КИСЛОРОДСОДЕРЖАЩИЕ СОЕДИНЕНИЯ. (СПИРТЫ. ФЕНОЛЫ

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.(
.
)
1
,
.
2
CH3 OH
CH2 CH2 CH2 CH
OH
OH
OH
-1,2
)
OH
CH2
OH
-1,2,3
)
3
1
4
CH3CH2OH
CH3CH2CH2OH
CH3CHCH3
-1
)
(
OH
)
-2
)
5
CH3
CH3CH2CH2CH2
OH
-1
CH3CH2CHCH3
OH
-2
CH3
CH3CHCH2
CH3 C
OH
2-
CH3
OH
-1
2-
-2
6
2
CH3CH
CH2 + H2O
H+
CH3CHCH3
OH
-2
7
CH3CH2CH2Br + KOH
CH3CH2CH2OH + KBr
8
O
CH3 C
CH3 C
O
+ H2
Ni
CH3CH2OH
H
CH3 + H2
Ni
CH3CHCH3
OH
-2
9
3
CH3CH2OH
J Bump
10
CH3OH
1946
11
R
R
O
H
O
R
H
O
H
12
4
R
+
CH2
'+
..
O
H
13
2CH3CH2OH + 2Na
CH3OK + H2O
2CH3CH2ONa + H2
CH3OH + KOH
CH3CH2OH + NaOH
CH3CH2ONa + H2O
14
H
CH3CH2OH + HCl
CH3CH2 O
Cl-
H
15
5
H
..
CH3CH2OH + H+
CH3CH2 O
H
16
I-
+
+
H
ICH2CH3 + HOH
CH3CH2 O
H
17
CH3CH2CH2OH + PCl5
CH3CH2CH2Cl + POCl3 + HCl
-1
1-
3CH3CH2CH2CH2Br + H3PO3
3CH3CH2CH2CH2OH + PBr3
-1
CH3CHCH3 + SOCl2
1-
CH3CHCH3 + HCl + SO2
OH
Cl
-2
218
6
+
CH3O-Na+ + CH3CH2CH2
Cl
CH3OCH2CH2CH3 + NaCl
1-
19
CH3CH2OH + HOSO3H
+
CH3CH2OSO3H + H2O
O
O
CH3OH + CH3 C
CH3O
C
CH3 + H2O
OH
20
2CH3CH2OH
H+
CH3CH2OCH2CH3 + H2O
21
7
H
..
CH3CH2OH + H+
CH3CH2 O
H
22
H
+
CH3CH2OH + CH3CH2
O
H
CH3CH2O
CH2CH3
-H+
-H2O
CH3CH2OCH2CH3
H
23
CH3
CH3 C
CH3
CH2CH3
H+
CH3 C
CHCH3 + H2O
OH
2-
-2
2-
-2
24
8
O
O
CH3CH2OH
[O]
CH3 C
[O]
CH3 C
H
OH
25
CH3
H
C
CH3
[O]
OH
CH3 C
CH3
O
-2
-2
)
26
ClCH2CH2Cl + 2KOH
CH2CH2 + 2KCl
1,2-
OH OH
-1,2
27
9
CH3CH
CH2
KMnO4
CH3 CH
OH
CH2
OH
-1,2
28
H
CH2OH
H2C
2 CHOH + Cu(OH)2 -2H O
2
CH2OH
HC
HOH2C
O
O
Cu
O
O
CH2
CH
CH2OH
H
(II)
29
CH2OH
CHOH + 3HNO3
CH2OH
CH2ONO2
H2SO4
CHONO2 + 3H2O
CH2ONO2
30
10
,
,
,
31
32
33
11
CH2 CH
+
CH3
AlCl3, HCl, 100°C
CH3
O2, 95-130°C
H2SO4, 50-90°C
+
CH
CH3
CH3 C
CH3
O
CH3
C
CH3
O
OH
OH
34
OH
ONa
SO3Na
NaOH,
SO3Na
.
HCl
-NaCl
ONa
OH
35
OH
-
-
-
C6H5OH + KOH
C6H5OK + CO2 + H2O
C6H5OK + H2O
C6H5OH + KHCO3
36
12
+
C6H5O-K+ + CH3
C6H5OCH3 + KBr
Br
37
Br
OH
OH
+
3Br2
+
Br
3HBr
Br
38
O
OH
OH
[O]
[O]
O
OH
39
13
(III)
40
14
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