Загрузил Валерий Хартаев

КР Хартаев В.А,

Министерство науки и высшего образования Российской Федерации
Технический институт (филиал) федерального государственного
автономного образовательного учреждения высшего образования «СевероВосточный федеральный университет имени М.К. Аммосова» в г. Нерюнгри
(ТИ (ф) СВФУ)
по дисциплине: «Б1.О.03 Иностранный язык»
студент гр. ЭО-19
Хартаев Валерий Андреевич
доцент кафедры филологии, к. филол. н.
Зотова Наталья Владиимировна
г. Нерюнгри 2020,
Задание 1. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.
1.This is a book. It is my book.
2. Is this your pencil? — No, it isn't my pencil, it is ray sister's pencil.
3. I have a sister. My sister is an engineer. My sister's husband is a doctor.
4. I have no handbag.
5. Is this a watch? — No, it isn't a watch, it's a pen.
6. This pen is good, and that pen is bad.
7. I can see a pencil on your table, but I can see no paper.
8. Give me a chair, please.
9. They have a dog and two cats.
10. I have a spoon in my plate, but I have no soup in it.
11. I have two sisters. My sisters are students.
12. We are at home.
13. My brother is not at home; he is at school.
14. My mother is at work. She is a doctor.
15. I am not a doctor.
16. I have no' sister.
17. He is not a pilot.
18. I have thirty-two teeth.
19. He has a child.
20. She has two children. Her children are at school.
21. Is your father at home? — No, he is at work.
22. Where is your brother? — He is at home.
23. We have a large family.
24. My granny often tells us long interesting stories.
25. My father is an engineer. He works at factory. The factory is large.
26. My mother is a doctor. She works at a large hospital. She is at work now.
27. My aunt is a teacher. She works at a school. The school is good. My aunt
is not at school now. She is at home. She is drinking tea and eating jam. The jam is
sweet. I am at home, too. I am drinking tea and eating a sandwich. The sandwich is
28. My sister is at school. She is a pupil.
29. My cousin has a big black cat. My cousin's cat has two kittens.
30. What's the weather like today? — The weather is fine.
Задание 2. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.
At the beginning of the 19th century a little boy was born in the family of John
Dickens, a clerk at an office in Portsmouth, and was named Charles. He had a sister
who was older than himself, arid there were several other children in the family.
When Charles was seven, he was sent to school. He was not a strong child. He did
not like to play cricket or football and spent all his free time reading. In 1821 the
family went to London and little Charles left behind him the happiest years of his
childhood. His father was in money difficulties, and the family became poorer and
poorer. The boy had to give up his studios. Mr. Dickens was put into a debtors'
prison. Little Charles learned to know all the horrors and cruelty of a large capitalist
city. He had to go to work at a blacking factory. He worked there from morning till
night. When his father came out of prison, Charles was sent to school for some time.
Soon he got work as a clerk. Then he learned stenography and became a reporter; in
Parliament. In 1836 at the age of 24 Charles Dick-1 en? published his first book. It
was a collection of stories. title of the book was "Sketches by Boz." There were
followed by "Pickwick Papers" and "Oliver Twist" and many other famous novels.
Charles Dickens is one of the greatest writers of 19th. century. His novels are now
translated into most languages of the world.
Задание 3. Выберите правильный вариант ответа.
1.He has written the test for 40 minutes.
a)writes b)has written c)is writing
2.We have translated already … the text.
a)have… translated b)has translated c)are translating
3.They are flying over the ocean at this moment.
a)for 3 hours b)every week c)at this moment
4.She often travels by Delta.
a)travels b)is travelling c)has travelled
5.Are you reading this book now?
a)have b)are c)is
6.Mrs Brown teaches me English.
a)is teaching b)teach c)teaches
7.I have studied History for.
a)for 5 years b)now c)already
8.I have not seen you for ages.
a)have… seen b) am seeing c)don’t see
9.We go to school every day.
a)are going b)goes c)go
10.Look out of the window! It is raining now.
a)rains b)is raining c)has rained
Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующейся
1. What are you talking(to talk) about?
2. We have just talked(to talk) about it.
3. He has just said(to say) something about it.
4. She is telling(to tell) them some interesting story.
5. He has told(to tell) us nothing about it.
6. She has told(to tell) them some stories about dogs.
7. We have had(to have)two lessons today.
8. They are having(to have) a meeting.
9. She has not spoke(to speak) yet.
10. They have asked(to ask) me several questions.
11. He has already learned(to learn) the rule.
12. I am writing(to write) an exercise.
13. What is he doing(to do)? -He is reading(to read) a newspaper.
14. Have you read(to read) any stories by Jack London?
15. What are you doing(to do) here? – I am writing a letter to my friends.
16. Who has written(to write) this article?
17. What language are you studying(to study)?
18. We have already learned(to learn) a lot of English words.
19. What is she teaching(to teach) them?
20. Who has taught(to teach) you to do it?
21. He has just done(to do) something for us.
22. Have you found(to find) the book?
23. What are you looking(to look) for?
24. At last I have done(to do) all my homework: now I shall go out.
25 The building of the house began(to begin) early in April.
26. The rain has stopped(to stop) but a cold wind is still blowing.
27. We have already solved(to solve) the problem.
28. He has come(to come) a moment ago.
29. I have never spoken(to speak) to him.
30. He has just finished(to finish) his work.
31. Have You made (to make) any spelling mistakes in your dictation?
32. It was(to be) very cold yesterday.
33. When did you meet (to meet) him?
34. I have not seen(not to see) him. since 1987.
35. How many mushrooms have you gathered(to gather)?
36. Where have you put(to put) the newspaper? I want to read it, but cannot
find it anywhere.
37. The new school began(to begin) working last year.
38. You read(to read) all the books on this shelf?
39. I have not seen(not to see) my cousin since last year.
40. Why have you put(to put) these things in the wrong place?
Задание 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в PresentPerfect
или Past Simple.
1. The sun has not risen yet, but the sky in the east is getting lighter every
2. I saw you walking along the street the other day with a heavy bag.
3. I have not read the newspaper today.
4. It is very late, and trams have stopped running: we must find a taxi to get
5. How many times have you been to St. Petersburg?
6. At last I have translated this article: now I shall have a little rest.
7. We went to the country yesterday, but the rain spoilt all the pleasure.
8. My watch was going in the morning, but now it has stopped.
9. The lecture has not begun yet and the students are talking in the classroom.
10. She has just gone out.
11. She left the room a moment ago.
12. We have not solved the problem yet.
13. When did it all happen?
14. The morning was cold and rainy, but since ten o'clock the weather has
changed and now the sun is shining brightly.
15. Show me the dress which you have made.
16. Oh, how dark it is! A large black cloud has covered the sky. I think it will
start raining in a few minutes.
17. Oh, close the window! Look, all my papers have fallen on the floor
because of the wind.
18. When did you open the window? — I opened it ten minutes ago
Задание 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect,
Present Continuous, Present Simple или Past Simple.
1. Please give me a pencil, I have lost(to lose) mine.
2. I have not met(not to meet) Peter since Monday.
3. Nina has just finished(to finish) work.
4. Where is Sergei (to be)? — He has gone(to go) home. He left(to leave) the
room a minute ago.
5. What are you reading(to read) now? — I am reading(to read) «Jane Eyre»
by Charlotte Bronte.
6. They read(to read) «Ivanhoe» by Walter Scott a month ago. What about
you? Have You read(to read) «Ivanhoe»?
7. My watch has stopped(to stop). There is(to be) something wrong with it.
8. Have You seen(to see) Jack today? — Yes, I have seen(to see) him at the
9. Have You heard(to hear) the new symphony by M.? — Yes, I have. —
When did you hear(to hear) it? — I heard(to hear) it last Sunday.
10. You have changed(to change) so much. Anything happened(to happen)?
11. What are you doing(to do) here at such a late hour? Are you writing(to
write) your composition? — No, I have written(to write) it already. I am working(to
work) at my report. — And when did you write(to write) your composition? — I
finished(to finish) it two days ago.
12. I say, Tom, let's have dinner. — No, thank you, I already have(to have)
13. What is the weather (to be) like? Is It still raining(to rain)? — No, it
stopped(to stop) raining.
Задание 7. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Он ходит на курсы в будни. - He goes to the courses on weekends.
2. Мы принимаем душ в 7 утра. - We take a shower at 7am.
3. Они просыпаются с мыслью об английском каждое утро. - They wake
up with the thought of English every morning
4. Я стараюсь не думать об этом. - I am not try to think about it
5. Ты довольно часто уходишь из дома после 8ми. - You often leaves the
house after 8
6. Он решает очень важную проблему. - He solves a very important
7. Она всегда наблюдает за водителем такси. – She always watching the
taxi driver
8. Мы постоянно представляем свой будущий дом. - We constantly
introduce your future home.
9. Они бегло говорят по-английски. - They are fluent in English.
10. Я прекрасно формулирую свои мысли. - I am well formulate their
11. Ты обычно обо всем забываешь. - You usually forget about everything.
12. Она учит английский каждый день. - She teaches English every day.
13. Рад с вами познакомиться! Я читал все ваши статьи (articles). - I am
glad to meet you. I have read all your articles.
14. Я закончила картину (picture). Взгляните на нее, пожалуйста. - I have
finished drawing a picture. Look at it, please.
15. Сегодня я еще не читал газеты (newspapers). - I haven't read newspapers
today yet.
16. Вы принесли мне еще одну книгу? - Нет, я пришел за вашим советом
(advice). - Have you brought me one more book? No, I have came for your advice.
17. Сколько раз вы уже были в Лондоне? Я знаю, что вы ездили в Лондон
в прошлом году. - How many times have you already been to London? I know that
you went to London last year.
18. Вас недавно навещал ваш внук (grandson)? - Да, он приходил сегодня
днем. - Have you visited your grandson recently? Yes, he has come today.
19. Лена дала мне очень интересный фильм на прошлой неделе, но я еще
не посмотрел его. - Lena gave me very interesting film last week but I haven't
watched it yet.
20. Вы послали за (tosendfor) доктором? - Да, он скоро придет. - Have you
sent for the doctor? Yes, he will come soon.
21. Вы давно знаете Майю? - Я знаю ее всю жизнь. - How long have you
known Maya? I have known her all my life.
22. Я очень люблю путешествовать (traveling). Я побывала во многих
столицах Европы. - I like traveling very much. I have visited a lot of capitals of
23. Я не была в Новгороде с тех пор, как мы переехали (tomove) в С.Петербург. Я очень люблю этот древний город. - I have been to Novgorod since
we moved to St. Petersburg. I really like this ancient town.
24. За последнее время я встречал ее несколько раз. Она очень
изменилась. - I have met her several times lately. She has changed a lot.
25. Семь лет назад он уехал в Америку, и с тех пор я его не видела. - He
moved to America seven years ago since I haven't seen him.
26. Я встретилась с Томом у своих друзей три года тому назад, и с тех
пор я о нем ничего не слышала. - I met Tom at my friend's 3 years ago since I
haven't heard about him.
27. Утро было холодное и дождливое, но с десяти часов погода
изменилась, солнцеярко сияет. - The morning was cold and rainy but the weather
has changed since 10 o'clock, the sun is shining brightly.
28. Вы хорошо знаете этот город? - Нет, я никогда здесь раньше не была.
- Do you know this town well? No, I have never been here before.
Задание 8. Переведите на английский язык следующие слова.
в области электричества, вклад, - in the field of electricity, contribution
научные исследования - research
электромагнитные волны, - electromagnetic waves
светящиеся материалы - glowing materials
производить электрический свет - to produce the electric light,
создается благодаря трению - created by the friction,
электрические прорводники, электрическая батарея - electric conductors,
electric batteries
магнитный железняк - magnetite
электрическое и магнитное притяжение, электрическая «текучая среда»
- electric and magnetic attraction, electric «fluid medium»
турбины приводят в действие - the turbines power,
использовать солнечную энергию - use solar energy
полупроводники - semiconductors
шаровая молния - ball lightning
мощные электрические бури - powerful electrical storms
средний диаметр - average diameter
период свечения шаровой молнии - the period of the glow of ball lightning
гроза - storm
ионизация воздуха - air ionization
электромагнитные помехи - electromagnetic interference
обычная вспышка молнии - an ordinary flash of lightning
скользить по проводникам - slide through the conductors
большое количество энергии - large amount of energy
величина/объем - size / volume
наличие испарений - the presence of fumes
атомные ядра без электронов, электромагнитные колебания - atomic
nuclei without electrons, electromagnetic vibrations
резонансный эффект - resonance effect
поглощение внешних радиоволн - absorption of external radio waves
источник энергии - energy source
солнечная панель - solar panel
заряжать батарею - charge the battery
снабжать энергией - supply energy
освещать – to light
тепловой насос - heat pump
точка кипения – boiling point
сжигание - combustion
солнечная энергия - solar energy
топливо - fuel
снабжать горячей водой - supply hot water
сохранять тепло - store heat
циркулировать - circulate
высвобождать - release
ограниченный запас - limited supply
избыток - excess
испарять воду - evaporate water
ток низкого напряжения – low voltage current
солнечная лампа - solar lamp
термоэлементы - thermocouples
Задание 9. Письменно переведите текст.
Ocean energy: New life for an old idea (ЭО-19)
Almost a century after the French physicist D’Arsonval first proposed the
idea, the extraction of heat energy from the ocean to generate useful power is moving
closer to practical application. A working model of such a generator was built in the
1930-s and recent experiments indicate that the operations could profitably be
combined with mariculture to help provide power and food for countries near
tropical seas.
Electrical power from oceanic generators could potentially have the lowest
cost of any solar-generated electricity. There is a concept of a partly submerged
ocean-thermal power plant, making use of temperature differences between warm
surface water and cold deep water. Some 45% of the total incoming solar energy
falls on tropical seas, which form a heat reservoir whose stored energy is 10,000
times greater than present human demand. The problem that has delayed exploitation
of this vast resource is its lack of concentration – temperature differences between
the sea surface and the coldest depths are only about 400 F.
Conventional power plants depend on heating various materials (steam or jet
fuel) by hundreds or thousands of degrees. As these expand they drive turbines or
pistons and thus convert heat into work. The greater the temperature differential, the
more easily heat can be transformed.
-Now designers believe they can efficiently convert the small oceanic
temperature differences into useful energy by using them to boil and then recondense
ammonia. Sea surface temperatures are above the boiling point of ammonia;
temperatures at great depths, below. The expanding ammonia gas could then drive a
turbine in much the same way boiling water is used to drive a steam turbine. But
unlike steam engines, which must be constructed from heavy, cast metal to keep
them from bursting, sea-thermal plants could be built from light-weight materials
because of the surrounding inward pressure from the sea. A neutrally buoyant,
lightly constructed apparatus could be made from aluminum and suspended at 200
feet depth (where the external pressure is equal to the vapor pressure of ammonia)
and the total energy cost of refining the aluminum would be recovered in the first
few hours of the plant’s operation.
But several problems must be resolved before sea-thermal energy can be
considered economically feasible. Because the operating temperature differential is
so small to begin with, heat transfer through the thin walls of an apparatus might be
cut to inoperable levels by even a thin veneer of algae growth – a constant problem
in ocean-borne equipment. Corrosion must be a major consideration in the design of
any seaworthy machines. Also, several of the technical advances upon which
supporters base their optimism have not been proven yet outside the laboratory.