Загрузил Игрок Эко

Наудин Д. Способ очистки выхлопных газов с помощью угольных электродов.

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Plasma Fuel Reforming with the PMC
The bubbler is a tank containing a mixture of water and hydrocabures (gasoline, diesel,
kerosene, crude oils and others derived from hydrocarbons...).
The hot gas flow coming from the exhaust of the engine circulates by the outside part of the
reactor with a strong kinetic energy, that contributes to bring up to very high temperature
the steel rod (being used as heat accumulator) contained in the pyrolytic chamber. The
gases cross the engine and penetrate then in the bubbler containing the
water/hydrocarbures mixture. The vapor of the mixture is strongly aspired by the vacuum
created by the engine intake and is pushed by the pressure coming from the exhaust. The
kinetic energy of the vapor is increased considerably by the reduction of the diameter in
the pyrolytic chamber (by Venturi effect). The combined effect of the high temperature
and the increase of the kinetic energy produces a thermochemical decomposition (
molecular breakdown ) of the water/hydrocarbures mixture.
The endothermic reactor forms an Electro-Plasma-Chemical unit (EPC) and it is now
possible to create a high-output fuel coming from the decomposition of the water contained
in the water/hydrocarbures mixture. This fact is confirmed by the presence of oxygen gaz
(O2) in great amount measured in the exhaust.
Le bulleur est un réservoir contenant un mélange d'eau et d'hydrocarbures (essence, diesel,
kérosène, huiles usagées et autres dérivés d'hydrocarbures... ).
Le flux de gaz chauds provenant de l'échappement du moteur circule par la partie
extérieur du réacteur avec une forte énergie cinétique , cela contribue à porter à très haute
température la tige d'acier ( servant d'accumulateur de chaleur ) contenue dans la
chambre à pyrolyse. Les gaz traversent le réacteur et pénètrent ensuite dans le bulleur
contenant le mélange eau/carburant. Les vapeurs du mélange sont aspirées fortement par
le vide créé par l'admission et poussées par la pression provenant de l'échappement.
L'énergie cinétique des vapeurs est augmentée considérablement ( dans la partie bleu clair
) par la réduction du diamètre dans la chambre à pyrolyse ( effet de Venturi ). L'effet
combiné de la haute température et de cette énergie cinétique accrue provoque la
décomposition thermochimique du mélange eau/carburant.
Le réacteur endothermique forme un ensemble électro-plasma-chimique (EPC) permettant
de créer un carburant à haut rendement provenant de la décomposition de l'eau contenue
dans le mélange eau/hydrocarbures est confirmée par la présence importante d'oxygène O2
dans les gaz d'échappement.
Plasmatron (source : http://www.bellona.no/en/energy/report_31999/11197.html )
At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), researchers are
developing a reformer, which, like the KCB&H one, uses plasma for
reforming hydrocarbons. The advantage of a plasma reformer is that it can
use all forms of hydrocarbons, including heavy oil fractions. In addition, the
plasma reforming can operate in pyrolytic mode (thermal degrading of
organic material without air or oxygen) so that the carbon is turned into
soot. This eliminates the formation of CO2. Plasma technology allows for a
more compact and lighter design than traditional reformers because the
reaction occurs much faster.
MIT is studying use of the plasma reformer in the pyrolytic, partial
oxidation and steam reforming methods mode. MIT's "Plasmatron" operates
at temperatures of over 2,000 oC, and the amount of hydrogen produced is
around 80-90%. The main disadvantage with plasma reforming is its
dependency on electrical power. MIT hopes to lower the need for electricity
to 5% of the fuel's combustibility caloric value through heat recycling and a
better reactor design; today it is 20%.
[L. Bromberg et al 1997/1998]
Tests et plans d'une tondeuse équipée du PMC
Full tests and diagrams of a lawnmower retrofited with the PMC
Vidéos de démonstration de la tondeuse PMC en Haute Qualité
High Quality videos about the PMC retrofited lawnmower
Tests d'un groupe électrogène rétrofité avec le PMC by Philippe Driot
Test of an electrical power generator retrofited with the PMCby Philippe Driot
Détails complets et vidéos explicatives sur le PMC par M. David
Full details and tutorial videos about the PMC by M. David
Photos et vidéos de conseils sur les améliorations du PMC par M.David
Tout sur le processeur multi-carburants de Paul Pantone
par Quant'homme
Des véhicules rétrofités avec succès...
De nombreux conseils techniques pour les constructeurs du
PMC par M.David
Calcul de l'efficacité d'un rétrofit PMC sur la consommation d'un tracteur par
C. Martz
Le ChtiPantone, des tracteurs au
PMC dans le Nord de la France
"Avant son installation, le tracteur
consommait 12-15 L/h.
Lors du dernier essai contrôlé avec un
broyeur de 3 mètres pendant 8 heures
d'affilée, la consommation de gazole s'est
stabilisée à 7.5 L/h pour une consommation
d'eau de 1.7 L/h."
SPAD
Le SPAD(c) est un optimiseur compact de performances
pour les moteurs diesel et essence, dérivé du PMC
Pantone, proposé par APTE. La consommation de
carburant et la pollution sont fortement réduites...
Pour plus d'informations : http://easy.spad.free.fr/
The BingoFuel
Reactor
experiment
The BingoFuel Reactor v1.0 ( 1080 liters/hour of fuel mixture )
Le BingoFuel Reactor v1.0 ( 1080 litres/heure de mélange de carburant )
Tests of the BingoFuel Reactor v1.1
Tests du BingoFuel Reactor v1.1
How to build the BingoFuel Reactor v1.1
Comment construire le BingoFuel Reactor v1.1
The CFR for producing BingoFuel...
Produire du BingoFuel avec le CFR...
The Worldwide BingoFuel Reactor BUILDERS LOGBOOK ( Updated 05-2903 )
Burning gas tests with the BingoFuel Reactor
Tests de combustion du gaz produit par le BingoFuel Reactor
A 5HP electrical generator fully powered with the BingoFuel Reactor
Un groupe électrogène de 5 cv entièrement alimenté par le
BingoFuel Reactor
How to build a cheap and simple AquaFuel generator
Patent : US 603,058 - Electrical Retort by Hilliary Eldridge April 26, 1898
Construction of a Simplified Wood Gas Generator for Fueling Internal
Combustion Engines in a Petroleum emergency by The Biomass Energy
Foundation Press
See the full document at : http://www.gengas.nu/byggbes/index.shtml
<< This report is one in a series of emergency technology assessments sponsored by
the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The purpose of this report is to
develeop detailed, illustrated instrucions for the fabrication, installation, and
operation of a biomass gasifier unit (i.e. a "producer gas" generator, also called a
"wood gas" generator) which is capable of providing emergency fuel for vehicles, such
as tractors and trucks, should normal petroleum sources be severely disrupted for an
extended period of time. These instructions have been prepared as a manual for use by
any mechanic who is reasonably proficient in metal fabrication or engine repair.
Fuel gas, produced by the reduction of coal and peat, was used for heating as early as
1840 in Europe and by 1884 had been adapted to fuel engines in England. Prior to
1940, gas generator units were a familiar, but not extensively utilized, technology.
However, petroleum shortages during World War II led to widespread gas generator
applications in the transportation industries of Western Europe. (Charcoal burning
taxis, a related application, were still common in Korea as late as 1970.) The United
States, never faced with such prolonged or severe oil shortages, has lagged far behind
Europe and the Orient in familiarity with and application of this technology. However,
a catastrophic event could disrupt the supply of petroleum in this country so severely
that this technology might be critical in meeting the energy needs of some essential
economic activities, such as the production and distribution of food. >>


THE GAS PRODUCER - SCIENCE AND CONSTRUCTION
The making of the Källe-gasifier by Torsten Källe

The ALF Vaporizer system manual by Alan Francoeur ( with diagrams and
photos )


The Brown's gas generator by Milan Manchich ( with diagrams and photos )
A working and tested water engine patented by François Cornish ( with
diagrams and photos )
Copyright Information
How to build yourself the BingoFuel Reactor v1.1
created on April 2, 2003 - JLN Labs - Last update April 22, 2003
Cliquez ici pour la version Française
Toutes les informations et schémas sont publiés gratuitement ( freeware ) et sont destinés à un usage personnel et
non commercial
All informations and diagrams are published freely (freeware) and are intended for a private use and a non
commercial use.
You will find in this page all the details for building and testing yourself the
BingoFuel Reactor v1.1.
The BingoFuel Reactor v1.1 uses common parts which can be found easily in any
plumbing shops, no machining and special tools are required. The main part used is a
simple water filtration unit with its anti-scale cartdridge ( see the photo below ).
Step 1 : remove the purge valve ( the red button ) from the head of the water
filtration unit.
Step 2 : put the 20x27 brass cap at the input and the 20x27 female-female
adapter on the device at the output
as shown in the pictures above
Step 3 : drill a small hole into the 20x27 female cap and put a silicon tube with an
adapter on the cap,
and then screw the cap on the output of the head of the device
Step 4 : Take the anti-scale cartridge and remove the bottom plastic grid and then
all the crystals inside the cartdridge.
Below, all the components required for building the plasma reaction chamber.
Note : You must use two multiple thin wires cables ( 1.5 mm2 ) sheated with silicon
due to the overheating of the wire
produced by the strong current flow.
You will find the required carbon rods in any rectangular 4.5 V Zinc-Carbon
battery.
Step 5 : Mount all the components as shown in the photo above
Step 6 : Drill a 6 mm diameter hole at 25 mm from the bottom of the plastic
cartridge,
then fix the plasma igniters with a 6x25 mm nut and a bolt as shown in the photo
above
Step 7 : Place the reaction chamber into the transparent tank then fill the reactor
with ordinary tap water
Step 8 : Put modelling clay to close the hole around the electrical wires.
Your BingoFuel Reactor is now ready for testing...
Notes from Jean-Louis Naudin : The BingoFuel Reactor v1.1 is only a demonstrator,
this is a proof of concept device which shows that the device works really. This
version is able to produce a great amount of synthetic gas during some minutes. A
new version of the BingoFuel Reactor is under development, this version ( v2.0 ) will
be able to run for a long time without tuning and adjustment...
Disclaimer : The author assumes no liability for any incidental, consequential or other liability from the
use of this information. All risks and damages, incidental or otherwise, arising from the use or misuse of
the information contained herein are entirely the responsibility of the user. Although careful precaution
has been taken in the preparation of this material. Be Carefull, you must conduct this test in a well
ventiled room or better in open air, you must not smoke during the test. This experiment is not
intended for the inexperienced. User of this document should be very carefull to try anything out ! If you
do it, the risk of any results is just yours. I take no responsibility of anything that might happen, let it be of
a wrong information or anything else.
See also :
The BingoFuel Reactor

The CFR for producing

BingoFuel...
The BingoFuel Reactor (*) uses ordinary tap water and low voltage electrical energy
for producing a synthetic gas. A high temperature ( 3000-4000°C ) plasma is
generated underwater by an electrical arc between carbon electrodes. The
BingoFuel Reactor produces a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen (COH2)
and this gas can burn very cleanly in oxygen or air, and so it can be used as fuel for
an internal combustion engine. When burned, COH2 produces carbon dioxide and
water vapor, so it generates very little, if any, pollution to the environnement.
<< This gas burns cleanly, producing water vapor and only the amount of CO2 that
was originally absorbed by the biological mass when it was growing in the ground.
Contrast this with burning fossil fuels (oil and natural gas) which resurrect old
buried carbon and add it to the atmosphere from ancient cemeteries in the ground.
Instead, biomass gas burning recycles recently absorbed atmospheric carbon
dioxide. The input energy is typically about a thousand watt-hours or about 3300
BTU to produce about 250 liters per hour of carbo-hydrogen (8.5 cubic feet per
hour). With a heating value of over 500 BTU per cubic feet, the COH2 output
energy exceeds 4000 BTU, often approaching 5000 BTU in high efficiency designs.
Thus, this biomass gasification process has an overunity efficiency of about 125%
to 150%. However, when the entire energetics of the system are accounted for,
including the ultraviolet light radiation, heat loss, etc., estimates of 200% to 400%
are reasonable. >>
( Document source : Future Energy Technologies by Thomas Valone )
Below, an analysis of this synthetic gas by the NASA (1) :
Hydrogen
46.483 %
Carbon Dioxide 9.329
Ethylene
0.049
Ethane
0.005
Acetylene
0.616
Oxygen
1.164
Nitrogen
3.818
Methane
0.181
Carbon
38.370
Monoxide
Total
100.015
This device is fully based on the Hilliary Eldridge patent US 603,058 "Electrical
Retort" granted on April 26, 1898.
Today, there are a lot of names for this synthetic gas such as Aquafuel™,
Aqualene™, Magnegas™, TrueFuel™, Carbo-hydrogen™....
The BingoFuel Reactor is filled with tap water and uses a low AC voltage ( about
30V ~ )
The BingoFuel Reactor converts tap water into a synthetic gas which can be used
as fuel for an internal combustion engine....
Above, the ignition sequence of the BingoFuel Reactor v1.0
Animated video of the BFR v1.0
See the video of the BFR v1.0 in action
To see the video, the free downloadable RealPlayer is required
You may download free the RealPlayer 8 Basic at :
http://proforma.real.com/real/player/blackjack.html
Test RUN #1
Click on the picture above to see the video ( 613 Kb )
Test RUN #2
Click on the picture above to see the video ( 581 Kb )
Test RUN #3
Click on the picture above to see the video ( 634 Kb )
Click here to see an MPEG video of the BFR v1.0 in action
( 04-03-03 ) Gas OUTPUT Measurements :
See the video of the Gas OUTPUT measurement
Click on the picture above to see the video ( 1 Mb )
Volume of Synthetic Gas Volume of Fuel mixture
Time
0.5 liter
3 liters
10 sec
3 liters
18 liters
1 minute
180 liters
1080 liters
1 hour
Comments from JL Naudin : The Synthetic gas produced at the output by the
BingoFuel Reactor is not able to burn itself, it must be mixed with air in proportion
of 1/5 ( one volume of synthetic gas with five volumes of air ). So, the Fuel mixture
useable for an internal combustion engine is 6 times more than the gas produced.
The BingoFuel Reactor is able to produce about 1080 liters per hour of Fuel
mixture.
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