Применение УДК 630.867 ПИРОЛИЗ БИОМАССЫ

Реклама
. 2015.
1. . 197–203.
DOI: 10.14258/jcprm.201501280
630.867
SUGLANS REGIA L.
CORYLUS AVELLANA L.
Ca(OH)2
©
*
.
,
.
,
.
,
), e-mail: [email protected]
, 9,
, Z1173
(DTA)
Regia L.
Corylus Avellana L. (
.
(TG, DTG)
Suglans
)
Ca(OH)2,
-
120–320
120–225 °C,
CO2: 120–225
120–200 °C.
Ca(OH)2
110–280 °
CO2 – 80–225 °
60 °C.
(Suglans Regia L. Corylus Avellana L.),
Ca(OH),
,
.
:
,
,
,
-
,
,
(Suglans Regia L.
Corylus
Avellana L.),
.
(
,
.).
.
-
,
,
.
[1]
.
,
,
.
–
–
-
,
e-mail: [email protected]
–
,
e-mail: [email protected]
–
e-mail: [email protected]
*
,
Avellana L. (
Ca(OH)2.
,
.
Suglans Regia L.
)
Corylus
198
.
,
.
,
.
(
(DTA)
«Paulk–Paulk–Erdey» (
mg – 200;
– 200
10
,
.
0,2–0,5
,
,
(
)
Ca(OH)2.
–
-
(TG, DTG))
)
-102
20–850 °C
: DTA – 1/10; DTG – 1/20;
(Al2O3),
1000 C;
(
)
.
(DTA, TG, DTG)
,
;
;
-
H = 3100·m3 (1 + m1),
3100 –
.) m3 = m – (m1 + m2); m –
( .); m2 –
(
.); m3 –
( .); m1 –
( .).
:
DTA – lg t ~ f(1 T); TG – [lgm - 2lgT] ~ f(1 T); DTG – lgVm ~ f(1 T)
[2]
.
1( , )
.1 )
( . 1 ),
(
DTA1 DTG1)
CO2 (
DTA2 DTG2).
CO2
,
DTA1,2 DTG1,2
,
.
40–60 °C
2–3%
.
DTA1
1( , )
120–130 ° ,
3–6%.
,
.
,
DTG1
260 320
(
) 250 300
)
DTG2
120 180
(
) 160 220
(
),
,
.
2
150–260
120–160
.
300–320
2
,
180–220 .
2
120–350
76%,
100–200 °
2 – 63% [3].
2( , )
.2 )
( .2 )
Ca(OH)2
2( ,
2.
),
( .2 )
( .2 )
Ca(OH)2
DTA1
.2( , )
Ca(OH)2
525–550 °
625 800 ° .
,
Ca(OH)2
CaO. CaO
– CaCO3.
199
...
,
DTA1
(
.2 )
625 ° ,
800 °
,
-
,
,
.
Ca(OH)2
77%,
CO2 – 66%.
[1].
.
.
,
-
,
(C6H10O5) + aH2O
a = 1, 2, 3.
H2, CH4, CO, CO2
CH4 + (5-a)CO + aCO2 + (3 + a)H2,
Suglans
Regia L.
Corylus Avellana L.
.
.
-
(TG)
.
(
)
.
,
,
(
. 1.
CO2. DTA1, DTG1
TG1 –
; DTA2, DTG2
( )
TG2 –
. 3 4).
( )
CO2
200
.
,
.
,
.
. 2.
( )
Ca(OH)2
CO2
TG2 –
CO2. DTA1, DTG1
( )
; DTA2, DTG2
TG1 –
(
)
,%
Ca(OH)2
,
(
)
, , °C
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
DTG, T, °C
DTA,
DTG, TG
–
3
5
22
28
19
–
–
–
2
CO2
7
25
32
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1
2
5
10
44
18
–
–
–
–
CO2
1
8
22
35
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1
5
14
30
20
9
–
–
1
275
150
275
200
34,8
35,15
28,6
272
229
21
36
CO2
2
3
10
28
25
–
–
–
–
2
20
35
20
4
1
–
–
–
1
CO2
3
5
32
28
–
–
–
–
–
–
280
250
200
180
29,7
36,55
38,7
30,6
33,3
196
196
261,4
196,5
273
218
20
34
20
32
17
22
,
,
,%
201
...
y1 = -0,6217x + 2,7217
1
2
1
y 2 = -0,5613x + 2,5612
0
1,5
1,9
2,3
2,7
-1
3,1
3,5
(1/T).10 3 , (K )
-2
y3 = -0,6368x - 2,186
-3
y 2 = -0,6115x + 2,8412
1
1
y1 = -0,5311x + 2,5714
0
-1
1,4
1,9
2,4
2,9
3,4
(1/T).10 3, (K )
-2
-3
y 3 = -0,351x - 3,0193
3
-4
3
-4
2
2
[lgm-2lgT]; lgVm ; lg t
[lgm-2lgT]; lgV m ; lg t
2
-5
-5
. 3.
. 4.
: 1 – lg t ~ f(1 T); 2 – lgVm ~ f(1 T);
3 – [lgm – 2lgT] ~ f(1 T)
: 1 – lg t ~ f(1 T); 2 – lgVm ~ f(1 T);
3 – [lgm – 2lgT] ~ f(1 T)
-
,
(
= 33,55
)
,
,
250–325 °
= 30,28
CO2
272
,
196
CO2 – 229
.
(
200–250 °
.
.
)
CO2
120–350 °
100–200 °
76%
– 63%
Ca(OH)2,
-
120–280 ° ,
CO2 – 80–160 ° .
,
Suglans Regia L.
,
Corylus Avellana L.
,
.
,
700 ° .
,
,
-
.
,
(
Ca(OH)2 (
,
)
Ca(OH)2
,
40 ° –
)
,
525–550 °
70 °
.
-
.
(
)
(
,
40%
,
)
[4].
,
-
202
.
1.
)
120–225 °C.
2.
(
120–350 °
CO2.
3.
CO2 –
= 150 ° ,
275 °
= 28,6
,
.
,
.
(
120–320 °C,
(Suglans Regia L.
CO2 –
Corylus Avellana L.)
)
76%
63%
100–200 ° –
= 34,8
,
.
4.
Ca(OH)2
60 ° ,
110–280 ° ,
-
CO2 – 80–220 ° .
5.
Ca(OH)2
65% –
79%
CO2.
6.
.
1.
.,
.,
.
//
(
).
2007.
2.
3.
4.
4. . 86–90.
.,
.,
.
. ., 1981.
. 31–42.
.,
.,
.
,
200–500 ° //
. 1999. 2. . 61–64.
Sultanova K.D., Eyubova N.I., Rzayev P.F. Possibilities of utiliztion of shells of nut–bearing cultures for obtainig
of fuell gas // 5th Baku International Congress: Congress Energy Ecology, Economy. Baku, 1999. Pp. 89–95.
29
2014 .
26
2014 .
...
203
Eyubov N.A.*, Aliev S.M., Sultanov K.D. PYROLYSIS OF BIOMASS OF VEGETABLE CHEESE OF CARYOCARPOUS
CULTURE SUGLANS REGIA L. AND CORYLUS AVELLANA L. IN PRESENCE AND WITHOUT OF CA(OH)2
Institute of Radiation Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, B. Vahabzade, 9, Baku, Z1173, (
Azerbaijan), e-mail: [email protected]
It has been studied thermodecay process of vegetable cheese of biomass of shell of caryocarpous culture Suglans
Regia L. Corylus Avellana L. (walnut and filbert) in the presence of Ca(OH)2 and also in the atmosphere of air and carbon
dioxide by the methods of differential–thermal analysis (DTA) and differential–thermogravimetric analysis (TG, DTG). Temperature field of thermodecay of biomass of shell of walnut and filbert in air atmosphere covers the temperature ranges 120–
320 C and 120–225 C accordingly, and in CO2 atmosphere 120–225 °C and 120–200 °C. In the presence of Ca(OH)2 in both
mediums the temperature field thermodecay of biomass of shell of walnut and filbert shifts towards low temperature and covers
the temperature range at average 110–280 °C in air atmosphere , in CO2 – 80–225 ° and temperature of pyrolysis is decreased
at average 60 °C.
Keywords: biomass (Suglans Regia L. and Corylus Avellana L.), thermal decomposition, temperature field of thermal
decomposition, alkaline earth metal hydroxide Ca(OH)2, activation energy, calorific value, differential–thermal and a differential–gravimetric analysis.
References
1.
2.
3.
4.
Sultanova K.D., Mustafaeva R.M., Rzaev P.F. Problemy jenergetiki, Baku, 2007, no. 4, pp. 86–90. (in Russ.).
Gorshkov V.S., Timashev V.V., Savelev V.G. Metody fiziko–himicheskogo analiza vjazhushhih veshhestv. [Methods
of physicochemical analysis binders]. Moscow, 1981, pp. 31–35, 37–42. (in Russ.).
Offan K.B., Petrov V.S., Efremov A.A. Himija rastitel'nogo syr'ja, 1999, no. 2, pp. 61–64. (in Russ.).
Sultanova K.D., Eyubova N.I., Rzayev P.F5–th Baku International Congress: Congress Energy Ecology, Economy.
Baku, 1999, pp. 89–95.
Received January 29, 2014
Revised November 26, 2014
*
Corresponding author.
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