
12
6
27
9
22
23
244
1
†
†
31
29
†
3
7
13
9
91
1148
805
343
241
25
2
541
567
14
246
1
12
272
10
7
4
44
54
25
6
13
6
32
11
20
27
258
1
†
†
33
34
1
5
6
14
10
103
1201
864
337
255
29
2
539
570
17
232
1
14
264
10
7
4
48
57
28
6
14
5
39
12
17
31
279
1
†
†
29
39
1
10
7
18
12
116
1229
883
346
274
33
2
583
618
19
273
1
15
308
8
6
4
49
51
24
6
14
5
17
12
20
38
255
†
†
†
28
46
1
15
7
23
15
135
1317
905
412
244
34
3
591
629
23
301
1
16
340
10
8
8
53
54
20
7
13
5
18
16
22
37
272
†
†
†
26
61
1
27
7
28
19
170
1412
934
477
266
34
3
615
651
25
357
1
17
399
12
5
8
53
50
25
6
12
7
19
19
18
37
272
†
†
1
24
36
2
13
8
31
23
138
1463
957
506
266
34
4
661
699
26
324
1
17
368
10
8
3
53
50
25
5
8
5
21
25
18
43
276
†
†
1
20
42
3
44
8
32
25
174
1518
1003
515
265
35
4
662
701
30
341
1
18
389
9
9
7
54
51
25
8
11
5
25
28
18
50
300
†
†
1
23
43
2
38
8
35
26
175
1567
1032
535
284
37
4
655
696
29
395
1
18
443
9
9
6
53
54
26
12
17
5
32
27
24
53
327
†
†
1
26
50
2
55
13
38
26
209
1676
1060
617
313
38
4
655
696
30
437
1
19
486
10
9
6
56
54
15
14
18
5
25
28
31
56
325
†
†
2
25
44
2
111
13
45
26
267
1776
1056
720
311
2.1%
1.4%
-0.1%
0.1%
2.1%
10.6%
2.8%
4.7%
9.8%
1.4%
-1.4%
4.5%
0.1%
-42.6%
15.8%
6.7%
-1.4%
-22.1%
3.3%
27.4%
6.1%
-0.5%
0.5%
1.7%
19.1%
-2.3%
-10.4%
-0.5%
102.0%
0.7%
16.9%
1.7%
27.5%
6.0%
-0.4%
16.8%
-0.7%
10.5%
2.1%
8.4%
0.2%
5.5% 36.9%
5.7% 39.2%
n/a
1.7%
5.6% 24.6%
◆
11.5%
8.8%
1.1%
6.4% 27.4%
1.9%
0.5%
n/a
0.5%
15.8%
0.3%
2.3%
3.1%
0.4%
3.0%
7.2%
0.8%
8.0%
0.8%
7.6%
1.0%
7.5%
0.3%
23.6%
1.4%
15.8%
1.6%
5.0%
1.8%
12.8%
3.1%
6.6% 18.3%
◆
12.7%
◆
-4.0%
59.1%
0.1%
6.3%
1.4%
6.5%
2.5%
6.6%
0.1%
57.1%
6.3%
14.4%
0.7%
15.4%
2.5%
29.1%
1.5%
14.0% 15.0%
6.8% 100.0%
6.1% 59.4%
8.2% 40.6%
6.2% 17.5%
490
16
234
9
56
–
†
†
61
867
596
271
56
491
22
208
10
58
–
†
†
66
857
606
250
58
489
26
191
12
58
–
†
†
66
843
604
240
58
503
29
230
15
55
–
†
†
73
905
616
289
53
512
32
251
17
55
–
†
†
77
945
627
318
53
531
32
299
19
56
–
†
†
77
1015
646
369
54
545
33
268
21
54
–
†
†
86
1007
657
350
51
552
33
277
23
57
–
†
†
95
1037
670
367
54
549
35
316
24
59
–
†
†
94
1077
673
404
56
554
36
349
24
64
–
†
†
94
1122
682
439
61
0.8%
3.3%
10.5%
3.3%
8.8%
n/a
1.7%
4.3%
-0.2%
4.1%
1.3%
8.8%
9.2%
4.1% 49.4%
9.0%
3.2%
4.0% 31.1%
14.4%
2.2%
4.7%
5.7%
n/a
–
◆
-4.0%
◆
19.2%
9.8%
8.4%
4.8% 100.0%
4.5% 60.8%
5.2% 39.2%
4.2%
5.4%
15
2
35
12
187
1
–
–
30
281
210
72
185
49
4
38
16
200
1
–
–
36
344
258
86
197
50
5
40
20
220
1
–
–
49
386
280
106
216
80
5
43
20
200
†
–
–
63
412
289
122
191
79
6
50
22
217
†
–
†
93
467
307
159
213
83
4
58
23
217
†
–
1
61
448
311
137
212
116
5
56
23
222
†
–
1
89
511
346
165
214
111
6
63
25
243
†
–
1
80
530
362
168
230
106
6
79
24
268
†
–
1
115
599
386
213
257
101
5
87
25
261
†
–
1
173
655
374
281
250
-4.5%
-5.7%
11.0%
2.9%
-2.6%
0.5%
n/a
20.0%
50.1%
9.2%
-3.3%
31.9%
-2.8%
20.1% 15.4%
27.7%
0.8%
16.9% 13.3%
29.1%
3.8%
7.0% 39.9%
12.7%
0.1%
n/a
–
n/a
0.2%
19.4% 26.4%
12.1% 100.0%
9.6% 57.1%
19.3% 42.9%
6.7% 38.1%
Biofuels consumption by fuel type
Biogasoline
US
420
Canada & Mexico
16
Brazil
230
Other S. & Cent. America
7
Europe
45
CIS
–
Middle East
†
Africa
†
Asia Pacific
48
Total World
766
of which: OECD
502
Non-OECD
264
European Union
45
Biodiesel
US
18
Canada & Mexico
1
Brazil
23
Other S. & Cent. America
3
Europe
160
CIS
†
Middle East
–
Africa
–
Asia Pacific
26
Total World
231
of which: OECD
181
Non-OECD
50
European Union
158
◆
2008-18
Share
2019
2009
*Includes biogasoline (such as ethanol) and biodiesel. Volumes have been adjusted for energy content.
†Less than 0.5.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day figures.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
57
World biofuels production
Thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day
2000
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
750
Ethanol 2009
Ethanol 2019
Biodiesel 2009
Biodiesel 2019
625
1500
500
375
1000
250
500
125
99
01
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
17
19
0
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Asia Pacific
Rest of World
0
Biofuels production growth averaged 3% (54,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day or boe/d, less than half the 10-year average. Growth was led by Brazil (31,000 boe/d)
and Indonesia (32,000 boe/d) but US output declined by 19,000 boe/d. Growth was weighted towards biodiesel, which grew by 34,000 boe/d driven largely by Indonesia.
Biodiesel is the dominant fuel in Europe and Asia Pacific (making up 81% and 74% of biofuels respectively in 2019), while ethanol is the main fuel in North America
(86% of total) and S&C America (74%).
World biofuels consumption
Thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day
2000
Rest of World
Asia
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
99
01
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
17
19
2000
Biodiesel
Ethanol
1500
1500
1000
1000
500
500
0
99
01
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
17
19
Biofuels consumption rose by 6% (100,000 boe/d). As with production, growth was driven mainly by Brazil (42,000 boe/d), most of which was ethanol and Indonesia
(56,000 boe/d), which was largely biodiesel. At the global level, ethanol made up 63% of biofuels in 2019, but the share of biodiesel has risen continually. For example,
biodiesel’s share was 23% in 2009 but rose to 37% last year.
58
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
0
Electricity
Electricity generation*
Growth rate per annum
Terawatt-hours
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
2008-18
613.9
607.0
638.3
636.5
655.7
647.6
659.3
267.8
275.6
292.1
296.4
297.1
303.3
310.3
4206.5 4394.3 4363.4 4310.6 4330.3 4363.3 4348.7
5088.2 5276.8 5293.8 5243.5 5283.1 5314.2 5318.4
122.3
126.0
129.5
136.0
139.4
138.6
145.4
466.2
515.8
531.8
552.5
570.8
590.5
581.2
59.7
61.3
65.2
69.7
73.0
71.6
74.5
63.2
64.7
66.2
67.7
69.8
72.7
75.0
18.3
19.5
20.5
22.8
23.3
24.3
26.0
32.9
35.9
38.8
41.0
43.3
45.5
48.3
7.8
8.5
8.8
9.1
9.5
9.9
10.3
124.8
116.7
122.9
127.9
130.0
128.3
123.8
187.7
192.0
197.4
204.6
208.5
205.9
212.4
1082.9 1140.4 1181.1 1231.4 1267.7 1287.5 1296.9
69.1
71.1
65.9
72.4
68.0
65.1
64.9
91.2
95.2
90.2
82.9
83.5
72.6
69.8
82.3
85.9
87.6
87.6
87.1
86.0
83.9
72.5
81.1
73.7
70.5
71.4
68.2
68.8
535.9
569.3
565.0
564.5
573.8
564.2
570.3
595.6
633.1
613.1
630.1
638.7
627.8
648.1
61.4
57.4
59.4
61.0
57.2
50.5
51.9
35.9
37.4
36.0
34.6
30.3
29.4
30.4
292.6
302.1
302.6
299.3
289.8
279.8
283.0
113.5
118.1
113.0
102.5
100.9
103.4
110.1
131.8
123.6
127.6
147.7
134.0
142.0
144.5
151.7
157.7
163.5
162.1
164.6
159.1
164.9
50.2
54.1
52.5
46.6
51.7
52.8
52.4
58.0
61.0
62.2
59.0
58.9
63.3
66.3
296.3
300.4
291.8
297.6
285.3
278.8
281.0
136.7
148.3
151.2
166.3
153.2
153.7
162.1
68.3
68.0
64.8
70.0
70.4
72.0
67.9
194.8
211.2
229.4
239.5
240.2
252.0
261.8
173.6
188.8
194.9
198.9
194.4
182.8
163.7
376.8
382.1
368.0
363.9
358.3
338.1
338.9
306.5
320.0
307.1
295.4
309.2
297.2
298.2
3894.7 4065.8 4019.4 4052.4 4020.6 3938.5 3982.9
18.9
18.7
20.3
23.0
23.4
24.7
24.7
30.4
34.9
32.2
30.8
31.5
34.7
34.2
78.7
82.6
86.6
90.6
92.6
94.6
91.6
993.1 1038.0 1054.9 1069.3 1059.1 1064.2 1067.5
16.0
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.9
20.1
21.5
50.1
51.9
52.8
53.0
54.9
55.4
57.3
39.1
41.1
44.6
46.0
43.3
44.1
44.0
1226.2 1284.0 1308.5 1330.4 1323.7 1337.9 1340.9
221.8
235.7
235.6
248.8
258.9
273.5
279.5
41.3
41.7
42.2
47.8
62.1
71.2
75.3
55.3
58.5
59.3
63.0
61.4
61.3
64.3
53.2
57.1
57.5
62.7
61.0
65.1
68.3
18.4
19.8
21.9
25.0
26.2
29.1
32.8
24.2
28.1
30.7
34.8
34.7
38.7
41.5
217.3
240.1
250.1
271.7
284.1
311.8
338.5
85.7
93.9
99.1
106.2
110.0
116.5
127.4
90.7
98.7
93.4
88.3
83.7
83.5
81.6
807.9
873.7
889.7
948.2
982.0 1050.9 1109.0
43.1
45.7
53.1
57.4
59.9
64.2
68.8
134.3
144.4
149.6
162.8
165.1
171.2
181.8
21.7
23.7
25.4
27.7
28.1
29.3
30.3
249.6
259.6
262.5
257.9
256.1
254.8
250.1
178.5
198.1
198.5
214.8
234.2
247.9
256.3
627.1
671.6
689.0
720.6
743.4
767.4
787.4
249.9
251.0
256.3
250.7
249.6
247.6
255.2
37.2
40.8
44.2
48.7
54.4
57.4
61.8
3714.7 4207.2 4713.0 4987.6 5431.6 5794.5 5814.6
38.7
38.4
39.1
38.8
39.2
39.9
38.0
879.7
937.5 1034.0 1091.8 1146.1 1262.2 1317.3
156.8
169.8
183.4
200.3
216.2
228.6
234.0
1114.0 1156.0 1104.2 1106.9 1087.8 1062.7 1030.1
116.1
125.0
127.1
134.1
141.0
147.5
150.1
43.4
44.9
44.4
44.2
43.3
43.5
44.2
98.8
99.4
100.6
99.5
101.8
106.2
106.7
61.9
67.7
69.2
72.9
75.3
77.3
82.4
41.8
45.4
46.0
46.9
48.0
49.3
50.3
452.4
495.0
518.2
531.2
537.2
540.4
547.8
10.0
10.8
11.6
11.9
12.0
12.9
13.2
230.0
247.1
252.2
250.4
252.4
260.0
258.2
145.9
157.6
153.3
169.0
168.6
173.8
177.8
80.6
91.7
101.5
115.1
124.5
141.3
157.9
65.3
72.5
76.8
78.2
84.4
88.4
91.1
7537.5 8257.7 8875.1 9278.2 9813.1 10333.4 10430.8
20264.4 21569.9 22256.6 22804.7 23433.5 24029.8 24266.3
10577.2 10998.1 10948.2 10955.3 10944.1 10882.9 10931.2
9687.2 10571.8 11308.5 11849.4 12489.4 13146.9 13335.1
3224.4 3364.7 3299.2 3295.4 3269.6 3188.4 3236.6
663.0
320.3
4347.9
5331.2
147.2
578.9
77.7
74.4
27.3
51.7
10.7
113.8
224.8
1306.6
67.9
85.7
83.3
68.8
556.2
650.7
54.4
31.9
289.8
115.2
149.0
166.6
60.3
65.1
274.6
156.1
63.3
274.4
164.6
339.2
305.9
4023.1
25.0
33.6
94.6
1091.0
22.6
59.1
43.5
1369.3
286.1
86.3
67.3
70.1
34.2
42.3
345.6
129.6
82.0
1143.6
71.0
188.2
30.7
252.7
259.8
802.5
258.5
70.0
6133.2
38.3
1401.7
247.9
1030.3
156.7
43.7
120.0
90.8
51.6
561.0
14.4
264.1
179.8
175.7
108.9
10946.5
24922.9
11005.3
13917.6
3259.4
664.5
329.1
4302.5
5296.1
145.6
589.3
78.6
75.1
28.0
52.7
11.0
109.4
218.2
1308.0
70.7
86.6
87.0
67.1
554.1
653.7
55.3
32.9
295.8
117.3
149.4
170.5
59.4
64.3
275.6
164.3
63.3
297.3
156.0
338.2
303.5
4062.2
24.3
34.5
103.1
1091.2
22.8
60.8
46.3
1383.0
305.2
93.6
67.6
72.9
36.1
45.6
355.2
134.6
86.4
1197.0
76.0
193.2
31.6
255.1
272.1
828.1
259.1
73.4
6604.4
37.0
1473.8
254.6
1042.6
160.6
44.2
122.5
94.4
52.2
576.4
15.0
270.3
176.7
191.6
119.6
11568.6
25643.0
11055.2
14587.8
3290.0
652.3
349.3
4457.4
5459.0
146.8
601.4
82.3
78.3
29.7
54.9
10.6
105.1
222.0
1331.0
68.0
74.9
88.0
70.2
574.2
643.5
53.3
32.0
289.7
114.5
147.1
170.0
59.6
64.8
274.5
163.4
69.4
304.8
159.9
332.9
312.7
4067.2
25.2
38.9
107.3
1109.2
24.2
62.9
48.6
1416.3
314.4
99.9
69.0
74.2
37.7
47.9
359.2
136.0
85.8
1224.1
76.7
199.4
34.4
256.3
279.0
845.8
263.1
81.1
7166.1
36.6
1551.4
267.1
1056.2
167.3
44.2
136.0
99.8
52.9
593.4
15.7
275.6
177.6
209.2
115.9
12309.3
26652.7
11246.1
15406.6
3270.1
660.4
364.0
4401.3
5425.7
139.9
625.6
83.9
75.2
32.9
57.3
11.1
84.9
218.6
1329.3
73.4
93.6
87.0
68.7
555.4
612.4
50.2
33.9
283.8
121.0
134.8
163.9
53.7
59.5
275.8
169.8
68.3
308.5
154.5
323.7
301.5
3993.3
26.3
40.4
108.4
1118.1
25.7
62.9
49.2
1431.0
318.7
131.5
71.8
75.0
37.4
48.6
357.4
138.1
86.1
1264.7
81.3
200.6
40.1
252.6
295.6
870.1
265.1
89.7
7503.4
36.9
1558.7
279.1
1036.3
171.0
44.6
136.3
105.8
54.1
584.7
16.2
274.2
186.5
227.4
120.2
12690.5
27004.7
11136.0
15868.7
3215.3
1.2%
4.2%
-1.3%
-0.6%
-4.7%
4.0%
1.9%
-3.9%
10.7%
4.4%
5.1%
-19.3%
-1.5%
-0.1%
8.0%
24.9%
-1.2%
-2.1%
-3.3%
-4.8%
-5.8%
6.0%
-2.0%
5.7%
-8.3%
-3.6%
-10.0%
-8.2%
0.5%
3.9%
-1.6%
1.2%
-3.4%
-2.8%
-3.6%
-1.8%
4.4%
3.8%
1.0%
0.8%
6.3%
0.3%
2.6%
0.2%
0.3%
1.9%
2.7%
3.3%
2.5%
4.8%
5.4%
3.2%
-1.3%
1.7%
2.2%
0.2%
-1.2%
0.5%
-1.0%
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
◆
1.1%
1.0%
1.4%
31.6%
4.1%
1.1%
-0.7%
1.4%
-0.5%
1.5%
0.4%
3.3%
6.0%
0.6%
16.6%
-1.5%
6.0%
2.9%
0.8%
10.6%
4.7%
0.9%
0.5%
4.5%
-1.9%
2.2%
0.8%
0.2%
6.1%
2.3%
-1.5%
3.1%
-0.5%
5.0%
8.7%
3.7%
3.1%
1.3%
-1.0%
3.0%
-1.7%
◆
◆
-1.8%
-2.2%
-1.0%
0.6%
0.3%
0.9%
2.6%
◆
-1.3%
0.9%
0.1%
4.4%
-1.8%
-1.5%
0.1%
-0.1%
1.5%
1.1%
2.9%
0.6%
4.9%
2.3%
2.0%
1.0%
4.1%
11.0%
2.1%
3.7%
8.9%
8.3%
5.8%
5.4%
-0.1%
4.8%
6.7%
4.5%
5.1%
-0.1%
5.0%
3.2%
0.7%
9.0%
7.4%
-0.4%
6.5%
6.0%
-1.1%
3.9%
0.1%
3.9%
5.1%
2.4%
3.0%
4.6%
1.5%
2.0%
11.4%
5.7%
5.4%
2.7%
0.2%
5.1%
-0.4%
Share
2019
2.4%
1.3%
16.3%
20.1%
0.5%
2.3%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
◆
0.3%
0.8%
4.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
2.1%
2.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.1%
0.4%
0.5%
0.6%
0.2%
0.2%
1.0%
0.6%
0.3%
1.1%
0.6%
1.2%
1.1%
14.8%
0.1%
0.1%
0.4%
4.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
5.3%
1.2%
0.5%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.5%
0.3%
4.7%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.9%
1.1%
3.2%
1.0%
0.3%
27.8%
0.1%
5.8%
1.0%
3.8%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
0.2%
2.2%
0.1%
1.0%
0.7%
0.8%
0.4%
47.0%
100.0%
41.2%
58.8%
11.9%
*Based on gross output.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
59
Regional electricity generation by fuel 2019
Percentage
Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Nuclear
Hydroelectricity
Renewables
Other (includes sources not specified elsewhere
e.g. pumped hydro, non-renewable waste and
statistical differences)
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
CIS
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
0
Natural gas is the dominant fuel used for power generation in North America, CIS, the Middle East and Africa. South and Central America gets more than half of its power
from hydroelectricity, with a share far higher than any other region. In Asia, coal is the dominant fuel. In Europe, nuclear energy is the top source of electricity, but only just,
as generation is spread fairly evenly between five different fuels: the shares of nuclear, coal, natural gas, renewables and hydro are all in a narrow range of 16-23%.
Share of global electricity generation by fuel
Renewables share of power generation by region
Percentage
Percentage
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Renewables
Oil
Coal
Natural gas
50
Other
40
87
91
95
99
03
07
11
15
19
25
World
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
CIS
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
20
30
15
20
10
10
5
0
99
01
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
17
19
At the global level, coal is the dominant fuel for power generation, however its share fell 1.5 percentage points to 36.4% in 2019, the lowest level in our data series.
The shares of both natural gas and renewables rose to record levels last year (to 23.3% and 10.4% respectively) and renewables generation surpassed nuclear for the
first time. Regionally, there is significant variation in the penetration of renewables: Europe has the highest penetration at 20.9% – twice the global average, followed by
South & Central America at 13.9%.
60
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
0
Electricity generation by fuel*
2018
Terawatt-hours
Canada
Mexico
US
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Other S. & C. America
Total S. & C. America
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Total Europe
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Other CIS
Total CIS
Iran
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
EU
Oil
3.8
35.7
27.1
66.7
6.7
12.2
95.1
113.9
5.2
11.0
1.3
1.8
14.5
0.3
0.7
1.7
19.5
56.1
0.8
6.8
0.9
8.5
86.0
158.8
†
147.5
392.3
28.8
1.2
49.3
79.3
5.4
5.5
8.5
18.1
66.2
1.3
10.1
8.2
0.2
0.2
49.9
173.5
890.4
196.4
694.0
52.6
Natural
Gas
2019
Coal
Nuclear
energy
Hydro
electric
Renewables
Other‡
Total
64.1
50.6
194.6
29.0
1579.3 1246.7
1838.0 1326.3
84.9
2.1
54.6
23.7
104.0
44.6
243.5
70.4
82.5
228.2
128.5
31.0
57.7
27.5
12.6
133.3
58.0
38.7
92.5
113.2
9.0
52.1
131.5
16.8
157.5
215.8
729.9
856.6
20.7
79.6
511.1
190.3
148.6
4.1
680.4
274.0
209.0
0.6
200.0
–
134.7
–
238.0
20.6
781.6
21.3
153.7
–
1.9
224.6
175.8
32.0
331.3
256.6
51.4
156.5
215.5 4765.0
73.9 1167.3
57.3
160.0
386.9
323.0
64.8
73.5
160.9
250.9
92.4
131.2
116.3
35.8
40.1
83.9
218.2
138.9
1477.7 7286.1
6082.5 10091.3
3201.2 2829.6
2881.3 7261.7
621.2
643.6
100.0
13.6
849.6
963.2
6.9
15.7
–
22.5
76.0
–
3.5
–
55.8
–
84.4
65.1
651.1
935.8
–
204.6
2.1
206.7
6.9
–
–
–
6.9
–
11.1
–
11.1
–
295.0
39.1
–
49.1
–
133.5
27.7
–
–
9.8
554.1
2700.4
1969.8
730.6
827.0
385.9
32.5
289.5
707.9
41.6
389.0
287.6
718.2
18.0
47.1
0.1
2.0
34.8
59.9
10.4
5.5
467.5
645.3
10.4
190.6
43.3
244.3
11.4
–
–
3.1
14.5
13.4
0.8
116.3
130.4
17.4
1198.9
139.6
16.8
81.0
26.5
3.4
4.5
7.6
84.5
130.8
1710.9
4171.4
1423.0
2748.4
346.9
47.1
23.3
451.6
522.0
4.0
106.3
51.6
161.9
206.8
65.6
18.8
19.6
69.8
37.8
2.5
104.5
230.8
756.3
0.5
1.4
0.6
2.5
0.5
0.4
1.3
5.3
7.5
3.5
12.3
16.4
32.2
32.2
636.4
122.8
14.6
96.8
1.3
23.9
6.4
17.8
0.5
32.8
985.5
2468.0
1442.4
1025.6
700.9
0.7
20.6
13.6
34.9
0.5
–
-0.1
0.5
26.8
6.5
5.6
0.7
2.9
1.0
0.7
7.8
35.2
87.1
-4.7
4.4
0.3
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.6
0.3
4.9
0.1
49.8
0.2
0.3
53.3
–
10.7
5.2
†
–
1.9
121.5
248.9
183.9
65.0
77.9
652.3
349.3
4457.4
5459.0
146.8
601.4
582.8
1331.0
643.5
289.7
114.5
170.0
274.5
304.8
159.9
332.9
1777.5
4067.2
107.3
1109.2
199.9
1416.3
314.4
359.2
136.0
414.5
1224.1
199.4
256.3
390.1
845.8
263.1
7166.1
1551.4
267.1
1056.2
167.3
593.4
275.6
177.6
209.2
582.2
12309.3
26652.7
11246.1
15406.6
3270.1
Oil
Natural
Gas
4.1
37.7
20.0
61.8
2.8
7.9
75.6
86.3
5.1
10.2
1.4
1.2
13.4
0.2
0.2
1.0
19.0
51.8
0.8
6.9
0.9
8.6
82.6
149.6
†
163.9
396.1
28.2
1.2
51.9
81.3
5.8
6.0
8.2
17.3
44.7
2.6
7.4
5.8
1.1
1.4
39.1
139.5
825.3
164.9
660.4
49.1
69.3
205.6
1700.9
1975.8
82.3
58.9
103.8
245.0
91.0
126.5
71.0
14.8
86.0
58.1
9.2
132.5
179.1
768.1
20.8
519.5
152.7
693.0
199.5
206.0
133.9
253.5
792.9
152.5
1.9
186.1
340.5
54.4
236.5
71.0
51.6
362.4
68.6
150.8
91.1
121.8
43.1
231.4
1482.6
6297.9
3347.5
2950.4
692.2
Coal
Nuclear
energy
Hydro
electric
Renewables
Other‡
Total
54.6
26.3
1053.5
1134.4
0.7
25.7
47.8
74.3
171.2
29.7
17.4
121.9
13.1
114.6
48.3
6.9
175.6
698.6
78.1
182.2
4.0
264.2
0.6
–
–
21.9
22.6
–
217.3
36.2
253.6
149.5
4853.7
1137.4
177.0
326.2
71.1
238.7
126.4
35.8
112.5
148.0
7376.4
9824.1
2471.0
7353.1
488.4
100.5
11.3
852.0
963.7
8.4
16.2
–
24.6
75.1
–
3.9
–
58.4
–
83.0
56.2
651.9
928.5
–
209.0
2.2
211.2
6.4
–
–
–
6.4
–
14.2
–
14.2
–
348.7
45.2
–
65.6
–
146.0
32.3
–
–
9.5
647.3
2796.0
1993.0
803.0
822.4
382.0
23.8
271.2
676.9
37.1
399.3
278.3
714.7
20.2
45.1
0.1
2.0
25.2
89.2
6.8
6.0
438.0
632.5
10.0
194.4
44.0
248.4
29.0
–
–
4.3
33.3
13.4
0.8
118.6
132.7
14.3
1269.7
161.8
17.0
73.9
27.0
2.8
5.5
6.3
65.6
139.7
1783.7
4222.2
1380.2
2842.1
327.9
49.3
37.8
489.8
576.9
8.2
117.7
58.3
184.1
224.1
67.6
22.3
23.1
77.5
45.3
5.0
113.4
258.3
836.6
0.8
1.8
0.7
3.3
0.6
1.8
4.2
6.8
13.3
6.5
12.6
26.0
45.1
41.1
732.3
134.9
16.0
121.2
1.7
29.2
8.0
21.4
4.7
35.7
1146.2
2805.5
1616.8
1188.8
768.2
0.7
21.6
14.0
36.2
0.5
–
-0.1
0.4
25.7
4.7
5.0
1.0
2.1
1.1
1.9
7.8
27.9
77.2
-2.1
4.3
0.1
2.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.6
-1.8
2.8
0.1
56.5
0.2
0.3
42.3
–
9.7
5.0
†
–
0.5
114.8
233.6
162.6
71.0
67.2
660.4
364.0
4401.3
5425.7
139.9
625.6
563.8
1329.3
612.4
283.8
121.0
163.9
275.8
308.5
154.5
323.7
1749.7
3993.3
108.4
1118.1
204.5
1431.0
318.7
357.4
138.1
450.5
1264.7
200.6
252.6
417.0
870.1
265.1
7503.4
1558.7
279.1
1036.3
171.0
584.7
274.2
186.5
227.4
604.0
12690.5
27004.7
11136.0
15868.7
3215.3
*Based on gross output.
‡Includes sources not specified elsewhere e.g. pumped hydro, non-renewable waste and statistical discrepancies (which can be positive or negative).
†Less than 0.05.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
61
Key minerals for the energy transition
Cobalt production
Mine production
Growth rate per annum
Thousand tonnes
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
Australia
Canada
Democratic Republic of Congo
Cuba
Madagascar
Morocco
New Caledonia
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Russian Federation
South Africa
Zambia
Rest of World
Total World
4.6
3.9
56.1
4.6
–
2.6
2.0
–
1.4
6.1
0.6
5.9
5.7
93.5
3.9
4.6
84.0
4.8
0.2
3.1
2.9
–
2.1
6.2
1.8
8.6
7.3
129.5
3.9
6.8
99.5
5.1
0.5
2.2
3.1
n/a
2.0
6.1
1.6
7.7
9.8
148.2
5.9
3.7
86.4
4.7
0.6
2.0
2.7
0.5
2.7
6.3
2.5
5.4
11.4
134.7
6.4
4.0
76.6
4.0
2.4
2.0
3.2
1.0
2.8
6.3
3.0
5.9
12.9
130.5
6.2
3.9
76.5
3.7
3.4
2.2
4.0
2.1
4.6
6.3
3.0
4.6
9.0
129.4
6.0
4.3
84.4
4.3
4.0
2.3
3.7
2.5
4.3
6.2
2.9
3.0
8.6
136.5
5.5
4.2
69.0
5.1
3.8
2.7
3.4
2.2
4.1
5.5
2.3
5.0
6.3
119.1
5.8
3.7
90.3
5.0
3.4
2.5
2.8
3.3
4.6
5.9
2.3
2.6
5.5
137.8
4.9
3.5
109.4
4.5
3.3
2.1
1.7
3.3
4.4
6.1
2.3
1.6
7.5
154.6
5.1
3.3
78.0
4.7
3.4
2.1
1.2
3.1
4.6
6.1
2.4
1.3
6.5
121.8
4.5%
-5.3%
-28.7%
4.4%
1.8%
–
-25.3%
-5.5%
4.3%
–
4.3%
-20.0%
-13.9%
-21.2%
2008-18
Share
2019
0.2%
4.2%
-8.9%
2.7%
9.9% 64.0%
1.2%
3.8%
n/a
2.8%
2.1%
1.7%
-2.4%
1.0%
n/a
2.5%
14.0%
3.8%
-0.2%
5.0%
14.6%
2.0%
-10.1%
1.0%
1.7%
5.3%
6.4% 100.0%
Sources: includes data from US Geological Survey, British Geological Survey © UKRI and World Mining Data.
Lithium production
Mine production
Growth rate per annum
Thousand tonnes
of lithium content
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Chile
China
Portugal
US
Zimbabwe
Rest of World
Total World
2.2
5.5
0.2
6.0
3.8
–
1.5
0.4
0.3
19.8
3.0
8.5
0.2
10.4
4.0
0.8
1.0
0.5
n/a
28.2
3.0
11.7
0.3
13.6
4.1
0.8
1.0
0.5
n/a
35.0
2.7
12.7
0.2
13.9
4.5
0.6
1.0
1.1
–
36.6
2.5
10.1
0.4
11.7
4.7
0.6
0.9
1.0
–
31.9
3.2
12.4
0.2
12.0
2.3
0.3
0.9
0.9
–
32.2
3.6
11.9
0.2
10.9
2.0
0.2
0.9
0.9
–
30.7
5.8
14.0
0.2
15.2
2.3
0.4
0.9
1.0
0.2
40.0
5.7
21.3
0.2
15.8
6.8
0.8
0.9
0.8
1.1
53.3
6.4
57.0
0.3
18.8
7.1
0.8
0.9
1.6
2.3
95.2
6.4
40.7
0.3
16.6
7.5
1.2
0.9
1.6
1.8
77.0
–
-28.6%
–
-12.0%
5.6%
50.0%
–
–
-21.8%
-19.2%
2008-18
Share
2019
7.3%
8.3%
23.9% 52.9%
6.5%
0.4%
5.5% 21.5%
8.0%
9.7%
1.3%
1.6%
-5.0%
1.2%
12.3%
2.1%
12.8%
2.3%
13.2% 100.0%
Sources: includes data from US Geological Survey, British Geological Survey © UKRI and World Mining Data.
Natural graphite production
Mine production
Growth rate per annum
Thousand tonnes
Brazil
Canada
China
India2
Madagascar
Mexico
Mozambique
Russian Federation
Sri Lanka
Ukraine
Zimbabwe
Rest of World
Total World
1
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
59.4
15.0
450.0
124.6
3.4
5.1
n/a
14.0
3.2
4.3
2.5
58.5
740.0
92.4
20.0
700.0
115.7
3.8
6.6
n/a
7.7
3.4
2.8
4.0
24.7
981.1
105.2
25.0
800.0
153.3
3.6
7.3
n/a
20.7
3.4
0.6
7.0
25.2
1151.3
88.1
24.0
820.0
134.7
2.9
7.5
n/a
14.3
4.2
4.6
6.0
49.7
1156.1
91.9
20.0
750.0
146.4
4.3
7.0
n/a
20.2
3.1
6.9
4.0
51.6
1105.5
87.0
30.0
780.0
116.7
5.3
9.2
n/a
17.6
4.0
13.8
7.0
37.1
1107.7
75.1
30.0
780.0
134.6
8.1
6.5
n/a
15.9
4.2
14.5
7.0
22.8
1098.7
85.0
30.0
780.0
122.4
9.2
3.8
n/a
19.4
4.0
14.6
6.0
21.6
1096.1
85.0
40.0
625.0
35.0
13.3
1.7
0
25.2
3.5
14.9
1.6
22.9
868.4
95.0
40.0
630.0
35.0
48.1
4.2
104.0
17.8
4.0
15.0
2.0
44.4
1039.5
96.0
40.0
700.0
35.0
48.1
4.2
153.0
16.6
4.0
15.0
2.0
48.4
1162.3
1.1%
–
11.1%
–
–
–
47.1%
-6.7%
–
–
Including beneficiated and directly shipped material.
Run of the mine.
than 0.05%.
Share
2019
1.7%
8.3%
4.0%
3.4%
-0.3% 60.2%
-11.4%
3.0%
25.6%
4.1%
-5.3%
0.4%
n/a 13.2%
2.4%
1.4%
-4.9%
0.3%
2.9%
1.3%
-9.0%
0.2%
0.9%
4.2%
0.7% 100.0%
Sources: includes data from US Geological Survey, British Geological Survey © UKRI and World Mining Data.
1
2
◆
9.1%
11.8%
2008-18
◆Less
Rare earth metals production
Mine production
Growth rate per annum
Thousand tonnes1
Australia
Brazil
China
India
Malaysia
Russian Federation
Thailand
US
Rest of World
Total World
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2019
–
0.2
129.0
†
†
1.9
4.0
–
–
135.1
–
0.1
89.2
n/a
0.4
1.5
5.6
–
0.2
97.0
2.2
0.1
93.8
n/a
0.4
1.4
3.1
–
0.2
101.3
3.2
1.6
93.8
n/a
0.1
2.1
0.1
3.0
0.2
104.2
1.3
0.3
93.8
0.3
0.2
1.4
0.1
5.5
0.1
103.0
6.2
–
105.0
1.7
0.2
2.1
1.9
5.4
–
122.6
11.9
0.9
105.0
1.0
0.3
2.3
0.8
5.9
0.3
128.3
13.9
2.2
105.0
1.5
1.9
3.1
1.6
–
0.2
129.4
17.3
1.7
105.0
1.5
0.3
2.5
1.3
–
0.3
129.8
18.6
1.1
120.0
2.9
0.1
2.6
–
18.0
23.9
187.2
17.6
1.0
132.0
3.0
0.1
2.6
–
26.0
27.3
209.6
-5.1%
-9.1%
10.0%
3.4%
–
–
n/a
44.4%
14.1%
12.0%
Thousand tonnes of rare earth oxide equivalent.
1
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
62
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
2008-18
Share
2019
n/a
8.4%
9.1%
0.5%
-0.4% 63.0%
62.9%
1.4%
◆
-3.3%
0.5%
1.2%
n/a
–
n/a 12.4%
n/a 13.0%
3.9% 100.0%
Sources: includes data from US Geological Survey, British Geological Survey © UKRI and World Mining Data.
Reserves of key minerals
Cobalt reserves
Natural graphite reserves
Thousand tonnes
Australia
Canada
Democratic Republic of Congo
Cuba
Madagascar
Morocco
New Caledonia
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Russian Federation
South Africa
Zambia
Rest of World*
Total World
At end of
2019
Share
R/P ratio
1200
230
3600
500
120
18
64
56
260
250
50
270
135
6753
17.8%
3.4%
53.3%
7.4%
1.8%
0.3%
0.9%
0.8%
3.9%
3.7%
0.7%
4.0%
2.0%
100.0%
234
69
46
107
36
9
52
18
56
41
21
213
21
55
Thousand tonnes
At end of
2019
Share
R/P ratio
Brazil
Canada
China
India
Madagascar
Mexico
Mozambique
Russian Federation
Sri Lanka
Ukraine
Zimbabwe
Rest of World*
Total World
72000
n/a
73000
8000
1600
3100
25000
14800
n/a
n/a
n/a
118200
315700
22.8%
n/a
23.1%
2.5%
0.5%
1.0%
7.9%
4.7%
n/a
n/a
n/a
37.4%
100.0%
750
n/a
104
229
33
738
163
892
n/a
n/a
n/a
2440
272
Share
R/P ratio
2.7%
17.7%
35.4%
5.5%
187
22000
333
2300
349
7960
n/a
54
920
593
Rare earth metals reserves
Lithium reserves
Thousand tonnes
At end of
2019
Share
R/P ratio
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Chile
China
Portugal
US
Zimbabwe
Rest of World*
Total World
1700
2800
95
8600
1000
60
630
230
370
15485
11.0%
18.1%
0.6%
55.5%
6.5%
0.4%
4.1%
1.5%
2.4%
100%
266
69
317
519
133
50
700
144
206
201
Thousand tonnes
At end of
2019
Australia
Brazil
China
India
Malaysia
Russian Federation
Thailand
US
Rest of World*
Total World
3300
22000
44000
6900
30
20695
890
1400
25120
124335
*Rest of World is the sum of only recorded reserves.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Cobalt prices
◆
16.6%
0.7%
1.1%
20.2%
100.0%
Source (for all tables): includes data from US Geological Survey.
Lithium carbonate prices
Thousands of US dollars per tonne*
Thousands of US dollars per tonne†
15
90
80
12
70
60
9
50
40
6
30
20
3
10
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
0
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
0
*2000-2012 spot grade for cathodes, source US Geological Survey. Data from 2013 onwards: min purity 99.8%, source London Metal Exchange.
†2000-2008 unit value, data series 140, source US Geological Survey. Data from 2009 onwards: FOB South America, source Benchmark Mineral Intelligence.
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
63
Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*
Units
From
1 metric tonne
To
Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day
tonnes
(metric)
kilolitres
barrels
Multiply by
1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325
–
1.165
1
0.159
0.0038
–
7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238
–
US
gallons
tonnes
per year
307.86
264.17
42
1
–
–
–
–
–
49.8
1 kilolitre
1 kilocalorie (kcal)
1 kilojoule (kJ)
*Based on worldwide average gravity.
1 petajoule (PJ)
Products
1 exajoule (EJ)
To convert
Ethane
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Residual fuel oil
Product basket
barrels
to tonnes
tonnes
to barrels
0.059
0.086
0.120
0.127
0.134
0.157
0.124
16.850
11.600
8.350
7.880
7.460
6.350
8.058
kilolitres
tonnes
tonnes
to tonnes
to kilolitres to gigajoules
Multiply by
0.373
0.541
0.753
0.798
0.843
0.991
0.781
2.679
1.849
1.328
1.253
1.186
1.010
1.281
tonnes
to barrels oil
equivalent
49.400
46.150
44.750
43.920
43.380
41.570
43.076
8.073
7.542
7.313
7.177
7.089
6.793
7.039
Calorific equivalents
Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)
From
One exajoule equals approximately:
To
1 billion m3 NG
1 billion ft 3 NG
1 petajoule NG
1 million toe
1 million tonnes LNG
1 trillion Btu
1 million boe
billion cubic
metres NG
billion cubic
feet NG
petajoules
NG
1.000
0.028
0.028
1.163
1.360
0.029
0.170
35.315
1.000
0.981
41.071
48.028
1.035
6.003
36.000
1.019
1.000
41.868
48.747
1.050
6.093
1 British thermal
unit (Btu)
1 tonne of oil
equivalent (toe)
1 barrel of oil equivalent (boe)
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh)
2204.62lb
=
= 1.1023 short tons
= 6.2898 barrels
= 1 cubic metre
= 4.1868kJ
= 3.968Btu
= 1,000 joules
= 0.239 kcal
= 0.948 Btu
= 1 quadrillion joules
(1 x 1015)
= 1 quintillion joules
(1 x 1018)
= 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
= 39.683 million Btu
= 41.868 million kJ
= 5.8 million Btu
= 6.119 million kJ
= 860kcal
= 3600kJ
= 3412Btu
million toe million tonnes
LNG
Multiply by
0.860
0.024
0.024
1.000
1.169
0.025
0.146
0.735
0.021
0.021
0.855
1.000
0.022
0.125
trillion Btu
million boe
34.121
0.966
0.952
39.683
46.405
1.000
5.800
5.883
0.167
0.164
6.842
8.001
0.172
1.000
Heat units
Solid fuels
Gaseous fuels
Electricity
39 trillion kilocalories
2
948 trillion Btu
4 0 million tonnes
of hard coal
95 million tonnes of lignite
and sub-bituminous coal
See Natural gas and
LNG table
278 terawatt-hours
All fuel energy content is net or lower heating value
(i.e., net of heat of vaporisation of water generated
from combustion).
1 barrel of ethanol = 0.58 barrels of oil equivalent 1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.86 barrels of oil equivalent
1 tonne of ethanol = 0.68 tonnes of oil equivalent
1 tonne of biodiesel = 0.88 tonnes of oil equivalent
Methodology
Methodology for converting non-fossil electricity
generation to primary energy
Primary energy consumption numbers for non-fossil
based electricity (nuclear, hydro, wind, solar,
geothermal, biomass in power and other renewables
sources) are calculated on an ‘input-equivalent’ basis –
i.e. based on the equivalent amount of fossil fuel input
required to generate that amount of electricity in a
standard thermal power plant.
The table below quantifies these assumptions:
36%
2010
38.4%
From this review onwards, the thermal efficiency
assumption for the standard power plant is time
varying, based on a simplified representation of
measured average efficiency levels:
2001
36.2%
2011
38.6%
2002
36.5%
2012
38.8%
2003
36.7%
2013
39.1%
2004
36.9%
2014
39.3%
2005
37.2%
2015
39.5%
2006
37.4%
2016
39.8%
2007
37.6%
2017
40.0%
2008
37.9%
2018
40.2%
2009
38.1%
2019
40.4%
1965-2000: assumed constant efficiency of 36%
2000-2017: a linear increase from 36% to 40% based
on observed data
2018 onwards: the annual rate of efficiency
improvement is based on the simplified assumption
that efficiency will increase linearly to 45% by 2050. Thermal equivalent efficiency factors
used to convert non-fossil electricity
to primary energy
Year(s)
1965-2000
Efficiency
factor
Year(s)
Efficiency
factor
For more details on the change in methodology please
go to using the review at bp.com/statisticalreview.
64
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
Primary energy consumption is reported in net terms.
The gross calorific value to net calorific value
adjustment is fuel specific.
Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies
(gas‑to-liquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are
counted as production for the source fuel and the
outputs are counted as consumption for the
converted fuel.
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.
Definitions
Statistics published in this review are taken from
government sources and published data. No use
is made of confidential information obtained by
bp in the course of its business.
Country, regions and geographic
groupings
Country and geographic groupings are
made purely for statistical purposes and are not
intended to imply any judgement about political
or economic standings.
North America
US (excluding US territories), Canada, Mexico.
South & Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico and US Virgin
Islands), Bermuda, Central and South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Georgia, Gibraltar, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta,
Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia
and Ukraine.
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Lebanon, Syria.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt
to Western Sahara.
West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania
to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.
East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to
Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar,
Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China†, China Hong Kong SAR*,
China Macau SAR*, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia,
Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South
Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar,
Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan,
Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua
New Guinea, Oceania.
†Mainland China.
*Special Administrative Region.
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Chile,
Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates.
North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria,
Republic of Congo.
South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.
European Union members
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Sweden, UK.
Non-OECD
All countries that are not members of the OECD.
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
More information
Quoting from the review
Publishers are welcome to quote from this review provided that they attribute the source
to bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020.
However, where extensive reproduction of tables and/or charts is planned, permission must
first be obtained from:
The editor
Statistical Review of World Energy
BP p.l.c.
1 St James’s Square
London SW1Y 4PD
UK
[email protected]
The redistribution or reproduction of data whose source is S&P Global Platts is strictly prohibited
without prior authorization from S&P Global Platts.
bp disclaims any obligation to update this review: Neither BP p.l.c. nor any of its subsidiaries (nor their
respective officers, employees and agents) accept liability for any inaccuracies or omissions or for any
direct, indirect, special, consequential or other losses or damages of whatsoever kind in connection to
this review or any information contained in it.
Energy Outlook
View the bp Energy Outlook online. The Energy Outlook explores the forces shaping global energy
markets. Download the data and charts, watch the video at bp.com/energyoutlook
Join the conversation
#bpstats
Acknowledgements
Data compilation: Centre for Energy Economics Research and Policy,
Heriot-Watt University, ceerp.hw.ac.uk
Design and typesetting: Whitehouse Associates, London
bp Statistical Review of World Energy 2020
65
© BP p.l.c. 2020
Скачать