ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ОБЪЕДИНЕННЫХ НАЦИЙ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ

Реклама
HJ=:GBA:PBY
H;T?>BG?GGUOG:PBC
WDHGHFBQ?KDBC
BKHPB:EVGUCKH<?L
E
Distr.
GENERAL
TRANS/2004/11
9 December 2003
RUSSIAN
Original: ENGLISH
?<JHI?CKD:Y WDHGHFBQ?KD:Y DHFBKKBY
DHFBL?LIH<GMLJ?GG?FMLJ:GKIHJLM
R_klv^_kylr_klZyk_kkby-n_\jZey ]h^Z
imgdlkih\_kldb^gy
;?AHI:KGHKLV>[email protected]=H><[email protected]?GBY
Ihke_^mxsb_f_ju\hbkiheg_gb_j_ahexpbb=_g_jZevghc:kkZf[e_bh]eh[Zevghf
djbabk_\h[eZklb[_ahiZkghklb^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gby
AZibkdZk_dj_lZjbZlZ
1.
fZy]h^Z=_g_jZevgZy:kkZf[e_yHj]ZgbaZpbbH[t_^bg_gguoGZpbc
ijbgyeZj_ahexpbxA/RESh]eh[Zevghfdjbabk_\h[eZklb[_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gby<wlhcj_ahexpbb=_g_jZevgZy:kkZf[e_yijb\_lkl\h\ZeZ\
qZklghklb\u[hj<k_fbjghchj]ZgbaZpb_ca^jZ\hhojZg_gbyl_fu;_ahiZkgu_^hjh]b\
dZq_kl\_l_fu<k_fbjgh]h^gya^hjh\vy\ ]h^mHgZ^Ze__ijhkbeZ=_g_jZevgh]h
k_dj_lZjyij_^klZ\blv^hdeZ^h]eh[Zevghfdjbabk_\h[eZklb[_ahiZkghklb^hjh`gh]h
^\b`_gbygZiylv^_kyl\hkvfhck_kkbb=_g_jZevghc:kkZf[e_b
2.
<khhl\_lkl\bbk\ukdZaZgghcijhkv[hc^hdeZ^=_g_jZevgh]hk_dj_lZjy:\
ih^]hlh\d_dhlhjh]hijbgyebmqZklb_Hl^_eljZgkihjlZb^jm]b_hj]ZgbaZpbb
aZgbfZxsb_ky\hijhkZfb[_ahiZkghklb^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gby[ueij_^klZ\e_giylv^_kyl
\hkvfhck_kkbb=_g_jZevghc:kkZf[e_b ghy[jy ]h^Z=_g_jZevgZy:kkZf[e_y
ijbgyeZj_ahexpbxA/RESh]eh[Zevghfdjbabk_\h[eZklb[_ahiZkghklb^hjh`gh]h
GE.03-24752 (R) 151203 151203
TRANS/2004/11
page 2
^\b`_gby\dhlhjhchgZijbau\ZeZ\qZklghklbijh\_klb Zij_ey ]h^Z
ki_pbZevgh_ie_gZjgh_aZk_^Zgb_=_g_jZevghc:kkZf[e_b^eylh]hqlh[ugZ\ukhdhf
mjh\g_[ueh^hklb]gmlh[he__]em[hdh_ihgbfZgb_fZkrlZ[h\ijh[e_fu^hjh`ghljZgkihjlgh]hljZ\fZlbafZbij_^eh`beZWdhghfbq_kdhfmbKhpbZevghfmKh\_lm
^_ckl\my\f_kl_k^jm]bfbkhhl\_lkl\mxsbfbhj]ZgbaZpbyfbbhj]ZgZfbkbkl_fu
Hj]ZgbaZpbbH[t_^bg_gguoGZpbcZlZd`_q_j_ak\hbj_]bhgZevgu_dhfbkkbb
kh^_ckl\h\Zlvh[f_gmbgnhjfZpb_chi_j_^h\hfhiul_h[_ki_q_gby[_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gbybjZajZ[hld_j_dhf_g^Zpbcih[hjv[_k^hjh`gh-ljZgkihjlguf
ljZ\fZlbafhf
3.
H^gZbaj_dhf_g^Zpbcbaeh`_gguo\^hdeZ^_=_g_jZevgh]hk_dj_lZjyk\h^blkyd
gZagZq_gbxdhhj^bgbjmxs_]hhj]ZgZ^eyhdZaZgbykh^_ckl\bybdhhj^bgZpbb
khhl\_lkl\mxs_c^_yl_evghklbgZf_`^mgZjh^ghfmjh\g_Jy^kljZgbhj]ZgbaZpbc\
jZfdZoWPhlf_lbebqlhWP^he`gZ\aylvgZk_[ywlmjhevb^he`gZklZlv
]eh[Zevgufnhjmfhfih[_ahiZkghklb^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gbyihZgZeh]bbkl_fdZd\
]eh[Zevgucnhjmfij_\jZlbeZkvWPWlhl\hijhk\_jhylgh[m^_lh[km`^ZlvkygZ
ki_pbZevghck_kkbb=_g_jZevghc:kkZf[e_b Zij_ey ]h^Z\Gvx-Chjd_
4.
Dhfbl_l\hafh`ghih`_eZ_lh[km^blvwlhl\hijhkkmq_lhfijb\h^bfuogb`_
j_ahexpbc=_g_jZevghc:kkZf[e_bbjZkkfhlj_lvg_h[oh^bfhklv\ug_k_gby
j_dhf_g^Zpbb\hlghr_gbblh]hqlh[uWP\ayeZgZk_[yjhev]eh[Zevgh]hnhjmfZih
[_ahiZkghklb^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gby
* * *
TRANS/2004/11
page 3
J?AHEXPBYIJBGYL:Y=?G?J:EVGHC:KK:F;E??C
[[_a i_j_^Zqb \ ]eZ\gu_ dhfbl_lu $/5HY b $GG]
5 8 /9 .
=eh[Zevgucdjbabk\h[eZklb[_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gby
=_g_jZevgZy :kkZf[e_y ,
kkueZykv gZ k\hx j_ahexpbx hl fZy ]h^Z
ijb\_lkl\my ^hdeZ^ =_g_jZevgh]h k_dj_lZjy h ]eh[Zevghf djbabk_ \
1
h[eZklb [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby ,
\ujZ`Zy [hevrmx haZ[hq_gghklv \ k\yab k l_f qlh \h \k_f fbj_
hkh[_ggh \ jZa\b\Zxsboky kljZgZo [ukljh \hajZklZ_l qbkeh ex^_c dhlhju_ ih]b[Zxl beb ihemqZxl ljZ\fu \ j_amevlZl_ ^hjh`gh ljZgkihjlguo
ijhbkr_kl\bc \ke_^kl\b_ q_]h \ ]h^m kh]eZkgh
hp_gdZf ih]b[eh 1 ,2 6 feg . q_eh\_d ijbq_f wlh \ g_ijhihjpbhgZevgh
[hevrhc f_j_ dZkZ_lky ex^_c \ kljZgZo k gbadbf b kj_^gbf ^hoh^hf Z
lZd`_ \ujZ`Zy haZ[hq_gghklv \ k\yab k l_f qlh _`_]h^gu_
wdhghfbq_kdb_
ba^_j`db
^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlgh]h
ljZ\fZlbafZ
khklZ\eyxl \h \k_f fbj_ fej^ ^hee KR: ba dhlhjuo fej^
^hee KR: ijboh^blky gZ jZa\b\Zxsb_ky kljZgu [m^mqb m[_`^_gZ \ lhf qlh ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguc ljZ\fZlbaf
y\ey_lky
k_jv_aghc
ijh[e_fhc
a^jZ\hhojZg_gby lj_[mxs_c
kh]eZkh\Zgguo fgh]hieZgh\uo mkbebc ^ey h[_ki_q_gby wnn_dlb\ghc b
^he]h\j_f_gghc ijhnbeZdlbdb aZy\eyy h g_h[oh^bfhklb \k_fbjguo mkbebc ih ^hklb`_gbx [he__
]em[hdh]h ihgbfZgby f_^bpbgkdbo ihke_^kl\bc b khpbZevgh wdhghfbq_kdbo ba^_j`_d ljZ\fZlbafZ \ke_^kl\b_ ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguo
ijhbkr_kl\bc ijbagZ\Zy qlh ^ey h[_ki_q_gby wnn_dlb\guo ^_ckl\bc g_h[oh^bfZ
l\_j^Zy iheblbq_kdZy \hey ij_`^_ \k_]h gZ gZpbhgZevghf gh lZd`_ b gZ
f_`^mgZjh^ghf mjh\g_
ijbagZ\Zy qlh ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguc ljZ\fZlbaf — wlh ijh[e_fZ
ih^^ZxsZyky ijhnbeZdlbd_ b j_r_gbx ih^q_jdb\Zy g_h[oh^bfhklv ijb\e_q_gby qZklgh]h k_dlhjZ b
khhl\_lkl\mxsbo g_ijZ\bl_evkl\_gguo hj]ZgbaZpbc d Zdlb\ghfm
mqZklbx \ h[_ki_q_gbb [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby [m^mqb m[_`^_gZ \ lhf qlh ^ey h[_ki_q_gby [_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby g_h[oh^bfh iZjlg_jkl\h f_`^m fgh]bfb kehyfb
h[s_kl\Z \ p_eyo ijbgylby b klbfmebjh\Zgby f_j ih ijhnbeZdlbd_
^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlgh]h ljZ\fZlbafZ
1
A/58/228.
TRANS/2004/11
page 4
[m^mqb m[_`^_gZ lZd`_ \ lhf qlh hl\_lkl\_gghklv aZ h[_ki_q_gb_
[_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h
^\b`_gby
g_kml
\eZklb
f_klgh]h fmgbpbiZevgh]h b gZpbhgZevgh]h mjh\g_c b ijbagZ\Zy qlh m fgh]bo
jZa\b\Zxsboky kljZg _klv ebrv h]jZgbq_ggu_ j_kmjku ^ey j_r_gby wlbo
ijh[e_f
ijbagZ\Zy
\Z`ghklv
^Zevg_cr_c
Zdlb\baZpbb
mkbebc
jZa\b\Zxsboky kljZg ih mdj_ie_gbx ihl_gpbZeZ \ h[eZklb h[_ki_q_gby
[_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby Z lZd`_ \Z`ghklv nbgZgkh\hc b
l_ogbq_kdhc ih^^_j`db wlbo mkbebc ijb\_lkl\my mkbeby khhl\_lkl\mxsbo mqj_`^_gbc Hj]ZgbaZpbb
H[t_^bg_gguo GZpbc b fgh]bo ^jm]bo hj]ZgbaZpbc ih h[_ki_q_gbx
[_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby \ukhdh hp_gb\Zy \Z`gmx ^_yl_evghklv <k_fbjghc hj]ZgbaZpbb
a^jZ\hhojZg_gby b ijb\_lkl\my j_r_gb_ \u[jZlv l_fm © ;_ahiZkgu_
^hjh]b ª \ dZq_kl\_ l_fu <k_fbjgh]h ^gy a^hjh\vy ijh\h^bfh]h Zij_ey
2 0 0 4 ]h^Z dh]^Z <k_fbjgZy hj]ZgbaZpby a^jZ\hhojZg_gby ij_^klZ\bl
k\hc ^hdeZ^ h ij_^hl\jZs_gbb ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlgh]h ljZ\fZlbafZ \h
\k_f fbj_,
1.
ihklZgh\ey_l ijh\_klb Zij_ey ]h^Z ie_gZjgh_
aZk_^Zgb_ =_g_jZevghc :kkZf[e_b \ k\yab kh <k_fbjguf ^g_f a^hjh\vy b
ij_^klZ\e_gb_f <k_fbjgh]h ^hdeZ^Z h ij_^hl\jZs_gbb ^hjh`gh ljZgkihjlgh]h ljZ\fZlbafZ ^ey lh]h qlh[u gZ \ukhdhf mjh\g_ [ueh
^hklb]gmlh [he__ ]em[hdh_ ihgbfZgb_ fZkrlZ[h\ ijh[e_fu ^hjh`gh ljZgkihjlgh]h
ljZ\fZlbafZ
b
ij_^eZ]Z_l
ijZ\bl_evkl\Zf
khhl\_lkl\mxsbf h[jZahf mqZkl\h\Zlv \ wlbo f_jhijbylbyo 2.
ij_^eZ]Z_l
Ij_^k_^Zl_ex
=_g_jZevghc
:kkZf[e_b =_g_jZevghfm
k_dj_lZjx =_g_jZevghfm
^bj_dlhjm
<k_fbjghc
hj]ZgbaZpbb a^jZ\hhojZg_gby Ij_ab^_glm <k_fbjgh]h [ZgdZ >bj_dlhjm bkihegbl_ex >_lkdh]h nhg^Z Hj]ZgbaZpbb H[t_^bg_gguo GZpbc b
:^fbgbkljZlhjm Ijh]jZffu jZa\blby Hj]ZgbaZpbb H[t_^bg_gguo
GZpbc \uklmiblv \ :kkZf[e__
3.
ij_^eZ]Z_l Wdhghfbq_kdhfm b KhpbZevghfm Kh\_lm ^_ckl\my
\f_kl_ k ^jm]bfb khhl\_lkl\mxsbfb hj]ZgbaZpbyfb b hj]ZgZfb kbkl_fu
Hj]ZgbaZpbb H[t_^bg_gguo GZpbc Z lZd`_ q_j_a k\hb j_]bhgZevgu_
dhfbkkbb kh^_ckl\h\Zlv h[f_gm bgnhjfZpb_c h i_j_^h\hf hiul_
h[_ki_q_gby [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby b jZajZ[hld_
j_dhf_g^Zpbc ih [hjv[_ k ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguf ljZ\fZlbafhf 4.
ijhkbl >_iZjlZf_gl h[s_kl\_gghc bgnhjfZpbb hj]Zgbah\Zlv
kh\_sZgb_ wdki_jlh\ ij_^klZ\bl_e_c qZklgh]h k_dlhjZ khhl\_lkl\mxsbo
g_ijZ\bl_evkl\_gguo hj]ZgbaZpbc ]jZ`^Zgkdh]h h[s_kl\Z b ^jm]bo
aZbgl_j_kh\Zgguo klhjhg \ lhf qbke_ kj_^kl\ fZkkh\hc bgnhjfZpbb mljhf Zij_ey ]h^Z \ k\yab k ijh\_^_gb_f ie_gZjgh]h aZk_^Zgby \
Z]blZpbhgguo p_eyo b ^ey h[f_gZ bgnhjfZpb_c h i_j_^h\hf hiul_
hj]ZgbaZpbb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby 5.
ih^q_jdb\Z_l g_h[oh^bfhklv f_`^mgZjh^gh]h khljm^gbq_kl\Z
\ ^_e_ h[_ki_q_gby [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby TRANS/2004/11
page 5
ijhkbl =_g_jZevgh]h k_dj_lZjy ij_^klZ\blv =_g_jZevghc
6.
:kkZf[e__ gZ __ r_klb^_kylhc k_kkbb — q_j_a khhl\_lkl\mxsbc hj]Zg
Hj]ZgbaZpbb H[t_^bg_gguo GZpbc — ^hdeZ^ h ijh]j_kk_ \ ^_e_
ih\ur_gby ]eh[Zevghc [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby Z lZd`_ h
\hijhkZo mihfygmluo \ gZklhys_c j_ahexpbb k mq_lhf fg_gbc \ujZ`_gguo \ oh^_ \klj_q khklhy\rboky b Zij_ey ]h^Z
ihklZgh\ey_l \dexqblv \ ij_^\Zjbl_evgmx ih\_kldm ^gy
7.
k\h_c r_klb^_kylhc k_kkbb imgdl haZ]eZ\e_gguc © =eh[Zevguc djbabk \
h[eZklb [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby ª
5 6 - e ie_gZjgh_ aZk_^Zgb_
_________
ghy[jy ]h^Z
TRANS/2004/11
page 6
J?AHEXPBYIJBGYL:Y=?G?J:EVGHC:KK:F;E??C
[[_ai_j_^Zqb\]eZ\gu_dhfbl_lu$/b$GG]
5 7 /3 0 9 . =eh[Zevgucdjbabk\h[eZklb[_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h^\b`_gby
=_g_jZevgZy :kkZf[e_y ,
hlf_qZy j_adh_ m\_ebq_gb_ ih \k_fm fbjm qbkeZ ex^_c ih]b[rbo
beb ihemqb\rbo ljZ\fu beb m\_qvy \ j_amevlZl_ ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguo
ijhbkr_kl\bc ijbagZ\Zy qlh ihdZaZl_ev kf_jlghklb gZ ^hjh]Zo \ jZa\b\Zxsboky
kljZgZo g_ijhihjpbhgZevgh \ukhdbc ijbgbfZy d k\_^_gbx g_]Zlb\gh_ \ha^_ckl\b_ ljZ\fZlbafZ \
j_amevlZl_ ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguo ijhbkr_kl\bc gZ gZpbhgZevgmx b
fbjh\mx wdhghfbdm
aZy\eyy h g_h[oh^bfhklb \k_fbjguo mkbebc ih ^hklb`_gbx [he__
]em[hdh]h ihgbfZgby \Z`ghklb h[_ki_q_gby [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h
^\b`_gby dZd ]hkm^Zjkl\_gghc ijh[e_fu \ i_j\mx hq_j_^v k ihfhsvx
ijhk\_s_gby b jZkijhkljZg_gby bgnhjfZpbb [m^mqb m[_`^_gZ \ lhf qlh hl\_lkl\_gghklv aZ h[_ki_q_gb_
[_ahiZkghklb
^hjh`gh]h
^\b`_gby
g_kml
\eZklb
f_klgh]h fmgbpbiZevgh]h b gZpbhgZevgh]h mjh\g_c aZy\eyy qlh djbabk \ h[eZklb [_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby
ghkbl fgh]hZki_dlguc oZjZdl_j b lj_[m_l kh\f_klguo mkbebc gZ \k_o
mjh\gyo \ lhf qbke_ \ jZfdZo khhl\_lkl\mxsbo ijh]jZff f_^bpbgkdh]h
ijhk\_s_gby ijb\_lkl\m_l
mkbeby
<k_fbjghc
hj]ZgbaZpbb
1.
a^jZ\hhojZg_gby j_rb\r_c \u[jZlv l_fm © ;_ahiZkgu_ ^hjh]b ª \
dZq_kl\_ l_fu <k_fbjgh]h ^gy a^hjh\vy gZ ]h^ dhlhjuc [m^_l
hlf_qZlvky Zij_ey wlh]h ]h^Z b ih^]hlh\blv \k_fbjguc ^hdeZ^ h
ij_^hl\jZs_gbb ^hjh`gh]h ljZ\fZlbafZ dhlhjuc [m^_l him[ebdh\Zg \
Zij_e_ ]h^Z
j_dhf_g^m_l ijZ\bl_evkl\Zf b ]jZ`^Zgkdhfm h[s_kl\m
2.
ih\urZlv mjh\_gv hk\_^hfe_gghklb h rbjhdhfZkrlZ[ghc ijh[e_f_
kf_jlghklb b ljZ\fZlbafZ \ j_amevlZl_ ^hjh`gh - ljZgkihjlguo
ijhbkr_kl\bc dhlhju_ fh`gh ij_^hl\jZlblv m^_eyy ijb wlhf hkh[h_
\gbfZgb_ mqZs_cky fheh^_`b gZklhyl_evgh ijbau\Z_l \k_ ijZ\bl_evkl\Z ijbgbfZlv aZdhgu 3.
ihk\ys_ggu_ ^hjh`ghfm ^\b`_gbx b ijh^he`Zlv h[_ki_qb\Zlv
kh[ex^_gb_ m`_ ^_ckl\mxsbo aZdhgh\ \ wlhc h[eZklb ;
TRANS/2004/11
page 7
ijhkbl =_g_jZevgh]h k_dj_lZjy ij_^klZ\blv =_g_jZevghc
4.
:kkZf[e__ — q_j_a khhl\_lkl\mxsbc hj]Zg Hj]ZgbaZpbb H[t_^bg_gguo
GZpbc b k mq_lhf fg_gbc \ujZ`_gguo ]hkm^Zjkl\Zfb - qe_gZfb b
khhl\_lkl\mxsbfb hj]ZgZfb b mqj_`^_gbyfb kbkl_fu Hj]ZgbaZpbb
H[t_^bg_gguo GZpbc — ^hdeZ^ h ]eh[Zevghf djbabk_ \ h[eZklb
[_ahiZkghklb ^hjh`gh]h ^\b`_gby ^ey _]h jZkkfhlj_gby :kkZf[e__c gZ
__ iylv^_kyl \hkvfhc k_kkbb 8 6 - _ ie_gZjgh_ aZk_^Zgb_
fZy ]h^Z
Скачать