ПОЛОВЫЕ РАЗЛИЧИЯ ЭЭГ-КОГЕРЕНТНОСТИ ПРИ РЕШЕНИИ

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ÜìêçÄã ÇõëòÖâ çÖêÇçéâ ÑÖüíÖãúçéëíà, 2006, ÚÓÏ 56, ‹ 4, Ò. 464–471
ÙËÁËÓÎÓ„Ëfl ‚˚Ò¯ÂÈ ÌÂ‚ÌÓÈ (ÔÒËı˘ÂÒÍÓÈ)
‰ÂflÚÂθÌÓÒÚË ˜ÂÎÓ‚Â͇
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èéãéÇõÖ êÄáãàóàü ùùÉ-äéÉÖêÖçíçéëíà
èêà êÖòÖçàà áÄÑÄóà ëíêìèÄ
© 2006 „. Ä. é. Å˚Á„‡ÎÓ‚, ç. Ç. ÇÓθÙ
ÉÓÒÛ‰‡ÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ۘÂʉÂÌË ç‡Û˜ÌÓ-ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÚÂθÒÍËÈ ËÌÒÚËÚÛÚ ÙËÁËÓÎÓ„ËË ëé êÄåç, çÓ‚ÓÒË·ËÒÍ,
e-mail: [email protected]
èÓÒÚÛÔË· ‚ ‰‡ÍˆË˛ 05.12.2005 „.
èËÌflÚ‡ ‚ Ô˜‡Ú¸ 27.02.2006 „.
èӂ‰ÂÌÓ ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌË ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢ËÈ ‚ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËflı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÔË ¯ÂÌËË Á‡‰‡˜Ë ëÚÛÔ‡ Ò ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËÂÏ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌÌ˚ı Ë ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌ˚ı ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı Ë ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. èÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ Ì‡Ë·ÓΠËÌÙÓχÚË‚Ì˚ÏË Ò ÚÓ˜ÍË ÁÂÌËfl ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢ËÈ fl‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ˚ ‡Î¸Ù‡2- Ë ·ÂÚ‡-ËÚÏÓ‚. Ç ‡Î¸Ù‡2-‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË Ò‚flÁ‡Ì˚ Ò ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚË͇ÏË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚: ÒÚÓÓÌÓÈ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl Ë
ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚflÏË ‚Á‡ËÏÌÓ„Ó ‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌËfl ˆÂÎÂ‚Ó„Ó Ë ËÂ΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ – ̇·Î˛‰‡ÎËÒ¸ ÔË
‡‰ÂÒ‡ˆËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË Î‚ÓÏÛ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲. èÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl, Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚Â Ò ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËÂÈ ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚, Ú‡ÍÊ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‰Îfl ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ. èË
ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ ‡Á‰ÂÎÂÌËË ˆÂÎÂ‚Ó„Ó Ë ËÂ΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÚÓθÍÓ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÓ
ÛÒËÎÂÌË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÔË Ô‡‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌÂÏ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò Î‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËÏ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ÔË ‰ËÙÙÂÂ̈ËÓ‚Í ÒÏ˚ÒÎÓ‚Ó„Ó ÍÓÏÔÓÌÂÌÚ‡ Â˜Â‚Ó„Ó ÒÚËÏÛ· ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚflÏË ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË ·ÂÚ‡2-ÓÒˆËÎÎflÚÓÓ‚ ‚ Á‡‰ÌËı Óډ·ı ÍÓ˚ „ÓÎÓ‚ÌÓ„Ó ÏÓÁ„‡. èÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ ‰‡ÌÌ˚ ҂ˉÂÚÂθÒÚ‚Û˛Ú Ó Í‡˜ÂÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚ı ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢Ëflı ‚ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË Í‡Í ÙÓÌڇθÌÓ-Ô‡ËÂڇθÌÓÈ, Ú‡Í Ë Î‡ÚÂ‡Î¸ÌÓÈ ÒËÒÚÂÏ ‚ÌËχÌËfl ÔË
‡ÎËÁ‡ˆËË ÒÂÎÂÍÚË‚Ì˚ı ÔÓˆÂÒÒÓ‚.
äβ˜Â‚˚ ÒÎÓ‚‡: Á‡‰‡˜‡ ëÚÛÔ‡, ùùÉ-ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸, ·ÚÂ‡ÎËÁ‡ˆËfl, ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌËÂ, ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl.
Gender-Related Differences in EEG Coherence in Stroop Task
A. O. Bryzgalov, N. V. Volf
Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Medical. Sciences, Novosibirsk,
e-mail: [email protected]
Gender-related differences in EEE coherence were studied in young male and female university students during
performance of Stroop task, in which color and word could be congruent or incongruent and spatially integrated
or separated. The most clear-cut gender-related differences in the EEG coherence were revealed in the alpha2
and beta frequency bands. In the alpha2 band, gender-related differences in the interhemispheric coherence
were associated with spatial characteristics of stimuli: left or right presentation and features of mutual localization of relevant and irrelevant stimuli. These differences were observed when information was addressed to the
left hemisphere. Gender-related differences associated with spatial organization of stimuli were also observed
for intrahemispheric beta1 coherence. Under conditions of the spatial separation of relevant and irrelevant stimuli, only females demonstrated enhancement of coherence in response to the right-side stimulus presentation as
compared to the left-side presentation. It was shown that, during the differentiation of the semantic meaning of
verbal stimuli, gender-related differences were caused by the features of integration of beta2 oscillators in the
posterior cortical regions. The results are indicative of qualitative gender-related differences in organization of
both frontoparietal and lateral attention systems in actualization of selective processes.
Key words: Stroop task, EEG-coherence, lateralization, spatial separation, gender-related differences.
Ç Ú˜ÂÌË ÊËÁÌË ˜ÂÎÓ‚ÂÍÛ ÔËıÓ‰ËÚÒfl ËÏÂÚ¸
‰ÂÎÓ Ò ÔÓÚÓÍÓÏ Ò‡ÏÓÈ ‡ÁÌÓÓ·‡ÁÌÓÈ ËÌÙÓχˆËË.
èÓ˝ÚÓÏÛ ÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚÒfl ‡ÍÚۇθÌÓÈ ÔÓ·ÎÂχ ‡Á‰ÂÎÂÌËfl ÔÓÒÚÛÔ‡˛˘Ëı ‰‡ÌÌ˚ı ÔÓ ÒÚÂÔÂÌË Ëı ‚‡ÊÌÓÒÚË. í‡ÍËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ, ‚ÌËχÌËÂ, Í‡Í “ÒÂÎÂÍÚË‚Ì˚È
‡ÒÔÂÍÚ ‚ÓÒÔËflÚËfl”, fl‚ÎflÂÚÒfl Ó‰ÌÓÈ ËÁ ‚‡ÊÌÂȯËı
ÙÛÌ͈ËÈ ÏÓÁ„‡.
ÑÎfl ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl ÒÂÎÂÍÚË‚ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÌËχÌËfl ¯ËÓÍÓ ËÒÔÓθÁÛÂÚÒfl ÏÓ‰Âθ ëÚÛÔ‡. Ç Òڇ̉‡ÚÌÓÈ
ÏÓ‰ÂÎË ˝ÙÙÂÍÚ ëÚÛÔ‡ (ùë) ÔÓfl‚ÎflÂÚÒfl ‚ ÂÁÛθ-
464
èéãéÇõÖ êÄáãàóàü ùùÉ-äéÉÖêÖçíçéëíà
Ú‡Ú ÍÓÌÙÎËÍÚ‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚È ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ ËÁ-Á‡ ‡ÒıÓʉÂÌËfl ÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ„Ó Á̇˜ÂÌËfl ÒÎÓ‚‡, Ó·ÓÁ̇˜‡˛˘Â„Ó ˆ‚ÂÚ, Ò ˆ‚ÂÚÓÏ ¯ËÙÚ‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚Ï Ì‡ÔËÒ‡ÌÓ ˝ÚÓ
ÒÎÓ‚Ó. ÇÌÂÒÂÌË ‚ ˝ÚÛ Á‡‰‡˜Û ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó
‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌËfl ˆ‚ÂÚÓ‚Ó„Ó Ô‡ÚÚÂ̇ Ë ÒÎÓ‚ÂÒÌÓ„Ó Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌËfl ˆ‚ÂÚ‡ ̇fl‰Û Ò ÒÂÎÂÍÚË‚Ì˚Ï ‚ÌËχÌËÂÏ
ÔÓÁ‚ÓÎflÂÚ ËÒÒΉӂ‡Ú¸ Ú‡ÍÊ ÙÛÌÍˆË˛ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÌËχÌËfl. ïÓÚfl ËÁÛ˜ÂÌ˲ ùë ‚ ÔÓÒΉÌ ‚ÂÏfl ÔÓÒ‚fl˘ÂÌÓ ÏÌÓ„Ó ‡·ÓÚ, ÒÓ‚Â¯ÂÌÌÓ ÌÂ
ËÁÛ˜ÂÌ ‚ÓÔÓÒ Ó ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚflı ‚ Â„Ó ÌÂÈÓÙËÁËÓÎӄ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË. Ç ÚÓ Ê ‚ÂÏfl
ÔÓÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ˝ÚÓÈ ÔÓ·ÎÂÏ˚ Ô‰ÒÚ‡‚ÎflÂÚÒfl ‡ÍÚۇθÌÓÈ ‚ Ò‚flÁË Ò ÒÓ‚ÂÏÂÌÌ˚ÏË ‰‡ÌÌ˚ÏË Ó ÒÚÛÍÚÛÌÓ-ÙÛÌ͈ËÓ̇θÌ˚ı ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ı ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ ‚ÌËχÌËfl Ë ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚflı ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ Ë ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË ‚Â·‡Î¸Ì˚ı ÙÛÌ͈ËÈ Û
ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ. ë Ó‰ÌÓÈ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚, ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ,
˜ÚÓ ÙÓÌڇθ̇fl Ë Ô‡ËÂڇθ̇fl ÍÓ‡ fl‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl
‚˚Ò¯ËÏË Óډ·ÏË ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ ‚ÌËχÌËfl [2, 21], Ë
ÓÔ‰ÂÎÂ̇ ‡Á̇fl Óθ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ÏÓÁ„‡ ‚ ˝ÚËı
ÔÓˆÂÒÒ‡ı. èÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ Ô‡‚‡fl ÙÓÌڇθ̇fl ӷ·ÒÚ¸ ÍÓ˚ ·ÓΠÁ̇˜Ëχ ‰Îfl ÙÛÌ͈ËË ÒÂÎÂÍÚË‚ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÌËχÌËfl, ˜ÂÏ Î‚‡fl [3, 4, 9, 21, 23, 30]. èÓ͇Á‡Ì‡
Ú‡Í Ê ‚Â‰Û˘‡fl Óθ “Á‡‰ÌÂÈ” ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ ‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ ‚ÌËχÌËË [21, 30]. ë ‰Û„ÓÈ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚, ÒÛ˘ÂÒÚ‚Û˛Ú ‰‡ÌÌ˚Â, ҂ˉÂÚÂθÒÚ‚Û˛˘ËÂ Ó ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı
‡Á΢Ëflı ‚Ó ÙÓÌڇθÌÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌÓÈ ÙÛÌ͈ËÓ̇θÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ÏÓÁ„‡ [7, 15–17,
20], ‚ ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ‡ÒËÏÏÂÚËË Ë ı‡‡ÍÚÂÂ
ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ [1, 10, 27], Ú.Â.
ÔÓÎÓ‚ÓÏ ‰ËÏÓÙËÁÏ ÚÂı ÒÚÛÍÚÛ ÏÓÁ„‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚Â
ÏÓ„ÛÚ ‡ÒÒχÚË‚‡Ú¸Òfl Í‡Í ÌÂÈÓÙËÁËÓÎӄ˘ÂÒÍËÈ ÒÛ·ÒÚ‡Ú ‚ÌËχÌËfl. çÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓÒÚ¸ ËÁÛ˜ÂÌËfl
ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢ËÈ ‚ ÏÂı‡ÌËÁχı ùë ÔÓ‰Ú‚Âʉ‡ÂÚÒfl ÒÛ˘ÂÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÌËÂÏ ‡·ÓÚ, ‚ ÍÓÚÓ˚ı ‡Á΢Ëfl
ÏÂÊ‰Û ÏÛʘË̇ÏË Ë ÊÂÌ˘Ë̇ÏË ÔÓ͇Á‡Ì˚ ÔË
‡Ì‡ÎËÁ Ôӂ‰Â̘ÂÒÍËı ‰‡ÌÌ˚ı [12–15, 29].
ñÂθ˛ ̇ÒÚÓfl˘Â„Ó ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl ·˚ÎÓ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌË ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢ËÈ ‚Ó ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëflı ӷ·ÒÚÂÈ ÍÓ˚ „ÓÎÓ‚ÌÓ„Ó ÏÓÁ„‡ ‚ ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌËfl Ë ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌËfl ËÌÚÂÙÂËÛ˛˘Ëı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÔË ¯ÂÌËË
Á‡‰‡˜Ë ëÚÛÔ‡. Ç ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò ÒÓ‚ÂÏÂÌÌ˚ÏË
‰‡ÌÌ˚ÏË Ó Ò‚flÁË ùë ÔÂËÏÛ˘ÂÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ Ò ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚ¸˛ ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ı Ë Ô‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‰ÂÎÓ‚ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ [4] Ôӂ‰ÂÌÌ˚È ‚ ‡·ÓÚ ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ
̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌ Ì‡ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌË ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚÂÈ ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË
‚ÌÛÚË Ë ÏÂÊ‰Û Û͇Á‡ÌÌ˚ÏË Ó·Î‡ÒÚflÏË ÏÓÁ„‡. Ç
͇˜ÂÒÚ‚Â ÔÓ͇Á‡ÚÂÎÂÈ ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡Ì˚
Á̇˜ÂÌËfl ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ËÓÔÓÚÂ̈ˇÎÓ‚ ‚ ‡Á΢Ì˚ı ˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌ˚ı ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓ̇ı ùùÉ.
åÖíéÑàäÄ
Ç ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ‡ı Û˜‡ÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÎË ÒÚÛ‰ÂÌÚ˚ ÛÌË‚ÂÒËÚÂÚ‡ (9 ÏÛʘËÌ Ë 12 ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ) ‚ ‚ÓÁ‡ÒÚ ÓÚ 18 ‰Ó
22 ÎÂÚ. ÇÒ ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚ ·˚ÎË Ô‡‚¯‡ÏË Ë ËÏÂÎË
ÌÓχθÌÓ ËÎË ÒÍÓÂÍÚËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ ‰Ó ÌÓχθÌÓ„Ó ÁÂÌËÂ.
465
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˝Í‡ÌËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓÈ Í‡ÏÂÂ. ç‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË 60 ÒÏ ÓÚ
ÔÓ‰„ÓÎÓ‚ÌË͇ ÍÂÒ·, ÙËÍÒËÛ˛˘Â„Ó „ÓÎÓ‚Û ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏÓ„Ó, ̇ıÓ‰ËÎÒfl ÏÓÌËÚÓ ÍÓÏÔ¸˛ÚÂ‡ IBM
PC.
Ç ıӉ ‚˚ÔÓÎÌÂÌËfl Á‡‰‡˜Ë ëÚÛÔ‡ ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚Â
‰ÓÎÊÌ˚ ·˚ÎË Í‡Í ÏÓÊÌÓ ·˚ÒÚ ̇ÊËχڸ ̇ Á‡‡Ì ÓÔ‰ÂÎÂÌÌ˚ Í·‚˯Ë, ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘ËÂ
ÚÂÏ ˆ‚ÂÚ‡Ï: Í‡ÒÌÓÏÛ, ÊÂÎÚÓÏÛ Ë ÁÂÎÂÌÓÏÛ. ÇÒÂ
ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚ ‡·ÓÚ‡ÎË Ô‡‚ÓÈ ÛÍÓÈ.
ùÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚÛ Ò Á‡ÔËÒ¸˛ ùùÉ Ô‰¯ÂÒÚ‚Ó‚‡Î‡
Ôӈ‰Û‡ ÚÂÌËÓ‚ÍË, ‚ ıӉ ÍÓÚÓÓÈ ‚ ˆÂÌÚÂ
˝Í‡Ì‡ Ò ÔÂËӉ˘ÌÓÒÚ¸˛ 1.5 Ò Ì‡ 0.5 Ò Ô‰˙fl‚ÎflÎË ÚÓ˜ÍÛ ÙËÍÒ‡ˆËË. óÂÂÁ 0.35 Ò ÔÓÒΠÔÓfl‚ÎÂÌËfl
ÚÓ˜ÍË ÙËÍÒ‡ˆËË, ‚ ÒÎÛ˜‡ÈÌÓÏ ÔÓfl‰Í ÒÔ‡‚‡ ËÎË
Ò΂‡ ÓÚ Ì ÔÓfl‚ÎflÎËÒ¸ ˆ‚ÂÚÌ˚ ÍÂÒÚËÍË (Í‡ÒÌ˚Â, ÊÂÎÚ˚ ËÎË ÁÂÎÂÌ˚Â), ‰ÎËÚÂθÌÓÒÚ¸ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl 0.15 Ò. óËÒÎÓ ÍÂÒÚËÍÓ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÎÓ
˜ËÒÎÛ ·ÛÍ‚ ‚ ÒÎÓ‚Â, Ó·ÓÁ̇˜‡˛˘ÂÏ ˆ‚ÂÚ, ÍÓÚÓ˚Ï
·˚ÎË Ì‡ÔËÒ‡Ì˚ ÍÂÒÚËÍË (Í‡ÒÌ˚È – ııııııı). Ç
Ô‡‚ÓÈ Ë Î‚ÓÈ ˜‡ÒÚflı ÁËÚÂθÌÓ„Ó ÔÓÎfl ÍÂÒÚËÍË
Í‡Ê‰Ó„Ó ËÁ ˆ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ·˚ÎË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ÔÓ 7 ‡Á ‚
ÒÎÛ˜‡ÈÌÓÏ ÔÓfl‰Í (ÔÓ 21 Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌ˲ Ò Í‡Ê‰ÓÈ
ÒÚÓÓÌ˚). àÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚ı ‰ÓÎÊÌ˚ ·˚ÎË, Ì ÓÚ˚‚‡fl
‚Á„Îfl‰‡ ÓÚ ÚÓ˜ÍË ÙËÍÒ‡ˆËË, ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ¸ ˆ‚ÂÚ
¯ËÙÚ‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚Ï Ì‡ÔËÒ‡Ì˚ ÍÂÒÚËÍË Ë Í‡Í ÏÓÊÌÓ ·˚ÒÚ ̇ʇڸ ̇ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘Û˛ Í·‚˯Û.
ùÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ ÒÓÒÚÓflÎ ËÁ ‰‚Ûı ÒÂËÈ. Ç ÔÂ‚ÓÈ
ÒÂËË ˆ‚ÂÚ Ë ÒÎÓ‚Ó ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ Ì ‡Á‰ÂÎflÎË,
Ú.Â. ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚Ï Ô‰˙fl‚ÎflÎË ÒÎÓ‚Ó, Ó·ÓÁ̇˜‡˛˘Â ̇Á‚‡ÌË ˆ‚ÂÚ‡, ̇Ô˜‡Ú‡ÌÌÓ ˆ‚ÂÚÌ˚Ï ¯ËÙÚÓÏ. ÇÓ ‚ÚÓÓÈ ÒÂËË ˆ‚ÂÚ Ë ÒÎÓ‚Ó ·˚ÎË ‡Á‰ÂÎÂÌ˚
ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ, Ú. Â. ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚Ï Ô‰˙fl‚ÎflÎË
ÒÚÓ˜ÍÛ ËÁ ÍÂÒÚËÍÓ‚ Ó‰ÌÓ„Ó ˆ‚ÂÚ‡, ‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌÌÛ˛ ̇‰ ÒÎÓ‚ÓÏ, ̇Ô˜‡Ú‡ÌÌ˚Ï ˜ÂÌ˚Ï ¯ËÙÚÓÏ.
óËÒÎÓ ÍÂÒÚËÍÓ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÎÓ ˜ËÒÎÛ ·ÛÍ‚ ‚
ÒÎÓ‚Â, ‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌÌÓÏ ÌËÊÂ.
ä‡Ê‰‡fl ÒÂËfl ÒÓÒÚÓfl· ËÁ ‰‚Ûı ·ÎÓÍÓ‚: 1 –
Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌË ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı, 2 – ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. Ç ÔÂ‚ÓÏ ·ÎÓÍ ͇ʉÓÈ ÒÂËË ÒÎÓ‚Ó,
Ó·ÓÁ̇˜‡˛˘Â ˆ‚ÂÚ, Ë ˆ‚ÂÚ ¯ËÙÚ‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚Ï Ì‡ÔËÒ‡ÌÓ ÒÎÓ‚Ó ËÎË ÍÂÒÚËÍË (‚ ÒÎÛ˜‡Â “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË), ·˚ÎË Ë‰ÂÌÚ˘Ì˚ (̇ÔËÏÂ, ÒÎÓ‚Ó
Í‡ÒÌ˚È, ̇ÔËÒ‡ÌÌÓ Í‡ÒÌ˚Ï ¯ËÙÚÓÏ). ÇÓ ‚ÚÓÓÏ – ÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ Á̇˜ÂÌË ÒÎÓ‚‡, Ó·ÓÁ̇˜‡˛˘Â„Ó ˆ‚ÂÚ, ÓÚ΢‡ÎÓÒ¸ ÓÚ ˆ‚ÂÚ‡ ¯ËÙÚ‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚Ï
ÓÌÓ ·˚ÎÓ Ì‡ÔËÒ‡ÌÓ (̇ÔËÏÂ, ÒÎÓ‚Ó Í‡ÒÌ˚È, ̇ÔËÒ‡ÌÌÓ ÊÂÎÚ˚Ï ËÎË ÁÂÎÂÌ˚Ï ¯ËÙÚÓÏ), ËÎË ÓÚ
ˆ‚ÂÚ‡ ‚˚¯Â‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌÌ˚ı ÍÂÒÚËÍÓ‚.
Ç Í‡Ê‰ÓÏ ·ÎÓÍ ÒÚËÏÛÎ˚ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎflÎË ‚ ÒÎÛ˜‡ÈÌÓÏ ÔÓfl‰Í ÒÔ‡‚‡ ËÎË Ò΂‡ ÓÚ ÚÓ˜ÍË ÙËÍÒ‡ˆËË ‚Á„Îfl‰‡. è‡‡ÏÂÚ˚ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl ÚÓ˜ÍË Ë
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Ë ÓÚ‚ÂÚÌ˚ ‡͈ËË ·˚ÎË Ú‡ÍËÏË ÊÂ,
Í‡Í ‚Ó ‚ÂÏfl ÚÂÌËÓ‚ÍË. Ç “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË
ÒÚËÏÛÎ˚ ·˚ÎË ‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌ˚ ̇ Ó‰ÌÓÈ ÎËÌËË Ò ÚÓ˜ÍÓÈ ÙËÍÒ‡ˆËË. Ç “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÎÓ‚Ó Ë ÍÂÒÚËÍË
·˚ÎË ‡‚ÌÓÛ‰‡ÎÂÌ˚ ÔÓ ‚ÂÚË͇ÎË ÓÚ „ÓËÁÓÌڇθ-
3 ÜìêçÄã ÇõëòÖâ çÖêÇçéâ ÑÖüíÖãúçéëíà ÚÓÏ 56 ‹ 4 2006
466
Å˚Á„‡ÎÓ‚, ‚ÓθÙ
ÌÓÈ ÎËÌËË, ÔÓıÓ‰fl˘ÂÈ ˜ÂÂÁ ˆÂÌÚ ÚÓ˜ÍË. ê‡ÁÏÂ˚ ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚ÎflÎË ÓÚ 3.5 ‰Ó 4 „‡‰. ÔÓ „ÓËÁÓÌÚ‡ÎË Ë 0.5 „‡‰. ÔÓ ‚ÂÚË͇ÎË. ê‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÏÂÊ‰Û “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌ˚ÏË” ÒÚËÏÛ·ÏË ÔÓ ‚ÂÚË͇ÎË ·˚ÎÓ
1 „‡‰. ëÚËÏÛÎ˚ ·˚ÎË Û‰‡ÎÂÌ˚ ‚Ô‡‚Ó ËÎË ‚΂Ó
ÓÚ ÚÓ˜ÍË ÙËÍÒ‡ˆËË Ì‡ 2 „‡‰.
Ç ıӉ ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ‡ ÏÓÌÓÔÓÎflÌÓ Á‡ÔËÒ˚‚‡ÎË
˝ÎÂÍÚÓ˝ÌˆÂÙ‡ÎÓ„‡ÏÏÛ (ùùÉ) ‚ 16 Óڂ‰ÂÌËflı,
‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌÌ˚ı ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò ÏÂʉÛ̇Ó‰ÌÓÈ
ÒıÂÏÓÈ 10–20% ‚ ÒËÏÏÂÚ˘Ì˚ı ÚӘ͇ı ‰‚Ûı ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ: ÔÂ‰ÌÂ-ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ı (Fp1–Fp2), Ò‰ÌÂÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ı (F3–F4), ·ÚÂ‡Î¸ÌÓ-ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ı
(F7–F8), ˆÂÌÚ‡Î¸Ì˚ı (C3–C4), ÔÂ‰ÌËı (T3–T4) Ë
Á‡‰ÌËı (T5–T6) ‚ËÒÓ˜Ì˚ı, Ô‡ËÂڇθÌ˚ı (P3–P4) Ë
Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌ˚ı (O1–O2). Ç Í‡˜ÂÒÚ‚Â ÂÙÂÂÌÚÌÓ„Ó ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÎË Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌÌ˚È Û¯ÌÓÈ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓ‰. ëÓÔÓÚË‚ÎÂÌË ˝ÎÂÍÚÓ‰Ó‚ Ì Ô‚˚¯‡ÎÓ
5 ÍéÏ. ê„ËÒÚ‡ˆË˛ ùùÉ ÔÓËÁ‚Ó‰ËÎË Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ˝ÌˆÂÙ‡ÎÓ„‡Ù‡ Galileo ÙËÏ˚ “Esaoteobiomedica” (àÚ‡ÎËfl) ÔË ÔÓÒÚÓflÌÌÓÈ ‚ÂÏÂÌË 0.3 Ò Ë
‚ÂıÌÂÈ „‡Ìˈ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ 30 Ɉ. ä‡Ê‰˚È ÔÓ͇Á‡ÚÂθ
ÔÂÒÚËÏÛθÌÓÈ Ë ÔÓÒÚÒÚËÏÛθÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË
·˚Î ‡ÒÒ˜ËÚ‡Ì ÔÓ 10 ˝ÔÓı‡Ï ‰ÎËÚÂθÌÓÒÚ¸˛ 1 Ò.
é·‡·ÓÚÍÛ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓ˝ÌˆÂÙ‡ÎÓ„‡Ù˘ÂÒÍËı ‰‡ÌÌ˚ı
ÔÓËÁ‚Ó‰ËÎË Ì‡ ÓÒÌÓ‚Â ÔÓ„‡ÏÏ˚ “çÂÈÓ͇ÚÓ„‡Ù 4.45” ÙËÏ˚ åÅç (åÓÒÍ‚‡) ̇ ÍÓÏÔ¸˛ÚÂÂ
IBM PC “Pentium IV”. äÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸ ‡ÒÒ˜ËÚ˚‚‡ÎË ÔÓ ÙÓÏÛΠC( f )2 = (Sxy( f ))2/(Sxx( f )Syy( f )), „‰Â
Sxy( f ) – ÙÛÌ͈Ëfl ÍÓÒÒÍÓÂÎflˆËË, ‡ Sxx( f ), Syy( f ) –
ÙÛÌ͈ËË ‡‚ÚÓÍÓÂÎflˆËË ÒÔÂÍÚ‡Î¸ÌÓÈ ÏÓ˘ÌÓÒÚË
ËÚχ ‰Îfl Óڂ‰ÂÌËÈ ï Ë ì. ÑÎfl Í‡Ê‰Ó„Ó Óڂ‰ÂÌËfl
ÏÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ ·˚ÒÚÓ„Ó ÔÂÓ·‡ÁÓ‚‡ÌËfl îÛ¸Â ·˚ÎË
ÔÓÎÛ˜ÂÌ˚ Á̇˜ÂÌËfl ÏÓ˘ÌÓÒÚË Ë ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË
ùùÉ ‚ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌ˚ı ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓ̇ı ÚÂÚ‡1 (4–6 Ɉ), ÚÂÚ‡2
(6–8 Ɉ), ‡Î¸Ù‡1 (8–10 Ɉ), ‡Î¸Ù‡2 (10–13 Ɉ), ·ÂÚ‡1 (13–20 Ɉ), ·ÂÚ‡2 (20–30 Ɉ). ÑÎfl ͇ʉӄÓ
˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓ„Ó ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓ̇ ‚˚˜ËÒÎflÎË „ÎÓ·‡Î¸ÌÛ˛
‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÛ˛ (ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ ‰Îfl Ô‡‚Ó„Ó Ë ÎÂ‚Ó„Ó ÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ëfl) Ë ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÛ˛ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸
(ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ ‰Îfl „ÓÏÓÎӄ˘Ì˚ı Ë Ì„ÓÏÓÎӄ˘Ì˚ı
Óڂ‰ÂÌËÈ). ÑÎfl ˝ÚÓ„Ó ‚˚˜ËÒÎflÎË ÒÛÏχÌÛ˛ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸ ‰Îfl ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘Ëı ˝ÎÂÍÚÓ‰Ì˚ı Ô‡
(̇ÔËÏÂ, ‰Îfl 28 Ô‡ ÎÂ‚Ó„Ó ËÎË Ô‡‚Ó„Ó ÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ëfl), ÍÓÚÓÛ˛ ‰ÂÎËÎË Ì‡ ˜ËÒÎÓ Ô‡. ÑÎfl ÌÓχÎËÁ‡ˆËË ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl ÔÓ͇Á‡ÚÂÎÂÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË
̇ÏË ·˚ÎÓ ÔÓËÁ‚‰ÂÌÓ Z-ÔÂÓ·‡ÁÓ‚‡ÌË î˯Â‡. Ä̇ÎËÁËÓ‚‡ÎË ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚ¸ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË,
ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏÛ˛ Í‡Í ‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸ Z-ÔÂÓ·‡ÁÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ı
Á̇˜ÂÌËÈ ÔÓÒÚÒÚËÏÛθÌÓÈ Ë ÔÂÒÚËÏÛθÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË. ëÚ‡ÚËÒÚ˘ÂÒÍÛ˛ Ó·‡·ÓÚÍÛ ‰‡ÌÌ˚ı
ÔÓ‚Ó‰ËÎË Ò ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËÂÏ ANOVA ‰Îfl ÔÓ‚ÚÓÌ˚ı ËÁÏÂÂÌËÈ (Statistica 6.0 for Windows). ÑÎfl ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ‡ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÔËÏÂÌflÎË ÏÂÚÓ‰ Ô‡Ì˚ı Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËÈ.
êÖáìãúíÄíõ àëëãÖÑéÇÄçàâ
èӂ‰Â̘ÂÒÍË ‰‡ÌÌ˚Â. ÑËÒÔÂÒËÓÌÌ˚È ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ
·˚Î Ôӂ‰ÂÌ ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ ‰Îfl ‚ÂÏÂÌË ‡͈ËË Ë ˜ËÒ-
· Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ÔÓ ÒıÂÏÂ: èéã (ÏÛʘËÌ˚,
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ˚) × ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü (Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌË ÒÚËÏÛ· Ò΂‡ ËÎË ÒÔ‡‚‡) ×
× ëÖêàü (“‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ËÎË “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl”) ×
× äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú (ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È ËÎË ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È ÒÚËÏÛÎ).
ÑÎfl ‚ÂÏÂÌË ‡͈ËË ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ˝ÙÙÂÍÚ˚, Ó·˘Ë ‰Îfl ‚ÒÂı ËÒÔ˚ÚÛÂÏ˚ı. ÇÂÏfl ‡͈ËË ·˚ÎÓ
ÏÂ̸¯Â ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌ˚ı” ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌ˚ÏË” (Á̇˜ËÏÓÒÚ¸ Ù‡ÍÚÓ‡ ëÖêàü F(1.19) =
= 18.35, p = 0.0002). ÇÁ‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë هÍÚÓÓ‚
ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü Ë äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú (F(1, 19) = 5.12, p = 0.03) ·˚ÎÓ
Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ ·óθ¯ËÏË Á̇˜ÂÌËflÏË ‚ÂÏÂÌË ‡͈ËË Ì‡ ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚Â Ë ÏÂ̸¯ËÏË Ì‡ ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ ÒÚËÏÛÎ˚ ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË ‚
Ô‡‚ÓÏ ÔÓΠÁÂÌËfl Ë Ó·‡ÚÌ˚Ï ÒÓÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌËÂÏ
‰Îfl ΂ӄÓ. á̇˜ËÏ˚Ï ·˚ÎÓ Ú‡ÍÊ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë هÍÚÓÓ‚ ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü × ëÖêàü × äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú
(F(1.19) = 5.12, p = 0.03). ä‡Í ÔÓ͇Á‡ÎË Ô·ÌÓ‚˚Â
Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËfl, ÓÔËÒ‡ÌÌ˚ ‚˚¯Â ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl ‚ÂÏÂÌË
‡͈ËË Ì‡ ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È Ë ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È ÒÚËÏÛÎ˚ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ Î‡ÚÂ‡ÎËÁ‡ˆËË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl ·˚ÎË ı‡‡ÍÚÂÌ˚ ÚÓθÍÓ ‰Îfl “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ”
ÒÂËË, ÚÓ„‰‡ Í‡Í ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ‡Á΢Ëfl,
Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚Â Ò ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸˛/ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸˛
Ë ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚflÏË ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚, ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÎË.
èË ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ ˜ËÒ· Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÓ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë هÍÚÓÓ‚ èéã × ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü × ëÖêàü
(F(1.19) = 11.34, p = 0.002). ì ÏÛʘËÌ ‚ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ˜ËÒÎÓ Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ·˚ÎÓ ÏÂ̸¯Â ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÒÔ‡‚‡ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò Î‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËÏ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ. Ç ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ ÒÂËË ˝Ú‡ ‡ÒËÏÏÂÚËfl ÔÓÔ‡‰‡Î‡ Á‡ Ò˜ÂÚ
Û‚Â΢ÂÌËfl ˜ËÒ· Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ̇ Ô‡‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌË ÒÚËÏÛÎ˚. ì ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ˜ËÒÎÓ Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚ı
ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ Ì Á‡‚ËÒÂÎÓ ÓÚ Î‡ÚÂ‡ÎËÁ‡ˆËË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎflÂÏ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Ë Ëı ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌËfl” (ËÒ. 1).
чÌÌ˚ ùùÉ-ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl. ÑËÒÔÂÒËÓÌÌ˚È
‡Ì‡ÎËÁ ÔÓ‚Ó‰ËÎË ‚ ͇ʉÓÏ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓÏ ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌÂ
ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ ‰Îfl Á̇˜ÂÌËÈ ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ Ë ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË. Ä̇ÎËÁ
‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË
ÔÓ‚Ó‰ËÎË ÔÓ ÒıÂÏÂ: èéã × èéãìòÄêàÖ (Ô‡‚Ó ËÎË Î‚Ó ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÂ) × ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú
èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü × ëÖêàü × äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú. èË ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ‡ÒÒχÚË‚‡ÎË Ú Ê هÍÚÓ˚, Á‡ ËÒÍβ˜ÂÌËÂÏ Ù‡ÍÚÓ‡ èéãìòÄêàÖ. Ç Ò‚flÁË Ò Á‡‰‡˜ÂÈ
̇ÒÚÓfl˘Â„Ó ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl ÔË ÓÔËÒ‡ÌËË ÔÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ı ÂÁÛθڇÚÓ‚ ·Û‰ÛÚ Ô˂‰ÂÌ˚ ‰‡ÌÌ˚Â, ‚˚fl‚Ë‚¯Ë ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl ‚ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËflı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ùùÉ. ëӄ·ÒÌÓ Ôӂ‰ÂÌÌÓÏÛ ‡Ì‡ÎËÁÛ
ÜìêçÄã ÇõëòÖâ çÖêÇçéâ ÑÖüíÖãúçéëíà ÚÓÏ 56 ‹ 4 2006
467
èéãéÇõÖ êÄáãàóàü ùùÉ-äéÉÖêÖçíçéëíà
19.4
19.2
19.0
18.8
18.6
18.4
18.2
18.0
Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌË ÒÚËÏÛ· ÒÔ‡‚‡
Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌË ÒÚËÏÛ· Ò΂‡
*
*
åÛʘËÌ˚
ÜÂÌ˘ËÌ˚
“çÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
åÛʘËÌ˚
ÜÂÌ˘ËÌ˚
“ê‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
êËÒ. 1. ê‡Á΢Ëfl ‚ ˜ËÒΠÔ‡‚ËθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ‚ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” Ë “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËflı Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ. * – p < 0.05
ÏÂÊ‰Û Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË Ó‰Ë̇ÍÓ‚˚ÏË Á̇˜Í‡ÏË Á̇˜ÂÌËflÏË.
Fig. 1. Changes of numbers of right responses in separated and unseparated series for males and females. * – p < 0.05 between denoted
values.
0.005
*
*
0
–0.005
–0.010
–0.015
ÏÛʘËÌ˚
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ˚
–0.020
–0.025
–0.030
–0.035
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌË è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
Ò΂‡
ÒÔ‡‚‡
“çÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
Ò΂‡
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
ÒÔ‡‚‡
“ê‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
êËÒ. 2. àÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ËÓÔÓÚÂ̈ˇÎÓ‚ ‡Î¸Ù‡2-‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓ̇ ÏÂÊ‰Û „ÓÏÓÎӄ˘Ì˚ÏË Óډ·ÏË ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl Ë ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. * – p <
< 0.05 ÏÂÊ‰Û Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË Á̇˜ÂÌËflÏË.
Fig. 2. Changes of coherence reactivity between homological electrode sites in alpha2 band for males and females as a function of
visual field and spatial organization of stimuli. * – p< 0.05 between denoted values.
Ú‡ÍË ‡Á΢Ëfl ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‰Îfl ‡Î¸Ù‡2- Ë ·ÂÚ‡1,2ËÚÏÓ‚.
Ç ‡Î¸Ù‡2-˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓÏ ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌÂ Ó ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢Ëflı ‚ Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚ı Ò Á‡‰‡ÌËÂÏ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËflı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË Ò‚Ë‰ÂÚÂθÒÚ‚ÛÂÚ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë هÍÚÓÓ‚ èéã × ëÖêàü × ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú
èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü (F(7.133) = 2.28, p = 0.031), ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÌÓ ÔË ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÏÂÊ‰Û „ÓÏÓÎӄ˘Ì˚ÏË Óڂ‰ÂÌËflÏË. åÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ Ô·ÌÓ‚˚ı Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËÈ ·˚ÎÓ ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ˝ÚË
‡Á΢Ëfl Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‡ÁÌÓ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ÏË ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËflÏË ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÔË
Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË Ô‡‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ‚ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” Ë “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËflı: Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÔË
ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌËË ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÎÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌËÂ, ‡ Û ÏÛʘËÌ ÓÒ··ÎÂÌË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ (ËÒ. 2). èË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Ò΂‡ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÎË. Ç ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò ÔÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ÂÁÛθڇڇÏË Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ·˚ÎÓ Ôӂ‰ÂÌÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌË ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ ÓÚ-
‰ÂθÌ˚ı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” Ë
“ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËflı ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÒÔ‡‚‡. èË ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË ‰ÓÒÚÓ‚ÂÌ˚ı ÎÓ͇θÌ˚ı ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ Û ÏÛʘËÌ ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÎÓ ÓÒ··ÎÂÌË ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ ÏÂʉÛ
ӷ·ÒÚflÏË, ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘ËÏË Ò‰ÌÂ-ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚Ï Ë Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌ˚Ï Óڂ‰ÂÌËflÏ.
Ç ·ÂÚ‡1-˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓÏ ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌ ÔË ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËË
‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·˚ÎÓ Ó·Ì‡ÛÊÂÌÓ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë هÍÚÓÓ‚ èéã × ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü × ëÖêàü (F(1, 19) =
= 12.094, p = 0.00252) Ë Ù‡ÍÚÓÓ‚ èéã × ëÖêàü ×
× äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú (F(1, 19) = 13.860, p =
= 0.00144).
èË ‰ÂڇθÌÓÏ ‡ÒÒÏÓÚÂÌËË ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl
Ù‡ÍÚÓÓ‚ èéã × ãÄíÖêÄãúçéëíú èêÖÑöüÇãÖçàü × ëÖêàü ·˚ÎÓ ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ Á̇˜ÂÌË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÒÚËÏÛ· ÒÔ‡‚‡ ·˚ÎÓ ·Óθ-
ÜìêçÄã ÇõëòÖâ çÖêÇçéâ ÑÖüíÖãúçéëíà ÚÓÏ 56 ‹ 4 2006
3*
468
Å˚Á„‡ÎÓ‚, ‚ÓθÙ
0.020
*
0.016
ÏÛʘËÌ˚
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ˚
0.012
0.008
*
0.004
0
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
Ò΂‡
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
ÒÔ‡‚‡
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
Ò΂‡
“çÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
è‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
ÒÔ‡‚‡
“ê‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
êËÒ. 3. ê‡Á΢Ëfl ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ËÓÔÓÚÂ̈ˇÎÓ‚ ·ÂÚ‡1-‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓ̇ Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ
‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl Ë ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚.* – p < 0.05 ÏÂÊ‰Û Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË
Á̇˜ÂÌËflÏË.
Fig. 3. Intrahemispheric differences of coherence reactivity for the beta1 frequency band in male and female subjects as a function of
presentation side and spatial organization of stimuli. * – p < 0.05 between denoted values.
0.025
0.020
0.015
0.010
0.005
0
–0.005
*
ÏÛʘËÌ˚
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ˚
*
äÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È
ÒÚËÏÛÎ
çÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È
ÒÚËÏÛÎ
“çÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
äÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È
ÒÚËÏÛÎ
çÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚È
ÒÚËÏÛÎ
“ê‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌ̇fl” ÒÂËfl
êËÒ. 4. àÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ
ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚË/ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Ë Ëı ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË. * – p < 0.05 ÏÂÊ‰Û Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË Ó‰Ë̇ÍÓ‚˚ÏË Á̇˜Í‡ÏË Á̇˜ÂÌËflÏË.
Fig. 4. ëhanges of intrahemispheric beta1 band coherence reactivity for males and females in dependence on congruence/incongruence
of stimuli and their spatial organization. * – p < 0.05 between the values denoted by the same symbols.
¯Â ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò Î‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËÏ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ
( = 0.0031) ÔË ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË ‡Á΢ËÈ Û ÏÛʘËÌ
(ËÒ. 3). Ç ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË
‡Á΢Ëfl ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÒÔ‡‚‡ Ë Ò΂‡ ·˚ÎË Ì‰ÓÒÚÓ‚ÂÌ˚ÏË Í‡Í Û
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ, Ú‡Í Ë Û ÏÛʘËÌ. ÑÎfl ‚˚flÒÌÂÌËfl Á̇˜ÂÌËfl
ÔÂ‰ÌÂÈ Ë Á‡‰ÌÂÈ ÒËÒÚÂÏ ‚ÌËχÌËfl Ë Ëı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl ‚ ӷ̇ÛÊÂÌÌÓÏ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ˝ÙÙÂÍÚ ·˚ÎË Ôӂ‰ÂÌ˚ Ô·ÌÓ‚˚ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËfl ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ ÒÛÏχÌ˚ı Á̇˜ÂÌËÈ ÎÓ͇θÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ ‰Îfl ˝ÎÂÍÚÓ‰Ó‚, ÓÚÌÓÒfl˘ËıÒfl Í ÙÓÌڇθÌÓÈ
(Fp1/F3, Fp2/F4; Fp1/F7, Fp2/F8; F7/F3, F8/F4;
F7/C3, F8/C4; F3/C3, F3/C4) Ë Ô‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌÓÈ (ê3/é1, ê4/é2; ê3/í5, ê4/í6; í5/é1, í6/é2;
ê3/ë3, ê4/ë4; ë3/í5, ë4/í6) ӷ·ÒÚflÏ ÍÓ˚, ‡ Ú‡ÍÊ ‰Îfl ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË, ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÁÛ˛˘ÂÈ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl ÏÂÊ‰Û ‚˚‰ÂÎÂÌÌ˚ÏË Ó·Î‡ÒÚflÏË (Fp1/ê3,
Fp2/ê4; Fp1/é1, Fp2/é2; Fp1/T5, Fp2/T6; F3/ê3,
F4/ê4; F3/é1, F4/é2; F3/í5, F4/í6; F7/ê3, F8/ê4;
F7/é1, F8/é2; F7/í5, F8/í6). åÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ Ô·ÌÓ‚˚ı
Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËÈ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ·óθ¯Ë Á̇˜ÂÌËfl ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÔË Ô‡‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌÂÏ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò
΂ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËÏ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓ„Ó
ÒÚËÏÛ· Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‡Á΢ËflÏË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÏÂÊ‰Û ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ÏË Ë
͇ۉ‡Î¸Ì˚ÏË Óډ·ÏË ÍÓ˚ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ( =
= 0.025) ÔË ÌÂËÁÏÂÌÌÓÒÚË ‚ÌÛÚËÙÓÌڇθÌÓÈ Ë
ÚÂÏÔÓÓ-Ô‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌÓÈ ÎÓ͇θÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË.
è·ÌÓ‚˚ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËfl ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl Ù‡ÍÚÓÓ‚
èéã × ëÖêàü × äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú ÔÓ͇Á‡ÎË,
˜ÚÓ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ·˚ÎË ‚˚‡ÊÂÌ˚ ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÚÓθÍÓ
ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. èË ˝ÚÓÏ ‚ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸ ·˚· ‚˚¯Â Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ, ‡
‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” – Û ÏÛʘËÌ
(ËÒ. 4). Ç ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò ÔÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ÂÁÛθڇڇÏË ·˚ÎÓ Ôӂ‰ÂÌÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌË ÒÛÏχÌ˚ı Á̇˜ÂÌËÈ ÙÓÌڇθÌÓÈ, ÚÂÏÔÓÓ-Ô‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË Ë ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÏÂÊ‰Û ÔÂ‰ÌËÏË Ë Á‡‰ÌËÏË Óډ·ÏË ÍÓ˚ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ Û
ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‰Îfl ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ‚
“ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” Ë “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËflı. Ç “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‰ÓÒÚÓ‚ÂÌÓ (p = 0.034)
·ÓΠ‚˚ÒÓÍË Á̇˜ÂÌËfl ÚÂÏÔÓÓ-Ô‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈Ë-
ÜìêçÄã ÇõëòÖâ çÖêÇçéâ ÑÖüíÖãúçéëíà ÚÓÏ 56 ‹ 4 2006
èéãéÇõÖ êÄáãàóàü ùùÉ-äéÉÖêÖçíçéëíà
469
0.010
0.005
*
ÏÛʘËÌ˚
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ˚
*
0
–0.005
–0.010
–0.015
ã‚ÓÂ
è‡‚ÓÂ
ÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ë ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÂ
äÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
ã‚ÓÂ
è‡‚ÓÂ
ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÂ
ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÂ
çÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂ
êËÒ. 5. àÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl ‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ËÓÔÓÚÂ̈ˇÎÓ‚ ·ÂÚ‡2-‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓ̇ ‚ ΂ÓÏ Ë Ô‡‚ÓÏ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ëflı Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. * – p < 0.05 ÏÂÊ‰Û Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌÌ˚ÏË Ó‰Ë̇ÍÓ‚˚ÏË Á̇˜Í‡ÏË Á̇˜ÂÌËflÏË.
Fig. 5. Changes of beta 2 coherence reactivity in the left and in the right hemispheres for males and females in dependence on spatial
organization of stimuli. * – p < 0.05 between the values denoted by the same symbols.
ÔËڇθÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲
Ò ÏÛʘË̇ÏË. ì ÏÛʘËÌ ·ÓΠ‚˚ÒÓÍË Á̇˜ÂÌËfl
ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ”
ÒÂËË ·˚ÎË Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‰ËÙÙÛÁÌ˚Ï ‚ÓÁ‡ÒÚ‡ÌËÂÏ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ.
Ç ·ÂÚ‡2-˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓÏ ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌ ÔË ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËË
‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·˚ÎÓ Ó·Ì‡ÛÊÂÌÓ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë هÍÚÓÓ‚ èéã × èéãìòÄêàÖ × äéçÉêìùçíçéëíú (F(1.19) = 7.85,
p = 0.011) (ËÒ. 5). è·ÌÓ‚˚ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌËfl ÔÓ͇Á‡ÎË,
˜ÚÓ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl ̇·Î˛‰‡˛ÚÒfl ÚÓθÍÓ ÔË
‡‰ÂÒ‡ˆËË ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ΂ÓÏÛ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲ (ËÒ. 5). äÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl ‚
Á‡‰ÌÂÏ ÓÚ‰ÂΠÎÂ‚Ó„Ó ÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ëfl ·˚ÎË ·ÓΠ‚˚‡ÊÂÌÌ˚ÏË Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò ÏÛʘË̇ÏË
ÔË ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË ‡Á΢ËÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ‚ ‰Û„Ëı
‚˚‰ÂÎÂÌÌ˚ı ӷ·ÒÚflı.
éÅëìÜÑÖçàÖ êÖáìãúíÄíéÇ
èÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ ÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ ÔÓ͇Á‡ÎË, ˜ÚÓ Ì‡Ë·ÓΠËÌÙÓχÚË‚Ì˚ÏË Ò ÚÓ˜ÍË ÁÂÌËfl ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢ËÈ ‚ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËflı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÔË ‚˚ÔÓÎÌÂÌËË Á‡‰‡˜Ë ëÚÛÔ‡ fl‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ˚ ‡Î¸Ù‡2- Ë ·ÂÚ‡-ËÚÏÓ‚. ùÚË ‰‡ÌÌ˚ ÒÓ‚Ô‡‰‡˛Ú Ò ÂÁÛθڇڇÏË
‰Û„Ëı ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËÈ, ‚˚fl‚Ë‚¯Ëı ËÌÙÓχÚË‚ÌÓÒÚ¸ ËÏÂÌÌÓ ˝ÚËı ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌÓ‚ ‰Îfl ‰ËÙÙÂÂ̈ˇˆËË ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ Ô‡‡ÏÂÚÓ‚ ùùÉ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ
ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÔËÏÂÌflÂÏ˚ı
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Ë Ëı ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË ‚ Á‡‰‡˜Â ëÚÛÔ‡ [25, 30].
Ç ‡Î¸Ù‡2-˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓÏ ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl ·˚ÎË Ò‚flÁ‡Ì˚ Ò ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚË͇ÏË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎflÂÏ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚: ÒÚÓÓÌÓÈ
Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl Ë ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚflÏË ‚Á‡ËÏÌÓ„Ó ‡ÒÔÓÎÓÊÂÌËfl ˆÂÎÂ‚Ó„Ó Ë ËÂ΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. ê‡Á΢Ëfl ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ÔË ‡‰ÂÒ‡ˆËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË Î‚ÓÏÛ
ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲. Ç ˝ÚÓÏ ÒÎÛ˜‡Â ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË
ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ
ËÌÚ„ËÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ Ì‡·Î˛‰‡ÎÓÒ¸
ÛÒËÎÂÌËÂ, ‡ Û ÏÛʘËÌ – ÓÒ··ÎÂÌË ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ. ç‡¯Ë Ô‰˚‰Û˘Ë ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ‚ ÔÓˆÂÒÒ‡ı ‚Â·‡Î¸ÌÓÈ Ô‡ÏflÚË ÔÓÁ‚ÓÎËÎË Ô‰ÔÓÎÓÊËÚ¸ ÔÂӷ·‰‡ÌË ÚÓÏÓÁÌ˚ı
ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÍÓÓÔÂ‡ÚË‚Ì˚ı – Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ [1, 27]. Ç Ò‚flÁË Ò ˝ÚËÏ Í‡Í
‚ÓÁ‡ÒÚ‡ÌË ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡ÌÓÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË Û
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ, Ú‡Í Ë Â ÒÌËÊÂÌËÂ Û ÏÛʘËÌ ÏÓÊÌÓ ËÌÚÂÔÂÚËÓ‚‡Ú¸ Í‡Í ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl, ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ ̇
Ô˂ΘÂÌË ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ-Ó·‡ÁÌ˚ı ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÌÓÒÚÂÈ Ô‡‚Ó„Ó ÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ëfl ‰Îfl ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó
‚˚‰ÂÎÂÌËfl Â΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛ·. ä‡Í ÔÓ͇Á˚‚‡˛Ú ÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ ̇ÒÚÓfl˘Â„Ó ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl, Ú‡ÍÓÂ
‚˚‰ÂÎÂÌË ÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚÒfl ÓÒÓ·Ó ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏ˚Ï, ÍÓ„‰‡
ËÌÙÓχˆËfl ‡‰ÂÒÓ‚‡Ì‡ ΂ÓÏÛ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲, ‰ÓÏËÌËÛ˛˘ÂÏÛ ‚ Ó·‡·ÓÚÍ ‚Â·‡Î¸Ì˚ı Ò˄̇ÎÓ‚, ˜ÚÓ
ÒÓÁ‰‡ÂÚ ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëfl ‰Îfl ÛÒËÎÂÌËfl ËÌÚÂÙÂÂ̈ËÓÌÌÓ„Ó
‚ÎËflÌËfl ËÂ΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÎÓ‚ÂÒÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛ·. Ä̇ÎËÁ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ ÓÚ‰ÂθÌ˚ı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ ÔÓ͇Á‡Î, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ‡ÒÒχÚË‚‡ÂÏ˚ı ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı ‰ÓÒÚÓ‚ÂÌ˚ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl ̇·Î˛‰‡˛ÚÒfl ÚÓθÍÓ Û ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÁÛ˛ÚÒfl
ÓÒ··ÎÂÌËÂÏ
Ò‚flÁÂÈ
ÏÂʉÛ
Á‡Ú˚ÎÓ˜Ì˚ÏË Ë Ò‰ÌÂ-ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ÏË Óډ·ÏË
‡ÁÌ˚ı ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ”. ùÚË ‰‡ÌÌ˚ Òӄ·ÒÛ˛ÚÒfl
Ò ‡ÒÒÏÓÚÂÌÌ˚ÏË ‚˚¯Â ÂÁÛθڇڇÏË Ôӂ‰Â̘ÂÒÍÓÈ ˜‡ÒÚË ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl, Òӄ·ÒÌÓ ÍÓÚÓ˚Ï ÔË
‡‰ÂÒ‡ˆËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË Î‚ÓÏÛ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲ ÚÓθÍÓ
Û ÏÛʘËÌ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ ‚ÓÁ‡ÒÚ‡ÌË ˜ËÒ· Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÚÓ‚ ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò
“ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ”. íÓÔÓ„‡ÙËfl ËÁÏÂÌÂÌÌ˚ı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ ÔÓ͇Á˚‚‡ÂÚ, ˜ÚÓ ÓÒ··ÎÂÌË ËÌÚÂÙÂÂ̈ËÓÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÎËflÌËfl ËÂ΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛ· Û ÏÛʘËÌ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ, ‚ÂÓflÚÌÓ, Á‡ Ò˜ÂÚ ÔÓˆÂÒÒÓ‚, ÔÓÚÂ͇˛˘Ëı Í‡Í Ì‡ ÛÓ‚Ì ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ ÒÂÎÂ͈ËË ÁËÚÂθÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚, ÍÓÚÓ‡fl
Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂‡ÂÚÒfl Á‡‰ÌÂÈ ÒËÒÚÂÏÓÈ ‚ÌËχÌËfl [22, 30],
ÜìêçÄã ÇõëòÖâ çÖêÇçéâ ÑÖüíÖãúçéëíà ÚÓÏ 56 ‹ 4 2006
470
Å˚Á„‡ÎÓ‚, ‚ÓθÙ
Ú‡Í Ë ÔÂ‰ÌÂÈ ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ ‚ÌËχÌËfl, Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌÓÈ Ò ‚˚‰ÂÎÂÌËÂÏ ÓÚ‰ÂθÌ˚ı ÒÓÒÚ‡‚Îfl˛˘Ëı ÔÓÒÚÛÔ‡˛˘ÂÈ
ËÌÙÓχˆËË ‰Îfl ÔÓÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ÂÈ Ó·‡·ÓÚÍË [8, 26].
Ç ·ÂÚ‡1-‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌ ڇÍÊ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚Â
‡Á΢Ëfl, Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚Â Ò ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËÂÈ ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. Ç “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ÚÓθÍÓ
Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı
ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÔË Ô‡‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌÂÏ
ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò Î‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËÏ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÔË ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ı ‡Á΢ËÈ ‚ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË. èÓÒÍÓθÍÛ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl Ì Á‡‚ËÒÂÎË ÓÚ ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚË/ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚, ÏÓÊÌÓ Ô‰ÔÓÎÓÊËÚ¸, ˜ÚÓ ÓÌË ÌÂ
fl‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl ÍÓÂÎflÚ‡ÏË ÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ Ó·‡·ÓÚÍË
ËÌÙÓχˆËË. Ç ÚÓ Ê ‚ÂÏfl ‚ÓÁ‡ÒÚ‡ÌË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÔË ‡‰ÂÒ‡ˆËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË
˜‚ÓÏÛ Î‚ÓÏÛ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲ ÏÓÊÂÚ Ò‚Ë‰ÂÚÂθÒÚ‚Ó‚‡Ú¸ Ó Ò‚flÁË Ì‡·Î˛‰‡ÂÏ˚ı ùùÉ-˝ÙÙÂÍÚÓ‚ Ò
‡ÌÌËÏË ˝Ú‡Ô‡ÏË ‰ÓÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ Ó·‡·ÓÚÍË
ÒÎÓ‚, Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂‡˛˘Ëı ‚ÓÒÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌË ÎÂÏÏ˚,
ÒÎÓ‚ÂÒÌ˚ı ‡ÚË·ÛÚÓ‚ [24] ˜‚˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. èÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÓÒÌÓ‚Â ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ı Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ ÎÂÊËÚ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÏÂÊ‰Û ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ÏË Ë Á‡‰ÌËÏË Óډ·ÏË ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ. àÁ‚ÂÒÚÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ÙÓÌڇθ̇fl ÍÓ‡
Ë„‡ÂÚ „·‚ÌÛ˛ Óθ ‚ ÒÂÎÂ͈ËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË Ë
ÔÓ‰‰ÂʇÌËË ‚ÌËχÌËfl Í Â΂‡ÌÚÌÓÈ ËÌÙÓχˆËË Ì‡ ÔÓÚflÊÂÌËË ‚ÒÂ„Ó Á‡‰‡ÌËfl [7, 26], Û˜‡ÒÚ‚ÛÂÚ
‚ ÍÓÌÚÓÎÂ Í‡Í Û‰ÂʇÌËfl ˆÂÎÂÈ ‰ÂflÚÂθÌÓÒÚË, Ú‡Í
Ë ‚ÓÒÔËflÚËfl ËÌÙÓχˆËË [19, 22, 24]. ëӄ·ÒÌÓ
‰‡ÌÌ˚Ï fl‰‡ ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËÈ ‚ÓÁ‡ÒÚ‡ÌË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ ùùÉ Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂‡ÂÚ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë ÌÂÈÓÌÌ˚ı ‡Ì҇ϷÎÂÈ, ‚ӂΘÂÌÌ˚ı ‚ Ó·‡·ÓÚÍÛ ËÌÙÓχˆËË ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò Ú·ӂ‡ÌËflÏË
Á‡‰‡ÌËfl [28]. Ç ˝ÚÓÈ Ò‚flÁË ·óθ¯‡fl ÒËÌıÓÌËÁ‡ˆËfl
·ËÓÔÓÚÂ̈ˇÎÓ‚ ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ı Ë Í‡Û‰‡Î¸Ì˚ı ÓÚ‰ÂÎÓ‚ ÍÓ˚ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÏÓÊÂÚ ÓÚ‡Ê‡Ú¸ ÛÒËÎÂÌËÂ
ÔÓˆÂÒÒÓ‚ ‡ÌÌÂÈ ÒÂÎÂ͈ËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË Ì‡ ‚ıÓ‰Â,
Ú‡Í Í‡Í ‚ÓÒÔËflÚË ÁËÚÂθÌÓÈ ËÌÙÓχˆËË Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÓ Ò Á‡‰ÌËÏË Óډ·ÏË ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ÏÓÁ„‡.
ç‡ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ‡ı ·ÂÚ‡1- Ë ·ÂÚ‡2-ËÚÏÓ‚ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚
Ú‡ÍÊ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl, Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚ Ì ÚÓθÍÓ Ò
ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËÂÈ, ÌÓ Ë Ò ÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍËÏ Á̇˜ÂÌËÂÏ ËÂ΂‡ÌÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚËÏÛ·. ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË Û
ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸ ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ ‚ Á‡‰ÌËı Óډ·ı ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ·˚· ‚˚¯Â, ˜ÂÏ Û ÏÛʘËÌ, ‡ ÔË Ëı
ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ ‡Á‰ÂÎÂÌËË ‰ËÙÙÛÁÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ·˚ÎÓ ·ÓΠ‚˚‡ÊÂÌÌ˚Ï Û ÏÛʘËÌ. Ç ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò Ô˂‰ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ‚˚¯Â ‰‡ÌÌ˚ÏË Ó Á̇˜ÂÌËË ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ Ì‡ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ‡ı ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ ÏÓÊÌÓ
Ô‰ÔÓÎÓÊËÚ¸, ˜ÚÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ÒËÌıÓÌËÁ‡ˆËË ‚ Á‡‰ÌËı Óډ·ı ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò
ÏÛʘË̇ÏË ÏÓÊÂÚ Ò‚Ë‰ÂÚÂθÒÚ‚Ó‚‡Ú¸ Ó ·Óθ¯ÂÈ
ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË ÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍËı ÒÓÒÚ‡‚Îfl˛˘Ëı ÌÂÔÓÚË‚ÓÂ˜Ë‚Ó„Ó ÒÚËÏÛ· ‚ ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı Â„Ó ÒÂËÈÌÓ„Ó
Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËfl. Ç Ò‚Ó˛ Ó˜Â‰¸ ‰ËÙÙÛÁÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂ-
ÌË ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ Û ÏÛʘËÌ ‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË ÏÓÊÂÚ ÓÚ‡Ê‡Ú¸
ÛÒËÎÂÌË ÔÓˆÂÒÒÓ‚ ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË, ·‡ÁËÛ˛˘ÂÂÒfl ̇
ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌËË ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚.
ç‡ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ‡ı ·ÂÚ‡2-ËÚχ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ‡Á΢Ëfl
·˚ÎË Ò‚flÁ‡Ì˚ Ò Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËÂÏ ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚. èË ˝ÚÓÏ ÓÚϘÂÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ÚÂÏÔÓÓÔ‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò ÏÛʘË̇ÏË. ë‚flÁ¸ ˝ÚËı ‡Á΢ËÈ ËÒÍβ˜ËÚÂθÌÓ Ò Î‚˚Ï ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÂÏ ÏÓÁ„‡,
ÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚Ï Á‡ ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ ‚Â·‡Î¸ÌÓÈ ËÌÙÓχˆËË, ÔÓÁ‚ÓÎflÂÚ Ô‰ÔÓ·„‡Ú¸ ·Óθ¯Â ‚ÎËflÌËÂ
‚Â·‡Î¸ÌÓÈ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚Îfl˛˘ÂÈ ÒÚËÏÛ· ÔË ‚˚ÔÓÎÌÂÌËË Á‡‰‡˜Ë ëÚÛÔ‡ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‰‡Ê ‚ ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı
‚Íβ˜ÂÌËfl ÒÂÎÂÍÚË‚Ì˚ı ÔÓˆÂÒÒÓ‚, ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ı
̇  ˄ÌÓËÓ‚‡ÌËÂ. èÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ Á‡‰‡˜Â ëÚÛÔ‡ ‡ÒÔÓÁ̇‚‡ÌË ÒÎÓ‚ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ ‡‚ÚÓχÚ˘ÂÒÍË
[5]. é‰Ì‡ÍÓ ÒÚÂÔÂ̸ ˝ÚÓ„Ó ‡‚ÚÓχÚËÁχ Ë Ò‚flÁ‡Ì̇fl
Ò ÌËÏ ‡Á̇fl ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓÒÚ¸ Ë„ÌÓËÓ‚‡ÌËfl ÒÎÓ‚ Á‡‚ËÒflÚ ÓÚ Ì‡‚˚ÍÓ‚ ˜ÚÂÌËfl [5]. Ç ÚÓ Ê ‚ÂÏfl ‡Á̇fl
Ó„‡ÌËÁ‡ˆËfl ÔÓˆÂÒÒÓ‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó ÁËÚÂθÌÓ„Ó ‚ÌËχÌËfl (˜ÚÓ ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓ ‚ ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ” ÒÂËË Ì‡¯Â„Ó ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ‡), Ì Ô‰ÓÚ‚‡˘‡fl ÔÓfl‚ÎÂÌËfl ˝ÙÙÂÍÚ‡ ëÚÛÔ‡,
ÏÓÊÂÚ Ó͇Á˚‚‡Ú¸ ̇ ÌÂ„Ó ÏÓ‰ÛÎËÛ˛˘Â ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÂ
[5, 6, 18]. Ç ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò ˝ÚËÏË ‰‡ÌÌ˚ÏË ÏÓÊÌÓ
Ô‰ÔÓÎÓÊËÚ¸, ˜ÚÓ Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚Â Ò ÒÂχÌÚ˘ÂÒÍËÏË
ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚË͇ÏË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÔÓÎÓ‚˚ ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓÒÚË
ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı Ò‚flÁÂÈ Ì‡ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ‡ı ·ÂÚ‡ËÚÏÓ‚ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸ Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‡Á΢ËflÏË ‚
‚Â·‡Î¸Ì˚ı Ë ÁËÚÂθÌÓ-ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚ı ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÌÓÒÚflı ÏÛʘËÌ Ë ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ: ·óθ¯ËÏË ‚Â·‡Î¸Ì˚ÏË ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÌÓÒÚflÏË ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ Ë ·ÓΠÛÒÔ¯Ì˚Ï
¯ÂÌËÂÏ ÁËÚÂθÌÓ-ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚ı Á‡‰‡˜
ÏÛʘË̇ÏË [10].
ÇõÇéÑõ
1. Ç ‡Î¸Ù‡2-˜‡ÒÚÓÚÌÓÏ ‰Ë‡Ô‡ÁÓÌ ÔË ‡‰ÂÒ‡ˆËË ËÌÙÓχˆËË Î‚ÓÏÛ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡˲ ÔË ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌËË ÒÎÓ‚ÂÒÌÓ„Ó Ë ˆ‚ÂÚÓ‚Ó„Ó
ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò ÒËÚÛ‡ˆËÂÈ Ëı ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ ËÌÚ„‡ˆËË Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ Ì‡·Î˛‰‡ÎÓÒ¸ ÛÒËÎÂÌËÂ, ‡ Û ÏÛʘËÌ – ÓÒ··ÎÂÌË ÏÂÊÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı
ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ.
2. ç‡ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ ‚ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌÓÈ”
ÒÂËË ÚÓθÍÓ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ‚ÌÛÚËÔÓÎÛ¯‡Ì˚ı ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ÏÂÊ‰Û ÙÓÌڇθÌ˚ÏË Ë Á‡‰ÌËÏË Óډ·ÏË ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ
ÔË Ô‡‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌÂÏ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò Î‚ÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËÏ Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚.
3. èË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ “ÌÂ‡ÁÌÂÒÂÌÌ˚ı” ÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸ ·ÂÚ‡1-ËÚχ ‚ Á‡‰ÌËı Óډ·ı ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËÈ ·˚· ‚˚¯Â, ˜ÂÏ Û ÏÛʘËÌ, ‡ ÔË Ëı ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÏ ‡Á‰ÂÎÂÌËË ‰ËÙÙÛÁÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌËÂ
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èéãéÇõÖ êÄáãàóàü ùùÉ-äéÉÖêÖçíçéëíà
ÍÓ„ÂÂÌÚÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ·˚ÎÓ ·ÓΠ‚˚‡ÊÂÌÌ˚Ï Û ÏÛʘËÌ.
ç‡ ˜‡ÒÚÓÚ‡ı ·ÂÚ‡2-ËÚχ ÔË Ô‰˙fl‚ÎÂÌËË ÌÂÍÓÌ„Û˝ÌÚÌ˚ı ÒÚËÏÛÎÓ‚ ÓÚϘÂÌÓ ÛÒËÎÂÌË ÚÂÏÔÓÓ-Ô‡ËÂÚÓ-Ó͈ËÔËڇθÌ˚ı ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÈ ‚
΂ÓÏ ÔÓÎÛ¯‡ËË Û ÊÂÌ˘ËÌ ÔÓ Ò‡‚ÌÂÌ˲ Ò ÏÛʘË̇ÏË.
ëèàëéä ãàíÖêÄíìêõ
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