Group: 6-A Date: 22.02.19 Topic: The Yellowstone Supervolcano. Aim: Developing reading comprehension. Objectives: By the end of the lesson students will be able to use two different reading techniques: skimming and scanning; Students will memorize and practice new vocabulary connected with natural phenomena; Students will demonstrate lexical knowledge by writing a dictation on the new vocabulary. Materials: Handouts “Vocabulary bank” handouts; Pictures; Worksheets; Regrouping cards; Exit cards. Procedures Activity/Task Aim To activate students’ Introduction of the Lead-in prior knowledge; lesson’s topic and the To motivate topical vocabulary. learning. Students connect To present lesson’s words with vocabulary; definitions and To broaden the translations. lexical knowledge. Pre-reading To activate The students look at stage schematic the pictures; try to knowledge; To guess what they are stimulate to read. predictions. To set the task for The students read the reading; To text and place the encourage sentences into the skimming reading While-reading correct paragraph. technique. stage The students answer true/false questions. Interaction pattern Time Notes T - Ss 4 T - Ss 5 T - Ss 2 Ss - T 6 To involve scanning Ss - T reading technique. 5 Anticipated problems and solutions The teacher distributes handouts. Problem: some students The teacher might finish the task earlier distributes and be bored or even worksheets. disruptive. Solution: the students that coped with the task faster are to join each other to The teacher suggests compare their answers and reach agreement if needed. some physical exercises after this task. The students suggest a title for the text. Post-reading stage The students take part in a discussion pretending to be journalists and scientists. The students write short dictation. Follow up For homework students get “Exit cards” Extra activities The students put the sentences into the correct order To check comprehension; To provoke speaking. To check comprehension; To make the text a speech context; To encourage speaking To assess learning of the new vocabulary. To get pupil’s reflection; To integrate writing skills. To check comprehension; To support reading T - Ss T – Ss Ss – Ss 3 10 Problem: the regrouping activity may distract pupils The teacher from the main activity. provides regrouping. Solution: provide the The class is divided regrouping activity after into 3 groups. giving clear instructions on the main task and preparing them to participate. 4 T – Ss Ss - T 6 5 The teacher distributes the assessment worksheets. While-/ Postreading stage Handout 1 Task 1. Look at the words. Try to guess their meaning. 1. Eruption [ɪˈrʌpʃ(ə)n] 2. Wildlife [ˈwʌɪl(d)lʌɪf] 3. Ash [æʃ] 4. Geyser [ˈɡiːzə] 5. Steam [stiːm] 6. Crust [krʌst] 7. Earthquake [ˈəːθkweɪk] 8. Movement [ˈmuːvm(ə)nt] Task 2. Match the words with definitions. a) a shaking or trembling of a portion of the earth. b) a spring that now and then shoots up hot water and steam. c) an instance of sending out lava, rocks, and ash in a sudden explosion. d) the act or process of moving and especially changing place or position. e) the hot gas that is created when water is boiled. f) the outer part of the earth. g) the solid matter left when something is completely burned. h) wild animals living in their natural environment. Task 3. Match the words with translations. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Виверження Гейзер Жива природа Землетрус Кора Пар Попіл Рух Vocabulary Bank active [ˈaktɪv] – діючий fall in [fɔːl ɪn] – провалюватися mountain [ˈmaʊntɪn] – гора amazing [əˈmeɪzɪŋ] – дивовижний features [ˈfiːtʃəz] - особливості movement [ˈmuːvm(ə)nt] – рух area [ˈeəriə] – ділянка forest [ˈfɒrɪst] – ліс nearly [ˈnɪəli] – майже ash [æʃ] – попіл geyser [ˈɡiːzə] – гейзер probably [ˈprɒbəbli] - ймовірно caldera [kɒlˈdɛːrə] – кальдера happen [ˈhap(ə)n] – траплятися rainwater [ˈreɪnwɔːtə] - дощова вода canyon [ˈkanjən] – каньон heat [hiːt] – жар rise [raɪz] – підіймати cause [kɔːz] – спричинити hole [həʊl] – діра scientist [ˈsʌɪəntɪst] – вчений check [tʃɛk] – перевіряти hotspot [ˈhɒtspɒt] - гаряча точка steam [stiːm] – пар cloud [klaʊd] – хмара huge [hjuːdʒ] – величезний surface [ˈsəːfɪs] – поверхня cover [ˈkʌvə] – вкривати lake [leɪk] – озеро throw [θrəʊ] – викидати, вивергати create [kriːˈeɪt] – створювати land [lænd] – земля waterfall [ˈwɔːtəfɔːl] – водоспад crust [krʌst] – кора lava [ˈlɑːvə] – лава wildlife [ˈwʌɪl(d)lʌɪf] - жива природа earthquake [ˈəːθkweɪk] – землетрус magma [ˈmaɡmə] – магма eruption [ɪˈrʌpʃ(ə)n] – виверження melt [melt] - плавити Worksheet Task.Place the sentences into the correct place to start a paragraph properly. Yellowstone National Park in the USA was probably the first national park in the world. Deep under Yellowstone Park is a volcanic ‘hotspot’. The Yellowstone Super volcano has erupted several times in the last two million years (the last time about 640,000 years ago) and it’s still active. I. Yellowstone National Park in the USA was probably the first national park in the worldffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffgggffffffff . Yellowstone is very popular and very big (8,983km2). It’s a wonderful place to see wildlife and different natural features such as mountains, forests, canyons, rivers, lakes and waterfalls. But many people don’t realise that this amazing park is sitting on top of something that is very dangerous – one of the biggest supervolcanoes in the world! II. Deep under Yellowstone Park is a volcanic ‘hotspot’fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffkkkkkkfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffj. Heat from inside the Earth melts the rocks above it and this makes a big pool of magma. Sometimes this magma erupts and sends out huge amounts of lava, rock and ash. A really big eruption throws out nearly all the magma and then the land above the magma pool falls in. This creates a huge hole called a caldera. The Yellowstone Caldera is fifty-five kilometres wide and eighty kilometres long! Another natural feature of Yellowstone Park are the many geysers: rainwater goes down through the rocks, the magma heats it and then very hot water rises back up to the surface. The water rises fast into the air with clouds of steam. The most famous geyser at Yellowstone is called ‘Old Faithful’ and it erupts nearly every hour. III. The Yellowstone Super volcano has erupted several times in the last two million years (the lasttime about 640,000 years ago) and it’s still active. llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll. It will erupt again! The ash could cover the whole of North America and make the temperatures cold for a long time. But scientists don’t think that this will happen soon – maybe in one or two million years. They study the area very carefully with special equipment. They are always checking for movements in the crust that might cause earthquakes. They hope that they will be able to tell people a long time before an eruption happens. Task.State whether sentences are TRUE or FALSE. Correct the FALSE sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Yellowstone National Park was the second national park in the world. – Yellowstone National Park is a nice place to see different animals and plants. + The park is situated on the top of a mountain. – The Yellowstone Caldera is thirteen kilometres wide and twenty kilometres long. – ‘Old Faithful’ is the most famous geyser at Yellowstone. + The Yellowstone Supervolcano is not active any more. – The Yellowstone Supervolcano could make the temperatures hot for a long time. – Scientists think that eruption will happen in one or two million years. + Exit card Share your opinion about the text. What I found most interesting about this text was __________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ What I found most boring about this text was ___________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ What I found most shocking about this text was _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ What I found most difficult to understand about this text was __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Extra activity Task: A geyser: Put the sentences into the correct order to describe these two natural features: 1) 2) 3) 4) A caldera: 1) 2) 3) 4) The land above the magma pool falls in. Magma erupts and sends out huge amounts of lava, rock and. Heat from inside the Earth makes a big pool of magma. A big eruption throws out nearly all the magma. Very hot water rises back up to the surface. The magma heats water. Rainwater goes down through the rocks. The water rises fast into the air with clouds of steam.